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The British Sub-Aqua Club

National Diving Committee
Diving Incidents Report

2009
Compiled by

Brian Cumming

Diving Safety and Incidents Advisor

Published by The British Sub-Aqua Club in the interests of diving safety

` NDC Diving Incidents Report - 2009

Introduction
This booklet contains the 2009 Diving Incidents Report, produced by The British Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC) in the
interest of promoting diving safety. It is important to note that it contains details of UK sports diving incidents
occurring to divers of all affiliations, plus incidents occurring worldwide involving BSAC members.

Report Format
The majority of statistical information contained w ithin this report is also show n in graphica l form. Please note that all
statistical information is produced fr om UK data only and does not include Overseas Incidents unless noted as ‘All
Incidents’.

The contents of this report are split into an overview of the year, and then the details of nine in cident categories plus some
historical analyses. The various sections can be found as shown below:-

i) Overview Page 1
ii) Fatalities Page 5
iii) Decompression Incidents Page 8
iv) Injury / illness Page 18
v) Boating & Surface Incidents Page 24
vi) Ascent Incidents Page 31
vii) Technique Incidents Page 36
viii) Equipment Incidents Page 37
ix) Miscellaneous Incidents Page 38
x) Overseas Incidents Page 40
xi) Numerical & Statistical Analyses Page 43
xii) List of Abbreviations Page 45

Within each category the incidents are listed in the order of their occurrence, not necessarily that of Incident Reference.
They are laid out in the following form:

MONTH/YEAR OF INCIDENT INCIDENT REF.
Brief Narrative of Incident....................................................................................
........................................................................................................

The nature of many diving incidents is such that there is usually more than one cause or effect. W here this is the case the
incident has been classified under the more appropriate cause or effect. F or instance an incident involving a fast ascent,
causing decompression illness, will be classified under 'Decompression Incidents'.

Brian Cumming,
BSAC Diving Incidents Advisor,
November 2009

Acknowledgements
Data for this report are collected from several different sources. I w ould like to extend my thanks and appreciation to the
following for their assistance in its production and in ensuring its completeness:

Ken Bazeley, National Diving Liaison Officer, Maritime & Coastguard Agency
Peter Chennell, Sea Safety Manager,
Derek Scrivener, Service Information Data Quality Supervisor,
Roger Aldham, Data and Statistical Analyst,
Royal National Lifeboat Institution
and, in particular, all of those divers and other sources who have taken the
trouble to complete Incident Reports and share their learning experience with
others.
Finally, to Dr. Yvonne Couch for proof reading this report

NDC Diving Incidents Report - 2009

Overview

2009 has been a ty pical y ear in terms of the total
number of incidents reported. 381 UK incidents
have been recorded and this is entirely in line
Incidents by category
The incident database assigns all incidents into one of nine
major categories, and the follow ing chart show s the distribution
with recent years where the average has been around 400. of the 2009 incidents into those categories.
Information is gathered from a number of different sources;
divers’ incident reporting, the MCA, the RNLI, media sources
etc. This y ear has seen two changes that could have affected Categorisation of all the year’s incidents
the number of reports analy sed. Firstly , one of our sources of
information has provided less r eports than normal (and I think
this is less reporting rather than few er incidents). Secondly ,
DC I
one of the other diving agencies has opened a new source of
incident information (for w hich I thank them). I think it probable B oat / surface
that these two actions have resulted in an overall largely neutral Injury / Illness
effect on the total number of incidents reported.
As cents

Miscellan eous
Number of reported incidents
Fatalities

Equ ipm ent
500
T echn ique
400 Ove rseas

0 20 40 60 80 100 120
300
Number of incidents

200
As in all previous y ears (except 2007) the largest category
relates to cases of ‘Decompression illness ( DCI)’. DCI cases
100 saw a dramatic reduction in 2007 and it w as hoped that this
marked the beginning of a dow nward trend. However, 2008
0 and 2009 have seen a return to the average of recent years and
it would seem that around 120 (reported) cases per year is the
1991

1993

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009
1995

norm. More detail on these incidents is given later.
Incident year
The second largest category is ‘Boating and Surface’ incidents.
This category mainly comprises of problems w ith boat engines
(engine failure and out of fuel) and lost diver(s). This category
The distribution of reported incidents by month is show n in the had seen a very strong dow nward trend over the previous 12
following chart and it follows the normal pattern, with 68% of the years due to reductions in both ty pes of incident; w ith the 2008
dives taking place in the summer m onths. There is a slight dip total being 60% down from the total recorded in 1998. 2009
in July but this is likely to be due to the timing of holidays, however has seen this number in crease by almost 100% over
possibly w eather and most likely the natural variations that last year and the numbers have returned to the level
occur with relatively small numbers. experienced around 2002. This increase is almost all due to an
increase in the number of reported boating problems coupled
with a very minor increase in the number of cases of lost
Incidents by month - 2009 diver(s).

80 The third category is ‘Illness and injury ’ and the bulk of this is
70 thought to be cases of DCI. But these cases are reported
60 through the RNLI and their reports do not specifically record
50 DCI, they often just state ‘Diver illness’. For this reason it is not
40 possible to distinguish cases of DCI from other diver ailments.
30 However, my belief is that as many as 80% of the incidents in
20 this category relate to cases of DCI.
10
0
The fourth category is ‘Ascents’ w here divers have made an
abnormal ascent but avoided DCI. This is an area that has
Sept.
Aug.
July

received a lot of attention over recent years. Between 1997 and
Ju ne
May
Apr.
Mar.
Feb.

2006 there w as a strong trend of increasing incidents in this
Jan. '09
D ec.
Nov.
Oct. '08

category. The last three y ears saw this trend reversed and the
2009 total sees that downward trend continuing; a result, I
believe, of the efforts that have been made to improve training
in this area. More on ‘Ascents’ can be found later in this report.

Although small in number ‘Fatalit ies’ are the most important
category and these are also covered later in some detail.

©BSAC - 2009 1

` NDC Diving Incidents Report - 2009

Incident depths Inevitably the data are biased towards the shallower depths
The following chart shows the maximum depth of the dives since many incidents happen during the ascent or at the
during which incidents took place, categorised into depth range surface. Critical among these are the DCI cases w here almost
groupings. always the casualty is out of the w ater before any problems are
noted. This partially explains the large occurrence of ‘Surface’
cases as this includes divers with DCI who have left the water.
Other surface incidents involve boats and boating incidents and
divers who are lost but on the surface.
Maximum depth of dive involving an incident

Diver qualifications
Unknown
The nex t tw o charts show the qualification of those BSAC
members who were involved in reported incidents.
Surf. The first looks at the diver qualification.
1-10m

11-20m
Qualification of the divers involved in incidents
21-30m

31-40m
Sn orkel
41-50m

51-60m No vice
>60m
Club /Ocean
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
Number of incidents Spo rts Diver

Dive L eader

The pattern of depths in the 0m to 50m range is very similar to
Advance d
that normally seen and reflects the amount of diving that takes
place in these depth ranges. 1st Class
The number of incidents reported in the greater than 50m range
is 11, w hich is in line w ith pr evious y ears. One of these 0 10 20 30 40 50 60
incidents was a fatality which occurred during a dive to 52m.
Number of divers
BSAC advises that no air di ve should be deeper than 50m, and
that dives to 50m should only be conducted by divers w ho are These data are in line w ith the normal pattern of previous years
appropriately trained and qualified. and probably reflect the number of divers in these qualification
The recommended limit for divers trained to Sports Diver grades.
standard is 35m and then only w hen they have received
appropriate training for diving at this depth.
BSAC recommends that helium mixtures are used for depths
deeper than 40m and that mixed gas diving should be to a The next chart show s an analy sis of incident by instructor
maximum depth of 80m. Mixed gas dives should only be qualification and again it is consistent with previous years.
conducted w hen the diver holds a recognized qualification to
conduct such dives.
See the BSAC website for more details of these and other
diving depth limit recommendations.
Qualification of instructors involved in incidents
The next chart shows the depths at which incidents started.
Depth at which an incident started Un kno wn

Sno rkel

Unknown Assistant C lub
Surf.
C lub
1-10m
Open Wat er
11-20m

21-30m Ad vanced

31-40m Nat ional
41-50m
0 10 20 30 40
51-60m
Number of instructors
>60m

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

Number of incidents

2 ©BSAC - 2009

'09 D ec. This is below the average of 16. in one case a diver had a free flow and left Divers’ use of RNLI facilities by month the other tw o and in the other case one of the three lost 50 contact w ith his buddies and w as found unconscious. Jan. it has been an unfortunate year. Feb. Nov. '09 Dec. '08 average of recent y ears it hides the sad fact that 7 of these Incidents involving HM Coastguard: 238 people were BSAC members. population in this age range (from a BSAC UK site survey).NDC Diving Incidents Report . but there is This increase is largely due to the previously discussed currently no hard evidence to prove this. Oct. F eb. this is a 25 little higher than the average of re cent years which has typically 20 been around 210. Two 45 cases involved divers w ho lost consciousness underwater 40 leading to their separation from their buddies. separated. been responsible in up to six other cases. 5  One case involved a solo rebreather diver who re-entered 0 the water for a shallow dive.1 fatalities per y ear over 0 the previous ten y ears. Incidents involving the UK Coastguard Agency Au g. 15 10 5 0 Sept. In 2009 99 incidents involved the use of helicopters. comparisons of this nature need to be made with caution since a small change can make a Sept. The  One case involved a diver w ho is known to have had a trend over the previous 11 y ears had been a progressive heart attack and from the descriptions received it seems reduction from a total of 130 reports in 1998 to less than 100 in probable that some serious medical complication may have 2007. one of these cases involved the use of an alternative gas source.Monthly breakdown Mar. Although it is clearly a good thing that this number is below the Jan. Sept. This is against a background of 16% of the diving rescue to about 100 per year. N ov. The In diving related incidents helicopters are mainly tasked to natural tendency is for health and fitness to decline with support searches for missing divers and to transport divers with increasing age and the above numbers seem to indicate that DCI to recompression facilities. Jan. Aug.2009 Divers’ use of the Emergency Services Divers’ use of SAR helicopters by month Divers’ use of the emergency services show s a monthly 50 distribution aligned to the distri bution of all incidents. 20 15  Three cases involved three di vers diving together (includes 10 the two cases mentioned above). from a member’s perspective. Diver age may have been a factor in this y ear’s fatal incidents. increase in the number of boating incidents and in cases of DCI  Eight cases involved a separation of some kind. '09 Dec. Often multiple causes w ere involv ed in an incident and in all Mar. Oct. F eb. ©BSAC . Tw o cases involved three divers diving together. The factors associated w ith these fatalities can be summarised There w ere 134 incidents reported that involved the RNLI and as follows:- this represents a dramatic increas e over previous y ears. This 8 (57%) of this y ear’s fatalities involved divers over the age of number indicates a levelling out of incidents involving helicopter 50. 40 35 30 238 incidents were reported to us by the Coastguard. Two cases where the RNLI are often involved in the evacuation of divers to occurred during the ascent from a dive when divers became a recompression facility. one unconscious and the other losing 25 consciousness very shortly afterwards. A ug. . June May Apr. July June May Apr . '08 50 45 40 Incidents involving helicopters : 99 35 30 25 20 Fatalities 15 14 fatal incide nts occurred in the UK during the 2009 incident 10 5 year. divers need to pay more attention to these aspects as they grow older. the 2008 total puts us back to w here w e were in 1998. July Ju ne May A pr. '08 except one of these fatal incidents there is currently insufficient Incidents involving Lifeboats: 134 information available to be clear about the exact chain of events and specific root causes. Nov. The ten y ear average for BSAC fatalities in the UK is 6. July big apparent difference to the result.2009 3 . One case 35 involved a double fatality w here the divers surfaced 30 separately. Mar.0 fatalities per year and thus. Oct. How ever. and is 45 clearly correlated with the number of dives that are taking place.

They have had the courage and 3% Regulator free flows generosity to record their experi ences for publication. further y ou stay aw ay from the limits of y our ow n personal 33% Simply poor buoyancy control capabilities the more likely y ou are to continue to enjoy your 15% Panic / anxiety / rush for surface diving. your anonymity is assured – great care is taken to been recorded under the ‘DCI’ heading but the causal factors preserve the confidentiality of any personal information are often the same. which summarises all that has been placed on this important area of diving skill. most of the incidents reported w ithin this document could have been avoided had Ascent related incidents those involved follow ed a few basic principles of safe diving ‘Ascent’ related incidents have fallen dramatically over recent practice. from the BSAC website or through BSAC HQ. Many DCI cases have their roots in these problems. As has been stated many times before. 117 cases of DCI. An analysis of these Remember y ou can never have too much practice and the ‘rapid ascents’ (where the detail is known) is as follows:.  The number of fatalities of BSAC members is one above the average of the previous 10 years. The 31 involved rapid ascents average age of this y ear’s fatalities is 51. the key elements of safe diving and is available to all. the least 3% Drysuit control malfunction that we can do is to use this information to avoid similar problems.2009 Decompression incidents Conclusions The BSAC database contains 111 reports of ‘DCI’ incidents in Key conclusions are:- the 2009 incident y ear. As stated earlier. will be significantly higher than 54 cases. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . 22 involved missed decompression stops  The number of ‘Boating’ incidents has increased Some cases involved more than one of these causes. 54 cases of ‘Ascent’ problems have been recorded in 2009 and nearly all of these w ere ‘rapid ascents’.2009 . features:. so the actual number of abnormal ascents recorded in BSAC Incident Reports. the average age 26 involved repeat diving of the back ground diving population is 38. An analysis of the causal factors associated w ith the 111  The number of fatalities of non-BSAC members is lower incidents reported in 2009 indicates the follow ing major than the average of the previous 10 years. available free via the BSAC w ebsite or from BSAC HQ. some of w hich involved more than one  The number of incidents reported each y ear in the UK has casualty. 10% Weighting or weight related problems 5% Out of air / gas Please browse through the details in this report and use them to 5% Delayed SMB problems learn from others’ mistakes . some of the ‘Injury and Illness’ incidents are also thought to be DCI related. The BSAC publishes a booklet called 'Safe Diving' years and some of this decline is likely to be due to the focus (latest edition published in January 2009).  Diver age and related health and fitness issues may have 41 involved diving to deeper than 30m been a strong causal factor in this y ear’s fatalities. they have As always. 4 ©BSAC . dramatically. if y ou must have an incident please report it using our uncontrolled ascents. It is certain that many other such cases have gone un-reported but it is anticipated that these root causes w ill apply to all Finally. When these multiple cases are counted the result is levelled out to around 400. Incident Report form. free of charge.  Cases of ‘Ascent’ problems continue to fall.

attack. neither was accepted. motionless at the surface. He then heard the diver w ho had been in the silt cloud groan and then saw her faint.NDC Diving Incidents Report . One of off but quickly realised that his buddy was not following him. The casualty w as airlift ed to hospital but died that night without regaining consciousness. signalled search involving two helicopters. Jan. The alarm w as raised w hen the diver was the surface one of the pair lost consciousness. continued to the surface. The casual ty w as transferred to hospital mortem analysis indicated that the casualty had suffered a heart where he was declared dead on arrival. He w as brought to Nov Oct. The remaining tw o they would turn to make their w ay back. He spotted his buddy's bubbles octopus regulator. The then deployed a delayed SMB to continue their ascent.2009 Fatalities October 2008 09/001  April 2009 09/074  Two divers conducted an uneventful dive to a maximum depth A rebreather diver entered the water from the shore to recover a of 16m. at times they rose too fast. During their ascent they made a safety stop at 6m. He w as spotted floating on his back. The buddy then lifted and swam towards her. They made their ascent up an underw ater cliff face and buddy so he surfaced. he had his regulator out of his cloud of silt.Monthly breakdown the boat and resuscitation techniques w ere applied. '08 the surface and resuscitation techniques w ere applied. Once ashore further taken by helicopter and ambulance to hospital w here he later resuscitation techniques were applied and breathing and a good died. At this point they signalled to each other that another dive pair as previously planned. The diver w ho had been in the silt cloud declined casualty was taken by lifeboat and then airlifted to hospital but her buddy's suggestion to conduct a safety stop at 4m and they he failed to recover. to a A pair of divers conducted a w reck dive to an approximate maximum depth of 30m. 6 January 2009 09/022  5 4 A diver aborted his first dive due to a free flow ing regulator. He the pair disturbed silt on the seabed and disappeared in the went back and found his buddy . The Coastguard w as alerted and the casualty w as giving rescue breaths on the w ay. at other times they sank techniques were applied and the Coastguard w as alerted. The cause of death was given as 'convulsion while diving'.2009 5 . A number of Coastguard and and winchman had to be low ered back dow n on the end of the RNLI personnel w ere exercising in the area and they came to winch line. One of the pair moved divers swam deeper towards the rudder of the w reck. found on the seabed by other divers 15 day s later. During the helicopter lift the winch failed and the casualty pulse were soon re-established. Once back in the boat resuscitation was erratic. help. 2 During this dive he experienced a regulator free flow again and 1 left the instructor and the other trainee. An underwater search was and other vessels w as initiated. One of Coastguard was alerted and an underw ater and a surface the pair then made a rapid ascent to the surface. (Coastguard report). The casualty was recovered into UK Fatalities . Aug. At the surface there w as a sizeable sw ell and the buddy started to deploy his delayed SMB. At lost w eightbelt. Mar. The buddy inflated her BCD to support her at the surface and gave an emergency signal to the boat. The second diver did not surface. The other trainee 0 signalled to the instructor that the first trainee had surfaced w ith Sept. They descended to the w reck. The back down. The cloud rose up to the hovering diver and he diver's regulator back into his mouth and then he tried his rose up to stay in clearer water. A search w as quickly initiated and the missing diver Feb. taken ashore and further resuscitation w as attempted by attending paramedics and a doctor. April 2009 09/073  May 2009 09/075  A pair of divers became separated during a wreck dive. The buddy tried to put the for his buddy . The buddy then appeared out of the silt the casualty to the surface us ing a controlled buoy ant lift. be seen. was found unconscious at a depth of 35m. a fixed w ing aircraft. October 2008 09/002  Three divers entered the w ater and swam in a strong current to April 2009 09/077  reach their shotline. a lifeboat distress and then sank back dow n. BSAC . a regulator problem. She was from October 2008 to September 2009 incl. 3 Later he dived again with another trainee and an instructor. The emergency services w ere alerted and the diver was airlifted to hospital where he was declared dead. When the instructor and the other trainee July June May surfaced they found that the diver w ith the free flow was not to Apr. The other dive r hovered above the cloud looking mouth and he was not responding. It w as Resuscitation techniques w ere applied and the emergency recovered by police divers after a further 2 days. Their dive duration w as 4 min. Their ascent ascent was quite fast. their cloud and they signalled to each other to ascend. The diver w as transferred to hospital w here she w as declared dead. One of Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 22m for 35 the pair conducted a search but w as not able to locate his min. and one of the three moved to join depth of 52m. The missing diver's body was conducted and the diver w as raised to the surface. '09 Dec. A post services alerted. A recovered into the boat and resuscitation techniques w ere nearby diver w ent to the casualty and tow ed him to the shore applied.

They made a safety stop during w hich time one of little and w as sw imming back dow n. The tw o in the boat pulled him back and recovered him from the w ater. Sept. The diver then appeared at the surface. The into the boat. The casualty failed to then airlifted to hospital. The boat moved to him and passed him an oxygen demand valve. The boat w as met by a lifeboat and the casualty and was alerted and the casualties w ere moved onto a lifeboat and his buddy were transported to hospital. The casualty was recovered who had by this time lost consciousness. One of the pair deployed his delayed SMB and made an ascent. The boat followed the bubbles. BSAC Fatalities against membership 1982-2009 missing a planned safety stop. techniques. Tow ards the end of the dive one of the pair deployed a Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 25m. The first diver w as revived and resuscitation Coastguard w as alerted and resuscitation techniques were techniques were applied to the second diver. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . The Coastguard w as alerted 40 and the boat headed for harbour. He then lost consciousness and started to drift from the boat. The helicopter arrived and both casualties were winched aboard. July face down with his dry suit fully inflated. When he surfaced the boat was (UK fatalities only) nearby and the other diver w as floating motionless in the water in the same area. The diver w ith the SMB the pair had to sw itch to his alternative regulator. '09 Dec. He too was recovered into the boat where he was found to be unconscious. hospital. At swapping regulators released his w eightbelt and made a this point he saw that the buddy 's mouthpiece had come out of buoyant ascent to the surface.Monthly breakdown from October 2008 to September 2009 incl. 60 The buddy also got back onto the boat and commenced 50 resuscitation. The diver then noticed that the source and again got a mouthful of w ater. They w ere flow n to a hospital where they were declared dead on arrival. Aug. 10 0 2008 2006 2004 2002 2000 1998 1996 1994 1992 1990 1988 1986 1984 1982 UK Fatalities . The divers sent the boat's anchor to the surface as 1 expected. They informed the Coastguard that they had two casualties and started resuscitation techniques on the second casualty . it w as then pulled below the surface. The Coastguard w as alerted and a helicopter was Jan. the boat and the tw o people in the boat started resuscitation Mar. Once he had done this he of the pair deployed a delayed SMB for their ascent at the end looked around for his buddy and saw that he had floated up a of the dive. '08 appeared at the surface follow ed by the diver who gave a distress signal.2009 . BSAC UK Fatalities Membership ('000) 6 5 4 August 2009 09/194  3 Two divers entered the w ater to conduct a dive to a depth of 2 48m. Shortly afterw ards one of the divers' delay ed SMB 0 appeared. Feb. The Coastguard applied. At the surface the alarm w as raised and the boat crew recovered the first diver and then moved to the second was quickly alongside the divers. The boat the surface. He w as spotted by those in the his mouth and that his eyes were very large. The second w as placed in intensive care but died the following day. During this time they buddy had started to descend so he removed the buddy's finger sank back to the seabed. As other divers from the party surfaced they assisted with the resuscitation. The casualty was transferred 30 onto a lifeboat and then airlifted to hospital. At this point the diver w ho had been from the deflate button of his BCD and started to inflate it. T he first diver w as released from recover. Nov tasked to assist. 6 ©BSAC . Initially the diver 20 showed signs of improvement but died later that evening. He took his buddy 's alternative air and they started their ascent. in doing so he then indicated to the buddy to put his hand around the SMB line got a mouthful of w ater. The second diver arrived at go of the SMB and used a controlled buoy ant lift to bring him to the surface shortly afterw ards in a distressed state. The skipper instructed the diver to get the casualty onto the diver lift and he w as recovered into the boat. He w as recovered into June May Apr. The second diver's delayed SMB then Oct. He immediately let boat face down and unresponsive.2009 May 2009 09/076  A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 28m. One delayed SMB to make their ascent. June 2009 09/126  Two divers conducted a w reck dive in a maximum depth of August 2009 09/196  20m.

A lifeboat and a helicopter were regulator in his mouth. They found him face dow n on the bottom with no techniques w ere applied. The casualty w as spotted unconscious at the surface and recovered into a nearby dive boat.2009 August 2009 09/195  August 2009 09/229  Three divers entered the w ater to dive to a reported depth of An instructor and tw o trainees w ere conducting a w reck dive 50m. The instructor could not get the tasked to assist. It was suggested that a heart condition may have been responsible. Despite efforts to save him he failed to recover. The Coastguard w as alerted and resuscitation for him. One of the three surfaced unconscious and with the with the instructor leading. BSAC . She inflated his BCD where he was pronounced dead by a doctor. The casualty w as transferred to the lifeboat regulator back into the casualty 's mouth. and sent him to the surface. Resuscitation techniques were applied and the casualty was brought ashore.NDC Diving Incidents Report . One of the trainees w as then found assistance of a nearby fishing vessel he w as recovered from to be missing and the instructor and the other trainee searched the w ater.2009 7 .

and the Coastguard was alerted. Their dive duration w as   7 min. He sought medical advice and w ent to his local hospital. He The diver. was low on air attempted to sw itch to his decompression gas but found that the regulator would not work. The A diver developed symptoms of DCI after a dive to 48m. Then the instructor noticed that one of ascent from 29m and missing stops. he switched back to his buddy's gas supply . At the surface all divers appeared w ell but they decided to abandon further dives. w as was taken by ambulance to a r ecompression facility for airlifted to a recompression facility where he was treated. October 2008 09/007  October 2008 09/065  A diver conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 36m for a A diver conducted dives to 34m and 38m and then developed duration of 35 min including a 1 min stop at 12m and a 2 min symptoms of DCI. The divers were control and could not hold a stable position in the w ater. He w as taken by lifeboat and ambulance to a recompression facility where he was treated for DCI. recompression facility for treatment. check and then descended to 6m and conducted a second buoyancy check. he w as breathing from his now w orking nitrox 72 cy linder. They ascended to the top of the wreck at a depth of 34m and after a dive duration of 32 min they deployed a delayed SMB to October 2008 09/071  make their ascent. The Coastguard 72 for decompression. They became tangled in the SMB line. The second trainee then said that he 8 ©BSAC . They lost buoy ancy control and sank November 2008 09/055  back to 23m. given fluids and the Coastguard was alerted. still entangled in the line. One of the pair w as using trimix 18/31 w ith nitrox 42 and October 2008 09/069  nitrox 84 for decompression. his dive duration w as 39 min. The diver w ho w as low on air w as recovered into the boat. October 2008 09/010  A pair of divers conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of 50m. A diver who w as suffering from DCI w as transferred from hospital to a recompression facility by ambulance. he switched to his buddy's symptoms of DCI and the Coastguard w as alerted. 30 min after the last dive the instructor became dizzy and he was sick. October 2008 09/011  December 2008 09/027  An instructor conducted a training dive to a maximum depth of A diver conducted a 24 min dive to a maximum depth of 19m. The diver who (Coastguard report). The buddy of DCI following his second dive of the day. They made a rapid ascent to were air lifted to a r ecompression facility for tr eatment. About 1 hour after this dive he began to feel giddy was tr ansferred to a r ecompression facility for treatment. 10m. (Coastguard report). dive. They developed indicated that his air supply was low. (Coastguard report). They descended an underwater rock face to a October 2008 09/062  depth of 18m. used two delayed SMB buoys to send the object to the surface. developed no symptoms.2009 . At this depth they practised clipping and Two divers developed symptoms of DCI after making a rapid unclipping their SMBs. The divers conducted a surface buoy ancy a vestibular DCI. It w as suggested that treatment for an ear infection which October 2008 09/068  began 2 weeks prior to the dive may have been a causal factor. The Coastguard was the trainees seemed to be havi ng problems with her buoy ancy alerted and medical advice w as sought. The Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as transferred to a Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as transferred to a recompression facility for treatment. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . and disorientated and he was sick. 18m for 35 min including a 2 min stop at 6m. He w as taken to hospital and then to a An instructor and tw o trainees entered the w ater to practise the recompression facility for treatment. He aw oke early conducted a second training dive to a maximum depth of 16m the following morning with an uncomfortable feeling in his right for 25 min w ith a 2 min stop at 6m. He is thought to have had use of an SMB. The divers main supply for several minutes. approached the trainee w ho seemed somewhat unresponsive. The buddy took control The Coastguard was alerted when a diver developed symptoms and they made a rapid ascent to the surface. The Coastguard w as alerted and the diver stop at 6m. He was December 2008 09/056  placed on oxygen. 50 min later he During his ascent he made a 3 min stop at 6m. (Coastguard report). At 47m the divers attached a lifting bag was alerted and the diver w as transferred to a recompression to an object that they found. He airlifted to a recompression facility. They began their ascent and the air diver Two divers made a rapid asc ent from 19m. whose only symptom w as a small nose bleed. (Coastguard report). this did not lift the object so they facility for treatment. The other was using air with nitrox A diver developed DCI after a day's diving. (Coastguard report). the mid-w ater deploy ment of a delay ed SMB and poor He was diagnosed with DCI and transferred to a recompression buoyancy control on behalf of the trainees resulted in the chamber. He w as airlifted to immediately descended back to 6m to make his decompression a r ecompression facility w here he r eceived r ecompression stops and he surfaced after a dive duration of 86 min and treatment.2009 Decompression Incidents October 2008  09/059  October 2008 09/064  A diver surfaced from a 43m dive missing stops. He w as placed on oxy gen (Coastguard report). treatment. He received tw o sessions of recompression instructor making a number of ascents and descents during the treatment. The water temperature was 6 deg C. He signalled the ascent and brought the troubled diver to the surface using a controlled buoyant lift. The training consisted of arm. A diver developed sy mptoms of DCI after a dive to 27m. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report). He w as placed on oxy gen and the emergency January 2009 09/031  services were alerted.

Medical advice from the duty diving doctor w as to take him to hospital for initial assessment. She received a ser ies of four sessions of recompression over a four day period and w as prescribed January 2009 09/045  anti-inflammatory drugs. diagnosed with a DCI in his inner ear which caused symptoms of vertigo. Two divers made a rapid ascent from a dive. decompression stops accumulating the divers started their ascent. 15 March 2009 09/043  10 A pair of divers completed a di ve practising survey techniques on an underw ater cliff face. This trainee thought that he might conducted three practice controll ed buoyant lifts from 6m to the have made a faster than normal ascent and he w as placed on surface ending w ith a tow and simulated rescue breaths. The divers w ere monitored for sy mptoms of DCI but none w ere found that day. About an hour later one of the pair started to feel sick 0 and dizzy. then they made three chamber. One of the pair put air into his dry suit and the valve stuck in the open position. reduced feeling. His dive duration w as 24 min. (Coastguard report). February 2009 09/080  Three divers conducted a 15 min dive to a maximum depth of March 2009 09/081  15m and then returned to a platform at 6m. At 30m they surface. assisted ascents. a 9 min stop at 6m and a 3 min stop at 3m. '09 was sought. their dive duration was 18 min. One of the pair w as recompressed. May June July Aug. The instructor tow ed him to the shore and he was for 15 min and then returned to the platform at 6m. He was the w ater inhibited the divers ' vision and they made a rapid discharged the following day. At the surface he gave deployed a delay ed SMB and this resulted in the octopus an emergency signal and was quickly helped from the w ater. With recompression facility for treatment. March 2009 09/072  A diver developed sy mptoms of DCI follow ing a dive to 20m. He w as discharged w ith residual sy mptoms that were predicted to resolve with time. She used the internet to seek information on Some lung trauma w as diagnosed and he remained in hospital DCI and to identify sources of assistance. oxygen.2009 wanted to return to the shore as he w as having difficulty dive after a 2 hours 49 min surface interval. They ascended to the surface from 30m in 50 seconds. ascent to the surface. The buddy passed him his hospital for oxy gen treatment and observation. Here they practised A diver suffering from DCI w as airlifted to a recompression mask clearing and regulator retrieval.2009 9 . About midnight her left arm and heard when he inhaled. he During the journey home one of the three noticed a soreness coughed up some pink froth and a faint gurgling noise could be and stiffness in her left arm. He w as airlifted to a recompression facility and F eb. He received two sessions of recompression therapy and his symptoms resolved. The Coastguard was alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression facility for treatment. He complained of a feeling of liquid on his lungs. Jan. (Coastguard February 2009 09/038  report). After the dive one of the group reported that she felt a little unw ell but she recovered in time for a second BSAC . He had shown octopus regulator and turned off the diver's cylinder. Apr . February 2009 09/049  Decompression incidents by month A diver had sy mptoms of DCI after making a rapid ascent from 6m following a dive to 30m. morning she sought diving m edical advice and then attended a recompression facility. He was Sept. regulator of one of the divers going into free flow. The Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as recompression facility and a bubble in his ear w as diagnosed. The Coastguard was alerted and the divers w ere taken to a recompression facility. February 2009 09/048  Over the next few days one of the pair experienced dizzy spells A diver became unwell with possible sy mptoms of DCI after a and sought diving medical advice. (Coastguard report). Their maximum depth was 32m 5 and their dive duration w as 58 min including a 1 min stop at 18m. D ec. 15 min after finishing a dive a diver developed sy mptoms of DCI. a 2 min stop at 12m. They assisted from the water. Her symptoms were fully resolved. Bubbles in symptoms of DCI but recompression w as not required. (Coastguard report). received tw o sessions of recompression therapy. Mar. He was placed on oxygen and diving medical advice Oct . The boat returned to the marina and the diver w as transferred to an 20 ambulance w ith the assistance of Shoreham Coastguard. airlifted to a recompression facility.NDC Diving Incidents Report . and taken to Brighton hospital for assessment. They dived to 17m breathing. He attended a dive to 50m. '08 Nov. The following overnight for observation. He attempted to stop the free flow but his air supply rapidly was airlifted to a recompression facility but then transferred to diminished from 80 bar to 50 bar. February 2009 09/033  The Coastguard w as alerted and the diver was transferred to a Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 47m. The emergenc y services were alerted. The diver became buoyant and was March 2009 09/037  unable to prevent himself from being carried rapidly to the Two divers dived to a maximum depth of 33m. The diver He was placed on oxygen and the Coastguard was alerted. shoulder developed a prickling and tightness sensation w ith a paramedic attended and the casualty was airlifted to hospital. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report).

He managed to free the regulator at a depth of about 7m but his buoy ancy carried him to the surface. Other members of the party on the The Coastguard w as alerted after a diver made a rapid ascent shore saw the buoy ant diver arrive at the surface and one from 29m. After the dive one of the three felt dizzy and nauseous. The regulator got caught on a strap of PFO had been closed at the time of the first incident. The diver w as brought alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression facility .2009 . One of caused him periods of pai n and he had been diagnosed w ith a the pair held a delay ed SMB w hile the other put air into it with PFO following a DCI incident two and a half y ears earlier. 18 A 26 year old diver w as flown to the recompression chamber at hours later. Overnight the diver developed 'pins and needles' in his hands and these continued into the morning after the dive. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . their course. 4 March 2009 09/092  hours later he dived to 16m for 50 min. They returned to a depth of 20m and. He was taken to hospital where a March 2009 09/279  neurological DCI w as diagnosed and he w as recompressed. 30 min later he dived w ith an instructor and another diver to conduct a into the dive. The diver w as then assessed their depth to vary betw een 3 and 7m. One of the pair started to experience buoyancy problems immediately. He then ascended sought diving medical advice and attended his local hospital. The other tw o He w as placed on oxy gen and taken by ambulance to a divers were unable to prevent his rapid ascent. He was advised to stop smoking and to sit dow n. After boat failed to follow proper procedures when they contacted the 25 min they w ere at a depth of 14m and making their return duty diving doctor directly and by not informing the Coastguard swim. He A diver conducted a 5 min dive to a depth of 6m playing the part found his buddy at 12m and indicated that he wanted to go back of the casualty in a controlled buoy ant lift exercise. He was monitored for sy mptoms for the rest of the treatment. Seahouses Coastguard met the March 2009 09/173  helicopter at the hospital to assist w ith the transfer. His first attempt failed but 38 min and they stayed for a further 2 min. the treatment. At around 9m visibility w as very can consult medical authorities and prevent any delays by poor and the dive leader took a compass reading to maintain arranging immediate and sw ift evacuation for treatment. He sought diving medical advice divers was involved in carry ing equipment up and dow n a long and attended a recompression facility where he received slipway. After 23 min they decided to make their ascent. (Coastguard to hospital for overnight observation. During this time the buoyant diver's feet came out (Coastguard & RNLI reports). He from the surface when he halted his ascent. on realising that she w as not there. He 10 ©BSAC . surfacing with a total during his second attempt he held on to the delayed SMB too duration of 41 min. April 2009 09/129  A diver conducted a 47 min dive to a maximum depth of 25m. The divers' on his ability to recover the shot and then to deploy a delay ed decompression requirement expired after a total dive duration of SMB. By contacting t he Coastguard immediately they and struggled to stay dow n. cigarette. in his back and numbness and tingling in both his legs. mid-water. The next day he missed stops from 22m. The follow ing night. A pair of divers conducted a dri ft dive to a maximum depth of The diver had had a back injury as a child w hich occasionally 27m. searched around for her April 2009 09/442  before making his ascent. He had a meal and something to drink. diver's condition deteriorated and he had to be evacuated by rescue helicopter 131 to the hy perbaric unit at Aberdeen Roy al Infirmary for treatment for DCI. this his octopus regulator. He rested for 1 hour but April 2009 09/314  the sy mptoms remained so he declined a second dive. of her dry suit boots and she w as unable to prevent herself making an inverted buoy ant ascent to the surface. Her buddy. Millport by RN rescue helicopter R177. He Three divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 16m. The following day. the buoy when it w as released and the diver w as dragged upwards. The female diver was Once back in the boat he stumbled w hile w alking across the showing symptoms of DCI hav ing made an uncontrolled ascent deck to de-kit. following day and the hospital staff stated that they thought that she had had a mild DCI. at a depth of 10m. Soon afterwards he sat down and noticed a pain from 20m. Divi ng medical advice w as sought and March 2009 09/280  monitoring was continued. Diving medical advice w as sought and a lifeboat swam out to assist her back to the shore. day but none were detected. He was placed on oxy gen. to the surface with a dive duration of 25 min. Later that day the 'pins and needles' Three divers conducted a dive to 27m and then followed a got worse and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression facility profile of slow ly declining depth back to 5m where they spent for two sessions of treatment. When he realised that he was diver who had been pulled up by the buoy noticed a tingling and making a rapid ascent he let go of the buoy but he was only 1m numbness spreading from his extremit ies to all of his limbs. they ascended recompression chamber w here he received four sessions of normally. ashore and w as then taken by ambulance and helicopter to a She was not found to be suffering from DCI and was transferred recompression chamber for treatment of DCI. The swell was causing found the weightbelt after 5 min. The dive Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 19m. developed bad chest pains. He started to develop a headache whilst smoking a treatment which alleviated his symptoms. They then spent 1 min at 3m and surfaced slowly. How ever. he dived to 32m for 38 min with a 4 min stop at 5m. about 12 min. The Coastguard w as was launched to provide oxygen. They stopped at 13m for search for a lost w eightbelt. He w ent to advice from the duty navy doctor w ho initially recommended hospital for a check up w here he w as given recompression evacuation to the nearest A&E as a precaution.2009 March 2009 09/450  April 2009 09/095  The casualty completed three dives in a day . He had over April 2009 09/103  100 bar remaining and he decided to re-descend the line. They deployed a shot in 16m and 1 min and at 5m for an indicated 5 min. Later that evening he began to feel They were unable to locate the w reck they intended to dive on nauseous again and he had a tingly sensation in his hand and and they surfaced after 15 min. diving medi cal advice w as sought and the boat headed back to harbour. Some time later one of the elbow and pain in his elbow . The vessel took their ow n medical complained of pains in his shoulder and thumb. 2 hours to the seabed. they started their ascent. seemingly without Humber Coastguard arranged evacuation for a diver who had incident. His maximum depth w as 32m. the long and started to rise w ith it. (Coastguard report). She w as released the report). over 24 hours later.

from this dive he developed a skin rash and an itching on the however. Shortly afterwards she complained of knocked during the dive allow ing w eights to fall free. diver was placed on oxy gen and the Coastguard w as alerted. A vestibular DCI w as diagnosed. w ith a doctor onboard. At this depth her BCD fully cases of DCI inflated and carried her to the surface. April 2009 09/106  A diver who had conducted a dive to 48m developed symptoms May 2009 09/114  of DCI. He developed 'pins and fully resolved his symptoms. She was airlifted to a recompression D ive >30m facility. Rapid Ascent May 2009 09/141  R epeat Dives Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting that they had a diver onboard w ho had suffered a blackout at Missed stops depth and had a headache. Neurological DCI w as diagnosed and the A diver surfaced after a 24 min dive to 52m with his computer diver was taken to a r ecompression facility for treatment which indicating that he had missed stops. May 2009 09/120  A trimix rebreather diver undertook a dive to a maximum depth of 58m. At the chamber her condition initially deteriorated but she recovered well after treatment. April 2009 09/100  The Coastguard w as alerted after a diver developed symptoms of DCI follow ing a rapid ascent from a dive to 28m.2009 11 . she did not inflate it herself. The diver was airlifted to a recompression A diver conducted a 36 min dive to a maximum depth of 31m facility for treatment. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The casualty had given birth 10 months previously. The diver's integral weighting system was with a 3 min stop at 6m. symptoms improved but. An ambulance w as called and he w as May 2009 09/122  taken to hospital. The diver was air lifted to a r ecompression facility for treatment. it w as subsequently necessary to airlift him to DDRC left side of his chest. DCI w as diagnosed and the diver was the hyperbaric chamber. This rash developed a blue fringe. (Coastguard report). chamber. (Coastguard report). thus a pain in her low er back. Medical advice was taken from Balfour hospital and the boat was advised to return immediately to port w here they were met Within Limits by an ambulance and a dive doctor. the Plymouth for treatment. nauseous. He w as airlifted to a recompression chamber for Holyhead Coastguard received a request from a boat to treatment. Later that evening one of the pair BSAC . His dive May 2009 09/118  duration was 33 min.NDC Diving Incidents Report . Diving medical April 2009 09/101  advice w as sought and the diver w as transported to a A 51 y ear old diver w as airlifted from a dive boat to the recompression facility. 75 min after surfacing to 80m. She w as placed on oxygen and the Coastguard was alerted. (Coastguard report). Lizard AWLB. her balance (Coastguard & RNLI reports). this resolved his symptoms. A diver w as admitted to the recompression chamber in the Hoylake Coastguard met the helicopter at the HLS and assisted evening. but initially had no other symptoms. Rescue helicopter R-122 was tasked to airlift the April 2009 09/109  diver to a hy perbaric chamber in Thingw all for treatment. recompressed. including the necessary stops. Once ashore she w as unable to w alk w ithout support and she felt dizzy and her legs w ere numb. (Coastguard report). May 2009 09/135  Two divers conducted a 27 min dive to a depth of 30m including   a 3 min safety stop at 6m. She w as placed on oxygen and given w ater to drink. missing stops. (Media report). It is thought that the inflation valve w as knocked or stuck open. The recompression treatments over subsequent day s and her diver was suffering from DCI follow ing a dive to 48m. The diver w as taken to 0 10 20 30 40 Stromness surgery for assessment and later transferred to the Percentage Occurrence hyperbaric chamber for treatment. After a dive time of 25 min she started her ascent. (Media report). remained disturbed. April 2009 09/130  May 2009 09/116  A rebreather diver completed a series of nine dives the last of Falmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting which was to 37m for 62 min including a 3 min stop at 9m. needles' in his legs and the Coast guard was alerted. proceeded to initially assess and transfer the diver from the dive The boat returned to harbour and the diver w as taken to a boat prior to him being airlifted by rescue helicopter R-193 to recompression facility . evacuate a diver with 'pins & needles' and numbness in one leg following missed stops on a dive to 54m. Percentage analysis of factors involved in until she reached a depth of 12m. a 3 a diver onboard with a strong pain in his elbow following a dive min stop at 6m and a 10 min stop at 3m. Her ascent progressed normally .2009 then started to suffer from dizziness and blurred vision and he was placed on oxy gen. the buddy completed all their stops. He had developed DCI following a day's diving. He w as initially reported as slowly recovering. She then began to feel unw ell and causing a buoyant ascent. with transfer into an ambulance to go to the hyperbaric (Coastguard report). at the time of reporting. by which time the condition of the diver was starting to deteriorate. She w as given a ser ies of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary by RN rescue helicopter R137.

After 26 min the dive leader deployed a delayed SMB and they started to make their ascent. then. rushing to prepare. During the return journey the trainee remained across her shoulders and a rash w as found. 1 hour 15 min later she felt an itching sick again. buddy and started to panic. PFO closed nine y ears earlier and a subsequent examination the diver w as placed on oxy gen and then airlifted to a indicated that the closure was still in place. They then made a normal ascent w ith a 4 min bumpy and itchy . It is thought that stress. Shortly after re-entering the boat. Mevagissey CRT attended to assist the air ambulance During the dive one of the pair suffered from buoy ancy control with evacuating the diver to the hy perbaric chamber at DDRC problems with air migrating into the boots of his drysuit.2009 discovered that a small area of the skin on her arm w as red. A little later she developed an itching A diver conducted a 35 min dive to a maximum depth of 35m sensation in the area and signs of a skin DCI w ere found. (Coastguard report). Later that day one of the three noticed a dull ache in his left wrist. The follow ing day she duration w as 29 min. June 2009 09/183  June 2009 09/158  A diver w ho had made a rapid ascent from 40m and was A diver conducted one dive and then 2 hours later she dived to complaining of chest pains w as transferred to the 25m for a drift dive. a 15 min June 2009 09/156  dive to a maximum depth of 10m. During these two dives he A pair of rebreather divers conducted a 109 min dive to a practised rescue skills including controlled buoyant lifts. after a surface interval of 15 min. She was transferred to a recompression facility and received five sessions of recompression treatment over a three day period. It w as suggested that he may have a Two divers conducted a 44 min dive to a depth of 44m w ith a 2 PFO and he was seeking further medical advice. The Coastguard w as alerted. was recompressed and the pain resolved w ithin 5 min of Arrangements were made to transfer the diver by air ambulance reaching 18m. this w as thought to be due to her kit June 2009 09/202  pressing on her. On one Plymouth for assessment. about 4 hours 30 quickly to the surface missing a planned safety stop. She tried to ascend slow ly but at (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The follow ing morning the An ambulance attended a diver who was thought to be suffering wrist was very painful and he sought diving medical advice. 14m she inflated her BCD instead of dumping air. Later that breathed oxygen for 10 min and the sy mptoms resolved. he then collapsed w ith neurological symptoms she was recompressed. min stop at 23m. It w as a further three weeks before he felt June 2009 09/152  fully recovered. She developed a tingling in her left hand and a pain in her left shoulder. June 2009 09/179  A diver under training conducted a 24 min dive to a maximum depth of 9m then. He received tw o further sessions of to Aberdeen but this w as cancelled w hen the diver refused recompression treatment. He received a series of four recompression treatments and w as left with a slight tingling in the tips of two fingers. June 2009 09/164  Brixham Coastguard received a ca ll from a shore dive site reporting a diver w ith suspected DCI. tow ing maximum depth of 67m. the emergency further action was required. She made a rapid ascent to the surface. At a depth of 23m she lost contact w ith her recompression facility in Stromness by the Longhope lifeboat. given w ater and divi ng medical advice was sought. dive party was aware of this. The following morning the headache was worse and for seven days. He sought diving turned into a pain. This diver had dived using nitrox 26. She day the diver who had had the buoy ancy problems developed a sought diving medical advice and was told to refrain from diving headache. Once back in the boat the trainee was dived to 44m for 40 min. He medical advice and received recompression treatment that fully placed himself on oxy gen and this helped. He w as given a session of recompression treatment which May 2009 09/199  resolved his sy mptoms. The diver began to feel ill June 2009 09/176  when walking up the beach. assistance. He from sy mptoms of DCI follow ing a rapid ascent from 16m. occasion he made a buoyant ascent up to 8m before the dive leader could reach him and assist him back to the seabed in a 12 ©BSAC .2009 . 30 min after coming back from his Two divers conducted a drift dive in a maximum depth of 18m. recompression facility and w as advised to attend immediately . Their dive min later she dived to 32m for 40 min. one of the pair noticed a pain in her upper abdomen. (Coastguard report). She w as placed unwell and developed 'pins and needles' although not all of the on oxygen. He contacted a recompression facility and he w as advised to go to see them. he had aches in his muscles and joints. Over the next tw o hours the pain got worse and spread to become a deep pain in the joint June 2009 09/184  and across the back of his hand. maximum depth of 22m. Later that day he following morning w ith numb and tingling fingers that quickly noticed a numbness and visual dist urbances. 30m w ith a 4 min stop at 6m. June 2009 09/204  During the ascent they lost control of their buoy ancy and rose A diver conducted a 37 min dive to 34m. recompression chamber. dive. with a 6 min stop at 6m. The trainee felt seasick prior to the dive and was sick while kitting up. She had had a violent giddiness and retching. The pain spread to his w rist and elbow. (Coastguard report). A vestibular DCI w as diagnosed and he received a series of five recompression treatments over the following four day s. depth of 15m. She safety stop at 6m. Once back in the harbour it She w as kept under observation. He contacted a resolved his symptoms. One of the pair awoke early the and the use of an alternative air source. the rash subsided and no became clear that the trainee w as quite unw ell. Their dive duration w as 35 min. services were alerted and she was placed on oxygen. About 10 min after surfacing the diver Diving medical advice w as sought and although she had no was bending down when he felt giddy . The Coastguard was June 2009 09/200  alerted and the diver was airlifted to a recompression facility for A trainee and an instructor conducted a wreck dive to a treatment which resolved her symptoms. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . Three divers conducted a 38 min dive to a maximum depth of heatstroke and dehydration were contributory aspects. a 2 min stop at 15m and a 4 min stop at 6m.

He was brought ashore. June 2009 09/207  July 2009 09/233  A diver suffering from DCI w as transferred from Largs to the A pair of divers conducted a 40 min dive to a maximum depth of recompression chamber by Largs inshore lifeboat. He r eceived r ecompression ther apy hyperbaric chamber. hospital for treatment. The rescuing diver helped him from the afterwards and they were recovered into the boat. a pain in her right shoulder joint. BSAC . The diver developed from after he surfaced until the paramedics arrived to treat him. During realised that the diver w as not w ith him he returned to depth to the dive she experienced problems with air in the boots of her check. 3 hours after the dive from Dorothea Quarry to the recompression chamber at he noticed a pain in his left shoulder but put it down to muscle Murrayfield hospital. 1 hour 25 min later they dived to a maximum depth of report). (Coastguard report). 42m. evening he sought diving m edical advice and attended a so he w as taken by rescue helicopter CG-104 to Poole recompression facility . The troubled diver w as her but was unable to and she w as carried to the surface. dull ache in all his joints. w ithout incident. (Coastguard 52m. (Coastguard continue. a slight Newhaven AWLB w as tasked to provide additional oxy gen and numbness in his left hand and a faint tingle in two of his fingers. panicked again and made a second rapid ascent to the surface. her buddy attempted to grab hold of towed the troubled diver to the shore. nausea. He had made a normal ascent and was advised to seek medical opinion. (Coastguard report). A diver conducted a series of tw o dives per day over a three day period. His buddy did not see this happen and w hen he with a 3 min stop at 6m. claiming that there was no problem but dive duration w as 35 min. It was not During the day he felt dizzy after any phy sical effort. recompression facility and received tw o sessions of recompression therapy for DCI. They were showing symptoms of DCI having made a to the surface. assisting on a deep diving taken by ambulance and helicopter to a recompression facility course. At the surface he complained of chest and head pains. The buoyant water and placed him in the recovery position then w ent to diver was placed on oxy gen and the Coastguard w as alerted. A connect call w ith a dive was put in a medical connect call w ith a dive doctor and the doctor recommended that the diver be evacuated to Whipps advice was for the diver and her buddy to be taken to hospital. He responded w ell to finger of his right hand. He attended a completed all his decompression stops. He was checked at the surface and felt happy to 77 min dive to 40m the previous afternoon. The Coastguard w as alerted and the casualty was The casualty completed four dives. Her buddy surfaced shortly not acting normally . During the ascent she w as in a horizontal posture and swimming for the shore. given oxy gen and a call w as made for an July 2009 09/463  ambulance. He then surfaced and found the diver at the surface drysuit. The following morning he discussed this with others and DCI following a 55m dive. (Coastguard report). after a show er. to go to a recompression chamber for treatment. unusual tiredness. he made a rapid ascent to the A diver conducted a 44 min dive to a maximum depth of 21m surface. standby until arrival of the rescue helicopter. On the fourth day he dived to 37m for 33 min using nitrox 31 with a 2 min stop at 18m and a 4 min stop at 6m. he did not get a coherent answ er and he began a buoyant ascent.NDC Diving Incidents Report . They re-descended to 5m to continue the drill but he report). The diver was suffering from symptoms of strain. one of the pair inhaled a mouthful of w ater from his regulator. June 2009 09/172  A trainee diver descended w ith two instructors to practise mask July 2009 09/212  and mouthpiece clearing drills at a depth of 5m. (Coastguard report). The following morning he awoke with a onboard who w as suffering from signs and sy mptoms of DCI. The casualty was airlifted to a The diver felt shocked and very cold and she w as moved into a recompression chamber but released later that day w ith no cabin and w rapped w ith clothing. While Two divers w ere admitted to the recompression chamber at conducting mask clearing he panicked and made a rapid ascent Douglas. June 2009 09/313  July 2009 09/210  A diver conducted a 55 min dive to a maximum depth of 15m Solent Coastguard received a call from a dive boat w ith a diver with a 3 min stop at 3m. Diving medical advice was signs of DCI found. He swam to him and asked him w hat again had problems w ith buoy ancy. July 2009 09/231  June 2009 09/171  A diver conducted a 56 min dive to a maximum depth of 40m RAF rescue helicopter R122 transferred a 29 y ear old diver including 32 min of decompression stops. That possible to transfer the diver to Whipps Cross hospital London. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). On   this last dive he had to swim strongly to get back to the boat. The diver and her buddy were taken by ambulance and helicopter to a recompression facility where both divers received tw o sessions of recompression July 2009 09/324  treatment. He switched to his pony cylinder and breathed very hard from this July 2009 09/191  which caused it to free flow.2009 13 . Her still not very coherent. The casualty had no memory of the events sought and the boat returned to harbour. phone the emergency services. He contacted a doctor who advised him treatment. which resolved his symptoms. At where he was treated for an arterial gas embolism as a result of home.2009 June 2009 09/165  July 2009 09/211  Solent Coastguard received a call from a dive boat heading Solent Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting back to harbour w ith a diver onboard who was dizzy and had that they had a diver onboard w ith mild sy mptoms of DCI chest pains follow ing a rapid asc ent from 12m. The dive boat following a dive to 50m for 66 min. 2 hours later she dived to 30m. the casualty noticed a pain in the small surfacing w hilst holding his breath. Cross hospital for treatment in the hyperbaric chamber. at a depth of 25m. At a depth of 15m she the problem was. As they made their return swim. Rescue The boat was met by Littlehampton CRT and an ambulance and helicopter CG-104 airlifted the diver to the HLS and he was the diver and her buddy were transferred to A&E at St Richard's transferred to hospital by ambulance for treatment. his maximum depth w as 34m.

Later the and treatment. Her buddy tried to slow her but buddies that he w anted to ascend. An ambulance the surface from 10m missing 16 min of stops. This combined w ith his fogged up mask and low were still descending the shotline and the troubled diver held on underwater visibility caused him to panic. July 2009 09/197  August 2009 09/249  Two divers descended to a w reck at a depth of 25m. Later that day he began to w orry about DCI and her and brought her to the surface. min stop at 6m. He began to feel ill and indicated to his troubled diver started to panic. He had assumed that they would tasked to airlift the diver to the HLS w here he w as met by the ascend the shotline but they could not find it in low visibility. After 33 min one of the pair deploy ed a delay ed SMB and they July 2009 09/223  began their ascent. The Coastguard w as alerted and techniques were applied and the Coastguard w as alerted. The Coastguard and they reported that although they did not know w hat had was alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression happened. headache. She octopus regulator but picked up her pony regulator instead. they missed planned stops. One of the divers had She continued to experience a s light tingling in her left hand her regulator pulled from her mouth and she reached for her and later that morning she sought diving medical advice.2009 Shortly after getting back on the boat he felt dizzy and She was recovered into the boat and it w as found that she w as experienced back pains. The diver who had sunk back w as hyperventilating and. he then vomited through his she kicked free and made a rapid a scent to 6m. 3 hours 21 min later she dived to 16m for 69 min w ith a 3 and treatment. She started and made a rapid ascent to the surface. Once ashore the diver was a result of a burst lung w as diagnosed. some nausea and aches in her left thigh. The the boat headed back to harbour. resolved after about 10 min on oxy gen but he then became She was airlifted to hospital w here an arterial gas embolism as nauseous and w as violently sick. He w as was en route. She had no memory of the period from 10 min before the dive to the following day. The diver w as placed on oxy gen and dived to 25m for 54 min w ith a 3 min stop at 6m. Once at the surface he to sink back down and one of the other divers caught hold of calmed down. During the ascent the diver w ho w as not Shetland Coastguard received a call from ambulance control. The following day he uneventful dive profile. Early the following morning she awoke lying conduct a drift dive. Resuscitation oxygen was made available. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). was very poor and one of the pair indicated that she w anted to One of the pair was using a new mask and this kept misting up abort the dive. A week later she had residual sy mptoms of vestibular and spinal DCI. pain increased and he w as placed on oxy gen and diving medical advice was sought. They carried an SMB and had a buddy line on the arm and had 'pins and needles' in her hand and arm. July 2009 09/218  Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting July 2009 09/238  they had a diver onboard w ith signs of DCI following an A diver conducted tw o dives in a day . She w as transferred to taken by ambulance to a r ecompression facility w here he a recompression chamber for treatment and was discharged the received three sessions of recompression treatment for following day . 2 hours 37 returned ashore w here they w ere met by an ambulance and min later he dived to 24m for 39 min w ith a 3 min stop at 6m. His buddy put some air into his resolved. During the ascent the SMB reel jammed and the other casualty concerned that the sy mptoms may not have been fully diver started to sink back down. he w as advised to 14 ©BSAC . Visibility Three divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 24m. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . concerned that they might run out of air. The and required immediate evacuati on. transferred to Stromness hy perbaric chamber for assessment initially he thought that this w as a muscular strain. attended a recompression chamber and was given three They were unable to untangle themselves so they started to sessions of recompression treatment. He inflated his BCD to one of them tightly before losing consciousness. Both divers w ere taken by min dive at 47m was transferred onto the Whitby lifeboat and helicopter and ambulance to a r ecompression facility for then evacuated by RAF rescue helicopter R128 to the treatment. This treatment left the ascend. but the fire service w ere already on the scene recovered into the boat and placed on oxygen. Other divers regulator. this sensation had gone when she A pair of divers descended to the seabed at a depth of 26m to awoke that night. then. Coastguard rescue team and transferred to hospital in Clickimmin for treatment. BCD and they both rose to the surface. recompression chamber in Hull. holding the SMB lost control of his buoyancy and was carried to reporting divers in trouble at the end of a pier. The diver's back pain casualty started breathing spontaneously within a few minutes.2009 . They ascended to 14m at w hich point the throughout the dive. The boat w as met by August 2009 09/240  Stromness Coastguard rescue team and transported by A diver conducted a 59 min dive to 15m w ith a 3 min stop at ambulance to Stromness hy perbaric chamber for assessment 6m. His buddy ascended normally. possibly suffering from diver w as using a new tw in-set configuration and had not secondary drow ning. There w as a strong current however this did not fully resolve when she moved her position. He breathed nitrox 31 until 100% not breathing and had no apparent pulse. Stromness Coastguard rescue team for the diver to be Shortly after surfacing he noticed a pain in his upper right arm. July 2009 09/234  A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 33m. to connect themselves together. Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting that they were returning to port w ith a diver suffering signs and symptoms of DCI follow ing a 37m dive. The following day she dived to 18m for 62 min with a 5 min stop at 6m. The pain increased further and the diver attended a recompression facility. 3 hours 11 min later to 13m for 67 min with a 3 min stop at 6m. He w as recompressed July 2009 09/219  and his symptoms resolved. (Coastguard report). he sought diving medical advice by phone. Later that day she noticed a slight July 2009 09/237  tingling in her left hand. Once in the boat the August 2009 09/225  diver who had been hy perventilating show ed signs of DCI so A 16 year old diver show ing sy mptoms of DCI follow ing a 56 the skipper alerted the Coastguard. there w as at least one diver who was unconscious facility for treatment of DCI. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). (Coastguard report). and they became tangled in the lines. Coastguard helicopter R-1026 was adjusted his weight correctly.

The A diver suffering from DCI w as transferred from Dover to the rebreather diver follow ed him but more slow ly. The boat returned ashore where given recompression treatment and a mild DCI w as diagnosed. that the diver should be evacuat ed to a hy perbaric chamber for by this time he w as also having balance problems. (Media report). it w as reported that the diver had been taken by DCI. Coastguard rescue helicopter R-104 w as balance problems and he w as recompressed. Following the hyperbaric problems w ith ear clearing during the descent and traces of treatment the diver was still unw ell so he w as tr ansferred to blood were visible in his mask on surfacing. The casualty still felt unwell and he that they had a diver w ho w as display ing signs of DCI more developed 'pins and needles' in his legs during the day . about 2 hours after conducting a 116 min dive to a maximum depth of 55m Medical advice from a dive doctor w as that the diver should be evacuated to a hy perbaric chamber. A pair of divers conducted a 46 min air dive to a maximum (Coastguard report). He w as assessment as a precaution. diver who had made the buoyant ascent was placed on oxy gen and the rebreather diver breathed oxy gen from his set. The Coastguard w as alerted and the boat returned to harbour. They were normal ascent. Diving medical advice w as sought and the Coastguard was alerted. There are no further details available. casualty w as left w ith mild 'pins and needles' in his legs and (Coastguard report). A little later the pain A rebreather and an open circuit di ver conducted a dive to a had increased and a skin rash appeared on her back. The casualty developed 'pins and needles' in his left hand. He made a full tasked to airlift the casualty to a hyperbaric chamber.2009 15 . but before recovery and doubts w ere expressed about the cause being they arrived. The diver that they had returned to harbour and had a diver onboard w ith who had made the buoy ant ascent w as found to have slight suspected DCI. The they could take him to the hyperbaric chamber at Dunstaffnage. these symptoms resolved during subsequent days. August 2009 09/253  August 2009 09/258  Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting A diver suffering from serious DCI w as treated in a that they had a rebreather diver onboard who was feeling ill recompression chamber.   BSAC . laid conducted a similar dive the day before. His ascent took about 1 min. The open advice. 2 hours 18 min later they dived on air to 23m for 28 min with a 3 min safety stop at 6m. depth of 34m including an 11 min decompression stop at 3m on nitrox 50. Ply mouth AWLB proceeded to stand by the boat while the diver w as airlifted by rescue helicopter R-193. He received tw o surfacing he complained of pain and tightness in his chest and sessions of treatment for a vestibular DCI. the diagnosis was Clyde Coastguard received a 999 call from a dive boat reporting 'trapped air in gut'. After this dive one of the August 2009 09/255  pair felt pain down the side of her breasts. He re-contacted August 2009 09/257  the medical advice and w as told to attend a local Brixham Coastguard received a ca ll from a dive boat reporting recompression facility. hospital London. The diver had midriff w hen breathing. Once back on the boat the Belgian rescue helicopter R92. The casualty was given water. fried and was show ing signs of DCI. August 2009 09/256  August 2009 09/265  Dover Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting they w ere on their w ay back to harbour and had a diver w ho that they w ere returning to harbour w ith tw o divers w ho had was show ing signs of DCI shor tly after surfacing follow ing a missed decompression stops after a dive to 37m. During the night he developed a pain in his arm and num b fingers. but had been placed on taken to a hyperbaric chamber. he paused for a recompression chamber at Whipps Cross hospital in London by few seconds at 6m before surfacing. August 2009 09/363  The boat was met by an ambulance back in the harbour and the Solent Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting two diver s w ere taken to a r ecompression facility. He w as taken to hospital.NDC Diving Incidents Report . The boat was met by an ambulance an ambulance and Eastbourne CRT for airlift by rescue on return for transfer to the hy perbaric chamber. report). He r eceived tw o sessions of they had a diver onboard who had made an uncontrolled ascent recompression treatment. The than 2 hours after surfacing from a dive. chamber. sorting this problem out he ascended a few metres. The diver August 2009 09/269  was airlifted by rescue helicopter R-106 to the HLS w here they A diver conducted a 43 min dive to 24m w ith a 2 min stop at were met by Poole CRT and an ambulance for transfer to the 14m and a 2 min stop at 6m. The boat w as met on return by oxygen as a precaution. The diver had experienced some hyperbaric chamber at Poole. The maximum depth of 29m. Shortly after hospital for further assessment and treatment. Medical advice taken from a breakfast shortly before the subject dive w as a contributory dive doctor w as that she s hould evacuated to a hyperbaric factor to him feeling unwell. (Coastguard report). Once ashore the diver w as taken to a recompression circuit diver caught his mask strap on the SMB line and w hile facility and treated for DCI. (Coastguard using only his suit for buoyancy control. they were met by Loch Aline CRT for transfer to Oban AWLB so It w as thought that the original pain was unrelated. This diver had recently sw itched from using his BCD to ambulance. He believes that a large. Medical advice w as that the diver should be showing no signs or sy mptoms of DCI. The diver was taken to the HLS where he was met by an ambulance August 2009 09/304  for transfer to the hy perbaric chamber at DDRC Ply mouth. kept in August 2009 09/364  overnight and discharged the follow ing day . The divers helicopter R-104 to the hy perbaric chamber at Whipps Cross were released following a short treatment. down and placed on oxy gen.2009 call back if he developed sy mptoms. (Coastguard report). Despite venting air he became positively buoy ant and w as carried directly to the surface missing 2 min of mandatory August 2009 09/228  decompression stops. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Medical advice w as following day he went with his buddy to a recompression facility. After about 24 min the rebreather diver w as placed on oxy gen and they sought diving medical diver deploy ed a delay ed SMB for their ascent. (Coastguard report).

The casualty had deployed a delayed SMB but sank back to 14m in the process. Shortly after getting back into the boat one of the pair experienced a pain in September 2009 09/273  her lower ribs. One pair left the line and ascended. Once ashore she s ought diving medical advice via divers in the current. This other diver made a rapid ascent directly to the surface. 77 min including 27 min of decom pression stops during w hich one diver used nitrox 50 and the other used nitrox 60. Their onboard who was complaining of symptoms of DCI. She w as airlifted to a recompression chamber depth of 34m. using nitrox 25. The (Coastguard report). The pair moved aw ay from the SMB line and seemed to have a doctor recommended immediate transfer to Craigavon problem with his mask. The following day they dived to 40m for 70 min including 32 min of stops. There about to pass out. so the diver w as taken by ambulance. The second pair became separated from each other w hen one released the sunken August 2009 09/262  shotline and the other didn't. Upon surfacing the pain w as still present and she was placed on oxy gen. he also developed altered sensation in his legs. He signalled that he was not happy and hyperbaric chamber. she developed a 'strange Two pairs of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of sensation' in her feet and low er legs and felt as is she w as 34m. The other two divers were monitored for circular bruise was found. The Coastguard was alerted and the divers were airlifted Coastguard to hospital. hyperbaric chamber for treatment. On her last day . Back down to 40m. At the end of their dive they ascended a shotline. seek diving medical advice. Ballycastle ascent was faster than intended and at 10m they stopped and CRT and an ambulance w ere sent to meet the boat and w hen re-descended to 15m to regain control. She lay dow n and w as placed on oxy gen. surfaced missing 4 min of st ops. At The boat returned to harbour and the diver's condition 15m they found the shot buoy . During the Decompression data source analysis decompression stops one of the pair noticed a pain in her left elbow. this spread to become a rash. his buddy also had buoy ancy problems and she formation. The diver who had released the A diver completed a six day diving programme w ith depths line made a normal ascent including all necessary stops. Shortly after this 4 min of stops developed a slight numbness in her left hand and last dive the diver mentioned an itchy feeling on her skin and a a pain in her thumb. BSAC Both divers w ere given reco mpression treatment. other diver made a more normal ascent. Newspaper 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 September 2009 09/378  Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat with a Number of reports diver onboard who had a dilated pupil following a deep dive with a normal profile and display ing no other signs or sy mptoms of August 2009 09/261 DCI. and a lifeboat was launched to assist. completing stops at 6m and 3m. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . (Coastguard report). 2 hours later she dived diagnosed with symptoms of DCI and the diver who had missed to 29m for 49 min with a 16 min stop at 6m. been involved in a car accident 6 months earlier during which One of the divers w as now low on air and had difficulty staying she lost consciousness. the second casualty had vestibular and addi tional neurological sy mptoms RN LI and he required further sessions of treatment. Once back in the boat the diver w ho had made the rapid ascent and missed stops w as placed on oxy gen. The two divers who had 16 ©BSAC . This pain w orsened. The September 2009 09/270  Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a Two trimix divers using a 21/35 mix conducted a dive to 45m for recompression facility for treatment. They were pulled down to the seabed at a the Coastguard. were other divers on the line and a current w as running. at 6m they where she w as successfully treated for DCI. wanted to ascend and then made directly for the surface. The doctor diagnosed an allergic reaction and Forth Coastguard received a call from the ambulance service administered an anti-histamine drug. (Coastguard report). During the flight the diver w ho had become dizzy suffered from low blood oxygen concentration and diminished consciousness. The signs of DCI but none were found. T he diver w as then airlifted to a Eyemouth CRT proceeded to assist and the diver w as airlifted recompression chamber w here treatment resolved her to the hyperbaric chamber at Aberdeen Roy al Infirmary by symptoms.2009 . it w as suggested that tissue scarring down. Their total dive time w as 37 min. After 30 min they made a normal ascent w ith a 3 min safety stop at 6m. that one of their boats w as returning to shore with a diver They deploy ed a delay ed SMB to make their ascent. The boat returned to harbour to be met by Stromness CRT who assisted with the transfer by ambulance to Stromness Two divers conducted a drift dive to a maximum depth of 24m. August 2009 09/306  September 2009 09/374  Belfast Coastguard received a call from a dive centre reporting A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 29m. At this point one of the they arrived medical advice w as taken from a dive doctor. It w as recommended that this casualty should be tested for a PFO. The first casualty exhibited only mild sy mptoms of pain. pulled dow n by the drag of the improved. he surfaced having completed 2 min of an indicated 7 from this previous accident had left an area prone to bubble min stop. One of the other divers reporting that they had received a call about a diver ashore w ho suggested that it could be DCI and persuaded the doctor to was suffering from tingling in the fingers follow ing his dive. using the same gases as the previous day . rescue helicopter R-177. she dived to in the boat the diver w ho had made the rapid ascent was 38m for 28 min with a 7 min stop at 6m. The other diver then reported that he felt dizzy. (Coastguard report).2009 The boat was in harbour and an ambulance and doctor August 2009 09/368  attended. The Coastguard was alerted diver was placed on oxygen and the Coastguard was contacted.

Brixham Coastguard received a request for medical advice from (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report). Medical advice taken had missed stops and w as reported as having been from Aberdeen Roy al Infirmary w as that the divers should be unconscious w hile underw ater. Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting About 40 min after surfacing he started to feel vertigo and this they had a diver onboard w ho w as feeling unw ell follow ing a led to nausea and sickness. The diver w as taken ashore harbour and the diver w as transferred to the hy perbaric and then transferred to a recompression chamber by chamber for treatment. the day of the incident he dived to 38m for 27 min w ith a 2 min stop at 9m. reporting they had a diver w ho were feeling unw ell follow ing their dive. the diver w ho had made the rapid ascent required two sessions. A doctor w ho was on a nearby boat and needles' in both his legs. hyperbaric chamber for assessment.2009 17 . BSAC . ambulance. They had a diver w ho was showing signs of a skin DCI. Once ashore the diver was Coastguard was alerted.NDC Diving Incidents Report . Medical advice from a dive that they were returning to shore w ith a diver who was suffering doctor was that the diver should be taken first to hospital for x. September 2009 09/397  Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting   they were returning to harbour w ith a diver w ho w as feeling unwell follow ing a seemingly normal dive profile. requesting an airlift for a diver with DCI. he dived to 39m September 2009 09/383  for 39 min w ith a 1 min stop at 6m and a 22 min stop at 3m. The Coastguard was alerted and normal dive profile.2009 symptoms received recompression treatment. The Coastguard was alerted and attended the casualty . He received four sessions of recompression treatment over a four day period. Once back A diver conducted a 26 min dive to 30m w ith a 3 min stop at in the boat he got out of his dry suit and started to get changed. 2 hours later he dived to 25m for 33 min with a 3 min stop At this point he became unw ell. assisted with transferring the diver to rescue helicopter R-131 which flew him to hospital w here he w as met by Hull CRT to assist with the transfer to hospital by ambulance. but w as show ing no signs or airlifted immediately for treat ment. It is reported that the diver's he might have had a heart attack. Amble CRT Plymouth for treatment. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report). On the third day. September 2009 09/385  September 2009 09/393  Milford Haven Coastguard received a 'Pan Pan' urgency call Humber Coastguard received a 999 call from a dive boat which from a dive boat on their way back to shore with two divers who had already returned ashore. problems with his sight. September 2009 09/386  Brixham Coastguard received a call from port control that they September 2009 09/391  had been informed of a dive boat returning to the harbour with a Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting diver onboard who was unwell. No sign of heart attack w as computer ascent rate alarm had activated a number of times found and the diver w as transferred to a recompression during the ascent and it is thought that rapid ascent may have chamber for treatment. a dive group ashore. The boat returned to shore and the taken by ambulance to a r ecompression facility w here he was diver was taken to hospital for tests as there w as concern that successfully treated for DCI. after an 18 hour surface interval. colour drained from his face at 6m. walk into the chamber. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report). Brixham September 2009 09/309  contacted the duty doctor and put them in direct contact with the A diver completed a series of dives over a number of days. The boat w as met by Stromness CRT rays before being transferred to the hyperbaric chamber at and an ambulance and w as transferred to Stromness DDRC Plymouth for treatment. September 2009 09/310  A diver conducted a series of dives over a three day period. Berwick & Hull CRTs assisted at the helicopter September 2009 09/394  landing sites at the hospital and hy perbaric chamber. They were met by an ambulance w hich took the diver to Stromness   hyperbaric chamber for treatment. The diver was very weak and unable to been a causal factor. 3 hours 10 min later he dived to 36m fo r 36 min including a 1 min stop September 2009 09/312  at 9m. He had previously suffered from DCI. Rescue helicopter R-169 symptoms of DCI. About 30 min after the second dive he reported 'pins and he became lethargic. An ambulance was sent to meet the boat in the diver was placed on nitrox 79. 6m. a 3 min stop at 6m and a 1 min stop at 3m. Humber Coastguard received a call from Berwick Hospital (Coastguard report). a 4 min stop at 6m and a 2 min stop at 3m. On diver. Medical advice from a dive doctor w as that airlifted the divers to the hy perbaric chamber at DDRC the diver should initially be air lifted to hospital. The diver w as airlifted by rescue helicopter R-131 to Hull hy perbaric chamber for treatment. He w as later September 2009 09/389  transferred to Hull hy perbaric chamber for treatment. who did not need treatment. he w as placed on oxygen and the the diver w as placed on oxy gen. They had already tried to contact DDRC Plymouth themselves but had failed to get through. (Coastguard report). The diver had a further session of recompression treatment.

2 hours 15 min later he dived to 20m for 60 min with no further problems. He re-descended. this pain increased rapidly w ith a small conducted a 1 min safety stop. The casualty dekitted then said that the symptoms were swallowed some water. The high pressure hose burst in the hospital and w as referred to a specialist. Once ashore he w ent to hospital. to hospital. While removing her fins she slipped over her BCD and they made a normal ascent to the surface. She A diving instructor w as assisting a group of trainees from the signalled to her buddy that she had a problem. duration of 54 min. On his way home he noticed a small The casualty w as setting up a scuba unit at poolside. on maximum depth of 17m. transferred to see a nurse at a walk in centre. the casualty complained of a headache and feeling she tried to solve the problem she dislodged her mouthpiece and queasy. It w as not thought that the problem was tasked to assist and the diver was transferred by ambulance was caused by the dive. The di ver had had an operation to repair The Coastguard w as alerted w hen a diver complained of a back a torn cruciate ligament in her left knee 6 y ears earlier and had injury. she w as holding on to the side of a dive boat. (Coastguard severe swelling of his ey es. February 2009 09/036  A diver conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 30m. was diagnosed. no further treatment. Shortly after the second dive he felt unsteady and advised not to dive again that day. March 2009 09/042  A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 18m. He had no further launched to recover both divers. her A diver on her second dive in UK waters conducted a dive to a maximum depth was 6m. Once out of the w ater he noticed that the hearing in his right ear w as badly impaired but put this down to October 2008 09/444  trapped water.2009 Injury / Illness but she was very distressed and w as sick. (Coastguard report). He returned to the surface after a breathing difficulties after a dive. from 4m. She w as recovered into the boat transferred to local hospital for check up. w hilst holding the high pressure hose developed in his face around the ear. One of the pair was exhausted and a boat was and then ascended much more slow ly. She was taken to hospital. He experienced no problems during the descent but w hen They w ere at a depth of 16m w hen they became separated. This caused her to panic and she made worse. She w as taken by ambulance to dive duration was 26 min. Her buddy towed her to the shore and she was assisted from the w ater. problem and that she could not fin. medical advice w as sought. He w ent to his local near the first stage. The Coastguard w as October 2008  09/443  alerted and medical advice w as sought. 18 ©BSAC . She w as taken by November 2008 09/054  ambulance to hospital. The diver later reported that he either forgot or w as unable to equalise the pressure. having over-e xerted herself during the dive. The diver slow ly The casualty complained of pain in chest following a rapid ascent recovered and no further action was required. The exhausted diver w as problems during the rest of this dive and surfaced after a placed on oxygen but no further treatment was required. October 2008 09/009  January 2009 09/448  The casualty completed a dive and after exit complained of A diver conducted a 34 min dive to 32m including a 3 min stop at feeling dizzy and of nausea. (Coastguard report). He saw the specialist casualty's hand causing a deep laceration which required first aid eight days after the dive and a small perforation of the eardrum and transfer to the emergency services for sutures. He w as monitored for any further sy mptoms and stop at 6m. She suffered mask squeeze and as surfacing. First aid and oxy gen w ere administered. he tried to ascend at the end of the dive he experienced pain in They found each other again at a depth of 6m w here they his right ear at 28m. October 2008 09/061  November 2008 09/446  The casualty cut her hand on a sharp tile in the pool. 1 hour 53 min later he dived to 20m for 38 min w ith a 3 min administered. March 2009 09/451  November 2008 09/018  The casualty was completing an orientation dive of the site. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . The injury was healing well. She w as The Coastguard w as alerted after a diver surfaced from an 18m assisted out of the w ater and first aid was administered. Oxy gen and first aid were 6m. he took hold of water on a slipw ay. The Coastguard w as alerted and report). She w as a rapid ascent to the surface. their and injured her left ankle. sought advice. He w as brought ashore by his dive duration of 5 min and complained of blurred vision and dive boat then taken to hospita l by ambulance. The amount of blood coming from his ear and a 'spongy' feeling casualty turned the air on. sw allowed a few times of 32 min. Transferred to chamber but no treatment needed. Safety stops were completed then. At the surface the diver explained the hospital for treatment. dive. he was not sure which. A lifeboat been problem free since. She had swallowed some seawater and was decided that the casualty needed medical assistance so she was a little hy pothermic. It was dive feeling unwell. They surfaced after a dive time decrease in depth. After this he felt fine and it is not thought that further action was taken. October 2008 09/013  February 2009 09/051  A diver dived to a maximum depth of 26m but failed to equalise The Coastguard w as alerted w hen a diver complained of the pressure in his face mask.2009 . He had October 2008 09/008  been suffering from a cold and had taken Sudafed prior to the A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 20m. November 2008 09/020  They had just turned to swim back to their exit point w hen one of the pair experienced a severe pain in her left knee. He w as placed on oxygen for 20 min.

At the surface the alarm w as raised and the diver w as recovered from the water. At one point she lost control of her buoyancy and surfaced too quickly from a depth of April 2009 09/452  about 10m. (Coastguard report). he decided to surface. March 2009 09/088  A trainee was on her third open water dive. Their dive duration w as trauma caused by air in a gap in a tooth. T he trainee moved into an upright dive. They then sw am up a gentle slope tow ards the exit down. First aid w as admin istered and she was transferred for check up by the emergency services.2009 19 . hard to get out again. signalled that she should use her cuff dump but before she could do so she made a buoy ant ascent to the surface. During the dive he sw itched to the second cy linder and experienced sickness. Oxy gen position and the air in her suit started to lift her. It w as suggested that her April 2009 09/243  semi-drysuit neck seal may have been too tight and that this A diver was at a depth of 26m using independent tw in cylinders. March 2009 09/087  Three divers entered the w ater in a harbour w ith the intention of locating an underw ater guideline. Once in hospital her condition deteriorated and she w as taken to He was sweating profusely and had no visible sign of a pulse. A medi link call w as assisted him and. During the dive they became his buoyancy and rose rapidly to the surface. It is thought that nitrogen narcosis may have played a the exit point. The problem w ith her chest. She quickly became exhausted again and climbed part in this incident. She was placed on oxygen. had a grey pallor and a severe headache removed his mask and mouthpiece. They sw am into a rocky gully oxygen. as they reached calmer w ater. She received a cut to her shin which required hospital treatment. At 8m the instructor signalled the trainee to dump air back to her own. (Coastguard report). They all left the w ater safely and no advised that the diver should be placed on oxy gen and both the subsequent ill effects were experienced. She signalled for help and other divers came to her and brought her ashore. His dive duration was 24 min. She struggled to clear the regulator so aborted using her BCD dump valve. April 2009 09/453  Their dive duration w as 25 min. The diver who felt uneasy became He was diagnosed with 'stomach bloating' thought to be due to exhausted and climbed onto a rock to rest. She was conscious at the surface but could not remember the last part of April 2009 09/315  the dive. The inst ructor checked the casualty 's diver w as seeking further medical advice. During the ascent she suffered a reversed ear and burst her left eardrum. Once out of the w ater she w as Diving at a depth of 3m the casualty 's fin w as bent back the placed on oxy gen and diving medical advice w as sought. Subsequent tests showed After about 2 min he started fitting and then regained that this diver had a PFO. His symptoms   cleared within 30 min of surfacing. could have caused her exhaustion. The diver had not previously declared a medical April 2009 09/096  problem. The instructor was administered and the emergency services were contacted. the troubled arranged with the duty diving doctor at DDRC Ply mouth. He reports that there w as a BSAC . He w as very confused but stated that this had happened before. At the surface the casualty complained of pain. 15 min. at a depth of 16m. She had been on BCD. he gave her the OK signal and she indicated following diving. During the return surface sw im one of the four they had a diver onboard w ho had surfaced and w as show ing felt that he could not get enough air. a recompression facility for treatment. Once in the boat disorientated and swam back towards a rocky shore. Diving medical advice w as sought and the diver was where the sw ell w as surging in and out and they had to swim airlifted to a recompression facility for precautionary treatment. he lost control of maximum depth of 7m. diver and her buddy should be transferred to the DDRC Plymouth by ambulance for observation and treatment as soon as she returned ashore.2009 taste to the air. Her only sy mptom was a severe headache. The casualty wanted to ascend. The group ascended and antihistamines follow ing w hat w as thought to have been a dust the casualty complained of a shortness of breath and a pain in allergy at work. The Coastguard was alerted when a diver surfaced having made a rapid ascent from a dive to 34m. An ambulance w as called and he w as taken to hospital. She wrong w ay and she signalled to the instructor that she had a went to hospital where the burst eardrum w as confirmed. (Coastguard report). her ankle.NDC Diving Incidents Report . the dive leader noticed that she dive boat with a diver onboard w ho w as suffering dental pain appeared unw ell. w ho diver regained composure. The emergency servic es w ere alerted and she was A diver w as participating in an oxy gen administration and taken to hospital. The diver could not clear his mask at depth and. He changed back to the first cy linder and aborted the dive. One of the his awareness level seemed to be impaired. At 20m he could not see A pair of divers entered the water from the shore and dived to a the dive computer clearly and. after a few May 2009 09/302  failed attempts. March 2009 09/089  A diver conducted a 37 min dive to a maximum depth of 20m April 2009 09/110  with a 3 min stop at 6m. During Portland Coastguard received a call for medical advice from a this dive. He w as placed on pair felt uneasy during the dive. headache and dizziness. he became distressed and signs of distress. After checking that she was alright the instructor and At a depth of 25m the casualty was attempting 'out of air' drill the trainee re-descended the shotline and continued to a depth when she placed her buddy 's regul ator in her mouth upside of 13m. in his confusion. One of the other divers following a second dive of the day . consciousness. resuscitation course w hen he s uddenly collapsed onto the floor. onto another rock. She attempted to clear the regulator but then sw itched point. The dive leader noticed that the troubled hyperbaric chamber w as that t he diver should attend hospital diver's eyes seemed to be closing and he brought her to the A&E as it seemed that the problem w as most likely dental surface using a controlled buoyant lift. They swam a little off-course April 2009 09/098  and after 33 min they surfaced much further from the exit point Falmouth Coastguard received a report from a dive boat that than intended. 3 hours later she dived to 19m. Medical advice from a dive doctor at Poole that all w as not w ell. Her buddy signalled him having ingested air duri ng the dive w hich expanded on to her and she got back into the w ater to continue the sw im to ascent.

The casualty completed a dive w ith no issues. The casualty w ould not accept the instructor's thought unlikely that he had DCI but he w as advised to attend a alternative air source so the instructor made an emergency hospital for examination. Shortly after arriving back on shore he complained of a numbness from above May 2009 09/456  his right knee to his foot. Medical advice from DDRC Plymouth was to mask squeeze and nothing w as done about it. (RNLI report). He w ent to the local A&E w here an undisplaced on the wreck and the dive leader noticed that the diver w ho had fracture of the head of his humerus was diagnosed. commenced resuscitation and called the emergency services. No DCI was found and the ascent with the casualty . for medical advice. He complained of feeling sick so oxy gen w as administered. Four divers conducted a shore di ve to a maximum depth of 12m. placed on oxygen and the Coastguard w as alerted. The divers met up shoulder. June 2009 09/419  May 2009 09/146  Lifeboat launched to help diver with illness. It May 2009 09/140  transpired that the call to the ambulance w as made by an Falmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat requesting unknown person. The first diver received a severe cut to the top of his head. He w as not breathing so rescuers precaution. despite w earing gloves. Oxygen was June 2009 09/458  administered. missed the line was very tense. (RNLI report). On the surface the casualty diver was released. After the dive he found that a discharge w as coming from this ear. June 2009 09/343  Yarmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat w ith a May 2009 09/138  diver onboard w ho had suffered a badly cut finger while on a wreck dive. The instructor helicopter CG 104 w as tasked to evacuate the diver. calling DDRC again a dive. She was assisted into a boat as she w as exhausted. (Coastguard report). After approx 10 min the casualty began to breathe and gradually regained consciousness. (Coastguard report). however minor. On discussion w ith the diver's club it w as medical advice for a diver w ho had a sore shoulder follow ing a discovered that this w as her first open w ater dive and she had deep dive. Some time later he was putting on his undersuit w hen he complained of a painful May 2009 09/136  hand w hich w ent into a cramp like spasm.2009 diver was transferred to the hy perbaric chamber for treatment. His buddy followed him and landed on top of him. 2 He could not explain his panic underw ater but had had little hours 10 min later he dived to 28m for 32 min w ith a 3 min stop sleep the previous night and was exhausted. One of the pair missed the action made his exit difficult. a 3 min stop at 6m and a 3 min stop at 3m. at 9m. At June 2009 09/316  the surface the troubled diver was confused and unable to help A diver conducted three dives in a day and tw o dives on the himself. He w as recovered into the boat and placed on oxygen.2009 . his eyes were wide open and his fists were clenched. Rescue he started to panic and spat his regulator out. although his shoulder was sore surfaced with blood in her mask which was considered to due to before the dive. Once (Coastguard report). from the side. w as feeling sick and dizzy At a depth of 9m the casualty began mask clearing practice but and coughing up blood. After a short search for the missing diver the three surfaced. The club was give oxygen and for the boat to continue back to port. He sought June 2009 09/203  diving medical advice and a perforated eardrum was diagnosed. second day. During the descent one of to see his doctor. ashore he was taken to hospital where six stitches were required to close the wound. During this time the numbness eased. complained of chest pain so oxy gen was administered and the emergency services w ere called. It was student. The shore line was rocky and wave wreck in a maximum depth of 30m. 3 min at 6m and 5 min at 3m on his ascent. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . The casualty moved A pair of divers conducted a 28 mi n dive to a maximum depth of his hand until it clicked and he then felt better. removed him from the lake. The missing diver also surfaced and A pair of divers entered the w ater to descend a shotline to a made his way back to shore. of 2 min at 9m. He was given water to drink. with a normal ascent. No further actions w ere needed after examination. The dive leader brought the troubled diver back up the shotline and they made a 4 min stop on the w ay. Oxy gen w as After a dive to 13m the casualty w as seen being towed by his administered and the casualty w as recompressed as a buddy on the surface. Diving medical advice At a depth of 9m the casualty lost his regulator in bad was sought by phone and the diver w as asked to carry out some underwater visibility w hile the instructor w as helping another balance tests. this he did. Solent Coastguard received a call from ambulance control advising that they had received a call regarding a diver w ho had June 2009 09/459  surfaced shortly after her descent. The casualty completed a dive w ithout incident and made a 3 min safety stop. May 2009 09/414  June 2009 09/457  Lifeboat launched to help diver with illness. He was advised 18m with a 4 min safety stop at 6m. He w as taken to hospital by ambulance for treatment. On the surface the casualty could not see the May 2009 09/455  dive boat and she became panicked and short of breath. She had dived to 11m. the pair felt his right ear suddenly get colder and he heard a whistling sound in this ear during the dive. It w as met tried to replace his regulator but the casualty made a rapid at the landing site by an ambulance and Poole CRT and the 20 ©BSAC . On day two he dived to 27m for 33 min with stops He made a quick recovery and no further action w as required. The diver advised that if a person display s symptoms of any sort following was also advised to monitor his condition. There w as a strong current and one of the three became May 2009 09/296  separated from the group. it should be reported to the Coastguard for advice if there was any further concern. The boat returned to shore A diver entered the w ater from a boat by rolling in backwards and the diver w as met by Happisburg CRT and Sea Palling ILB. He slipped and fell on his right shotline and descended aw ay from the line.

The casualty w as airlifted to hospital where it w as found that she had ingested water. The buddy sw am was found to be inflamed and 'indraw n'. w as placed on oxy gen and the Coastguard w as alerted. He sought medical advice and his ear drum the buddy would continue w ithout him. They signalled the one of the pair experienced breathing difficulties and reported ascent and one of the divers led the troubled diver back to the that her legs had 'turned to lead'. June 2009 09/181  A pair of divers entered the w ater and started to descend a shotline to a w reck in a maximum depth of 34m. Three lifeboats and a which took her to Stromness for treatment. At 2m the Eustachian tube. They started their ascent but at 15m appeared unhappy and clung to the w reck. At 6m the buddy signalled a 3 min stop but diver was out of breath and very distressed. It Falmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting is believed that the casualty 's air had been turned on prior to the that they had a diver onboard w ith suspected DCI. Two divers entered the water to dive a w reck. hospital. the water. He June 2009 09/461  quickly recovered. despite extensive surface searches it was not found. One of the pair July 2009 09/282  had a leaky neck seal on his dry suit and he agreed w ith his A diver experienced pain in his ear follow ing a dive and during buddy that he w ould abort the dive if it gave problems and that the following night.2009 ascent to the surface. This diver w as breathing in at the time and he inhaled a Solent Coastguard received a call from a local w ork boat quantity of seawater. The buddy signalled for help and both the emergency services were called. It is thought June 2009 09/180  that a borrowed mask contributed to the problems. She vomited and the troubled diver signalled 'No' and they both made a rapid BSAC . who w as now vomiting. His buddy waited for him at the bottom of the The casualty made a giant stride entry into a pool. Once at the surface the troubled in obvious distress. (Coastguard & RNLI helicopter were tasked to assist and the diver w as airlifted to reports). Once in the boat he was placed in the recovery position and given oxy gen. How ever. July 2009 09/426  Lifeboat launched to help diver with illness. was inadequate to support the w eight of the tw in-set that he was using. Coastguard. It is thought that the diver's BCD administered. request to call an ambulance for a diver w ho was unwell. The first diver descended the shotline but. he also had a blocked downwards and the diver with the leaky seal followed. his regulator w as out of his mouth. He w as able to retrieve his regulator but it advising that they had been approached by a dive boat w ith a was dislodged again and he took in further mouthfuls of water. have enough breath to clear this regulator and as he breathed in he inhaled some water which caused him to cough. He complained of severe headaches so ascent to the surface. was released from hospital two days later. They moved tow ards him and found eardrum rupture w as found but he had w ater in his ear and he him on his back with only the lower part of his legs and fins out of was advised not to dive for the weekend. How ever a dive and it w as suggested that contact w ith the shotline may hyperbaric medic w ho w as on the boat assessed the diver and have switched it off. She was then taken to hospital for a check-up. The diver w as placed on oxy gen. The troubled diver w as airlifted to hospital head as she had hit her head on her regulator first stage. he was Houton pier in Orkney w here she w as met by an ambulance unconscious and his breathing w as noisy. he felt dizzy so he made a controlled picking up the first pair to surf ace when they noticed the troubled ascent and safety stop. (Coastguard report). Another diver jumped in to assist but was unable oxygen for 6 hours and monitor the condition of the diver. Oxy gen was administered were quickly recovered from the w ater. he did not rate. (Coastguard report). later that evening. fully casualty w as assisted out of the pool and first aid w as recovered. On surfacing shotline but resurfaced once he realised that his buddy was not the instructor noticed she was bleeding from the back of her going to join him. He w as given pain killers and decongestants.2009 21 . to get the regulator back into the struggling diver's mouth. The boat was bottom. June 2009 09/170  July 2009 09/235  A pair of divers conducted a dri ft dive in a maximum depth of Three divers conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of 24m. Eventually they w ere able to manoeuvre the diver to the boat's diver lift and he w as removed from the w ater. They completed a 2 min stop the buddy took the SMB reel from the troubled diver as she w as at 6m and a 1 min stop at 3m. He was released. The casualty made a good recovery and considered the sy mptoms to be related to seasickness. at a depth of 23m. When he reached the aborted the dive so the buddy continued his dive. The distressed diver. The been necessary for the dive boat to travel some 15 miles to get skipper alerted the Coastguard and approached the struggling back to port. During their ascent back up the w reck one of the divers the divers reached 100 bar. regulator of the diver w ith the leaky seal stopped providing air so It is reported that he normally descended head first and at a fast he sw apped to his alternative air source. the shot buoy hit his regulator knocking it from his June 2009 09/344  mouth. his face w as blue and his ey es w ere bulging and bl oodshot. They continued to 10m where shotline and helped her to ascend. Attempts had been made to fill the casualty's BCD with air when it w as dumped so that it could be recovered later. The July 2009 09/214  Coastguard was alerted and some of the other divers from the Stromness lifeboat transferred a sick diver from her dive boat to party were recovered. Advice from The boat approached again and again the diver w as unable to the duty diving doctor via Solent Coastguard w as to breathe grab the line. and the casualty was taken to hospital for further examination. a delay ed SMB was deployed when one of 31m. July 2009 09/354  however. His buddy w aited at the bottom of the shotline The casualty w as making a descent and he had problems then assumed that he had had a problem w ith his neck seal and equalising the pressure in his ears. or requested assistance from them. He w as checked at hospital and no diver's fins at the surface. It had He quickly became distressed and was in danger of sinking. (RNLI report). and they had not at any time informed the diver.NDC Diving Incidents Report . as the second diver started to descend. A line w as throw n to him but he w as unable to grasp it. As planned. He remembers dumping his w eightbelt but then he lost July 2009 09/462  consciousness. The because of fears of secondary drowning. They removed his diving equipment and recovered him into the boat.

They started to ascend and at 3m the dive leader diver from the boat and transfer ashore. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard report). reporting that they had a diver onboard who had made a rapid It w as concluded that this ai r prevented his diaphragm from ascent from 8m and w as feeling unw ell. She was discharged the following day with antibiotics. New haven AWLB w as tasked to transfer the diver from the boat back to July 2009 09/221  shore where he was met by an ambulance for assessment. a trainee. the boat for assistance. The trainee then passed out. On the way needed surgery to treat a snapped patella tendon. She w as taken to Prior to a dive a diver felt a littl e seasick after a heavy lunch. although not show ing functioning correctly and w as due to him sw allowing air during any signs or sy mptoms of DCI and he w as placed on oxygen by the dive. chamber at DDRC. The August 2009 09/367  divers w ere returned to shore but only one of them needed Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting treatment. he was able to straighten August 2009 09/264  his leg. August 2009 09/366  Inhalation of water and/or vomit w as diagnosed and she w as Solent Coastguard received a 'Pan Pan' urgency call from a dive taken by lifeboat to a hospital w here she w as observed boat who had a diver onboard w ho had made a rapid ascent and overnight. a local police boat w as assigned by the police control. her weightbelt and diving set w ere removed and she was lifted into the boat. She w as conducted a 36 min dive to a maximum depth of 19m w ith a 1 placed on oxy gen and diving medical advice w as sought. assist. relieving much of the pain. (Coastguard report). one of the pair. in full kit. The boat was only just an 'OK' signal. but was very tired and her breathing w as noisy . On surfacing he made a full recovery. They w ere taken by ambulance to DDRC Plymouth that they had a y oung diver onboard w ho w as complaining of for assessment. Once back on shore diving medical advice was sought and the diver attended a hospital for August 2009 09/372  examination. Medical advice from the Institute of Naval Medicine (INM) was that he should remain on oxygen for at least 6 hours and be taken immediately to hos pital for monitoring of his August 2009 09/251  condition. the diver did not need to be taken to the chamber. Once ashore she w as able to walk. They made a slow descent as one of the 22 ©BSAC . Initially he thought that he had dislocated his knee but. At the surface he transferred the diver to hospital for treatment. the boat. It w as hyperbaric chamber. local fishing boat offered assistance. His left foot slipped and he fell onto his right knee w ith his leg folded under him. Medical advice from Poole She later reported that she had dislodged her regulator when hyperbaric chamber w as that given the dive profile and looking up during the ascent. she was sick again. He the shore and the emergency servic es w ere alerted. It w as found there w ere two divers diving from the shore w ho had been sw ept aw ay by the current. The emergency services w ere alerted. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . a (Coastguard & RNLI reports).2009 . (Coastguard report). The instructor dropped the trainee's w eightbelt and had red lips. pains in his shoulders follow ing a normal ascent from a deep dive. It Brixham Coastguard received a call from a boat reporting tw o was ascertained that the injury was not related to the dive so he divers in difficulty . She pointed to her regulator second stage and outside the harbour so Lerw ick AWLB was tasked to recover the signalled 'Up'. w ith assistance from others. 5 min into the dive. Along with the boat reporting proceeding to was treated at the dock and did not need to go to hospital. She w as assisted from the w ater and her taken by ambulance to hospital w here it w as found that he condition was monitored during the return journey . The boat was met by Stromness CRT and an August 2009 09/248  ambulance where the diver was assessed and did not need to go An instructor and a trainee entered the w ater from the shore to to hospital. at the end of a day 's diving. reported that he had to exhale violently at 4m and that he felt that he couldn't take a full breath. The lifeboat w as met by noticed that the trainee w as breathing heavily . HLS. Rescue helicopter R-131 airlifted to diver to A diver was walking along an aluminium gangplank betw een a Wansbeck hospital A&E and New biggin CRT assisted at the dive boat and the shore. failed to return required immediate lifesaving assistance. August 2009 09/227  August 2009 09/307  Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting Two divers entered the water from a boat and dived to a depth of that they had a diver onboard w ho had taken in w ater and 6m. but should go to hospital for assessment. They sw am out to a depth of 6m and completed a mask clearing exercise. An hour later her condition had not improved and she attended the local hospital. It w as thought his sy mptoms could have been due towed her to the shore. w hich she had not declared prior to this Plymouth CRT and an ambulance for transport to the hyperbaric event. Once he had removed his An instructor and tw o trainees dived to 17m to conduct some drysuit it could be seen that his kneecap was displaced. circumstances. and Ply mouth ILB w as tasked to investigate. At the surface the Falmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat on the trainee started coughing and her sputum w as seen to be blood Isles of Scilly reporting they had a diver who was feeling sick and stained. The diver w as airlifted to the HLS at subsequently found that the trainee w as taking medication for Plymouth Hoe by rescue helicopter R-193 where he was met by high blood pressure. (Coastguard & inflated her BCD and removed her mouthpiece and then called RNLI reports). She min stop at 9m and a 3 min stop at 6m. He was basic training drills. conduct training drills. was suffering from a bleeding nose. She w as placed on oxy gen and the to carbon monoxide poisoning from bad air rather than DCI. it transpired he had also received a bang to the head prior to descending. Once in the boat her hood and neck seal were August 2009 09/284  removed and she regained consciousness. the instructor gave air to the August 2009 09/369  trainee and they ascended to the surface. She w as taken to hospital diver was assessed by a paramedic w ho advised transfer to the where a pulmonary oedema w as diagnosed. he brought her to Lerwick Coastguard rescue team and an ambulance which the surface using a controlled buoy ant lift. They then moved to alternative air source training.2009 was very pale. He was given a chest x-ray which showed no lung Humber Coastguard received a 999 call from a dive boat problems but it did indicate a large amount of air in his stomach.

symptoms and a viral infection was finally diagnosed. The follow ing day the diver w ho had made the rapid extremely tired and he sought medical advice. he had nasal ascent felt unwell. At 16m one of the trainees began to panic and he put air ascent but missed out the planned safety stop. not dive related. Again diving medical advice was sought and a skin recompression treatment. September 2009 09/395  September 2009 09/376  Portland Coastguard received a 'Pan Pan' urgency call from a Falmouth Coastguard received a call from the ambulance dive RHIB reporting they had a diver who was feeling unwell service reporting they had received a call reporting a diver on the following his dive. The duration was 10 min. He attended a noticed a few painful bubble-like sw ellings in his abdomen and recompression chamber and received a session of right armpit. Porthoustock CRT attended to the call w as made to the Coastguard a doctor arrived to provide assistance. The doctor quickly assessed the illness was try dive and had panicked at about 2m and come to the surface. this treatment did not resolve his irritation was diagnosed. weak and he had a tingling sensation in both congestion and a slight pain in his left ear. (Coastguard report). Their dive into his BCD and made a rapid ascent to the surface. They surfaced after 17 min with a 3 min dived again.2009 23 . At the surface the to continue the dive so they returned to 6m and dived for a panicked trainee calmed dow n and they re-descended to 13m to further 15 min. It transpir ed that the individual was doing a assessed the diver. Coastguard. this time to a maximum depth of 15m for a duration safety stop at 6m. so no further assistance was required from the (Coastguard report). The follow ing day the trainee awoke feeling of 25 min. While practising mask clearing. At the surface the trainee seemed happy instructor and the other trainee follow ed. After a surface interval of 1 hour 20 min they continue the dive. this trainee started to cough and September 2009 09/289  made a rapid ascent to the surface before the instructor could An instructor and two trainees descended to a target depth of stop him.NDC Diving Incidents Report . in a depth of 14m. he sought diving medical advice. The boat was already ashore. The instructor and the other trainee made a normal 20m.2009 trainees had problems clearing his ears. BSAC . Tw o day s later he arms. and as soon as beach w ho had ingested w ater.

The di ver surfaced shortly afterwards October 2008 09/325  and was able to sw im back to his boat. were using.2009 Boating & Surface Incidents his dive. support vessel. It w as Analysis of boating & surface incidents necessary for the dive boat to make physical contact with the yacht in order to avoid the y acht hitting the divers in the w ater. Due to Lifeboat assisted stranded dive boat. despite the dive boat display ing the flag alpha to indicate that there were divers below and the divers carrying SMBs. The walkers called the Coastguard and a helicopter and lifeboat were tasked to assist. Bo at problems The divers w ere safely recovered after about 20 min on the surface. 2. They w ere caught in a strong current Lost diver s that carried them out of the bay and along the coast. but as they returned a sw ell put their boat ashore on December 2008 09/326  rocks. April 2009 09/328  Brixham Coastguard took a haz ardous incident report from a dive boat who encountered a y acht making w ay through the middle of their divers. and refu sing to divert their course. (Coastguard & RNLI Lifeboat assisted stranded dive boat. The Coastguard was alerted when an RHIB engine broke dow n (RNLI report). March 2009 09/327  October 2008 09/401  Humber Coastguard received a report of a dive boat which had gone aground as they made their w ay to the dive site. They tried to sw im back into the bay but couldn't. October 2008 09/400  March 2009  09/082  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. The lifeboat crew commented that February 2009 09/050  the divers w ere easily spotted because of the SMB that they A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 14m. (Linked to 09/319) 0 10 20 30 40 50 Number of incidents April 2009 09/319  An instructor and tw o trainees conducted a shore dive to practise the use of alternative air sources. They held Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. walkers called the Coastguard and a helicopter and lifeboat were tasked to assist. When it w as realised that he was overdue the Coastguard w as alerted and a search involving a April 2009 09/102  helicopter. The engine w as restarted and the boat w as escorted back to shore. The group managed to free the boat from the rocks and they w ere escorted ashore by Redcar ILB. (Coastguard report). Brixham Coastguard received a 999 call reporting divers in He was found by one of the lifeboats. (RNLI report). with a diver in the w ater conducting a drift dive. T he diver s w ere safely recovered after about 20 min on the surface. (Linked to 09/320) When one of the pair surfaced he deploy ed an orange flag but he was not seen by his boat. Other nearby vessels attended to help. The (RNLI report). 2 hours after the start of difficulty in the water. January 2009 09/403  Two lifeboats launched to assist dive boat with engine problems. In an attempt to find more depth they inadvertently ventured outside the shelter of the bay. weather conditions the group had already decided to cancel their dive. (Coastguard report). They surfaced and tried to sw im back into the bay but couldn't. (RNLI report). Yarmouth Coastguard was alerted to a broken dow n dive (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Following one of their ascents they w ere caught in a strong current that carried them out of the bay and along the coast. reports). April 2009 09/320  Engin e problems Two divers conducted a shore dive in a shallow bay . (Coastguard & RNLI reports). They Bad seamanship fastened themselves together to prevent separation and signalled w alkers on nearby cliffs. on to each other and signalled w alkers on nearby cliffs. (Coastguard report). Redcar Coastguard kept w atch as Redcar ILB w ent to Broken down dive support vessel. two lifeboats. They tasked Lowestoft AWLB to tow the vessel to shore and Southwold ILB assisted. Ply mouth ILB w as launched to their 24 ©BSAC . ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . their assistance.2009 . a warship and police units was started. (RNLI report). The diver October 2008 09/399  experienced no subsequent ill effects. They descended to the seabed and tried to pull themselves along the rocky bottom but they February 2009 09/404  soon tired and ran low on air so they re-ascended.4 miles from his last know n position.

Three other divers in the party had made rapid ascents and were assessed by a doctor. fuel line. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). How ever. the diver surfaced safe and well and no further assistance was required. Ey emouth AWLB located three distress alert sounded on their VHF radio. w hile the boat engine failure. June 2009 09/417  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat. (RNLI report). (Media report). Another dive boat responded to a broadcast for assistance and took them in tow back to harbour where they were met by Portland Bill Coastguard. The group had no shore cover. (RNLI May 2009 09/335  report). alarm call. arrived to take them under tow . (RNLI report). (Coastguard & RNLI reports).NDC Diving Incidents Report . that they had engine failure. Persons landed. Ey emouth AWLB. report). The divers surfaced safely . (RNLI report). May 2009 09/131  A dive boat w as returning from a dive w hen the fuel ran out.2009 25 . Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. May 2009 09/336  Stornoway inshore lifeboat was launched to provide a tow back Milford Haven Coastguard received a mobile telephone call to harbour. Forth Coastguard received a 999 telephone call reporting a party of divers in difficulties w hile trying to make their w ay back to shore. harbour. (Coastguard report). of divers in the w ater. They were recovered by the ILB and returned ashore Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting where they quickly recovered. The cox listened to divers and Ey emouth Coastguard located a further tw o divers. However the engine w ould not restart and the battery (RNLI report). to Wey mouth inshore lifeboat w ho tow ed the boat back to (Coastguard report). (RNLI Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. They reports). While more details were being gathered. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). April 2009 09/332  Stornoway Coastguard received a call from a dive boat w hich had engine problems. the fourth diver surfaced. (Coastguard & RNLI from a small fishing boat in their immediate vicinity . May 2009 09/413  May 2009 09/409  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat. May 2009 09/244  May 2009 09/119  The Coastguard w as alerted w hen a diver failed to surface as The Coastguard w as alerted w hen a diver w as separated from expected. with one reported as missing. The tow was then transferred The group was met by Peel Coastguard on their return to shore. While one of the boats was recovering one pair of divers a large y acht sailed in betw een the RHIBs and straight over the top of the delay ed SMB of another pair of May 2009 09/415  divers. All boats were flying flag Alpha. April 2009 09/407  The cox switched to an alternative fuel supply and primed the Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith fouled propeller. June 2009 09/153  Coastguard and sector manager and rescue helicopter R-131 A dive boat had just recovered its last divers w hen a DSC were tasked to investigate. The cox realised that this w as required. and found they had been shore diving and were suffering from exhaustion as they w ere try ing to sw im against May 2009 09/125  the tide. The boat was anchored and the Coastguard w as alerted. May 2009 09/416  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. A group of three RHIBs w ere operating together with a number all divers were safe and well. A lifeboat w as launched to assist the Coastguard again to say that the diver had surfaced safe but the diver w as found by her dive party 15 min after their and well. to be met by Portland Bill Coastguard team. It transpired April 2009 09/406  that the boat had run out of fuel.2009 assistance. the radio traffic and heard a 'May day' call from a vessel adrift All divers were accounted for and no medical assistance w as which was about to hit rocks. False alarm. Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. Tw o y achts stood by until another dive boat was on the phone to the Coastguard. May 2009 09/339  Liverpool Coastguard received a call from a boat that had come May 2009 09/123  across a group of three divers w ho informed him that a fourth Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat w ith member of their group w as missing. May 2009 09/410  (RNLI report). and did not alter course. A search w as being initiated w hen the boat called her group by strong currents. (RNLI report). A lifeboat attended and towed the boat back to shore. but w ith no divers in the w ater. moved towards the distressed boat and alerted the Coastguard BSAC . (Coastguard April 2009 09/408  report). The y acht did not respond to signals from the RHIBs Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat with fire. May 2009 09/340  Humber Coastguard received a call to report that a fishing May 2009 09/198  vessel had a dive boat under tow after they had broken dow n. (RNLI report). Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat. (Coastguard report). from a dive boat reporting that they had a diver overdue. was flattened by repeated attempts to start the engine.

(RNLI report). A lifeboat arrived a problem w ith his fins. finished the planned dive after bei ng unable to relocate his tw o (RNLI report). They descended to a reef but one of the trainees had problems clearing her ears and they surfaced. became separated from the other tw o. June 2009 09/205  (RNLI report).2009 . June 2009 09/422  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat that was out of fuel. The sun w as low in the sky and glare on the w ater prevented those in the boat from seeing them. the anchor was still in place. after a recent service. (RNLI report). The dive boat was advised that it is recovered the divers from the w ater. shore. Ey mouth CRT and AWLB w ere tasked (RNLI report). Boating & surface incident report source analysis June 2009 09/189  An instructor and two trainees entered the w ater for a dive but 66 did not make the shotline as planned due to a current. They surfaced again and a delay ed SMB appeared close to them. They June 2009 09/421  decided to fish instead. The divers w ere able to make their w ay to the shore and w ere recovered by a shore based Coastguard team after the search had been underway for 90 min. A nearby range tender also came to assist and boat w as later traced. buddies. July 2009 09/427 Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. They took the boat in tow and brought it their dive. he had Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. The dive boat had permission cutting the line but the engine stalled and they were unable to from the local harbour authority to dive on the w reck and w as re-start it.2009 to their presence. A passing boat offered help and the Coastguard was alerted when the missing diver w as not found. June 2009 09/169  June 2009 09/425  Forth Coastguard received a 999 call reporting tw o divers in Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith fouled propeller. Eventually the two in the boat succeeded in they were diving on a w reck. A lifeboat and several other craft conducted a search for the June 2009 09/418  missing diver w ho w as eventually found on a beach. (RNLI report). (RNLI report). same dive group surfaced. Three divers entered the water from the shore and commenced 26 ©BSAC . 52 BSAC Reports (14) Coastguard (52) RNLI (66) June 2009 09/424  Lifeboat assisted in the search for missing diver(s). There was a current flowing and one of the three had away from danger and towards the harbour. The divers proposed to conduct a possible drift dive. The current carried them aw ay from the boat. When they tried to recover the anchor Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w hich w as dragging its they found that it was stuck and one of the divers dived down to anchor. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . It transpired that they had dived a bit further out than intended June 2009 09/190  and w ere carried aw ay by a strong current. Several attempts at the time to Coastguard and a helicopter and tw o lifeboats w ere tasked to contact the boat by VHF Ch 16 were unsuccessful. the engine w as restarted and they returned to the later. The two divers surfaced then dived again to try to locate the missing diver. The diver w as in some distress so the other diver June 2009 09/345  kitted up and entered the w ater to help her. the depth w as about 10m. This diver then surfaced and was carried aw ay from the boat by a current. They decided not to dive because the area of their proposed dive w as temporarily out of bounds. June 2009 09/420  They pulled on this SMB and another pair of divers from the Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. (Coastguard & Two divers and two non-divers took an RHIB to sea to test it out RNLI reports). At this point the tw o in the boat contacted the displaying all the correct signs. although the assist. to investigate. free it. They w ere returned to better to make the report at the time the incident happened. A search was initiated involving a lifeboat and another vessel. A current carried the four divers (RNLI report). (Coastguard report). 45 min later it became clear that they were overdue from their dive and the Coastguard w as alerted. away from their exit point. difficulty on the surface. not their boat. While try ing to fix the problem he and took over the tow. As he did so he Brixham Coastguard received a retr ospective report from a dive told the others in the boat to cut the anchor line and to come boat of a near miss when another boat ran over his divers w hile and pick them up. June 2009 09/423  14 Two lifeboats launched to assist dive boat with engine problems. The divers w ere recovered by the AWLB and returned to shore w ithout the need for medical attention.

Coastguard helicopter July 2009 09/351  CG-104. and still had divers in the to a safe anchorage by Little Haven ILB and the crew water. The diver w as located some propeller and w as near to rocks.2009 27 . Contact w as made w ith Sw anage National in the search for the diver. A passing y acht recovered tw o of the people and July 2009 09/429  the others waited in the life raft to be rescued by a lifeboat. It w as later found that to lifejackets. A transferred ashore. It is Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. Tw o pairs intended to deploy delay ed Trearddur Bay lifeboat rescued these divers and discovered SMBs at the end of their dives and the third pair dived w ith an two more w ho had climbed onto rocks and a further two who SMB. A battery terminal was found other vessels in the area kept a look out. the group reported that the diver had surfaced safe area. July 2009 09/245  July 2009 09/213  Three pairs of divers w ere dropped into the w ater to dive an A 999 call w as received reporting tw o divers on the surface underwater reef with a maximum depth of 45m. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Having dropped the third pair into the w ater and were sw imming ashore. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). regained contact w ith the divers. The cox attempted to use an aux iliary hardboat when it started taking on w ater. July 2009 09/353  July 2009 09/349  Brixham Coastguard received a call from a group of shore Portland Coastguard received a 999 call from a sailing club divers reporting that one of their group had surfaced having lost boat reporting that they had lost contact w ith tw o divers and contact with his buddy. and that the spare had been flooded by over-choking. waterline. a Portland Coastguard received a second 'Pan Pan' urgency call warship and Coastguard teams from Wy ke and Lulw orth w ere in two day s from a dive boat w ho this time had got a fouled all tasked to commence a search. The Coastguard w as engine but this too failed. A nearby lifeboat came to assist and a number of assisted and towed them ashore. having drifted some w ay from the responding to the broadcast for assistance. but she could see no sign of them. The boat was towed they had engine failure. and ILB were also tasked as the boat still had divers in the water. tasked to assist and all divers w ere safely located and (Coastguard report). Wey mouth AWLB dive site. (Coastguard report). moved back to track the divers w ith the SMB but was unable to locate their buoy . under her own steam.     BSAC . The boat handler called the Coastguard for prevented the engine from being started. thought that the boat suffered a major seal failure below its (RNLI report). all from the same diving club. July 2009 09/347  July 2009 09/350  Milford Haven Coastguard received a telephone call from a dive Brixham Coastguard received a ca ll from a dive boat reporting boat reporting that they had engine failure. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Despite two local boats 3 hours after going missing. started at slack water. They were escorted back to port by the ILB w here they were met by July 2009 09/348  Teignmouth CRT. They did not have any divers in the water local boat responded to the broadcast for assistance and stood when they broke down. How ever. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). three local w ork boats. and the battery on their VHF his SMB. and they had not been carrying an SMB.NDC Diving Incidents Report . It transpired that July 2009 09/431  the divers had drifted aw ay from the boat when they descended Lifeboat launched to assist stranded diver. (RNLI report). The boat w as July 2009 09/430  eventually able to clear the propeller and return to harbour Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. Portland Coastguard received information from a local support boat that a dive boat had reported to them that they had a solo diver who was over 1 hour overdue. although they w ere some distance aw ay from the boat. Wey mouth AWLB & ILB. A second lifeboat was to be loose. Tw o other craft that were in the boat continued to sink. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). and they reported that they could see the boat having and well. and they could not see were unable to see their bubbles . The tw o local boats assisted the lifeboats on scene while the remaining divers w ere recovered. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The dives being carried aw ay by the tide and w aving for assistance. Teignmouth ILB was launched to their assistance. The current began to pick up after slack water and it became apparent that the first divers to enter the July 2009 09/192  water should have surfaced but no sign could be seen of their A dive boat contacted the Coast guard when an electrical failure delayed SMB. recovered within 20 min of the call to the Coastguard. Another vessel assistance. She the shore. as the units were Coastwatch Institution lookout as they were able to oversee the proceeding. Swanage Coastguard rescue team were sent to meet the boat on its return. The divers w ere recovered and the boat person was almost trapped in the cabin as he attempted to get was towed to safety by the lifeboat. The boat sank by the stern and one area came to assist. The remaining divers were recovered and the boat w as able to get their engine running again. monitored their descent the boat handler moved back to w here Holyhead Coastguard Team assisted the divers who had made the first two pairs were. The cox alerted the Coastguard and alerted and attempts w ere made to use bilge pumps but the a lifeboat was tasked to assist. He w as in a dry suit and its buoy ancy made it silicone fragments had blocked the fuel line of the main engine difficult for him to get dow n to the door and out into the water.2009 July 2009 09/317  July 2009 09/193  The engine of a dive boat failed w ith two divers in the water A group of divers w ere preparing to enter the water from a conducting a drift dive. w ere drifting. by until arrival of the ILB. the engine had been serviced the day before. Torbay ILB and Berry Head CRT w ere sent to assist radio had died. (RNLI report). The boat remained for a while with its bows just out of the water and divers swam down to cut the inflatable life raft free from the cabin roof. in poor visibility .

28 ©BSAC . (RNLI report). August 2009 09/267  Brixham Coastguard received a 999 call from a boat reporting that they had a diver who was overdue by 1 hour. It w as later found that the helicopter stood by monitoring the position of the rest of the engine that would not start had a loose electrical connection. The Coastguard w as alerted and other boats that w ere the water. Sunderland tasked to see if they could spot the diver from the shore. (RNLI report). boat's two engines cut out. Coastguard was alerted and four lifeboats and a helicopter were tasked to search for the missing diver. due to the local geography. He w as found after 20 August 2009 09/359  min by one of the lifeboats. the buddy had surfaced (RNLI report). July 2009 09/356  Brixham Coastguard received a call from a harbour patrol boat reporting a dive boat w ith six divers onboard which had engine August 2009 09/318  problems. this bag w as connected to a line which was connected to the seabed. and a 'Mayday' broadcast requesting had received a report regarding a diver w ho had been shore assistance was made. along with the Lifeboat assisted stranded dive boat. The cox attempted to approach the lifting bag but in a strong w ind the lifting bag lines became August 2009 09/250  Two divers conducted a w reck dive in a maximum depth of tangled around one of the boat's propellers and the cox w as 33m. The local lifeboat w as engaged in another rescue and dive site. (RNLI report). (Coastguard & July 2009 09/432  RNLI reports). The diver w as transferred to Salcombe police that the diver had been located on the surface and AWLB. this was not heard Yarmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting by the Coastguard. August 2009 09/436  August 2009 09/305  Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. The cox was able to paddle the boat to the nearby shore. The divers w ere recovered delayed SMB. Another vessel that w as close by relayed that they had broken dow n w ith fuel problems en route to the the call. He put out a August 2009 09/361  'Mayday' call but. The divers w ere recovered by another were tasked to their assistance. August 2009 09/266  Dover Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting July 2009 09/433  that they had a diver w ho was overdue after he and his buddy Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. The divers entered the water and as they left the surface July 2009 09/358  the second engine cut out as w ell. A sea search August 2009 09/360  was commenced w ith Salcombe AWLB & ILB. (Coastguard report). that he had been found. Wey mouth AWLB took the boat in tow back to port where they were met by Portland Bill Coastguard rescue team. dive boat. On returning to the shotline they became separated and unable to free it. As the divers started to surface the cox they surfaced separately . The diver w as located by the dive boat shortly after the search commenced. reporting that they had suffered total pow er failure. How ever. Happisburgh ILB went to their assistance providing a was unable to help. (Coastguard & RNLI August 2009 09/362  reports). had attempted to recover an anchor. as the boat did not have a VHF radio. when expected. August 2009 09/434  Ramsgate AWLB & ILB and Coastguard helicopter EN07 w ere tasked to carry out a search for the missing diver. The SMB was not seen by those in the boat and by one of the lifeboats. Rescue helicopter R-106 and Wey mouth AWLB nearby came to assist. to the surface. w hile the ILB made her w ay to the dive boat to report returned to shore unaided. Coastguard Humber Coastguard received a call from the police that they rescue helicopter R-106. One of the pair surfaced up the contacted the Coastguard for assistance.2009 . Dartmouth and Praw le CRTs w ere also diving and w as considered to be overdue. The boat was able to regain boat. a report w as received from the to the broadcast. divers who were assisted by another dive boat.2009 tow back to harbour. The boat w as escorted back to shore by the harbour While two divers were preparing to enter the water one of a dive patrol boat. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The divers were able to cut the line free when this diver surfaced he could not see the boat. During this time the divers surfaced. w hile the they were escorted back to harbour. (Coastguard & RNLI An RHIB had divers in the water and one pair sent a lifting bag reports). The cox managed to get one of the engines started and some power and recover some of her divers. the other deployed a helicopter were launched to assist. The Coastguard rescue team and Ty nemouth AWLB were tasked to diver was found fairly quickly by a y acht which had responded commence a search. Solent Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting they had broken dow n. The engine of an inflatable dive boat stopped and could not be restarted whilst tw o pairs of divers w ere underw ater. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . The cox w as unable to Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting restart either engine and the boat w as drifting aw ay from the that they had suffered engine failure and still had eight divers in divers. Tw o lifeboats and a shotline and w as recovered into the boat. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Ramsgate CRT met the boat on return August 2009 09/297  to the harbour to discuss the incident. Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. Littlehampton ILB w ent to their assistance and provided a tow back to harbour. Newquay ILB went to their assistance and tow ed them back to harbour. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The skipper became concerned when he could no longer locate the missing diver's bubbles on the surface. (Coastguard report). The and the boat returned safely to harbour. To reduce the fumes the cox decided not to restart the engine until the divers were in the water. As dusk fell the diver had used a Falmouth Coastguard received a call from a dive RHIB torch to attract attention and this assisted his location.

They completed their ascent and. although they w ere carry ing an SMB. Milford Haven Coastguard overheard a 'Pan Pan' urgency call from a dive boat reporting that they had a missing diver. search for the diver. (Coastguard report). recovered them and returned them to their boat. A local fishing boat A dive boat w as returning from a dive w hen it struck a responding to the 'May day' broadc ast found the divers fairly submerged rock. before they arrived it was reported that the diver had been found safe and w ell and all search units were stood down. The diver had made a normal ascent and was well and helicopter R-116 w ere tasked to proceed and commence a required no medical assistance (Coastguard & RNLI reports). safe and well. they could see their boat in the distance. Littlehaven ILB and rescue helicopter R-122 w ere sent to the (RNLI report). (Coastguard report). September 2009 09/299  Three divers were thrown into the w ater w hen their dive boat August 2009 09/440  capsized in rough water. Tw o local fishing boats also came to help and report). Blyth CRT and ILB were tasked Milford Haven Coastguard received a 'Pan Pan' urgency call to proceed to carry out a search. However. Three local boats arrived to help and one of these boats towed the disabled craft September 2009 09/384  back to the launch point. (Coastguard report).NDC Diving Incidents Report . A lifeboat and a helicopter w ere Two lifeboat launched to search for missing diver(s). September 2009 09/392  Humber Coastguard received a VHF radio call from a dive boat reporting that they had one diver from a buddy pair missing September 2009 09/382  when they surfaced. before they arrived on the scene. ILB. An additional 'Pan Pan' urgency broadcast was by made by Milford August 2009 09/437  Haven Coastguard to vessels in the area and Angle AWLB. (Media report). South Dow n CRT and rescue located. (RNLI report). Oxw ich CRT & Horton ILB September 2009 09/308  were tasked to search for the divers. but had all divers onboard. but before they reporting a diver w ho was overdue returning from a shore dive. were able to proceed it w as reported that the diver had been Newcastle AWLB and ILB. The divers w ere taken aboard the lifeboat and brought ashore. They inflated SMBs and held September 2009 09/441  on to the shot buoy . (Coastguard & RNLI reports). Rescue helicopter R-169. but before they could get which w as relay ed to them by another boat. Cemaes CRT attended to confirm the snorkeller w as okay. and tw o lifeboats w ere tasked to search.2009 realised the problem and sw am to the shore. August 2009 09/263  Tenby AWLB w as tasked to proceed and assist w ith a tow and Three divers were ascending a shot line after a dive to 27m. once on the surface. overdue the boat party alerted the Coastguard. At they were met by Tenby CRT on return to port. CRT and a rescue Belfast Coastguard received a 999 call from a person ashore helicopter were tasked to commence a search. Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. September 2009 09/388  Milford Haven Coastguard received a 999 call from a dive boat reporting that they had broken down. The divers w ere located and recovered after 1 hour 20 min on the surface. While the AWLB & search. How ever. with their assistance the divers were able to right their boat and recover much of their lost equipment. Seahouses CRT and AWLB reporting that they w ere concerned for a friend who had gone & ILB were sent to the scene to investigate and carry out a snorkelling on his own to collect sea w eed. The diver was August 2009 09/370  seen to enter the w ater from a boat. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). They secondary engine was used to get the boat back to the slipway.   BSAC . it w as reported that the diver had returned ashore. September 2009 09/379  Humber Coastguard received a 999 call from someone on shore reporting that they could see someone who seemed to be September 2009 09/390  looking for a diver in the w ater. as the units were proceeding it was reported ILB from Holy head and the CRT from Cemaes w ere being that the diver had returned ashore and w as safe and well. The skeg and propeller w ere damaged and a quickly. The broken down boat September 2009 09/381  was placed on a mooring to fix her problem and then made her Swansea Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting own way back to port. scene to commence searching.2009 29 . A helicopter (RNLI report). Berw ick AWLB. (RNLI tasked to assist. September 2009 09/387  Humber Coastguard received a report from a person ashore of a lone diver w ho w as thought to be overdue. (Coastguard about 9m they found the end of their SMB line with no buoy report). and they did not need medical attention. follow ing the buoy . The boat relaying the message found the divers on rocks safe and w ell. When it w as clear that the divers were Lifeboat launched to assist dive boat w ith engine problems. How ever. been missing for approximately 1 hour 30 min. August 2009 09/438  Two lifeboats launched to assist dive boat with engine problems. exit the w ater and w alk up the shore. were both well and did not require any further assistance. The ILB then tow ed the dive boat back to shore w here they w ere met by Oxwich CRT. the knot had come undone. tasked a boat in the area reported that he had seen the person (Coastguard report). (Coastguard & RNLI reports). but over an hour later he Holyhead Coastguard received a call from a shore contact had not been observed to return. attached. that they had engine failure and still had tw o divers in the w ater that they w ere unable to recover. A dive boat had going the first informant called back to report that the diver had reported that they were out of fuel and had tw o divers w ho had surfaced.

When they surfaced they were separated from each other fell.2009 . Their location w as aided by the divers' use of fluorescent for about 10 min and their boat w as not in sight. as darkness 53m.2009 expected. flags. strobe lights and torches. about 9 miles from their entry point. After about 3 hours and 30 min the divers were found A pair of divers conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of safe and well. The hoods. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . Coastguard was alerted when the two divers failed to surface as 30 ©BSAC . Four lifeboats and a helicopter w ere tasked to September 2009 09/301  search.

T he diver showed no sy mptoms of DCI transferred to hospital for overni ght observation. They suffered no Two divers conducted a training dive in a lake. The Coastguard was alerted and the computer the troubled diver left him and w ent straight to the diver w as air lifted to a r ecompression facility . he looked around for him and recompression facility but he had no sy mptoms of DCI and he then surfaced. The second diver calmed the troubled diver and they started a return sw im. Once ashore he was exhausted happening and. No subsequent ill recompressed but admitted to hospital for overnight effects were reported. During the return sw im the instructor lost sight of the from a dive to 36m. He had started to become buoy ant and w as 18m one of the pair started to panic. They ascended directly to the surface January 2009 09/030  missing a planned 3 min safety stop at 6m. without them realising it. The second diver sank back to the bottom at Coastguard was alerted. At the surface he w as unable find his distressed and the second diver turned to help him. All three divers left the water safely. it had only been on less than one turn. One of the The Coastguard was alerted after a diver made a rapid ascent. signal. (Coastguard report). indicated to one of his buddies to check that his air w as turned on correctly but the buddy turned the air supply off by mistake. He started to was happening the pair unknow ingly floated tow ards the become exhausted and released his w eightbelt. The Coastguard the second dive he made a rapid ascent from 20m. The second diver A diver surfaced from a maximum depth of 29m missing made a 3 min safety stop at 6m. They followed the bottom upwards to a February 2009 09/046  depth of 18m and then made their ascent. wind w as blow ing and this caused w ater currents in the lake.2009 31 . divers experienced problems with his air supply and noticed that missing stops. A boat missing decompression stops. (Coastguard report). 28 November 2008 09/025  min into the dive one of the pair developed cramp in one of his Three divers descended to a maximum depth of 25m on a night legs. After about 20 min they started to sw im back to the start separated from his buddy . The troubled diver was placed on oxygen for a while and observation. She was not surface. The trainee w as placed on oxy gen and no subsequent ill effects w ere ex perienced.   BSAC . At about 6m the second diver realised w hat w as assisted him from the w ater.NDC Diving Incidents Report . Others surface. No subsequent ill effects were reported. and made a faster than normal ascent to the surface.2009 Ascents October 2008 09/012  November 2008 09/052  Three divers dived to a maximum depth of 20m. At the surface Two divers ran out of air and made an ascent from a 40m dive he struggled to stay afloat even w ith his buddies' help. No sy mptoms of DCI surface. quickly recovered. January 2009 09/447  October 2008 09/015  The casualty made an inverted rapid ascent to the surface from Two divers conducted a dive to a planned maximum depth of a depth of 22m. his pressure gauge w as fluctuating as he breathed. The trainee November 2008 09/019  later reported that he had been following the instructor against a Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 21m. he ditched his w eightbelt unable to dump air quickly enough to prevent his ascent. At strong current. letting go of the troubled diver. The trainee also surfaced and gave a distress was not recompressed. January 2009 09/035  Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 16m. They tried to move into shallower water and then became low on air. he stopped to try to ease the problem and he became dive. A very strong subsequent ill effects. However. He (Coastguard report). (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The diver w as transferred to a trainee in a depth of about 10m. (Coastguard and he was transferred to hospital for oxy gen treatment and & RNLI reports). After about 1 min he made a rapid point in single file. observation. About 7 min into the dive the instructor felt that the conditions w ere too October 2008 09/070  difficult for the trainee and he signa lled to him that they should The Coastguard w as alerted after a diver made a rapid ascent return. While this BCD inflator and he struggled to stay afloat. The diver w ho was now December 2008 09/057  without air made a rapid ascent to the surface. The was alerted and the diver w as transferred to a recompression Coastguard was alerted and the diver was taken by lifeboat to a facility by lifeboat. He show ed no signs of DCI and w as recompression facility. He was monitored for DCI symptoms. The Coastguard was alerted went to their assistance and they w ere recovered from the and the divers w ere taken to hospital where they were held for water. he dumped air and felt very unw ell. The second diver looked around for his other buddy were detected and he spent 4 hours in hospital on oxygen but he could not see him. On 35m. when the troubled diver sank back beside him still in apparent distress. He w as just preparing to move off before being released. The diver w as placed on oxy gen and 25m and the troubled diver w as carried buoyantly to the then airlifted to a recompression facility. Other divers sw am from the shore to assist them. They descended a shotline and began their dive. December 2008 09/058  October 2008 09/067  A diver made a rapid ascent from a dive to a maximum depth of A diver conducted tw o dives to depths greater than 30m. A doctor examined the diver and the from his BCD. 20m. missing 17 min of decompre ssion stops. She w as taken to hospital for treatment. During this sw im the third diver became ascent to the surface. All divers safely left the w ater. they descended to a depth of 28m. but w hile he was checking his decompression stops. overnight observation.

At this point one of the pair felt that he w as beginning to ascend. The diver had been using a different of the water. symptoms so first aid and oxy gen w ere administered and the About 38 min into this dive. They then made a rapid ascent directly to the surface. The Coastguard w as alerted as a precaution and the At a depth of 17m the casualty 's regulator came out of his diver w as advised to attend a recompression facility for a mouth and he aspirated w ater w hen he replaced and purged check-up. As the divers were not failed to respond to signals from the shore as she w as showing any signs of DCI they were evacuated from the dive concentrating on reeling in the SMB line. then went home. carried rapidly to the surface. that the diver was focused on controlling the SMB line and thus distracted from keeping good control of her buoyancy. They both made a rapid Two divers conducted a 42 min dive to a depth of 30m including ascent to the surface. He filled 27m their decompression requirements had reduced to 1 min at the buoy using his octopus regulator and. He w as monitored for DCI and oxy gen w as cylinder configuration from normal and it was suggested that his administered. Once the instructor boat by North Berwick AWLB & ILB and taken by ambulance to surfaced the two re-grouped and made their w ay ashore. A doctor onboard the dive made a normal ascent to the surface w ith a 1 min stop at 6m. His buddy symptoms of DCI and they were advised to monitor themselves attempted to grab him but missed. The requesting medical advice for a diver w ho had made a rapid underwater visibility was poor and there w as a current. He w as monitored for more sy mptoms pair ran out of air and took the octopus regulator of his buddy. His total dive duration w as 27 min. Once at the shotline she made a rapid launched to assist. She w as not recompressed but was of 19m. 13 mi n into the dive she put air February 2009 09/047  into her suit again and w as unable to stop a buoy ant ascent to Two divers suffered a rapid ascent follow ing a dive to 41m. advised to self monitor for symptoms.2009 . At of the dive one of the three deployed a delayed SMB. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). He began to make a buoy ant ascent. March 2009 09/086  May 2009 09/121  A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 44m. Her buddy surfaced and found her face down at the surface. They Millport hy perbaric unit then transferred to hospital for were recovered into the boat and placed on nitrox. hospital at Edinburgh Roy al Infirmary for assessment. The instructor made a fast ascent to 10m and then had no signs or symptoms of DCI. The casualty complained of DCI a 3 min stop at 3m. the use of an SMB. His computer show ed a fast ascent. Once observation. He was found to have a mild skin rash and w as sent the regulator. They were not display ing any signs or Largs inshore lifeboat w as launched and another vessel symptoms of DCI. It is thought (Coastguard & RNLI reports). February 2009 09/449  At a depth of 14m the casualty had a regulator free flow . No subsequent ill effects (Coastguard report). When to the surface. and had been placed on oxy gen as a proceeded to assist in recovering the dive boat's other ten 32 ©BSAC . Their dive duration w as 38 min. Three divers conducted a 20 min dive to 30m. one of the symptoms disappeared. They made their should be observed for an hour on s hore. Neither diver suffered any subsequent ill effect. The others tried become buoyant. None of the divers developed any in his hand. As the dive boat still way back to the shotline w ith the buoyant diver holding onto the had divers in the w ater Falmouth RNLI inshore lifeboat w as wreck all the w ay. as the buoy started to 6m.2009 divers who were still in the water. the other indicated a missed stop at 6m. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). One of the pair w as using borrow ed equipment and she April 2009 09/099  did not carry sufficient weight. they all made a rapid ascent checked that his suit's auto dump valve w as fully open. February 2009 09/090  Two divers conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of 30m. The dive manager w as connected diver w ith borrow ed equipment struggled to control her with the duty doctor at the DDRC who advised that the casualty buoyancy and they decided to abort the dive. Towards the end After about 12 min they began an ascent up a sandy slope. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . On tw o occasions the less experienced diver lost control of her buoy ancy and started to rise before dumping air and re-descending. ascent to the surface. One of the divers' March 2009 09/091  computers indicated that they had missed 20 min of A 45 year old male diver w as assessed for sy mptoms of DCI at decompression. at a depth of about 11m. The buddy made a safe May 2009 09/454  ascent. The ascent from a 25m dive. 2 hours 7 min later they dived to 30m. so he April 2009 09/133  took his buddy's alternative air source. The buoy ant diver w as for a period of 48 hours. He w as recovered into the boat and placed on oxy gen. During the dive the less experienced diver practised held overnight in hospital for observation. boat was able to administer oxy gen w hile medical advice w as At the surface the diver w ho had made the buoyant ascent obtained from Aberdeen hyperbaric unit. The diver w ho w as out of air attempted to deploy a delayed SMB and they sank back to 16m w hile doing so. were reported. weighting may have been incorrect. He signalled the boat and she w as recovered from the water. the line caught around the regulator. No subsequent ill surface. in the confusion. May 2009 09/142  March 2009 09/093  Holyhead Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting A diver w ho surfaced in difficulty was airlifted to hospital by RN they were returning to harbour with two divers onboard who had rescue helicopter R177 follow ing a rapid ascent from 31m. but the surface. She had to pull herself down the MRCC Falmouth received a VHF call from a dive boat shotline and had difficulty stay ing on the wreck. He attempted to dump air from his BCD and to assist him and. (Coastguard report). His instructor slow ed the ascent and assisted him out effects were experienced. suffered a rapid ascent. The April 2009 09/174  Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a A diver and an instructor conducted a dive to a maximum depth recompression chamber. The Coastguard was alerted and diving medical he pulled on the shoulder dump of his BCD the cord came away advice w as sought. He spat the regulator out and swam rapidly to the to hospital w here he w as placed on ox ygen. The diver had made a rapid ascent from 27m due ashore they sought diving medical advice and they were to an equipment failure w hile ascending from a 44m dive.

During his ascent he felt buoy ant at 15m. The divers w ere landed ashore to be met by including stops. drysuit. Longhope AWLB was tasked to meet the dive boat and return the diver to shore where she was met by Stromness CRT and transferred to June 2009 09/185  Balfour hyperbaric chamber for assessment. Once out of the w ater he w as found to be sy mptom- at Thingwall. The casualty w as shaken and did not want to June 2009 09/148  descend so they swam on the surface to shore. (Coastguard report).2009 precaution. the buoyant diver made a rapid ascent to the Abersoch CRT and an ambulance before being transferred to surface missing 3 min of decompression. (Coastguard report). The boat w as met by advised they should return to port. He began an ascent one of the pair lost her w eightbelt and made a rapid ascent to from 25m. Part way into the dive one of the pair realised that he had June 2009 09/178  forgotten to fit his ankle w eights. He opened the chamber and the advice w as to evacuate them as soon as suit's neck seal to allow water in to try to reduce his buoy ancy possible. (Coastguard report). the buddy Lossiemouth CRT on return to shore. her buddy w ent w ith her. but was not showing any signs or sy mptoms of DCI. The is thought that he was not correctly weighted. free but he was placed on oxy gen and given w ater to drink. His dive duration w as 28 min. At a depth of 12m the casualty was unable to dump air from her suit and her feet began to float which pulled her up to the surface. and tried to alert his buddy to the situation. June 2009 09/161  Falmouth Coastguard received a request from a dive boat for medical advice for a diver w ho had suffered a rapid ascent after May 2009 09/144  losing her w eightbelt. Rescue helicopter R-137 w as tasked to airlift the but this w as ineffectual. How ever she did A diver who was suffering from symptoms of DCI after making a not subsequently require treatment in the chamber. Bigbury CRT and Bantham Beach LG met the boat on return to the beach. She w as placed on oxy gen and was Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting displaying no signs or sy mptoms of DCI. (Coastguard report). The boat w as placed that they were returning to port w ith a diver onboard w ho had in a medi-link call w ith a dive doctor at DDRC Plymouth who made a rapid ascent and missed stops. and his buddy as a June 2009 09/163  precaution. Neither diver w as displaying signs facility for treatment. The diver w as airlifted to a recompression facility but May 2009 09/143  no treatment w as found necessary and he w as discharged 2 Brixham Coastguard received a call from a dive boat with a hours later. (Coastguard report). boat who had made a rapid ascent and had missed stops. (Coastguard report). June 2009 09/147  A diver was recompressed at the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The dive boat w as put in a medical connect call with a dive doctor at DDRC Plymouth. The diver w as using a new kit configuration and it diver onboard w ho had made a rapid ascent from 16m. The recompression treatment. rapid ascent on a 23m dive w as transferred to the (Coastguard & RNLI reports).2009 33 . The divers w ere taken to shore Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat with a to be met by Stromness CRT and an ambulance for transfer to diver onboard who had made a rapid ascent and missed 10 min Balfour hy perbaric chamber for assessment. (Coastguard report). The casualty Shetland Coastguard received a call about a diver on a dive felt unwell that night. lost control at about 12m and made a rapid ascent to the surface from 10m.NDC Diving Incidents Report . so he w as allow ed to return home. he tried to of DCI. The Coastguard was alerted and diving medical advice w as sought. so DDRC w ere happy for her to return home. He deploy ed a delay ed SMB Two divers dived to a maximum depth of 13m. Their dive the surface. of DCI and they w ere advised to continue to monitor their condition. Stromness ALB was tasked to transfer the diver. diver was not show ing any signs or sy mptoms of DCI. June 2009 09/168  Aberdeen Coastguard received a 'May day' call from a dive boat June 2009 09/157  with two divers onboard w ho had missed 17 min of A diver conducted an uneventful dive to a maximum depth of decompression stops. May 2009 09/139  A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 29m. During the dive. diver was placed on 100% oxygen as a precaution. (Coastguard The casualty was diving with an instructor for the first time in a report). The dive boat w as met by was pulled up to 5m at w hich point they separated. He June 2009 09/460  had made a rapid ascent during a 26m dive. His buddy by a dive doctor for assessment. The Coastguard w as alerted and diving was alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression medical advice was sought. descended to 15m from w here he made a normal ascent BSAC . His dive duration was rescue helicopter R-122 to be taken to the hy perbaric chamber 37 min. They w ere later of decompression stops. but w ere showing no signs or sy mptoms 28m. completion of their diving w ith the diver suffer ing no ill effects. The diver did not subsequently suffer from dive. recompression chamber in Stromness but was not recompressed. They w ere put in a medi-link call with the hyperbaric dump air from his drysuit but was unsuccessful. The boat returned on hyperbaric chamber for treatment. monitor her condition. and was placed on oxygen as a precaution. and an ambulance on arrival and the diver w as taken to Balfour call DDRC later w ith an update. (Coastguard report). They had both made a rapid ascent from a 22m the diver's condition. (Coastguard report). who June 2009 09/160  recommended that the diver be k ept on oxygen and given fluids Two diver s w ere tr ansferred to the recompression facility at and to call back to DDRC in an hour's time w ith an update on Stromness. any DCI symptoms. from the dive boat. The dive r w as show ing no signs or released by the doctor to return home and did not require any symptoms of DCI and the boat still had divers in the water. The Coastguard duration w as 12 min. He held on to his buddy to try to slow divers to A&E at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary where they were met his ascent and then adopted a head dow n position.

After about 12 min he had 6 min Clyde Coastguard received a call requesting medical advice for of decompression stops indicat ed. He diver ashore w ho had made a rapid ascent from 22m. No symptoms were experienced by this diver and no further action was taken. pool and freshw ater site. The dive leader inhaled water and started to panic. The lifeboat returned August 2009 09/285  ashore where they were met by an ambulance w ho transferred Two divers entered the w ater to conduct a dive to a maximum the diver to hospital for treatment. and to monitor his own condition. but w as not display ing July 2009 09/217  any signs or sy mptoms of DCI. the hy perbaric chamber at Millport for treatment. but he developed a headache shortly after report). No sy mptoms developed and no further boat they w ere placed on oxy gen and the Coastguard was action was taken. (Coastguard report). usi ng his octopus regulator. The instructor slowed her ascent and made a normal ascent including a 1 min safety stop. They w ere taken by helicopter and ambulance to a recompression facility. divers to be transferred by ambulance to the hy perbaric He was using a new BCD which he had previously tried out in a chamber. he w as too buoy ant and was only able to his SMB and they started their ascent. to for further help. (Coastguard report). Lerw ick AWLB was tasked to evacuate the diver. The doctor advised on medication to be taken and after a dive to 38m. She problems indicated that he wanted to ascend. (Coastguard symptoms of DCI. the call for help was made. When the trainee reached 100 bar he deployed was told that if he felt worse he w as to contact the Coastguard a delay ed SMB. At the bottom of the shotline the dive leader clearing and the use of alter native air sources. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). August 2009 09/365  Brixham Coastguard received a ca ll from a boat reporting that they had a diver who had missed stops. One of the pair had difficulty clearing his ears during An instructor and a trainee entered the w ater to conduct mask the descent.2009 him not to dive again that day. but were not showing any signs or carried him directly to the su rface missing his decompression symptoms of DCI. During the descent he had to pull himself dow n the shotline. Largs AWLB w as tasked to meet with the stops. They attached a distance line and they moved about 30m away along descended to 10m and completed the mask clearing. (Coastguard & RNLI depth of 18m. Around 25 min into the dive they had moved to a depth of 15m July 2009 09/222  and this diver found it increasingly difficult to stay at depth. The lifeboat w as met by Coastguard w as alerted. A doctor at the DDRC Ply mouth August 2009 09/252  provided medical advice and the boat returned to shore for the A diver conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of 43m. alerted. One of the divers had been too heavy on a reports). The was unable to stop himself from being carried to the surface. How ever. start their ascent. August 2009 09/247  A pair of divers descended to dive a w reck in a maximum depth June 2009 09/322  of 35m. At the surface the shotline and these other divers indi cated to the dive leader that instructor put air into the trainee's BCD and she recovered. The boat returned to shore and Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting made direct contact with the duty diving doctor at the hyperbaric that they had a diver onboard w ho had made a rapid ascent chamber. Once back in the boat he was placed on oxygen and the dive boat to transfer the divers ashore. as planned. The other diver ascended normally . The trainee allow ed a lot of air to escape around the buoy and released the buoy inadequately inflated. previous dive and he removed w eights from his w eightbelt. and training plan. He depth of 27m. At 16m their ascent complete a 2 min stop before surfacing. The boat still had other divers in the water so was unable to return to shore immediately . Once in the oxygen for 20 min. had missed stops. He had reconfigured his weights. June 2009 09/182  The diver was told that it w as only because he exhaled on A trainee and an instructor conducted a dive to a maximum ascent that he avoided suffering a lung expansion injury . During the dive he found that the w eights tipped him forw ard and he had to w ork to July 2009 09/209  maintain his required posture. Once back in the boat the link call w ith a dive doctor w ho spoke to the diver and advised 34 ©BSAC . He w as airlifted to a recompression Cumbrae Coastguard rescue team who transferred the divers to chamber for treatment. The divers were later taken to Lady Margaret hospital for monitoring. the trainee released at 6m. moving some of them to the BCD. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . He w as not show ing any signs or that the diver's condition shoul d be monitored. his buddy had already surfaced. The succeeded in getting the regulator back into her mouth. but the troubled diver passed another pair decompressing on the rapid ascent continued to the surface. The instructor deployed his own delayed SMB. He w as placed on became rapid and they rose quickly to the surface. It is thought that the diver panicked when he was June 2009 09/206  low on air. The dive leader swam for the surface. The instructor tried to give moved to unclip the distance line and when he looked back the her her main regulator back but she continued to panic and she diver had commenced his ascent w ithout him. The Humber Coastguard received a call from Seahouses lifeboat other diver deploy ed a delay ed SMB to make the ascent but operations manager (LOM) that he had been made aware of a while he did so the buoy ant diver started a buoy ant ascent. The A diver conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 29m. They turned to make their return and w hen they trainee w as acting as the recipient of air she inadvertently put were about 10m from the shotline the diver w ho had had ear the instructor's regulator into her mouth upside-down. During trainee indicated that he w as dow n to 50 bar. Once deployed he started reeling in the line but they were not August 2009 09/246  ascending. When the the wreck. The Coastguard w as alerted and the diver w as monitored. Brixham Coastguard received a call from a dive boat w ith tw o divers onboard who had made a r apid ascent and missed stops and one of them was unwell.2009 . The troubled diver w as After checking that the trainee w as fit they continued the dive recovered into the boat and given fluids and placed on oxy gen. LOM had already called an ambulance but w as put in a medi. The instructor his ascent he planned to conduc t a 5 min decompression stop gave the trainee his alternative air source. He w as having difficulty two divers who had made a rapid ascent from 6m follow ing a maintaining depth and he started a gentle buoyant ascent which 40m dive.

He stopped the hyperbaric chamber at Dunstaffnage w as that the diver at 7m for about 1 min and then surfaced. Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting BSAC . Two divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 18m. the water had got medical advice for a diver w ho had missed stops. The Coastguard was transferred to Oban AWLB for transport to the chamber. was that he should be taken to hospital instead as he w as not showing any signs or symptoms of DCI.NDC Diving Incidents Report . the boat reported that they and the diver w as taken to hospital w here he w as placed on could now see the divers' SMB on the surface. September 2009 09/380  They made their first stop at 15m for 1 min. the diver was transferred into the care of Oban CRT and taken to the August 2009 09/298  hospital by ambulance. He displaying any signs or sy mptoms of DCI.2009 diver who had made the buoyant ascent was placed on oxygen. Medical advice from signalled to his buddy that he was going to ascend. One of the pair had a problem with his ears and the other diver came to assist. The divers were oxygen for 4 hours before being released. He tried to clear it but started to panic.2009 35 . He w as he reported that he had missed stops. They w ere met by Stromness CRT and an ambulance which transferred them to Stromness hy perbaric chamber for September 2009 09/375  assessment. but w as not into his mask. (Coastguard report). they were returning to shore w ith tw o divers w ho had missed stops. (Coastguard report). Within a When they reached shore divi ng medical advice w as sought couple of minutes of making the call. They deploy ed a delay ed SMB to make their ascent. recovered safe and well to the boat. Therefore. but alerted and the diver w as airlifted to a recompression facility further medical advice from a doctor at Lorne & Isles hospital where he received treatment. They became disorientated in low visibility. having had to make a longer decompression stop due to problems with their rebreathers. This September 2009 09/396  diver then lost control of her buoyancy and made a rapid ascent Shetland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat reporting to the surface missing stops. August 2009 09/260  A pair of divers conducted a w reck dive to a maximum depth of 28m. (Coastguard report). Once back in the boat should be taken there for assessment and monitoring. that they had two divers who were overdue to surface. While at this stop Clyde Coastguard received a request from a dive boat for one of the pair took water in through his nose. (Coastguard report).

She was using a hired semi-dry suit which was too tight became separated from the rest of her party . She tried. The dive leader gave this diver his main practised mask clearing and two of the divers experienced regulator and started to breathe from his octopus regulator. Further into the dive they practised deploying discovered that the diver w ho had run out of air had. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . Her May 2009 09/137  breathing rate rose and she qui ckly consumed her air. At the An instructor and three students w ere carrying out training drills surface the buddy inflated the distressed diver's BCD and called in a maximum depth of 10m. a delayed SMB. The distressed diver w as recovered into a boat SMB and she noticed another group of divers using a shotline. She called for valves and first stage snagged on the line. Once out of the water he recovered but surface missing a planned stop. The positioning of They follow ed a line underw ater and one of the divers' pillar her pony regulator made it hard for her to reach it.2009 Technique ascent. In the confusion his buddy. using one of the other divers' alternative air sources. During their ascent. A diver surfaced in a panic and w as assisted by her buddy and Without communicating this with his buddies he re-descended. Once in the boat it w as became detached. to untangle herself at the 6m stop. looking for the others she made a normal ascent to the surface where she was reunited with her group. one of the divers' mask strap surface. During this practice one depth of 35m. and brought ashore. During this ascent they made a 3 min stop at 6m. a second time the diver began to feel distressed and indicated that she wanted to ascend. When this happened help and was quickly recovered into the boat. She was placed on oxy gen and began to She swam away to avoid entangling them and in doing so recover. After a short time and she reported that she had felt exhausted underwater. who continued to feel sick. A boat came to her assistance and after some One of the others w ent after him and brought him back to 6m difficulty her weightbelt and equipment w ere removed. May 2009 09/134  August 2009 09/254  An instructor and tw o trainees w ere practising the use of Two divers were ascending from a w reck dive to a maximum alternative air sources in a depth of 6m. became tangled in the line. They had deploy ed a delay ed SMB. They recovered into the boat follow ed by her equipment. It is subsequent ill effects w ere reported. It is thought that the diver thought that over-weighting was the cause of the problem. June 2009 09/151  Three divers entered the water and dived to a depth of 18m. other divers. Her buddy stopped her from making a rapid ascent to October 2008  09/079  the surface and they conducted a 3 min stop at 6m. She w as where they remained until all their computers had cleared. June 2009 09/281  Three divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 30m. fins and legs w ere tangled in t he SMB line. While doing so one of the divers' alternative air entered the water with his pony regulator in his mouth rather than source started to free flow . He difficulty with their hoods being pull ed backwards as they tried to signalled the ascent and they made a normal ascent to the pull the strap over their heads. During the of the divers ingested some water. One of the students w as towing an for assistance. had set his computer incorrectly. At the surface he felt unw ell ascent one of the pair w as buoy ant and rose straight to the and he left the w ater. was carry ing the SMB reel. at a depth of 15m. They w ere unable to stop the free his main regulator. Their dive duration w as 8 min. by mistake.2009 . No recovered and was returned to her own boat with her buddy. She soon then conducted an extra 1 min at 6m and 1 min at 3m. They that he was out of air. November 2008 09/021  After about 4 min one of the divers signalled to the dive leader Two pairs of divers w ere engaged in a training dive. unassisted. one of the pair noticed May 2009 09/117  that his computer w as indicating the necessity for a stop at 23m. When she surfaced she had insufficient air to inflate her BCD and her A pair of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 18m. flow so they made a controlled ascent to the surface. She then started to make a buoy ant 36 ©BSAC .

The instructor inflated a delay ed SMB to act as a the primary regulator of one of the pair started to free flow . April 2009 09/321  An instructor and a trainee entered the w ater to practise ascents. After 30 min the alarm inflate her BCD. Her mask had indicated to the instructor that his 16kg w eightbelt was slipping partially steamed up. In this w ay the supply. The diver with the free flow continued to sink and the buddy pushed June 2009 09/150  him towards the top of the w reck to halt the descent. He managed to maintain was shut off. Both divers w ere safely recovered helped him when the weights were lost.2009 Equipment surface he inflated her BCD and she quickly recovered. They Three rebreather divers conducted a 58 min dive to a maximum stopped at a depth of 11m. but the free flow continued so the cy linder w as sw itched off. The weightbelt but did not succeed. They were exploring a w reck when one of the trainees was heavy. At 8m one of the cleaned manufacturing deposits off the glass. After 9 min buoyant lifts. sounded on his rebreather and the master handset failed. this contained nitrox 40 so he indicated to his buddy that he wished to use his alternative air source. prior to losing the w eight he w as a little over-w eighted and this this time it did not free flow . free flow could not be stopped and the diver switched to her She took the alternative air s ource of one of the trainees and octopus regulator and then to her pony regulator. They made themselves neutrally buoy ant and then September 2009 09/292  rose about 3m from the bottom. How ever the situation w as found and rectified before a problem could arise. The trainee had a new mask and had not Two divers descended to dive on a w reck. brought her to the surface using a controlled buoyant lift. pair developed a regulator free flow . She shotline w ith the buoy ant trainee using the shotline to control landed on her back and continued to panic. Their dive time was 5 min. The instructor took hold of her and trainee to hang onto it. The stand-by diver stayed with him. They October 2008  09/016  left the w ater safely. He bailed out onto a nitrox 32 cy linder and sent an emergency yellow signal buoy up his delayed SMB line. Subsequent examination did not reveal the cause of active state thus creating the potential for a subsequent user to the problems. The instructor led them back to the shotline and told the she began to panic. He reported that regulator back on again to enable the diver to inflate his BCD. He then tried to reposition the signalled for her to stop but she continued to panic. into the boat. The trainee then began to An instructor and tw o trainees descended a shotline to a depth struggle as it appeared that she had dumped too much air and of 15m. The water temperature was 6 deg C. They maximum depth of 15m to practise the use of an alternative air conducted a 38 min dive to a maximum depth of 20m. the slave also failed. Her buddy they made a safe ascent to the surface. They ascended using the buddy's gas way back to the shotline to make their ascent. They then started a controlled ascent. inadvertently fill a cy linder w ith a rich nitrox mixture instead of the intended air. At 15m the diver w ho had had the problems August 2009 09/242  switched to his pony regulator and they continued to the An operator filling a diving cy linder left an ox ygen supply in an surface. During the dive one of the three lost w eight from his alternative air source and t he air to the free flowing valve a pouch on his w eighting sy stem. At the BSAC . 2 hours source. The datum but her octopus regulator free flowed and would not stop. July 2009 09/230  January 2009 09/029  An instructor and two trainees conducted a training dive in a Two divers were engaged in a nitrox training course. He then fastened the weightbelt instructor was concerned that s he would slide over a ledge into to the shotline and they made a normal rate ascent up the deeper water and he pushed her aw ay from the edge. He managed to get difficult so he sw itched to his octopus regulator. Close to the surfac e the buddy turned the subject diver w as able to prevent a buoy ant ascent. March 2009 09/149  He made his w ay up to 6m for his final stop and when his A pair of divers commenced a dive to 32m. The buddy passed the other diver depth of 25m. turned her main cy linder off then on again. He then sw itched to his pony cylinder but on 100% oxygen.2009 37 . They moved to a nearby shotline July 2009 09/232  and made a controlled ascent to the surface. At this point its contents gauge read 30 bar. Later that day they di ved again to practise controlled later they dived again to a maximum depth of 20m. The instructor his ascent.NDC Diving Incidents Report . When turned back on the free flow continued so it contact with the w reck throughout the dive and they made their was turned off again. At the surface the A rebreather diver conducted a solo w reck dive to a maximum main cylinder was switched back on again to allow the diver to depth of 52m using a trimix diluent. she began finning quite hard. After about 10 min cylinder was nearly depleted an emergency cy linder w as one of the pair noticed that his breathing was starting to get lowered down to him and a diver follow ed. The diver's buddy attempted to stop the free flow but w as not successful. The instructor signalled her to stop but down. this did not his rebreather working again and he finished his decompression resolve the problem.

To find better visibility they recovered and they needed no further assistance. had been spear fishing for some c onsiderable time. They had spent longer than waited for the silt to clear but it didn't. Eventually the trainee was initially planned decompressing on the shotline. This wreck was known report). bubbles. July 2009 09/355  May 2009 09/338  Portland Coastguard received a report from Portland National Coastwatch Institution (NCI) of a lone diver w ho had drifted past Forth Coastguard received a 999 call reporting divers possibly in holding their SMB. S hortly afterw ards the divers and one of his fins had become trapped. clothes and food and drink. The diver was advised to let the beach office know next time he w as in the water. distress. It seems that they had been visible in the vicinity . Red Bay ILB and Ballycastle CRT were tasked to Holyhead Coastguard received a call reporting a dive boat who make a thorough search of the area. With no diver having been reported as overdue or missing. The trainee suddenly stopped and May 2009 09/124  signalled that he could not move. (RNLI report). the boat w as observed returning to the beach. January 2009  09/402  Two lifeboats launched to locate missing diver(s). the lifeguards reported that they Solent Coastguard received a call reporting discovery on the had swum out to the divers on their rescue board and shore of an SMB.2009 . the dive boats w ere not displaying flag alpha. The boat found the SMB and it turned out that it belonged to a free-diver who was okay. but no diver in distress w as was over an hour overdue. it was considered that it w as a just a stray SMB. (Coastguard report). (Coastguard able unclip his fin and pull his leg free. and with no sign of any dive boat in the area. They moved to a harbour report). (Coastguard report). reporting July 2009 09/323  another dive boat near it that seemed to be having difficulty in An instructor and a trainee dived to a w reck in a depth of 17m. May 2009 09/341  Belfast Coastguard received a 999 call reporting a diver firing April 2009 09/330  distress flares. in the area w as asked to see if they could see any diver's (Coastguard report). to have fishing line tangled inside it and the divers had been warned not to go inside. As they swam over this wreck visibility was again reduced by silt. Torbay AWLB & Coastguard July 2009 09/352  was tasked to investigate the report. How ever. (Coastguard report). Additionally. Communications were eventually established Other divers swam past them and kicked up slit w hich with the dive boat. A boat They left the area to return to shore sometime shortly afterwards. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). difficulty offshore. who reported that the diver had been dramatically reduced the visibility . a false May 2009 09/412  alert with good intent. False alarm. (Coastguard & RNLI reports). The instructor checked and The Coastguard was alerted when two divers were about 10 min found that the trainee's legs had dropped into a hole in the wreck overdue from a dive to 27m. The reporting that they had found a diver's SMB w ith the line fray ed. that a diver had surfaced but had seemed not to notice it. July 2009 09/428  Two lifeboats launched to assist dive boat. Brixham Coastguard received a call reporting a diver in difficulties while on a shore dive. The instructor checked surfaced safely and the emergency services w ere stood dow n. but the divers w ere confirmed safe and w ell by 38 ©BSAC . the call. The trainee struggled to stay down with buoyancy problems and only May 2009 09/334  one fin. (Coastguard followed a line to another close by wreck. the trainee's air and then tried to free him but he could not. They surfaced safely. (RNLI report). The rig standby vessel launched its rescue craft to Brixham Coastguard received a call from Devon & Cornw all speak to the boats about correct procedures for diving in the police that they'd had a report of an SMB on the surface. recovering a diver.2009 Miscellaneous another dive team. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . w ith no diver ascertained that they w ere okay . (Coastguard report). The local beach office w as requested to raising their arms to let air out of their dry suits. Solent Coastguard received a 999 call from the lifeguards reporting tw o divers possibly in difficulty on the surface. Newhaven CRT and AWLB w ere tasked to investigate but as April 2009 09/331  they were preparing to proceed. (Coastguard & investigate and they found the items belonged to a diver who RNLI reports). Lifeboat launched to assist divers. He Their dive duration w as 73 min. Ey emouth CRT and ALB w ere tasked to Portland Bill Coastguard rescue team w ent to the NCI to investigate. May 2009 09/333  Portland Coastguard received a call from a dive boat. How ever approximately 20 min after located. May 2009 09/337  Yarmouth Coastguard received a call about two dive boats diving within the exclusion zone around an offshore gas production April 2009 09/329  platform. wall and used this to make their ascent to the surface. and area. June 2009 09/342  (Coastguard report). (RNLI report). It transpired that the boat had radio problems and w as making a slower than expected passage back from the dive site. Coastguard rescue team spoke to him to confirm he did not need The boat made a search of the area and found no diver/s in any assistance. a subsequent Portland Coastguard received a call from a local w ork boat call advised that the diver had been seen to exit the water.

They were Portland Coastguard received a call from a boat reporting that recovered by another boat and taken back to their own boat. While the caller w as watching the diver was recovered into the nearby boat. He had become inverted in helped him to recover. w ere well equipped Forth Coastguard received a 999 call from someone ashore and were aware of the tides in the area. (Coastguard report). and Forth Coastguard received a 999 call reporting a lone diver they were able to confirm that the SMB belonged to a snorkeller spotted from the shore to be drifting. July 2009 09/236  September 2009 09/377  The emergency services w ere alerted w hen a member of the public spotted an empty boat offshore. (Media report). False alarm with good intent. The dive party lifeboat arrived to assist. it hadn't moved so they were concerned that there may be a diver August 2009 09/371  in trouble. False September 2009 09/398  alarm. urgency broadcast proceeded to assist. ILB and another dive boat responding to an flag Alpha. They brought him ashore and propulsion vehicle for the first ti me. and they w ere just July 2009 09/357  whistling to get the boat's attenti on to their position. A lifeboat w as tasked to Brixham Coastguard received a 999 call from someone onshore investigate and w hen it arrived on the scene the owner of the reporting two divers in the w ater whistling for help.2009 39 . before they arrived it was reported that the divers w ere from a boat w ho was recovering some of their other divers. equipment. He had ditched all his diving vehicle and trailer. he had been diving alone and was not displaying CRT. but could find no divers in the area and there had been no reports of any one missing. A and the trailer and boat jack-knifed behind it. (Coastguard report). but by the time they arrived it w as reported that the diver had exited the water and rejoined their buddy. nearby. The diver recovered and refused assisted the driver to get out of the vehicle and into the boat that further treatment. Brixham Coastguard received a call from someone ashore reporting they had been w atching an SMB for some time. Weymouth ILB w as tasked to investigate. Torbay CRT w ere sent to meet w ith the caller. were tasked to investigate. informant called back to report that the diver w as now closer to   the shore and indicating to someone there that he was alright. in apparent difficulty .2009 investigate. August 2009 09/439  Lifeboat launched to investigate abandoned dive boat. He had been diving alone using a diver they had been try ing to launch. An RHIB was returning to harbour from a dive w hen they spotted a diver in the w ater. It transpired September 2009 09/373  that the individuals had been snorkelling. September 2009 09/294  (Coastguard report). Berry Head boat surfaced. but before they could proceed the (Coastguard report). w ith no sign of any diver. they had found a diver's SMB. (Coastguard report). The Coastguard w as contacted but was boat and trailer dow n a slipway. close to the harbour. The ILB found the SMB. (RNLI report). The Coastguard team and lifeboat continued to the scene to confirm that everyone was accounted for. BSAC . Because of nearby rocks the boat could not get close to the diver August 2009 09/259  so a diver from the boat sw am to the troubled diver and towed A diving party was participating in a boat handling course when a him to the boat. The vehicle sank into the water already aware of the problem having been alerted by others. w ith a dive boat intent. The rescuing divers subsequently recovered his lost equipment for him. How ever. They then recovered the partially sunken his drysuit and exhausted himself. (Coastguard report). Ey emouth AWLB & CRT who had tied it to a crab pot and gone off snorkelling. The diver w as recovered into the boat and member of the public lost control of a vehicle w hilst backing a placed on oxy gen. False alert with good reporting he could see a diver calli ng for help.NDC Diving Incidents Report . Torbay AWLB.

On the last day he dived to 16m for 33 min the arms and legs but these sy mptoms w ere relieved by after a surface interval of 23 hours. He went to hospital and a minor air embolism was diagnosed. He w as placed on oxy gen and taken to hospital from sensation over the w hole body . The diver had felt cold before entering the water for the last dive and there was a slight current. know ing help much.2009 Overseas Incidents coronary artery causing a blockage.2009 . his dive duration w as 33 min. 2 needles' in her foot. On pain. September 2009 09/311  Two divers conducted a 29 min dive to a maximum depth of 20m w ith a 5 min safety stop at 5m. he dumped air from his BCD and this made him heavy. his dive duration was 36 min. PFO and it w as thought that a bubble had shunted into her 40 ©BSAC . he breathed oxy gen for 10 min and hospital and later that evening he was taken to a recompression took indigestion tablets. towards the shore. at a depth of 10m. The diver was transferred to a recompression chamber last dive he conducted a 3 min safety stop at 5m. 21 hours later. she began to hyperventilate Their deepest depth w as 46m. 4 hours 6 min later they January 2009 09/032  dived again to 20m for 39 min w ith a 5 min safety stop at 5m. Diving medical he was released the following day. November 2008 09/026  The follow ing day the diver developed a headache and chest A diver conducted a series of dives over a number of days. During this stop the diver felt that she could BCD and used his ow n buoyancy to bring them to the surface. They regrouped at the surface and sw am safely to the shore. She coughed up pink froth. Afterw ards he reported that he breathing was shallow and 'gurgling' and the oxy gen did not remembered feeling semiconscious during the dive. mid-water. back two sessions of recompression therapy. Her not find the inflator and he noticed that the troubled diver w as computer malfunctioned w hile she w as underw ater so she pulling on his BCD dump and he pushed the rescuing diver stayed close to the dive leader. Three days later he took a flight home facility for treatment. He put air into his BCD to stop the descent but over compensated and made a buoy ant ascent to the surface. After 2 min she troubled diver managed to inflate his ow n jacket and they were surfaced. Once on the surface the and was unable to control her breathing. 1 hour 33 min later the diver dived again to 19m for a duration of 56 min. The following day. He w as taken to experienced chest pains. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . not get enough air into her lungs. The other Illness / Injury diver made a normal ascent to the surface. who had seen this going on noticed that the troubled diver and Medical advice was sought and the diver w as given his buddy w ere sinking dow n the reef. The March 2009 09/127  rescuing diver tried to inflate the troubled diver's BCD but could A diver conducted a dive to a maximum depth of 29m. one of the pair noticed a diver in another pair in apparent symptoms and he w as placed on oxy gen and after 20 min the difficulties. He had been diving for a total of He w as subsequently given ear drops and antibiotics and he three day s. the diver who had made the rapid March 2009 09/128  ascent developed 'pins and needles' in his right arm and a dull A pair of divers w ere conducting a dive on a reef. The diver sank down to 15m. The following day the symptoms had cleared. The The follow ing day one of the pair complained of 'pins and following day . During the ascent from this oxygen. Subsequent investigat ions revealed that she had a experienced. She w as taken to that he was in trouble but unable to w ork out w hat to do to hospital where a pulmonary oedema and heart attack w ere resolve the problem. got into the boat and asked for oxy gen. 5 min later afternoon. it is thought that these factors may have contributed. During the final ascent they away. He recompression treatment which resolved his symptoms. The treatment resolved his symptoms and during which he developed chest pai ns again. During the pain in his right shoulder. He then appeared to lose consciousness. Some time after surfacing he the pain developed to include his elbow . advice was sought. Diving m edical advice was sought and the hours 41 min later he dived to 20m. found that the troubled diver still had 70 bar in his cy linder but he seemed fixated on his computer and w ould not respond to signals. Decompression Illness June 2009 09/154  October 2008  09/017  A diver completed his third dive of the day . The diver needles' had gone but the pain in his shoulder remained. The dive r developed 'pins and needles' in 12m for 40 min. July 2009 09/175  A diver conducted a 53 min dive to a depth of 18m. All sy mptoms w ere fully where he w as moved to a r ecompression facility for treatment resolved by recompression treatment. During this sw im the diver became too buoyant. Diving medical advice w as sought and the diver w as the penultimate day he dived to 16m for 42 min then later to placed on oxy gen. he w ent to assist. A diver conducted a 31 min dive to a depth of 17m. On the fifth day he dived to his left shoulder. Once back but the oxy gen ran out before they got there and the diver on land the diver felt dizzy and had 'pins and needles' in his experienced a return of the sy mptoms together w ith an itching hands. No subsequent ill effects were diagnosed. At the end of this dive he made a faster than normal he was placed on oxygen and he was given fluids. for DCI. The rescuing diver then took hold of the troubled diver's made a stop at 3m. T he diver appeared to have no other dive. Her recovered from the water. About 10 min after surfacing he noticed a pain in missed the next four days diving. He was not concerned as this w as the site of 36m for 40 min in the morning and to 35m for 38 min in the a previous shoulder injury that often gave him pain. 10 min later ascent from 11m to 6m. After a further 30 min the 'pins and he would not take his buddy 's alternative air source. 22m with a 3 min stop at 5m. This diver was signalling 'out of air' to his buddy but 'pins and needles' reduced. a 37 min dive to During a 46 min dive to 24m a diver experienced ear problems. At the end of this dive the diver was taken to a r ecompression facility where she r eceived diver and his buddy swam. he dived to 20m for 43 min.

The troubled diver began to panic and bolted for the was conducted and one of the divers added some w eight to his surface. at a depth of 18m. w ho was extra weight did not seem comfortable. His sy mptoms He w as sick at the surface and again in the boat. sinus over his left brow . She was decompression cylinder and a water container. A buoyancy check help. His buddy surfaced shortly afterw ards. During the adverse effects were identified. He w orried that his breathing rate very dizzy and developed double vision. 35m. The emergency services w ere alerted and the boat returned to shore. It is placed on oxy gen and monitored for sy mptoms of DCI. His buddy replaced the regulator and brought him to the surface. one of the group was seriously affected by nitrogen narcosis and he became unresponsive. Technique The troubled diver was conscious but not fully aw are. The diver sought A trainee diver conducted a dive and. This mask w as of a much larger Boating and Surface volume and during the ascent the trainee w as unable to clear the mask properly .2009 41 . He lay down and was too high. aborted the dive. 16m for 20 min. The distressed diver w as mask was flooding and he did not seem to be able to clear it. he entered the water for a second dive. She suffered mask squeeze and the instructor. He was advised not to fly or dive from a depth of 4m w hen he developed a sharp pain in the for a period of five days. Both divers w ere taken to hospital. he coughed some blood and lost the regulator from his mouth. June 2009 09/177  A trainee diver and an instructor conducted a dive to a depth of 20m. at a depth of 34m. He reported that he had not seen a trigger fish on the seabed which had caused his injury. he became frustrated that he couldn't 6m. He w as taken to hospital water. breathing heavily and showed signs of anxiety . and placed on oxy gen for 6 hours. He appeared nervous so a slow pace was adopted. He ascended to 3m and tried again but could not clear the ear. Once out of the w ater the trainee w as A diver was attempting to attach the painter of an RHIB to a found to have sinus pain and a bloodshot left ey e. Their dive February 2009 09/039  duration was 7 min. He descended to 6m but was unable to clear his left ear at this depth. He made a rapid belt. 6 min into the dive. September 2009 09/291  March 2009 09/085  A trainee experienced problems clearing his ears during a Two divers entered the water and descended a shotline. 2 hours 28 min later he dived to 25m for 38 min w ith a 3 control his buoyancy as well as he w anted to and he struggled min stop at 6m. after a surface interval of medical attention and was advised to cease diving. Later that day he w as w alking w hen he felt to cope with a slight current. The divers descended and the diver w ho had had the ascent to the surface taking w ith him the third diver. the troubled diver stopped responding to signals. the buddy was January 2009 09/028  declared fit immediately. The group ascended to 2m and the trainee indicated BSAC . The awkwardly. He was resolved and he w as released later the follow ing day . at a depth of about 10m. He w as w earing a dry suit and a lifejacket. His face mask w as shattered by the A group of divers conducted a dive to a maximum depth of incident and he received a cut to his eyelid. The diver w as assessed by a doctor and no controlled buoyant lift to bring them to the surface. The lifejacket automatically inflated and he August 2009 09/283  was recovered into the boat. First aid was given on site. In doing so he lost his regulator. release his leg and as his leg became free a sw ell hit the boat. 3 hours later he made a second dive and w as given a September 2009 09/290  larger cy linder and briefed on buoyancy control and relaxing. the troubled diver was discharged after A new ly qualified diver on holiday conducted his first dive to 2 hours on oxygen. His buddy and the dive leader took him to the surface. His buddy started to lift the troubled diver using September 2009 09/271  a controlled buoyant lift and a third member of the party came to Two divers entered the water from an RHIB. unable to assist her. conducted but nothing untoward w as found. He w as sw imming trying to replace his regulator and to slow the ascent. he started to hy per-ventilate and he took in some diving medical advice was sought. No subsequent adverse effects A diver was recovered from the w ater with a head injury which were experienced. Once again he was unable to March 2009 09/084  clear his ears and the dive w as aborted. During the A diver completed a 37 min dive to 30m w ith a 3 min stop at dive. His buddy tried to help but the troubled diver indicated that he The troubled diver show ed no signs of DCI but he w as placed wanted to ascend.2009 that he wished to descend again. he lost balance and fell overboard. On surfacing the pain eased. Ascents August 2009 09/287  A diver entered the water from a jetty which was 2m above the water surface. The trainee had broken her own mask and dived with one loaned by another diver. They were recovered into the boat. At the descent. He pulled to prescribed pain killers. Both her buoy marking a w reck. He September 2009 09/293  left the water. His foot became trapped betw een a eyes quickly puffed up and she w as taken to hospital. Contrary to instructions he looked down as he November 2008 09/034  completed a stride entry . Once thought that dehydration rather than DCI was the cause. Later he sought medical attention and a bruised A trainee w as taking part in a controlled buoy ant lift practice left eardrum was diagnosed.NDC Diving Incidents Report . still panicking and others helped to remove him from the w ater. His buddy took hold of him and used a on oxygen. was bleeding. He sought medical attention. Various tests were His weightbelt was ditched and he w as assisted from the water. 2 hours. During this dive his air consumption w as very high. ashore he was seen by a doctor but no ill effects were found. ascent.

on his ow n. at a depth of 23m they prepared to the water it w as discovered that the inflator hose on the diver's enter into the wreck. as the third diver entered the wreck one of the allowing the air to escape. At the surface.2009 bottom. His buddy May 2009 09/132  tried too but failed. Despite this he w as able to make a normal ascent junction with the regulator first stage. All three w ere safely recovered from the water and the trainee made a sw ift recovery. As they started the ascent the other diver noticed that his September 2009 09/288  equipment w as pulling to the right and he discovered that a A diver was preparing for a dive. The first diver lost sight of the troubled diver so he flow by breathing from this regulator. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report . The instructor gave the trainee his ow n after confirmation he re-descended. weight pouches on his integrated w eighting system caught on the wreck and the w eights dropped aw ay. the first diver looked back to see his buddy some w ay up the line. He rose up until he was stopped by the roof of the section of w reck that he was February 2009 09/040  entering. regulator was checked but no fault was found. They descended into the hold to a to check his weights prior to the dive as another diver had lost a depth of 20m. February 2009 09/041  Miscellaneous A pair of divers descended to a maximum depth of 25m on a wreck. The other trainee followed them to the surface. and joined other returned to his own primary regulator and brought the trainee to divers from the party . May 2009 09/303  A dive group experienced a series of 'O' ring failures. The ascended and the diver then made his way back to the surface. at a depth of 16m using nitrox 36. A current carried them aw ay from the w reck and they decided to abort the dive. The second and the trainee's air supply began to fail. at brittle. During the dive. and to hyperventilate. He tried both direct feed and oral methods to inflate his BCD but without success. At this point they became alternative air source and attempted to stop the trainee's free separated. He w as able to make An instructor and two trainees descended a shotline to a w reck his way to a shotline and he used this to make a normal ascent. the end of the dive. The first diver signalled the An instructor and a trainee were ascending from a dive to 26m second but got no reply so he re-ascended 7m w here he found and. The instructor took hold of the trainee and brought him to the surface us ing a controlled buoy ant lift. The buddy w as delay ed by March 2009 09/083  problems w ith clearing his ears. A new supply of 'O' rings was obtained and fitted. During his air checks the high weight had fallen from the left side of his integrated weight pressure hose to his cylinder pressure gauge split close to the system. The w eights had landed on a ledge just below depth of 25m. This diver had been careful deck to a large open hold. Examination revealed that the 'O' rings October 2008 09/078  were smaller than they should have been and had become Two divers conducted a 35 min dive to 13m. During the dive. Their dive duration that he had lost his buddy. They proceeded along the including a 3 min safety stop at 6m. The instructor diver descended. Once out of of 35m. However. off the line. they indicated that the buddy had was 21 min. including a 3 min safety stop at 6m. After a w hile he indicated to these divers the surface using a controlled buoy ant lift. No subsequent ill effects w ere experienced. again. The first diver delayed SMB. This w as unsuccessful made an ascent to the surface and left the w ater. Two divers moved in expecting the third to BCD had become detached from the bag of the BCD thus follow. His buddies realised that there w as a problem and Two divers conducted a training dive on a w reck to a maximum returned to help. 42 ©BSAC . at a depth of 12m.2009 . At this point one of the trainees started to panic weight from a similar weight system earlier that day. ty pically Equipment they occurred about 10 min into the dive and in each case the buddy provided his alternative air source to bring the affected diver to the surface. one of the pair moved into a horizontal position and both w eights fell from the August 2009 09/286  pouches of his integrated w eight system. His regulator began to free flow and he started indicated that the troubled dive r should hold on to the line and to sink back down. The diver held onto the SMB to provide Three divers conducted a dive on a w reck to a maximum depth buoyancy and they were recovered into the boat. The dive then proceeded as planned. They completed a controlled buoyant lift practice the diver and the others recovered them and assisted the diver to 6m and then re-descended to 20m to try to reach the w reck to refit them. One of the divers deployed a delayed SMB. at a depth of 22m. one of the pair experienced difficulty maintaining positive buoy ancy. at a depth of 16m. the trainee attempted to deploy a the other diver off the line trying to clear his ears.

Incident Report Forms can be obtained free of charge from the BSAC Internet website http://www. Telford's Quay.Non-BSAC Members 8 20 4 29 52 47 52 94 55 74 72 65 50 61 65 29 UK Incident . All personal details are treated as confidential.bsac.Membership Unknown 213 178 175 219 217 182 219 217 211 130 197 216 181 168 165 232 UK Incident Report Source Analysis C oastgu ard BSAC Reports RNLI Ot her N ewspa per 220 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 Total Reports: 500 Total Incidents: 381 BSAC .NDC Diving Incidents Report .2009 INCIDENT REPORTS If you would like to add to. For new incidents please complete a BSAC incident report form and send it to BSAC HQ at the address shown above. CH65 4FL.com/incidents or by phoning BSAC HQ on 0151 350 6200 Numerical & Statistical Analyses Statistical Summary of Incidents 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Incidents Reported 385 351 315 397 452 397 439 465 453 409 498 499 437 401 416 453 Incidents Analysed 385 351 315 370 431 382 417 458 432 392 445 474 418 377 381 409 UK Incidents 322 318 295 349 404 357 384 433 414 366 423 441 379 349 359 381 Overseas Incidents 9 33 20 21 27 25 33 25 18 26 22 33 39 28 22 28 Unknown Locations 54 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 UK Incident .BSAC Members 164 157 136 101 135 128 113 122 149 162 154 160 148 120 129 120 UK Incident . South Pier Road. Ellesmere Port.2009 43 . Cheshire. The British Sub-Aqua Club. correct or place a different inte rpretation upon any of the incident s in this report please put y our comments in writing and send them to the following address: The Incidents Advisor.

898 0 4 1972 17. ` NDC Diving Incidents Report .2009 .041 10 31 1973 19.682 8 9 2000 41.857 7 5 2008 34.900 6 7 1981 27.350 1 6 1968 9.950 8 5 1985 34.510 8 4 1979 30.712 6 16 1999 46.150 3 11 1975 23.422 4 12 2007 34.960 4 10 2003 38.861 8 6 1986 34.505 6 6 1995 52.721 4 4 1971 14.241 2 1 1969 11.790 7 7 44 ©BSAC .2009 History of UK Diving Fatalities Number of Fatalities Year Membership BSAC Non-BSAC 1965 6.590 6 3 1983 32.579 5 8 1980 24.342 3 - 1978 27.500 6 2 1988 32.960 10 6 1989 34.185 5 12 2006 35.920 7 9 1997 48.722 3 6 1994 50.813 3 - 1966 7.272 9 13 2002 39.299 2 8 1970 13.204 2 - 1976 25.422 4 8 1990 36.153 6 19 2005 37.434 3 6 1991 43.979 1 4 1967 8.310 4 - 1977 25.692 6 11 2001 41.210 6 9 1987 34.475 8 9 1992 45.364 9 9 1996 48.834 5 7 1982 29.626 9 8 1993 50.340 5 6 2004 37.412 4 12 1998 46.177 7 2 1984 32.332 9 20 1974 22.325 6 4 2009 32.

UK) DSC Digital selective calling (emergency radio signal) ECG Electrocardiogram EPIRB Emergency position indicating radiobeacon FAWGI False alarm with good intent FRS Fire and rescue service GPS Global positioning system Helo Helicopter HLS Helicopter landing site HMCG Her Majesty’s Coastguard ILB Inshore lifeboat INM Institute of Naval Medicine IV Intravenous LB Lifeboat MCA Maritime & Coastguard Agency m Metre min Minute(s) MRSC Marine rescue sub centre PFO Patent foramen ovale POB Persons on board QAH Queen Alexandra Hospital (Portsmouth.2009 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS AND PREVIOUS INCIDENT REPORTS A&E Accident and emergency department at hospital AED Automated External Defibrillator ARI Aberdeen Royal Infirmary (Scotland. stab jacket) CAGE Cerebral arterial gas embolism CG Coastguard CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CRT Coastguard rescue team DCI Decompression illness DDRC Diving Diseases Research Centre (Plymouth. UK) RAF Royal Air Force RHIB Rigid hull inflatable boat RN Royal Navy RNLI Royal National Lifeboat Institution ROV Remotely operated vehicle SAR Search and rescue SMB Surface marker buoy 999 UK emergency phone number BSAC . UK) AV Artificial ventilation AWLB All weather lifeboat BCD Buoyancy compensation device (e.2009 45 .g.NDC Diving Incidents Report .