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Forty Narrations

Islamic Center of Central Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

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In the version of Abu al-Darda. This document is also a compilation of forty narrations of the prophet. and Shah Wali Allah ad-Dehlavi compiled forty narrations of the prophet. Ibn al-Mubarak. it reads On the Day of Judgment I shall be an intercessor and a witness for him and in the version of Ibn Mas'ud. chosen for the sake of their brevity. said Whosoever memorises and preserves for my community forty hadith concerning matters of this religion. 1 . it reads It will be said to him: Enter the Garden (paradise) by whichever gate you wish. al-Daraqutni. may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. The was the reason why many of the classical scholars of Islam including an-Nawawi. al-Baihaqi. may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Introduction It was reported in a weak narration that the Prophet. conciseness and relevance to every day life. Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Judgment as a jurist and religious scholar. al-Hakim. al-Nasai. may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

2 . 3 ‫الدال& على الخير" كفاعله‬ The one who guides to a good deed is just like the one who does the good deed (in reward). 4 (‫وا النار ولو بشق تمرة‬-‫اتق‬ Protect yourself from the fire. even if by a small part of a date. 2 ‫المستشار مؤتمن‬ The one who is consulted is under trust. 1 ‫العمال بالنية‬ Actions are (judged) by intentions.

8 ‫ما قل و كفى خير مما كثر و ألهى‬ What is little (in provisions) and sufficient is better than what is abundant but distracting. 6 5‫ن أن يهجر أخاه فوق ثلثة أيام‬5 ‫ل يحل& لمؤم‬ It is not lawful for a believer to abandon his brother for more than three days. 3 . 5 "‫ الكافر‬-‫الد&نيا سجن المؤمن" و جنة‬ This world is a prison for a believer and paradise for an unbeliever. 7 ‫ن غشنا‬D‫ليس منا م‬ The one who cheats us is not from among us. 9 ‫الراجع في هبته كالراجع" في قيئه‬ The one who takes back his gift is like the one who takes back his vomit.

10 "‫ل بالمنطق‬N‫البلء موك‬ Afflictions are a result of (excessive. 11 "‫الغنى غنى النفس‬ The rich is the one whose soul is rich. uncontrolled) speech. 4 . 12 ‫عظ بغير"ه‬D‫السعيد من ؤ‬ The blissful one is the one who takes lessons from (the actions of) others. 13 ‫المرء مع من أحب‬ A person will be with whom he loves (in the afterlife).

14 ‫ما هلك امرؤ عرف قدره‬ Never was a person ruined who knew his worth. 15 ‫ر الناس‬-‫ يشك‬N‫ر ال من ل‬-‫ل يشك‬ The one who does not thank people does not thank Allah. treat him with graciousness. 17 ‫ فأكر"موه‬5‫م كر"يم قوم‬-‫إ"ذا جاءك‬ If the nobleman of a people comes to you. 5 . 18 ‫ تدع الديار البلقع‬-‫اليمين الفاجرة‬ The wicked (false) oath causes ruined homes. 16 ‫ل ذنب له‬ N ‫تائب من الذنب كمن‬N‫ال‬ The repentant from sin is like the one who had no sin.

bless my nation when they rise early on Thursdays. 20 ‫سيد القوم" خادمهم‬ The leader of a nation is their servant. 6 . he is a martyr. 23 ‫خير الزاد التقوى‬ The best provision is God-conciousness (taqwa). 21 ‫ها‬-‫مور" أوسط‬-‫خير ال‬ The best of matters is that which is moderate (of neither extremes). 22 "‫ور"ها يوم الخميس‬-‫متي في بك‬-‫هم بار"ك في أ‬d‫الل‬ O Allah. 19 ‫تل دون ماله فهو شه"يد‬-‫من ق‬ Whoever is killed defending his wealth.

and the smaller group to the larger group. 7 . 26 ‫ والقليل على‬،‫ والمار& على القاعد‬،"‫م" الصغي على الكبي‬k‫ليسل‬ ‫الكثي‬ The young (must) give the (greetings of) salaam to the elders. 28 "‫ ال ف سخط الوالدين‬-‫ وسخط‬،"‫ر"ضى ال ف ر"ضى الوالدين‬ The pleasing of Allah is in the pleasing of the parents and the anger of Allah is in the anger of the parents. 24 ‫المجالس بالمانة‬ Meetings are under trust. and the ones walking to the ones sitting. 27 ‫ل يدخل الجنة قاطع‬ The one who cuts off (relations) will not enter paradise. 25 "‫استعينوا على الحوائج" بالكتمن‬ Fulfill your needs discreetly.

8 . 30 ‫س يحبك الناس‬ " ‫ و ازهد فيما عند النا‬،-‫ازهد ف الد&نيا يحبك ال‬ Abstain from the (material) world. the people will love you. 32 "‫وبى لمن شغله عيبه عن عيوب الناس‬-‫ط‬ Glad tidings to the one who is busy with his own faults over the faults of the people. 31 ‫ه ما ل يعنيه‬-‫من حسن" إ"سلم" المرء ترك‬ From the beauty of a person's Islam is his leaving off what does not concern him. 29 ‫ة‬p ‫ل& معرف( صدق‬-‫ك‬ Every good (action) is a charity. Allah will love you and abstain from the possessions of people.

34 ‫ن أكذب الحديث‬N‫ فإ"ن الظ‬،‫ن‬N‫م والظ‬-‫إ"ياك‬ Beware of suspicion for verily it is the most false of speech. 36 "‫ق‬-‫أكثر ما يدخل الجنة تقوى ال و حسن الخل‬ The most that enters into paradise is God-conciousness (taqwa) and beauty of character. 33 "‫ من الشيطان‬-‫العجلة‬ Hastiness is from Satan. 36 ‫الحياء من ال"يان‬ Modesty is from faith. 35 "‫هه ف الدين‬k‫ يفق‬w‫ به خيرا‬-‫من ير"د ال‬ Whoever Allah wills good for is given understanding (and knowledge) of religion. 9 .

and vice is what troubles your consciousness and what you hate for people to see. 40 ‫ وقليل فاعله‬،p‫الصمت ح(كمة‬ Silence is wisdom. And few are the ones that practice it. 39 ‫لع‬N‫ وكر"هت أن يط‬،‫ وال"ثم ما حاك ف صدر"ك‬،"‫ق‬-‫البر& حسن الخل‬ ‫عليه الناس‬ Virtue is good character. 10 . 38 ‫ عن وجه"ه النار يوم القيامة‬-‫ عن عرض" أخيه بالغيب رد ال‬D‫من رد‬ Whoever protects the honor of his brother (by not disclosing his sin). Allah will protect his face from the fire on the day of judgement.

This book is available in translation from Turath Publishing. Chains of Narrations Hadith 1 to 25 have been narrated by Shah Wali Allah Dehlavi in his book “Al-Arba'in”. The chain of narration for these ahadith is as follows: Wali Allah said: Abu Tahir Al Madani said to me directly from his father ash-Shaykh Ibrahim al-Kurdi from Zayn al-Abidin from his father Abd al-Qadir from his grandfather Yahya from his grandfather al-Muhibb from his father's uncle Abul-Yaman from his father Shihab Ahmad from his father Radi ad-Din from Abul- Qasim from as-Sayyid Abu Muhammad from his father Abul-Hasan from his father Abu Talib from Abu Ali from Abul-Qasim rom his father Abu Muhammad from his father al-Husayn from his father Jafar from his father Abd Allah from his father Zayn al-Abidin from his father al-Imam al-Husayn from his father Ali bin Abi Talib who reported from the Messenger of Allah. Shah Wali Allah narrated these ahadith from his teacher with isnad all the way to Imam Hussein. Hadith 25 to 40 were obtained directly from Kitab Al-Jami' (the comprehensive book) from Bulugh Al-Maram of Hafidh Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani. 11 .