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# Ace Ahead Mathematics T Volume 2

Exam Practice 2 5. A A

1. R
10 cm 9 cm 10 cm 9 cm
12 cm 8 cm 9 cm
8 cm
60° 60°
30° C B C B1 B2
P Q2
Q1
Using the sine rule,
Using the sine rule, sin B sin 60°
sin Q sin 30° ——– = ———
——– = —— 10 9
12 8 10 sin 60° = 0.9623
sin B = ————–
12 sin 30° 9
sin Q = ———— = 0.75
8 B = 74.2° or 105.8°
Hence, Q = 48.6° or 131.4° (a) If B = 74.2°,
2. Using the sine rule, C ∠BAC = 180° – 60° – 74.2° = 45.8°
sin C sin 60° 8 cm If B = 105.8°,
——– = ——— 60° ∠BAC = 180° – 60° – 105.82° = 14.2°
9 8 17°
A 9 cm B (b) If B = 74.2°, A = 45.8°
9 sin 60° = 0.9743
sin C = ————
8 ————BC = ——— 9
C = 76.98° or 103.01° sin 45.8° sin 60°
9 sin 45.8°
Take C = 103°, BC = ————— = 7.45 cm
sin 60°
B = 180° – 60° – 103° = 17°
If B = 105.8°, A = 14.2°
AC
——— = ——— 8
sin 17° sin 60° ————BC = ——— 9
8 sin 17° sin 14.2° sin 60°
Hence, AC = ———— = 2.70 cm 9 sin 14.2° = 2.55 cm
sin 60° BC = ————–
sin 60°
3. Using the cosine formula,
6. (a)
X
C
4
1 + √2 4 3
√5 B
2 2 3
A
Y 1 P 1 Z
Using the cosine rule,
(1 + √2 ) + 22 – (√5 )2
2
AC2 + BC2 – AB2
cos ∠XYZ = —————————– cos ∠ACB = ———————–
2(2)(1 + √2 ) 2(AC)(BC)
2(1 + √2 ) 1 36 + 49 – 25
= ————– = — = —————–
4(1 + √2 ) 2 2(6)(7)
Hence, ∠ XYZ = 60° 60
= —–
(XP)2 = 12 + (1 + √2 )2 84
–2(1)(1 + √2 ) cos 60° =— 5 [shown]
= 3 + √2 7
Hence, XP = 2.10 cm (b) Using Pythagoras’ theorem,

4. Area ∆PQR = — 1 pr sin 50° P
2 3 B PQ = √52 – 12
2
1 pr sin 50° = 100 ....... (1) r
75°
q
A 1 = √24 cm [shown]
— 2
2 P Q
50° 55°
Using the sine rule, Q p R
p r
——— = ———
sin 75° sin 55° 4
C RP = √62 – 22
2 2 = √32 cm
sin 55° A
r = p ——— 2 2
sin 75° P R
1 2 sin 55° sin 50°
From (1), — p –—————– = 100
2 sin 75°
C
2 200 sin 75° B
3 4
1 QR = √72 – 12
p = —————— = 307.86 = √48 cm
sin 55° sin 50° 3 3
Hence, p = 17.5 cm Q R

1

ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.indd 1 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:33:59 AM

.(4) α N C BY BY P Equating (3) and (4). (c) √48 (d) The angle between the skew lines AD and Q R PC is ∠PCB. Q P XY = √BY 2 – BX 2 = √9 – 0.9 B Y a cos α = —– = —— .4° Using the cosine formula.(2) a AB 6 P Equating (1) and (2)...95 M B = – 0. = √ 1 – —– 49 96 BM 3 cos θ = —– = —– . BN 6 cos α = —– = —– . ∆BXY.19 √2 2a – 1. BX BX A 3 M 3 θ B 7.19 + 8..9° VBC is ∠AXY.81 = √35..1° 6 (b) Using the cosine rule..(1) 20 VB 20 X √ 96 47 = — [shown] ∆ AXB..indd 2 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:05 AM . Q cos θ = —– = —– ..19 M ∆AXY. (c) Let M be the midpoint of AC..8 The angle between the planes VAB and Hence. AX = √AB2 – BX 2 = √36 – 0.9 cm [shown] 20 A a B Let N be the mid-point of BC..19 – 45 = ———————— 2a tan ∠ PMB = ——– = 2. BY = ———– = 3 cm Hence..19 ∆ABY. A √5 a 6 0. plane APB is ∠ QAP. V cos ∠PRQ = ——————— 2(PR)(QR) 32 + 48 – 24 = —————— 20 2(√32)(√48) D C 7 12 = —— X Y 4√6 A 6 B sin ∠PRQ = √1 – cos2 ∠PRQ (a) Let M be the mid-point of AB.3° ⬄ 93° 2 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.. D A AX 2 + XY 2 – AY 2 cos ∠AXY = ———————– The angle beyween the planes ACP and 2(AX)(XY) ABCD is ∠ PMB.62 = ——— —– a 2 33.. ∠QAP = 24..828 2√35..(3) Q BV 20 ∆BXY. C B a PR2 + QR2 – PQ2 8. X BX 0.81 = √8. V ∆VBM.5° √2 a —– 2 ∠AXY = 180° – 87. AY = √AB2 + BY 2 = √36 + 9 = √45 C B ∆ABX. P √24 √32 2a tan ∠PCB = —– = 2 a 2a P Hence ∠PCB = 63.4472 √5 a 0.9 —– = —— a 20 BY tan ∠QAP = —— = 0.9 × 20 Hence. (b) X 5a2 + 5a2 – 2a2 cos ∠APC = ——————– Y 2(5)a2 A = 0.. BX 3 —– = —– 6 20 2a C 6×3 D BX = ——– = 0.. P 35.0477 Hence. ∠PMB = 70.... V (a) The angle beyween the line AQ and the ∆VBN. ∠APC = 36...19 √8.

2 sin x cos x + 4 cos2x = 1 and VBC is 93°.. Y Let X be the foot of 2 tan x + 4 = sec2 x the lighthouse and 2 tan x + 4 = 1 + tan2 x H Y be the top of the tan2 x – 2 tan x – 3 = 0 [shown] X lighthouse.. (1) α AC = ——— tan α R sin α = 12 A C R = √52 + 122 =13 Y 12 tan α = —– AY 5 H+h —– = tan β α = 67. 2.49°. (tan x – 3)(tan x + 1) = 0 h tan x = 3 or tan x = –1 β α α A B x C x = 71..38) = —– 6 (a) Equating (2) and (3). using the sine rule.. 9. P 3 tan x – tan3 x = ——————– [shown] 1 – 3 tan2 x 38° (b) tan 3x = 11 tan x h 3 tan x – tan3 x ——————— = 11 tan x 30 ° O 1 – 3 tan2 x 85° 57° 3 tan x – tan3 x = 11 tan x – 33 tan3 x A 2100 m B 32 tan3 x – 8 tan x = 0 In ∆ PAB. π..1°.. (a) 5 cos θ + 2 sin2 θ = 4 In ∆ APO.6°... 135°.6°..4°) AB = ——— 6 sec θ – 5 tan θ = 12 A B tan β 6 5 sin θ ——– – ——— = 12 X AX = tan α —– cos θ cos θ AB 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ = 6 h α h . 320. 8 tan x(4 tan2 x – 1) = 0 AP 2100 1 ——— = ——— tan x = 0 or tan x = ± — sin 57° sin 38° 2 2100 sin 57° Hence.38 = 27. (3) AB = ——– 13 sin (θ + 67. (2) Hence. Let 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ ≡ R sin (θ + α) AY = tan α —– ≡ R sin θ cos α + R cos θ sin α H+h AC R cos α = 5 H + h . x = 0.68 AP = ————— sin 38° 14.. = ————————— H tan α h = —————– = ——————– tan β – tan α (x tan α) tan α tan β – tan α 冢 2 tan x 1 – tan x ———— 冣 1 – tan2 x x tan2 α 2 tan x + tan x – tan3 x h = —————– [proven] = —————————— tan β – tan α 1 – tan2 x – 2 tan2 x 10. 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ = 13 sin (θ + 67.51°. 315° Y 12.49° ——— = ——– Hence. 0.indd 3 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:07 AM .. 13 H+h h θ + 67.38) = 6 A B tan α sin (θ + 67... θ = 60° 3 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.. Dividing by cos2 x.464.1° tan β tan α H tan α + h tan α = h tan β 13... (4) 1 – tan2 x [proven] tan 3x = tan (2x + x) (b) x = AC – AB tan 2x + tan x H+h h H = ——————– = ——— – ——– = ——– 1 – tan 2x tan x tan α tan α tan α 2 tan x H = x tan α ————– + tan x 1 – tan2 x Substituting into (4). 251. θ = 85... 152.38° AB β H + h . 387. the angle between the planes VAB 11. Hence. (a) tan 2x = ———— 2 tan x H tan α = h(tan β – tan α) ... 5 cos θ + 2(1 – cos2 θ) = 4 h 2 cos2 θ – 5 cos θ + 2 = 0 —– = sin 30° AP (2 cos θ – 1)(cos θ – 2) = 0 h = AP sin 30° 1 or cos θ = 2 (rejected) cos θ = — 2100 sin 57° sin 30° 2 = ————————– = 1430 m sin 38° Hence..

382 8 8 8 8 cos θ = –0. maximum point is —–. 90° ⬍ A ⬍ 180° 18. —–. —–. π tan —–.618 π θ = —. –90° ⬍ A ⬍ 0° (a) y = tan θ + cot θ = 2 cosec 2θ = ——— 13 sin 2θ 4 y is maximum when sin 2θ is minimum. 4 4 5π 冢2π + —π4 冣.5°).96° = 59.indd 4 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:08 AM . 9π tan 13 —–π Hence. 5. y = 2 cosec — 4 4 4 4 4 2 π 5π Hence.96°) = —— (1 – t 2)2 – 4t 2 √34 θ + 30. 8 8 9π —–. 90° 1 – 6t 2 + t 4 15. 247. tan θ + cot θ = ——– + ——– 2 cos θ sin θ sin A = — 2 2 7 sin2 θ + cos2 θ = ——————– 7 √45 sin θ cos θ √45 1 cos A = – —– = ———— 7 1 — sin 2θ 7 7 –7√5 2 Hence. t = tan —–. (180° + 67.5° n = 1. minimum point is —. 120. 4 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th. 13 7 sin θ cos θ (b) cosec A = —. —— When θ = —. (a) 3 sec θ + tan2 θ + 2 = 0 tan 2θ = 1 3 sec θ + (sec2 θ – 1) + 2 = 0 4t (1 – t 2) ————— =1 sec2 θ + 3 sec θ + 1 = 0 1 – 6t 2 + t 4 – 3 ± √9 – 4 t 4 + 4t 3 – 6t 2 – 4t + 1 = 0 [shown] sec θ = —————– 2 (c) Roots of the quartic equation are – 3 ± 2. 4 5 sin 2θ = 1 π 2θ = — 17.96° 1 – t2 √34 sin (θ + 30.01°. 冢 3π –2 4 冣 3 B y is minimum when sin 2θ is maximum. θ = (180° – 67. 9.96°) = 5 4t (1 – t2) 5 = —————— sin (θ + 30.236 t = tan — θ where = ————— 2 2 = –0.1°. 180° ⬍ B ⬍ 270° sin 2θ = –1 3 3π sin (A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B 2θ = —– 2 冢 冣冢 冣 冢 冣冢 冣 –12 3 5 4 = —– – — + —– – — 3π 13 5 13 5 θ = —– 36 20 4 = —– – —– 5 3π 3π 65 65 –A When θ = —–. 2θ = —. cos A = —– . 8 13π —— 8 Hence.5°) 16 16 16 16 = 112. (b) 5 sin θ + 3 cos θ = 5 θ (b) tan — = t Let 5 sin θ + 3 cos θ 2 = R sin (θ + α) 2 tan —θ = R sin θ cos α + R cos θ sin α 2 2t tan θ = ————– = ——–2 R cos α = 5 1 – tan2 —θ 1–t 2 R sin α = 3 冢 冣 2t R = √52 + 32 = √34 2 ——–2 2 tan θ 1–t tan α = — 3 tan 2θ = ————– = —————– 1 – tan2 θ 冢 冣 5 2t 2 1 – ——– α = 30.618 or –0. y = 2 cosec —– = –2 16 12 4 2 = —– 13 65 Hence. θ = 28.9π 13 —–π cos θ = –2. (a) tan 2θ = 1 2 π —–. 冢 4 冣 π 2 .3820 or –2.382 Hence. tan B = — . —–.5°. 5π tan —–. 冢2π + —– 4 冣 5π θ=— π 4 π 5π 9π 13π π π =2 = —. 5π —–. —–.96° 4t (1 – t 2) = ————— Hence. sec A = – —— = – —— = ——– √45 3√5 15 = 2 cosec 2θ [shown] 5 2 16. θ = —.

3. —– Hence.4569 or –2.98296 2 π When λ = —√3 . θ = 16. —— 2 6 6 6 6 3π 7π π 11π 13π 23π θ = 0. ——.indd 5 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:09 AM . the roots are. 1 π 11π 13π 23π tan α = — x = cos —–.13° 1 tan θ = — cot α [shown] Hence. 225°. tan α = — 2 1 ——– = ——— √3 9 sin x cos2 x (b) sin (β + A) = 3 cos (β – A) cos2 x = √3 sin x sin β cos A + cos β sin A 1 – sin2 x = √3 sin x = 3 cos β cos A + 3 sin β sin A sin β 2 cos β 3 cos β 6 sin β sin x + √3 sin x – 1 = 0 2 ——– + ——— = ——— + ——— – √3 ± √3 + 4 √5 √5 √5 √5 sin x = —————— 2 –5 sin β = cos β = 0. (a) cos(θ – α) = 3 cos (θ + α) √20 cos(x + 26. α = —. x = 90°.8° √3 23. —–.2°. tan β = – — (rejected) 5 Hence. 630°.991 3 3 5 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th. x = 45°. (a) 8x – 8x + 1 = —– 2 sin θ cos α + cos θ sin α √3 = λ cos θ cos α + λ sin θ sin α 4 2 8x – 8x + 1 – —– = 0 2 Divide by cos θ cos α.131 or ± 0.189 1 Hence. (a) cos 3x + cos x = 0 2 cos 2x cos x = 0 (d) √3 8x4 – 8x2 + 1 = —– cos 2x = 0 or cos x = 0 2 2x = 90°. √ 冢 √3 8 ± 64 – 4(8) 1 – ––– 2 x = ——————————– 2 冣 tan θ + tan α = λ + λ tan θ tan α tan θ – λ tan θ tan α = λ – tan α 2(8) tan θ (1 – λ tan α) = λ – tan α 8 ± √59. Hence. cos ——. 450°. 270° √3 8 cos4 θ – 8 cos2 θ + 1 = —– (b) 4 cos x – 2 sin x = 3 2 Let 4 cos x – 2 sin x ≡ R cos (x + α) √3 cos 4θ = —– ≡ R cos x cos α – R sin x sin α 2 R cos α = 4 π cos 4θ = cos — R sin α = 2 6 R = √42 + 22 = √20 Hence.57°) = —— √20 4 sin θ sin α = 2 cos θ cos α x + 26. 285. x = ± 0. 315°. cos ——. α = 60° 2 1 cot 60° = —— 1 tan α + tan A tan θ = — ——————– =4 A 2 2√3 1 – tan α tan A tan α + 2 = 4 – 8 tan α 1 Hence.57°) = 3 cos θ cos α + sin θ sin α 3 = 3 cos θ cos α – 3 sin θ sin α cos (x + 26.4636.1°.01704 or 0. ——. tan A = 2 cos (θ – 60°) = 3 cos (θ + 60°) (a) tan (α + A) =4 √5 Comparing the two equations.7128 λ – tan α = —————— tan θ = ————— [shown] 16 1 – λ tan α = 0. x = 21. 135°. 90°.605. 196. 270°. ——. (a) sin (θ + α) = λ cos (θ – α) 4 2 21. 152.1° 9 tan α =2 (b) cosec x = √3 sec2 x Hence.3°.57° 22.6° 2 20. —— 4 4 24 24 24 24 19. 312. (b) 2 cosec 2θ = 3 tan θ + 1 (b) cos 4θ = 2 cos2 2θ – 1 tan θ + cot θ = 3 tan θ + 1 = 2(2 cos2 θ – 1)2 – 1 1 = 2(4 cos4 θ – 4 cos2 θ + 1) – 1 ——– = 2 tan θ + 1 tan θ = 8 cos4 θ – 8 cos2 θ + 1 [shown] 2 tan2 θ + tan θ – 1 = 0 π (c) cos 4θ = cos — (2 tan θ – 1)(tan θ + 1) = 0 6 1 π 11π 13π 23π tan θ = — or tan θ = –1 4θ = —. ——. cos —— 2 24 24 24 24 α = 26. θ = —–.87°.57° = 47. x = 27. 270° Let x = cos θ Hence.

196°. 206. —–.2899 or – 0.6°... 4 sin3 x + sin2 x – 3 sin x = 0 3 cos 2θ + cos 2θ sin x (4 sin2 x + sin x – 3) = 0 ———————— = cot θ sin x (4 sin x – 3)(sin x + 1) = 0 3 cos 2θ – cos 2θ Hence.. 2. θ = —. θ = 0.. cos B = —– tan θ = 3 ——————— 3 25 13 2 π sin (A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B 1 – —√3 tan — 3 3 冢 冣冢 冣 冢 冣冢 冣 24 12 7 5 2 = —– —– + —– —– —√3 – √3 25 13 25 13 = 3 —————— 2 323 1–— √3 (√3 ) = —— 3 325 = √3 = —– —– 1 25 24 13 3 √3 5 π 7π A B Hence.2899 or – 0.indd 6 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:10 AM .29 1 tan θ = — 4 2 3π Hence.6899 2 cos2 θ + 2 sin θ cos θ Hence. 2π cot θ = 2 or sin x = — 3 ⇒ x = 0. 2 π 24 12 — √3 – tan — 25. (a) sin 2θ – 2 sin 4θ + sin 6θ = 0 3 ——– – ——–2 – 2 ——––2 ——— =2 2 1+t 1+t √1 + t √1 + t 2 (sin 2θ + sin 6θ) – 2 sin 4θ = 0 2 sin 4θ cos 2θ – 2 sin 4θ = 0 √1 + t 2 2 sin 4θ (cos 2θ – 1) = 0 3(1 – t2) – 2t = 2(1 + t2) t sin 4θ = 0 or cos 2θ = 1 2 3 – 3t – 2t = 2 + 2t 2 θ 4θ = 0. sin x = 0 ⇒ x = 0 . 4π. –– ⬍ A + B ⬍ π [deduced] 2 5x2 – 8x + 3 = 0 (b) sin θ + sin 3θ + sin 5θ + sin 7θ (5x – 3)(x – 1) = 0 = (sin θ + sin 7θ) + (sin 3θ + sin 5θ) 3 Hence..6° or sin x = –1 ⇒ x = —– 2 6 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.. π t = —————– 4 2 4 10 1 + cos 2θ + sin 2θ = 0. —. 2π.85. π . θ = 16°. 2θ = 0. —. —– 7 12 6 6 π ⬍θ⬍π cos (A + B) = cos A cos B – sin A sin B (b) x = sin θ. 145°.(1) [proven] sin 3x = sin2 x 1 + sin 2θ = 3 cos 2θ 3 sin x – 4 sin3 x = sin2 x Substitute into (1). 3π. 4π 5t2 + 2t – 1 = 0 1 π π 3π – 2 ± √4 + 20 Hence. (a) sin A = —–. (a) 3 cos 2θ – sin 2θ = 2 16 Let t = tan θ 24 3 (cos2 θ – sin2 θ) – 2 sin θ cos θ = 2 = – —– [deduced] 7 冢 冣 冢 冣冢 冣 1 t2 t 1 24.. 2π. x = — or 1 (rejected) = 2 sin 4θ cos 3θ + 2 sin 4θ cos θ 5 = 2 sin 4θ (cos 3θ + cos θ) 2 tan θ = 2(2 sin 2θ cos 2θ)(2 cos 2θ cos θ) tan 2θ = ————– 5 1 – tan2 θ 3 θ = 8 cos θ sin 2θ cos2 2θ 2 –— = ———– 冢 冣3 4 4 = 8 cos θ(2 sin θ cos θ) cos2 2θ = 16 sin θ cos2 θ cos2 2θ [proven] 9 1 – —– 26. and sin (A + B) ⬎ 0 √1 – x2 = 2(1 – x) [shown] A + B is in the second quadrant 1 – x2 = 4(1 – x)2 π 1 – x2 = 4 – 8x + 4x2 Hence. θ = 26.. — 2 2 sin θ – cos θ = 2 x 1 θ 冢 冣冢 冣 冢 冣冢 冣 7 12 = —– —– – —– —– 25 13 24 25 13 5 2x – (– √1 – x 2 )=2 –√1 – x2 36 = – —– 325 √1 – x2 = 2 – 2x Since cos (A + B) ⬍ 0.6899 (b) ————————– 1 – cos 2θ + sin 2θ tan θ = 0... 325° = —————————— 2 sin2 θ + 2 sin θ cos θ (b) sin 3x = sin(2x + x) 2 cos θ (cos θ + sin θ) = sin 2x cos x + cos 2x sin x = —————————– = 2 sin x cos2 x + sin x(1 – 2 sin2 x) 2 sin θ (sin θ + cos θ) cos θ = 2 sin x(1 – sin2 x) + sin x – 2 sin3 x = ——– = 3 sin x – 4 sin3 x [proven] sin θ = cot θ . π.

81 7 sin θ + (1 – sin2 θ) = 5 sin θ 2 Hence. 30°.35. cos nθ + cos (n – 2)θ √3 1 = 2 cos (n – 1)θ cos θ A B Let n = 4. (a) 7 tan θ + cot θ = 5 sec θ 1 cos (θ – 1. π. 236. sin 2θ ⬎ sin θ when (b) Let 2 cos θ + 9 sin θ 0⬍θ⬍— π or π ⬍ θ ⬍ —–.22 ——— + ——– = ——– cos θ sin θ cos θ θ – 1.22 cos (θ – 1. sin B = — 2 3 A–B nθ – (n – 2)θ ——— = —————— = θ 2 2 2 3 Hence. 270° 1 When 2 sin x – 3 cos x = 0 sin θ = 0 or cos θ = — 2 tan x = — 3 θ = 0. x = 56.35 2 cos — 2 Hence.22 1 + 2 cos2 — = ———————— 冢 2 冣 9 2 sin — θ cos — θ tan α = — 2 2 2 2 θ α = 1. (a) sin 2x = 3 cos2 x 3 2 2 3 2 sin x cos x – 3 cos2 x = 0 –1 π cos x (2 sin x – 3 cos x) = 0 Let sin 2θ = sin θ cos x = 0 or 2 sin x – 3 cos x = 0 2 sin θ cos θ – sin θ = 0 When cos x = 0.22 and it θ occurs when θ = 1. from the graphs.35) = 1 2 7 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.46 7 sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 5 sin θ θ = 2.35) = —— 7 sin θ cos θ 5 9. (3 sin θ – 1)(2 sin θ – 1) = 0 A+B A–B 29.35 = 1.5° A+B nθ + (n – 2)θ ——— = —————— = (n –1)θ 1 1 2 2 (b) cos A = — .3°. B = (n – 2)θ θ = 19.35) = ——————– θ 2 sin — cos — θ (i) Hence. cos 5θ + cos 3θ = 2 cos 4θ cos θ 1 1 – (√3 ) —– √8 冢 冣 cos 5θ = 2 cos θ (8 cos4 θ √24 + 1 – 8 cos2 θ + 1) = ———— – (4 cos3 θ – 3 cos θ) √8 – √3 = 16 cos5 θ – 20 cos3 θ (√24 + 1)(√8 + √3 ) = ————————– + 5 cos θ (√8 – √3 )(√8 + √3 ) (b) sin 2θ ⬎ sin θ y = 8√3 + 6√2 + 2√2 + √3 —————————— y = sin θ y = sin 2θ 8–3 1 9√3 + 8√2 [shown] = ————— 5 θ O π π 3π 5π 2π —— —– —– 28. sin θ (2 cos θ – 1) = 0 x = 90°.5°. cosec θ + cot θ = —— 1 + ——– cos θ R cos α = 2 sin θ sin θ θ –1 R sin α = 9 R = √22 + 92 = √85 = 9. 27. 160. 5π ≡ R cos (θ – α) 3 3 ≡ R cos θ cos α + R sin θ sin α 30. 150°.3° Hence. (a) cos A + cos B = 2 cos ——— cos ——— 1 1 2 2 sin θ = — or — 3 2 Let A = nθ . 2 cos θ + 9 sin θ ≡ 9. cos — 2 (ii) 2 cos θ + 9 sin θ = 1 = ——— sin —θ 9. 1 √8 cos 4θ + cos 2θ = 2 cos 3θ cos θ tan A + tan B tan (A + B) = ——————– cos 4θ = 2 cos θ (4 cos3 θ – 1 – tan A tan B 3 cos θ) – (2 cos2 θ – 1) √3 + —–1 = 8 cos4 θ – 8 cos2 θ + 1 = —————— √8 Let n = 5.indd 7 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:11 AM . π —–5π 2 3 3 Hence.22 cos (θ – 1. smallest positive solution is 6 sin2 θ – 5 sin θ + 1 = 0 2. maximum value of 2 2 2 cos θ + 9 sin θ is 9.81. 2π or θ = —.

the angle between the planes ABD and VP = — a sec φ 2 CBD is 98° 8 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th. VM VM tan θ = —— = ———– AC = √152 + 202 = 25 AM 1 —√2a AQ = √152 – 62 = √189 2 CQ = √202 – 62 = √364 2VM √2 tan θ = ——–a In ∆ AQC. θ [proven] = cot — In ∆VAP. using the cosine rule. —– = sin ∠CAB = 0 [proven] 冢 cot —— = cot —— – 2π 15 15 冣 15 20 25 15 BP = 15 × —– = 12 31. 20 Q 15 6 B 4π + cosec —– cosec —– 8π + cosec 16 —–π + cosec 32 —–π C 20 15 15 15 15 60° 15 2π 32π = cot —– – cot —— P 15 15 15 2π 2π = cot —– – cot —– A 15 15 C 20 B BP 32π 32π In ∆ABP. 2 1 a sec φ — VP 2 π (a) Let θ = —. 2 a2sin2 α + a2sin2 α – 2a2 cosec 2θ = cot θ – cot 2θ cos ψ = ——————————– 2(a sin α)(a sin α) cosec 4θ = cot 2θ – cot 4θ cosec θ + cosec 2θ + cosec 4θ 2a2(sin2 α – 1) = ——————– θ – cot 4θ 2a2sin2 α = cot — 2 – cos2 α = ———– (c) cosec 8θ = cot 4θ – cot 8θ sin2 α tan2 α = sec2 φ cosec θ + cosec 2θ + cosec 4θ + cosec 8θ = –cot2 α 冢 cot2 α = cos2 φ 冣 θ cos ψ = –cos φ [proven] 2 = cot — – cot 8θ 2 32. DQ = a sin α (b) cosec θ = cot — θ – cot θ In ∆QBD. cos ∠AQC = ——————— 1a 2√189√364 — PM 2 = –0. A P B BD2 = 122 +122 – 2(12)(12) cos 60° In ∆VPM. —– = sin ∠DCP C 20 D 20 = sin ∠DCA 15 25 15 D C DP = 20 × —– = 12 Q ψ 25 M θ φ a A α In ∆BPD. V 25 A DP In ∆CDP.indd 8 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:12 AM . tan φ = √2 tan θ [proven] 189 + 364 – 252 (a) In ∆VPM. cot —π = cosec — π + cot — π tan α = —– = ————— 4 8 4 4 AP 1a — = √2 + 1 2 π tan α = sec φ [proven] Let θ = — (b) In ∆ABQ. using the cosine rule. 6 π = cosec — π + cot — π BQ cot —– sin α = —— 12 6 6 a BQ = a sin α = 2 + √3 Also. Hence.137 cos φ = —— = —— VP VP ∠AQC = 98° 1 Hence. = 144 VM 2VM BD = 12 cm [shown] tan φ = —— = —— a 1 —a The angle between the planes ABD and CBD is 2 In ∆VAM. D 4π 6 Let θ = —–. ∠AQC.

3636 In ∆OAC.235 P 45° E h = 2. XQ = √72 – 42 = √33 = 0. E 2 P AP 2 = 342 – 22 = 1152 P 45° D AP = √1152 = 33. h 2.29 E F 34 ∆XRY.. 33..43 1 In ∆EXG.2° In ∆OAB..744) 92 – x2 = 72 – (169 – 26x + x2) X 2 201 = 26x 9 7 = 11. a2 – 169 + 26a – a2 = 32 The angle between the planes OAC and 26a = 201 OADP is 29.77° = 5. (1) In ∆CFE. cos α = ———————— (a) ∆APX. PX = √9 – 4 = √65 2 2 X 2(4)冢√41 冣 ∆BQX.77° Let the height of X be h and CF CF h In ∆OCF. the angle of inclination of AX to 1 the horizontal is 14.. h2 = 65 – 7.8° X Hence.7° O 4 cm F A Hence. the angle between the planes = 9. ∠EXG = 180° – 89...5° P Y 4 4 (c) AC = √52 + 3.7 cm2 2(29.3726 ABFE and BCGF is 90.744 EF 5 ∆PXY..29 cm. the angle of inclination of the face A 26 B AXB to the horizontal is 29.95)(29. XR2 = 72 – (13 – x)2 = — (4)(5. XR2 = 92 – x2 2 1 ∆BXR. (2) CF 5.61 C ∠XRY = 29.744 ∠CFE = 29.95) (b) The angle between AC and the plane OAB = –0.. sin ∠XRY = —– = —— D XR 4..0615 35.29 B (b) ∆AXY..9 cm 34 2 1 A (b) cos α = —– = —– 5 cm 34 17 E 2 26 2 F B α In ∆ EFX.95 + 29.. GX = 29.0615 4 9 h 7 4 Q ∠BAC = 58.5° 201 a = —— = 7.73 A B 34.. EX X sin α = —– O 4 cm A 30 A 26 B EX = 30 sin α (a) Area of curved surface ABCD = 30 × 0..432 —————————— = 5π = 15.3636 A R 13 B 16 + 41 – 34.indd 9 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:13 AM ..732 = 4. tan ∠BAC = ——— D C 3. X 9 5 7 In ∆ABC..5° (1) – (2).9983 = 29..2° AB = 3.95 45 Also.5 cm2 x = 7..4419 ⇒ α = 63.0035 is ∠BAC. sin ∠XAY = — = —— 9 9 α ∠XAY = 14.. sin α = —– = —– PY = a. AB2 = 42 + 42 – 2(4)(4) cos 45° Hence.29 D Hence.062 = √34. C (a) In ∆ APE.8°..732 = 5. YQ = 13 – a OC √41 P a Q Y 13 – a CF = √41 sin 63.95 = —— 2πrh 360 EG = √302 + 302 = 42.. 9 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.952 – 42. h2 + (13 – a)2 = 33 . H 30 x R 13 – x G XR = √92 – 7. h2 + a2 = 65 .73 C 26 From (1).7° (d) Area of triangle OAC = — (OA)(CF) (c) ∆AXR. = — × 2π × 4 × 5 2 8 cos ∠EXG = 29. the height of X above the base ABCD is 2.8° = 90..61 h 2.... cos ∠CFE = —– = ——– ∆QXY..

9° ∆MYZ.77 cos ∠PAM = —— 39.5 5 cm D B P C M 4 2 W ∆PQR. 38. PM2 = 52 – (2√2)2 = 17 (e) The angle between XB and AD is ∠XBC.3° Hence.77 (a) PM is the perpendicular distance between Hence. 36.5 N horizontal is ∠YBZ. Hence. ∠YAB = 58° 3 R D (b) The angle between the line AM and the A plane ABC is ∠MAN. ∠QPR = 33.77 Y Q X P Q 5 Z X C 1.5 8 tan ∠MPN = —– 8 Hence. ∠XBC = 12. XY = BC – 2MZ 2.77 the planes ABCD and PQRS.5 2√2 Hence.5 = 24 – 2(1.8° ABC is ∠YAB. YZ = 3 sin 60° 3√3 (c) The angle between the planes YPZ and = —— m M 2 ABC is ∠MPN. AM = 2√2 R 8 P ∆APM. ∠MPN = 72. XYBC to the horizontal is ∠QPR. 22. M 4 60° Z M In ∆ABN.6° B C (c) The angle between the planes ABQP and A D 3 cm PQRS is ∠WZY. angle between the planes ABQP 3 N and DCRS A P C = ∠WVX (a) The angle between the planes AYZ and = 2θ = 51.9° + 90° = 115. MZ = 3 cos 60° = 1.77 (b) The angle between the line AP and the tan ∠XBC = —— Y X plane ABCD is ∠PAM. Y Q X 8 tan ∠YAB = — 5 Hence. AN = √52 + 32 4 = √34 8 B 12 P 12 C 8 (a) The height of XY above the horizontal tan ∠MAN = —– √34 A √34 N ABCD is YZ.77 4. cos ∠QPR = —— Q A 2 8 cm B 4.5 5 B C ∠PAM = 55. (b) ∆MYZ.123 cm 4.0° 4. Y WZ = √52 – 22 = √21 P Q M √17 5 √21 X Z cos θ = —— √21 A 2 B θ = 25. (d) The angle between the skew lines AB and 3√3 XC is ∠YXC 5 —— X Y sin ∠YBZ = —— 2 (BY = 5) 10 tan ∠YXC = —– = 2 5 5 10 ∠YBZ = 31. ∠WZY = 25.indd 10 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:15 AM .0° 4. S Y R C 4 cm PQ = √52 – 1.52 = 4. ∠MAN = 53. PM = √17 = 4.9° 5 Hence. 22.6° (c) The angle of inclination of YB to the P 2. F E 26 cm V Q R Y Z Y P M S √21 θ √17 W X U 13 cm T 10 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th.5) = 21 m Hence. ∠YXC = 63.9° 8 B 3 Hence.4° (d) The angle of inclination of the plane 37.

—— = ————– APQB is ∠UYQ.indd 11 Cyan Black 1/7/2009 10:34:18 AM . AX 2 = 262 – 52 A 3 F A = 651 Hence. tan β 1 ME —√651 1 2 = —— U UY = QY = — √651 BE 2 h – DE QU = 2 × 13 sin 60° = 13√3 = ———– CD 1 (651) + –– –– 1 (651) – 507 h – BC 4 4 = ——— cos ∠UYQ = ——————————– CD 冢 冣冢 冣 1 1 2 — √651 — √651 l tan α sin ψ cos θ 2 2 ————————– – l sin θ sin(ψ – φ) = –0. (a) The height of the lamp shade is AM. AX = √651 cm 26 Y AD l cos θ ∆ACD. AM = √576 = 24 cm l ψ D C (b) The angle between the edge AP and the θ α base PQRSTU is ∠APM. φ ∆APX. and ∆ADM. —————– = ————– sin(180° – ψ) sin(ψ – φ) 5 3 5 l sin ψ cos θ P X U AD = —————– sin(ψ – φ) Since the area of APUF is a constant. 40. N North PM = 10 cm M 10 3 3 10 3 ψ β E h B ∆APM. the perpendicular distance l tan α sin ψ cos θ = ————————– [shown] 1 AX = —1 √651 cm sin(ψ – φ) from U to AP is — 2 2 ∆ABC. ∠UYQ = 123. φ A D 10 5 ψ–φ Hence. cos ∠APM = —– = —– C ψ 26 13 – 0° (c) The perpendicular distance from A to PU ∆ABC. BC = l sin θ (d) The angle between the faces APUF and CD l cos θ ∆ACD.5576 = ————————————— Hence.9° l cos θ sin φ —————— sin(ψ – φ) l tan α sin ψ cos θ – l sin θ sin(ψ – φ) = ————————————————– l cos θ sin φ tan α sin ψ – tan θ sin(ψ – φ) = ————————————– sin φ = cosec φ [tan α sin ψ – tan θ sin(ψ – φ)] [shown] 11 ACE Ahd Mth STPM V2 (WA)EP2 4th. AC = l cos θ 18 is AX. sin φ sin(ψ – φ) Q 1 —√651 l cos θ sin φ 2 CD = —————— sin(ψ – φ) Y 13√3 ∆BME. AM 2 = 262 – 102 13 Hence. h = AD tan α AP = 2PU.