# Example 14

EXAMPLE 14
FLOW OF A GAS THROUGH A POROUS MEDIA: THE DARCY LAW

DESCRIPTION

In the present example, we wish to simulate the flow of a gas through a porous media (Darcy
model). Let us consider the flow case as described in Fig. 1. The (planar) flow domain
consists of two non isotropic porous media. Their respective orientation are described by
means of an angle  (with respect to the X axis). It equals 30° for the lower material and 120°
for the upper one. For both materials, the permeabilities in the first and second principal
directions are 10-11 m2 and 0.1 10-11 m2, respectively.

Fig. 1 Flow through a porous media: description

The several material properties are described as follows. Both porous media have anisotropic
permeabilities. In a Cartesian reference frame (x,y), the permeabilities of both material layers
are described by means of a tensor K, respectively given as follows:

 .775 .389 
I,  = 30°, K=   10-11 m2
 .389 .325 
 .325 .389
II,  = 120°, K=  10-11 m2
.389 .775 

The void fraction  in both layers is:  = 0.3

January 2017 14.1 Release 18.0

while their common width is 5 m. KEYWORDS Porous medium. Several January 2017 14. darcy.mdf.dat. non-isotropic permeability. The flowing gas is characterised by its viscosity:  = 2 10-5 Pa s Fig.2 Release 18. The boundary conditions are described as follows. A pressure Pin = 1. Darcy model. while a vanishing pressure is specified at the exit on the top. darcy.5 105 Pa is imposed over a distance of 0. Interface boundary condition is specified along the intersection line between both material layers. an inlet (BS 2). the right-hand side wall (BS 3) and the exit (BS 4). Flow through a porous media: topology (left) and finite element mesh (right). Example 14 The heights of both media are 2 and 3 m respectively. NEW CONCEPTS The main new concept developed in this example is the use of the Darcy equation for describing the flow of a gas or a (low) viscosity fluid in a porous medium. darcy. one for each material layer.0 .cons. Also. The topology and the finite element mesh are given in Fig. four boundary sides are defined: successively the left-hand side wall (BS 1). FILENAMES darcy. Vanishing normal velocities are specified along the walls. 2.msh. We see that two subdomains are defined.5 m at the inlet on the bottom. 2. in order to ensure the continuity of the pressure field and of the normal velocity.