1

2
3

Effective net area of tension member Effective net area of angles Tensile strength of angle at gross section yielding and net section rupture .

25 Dia of bolt d = 18 mm Clearances . the critical section will be 1-1.  p si  2 b  n * d h   An Net tensile area = t  i 4gi  . Calculate the effective net area of the member. if (a) chain bolting is done as shown in fig a (b) zig-zag bolting is done as shown in fig b For Fe 410 grade steel. It is connected to a 12 mm thick gusset p bolts of grade 4.for bolts = 2 mm Diameter of hole dh = 20 mm Width of plate b = 300 mm psi = 65 mm gi = 75 mm Thickness of main plate 1 = 8 Thickness of main plate 2 = 12 Plate thickness t = 8 mm a) In Chain bolting (Fig A).6 grade bolts fub = 400 Mpa Partial safety factor for bolts in bearing. fu = 410 Mpa fy = 250 Mpa For 4. shop fabricated γmb = 1.1 A 300 ISF 8 mm of grade Fe 410 is used as a tension member in lattice girder.6.

33 mm2 Along section 1-2-5-3-6-7 No of bolts in this section n = 4 ∑ no of staggered pitches = 3 An = [300 .67 mm2 Along section 1-2-5-3-4 No of bolts in this section n = 3 ∑ no of staggered pitches = 2 An = [300 .  p si  2 b  n * d h   t  i 4 g i  In section 1-1. the section may fail along the following paths: i) 1-2-3-4 ii) 1-2-5-6-7 iii) 1-2-5-3-4 iv) 1-2-5-3-6-7 The effective net area at all possible sections is calculated and the path which provides least net area will be the critica Effective net area along section : 1-2-3-4 No of bolts in this section n = 2 An = [b . hence for a straight section.4 * 20 ] * 8 = 1760 mm2 b) In zig-zag bolting (fig.3 * 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * = 2145.n * dh] t = [ 300 . B). No of bolts in this section n = 4 An = [b . there are no staggered bolts.2 * 20 ] * 8 = 2080 mm2 Along section 1-2-5-6-7 No of bolts in this section n = 3 ∑ no of staggered pitches = 1 An = [300 .3 * 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * = 2032.67 mm2 .n * d h ]t = [ 300 .4 * 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * = 2098 mm2 Minimum net tensile area : = 2032.

2007 .to a 12 mm thick gusset plate by 18 mm diameter (Table 1 of IS-800 .1 i 4gi  .2007 .p:30 or γm1 (Table 19 of IS-800 .3.p:73 (Thickness of thinner plate 2 p si  * dh   t (Cl. 6.p:6 (Table 5 of IS-800 .p:14 (Table 3 of IS-1367(3) .2007 .

p si 2  * dh   t i 4gi  net area will be the critical section. 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * 8 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * 8 20 + ∑ (65^2 / (4 * 75)) ] * 8 Along section 1-2-5-6-7 .

1 * 20 .10/2) * 10 = 950 mm2 Net area of outstanding leg Ago = (Lgo .for bolts = 2 mm Diameter of hole dh = 20 mm Thickness of angle t = 10 mm (a) Net area of connected leg Anc = (Lnc .t/2) * t = (100 . fy = 250 Mpa Dia of bolt d = 16 mm Clearances .t/2) * t = (100 . The bolt holes have been punched.10/2) * 10 = 750 mm2 Net area of outstanding leg Ago = (Lgo .10/2) * 10 700 mm2 . The steel grade is Fe 410.n*dh . effective net area An = 1015 mm2 (b) Net area of connected leg Anc = (Lnc . The angles are connected as shown in the fig.2 Determine the effective net area for the sections shown in fig.10/2) * 10 700 mm2 Total net area = 750 + 700 = 1450 mm2 An = α * Total net area α = 0.7 An = 0. For Fe 410 grade steel.7 * 1450 Hence.t/2) * t = (75 .t/2) * t = (75 .

8 * 1650 Hence.Total net area = 950 + 700 = 1650 mm2 An = α * Total net area α = 0. effective net area An = 1320 mm2 .8 An = 0.

Length of connected leg (Lgo . (Table 1 of IS-800 .p:73 (2 mm is added further.p:14 (Table 19 of IS-800 .3 of IS-800-2007 .6.1.p:33 (Lnc .Length of outstanding leg .3.3.10/2) * 10 (Lgo .Length of connected leg 20 .Length of outstanding leg (Cl: 6.2007 .2007 .shown in the fig.(b)-2 of IS-800-2007 (Lnc . since holes are punched Cl.

3.3 of IS-800-2007 .(Cl: 6.p:33 .

25 = 1. shop fabricated γm1 = 1. Tdg = Ag fy / γm0 Tdg = 2058 * 250 / 1.25 γm0 = 1.076 (w/t) (fy/fu) (bs/Lc) ≤ (fu γm0 /fy γm1) ≥ = 1. relevant properties of ISA 150 x 115 x 8 mm are Ag = 2058 (a) Tensile strength due to gross section yielding.076 (115 / 8) (250 / 410) (115 / 140 ) 0.273 = 467.6 grade bolts fub = 400 Partial safety factor for bolts in bearing. fu = 410 fy = 250 For 4.44 .1 / 250 * 1.1 = 467727.0.1 From IS Handbook no:1. Length of outstanding leg w = 115 Shear lag width bs = w = 115 Weld length along direction of load Lc = 140 β = 1.0.85 Max value = (fu γm0 /fy γm1) = 410 * 1.4 .4 .73 Thickness of angle t = 8 (b) Tensile strength due to net section fracture.3 Compute the tensile strength of an angle section ISA 150 x 115 x 8 mm of Fe 410 grade of steel connected with the gus as shown in fig for the following cases: (a) gross section yielding (b) net section rupture For Fe 410 grade steel.

1 ) = 516339.34 kN .85) lies within minimum (0.8/2) * 8 = 1168 Net area of outstanding leg Ago = (Lgo .44) values.25) + (0.t/2) * t = (115 .9 * 1168 * 410 / 1.7) and maximum (1.9 Anc fu / γm1 + β Ago fy / γm0 net section rupture = (0.8/2) * 8 = 888 Tensile strength due to Tdn = 0.1 N = 516.t/2) * t = (150 . Hence Ok Net area of connected leg Anc = (Lnc .Therefore β value (0.85 * 888 * 250 / 1.

6.3.7 (Cl: 6.p:6 (Table 5 of IS-800 .steel connected with the gusset plate Mpa (Table 1 of IS-800 .2007 N N kN mm mm (Fig.p:33 .800 .p:14 Mpa Mpa (Table 3 of IS-1367(3) .p:30 mm2 (Cl.2007 .2007 .800 .2007 .2 of IS 800 .3 of IS .2007 . 6 of IS .p: 33 mm mm 0.

2007 .1 ) . 6.3 of IS .800 . mm2 mm2 (Cl.p:33 0.3.85 * 888 * 250 / 1.