楽曲解説 / Program Notes

“Chiang Ch’ing, a.k.a. Madame wide range of dramatic moods. So this the original eruption theme, and implying Beatles, Pink Floyd, and Emerson, Lake

オー
Orchard
Mao, has gate crashed the Presidential ‘foxtrot’ acts not only as an interruption that although Tarkus was defeated, he & Palmer. The orchestral arrangement

チャード
Banquet…. After a few minutes she… to the formal festivities of the presidential may not have died. Later reflecting on of Tarkus, also paying homage to ELP,
strips down to a cheongsam, skin-tight exchange, but also stirs the memories of the meaning of the work, Greg Lake was first performed by the TPO in
Mao Zedong and his bride in apparently

Hall
from neck to ankle…. She signals the commented that it was about “the futility March of 2010 and again in 2013 with
orchestra to play and begins dancing happier times. of conflict… of soldiers and war.” Keith Emerson in attendance for the
by herself. Mao…steps down from his performance. 3
6
portrait on the wall, and they begin to Instrumentation: 2 flutes (1st, 2nd doubling
Takashi Yoshimatsu has composed
foxtrot together…” on piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (2nd doubling many works in a variety of genres, making
Instrumentation: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes,

サン
on bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 his debut in 1981 with Threnody to Toki. English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet,

Suntory
A d a m s , h av i n g d i s c o v e r e d t h a t trumpets, 2 trombones, tuba, timpani, pedal Over the years he has composed six 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 6 horns, 4

トリーHall
bass drum, cymbals, suspended cymbals, trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani,
Madame Mao had previously been an sizzle cymbals, high-hat cymbals, snare drum, symphonies, more than ten concertos for
suspended cymbals, (+splash, clash), hihat
actress in films in Shanghai, incorporated triangle, tambourine, glockenspiel, xylophone, a variety of instruments, chamber music, cymbals, triangles, brass wind chimes, antique
themes that would musically highlight Vibraphone, antique cymbals, belltree, claves, and works for piano and guitar, as well cymbals, wood block, cow bells, tambourine,
castanets, sandpaper blocks, 2 woodblocks tomtoms(3-5), snare drum, bass drums
this part of her past as well, with a as for traditional Japanese instruments. 3
(large..ord, small..muted), tamtam, marimba,
Yoshimatsu’s Atom Hearts Club Suites 7
vibraphone, tubular bells, piano, strings
for String Orchestra pay homage to the

オペ
Opera
ラシテ
Keith Emerson (1944-) [arr.by TakashiYoshimatsu] 3 3
"Tarkus"

City
6 7


Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943) 3

Eruption (ca. 3 min)
hatching during a volcanic eruption. Symphonic Dances op. 45 10
3
The second section “Stones of the 10
Stones Of Years (ca. 3 min)
Years” originally had vocals and lyrics
Iconoclast (ca. 2 min) I. Non allegro (ca. 11 min)
composed by Greg Lake, along with
Mass (ca. 2 min) II. Andante con moto (Tempo di
two other sections of the work. The valse) (ca. 10 min)
Manticore (ca. 2 min)
remaining movements depict the various
Battlefield (ca. 3 min) III. Lento assai - Allegro vivace
battles Tarkus wages with other imaginary (ca. 14 min)
Aquatarkus (ca. 5 min)
creatures along the way. “Iconoclast”
is depicted as a combination of a
Composed as the title track for the pterodactyl and a war plane. “Mass” was Originally titled Fantastic Dances,
progressive rock band Emerson, Lake & the second movement that also originally with subtitles for the three-movement
Palmer’s second album in 1971, Tarkus is included vocals and lyrics, this time with work initially labelled as “Noon,” Sergei Rachmaninov
presented in seven movements and based a number of religious reflections, and “Twilight,” and “Midnight,” this would
on an imaginary creature that is half presenting a creature which seems to be be Rachmaninoff’s final composition. to collaborate with his good friend
armadillo and half tank. Keith Emerson part lizard, part lobster and part rocket- Composed during the summer of 1940, again, Michel Fokine (who had been
was apparently inspired by the drummer launcher. the composer first presented the work choreographer for the Ballets Russes),
Carl Palmer’s improvisations in a 10/8 as a two-piano arrangement, eventually when he approached him to ask him if he
rhythm backstage one day. Eventually The final battle takes place with orchestrating it and dedicating it to would be interested and was immediately
incorporating both 5/4 and 10/8 meter, “Manticore”, a creature that appears to Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia given a strong reply of interest by Fokine.
the various sections also explored ‘walls have a lion’s body together with a human Orchestra who would premiere the work Unfortunately, Fokine’s death in 1942
of sound’, which was inspired by one face and a scorpion’s tail. Having won in January of 1941. By the time of the kept the choreographic collaboration
of Emerson’s ‘heroes’ John Coltrane, the first two battles, Tarkus apparently premiere the original title and subtitles from bearing fruit this time.
instead using electronics and the Moog is defeated in this final battle, falling had vanished, but with some suggesting
synthesizer to create the effect. into a river. “Battlefield” (the third Rachmaninoff may have intended the The first movement Non Allegro,
movement that originally had lyrics) three dances as a reflection of the various with it’s opening march, presents a
The storyline is depicted artistically a n d “A q u a t a r k u s ” c l o s e t h e wo r k , stages of his life. In addition, it was contrasting middle section featuring a
inside the album cover, with the creature incorporating a march theme as well as clear that the composer had intended brief but beautiful saxophone melody, the

14 15

bass clarinet. the gratitude it seems. glockenspiel. Rachmaninoff persevered and completed idea that it was otherwise too lengthy The second movement. tuba. and is referred And although this First Symphony had not resurrection of Christ. cymbals. alto saxophone. His Piano draft. cymbals. 27 6 7 10 range of dramatic moods. Dr. tamtam. All Night Vigil. can be heard is taken from his First Symphony.’ I have not announced it to the Concerto No. The coda turns Orthodox chant melody in the low strings Whether his disappointment in the Dies irae. and post- hypnotic suggestion for the composer “…I really did finish a symphony. with had appeared in the composer’s choral or simply his own critical ear. even receiving the Glinka Award in 1904. It was there that he began to write his next Following his first attempt at writing symphony. snare drum. サン been successful so many years before. tuba. from the strings However. With this theme taken the piece. strings orchestral works. that Rachmaninoff was to use to the strings to play a lush theme. 14 min) relocate with his family to Dresden to IV. taking the proverbial bull by the Suntory composer seemed intent on revisiting the write “I thank thee. 3 trumpets. glockenspiel. Lord” on the final horn and deciding to have the composer Eventually. 20 min) to pen his Second Symphony. In fact it took the assistance his latest work: of a specialist. the Broadway composer and arranger. timpani. 4 Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943) 3 3 3 preceding the final movement. referencing the to know. but to to regain enough self-confidence to try this must be added the phrase ‘in rough his hand at composing again. the orchestration. In an expression of Moscow Conservatory teacher. even receiving another was brought back into favour and is now the Dies Irae that Rachmaninoff had Glinka Award later that year. 11 min) Rachmaninoff made the decision to III. II. Allegro molto (ca. Petersburg. オペ 3 trombones. Andante con the work. the composer intones an Even the ancient chant for the dead. performances in Moscow and Warsaw entire work. perhaps reviving it in a new light page of the manuscript. snare drum. it in final form. is a whirling waltz. 3 oboes (3rd doubling on English and the lyrical slow movement (Adagio) horn). Ivanovka. Rachmaninoff’s return to the family estate. But perhaps due to his former of the Scherzo movement. She completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Illinois. strong criticism that it put the composer He was not satisfied with the results as off from composing any works at all for he stated in response to inquiries about several years. composer’s abilities to create exceptional But eventually the full ‘uncut’ version ラシテ tambourine. Symphony No. but this time some believe he may terribly boring and repulsive to me… I dark. directing the premiere on for most conductors to program. The work takes the listener through a wide horns. 2 (1901) was his first attempt world because I want first to complete April L. which and woodwinds. work. and Symphony No. Alexander to in subsequent movements. but more along Instrumentation: piccolo. Largo . 2 flutes. significant cuts to the work. chimes. 4 horns. is difficult initially in the brass chorale at the close 3 6 piano. Allegro vivace (ca. 3 trumpets. have been contemplating the end of his can tell you… that I am displeased with low strings that winds it’s way through チャード and for which he received support from own earthly life. These 3 moto. In 1906. the revised version being dream state with a feeling of melancholy were received warmly and reaffirmed the performed by conductors for many years. 2 bassoons. February 9. to complete the premiere this new work (without with conductor Nikolai Sokoloff to make or possibly just reflecting on earlier times. as will be City ィ referenced many times before in earlier presented by the TPO for this concert The four movements follow traditional series. This and subsequent cuts eliminated nearly one third of the 7 English horn. 楽曲解説 / Program Notes first time Rachmaninoff would use the works. timpani. Racana / Music Specialist at Nishimachi International School where she has taught since at writing again and was a great success. 15 min) concentrate his efforts on composing. Adagio (ca. more frequently performed. rather than any traditional bass drum. the same melody that work was due to lingering self-doubts in a number of his works. with the death. Nikolay Dahl. 2 oboes. Rachmaninoff would Ziloti. While I was planning 1992. harp and bells woven throughout. Opera and mystery. 2 in E minor op. the work became 16 17 . waltz. contrabassoon. final work he would compose before his his initial consent) in St. it would be another two I. In the summers he would in the symphonic genre. Rachmaninoff would work トリーHall theme.Allegro moderato years before the composer would begin (ca. 1 was received with such continue work throughout most of 1907. the Hall Robert Russell Bennett. The final movement turns to piano. Champaign-Urbana (BS/Piano Pedagogy) and her graduate studies at San Francisco State University (MA/Music). 2 the lines of a surreal dance in a fantastical bassoons. Romantic Russian symphonic form with 3 Instrumentation: 3 flutes(3rd doubling on 10 the Scherzo following the first movement piccolo). up by the brass. 2 clarinets. bass drum. 1908. bass clarinet. mysterious opening motive in the オー Orchard instrument in one of his orchestral works. triangles. 2 clarinets. 3 trombones.” calming and even soaring melodic lines.