List of chess players

This list of chess players includes people who are pri- • Famous people connected with chess
marily known as chess players and have an article on the
English Wikipedia. • Computers

Contents • See also
• External links
• A

• B 1 A
• C
• Jacob Aagaard (Denmark, Scotland, born 1973)
• D • Manuel Aaron (India, born 1935)
• E • István Abonyi (Hungary, 1886–1942)
• F • Gerald Abrahams (England, 1907–1980)
• G • Tatev Abrahamyan (Armenia, USA, born 1988)
• H • Leonardas Abramavičius (Lithuania, before 1912–
1960)
• I
• Jude Acers (USA, born 1944)
• J
• Peter Acs (Hungary, born 1981)
• K
• Michael Adams (England, born 1971)
• L
• Weaver Adams (USA, 1901–1963)
• M
• Utut Adianto (Indonesia, born 1965)
• N
• András Adorján (Hungary, born 1950)
• O
• Yochanan Afek (Israel, born 1952)
• P
• Vladimir Afromeev (Russia, born 1954)
• Q
• Simen Agdestein (Norway, born 1967)
• R
• Evgeny Agrest (Belarus, Sweden, born 1966)
• S
• Georgy Agzamov (Uzbekistan, 1954–1986)
• T • Carl Ahues (Germany, 1883–1968)
• U • James Macrae Aitken (Scotland, 1908–1983)
• V • Ralf Åkesson (Sweden, born 1961)
• W • Anna Akhsharumova (Russia, USA, born 1957)
• X • Varuzhan Akobian (Armenia, USA, born 1983)
• Y • Vladimir Akopian (Armenia, born 1971)
• Z • Mohamad Al-Modiahki (Qatar, born 1974)

1
2 1 A

• Simon Alapin (Lithuania, 1856–1923) • Izaak Appel (Poland, 1905–1941)
• Vladimir Alatortsev (Russia, 1909–1987) • Fricis Apšenieks (Latvia, 1894–1941)
• Adolf Albin (Romania, 1848–1920)
• Lev Aptekar (Ukraine, New Zealand, born 1936)
• Lev Alburt (Russia, USA, born 1945)
• José Joaquin Araiza (Mexico, 1900–1971)
• Alexander Alekhine (Russia, France 1892–1946)
• Alexei Alekhine (Russia, 1888–1939) • Ketevan Arakhamia-Grant (Georgia, born 1968)

• Grace Alekhine (USA, England, France 1876– • Walter Arencibia (Cuba, born 1967)
1956)
• Alexander Areshchenko (Ukraine, born 1986)
• Aleksej Aleksandrov (Belarus, born 1973)
• Evgeny Alekseev (Russia, born 1985) • Keith Arkell (England, born 1961)

• Hugh Alexander (England, 1899–1974) • Romanas Arlauskas (Lithuania, Australia, born
1917)
• Aaron Alexandre (Germany, France, England
1765–1850) • Jon Arnason (Iceland, born 1960)
• Nana Alexandria (Georgia, born 1949)
• Dagur Arngrímsson (Iceland, born 1987)
• Johann Baptist Allgaier (Germany, Austria, 1763–
1823) • Levon Aronian (Armenia, born 1982)
• Zoltán Almási (Hungary, born 1976) • Lev Aronin (Russia, 1920–1983)
• Izak Aloni (Poland, Israel, 1905–1985)
• Andreas Ascharin (Estonia, Latvia, 1843–1896)
• Yoel Aloni (Israel, born 1937)
• Jacob Ascher (England, Canada, 1841–1912)
• Boris Alterman (Israel, born 1970)
• Friedrich Amelung (Estonia, Latvia, 1842–1909) • Konstantin Aseev (Russia, 1960–2004)

• Bassem Amin (Egypt, born 1988) • Maurice Ashley (Jamaica, USA, born 1966)
• Farrukh Amonatov (Tajikistan, born 1978) • Karen Asrian (Armenia, 1980–2008)
• Bruce Amos (Canada, born 1946)
• As-Suli (Abbasid Caliphate, c. 880 – 946)
• An Yangfeng (China, born 1963)
• Lajos Asztalos (Austria-Hungary, Yugoslavia, Hun-
• Viswanathan Anand (India, born 1969) gary, 1889–1956)
• Erik Andersen (Denmark, 1904–1938)
• Ekaterina Atalik (Russia, Turkey, born 1982)
• Frank Anderson (Canada, 1928–1980)
• Suat Atalık (Turkey, born 1964)
• Adolf Anderssen (Germany, 1818–1879)
• Ulf Andersson (Sweden, born 1951) • Henry Atkins (England, 1872–1955)

• Dmitry Andreikin (Russia, born 1990) • Arnold Aurbach (Poland, France, c. 1888 – 1952)
• Zaven Andriasian (Armenia, born 1989) • Yuri Averbakh (Russia, born 1922)
• Dejan Antic (Serbia, born 1968)
• Valeriy Aveskulov (Ukraine, born 1986)
• Rogelio Antonio Jr. (Philippines, born 1962)
• Herbert Avram (USA, 1913–2006)
• Vladimir Antoshin (Russia, 1929–1994)
• Oskar Antze (Germany, born 1878) • Boris Avrukh (Israel, born 1978)

• Manuel Apicella (France, born 1970) • Zurab Azmaiparashvili (Georgia, born 1960)
3

2 B • Cerdas Barus (Indonesia, born 1961)
• Michael Basman (England, born 1946)
• Alexander Baburin (Russia, Ireland, born 1967)
• Christian Bauer (France, born 1977)
• Étienne Bacrot (France, born 1983)
• Johann Hermann Bauer (Bohemia, Austria, 1861–
• Paul Baender (Germany, Bolivia, 1906–1985)
1891)
• Giorgi Bagaturov (Georgia, born 1964) • Friedrich Baumbach (Germany, born 1935)
• Amir Bagheri (Iran, born 1978) • Albert Becker (Austria, Germany, Argentina 1896–
• Camilla Baginskaite (Soviet Union, Lithuania, 1984)
U.S.A., born 1967) • Anjelina Belakovskaia (Ukraine, USA, born 1969)
• Vladimir Bagirov (USSR, Latvia, 1936–2000) • Liudmila Belavenets (Russia, born 1940)
• Mary Bain (USA, 1904–1972) • Sergey Belavenets (Russia, 1910–1942)
• David Graham Baird (USA, 1854–1913) • Alexander Beliavsky (Ukraine, Slovenia, born
• Vladimir Baklan (Ukraine, born 1978) 1953)

• Yuri Balashov (Russia, born 1949) • Slim Belkhodja (Tunisia, born 1962)

• Rosendo Balinas, Jr. (Philippines, 1941–1998) • Jana Bellin (Czechoslovakia, England, born 1947)

• Zoltán von Balla (Hungary, 1883–1945) • Zdzisław Belsitzmann (Poland, circa 1890–1920)

• Csaba Balogh (Hungary, born 1987) • Levi Benima (Netherlands, 1837–1922)

• János Balogh (Romania, Hungary, 1892–1980) • Clarice Benini (Italy, 1905–1976)

• Julio Balparda (Uruguay, ?–1942) • Joel Benjamin (USA, born 1964)
• Francisco Benkö (Germany, Argentina, born 1910)
• Amikam Balshan (Israel, born 1948)
• Pal Benko (France, Hungary, USA, born 1928)
• Hristos Banikas (Greece, born 1978)
• David Berczes (Hungary, born 1990)
• Anatoly Bannik (Ukraine, born 1921)
• Emanuel Berg (Sweden, born 1981)
• David Baramidze (Georgia, Germany, born 1988)
• Bela Berger (Hungary, Australia, 1931–2005)
• Zsigmond Barász (Hungary, 1878–1935)
• Johann Berger (Austria, 1845–1933)
• Abraham Baratz (Romania, France, 1895–1975)
• Victor Berger (Ukraine, England, 1904–1996)
• Gerardo Barbero (Argentina, Hungary, 1961–2001)
• Nils Bergkvist (Sweden, 1900–?)
• Gedeon Barcza (Hungary, 1911–1986)
• Teodors Bergs (Latvia, 1902–1966)
• Olaf Barda (Norway, 1909–1971)
• Hans Berliner (Germany, USA, born 1929)
• Curt von Bardeleben (Germany, 1861–1924)
• Ivar Bern (Norway, born 1967)
• Leonard Barden (England, born 1929)
• Karl Berndtsson (Sweden, 1892–1943)
• Evgeny Bareev (Russia, born 1966)
• Jacob Bernstein (USA, ?–1958)
• Robert Henry Barnes (England, New Zealand
1849–1916) • Ossip Bernstein (Ukraine, France, 1882–1962)
• Thomas Wilson Barnes (England, 1825–1874) • Sidney Norman Bernstein (USA, 1911–1992)
• Alexei Barsov (Uzbekistan, born 1966) • Yaacov Bernstein (Israel, born 1939)
• Mateusz Bartel (Poland, born 1985) • Mario Bertok (Croatia, born 1929)
• Dibyendu Barua (India, born 1966) • Katarina Beskow (Sweden, 1867–1939)
4 2 B

• Louis Betbeder Matibet (France, born 1901) • Dmitry Bocharov (Russia, born 1982)
• Kārlis Bētiņš (Latvia, 1867–1943) • Samuel Boden (England, 1826–1882)
• Siegmund Beutum (Austria, 1890–1966) • Fedor Bogatyrchuk (Ukraine, Canada, 1892–1984)
• Vinay Bhat (USA, born 1984) • Efim Bogoljubov (Ukraine, Germany, 1889–1952)
• Carlos Bielicki (Argentina, born 1940) • Paolo Boi (Italy, 1528–1598)
• Martin Bier (Germany, 1854–1934) • Jácobo Bolbochán (Argentina, 1906–1984)
• Horace Bigelow (USA, 1898–1980) • Julio Bolbochán (Argentina, 1920–1996)
• István Bilek (Hungary, born 1932) • Isaac Boleslavsky (Ukraine, 1919–1977)
• Paul Rudolf von Bilguer (Germany, 1815–1840) • Victor Bologan (Moldova, born 1971)
• Maurice Billecard (France, 1876–?) • Igor Bondarevsky (Russia, 1913–1979)
• Reefat Bin-Sattar (Bangladesh, born 1974) • Eero Böök (Finland, 1910–1990)
• Henry Bird (England, 1830–1908)
• Valentina Borisenko (Russia, 1920–1993)
• Nathan Birnboim (Israel, born 1950)
• Tea Bosboom-Lanchava (Netherlands, Georgia,
• Klaus Bischoff (Germany, born 1961) born 1974)

• Arthur Bisguier (USA, born 1929) • George Botterill (England, Wales, born 1949)

• Peter Biyiasas (Greece, Canada, born 1950) • Mikhail Botvinnik (Russia, 1911–1995)

• Dimitrije Bjelica (Serbia, born 1935) • Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais (France,
1795–1840)
• Roy Turnbull Black (USA, 1888–1962)
• César Boutteville (Vietnam, France, born 1917)
• Joseph Henry Blackburne (England, 1841–1924)
• Olena Boytsun (Ukraine, born 1983)
• Armand Blackmar (USA, 1826–1888)
• Julius Brach (Czechoslovakia, 1881–1938)
• Joseph Henry Blake (England, 1859–1951)
• Gyula Breyer (Hungary, 1893–1921)
• Abram Blass (Poland, Israel, 1895–?)
• Alfred Brinckmann (Germany, 1891–1967)
• Ottó Bláthy (Hungary, 1860–1939)
• Mirko Bröder (Hungary, Serbia, 1911–1943)
• Max Blau (Germany, Switzerland, 1918–1984)
• Ludwig Bledow (Germany, 1795–1846) • Miklós Bródy (Hungary, Romania, 1877–1949)

• Paweł Blehm (Poland, born 1980) • Vladimir Bron (Ukraine, 1909–1985)

• Dirk Bleijkmans (Netherlands, Indonesia, 1875–?) • David Bronstein (Ukraine, 1924–2006)

• Yaacov Bleiman (Lithuania, Israel, born 1947) • Walter Browne (Australia, USA, born 1949)

• Calvin Blocker (USA, born 1955) • Agnieszka Brustman (Poland, born 1962)

• Claude Bloodgood (USA, 1937–2001) • Lázaro Bruzón (Cuba, born 1982)

• Oscar Blum (Lithuania, France, born before 1910) • Stellan Brynell (Sweden, born 1962)

• Benjamin Blumenfeld (Belarus, Russia, 1884– • Bu Xiangzhi (China, born 1985)
1947)
• Henry Thomas Buckle (England, 1821–1862)
• Max Blümich (Germany, 1886–1942)
• Gerardo Budowski (Germany, France, Venezuela,
• Boris Blumin (Russia, Canada, USA, 1907–1998) Costa Rica, born 1925)

• Milko Bobotsov (Bulgaria, born 1931) • Wincenty Budzyński (Poland, France, 1815–1866)
5

• Constant Ferdinand Burille (France, USA, 1866– • Murray Chandler (New Zealand, England, born
1914) 1960)

• Amos Burn (England, 1848–1925) • Pascal Charbonneau (Canada, born 1983)

• Algimantas Butnorius (Lithuania, born 1946) • Rudolf Charousek (Hungary, 1873–1900)

• Elisabeth Bykova (Russia, 1913–1989) • Chantal Chaudé de Silans (France, 1919–2001)

• Donald Byrne (USA, 1930–1976) • Valery Chekhov (Russia, born 1955)

• Robert Byrne (USA, born 1928) • Vitaly Chekhover (Russia, 1908–1965)

• Elisabeth Bykova (Russia, 1913–1989) • Chen De (China, born 1949)
• Ivan Cheparinov (Bulgaria, born 1986)

3 C • Alexander Cherepkov (Russia, born 1920)
• Irving Chernev (Russia, USA, 1900–1981)
• Florencio Campomanes (Philippines, 1927–2010)
• Alexander Chernin (Ukraine, Hungary, born 1960)
• Daniel Hugo Cámpora (Argentina, born 1957)
• Konstantin Chernyshov (Russia, born 1967)
• Esteban Canal (Peru, Italy, 1896–1981)
• André Chéron (France, 1895–1980)
• Arianne Caoili (Australia, born 1986)
• Maia Chiburdanidze (Georgia, born 1961)
• José Raúl Capablanca (Cuba, 1888–1942)
• Mikhail Chigorin (Russia, 1850–1908)
• Rodolfo Tan Cardoso (Philippines, born 1937)
• Larry Christiansen (USA, born 1956)
• Ruth Volgl Cardoso (Brazil, 1934–2000)
• Vladimir Chuchelov (Russia, Belgium, born 1969)
• Carl Carls (Germany, 1880–1958)
• Slavko Cicak (Montenegro, Sweden, born 1969)
• Magnus Carlsen (Norway, born 1990)
• Roberto Cifuentes (Chile, Netherlands, Spain, born
• Pontus Carlsson (Sweden, born 1982) 1957)
• Horatio Caro (England, Germany, 1862–1920) • Victor Ciocâltea (Romania, 1932–1983)
• Berna Carrasco (Chile, born 1914) • Hermann Clemenz (Estonia, 1846–1908)
• Pietro Carrera (Sicily, 1573–1647) • Albert Clerc (France, 1830–1918)
• Fabiano Caruana (Dual citizenship: USA and Italy, • Viktorija Čmilytė (Lithuania, born 1983)
born 1992)
• John Cochrane (England, 1798–1878)
• Vincenzo Castaldi (Italy, 1916–1970)
• Erich Cohn (Germany, 1884–1918)
• Mariano Castillo (Chile, 1905–1970)
• Wilhelm Cohn (Germany, 1859–1913)
• Mišo Cebalo (Croatia, born 1945)
• Edgard Colle (Belgium, 1897–1932)
• Giovanni Cenni (Italy, 1881–1957)
• John W. Collins (USA, 1912–2001)
• Alfonso Ceron (Spain, 1535–?)
• Eugene Ernest Colman (England, 1878–1964)
• Oscar Chajes (Ukraine, Austria, USA, 1873–1928)
• Adrián García Conde (Mexico, England, 1886–
• Ferenc Chalupetzky (Hungary, 1886–1951) 1943)
• Edward Chamier (England, France, 1840–1892) • Stuart Conquest (England, born 1967)
• Chan Peng Kong (Singapore, born 1956) • Anya Corke (England, Hong Kong, born 1990)
• Sandipan Chanda (India, born 1983) • Nicolaas Cortlever (Netherlands, 1915–1995)
• Chang Tung Lo (China, born before 1960) • Juan Corzo (Cuba, 1873–1941)
6 4 D

• Carlo Cozio (Italy, c. 1715 – c. 1780) • Alexandre Deschapelles (France, 1780–1847)
• Spencer Crakanthorp (Australia, 1885–1936) • Andrei Deviatkin (Russia, born 1980)
• Pia Cramling (Sweden, born 1963) • Paul Devos (Belgium, 1911–1981)
• Robert Crépeaux (France, 1900–1994) • André Diamant (Brazil, born 1990)
• Walter Cruz (Brazil, 1910–1967) • Emil Josef Diemer (Germany, 1908–1990)
• István Csom (Hungary, born 1940) • Mark Diesen (USA, 1957–2008)
• Miguel Cuéllar (Colombia, 1916–1985) • Julius Dimer (Germany, 1871–1945)
• Josef Cukierman (Poland, France, 1900–1941)
• Nathan Divinsky (Canada, born 1925)
• John Curdo (USA, born 1931)
• Rune Djurhuus (Norway, born 1970)
• Ognjen Cvitan (Croatia, born 1961)
• Maxim Dlugy (Russia, USA, born 1966)
• Hieronim Czarnowski (Poland, France, Austria-
Hungary, 1834–1902) • Josef Dobiáš (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, 1886–
1981)
• Moshe Czerniak (Poland, Israel, 1910–1984)
• Yosef Dobkin (Russia, Israel, born 1909)

• Yury Dokhoian (Russia, born 1964)
4 D
• Sergey Dolmatov (Russia, born 1959)
• Arthur Dake (USA, 1910–2000)
• Lenier Dominguez (Cuba, born 1983)
• Pedro Damiano (Portugal, 1480–1544)
• Józef Dominik (Poland, 1894–1920)
• Mato Damjanović (Croatia, 1927–2011)
• Zadok Domnitz (Israel, born 1933)
• Gösta Danielsson (Sweden, 1912–1978)
• Elena Donaldson (Russia, Georgia, USA, born
• Silvio Danailov (Bulgaria, born 1961) 1957)
• A. Polak Daniels (Netherlands, before 1855–after • John W. Donaldson (USA, born 1958)
1883)
• Ivo Donev (Austria, born 1959)
• Dawid Daniuszewski (Poland, 1885–1944)
• Jan Hein Donner (Netherlands, 1927–1988)
• Klaus Darga (Germany, born 1934)
• Iossif Dorfman (Ukraine, France, born 1952)
• Alberto David (Luxembourg, born 1970)
• Alexey Dreev (Russia, born 1969)
• Jacques Davidson (Netherlands, 1890–1961)
• Leonids Dreibergs (Latvia, USA, 1908–1969)
• Nigel Davies (England, born 1960)
• Kurt Dreyer (Germany, South Africa, 1909–1981)
• Boris De Greiff (Colombia, born 1930)
• Tihomil Drezga (Croatia, USA, 1903–1981)
• Frederic Deacon (Belgium, 1829–1875)
• Chakkravarthy Deepan (India, born 1987) • Yuri Drozdovskij (Ukraine, born 1984)

• Nick de Firmian (USA, born 1957) • Leroy Dubeck (USA, born 1939)

• Marigje Degrande (Belgium, born 1992) • Serafino Dubois (Italy, 1817–1899)

• Aleksander Delchev (Bulgaria, born 1971) • Daniil Dubov (Russia, born 1996)

• Eugene Delmar (USA, 1841–1909) • Andreas Dückstein (Hungary, Austria, born 1927)

• Yelena Dembo (Russia, Israel, Hungary, Greece, • Jean Dufresne (Germany, 1829–1893)
born 1983)
• Andreas Duhm (Germany, Switzerland, 1883–
• Arnold Denker (USA, 1914–2005) 1975)
7

• Dietrich Duhm (Germany, Switzerland, 1880– • Berthold Englisch (Austria, 1851–1897)
1954)
• David Enoch (Israel, born 1900)
• Hans Duhm (Germany, Switzerland, 1878–1946)
• Vladimir Epishin (Russia, born 1965)
• Arthur Dunkelblum (Poland, Belgium, 1906–1979)
• Stefan Erdélyi (Hungary, Romania, 1905–1968)
• Oldřich Duras (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, 1882–
1957) • Hanna Ereńska (Poland, born 1946)

• Fyodor Duz-Khotimirsky (Ukraine, 1879–1965) • Evgenij Ermenkov (Bulgaria, Palestine, born 1949)

• Mark Dvoretsky (Russia, born 1947) • Wilhelm Ernst (Germany, 1905–1952)
• John Angus Erskine (New Zealand, Australia,
• Joanna Dworakowska (Poland, born 1978)
1873–1960)
• Eduard Dyckhoff (Germany, 1880–1949)
• Yakov Estrin (Russia, 1923–1987)
• Viacheslav Dydyshko (Belarus, born 1949)
• Max Euwe (Netherlands, 1901–1981)
• Boruch Israel Dyner (Poland, Belgium, Israel,
• Larry Evans (USA, 1932–2010)
1903–1979)
• William Davies Evans (Wales, 1790–1872)
• Semen Dvoirys (Russia, born 1958)
• Alexander Evensohn (Ukraine, 1892–1919)
• Nana Dzagnidze (Georgia, born 1987)
• Győző Exner (Hungary, 1864–1945)
• Roman Dzindzichashvili (Georgia, Israel, USA,
born 1944)
• Marat Dzhumaev (Uzbekistan, born 1976) 6 F
• Samuel Factor (Poland, USA, 1883–1949)
5 E
• Louisa Matilda Fagan (Italy, England, 1850–1931)
• James Eade (USA, born 1957) • Hugo Fähndrich (Hungary, Austria, 1851–1930)
• Zahar Efimenko (Ukraine, born 1985) • Hans Fahrni (Bohemia, Switzerland, 1874–1939)
• Marsel Efroimski (Israel, born 1995) • William Fairhurst (England, Scotland, New
Zealand, 1903–1982)
• Jaan Ehlvest (Estonia, born 1962)
• Sammi Fajarowicz (Germany, 1908–1940)
• Rakhil Eidelson (Belarus, born 1958)
• Raphael Falk (Russia, 1856–1913)
• Vereslav Eingorn (Ukraine, born 1956)
• Ernst Falkbeer (Austria-Hungary, 1819–1885)
• Louis Eisenberg (Ukraine, USA, 1876–after 1909)
• Stefan Fazekas (Hungary, Czechoslovakia, England,
• Bengt Ekenberg (Sweden, 1912–1986)
1898–1967)
• Folke Ekström (Sweden, 1906–2000)
• Sergey Fedorchuk (Ukraine, born 1981)
• Erich Eliskases (Austria, Germany, Argentina,
• Alexei Fedorov (Belarus, born 1972)
1913–1997)
• John Fedorowicz (USA, born 1958)
• Pavel Eljanov (Ukraine, born 1983)
• Vladimir Fedoseev (Russia, born 1995)
• Moissei Eljaschoff (Lithuania, 1870–1919)
• Movsas Feigins (Latvia, Argentina, 1908–1950)
• John Emms (England, born 1967)
• Rafał Feinmesser (Poland, born before 1906)
• Lucijs Endzelins (Estonia, Latvia, Australia, 1909–
1981) • Florin Felecan (Romania, USA, born 1980)
• Jens Enevoldsen (Denmark, 1907–1980) • Virgilio Fenoglio (Argentina, 1902–1990)
• Ludwig Engels (Germany, Brazil, 1905–1967) • Arthur Feuerstein (USA, born 1935)
8 7 G

• Alexandr Fier (Brazil, born 1988) • Frederic Friedel (Germany, born 1945)
• Martha Fierro (Ecuador, born 1977) • Gunnar Friedemann (Estonia, 1909–1943)
• Miroslav Filip (Czech Republic, born 1928) • David Friedgood (South Africa, England, born
1946)
• Anton Filippov (Uzbekistan, born 1986)
• Henryk Friedman (Poland, 1903–1942)
• Reuben Fine (USA, 1914–1993)
• Alexander Fritz (Germany, 1857–1932)
• Ben Finegold (USA, born 1969)
• Martin Severin From (Denmark, 1828–1895)
• Julius Finn (Poland, USA, 1871–1931)
• Achilles Frydman (Poland, 1905–1940)
• Nick de Firmian (USA, born 1957)
• Paulino Frydman (Poland, Argentina, 1905–1982)
• Robert James Fischer (USA, Iceland, 1943–2008)
• Ľubomír Ftáčnik (Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, born
• Alex Fishbein (USA, born 1968) 1957)
• Alexander Flamberg (Poland, 1880–1926) • Andrija Fuderer (Vojvodina, Belgium, 1931–2011)
• Alfred Flatow (Germany, Australia, born 1937) • Semyon Furman (Russia, 1920–1978)
• Glenn Flear (England, born 1959)
• Ivana Maria Furtado (India, born 1999)
• Ernst Flechsig (Germany, 1852–1890)
• Géza Füster (Hungary, Canada, 1910–1990)
• Bernhard Fleissig (Hungary, Austria, 1853–1931)
• Roy Fyllingen (Norway, born 1975)
• Max Fleissig (Hungary, Austria, 1845–after 1882)
• János Flesch (Hungary, 1933–1983) 7 G
• Salo Flohr (Ukraine, Czechoslovakia, Russia, 1908–
1983) • Merab Gagunashvili (Georgia, born 1985)

• Rodrigo Flores (Chile, 1913–2007) • Aleksandr Galkin (Russia, born 1979)

• Alberto Foguelman (Argentina, born 1923) • Joseph Gallagher (England, Switzerland, born
1964)
• Jan Foltys (Czechoslovakia, 1908–1952)
• Alisa Galliamova (Russia, born 1972)
• George Salto Fontein (Netherlands, 1890–1963)
• Surya Shekhar Ganguly (India, born 1983)
• Leó Forgács (Hungary, 1881–1930)
• Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia, born 1941)
• Győző Forintos (Hungary, born 1935)
• Valeriane Gaprindashvili (Georgia, born 1982)
• Albert Fox (USA, 1881–1964)
• Carlos Garcia Palermo (Argentina, Italy, born 1953)
• Maurice Fox (Ukraine, Canada, 1898–1988)
• Raimundo Garcia (Argentina, born 1936)
• Selim Franklin (England, USA, 1814–1884)
• Timur Gareev (Uzbekistan, born 1988)
• Zenon Franco (Paraguay, born 1956)
• Eldar Gasanov (Ukraine, born 1982)
• Jalo Aatos Fred (Finland, 1917–2003)
• Vugar Gashimov (Azerbaijan, 1986–2014)
• Michael Freeman (England, New Zealand, born
1960) • Anna Gasik (Poland, born 1988)

• Laurent Fressinet (France, born 1981) • Einar Gausel (Norway, born 1963)

• Sergey von Freymann (Russia, Uzbekistan, 1882– • Viktor Gavrikov (Lithuania, Switzerland, born
1946) 1957)
• Joel Fridlizius (Sweden, 1869–1963) • Tamaz Gelashvili (Georgia, born 1978)
• Daniel Fridman (Latvia, Germany, born 1976) • Boris Gelfand (Belarus, Israel, born 1968)
9

• Efim Geller (Ukraine, 1925–1998) • Alexander Goldin (Russia, born 1965)
• Uzi Geller (Israel, born 1931) • Rusudan Goletiani (Georgia, USA, born 1980)
• Petar Genov (Bulgaria, born 1970) • Celso Golmayo Torriente (Cuba, Spain, 1879–
1924)
• Kiril Georgiev (Bulgaria, born 1965)
• Celso Golmayo Zúpide (Spain, Cuba, 1820–1898)
• Krum Georgiev (Bulgaria, born 1958)
• Manuel Golmayo Torriente (Cuba, Spain, 1883–
• Ernő Gereben (Hungary, Switzerland 1907–1988)
1973)
• Regina Gerlecka (Poland, 1913–1983)
• Vitali Golod (Ukraine, Israel born 1971)
• Eugenio German (Brazil, 1930–2001)
• Harry Golombek (England, 1911–1995)
• Theodor Germann (Latvia, 1879–1935)
• Alexander Goloshchapov (Ukraine, born 1978)
• Alik Gershon (Israel, born 1980)
• Alexander Ferdinand von der Goltz (Germany,
• Edward Gerstenfeld (Poland, Ukraine 1915–1943) 1819–1858)

• Georgy Geshev (Bulgaria, 1903–1937) • Valentina Golubenko (Estonia, Croatia, born 1990)

• Ehsan Ghaem Maghami (Iran, born 1982) • Mikhail Golubev (Ukraine, born 1970)
• Tigran Gharamian (France, born 1984) • Aleksei Goncharov (Russia, 1879–1913)
• Ameet Ghasi (England, born 1987) • Gong Qianyun (China, born 1985)
• Florin Gheorghiu (Romania, born 1944) • Jayson Gonzales (Philippines, born 1969)
• Amédée Gibaud (France, 1885–1957) • José González García (Mexico, born 1973)
• Johannes Giersing (Denmark, 1872–1954) • Juan Carlos González Zamora (Mexico, born 1968)
• Ellen Gilbert (USA 1837–1900) • David S. Goodman (England, USA, born 1958)
• Jessie Gilbert (England, 1987–2006) • Stephen J. Gordon (England, born 1986)
• Karl Gilg (Czechoslovakia, Germany, 1901–1981) • Danny Gormally (England, born 1976)
• Aivars Gipslis (Latvia, 1937–2000) • George H. D. Gossip (USA, England, 1841–1907)
• Anish Giri (Holland, born 1994) • Solomon Gotthilf (Russia, 1903–1967)
• Matteo Gladig (Italy, 1880–1915) • Hermann von Gottschall (Germany, 1862–1933)
• Eduard Glass (Austria, 1902 – after 1980) • Boris Grachev (Russia, born 1986)
• Evgeny Gleizerov (Russia, born 1963) • Alexander Graf (Uzbekistan, Germany, born 1962)
• Igor Glek (Russia, Germany, born 1961) • Sonja Graf (Germany, Argentina, USA, 1908–
• Svetozar Gligorić (Serbia, 1923–2012) 1965)

• Fernand Gobet (Switzerland, born 1962) • Julio Granda Zuniga (Peru, born 1967)

• Michele Godena (Italy, born 1967) • Roberto Grau (Argentina, 1900–1944)

• Carl Goering (Germany, 1841–1879) • Gioachino Greco (Italy, 1600 – c. 1634)

• Alphonse Goetz (France, 1865–1934) • Ewen McGowen Green (New Zealand, born 1950)

• Leonid Gofshtein (Israel, born 1953) • Alon Greenfeld (USA, Israel, born 1964)

• Jason Goh Koon-Jong (Singapore, born 1989) • John Grefe (USA, born 1947)

• Goh Weiming (Singapore, born 1983) • Bernhard Gregory (Estonia, Germany, 1879–1939)

• Samuel Gold (Hungary, Austria, USA, 1835–1920) • Gisela Kahn Gresser (USA, 1906–2000)
10 8 H

• Helgi Gretarsson (Iceland, born 1977) 8 H
• Richard Griffith (England, 1872–1955) • Anna Hahn (Latvia, USA, born 1976)
• Nikolay Grigoriev (Russia, 1895–1935) • Vitaly Halberstadt (Ukraine, France, 1903–1967)
• Avetik Grigoryan (Armenia, born 1989) • Alexander Halprin (Russia, Austria, 1868–1921)

• Vincent Grimm (Austria, Hungary, 1800–1872) • Tunc Hamarat (Turkey, Austria, born 1946)

• Alexander Grischuk (Russia, born 1983) • Hichem Hamdouchi (Morocco, born 1972)

• Efstratios Grivas (Greece, born 1966) • Rani Hamid (Bangladesh, born 1944)
• Jon Ludvig Hammer (Norway, born 1990)
• Henri Grob (Switzerland, 1904–1974)
• Carl Hamppe (Switzerland, Austria, 1814–1876)
• Aristide Gromer (France, born 1909)
• Milton Hanauer (USA, 1908–1988)
• Adriaan de Groot (Netherlands, born 1914)
• James Hanham (USA, 1840–1923)
• Ernst Grünfeld (Austria, 1893–1962)
• Hermann von Hanneken (Germany, 1810–1886)
• Yehuda Gruenfeld (Poland, Israel, born 1956)
• Curt Hansen (Denmark, born 1964)
• James Grundy (England, USA, 1855–1919)
• Wilhelm Hanstein (Germany, 1811–1850)
• Izaak Grynfeld (Poland, Israel, born 1920) • Khosro Harandi (Iran, born 1950)
• Gu Xiaobing (China, born 1985) • Dronavalli Harika (India, born 1991)
• Ion Gudju (Romania, 1897–1988) • Pendyala Harikrishna (India, born 1986)

• Eduard Gufeld (Ukraine, USA, 1936–2002) • Max Harmonist (Germany, 1864–1907)

• Ilse Guggenberger (Colombia, born 1942) • Daniel Harrwitz (Germany, France, 1823–1884)

• Carlos Guimard (Argentina, 1913–1998) • William Hartston (England, born 1947)
• Wolfgang Hasenfuss (Latvia, born 1900)
• Boris Gulko (Russia, USA, born 1947)
• Stewart Haslinger (England, born 1981)
• Gunnar Gundersen (France, Norway, Australia,
1882–1943) • Arnaud Hauchard (France, born 1971)

• Isidor Gunsberg (Hungary, England, 1854–1930) • Cécile Haussernot (France, born 1998)

• Abhijeet Gupta (India, born 1989) • Kornél Havasi (Hungary, 1892–1945)
• Mark Hebden (England, born 1958)
• Dmitry Gurevich (Russia, USA, born 1956)
• Jean Hebert (Canada, born 1957)
• Ilya Gurevich (Ukraine, USA, born 1972)
• Hans-Joachim Hecht (Germany, born 1939)
• Mikhail Gurevich (Ukraine, Belgium, Turkey, born
1959) • Jonny Hector (Sweden, born 1964)

• Bukhuti Gurgenidze (Georgia, 1933–2008) • Fenny Heemskerk (Netherlands, 1919–2007)
• Wolfgang Heidenfeld (Germany, South Africa, Ire-
• Jan Gustafsson (Germany, born 1979)
land, 1911–1981)
• Emanuel Guthi (Israel, born 1930)
• Jakub Heilpern (Poland, 1850–1910)
• Lev Gutman (Latvia, Israel, Germany, born 1945) • Herbert Heinicke (Brazil, Germany, 1905–1988)
• Fritz Gygli (Switzerland, 1896–1980) • Arved Heinrichsen (Lithuania, 1879–1900)
• Alfred William Gyles (New Zealand, 1888–1967) • Dan Heisman (USA, born 1950)
11

• Grigory Helbach (Russia, 1863–1930) • Jovanka Houska (England, born 1980)

• Karl Helling (Germany, 1904–1937) • Clarence Howell (USA, 1881–1936)

• Johan Hellsten (Sweden, born 1975) • David Howell (England, born 1990)

• Hermann Helms (USA, 1870–1963) • Zbyněk Hráček (Czech Republic, born 1970)

• Ron Henley (USA, born 1956) • Karel Hromádka (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, 1887–
1956)
• Moriz Henneberger (Switzerland, 1878–1959)
• Vincenz Hruby (Bohemia, Austria, Italy, 1856–
• Walter Henneberger (Switzerland, 1883–1969) 1917)
• Deen Hergott (Canada, born 1962) • Hsu Li Yang (Singapore, born 1972)

• Sigmund Herland (Romania, 1865–1954) • Huang Qian (China, born 1986)

• Róża Herman (Poland, 1902–1995) • Robert Hübner (Germany, born 1948)

• Gilberto Hernández Guerrero (Mexico, born 1970) • Werner Hug (Switzerland, born 1952)

• Tiger Hillarp Persson (Sweden, born 1970) • Krunoslav Hulak (Croatia, born 1951)

• Wilhelm Hilse (Germany, 1878–1940) • Koneru Humpy (India, born 1987)

• Moshe Hirschbein (Poland, 1894–1940) • Harriet Hunt (England, born 1978)

• Moses Hirschel (Germany, 1754 – c. 1823) • Alexander Huzman (Ukraine, Israel, born 1962)

• Philipp Hirschfeld (Germany, 1840–1896)

• Jóhann Hjartarson (Iceland, born 1963)
9 I
• Hoang Thanh Trang (Vietnam, Hungary, born • Ildar Ibragimov (Russia, USA, born 1967)
1980)
• Bella Igla (Russia, Israel, born 1985)
• Albert Hodges (USA, 1861–1944)
• Juan Iliesco (Romania, Argentina, 1898–1968)
• Julian Hodgson (England, born 1963)
• Rolando Illa (USA, Cuba, Argentina, 1880–1937)
• Leopold Hoffer (Hungary, France, England, 1842–
• Miguel Illescas Córdoba (Spain, born 1965)
1913)
• Alexander Ilyin-Zhenevsky (Russia, 1894–1941)
• Karl Holländer (Germany, 1868–? )
• Ernesto Inarkiev (Kyrgyzstan, Russia, born 1985)
• Edith Holloway (England, 1868–1956)
• Viorel Iordachescu (Moldova, born 1977)
• Krystyna Hołuj-Radzikowska (Poland, 1931–2006)
• Nana Ioseliani (Georgia, born 1962)
• Walther von Holzhausen (Austria, Germany, 1876–
1935) • Andrei Istrăţescu (Romania, born 1985)

• Baldur Hönlinger (Austria, Germany, 1905–1990) • Saidali Iuldachev (Uzbekistan, born 1968)

• Bill Hook (USA, British Virgin Islands, 1925–2010) • Vassily Ivanchuk (Ukraine, born 1969)

• Vlastimil Hort (Czechoslovakia, Germany, born • Ivan Ivanišević (Serbia, born 1977)
1944) • Alexander Ivanov (USA, born 1956)
• Israel Horowitz (USA, 1907–1973) • Igor Ivanov (Russia, Canada, USA, 1947–2005)
• Bernhard Horwitz (Germany, England, 1807–1885) • Božidar Ivanović (Montenegro, born 1949)
• Henry Hosmer (USA, 1837–1892) • Borislav Ivkov (Serbia, born 1933)
• Enamul Hossain (Bangladesh, born 1981) • Stefan Izbinsky (Ukraine, 1884–1912)
• Hou Yifan (China, born 1994) • Zviad Izoria (Georgia, born 1984)
12 11 K

10 J 11 K
• Jana Jacková (Czech Republic, born 1982) • Bernhard Kagan (Poland, Germany, 1866–1932)

• Egil Jacobsen (Denmark, 1897–1923) • Shimon Kagan (Israel, born 1942)

• Ernst Jacobson (Sweden, ?–?) • Victor Kahn (Russia, France, 1889–1971)
• Gregory Kaidanov (Ukraine, Russia, USA, born
• Carl Jaenisch (Finland, Russia, 1813–1872)
1959)
• Charles Jaffe (Russia, USA, 1883–1941) • Osmo Kaila (Finland, 1916–1991)
• Jerzy Jagielski (Poland, Germany, 1897–1955) • Charles Kalme (Latvia, Germany, USA, 1939–
2003)
• Dmitry Jakovenko (Russia, born 1983)
• Gata Kamsky (Russia, USA, born 1974)
• Lora Jakovleva (Russia, born 1932)
• Ilya Kan (Russia, 1909–1978)
• Dragoljub Janošević (Serbia, born 1923)
• Marcus Kann (Austria, 1820–1886)
• Chaim Janowski (Poland, Germany, Japan, c. 1868
– 1935) • Albert Kapengut (Belarus, born 1945)

• Dawid Janowski (Poland, France, 1868–1927) • Julio Kaplan (Argentina, Puerto Rico, USA, born
1950)
• Vlastimil Jansa (Czech Republic, born 1942)
• Darja Kapš (Slovenia, born 1981)
• Nicolai Jasnogrodsky (Ukraine, England, USA, • Mona May Karff (Moldova, Russia, Palestine, USA,
1859–1914) 1914–1998)
• Carlos Jauregui (Chile, Canada, born 1932) • Sergey Karjakin (Ukraine, born 1990)
• Florian Jenni (Switzerland, born 1980) • Anastasiya Karlovich (Ukraine, born 1982)

• Eleazar Jiménez (Cuba, born 1928) • Anatoly Karpov (Russia, born 1951)

• Baadur Jobava (Georgia, born 1983) • Isaac Kashdan (USA, 1905–1985)

• Leif Erlend Johannessen (Norway, born 1980) • Rustam Kasimdzhanov (Uzbekistan, born 1979)
• Garry Kasparov (Azerbaijan, Russia, born 1963)
• Svein Johannessen (Norway, 1937–2007)
• Genrikh Kasparyan (Armenia, 1910–1995)
• Darryl Johansen (Australia, born 1959)
• Miroslav Katětov (Czechoslovakia, 1918–1995)
• Walter John (Poland, Germany, 1879–1940)
• Arthur Kaufmann (Romania, Austria, 1872–1940)
• Hans Johner (Switzerland, 1889–1975)
• Lubomir Kavalek (Czechoslovakia, USA, born
• Paul Johner (Switzerland, 1887–1938) 1943)

• Gawain Jones (England, born 1987) • Raymond Keene (England, born 1948)

• Iolo Jones (Wales, born 1947) • Hermann Keidanski (Poland, Germany, 1865–
1938)
• Paul Journoud (France, 1821–1882)
• Dieter Keller (Switzerland, born 1936)
• Ju Wenjun (China, born 1991)
• Edith Keller-Herrmann (Germany, born 1921)
• Max Judd (Poland, USA, 1851–1906) • Rudolf Keller (Germany, 1917–1993)
• Klaus Junge (Chile, Germany, 1924–1945) • Brian Kelly (Ireland, born 1978)
• Otto Junge (Chile, Germany, 1887–1978) • Emil Kemény (Hungary, USA, 1860–1925)
• Miervaldis Jursevskis (Latvia, Canada, born 1921) • Edvīns Ķeņģis (Latvia, born 1959)
13

• Hugh Alexander Kennedy (Ireland, England, 1809– • Alexander Koblencs (Latvia, 1916–1993)
1878)
• Berthold Koch (Germany, 1899–1988)
• Paul Keres (Estonia, 1916–1975)
• Alexander Kochyev (Russia, born 1956)
• Alexander Kevitz (USA, 1902–1981)
• Artur Kogan (Ukraine, Israel, born 1974)
• Rohini Khadilkar (India, born 1963)
• Boris Kogan (Russia, USA, 1940–1993)
• Alexander Khalifman (Russia, born 1966)
• Anton Kohler (Germany, born before 1914)
• Mir Sultan Khan (India, Pakistan, 1905–1966)
• Stanisław Kohn (Poland, 1895–1940)
• Andrei Kharlov (Russia, born 1968)
• Friedrich Köhnlein (Germany, 1879–1916)
• Murtas Kazhgaleyev (Kazakhstan, born 1973)
• Dmitry Kokarev (Russia, born 1982)
• Abram Khavin (Ukraine, 1914–1974) • Atanas Kolev (Bulgaria, born 1967)
• Igor Khenkin (Russia, Germany, born 1968) • Ignác Kolisch (Slovakia, Austria-Hungary, 1837–
• Denis Khismatullin (Russia, born 1984) 1899)

• Ratmir Kholmov (Russia, Belarus, Lithuania, 1925– • Jakub Kolski (Poland, 1899–1941)
2006) • Georges Koltanowski (Belgium, USA, 1903–2000)
• Natalia Khoudgarian (Russia, Canada, born 1975) • Henrijeta Konarkowska-Sokolov (Poland, Serbia,
• Nino Khurtsidze (Georgia, born 1975) born 1938)
• Humpy Koneru (India, born 1987)
• Feliks Kibbermann (Estonia, before 1914)
• Imre König (Hungary, Yugoslavia, England, USA,
• Georg Kieninger (Germany, 1902–1975)
1899–1992)
• Lionel Kieseritzky (Estonia, France, 1806–1853)
• Jerzy Konikowski (Poland, Germany, born 1947)
• R.K. Kieseritzky (Estonia, Russia, c. 1870 – aftere
• Alexander Konstantinopolsky (Ukraine, 1910–
1922)
1990)
• Daniel King (England, born 1963)
• Danny Kopec (USA, born 1954)
• Olof Kinnmark (Sweden, 1897–1970) • Viktor Korchnoi (Russia, Switzerland, born 1931)
• Ove Kinnmark (Sweden, born 1944) • Akshayraj Kore (India 1988)
• Georg Klaus (Germany, 1912–1974) • Anton Korobov (Ukraine, born 1985)
• Jan Kleczyński, Jr. (Poland, 1875–1939) • Imre Korody (Hungary, 1905–1969)
• Jan Kleczyński, Sr. (Poland, 1837–1895) • Alexey Korotylev (Russia, born 1977)
• Ernst Klein (Austria, England, 1910–1990) • Yona Kosashvili (Georgia, Israel, born 1970)
• Paul Klein (Germany, Ecuador, born 1930) • Gary Koshnitsky (Moldova, Australia, 1907–1999)
• Josef Kling (Germany, 1811–1876) • Nadezhda Kosintseva (Russia, born 1985)
• Jānis Klovāns (Latvia, 1935–2010) • Tatiana Kosintseva (Russia, born 1986)
• Gyula Kluger (Hungary, 1914–1994) • Alexandra Kosteniuk (Russia, born 1984)
• Hans Kmoch (Austria, Netherlands, USA, 1894– • Boris Kostić (Austria-Hungary, Yugoslavia, 1887–
1973) 1963)
• Rainer Knaak (Germany, born 1953) • Jan Kotrč (Czechoslovakia, 1862–1943)
• Viktor Knorre (Russia, 1840–1919) • Vasilios Kotronias (Greece, born 1964)
• Mikhail Kobalia (Russia, born 1978) • Pavel Kotsur (Kazakhstan, born 1974)
14 12 L

• Alexander Kotov (Russia, 1913–1981) • Bojan Kurajica (Bosnia and Herzegovina, born
1947)
• Čeněk Kottnauer (Czechoslovakia, England, 1910–
1996) • Igor Kurnosov (Russia, born 1985)
• Bachar Kouatly (Syria, Liban, France, born 1958) • Alla Kushnir (Russia, Israel, 1941-2013)
• Vlatko Kovačević (Croatia, born 1942) • Gennady Kuzmin (Russia, born 1946)
• Alexander Kovchan (Ukraine, born 1983) • Yuriy Kuzubov (Ukraine, born 1990)
• Boris Koyalovich (Russia, 1867–1941) • Jan Kvicala (Czechoslovakia, 1868–1939)
• Valentina Kozlovskaya (Russia, born 1938)
• Zdenko Kozul (Croatia, born 1966) 12 L
• Jesse Kraai (USA, born 1972)
• Kateryna Lahno (Ukraine, born 1989)
• Yair Kraidman (Israel, born 1932)
• Bogdan Lalić (Yugoslavia/Croatia, England, born
• Adolf Kraemer (Germany, 1898–1972) 1964)

• Adolf Kramer (Germany, 1871–1934) • Erwin l'Ami (Netherlands, born 1985)

• Haije Kramer (Netherlands, 1917–2004) • Frank Lamprecht (Germany, born 1968)

• Vladimir Kramnik (Russia, born 1975) • Konstantin Landa (Russia, born 1972)

• Michał Krasenkow (Russia, Poland, born 1963) • Salo Landau (Poland, Netherlands, 1903–1944)

• Orla Hermann Krause (Denmark, 1867–1935) • Gary Lane (England, Australia, born 1964)
• Martyn Kravtsiv (Ukraine, born 1990) • Lisa Lane (USA, born 1938)
• Boris Kreiman (Russia, USA, born 1976) • Max Lange (Germany, 1832–1899)
• Josef Krejcik (Austria, 1885–1957) • Salomon Langleben (Poland, 1862–1939)
• Leon Kremer (Poland, 1901–1941) • Bent Larsen (Denmark, 1935–2010)
• Martin Kreuzer (Germany, born 1962) • Ernst Larsson (Sweden, 1897–1963)
• Ljuba Kristol (Russia, Israel, born 1944) • Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa (Prus-
sia/Germany, 1818–1899)
• Stanislav Kriventsov (Russia, USA, born 1973)
• Berthold Lasker (Germany, 1860–1928)
• Nikolai Krogius (Russia, born 1930)
• Edward Lasker (Poland, Germany, USA, 1885–
• Paul Krüger (Germany, 1871–1939)
1981)
• Irina Krush (Ukraine, USA, born 1983)
• Emanuel Lasker (Germany, Russia, USA, 1868–
• Yuriy Kryvoruchko (Ukraine, born 1986) 1941)

• Arvid Kubbel (Russia, 1889–1938) • Milda Lauberte (Latvia, born 1918)

• Leonid Kubbel (Russia, 1891–1942) • Leho Laurine (Estonia, Sweden, 1904–1998)

• Sergey Kudrin (Russia, USA, born 1959) • Joël Lautier (Canada, France, born 1973)

• Adam Kuligowski (Poland, born 1955) • Darwin Laylo (Philippines, born 1980)

• Kaido Külaots (Estonia, born 1976) • Frédéric Lazard (France, 1883–1948)

• Abhijit Kunte (India, born 1977) • Gustave Lazard (France, 1876–1949)

• Abraham Kupchik (Belarus, USA, 1892–1970) • Milunka Lazarević (Serbia, born 1932)

• Viktor Kupreichik (Belarus, born 1949) • Viktor Laznicka (Czech Republic, born 1988)
15

• Lê Quang Liêm (Vietnam, born 1991) • Kjetil Aleksander Lie (Norway, born 1980)
• Sergey Lebedev (Russia, 1868–1942) • Andor Lilienthal (Hungary, Russia, 1911–2010)

• Peter Lee (England, born 1943) • Darcy Lima (Brazil, born 1962)

• Peter Leepin (Switzerland, 1920–1995) • Lin Ta (China, born 1963)
• Lin Weiguo (China, born 1970)
• Legall de Kermeur (France, 1702–1792)
• Paul Lipke (Germany, 1870–1955)
• Anatoly Lein (Russia, USA, born 1931)
• Isaac Lipnitsky (Ukraine, 1923–1959)
• Péter Lékó (Hungary, born 1979)
• Samuel Lipschütz (Hungary, USA, 1863–1905)
• Giovanni Leonardo (Italy, 1542–1587)
• Georgy Lisitsin (Russia, 1909–1972)
• Paul Saladin Leonhardt (Poland, Germany, 1877–
1934) • Paul List (Ukraine, Germany, England, 1887–1954)

• Alex Lenderman (USA, born 1989) • Marta Litinskaya-Shul (Ukraine, born 1949)
• John Littlewood (England, 1931)
• James A. Leonard (USA, 1841–1862)
• Liu Shilan (China, born 1962)
• Konstantin Lerner (Ukraine, 1950–2011)
• Liu Wenzhe (China, born 1940)
• Alexandre Lesiege (Canada, born 1975)
• Ljubomir Ljubojević (Serbia, born 1950)
• Norman Lessing (USA, 1911–2001)
• Eric Lobron (USA, Germany, born 1960)
• René Letelier (Chile, 1915–2006)
• Josef Lokvenc (Austria, 1899–1974)
• Grigory Levenfish (Poland, Russia, 1889–1961)
• Giambattista Lolli (Italy, 1698–1769)
• Alexander Levin (Russia, 1871–1929) • Rudolf Loman (Netherlands, 1861–1932)
• Jacob Levin (USA, 1904–?) • William Lombardy (USA, born 1937)
• Naum Levin (Ukraine, Australia, born 1933) • Ruy López de Segura (Spain, c. 1530 – c. 1580)
• Irina Levitina (Russia, USA, born 1954) • Edward Löwe (England, 1794–1880)
• Stepan Levitsky (Russia, 1876–1924) • Otto Löwenborg (Sweden, 1888–1969)

• David Levy (Scotland, born 1945) • Johann Löwenthal (Hungary, England, 1810–1876)

• Jerzy Lewi (Poland, Sweden, 1949–1972) • Leopold Löwy, Jr (Austria, 1871–after 1909)

• Moritz Lewitt (Germany, 1863–1936) • Leopold Löwy, Sr (Austria, 1840–after 1904)
• Moishe Lowtzky (Ukraine, Poland, 1881–1940)
• Li Chao (China, born 1989)
• Sam Loyd (USA, 1841 – 1911)
• Li Ruofan (Singapore, born 1978)
• Smbat Lputian (Armenia, born 1958)
• Li Shilong (China, born 1977)
• Luis Ramirez Lucena (Spain, c. 1465 – c. 1530)
• Li Shongjian (China, born 1939)
• Markas Luckis (Lithuania, Argentina, 1905–1973)
• Li Wenliang (China, born 1967)
• Andrey Lukin (Russia, born 1948)
• Li Zunian (China, born 1958)
• Stig Lundholm (Sweden, born 1917)
• Liang Chong (China, born 1980)
• Erik Lundin (Sweden, 1904–1988)
• Liang Jinrong (China, born 1960) • Francisco Lupi (Portugal, before 1910–1954)
• Vladimir Liberzon (Russia, Israel, born 1937) • Constantin Lupulescu (Romania, born 1984)
• Theodor Lichtenhein (Germany, USA, 1829–1874) • Thomas Luther (Germany, born 1969)
• Espen Lie (Norway, born 1984) • Christopher Lutz (Germany, born 1971)
16 13 M

13 M • Géza Maróczy (Hungary, 1870–1951)

• Davide Marotti (Italy, 1881–1940)
• Gottlieb Machate (Germany, 1904–1974)
• Dražen Marović (Croatia, born 1938)
• Aleksandras Machtas (Lithuania, Israel, 1892–
1973) • Frank Marshall (USA, 1877–1944)
• Bartłomiej Macieja (Poland, born 1977) • Dion Martinez (Cuba, USA, 1837–1928)
• George Henry Mackenzie (Scotland, USA, 1837– • Giovanni Martinolich (Italy, 1884–1910)
1891)
• Rico Mascarinas (Philippines, born 1954)
• Nicholas MacLeod (Canada, 1870–1965)
• Houshang Mashian (Iran, Israel, born 1938)
• Carlos Maderna (Argentina, 1910–1976)
• James Mason (Ireland, USA, England, 1849–1905)
• Ildikó Mádl (Hungary, born 1969)
• Dimitrios Mastrovasilis (Greece, born 1983)
• Elmar Magerramov (Azerbaijan, born 1958)
• Aleksandar Matanović (Serbia, born 1930)
• Joanna Majdan (Poland, born 1988)
• Hermanis Matisons (Latvia, 1894–1932)
• Kazimierz Makarczyk (Poland, 1901–1972)
• Milan Matulović (Serbia, born 1935)
• Vladimir Makogonov (Azerbaijan, 1904–1993)
• Svetlana Matveeva (Russia, born 1969)
• Gyula Makovetz (Hungary, 1860–1903)
• Carl Mayet (Germany, 1810–1868)
• Vadim Malakhatko (Ukraine, Belgium, born 1977)
• Isaak Mazel (Belarus, Russia, 1911–1943)
• Vladimir Malakhov (Russia, born 1980)
• Neil McDonald (England, born 1967)
• Vidmantas Mališauskas (Lithuania, born 1963)
• Alexander McDonnell (Ireland, 1798–1835)
• Vladimir Malaniuk (Russia, Ukraine, born 1957)
• Colin McNab (Scotland, born 1961)
• Boris Maliutin (Russia, 1883–1920)
• Luke McShane (England, born 1984)
• Nidjat Mamedov (Azerbaijan, born 1985)
• Henrique Mecking (Brazil, born 1952)
• Shakhriyar Mamedyarov (Azerbaijan, born 1985)
• Antonio Medina (Spain, 1919–2003)
• Rauf Mammadov (Azerbaijan, born 1988)
• Edmar Mednis (Latvia, USA, 1937–2002)
• Maria Manakova (Serbia, born 1974)
• Susanto Megaranto (Indonesia, born 1987)
• Karmen Mar (Slovenia, born 1987)
• Philipp Meitner (Austria, 1838–1910)
• Napoleon Marache (France, USA, 1818–1875)
• Olga Menchik (Russia, Czechoslovakia, England,
• Max Marchand (Netherlands, 1888–1957)
1908–1944)
• Georg Marco (Romania, Austria, 1863–1923)
• Vera Menchik (Russia, Czechoslovakia, England,
• Alisa Marić (Serbia, born 1970) 1906–1944)

• Mirjana Marić (Serbia, born 1970) • Julius Mendheim (Germany, 1788–1836)

• Mihail Marin (Romania, born 1965) • Jonathan Mestel (England, born 1957)

• Beatriz Marinello (Chile, born 1964) • Johannes Metger (Germany, 1850–1926)

• Sergio Mariotti (Italy, born 1946) • Voldemars Mežgailis (Latvia, born 1912)

• Ján Markoš (Slovakia, born 1985) • Paul Michel (Germany, Argentina, 1905–1977)

• Tomasz Markowski (Poland, born 1975) • Walter Michel (Switzerland, 1888–after 1935)

• Robert Markuš (Serbia, born 1984) • Reginald Price Michell (England, 1873–1938)
17

• Jacques Mieses (Germany, England, 1865–1954) • Elshan Moradi (Iran, born 1985)

• Samuel Mieses (Germany, 1841–1884) • Luciana Morales Mendoza (Peru, born 1987)

• Vladas Mikėnas (Estonia, Lithuania, 1910–1992) • Kalikst Morawski (Poland, 1859 – c. 1939)

• Adrian Mikhalchishin (Ukraine, Slovenia, born • Bruno Moritz (Germany, Ecuador, 1900– ?)
1954)
• Iván Morovic (Chile, born 1963)
• Victor Mikhalevski (Belarus, Israel, born 1972)
• Alexander Moroz (chess player) (Ukraine, 1961–
• Igor Miladinović (Serbia, born 1974) 2009)

• Tony Miles (England, 1955–2001) • Alexander Morozevich (Russia, born 1977)

• Zdravko Milev (Bulgaria, 1929–1984) • Paul Morphy (USA, 1837–1884)

• Borislav Milic (Yugoslavia, 1925–1986) • John Morrison (Canada, 1889–1975)

• Sophie Milliet (France, born 1983) • Niaz Morshed (Bangladesh, born 1966)

• Stuart Milner-Barry (England, 1906–1995) • Paul Motwani (Scotland, born 1962)

• Vadim Milov (Russia, Israel, Switzerland, born • Alexander Motylev (Russia, born 1979)
1972)
• Sergei Movsesian (Armenia, Slovakia, born 1978)
• Artashes Minasian (Armenia, born 1987)
• Paul Mross (Poland, Germany, born 1910)
• Johannes Minckwitz (Germany, 1843–1901)
• Martin Mrva (Slovakia, born 1971)
• Nikolay Minev (Bulgaria, USA, born 1931)
• André Muffang (France, 1897–1989)
• Dragoljub Minić (Montenegro, 1936–2005)
• Hans Müller (Austria, 1896–1971)
• Evgenij Miroshnichenko (Ukraine, born 1978)
• Karsten Müller (Germany, born 1970)
• Azer Mirzoev (Azerbaijan, born 1978)
• César Muñoz (Ecuador, born 1929)
• Vesna Mišanović (Bosnia, born 1964)
• Piotr Murdzia (Poland, born 1975)
• Kamil Mitoń (Poland, born 1984)
• Jacob Murey (Russia, Israel, born 1941)
• Lilit Mkrtchian (Armenia, born 1982) • Augusto de Muro (Argentina, ? –1959)
• Stasch Mlotkowski (USA, 1881–1943) • Phiona Mutesi (Uganda, birthdate unknown)
• Abram Model (Latvia, Russia, 1896–1976) • Anna Muzychuk (Ukraine, Slovenia, born 1990)
• Charles Moehle (USA, 1859–1898) • Lkhamsürengiin Myagmarsüren (Mongolia, born
• Jorgen Moeller (Denmark, 1873–1944) 1938)

• Ariah Mohiliver (Poland, Israel, born 1904) • Hugh Myers (USA, 1930–2008)

• Stefan Mohr (Germany, born 1967)

• Alexander Moiseenko (Ukraine, born 1980)
14 N
• Baldur Möller (Iceland, born before 1921) • Ashot Nadanian (Armenia, born 1972)
• Augustus Mongredien (England, 1807–1888) • Arkadij Naiditsch (Latvia, Germany, born 1985)
• Léon Monosson (Belarus, France, 1892–1943) • Oskar Naegeli (Switzerland, 1885–1959)
• Julius du Mont (France, England, 1881–1956) • Géza Nagy (Hungary, 1892–1953)
• Mario Monticelli (Italy, 1902–1995) • Miguel Najdorf (Poland, Argentina, 1910–1997)

• María Teresa Mora (Cuba, 1902–1980) • Hikaru Nakamura (Japan, USA, born 1987)
18 15 O

• William Napier (England, USA, 1881–1952) • Josef Noa (Hungary, 1856–1903)
• Mario Napolitano (Italy, 1910–1995) • Jesus Nogueiras (Cuba, born 1959)

• Renato Naranja (Philippines, born 1940) • Federico Norcia (Italy, 1904–1985)

• Srinath Narayanan (India, born 1994) • Holger Norman-Hansen (Denmark, 1899–1984)

• Daniel Naroditsky (USA, born 1995) • David Norwood (England, born 1968)

• David Navara (Czech Republic, born 1985) • Daniël Noteboom (Netherlands, 1910–1932)
• Igor Novikov (Ukraine, USA, born 1962)
• Vera Nebolsina (Russia, born 1989)
• Nikolay Novotelnov (Russia, 1911–2006)
• Ozren Nedeljković (Serbia, 1903–1984)
• Heinz Nowarra (Germany, 1897–1945 ?)
• Gastón Needleman (Argentina, born 1990)
• John Nunn (England, born 1955)
• Parimarjan Negi (India, born 1993)
• Friedrich Nürnberg (Germany, 1909 –1984)
• Iivo Nei (Estonia, born 1931)
• Tomi Nyback (Finland, born 1985)
• Oleg Neikirch (Georgia, Bulgaria, 1914–1985)
• Gustaf Nyholm (Sweden, 1880–1957)
• Kateřina Němcová (Czech Republic, born 1990)
• Illya Nyzhnyk (Ukraine, born 1996)
• Vladimir Nenarokov (Russia, 1880–1953)
• Ian Nepomniachtchi (Russia, born 1990)
15 O
• Vincenzo Nestler (Italy, 1912–1988)
• Kevin O'Connell (England, Ireland, born 1949)
• Augustin Neumann (Austria, 1879–1906)
• Handszar Odeev (Turkmenistan, born 1972)
• Gustav Neumann (Germany, 1838–1881)
• Leif Øgaard (Norway, born 1952)
• Vladislav Nevednichy (Romania, born 1969)
• John O'Hanlon (Ireland, 1876–1960)
• Valeriy Neverov (Ukraine, born 1962)
• Tõnu Õim (Estonia, born 1941)
• Rashid Nezhmetdinov (Russia, 1912–1974)
• Kaarle Ojanen (Finland, born 1918)
• Ni Hua (China, born 1983)
• Albéric O'Kelly de Galway (Belgium, 1911–1980)
• Arno Nickel (Germany, born 1952) • Friðrik Ólafsson (Iceland, born 1935)
• Bryon Nickoloff (Canada, 1956–2004) • Helgi Ólafsson (Iceland, born 1956)
• Bjørn Nielsen (Denmark, 1907–1949) • Mikhailo Oleksienko (Ukraine, born 1986)
• Peter Heine Nielsen (Denmark, born 1973) • Lembit Oll (Estonia, 1966–1999)
• Torkil Nielsen (Faroe Islands, born 1964) • Adolf Georg Olland (Netherlands, 1867–1933)
• Walter Niephaus (Germany, 1923–1992) • Anton Olson (Sweden, 1881–after 1928)

• Yuri Nikolaevsky (Ukraine, born 1937) • Alexander Onischuk (Ukraine, USA born 1975)

• Ioannis Nikolaidis (Greece, born 1971) • Karel Opočensky (Czechoslovakia, 1892–1975)

• Predrag Nikolić (Bosnia and Herzegovina, born • Wilhelm Orbach (Germany, 1894–1944)
1960) • Menachem Oren (Poland, Israel, 1901–1962)
• Allan Nilsson (Sweden, 1899–1949) • Gerard Oskam (Netherlands, 1880–1952)
• Aron Nimzowitsch (Latvia, Denmark, 1886–1935) • Berge Ostenstad (Norway, born 1964)
• Ning Chunhong (China, born 1968) • John Owen (England, 1827–1901)
• Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu (Romania, born 1976) • Karlis Ozols (Latvia, Australia, 1912–2001)
19

16 P • Raaphi Persitz (England, Israel, Switzerland, born
1934)
• Ludek Pachman (Czechoslovakia, Germany, 1924–
• Nick Pert (England, born 1981)
2003)
• John Peters (USA, born 1951)
• Nikola Padevsky (Bulgaria, born 1933)
• Jusefs Petkevich (Latvia, born 1940)
• Elisabeth Pähtz (Germany, born 1985)
• Arshak Petrosian (Armenia, born 1953)
• Mladen Palac (Croatia, born 1971)
• Davit G. Petrosian (Armenia, born 1984)
• Sam Palatnik (Ukraine, USA, born 1950)
• Tigran Petrosian (Armenia, Georgia, USSR, 1929–
• Luis Palau (Argentina, 1897–1971 ) 1984)
• Victor Palciauskas (Lithuania, USA, born 1941) • Alexander Petrov (Russia, 1794–1867)

• Richard Palliser (England, born 1981) • Vladimirs Petrovs (Latvia, 1907–1943)

• Rudolf Palme (Austria, 1910–2005) • Gerhard Pfeiffer (Germany, 1923–2000)

• Ryan Palmer (Jamaica, born 1974) • François-André Danican Philidor (France, 1726–
1795)
• Davor Palo (Denmark, born 1985)
• Luis Piazzini (Argentina, 1905–1980)
• Eero Paloheimo (Finland, born 1936)
• Jeroen Piket (Netherlands, born 1969)
• Oscar Panno (Argentina, born 1935)
• Harry Nelson Pillsbury (USA, 1872–1906)
• Vasily Panov (Russia, 1906–1973)
• Herman Pilnik (Germany, Argentina, 1914–1981)
• Mark Paragua (Philippines, born 1984)
• Karol Piltz (Poland, 1903–1939)
• Shadi Paridar (Iran, born 1986) • Albert Pinkus (USA, 1903–1984)
• Mircea Parligras (Romania, born 1980) • József Pintér (Hungary, born 1953)
• Bruno Parma (Slovenia, born 1941) • Vasja Pirc (Slovenia, 1907–1980)
• Frank Parr (England, 1918–2003) • Rudolf Pitschak (Czechoslovakia, USA, born 1902)
• Louis Paulsen (Germany, 1833–1891) • Karl Pitschel (Austria, 1829–1883)
• Wilfried Paulsen (Germany, 1828–1901) • Aaron Pixton (USA, born 1986)
• Duško Pavasovič (Croatia, Slovenia, born 1975) • Ján Plachetka (Slovakia, born 1945)

• Max Pavey (USA, 1918–1957) • Albin Planinc (Slovenia, 1944–2008)

• Jiří Pelikán (Czechoslovakia, Argentina, 1906– • James Plaskett (England, Spain, born 1960)
1985)
• Kazimierz Plater (Poland, 1915–2004)
• Yannick Pelletier (Switzerland, born 1976)
• Igor Platonov (Ukraine, 1934–1995)
• Roman Pelts (Ukraine, Canada, born 1937) • Joseph Platz (Germany, USA, 1905–1981)
• Peng Xiaomin (China, born 1973) • Isaias Pleci (Argentina, 1907–1979)
• Peng Zhaoqin (China, born 1978) • David Podhorzer (Austria, born before 1916)
• Jonathan Penrose (England, born 1933) • Natalia Pogonina (Russia, born 1985)
• Corina Peptan (Romania, born 1978) • Henryk Pogorieły (Poland, 1908–1943)
• Julius Perlis (Poland, Austria, 1880–1913) • Ernest Pogosyants (Ukraine, 1935–1990)
• Frederic Perrin (England, USA, 1815–1889) • Iosif Pogrebyssky (Ukraine, 1906–1971)
20 18 R

• Amos Pokorný (Czechoslovakia, 1890–1949) • Lenka Ptacnikova (Czechoslovakia, Iceland, born
1976)
• Rudolph Pokorny (Bohemia, Mexico, USA, 1880–
after 1920) • Stojan Puc (Slovenia, 1921–2004)

• Giulio Polerio (Italy, 1548–1612) • Viktors Pupols (Latvia, USA, born 1935)

• Judit Polgár (Hungary, born 1976) • Cecil Purdy (New Zealand, Australia, 1906–1979)

• Zsuzsa Polgar (Hungary, USA, born 1969) • John Purdy (Australia, born 1935)

• Zsofia Polgar (Hungary, Israel, born 1974)

• Elisabeta Polihroniade (Romania, born 1935) 17 Q
• David Polland (USA, born 1915) • Qi Jingxuan (China, born 1947)
• William Pollock (United Kingdom, 1859–1896) • Qin Kanying (China, born 1974)
• Lev Polugaevsky (Belarus, Russia, 1934–1995) • Oscar Quiñones (Peru, born 1941)
• Arturo Pomar (Spain, born 1931) • Miguel Quinteros (Argentina, born 1947)
• Ruslan Ponomariov (Ukraine, 1983)

• Domenico Ponziani (Italy, 1719–1796) 18 R
• Stepan Popel (Poland, France, USA, 1909–1987)
• Braslav Rabar (Croatia, 1919–1973)
• Ignatz von Popiel (Austria-Hungary, Poland, 1863–
• Abram Rabinovich (Lithuania, Russia, 1878–1943)
1941)
• Ilya Rabinovich (Russia, 1891–1942)
• Petar Popović (Yugoslavia, Serbia, born 1959)
• Teimour Radjabov (Azerbaijan, born 1987)
• Artur Poplawski (Poland, Switzerland, 1860–1918)
• Ivan Radulov (Bulgaria, born 1939)
• Yosef Porath (Germany, Israel, 1909–1996)
• Markus Ragger (Austria, born 1988)
• Moritz Porges (Bohemia/Austria-Hungary, 1857–
1909) • Viacheslav Ragozin (Russia, 1908–1962)
• Lajos Portisch (Hungary, born 1937) • Ziaur Rahman (Bangladesh, born 1974)

• Ehrhardt Post (Germany, 1881–1947) • Maurice Raizman (Moldova/Russia, France 1905–
1974)
• Evgeny Postny (Israel, born 1981)
• Iweta Rajlich (Poland, born 1981)
• Peter Potemkine (Russia, France, 1886–1926)
• Ramachandran Ramesh (India, born 1976)
• Vladimir Potkin (Russia, born 1982)
• Alejandro Ramírez (Costa Rica, born 1988)
• Ludovit Potuček (Slovakia, born before 1921)
• Richárd Rapport (Hungary, born 1996)
• Christian Poulsen (Denmark, 1912–1981)
• Nukhim Rashkovsky (Russia, born 1946)
• Atousa Pourkashiyan (Iran, born 1988)
• Ilmar Raud (Estonia, Argentina, 1913–1941)
• Borki Predojević (Bosnia, born 1987)
• Vsevolod Rauzer (Ukraine, 1908–1941)
• Edith Charlotte Price (England, 1872–1952)
• Yuri Razuvayev (Russia, 1945–2012)
• Lodewijk Prins (Netherlands, born 1913)
• Damian Reca (Argentina, 1894–1937)
• Svetlana Prudnikova (Russia, born 1967)
• Hans Ree (Netherlands, born 1944)
• Dawid Przepiórka (Poland, 1880–1942)
• Brian Reilly (France, England, Ireland, 1901–1991
• Lev Psakhis (Russia, Israel, born 1958) )
21

• Dimitri Reinderman (Netherlands, born 1972) • Dorian Rogozenko (Romania, born 1973)
• Fred Reinfeld (USA, 1910–1964) • Ivan Vladimir Rohaček (Slovakia, 1909–1977)
• Heinrich Reinhardt (Germany, Argentina, 1903– • Michael Rohde (USA, born 1959)
1990)
• Michael Roiz (Russia, Israel born 1983)
• Salome Reischer (Austria, Palestine, USA, 1899–
1980) • Oleg Romanishin (Ukraine, born 1952)

• Teodor Regedziński (Poland, 1894–1954) • Alexander Romanovsky (Lithuania, Russia, 1880–
1943)
• Arturo Reggio (Italy, 1863–1917)
• Peter Romanovsky (Russia, 1892–1964)
• Josef Rejfir (Czechoslovakia, 1909–1962)
• Max Romih (Croatia, Italy, 1893–1979)
• Ludwig Rellstab (Germany, 1904–1983)
• Chris de Ronde (Netherlands, Argentina, 1912–
• Georges Renaud (France, 1893–1975) 1996)

• Samuel Reshevsky (Poland, USA, 1911–1992) • Catharina Roodzant (Netherlands, 1896–1999)

• Pál Réthy (Hungary, 1905–1962) • Salme Rootare (Estonia, 1913–1987)

• Richard Réti (Austria-Hungary, Czechoslovakia, • Vidrik Rootare (Estonia, c. 1900 – 1985)
1889–1929)
• Jakob Rosanes (Ukraine/Austria-Hungary, Ger-
• Ramón Rey Ardid (Spain, 1903–1988) many, 1842–1922)

• Alexander Riazantsev (Russia, born 1985) • Bernardo Roselli (Uruguay, born 1965)

• Zoltán Ribli (Hungary, born 1951) • Leon Rosen (Poland, USA, 1869–1942)

• Pablo Ricardi (Argentina, born 1962) • Andreas Rosendahl (Denmark, 1864–1909)

• Isaac Rice (USA, 1850–1915) • Karl Wilhelm Rosenkrantz (Latvia, Russia, 1876–
after 1928)
• Kurt Richter (Germany, 1900–1969)
• Jacob Rosenthal (USA, 1881–1954)
• Antonio Rico (Spain, 1908–1988)
• Samuel Rosenthal (Poland, France 1837–1902)
• Alessandra Riegler (Italy, born 1961)
• Laura Ross (USA, born 1988)
• Fritz Riemann (Germany, 1859–1932)
• Stefano Rosselli del Turco (Italy, 1877–1947)
• Friedl Rinder (Germany, 1905–2001)
• Héctor Rossetto (Argentina, born 1922)
• Horst Rittner (Germany, born 1930)
• Nicolas Rossolimo (Ukraine, France, USA, 1910–
• Nikolai Riumin (Russia, 1908–1942) 1975)
• Jules Arnous de Rivière (France, 1830–1905) • Gersz Rotlewi (Poland, 1889–1920)
• Karl Robatsch (Austria, 1928–2000) • Eugéne Rousseau (France, c. 1810 – c. 1870)
• Walter Robinow (Germany, 1867–1938) • Jonathan Rowson (Scotland, born 1977)
• Ray Robson (USA, born 1994) • Solomon Rozental (Lithuania, Belarus, 1890–1955)
• Ludwig Rödl (Germany, 1907–1970) • Eduardas Rozentalis (Lithuania, born 1963)
• Maxim Rodshtein (Israel, born 1989) • Vesna Rožič (Slovenia, 1987–2013)
• Hans Roepstorff (Germany, 1910–1945) • Ruan Lufei (China, born 1987)
• Ian Rogers (Australia, born 1960) • Serge Rubanraut (China, Australia, 1948–2008)
• Gustav Rogmann (Germany, 1909–1947) • Karl Ruben (Denmark, born 1903)
• Kenneth Rogoff (USA, born 1953) • Jorge Rubinetti (Argentina, born 1945)
22 19 S

• Akiba Rubinstein (Poland, Germany, Belgium, • Raúl Sanguineti (Argentina, 1933–2000)
1882–1961)
• Anthony Santasiere (USA, 1904–1977)
• Emanuel Rubinstein (Poland, 1897–?)
• Emmanuel Sapira (Romania, Belgium, 1900–1943)
• José Rubinstein (Argentina, born 1940)
• Ortvin Sarapu (Estonia, New Zealand, 1924–1999)
• Simon Rubinstein (Austria, South Africa, born c.
1910) • Jonathan Sarfati (Australia, New Zealand, born
1964)
• Solomon Rubinstein (Poland, USA, 1868–1931)
• Gabriel Sargissian (Armenia, born 1983)
• Sergei Rublevsky (Russia, born 1974)
• Ivan Šarić (Croatia, born 1990)
• Olga Rubtsova (Russia, 1909–1994)
• Zoltan Sarosy (Hungary, Canada, born 1906)
• Iosif Rudakovsky (Ukraine, 1914–1947)
• Jacob Sarratt (England, 1772–1819)
• Lyudmila Rudenko (Ukraine, Russia, 1904–1986)
• Jeff Sarwer (Canada, born 1978)
• Mary Rudge (England, 1842–1919)
• Krishnan Sasikiran (India, born 1981)
• Nikoly Rudnev (Ukraine, Uzbekistan, 1895–1944)
• Harold Saunders (England, 1875–1950)
• Anna Rudolf (Hungary, born 1987)
• Stanislav Savchenko (Ukraine, born 1967)
• Alexander Rueb (Netherlands, 1882–1959)
• Vladimir Savon (Ukraine, 1940–2005)
• Mikhail Rytshagov (Estonia, born 1967)
• Gyula Sax (Hungary, born 1951)

• Emil Schallopp (Germany, 1843–1919)
19 S
• Morris Schapiro (Lithuania, USA, 1903–1996)
• Peter Alexandrovich Saburov (Russia, 1835–1918)
• Willem Schelfhout (Netherlands, 1874–1951)
• Peter Petrovich Saburov (Russia, Switzerland,
1880–1932) • Theodor von Scheve (Germany, 1851–1922)

• Antonio Sacconi (Italy, 1895–1968) • Emanuel Schiffers (Russia, 1850–1904)

• Matthew Sadler (England, born 1974) • Willi Schlage (Germany, 1888–1940)

• Darmen Sadvakasov (Kazakhstan, born 1979) • Carl Schlechter (Austria, 1874–1918)

• Yousof Safvat (Iran, born?) • Roland Schmaltz (Germany, born 1974)

• Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (France, • Carl Friedrich Schmid (Latvia, 1840–1897)
1800–1872)
• Lothar Schmid (Germany, born 1928)
• Jaroslav Šajtar (Czechoslovakia, 1921–2003)
• Paul Felix Schmidt (Estonia, Germany, USA, 1916–
• Konstantin Sakaev (Russia, born 1974) 1984)

• Yuri Sakharov (Ukraine, 1922–1981) • Wlodzimierz Schmidt (Poland, born 1943)

• Valery Salov (Russia, born 1964) • Ludwig Schmitt (Germany, born before 1910)

• Alessandro Salvio (Italy, c. 1570 – c. 1640) • Wilhelm Schönmann (Germany, 1889–1970)

• Gersz Salwe (Poland, 1862–1920) • Georg Schories (Germany, 1874–1934)

• Friedrich (Fritz) Sämisch (Germany, 1896–1975) • Karl Schorn (Germany, 1803–1850)

• Sergiu Samarian (Romania, Germany, 1923–1991) • Arnold Schottländer (Germany, 1854–1909)

• Grigory Sanakoev (Russia, born 1935) • František Schubert (Czechoslovakia, 1894–1940)

• Luis Augusto Sánchez (Colombia, 1917–1981) • John William Schulten (USA, 1821–1875)
23

• Jan Schulz (Czechoslovakia, 1899–1953) • Yury Shulman (Belarus, USA, born 1975)

• Aaron Schwartzman (Argentina, born 1908) • Ilya Shumov (Russia, 1819–1881)

• Gabriel Schwartzman (Romania, USA, born 1976) • Félix Sicre (Cuba, 1817–1871)

• Leon Schwartzmann (Poland, France, 1887–1942) • Bruno Edgar Siegheim (Germany, South Africa,
1875–1952)
• Paulette Schwartzmann (Latvia, France, Argentina,
born 1910) • Guðmundur Sigurjónsson (Iceland, born 1947)

• Adolf Schwarz (Hungary, Austria, 1836–1910) • Jeremy Silman (USA, born 1954)

• Jacques Schwarz (Austria, 1856–1921) • Vladimir Simagin (Russia, 1919–1968)

• Samuel Schweber (Argentina, born 1936) • Albert Simonson (USA, 1914–1965)

• Marie Sebag (France, born 1986) • Amon Simutowe (Zambia, born 1982)

• Yasser Seirawan (Syria, USA, born 1960) • Marcel Sisniega Campbell (Mexico, born 1959)

• Adolf Seitz (Germany, Argentina 1898–1970) • Stanislaus Sittenfeld (Poland, France, 1865–1902)

• Alexey Selezniev (Russia, France, 1888–1967) • Sanan Sjugirov (Russia, born 1993)

• Lidia Semenova (Ukraine, born 1951) • Karel Skalička (Czechoslovakia, Argentina, 1896–
1979)
• Olav Sepp (Estonia, born 1969)
• Almira Skripchenko (Moldova, France, born 1976)
• Edward Guthlac Sergeant (England, 1881–1961)
• Bogdan Śliwa (Poland, 1922–2003)
• Philip Walsingham Sergeant (England, 1872–1952)
• Sam Sloan (United States, born 1944)
• Aleksandr Sergeyev (Russia, 1897–1970)
• Roman Slobodjan (Germany, born 1975)
• Drazen Sermek (Slovenia, born 1969)
• Jorn Sloth (Denmark, born 1944)
• Gregory Serper (Uzbekistan, USA, born 1969)
• Jan Smeets (Netherlands, born 1985)
• Alexander Shabalov (Latvia, USA, born 1967)
• Jan Smejkal (Czechoslovakia, born 1946)
• Greg Shahade (USA, born 1978) • David Smerdon (Australia, born 1984)
• Jennifer Shahade (USA, born 1980) • Shlomo Smiltiner (Israel, born 1915)
• Leonid Shamkovich (Russia, Israel, USA, 1923– • Ilya Smirin (Belarus, Israel, born 1968)
2005)
• Pavel Smirnov (Russia, born 1982)
• Gauri Shankar (India, born 1992)
• Stephen Francis Smith (Canada, England, 1861–
• Samuel Shankland (USA, born 1991) 1928)
• Andrey Shariyazdanov (Russia, born 1976) • Vasily Osipovich Smyslov (Russia, 1881–1943)
• Elizabeth Shaughnessy (Ireland, USA, born 1937) • Vasily Smyslov (Russia, 1921–2010)
• Shen Yang (China, born 1989) • Wesley So (Philippines, born 1993)
• James Sherwin (USA, England, born 1933) • Bartosz Soćko (Poland, born 1978)
• Sergei Shipov (Russia, born 1966) • Monika Soćko (Poland, born 1978)
• Kamran Shirazi (Iran, USA, France, born 1952) • Andrei Sokolov (Russia, France, born 1963)
• Alexei Shirov (Latvia, Spain, born 1972) • Ivan Sokolov (Bosnia, Netherlands, born 1968)
• Nigel Short (England, born 1965) • Alexey Sokolsky (Ukraine, Belarus, 1908–1969)
• Jackson Showalter (USA, 1860–1935) • Dragan Solak (Serbia, 1980)
24 19 S

• Alexander Solovtsov (Russia, 1847–1923) • Agnes Stevenson (England, before 1901–1935)
• Andrew Soltis (USA, born 1947) • Lara Stock (Croatia, born 1992)
• Ariel Sorin (Argentina, born 1967) • Mark Stolberg (Russia, 1922–1943)
• Genna Sosonko (Russia, Netherlands, born 1943)
• Gösta Stoltz (Sweden, 1904–1963)
• Victor Soultanbeieff (Russia, Belgium, 1895–1972)
• Leon Stolzenberg (Poland, USA, 1895–1974)
• Vladimir Sournin (Russia, USA, 1875–1942)
• Zurab Sturua (Georgia, born 1964)
• João de Souza Mendes (Brazil, 1892–1969)
• Mihai Suba (Romania, born 1947)
• Hugo Spangenberg (Argentina, born 1975)
• Mladen Šubarić (Croatia, born 1920)
• Vasil Spasov (Bulgaria, born 1971)
• Boris Spassky (Russia, France, born 1937) • Hugo Süchting (Germany, 1874–1916)

• Jon Speelman (England, born 1956) • Alexey Suetin (Russia, 1926–2001)

• Abraham Speijer (Netherlands, 1873–1956) • Berthold Suhle (Poland, Germany, 1837–1904)
• Rudolf Spielmann (Austria, Sweden, 1883–1942) • Franciszek Sulik (Poland, Argentina, Australia,
1908–2000)
• Kevin Spraggett (Canada, born 1954)
• Ana Srebrnič (Slovenia, born 1984) • Šarūnas Šulskis (Lithuania, born 1972)

• Gideon Ståhlberg (Sweden, 1908–1967) • Aaron Summerscale (England, born 1969)

• Wilhelm von Stamm (Latvia, ?–1905) • Anne Sunnucks (England, born 1927)
• Phillip Stamma (Syria, England, France, 1705– • Jaime Sunye Neto (Brazil, born 1957)
1755)
• Emil Sutovsky (Azerbaijan, Israel, born 1977)
• Nikolaus Stanec (Austria, born 1968)
• Charles Stanley (England, USA, 1819–1901) • Duncan Suttles (Canada, born 1945)

• Nava Starr (Latvia, Canada, born 1949) • Evgeny Sveshnikov (Latvia, born 1950)

• Howard Staunton (England, 1810–1874) • Dmitry Svetushkin (Moldova, born 1980)

• Michael Stean (England, born 1953) • Peter Svidler (Russia, born 1976)
• Antoaneta Stefanova (Bulgaria, born 1979) • Rudolf Swiderski (Germany, 1878–1909)
• Hannes Stefansson (Iceland, born 1972)
• Eugenio Szabados (Hungary, Italy, 1898–1974)
• Elias Stein (Alsace, Netherlands, 1748–1812)
• László Szabó (Hungary, 1917–1998)
• Leonid Stein (Ukraine, 1934–1973)
• Gedali Szapiro (Poland, Israel, born 1929)
• Endre Steiner (Hungary, 1901–1944)
• Salomon Szapiro (Poland, 1882–1944)
• Lajos Steiner (Hungary, Australia 1903–1975)
• Rudolph Sze (China, USA, c. 1890 – 1938)
• Herman Steiner (Slovakia/Hungary, USA, 1905–
1955) • József Szén (Hungary, 1805–1857)
• Wilhelm Steinitz (Bohemia, Austria, England, USA,
• József Szily (Hungary, 1913–1976)
1836–1900)
• Daniel Stellwagen (Netherlands, born 1987) • Jorge Szmetan (Argentina, born 1950)

• Károly Sterk (Hungary, 1881–1946) • Aleksander Sznapik (Poland, born 1951)

• Adolf Stern (Germany, 1849–1907) • Abram Szpiro (Germany, Poland, 1912–1943)
25

20 T • Vladislav Tkachiev (Russia, Kazakhstan, France
born 1973)
• Mark Taimanov (Ukraine, Russia, born 1926) • Miodrag Todorcevic (Serbia, France, born 1940)
• Sándor Takács (Hungary, 1893–1932) • Alexander Tolush (Russia, 1910–1969)
• Mikhail Tal (Latvia, 1936–1992) • Evgeny Tomashevsky (Russia, born 1987)
• Tan Chengxuan (China, born 1963) • Vasilije Tomović (Montenegro, 1906–?)
• Hiong Liong Tan (Indonesia, Netherlands, born • Tong Yuanming (China, born 1972)
1938)
• Alice Tonini (Italy, ?)
• Lian Ann Tan (Singapore, born 1947)
• Veselin Topalov (Bulgaria, born 1975)
• László Tapasztó (Hungary, Venezuela, USA, born • Eugenio Torre (Philippines, born 1951)
1930)
• Carlos Torre Repetto (México, 1902–1978)
• James Tarjan (USA, born 1952)
• Yury Toshev (Bulgaria, 1907–1974)
• Siegbert Tarrasch (Germany, 1862–1934)
• Izaak Towbin (Ukraine, Poland, 1899–1941)
• Savielly Tartakower (Austria/Poland, France, 1887–
1956) • Karel Traxler (Czechoslovakia, 1866–1936)
• Herbert William Trenchard (England, 1857–1934)
• Jean Taubenhaus (Poland, France, 1850–1919)
• František Treybal (Czechoslovakia, 1882–1942)
• Lev Taussig (Czechoslovakia, 1880–?)
• Karel Treybal (Czechoslovakia, 1885–1941)
• Povilas Tautvaišas (Lithuania, USA, 1916–1980)
• George Treysman (USA, 1881–1959)
• Jan Willem te Kolsté (Netherlands, 1874–1936)
• Petar Trifunović (Croatia, Serbia, 1910–1980)
• Richard Teichmann (Germany, 1868–1925)
• Georgi Tringov (Bulgaria, 1937–2000)
• Oscar Tenner (Germany, USA, 1880–1948)
• Paul Truong (Vietnam, USA, born 1965)
• Rudolf Teschner (Germany, 1922–2006)
• Anatol Tschepurnoff (Finland, 1871–1942)
• Vitaly Teterev (Belarus, born 1983) • Mark Tseitlin (Russia, Israel, born 1943)
• Praveen Thipsay (India, born 1959) • Mikhail Tseitlin (Belarus, Russia, born 1947)
• Murugan Thiruchelvam (England, born 1988) • Vitaly Tseshkovsky (Russia, 1944–2011)
• George Alan Thomas (Turkey, England, 1881– • Alexander Tsvetkov (Bulgaria, born 1914)
1972)
• Leon Tuhan-Baranowski (Poland, Germany, 1907–
• James Thompson (England, USA, 1804–1870) 1954)

• Theophilus Thompson (USA, born 1855) • Vladimir Tukmakov (Ukraine, born 1946)

• Tian Tian (China, born 1983) • Myroslav Turiansky (Ukraine, USA, 1912–1998)

• Viktor Tietz (Czechoslovakia, 1859–1937) • Johannes Türn (Estonia, 1899–1993)
• Abe Turner (USA, 1924–1962)
• Hans Tikkanen (Sweden, born 1985)
• Maxim Turov (Russia, born 1979)
• Jan Timman (Netherlands, born 1951)
• Isador Samuel Turover (Belgium, USA, 1892–
• Gert Jan Timmerman (Netherlands, born 1956) 1978)
• Artyom Timofeev (Russia, born 1985) • Theodore Tylor (England, 1900–1968)
• Sergei Tiviakov (Russia, Netherlands, born 1973) • Dimitri Tyomkin (Canada, born 1977)
• Jonathan Tisdall (USA, Norway, born 1958) • Alexandru Tyroler (Romania, 1891–1990)
26 22 V

21 U • Evgeni Vasiukov (Russia, born 1933)

• Louis Uedemann (USA, 1854–1912) • Petar Velikov (Bulgaria, born 1951)

• Shinsaku Uesugi (Japan, born 1991) • Dragoljub Velimirović (Serbia, 1942–2014)
• Wolfgang Uhlmann (Germany, born 1935)
• Gavriil Veresov (Russia, 1912–1979)
• Tüdeviin Üitümen (Mongolia, born 1939)
• Beniamino Vergani (Italy, 1863–1927)
• Maximilian Ujtelky (Hungary/Slovakia, 1915–
1979) • Giovanni Vescovi (Brazil, born 1978)
• Mikhail Ulibin (Russia, born 1971)
• Boris Verlinsky (Ukraine, Russia, 1888–1950)
• Mikhail Umansky (Russia, born 1952)
• Milan Vidmar (Slovenia, 1885–1962)
• Wolfgang Unzicker (Germany, 1925–2006)
• Anna Ushenina (Ukraine, born 1985) • Milan Vidmar, Jr. (Slovenia, 1909–1980)

• Subbaraman Vijayalakshmi (India, born 1979)
22 V • Benito Villegas, (Argentina, 1877–1952)
• Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (France, born 1990) • Yakov Vilner (Ukraine, 1899 – c. 1930)
• Rafael Vaganian (Armenia, born 1951)
• William Samuel Viner (Australia, 1881–1933)
• Samuil Vainshtein (Russia, 1894–1942)
• Isakas Vistaneckis (Lithuania, Israel, 1910–2000)
• Anatoly Vaisser (Kazakhstan, France, born 1949)
• Povilas Vaitonis (Lithuania, Canada, 1911–1983) • Nikita Vitiugov (Russia, born 1987)

• Árpád Vajda (Hungary, 1896–1967) • Alvis Vitolinš (Latvia, 1946–1997)
• Francisco Vallejo Pons (Spain, born 1982)
• Evgeny Vladimirov (Kazakhstan, born 1957)
• Michael Valvo (USA, 1942–2004)
• Erwin Voellmy (Switzerland, 1886–1951)
• Johannes van den Bosch (Netherlands, 1906–1994)
• Arnold van den Hoek (Netherlands, 1921–1945) • Sergey Volkov (Russia, born 1974)

• Paul van der Sterren (Netherlands, born 1956) • Andrei Volokitin (Ukraine, born 1986)
• John van der Wiel (Netherlands, born 1959) • Larisa Volpert (Russia, born 1926)
• Arnold van Foreest (Netherlands, 1863–1954)
• Andrey Vovk (Ukraine, born 1991)
• Dirk van Foreest (Netherlands, 1862–1956)
• Yuri Vovk (Ukraine, born 1988)
• Norman van Lennep (Netherlands, 1872–1897)
• Herman Claudius van Riemsdijk (Netherlands, • Zvonko Vranesic (Croatia, Canada, born 1938)
Brazil, born 1948)
• Milan Vukcevich (Serbia, USA, 1937–2003)
• Theo van Scheltinga (Netherlands, 1914–1994)
• Milan Vukić (Serbia, Bosnia, born 1942)
• Louis van Vliet (Netherlands, 1870–1932)
• Loek van Wely (Netherlands, born 1972) • Vladimir Vuković (Croatia, 1898–1975)

• Cyril Vansittart (England, Italy, 1852–1887) • Konstantin Vygodchikov (Belarus, Russia, 1892–
• Zoltán Varga (Hungary, born 1970) 1941)

• Egon Varnusz (Hungary, born 1933) • Alexey Vyzmanavin (Russia, 1960–2000)
27

23 W • Bernardo Wexler (Romania, Argentina, 1925–
1992)
• Robert Wade (New Zealand, England, 1921–2008)
• Kasimir de Weydlich (Poland, 1859–1913)
• Alexander Wagner (Poland, 1868–1942)
• Norman Tweed Whitaker (USA, 1890–1975)
• Heinrich Wagner (Germany, 1888–1959)
• Victor Wahltuch (England, 1875–1953) • Michael Wiedenkeller (Sweden, born 1963)

• Josh Waitzkin (United States, born 1976) • Arthur Wijnans (Indonesia, Netherlands, 1920–
1945)
• Carl August Walbrodt (Netherlands, Germany,
1871–1902) • Elijah Williams (England, 1810–1854)
• George Walker (England, 1803–1879) • Szymon Winawer (Poland, 1838–1920)
• Max Walter (Slovakia, 1896–1940)
• Karl Gottlieb von Windisch (Slovakia, Hungary,
• Wang Hao (China, born 1989) Austria, 1725–1793)
• Wang Lei (China, born 1975) • Peter Winston (USA, born 1958)
• Wang Pin (China, born 1974)
• William Winter (England, 1898–1955)
• Wang Puchen (China, New Zealand, born 1990)
• Victor Winz (Germany, Israel, Argentina, born
• Wang Rui (China, born 1978) 1906)
• Wang Yu (China, born 1982) • John Wisker (England, 1846–1884)
• Wang Yue (China, born 1987)
• Alexander Wittek (Croatia, Austria, 1852–1894)
• Chris Ward (England, born 1968)
• Aleksandar Wohl (Australia, born 1963)
• Preston Ware (USA, 1821–1891)
• Antoni Wojciechowski (Poland, 1905–1938)
• Cathy Warwick (England, born 1968)
• Miyoko Watai (Japan, born 1945) • Radosław Wojtaszek (Poland, born 1987)

• John L. Watson (USA, born 1951) • Aleksander Wojtkiewicz (Latvia, Poland, USA,
1963–2006)
• William Watson (England, born 1962)
• William Wayte (England, 1829–1898) • Heinrich Wolf (Austria, 1875–1943)

• Simon Webb (England, 1949–2005) • Siegfried Reginald Wolf (Austria, Israel, 1867–
1951)
• Tom Wedberg (Sweden, born 1953)
• Paula Wolf-Kalmar (Austria, 1881–1931)
• Henri Weenink (Netherlands, 1892–1931)
• Otto Wegemund (Germany, 1870–1928) • Balduin Wolff (Germany, 1819–1907)

• Wolfgang Weil (Austria, 1912–1945) • Patrick Wolff (USA, born 1968)
• Max Weiss (Hungary, Austria, 1857–1927) • Wong Meng Kong (Singapore, born 1963)
• Peter Wells (England, born 1965)
• Baruch Harold Wood (England, 1909–1989)
• Carl Wemmers (Germany, 1845–1882)
• Wu Mingqian (China, born 1961)
• Wen Yang (China, born 1988)
• Wu Shaobin (Singapore, 1969)
• Jan Werle (Netherlands, born 1984)
• Guy West (Australia, born 1958) • Wu Wenjin (China, born 1976)

• Heikki Westerinen (Finland, born 1944) • Marmaduke Wyvill (England, 1814–1896)
28 26 Z

24 X • Pablo Zarnicki (Argentina, born 1972)
• Anna Zatonskih (Ukraine, USA, born 1978)
• Xie Jun (China, born 1970)
• Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Azerbaijan, Russia, Israel,
• Xu Jun (China, born 1962) born 1935)
• Xu Yuanyuan (China, born 1981) • Beata Zawadzka (Poland, born 1986)
• Xu Yuhua (China, born 1976) • Jolanta Zawadzka (Poland, born 1987)
• Elmārs Zemgalis (Latvia, USA, born 1923)
25 Y • Zhang Jilin (China, born 1986)
• Zhang Pengxiang (China, born 1980)
• Yuri Yakovich (Russia, born 1962)
• Zhang Weida (China, born 1949)
• Daniel Yanofsky (Poland, Canada, 1925–2000)
• Zhang Xiaowen (China, born 1989)
• Frederick Yates (England, 1884–1932)
• Zhang Zhong (China, Singapore, born 1978)
• Ye Jiangchuan (China, born 1960)
• Zhao Jun (China, born 1986)
• Ye Rongguang (China, born 1963)
• Zhao Lan (China, born 1963)
• Olavo Yépez (Ecuador, born 1937)
• Zhao Xue (China, born 1985)
• Trotzky Yepez (Ecuador, 1940–2010)
• Zhao Zong-Yuan (China, Australia, born 1986)
• Alex Yermolinsky (USA, born 1958)
• Peng Zhaoqin (China, born 1968)
• Betul Cemre Yildiz (Turkey, born 1989)
• Viktor Zheliandinov (Ukraine, born 1935)
• Yin Hao (China, born 1979) • Zhou Jianchao (China, born 1988)
• Yu Shaoteng (China, born 1979) • Zhou Weiqi (China, born 1986)
• Leonid Yudasin (Russia, Israel, born 1959) • Zhu Chen (China, born 1976)
• Mikhail Yudovich (Russia, 1911–1987) • Natalia Zhukova (Ukraine, born 1979)
• Peter Yurdansky (Russia, 1891–1937) • Yaacov Zilberman (Israel, born 1954)
• Artur Yusupov (Russia, Germany, born 1960) • Otto Zimmermann (Switzerland, 1892–1979)
• Adolf Zinkl (Bohemia, Austria, 1871–1944)
26 Z • Emil Zinner (Czechoslovakia, 1909–1942)
• František Zíta (Czechoslovakia, 1909–1977)
• Józef Żabiński (Poland, 1860–1928)
• Eugene Znosko-Borovsky (Russia, France, 1884–
• Aron Zabłudowski (Poland, 1909–1941) 1954)
• Aldo Zadrima (Albania, born 1948) • Leo Zobel (Slovakia, 1895–1962)
• Vladimir Zagorovsky (Russia, 1925–1994) • Alexander Zubarev (Ukraine, born 1979)
• Sergey Zagrebelny (Uzbekistan, born 1965) • Nikolai Zubarev (Russia, 1894–1951)
• Alexander Zaitsev (Russia, 1935–1971) • Bernard Zuckerman (USA, born 1943)

• Igor Zaitsev (Russia, born 1938) • Johannes Zukertort (Poland, Germany, England,
1842–1888)
• Lazar Zalkind (Ukraine, 1886–1945)
• Vadim Zvjaginsev (Russia, born 1976)
• Oswaldo Zambrana (Bolivia, born 1981)
• Kira Zvorykina (Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Bulgaria,
• Abram Zamikhovsky (Ukraine, 1908–1978) born 1919)
• Alonso Zapata (Colombia, born 1958) • Adolf Zytogorski (Poland, England, 1807–1882)
29

27 Famous people connected with • Franz Brentano
chess • Mel Brooks
• Zbigniew Brzezinski
The people in this list are famous in other areas of activity,
but are known to have played chess, or have declared an • Henry Thomas Buckle (English historian)
interest in the game, or created works of art and literature
in which the game is prominently featured. • Tony Buzan
• John Cage
• Ben Affleck
• Nicolas Cage
• Claude Akins
• Canute the Great (King of England, Denmark and
• Alan Alda Norway)
• Alfonso X of Castile (the Wise) • Gerolamo Cardano
• Sholem Aleichem • Roberto Carnevale
• Woody Allen • Ludovico Carracci
• Atahualpa • Lewis Carroll
• George Airy • Fidel Castro
• Martin Amis • Miguel de Cervantes
• Konrad von Ammenhausen • Jacobus de Cessolis
• LaVar Arrington • Wilt Chamberlain
• Isaac Asimov • Charlie Chaplin
• Szymon Askenazy • Charlemagne
• Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick- • Charles XII of Sweden
Lüneburg
• Aldo Clementi
• Lew Ayres
• Joseph Conrad
• Lauren Bacall
• Aleister Crowley (occultist)
• Newell Banks (USA, World American Checkers
(English Draughts) Champion 1887–1977) • Bobby Darin

• John Barrymore • Henry Darrow

• Lionel Barrymore • Steve Davis

• Menachem Begin • Olivia de Havilland

• Clare Benedict • Eugène Delacroix

• Móric Beňovský • Dustin Diamond

• Polly Bergen • Marlene Dietrich

• Ingmar Bergman • Anurag Dikshit

• Humphrey Bogart • Gustave Doré

• Napoleon Bonaparte (Emperor of the French) • Tony Dow
• Bono • Marcel Duchamp
• Charles Boyer • Albert Einstein
• Marlon Brando • Arpad Elo
30 27 FAMOUS PEOPLE CONNECTED WITH CHESS

• Paul Erdős • Franz Kafka
• Erik Estrada • Carmen Kass
• Leonhard Euler • Wolfgang von Kempelen
• Abraham ibn Ezra • Omar Khayyám
• Douglas Fairbanks • Ephraim Kishon (satirist, Kishon Chesster chess
computer)
• Morgan Fairchild
• Alfred Kreymborg
• Peter Falk
• Stanley Kubrick
• Richard Farleigh
• Edmund Landau
• Jose Ferrer
• Yosef Lapid
• Richard Feynman
• Adrien-Marie Legendre
• Heidi Fleiss
• Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
• Henry Fonda
• Stanisław Lem
• Hans Frank
• Benjamin Franklin • Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

• Stephen Fry • Pope Leo XIII

• Zsa Zsa Gabor • Lennox Lewis

• Jeremy Gaige • Myrna Loy

• Ava Gardner • Samuel Loyd

• Carl Friedrich Gauss • Madonna

• Johann Wolfgang Goethe • Maimonides (Rambam)

• Witold Gombrowicz • Steve Martin

• Richard K. Guy • Karl Marx

• GZA (American hip hop artist) • Jerry Mathers

• Yehuda Halevi • Henri Matisse

• Woody Harrelson • Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier

• Dominik Hašek • Dmitri Mendeleev

• Sefer Hasidim • Moses Mendelssohn

• Katharine Hepburn • Adam Mickiewicz

• David Hume • Abraham de Moivre

• Pope Innocent III • Patrick Moore

• Karol Irzykowski • Vladimir Nabokov

• Moses Isserles • John von Neumann

• Kate Jackson • Jose Ortega y Gasset

• Thomas Jefferson • Grigori Perelman

• Pope John Paul II • Gregor Piatigorsky
• Mór Jókai • Józef Piłsudski
31

• Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin • John Wayne
• Sergei Prokofiev • H. G. Wells
• Alexander Pushkin • Guy Williams
• Anthony Quinn • Charles Wreford-Brown
• Rashi • Wu Tang Clan
• Basil Rathbone • Stefan Zweig
• Man Ray
• Rembrandt 28 Computers
• Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu
For more details on this topic, see Chess engine.
• Keanu Reeves
• Julia Roberts
• Deep Blue, the IBM chess playing computer, was
• Mike Romanoff victorious in a 1997 match against then-world cham-
pion Garry Kasparov.
• Albert Salomon von Rothschild
• Deep Thought, an earlier version of Deep
• Jean-Jacques Rousseau Blue, won many computer chess champi-
• Bertrand Russell onships.

• Rza • Deep Fritz achieved a draw in the 2002 match,
"Brains in Bahrain", against Vladimir Kramnik. A
• Saladin variant, X3D Fritz, drew against Kasparov in 2004,
and the version Deep Fritz 10 defeated the world
• Jonathan Sarfati (Australian scientist and author) champion Vladimir Kramnik in 2006.
• Arnold Schwarzenegger
• Houdini (chess) Since the release of version 1.5 on
• George C. Scott (U.S. actor) 15 December 2010, it has taken the top spot in every
rating list that includes it.
• Nathan Sharansky
• Hydra (chess) is a very strong machine which uses
• Will Smith custom parallel hardware.
• Raymond Smullyan • Junior is the winner of the 2006 World Computer
Chess Championship, its third victory at this event.
• Juan Maria Solare (Argentine composer & pianist)
• Howard Stern • Rybka is a recent engine. As of December 2006,
Rybka has topped all chess engine rating lists and
• Sting won the 2007 WCCC.

• Theresa of Avila (the patron saint of chess players) • Shredder is another strong program, having won the
WCCC twice.
• Josip Broz Tito
• Leo Tolstoy
29 See also
• Roland Topor
• Alan Turing • World Chess Championship

• Queen Victoria • Women’s World Chess Championship

• Marco Girolamo Vida • World Junior Chess Championship

• Jacques Villon • List of Armenian chess players

• Billy Wilder • List of Israeli chess players

• George Washington • List of Russian chess players
32 30 EXTERNAL LINKS

• List of female chess players

• List of chess grandmasters
• List of famous amateur chess players

30 External links
• http://www.fide.com

• http://www.uschess.org
• http://www.muljadi.org

• http://www.iccf.com
33

31 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses
31.1 Text
• List of chess players Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List%20of%20chess%20players?oldid=637525491 Contributors:
TwoOneTwo, Pingos, Vulture, Jeronimo, Eclecticology, JimboWales, Youssefsan, Danny, XJaM, Fritzlein, Imran, Camembert,
Htenbos, AntonioMartin, Vera Cruz, Grizzly, Zanimum, Phoe6, Paul A, Ahoerstemeier, Isofarro, TUF-KAT, Notheruser, Александър,
Alex S, Charles Matthews, Bemoeial, Dmsar, Zoicon5, Maximus Rex, Soze, Jmartinezot, Wernher, Topbanana, Francs2000, Fredrik,
Altenmann, Romanm, Hemanshu, Gidonb, Halibutt, Robinh, Ledgerbob, Asparagus, Wile E. Heresiarch, Ludraman, Sina, Giftlite,
JamesMLane, Silvermane, Andries, No Guru, Cantus, ChessPlayer, DO'Neil, Andris, Honkywallah, Bobblewik, ALargeElk, MusiCitizen,
Neilc, Slowking Man, Sonjaaa, Calexico, Khamsin, John Foley, Declan, PFHLai, Qiq, Kevyn, Karl Dickman, Bluemask, AlexG,
Mindspillage, Solitude, Guanabot, Paul August, ZeroOne, Kross, Shanes, Jpgordon, Cje, Masterwenbo, Haham hanuka, Ricky81682,
Desaran, Gene Nygaard, Novacatz, The JPS, DiegoAlatriste, Fenya, Graham87, Ketiltrout, Sjakkalle, Quale, Carl Logan, Bubba73,
Ttwaring, Falphin, FlaBot, RobertG, Gareth E Kegg, Ravenswing, YurikBot, Polar ice, Conscious, SpuriousQ, Shaunpress, Snowfalcon,
Krakatoa, Keithlard, ZhaoHong, GeoffCapp, Mike Selinker, Cobblet, John Saunders, Bwiki, Dsreyn, Attilios, KocjoBot, Atomota,
Hmains, Schmiteye, Chris the speller, Afasmit, CSWarren, Vietlong, Brittle heaven, The Moose, Colonies Chris, Pegua, Gala.martin,
Flatheman, Latebird, Ugur Basak Bot, Lambiam, Yirmiyahou, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, BrownHairedGirl, Ian Spackman, ML5, Roman
Spinner, PaladinHero1, Doczilla, Caiaffa, Natrajdr, Albertod4, Ioannes Pragensis, JForget, JCRendle, Karenjc, Myasuda, AndrewHowse,
Cydebot, Lugnuts, Siba, JimmB, Mibelz, DaQuirin, Nick Number, WinBot, Seaphoto, Just Chilling, S6t6n6, Turgidson, IanOsgood,
Midnightdreary, Michig, Tstrobaugh, Omerzu, SyG, Alro, Ash, Wiki Raja, Nigholith, Placeboboy88, Codohu, FruitMonkey, Ignatzmice,
Annram, Mike V, Rajeem cariazo, Thakurji, Someguy1221, Aircavbob, Voorlandt, MaxBrowne, Geordie derraugh, W1k13rh3nry,
Cheesysquid, Reozdowy, Joethorton, Ormódi, Abhishikt, RUReady2Testify, WickerGuy, TheCatalyst31, ClueBot, Traveler100, Kotniski,
Thinking-ape, Ikaria, FoxDoABarrelRoll!!!, Sun Creator, Gereon K., Jisis, Eriscorap, Some jerk on the Internet, Ptownp3, FiriBot, Jasper
Deng, Tassedethe, Mro, CountryBot, Legobot, Yobot, BEPETEHO, Noq, Jim1138, Piogre, Geregen2, MrsHudson, KommX, Oyp,
Shang2, Woolworth, DJohns77, I Do Care, Fryedk, Tilliel1, Kolobochek, Brian the Editor, Yegishe, MishaTheCat1998, Quantum666,
HiW-Bot, John Cline, Ironmonkey1994, Midas02, Brandmeister, Dante8, HandsomeFella, Jroepstorff, ClueBot NG, Widr, Šah,
MerlIwBot, Roberticus, Toccata quarta, Tutxblitzz, Lugia2453, HolgerH, IQ125, MrLinkinPark333, K9re11 and Anonymous: 174

31.2 Images
• File:Ambox_important.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Ambox_important.svg License: Public do-
main Contributors: Own work, based off of Image:Ambox scales.svg Original artist: Dsmurat (talk · contribs)

31.3 Content license
• Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0