# Chapter 3

Steps
p Involved in Defining
g
a Problem in POLYDATA

Introduction to
ANSYS Polyflow

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 12.1

Introduction to POLYFLOW training

Training Manual

Problem Description :
Helical Problem Simulation

Extrudate
Axis • Geometry mesh in cm
• System of units : g-cm-s
• Generalized Newtonian fluid
• Q = 10 cm3/s
Wall
• the problem involves a free
surface that is calculated as a
part of the solution.
• Rotation screw
Rotating
screw
ω

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Q Release 12.1

Introduction to POLYFLOW training

Training Manual

Material Data
Shear rate dependence
p of viscosity
y:
Cross Law

⎛ 1 ⎞
η =ηo ⎜ ⎟
⎜ 1 + ( λ γ& ) m ⎟
⎝ ⎠

ηo = 85000 poise is the viscosity at zero shear rate

λ = 0.2 s

m = 0.3 is the power law index

= shear rate, 1/s

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 12.1

1 © 2010 ANSYS.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Diagrammatic Representation of the Problem ANSYS. Proprietary Release 12. 3-4 June 2010 . All rights reserved. Inc. Inc.

Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Brief Description of the Steps • Input – 2 possibilities : analysis or component systems – Task • Sub-task – Domain of definition – Material data – Flow boundary conditions – Global remeshing • Save and exit ANSYS. Proprietary Release 12. Inc. 3-5 June 2010 . All rights reserved.1 © 2010 ANSYS.

Proprietary Release 12. 3-6 June 2010 . All rights reserved.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual  Project creation ANSYS.

3-7 June 2010 . Proprietary Release 12. All rights reserved. Inc.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual  Import an existing Polyflow mesh ANSYS.

Inc. All rights reserved.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. 3-8 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual  Open POLYDATA: double click on Set Up Cell (or highlight and select edit)  An existing dat file could have also been imported similarly ANSYS. Proprietary Release 12.

Inc. All rights reserved. ANSYS. Proprietary Release 12.1 © 2010 ANSYS. 3-9 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Problem Geometry z POLYDATA is loaded automatically with the imported mesh file. Inc. The flow geometry is di l displayed d iin th the Graphic Display window.

E. ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Task • Select the following task attributes: – F.) – One component perpendicular to the x-y plane due to the rotation of a border around the y axis. 3-11 June 2010 . task – Steady-state problem(s) • A Steady-state condition is assumed for the problem – 2D 1/2 axisymmetric geometry • Three velocity elocit components are specified : – Two components in the plane of the 2D mesh : vx and vy ( corresponding to vr and vz for f axisymmetric i t i cases). Proprietary Release 12.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc.M.

1 © 2010 ANSYS. Enter die swell.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Sub-Task – Select the following model: • Generalized Newtonian isothermal flow problem – POLYDATA will request a name for the current sub-task. All rights reserved. Inc. Proprietary Release 12. Inc. ANSYS. 3-13 June 2010 .

Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Domain of the Sub-task • Domain of the sub sub-task task – Note that the ! signs mark menus that you must visit during the problem setup. Proprietary Release 12. Inc.1 © 2010 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc. 3-14 June 2010 . ANSYS.

Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary Release 12.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Domain of the Sub-task – Since this problem S bd Subdomain i 2 involves a free surface definition. Inc. 3-15 June 2010 .1 © 2010 ANSYS. Subdomain 1 ANSYS. the domain of definition for the problem i split is lit into i t two t sub- b domains.

Inc. Inc. Proprietary Release 12. ANSYS.1 © 2010 ANSYS. 3-16 June 2010 . All rights reserved.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Domain of the Sub-task • Select the domain of definition for the problem as: – Subdomain 1 and Subdomain 2.

All rights reserved.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Material Data • Material data ANSYS. 3-17 June 2010 .1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. Proprietary Release 12.

1 © 2010 ANSYS.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Material Data – Select the material data and the relevant parameters for the problem as: • Shear-rate dependence of viscosity ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc. 3-18 June 2010 . Proprietary Release 12. Inc.

All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. 3-19 June 2010 .1 © 2010 ANSYS.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Material Data • Cross C llaw – fac = 85000 – tnat = 0. Proprietary Release 12.3 ANSYS.2 – expom = 0.

All rights reserved.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • Flow boundary conditions : ANSYS. Inc.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. Proprietary Release 12. 3-20 June 2010 .

Proprietary Release 12. Inc. All rights reserved.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • B By d default.1 © 2010 ANSYS. f lt POLYDATA imposes zero velocity components along each boundary (wall condition) • except for the Axis of symmetry which is automatically identified in 2D axisymmetric case • Select the several boundary conditions and modify them ANSYS. 3-21 June 2010 . Inc.

the default condition is acceptable here.vs vs imposed along boundary 2 – You do not need to modify this boundary condition.vs imposed along boundary 1 – vn is the normal velocity y and vs is the tangential g velocity – Select Inflow Inflow. Inc. – The inflow condition is Automatic. ANSYS.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • vn. – Volumetric flow rate Q = 10 cm3 /s. Proprietary Release 12. 3-22 June 2010 . All rights reserved. Inc.1 © 2010 ANSYS. • vn vn.

3-23 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • vn. – Boundary conditions on the moving surface • Position imposed along Boundary 2 : • free surface condition is a first-order differential equation. ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary Release 12.vs imposed along boundary 3 – Select Free surface surface. that one boundary condition diti : the th position iti off the th beginning b i i off the free surface must be imposed. • The fixed point (the starting point) is located at the intersection of boundary 3 (free surface) with boundary 2 (die wall).1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc.

– fn = 0. 0 • Axis of symmetry along boundary 5 • For 2D and 2D 1/2 axisymmetric flow problems POLYDATA automatically identifies Y axis (defined for X>0) as the axis of symmetry. ANSYS.1 © 2010 ANSYS. All rights reserved. 0 fs = 0. Inc. 0 and fw = 0. 3-24 June 2010 . Inc. Proprietary Release 12.vs imposed along boundary 4 – Select Normal and tangential forces imposed imposed.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • vn.

Inc. All rights reserved.vs imposed along boundary 6 – Select Normal and tangential velocities imposed. ANSYS. 3-25 June 2010 .1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. vs = 0. p – vn = 0 . Proprietary Release 12. and w = 2 π x • x is the radial component of the fluid velocity.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Flow Boundary Conditions • vn.

1 © 2010 ANSYS. 3-26 June 2010 . Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Remeshing • Global remeshing ANSYS. Inc. Proprietary Release 12. All rights reserved.

3-27 June 2010 . All rights reserved. Inc.1 © 2010 ANSYS.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Remeshing – 1-st local remeshing • Remove Subdomain 1 from the list of subdomains to be remeshed and keep only Subdomain 2. Proprietary Release 12. Inc. ANSYS.

1 © 2010 ANSYS. defined • This method requires specification of the first spine (inlet spine) and the last p spine (outlet ( spine) p ) that the fluid encounters. Inc. ANSYS. 3-28 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Remeshing • Select S l t the th remeshing hi method th d as: – Method of Spines p • Spines are a collection of nodes l i ll arranged logically d in i a one- dimensional manner. • This technique assumes a mapped mesh on which spines can be defined. All rights reserved. Inc. Proprietary Release 12.

Proprietary Release 12. • In this case : inlet = intersection with subdomain 1. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Remeshing • The spines should be aligned with the direction of motion of the nodes of the free surface.1 © 2010 ANSYS. 3-29 June 2010 . All rights reserved. Inc. ANSYS.

Proprietary Release 12.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Remeshing  The outlet of the system of spines must be entered for consistency checking purposes.1 © 2010 ANSYS. All rights reserved. outlet = intersection with boundary 4. Inc. 3-30 June 2010 . Inc. ANSYS.  In this case case.

ANSYS. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. 3-31 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Save and Exit • Save and exit – Data file is automatically saved with dat file name. Proprietary Release 12.1 © 2010 ANSYS.

Inc. ANSYS. 3-32 June 2010 .Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual Save and Exit • Accept – This menu confirms the fields that are to t bbe saved d for f postprocessing. All rights reserved.1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. Proprietary Release 12.

1 © 2010 ANSYS. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual • Set Up cell up to date ANSYS. Proprietary Release 12. Inc. 3-33 June 2010 . All rights reserved.

Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary Release 12. Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual • To run the Polyflow simulation ANSYS. 3-34 June 2010 .1 © 2010 ANSYS.

Inc. drag and drop a results cell onto the S l ti Solution cell ll • Double click the Results cell to launch CFD Post ANSYS.1 © 2010 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Solution cell is up to date • To view the results in CFD Post. 3-35 June 2010 . Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Training Manual • At convergence. Proprietary Release 12.

Inc. Proprietary Release 12. 3-36 June 2010 . Inc.Introduction to POLYFLOW training Results in CFD Post Training Manual ANSYS. All rights reserved.1 © 2010 ANSYS.