You are on page 1of 12

-l +,

+|J
''- -
'!4 '-r+

WATER AND POWER DEVEI.OPMT*i


UU,Utffi:I**O*
' ; t''
'""t -
= : ''. *"t'
;l '
.Fflts.
\ t'{q.
-lij*lJ
"ry ;
SpECtFtCATtON DilS_8O .ZOAT , *,'
'4:' ,n'.
Y t*
'.'i '
r/:
{:r1;lt'r
t

.Ef

il,'#

Cl-ilEF ENGrNllt
(DESrcN & STANDARDS) wApDA
17IC 1, IST FLOOR, IEEEP BUILDING, FAISXL
iOWI,J,
LA.I"{ORE.

ir
[\
[
t.'.
I
',.

t
I
I
Lt
b

L-
*
-..-85

'w
tlr

iv
t7_51 150

1001 Is0
-q--. l -o.*-

lo0lil.50'
-... r--- I ;'.--..
!{mrsrL tmrl0 75 .l .l00
4-'--.'..l.'.- '.."
6() I I lo
=!.+€.16-#-*"
&lrr;run- lzotUlon ----
". -- --- t -

60 I ll0
u:in.7-t)0()i J0A

DIMl:f.lslol'1. F0n w lNt-]Ow

ri i , :-.
t,l('l:ljl- f l:ltl4lt\l^l.
t,ttt,ttltnt. Dl:tAtl-
Dl:t^tl- ,
: , I

tt-' .l''rl ..t


l'41'4 (rol -!-"?""1')
'; Flo-l-E:- NJ- bll4ENstol'ls AltE,,li\l
i.l'l\,lE..,tl.l.Ull-.L.'l.,t\,laJ,'...'':'|
: ;l
' . . :
t:
r\to't-t::- siz-r=i nttE l'llr:vlSlOillnt- tl1, 6p1:llgylMi'l
i,-liti
i st,tllEc'r.. 'rct lmot:il:t(:n;l
l,
lot\l
' I

ill
tl

ll
I
'I
\,
I l.
t
lr
.ll
.t I

l,
SPECIFICATION Ho' DDS-80:2007

L.r cuRRFNr TUUI|!)FIUERS


FoR METEBINQ
I{ -:--
o.
I

rQEWARD I

0'l.llrisspecificationhasbeenpreparedbyDesigri&Standardsof{ice,Polter
Wirtq, Wnlll)4.
i

is inlended for the puipose of procurement of matcrial and


02 I lris specilication
;;;;'il;iinctucJe the provision of contract'
when required'
03 llre specification is subiect to revision as and
accordance with lEc-185 and IEC-
current transformers shall be tested itr
i

04
\9 60044'1 amended uPto date'

I SCOPE
rerililrcfprn'rers'to be used for metering
TI I his spccification Describes LT Crrt - {. . - :: : -' phase ,",.C
in with' curcil rarsfiontreropet rated three
;.;il;;^; conjunction
U*- Horlr {Rea{rg energy') melers'
energy meters 3*
'lypc one namely W-OUNP PE. of current tiansformer has.. -t'een
y
17-
of 2515'50/5 eac' :h'of whiih shatt ir;.ve
starrdardizc:d in t*'o Oifo"tU ry '
100% over current rated caPacnry-
has I een
13 lype one namely t'\'lNIlCn'U TPF' of current ^transformer
29?.1?:-100/5' 40ci5' 6(;0/5'
standardized in Elingi'?r^]9.0/5'
;i)0/5,'1oo.ts,
""t""-Cr"'*tt
eactr of t'tdtlt shall ha-ve 1'CI% over current'

3 l

?1 Currelrl ffanslgrmers.

-ii
Arritrstrumentlranslormerinwhichthese.gond.?'Icufrent,irrntlrrrra|
primary crirrent and
conditions of u=", suUitantiaff' ;piopo':lio.nai to the
differs in phase 1,o]nilV tn i"gi"it"rictr is approximately'zero for an
'
iitpinpti"te direction of the connection'
?? llaltctl l)rinrary-Cgr19:1t :

rmer
,rimary current on wi;rich tre perfor,mance of the transf:
is based,

I.
?3 11 a te d -Se co{dq-Ly_qqrrent.
-IlL'valrrr-'of seconcJary current onwhictr the performance of the liansformer
is based.

24 Current error (Ratio


"rroi)
'lhe err'or which ttre transforiner introduce$ into the measurement of a cuireht
and which arises from the fact that the actual transformation ratio is not equal
to the raled transformation ratio. The current error expressed in percirnt is
given hry ttre formula.
I

i
Current error o/o
= (Kn x ls-: lp) X100
I

Whcre.Kn is lhe rated transtormaiion ratil lp is the actual primary curreni & ls
is tne actual secondary current where lp is flowing under the ccnditions of
Inreasurernent.

:l'h?se Dlqplaceugd
5 ?5

It ne Oilt"r*nce in phase between tlre primary & secondary current Vectors the
direclion of the vectors being so chosen that the angle is zero for a perfect
.lransformer. The phase displacenent is said to be positive when the
tsecondary current vector leads S.* pttryty current vector. lt is usually
expres5ed in minutes or centiradians-

NO [t:: fhis definition h stricily correct for sintrsoidal currents only

26 'As-ag$qy-Qla-r!
t.

A clesignation assigned to the cutrent transformer lhe enors of which rett ;:in
wilhin ipecilied limits under prescribed conditions of use-
:

2.7 ;l.lurrjen
I

,'l'he irnpedance of the secondary circuit in O, & ,powgl faclor - The Burden
is
tusually'expressed as the apparent power in volt amperes abscrbed at a
'spccified power factor and al the rated secondary current

2B lratqdlullleL
-l
he value of the burden on which the accuracy requirements of the
specifications are based-
,
i

2.9 Baled-9-utP-ul
'lhe value of the apparent power (in volt ?mperes at a specified powe.r fuctor)
'which the transforli"t l. ilttu"ded, to subply tq thg sqcondary circuit ;rl the
it-
ratecJ secondary current and with':rated buiden:corlnected'to
1 0 Rated short-ti&e-1be$relsgrrgnt flx)
|.hennsvalueoftheprimarycurrentwhichatransformerwillwiihstanclor
effects, Lhe secondary winding beittg
ohe ser;oruJ without suffering h;;iui
shorl circuiled'

? 1 1 llatcd l)yrramic-currell-( l-gy!)


i r tlia nrirn?rv cltrrent which a transformer will withstand,
Ijhe pcak value of ttre primary 9uLt€ resultinS,
wittrorttbeingdamagedelectricityormechanicallybythe
winding being short ciriuited
elcctrornaqnetic forcel]ir'* =u"ondary
I

7 |'.) Iiated instrument securitv currenl


.IhevalueolthecrrrrentassignedbythemanufactureraStlrelowestprlmary
o] itt* secondary current (lss) multiptied
currenl (tps]"at orti"t-tnu rmi value
not *i"""d 0'9 times the value *f the
bv ttre transformation ratio (Kn) does bl':d91
uu'gun-u"ing equal to the
r*e ;l#"-;#i:'il;";r;ia,y
rhis mey he express*rl by th* lsrfi$la'
E'-Tl'v

** lss < 0.9-.lPs

2 "1?- Bslqd Lnsllr{lst*s€qurj1y"-cgIIs$


Atype.testmaybeperformedtlsirqfirn|onow-lngindirecttest.Witirthe
Energiz-ed al rated
primary winding open-circu',g. *
ieconOary
'wiiding
ii't r.m's value equal t:
rreq'ency nf a-suOstantia'y sil;;d;ita,gei.?ving (texe)' expres$e(i
the seconc,ary timiting "*r.
r#ffi;g ;;q'qpn iurrent(lsn) multiplied bv tlir'
ai a pierc;;il;;'';itn*irat o secondlry curent
tq';r to'or exc6ed the rared value ::r
insirunrenr olllhr"Lil;C;;;u"
tlre conrPosi[e of 10%'

lexc x 100 >10


lsn FS

3 lftlrisre?-tlllot_**9:r-en-tshouldbecalledintoquestion.aconirrrlling
mo?lsrirernont"sh"il--m-p*rror**I
ffih' td-;irect test (seen annex'.')'
the

reiLrlt of which is than rnandatory

? 1 3 I rrslrr-rme!l-t-89*I!!y-fuqntlE)
rated primary
nt'security current ( I ps) to the
buirent (lpn) as e-xPressed by lheJormula
lps .

E= 3i

lon

!l I

I
I
a

DIMENSIONS a

The dimensions shall be as per fig: I, ll & iil.

4_ GENEBAL REQU|RMENTS

4.1 I he currenl transformers shall be single pole, single ratio, snd dry type.

42 err lype onc the general shape shall be as shown in Fig: l.

4.3 or typc lwo the general shape inatt be as shown in Fig: ll.

44 I he core shall be toroidal (ring) fdrm and it shall be rnade of high Grade
silicon steel or solne olher low loss steel of suitable grade;

4.s The insr.ilafion used for secondary winding shall be able to withstand I-6e
effects'oFhealing an&mechahicai'stressei to which it may ne iuqecieu in
norma! operalion and under.short circuit conditions and it shall be non-
hygroscoptic-
KT
-lhe
4.6 crrrent lransformers shall be protected againstdarnage by the Use of
housinglbody of PO LYC AR BO NAT ElEquivatent niateria L
:

4.7 jfhe current lransformer ratio shall be clqarty rnarked on the body.

4B f,he secondary winding shall termimte and fixed' permanently to lhe


suilable terminals as shown in Fg lll- Tle terlninals shall be rigidly fixed to
tlrc body and shall be of chromelhi*d platedrbrass"

Note: A Transparenl tenninds cover shall be provided with proper


sealing arrangerneril- i
!

5.0 RATINGS
I

5'l Qjrr1_e11jlallgs

[:or wound type ratirlgs as under have been standardized each of wlrlch
shall have an exterdd range of 100% of the rated primary current.

lf,asic rating-s Exten{gd ranqg


Primary Secondary Primary Secondary

?-5 50 10
50 100 10

\^
.+"
The other ratings standardized are.as given under, eacn
#,which shatl
have an extended range of 200%-
i
;
!

Easic ratinqs* Extended ranqe


Primary SecondarY Primary SecondarY
100 200 1,0

5 400 10
200

5 600 1g
300

40() 5 800 10

5 1200 10
600 I

5 1600 10
8fi1
9 ltxto 5 2000 10

5-3
!zunur
be 5VA'
! n"rro output at the basic secondary c'rrent, i.e, 5 aryps shall
ra
5.4 lRated iofrtinupus thermal cunent'

Thecurrentl.ransformershailbeabletopass.!Pto2oo%'orJneqrimal
power factor butt'en
current,' with secondary camected to ynity
without any damag;t:'
co*esponAing to inu t"t*O ouiput, continuously

54 1 lhernalraltjrg
damage i
: l"tr* ,rrrr"nt transfomEf drall be able td withstand wlthoqr.any
f,of g'perid of one
current of up to 25li|nes the rated primary current.
t^
second.
i ;

\|l
tt.4.2 Py:ramic rallng .. : ,_
any damage a
The current transformer shall be able to wrtlptand.'wjthout durrent for a
short time ovnamic ctment up to 2.5 times],ratdd.thermal
period of one second'

5 5 Bslei-Jrrsgb$on levsl
I

for one minute


l-he rated insulation level shall be 3 Kv {r.m.s}
Power
FrequencY uot:tn:'* I
I

i
:

6
tr
:
s l-e-ruPSfalge-rise
i

I
t

I
I
l'
:

!
i

!
I

.l

The maximum temperature rise of the winding or that of the core Shall not
exceed 50 deg. c when carrying a primary-current equal to 200% rated
current, with the secondary connected [o a unity Power factor burc1en
borresponding to the rated output.
-
:

t,

5,7 @ '

The value of the instrument security factor shall be less than 5 (see
'
CJef initions 2.13)

61 The stardard accuracy class of all the current transformers of Differenl


currenl r6$ngs shall be class 0.S.

6.2 Ttrc lirnils of error shall be as under:

+ percentage current ( ratio) + phase.displacemenl et


error at percentage of percentage of rated snown
rated current shown below. below in minutes

10 20 100 200 :10 20 100 2il0


1.0 0 75 0,5 0.5 60 45' 30 30
7.0 TERMINAL MARKINGS

71 l'he marking of the terminal shall be as'shown in Fig 2 " s 1 " & " ii2', !,'rall
be marke'd on the secondary terminals whereas p1 & pz shall be m;ri-ked rn
current transformer housing to indicate the primary winding polaritics.

7.2 I'he terminals market'Pl' and'Si' shall have the same policy at tire s{r,ne
instant.
.fhe
/.3 marking shall be clear and indelible.

{],O RA ING PLATE


I

All the current translormers shall carry at tea!t the following lnfoi-mation,
which shall be marked, on the external rating'plate attached to the current
transformer housing. All the Markings must,be indelible and distinct

a. Manufacturers name or trade mark


b. Type designation
'l'ire rated
c. Primary and secondary currents, e.g, 100/SA-
d Rated frequency.
I
e. Rated output and accuracy class and lhe extended current Ranlre
(e g, 5VA, class 0.5, ext. 200%),ryspeciivety,
i
i f. Meter security factor n<5.
I

i
I
I

I v
;'*,ii:;
"x.tjtni:
i

10.1,1 9-vef-V-ollage-lntqr turn Test ,


I 1

One test shall be selected from (a) or { b) below


I

(aJ with the secondary winding open circuited, a voltage at raied frequency
value ot |!e
*r,orr 6u apptied fdr f minute tct the primary wind.ing. The
4
I
value equal tqt
vgtfage shail be ,u"h ut to produee primaty current glrms
value, which correspcllds to a
I lhe extende,l ,ang" primary current or a
i
secondary voltage cf 3.5 Kv Peak, which ever be lower'

(b) wth the primary winding open circuited a voltage at rated ft:quency
The val re of the
sha6 be apptied for 1 miiute to the ieconOary win?ing' value
,rott"g* shall be sucn as .to produce a secondary cuffent 9! rrns peak'
*qn the extended fange secondary current or a value cf 3'St(v
"ito
nrhich ever be the lower'

@r 1I. PACKING
:_
rr:t gacfr current.transformer shall 6e securely packed in an individual carton
t by Railway or truck
capable or wirnitanding the rigorous of tr-ansportation
i

12 ENql=glgltRE-g

I I

fui
t;
I

pL* Qu- '.1

-#ell
.t ' wlz)
- t- |AS$AN Kl"lAN)
ULI
(MOilAMMAD AKBAR) | (rr,tnr-rsoog ALAM)
' :E NGINEER
cHl EFI
&tSTANDARNS)
{DESIG N&
DY. DIRECTOR (DAS)
l'nrcrl:.]:_? I
10.6 Visual fXaminatjpn
'l
lte currenl transformers shall be examined visually for the defects As urrder:

Exarnination Defecti

1. Oonstruction Not of General shape shpwn in Fig: 1, ll & lll,


Any component part missing or damaged
Rating label/sticker missing Terminal loose

2 Markings
Jh" marking of the terminal or tha{ on ilre ratrng
label/sticker not
conforming to clauses g. 7& Ratio nol
marked on the body

3- Fn'dsh General workmanship poor, presence of rust on any part.

'lhe dimensions
shall,be verified forconlormance to those given Fig, I. ll, lll

lO B Verificatio-n pf Bp-lgg tebelgldcr


[Jsc of a conductor for the Printrywi.nding ani then with direct current passing
lhrouqh lhe secondary utinery. connect a lrigh voltage i.e, Voltn-rtter :rcros.s
lhe orrllet terminals of lhe sarne winding $o as to Get a small positirre defrsslio,
of lhe pointer. Then hansfer the two voltmeter leads directty acror:s the
lransformer to the alfiacent primary respectively corespondingl teads The
direct current excitation b then broken, thereb! inducting a voltage in the p iinary
winding ( lnductive kft*) ttrtrich will cause a defleclion in the voltnreter. tf the
p-ointer
lfrng in tte same direction as before ( Positive ), thepolarii'7 is c lrrect
lf lhe pdinter srirgs in the negative direclion, the polarity is incorrect

1 0 9 P-sw,er.-8rc-qgengr-Ie$
r
an Primarv Windinq
--J

For type one a test voltage of 3 Kv rms,. which shall be substantially


sinusoidal wave form and of any convenient frequency belv.,een zs &
100l.lz shall be applied for one minute bel.ween the primdry conCr:ctor and
earlh, the frame being connected to earth.
I

10 10 llqWg1-l:le-qUercV Test On $ecqndA i g

f ltc secondary winding insulation shall, withstanclrfor 1 minute a test


voltage of 3 Kv rms which shall be substlntialfy. sinusoidal waveform a:rd of
any convenient frequency between,25 & 100 i{2. The test voltage shall he
applied between terminal of the secondary win,Jing connectec lo.iether
and earth: the frame being connected to earth.

\^

r I .:;'

_-_1.::!:,.:-
I ,rE-$ls_ *,
i

91 iTyp.e
_-T_q_qt.q

,Tlre
frlllowirrg typre tests shall. be performed on
ir"liflercnl type or raling one current transfornrer *f eaclr
offered. :

, il IT_,,^^ A----
ype Accuracy test.
, b Tenrperature rise test.
.i c lnstrunrent security current test.
I d. Srrort time current tebt for c'f with fixed primary
winding.
s 2 Bqqtir:elesls

i
I

y:T,ffiiliilttt;,.,',
c- Routine accuracy test.
d. Verification of teiminal markings
e
r" f. fower freguency test on primary winding
powe.r frequency
test on ,u"ond"ry winJing
.t . g.
Gl Over voltage inter turn test.
IO TEST ilETHODS-
lo I
*gg&r,uqu'!-9.r
.The test shalt be conducted
to prore cornpliance wiilr clause 6. -fests slrall tre
,made fcrr each curretrt value-r givLn m oaus!vvaqrr\
ib,r<lnn
e.il;
al zsa/a and 100% of rated
| 0.2 B_qrrtrjte.A_cqqla.qyJe$
T.he rorltitte accLlracy tesl striafl be conductecl
lor only one value of cur.:nt ai-r1
burden The current shdl be ffre vatue of rated extended range
or}-1e cilrrr.1rr
transformer and the burden shafl be the rated burden.

10 3 fe. tnp_efglUre-Bjse_tegl

'A tdst shall be made to provide compljance with clause s.6. The currer,,
b transfornter shall be deemed to have atiained a steady t**pui"ioiu
rate of tenrperature rise does not exceed.one deg.
i,+.:en lre
-. ceniigraol6l;;";
-r -'-*.
t0 4 UqttulrentS.ecuritv Cunent.
rhe test shall be corducted lo prove that,llhe.in'slrument,security
not exceed the rated varue. The test may be made with current does
lhe primary current and the other med.uiing
h;h:; lil
=s*".,,noary il; *;;;
llr.rofilr"rrring in;
10.5 $bojlTime Current Test :

Short time circuit raling af 12.5 KA for one se,c-ond,.for CT, ratio
25lS A anrl
5015 A shall be performed in accordance with IEC-1c5 and
IEC-60O44.
amende{up to date ,'
'