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Holy Angel University

Angeles City
College of Nursing

of the Department Of Health of the
Republic of the Philippines

Submitted by:
Alambra, Carlo Raphael R.
Angeles, Jocelyn Lois
Chua, Mark Renelle

Submitted to:
Mr. Gideon B. Moral, RN, MAeD, MAN

Date Submitted:
July 23, 2010

What are the types of diabetes? Type 1 – Insulin dependent diabetes It results from the body's failure to produce insulin. a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly. A healthy lifestyle includes many different aspects of your life. Sufferers require a lifetime of insulin injection for survival since their pancreas cannot produce insulin. Eating a healthy diet is essential to helping your body to perform its normal tasks as naturally as possible. Although diabetes mellitus is a controllable disease. . which allows your muscles to assist your internal organs in performing their tasks. sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. which became the leading cause of 9th leading cause of death in 1995 and 5th in 1998. Type 2 – Non-insulin dependent diabetes It results from insulin resistance. by the Oversight Committee for Diabetes Program in 1998. The National Diabetes Prevention and Control Program was a master plan formulated by the National Diabetes Commission and later. or learning how to deal with stress in a healthy manner. helps your brain and nervous system to work with other parts of your body to perform the tasks needed to sustain life. Develops during childhood or adolescence and affects about 10% of all diabetic patients. The program aims to decrease the cases and deaths from diabetes mellitus. Avoiding stress. the combination of diabetes and other risk factors decreases your chance of living a normal life span. The single most important step you can take in the prevention of diabetes is to live a healthy lifestyle. A regular exercise routine is essential to maintaining a healthy weight and in keeping your muscles toned. It is very important that you take steps before you are diagnosed with diabetes to prevent its onset or to delay the onset as long as possible.

experience excessive thirst and unexplained weight loss. o Do not skip or delay meals. Exercise o Regular exercise is an important part of diabetes control. Who are at risk of diabetes? • children of diabetics • obese people • people with hypertension • people with high cholesterol levels • people with sedentary lifestyles What can you do to control your blood sugar? 1. o Eat more fiber-rich foods like vegetables. you should see your doctor right away for proper guidance and treatment. • If you have fasting plasma glucose level of not more than 126mg/dl. cereals and fresh fruits. o Cut down on salt. pasta. • If you have any these symptoms. It causes fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Diet Therapy Avoid simple sugars like cakes and chocolates.How will you know if you are a diabetic? • If you urinate frequently. especially if you are overweight or hypertensive. 2. Instead have complex carbohydrated like rice. o Improves cardiovascular fitness . • If your casual blood sugar (plasma glucose) level is higher than 200mg/dl. Dietary guidelines recommend no more than two drinks for men and no more than one drink per day for women. o Avoid alcohol.

Gliclazide. Remember . o It lowers your blood sugar o It improves your lipid profile o It improves your blood pressure control 4. Repaglinide  Biguanide – Metformin  Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors – Acarbose  Thiazolidindione – Troglitazone. o Smoking is harmful to your health. Maintain a normal blood pressure. depending on which is appropriate for you. Your doctor can prescribe one or two agent. Quit smoking. o If there is no improvement in blood sugar what advice can I expect my doctor to give? o There are drug therapies using oral hypoglycemic agents. o Since having hypertension puts a person at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Glimepiride. 5. especially if it is associated with diabetes. o Helps insulin to work better and lower blood sugar o Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels o Reduces body fat and controls body weight Exercise at least 3 time a week for at least 30 minutes each session. 3. See your doctor for advice and management. Proglitazone. start weight reduction by diet and exercise.  Sulfonylurea – Glibenclamide. reliable BP monitoring and control is recommended. Rosiglitazone. Always carry quick sugar sources like candy or soft drink to avoid hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) during and after exercise. This improves your cardiovascular risk profile. Control your weight o If you are overweight or obese. Glipizide.

If you have the classic symptoms of diabetes: o See your doctor for blood sugar testing o Start dieting o eat plenty of vegetables o avoid sweets such as chocolates and cakes o cut down on fatty foods o Exercise regularly o If you are obese. consult your doctor for advice and management . try to lose some weight o Avoid alcohol drinking and stop smoking o If you are hypertensive.