Physics 42 Practice Exam for Exam 1

(1) A total charge of +Q is distributed uniformly in a ring with radius R. A small piece of the ring at x=R that
contains charge +qo is removed from the ring (qo << Q), leaving a gap in the ring at x=R. What is the electric
field at point P, the center of the ring with the gap? Answer: C
use superposition: the electric field due to the entire ring = 0, the ring is composed of the point charge +qo
and the ring with the gap. So the E field due to the ring with the gap = - (E field due to the point charge)

1 (Q − qo ) ˆ 1 (Q − qo ) ˆ
(A) i (B) − i
4 πε o R 2 4 πε o R 2
1 qo ˆ 1 qo ˆ
(C) i (D) − i
4 πε o R 2 4 πε o R 2
€ (E) 0 € (F) none of the above

€ €

(2) Consider two point particles lying along the x axis separated by a distance d. These particles have charges
that are equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. Where can a third point charge be placed so the net force on it
is zero? Answer : C the 2 particles are a dipole, and the electric field due to a dipole is non-zero except at
inifinity. Therefore the net force on the third point charge can only be zero if it is placed at infinity.

(3) Consider the finite piece of wire with a uniformly distributed negative charge
shown to the right. What is the direction of the force on a positively charged ion
placed at point P? B

Let's look at the force due to three bits of charges: bit 1 at the top of the wire bit 2 in
the middle of the wire and bit 3 at the bottom of the wire.
The direction of these forces are along arrows A, C and D. However, the
distance between each bit of charge and point P increases as you move down the wire. So, F1 > F2 > F3 (where
F1 is the force due to bit 1), if you add up all the forces, they will point along arrow B (instead of C).

(4) Consider two pairs of points : Point A is at a distance r from a point charge and point B is at a distance r +
10 cm from the point charge. Point C is at a distance r' from the point charge and point D is at a distance r' + 10
cm from the point charge. Please compare the potential difference between the two pairs of points if r = 5r'.

(A) ΔVAB > ΔVCD (B) ΔVAB = ΔVCD (C) ΔVAB < ΔVCD

(The pair of points C-D are 5X closer to the point charge than the points AB. So, the electric field in the
neighborhood of CD is 5X stronger than the electric field at AB. The electric field is the rate of change of the
electric potential. So, the electric potential is changing faster at CD, i.e. ΔVAB < ΔVCD )

Answer (D) (E2 = E1) > E3. increasing the length of the gel decreases the electric field (E = V/L).e. However. dilute the solution reduces the charge carrier density and thus the conductivity (by 2X) 2. she doubles the voltage across the gel. she doesn't want to double the current in the ionic solution because increasing the current would heat up the gel. spherical shell 2 is hollow (i. Tina wants the ions in his gel to move faster so that her experiment will be done sooner. Compare E1. 𝑥 ! !"## doubles. and E3.Physics 42 Practice Exam for Exam 1 (5) Charge +Q is uniformly distributed in each of the following spheres/spherical shells: Sphere 1: a conducting sphere with radius R1. each a distance r (> R2) from the center of each sphere. is E1. (see problem set 2 #1) (7) In gel electrophoresis. 3 should be obvious (8) How can you increase the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor? C 1. to keep the current the same). E2. I = JA (Current = current density * cross section area) = σEA So to prevent the doubling of the current (i. Spheres 2 and 3: a conducting spherical shell with an inner radius R1 and an outer radius R2. However. These dipoles will (A) attract each other (B) repel each other (C) exert zero force on each other. there is nothing inside r < R1) while there is an additional point charge –Q in the center of spherical shell 3. increase the area of each plate 3. What factor does the radius of the circle increase by if you observe the vesicles 40 seconds after their initial release? Answer C What I forgot to mention in class is that 𝑥 ! !"#! = 2𝐷𝑡  in  one  dimension. You find that most of the vesicles are spread out over a circle of radius r (centered at the origin) 20 seconds after you have released the vesicles. E2. and E3 respectively. the radius of the circle increases by 2 . The magnitude of the electric field at three points. you can 1. So. a gel is placed in a rectangular plate with length L. 𝑥 ! !"## = 4𝐷𝑡 but that won't affect the answer. E3 = 0 (6) Imagine two dipole oriented as shown to the right. The two "caps" of the plate are connected to a battery that sets up an electric field in the gel. In 2D dimension. So. insert a piece of polarizable material between the two plates (9) You release N vesicles at the origin and they diffuse away from the origin.e. How could she keep the current the same while doubling the voltage? All of the options work! Doubling the voltage could potentially lead to a doubling in the current. increase the distance between the two plates (this decreases the capacitance!( 2. If you double the observation time.

What do you know about the electrical potential at/near that location? !"# At (0. Physics 42 Practice Exam for Exam 1 (10) A thin ring of radius R is uniformly charge with total charge Q and you place the ring on the x-y plane. 0.0.d) due to the point charge is −𝐾 𝑘 !!! ! 𝐾𝑑𝑄 𝑞 ! 𝑑! + 𝑅! !. d). d) is d . ! So the E field at (0. are the same) Since the electric field is how fast the potential is changing. The !"# magnitude of the electric field at a point along the z-axis is ! ! ! if the distance between the origin and the ! !! ! point is z. d). 0. so you need to place the negative point charge needs to be BELOW (0. Where do you place a negative charge such that the electric field at (0. d) along the -z axis. the negative point charge needs to create a field at (0. Place the negative point charge at (0.! So. the potential must be fairly uniform around (0. 0. d) Integrals that may be useful $x' dx x xdx ∫ a dx+ x 2 2 = 1 a tan −1 & ) %a( ∫ 3 = ∫ a xdx+ x 2 2 = 1 2 ( log a 2 + x 2 ) ∫ 3 = −1 (a 2 + x2 ) a 2 (a 2 +x 2 ) (a 2 + x2 ) (a 2 + x2 ) € € € € . the E field due to the ring is:   𝑘 ! ! !! ! !. 0.0.z.! 𝑄 𝐸!"# =  0         ⇒         =  𝐾         ⇒       𝑑 − 𝑧 = 𝑑 ! + 𝑅 ! !.! 𝑑−𝑧 ! 𝑑 𝑞 (check : the dimensions on the LHS and the RHS of the eqn. z) where z < d The distance between the point charge and (0.d) is zero if the magnitude of the charge is q? Just describe the location of the negative charge and express your answer in terms of an equation that you could solve to obtain the exact location of the charge. 0. 0.