GSM

TERMINATION -

BUSINESS
OF THE

FUTURE

powered by
ANTRAX

Latvia, RIGA
2015
.

What will you learn? 1 | What kind of business is the most stable during the economic crisis? 2 | What is GSM network? 3 | What is VoIP 4 | How do mobile operators earn money? 5 | How can YOU make money in the telecommunitions industry .

T he telecommunications industry is the sample of the branches. So what prevents us from being a part of such a profitable business? GSM temination doesn’t require some big funds.2 trillion. specific business relations or special educational background. By 2020 it’s expected to increase by 3% to USD 1. In 2014 the total income of mobile operators was estimated as USD 1. And GSM termination. In spite of the unfavorable economic climate a successful and profitable edge of market can be still found. A lot of them stop their activity. www. What kind of business is the most stable during the economic crisis? Today is 2015: a time of economic crisis. You have to agree that even a small piece of a pie is quite a big sum. Some of them reduce the speed of production.antrax. reduce the workforce and steadily lose profits. as a part of it.mobi 3 office@flamesgroup.4 trillion (data was taken from the annual report 2013 GSMA Mobile economy). became an excellent business opportunity. Telephony is a high-tech sector and it’s financial turnover continues to grow from year to year. that can bring a permanent income. many industries are experiencing difficult times. In these exclusive series of materials we’llpass all the stages of GSM termination one by one. The only obstacle to business success is a lack of knowledge about mobile operators and the principles of GSM termination.com 371-67-333-777 . High-tech sectors have always been an oasis for entrepreneurs who prefer a steady income. So let’s put this piece onto our plate.

and these networks are built exactly on the basis of old stereotypes: enclosed in the national frontiers and isolated from each other by artificial restrictions. and collect payments for their services.mobi 4 office@flamesgroup. It was developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) in the late 1980s.com 371-67-333-777 . develop conditions of their service. Let’s look at the path of call from one mobile subscriber to another Let's look at the scheme call one subscriber to another OPERATOR B PBX GSM ANTENNA Call from GSM A call from PBX of antenna of Operator B gets Operator A goes to the nearest to Private Branch subscriber B GSM Exchange (PBX) antenna of Operator A Phone call from user A with a help of SIM card Call from (PBX) of Operator A SUBSCRIBER B goes to goes to PBX of nearest GSM network Operator B antenna Call via the GSM of Mobile Operator A network antennas of Operator B finds subscriber B cell and the phone rings. Mobile operator is a company that uses radio frequencies to provide telecommunication services. later renamed as the Global System for Mobile Communications) is the global standard for digital mobile communications. and after that we will discuss GSM termination in details. Outdated technologies were used for their creation.antrax. actually are. SUBSCRIBER A OPERATOR A PBX GSM ANTENNA GSM network is a product of the industrial era. with time division multiplexing (TDMA) and frequency (FDMA). GSM antenna (BTS) example www. It’s an old generation network. GSM — (abbreviation for the name of Groupe Spécial Mobile. Operators can create their own cellular network. What is GSM network? F irst of all we need to find out what mobile communications. that we pay for.

free proprietary software with closed source. IP-telephony means a set of communication protocols. providing text. It’s a free access to information. What is VoIP Internet (International network) is a network of new generation. Voice over IP) voice over IP. By the end of 2010. GSM network builds its own borders even inside of one state. It constructs fences between its subscribers. Skype . providing traditional telephony dialing. easy and free. V oIP .it is VoIP network: stable. The signal is transmitted over a communication channel into digital form and is usually converted before transmission (compressed) to remove the excess information and reduce the load on the data network. independently of state borders.mobi 5 office@flamesgroup. technologies and methods.(Eng. the program had got 663 million of users. www. which is specially created to overcome the political restrictions.com 371-67-333-777 . redialing and bilateral voice communication and video communication over the Internet or any other IP-based networks. optionally using peer to peer technology.antrax. as well as paid services for calls to mobiles and landlines. voice and video over the Internet between computers (IP- telephony). How to break these fences? You will find the answer below. When you are talking via Skype .

through on-line services or by vouchers. International tariff plan is also a set of prices for the use of mobile operator (calls. But in order to make it. How do mobile operators earn money? So what does your mobile operator sell? The service of access to its mobile network (or GSM network). www. that you use according to your tariff plan. The second type is international.mobi 6 office@flamesgroup. Imagine how many million of people top up their mobile account every second? And there is an opportunity to participate in this cash flow.antrax. The first one is a local tariff.com 371-67-333-777 . By which means does a mobile operator collect payment from you? Usually you need to buy the sim-card in the mobile communication shop and then from time to time to top up your balance. you need to understand what forms the call price. SMS and some other services which you are offered by your operator. It includes prices for mobile communications within a certain area (for example. A sum of money from your mobile account will be charged off for different services of mobile operator. some province or state). colleagues and business partners. It is generally higher than local tariffs. SMS. The balance can be topped up in the terminals of automatic top up in cash or by bank card in ATMs. Why are you ready to pay for it? Because that’s how you will be able to establish connections at any time with your relatives. internet access) but within different countries. T ariff . Basically there are two types of tariffs. A tariff plan determines the cost of the minute. friends.a set of prices for the use of the various services of the mobile operator.

Ca rrier After receiving VoIP traffic African large E nter ing fr om the sma ll tr a n s i t o p e r a t o r t o a START tra n s i t o p e r a t o r ( c a r r i e r ) m e d i a t e s a n d m o b i l e o p e r a t o r i n G h a n a . T hen S m a ll c a r r ier mobile oper a tor conver ts S m a ll tr a ns it oper a tor ( c a r r ier ) G S M f o r m a t t o V o I P a n d look s a lr ea dy deliver s V oI P c a ll to G ha na for carrier (transit) company. They pass the international calls between each other and finally send them to the mobile operator of reciving subscriber. (cheaper) route for a call from one and it is «technically difficult». in the times of the golden age of the telegraph and at the dawn of interna- The role of the carrier or transit operator tional telephone communication. But now there is the Internet.mobile PBX. where and technically difficult indeed. Each of them gets a very small portion of call cost.5 0 c ents H is voic e in G S M f o r m a t goes to a bas e s tation and B ig c a r r ier .antrax. These small companies have neither their own subscribers. which agrees oI P for ma t to G S M again. airplanes and taxis. e n d s s i g n a l t o t h e G S M a n t e n n a f r om whic h the G S M f a l l s i n t o t h e s u b s c r iber ' s B p h o n e . the role of tour operator performs a transit operator. It doesn’t have its own subscribers. www. route for the customer travelling on vacation.1 5 c ents r ea ches mobile oper a t o r S m a ll c a r r ier . Vo Vo SUBSCR IB E R B l IP ll IP R ec eives ca ll al ca ca ca Mc ll IP ll fr om U S A GS Vo SUBSCR IB E R A C a lls fr om the G SM ca ll FINISH U nited S ta tes by mobile phone to his fr iend in G H AN A mobile oper ator G ha na . in the telecommunications market is intercontinental calls were rather expensive comparable to the tour operator. the mobile operators rely on intermediary carriers (also called small transit operators). H ow much can you ea r n a minute per 1 call U S A mobile oper ator U S A m obile oper a tor .GSM operators also use VoIP for international calls. Undoubtedly. F r om this c a ll oper a t o r G H A N A m obile oper a tor . As it is displayed on the scheme.1 0 c ents in U S A . Then they carry GSM Its task is to make secure and inexpensive signal to VoIP and transmitt it via the Internet. the tour operator does not signal only within the phone antenna . to G hana for 5 0 cents. nor expensive high quality technical base. country to another. G h a n a i a n oper a t o r P B X s to deliver a call to Ghana for 35 cents. basically doing all the work. and a call is a client. station . . The super high price holds out due to the Carrier — a company that earns on stereotype «international call means expensive providing mobile operators favorable call».base have its own hotels. And mobile operators as we found out use GSM As we know. Why is it expensive? Because it is «distant». a nd for 2 5 c ents dea ls w ith loc a l oper a tor whic h is r eady to s end the c a ll to deliver c a ll via it's G S M netw or k . with bigger part of it paid to receiving operator which transmits the international call inside it’s GSM network. Let’s take a look how does it work. c a l l i s conver ted fr om V f i n d s s m a l l t r a n s i t o p e r a t o r .2 5 c ents receives $1 for 1 min.mobi 7 office@flamesgroup. towers and SIM cards.com 371-67-333-777 .

The call undergoes a long way through several operators and it is terminated when reaches the callee subscriber. Why it happens is pretty clear. Mobile operator asks a big amount of money for this service.com 371-67-333-777 . asking the small transit operator a considerable price for permission to transfer your call to its GSM network. Basically.the subscriber. It is done with GSM gateway device. And in another country. it is a transfer of the call from the Internet to the mobile (GSM) network. Call termination is a transfer of the call to the final point of the route . He gets your call via Internet from a small transit operator and transfers it to its GSM network at high prices. The question is.almost for free. This is the final destination of your call. Internet connection is very cheap and reliable. Such a method of voice transfer is called VoIP (Voice over IP) or Voice over Internet Protocol. remember how much you pay to mobile operator for an international call. known as GSM termination. Large mobile operator gives him your call as digital data packages. Mobile operator buys Internet connection at cheap rates. another mobile operator receives your call. «packs» your call in data packages and throws them to a small transit operator . At the same time.antrax. GSM Gateway is a key that connects two networks and transmits a signal from the Internet to the GSM network.. How can YOU make money in telecommunications market? How do the small operators execute the transit? With the help of the Internet network. if we can transfer a call from the Internet to the GSM network without the help and margin of the mobile monopolist? There is an alternative technology of landing the call. Jargon variant of this process is «landing». and in a professional environment it is called «termination» (from the word «terminate»).. To be continued . www.mobi 8 office@flamesgroup.

lit.the company that uses radio frequencies for the provision of telecommunication services. www. where the role of tour operator performs a transit operator. Voice over IP) voice over IP. They include prices for mobile communications within a single state. The second type is international. and a call is a client.(from the name of the group Groupe Spécial Mobile. cellular (GSM) to end users. As we know. SMS.com 371-67-333-777 . a collect payments for their services. the tour operator does not have its own hotels. Protocol is an integral part of addressing the network. ensuring the delivery of data packets between any nodes in the network through an arbitrary number of intermediate nodes (routers). The role of the transit operator in the telecommunications market is comparable to the tour operator.the global standard for digital mobile communications. IP-telephony means a set of communication protocols. GSM . develop their conditions of service. The first one is local tariffs. «Internet Protocol») . redial and bilateral voice communication and video communication over the Internet or any other IP-based networks. It doesn’t have its own subscribers. Tariff .. IP network segments are united into a single network. International tariff plan is also a set of prices for the use of mobile operator (calls.antrax.(IP. Operators can create their own cellular network.it’s phone calls. with time division multiplexing (TDMA) and frequency (FDMA). Basically there are two types of tariffs.a set of prices to use the various services of the mobile operator. internet access) but beyond a single state. IP . providing traditional telephony dialing. Transit operator (carrier) . Glossary Voice traffic . Its task is to make secure and inexpensive route for the customer traveling on vacation.direct broadcasting of signal from the telephone IP-based networks (Internet).mobi 9 office@flamesgroup. towers and SIM cards. It is generally higher than local tariff. Termination of voice traffic . The signal is transmitted over a communication channel in digital form and are usually converted before transmission (compressed) to remove the excess information and reduce the load on the data network. airplanes and taxis. It became the IP protocol that combined individual computer networks to the global Internet. later renamed the Global System for Mobile Communications) . VoIP .routable network layer protocol stack TCP / IP. Mobile operator . Developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) in the late 1980s. calls to certain destinations on the number of operators of communication networks. technologies and methods.(Eng.a company that earns on providing mobile operators favorable (cheaper) route for a call from one country to another.

MOBI Latvia. VISIT OUR WEBSITE: ANTRAX. GLOBAL MONOPOLIES AND MODERN TECHNOLOGY. TO DISCOVER THE POSSIBILITIES OF ANTRAX GSM TERMINATION SOLUTION. WE HAVE PRODUCED A SERIES OF FREE EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS TO INCREASE AWARNESS ABOUT COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY. RIGA 2015 .