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Factoring IV

**Complete the table below and use it for reference in the problems that follow:
**

number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

double

square

cube

**Are each the following equivalent? (Yes / No)
**

x 2 − 25 , x 2 + 0 x − 25 , x 2 + 5 x − 5 x − 25 , x 2 + 4 x − 4 x − 25

Which of the above can be factored with grouping in their current form? Circle . any/all that apply.

**Multiply with FOIL, Rewrite each below in such a way
**

then simplify. that it can be factored with grouping,

then factor completely.

1a. ( x − 4) ( x + 4) 1b. x 2 − 16

2a. ( a + 7 y) ( a − 7 y) 2b. a 2 − 49 y 2

3a. ( a − b) ( a + b) 3b. a 2 − b 2

4a. #3b is the formula for the ____________________ of two ___________________.

**The key is to figure out what is your “a” term and what is your “b” term.
**

Look at the following. 81y 2 − 100 x 2

If a 2 = 81y 2 , then a = ______________.

If b 2 = 100x 2 , then b = ______________.

4b. Now use the formula from 3b factor: 81y 2 − 100 x 2 .

MAT121/Factoring IV/Page 1 of 4

a 3 + b3 7a. and b = ______________. Determine a and b and use these to help you factor: 25 x 2 − 9 a = _____________. Factor. ( a − b ) ( a2 + ab + b 2 ) 7b. a 3 − b3 8. (No work necessary. just write formula 6a. Your answer should be in the form: ( x − A) ( x + B) 5d. b = ______________. MAT121/Factoring IV/Page 2 of 4 . then a = _____________. take your answer from 5b and simplify within the parentheses. 5e. ( a + b ) ( a 2 − ab + b 2 ) 6b. 25 x 2 − 9 = (___________)(_____________) 5b.Name:_______________________ Class Time:________________ Due: __________ 5a. a) You now have formulas to factor the sum or difference of two _________________. Factor the trinomial found in 5d and compare to the answer found in 5c. Now. combine like terms and simplify completely. Expand ( x + 3) 2 − 16 . If a 2 − b 2 = ( x + 3) 2 − 16 . Multiply and simplify completely. Your answer below should be in the form: (a − b)(a + b) Now factor: ( x + 3) − 16 = (___________)(___________) 2 5c.

** Journal entry: Is the following factorable: x 2 + 16 ? Why or why not? So what can you say about factoring the sum of two squares? Carefully factor each polynomials below. Find your “a” and “b”.Name:_______________________ Class Time:________________ Due: __________ 8b) Rewrite each formula below: (and start memorizing them now!) Sum of two cubes formula:_______________________________________________ Difference of two cubes formula:__________________________________________ 8c) Again. 9a 2 − 24ab + 16b 2 − 81 11(b) MULTIPLY to check your answer MAT121/Factoring IV/Page 3 of 4 . b = ______________. 25 x 2 y 2 + 30 xy + 9 11(a) 16 x 3 − 54 y 15 12. What is your “a” and “b” for the following? Factor it. b = ______________. x 3 + 27 a = _____________. 9. find the “a” and “b” first. (You may find it necessary to use multiple methods within a single problem) WORK THESE OUT ON YOUR SCRATCH PAPER OR WHITEBOARDS FIRST!! 10. All of the types of factoring are represented here. 125 y − 64 6 a = _____________. then factor.

x 2 + 12 x + 36 19. 16.Name:_______________________ Class Time:________________ Due: __________ 13. MAT121/Factoring IV/Page 4 of 4 . Now make up your own polynomial that will have similar results when factored. x 2 − 10 x + 25 Journal Entry: What do you notice about the result of factoring #18 and 19? Look at the original problem and determine why this works. a 6 + 8x 3 15.(a) x 2 + 14 y + 49 − y 2 13 (b) MULTIPLY to check your answer (watch your signs!) 4 x 2 − ( y + 1) 2 14. y 6 − x8 18. x 2 + 8 x + 4 17.

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