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<h1>Dual (multiple) certification of stainless steel products 双性不锈钢说明</h1>
<p>Dual (multiple) certification of stainless steel products</p>
<p>Introduction Although dual or multiple certification can mean the issue of two
separate EN 10204 certificate types for the same inspected / tested or delivered
batch of steel, the term normally infers the mention of more than one standard or
grade (or both) on the same test certificate. Where more than one standard is
ordered, the chemical (cast) composition and mechanical properties are checked
against each of the standard's ranges, for each grade. Often this involves both
standard and low carbon variants of the grade being certified together This form of
multiple certification is not recognised by the individual standards organizations.
The practice is the result of commercial pressure from stockholders to minimise
stock levels for each size range, so that the same piece of steel can be sold to as
many standards and grade designations as is possible for the same basic steel
composition. These requirements became widespread in the 1980's and is now
considered in the stainless steel supply industry as acceptable.</p>
<p>Multiple grade and standard certification The principle of multiple
certification can be illustrated by considering a product that can conform to
either 1.4301 or 1.4307. If the actual carbon content of the steel product is
0.020% it is likely to meet both the full chemical analysis and mechanical property
requirements of both steel grade numbers ie 1.4301 and 1.4307 (1.4306 may not be
met as the nickel ranges for 1.4301 and 1.4306 only overlap at the top end of the
1.4301 range). The steel designation (number) should conform to the standard, so
where BSEN 10088 is involved the European steel number has to be used ie 1.4307 and
1.4301 in this case and not 304L and 304. These steel designations can only be used
if the second certified standard uses these designations, as they for example in
American ASTM standards. So '304/304L to BSEN 10088-2' for a batch of plates is
incorrect An illustration of this approach to multiple certification is to mention
both standards and grade designations, in an appropriate format : BSEN 10088-2
1.4301/1.4307, ASTM A240 304/ 304L It is important that the steel products multi-
certified in this way are not assumed to fully comply with all requirements of each
standard mentioned, taken individually. For example it may not be possible for a
product to comply with all dimensional tolerance requirements of all the cited (and
related) standards. The format of the declared standards should however make this
clear. The steel should comply with ALL the requirements of the first (primary)
standard mentioned. For standards and grades mentioned after the primary standard
only the cast chemical composition and mechanical properties of the products
certified can be expected to meet these 'secondary' standards. There are no
universally agreed rules for secondary standard conformance however so it is
advisable to check with the manufacturing mill that issued the ce</p>
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