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2010 3

A ncient, small galaxies are in
the process of combining
together to form a new
galaxy according to NASA scientists.
Using the Hubble Space Telescope
proximity of each other has
stretched the classical spiral shapes
surrounding gas clouds, and
causing them to glow.
The stars observed in the
region are young and less than 10
million years old. It is observed that
of the galaxies thus pulling out long
and various other instruments, plenty of hydrogen gas is being
streamers of dust and gas. As they
astronomers have found that this consumed by them. Yet, an analysis
approach even closer, the scientists
phenomenal event is going on about of the gas content shows that very
expected that the hydrogen gas
166 million light years away from us. little has actually been taken up
would get compressed further and
Scientists had prior leaving very high amounts of
further till they finally collapse to
knowledge that the four small hydrogen still to be used up, which
form stars releasing a dazzling
galaxies that are part of the “Hickson are further proof that the formation
firestorm glow. And just as expected,
Compact Group 31” were actually of new stars is a pretty recent event.
it was found that the vicinity of the
interacting through their The four galaxies are very
gravitation, but it is only now that the close to each other, about 75000 light
interaction is strong enough to form years away from each other. They are
a new galaxy from the smaller ones. so near to each other that all of them
Such an astronomical incident was a could easily fit inside our Milky Way!
common occurrence in the period of The velocities with which they are
the formation of universe. A large approaching each other are quite
number of such galaxy formations slow too, so experts believe that
took place in the early years of the there is no reason why the process of
universe to give the present creation of a new galaxy should not
configuration of the universe. But Hickson Compact Group 31 be completed in another billion
such incidents are quite rare years, which is a tiny amount in
nowadays, and being able to witness cosmic study.
combining galaxies was filled with
one which is occurring so close to us An interesting question is
batches of infant star clusters and
is a boon for us. Observing the effects that why these galaxies took so long
regions brimming with star birth,
can help us to further expand our to interact, when other galaxies were
with hydrogen gas being the major
knowledge of the ever-unclear topic created ages ago. Scientists have a
component present. In fact, the
of 'Birth of the Universe'. probable answer for this too. They
image of two colliding galaxies is the
The interaction of the believe that the location of these
brightest observed in the Hubble
galaxies is going on for a few galaxies in a relatively less dense
image. The distorted galaxies are
hundred million years and the new region of the universe has caused the
quickly producing massive, hot,
galaxy is expected to be in its final delay in getting together.
young stars that are pumping out
s t a g e s o f d e ve l o p m e n t . T h e ultraviolet radiation, heating up

What If Our Sun Was A Dwarf Star on Earth’s Birth?!!

W ell lets see...would our winters be more cold...would the light intensity be less..... or would we tan less...Guys the shocking part is
that we may not look the way we are now!!!

“Life as we know it" seems to be the common caveat in our search for other living things in the Universe. But there's also the possibility of life
"as we don't know it." A new study hints that planets around stars cooler than our sun might possess a different mix of potentially life-forming,
or "prebiotic" chemicals. While life on Earth is thought to have arisen from a hot soup of different chemicals, would the same life-generating
mix come together around other stars with different temperatures? (And should we call it 'The Gazpacho Effect?'). So will the prebiotic
chemistry of such planets unfold in a different way?
With the aid of Spitzer telescope a research has been conducted on planet forming disks around 17 stars which are cool compared to our sun and
44 other sun like stars. These stars happen to be around 1 to 3 million years in age (all of them in formation stage). Infrared Spectrograph (an
instrument on the Spitzer) which is an instrument which breaks light apart to reveal the signatures of the chemicals has been used to search for
pre-biotic chemicals like HCN ( which is a major part of our DNA and RNA) which happen to form on 30% of the planets which revolve around
Sun-like stars and none of the planets revolving around cooler stars ( as for example M-dwarfs or red Dwarfs) showed up with HCN signatures.
But, it detected their baseline molecule to be Acetylene, which simply means that the experiment worked!
Well a possible reason thought of is that the higher intensity of UV may have driven for more formation of HCN in the planetary formation disks
which revolve around the Sun-like stars. Scientists think the molecules making up the primordial ooze of life on Earth might have formed in
such a disk. Prebiotic molecules, such as adenine, are thought to have rained down to our young planet via meteorites that crashed on the
surface. "It is plausible that life on Earth was kick-started by a rich supply of molecules delivered from space," said Pascucci, head of the team
working with Spitzer.
Although none of these planets are revolving in the habitable zone and there are consistent magnetic bursts of the M-dwarf stars, that life can
hardly sustain, you never know, there could still be life there...blooming on the basis of acetylene... or maybe these planets are still
barren...waiting for heavenly rains of cyanide, to give them the “first drop of life”.

6th Edition|The MoonWalk