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CD Contents

Preface ............................................. (this book) 340 Building Word Power with .......................40
More about This CD-ROM.................... (this book) 341 G G ........................................42
Learning : Methodological and Sociolinguistic About the New Phonetics ...............................44
Premises and Preliminaries............... (this book) 345 New Combinations ................................44
G G (Practice Sentences) .............45
LESSON ONE: a.. 1 Supplementary Vocabulary .............................45
New Vocabulary ............................................. 1 G G (Practice) .....................................46
G G ......................................................... 2
G G ......................................................... 3 LESSON FIVE: I ...........................................49
Building Word Power with ........................ 4 New from the Example Sentences ..........49
G G ......................................... 6 New Vocabulary ............................................49
About the New Phonetics ................................ 8 Pattern Review and ........................50
New Combinations ................................. 9 G G ........................................................51
G G (Practice Sentences) .............. 9 G G ........................................................52
Supplementary Vocabulary .............................10 G G .................................53
G G (Practice) ..................................... 11 Building Word Power with .......................53
G G ........................................57
LESSON TWO: a About the New Phonetics ...............................57
 .................................................14 Phonetic Elements Learned Thus Far
New Vocabulary ............................................14 (by Lesson) .................................................58
G G ........................................................15 New Combinations ................................59
G G ........................................................16 G G (Practice Sentences) .............60
Building Word Power with .......................17 Supplementary Vocabulary .............................60
G G ........................................20 G G (Practice) .....................................61
About the New Phonetics ...............................21
New Combinations ................................21 LESSON SIX: ...............................................64
G G (Practice Sentences) .............22 New Vocabulary ............................................64
Supplementary Vocabulary .............................22 G G ........................................................65
G G (Practice) .....................................23 G G ........................................................66
Building Word Power with .......................66
LESSON THREE:  G G ........................................69
  26 About the New Phonetics ...............................69
New Vocabulary ............................................26 New Combinations ................................70
G G ........................................................27 G G (Practice Sentences) .............71
G G ........................................................28 Supplementary Vocabulary .............................72
Building Word Power with .......................28 G G (Practice) .....................................73
G G ........................................31
About the New Phonetics ...............................32 LESSON SEVEN: b.........76
New Combinations ................................32 New Vocabulary ............................................77
G G (Practice Sentences) .............33 G G ........................................................77
Supplementary Vocabulary .............................33 G G ........................................................78
G G (Practice) .....................................34 Building Word Power with .......................79
G G ........................................81
LESSON FOUR: a About the New Phonetics ...............................82
 ..........................................37 New Combinations ................................83
New Vocabulary ............................................38 G G (Practice Sentences) .............84
G G ........................................................38 Supplementary Vocabulary .............................84
G G ........................................................39 G G (Practice) .....................................85
338 CD CONTENTS

LESSON EIGHT:  Building Word Power with ..................... 130


....................................................88 G G ...................................... 133
New Vocabulary ............................................88 About the New Phonetics ............................. 133
G G ........................................................89 New Combinations .............................. 134
G G ........................................................90 G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 135
Building Word Power with .......................91 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 136
G G ........................................94 G G (Practice) ................................... 137
About the New Phonetics ...............................95
New Combinations ................................96 LESSON TWELVE: 
G G (Practice Sentences) .............97 140
Supplementary Vocabulary .............................98 New Vocabulary .......................................... 141
G G (Practice) .....................................99 G G ...................................................... 142
G G ...................................................... 143
LESSON NINE:  Building Word Power with ..................... 143
................................................ 102 G G ...................................... 146
New Vocabulary .......................................... 102 About the New Phonetics ............................. 146
G G ...................................................... 103 New Combinations .............................. 147
G G ...................................................... 104 G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 148
Building Word Power with ..................... 104 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 148
G G ...................................... 107 G G (Practice) ................................... 149
About the New Phonetics ............................. 107
New Combinations .............................. 108 LESSON THIRTEEN: .......................... 152
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 109 New Vocabulary .......................................... 153
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 110 G G ...................................................... 154
G G (Practice) ................................... 111 G G ...................................................... 155
Building Word Power with ..................... 156
LESSON TEN: II......................................... 114 G G ...................................... 158
New From the Example Sentences ....... 114 About the New Phonetics ............................. 159
New Vocabulary .......................................... 115 New Combinations .............................. 159G
Pattern Review and ...................... 115 G (Practice Sentences) ........... 160
G G ...................................................... 116 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 161
G G ...................................................... 117 G G (Practice) ................................... 162
G G ............................... 117
Building Word Power with ..................... 118 LESSON FOURTEEN:  ...... 165
G G ...................................... 120 New Vocabulary .......................................... 166
About the New Phonetics ............................. 121 G G ...................................................... 167
Phonetic Elements Learned Thus Far G G ...................................................... 168
(by Lesson) ............................................... 121 Building Word Power with ..................... 168
New Combinations .............................. 122 G G ...................................... 171
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 123 About the New Phonetics ............................. 172
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 124 New Combinations .............................. 172
G G (Practice) ................................... 125 G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 174
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 174
LESSON ELEVEN:  .. G G (Practice) ................................... 175
128
New Vocabulary .......................................... 128 LESSON FIFTEEN: III.................................. 178
G G ...................................................... 129 New from the Example Sentences ........ 178
G G . ..................................................... 130 New Vocabulary .......................................... 179
ENGLISH-KOREAN PATTERN
CD CONTENTS
INDEX 339

Pattern Review and ...................... 179 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 227G


G G ...................................................... 181 G (Practice) ................................... 228
G G ...................................................... 182
G G ............................... 182 LESSON NINETEEN:a ........... 231
Building Word Power with ..................... 184 New Vocabulary .......................................... 232
G G ...................................... 186 G G ...................................................... 233
About the New Phonetics ............................. 187 G G ...................................................... 235
Phonetic Elements Learned Thus Far Building Word Power with ..................... 235
(by Lesson) ............................................... 187 G G ...................................... 240
New Combinations .............................. 189 About the New Phonetics ............................. 241
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 190 New Combinations .............................. 242
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 190 G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 245
G G (Practice) ................................... 191 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 246
G G (Practice) ................................... 247
LESSON SIXTEEN: a ............. 194
New Vocabulary .......................................... 195 LESSON TWENTY: IV ................................. 251
G G ...................................................... 196 New From the Example Sentences ....... 251
G G ...................................................... 197 New Vocabulary .......................................... 252
Building Word Power with ..................... 197 Pattern Review and ...................... 252
G G ...................................... 200 G G ...................................................... 254
About the New Phonetics ............................. 200 G G ...................................................... 256
New Combinations .............................. 201 G G ............................... 256
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 202 Building Word Power with ..................... 257
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 202 G G ...................................... 260
G G (Practice) ................................... 203 About the New Phonetics ............................. 261
Phonetic Elements Learned Thus Far
LESSON SEVENTEEN:  (by Lesson) ............................................... 262
 ........................................... 206 New Combinations .............................. 264
New Vocabulary .......................................... 206 G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 266
G G ...................................................... 207 Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 266
G G ...................................................... 209 G G (Practice) ................................... 267
Building Word Power with ..................... 209
G G ...................................... 211 Reference Section
About the New Phonetics ............................. 211 Korean-English New Combinations Glossary. 271
New Combinations .............................. 212 Finder List ............................................... 287
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 214 (Radical) Finder List (by Stroke Count)........ 289
Supplementary Vocabulary ........................... 214 List of Phonetics .............................................. 290
G G (Practice) ................................... 215 Answer Key ..................................................... 292

LESSON EIGHTEEN: ...... 218


New Vocabulary .......................................... 219
G G ...................................................... 219
G G ...................................................... 221
Building Word Power with ..................... 221
G G ...................................... 224
About the New Phonetics ............................. 224
New Combinations .............................. 225
G G (Practice Sentences) ........... 227
340 PREFACE

PREFACE
Advanced Korean and Advanced Korean: Sino-Korean Companion

Advanced Korean: Sino-Korean Companion by Ross characters to be targeted for teaching in each of the
King, Chungsook Kim, Jae Hoon Yeon and Don twenty lessons. Ross King has modified the work of
Baker, is an optional companion CD-ROM vol- both Chungsook Kim and Don Baker slightly and
ume to the textbook Advanced Korean by Ross King, is responsible for everything else. UBC graduate
Chungsook Kim, and Jaehoon Yeon. First, then, let us students Dafna Zur, Kiyoe Minami, and Sinae Park
provide some background about Advanced Korean. worked many hours on the Sino-Korean materials
Advanced Korean is an updated and improved ver- in the initial stages of the project. Most recently
sion of 3, first published in 1986 by the and most notably, Jung Hwang and especially Su-
(then) or Research Center for nah Cho, Leif Olsen, and Cindy Chen put in many
Korean Culture at Korea University () hours of work on the files and made numerous
in Seoul as part of their multilevel and multivolume helpful suggestions on content and format. Moreo-
textbook series. For more information on the old ver, several cohorts of UBC students have suffered
3 and its reincarnation as Advanced Korean, through beta versions of the Sino-Korean Compan-
please refer to the preface of the latter. ion since 1995 when Ross King began developing
In addition to, and parallel with, the two volumes the materials. The authors are grateful to all these
of Advanced Korean, Ross King, Chungsook Kim, students for their patience and feedback. Most re-
and Donald Baker have developed the Advanced cently, Sunny Oh, Yoon Chung, Mike Whale, and
Korean: Sino-Korean Companion as an optional sup- Andrew Pugsley of the 20052006 Korean 300
plement for those learners wishing to commence cohort have caught numerous problems and errors
the study of Chinese characters as they are used in in the beta files.
Korean. The Sino-Korean Companion is designed to The authors also owe a debt of thanks to several
serve as a kind of parallel universe for Advanced colleagues who have published useful reference
Koreanit assumes a knowledge of the main texts, works and textbooks in recent years. Please refer to
example sentences, vocabulary, and structural pat- the preface of Advanced Korean for a more detailed
terns introduced in Advanced Korean, and introduc- list of sources consulted for that book, but here we
es five hundred Chinese characters (, i.e., wish to record our appreciation for the excellent but
, typically pronounced []) in their Korean now out-of-print Myongdo textbooks, especially
readings with a view to helping students do two the Intermediate Korean: Part I volume, which has
things: (1) improve their knowledge of and intui- provided the inspiration for the Main Text in Les-
tions about Sino-Korean vocabulary in Korean and son 6 on proverbs. The authors are also grateful
(2) teach themselves as they continue their for the existence of numerous study aids, manuals,
lifelong journey of Korean language learning. learner dictionaries, and websites targeted toward
Most of the hard work in preparing both Ad- Korean native speakers (see the section Learning
vanced Korean and Advanced Korean: Sino-Korean : Methodological and Sociolinguistic Premis-
Companion has been carried out by research assis- es and Preliminaries section below for some refer-
tants working with Ross King at the University of ences), but we are especially grateful to two works
British Columbia (UBC). With specific respect to in particular: Bruce Grants classic Guide to Korean
the Sino-Korean Companion, the three coauthors Characters and Choo and OGradys Handbook of
contributions were as follows: Chungsook Kim was Korean Vocabulary. Any serious student of Korean
the lead author of the Korea University team that should own both of these books.
wrote the Main Texts and Example Sentences for Finally, the authors wish to thank the Korea
each lesson in the original 3. Don Baker Foundation for the teaching materials development
was responsible for the initial selection of Chinese grant that funded this project at UBC.
MORE ABOUT THIS CD-ROM 341

References in the Department of Asian Studies, University of


Choo, Miho, and William OGrady. 1996. Hand- British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. His e-mail:
book of Korean vocabulary: A resource for word rec- ross.king@ubc.ca.
ognition and comprehension. Honolulu: University
of Hawaii Press. Chungsook Kim completed her BA in Korean lan-
Grant, Bruce K. 1979/1982. A guide to Korean char- guage and linguistics at Korea University in 1984
acters: Reading and writing hangl and hanja. 2nd and subsequently earned her MA (1986) and PhD
rev. ed. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym. (1992) from the same institution. Currently, she
Myongdo Language Institute, Franciscan Friars. serves as professor in Korea Universitys Depart-
1977. Intermediate Korean: Part I. Seoul: Myong- ment of Korean Language and Literature. Her e-
do Language Institute. mail: kmjane@korea.ac.kr.

About the Authors Donald Baker completed his PhD in Korean history
Ross King completed his BA in linguistics and po- in 1987 at the University of Washington. As a spe-
litical science at Yale in 1983, then his MA (1985) cialist in late Chosn history, thought, and religion,
and PhD (1991) in linguistics at Harvard. Currently he deals with Sino-Korean and hanmun on a daily
he is professor of Korean and head of department basis. His e-mail: don.baker@ubc.ca

MORE ABOUT THE CD-ROM


About the Lessons Sentences) and New Vocabulary sections are identi-
Each lesson consists of the following sections: cal between Advanced Korean and Advanced Korean:
Sino-Korean Companion creates some unavoidable
Main Text duplication between the two titlessomewhere
Each lesson begins with a Main Text, the contents along the lines of 6 to 8 percent of the total volume
of which are identical to the Main Text of the corre- of each set of books. But this overlapthis creation
sponding lesson in Advanced Korean. However, any of a parallel universeis essential to the teach-
Sino-Korean vocabulary that has been introduced ing philosophy of the book, for which see more in
in previous lessons and/or in the current lesson is Learning : Methodological and Sociolinguis-
highlighted in bold text. Sometimes the Main Text tic Premises and Preliminaries below.
is followed by one or more of the Example Sen-
tences from the body of the corresponding lesson  (New Chinese Characters)
in Advanced Korean, in which case these sentences This section lists, in order of appearance, the new
carry new Chinese characters meant to be learned Chinese characters to be learned in the current les-
in the current lesson. Here, too, any Sino-Korean son. Each box contains all the essential informa-
items that are fair game for the learner are in bold. tion for each new character:G OP (Korean gloss
or moniker); OPG (Korean pronunciation[s]);
New Vocabulary (rough) English meaning; total stroke count; radi-
The New Vocabulary section glosses only those cal, radical name, and rough English gloss as well
words from the Main Text (and Example Sentenc- as radical pronunciation (if it has one) and radical
es). The idea is to avoid a situation where the stu- stroke count; information about the phonetic ele-
dent of the Sino-Korean Companion is forever hav- ment hinting at the characters pronunciation (if
ing to look up vocabulary in the back of Advanced there is one)all rounded off by the radical stroke
Korean. count plus number of remaining strokes to reach the
The fact that the Main Text (plus any Example total stroke count, e.g.:
342 MORE ABOUT THIS CD-ROM

 (About the New Radicals)


:
: disease; sickness
Phonetic
This section is formatted along the same lines as the
Building Word Power with sections, with
()
two exceptions. Firstly, the characters introduced
() : 10
: ( sickness: 5) 5 + 5 = 10 here are all radicals. If the radical in question is one
of the many radicals that functions both as a radical
 (New Radicals)
and as an independent character, and if the charac-
This section is identical in form to that of G
ter has not already been introduced in the Building
(New Chinese Characters) above, but focuses on
Word Power section, then a list of compounds in-
all the new radicals associated with the new Chinese
corporating the character-cum-radical in question is
characters to be learned.
given. Secondly, this section also presents any facts
Building Word Power with and tips about the radical deemed to be useful to the
This section lists, in order of appearance, all new learner: whether or not the radical also functions
Chinese characters introduced in the lesson, fol- independently as a character, any alternate shapes,
lowed by a list of words (primarily compounds or information about the radicals Korean name, rela-
binoms that combine two or more Chinese char- tionship to other characters, etc.
acters, but occasionally a Chinese character and a
native Korean element) that incorporate the Chi- About the New Phonetics
nese character in question. Each list begins with This section repeats each of the new phonetic deter-
Chinese character compounds, both components of minatives learned in the lesson and gives examples
which have been introduced in the current or previ- of other characters that contain the same phonetic.
ous lessons. Such compounds are always listed with The numerous characters given here as illustrations
the Chinese characters first, in bold, followed by the are not for memorization! The point is to get into at
reading in parentheses. These known com- least two habits: (1) analyzing Chinese characters
pounds are followed by additional compounds in- into their constituent building blocks, which are of-
corporating the Chinese character in question, but ten a radical and a phonetic; (2) taking advantage of
where the other character(s) is (are) unknown to the (admittedly imperfect) phonetic clues lurking in
the learner from this course. Thus, the word list for Chinese characters so as to facilitate the recognition
OP just above (from Lesson 15) starts like this: and learning of other, graphically related characters.
Our definition of a phonetic here is generous and
OP hospital includes both genuine core phonetic elements that
OPGG contagious/com- rarely function anymore as independent characters
municable disease on their own and entire freestanding characters that
OPGG serious illness get rolled into new through the addition of
... another graphic element (usually a radical), all the
OP disease while preserving the pronunciation of the original
OPG (disease) germ character. All together, this book alerts students to
some 250 different phonetic elements, which, if
OPG sickness (hon.)
mastered along the way, position the learner to ac-
The assumptions are that students will memorize quire hundreds more characters at a discount.
the new vocabulary items in bold and develop at
least a passive acquaintance with the other com- New Combinations
pounds in each list. In this way, students should ac- This section brings together all the new Chinese
quire a growing number of the fundamental build- character combinations in the lesson that consist of
ing blocks of Sino-Korean vocabulary, as well as characters introduced thus far in the coursethat
begin to develop intuitions about the structure of is, all the compounds presented in bold typeface in
this huge sector of the Korean lexicon. the Building Word Power with and G
MORE ABOUT THIS CD-ROM 343

G (About the New Radicals) sections. Reference Section


Understandably, this section tends to grow in size Korean-English New Combinations Glossary
with each successive lesson, as the learners reper- English Translations for Main Texts
toire of Chinese character building blocks grows. Finder List
(Radical) Finder List
 (Practice Sentences) List of Phonetics
This section consists of 2530 sentences exempli-
fying some (but by no means all) of the new vo- Note that the Reference Section does not include
cabulary from the lessonboth bold combinations any vocabulary glossaries other than a comprehen-
and otherwise. At a minimum, students should sive listing of those Sino-Korean compounds where
familiarize themselves with these practice sen- both component characters have been covered in
tences. But they are also advised to seek out more the book. To include any more such alphabetized
authentic examples-in-context on their own, espe- listings would have made the volumes exceedingly
cially for all the bold combinations in each lesson, bulky, and any learner at the stage where he or she is
using common web-based resources. Thus, a use- undertaking the study of Sino-Korean should own
ful exercise, whether for use in a classroom setting a dictionary (whether paper or electronic) and be
or for learners using these materials on their own, adept at using it.
is to seek out and translate into English another
ten to twenty (or more) sentences by using (a) the About Contact Hours
search function in search engines like Google, Ya- Few Korean language programs in Anglophone
hoo!, etc., or (b) online Korean-language corpora universities include instruction in Chinese char-
() like the (Web-based Cor- acters as a regular feature of their courses of study.
pus Analysis Tool) at Korea Universitys Thus, the authors assume that most purchasers of
(http://corpus.korea.ac.kr/), the KAIST this book will be using it for self-study. However,
Concordance Program http://semanticweb.kaist. in the case of adoption of this book as a textbook
ac.kr/research/kcp/, or Yonsei Universitys for a course, and assuming that most university Ko-
site (http://kordic.britannica.co.kr/sear_ rean language courses in the United States, Canada,
frame.asp?keyword=%20&keykind=all&sear_ United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand meet
type=part). This latter resource is highly recom- four or five hours per week, the authors would rec-
mended: the site is fast, the words listed are all ommend covering one lesson for every six to ten
current and useful, and the example sentences classroom hours. The ideal situation would be to
(usually two per word) are excellent. We have taken take this course either in tandem with a separate
many of the Practice Sentences from this site. course based on just Advanced Korean, or after first
completing Advanced Korean or a course similar to it
Supplementary Vocabulary in coverage of vocabulary and grammatical patterns.
This is a (usually) one-page list of vocabulary items But the authors recognize that different students
designed to aid students working their way through and different courses proceed at different paces;
the practice sentences. Only items deemed certainly it would be an achievement to complete all
difficult for an advanced-level learner or not already twenty lessons during the course of a typical two-
introduced in the body of the lesson are listed. semester school year.

 (Practice) About Vocabulary


These pages give the student an opportunity to This textbook introduces a lot of vocabulary: some
practice writing the new characters (and radicals) two thousand items in all in just the case of bold
according to the correct stroke orders. Sino-Korean combinations. The authors are skepti-
cal of approaches to introducing vocabulary based
on statistical frequency lists, since these frequency
lists are never based on the vocabulary needs of
344 MORE ABOUT THIS CD-ROM

university students, businessmen, or adult Anglo- About Linguistic Symbols


phone learners of Korean in all their diversity. This Our use of linguistic symbols amounts to a special
book includes many sophisticated adult, intellectual kind of code which is designed to streamline the
vocabulary itemssome more immediately useful learning process for the student, and to streamline
than othersbut all the sorts of words that mature, the book presentation. Once the teacher and stu-
educated Korean adults know and that mature, edu- dents have mastered the few simple symbols below,
cated learners of Korean as a foreign language would they should have no trouble following the exposi-
likely want to be able to produce (or at least recog- tion in the book.
nize) once they have reached an advanced level in
Korean and have begun to learn Chinese characters. Symbol Comments
Furthermore, since Korean does not give the Eng- The dash is used to demarcate bounda-
lish speaker as many shortcut vocabulary freebies ries and bound forms. Because the ab-
as does French or Spanish or German, it is a hard stract Korean verb stems (we call them
fact of life that students need to spend more time on bases) to which students must attach
vocabulary building, and this is precisely the point endings are all bound forms (that is,
of this book: to provide advanced learners with the they cannot be used and do not occur
fundamentals of Chinese characters with a view to in real speech without some ending),
building vocabulary. verbs in each lessons Vocabulary List
It is also the view of the authors that some vo- are listed as a base, that is, as a bound
cabulary items cost more than others to learn. This form, followed by a dash to its right
view is reflected in the layout of the vocabulary sec- (e.g., TT live). The same goes for
tions, where certain words are indented beneath all verb endings in Koreanthey are
others to indicate that these items are related to the abstract notions which only occur in
main vocabulary item in question, and thus cost less Korean when attached to a verb base;
to learn. they are bound forms, and always ap-
Other features of the vocabulary sections to be pear in the book with a dash to their left.
born in mind are these: (1) all verb bases are given + The plus sign means plus or added to
in the special notation introduced in King & Yeons / in combination with.
Elementary Korean; (2) processive and descriptive [...] Phonetic notations are enclosed by
bases are distinguished from each other by their square brackets. This notation is used
English glossesdescriptive verbs are always pre- to indicate the actual pronunciation of
ceded by be (e.g. be blue, be sad), while processive a Korean form when this is not indicat-
verbs are not. ed in the Korean orthography. Another
usage of the square brackets is to indi-
About the English Translations and Glosses cate optional material.
In a number of cases the English translations of Ko- * The asterisk is used to mark grammati-
rean expressions and patterns are structured to re- cally unacceptable utterances.
semble as closely as possible the Korean meaning. This arrow sign means becomes/
In some cases, students and teachers may feel that gives/yields/produces.
certain English renditions are not typical English This arrow sign means comes from / is
usage. The authors ask for indulgence on this matter. a product of / derives from.
~ The tilde is used to represent an alter-
Abbreviations used in This Book nation, and means in alternation with.
hon honorific It is also used to indicate insert here
lit. literally in glossary phrase definitions and the
pron. pronounced portion of a Sino-Korean blend,
sb somebody such as GOPU
sth something
LEARNING 345

LEARNING :
Methodological and Sociolinguistic Premises and Preliminaries

If the field of Korean language pedagogy ( Chinese character education, both for Koreans
) as a whole is still rather young and lacking themselves and for non-Koreans learning Korean.
in a wide variety of teaching materials for the An- For Koreans themselves, this muddle has led to a
glophone learner, the question of Chinese charac- situation where the boundaries between Classical
ter education () within Korean language Chinese, Sino-Korean holophrase (whole strings
education is even more under-researched, under- plucked from Classical Chinese with the odd con-
theorized, and simply unprovided for. This Sino-Ko- cession to Korean in the form of a particle or two),
rean Companion hopes to become a useful resource and Chinese characters become blurred, as school
for the Anglophone learner commencing the study curricula and extracurricular cram school programs
of Chinese characters and their substantial role in alike teach a mishmash of Chinese character-based
Korean. materials, including the OP (Thou-
But because this particular subfield of Korean sand Character Classic), stock phrases and famous
language pedagogy has been so neglected, and in quotations (from, say, Mencius and Confucius),
particular because of the significant changes in and OP (Chinese poetry). This is confus-
the sociolinguistic status of Chinese characters in ing enough for Korean schoolchildren, but creates
South Korea in the past generation or two, it is nec- even more confusion if carried over to the teaching
essaryboth for the authors and for any potential of Chinese characters to non-Koreans still learning
users of the book (whether as learners or as teach- Korean.
ers)to disclose here the main premises that un- So let us be clear about our purpose here: this
derlie the design and structure of this Sino-Korean book teaches the basics of Chinese characters (
Companion. ), not . Except for just two or three com-
mon -based proverbs in Lesson 6, the focus
First Things First: vs. throughout is on individual Chinese characters as
Common Korean parlance makes no clear distinc- they function in Korean word-building (in particu-
tion between the concepts OP and lar, on how they participate in creating binoms com-
OP. Technically speaking, the former should be posed of two Chinese characters).
reserved for the meanings of Classical Chinese or
Literary Sinitic as a separate linguistic code, i.e., Chinese Characters in Korean: Why Bother?
as a separate languagethe cosmopolitan written Travel to either North or South Korea today, and
language that bound together the Chinese charac- you will see little evidence of extensive usage of
ter cultural sphere or OP Chinese characters around you in daily life. In
in premodern times. Properly speaking, the term North Korea, you will be hard put to find any Chi-
should be reserved for the individual graphic nese characters at all in daily life, and such has been
units themselvesthe Chinese characters divorced the case since the late 1940s. In South Korea today,
from any particular language. In spoken Korean, it is the odd newspaper or current events magazine
not unusual for a Korean to ask a Korean language (typically those of a more conservative, right-wing
learner huddled over a manual, SG persuasion) still uses (some) Chinese characters, as
Gf And it is not difficult to encounter do many academic publications in the humanities,
even well-educated Koreans who are convinced that but the impression is that one can easily get by with-
a good knowledge of is equivalent to knowing out knowing them. So the obvious question is, why
. Nothing could be further from the truth! bother? Here are some reasons.
This seemingly harmless conceptual muddle
has very real (and pernicious) consequences for
346 LEARNING

The tradition Sino-Korean pronunciations and in yet another


Korea and Koreans have been using Chinese char- fundamental way. Korean spelling is etymologically
acters for more than two millennia. Educated Ko- based, meaning it attempts, wherever possible, to
reans have always been well grounded in Chinese render transparent graphically the etymology and/
characters, right up to the present day. Anybody or grammatical analysis of the words being writ-
wishing to access written materials from South Ko- ten. If Korean writing and spelling were truly pho-
rea before the mid-1980s, and from anywhere in neticas naive observers often claimwe would
Korea before 1945, needs to know a lot of Chinese expect spellings like , S and for what
characters. (Needless to say, anybody wishing to ac- are spelled ( national language), (
cess the written culture of Korea before 1910 also national writing system), and ( national
needs to know .) written graphs/letters). Chinese characters, and the
assumption that Koreans are aware of them (even
Korean schools (North and South) and your peers if they cannot write them), always lurk just beneath
Assuming that you, the reader, are a university-edu- the surface of Korean spelling.
cated adult, your peers in both North and South Ko-
rea have finished obligatory middle and high school Chinese characters in the East Asian twenty-first
curricula that include the study of at least 1,800 century
Chinese characters. Hatori (1991: 267268) shows While it was always well known that Chinese charac-
that while the banishing of Chinese characters from ters and Sino-xenic (Sino-foreign) word formation
everyday publications in North Korea started as played formative roles in the historical development
early as the end of 1946, Chinese character educa- of the languages (especially their vocabularies) of
tion was revived there as early as 1953, starting with the Sinitic sphere (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and
grade 5, and has consistently trained North Korean Vietnamese for our purposes), for much of the
schoolchildren in a total of some 1,800 characters. twentieth century there existed a strain of wishful
South Korean Chinese character education has thinking that saw Chinese characters as a thing of
been less consistent, with a few years here and there the past, doomed eventually to fade away in the face
when they were dropped from school curricula, but of technological progress and modernization. This
on the whole (and still today), South Korean high same wishful thinking has been behind attempts
school graduates have had to master some 1,800 at script reform in China (the pinyin movement,
Chinese characters. simplified characters), Japan (the romaji and kana
movements, reduction of number of characters
orthography taught in schools), and the Koreas (successful ban-
Few Korean language textbooks for foreigners ever ishment from public life in North Korea, mixed re-
devote much space to the incredibly important is- sults in South Korea). Only Vietnam, it would seem,
sues of orthography and spelling, and when they has weaned itself off Chinese characters even in its
do, they might reveal that , as a true alphabet, education system, but a huge percentage of the Vi-
could theoretically be written in etnamese lexicon is Sino-Vietnamese in origin, and
fashion, i.e., linearly. In other words, the possibility there are indications that Chinese characters and
has always existed for, say, a word like to be Chinese character education are making a come-
written as . So why has Korean never back even in Vietnam.
adopted an orthography like this? Because of Chi- The closing decades of the twentieth century and
nese characters. The practice of or group- the first decade of the twenty-first have witnessed
ing individual letters into syllables is both an developments that have conspired to strengthen
emulation of the graphic shape of Chinese charac- rather than weaken the importance of Chinese
ters and a provision to allow Chinese characters and characters in Korea and Japan (and even Vietnam).
syllables to be mixed in the same text. One is technology itself. Whereas in the old days,
But Korean orthography assumes a knowledge one had to know how to write a Chinese character
(however vague) of Chinese characters and their in order to include it in a (handwritten) document,
LEARNING 347

today Chinese character-savvy word processing and this trend seems likely to continue unabated in
software allows users to insert Chinese characters the foreseeable future. Nearly everybody is learning
at the push of a button (although one still needs in South Korea these days.
to choose the correct one out of a list). The same
pieces of software allow one to ascertain the ver- The Korean lexicon
nacular readings of characters one has forgotten (or Finally, a simple statistic. Depending on which ex-
never learned). Instead of hastening the demise of perts and which dictionaries one consults, Sino-
Chinese characters, computer technology has given Korean wordsKorean words that traditionally
them a new lease on life. have Chinese characters associated with them and
Another development has been a growing anxi- which can, in principle, be written in instead of
ety over the severed connection with tradition. For comprise anywhere from a minimum of 60
example, when in 1999, the South Korean Kim Dae- percent to a maximum of 75 percent of the Korean
jung regime announced a new (and controversial) lexicon.
policy of OP or parallel use of
and Chinese characters (with in paren- Which Characters to Learn, How Many,
theses) in official government documents and pub- When, and How?
lic road signs, President Kim was quoted as saying As simple as these questions may seem, they are in
that if we ignore Chinese characters, we will have fact complex, and we would claim that there is no
trouble understanding our classics and traditions. one correct answer to each of them. Instead, we can
This policy met with shrill opposition in certain only offer responses based on our own experience
quarters, and some cynical critics accused the sep- learning and teaching Chinese characters in an An-
tuagenarian president and his septuagenarian prime glophone context.
minister, Kim Jong-pil, of being out of touch with
the new times and the younger generations. Which should be taught first?
But vociferous opposition to anything - It doesnt really matter. To be certain, Lesson 1
related in South Korea seems increasingly confined should not contain a barrage of complex characters
to a minority of scripto-nationalists inclined to see composed of umpteen stroke orders, nor should an
the world in black and white: = Korean/native introductory book like this focus inordinately on
= good; = Chinese (and Japanese)/foreign = low-frequency that do not participate in exten-
bad. Meanwhile, yet another series of developments sive word formation. Thus, we have tried to include,
has led increasing numbers of (South) Koreans to on the whole, with relatively fewer strokes, of
invest time and money in learning Chinese charac- relatively high frequency that can be found as con-
ters: both the ongoing discourses of ( stituent components of numerous other Sino-Kore-
globalization) and ( internation- an vocabulary items.
alization) initiated by the Kim Young-sam regime in Some Korean language educators might main-
the early 1990s, and the very tangible effects of these tain that a course like this should follow some
two processes, however one wishes to understand standardized list like, for example, the first few hun-
them. For South Koreans, it is all about the rise of dred Chinese characters learned by South Korean
East Asia in the twenty-first century. Already in the schoolchildren in the official government-approved
1990s, improved relations between South Korea curriculum, or that it should adhere to some other
and Japan, and especially the opening up of South ranked listing like, for example, those of the various
Korea to Japanese cultural imports, led to a boom, OP or Chinese char-
for example, in Koreans studying Japaneseand acter proficiency exams popular these days in South
therefore rediscovering no small amount of utility Korea. We reject any such notion for the simple rea-
in going back to review . More than anything son that the users of these materials are not South
else, though, it has been the rise of China in the Koreans.
East Asian and world economies that has convinced Instead, the approach used here is system-
South Koreans of the need for Chinese characters, atic in its own way, based on the notion that the
348 LEARNING

learner is starting with materials he or she has al- they begin to learn Chinese characters, they are, for
ready seenthe parallel universe with Advanced the most part, learning the for Korean words
Korean. In other words, we have tried to avoid a that they already know. The authors of this book are
learning environment where absolutely everything by no means claiming that L2 (foreign) learners of
encounteredvocabulary, Chinese characters, po- Korean should somehow follow a language-acqui-
litico-historical and cultural context, and structural sition trajectory identical to that of an L1 (native
patternsis new and overwhelming. The learner speaker) learner, but it seems eminently reason-
will quickly acquire a solid basis in Chinese char- able to hold off until at least the intermediate lev-
acters as well as the confidence and tools to tackle eli.e., until after two years of non-intensive or one
more advanced Sino-Korean materials on his or her year of intensive instructionbefore tackling .
own. In this way, the learner is guaranteed a minimum
comfort zone and at least a modicum of that Hey, I
How many should an introductory course know this word already, but didnt know it was Sino-
teach? Korean feeling. In short, non-Korean learners of
Because it is well known that Korean high school Korean have their hands full as it is; lets hold off on
graduates are required to learn some 1,800 Chi- Chinese characters until they know the basics, and
nese characters, and given the need for non-Korean embed the in texts simple enough to allow the
learners to somehow catch up or make up for lost learners to focus on the .
time in comparison to the educated native speaker
models they are encouraged to emulate, one often How should be taught?
encounters a rushed, cramming approach to Chi- Simple: analytically and without mystification.
nese character education; the more the better, and Thus, students need to learn from the very begin-
the quicker the better. Our book, though, is in no ning that the vast majority of Chinese characters are
rush. Our teaching experience suggests that 500 composed of two elements: a semantic determina-
over the course of two semesters is a reasonable tive and a phonetic determinative. The semantic
number, especially if the focus of learning is just as determinatives, also known as semantic classifiers,
much on the associated vocabulary and vocabulary- are usually referred to, somewhat inaccurately, as
building strategies as it is on the Chinese characters radicals, and provide a very general idea as to the
themselves. Any learner who masters the 500 meaning of the character concerned. The phonetic
in this book will be well placed to go on and master determinative (phonetic for short, usually called
another 1,500 on his or her own. basic reading or phonetic element, in
Korean), by contrast, gives a hint as to the pro-
When is the best time for the Anglophone learner nunciation of the character. Learners of Korean, in
to start learning ? particular, are well served by attention to phonetic
Here again, one finds different approaches. For determinatives because of the conservative nature
example, Rogers et al.s College Korean (1992), the of Sino-Korean phonology. Thus, Korean language
UC-Berkeley elementary Korean textbook, starts learners get more mileage out of paying attention
introducing about six to ten Chinese characters each to the phonetic determinatives than do learners of
lesson with Lesson 7, for a total of 142 in this first- Mandarin or Japanese, and this book introduces
year course. But it is difficult to imagine a good ped- some 250 of them.
agogical reason for introducing Chinese characters For example, in Lesson 1 the student encounters
in the first year of a Korean language course, even this character: GGOPU This character is com-
if one makes this portion optional, as the Berke- posed of the speech radical plus the phonetic
ley authors do. Our view is this: native speakers of element G OP, a component that shows up in
Korean in the two Koreas do not start learning other characters like , , , etc. The beginning
until elementary school (sometimes later), after learner of need not learn these other charac-
they have already mastered all the basic patterns and ters, but benefits from knowledge of the high prob-
vocabulary of their native tongue. Moreover, when ability that any character with the element in it is
LEARNING 349

likely pronounced []. To put it another way: GOP: revolved and re-directed [graphs]
GOP: loaned and borrowed [graphs]
The failure [in Chinese writing] to develop a As Erbaugh (2002: 47) notes, two of these six tra-
standardized set of syllabic signs, together with ditional categories reinforce the ideographic myth:
the elevation of the radicals to the position of key
(1) characters categorized under the G OP
elements in the filing of characters in dictionaries,
have combined to create a system whose complexity indicating the matter category such as GOP up;
masks a partial regularity. (DeFrancis 2002: 11) on and G OP down; under, and (2) the so-called
GOP or pictograph characters like GOP
The partial regularity DeFrancis alludes to lies in the sun and GOP moon.
phonetic determinatives, and this partial regularity Thus, rather than reinforce an ideographic myth
is at its most robust in Sino-Korean (compared to that mystifies and orientalizes Chinese characters
Mandarin or Japanese). So one noteworthy feature with little or pedagogical payoff, we stick to an ana-
of this book is that it points out phonetic elements lytic approach. Of course, any tricks, visuals, or
whenever possible. mnemonic devices that can aid a learner in remem-
bering the characters are fair game; but they are just
How Is This Book Different from Others? thattricksand not an inherent feature of Chi-
nese writing.
The ideographic myth
For starters, we differ from traditional accounts in Lists vs. readers
eschewing any reference to Chinese characters as The study materials found on this CD-ROM differ
pictograms or ideograms. As Boltz (2003: 34) somewhat in format from the materials in Sino-Ko-
points out, Chinese characters with pictographic rean textbooks currently on the market, which are
origins comprise only a tiny fraction of the total all in reader format with numerous short canned
number, and we see little utility in perpetuating (inauthentic) texts carrying the Chinese characters
what many scholars have come to designate as the to be learned, followed by various short exercises.
ideogram myth: as DeFrancis (2002: 3) and Un- Our materials also feature lessons that start with a
ger (1990: 395396), among others, have shown, canned text, but our Main Texts are previously
ideogram is a concept dreamed up by Western- studied texts from a parallel universe. Moreover,
ers and taken over from them in last century or so our lessons feature numerous lists structured so as
by the Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans. Erbaugh to maximize vocabulary learning. We also encour-
(2002: 24) is unequivocal on this point: Invoking age learners to use online resources to seek out
the ideographic myth should by now be as embar- authentic examples-in-context of the Sino-Korean
rassing as the flat earth hypothesis. vocabulary they are learning.
Our book also differs from traditional approach- The point of this books emphasis on vocabu-
es in its attitude toward the typological classifica- lary lists is this: the focus is not so much on learn-
tion of Chinese characters. Most textbooks ing individual as it is on acquiring intuitions
start by teaching about the OPthe Six about webs of interconnected vocabulary that
Categories or six [forms of] scripta typology of help create. These networks of vocabulary items
Chinese characters that dates back to the last dec- are more important than the individual characters,
ades of the first century BC (see Boltz 2003: 143 and in Korean, especially, they are more important
149). While there is no harm in knowing about this than being able to write the individual characters:
as cultural history, it has little pedagogical value to- i.e., it is more important to have an appreciation
day. So here they are (from Boltz 2003: 143149), of the different words that include G G OP
nation, country in themand be able to reproduce
GOP: indicating the matter them in just than it is to be able to repro-
GOP: representing the form duce the Chinese character itself. In other words,
GOP: formulating the sound knowing how a character is written has very little
GOP: conjoining the sense value in the modern Korean society (Kim 2001:
350 LEARNING

ii), but all learners of Korean, benefit from learning dents who, on completion of the course, want to
the written form of the Chinese characters as part of work with materials like the Lukoff or Park books.)
the vocabulary-building process. Given then, that authenticity is a pie in the sky
for a beginning textbook, we have adopted one
The questions of authenticity and target audience more unauthentic convention in the Main Texts for
Authenticity is a key concept in language edu- each lesson. Because this is a beginning course with
cation these days. The more authentic teaching a closed and (relatively) manageable set of , it
materials are, and the more advanced learners be- is easy to track which are known and which
come, the more desirable it is to base pedagogy on are not with the vocabulary items in each Main
authentic teaching materials. But what does it mean Text. Sometimes, then, it can happen that a binom
to use authentic materials for a beginning course (e.g., G ancestor(s) andG G life in Lesson 6)
in Sino-Korean? And who are the learners wanting contains one character either previously learned
to learn Chinese characters in their Korean read- or targeted for learning in the current lesson, and
ings? In earlier days, when Chinese characters had another which has not been studied yet. In cases
greater visibility in South Korean print culture, the like this, we apply a mix-and-match format:
answer to the authenticity question was easy: use and . By Lesson 6, the students have already
newspaper articles and editorials and/or academic learned GGOP and GGOP, so why not
materials. But current events articles, editorials, and write at least these characters that they know, and
academic materials quickly grow outdated, and in allow for some review? The point is to constantly
any case, nowadays fewer and fewer newspapers use analyze out the building blocks of the Korean
Chinese characters; even academic materials tend lexicon. That such an ad hoc orthographic practice
to use them much less, or else employ parallel might jar the traditionally educated Korean native
OP or OP formats. speakers eye is of little consequence.
As for the target audience question, Anglo-
phone Korean language students today are differ- Writing the characters
ent from the tiny handful of students in the 1980s On the other hand, it is authentic, in a Korean cul-
who were the intended consumers of books like tural context, to de-emphasize the ability to write
Lukoff (1982/1989) and Francis Park (1984). Lu- from memory every character one has ever learned.
koff s book, with its 1,200 , was academically Highly educated Koreans with significant Sino-Ko-
focused and targeted at rather specialized, typically rean reading abilities, able to recognize hundreds of
nonheritage, Korean studies students who, if they Chinese characters rarely, if ever, show the apparent
werent already graduate students, were likely con- shame often displayed by educated speakers of Chi-
sidering graduate school and/or otherwise needed nese or Japanese when they slip up on or forget how
training in academic Korean with a heavy Sino-Ko- to write a Chinese character. Horrors! they say.
rean focus. And Parks book, with a staggering 1,554 But the Koreans reaction is a shrug and a dismissive
different , was designed originally for intensive Whateverweve got , the worlds greatest
in-country training courses for Maryknoll mission- writing system ever!
aries. But nowadays both the numbers and diver- Having said this, it is nonetheless important to
sity of Anglophone Korean language learners have learn both the correct strokes and the proper stroke
increased dramatically, making it more difficult to orders and to practice writing the characters, and
pinpoint with any accuracy appropriately authen- provisions are made for this in the Sino-Korean Com-
tic materials for learning . panion. To that end, we also give here some general
The upshot of all this, we would claim, is that it guidelines on basic strokes and stroke-order.
makes no sense to worry about the authenticity
of ones reading texts in a course like this, as long The Eight Basic Strokes as Exemplified by GGOP
as they help the student learn and build the
students vocabulary. (On the other hand, this Sino- Just as one can analyze out and distinguish different
Korean Companion is an ideal springboard for stu- strokes in, say, English cursive handwriting or in
LEARNING 351

shorthand, it is possible to distinguish a number of Principles 13 are the most fundamental principles
strokes basic to the writing of Chinese characters. of stroke order and can be supplemented by the
One traditional method for teaching the most basic following four additional guidelines.
stroke types is called OP, i.e.,
the eight ways [of writing] of the Chinese character When Left and Right Are Mirror Images, Start in the
. Technically speaking, this character has a total Middle
stroke count of five: e.g., GGOP:

In Characters with Enclosed Elements, Start with


But from a calligraphic point of view, it actually has the Enclosure
eight hand motions, all of which are basic to the e.g., GGGOP:
writing of Chinese characters (and each of which
has a name, for the real calligraphy buffsfor
details, see or the Korean Wikipedia,
whence the image below):
Vertical Strokes That Pierce through the Middle
Come Last
e.g., GGOP:

Pedestals May Be Written First or Last


i. Pedestals that always get written first: ,
e.g., GGOP:

ii. Pedestals that always get written last: ,


e.g., GGOP:
General Guidelines for Stroke Order

Once you know the basic hand strokes, you need


to remember a few basic rules of thumb for stroke Chinese Character Resources for Ambi-
order. And dont worryeach new character in tious Students
the book is accompanied by a stroke-by-stroke Clearly, Chinese characters are a vast topic and re-
breakdown of the stroke order.
quire a huge investment of time and effort. This Sino-
Top to Bottom Korean Companion will provide a useful grounding
in the basics. Those learners who want to supple-
G OP e.g., GGOGVGTP:
ment this book and/or go beyond it are encouraged
to use some of the many useful books and electronic
Left to Right
resources dedicated to the study of .
() e.g., GGOP: First, books. As mentioned above, every student
of Korean should own a copy of Bruce Grants Guide
to Korean Characters. Every student should also own
a handy pocket or Chinese character diction-
Horizontal before Vertical ary for Koreans; one of our favorites is the G
() e.g., GGOP: . Lukoff (1982/1989) and Park (1984;
2000) make good follow-ons to the Sino-Korean
Companion, and Whitlock and Suh (2001), while
352 LEARNING

pricey and bulky, contains many useful mnemonic Center, Ohio State University.
devices for memorizing characters. Kim (2001) is Hatori, Reikko [Hattori Reiko]. 1991. Pukhan i hanja
another useful resource that shares with us the con- kyoyuksa [History of Chinese character education in
North Korea]. In Pukhan i chosn yngusa, vol. 2, ed.
viction that knowledge of is empowering in
Kim Minsu, 266290. Seoul: Nokchin.
numerous ways. Jorden, Eleanor. 2002. Teaching Johnny to read Japanese:
But the best resources for are all electronic Some thoughts on Chinese characters. In Difficult char-
and are too many to list here. A quick Google search acters: Interdisciplinary studies of Chinese and Japanese
in for will yield numerous South Ko- writing, ed. Mary S. Erbaugh, 92104. Columbus, OH:
rean sites in South Korea. We particularly appreci- National East Asian Language Resource Center, Ohio
ate the following sites: State University.
Kim, Kye-Chong. 2001. ShipBai SaJun-I. New York: Han
(http://www.hanjatong.com/) Sung Group.
G (http://hanja.pe.kr/) King, Ross. 2005. Introductory-level Korean language
G (http://www.zonmal.com/) textbooks for the Anglophone adult learner: A survey
Naver Hanja Dictionary (http://hanja.naver. of three recent publications. Journal of Korean Studies
com) 10, no. 1: 145190.
OK (http://www.ok-hanmun.net/) Lukoff, Fred. 1982/1989. A first reader in Korean writing
G (http://www.yamhanja.com/) in mixed script. Seoul: Yonsei University Press.
(http://www.hanja.com/) Park, Francis Y. T. 1984. Speaking Korean, book III: A
(a kids site, but cute) guide to Chinese characters. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym Inter-
(http://www.hanjaya.com/) national.
(another good kids site) . 2000. Speaking Korean, book IV: A guide to news-
(http://www.e-hanja.com)
paper editorials. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International.
Rogers, Michael C., Clare You, and Kyungnyun K. Rich-
Finally, users of this book are encouraged to navigate ards. 1992. College Korean [Taehak Hangug]. Berke-
their way to the UBC Korean language program web- ley: University of California Press.
site at http://www.korean.arts.ubc.ca/ for its web- Tusan Tonga Sas Pynjipkuk. 1975/2003. Tonga sin
based Chinese character learning tool for students of hwaryong okpyn. [Tonga new practical okpyn]. 2nd
Chinese, Japanese, and Korean that incorporates all edition. Seoul: Tusan Tonga.
of the features of this book, plus many more. The site Unger, J. Marshall. 1990. The very idea: the notion of
can also be found at www.ubccjk.com, is best viewed ideogram in China and Japan. Monumenta Nipponica
45, no.4: 391411.
in Mozilla/Firefox, and, at the time of writing, is be-
. 1991. Memorizing kanji: Lessons from a pro. In
ing developed for an iPhone app. Schriftfestschrift: Essays on writing and language in honor
of John DeFrancis, ed. Victor Mair, 4958. Philadelphia:
References Department of Oriental Studies, University of Pennsyl-
Boltz, William. 2003. The origin and early development of vania.
the Chinese writing system. American Oriental Series 78. . 2004. Ideogram: Chinese characters and the
New Haven, CT: American Oriental Society. myth of disembodied meaning. Honolulu: University of
Cho, Choon-Hak, Yeon-Ja Sohn, and Heisoon Yang. Hawaii Press.
2002. Korean reader for Chinese characters. KLEAR Whitlock, James C., and Kyung Ho Suh. 2001. Chinese
Textbooks in Korean Language. Honolulu: University characters in Korean: A radical approachLearn 2,300
of Hawaii Press. Chinese characters through their 214 radicals. Seoul:
DeFrancis, John. 2002. The ideographic myth. In Dif- Ilchokak.
ficult characters: Interdisciplinary studies of Chinese and
Japanese writing, ed. Mary S. Erbaugh, 120. Columbus,
OH: National East Asian Language Resource Center,
Ohio State University.
Erbaugh, Mary S. 2002. How the ideographic myth al-
ienates Asian Studies from psychology and linguistics.
In Difficult characters: Interdisciplinary studies of Chinese
and Japanese writing, ed. Mary S. Erbaugh, 2152. Co-
lumbus, OH: National East Asian Language Resource


, .
. 5
.
.
.
. .
.
.
.

From the Example Sentences:


3.38. A: ?
What kind of car would be best to buy?
B: .
In addition to being economical, the Morning is [also] safe, so buy a Morning.

4.41. A: ?
Did you find the meeting place right away?
B: , .
Yes, I saw it [it was visible] after I got off the bus and walked a bit.

Three common Korean surnames:


() () ()

NEW VOCABULARY

Vocabulary from the Main Text () urge on; urge (sb or sth) to hurry up;
() Chunchn (place name) here: hasten (ones steps)
() curiosity
() Chngpyng Temple
() ticket office; ticket booth
() a working day, weekday
() ticket
Soyang Dam
appear
the first boat
() doubt
except for/other than me; besides me
ones doubts are dispelled, removed,
() the previous day
spend the night; lodge; put up at cleared away
() traveling; journey, trip
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
() travel
() traveler () be economical
feel; sense () be safe
turn around and look; look back; () promise; engagement; appointment
look behind oneself () place; venue
and then; after which; after that () right away
in advance of, ahead of
go ahead of, precede
ones steps; ones pace; gait; walking
(nominal form in the two-shape
ending () from , )

:
: sequence
Phonetic
(~)
:
: sell
Phonetic
()
() : 11
6 + 5 = 11
() : 15
7 + 8 = 15
: ( bamboo: 6) : ( shell: 7)

:
: one
:
: ticket
Phonetic
()
() : 1
1 + 0 = 1
() : 11
5 + 6 = 11
: () : ( show: 5)

:
: lesson
Phonetic
()
:
: place
() : 15
7 + 8 = 15
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
: ( speech: 7) : ( paper door: 4)

:
: level
Phonetic
()
:
: peace
Phonetic
()
() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
: ( shield: 3) : ( hat: 3)

:
: sun
:
: entire, whole
Phonetic
()
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 6
2 + 4 = 6
: () : ( enter: 2)

:
: like
:
: open space
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
() : 12
3 + 9 = 12
: ( woman: 3) : ( earth: 3)

: Phonetic
: :
: wonderful (~) (/ : plum /~
() : 8 : 7
: ( big: 3) 3 + 5 = 8 ) : ( tree: 4) 4 + 3 = 7

:
: heart
Phonetic
()
:
: plain
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 6
4 + 2 = 6
: () : ( tree: 4)

: Phonetic
: ; : ;
: gate (~) (; : metal; surname
() : 8 : 8
: () 8 + 0 = 8 ) : () 8 + 0 = 8

:
: bamboo
:
: shell
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: () : ()

:
: one
:
: show; exhibit
() : 1
1 + 0 = 1
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

:
: speech; words
:
: paper door
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

:
: shield
Phonetic
() :
: hat
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

:
: sun
:
: enter
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
: () : ()

: : : Phonetic
(/ : woman /~ : earth ()
: 3 () : 3
) : () 3 + 0 = 3 : () 3 + 0 = 3

:
: big
Phonetic
(~)
:
: tree
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

:
: heart
Phonetic
()
:
: metal
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
: () : ()

:
: gate
Phonetic
(~)
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
: ()

3
BUILDING WORD POWER WITH
: ( shield) + 2
() weekdays
() a turn, sequence () be flat; be even
: ( bamboo) + 5 () equal; even; impartial
() first; number one; primary () a plane; a level
() lesson one () a plane figure; ground plan
() the third party; outsider () square meters
() ordinary times; normally
() one () everyday clothes
: ( one) + 0 () lifetime
() first; number one; primary () a lifelong desire
() one by one; in detail (pron. [ () equalization; leveling
]) () flat land
() [] all the people involved (NB: () parallel
In Sino-Korean words, syllable-initial , , and () be fair; be just
are usually pronounced as , , and , () be unfair
respectively, when the previous syllable ends in . ()() complain
Reminders for this rule will be given in this lesson () the Pacific Ocean
only.)
() [] first rank; top () sun; day; daily; Japan
() some reason; truth : ( day) + 0
. It stands to reason / sounds () weekdays
reasonable. () daily task; schedule
() one-sided; unilateral () day of the week
() one-way traffic //////()(////
() a part //[]) Mon-/Tues-/Wednes-/
() one minute Thurs-/Fri-/Satur-/Sun(day)
() [] ones lifetime ()() (one) week
() [] flash; moment () a diary; a journal
() [] transient; passing () [] daily allowance
() [] being one in flesh () [] everyday; usually
and spirit () everyday life
() per person () Japanese (language)
() [] be fixed; be regular () [] daily activities; days schedule
() entirely (not) () today
() (article of) top quality () closed for the day
() troupe; company; fellow travelers () tomorrow
() be identical () many days; a period of days
() if; in case () the day (in question)
() [] a woman of matchless () the last day; the end
beauty () every day; each day
() the best (quality) on earth () one hundred days
() be consistent, uniform, standard () birthday
() the date; the day; time; days
() a lesson; a department; an office () holiday
: ( speech) + 8 () public holiday
() lesson one
() daily task; schedule () good; nice; like; love
() subject; theme; a problem; a question : ( woman) + 3
() section chief / department head () curiosity; inquisitiveness
() (department) chairpersons () favorable impression; goodwill
office () business boom
() private lessons; tutoring () favorable turn
() course of study; curriculum () prefer (over)
()[] payroll department
() strange; rare; wonderful
() level; ordinary; peaceful; weigh : ( big) + 5

4
() curiosity; inquisitiveness () wholesale
() be curious, extraordinary () articles not for sale
() be marvelous; be supernatural () retail sale
() deformity () advance sale
() special sale
() heart; moral; nature; mind; affections; () ticket; slip of paper; bank note
intention; core; center : ( show) + 6
: ( heart) + 0 () ticket office
() curiosity; inquisitiveness () ballot counting
() peace of mind; relief () railroad/bus ticket
()() [] make up ones () airline ticket
mind; resolve () bank check
() take pains; make every possible
effort () place; bureau; actually; that which; he who;
() concern; interest what; whatsoever; whereby
be interested : ( paper door) + 4
() indifference () ticket office
() overcautiousness; being fussy () place
() be unwitting () power plant
(~) inadvertently () counseling bureau; consulting
() be timid office
() [] earnestly; enthusiastically () temporary abode
() greed () toilet (impolite language)
() concentration of the mind; () a grave
wariness; malice; spite () strong point; merit; ones forte
() attentively; carefully () rumor; gossip
() human heart () ones impression, opinion
() be good-hearted; be generous () ones actions, behavior
() being one in flesh and spirit () ones wish
() lunch () a lifelong desire
() the center; the middle () possession
() true heart; sincerity () use; usefulness
with true heart; with all ones heart be useless
() evil intention
() be in mental turmoil () peace; quiet; soothe; arrange
() a mental state; psychology : ( hat) + 3
() psychology () safety; security
() affection; ones feelings (~) safety belt
() Safety First
() gate; door; family; school; sect () peace of mind; relief
: ( gate) + 0 () be peaceful; be comfortable
() room door () checking on someones well-
() window being
() gate () feel uneasy
//(//) Great East/ () be sorry; be regrettable
West/South Gate of Seoul () stability
() school gate () be stabilized
() schoolmate () be unstable, shaky,
() floodgate; lock unsettled
() automatic door () a safe hit (in baseball)
() front gate, main entrance
() back gate () entire; whole; complete; perfect
() closed door : ( enter) + 4
() outsider; layperson () safety
(~) safety belt
() sell; show off () (not) at all; totally
: ( shell) + 8 not know at all
() ticket office be totally different
() shop; retail outlet () completely; totally
() prostitute () the whole; all

5
() on the whole ( / -) plum; surname Yi
() the whole student body : ( tree) + 3
() pan-national; nationwide; the () plum blossom; Ewha (a womens
whole country university)
() the whole world
() the whole school () sincere; plain; simple; surname Pak
() whole map : ( tree) + 2
() complete () be simple, unsophisticated,
map of Korea unspoiled
() all ones energies () be naive, simple, artless
() the whole surface
() the whole body () / () metal; gold; money /
() all the members surname Kim
() all; entire : ( metal) + 0
() receive funds; pay on account
() open space; place; venue () Diamond Mountains
: ( earth) + 9 () goldsmiths shop; jewelry store
() place; spot; location; site () strongbox
() scene; place; setting () cash; money; gold coins
() parking lot () money and goods
() playground; stadium () public money
() swimming pool; swimming area () eighteen-karat gold
()([]) market () fourteen-karat gold
go shopping () white gold
() theater () emergency money
() ceremonial hall () donation (of money) (e.g., offering
() airfield; airport at church)
() ones place of work; one's job () annuity; pension
() factory () fee; fare
() farm; plantation () electricity bill
() position; situation () telephone bill
() on the spot; immediately () alloy; compound metal
()() enter; be admitted to () Mr. Kim
()() leave (the hall); exit; walk
out


() bamboo () language; speech
: () + 0 () linguistics
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () speech; the press
pendent character, but note that in its radical guise (), ( ) freedom of speech
it is always quite shrunken and perches at the top of the () proverb; maxim
character, over the other graphic element(s). () saying too much; exaggeration
() stilts ... () It is not too much to
say that ...
() one ()() say a lot: talk much
: () + 0 () a talkative person
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () wise saying
pendent character. (See above for examples.) () dialect
() rumor; false report
() words; speech; talk; speak; express; () prophecy; foretelling
mean () verb; inflected word
: () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an () a shield; oppose; interfere
independent character. As a radical, it always appears in : () + 0
the more constricted shape of to the left of the other This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
graphic element(s) in the character. pendent character. In the case of here, identifying

6
as the radical requires a bit of abstraction, as one does () college graduate
not actually write the strokes for as such in the writing () college of agriculture
of . () be immense; be great
() shield and spear; weapons; war () the Supreme Court
() on the whole
() sun; day; daily; Japan
: ( day) + 0 () heart; moral; nature; mind;
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- affections; intention; core; center
pendent character. (See above for examples.) : ( heart) + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
( / -) woman; girl pendent character. It also has an alternate shape as a radi-
: () + 0 cal that is more frequent (), but this will be introduced
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- in a subsequent lesson. (See above for examples.)
pendent character. Like all characters that have an original
shape beginning with before i or y, this character () gate; door; family; school; sect
follows the or head-sound spelling rule. : () + 0
According to this rule, the initial head-sound drops This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
in spelling when the character appears as the first pendent character. It is easier to remember if you think of
syllable in a word, e.g., woman. But the is retained it as the swinging doors to a saloon in the old American
when the character occurs as a non-first syllable, e.g., West. As a radical, it always encloses the other graphic
young girlhence our notation: / . element(s) inside its two door flaps. (See above for ex-
amples.)
() womens college
() female college student () shells; treasure
() women; womankind; femininity : () + 0
() for womens use This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() female; woman pendent character. As a radical, it appears either below or
() goddess to the left of the other graphic element(s) in the character.
() female factory worker When it appears to the left, it is reduced in size (width).
() female student; schoolgirl
(~) married woman; ones wife (vulgar) () shellfish
() younger sister () shellware; shell goods
() girls high school (abbreviated from
[]) () manifest; proclaim; exhibit; omen; see
() male and female; man and woman : () + 0
() married woman This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() Miss; virgin pendent character. As a radical, it appears either below or
() young girl to the left of the other graphic element(s) in the character.
() first daughter When it appears on the left, its shape often varies slightly,
() only daughter appearing as .
() first sale (of the day)
() big () clear statement; elucidation
: () + 0 () exhibition; display
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () exhibition (show)
pendent character. ()() instruct; direct; admonish; counsel
() womens university
() adult (for ticket-buying purposes) () paper door; family
() main gate : () + 0
() large-size; large model This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() be important; be serious pendent character. A is a papered door separating
() law school; college of law two rooms in a traditional Korean house.
() college of engineering () head of a family
() the largest; maximum; the most () paper for sliding doors
() extra large
() large meeting, rally (hat)
() large quantity : () + 0
() for the most part; mostly This character functions as a radical only and, as its name
() great number; majority suggests, sits as a hat () on the head () of a charac-
() on a large scale ter, over the other graphic element(s).
() college

7
() enter; put in () Saturday
: () + 0 () land
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () soil quality
pendent character. As a radical, it may appear on top (), () national land/territory
within (), or at the bottom () of a character. () farmland
() receive funds; pay on account () cultivated land; fields
() entrance; admission () a country; ones native land
() admission ticket
() entrance fee () tree; wood; wooden
() free admission : () + 0
()() matriculate; enter a school This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() entrance pendent character. As a radical, it usually appears beneath
() entrance exam (abbreviated from or to the left of the other graphic element(s) in the charac-
[]) ter, albeit in a skinnier guise when at the left.
() entry into a country () civil engineering, public works
()() be hospitalized () rocking horse
() power input; input (on a computer) () a carpenter
() coming to hand; obtaining () an old tree
() obtain information () birch
() exit and entrance () grass and trees; plants; vegetation
( ) No minors.
()() write in; fill in (a form) () metal; gold; money
: () + 0
() earth; dirt; ground; native This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
: () + 0 pendent character, but note that as a radical it is only re-
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- ferred to as and not . As a radical, it generally
pendent character. As a radical, it sits to the left or beneath appears (in a skinnier and somewhat slanted form, slanting
the other graphic element(s) in the character. up from left to right: ) to the left of the other graphic
() engineering works element(s) in the character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note that this phonetic can also be read as :


Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :


Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Note that this phonetic can also be read as :

8
Phonetic () Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element (~), which only
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : occurs in the following character pronounced as :

Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
Phonetic ()

Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() first; number one; primary () place
() lesson one () safety; security
() one by one; in detail () (not) at all; totally
() daily task; schedule () womens college
() weekdays () adult (for ticket-buying purposes)
() be flat; be even () main gate
() curiosity; inquisitiveness () receive funds; pay on account
() peace of mind; relief () entrance; admission
() ticket office () engineering works

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.
1. ? 17.
2. . .
3. . 18. ?
4. . 19. ?
5. . 20.
6. . .
7. . 21. .
8. . 22.
9. . .
10. . 23. , ,
11. . .
12. . 24.
13. . .
14. 25.
. .
15. . 26. .
16. 27.
. .

9
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
Lotte World () () in Korean history
()() an earthquake happens () pluck/catch a star
()() flee; take refuge; take () bankbook; account
flight book
() a prize () make a deposit
() be strong () new employee at a
() first of all; as a matter of company
priority + VERB dare to VERB
() greeting ()() express ones opinion
() marks; results; grades () () vegetables and meats
be concerned, curious ()() eat sth raw
about () belong to
() policy () marriage
shake, wobble NOUN together with / along
() independence with NOUN
()() be/get announced () () register in a clan register
() supervisor (at university); () famous school
supervising professor () () competition rate to get
() seek out; seek and into a school
obtain () be fierce
() relation; relationship () a minor, underage
() be complicated, person
complex () no entrance allowed;
() be careful entrance not allowed
() property

10
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


11


12


13

.
.
.
.
30 .
. ,
.
.
.
.
.
.
. .

From the Example Sentences:


1.2. A: , . .
Yngjin, please be quiet! I couldnt hear because of how loudly youre talking.
B: .
Im sorry.

1.4. A: ?
How did athlete Kim Chinho get first place in the marathon?
B: .
On account of Sin Yngdong, who was in first, getting a cramp in his leg, Kim Chinho came in first.

2.22. ?
Is Mr. Pak in?
.
If you had come just a little earlier, you would have been able to see him.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text (said of work or traffic)
can't even budge, cant move
() custom; habit
. I'm used to it. an inch
U-turn
get accustomed/used to
if it had been (like) any other
() once, sometime or other (I
dont remember); someday day...
I would have waited a bit more.
Cf. sth or other
like the others
sb or other
turn sth; make sth turn
(happening at) some place or
. I turned my car around.
other
() police officer
() the Vatican
the police
the pope
police station
administrative headquarters
police state
() city hall
approach; come near; come up
lit.: be pushed; here: get
backed up, jammed, clogged to

14
stop (a car); bring to a stop () get a ticket
()() order; command . I ended up getting a ticket.
and then; after that
() drivers license Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
[] be quiet
() a bit; a little; somewhat () make a racket; make noise by
() [] the ways (law) of Rome talking
, follow (NB: Note that this () be/feel sorry
base is not doublingit is () athlete; champion
irregular.) marathon
() just; only; merely; simply () first place; first-class
all / the only thing I did was (to run; race
do as the Romans do) () get a cramp
() () (ones words) get through ( ) Mr. Pak
(as in communicate with; get () just now; just a moment ago
through to) () price(s)
()() ultimately; in the end

:
: two
:
: divide
Phonetic
()
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: () : ( knife: 2)

:
: law
Phonetic
(~)
:
: heavy
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
() : 9
7 + 2 = 9
: ( water: 3) : ( village: 7)

:
: front
Phonetic
()
:
: important
Phonetic
()
() : 9
2 + 7 = 9
() : 9
6 + 3 = 9
: ( standing knife: 2) : ( cover: 6)

: : : Phonetic
(/ : year / : promise ()
: 6 () : 9
) : ( shield: 3) 3 + 3 = 6 : = ( thread: 6) 6 + 3 = 9

:
: go through
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: bind
Phonetic
()
() : 11
4 + 7 = 11
() : 7
4 + 3 = 7
: (bookrest: 4) : ( tree: 4)

: ~ : : Phonetic
(; : carriage ; : not (~)
: 7 () : 5
) : () 7 + 0 = 7 : ( tree: 4) 4 + 1 = 5

15
:
: : /~
()
: group
6 + 6 = 12 (/ : village Phonetic ()
: 12 : 7
: ( bamboo: 6) ) : () 2 + 0 = 2

:
: first
Phonetic
()
:
() : 6
()
: cover
: 6 6 + 0 = 6
: ( wise man: 2) 2 + 4 = 6
: ()

:
: be born
Phonetic
(~) :
() : 5 : thread
: () 5 + 0 = 5 () : 6 6 + 0 = 6
: ()


:
: thread
()
:
: two
: 6 [This is the independent form.]
: ()
6 + 0 = 6

() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
: ()

:
: thread; fiber; wire; silk
() : 12 [This is the full form of radical 6 + 6 = 12

:
: water
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
~.]
: ()

: ()

:
:
: bookrest
: 4 4 + 0 = 4
: water
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4 : ()
: ()

:
: standing knife
: 2
2 + 0 = 2
()
: take it easy
: 7 [This is the independent
form of .]
4 + 0 = 4

:  ()
: ()

:
: knife
:
: wise man
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2 () : 2 2 + 0 = 2
: () : ()

: ~ : Phonetic
(; : carriage
: ;
: be born (~)
: 7 () : 5
) : () 2 + 0 = 2 : () 5 + 0 = 5

16
BUILDING WORD POWER WITH
() fiscal year
() end of the year
() two ( ) year-end bargain
: ( two) + 0 sale
() double; twofold () this year
() bilingualism () next year
() February () old age
() second generation in ones old age
1.5 () 1.5 generation () for many years; for a number of
years
() law; statute; rule; plan; method; example; () perennation
doctrines of the Buddha () a perennial plant
: ( water) + 5 () fountain pen
() legislation; law-making () annually; each year
() the legislature () underage person; a minor
() law school () little boy
() court (of law) () boys; young people
() Supreme Court () a juvenile offender
() [] military law; martial law () juvenile literature
() [] grammar () New Year
() method; way () anniversary
()() break the law, violate the law () first anniversary
() [] secret method () school year; grade
() [] technique; technical skill; trick 3(3) grade 3; third-year student
() lawful; legal () the year after next

() front; before; former () go through; communicate; intercourse;


: ( standing knife) + 7 whole; all
() former life : ( bookrest) + 7
() for the first time in ones life (air, electricity, etc.) circulate;
() past/former years; a few years ago communicate; understand (one another)
() former husband ()() pass; carry; be approved
() the front (line) () customs clearance
() the other day; former occasion () commuting to office
() the former () passage; aisle
() the latter () popular; nontechnical
() previous post () popular literature
() first volume; part one () communications; news
() before and after; about; approximately ()() do (simultaneous) interpreting
() in the presence of / before a person () simultaneous interpretation
() before the fact; in advance () ventilation
() before meals () commuting to school
: aperitif: () passing; passage
alcohol consumed before eating () toll
() as before; as ever ()() talk to on the telephone
() AM () open to traffic
() ordinary; common; usually
( / -) year; age; harvest () no communication
: ( shield) + 3 ()() understand each other;
() annuity; pension accommodate each other; be in touch with each
() middle age other
(), () () be marvelous, extraordinary
middle-aged woman/man () one-way traffic
() past/former years; a few years ago
() years and generations; a period (~) carriage; chariot; vehicle
() chronicle : () + 0
() year () railroad/bus ticket

17
() garage () iron content
() (bus/train/taxi) fare
() train () heavy; important; severe; layer
() departure (of a vehicle) : ( village) + 2
() wash a car () be important, consequential
() car wash (the place) () importance
() bicycle () be important, valuable, precious
() car; automobile; truck () double; twofold
() auto parts () bilingualism
()() park a car () be important, momentous
() [] parking ticket () heavy industry
() parking lot () heavy labor
() paid parking lot () weight
() underground () gravity
parking lot () serious illness
() used car; secondhand car caught a serious illness
() getting out of a vehicle () director (of a company)
() police car () [] emphasis; importance
() carriage ... () place/lay emphasis on...
() small vehicles () be too heavy (a burden)
() windmill () () overwork
() freight train; freight truck () weight (in catties/kn)
() relative importance
() divide; separate; duty; distinguish; . We shall
measure; part; minute have to place more weight on this problem.
: ( knife) + 2 () body weight
() one minute
() classify; divide equally; share () important; necessary; must;
() water; moisture summarize; demand; seek for; make an agreement
() branch campus; branch of a school : ( cover) + 3
() be clear, obvious () be important, consequential
clearly, obviously () importance
() be unclear, indistinct () summing up
() amount ... To sum up...
() classification ()... The point is...
. We classify according to ()... In short...
colors. () [] main point, gist
() separation; division . Thats precisely the point.
inseparable; indivisible () main; principal
() ones place; ones means; fraction () major cities
() division of work; specialization () be main, principal
() branch store () () leading/prominent
() be more than one deserves author
() feeling; mood
() quite a lot; quite many; mostly () promise; covenant; treaty; bind;
() for the time being economical; concise; approximate; estimate; be sparing
() for the most part; mostly : = ( thread) + 3
... () thanks to... ()() promise
() casual acquaintance; knowing by sight () promise; appointment
()() know by sight () previous/prior engagement
()() forget ones place/position; () summing up
exceed ones authority ... To sum up...
() a part, portion () engagement
() partly; partially () get engaged
() ingredient; constituent () ones fiance
() main ingredient () engagement ceremony
() social standing; identity () ones fianc(e)
()() dispose of; sell off (ones () public promise; public pledge
property) () reservation
() ones natural talents () make a reservation

18
() bind; restrain; control; keep in order () mineral water
: ( tree) + 3 () birthday
() promise; appointment () ones lifetime
once in a lifetime
() not; not yet; not being ... devote ones life to...
: ( tree) + 1 () lifetime
() be/feel sorry () a lifelong desire
() be uncivilized () for the first time in ones life
() primitive people () ones former life
() an underage person; a minor () be vivid, fresh
() the future (not-yet-come) () a fresh/vivid memory
() be undecided () vitality
() unmarried; single () living thing
() be inexperienced, immature () biology
() unfinished () biologist
() biochemistry
() group; class; wait; etc. () inanimate object
: ( bamboo) + 6 () extinct animals and plants
()() classify; divide equally; () paleontology
share evenly () physiology
2 bisection () pose as a benefactor; emphasize a
3 trisection favor done for sb
() first rank; top () fish
() get first place; come in first place () birthday (hon.)
() equality () living; life; existence
() equal opportunity () daily life
() [] ratings; a grade () newlywed life
() high grade; high class; high; advanced () suffering; hardship; difficulties
() high school () perennation
() be equal; be on an equal footing () a perennial plant
with () younger sibling
() be equal, of the same rank () younger brother
() on an equal footing () younger sister
() top class; first-rate; A1 () occurrence
() quality article; quality goods an outbreak of cholera
() be equal/equivalent to, as good as () the occurrence of an event
() the rest of ones life
() first; front; foremost () life; existence
: ( wise man) + 4 be tired of life
() teacher; Mr. () live long; enjoy a long life
(~) a senior, elder () birth
() a junior () ones date of birth
() prior engagement () student
() preconception; prejudice () male student
. She holds a preconception or () female student; schoolgirl
prejudice. () a student returning (to col-
() forefathers lege) from the army; someone resuming his/her
() developed country studies as a student
() inborn; innate; inherited () new student; freshman
() graduate; alumnus/alumna,
() be born; produce; life; student; raw; fresh; alumni
arbitrary; forced () fellow student; classmate
: ( be born) + 0

19

() two () short sword; dagger; stiletto


: () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- (~) carriage; chariot; vehicle
pendent character. (See above for examples.) : () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
(water) pendent character. (See above for examples.)
: () + 0
This character functions only as a radical; like all -type () village; street; a li, about one-third mile
radicals, it appears on the left-hand side of the graphic : ( village) + 0
element(s) in the character. Its full form is () (see This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
below); the of means three-water. pendent character.
() a village
() water () village chief
: () + 0 () mileage; distance
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () a thousand li; long distance
pendent character.
() watergate; floodgate; lock () (to cover)
() moisture; water content : () + 0
is moist or juicy This character functions only as a radical and typically
() mineral water takes the shape , perched above the other graphic
() water volume element(s) of the character. It is also considered to be the
() water gauge radical for (and at the same time an alternate shape of)
() water power; hydraulic power the common character west (covered in a later
() hydroelectricity lesson).
() hydraulics
() hydroplane () (silk thread)
() flushing (toilet) : () + 0
() swimming This character functions only as a radical and always oc-
() swimsuit curs on the left-hand side of the other graphic element(s)
() swimming pool; swimming area in the character. In its usual radical guise on the left, it
() water level; standard appears more scrunched up () and, technically speak-
make the grade ing, has an independent form , which is hardly ever
() water quality used. The usual corresponding shape for the independent
() cold water character with the same shape and meaning is (),
() watershed with the radical shape doubled. (See below for examples.)
() all sorts of hardships
() drinking water () thread; fiber; wire; silk
() dirty water : () + 0
() clear water (in a brook or stream) () (steel) wire
() water for use (rainwater, well water)
() beef broth (bookrest)
() soft drink; beverage : () + 0
() underground water This character functions only as a radical and counts as
() natural water four strokes. Technically speaking, its full formas both a
radical and an independent characteris , called
(standing knife) , but this form is never used now. The radical ,
: () + 0 as its name suggests, holds up or supports from the bot-
This character functions only as a radical, and like all tom the other graphic element(s) in the character.
-type radicals, occurs on the right-hand side of the other
graphic element(s) in the character. Its full form as an () (take it easy)
independent character is (), detailed below. : () + 0
This character functions only as a radical and counts as
() knife; sword; razor seven strokes. Technically speaking, it is the full formas
: () + 0 both a radical and an independent character of
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- bookrestbut this form is never used now.
pendent character.

20
(wise man) () be born; produce; life; student; raw; fresh;
: () + 0 arbitrary; forced
This character functions only as a radical, and like all : () + 0
-type radicals, is located at the foot of the character, This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
below the other graphic element(s). pendent character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()
On its own as an independent character, is pronounced Observe the phonetic element () in the following
, but as a phonetic element, it can indicate the readings commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
or . There are just two characters pronounced :

And these characters are pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~), which occurs
in one character pronounced as :

Phonetic (~~)
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Note that this phonetic can also be read as : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
or as :

Phonetic (~)
Phonetic () Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Observe the phonetic element () in the following commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note that this phonetic can also be read as :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() double; twofold communicate; understand (one
() legislation; law-making another)
() law school () railroad/bus ticket
() former life () one minute
() for the first time in ones life () classify; divide equally; share
() past/former years; a few years ago () be important, consequential
() annuity; pension () be important, valuable, precious
() middle age () be important, momentous
(air, electricity, etc.) circulate; () summing up

21
()... The point is... () mineral water
()... In short... () birthday
()() promise () ones lifetime
() previous/prior engagement () lifetime
() be/feel sorry () be vivid, fresh
() first rank; top () water; moisture
() equality is moist or juicy
() teacher; Mr. () watergate; floodgate; lock

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.

1. . 15. .
16. .
2. .
17. .
3. ...
18. .
4. .
19. .
5. .
20. .
6. .
21. .
7. .
22. , .
8.
23. , .
.
24. .
9. .
25. .
10. .
26. ?
11. .
27. .
12. .
28. !
13. ?
29. .
14. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
()() keep safe; safeguard; be pitiful, pitiable
look after () ones wish or desire
()() () commit a crime () experience
(, ) () a (finger) ring
() be depressing; feel depressed () airplane
soup luggage; baggage
package () foreign country; abroad; overseas
(~) the rear side, backside the last time
()() lit.: teachers motheran lately; recently
elegant way to refer to a stew
teachers wife and, by exten- () welcome party
sion, to any married lady () a professional singer
() an academic paper or thesis (~) Seoul National University
() first; for starters model (both goods and
keep (a promise, appointment, fashion-type)
etc.) be/get changed

22
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


23


24


25


.
. .
.
.
.
.
.
. . .
.
.
.
. .
.
. , .
.
.
.
.

From the Example Sentences:


1.2. A: ?
Is Chunho Yngjins hubae?
B: . .
No. Hes not her hubae, but her snbae.

5.37. .
He seems to be a minor.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text () make an effort; try hard
a few days; several days; also: How
as of today
(adverb) exactly many days?
(it) passes (cf. : last
very much (so); terribly; awfully
be similar [past] week)
be gobsmacked, utterly surprised,
in a similar fashion/way
here: turn out a certain way, look amazed (NB: processive)
() in such a way/manner
a certain way (always in the past
in the Korean way / Korean style
tense if sentence-final)
() be awkward, embarrassing; feel ill
is handsome
be flustered; be at a complete loss at ease; be complicated, vexing,
as to what to do; be at ones wits problematic
() a moment
end (NB: processive)
() momentarily
float; rise up

() a thought occurs to (sb); a thought
get past, through, or over sth un-
floats up (into sbs head)
pleasant; weather the storm (get

26
through a trying moment) () after going (cf. also: :
()() foresee; predict after going)
(sth) happens; (an event) go cold, cool off/down
develops, unfolds Eat up before it gets cold.
() Chongno (Bell Road, a main .
street in Seoul) a cold sweat
() facial expression (a verbal expres- wipe sth; brush (ones teeth)
sion is []) ()() resolve (to do); make a resolution
() () make a face; make a facial (to do); make up ones mind (to
(, ) expression do)
ever so (much); terribly; very
() be confused; feel at a loss as to Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
what to do () ones junior at school or work
be cool as a cucumber, unaffected () ones senior at school or work
by events () a minor, underage person
in sbs mind (inside sbs head)
()() write a composition; compose a
sentence

:
: three
:
: answer
() : 3
1 + 2 = 3
() : 12
6 + 6 = 12
: ( one: 1) : ( bamboo: 6)

: Phonetic
:
: nature
()
: flower
: 9
(~)
() : 15
7 + 8 = 15
4 + 5 = 9 : ( shell: 7)
: ( grass: 4)

:
:
: ask
Phonetic
(~)
()
: language
: 14
7 + 7 = 14 () : 11
: ( mouth: 3) 3 + 8 = 11
: ( speech: 7)

: : Korea
:
: after
: 17
Phonetic
(~~) () : 9 3 + 8 = 11
() : ( treated
9 + 8 = 17
: ( two people: 3)
leather: 9)

: : nation
: Phonetic
()
: 11
: ( big mouth:
3 + 8 = 11 () : bell (~)
: 17
3) : ( metal: 8) 8 + 9 = 17

:
: : /
: face (/ : road Phonetic
() : 14 3 + 11 = 14 : 13 (~)
: ( inch: 3) ) : ( foot: 7) 8 + 9 = 17

27
: ~ : : Phonetic
(; : tea ; : age-group (~)
: 10 () : 15
) : ( grass: 4) 4 + 6 = 10 : (~ cart: 7) 7 + 8 = 15

:
: room
Phonetic
()
:
: accomplish
Phonetic
()
() : 8
: ( paper door: 4) 4 + 4 = 8
() : 7
: ( spear: 4) 4 + 3 = 7

:
: grass
:
: node
Phonetic
()
: 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 3
: () 3 + 0 = 3
: ()

:
: grass
:
: mouth
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

:
: grass :
: two people
() : 9
4 + 6 = 10
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
: ( grass: 4) : ()

:
: treated leather
Phonetic
(~)
:
: foot
() : 9
: () 9 + 0 = 9
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: ()

:
: big mouth
:
: spear
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() brave; eminent; flower; beauty;
England; hero
() three; third : ( grass) + 5
: ( one) + 2 () England
() uncle () English
() maternal uncle () be wise, sagacious; be exceptional
() third generation () English literature
() thirty () English composition
() third party; outsider

28
() language; talk; word; phrase () (minor) country; weak nation
: ( speech) + 7 () USA
() Korean language () China
() national language; Korean () foreign country; abroad
() mother tongue () foreign language
() colloquial expression () foreigner
() the colloquial style; colloquial () departure from a country
language () developed country
() language () backward country
() linguistics () a civilized country
() Japanese (language) () national army
() tone (of voice); accent () a nation; a people / the people
() feel for words; sensitivity for language () national power
() archaic word; ancient languages; old () national establishment
saying () national land/territory
() direct object (of a sentence) () ones fatherland
() literary language; written language () mother country
() rumor; false report () mother tongue
() slang () homeland; fatherland
() idiomatic phrase () domestic
() translated words; translation () the National Art Exhibition
equivalents () exotic
() loanword () heaven; paradise
() foreign language
() terminology () face; oppose; opposite
() subject (of a sentence) : ( node) + 11
() German (language) () answer
() Chinese (language) () be equal; be on an equal footing with
() confrontation; showdown
() Korea; surname () facing
: ( treated leather) + 8 () be facing; antagonistic
() Korea () preparation (for, against)
() Republic of Korea (i.e., () provision (for); preparation (for)
South Korea) ()() cope with
() Korean language () counteraction; defiance
() Korean costume () dialogue; conversation
() Korean person ()() face each other; meet face-
() South Korea to-face
() North Korea () partner; rival; relativity
() Korean food () the other person; ones
() Korean cow; Korean beef interlocutor (conversation partner)
() relativity
() nation; state; kingdom () the opposite party
: ( big mouth) + 8 () keep company (with); contend
() Korea (with)
() Korean language () relatively
() England
() the entire country () answer; reply; recompense
() entry into a country : ( bamboo) + 6
() national land/territory () answer; reply
() national language; Korean () letter of reply
() a people; the people; the populace () irrelevant reply
() National Assembly; Congress; Diet () brilliant answer; repartee
() member of Congress; () a correct answer
member of the National Assembly
() founding of a country () nature; disposition; substance; matter
() the military and the nation; a militant : ( shell) + 8
nation/nation at war () quality (as opposed to quantity)
() monarchy; ones sovereign and country () quantity
() a monarchy () qualitative

29
() question () Chongno (Bell Road, a main street
() water quality in Seoul)
() soil quality () passage; aisle
()() confront; question face to () big road
face () narrow path; an alley
() sound quality () on the road; on the way
() hostage () streetlight
() quality () course; channel; route
() material; matter () the way ahead; (ones) path in life
() material
() physical constitution (~) tea plant; tea
() temperament; nature : ( grass) + 6
() nature; disposition () tearoom; teahouse
() nervousness; hysteria () iced tea

() ask; question () room; house; building; shop; concubine;


: ( mouth) + 8 wife
() question : ( door) + 4
() inquiry () door of a room
() visiting a sick person () tearoom; teahouse
() problem; question () [] goldsmiths shop; jewelry store
() interrogation; question () [] study room
() regardless of () a cool room; cooling a room; air
() checking on someones well-being conditioning
() irrelevant reply () bedroom; side room; nuptial chamber
() (the pursuit of) learning; studies () realtors office

() after; behind; later () generation; age-group


: ( two people) + 6 : (~ cart) + 8
() back gate; back door () ones senior at school
() before and after () ones junior at school
() the year after next () appear in succession; producing
() ones junior (in school) (scholars)
() the rear; rear area () boys; young people
() military retreat; retreat
() backward country () achieve; make; become; surname
() dessert : ( spear) + 3
() acquired; postnatal () an ingredient, component, element
() inborn; innate; inherited () main ingredient
() future trouble; evil consequence () underage person; a minor
()() fear future () [] a result, fruit of..., outcome
troubles () success
() second/last volume () succeed
() future generation () attain full growth; mature
() successor (to a position) () an adult, grown-up
() the latter () growth
() PM () grow (up)
() after meals ()() accomplish; achieve; attain;
() the last fulfill
() sense of accomplishment
~ () bell () plastic surgery; cosmetic surgery
: ( metal) + 9 () ~ 12 () () annoyance; vexation; bother; trouble
() Chongno (Bell Road, a main street () be irritated, vexed, impatient
in Seoul) ()() be/get completed
() alarm bell; warning () incomplete; unfinished
() call bell; doorbell ()() draft; write up; frame (a
() alarm clock document)
() grow up; grow to maturity
( / -) road; path () formation; constitution
: ( foot) + 6 () form; make; constitute; make up

30

(grass) () mouth; opening; window; hole
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character functions only as a radical. Technically This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
speaking, its full form is (), but normally it is pendent character. As a radical, it typically occurs to the
thought of as an abbreviation of () (both detailed left (and sometimes beneath or inside) the other graphic
below). Like all -type radicals, this radical is placed at element(s) in the character.
the top or head of the character, over the other graphic () colloquial expression
element(s). () the colloquial style; colloquial language
() entrance
() (grass) () fee; commission
: () + 0 ()() open ones mouth; begin to speak
As a character, this is an old (and obsolete) form. As a () village entrance
radical, this character is called . In its most common () emergency exit
guise as a radical at the top or head of a character, it takes () family members
the shape and is called . The more common () small window or gate, wicket; window at a
full-character shape for grass incorporates this radical: box office
(see below). () exit
() an entrance, gateway
() grass () codfish
: ( grass) + 6 () population
() grass and trees; plants; vegetation () density of population
() a thatched cottage
() herbivorous animal (two people radical)
() licorice root : () + 0
indispensable person This is a radical only and does not function as an indepen-
(lit.: licorice root in a pharmacy) dent character.
() treated leather () foot
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. pendent character. As a radical, it usually occurs to the left
() leather binding broke three of the other graphic element(s) in the character.
times, i.e., hitting the books hard (from a story about () be enough, sufficient
Confucius) () enough; sufficiently
() treated leather and raw/untreated leather () (insect) millipedes, myriapods
() be insufficient, lacking, scarce, scanty,
(big mouth) short of
: () + 0 () hands and feet; limbs
This is a radical only and does not function as an indepen- () great stride; great progress
dent character. The big mouth radical is a larger version
of just ( ). While the latter typically occurs to the () spear, lance
left, beneath, or inside the other graphic element(s) in the : () + 0
character, encloses the graphic element(s). This character functions both as a radical and as an in-
dependent character. As a radical, it always occurs to the
() node; degree of kinship right of the other graphic element(s) in the character.
: () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () shield and spear; weapons; war
pendent character. As a radical, it always occurs beneath or
to the right of the other graphic element(s) in the charac-
ter.
() uncle
() maternal uncle
() cousin
() second cousin
() skit; short drama

31
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced Phonetic ()
: Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note that this phonetic can also be read as :



Phonetic (~~)
Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~~) in the fol-
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
lowing Chinese characters, all pronounced :
ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :


Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
Note that this phonetic can also be read as :


And in one instance, as :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic (~) commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
You have already learned this as an independent character:
(). But as a phonetic element, can indi-
cate two different pronunciations: or . It indicates Phonetic (~)
the reading in the following commonly used Chinese Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following
characters: commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

And here are two characters with phonetic indicating Note that this phonetic occurs in one character read as :
the pronunciation :


Phonetic ()
Phonetic () Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Observe the phonetic element () in the following commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() uncle () before and after
() England () the year after next
() English () ones junior (in school)
() Korea () ones senior at school
() Korean language () Chongno (Bell Road, a main street
() national language; Korean in Seoul)
() colloquial expression () passage; aisle
() Japanese (language) () big road
() the entire country () tearoom; teahouse
() entry into a country () door of a room
() national land/territory () [] goldsmiths shop; jewelry store
() answer () an ingredient, component, element
() be equal; be on an equal footing with () underage person; a minor
() quality (as opposed to quantity) () grass and trees; plants; vegetation
() question () entrance
() water quality () be enough, sufficient
() soil quality () enough; sufficiently
() back gate; back door () shield and spear; weapons; war

32
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary below.
1. . 16.
2. . .
3. . 17.
4. .
. 18.
5. .
. 19.
6. .
. 20. 3
7. .
. 21.
8. ?
. 22.
9. . .
10. 23.
. .
11. . 24. ?
12. 25.
. .
13. . 26.
14. 70 .
. 27. ?
15. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
()()
divide; bisect () the Soviet Union
()() compare () low-quality products
() specialization; expertise () a criminal
() terminology recently; lately
previously; before () be popular, vogue
Hong Kong ( ) that person; he/she
return; give back () be immature
() a legal bill (proposed legisla- anything
tion) later
() National Assembly ()() do ones best
()() pass; go through take (time)
() be strong () be amazing, wonderful; be
() marriage odd, curious
() a situation, case () a figure, talented man, per-
() illegal entrants sonage
()() arrest; round up; detain () be famous, renowned
() a policy, countermeasure

33
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


34


35


36



, , .
.
.
.
.
.
.
. ?
.

.

From the Example Sentences:

1.7. ?
Are you in a good mood?

2.24. A: ?
Is it true that Chinus wife is so pretty?
B: , .
Yes, so much so [to the extent] that people passing by turn around to get a
second look.

3.27. () .
I went hiking yesterday, and [now I discover] my legs hurt.

3.30. .
He studied so hard [and look!]seems hes passed the exam.

4.43. A: ?
How have you been doing?
B: .
I was traveling for a while.
A: .
I hadnt seen you for so long I thought you were sick or something [but
obviously I was wrong!].

37
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text share sth with sb
two or three; a few
Russia
mouthful; sip
(~) Russian (person)
() the situation, state of affairs
() American (person)
be a mess; be in a sorry state
() lawyer
() train (said of a countrys economy, for
for quite a while example)
stand up abruptly, suddenly
take out, produce (from sbs
() lift sth up briskly
pocket, a bag, etc.); bring up (a
subject); broach
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
whereupon
pour, pour out (NB: Note that ()() be in a good mood
this base is not doublingit () wife (polite; sb elses)
is irregular.) pass by
throw; toss turn and look back; look back
w (, be regrettable, pitiful; be (too) () mountain
) precious or valuable (to discard) () (study) hard, diligently
be gobsmacked, utterly surprised ()() study
whereupon () pass a test
in their/his/her (own) country () travel; trip; journey
be common, plentiful so (very) (usually paired with
cigar )
divide, share

:
: Han dynasty of China
:
: steam
Phonetic
(~)
() : 14
3 + 11 = 14
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: ( water: 3) : ( water: 3)

:
: character
Phonetic
()
:
: name
Phonetic
()
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
: ( son: 3) : ( mouth: 3)

: : four Phonetic
: / :
: 5 () (/ : guest /
() : ( big mouth: : 10
3) 3 + 2 = 5 ) : ( angle: 4) 4 + 6 = 10

:
: person
:
: walk
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: () : ()

:
: beautiful
:
: window
() : 9
6 + 3 = 9
() : 11
5 + 6 = 11
: ( sheep: 6) : ( hole: 5)

38
:
: shape
Phonetic
()
:
: square
Phonetic
()
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ( hairy three: 3) : ()

(;
: ,
: convenient, excretion
:
;
:
: walk
)
: 9
: ( person: 2) 2 + 7 = 9 () : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ()

:
: steam
Phonetic
(~) :
() : 10 : hole
: ( vitality: 4) 4 + 6 = 10 () : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ()

:
: artisan
Phonetic


(~~~)
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
:
: hairy three
: () 3 + 0 = 3
: 3
: ()

:
: husband
Phonetic
()
() : 4
: ( big: 3) 3 + 1 = 4
:
: person
: 2
2 + 0 = 2
: ()

:
: mountain
Phonetic
(~)
() : 3
: () 3 + 0 = 3 :
: person
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2

:
: hot
: ()

() 4 + 11 = 15


: 15
: ( fire: 4) : Phonetic
: vitality (~)
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ()

: Phonetic
:
: artisan
Phonetic
(~~~)
()
: son
: 3
() () : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: ()
: () 3 + 0 = 3

:
: sheep
Phonetic
()
:
: mountain
Phonetic
(~)
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

39
:
: fire
:
: fire
: 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() population
() density of population
() Han dynasty of China; base person () adult (for admission purposes)
: ( water) + 11 () [] popularity
() [] Chinese character(s) () life; human existence
() Chinese medicine () human heart
() Classical Chinese () human work; artificiality
() outsider; layperson () doll
() the Han River () person; figure
() dangerous character
() character; letter; graph () humans; human being
: ( son) + 3 () human nature
() [] Chinese characters () greeting; personnel affairs
() [] character; letter; writing () courteousness
() capital letter () personnel changes
() small letter () elderly person
() [] numeral; figure; digit () soldier
() [] print letters (as opposed to () a literatus, man of letters
cursive); correct characters () primitive people
() red letters; deficit () civilian
() black letters; financial surplus () foreigner
() typing () Caucasian
() type () black person
() typewriter () criminal
() printing type; typeface () inhuman person; a beast; outcast
() a cross; a plus sign () criminal; sinner
() Red Cross () servant
() destiny; fate () child; pygmy; dwarf; a small-minded
() Thousand Character Classic person; I, me
() [] a window with lattice- () proprietor; owner
work shaped like the character () humankind
() anthropology
() four () everyone
: ( big mouth) + 2 () a visitor, caller
() the four directions; everywhere () new face (entertainer)
() in all directions; ()() employ a person
everywhere () character; personality
() cousin () mermaid
() forty () the number of people
() humaneness; compassion
() person; man; mankind () human body
: ( person) + 0
() Korean person () beautiful; fine; admirable; America(n)
() passerby : ( sheep) + 3
() beautiful woman () beautiful woman
() wife () a jack-of-all-trades; sb
() (persons) name who is good at everything
() hostage () USA
() adult () US Armed Forces

40
() US Eighth Army ()() publish; circulate; issue
() handsome man ()() commit a crime
() grace of character; noble virtue () misconduct
() cosmetology () flying
() beauty parlor () (vehicle) running; operation
() beauty parlor () going up toward Seoul (trains, buses)
() beautification; embellishment () going down from Seoul (trains, buses)
() American currency () march; parade
() North America () going together; shared journey
() South America () progress
() physical beauty; body building () conduct; behavior
() natural beauty
() be extremely beautiful () window; door
() natural beauty : ( hole) + 6
() window
() steam () small window or gate, wicket; window
: ( water) + 4 at a box office
() train (originally steam train) () classmate
() fellow student; classmate
() name; fame; counter for people () alumni association
: ( mouth) + 3 () window paper
() (persons) name () [] a window with
() wise saying latticework shaped like the character
() brilliant answer; repartee () a skylight
() masterpiece; fine work
() excellent handwriting () shape; form
() false name; alias : ( hairy three) + 4
() name of a village, community () situation; circumstances
() literary fame be terrible, awful
() nickname () large-size; large model
() surname and personal name () deformity
() be famous ()() plastic surgery
() name of a crime or offense; charge () formation
() place name () doll
() shape; form
( / -) guest; travel () form; formal
: ( angle) + 6 () formal; perfunctory
() travel; trip () form; shape
() honeymoon () body shape; body type
() traveler () old-fashioned model
() travelers check () figure; diagram
() travel agency () small size; compact model
() for travel () small vehicles
() [] passport () rectangular form; a rectangle
() second-class inn
() hotel; inn () convenient
() excretion; feces; urine
() walk; do; action; behavior : ( person) + 7
: ( walk~go) + 0 () toilet, restroom (not an elegant word)
() travel; trip () large bowel movement; defecation
() passing; passage () small bowel movement; urination
() passerby () constipation
() troupe; company; fellow travelers () expedient
() whereabouts () situation; circumstances
() whereabouts unknown (~) married woman, ones wife (vulgar)
() parallel () be comfortable; be peaceful
() ones actions; behavior () be convenient, comfortable
() behavior; conduct; action; movement () letter; epistle
() conduct; actions; a function, event () letter paper
() destination () convenient; handy; useful

41
() husband () factory worker
() former husband () starting (construction)
() be uncomfortable, inconvenient
() the other person; counterpart () husband; man; artisan; laborer; sage;
philosopher
() steam; breath; gas; ki : ( big) + 1
: ( vitality) + 6 () wife
() temperament; nature () study; learning
() feeling; mood () husband and wife; married couple
() animation; vitality () husband-and-wife relationship
()() weather forecast () newly married couple;
() [] popularity newlyweds
() heat; heated atmosphere () farmer; peasant
() bones and spirit; body and soul; () laborer
pluck; mettle; spirit () married woman
() energy () a females elder sisters husband
() trend; tendency
() concentration of spirit; disciplinary () mountain
() a cold : ( mountain) + 0
() firmness; fortitude; strength of () goat; antelope
character () grave; ancestral grave(s)
() economic conditions () volcano
() (business) depression () mountain valley
() business boom () rivers and mountains; native land
()() have a rush of blood to the () Diamond Mountains
head; get dizzy () Pusan (city name in Korea)
() electricity () love of mountains
() vigor; vitality () Changbaishan (Long White
() a suggestion/hint of autumn Mountain), another name for Paektusan
() Mount Taebaek
() labor; artisan; workman; industry
: ( artisan) + 0 () hot; heat; fever
() study; pursuit of scholarly studies : ( fire) + 11
() [] study room () enthusiastically; earnestly
() private lessons (tutoring) () heat; heated atmosphere
() engineering college ()() become feverish, get angry
() factory () feverishly; ardently
() female factory worker () heated; enthusiastic
() human work; artificiality ()() feel angry and heated
() manual work; handiwork () calorie
() take much handiwork () heated battle; close game
() construction work () ardor; passion
() under construction () passion; enthusiasm
() industry; manufacturing industry () passionate
() heavy industry ()() be absorbed (in)
() factory worker () earnestness; enthusiasm
() construct; build; maneuver; operate () incandescent light
() manual work; handiwork () body temperature; fever
() completion (of construction)


() son; child () a consonant
: () + 0 () pith and marrow; the essentials
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () a superior man (Confucian ideal)
pendent character. () womenfolk; women and girls
() sons and daughters; children () like father like son
() female; woman () male; man
() middle-aged woman () middle-aged man

42
() Laozi, the famous Chinese philosopher () cave; hole
() electron : () + 0
() table This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() interest pendent character.
() the crown prince; heir apparent ()() dwell in a cave
() the Son of Heaven; the Emperor
(hairy three)
() sheep; goat : () + 0
: () + 0 This character functions only as a radical and not as an
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- independent character. It always appears to the right-hand
pendent character. side of its accompanying graphic element(s).
() goat; antelope
(person)
() direction; square; region; plan; recipe; just : () + 0
now This character functions only as a radical. As an indepen-
: () + 0 dent character, it is written () (detailed above).
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- Like all -type radicals, this radical always appears to the
pendent character. left-hand side of its accompanying graphic element(s).
() method; way; means
() square meters (vitality)
() one-sided; unilateral : () + 0
() one-way traffic This character functions only as a radical. Like all -type
() the front (line) radicals, it arches over the other graphic element(s) in the
() the rear (base) character.
() whereabouts
() dialect () labor; artisan; workman; industry
() Chinese medicine : () + 0
() expedient This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() neighborhood; vicinity pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() direction; aspect; angle
() having many sides; various fields () mountain
() cushion : () + 0
() all directions; every side This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() jack-of-all-trades; multitalented pendent character. (See above for examples.)
person
() area; locality (fire)
() central area : () + 0
() local college This character functions only as a radical. As an indepen-
() West dent character, it is written () (detailed below).
() aloha shirt Like all -type radicals, this radical always appears at the
() form; method bottom (foot) of its accompanying graphic element(s).
() prescription
() just now; just a moment ago () fire; anger
() in just a moment; any moment now : () + 0
() a cube; a solid This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() rectangular form; a rectangle pendent character.
() irritation
() walk; do; action; behavior () volcano
: () + 0 () get angry
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () release/vent ones anger
pendent character. (See above for examples.) () thermal power
() pent-up anger

43
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note that this phonetic can also be pronounced :


Phonetic () as well as :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following

commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

and as :

Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note that this phonetic can also be pronounced :

Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Note that this phonetic can also be pronounced :



Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~~~)
Observe the phonetic element () in the following

NEW COMBINATIONS
() Chinese character(s) () parallel
() cousin () ones actions, behavior
() Korean person () window
() passerby () small gate or window, wicket;
() beautiful woman window at a box office
() wife () situation; circumstances
() adult () plastic surgery
() population () formation
() [] popularity () toilet; restroom
() life; human existence () married woman, ones wife (vulgar)
() human heart () be comfortable; be peaceful
() human work; artificiality () weather forecast
() doll () animation; vitality
() USA () temperament; nature
() personal name () heat; heated atmosphere
() wise saying () feeling; mood
() brilliant answer; repartee () study; pursuit of scholarly studies
() travel; trip () enthusiastically; in earnest
() whereabouts () engineering college
() passing; passage () factory
() troupe; company; fellow travelers () female factory worker

44
() manual work; handiwork () train (originally steam train)
() method; way; means () sons and daughters; children
() square meters () female; woman
(~) one-sided; unilateral () large-size; large model
() the front (line) () main gate
() the rear (base) () law school; college of law
() dialect () college of engineering
() Chinese medicine () womens university
() expedient () adult (for admission purposes)
() volcano () be important; be serious
() vexation; irritation () grave; ancestral grave(s)

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. . 15.
2. . .
3. ? 16.
4. ?
. 17. .
5. 18.
. ?
6. . 19.
7. . .
8. ? 20.
9. ?
. 21. ?
10. 22.
. ?
11. 23. .
? 24.
12. .
. 25.
13. .
. 26.
14. .
.

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() come to mind; occur to one, think no one; nobody
of () historically speaking; in history
() Thats lucky/ fortunate () be impatient, hasty
look out on; look out upon as soon as you think of it; in
the first snow of the season accordance with whatever one
come into being/existence; come thinks
about just; just now
() () cost (money) nothing at all
lose properly; as it ought to be
be stylish, fashionable () downtown
()() be/feel upset, offended () possibly; maybe; could it perhaps
frequently; often; all the time be the case that?
() manufactured good(s) () neighborhood; vicinity
() ones hometown ()() devise a plan; plan ahead
leave; depart

45
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


46


47


48

I

New from the Example Sentences


6.23. .
Its a famous restaurant, so when you get to the vicinity, just ask anybody.

7.27. . .
More guests came than I had anticipated. I was really worried that there might not be enough food.

7.29. .
.
I was a good thirty minutes later than our agreed time. I was worried that my friend would have left, but she was
waiting in front of the schools main gate.

14.51. A: ?
Tomorrow is Mothers Day, isnt it?
B: .
Not Mothers Day, Parents Day.

14.52. A: .
I think these clothes will suit you nicely.
B: .
Theyre not for me to wear, but to give to my younger sibling.

17.62. .
They say they will be suspending service temporarily.

17.67. ?
Does he say that last month was in the red, too?

22.91. ? .
Is that person Chinese? [Somebody] asked whether that person is Chinese.

26.104. A: ?
Did it rain a lot in Seoul last summer?
B: , .
Yes, so much so that the Han River flooded.

27.110. ?
Is it true that there are Japanese words that Koreans sometimes use inadvertently when speaking Korean?

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
() review () worry
() be famous, well-known () promise; appointment;
() restaurant; cafeteria engagement
() vicinity () time
guest; customer () thirty minutes
() food () front gate / main gate to a school
be insufficient, lacking () tomorrow

49
Parents Day () China
fit; suit; go well with () the Han River
() younger sibling overflow; flow over; brim over
() temporary; for a short time () Korean; Korean person
()() suspend; discontinue () Korean language
()() give as a present () inadvertently; unintentionally;
last month without noticing
() (financial) deficit () Japanese words

Pattern Review and


Note that each sentence number below corresponds to the same numbered sentence in Advanced Ko-
rean, Lesson 5.
1. - (First Pass) 9. -() ()
1. . 33. .
.
2. -() 34. .
3. 15 .
.
4. . . 10. -() ()-, -
5. . 36. 6 .
6.
. 11. -
41. A: .
3. -() / -() B: .
8. A: ?
B: 42. A: ?
. B: .
9. A: ?
B: 12. -, -() -
. 47.
.
4. -()
10. A: ? 13. - --, - -
B: , () 48.
. .
49. .
5. -() / -
15. A: ? 14. NOUN( / )
B: . 50. A: ?
. B: , .
16. :
. 15. ()
: , 53. A: ?
. B: . .
54. A: ?
6. ..., ...-() B: , .
20. .
16. - , - -
8. -() / - 56. .
30. A: ? 57. .
B: . .
32. A: ? 58. A: ?
B: , B: .
.

50
17. - 83.
59. . .
60. . 84.
61. . .
62. .
63. . 22. -
64. . 85. ?
65. . 86. ?
66. . 87. ?
88. ?
18. - -, -() / - - 89. ?
68. A: ? 90. ?
B: . 92. ?
69. A: ? 93. ?
B: . 94. ?
70. A: ? 95. ?
B: .
71. . 23. NOUN; -()
97. A: ?
19. - / - B: , .
72. .
73. . 25. -() / -() -- / -
74. , 101. A: ?
. B: .
75. , . A:
. .

20. - / - -, - / - -, - / - - 26. -() -, -()


76. : ? 103. A: ?
: , . B: , .
77.
. 27. -()? ~ -()()?
78. . 105. A: ?
79. A: ? B: , , .
B: . 106. ?
80. . 107.
?
21. -() / - - 108. ?
81. ! 109. ?
82. .

:
: five
Phonetic
()
:
: practice
Phonetic
()
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
() : 11
6 + 5 = 11
: ( two: 2) : ( feather: 6)

: , : ; : Phonetic
(; : restore Phonetic : exist ()
: 12 () () : 6
) : ( two persons: 3) 3 + 9 = 12 : ( moon: 4) 4 + 2 = 6

51
:
: food
Phonetic
()
:
: right
Phonetic
(~)
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
() : 5
4 + 1 = 5
: () : ( stop: 4)

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: hall (~) (/ : come Phonetic
() : 11 : 8 ()
: ( earth: 3) 3 + 8 = 11 ) : ( person: 2) 2 + 6 = 8

:
: drink
Phonetic
(~)
:
: together
Phonetic
(~)
() : 13
9 + 4 = 13
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
: ( rice: 9) : ( mouth: 3)

:
: time
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: middle
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10
() : 4
1 + 3 = 4
: ( day: 4) : ( pierce: 1)

:
: interval
Phonetic
()
:
: stop
Phonetic
(~)
() : 12
8 + 4 = 12
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ( gate: 8) : ()

:
: ten
Phonetic
()
:
: red
Phonetic
(~)
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: () : ()

:
: learning
:
: water
Phonetic
(~~~)
() : 16
3 + 13 = 16
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
: ( son: 3) : ( water: 3)

:
: school
Phonetic
(~)
:
: not exist
Phonetic
()
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
: ( tree: 4) : ( fire: 4)

:
: feather
:
: moon
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

52
:
: food
Phonetic
()
:
: pierce
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
() : 1
1 + 0 = 1
: () : ()

:
: ten
Phonetic
()
:
: red
Phonetic
(~)
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: () : ()

:
: stop
Phonetic
(~)
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ()


Lessons 15
( bamboo) ( water) ( son)
( one) ( standing knife) ( sheep)
() ( speech) ( knife) ( angle)
( shield) (~ cart) ( walk~go)
( day) ( village) ( hole)
( woman) ( cover) ( hair)
( big) () ( thread) ( person)
( heart) () ( bookrest) ( vitality)
( gate) ( wise man) ( artisan)
( shell) ( raw) ( mountain)
( show) ( grass) ( fire)
( door) ( grass) ( fire)
( hat) ( treated leather) ( feather)
( enter) ( big mouth) ( moon)
( earth) ( inch) ( rice)
( tree) ( mouth) ( ten)
() ( metal) ( two people) ( stop)
( two) ( foot) ( red)
( water) ( spear) ( pierce)

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() student returning from the
army
() five () review of studies
: ( two) + 2 () revival of old fashions; vintage
() May ()() repair; restore
() fifty ()() resurrect; return to life

() restore; recover; return; reply; repeat; () practice; study; customs; practices


make good : ( feather) + 5
() study; drill
() again; repeatedly () review of studies; review
: ( two persons) + 9 ()() self-study
() resumption of studies () self-study manual

53
() a convention; common practice; () meat diet
regular practice () (restaurant) regular meal
() habitual criminal () room and board
()() preview (of studies)
() customs; manners () hall; temple; grave
: ( earth) + 8
() exist; be; have; possess () restaurant; dining room
: ( moon) + 2 () be fair and square
() possession () a thatched cottage
() attentively; carefully () heaven
() be well-known, famous
() be influential; be convincing, () drink; swallow
powerful : ( rice) + 4
() married woman () food and drink; food (in general)
() married man () soft drink; beverage
() be competent ()() overdrink
() toll
() () minister to each () time; hour; oclock; season
others wants : ( day) + 6
() be distinctive; be peculiar () time; an hour
() Preparing is preventing. () waste of time
() be useful () many long hours
() be advantageous () time; days
() guilty take time (many days)
() be valid; effective () same time
() be peculiar () at the same time
() simultaneous interpre-
() food; eat; drink tation
: ( food) + 0 () a double feature
() after meals () transient; passing
() family members () current events
() potable water () current/topical English
() restaurant (language)
() food and drink; food () current issues
() foods; foodstuffs () situation; the times
() restaurant () watch; clock
() eating between meals; snack () the (right) time
() dessert () time; era
() Korean food (: ) back in those days...
() provisions; foodstuff () ordinary times; normally
()() having a meal (polite) () unexpectedly; by surprise
() foodstuffs; groceries () a good opportunity; help from Heaven
() grocery store
() natural food () interval; space; between
() grocery expenses : ( gate) + 4
() meal ticket () the middle; midway
() dining table () eating between meals; snack
() appetite () time; hour
() likes and dislikes in food; taste () human being
() maid () human nature
() staple food () inhuman; inhumane
()() eat out () for the time being
()() dine together (in a group () for many years; for a number of
with workers) years
()() overeat () the people, the folk; civilian
()() eat a lot; make a pig of () civilian
oneself () husband-and-wife relationship
() rare dish () an instant
()() eat a little () instantaneous
() Western food () flash; moment

54
() at any rate; anyway () physics
() the middle; midway () biology (the study of living
() middle layers/class things)
() theology
() ten () psychology
: ( ten) + 0 () mathematics
() October () linguistics
() twelve () English literature
() cross; plus sign () anthropology
() Red Cross () geography (as a field of study)
() fourteen-karat gold () chemistry
() eighteen-karat gold () accounting
() ones forte; ones favourite () astronomy
() teenager; teen years
() nine out of ten; most likely () school; check; revise; field officer
: ( tree) + 6
() learning ()() proofread
: ( son) + 13 () school gate
() school year; grade () school
() resumption of studies () middle school
() commuting to school () branch campus
() school () the whole school
() middle school () the opening of a school
() high school () alma mater
() public school () (temporary) closure of a school
() school authorities () principal; headmaster
() student () intramural; on-campus
() (the pursuit of) learning; studies () school uniform
() studying; drilling
() college () upright; true; right; correct; straight; just
() college student at; adjust; principal; chief; January; whole
() university : ( stop) + 1
() graduate school () [] printed letters; correct
() educational institution; after-school characters
cram school ()() proofread
() undergraduate school () front gate; main entrance
() (course) credit () be fair and square
() parents of students () a correct answer
() parents of students () proper; regular form/style; legal
() scholar formalities
() college dean () legal marriage
() tuition; school expenses () be just, right, proper; be legitimate
() an academic theory () be improper, wrong,
() academic conference unrighteous
() beginning of school () justification
() field trip () be fair
() admission into a school () be unjust
() school entrance exam () square handwriting; printed-style
() expulsion from school writing
() expel from school () real form; true character
() be/get expelled () unidentified; (a
()() temporary absence from person) of dubious background
school () normality
()() change/transfer of schools () normal
() continuing ones schooling at the next () not normal; abnormal
level ()() put on / wear a serious look
() literature () a whole number
() literary work () front side; facade
() juvenile literature () noon
() popular literature () New Years Day by the solar calendar

55
() New Years Day by the lunar calendar () used goods, secondhand goods
() Middle East
( / -) come; coming () middle part
: ( person) + 6 () central area
() tomorrow () neutrality
() next year () maintain neutrality
() next week () sexlessness; neutral gender
() since olden times; from times past () medium-length piece (writing)
() future () novella
() borrowed/adopted word () paralysis
()() bring about; incur () under construction
() recent times; these days () 100% accurate
()() transmit; hand down () open market
() eight or nine out of ten;
() together; identical; share in most likely
: ( mouth) + 3 () in the AM
() simultaneous; at the same time () not here at the moment; out
(~) simultaneous interpreting () (phone line) is busy; (sb) is on
() alumnus, alumna; schoolmate the phone
() alumni association ()() hit the mark; guess right
() be identical
() younger sibling () stop; desist; rest
() be equal, of the same rank : ( stop) + 0
() fellow student; schoolmate ()() discontinue; suspect; interrupt
() alumni association
() going together; company; shared journey () red; naked
() all the persons involved : ( red) + 0
() combination; union () red letters; deficit
(~) group wedding () the Red Cross
() same feeling; same opinion
. I feel the same (about it). () river
() same sex : ( water) + 3
() run business together () Han River
() [] same score; tie () rivers and mountains; scenery
()() sympathize
() sympathy () not exist; not have; not possess
() acting in concert (with); aligning : ( fire) + 8
oneself () be unwitting, absentminded,
()() be/get assimilated inadvertent
() be unequal, uneven; be dissimilar, unwittingly; absentmindedly; inadver-
disparate tently
() being one in flesh and spirit () no experience
() experience
() middle; center; among () an unexperienced person
: ( pierce) + 3 () indifference
()() discontinue; suspect; interrupt () only daughter
() middle school () be incompetent
() China () as many as; approximately
() Chinese (language) 5000() as many as / approximately
() the center; the middle five thousand people
() main street () no charge; free of charge
() self-centered () free admission
() the middle; midway () be unreasonable; overwork
() . I left / came out in the () be safe
middle. () safely
() middle layers/class () colorlessness
() middle age () inanimate object
() be absorbed in () be innumerable, countless
() secondhand; used () shame
() used car () be heartless

56
() not guilty; innocent () () minister to each
() being unemployed others wants
() be irresponsible () cannot possibly be; have no
() responsibility reason for it to exist
() invalidity


() feather () ten
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() feathers; plumes
() velvet () stop; desist; rest
: () + 0
() month; moon This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
: () + 0 pendent character. (See above for examples.)
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. As a radical, it is identical with the radi- (pierce)
cal = ( meat). However, these two radicals : () + 0
are used for different types of meanings. Thus, the meat Technically speaking, you will find this character listed in
radical typically shows up in words related to food or body a Chinese character dictionary with the meaning pierce
parts, while the moon radical (which is not that common) and the pronunciation , but it only ever functions as a
shows up in words related to timekeeping. radical.

() October () red; naked


() end of the month : () + 0
() the autumn moon This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() food; eat; drink
: () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic () Phonetic (~)


Observe the phonetic element () in the following The phonetic element alone is pronounced , but as
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : a phonetic, it can indicate a pronunciation of either or
. In the following characters, it indicates the pronuncia-
tion :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following And here are some characters where indicates the read-
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced : ing :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

57
Note that this phonetic can also be used for the following Phonetic ()
character, read as : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~~)
On its own as an independent character, is pronounced Phonetic (~)
and means temple, but as a phonetic element, it Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
indicates the pronunciation : ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced
:

as well as :

Note that this phonetic can also be read as in the fol-


lowing character:
and :


Phonetic (~)
Phonetic () Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
Observe the phonetic element () in the following ing commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : :

Phonetic () Note that this phonetic can also be read as in the fol-
Observe the phonetic element () in the following lowing characters:
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :

Phonetic (~)
Phonetic (~) Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
The phonetic element typically indicates a pronuncia- ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced
tion of , as in the following commonly used Chinese :
characters:
Note that this phonetic can also be read as in the fol-
However, in some characters, it is pronounced : lowing character:

Phonetic (~) Phonetic (~)


Observe the phonetic element () in the following As an independent character on its own, is pronounced
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : , but as a phonetic, it indicates the pronunciation :



Phonetic ()
Note that this phonetic can also be read as in the fol- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
lowing character: commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

PHONETIC ELEMENTS LEARNED THUS FAR (BY LESSON)


Here are the different phonetic elements you have seen so far, organized by order of appearance. For a comprehensive,
alphabetized list of these phonetics, see the glossaries at the back of the book.

LESSON ONE
(~) () () (~)
() (~) () ()
() () () (~)
() ()

58
LESSON TWO
() (~~) () ()
() () (~) ()
(~) ()

LESSON THREE
(~) (~~) () ()
() (~) () (~)
()

LESSON FOUR
() () (~) ()
() (~~~) () (~)
()

LESSON FIVE
() () () ()
() (~) (~) (~~)
() () (~) (~)
() (~) (~) (~)
(~) ()

NEW COMBINATIONS
() May () student
() fifty () (the pursuit of) learning; studies
() resumption of studies () college
() student returning from the () school year; grade
army () commuting to school
() review of studies () branch campus
() study; drill () school gate
() be well-known, famous () [] printed letters; correct characters
() possession ()() proofread
() attentively; carefully () front gate; main entrance
() be unwitting, absentminded, () tomorrow
inadvertent () next year
() food and drink; food () alumnus, alumna; schoolmate
() Korean food () be identical
() dessert () younger sibling
() after meals () be equal, of the same rank
() eating between meals; snack () fellow student; schoolmate
() restaurant () [] all the persons involved
() potable water () going together; shared journey
() family members () China
() be fair and square () the center; the middle
() time; an hour () the middle; midway
() timetable () . I left / came out in the middle.
() time; days () be absorbed in
() same time ()() discontinue; suspect; interrupt
() transient; passing () middle school
() human being () red letters; deficit
() cross; plus sign () rivers and mountains; scenery
() Red Cross () Han River
() school

59
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. ?
10. .
11. ...
12. .
13. .
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .
25. .
26. .
27. ?

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() understanding; comprehension just; only
() always; at all times () restaurant specializing in (cheap)
ask a person a question noodles, dumplings, etc.
() be good, nice () a gift, present
look young; look like a child the road in front
be surprised; be amazed () a drug store, pharmacy
() driving () be unusual, uncommon; be
be fast, quick strange
() a meeting, conference w be shameful, disgraceful
after; later (, )
mind; spirit; heart lastly; finally
() the same class () an effect; efficiency; result;
() the suburbs; outskirts of town efficacy
() it takes (time) to do feel bored
() a miracle already; a long time ago
() a lecture room, lecture hall () a decision, conclusion

60
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


61


62


63


.
.
.
,
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. ?
?
. ,
.
.
?
.
. ,
. ,
,
. ,
.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text for a long time
() proverb () nature; naturally; as a matter of
NOUN() from NOUN; by way of NOUN course
() a people, race, nation, ethnic () ones personal experience
group (things seen and heard)
() experience () gain/acquire experience;
NOUN based on NOUN; by NOUN broaden ones horizons
be/get made tail
() wisdom cheat; fool; deceive
() be clear, obvious be/get cheated, fooled, deceived
appear ()() repeat; reiterate
() ancestor be/get caught
() moral (to a story) Korean sickle
() traditional village schoolhouse cheek
for learning the Chinese clas- get hit, smacked
sics () vent ones anger; take out ones
() wind and moon; poetry anger
() be ignorant; lack learning () humiliation, abuse; swearing,
() be good in studies (NB: pro- cussing
cessive) () suffer humiliation; be humiliated

64
be random; be farfetched, () sympathy
outrageous () show sympathy for/toward
far and wide () for the most part; in the main;
spread (intransitive) mainly
pace; step; gait; walking ()() be/get composed of, made up of
stop; block () example
() suffering () () for example; for instance
end; tip; the end () the Diamond Mountains
( / ) joy, pleasure () merriment; mirth
w, be tormenting, onerous; feel () feel merry/excited
tormented, out of sorts isnt as good as seeing (it) once
suffer; experience; undergo () namely; to wit; that is to say
w, be enjoyable () in actual fact; in real life
for sure; definitely; certainly () (, ) be preferable; be better than

: (/) :
: (/); ;
(/ : six / (/; : pleasure; music; like
4 + 11 = 15
: 4 : 15
) : ( eight: 2) 2 + 2 = 4 ; )
: ( tree: 4)

:
: vulgar
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: 10
: hard Phonetic
()
() : 9
2 + 7 = 9
() : ( standing
2 + 8 = 10
: ( person: 2) knife: 2)

:
: saying
Phonetic
()
:
: bright
Phonetic
()
() : 15
7 + 8 = 15
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
: ( speech: 7) : ( day: 4)

:
: thousand
Phonetic
()
:
: stone
Phonetic
(~)
() : 3
2 + 1 = 3
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ( ten: 2) : ()

:
: writings
:
: bird
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10 () : 11
11 + 0 = 11
: ( day: 4) : ()

:
: wind
Phonetic
()
:
: one hundred
Phonetic
(~)
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
() : 6
5 + 1 = 6
: () : ( white: 5)

:
: feelings
Phonetic
(~)
:
: hear
Phonetic
(~)
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 14
6 + 8 = 14
: ( heart: 3) : ( ear: 6)

65
: ; : ;
: ; : ;
(; : no; not Phonetic
(~~)
(; : see, appear Phonetic
(~)
: 4 : 7
) : ( one: 1) 1 + 3 = 4 ) : () 7 + 0 = 7

:
: like
Phonetic
(~)
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
: ( woman: 3)

:
: eight
Phonetic
()
:
: bird
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 11
11 + 0 = 11
: () : ()

:
: wind
Phonetic
()
:
: white
Phonetic
(~)
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

:
: heart
:
: ear
Phonetic
(~)
: 3
3 + 0 = 3 () : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: () : ()

:
: stone
Phonetic
(~)
:
: see
Phonetic
(~)
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: () : ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() popular fiction
() popular literature
( / -) six () customs; manners
: ( eight) + 2 () be secular; be earthly
() June () this world; mundane life
() sixty () worldly person
() the Six Categories of Chinese characters () folk customs
() second cousin
() sixth sense () converse; saying; discourse
: ( speech) + 8
() vulgar; custom(s) () proverb
: ( person) + 7 () an old story
() slang ()() meet and talk with; talk
() proverb personally with
() popular; nontechnical () negotiation; a talk

66
() serious talk () a spring breeze; spring wind
() consultation; counsel
() consulting bureau; consulting () feelings; emotions; circumstances; facts
office : ( heart) + 8
() joke () passion; enthusiasm
() slanderous talk () passionate
() a talk; colloquy; conversation; () ones feelings
a statement . I feel like crying.
() discussion; argument; discourse () sympathy
() sympathy
() thousand () humaneness; compassion
: ( ten) + 1 () callousness
() a thousand li; long distance () ardor; passion
. A journey of a () be heartless
thousand miles starts with a single step. (!) ()() () become attached to
() thousands of ()w () be affectionate, friendly
() ten million; countless number; () feeling; emotion; sentiment
extremely () emotional
. Not at all. / You are welcome. () be kind, gentle, tender, humane
. I am extremely fortunate. () friendship; amity
() The Thousand (Chinese) () condition of things
Character Classic () world affairs
() countless varieties; () be heartless
innumerable ranks () circumstances; reasons; consideration
() solicit (special consideration)
() to write; writings, books () make allowances (for)
: ( day) + 6 mercilessly
() the Six Categories of Chinese characters () genuine feeling; true heart
() traditional village school for the () sexual desire; lust; amour
learning of Chinese classics
() square handwriting; printed-style ( / -) pleasure; pleased; enjoy
writing () music
() book depository () delight in; like
() documents : ( tree) + 11
() bookstore () amusement; recreation
() books () game room
() library () optimistic
() library (room) ----------------------------------------
() document; record; archive () music
() (private) secretary () concert
() a translation; translated book () military music
() application form () military band
() self-study manual ----------------------------------------
() love of mountains
() wind; custom; style; scenery; influence
: ( wind) + 0 () hard; unyielding
() palsy; paralysis : ( standing knife) + 8
() ventilation () firmness; fortitude; strength of
() windmill character
() customs; manners () the Diamond Mountains
() wind and moon poetry
() customs; manners () bright; luminous
() scenery; a scene : ( day) + 8
() landscape painting () landscape
() wind and waves () landscape painting
() old customs; ancient ways () business conditions; prosperity; the
() east wind in a horses ear times; the state of the market
(i.e., talking to a brick wall) () depression; economic downturn
() revival of old fashions; vintage () economic boom time
() an autumn wind () gift certificate

67
() stone; rock; mineral () no sleep and no rest; work
: ( stone) + 0 without stopping
() two birds with one stone () be unclear, indistinct
() fossil () be defective, deficient, incomplete
() jade; precious stones; jade and stone () defect; omission
() formula; established form () distrust
() be unstable, shaky, unsettled
() bird () be unfortunate, unlucky
: ( bird) + 0 () carelessness; mistake
() two birds with one stone () be rude, unkind
() swan () unfortunately
() birds; fowl Note that this character takes the pronunciation
() turkey when followed by or :
() be insufficient, scanty; be short of
() one hundred () be unjust
: ( white) + 1 () be unjust, unfair, wrongful
() one hundred days () be unvirtuous, immoral
() department store () be irregular, disparate, uneven
() a hundred points; full marks () immobility; stability
() 100% accurate () immovable, fixed thing
() 180 degrees () imperturbable mind
() million ()w be unnatural, artificial,
() millionaire strained
() hundreds of () uncertainty; indefiniteness
() be improper, wrong,
() hear unrighteous
: ( ear) + 8
() experiences; information; sth seen and () like; as; equal to; supposing
heard : ( woman) + 3
() have broad experience () as before; as ever
() broaden ones experience
() rumor; gossip; hearsay () see; observe; perceive; opinion
groundless rumor () appear; be/get seen
() newspaper : ( see) + 0
() newsprint () experiences; information; sth seen
and heard
(; ) no; not; un-; in-; non- () preconception; prejudice
: ( one) + 3 () ugliness; unsightliness
() regardless of () field trip
() feel anxiety, uneasiness () go on a field trip
() be inconvenient; uncomfortable to a factory
() complaint ()() discover
() impassability; no communication ()() interview; meet with
() unexpectedly; by surprise ()() foresee
() (business) depression () brilliant ideas
() be unfair ---------------------------------------
() no more than; only ()() have royal (presidential)
() be disadvantageous audience
() disadvantageous position

68

() eight This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
: () + 0 pendent character. (See above for examples.)
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. () white
() August : () + 0
() the eight points of the compass; all directions; This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
everywhere pendent character.
() sb who is good at everything () swan
() all directions () Caucasian; white person
() destiny; fate; ones lot, fortune, luck () white gold
() well-proportioned figure () incandescent light
. Its none of your business. () a skeleton; whitened bones
() a well-proportioned figure () blank paper; white paper
() 180 degrees () white clothing
() eight or nine out of ten; most likely () plain cooked rice
() ones forte; ones favorite () black and white
() be clear, evident
() wind; custom; style; scenery; influence () monologue
: () + 0 () confession (of ones crime)
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. (See above for examples.) () ear; handle; that which is at the side
: () + 0
(heart) This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
: () + 0 pendent character.
This character functions only as a radical. As an indepen- () eye and ear
dent character, it takes the shape (). Like all () east wind in a horses ear (i.e.,
radicals of the -type, it appears to the left-hand side of talking to a brick wall)
the other graphic element(s) in the character.
() see; observe; perceive; opinion
() stone; rock; mineral : () + 0
: () + 0 This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- pendent character, but note that while the full character
pendent character. (See above for examples.) version has two different pronunciations ( and ), the
radical is known as just (not ). (See above for
() bird examples.)
: () + 0

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic (~~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is
pronounced and means valley. It also serves as a pho- Phonetic ()
netic element in the following characters, all pronounced Observe the phonetic element () in the following
: commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

In addition, can indicate the pronunciation in the
following character: Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
As an independent character occurring on its own,
is pronounced and means flame, but as a phonetic Phonetic (~)
element it has the pronunciation , as in the following As an independent character on its own, () means
commonly used Chinese characters: blue; green; blue-green, and as a phonetic element it can
indicate a pronunciation of either or . Here are some

69
typical characters with as a phonetic indicating the can indicate the pronunciation :
pronunciation :
as well as the pronunciation :
And here are some examples of as a phonetic for :
and :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic (~)
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : As an independent character occurring on its own, is
pronounced and has the basic meaning be like, similar.
As a phonetic, it has two readings:
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : and :

Phonetic (~) Phonetic (~)


Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow- As an independent character occurring on its own, is
ing commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced pronounced either , meaning see, or (more rarely) ,
: meaning be seen, visible, but as a phonetic element, it indi-
cates the pronunciation :


Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
and :


Phonetic (~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is Phonetic ()
pronounced and means white. It also serves as a pho- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
netic element in the following characters, all pronounced commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
:

Phonetic (~)
In addition, can indicate the pronunciation : Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced
:
Phonetic (~~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is
pronounced . (As noted above it is pronounced as Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
when followed by or ). As a phonetic element,

NEW COMBINATIONS
() May () ventilation
() June () windmill
() August () palsy; paralysis
() sixty () a thousand li; long distance
() the Six Categories of Chinese char- () customs; manners
acters () facial expression
() square handwriting; printed-style () ones feelings
writing () sympathy
() slang () humaneness; compassion
() proverb () be heartless
() popular; nontechnical () passion; enthusiasm
() customs; manners () ardor; passion
() scenery; a scene; landscape () enjoy mountaineering

70
() Diamond Mountains () (business) depression
() firmness; fortitude; strength of () be insufficient, scanty; be short of
character () be unjust
() business conditions; prosperity; () as before; as ever
the times; the state of the market () ugliness; unsightliness
() economic boom time () preconception; prejudice
() swan () field trip
() one hundred days () all directions
() experiences; information; sth () the eight points of the compass;
seen and heard all directions; everywhere
() rumor; gossip; hearsay () a jack-of-all-trades; sb who is
() feel anxiety, uneasiness good at everything
() be inconvenient; uncomfortable () destiny; fate
() complaint () Caucasian; white person
() impassability; no communication () white gold
() unexpectedly; by surprise () incandescent light

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.
1. .
2. .
3. ?
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. .
14. .
15. ...
16. ?
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .
25. .
26.  .

27. ?

71
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() class, lesson (at school) () be cruel
as is proper; properly; in the () ones counterpart
correct way () typical
() makeup (~) she (written language)
be thick dance
put on (perfume); spray, bloom; blossom
sprinkle () failure
lately () reason
neighbor; neighboring () world
a feast, banquet, celebration () a job, occupation
with food a step, pace
w (, ) be dark () north-south (e.g., north-
() be severe; to a severe extent south summit)
countryside village () summit
() traditional () (newspaper) article

72
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


73


74


75


.
, . .
. ?
.
.
. ?
. .
.
. .
, .
? ?
, ?
. ?
, .
2004 10 28 .

From the Example Sentences:


1.4. A: .
I wasnt aware of this before, but the principal and his wife resemble each other a lot.
B: .
Couples gradually come [go in Korean!] to resemble each other over time.

1.5. A: , ?
Yngho, is something worrying you?
B: , .
.
Its not that, it's just that a few days ago I went to my family home in the country, you know? It hurts me to see
my parents gradually getting older.

2.18. . . .
Im sorry. Im late again todayin spite of leaving home early.

2.19. . .
My husband still smokes two packs of cigarettes a day. In spite of me telling him to cut down, I mean.

3.23. A: ?
Were you busy on Sunday?
B: , , .
Yep. What with visiting my sick grandmother [and all], I didnt get anything done.

3.32. : !
Mother: Youre coming home late like this every day because youre drinking, arent you!
: , . .
Son: Yes, Mom. Im sorry.

5.64. .
Ill pay you back as soon as I get some money, so please lend me one hundred thousand wn.

76
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text as soon as you receive it
() a reply letter
? How are you getting along?
() be healthy
(I suddenly realize that) it is
. nearly two months.
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
() time (as in time flies)
a few days ago () () school principal
. I mean, it seems like (only) the () (someone elses) wife; lady
other day. () husband and wife; married
is fresh/vivid before my couple
eyes; is fresh in my mind/ () gradually; little by little
memory resemble
() news; tidings; word [] a worry; sth to worry about
inform; let know () a few days ago
() fundament; basis; [] house/home in the country
foundation () parents; mother and father
(~) basic course; basic class; grow old
elementary class () appearance; looks; figure
() think of; recall () feel sorry
... I have no idea what she was ()() depart; leave
so happy about, but ... () husband
be all smiles () pack (of cigarettes); case;
not too long ago box
the peak, summit, tip reduce; cut down on
You have no idea how much () Sunday
. he suffered. ()() pay a visit on a sick/recover-
(shaking, trembling) terribly, ing person
like a leaf () every day
shake, tremble (intransitive) pay back, repay
had a hard time of it () one hundred thousand wn
it causes concern, is lend
worrisome; I am worried,
nervous, anxious; I am
curious to know about

:
: seven
:
: suffering
Phonetic
(~)
() : 2
1 + 1 = 2
() : 9
4 + 5 = 9
: ( one: 1) : ( grass: 4)

:
: class
:
: life
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10
() : 9
3 + 6 = 9
: ( jade: 4) : ( water: 3)

:
: high
Phonetic
()
:
: paper
Phonetic
(~)
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 10
6 + 4 = 10
: ( mountain: 3) : ( thread: 6)

77
: ; : ; : Phonetic
(; : form; document Phonetic : become ()
: 8 (~) () : 12
) : ( dog: 4) 4 + 4 = 8 : ( top of : 5) 5 + 7 = 12

:
: long; leader/boss; elder
Phonetic
(~)
:
: man
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
() : 7
5 + 2 = 7
: () : ( field: 5)

:
: wife
:
: dazzle
Phonetic
()
() : 11
3 + 8 =11
() : 18
4 + 14 = 18
: ( woman: 3) : ( sun: 4)

:
: father
Phonetic
()
:
: each
Phonetic
(~)
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 7
4 + 3 = 7
: () : ( not: 4)

:
: mother
Phonetic
(~)
:
: ten thousand
() : 5
4 + 1 = 5
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( not: 4) : ( grass: 4)

:
: 5
: exit Phonetic
(~~)
() : ( open-top
2 + 3 = 5
mouth: 2)

:
: 4
: gem :
: dog
: () [Full form is
4 + 0 = 4
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
.] : ()

:
: gem
Phonetic
()
:
: father
Phonetic
()
: 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

:
: long; leader/boss; elder
Phonetic
(~)
:
: not
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

78
:
: open-top mouth
:
: dry field
Phonetic
()
: 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

:
: top of
: 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() a letter
() letter paper
() seven () drawing paper
: ( one) + 1 () tissues; toilet paper
() July () wastepaper; toilet paper; tissue
() seventy () newsprint
() turkey () forms; stationery

() class; squad; group; variegated () form; appearance; shape


: ( jade) + 6 () document; certificate; letter
() squad leader; class chief : ( dog) + 4
() member of a neighborhood organization () shape; form
() abnormality; sth wrong
() Choe/Choi (surname); high; precious () mental disorder
: ( mountain) + 8 () the circumstances of a crime
() be rough; be savage-looking
() suffering; bitter ---------------------------------------------
: ( grass) + 5 () letter of reply
() suffering; hardship; difficulties () graduation diploma
() take pains; make every possible
effort () long; leader/boss; elder
() anguish : ( long) + 0
() hard work; drudgery () school principal
() hard fighting; tough going () squad leader; class chief
() labor; pains () grow up; grow older; mature
() head of a section (in a company)
() life; live; lively () college dean
: ( water) + 6 () village chief
() vigor; vitality () eldest son
() life; living () eldest daughter
() everyday life () rectangular form; a rectangle
() newlywed life () Changbaishan (Long White
() resurrection Mountain), another name for Paektusan
() printing type; font () live long; enjoy a long life
()() be active; move; work; take () grow up; grow to maturity
part in () many long hours
() active have a long talk (with)
() utilizing; making practical use of () the eldest son
() vitality; vital power (~) primogeniture, first-
born sons legal right (of inheritance)
() paper () great stride; great progress
: ( thread) + 4 () make great strides; make
() paper; white paper; blank paper great progress
() paper for sliding doors () strong point; merit; ones forte
79
merits and demerits () vowel
() an elder; a senior/superior () aging mother; elderly mother
() [] strong point; merit; forte () aging parents; elderly parents
strong points and weak points () grandmother
() long piece (writing) () ones birth parents
() full-length novel
() millionaire () exit; come out; go out; issue; beget; pro-
() stature; height duce; be born; appear
() seniors : ( open-top mouth) + 3
() director (as of a library) ()() depart; leave; set out
() library director () exit
() leader; section commander () exit and entrance
() chief magistrate of a township () exit and entrance
() department manager () departure from a country
() (company) president () birth
() mayor () come forward in succession, one after
() director of an institute the other (e.g., scholars)
() chairman of a board of directors () attendance and absence
() town mayor () going to work
() (committee) chairperson () going out; mobilization
() village schoolmaster () running for election
() (school) attendance
() wife; lady; (married) woman; daughter- () affiliation; origin; a graduate; rise in
in-law the world
: ( woman) + 8 () participating in an athletic
() lady; married woman contest
() females; women; women and girls () making questions for an exam
() a married man () (information) origin, source
() husband and wife ()() be/get elected
() husband-and-wife relationship () new product of the season; newcomer
() newly married couple; () going out
newlyweds () street wear
() prostitute () advance; launching into
() womanly virtues () success in life; rising in the world
() bride () be outstanding; be prominent
() housewife
() become; put forth; send forth; issue; arise;
() father develop; depart; manifest; shoot
: ( father) + 0 : ( top of ) + 7
() parents; mother and father ()() publish; circulate; issue
() parents of students () discover; detect; chance upon; spot
() parents of students () departure
() father, ones father (formal) () occurrence
() like father like son () departure (of a vehicle)
() aging father; elderly father () 100% accurate
() aging parents; elderly parents () putting in motion; putting in
() Catholic priest action
() grandfather () invention
() ones birth parents () pronunciation
() fit; spasm
() mother ()() develop; prosper
: ( not) + 1 () power plant
() mother and daughter () development
() homeland; mother country ()() provoke
() mother tongue () contingency; happen accidentally
() alma mater () voluntarily; of ones own
() parents accord
() parents of students
() maid; kitchen maid () man; male
() ones mother (formal) : ( field) + 2

80
() eldest son () every day; each day
() man; a male () every year; yearly
() man and woman; male and female () every week
() male and female; old and () every matter
young () every time
() good-looking man
() male student () ten thousand
() husband : ( grass) + 9
() former husband () if
() married man () million
() younger brother () millionaire
() man; male () everyone
() mens clothes () ten million; countless number;
() only daughter extreme
() a (male) virgin () many abilities; omnipotent
() multitalented person
() dazzle () fountain pen
: ( sun) + 14 () cannot possibly be; have no
() day of the week reason for it to exist
() Sunday () everything; all things
() Monday () all creatures; universe
() Tuesday () all kinds of diseases
() Wednesday () all affairs
() Thursday () being carefree in all
() Friday matters
() Saturday () countless varieties;
innumerable ranks
() each; every () all countries under heaven
: ( not) + 3


(gem) () dog
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character occurs only as a radical and, like all -type This character functions as both a radical and as an inde-
radicals, appears to the left of the other graphic element(s) pendent character.
in a character. As a full, independent character it takes the () rabies
shape (), detailed below. () pet dog
() be at odds with each other
() gem
: () + 0 () father
This is the full, independent character version of the radical : () + 0
. Note that the stroke count ignores the extra This character functions as both a radical and as an inde-
dot, in the sense that both and pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() appear under the same radical () as radical + 0, but
the former has a total stroke count of 4, and the latter 5. () (not; dont)
() clear water (as in a brook or stream) : () + 0
() jade, precious stones; jade and stone As an independent character, this functions as a nega-
() jade green tion element in Classical Chinese, but you are unlikely to
() Chinese character dictionary (for Koreans) encounter it in anything other than its use as a radical.

() long; leader/boss; elder (open-top mouth)


: () + 0 : () + 0
This character functions as both a radical and as an inde- This character functions only as a radical and, as its name
pendent character. (See above for examples.) suggests, is thought of as the mouth radical ( )
with the top () or lid off. Like all -type radicals, it
encloses the other graphic element(s) in a character.

81
(top of ) () dry field
: () + 0 : ( field) + 0
This character functions only as a radical and, as its name This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
suggests, is thought of as the top part of the character pendent character.
. () cultivated land, fields

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced Phonetic (~)
: As an independent character occurring on its own, is
pronounced and means mother. It also occurs as a pho-
netic indicating the pronunciation :
Note also that may indicate the pronunciation as in
the following characters:

But as a phonetic element, it can also indicate :



Phonetic (~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is Phonetic (~~)
pronounced and means tongue, but as a phonetic ele- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
ment it indicates the pronunciations and . Here are commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
some characters pronounced :
Note also that may indicate the pronunciation :
And here are some characters pronounced :
and :
Phonetic (~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is
pronounced and means clan, but as a phonetic element Phonetic ()
it indicates the pronunciations and . Here are some Observe the phonetic element () in the following
characters pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

And here are some characters pronounced : Phonetic ()
As an independently occurring character on its own, is
pronounced and means pheasant, but as a phonetic it
Phonetic (~) indicates the pronunciation :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
Phonetic (~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the follow-
ing commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced Phonetic ()
: Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Note also that may sometimes indicate the pronuncia-
tion :

82
NEW COMBINATIONS
() July () homeland; mother country
() seventy () mother tongue
() squad leader; class chief () alma mater
() grow up; grow older; mature () maid; kitchen maid
() school principal ()() depart; leave; set out
() (company) head of a section () exit
() eldest son () exit and entrance
() eldest daughter () exit and entrance
() rectangular form; a rectangle () departure from a country
() Changbaishan (Long White () birth
Mountain), another name for ()() publish; circulate; issue
Paektusan () discover; detect; chance upon; spot
() live long; enjoy a long life () departure
() grow up; grow to maturity () occurrence
() strong point; merit; ones forte () departure (of a vehicle)
() many long hours () man; a male
() the eldest son () man and woman; male and female
() great stride; great progress () good-looking man
() suffering; hardship; difficulties () male student
() take pains; make every possible () husband
effort () younger brother
() vigor; vitality () day of the week
() life; living () Monday
() resurrection () Tuesday
() printing type; font () Wednesday
() book cover () Thursday
() paper; white paper; blank paper () Friday
() paper for sliding doors () Saturday
() a letter () Sunday
() letter paper () every day; each day
() shape; form () every year; yearly
() letter of reply () if
() lady; married woman () million
() females; women; women and girls () everyone
() a married man () ten million; countless number;
() husband and wife extreme
() parents; mother and father () clear water (in a brook or stream)
() parents of students () jade, precious stones; jade and
() parents of students stone
() mother and daughter () cultivated land, fields

83
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. ?
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. ?
12. .
13. ...
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. !
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .
25. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
It was no joking matter. (i.e., It () sth urgent comes up
was quite something.) ()() contact sb; get in touch
last day () exam result
() thesis; academic paper magnifying glass; reading
() men and women are charac- glasses
terized by separateness [] with patience; patiently
() dormitory () by coincidence; coinciden-
() overseas; abroad tally
so (very); so ... (that ... ) () romance; love; dating
be/last a long time he; she
run off doesnt come at all
already very; terribly; awfully; ever
() give a lot; give generous so
portions () always; all the time
() government () sports meet; athletic contest
w (, ) be new () be courteous, polite
old tales

84
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


85


86


87

?
.
.
. .
.
.

. .
?
. .
, ?

From the Example Sentences:


2.15. .
I went off to work without even washing my face.

2.17. .
I was so busy I left [lit.:came] without even having said good-bye [paid my greetings].

3.24. .
I wanted to buy a drink from the vending machine, but I only had [didnt have anything but] a 10,000-wn bill.

3.27. .
Please think of my position, too. I have no choice but to refuse.

5.39. .
He just left for lunch.

7.51. .
Hunmin chngm, the indigenous Korean script, was an epoch-making cultural invention.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text with a sudden, violent wrench
turn it; make it turn
motorcycle
puddle
() drive sth; herd sth
fall into
the middle, center; the midst of;
time to (worthy of, with the
between; among
ability to, sufficient/enough to)
run/dash in (dash and enter)
nearly, almost (did sth). (This ad- change and come
(timewise) leeway, margin, elbow
verb often flags an upcoming almost
( ) room
pattern in () .)
all; wholly; entirely
strike, collide with (The NOUN
be/get smudged, smeared, stained
collided with is marked with ,
I had no choice but to go to work.
, or ().)
.
() avoid; dodge; get away from; keep
()() exaggerate
out of (the rain); refuse; shirk
steering wheel, handlebars

88
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences () Correct Sounds for Instructing
()() wash up; have ones morning the People (the name of the
wash native Korean script and of the
()() leave for work
book that promulgated it in
()() greet sb; say hello, good-bye, etc.
1446)
() indigenous; native; inherent;
() telephone
()() wear/apply/put on makeup;
peculiar
() proper noun
make oneself up
() plants indigenous (to a region)
() (automatic) vending machine
() [] script; writing system
()
() epoch-making
()() refuse
() culture
() situation
() invention
() just now; right away
() lunch

:
: assemble
Phonetic
()
:
: wash
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
() : 9
3 + 6 = 9
: ( speak: 4) : ( water: 3)

:
: company
:
: hand
() : 8
5 + 3 = 8
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ( show: 5) : ()

:
: diligence
:
: affair
() : 13
2 + 11 = 13
() : 8
1 + 7 = 8
: ( strength: 2) : ( hook: 1)

:
: target
:
: electricity
() : 8
5 + 3 = 8
() : 13
8 + 5 = 13
: ( white: 5) : ( rain: 8)

:
: 12
: metropolis Phonetic
(~~)
:
: talk
() : ( right-side town: 3)
3 + 9 = 12
() : 13
7 + 6 = 13
[Full form is town: 7.] : ( speech: 7)

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: body (~) (/ : stand Phonetic
() : 23 : 5 (~~)
: ( bone: 10) 10 + 13 = 23 ) : () 5 + 0 = 5

89
:
: point
Phonetic
(~~~)
:
: letter; graph
Phonetic
(~)
() : 17
12 + 5 = 17
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ( black: 12) : ()

:
: instruct
:
: 14
: draw

() : 10
7 + 3 = 10
() : ( standing knife:
2 + 12 = 14
: ( speech: 7) 2)

:
: sound
Phonetic
(~)
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: ()


:
: speak :
: hook
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: 1
1 + 0 = 1
: () : ()

: :
(/ : strength
: /
: rain
: 2 () : 8
8 + 0 = 8
) : () 2 + 0 = 2 : ()


:
: right-side town
: 3
3+ 0 = 3
(/
: (/)
: stand
: 5
: /
Phonetic
(~~)
: () ) : () 5 + 0 = 5

:
: town
:
: black
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
() : 12
12 + 0 = 12
: () : ()

:
: bone
Phonetic
(~)
:
: sound
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
10 + 0 = 10
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: () : ()

:
: hand
:
: letter; graph
Phonetic
(~)
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

90
BUILDING WORD POWER WITH
() diligence; duty
: ( strength) + 11
() assemble; meet; society ()() commute to work
: ( speak) + 9 ()() leave for work
() corporation; company () laborer
() conversation () service, work
() dining together (in a group with () office hours
co-workers) () absence from work
() negotiation; a talk () transfer to another office
() large meeting, rally ()() getting off work
() academic conference
() Congress; National Assembly; Diet () target; object; adjectival particle
() member of Congress, : ( white) + 3
member of the National Assembly () three-dimensional
() alumni association ()() hit the mark; guess right
() alumni association ()() on a large scale
() society () one-sided; unilateral
() concert () transient; passing
() finance; treasurer () on the whole
() serve as treasurer () passionate
() fiscal year () qualitative
() accounting () [] quantitative
() assembly hall () popular; nontechnical
() student hall; student () emotional
union building () official
() Korean Society building () [] public; official
() city hall () dramatic
() membership fee; dues () optimistic
() member (of an association) () logical
() [] membership card () many-sided; versatile
() conference; meeting (~) a many-sided subject/
() (committee) chairperson; (society) problem
president () goal; purpose; object
() opportunity; chance () material
() village council; block council () pathological; sick
() township () council/assembly () partial
() interview, meeting () comparatively
() visiting hours () inhuman; inhumane
() visitor, caller () businesslike
() visitors day () relative
() exhibition (show) () inborn; innate; inherited
() morning meeting; morning session in () acquired; postnatal
school () worldwide; international
() start a meeting/session be world-famous
() end a meeting/session () instantaneous
() voluptuous; sensual; fleshly
() company; society; earth god; altar to the () exotic
earth god () selfish; egoistic
: ( show) + 3 () ideal (as adjective)
() society; the public () rational
() becoming a member of a company () voluntarily; of ones own
(~) company entrance exam accord
() travel agency () natural
() president of a company () legendary
() company employee () normal
() new employee () mental
() an editorial (article) () rational; reasonable

91
() lawful; legal ()() give hints/tips (in chess, etc.)
() formal; perfunctory () wash up; wash the hands and face
() active () bank check
() effective () hands and feet; limbs
() manual work
() metropolis; all; main () [] technique; trick
: ( right-side town: 3; full form is ()() obtain; buy in
) + 9 () carpenter
() capital city () note; memorandum (take down by
() wholesale hand)
() city () means; resource
() capital city try every possible means
be resourceful
() body; substance; style; real () compensation
: ( bone) + 13 () manual operation
() literary style () commission; fee; service charge
() body shape; body type () (hand) towel
() body weight handkerchief
() physical strength () a good hand; an expert; skill
() constitution type; body type () player (in sports)
() form; shape () multitalented person
() human body () bearing; air; appearance
() a solid; three-dimensional body () left hand
() 3-D movie () right hand
() three-dimensional () launching; embarking on
() a cube; a solid
() on the whole () affair; matter; undertaking; business; serve
() being one in flesh and spirit : ( hook) + 7
() the whole () before the fact; in advance
() on the whole () circumstances; reasons; consideration;
() real form; true character the situation; state of things
() unidentified; () solicit special consideration
(a person) of dubious background () every matter
() colloquial style; colloquial language () all matters
() honor; prestige; face () being carefree in all matters
() a matter of face () current events
() for honors sake ()() have a meal
() personal experience () event; function
() physique () construction work
() polyhedron () greeting; thanking; personnel
() physical solid thing; object management (hiring and firing)
() body; physique () courteousness
() the body; flesh () personnel changes
() physical labor () farewell expression
() physical beauty; body building () be safe (and sound)
() upper part of the body () [] event; happening
() lower part of the body () accident
() oneself; itself () enterprise; business
() subjecthood; self-reliance () office work; business matter
() office
() wash, bathe; purify () businesslike
: ( water) + 6 () objects; things; affairs; matters
()() wash up (hands and face) () an ancient happening, event of
()() car washing former days
() car wash (the place) () military affairs; military
() detergent () a report (in newspaper/magazine)
() flushing (toilet) () farming
() to farm
() hand () be busy; have much to do; be
: ( hand) + 0 eventful; be meddlesome, nosy

92
() the person concerned : ( black) + 5
() director; trustee () lunch
() chairman of a board of directors () a hundred points; full marks
() [] same score; tie
() electricity () (college) credit
: ( rain) + 5 () [] main point; gist
() electricity () [] emphasis; importance
() electricity bill () [] merit; good point
() telephone; phone call ()() make a dot
() telephone company () [] grades; marks; scores; points
() telephone (the actual () defect; shortcoming
instrument) () good-luck freckle/mark
() electric power () [] advantage
() electron
(~) electronic game room () instruct; admonish
() power plant : ( speech) + 3
() electric lamp; electric light () Korean gloss or moniker of a Chinese
() light bulb () character and gloss (of a Chinese
() electric railway; subway character)
()() receive an electric shock () instructing the people
() Correct Sounds for
() words; talk Instructing the People (original name of the
: ( speech) + 6 Korean script)
() telephone; phone call ()() give hints/tips (in chess, etc.)
() admonitory speech; pep talk with advice ()() instruct; direct; admonish;
() conversation counsel
() a talk; colloquy; conversation; a () village schoolmaster
statement () admonitory speech; pep talk with advice
() conversation; dialogue
() telephone conversation () sound; tone; pronunciation
() topic of conversation; a topic raised or : ( sound) + 0
discussed () pronunciation and gloss (of a Chinese
() myth character)
() music
( / -) stand; stand up; set up; immediately () concert
: ( stand) + 0 () pronunciation
() position; situation () vowel
() disadvantageous position () consonant
() a solid (body) () sound quality (of a sound system)
() three-dimensional () the musical scale
() 3-D movie () major scale
() cube; cubic () volume (of voice or sound)
() a cube; a solid () tone color; timbre
() legislation; law-making () musical interval; tone
() legislator; lawmaker () tune; rhythm; melody
() law-making organ;
legislative institution () letter; graph; character; writing, literature;
() legislature culture; figure; civil official
()() be present; be in attendance : ( graph) + 0
() national(ly established) () Classical Chinese; Chinese characters
() be facing; antagonistic () English literature
() neutrality () [] writing; writing system; letters
() standing room () Thousand Character Classic
() public establishment () literature
() public school () literary work
() independence () juvenile literature
() municipal(ly established) () popular literature
() independence; self-support () [] grammar
() literary style
() point; spot; dot; a bit; tick off () literary language; written language

93
() literary fame () English composition
() a literatus, man of letters () astronomy
() document; record; archive
() paragraph () draw; mark; stroke
() civilization : ( standing knife) + 12
() modern civilization This character can also be written , i.e., the same
() civilization as ().
() things Western; Western () stroke (in Chinese characters)
civilization () be uniform, standard
() selection of literary works; anthology () number of strokes; stroke count
() tattoo ()() delimit, set boundary; mark
() culture out
() description of ones impressions . I set the boundary line.
() thesis; article () plan
() composition


() speak; say; it is said the other graphic element(s) in a character and is consid-
: () + 0 ered to be an abbreviated form of the character (
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- town), detailed below. The of is for
dent character. right-hand part. Note that when the same shape occurs
() argue pro and con as a radical to the left of the other main graphic element(s)
() Confucius said in a character, it is called (left-side hill) and is con-
() a female ruffian; a rowdy sidered to be an abbreviated form of ( hill) (see
() in Lesson 11).
( / -) strength; power
: () + 0 () town; township
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- : () + 0
dent character. This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
dent character, but as a radical it occurs in a shape very
() physical strength different from its full form. As a radical, it occurs in the
() energy shape on the right of the other graphic element(s) in a
() vitality; vital power character (in the case of , ), and thus is called
() all ones energies (where the is for right-hand part).
devote all ones energies to
() be influential, powerful () town mayor
() national power () the capital; set up a capital city
() water power; hydraulic power () town; in town; head village of a township
() electric power
() thermal power () bone; bones; head
()() input (on a computer) : () + 0
()() output; print out This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
() gravity dent character.
() mobility () a skeleton; whitened bones
() memory power () bones and spirit; body and soul; pluck;
()() endeavor; exert oneself mettle; spirit
() ability () pith and marrow; the essentials
() horsepower
()() exert oneself; labor () hand
() energy; stamina : () + 0
() mental strength This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
() effect; validity dent character.
() be effective
hook
(right-side town) : () + 0
: () + 0 This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
This is a radical only and does not exist as an independent dent character.
character. The radical occurs to the right of

94
() rain () black letters; bold face; in the black (as
: () + 0 opposed to in the red)
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- () a black person
dent character. () black and white
() in the rain; while raining () evil intention
() raincoat () graphite
() rainfall; amount of rainfall
() sound; tone; pronunciation
( / -) stand : () + 0
: () + 0 This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- dent character. (See above for examples.)
dent character.
() letter; graph; character; writing; litera-
() black; evil ture; culture; figure; civil official
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
dent character. dent character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :


or as :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic (~~~)
As a phonetic element, usually indicates the pronuncia-
tion :
Phonetic (~~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is But occasionally it can also indicate the pronunciations :
pronounced and means person; one who ... It occurs as

a phonetic for the reading in just one other common
character: as well as :

As a phonetic, more commonly indicates pronuncia- and :
tions or . Here are some characters with as a
phonetic pronounced :
Phonetic (~)
The character is not widely used as a phonetic but can
And here are some characters with as phonetic pro-
indicate either or . Here are some characters with
nounced :
as phonetic indicating the pronunciation :


Phonetic (~) And here are some characters with indicating the pro-
As an independent character occurring on its own, is nunciation :
pronounced and means abundant. However, as a pho-
netic element it occurs as seen above in the character
(), but more frequently results in the pronunciation , Phonetic (~)
as in the following characters: Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~~)
Note that this phonetic can also be read as :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

95
Phonetic (~) And here are some characters with indicating the read-
The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation of ing :
either or . Here are some characters with indicat-
ing the pronunciation :
(Yes, has two readings!)

NEW COMBINATIONS
() corporation; company () greeting; thanking; personnel
() large meeting, rally management (hiring and firing)
() academic conference () be safe (and sound)
() conversation () electricity
() dining together (in a group with () telephone; phone call
co-workers) () electron
() Congress; National Assembly; () electric power
Diet () power plant
() alumni association () conversation; dialogue
() society () telephone conversation
() becoming a member of a company () national(ly established)
() travel agency () neutrality
() commuting to work () position; situation
() going to work () three-dimensional
()() hit the mark; guess right () a cube; a solid
() transient; passing () legislation, law-making
() qualitative ()() be present; be in attendance
() wholesale () lunch
() capital city () a hundred points; full marks
() city; towns and cities () same score; tie
() on a large scale () (college) credit
() on the whole () main point; gist
() body shape; body type () emphasis; importance
() form; shape () merit; good point
() human body () energy
() body weight () vitality; vital power
() physical strength () all ones energies
() physical constitution () be influential, powerful
() a solid; three-dimensional body () national power
() being one in flesh and spirit () thermal power
() the whole () input
() on the whole () output
() real form; true character () gravity
() wash up; wash the hands and face () town mayor
() car washing () the capital; set up a capital city
() car wash place () a skeleton; whitened bones
() check () bones and spirit; body and soul;
() manual work pluck; mettle; spirit
() coming to hand; obtaining () in the rain; while raining
() technique; trick () black letters; bold face; in the
() carpenter black (as opposed to in the
() every matter red)
() all matters () black person
() current events () black and white
() circumstances; reasons; consider- () evil intention
ation; the situation; state of things () Korean gloss or moniker of a
() before the fact; in advance Chinese character
() event; function () instructing the people
() (having a) meal () Correct Sounds for Instructing
() construction work the People (original name of the

96
Korean script) characters
()() give hints/tips (in chess, etc.) () [] writing; writing system; letters
()() instruct; direct; admonish; counsel () writing system
() village schoolmaster () Thousand Character Classic
() admonitory speech; pep talk with () literature
advice () [] grammar
() pronunciation and gloss (of a Chi- () literary style
nese character) () literary language; written language
() music () literary fame
() concert () a literatus, man of letters
() vowel () document; record; archive
() consonant () stroke (in Chinese characters)
() sound quality (of a sound system) () be uniform, standard
() Classical Chinese; Chinese

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.

1. .
2. : , .
3. ?
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. ?
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. ?
14. ?
15. .
16. , .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. ?
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. . .
25. .
26. .
27. , !

97
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() candidate () problem
()() prepare be wrong, incorrect
() always; all the time w its really too bad / a shame
() last moment; last instant (, )
() local neighborhood enjoyment; pleasure
scandal w be blind to sth; unaware of sth
()() be/get reported (, )
() sin; crime ()() take a year in school again; take
hide; conceal an exam again
sth to talk about () leeway; surplus; extra room
()() understand ()() be different; there is a difference
() a class, lesson () culture
() continuously () an ideal
() a favor () resources
()() refuse; turn down; reject () be weak

98
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


99


100


101


.
, .
.
11 .
.
.
.
. .
.
.
.
.

From the Example Sentences:


1.2. 175. .
Albert is 175 centimeters tall. For a Westerner, he is on the not-very-tall side.

1.5. . .
Misn looks like a college student. For a high school student, she is somewhat precocious.

2.7. , . vs. , .
Mother, buy some apples. vs. Mother, buy some apples on your way to the market.

3.14. A: .
Yngjins family all seem to be good drinkers.
B: . .
Thats right. Theyre all boozers, starting with the father.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text 11 when it got to about eleven oclock
, rush; rush about
particularly; especially; unusually
() Kangnam (the area south of the
() counter/classifier for events/
happenings Han River in Seoul)
counter/classifier for places
() magazine company
() completely; entirely; totally
write for sb (with emphasis on
() get exhausted; become a tired
the shift in location when hand-
ing it over) wreck; be fatigued
() A call came in. (lit.: A telephone call
[] housework
() first off; for starters; for the time was called in.)
, barge in on; invade
being
clear it up/away; get rid of it
postpone / put off until later
properly; as it should be done
The first thing I did was to write the
mess
manuscript; I started by writing
() living room
the manuscript.
more or less (lit.: as they were)
() thanks to / owing to having done
the dishes; the washing up
the work
had no choice but to (adverb)

102
oven () a Westerner
into the inside (with emphasis on () college student; university student
the SHIFT in place) () high school student
jam in; shove in () be precocious, mature for ones
()() freeze sth; make it freeze years
/ () market
be/get held (up) in the hands () family members
lit.: were in a state resulting from everybody
being held; were held () all parts; the whole; all; the entire;
full
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
a boozer; heavy drinker (booze-
() the West whale)

:
: nine
Phonetic
(~)
:
: spirits
Phonetic
()
() : 2
1 + 1 = 2
() : 10
5 + 5 = 10
: ( bird: 1) : ( show: 5)

:
: week
Phonetic
(~)
:
: virtue
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
() : 15
3 + 12 = 15
: ( bookrest: 4) : ( two people: 3)

:
: end
Phonetic
()
:
: seventh of the twelve earthly branches
Phonetic
()
() : 5
4 + 1 = 5
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: ( tree: 4) : ( ten: 2)

:
: tie up
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: south
Phonetic
()
() : 12
6 + 6 = 12
() : 9
2 + 7 = 9
: ( thread: 6) : ( ten: 2)

:
: marriage
Phonetic
()
:
: complete
Phonetic
(~)
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: ( woman: 3) : ( hat: 3)

:
: 6
: rule Phonetic
(~)
:
: west
Phonetic
()
() : ( fowling arrow:
3 + 3 = 6
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
3) : ( cover: 6)

:
: spirit
Phonetic
(~)
:
: ocean
Phonetic
()
() : 14
6 + 8 = 14
() : 9
3 + 6 = 9
: ( rice: 6) : ( water: 3)

103
: Phonetic
: ; : ;
: high (~) (; : north; suffer defeat Phonetic
() : 10 : 5 ()
: () 10 + 0 = 10 ) : ( dagger: 2) 2 + 3 = 5

:
: market
:
: east
Phonetic
()
() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
: ( towel: 3) : ( tree: 4)

:
: 11
: division Phonetic
(~)
() : ( right-side town: 3)
3 + 8 = 11
[Full form is town: 7.]


:
: bird
:
: high
Phonetic
(~)
() : 1
1 + 0 = 1
() : 10
10 + 0 = 10
: () : ()

:
: fowling arrow (arrow with a string
:
: towel
() attached)
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

:
: hulled rice
Phonetic
()
:
: dagger
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
: () : ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


()([]) (first) anniversary
() this week
() nine
: ( bird) + 1 () end; finally; powder; dust; the earth god
() September : ( tree) + 1
() ninety () the last day; the end
() nine out of ten; most likely the last day of this month
() multiplication table () end of the year
( ) year-end bargain sale
() week; revolve () end of the month
: ( bookrest) + 8 () weekend
() week () conclusion; an end
() every week () come to a conclusion
() next week () bring to a conclusion
() weekend

104
() tie up; a knot; bear fruit; result () spirit; fine; delicate; essence; essential;
: ( thread) + 6 unadulterated; refined; skill; extreme; extremely;
() marriage secretions
() wedding ceremony : ( rice) + 8
() conclusion; an end, finale () mind; spirit; soul
() results; outcome () collect ones mind; pull oneself
() finally; ultimately; end together
() conclusion () grow absentminded; become
()() / link; tie; connect to foolish
() union; cohesion () be distracted, absentminded
() connection; linking () be out of ones mind; not be
ones normal self
() marriage () mental; psychological
: ( woman) + 8 () [] mental disease
()() marry, wed () mental hospital
() wedding ceremony () vigor; energy; vitality
() engagement () mental strength
() ones fiance () be minute, accurate
() fianc(e) () butcher shop
() engagement ceremony () sincerity; a true heart
() golden wedding anniversary
() (still) single; not yet married () spirit; spirits; god; divine; supernatural;
()() reach a marriageable age soul; mind; nerves; energy; genius
() new marriage : ( show) + 5
() newlyweds () (Catholic) priest, father
() newlywed life () be marvelous, extraordinary
() honeymoon () goddess
() divorce () theology
() myth
() form; fashion; rule; pattern; model; formal - () mind; spirit
ity; formula; employ; reverence () mental; psychological
: ( fowling arrow) + 3 () mental strength
() place/venue for a ceremony; () be marvelous, miraculous
ceremonial hall () nerve; nerves
() Western style () mind; worry
() formality () nervous temperament
() formal; perfunctory () get agitated, annoyed
() wedding ceremony () get agitated, annoyed
() engagement ceremony () psychological warfare; war of
() proper; regular form/style; legal nerves
formalities () mystery
() legal marriage () a divine message, oracle
formally; in due form () the gods of heaven
() flushing (toilet)
() form; method () virtue; goodness; power
() new style; new mode : ( two people) + 12
() old style () indebtedness; thanks to...
() mode; style ... thanks to...
() rule; formality ... I owe it to...
() stick to formality () grace of character; noble virtue
() formula; official ceremony () womanly virtues
() official () be unvirtuous, immoral
() unofficial; informal () realtors office
() graduation ceremony
() the newest style () seventh of the twelve earthly branches;
() inauguration ceremony horse
: ( ten) + 2
() the afternoon; PM
() the morning; AM
() noon

105
() south () market; fair; trade; execution; ground; city
: ( ten) + 7 : ( towel) + 2
() east, west, south, and north () market
() south and north; South Korea and () fish market
North Korea () cattle market
() the South; aloha shirt () city; metropolis
() Great South Gate in Seoul () municipal; city-established
() South America () open market
() South Korea () mayor
() southern part () citizens; townsmen; the populace
() city hall
() complete; finish; whole, unbroken; pay; () within the city; downtown
settle () outskirts of a city; suburbs
: ( hat) + 4 () long-distance call
() completion (of construction) () petit bourgeois
() be perfect, complete, entire () special city (Seoul)
completely
()() complete; finish () division; section; class; kind; sort; genus;
() unfinished part; portion; government department; public court
() being fully equipped : ( right-side town: 3; full form is
town) + 8
() west () part; portion
: ( cover) + 0 () partly
() east, west, south, and north () for the most part; mostly
() irrelevant reply () a part
() Atlantic Ocean () all; the entire
() the West; the Occident () undergraduate school
() things Western; Western () southern part
civilization () middle part
() the West () central area
() western part () western part
() Great West Gate of Seoul () northern part
() department director
() ocean; sea; foreign; wide; vast; foreign () the legislature
items () military unit
: ( water) + 6 () class; category
() Western food () Chinese character radical
() ocean; sea () parts
() Pacific Ocean () automobile parts
() Atlantic Ocean () subordinate; underling
() the Orient; the East () Ministry of Home Affairs;
() the West; the Occident Department of the Interior
() Western style () the inside
() suit; Western-style suit () the face
() tailor shop (for men) () Ministry of Foreign Affairs
() tinned sheet iron () the outside
() affected part
() high; tall; noble; proud
: ( high) + 0 () north
() high grade; high class () suffer defeat
() high school : ( dagger) + 3
() girls high school () east, west, south, and north
() high fidelity () the north; the northern part
() high-rise () North America
() high school graduate () south and north
() upper and lower classes; rank () east, west, south, and north
() highest; most supreme; sublime () North Korea
() the highest, the best () the North Star (aka )
() be extremely high -----------------------------------------
() defeat; reversal

106
() east () the East; the Orient
: ( tree) + 4 () the Middle East
() irrelevant reply () Great East Gate of Seoul
() east, west, south, and north () east wind in a horses ear
() east and west; the East and the West (talking to a brick wall)


() bird () brown rice; unpolished rice
: () + 0 () cream color
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. As a radical, it sometimes appears in a () high; tall; noble; proud
slightly different guise: . As an independent character, it : () + 0
is the second of the ten heavenly stems, and thus can func- This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
tion as the second or B (in grade), etc. It is often paired with pendent character. (See above for examples.)
(), the first of the ten heavenly stems, e.g.,
Kabl Villa (name of a condo development, akin to Acme () towel
or AAA, etc.). : () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() (fowling arrow) pendent character.
: () + 0 () towel
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character, but you are unlikely ever to encounter () dagger
it as an independent character. The of is from : () + 0
line; string, and thus a is an arrow () with a string This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
attached to it. pendent character (but is rare as an independent charac-
ter).
() hulled rice; grain
: () + 0 () a dagger; a dirk
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character.

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic (~) Phonetic (~~)
Observe the phonetic element (~) in the following As an independent character occurring on its own,
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : is pronounced and means lucky. As a phonetic, it can
indicate three different pronunciations: , or . Here
is an example of the phonetic in some commonly used
Note that this phonetic can also be read as : Chinese characters pronounced as :

Phonetic (~) Here is an example of the phonetic indicating :


The phonetic element can indicate two different
pronunciations: or . Here are some commonly used And one example indicating :
Chinese characters with the reading :


And here are some examples of phonetic indicating : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation of
either or . Here are some characters with the pho-
netic pronounced :

107
indicating a reading of :
And here are some characters with the same phonetic read
: And here are some characters with the phonetic pro-
nounced as :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic (~)
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation of
either or . Here are some characters with the pho-
netic pronounced as :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : And here are some characters with pronounced as :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following As an independent character occurring on its own, has
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : two readings: for north, and for defeat. But as a pho-
netic, it functions only to indicate a pronunciation of :


Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element can indicate pronunciations of Phonetic ()
either or . Here are some characters with the pronun- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
ciation : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

And here are some characters with the pronunciation : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element can indicate a reading of either
or . Here are some characters with the phonetic

NEW COMBINATIONS
() September () engagement ceremony
() ninety () golden wedding anniversary
() nine out of ten; most likely () ceremonial hall
(~) multiplication table () formality
() week () form; method
() every week () proper; regular form/style; legal
() next week formalities
() weekend () flushing (toilet)
()([]) (first) anniversary () mind; spirit; soul
() the last day; the end () vigor; energy; vitality
() end of the year () mental strength
() end of the month () (Catholic) priest, father
() conclusion; an end () be marvelous, extraordinary
() marriage; wedding () goddess
() wedding ceremony () theology
() conclusion; an end, finale () myth
() engagement () be marvelous, miraculous
108
() mental, psychological () high grade; high class
() thanks to ... () high school
() grace of character; noble virtue () girls high school
() womanly virtues () a market
() the afternoon; PM () city; metropolis
() the morning; AM () municipal; city-established
() noon () open market
() the South; aloha shirt () mayor
() southern part () part; portion
() Great South Gate in Seoul () partly; partially
() South America () a part
() South Korea () all; the entire
() completion (of construction) () undergraduate school
() be perfect, complete, entire () middle part
()() complete; finish () western part
() the West; the Western world () northern part
() the West () department director
() Western food () south and north
() ocean; sea () east, west, south, and north
() Pacific Ocean () North Korea
() Atlantic Ocean () east and west; East and West
() the Orient; the East () the Middle East
() Western style () towel

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.
1. , .
2. .
3. , .
4. .
5. .
6. , !
7. .
8. . .
9. .
10. ...
11. ?
12. .
13. .
14. .
15. .
16. LA .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. , .
22. .
23. .

109
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() the Tangun myth () the entire thing; the whole thing
() year-end sale () educational reform
() female high school student () partial change
() cell phone; mobile phone ()
() getting employment stop at, go no further than
() you (usually between spouses) ()
()() tenth anniversary (day) () total change; complete change
() ()
() private school () proceed towards; go for
() tuition fees ()[] capital area; area around the
() difference capital city
() department of theology () be rapid, swift
() East Asian food () increase
() one part; one portion ... ~ just like
()() render a decision; pass decision () conclusion; finale; ending
() age () (two people) be of like minds; fall
(not) at all in love
() ultimate () underground passageway; subter-
() completion; consummation; ranean walkway
perfection () above ground
() reader ()() distinguish; make out; discern
come about; come into being

110
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


111


112


113

II

New from the Example Sentences


12.37. A: ?
What did you do on Sunday?
B: .
I was stuck at home doing homework.

12.39. A: ?
Whats keeping you so busy lately?
B: .
Im busy preparing myself for the job market.

14.43. .
Please tell Sumi to call me at home as soon as she gets in.

14.46. .
Ill let you know as soon as the appointment time gets decided.

19.58. .
I wanted to buy a drink from the vending machine, but I only had a 10,000-wn bill.

19.59. .
The hotels were full so we had no choice but to do a minbak.

24.74. . .
I didnt do so great on the exam. But considering I crammed last-minute, I did pretty well.

25.76. , .
Chunyng, please borrow a book from the library for me on your way to school.

26.79. A: , ? .
Hey, how come you come home late every day? Try to get home a little earlier.
B: ? .
And you[, older brother]? Speak for yourself, why dont you try getting in a little earlier.

27.83. A: ?
Whats the best thing for me to do?
B: .
You should do as I said just now.

27.85. ,
.
Anyway, like Ive told you many times, if you learn the Chinese radicals properly, learning the characters be-
comes much easier.

114
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences () test; exam
quite well; very well
() Sunday
last-minute cramming
() homework; assigned task
() school
cant budge
() library
() preparations for getting a job
() every day
() appointment; promise
() older brother (of a male)
() time
() just now; just a moment ago
()() be/get decided
() anyway; anyhow; in any case
inform, tell, let know (to a superior)
() radical (in Chinese characters)
() telephone
properly; as it should be done
() pass on, convey
much more so
be full to the top, chockablock
()() do a minbak (lodge overnight in a
private citizens house for money)

Pattern Review and


Note that each sentence number below corresponds to the same numbered sentence in Advanced Ko-
rean, Lesson 10.

1. 13. -
3. . 41. A: ?
4. . B: ,
5. . .

2. - and - 14. -
11. 45. .
. 46. .

6. - 15. -()
20. . 47. . ?
22.
. 16. ...()?
49. A: ?
7. NOUN B: , ?
24. . A: .
.
9. --
17. -() -
28. .
52. .
29.
53.
.
.
10. - / - -
18. -() ()
33. A:
56.
.
.
B: .
19. -() -
11. -
60. 2
34. . .
.
.
35. .
20. -
61. A:
12. -()
?
38. A: ?
B: .
B: .

115
63. A: 72. A: .
? B: .
B: . 73. .
.
21. -(); - ()
66. A: ? 25. - / - , - / - -
B: ? 75. ,
.
22. -() - 76. ,
68. .
?
26.
23. -(-) 80. A:
70. 88 .
. B: . .

24. 27. NOUN, -() / -


71. 175. 84. : .
. : .

:
: lodge
:
: transmit
Phonetic
()
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 13
2 + 11 = 13
: ( hat: 3) : ( person: 2)

:
: title
Phonetic
()
:
: copper
Phonetic
(~)
() : 18
9 + 9 = 18
() : 14
8 + 6 = 14
: ( head: 9) : ( metal: 8)

:
: rule
:
: money
Phonetic
(~~)
() : 13
3 + 10 = 13
() : 16
8 + 8 = 16
: ( water: 3) : ( metal: 8)

:
: prepare
:
: people
Phonetic
(~)
() : 12
2 + 10 = 12
() : 5
4 + 1 = 5
: ( person: 2) : ( bride: 4)

:
: decide
Phonetic
()
:
: moor/secure a boat
Phonetic
(~)
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
: ( water: 3) : ( water: 3)

:
: fix
Phonetic
(~)
:
: examination
Phonetic
(~)
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
() : 13
7 + 6 = 13
: ( hat: 3) : ( speech: 7)

116
:
: examination
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: now
Phonetic
(~)
() : 23
10 + 13 = 23
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: ( horse: 10) : ( person: 2)

:
: map
:
: head
() : 14
3 + 11 = 14
() : 9 9 + 0 = 9
:( big mouth:14) : ()

:
: building
Phonetic
()
:
: left
Phonetic
()
() : 17
9 + 8 = 17
() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
: ( rice: 9) : ( craftsman: 3)

:
: 5
: elder brother :
: right
Phonetic
()
() : ( wise 2 + 3 = 5
() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
man: 2) : ( mouth: 3)

:
: head
:
: horse
Phonetic
()
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
() : 10
10 + 0 = 10
: () : ()

:
: bride
:
: head
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: () : ()


Lessons 15 ( earth)
( bamboo) ( tree)
( one) () ( metal)
() ( speech) ( two)
( shield) ( water)
( day) ( water)
( woman) ( standing knife)
( big) ( knife)
( heart) (~ cart)
( gate) ( village)
( shell) ( cover)
( show) () ( thread)
( door) () ( bookrest)
( hat) ( wise man)
( enter) ( raw)

117
( grass) ( bird)
( grass) ( white)
( treated leather) ( ear)
( big mouth) ( see)
( inch) ( jade)
( mouth) ( jade)
( two people) ( long)
( foot) ( dog)
( spear) ( father)
( son) ( not)
( sheep) ( open-top mouth)
( angle) ( dagger)
( walk~go) ( head)
( hole) ( bride)
( hair) ( horse)
( person) ( head)
( vitality) ( town)
( artisan) ( bone)
( mountain) ( hand)
( fire) ( hook)
( fire) ( rain)
( feather) ( stand)
( moon) ( black)
( rice) ( sound)
( ten) ( graph)
( stop) ( bird)
( red) ( fowling arrow)
( rice)
( pierce)
( high)
( towel)
Lessons 610
( right-side town)
( eight) ( top of )
( wind) ( field)
( heart) ( say)
( stone) ( strength)

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() topic of a conversation
change the subject
() lodge; stay for the night; halting place; old; () assignment; question
in the past () making questions for an exam
: ( hat) + 8 () theme; subject
() homework assignment; pending () subject; title
question
() board and room; lodging; stay () rule; regularize; adjust; exact; true;
() (temporary) abode weigh; measure; grant; allow; quasi-; semi-
() second-class inn : ( water) + 10
() lodging; accommodation () prepare; arrange
() lodging charges () level; standard; water level
() lodging expenses () equalization; levelling
() lodging together
() boarding; lodging () prepare; complete; perfection
boarding house : ( person) + 10
() prepare; arrange
() title; heading; subject; theme; proposition () preparation (for, against)
: ( head) + 9 prepare for an exam
() problem; question; subject; issue () being fully equipped
() homework () raincoat; rain gear

118
() furnishings; fixtures () copper coins
() preparation; a reserve
() reserve army () money; coppers; coins
() defense; guard : ( metal) + 8
() security office () cash; money; gold coins
() security guard () copper coins
() armaments; military preparations () fee; commission
() be defective, deficient, incomplete
() Preparing is preventing. () people; mankind
: ( bride) + 1
() decide () lodging at a private house
: ( water) + 4 () Republic of Korea (i.e.,
() decide; determine South Korea)
() decide; resolve; make up ones mind () the people; the folk; non-governmental,
() majority vote civilian
()() commit suicide () civilian
() a nation; a people / the people
() fix; settle; decide () citizen
: ( hat) + 5 () city hall
() decide; settle () folk customs
() decision () instructing the people
() be undecided () Correct Sounds for
()() delimit; mark out Instructing the People (original name of the
() formula; established form Korean script)
() (restaurant) regular meal () the military and the people
() uncertainty; indefiniteness () the king and his people; ruler and
() be indefinite, unfixed, mutable ruled
() stability () villagers
() be stable () farmer; farmers; the peasantry
() be unstable, shaky, unsettled () petit bourgeois
() be fixed; be regular () officials and the people; subjects
() the fixed (seating) capacity () immigration; emigration; immigrant;
() settling down emigrant
() assumption; hypothesis
() selection () moor/secure a boat; spend the night; be
() a schedule; a plan at leisure; rest
() decision; intention : ( water) + 5
... it is ones decision/intention to () lodging at a private house
do ... () two nights, three days
() specification; designated () lodging; staying at
() designated person () lodging expenses
() lodge away from home
() transmit; hand down; preach; propagate
: ( person) + 11 () examination; test; examine; try;
() convey; transmit experiment; use; trained; disciplined
() transmission; handing down : ( speech) + 6
() like father like son () test; exam
() contagion; infection () entrance exam (for a school)
(~) [] contagious disease () entrance exam (for a school)
(~) [] contagiousness; () trying out; attempt (at implementation)
infectiousness () a sports match/game
() biography; life story
() legend; myth () examine; test
() legendary : ( horse) + 13
()() deliver; instruct () test; exam
()() report directly; deliver directly () take a test
()() inherit; transmit; hand down test; try out
() experience
() copper; brass; bronze () no experience
: ( metal) + 6 () hands-on/personal experience

119
() map, picture, diagram () a moment ago; just now
: ( big mouth) + 11 () just now; just a moment ago
() books () today
() library (building) () closed today
() library director () this week
() library (room) () this year
() whole map () past and present; all times
() complete map () at present; these days
of Korea () right now
() figure; diagram
() trying out; attempt () head; chief; leader; first; beginning;
() drawing paper stanza; poem
() map : () + 0
() an obscene/pornographic picture () Chinese character radical
() a plane figure; ground plan () capital city
() a dagger; a dirk
() building; house; hall () prime minister; premier
: ( rice) + 8 ()() give oneself up; surrender
() hotel; inn oneself
() library (building) () the top seat; head seat; the head
() assembly hall
() city hall () left; inferior
() director (as of a library) : ( craftsman) + 2
() library director () right and left; people in attendance;
() annex influence; control
() new building; extension ()() control; sway; affect;
() photo shop influence
() theater () at any rate; anyway; anyhow
() opening of a hall, museum () the left hand
() closing of (a building)
() right; right side; honor
() elder brother; seniors : ( mouth) + 2
: ( wise man) + 3 () right and left; people in attendance;
() husband of a girls elder sister influence; control
() parents of students ()() control; sway; affect;
influence
() now; the present () at any rate; anyway; anyhow
: ( person) + 2 () the right hand


() head This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen-
: () + 0 dent character.
This character functions both as a radical and as an () horsepower
independent character. Please note that this character is () east wind in a horses ear; turn a
sometimes used to represent page, in which case, techni- deaf ear to
cally speaking, it is known as (), but in fact is often () carriage
read as just . () rocking horse
() stilts
() bride; clan name; surname; clan; family;
() running for election
Mr.; female; womans maiden name
() soldiers and horses; military horse
: () + 0
() cattle and horses
This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen-
dent character.
() head; chief; leader; first; beginning;
() surname and personal name; full name stanza; poem
() Mr. Kim : () + 0
This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen-
() horse dent character. (See above for examples.)
: () + 0
120
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic () sible readings: , , or . The following characters are
As an independent character on its own, is pronounced read as :
and means this one, but as a phonetic it carries the read-
ing :
Here are characters read as :


Phonetic () And here are characters read as :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element carries two possible readings:
Phonetic (~~) or . Here are some characters with read as :
The phonetic element carries three possible readings:
, or . Here are some characters with read as :

And here are some characters with read as :


And here are some characters with read as :

Phonetic ()
Lastly, here are some characters with read as : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element almost always indicates the read- Phonetic ()
ing : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
However, in one commonly used character, it indicates :

Phonetic ()
Phonetic (~~) Observe the phonetic element () in the following
As an independent character on its own, is pronounced commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
and means all, but as a phonetic it hints at three pos-

PHONETIC ELEMENTS LEARNED THUS FAR (BY LESSON)


Here are the different phonetic elements you have seen so far, organized by order of appearance. For a
comprehensive, alphabetized list of these phonetics, see the glossaries at the back of the book.
LESSON ONE
(~) () () (~)
() (~) () ()
() () () (~)
() ()

LESSON TWO
() (~~) () ()
() () (~) ()
(~) ()

121
LESSON THREE
(~) (~~) () ()
() (~) () (~)
()

LESSON FOUR
() () (~) ()
() (~~~) () (~)
()

LESSON FIVE
() () () ()
() (~) (~) (~~)
() () (~) (~)
() (~) (~) (~)
(~) ()

LESSON SIX
(~~) () () ()
(~) () () (~)
(~) (~~) (~) (~)
() (~)

LESSON SEVEN
() (~) (~) (~)
(~) (~) () (~)
(~~) () () ()
()

LESSON EIGHT
() () (~~) (~)
(~~) (~~~) (~) (~)
(~)

LESSON NINE
(~) () () (~~)
() (~) () ()
() (~) () (~)
(~) () () ()
()

LESSON TEN
() () () (~~)
(~) (~~) () (~)
() () ()

NEW COMBINATIONS
() homework assignment; pend- once; immediately
ing question () just now; just a moment ago
() board and room; lodging; stay () today
() (temporary) abode () this week
() second-class inn () this year
() lodging; accommodation () prepare; arrange
() problem; question; subject; () level; standard; water level
issue () preparation (for, against)
() topic of a conversation () being fully equipped
() assignment; question () raincoat; rain gear
() making questions for an exam () decision
() a moment ago; just now; at () decide resolve

122
() be undecided ( complete map of Korea
() formula; established form )
() (restaurant) regular meal () figure; diagram
() stability () trying out; attempt
() decide; settle () library (building)
() be fixed; be regular () hotel; inn
() convey; transmit () assembly hall
() transmission; handing down () city hall
() a copper coin () director (as of a library)
() cash; money; gold coins () library director
() fee; commission () husband of a girls elder sister
() lodging at a private house () surname and personal name
() Republic of Korea (i.e., South () Mr. Kim
Korea) () horsepower
() the people; the folk; civilian () east wind in a horses ear
() civilian () rocking horse
() a nation; a people / the people () running for election
() citizen () carriage
() folk customs () Chinese character radical
() two nights, three days () capital city
() test; exam () a dagger; a dirk
() entrance exam (for a school) ()() control; sway; affect; influence
() entrance exam (for a school) () at any rate; anyway; anyhow
() books () the left hand
() whole map

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. 20 .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. , , .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. .
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. , ,
.

123
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() entrance exam () be concise
so-called () impressive
() first-rate school, top-notch school () effect
() persistent attachment () method of showing or displaying
a big social problem ()() be/get used
() () Tonga Publishing Company
()() make an entrance; appear on the ( the methods of natural science
scene ) ()
() become a topic of conversation () literary research
() being two things simultaneously ()() apply to ~
() go backpacking
() () an attempt
(); umbrella; rain gear at the height or zenith; in full swing
() () () is in progress / underway
take out () goal; purpose
() fixed menu; set meal () user; patron
() set menu with rice, soup, and a () wish; desire
few side dishes () information
come out accompanied by ~ () materials
() number of side dishes ()() offer; provide
(~) () the student movement
() traditional children's stories () be acute, very sharp
(); legends; folktales () the actual scene or spot
() () student union
()() pursue ( Minister of Home Affairs;
() slave ) Minister of the Interior
() be reduced to ~; fall to the level of ~ () bluster; make loud but empty
() business; enterprise threats
() method of decision-making () a representative of the people;
() mutual agreement; consensus () peoples deputy
() military manoeuvres; military ()() be/get elected
operations ()() act greedily; be greedy
() region () confrontation between left and
()() be forbidden () right (of the political spectrum)
the game of yut () get worse; deepen
() folk game () cooperation; working together
() take on / be characterized by () state of cognitive development
[]() regionality ()
() far and wide throughout the (), left hand, right hand
whole country ()
()() be/get distributed () number
() show/display a result () both hands
()

124
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


125


126


127


.

. .
.

. .
.

. .
.
.

From the Example Sentences:


1.3. .
What with going up and down the stairs all day long because the elevator is broken, Im so tired I could die.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text () sawing
() be without face, i.e., lose face,
() humanity
() anthropology feel embarrassed, ashamed
() soul; spirit
() anthropologist
lit.: fall and go out
jungle
()() explain
()() investigate
() camera (nowadays people also say
() be peculiar, unique, original
)
just in time; at the right moment;
gap; crack; space; interval; time
in the nick of time; opportunely;
() opportunity
luckily; as luck would have it.
( opportunist
thought/felt this has turned out just
)
fine
whereupon; no sooner had this
... just like / as if ... (The adverb
means as; like; as if, and usu-
happened, then... (from the as
ally precedes a verbal pattern soon as pattern in - )
as for (such an insignificant,
with the same meaning.)
()() object
paltry thing)
lid; cover
[] finger
cover sth
point (The postnoun comes
be/get covered
after nouns to mean the act of
-ing, sometimes with depreca-
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
tory meaning [when the preced-
ing noun is a person (e.g., () break down; get broken
), as opposed to a thing (e.g., all day long
using a fan), where the () staircase; stairs; steps
meaning is neutral].) go up
() stealing; theft go down
() needlework () be tired

128

: (/) : : Phonetic
(/ : a kind; a sort / : true; genuine (~)
: 19 () : 10
) : ( head: 9) 9 + 10 = 19 : ( eye: 5) 5 + 5 = 10

:
: 9
: person Phonetic
(~~)
:
: machine; mechanism; opportunity
Phonetic
()
() : ( old 4)
4 + 5 = 9
() : 16
4 + 12 = 16
[Full form is .] : ( tree: 4)

:
: control; harmonize
Phonetic
(~)
: ,
: resist
Phonetic
()
() : 15
7 + 8 = 15
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: ( speech: 7) : ( hand: 3)

:
: inspect; examine
:
: discuss
Phonetic
()
() : 9
4 + 5 = 9
() : 20
7 + 13 = 20
: ( tree: 4) : ( speech: 7)

: : arrive
: 8
Phonetic
()
:
: theory; explain; talk
Phonetic
(~)
() : ( standing
2 + 6 = 8
() : 14
7 + 7 = 14
knife: 2) : ( speech: 7)

:
: attach; arrive; wear
:
: bright; clear
() : 12
5 + 7 = 12
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
: ( eye: 5) : ( day: 4)

:
: 16
: alone Phonetic
(~~)
:
: begin
() : ( dog deer
3 + 13 = 16
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
radical: 3) : ( woman: 3)

:
: special
:
: make; do
Phonetic
()
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10
() : 7
2 + 5 = 7
: ( cow: 4) : ( person: 2)

:
: sketch; copy
:
: face
() : 15
3 + 12 = 15
() : 18
9 + 9 = 18
: ( hat: 3) : ( head: 9)

129
:
: 12
: rank; stairs : : step; section
: 9
Phonetic
()
() : ( left-side hill: 3
3 + 9 = 12
() : ( whole
4 + 5 = 9
) [Full form is .] back graph: 4)

:
: old
: 4
4 + 0 = 4
:
: hand
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()


(/
: (/)
: old
: 6
:
/ :
: whole back graph
: 4
4 + 0 = 4
) : () 6 + 0 = 6 : ()

:
: dog deer radical
: 3
: () [Full form is
3 + 0 = 3
: : left-side hill
: 3
: () [Full form is
3 + 0 = 3
() dog: 4.] : 8.]

:
: cow
:
: hill
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
: () : ()

:
: eye
: 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() person
: ( old) + 5
( / -) a kind; a sort () scholar
: ( head) + 10 () seniors
() class; category () the third party; outsider
() classification () millionaire
() humankind () the former
() anthropology () the latter
() documents () legislator; lawmaker
() birds; fowl () journalist; reporter
() shellfish () press interview
() (insect) millipedes, myriapods () laborer; worker
() meats () laborer
() clothing; garment () a talkative person
() a person in authority
() the person concerned
130
() an offender, criminal, convict () special sale
() sick person () especially
() a rich person () be wise, sagacious; be exceptional
() pacifist () be special; be extraordinary
() believer () special city (Seoul)
() translator () specific character; characteristic
() minors; underage people () distinctive quality; characteristic
() responsible person; person in () special room
charge () be unique
() (baseball) hitter () a patent
() a patient () patented article
() special efficacy
() control; harmonize
: ( speech) + 8 () sketch; copy
() investigation; survey : ( hat) + 12
() acting in concert (with); aligning () photograph
() tone (of voice); accent () take pictures
() tune; rhythm; melody () camera
() medicine compounding () photo shop
()() be refined
() true; genuine
() inspect; examine : ( eye) + 5
: ( tree) + 5 () photograph
() investigation; survey () true heart; sincerity
() serious talk; sincere talk
() arrive () genuine feeling; true heart
: ( standing knife) + 6 () truth
() arrival () real facts of a case; true picture
() everywhere; everyplace () be simple and innocent, naive
()() arrive at; come upon;
present itself () machine; mechanism; opportunity
: ( tree) + 12
() attach; arrive; wear () camera
: ( eye) + 7 () telephone (instrument)
() arrival () opportunity; chance
() launching; embarking on () opportunity; the (right) time
() settling down miss an opportunity
() steadily; in orderly fashion () engine; organization; organ
() starting (construction) work () function
() putting on; wearing (formal) () mobility
() be senseless; be wishy-washy () military secret
() take a chair; sit down (formal) () motive; incentive
() airplane
() alone () critical moment; crisis
: ( dog deer radical) + 13 () typewriter
() independence
() monologue , () resist
() be unique : ( hand) + 4
() German (language) () protestation; remonstrance
() only daughter () counteraction; defiance
() single; unmarried person () antibiotic

() special () discuss
: ( ox) + 6 : ( speech) + 13
() be unique () conference; meeting
() be peculiar () conference room
() be outstanding; be prominent () inquiry
() specification; designation () protestation; remonstrance
() designated person () consultation; discussion
() outside; extra large ()() bring on public criticism

131
()() take advice; consult ... be decided to do...
() different opinion ... decide to do...
() drawing up (the papers); writing out
() theory; explain; talk (a contract)
: ( speech) + 7 () (machine) operation
() explanation () taking leave; parting
() theory () work; operations
() an editorial (article) () work clothes
() a novel () action; function; effect
(~) book-length novel () strategy; tactics
(~) novella elaborate a plan of action
() legend () a work; production
() legendary (~) literary work
() hypothesis () (a) farewell; taking leave; parting
(~) farewell expression
() bright; clear () agricultural products; crops;
: ( day) + 4 farm produce
() explanation ()() produce abundantly; be
() be clear; be evident prolific
() clear statement; elucidation () motion; gesture
() civilization () farming; sharecropping
(~) modern civilization () tenant farming; tenant farmer
() invention () tenant farmer
() be clear; be obvious () threshing
() be unclear, indistinct () joint work
() unidentified; (a person)
of dubious background () face
() whereabouts unknown : ( head) + 9
() a civilized country () shame; loss of face
() be clear; be distinctive () complexion; face color
() acquaintance
() begin be acquainted with (a person)
: ( woman) + 5
() beginning () rank; stairs
() starting (an engine) : ( left-side hill; full form is ) +
start an engine 9
()() start; inaugurate; begin () stairs
() stages (of development)
() make; do () the musical scale
: ( person) + 5 () social stratum
() beginning () stairs
() construct; build; maneuver; operate
() masterpiece; fine work () step; section
() fit; spasm : ( whole back graph) + 5
have a fit () stairs
() composition; writing () stages (of development)
() English composition () means; resource
() decision; intention () paragraph

132

(old) () destination
: () + 0 () under ones nose; immediacy
This occurs as a radical only. The full form is ( () imminent danger
/ ), detailed below. () public attention (ears and eyes)
() attract attention; catch the publics
( / -) old; venerable; term of respect; well eye
cooked; experienced () subject, title (of a work)
: ( old) + 2 () now; at present
() old person; senior citizen () aspects; feature; face; countenance; honor
() be old, aged () crimes; offenses
() old age () a list of items; item, article
() aging parents; elderly parents
() aging mother; elderly mother (whole back graph)
() aging father; elderly father : () + 0
() Laozi, the famous Chinese philosopher As a radical, this is called , which breaks
() the old and the young down as all manner of; complete, plus back, plus
(~) male and female, old and young letter(s); script; character; graph, plus ( )
() old maid; old miss writing; graph; script. As an independent character it is
() be mature and experienced called () spear, but it does not participate in any
() an old minister of state, senior official useful words. The radical name is not particularly helpful,
either, but is meant to contrast with the other radi-
(dog deer radical) cal, ().
: () + 0
This occurs as a radical only. The full form is (). (hill)
: () + 0
(cow; ox) This is a radical only and does not exist as an independent
: () + 0 character. The full character to which it corresponds is
This occurs as a radical only. The full form is (), (), detailed below. This radical always occurs on
detailed below. the left of the other graphic element(s) in a character, and
it is not to be confused with the radical of the same shape,
() cow; ox (), which always occurs on the right of the
: () + 0 other graphic element(s) (see Lesson 8).
() Korean cow; Korean beef
() ox cart () (hill)
( ) cattle market : () + 0
() cattle and horses As a radical, this character is abbreviated to the shape .
It occurs to the left of the other graphic element(s) in its
() eye; regard; look on; chief; item character, and thus is called a -type radical
: () + 0 in the () or left-hand portion. The full character
() purpose; object; goal does not participate in any useful words.
() target language

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () The following character with phonetic is read :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
two commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced
: And these characters with are read :

Phonetic (~~) Phonetic (~)


The phonetic element indicates a reading of , , or The phonetic element indicates a reading of either
. There is just one common character with this phonetic or . Here are some commonly used Chinese characters
read as : with the phonetic , all pronounced :

133
And there is one common character with the same pho- Phonetic (~)
netic, read as : The phonetic element indicates a reading in just one
case:

Phonetic () It indicates the pronunciation in these characters:
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : (this character has two readings)
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() class; category () telephone (instrument)
() classification () opportunity; chance
() humankind () opportunity; the (right) time
() document () counteraction; defiance
() scholar () conference; meeting
() seniors () inquiry
() the person concerned () protestation; remonstrance
() the third party; outsider () theory
() millionaire () an editorial (article)
() the former () a novel
() the latter () legend
() acting in concert (with); aligning () be clear; be evident
oneself () explanation
() investigation; survey () clear statement; elucidation
() launching; embarking on () be clear; be obvious
() settling down () beginning
() steadily; in orderly fashion () masterpiece; fine work
() starting (construction) work () decision; intention
() independence () drawing up (the papers); writing
() monologue out (a contract)
() be unique () be safe
() especially () safely
() specification; designation () be unwitting
() designated person () cannot be
() outside; extra large () shame
() special sale () stairs
() be peculiar () stages (of development)
() be outstanding; be prominent () means; resource
() distinctive quality; characteristic () old person; senior citizen
() be unique () be old, aged
() true heart; sincerity () old age
() photograph () aging parents; elderly parents
() serious talk () aging mother; elderly mother
() genuine feeling; true heart () aging father; elderly father
() camera

134
() Laozi, the famous Chinese () imminent danger
philosopher ()() attract attention; catch the
() purpose; object; goal publics eye
() target language () subject; title (of a work)

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.

1. < > .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. , , .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. 3 .
12. .
13. .
14. ?
15. .
16. .
17. , .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .

135
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
Lvi-Strauss () ones salary
< ()> Tristes tropiques (The Dreary pinch and save; scrape
Tropics, 1955) together through saving
() the West () be noteworthy, remarkable
be mistaken (); () creation / creative work;
() feeling of superiority; masterpiece
superiority complex () (not) at all; (absolutely) not
()() criticize ()() agree
() holiday; festival () tax policy
() traditional game () citizen(s)
()() investigate () voices of dissent/objection
() ways and means ()() react
() () those involved; the parties
discern; discriminate concerned
() unexpectedly () third party
() () proceed/move along briskly / take ones eyes off ones book
in brisk fashion cock ones ear (listen
() tram attentively)
(); () vegetables; meats () take a misstep
() shellfish () ultimately; in the end
() eat sth raw () safely; without mishap
() grouse; grumble
() an elder, elderly person; sb () be/feel embarrassed, shamed
more senior cannot raise ones head
() unconditionally; without () be prescient, foresighted
question
()() sympathize () great scholar
(). (Something) is nonsense / truly
makes no sense. () an honor
() be clear government officials in olden
() a theory; academic theory days
()() announce; present (e.g., a definitely; without fail
paper or idea) () () somewhere in the vicinity of
() be detailed their hometown
() articles; items; particulars official government position
()() inquire () () ones life and character
() camera

136
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


137


138


139


.
.

.
. .
.
.
.
.
.
. .
.
. .
.
. .

From the Example Sentences:


1.4. .
If you try doing business for a while, there are plenty of times like that.

1.5. .
If you listen to it several times, you'll be able to make out what the contents are all about.

1.6. .
If you try to travel abroad often, sometimes there are times when you suffer from losing your passport.

2.21. : .
Thomas: We started learning Chinese characters in Korean class.
: ? .
Chlsu: Really? I guess you'd better buy yourself an okpyn then.

4.35. A: ?
See that good-looking new student over there?
B: , ?
Yeah, why?
A: .
Seeing her up close, you can tell her eyebrows were tattooed.

140
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text of hold, take + put,
[] fish (in its uncooked state) place)
(~) [] the womens quarters; the room
(, raise, rear (children); grow (a
) beard = ) where the parents sleep
kitchen
be ridiculous, outrageous,
in every nook and cranny (adverb)
preposterous
be surprised, astonished; be search; rummage; fumble
frightened , neighbor; neighbors house
/ has a son/daughter () bite
() comparison carry off in ones mouth
()() compare () conclusion
() comparatively; relatively conclusion to the effect that
() = (QUOTE) (the cat) probably
be gentle, charming, modest, well walked off with it
brought up () reach a conclusion; come to a
() create trouble; make a fuss conclusion
troublemaker () give up; surrender
NOUN without NOUN terribly; awfully; very
grow; grow up; be brought up () be upset, distressed, exasperated
, man; male (NB: processive)
He is such a little rascal that... (his () bathtub
... tricks are so severe that...) / adverb for describing sth floating
a game, play (: a game bouncingly on the surface of
of ball); mischief; prank; fun, water
amusement (: for fun) float
NOUN() play with NOUN (e.g., is (in a state resultant from)
: plays with fire) floating
mischievous child needless to say (needless to ask)
[] a toy, plaything rascal; urchin
() be severe, intense my/our son (humble)
crawl an act, doing (often heard in
crawl around ? Just what the heck
From the time when he began to do you think youre doing?)
crawl around; Ever since he started more; still more; all the more
to crawl around (also: , ,
He gave (us) a hard time. , )
When he was about four years old
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
() dining table
put (sth) down (for a moment / () business
for later use) several times
kind of croaker or sea bream () contents
() have an interest in, be concerned () foreign country; abroad; overseas
about; be interested (NB: pro- () travel
cessive) () [] passport
continuously () suffering
VERB keep on VERBing () Korean language
() be strange () [] Chinese character
() side dishes to go with rice () beginning; start
() clearly () Chinese character dictionary for
() be clear Koreans
place sth up on top of sth (lit.: () new student, freshman
raise up and put) (from) up close
take sth and put it away (transfer- () tattoo
entive () on the infinitive

141

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: compare () (/ : discuss Phonetic
() : 4 : 15 (~)
: ( dagger: 2) 2 + 2 = 4 ) : ( speech: 7) 7 + 8 = 15

:
: compare
Phonetic
()
:
: throw; toss
() : 13
7 + 6 = 13
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: (~ carriage: 7) : ( hand: 3)

:
: extreme; exceedingly
Phonetic
(~)
:
: discard; neglect
() : 9
5 + 4 = 9
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
: ( sweet: 5) : ( tree: 4)

: ,
: table; high
Phonetic
()
:
: wash hair
Phonetic
()
() : 8
2 + 6 = 8
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: ( ten: 2) : ( water: 3)

: ,
: concern; locked; custom house
:
: bathe
Phonetic
(~~)
() : 19
8 + 11 = 19
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
: ( gate: 8) : ( water: 3)

:
: different
:
: boil; hot water; soup
Phonetic
(~~)
() : 11
5 + 6 = 11
() : 12
3 + 9 = 12
: ( field: 5) : ( water: 3)

:
: constantly; usual
Phonetic
(~)
:
: joke; business; industry
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( towel: 3) : ( tree: 4)

:
: rice; meal
Phonetic
()
: ,
: inside
() : 13
9 + 4 = 13
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: ( food: 9) : ( enter: 2)

:
: side dish
Phonetic
(~)
:
: face; permit
Phonetic
()
() : 21
9 + 12 = 21
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
: ( food: 9) : ( hat: 3)

142
:
: outside; foreign; mothers side
:
: new
Phonetic
()
() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( night: 3) : ( blade: 4)

: ,
: ticket; document
Phonetic
()
:
: body
() : 8
2 + 6 = 8
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: ( knife: 2) : ()

:
: book
Phonetic
()
() : 15
6 + 9 = 15
: ( bamboo: 6)

:
: sweet
Phonetic
()
:
: axe
Phonetic
()
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () : ()

:
: evening
:
: body
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: () : ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() table; high
: ( ten) + 6
() compare () brilliant idea(s)
: ( dagger) + 0 () kitchen table
() compare () table
... compared with... () table tennis
() compare
() specific gravity; relative importance () concern; locked; custom house
relative importance is great : ( gate) + 11
() preparation (for, against) () concern; be related to
... () concerning...
() compare () concern; interest
: (~ carriage) + 7 () indifference
() comparison () engine; organization; organ
() relatively () law-making body;
() be incomparable; theres legislative institution
no comparison () customs clearance
() connection; meddling; concern
() extreme; exceedingly have nothing to do with; not matter
: ( sweet) + 4 () entrance; porch
() be extreme, severe

143
() different : ( hand) + 4
: ( field) + 6 ()() give up
() be strange; be unusual
() exotic () discard; neglect
() different opinion : ( tree) + 8
() abnormality; sth wrong ()() give up
/ There is something/nothing wrong.
() be curious, extraordinary () wash hair
() be unique : ( water) + 4
() opposite sex () bathhouse; bathing room
() bathing
() constantly; usual
: ( towel) + 8 () bathe
()w be vulgar; be indecent : ( water) + 7
() be strange; be unusual () bathhouse; bathing room
() everyday; usually () bathing
() everyday life () (family) bathroom
() habitual practice
() habitual criminal () boil; hot water; soup
() normality : ( water) + 9
() normal () bathhouse; bathing room
() abnormality
() ordinary times; normally () trade; business; profession
() everyday/ordinary/regular : ( tree) + 9
clothes () business; enterprise
() regular business; daily routine; () run business together
managing director () division of work; specialization
() extraordinariness; emergency () (manufacturing) industry
be extraordinary () heavy industry
() emergency exit () working; operations
() emergency money () work clothes
() an emergency; (during) times () business; work
of emergency () opening of a business
() be suspicious; be questionable () agricultural industry
() a class
() rice; meal () tuition
: ( food) + 4 () trust business
() side dish () graduation
() plain cooked rice () (in Buddhism) acts that will lead to sin
() breakfast () job; occupation
() taking up a job; employment
() side dish () suspension of business; holidays
: ( food) + 12 (~) closed for the day
() side dish
() inside
( / -) discuss : ( enter) + 2
: ( speech) + 8 () the inside
() argue; discuss () within the city; downtown
() consultation; discussion () intramural; on-campus
() discussion; argument; discourse () contents
() speech; the press () domestic; national
() thesis; article () inside a village; the whole village
() logic () town; in town; head village of a
() logical township
() conclusion () civil war
() pacifism () the inside
() theory () Ministry of Home Affairs;
() the theory of evolution Department of the Interior
() underwear
() throw; toss () let ones face show ones thoughts

144
() underwear () New Years Day (by the solar calendar)
() indoors () New Years Day (by the lunar
calendar)
() face; permit () newspaper; news in the papers
: ( hat) + 7 () newsprint
() beauty; cosmetology () new marriage
() beauty parlor () newly married couple;
() contents newlyweds
() permission; allowance () newlywed life
() honeymoon
() outside; foreign; mothers side () bride
: ( night) + 2 () first product of the season; newcomer
() outside; external early grapes
() outskirts of a city; suburbs () the New Year
() out-of-town, long- greet the New Year
distance call () new-style
() going out () new face (entertainer)
() street wear () New Testament
() eating out () the new and the old
() sleeping away from home () the New and the Old Testament
() foreign country () new building; extension
() foreigner () be fresh
() foreign language () new employee
() borrowed/adopted word () a new world
() maternal uncle () newest; latest
() outsider; layperson () the newest style
() private lessons (tutoring)
() outdoor lamp () body; person; hull; oneself; I; me; lifetime
() turning ones face away; looking away : ( body) + 0
() Ministry of Foreign Affairs () a graduate; affiliation; origin
() foreign money; foreign currency () tattoo
() outdoors () social standing/position; identity
() unexpectedness () whole body
() body; physique
() ticket; document () stature; height
: ( knife) + 6 () a well-proportioned figure
() [] passport () ones bearing, air, appearance
() [] admission ticket cut a fine figure; have a good
() meal ticket bearing
() lottery ticket () body temperature; fever
() [] membership card runs a (high) fever
() [] parking ticket develop a fever
() gift certificate () single; unmarried person
() ones circumstances, lot in life
() book a sad lot in life
: ( bamboo) + 9 () ones luck, fortune
() Chinese character dictionary (for luck turns ones way; ones luck
Koreans) comes in
() first volume; part one () substitution; replacement
() second/last volume NOUN () instead of NOUN
() long piece(writing) () ones self
() book-length novel () ones own self
() medium piece(writing) () behavior; conduct
() novella behave/conduct oneself well
() physical sickness; illness
() new; fresh; recent () deformed or maimed person; cripple;
: ( blade) + 9 idiot
() new student; freshman

145

() sweet; pleasant; voluntary () morning and evening; breakfast and dinner
: () + 0 () harvest moon; Chusk full moon festival on
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- lunar August 15
pendent character.
() licorice root () axe; a kn, a catty (600 grams, 1.32 pounds)
() () an indispensable person; : () + 0
involved in everything (lit.: licorice root in a phar- This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
macy) pendent character. In this book we are referring to it as
(), the axe radical, but some call it
() evening; dusk (), the blade radical.
: () + 0 () weight (in catties/kn)
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () weight
pendent character. () poundage; weight

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic (~) You already know the graphic element as the Chinese
The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation character for tree (), but it also serves as a phonetic in
of either or . In the following two characters, it is this character from this lesson:
pronounced :

And in the following character, it carries the reading : Phonetic (~~)
The phonetic element indicates the readings ~~
. There are two characters with it read as :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Here are two characters with indicating the pronuncia-
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : tion :

And here are several characters with indicating the
Phonetic () reading :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic (~) commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
The phonetic element indicates a pronunciation of ei-
ther or . Here are two characters with the reading :
Phonetic ()
And here is the most common character with the reading Observe the phonetic element () in the following
: commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()


The phonetic element basically indicates the pronun- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
ciation : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

But in this commonly used Chinese character, it is pro-
nounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()

146
Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() compare () outside; external
() compare () outskirts of a city; suburbs
() relative importance is great () out-of-town, long-distance call
() comparison () going out
() relatively () sleeping away from home
theres no comparison () foreign country
() be extreme, severe () foreigner
() dining table () foreign language
()() eat out () borrowed/adopted word
() meal ticket () maternal uncle
() brilliant ideas () outsider; layperson
() table () [] passport
() concern; be related to () [] admission ticket
() concern; interest () licorice root
() engine; organization; organ () Chinese character dictionary
() customs clearance () first volume; part one
() be strange; be unusual () second/last volume
() exotic () long piece (writing)
() be unique () medium piece (writing)
() different opinion () new student; freshman
() abnormality; sth wrong () New Years Day (by the solar
/ There is something/nothing wrong. calendar)
() everyday; usually () newspaper; news in the papers
() everyday life () new marriage
() habitual practice () newly married couple; newly
() normality weds
() normal () newlywed life
() side dish () honeymoon
() argue; discuss () bride
() consultation; discussion () first product of the season;
() speech; the press newcomer
() thesis; article () the New Year
()() give up () new-style
() bathing () new face (entertainer)
() bathhouse; bathing room () New Testament
() enterprise; business () a graduate; affiliation; origin
() run business together () tattoo
() division of work; specialization () social standing/position; identity
() (manufacturing) industry () whole body
() working; operations () body; physique
() the inside () stature; height
() within the city; downtown () a well-proportioned figure
() intramural; on-campus () ones bearing, air, appearance
() domestic; national () body temperature; fever
() beauty; cosmetology () weight (in catties/kn)
() contents

147
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.

1. .
2. , ?
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. 5 .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. 4 .
12. .
13. , .
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() be/feel embarrassed, shamed ()() conduct business
scold; blame; reprimand (~) outer appearance
() dining table ()() divide up work; specialize/
grow up divvy up labor assignments
() grow up; grow to maturity () working hours
this summer () contract; reduce; lesson
() strangely enough ()() produce things/goods
() be few, small in number ()
() a representative; agent; deputy () unexpectedly
lunch box () female company employees
() clearly () overseas; abroad
() police () prove ones identity
NOUN a deeper, more profound () ()
NOUN () document
() investigation () media people; reporters and
()() reach/come to a conclusion journalists
() a misfortune; sth unfortunate () reside illegally
()() give up (on) ()
() attempt () foreigner
() a bath; public bath ()() (journalist) cover; write a
be full story about

148
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


149


150


151


.
. .
. .
.
.
.
.
. 1
. .
.
.
. , .

From the Example Sentences:


1.1. A: , ?
Yngmin, does Chlmin like raw fish?
B: , .
Yes, a lotprobably because Pusan is his hometown.

1.4. A: ? .
Why arent you eating anymore? Eat some more.
B: .
Its probably because the weather has suddenly turned hot, but I dont have any appetite.

2.7. A:
Please lend me a fountain pen.
B: .
I dont have a fountain pen.
A: .
Then lend me a ball-point pen [at least].

2.11. A: .
I'm so tired and hungry I don't think I can work.
B: .
In that case, how about if we pick up again after eating a pastry or something and resting for a bit?

4.21. A: .
Seems like the kids are playing video games often lately.
B: .
Well have to stop them from doing so (make them so they cant do [it]).

4.25. A: ?
Is this watch broken?
B: .
Chngmi stepped on it just now and ruined it [made it so that one cant use it].

5.27. A: ?
There were lots of people in the department store, werent there?
B: . .
Nothing of the sort. There wasnt a soul.
152
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text pocket
back pocket
() parking lot
pull/bring sth out; broach, bring
()() park the car (you can also make
what seems like a redundant up (a subject)
approach; go up to
expression and say
(in) the course/process of opening
)
insert sth, wedge sth in, stick sth the door (it took not even one
in (to a rather narrow space) minute)
()() exclaim over; wonder at; marvel
, lock it
be thick; be burly; be sonorous at
w be marvelous, impressive; induce
(voice)
() wire wonder
, (This attaches to nouns to make
()() use it
() car door descriptive verbs with the mean-
() not long ago ing: be like, give the impression of,
sth which is no laughing matter; a seem like, suggest, be suggestive of
rather serious matter [the NOUN])
()() make a facial expression
the seasonal rains
() (, )
perhaps it was because the seasonal
gaze at; stare at
rains had finished (I dont know
word; one word (also as in Id
for sure, but...)
(the weather) be steaming hot like to say a word)
shrivel up; wither; wilt
(NB: processive verb) (the
by means of this
is a mimetic adverb, and the verb
Well, this is how I make my living,
means steam sth)
, you know.
be refreshing, be cool
() beverage
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
a refreshing beverage or the like
fizzy Korean soft drink like Seven- () raw fish or meat for eating;
Up or Sprite sashimi
just as (one was doing sth); just ( = ) Pusan
when () hometown
() make efforts; try to do sth; strive + VERB stop VERBing
ones steps, pace (from the verb () appetite
, ) () fountain pen
stop (sth); (sth) stops (i.e., ball-point pen
functions as both transitive and () be tired
intransitive) () entertainment; video/computer/
() action; behavior arcade game(s)
watch over; guard; defend; keep; () a watch
observe; abide by () get broken; go out of order
watch sth closely; keep a watchful step on; tread on
eye on () department store
() a thought occurs to one
()

153

:
: stay; halt
Phonetic
()
: : the past; cause
: 9
Phonetic
()
() : 15
10 + 5 = 15
() : ( back
4 + 9 = 13
: ( horse: 10) graph: 4) [Full form is .]

:
: iron
:
: province; hometown
Phonetic
()
() : 21
8 + 13 = 21
() : 13
: ( right-side town: 3)
3 + 10 = 13
: ( metal: 8) [Full form is town: 7.]

: (/) : / : Phonetic
(/ : benefit; gain Phonetic : sashimi ()
: 7 () () : 17
) : ( standing knife:
2) 2 + 5 = 7 : ( meat: 4) 4 + 13 = 17

: (/) : : Phonetic
(/ : material; estimate / : greed; desire (~~)
: 10
() : 15
: ( dry measure [18
liters]: 4) 4 + 6 = 10 : ( heart: 4) 4 + 11 = 15

:
: bottle; jar
Phonetic
()
:
: pen; writing
() : 13
5 + 8 = 13
() : 12
6 + 6 = 12
: ( shingle: 5) : ( bamboo: 6)

:
: move
Phonetic
(~)
:
: tired
Phonetic
()
() : 11
2 + 9 = 11
() : 10
5 + 5 = 10
: ( power: 2) : ( sickness: 5)

:
: feel(ing)
Phonetic
(~)
:
: 7
: painful Phonetic
()
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
() : ( big mouth: 3
3 + 4 = 7
: ( heart: 4) )

:
: sigh; exclaim
:
: goods
Phonetic
()
() : 15
4 + 11 = 15
() : 11
7 + 4 = 11
: ( yawn: 4) : ( shell: 7)

:
: thank; apologize
Phonetic
()
:
: store
Phonetic
(~)
() : 17
4 + 9 = 13
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
: ( speech: 7) : ( house: 3)

154
:
: enjoy; entertain
Phonetic
()
:
: calculate; plan
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
() : 9
7 + 2 = 9
: ( woman: 3) : ( speech: 7)

:
: room
Phonetic
(~)
() : 9
3 + 6 = 9
: ( hat: 3)

:
: dry measure (18 liters)
Phonetic
() :
: 4
: meat

() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: () [Full form is
4 + 0 = 4
: () .]

:
: shingle
:
: meat
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: () : ()

:
: yawn
Phonetic
(~) :
: sickness
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

: : back
: 4
: () [Full form is
4 + 0 = 4
:
: house
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
.] : ()

:
: beat
() : 4
4 + 0 = 4
: ()

155
BUILDING WORD POWER WITH
() starting (an engine)
() start an engine
() stay; halt () putting in motion; putting in
: ( horse) + 5 action
() parking () start an engine
() parking lot () going out; mobilization
() toll parking lot () the moving in of the police
() [] parking ticket () immobility; stability
() imperturbable mind
() iron () immovable, fixed thing
: ( metal) + 13 () activity
() tinned sheet iron () active
() iron content () behavior; action
() wire () motive; incentive
() electric railway; subway () animal
() hardware store () the animal kingdom
() subway () animal property; animal-ness
() mobilization
( / -) benefit; gain () mobility
: ( standing knife) + 5 () labor
()w be profitable; be beneficial () laborer
() interest (on money) () physical labor
() [] advantage () heavy labor
() be advantageous () rocking
() be disadvantageous () sports; exercise; campaign
() () disadvantageous position () playground; athletic field
() be convenient () movement; migration
() utilization; taking advantage of () automatic (movement)
() selfish; egoistic () automatic door
() small profit; little gain () automobile
() masterminding
( / -) material; estimate () a mastermind
: ( dry measure [18 liters]) + 6
() beverage () feel(ing)
() soft drink; beverage : ( heart) + 9
() no charge ()() be impressed, moved
() free admission () thank; feel grateful
() toll () emotion
(~) paid parking lot () emotional
() lodging charges ()() be struck with admiration
() entrance fee () receiving an electrical shock
() toll () a cold
() fee; fare () catch a cold
() cooking () same feeling; same opinion
() commission; fee; service charge . (I) agree.
() tuition () ones impression, opinion
() feel for words; sensitivity for language
() bottle; jar () sixth sense
: ( shingle) + 8 () voluptuous; sensual; fleshly
() bottle () good feeling; favorable impression
() be amiable; be pleasing
() move () impress one favorably
: ( power) + 9 () thoughts; impressions
()() be impressed, moved () description of ones
() (machine) operation impressions
() motion; gesture () infection
() manual operation

156
() be sensitive, sentimental, () fatigue
susceptible : ( sickness) + 5
() [] sentimentalism; () be tired
sensibility () fatigue
() sense of accomplishment
() premonition; hunch () tired; hardship
... have a hunch that... : ( big mouth) + 4
() feeling of self-confidence () be tired
() guilty conscience () be languid
() sense of responsibility () spring languor; spring fever
() feeling of closeness
() goods
() sigh; exclaim : ( shell) + 4
: ( yawn) + 11 () department store
()() be struck with admiration () foreign money; foreign currency
() American money; US currency
() thank; apologize () freight
: ( speech) + 10 () freight car; freight train
()() thank; feel grateful
() apology () store
()() thank personally; apologize : ( house) + 5
in person () department store
() bookstore
() the past; cause () restaurant
: ( back graph) + 5 () a stand; booth
() accordingly; therefore () branch store
() homeland; fatherland () butcher shop
() ones hometown; ones ancestral place () store clerk; salesperson
() the deceased () agency; commercial agent
() accident () grocery store
() an accident happens () tailor shop (for men)
() losing ones parents () hardware store
()() be well () opening of a store
() from ancient times; traditionally () closing (down) a store

() province; hometown () enjoy; entertain


: ( right-side town) + 10 : ( woman) + 7
() ones hometown; ones ancestral place () entertainment
() a country; ones native land () arcade; game room

() sashimi () room
: ( meat) + 13 : ( hat) + 6
() arcade; game room
() greed; desire () library (room)
: ( heart) + 11 () bathing room, bathroom
() appetite () indoors
() greed (~) indoor swimming pool
greedy person () outdoors
greedy person (~) outdoor swimming
() sexual desire pool
() special room; VIP room
() pen; writing () conference room
: ( bamboo) + 6 () (department) chairpersons office
() excellent handwriting () beauty parlor
() fountain pen () security office
() note-taking () sickroom
() pencil () office
pencil stand () basement
() [] colored pencil () bathroom
() ones own handwriting

157
() calculate; plan (~) fiscal year
: ( speech) + 2 () capital plan; best plan; wisest policy
() plan () a subtotal (as opposed to [
() watch; clock ] grand total)
() finance; treasurer () the total (sum)
() accounting


() dry measure (18 liters, 3.97 gallons) radical (see above), but neither graph is
: () + 0 found in any useful wordsthey function only as radicals.
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. () (meat)
() measuring by pecks (mal) : () + 0
This is a radical only and does not exist as an independent
() roof tile; earthenware; pottery; roof character. The shape looks like () moon but is in
: () + 0 fact the radical alter ego of the full character ()
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- meat, detailed below.
pendent character.
() meat, flesh; pulp of fruit
()() disintegrate; fall to pieces; collapse : () + 0
() a tile-roofed house As a radical, this character takes the shape to the left of
() earthenware the accompanying graphic element(s), and thus looks like
() the Blue House () moon.
() (yawn) () meat diet
: () + 0 () beef broth
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- () the body; the flesh
pendent character, but does not appear in any useful words. () physical beauty; body building
(~) physical labor
(back graph) () voluptuous, sensual; fleshly
: () + 0 () meats
This is a radical only and does not exist as an independent () butcher shop
character. The name should remind you of another radi- () a drupaceous (pulpy) fruit; a drupe
cal you learned earlier: or whole back () fish and meat
graph. Here we have just or back graph, and
the name derives from the alleged similarity between (sickness)
and as if were with a back on it. The : () + 0
full character to which corresponds is () beat This is a radical only and does not exist as an independent
(detailed below) but neither graph appears in any useful character.
wordsthey function only as radicals.
(house)
() (beat) : () + 0
: () + 0 This is a radical only and has the meaning house, but does
Technically speaking, this is the full character form of the not exist as an independent character.

158
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()


The phonetic element indicates a pronunciation of Observe the phonetic element () in the following
either or . In the following Chinese characters, commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
indicates the pronunciation :

In these characters, indicates the pronunciation : Phonetic (~)
As an independent character occurring on its own, is
read and means arrive at; make it as far as, but as a pho-
netic element it indicates one of two pronunciations: or
Phonetic () . There is just one Chinese character where indicates
Observe the phonetic element () in the following the pronunciation :
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :


Otherwise, as a phonetic indicates the pronunciation :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() parking () toll
() parking lot ( paid parking lot
() [] parking ticket )
() tinned sheet iron () entrance fee
() iron content () toll
() wire () fee; fare
() electric railway; subway () bottle
() be profitable; be beneficial () (machine) operation
() interest (on money) () motion; gesture
() [] advantage () manual operation
() be advantageous ()() start an engine
() be disadvantageous
() be convenient ()() start an engine
() beverage
() no charge () going out; mobilization
() free admission () activity

159
() active () foreign money; foreign currency
() behavior; action () American money; US currency
() motive; incentive () bookstore
() emotion () restaurant
() emotional () a stand; booth
() good feeling; favorable impression () branch store
(). (I) agree. () entertainment
()() be impressed, moved () arcade; game room
() sixth sense () library (room)
() receiving an electrical shock () bathing room, bathroom
() a cold () indoors
()() be struck with admiration () outdoors
()() thank; feel grateful () special room; VIP room
() accordingly; therefore () conference room
() homeland; fatherland () (department) chairpersons office
() ones hometown, ancestral place () beauty parlor
() the deceased () watch; clock
() accident () finance; treasurer
() a country; ones native land () accounting
() appetite () meat diet
() greed () butcher shop
() excellent handwriting () beef broth
() be tired () the body; the flesh
() department store () voluptuous; sensual; fleshly

(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list on the following
page.

1. .
2. .
3. 4 .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. .
12. ?
13. .
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. 10 ?
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .

160
SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() be dangerous () collapse from tiredness/exhaustion
() on the way to work () words of consolation
() the number 4 line on the subway () strength/ability/potential for
4() action
()() use; utilize () a young person with ambition
() recycling receptacle and will
() () window decorations
() courteous behavior () a pedestrian passing by
() () attract/tempt/lure ones gaze
() people around oneself []
() get respect be quite substantial; be no trifling
() genius matter
()() ability in musical composition () return to ones homeland
()() exclaim in admiration
Parents Day ()() waste; squander
(~~) eat after dipping into a sauce of () a young child in a growth spurt; a
vinegar and growing child
() sashimi ()w be advantageous, profitable
() the sadness of losing ones parents (,)
() + (not)... any more
begin/start with ~; have its origins Negative
in ~ ... even though...; although...
feel sick/ill ()() use; utilize; put to use
() ones appetite disappears () be simple, easy
() preparations for midterm exams
()

161
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


162


163


164


.
. 30 . .
.
.
.

. 50 .
.
. .
.
.
.
. .
.

.
. ?
.
.
.
.
. . .
.
.
.
...

From the Example Sentences:


1.5. A: , ?
Say, Snyng: do you wash your hair with soap?
B: , . .
Yes. They say that the water pollution is quite bad. So after using shampoo, I recently changed over to soap.

1.6. A: .
Im told that stores prices are expensive.
B: ? ?
Really? Ive always done my shopping there until now...

3.20. .
Korean students have the habit of twirling their pencil around with their fingers while they study.

3.22. , .
They say that company is short of staff, so theyll have to increase their personnel.

3.23. .
The company president decided to entrust Section Chief Kim with all of the responsibility for this project.
165
3.24. 4 . ?
Departing at 4 AM is a bit overdoing it. Cant we move back the time back a bit?

4.38. .
I was awoken from my sleep by the sound of the alarm clock.

4.39. .
Everybody was delighted at the news that Chunho had been accepted to university.

5.43. .
The prices of things in that store are cheap, and yet the quality is good.

5.44. .
Even though she pretends to be slightly dim-witted, Chunhi has an extraordinary mind.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text smile sheepishly; give a quick
()() agonize; be in anguish (sheepish) smile
() being moved/touched; deep
30() for close to thirty years; nearly
thirty years emotion
revive; come back to life;
the more I age, the more...; the older
I get, the more... rekindle; burn up again
(the end of ones nose) get itchy
() be important, weighty; be
precious, dear (because one feels like crying)
immediately, right away
feel; sense; experience; be
() study
conscious of; realize; be deeply
cross over, go over (e.g.,
moved
)
get so that it is realized; come to
, go across; come across
feel/sense
() sincerity and devoted affection
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
be/get contained; be filled with
() make up ones mind soap
() a thought occurs (floats up) to wash (ones hair)
one () water pollution
necklace () be severe
earring () since a little while ago
quite; rather; greatly; very much () thing; object; article; goods
() () engage in farming/agriculture () now
(, ) () Korean student(s)
without a(ny) chance/moment to () pencil
rest turn it; make it turn; spin it
oldest son (usually bad) habit
() shake, sway, disturb, agitate sth () company
. Not much (time) is left/remaining. () staff; personnel
boiled fodder () number of staff
boil sth; make sth boil be too few; be lacking
fall into increase it
[] the door to the [], or () company president
parents bedroom () business
voice () all responsibility
pretending not to have heard ( ) section chief Kim
after (doing sth for) a while, then entrust to
(suddenly/unexpectedly) 4() four oclock in the morning
() three or four times; a few times ()() set off; depart
[] stable; cowshed () overdoing it
toward me; in my direction () time
stare at; gaze at make it later; postpone

166
() alarm clock () quality
() college; university () a little bit; slightly
()() pass; make the grade be dim-witted, stupid
() news; report () be extraordinary
everybody

:
: side dish
Phonetic
()
:
: dye
() : 16
4 + 12 = 16
() : 9
4 + 5 = 9
: ( meat: 4) : ( tree: 4)

:
: things; matter
Phonetic
()
:
: thing; object
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
() : 6
2 + 4 = 6
: ( cow: 4) : ( person: 2)

:
: be burdened
:
: lead
Phonetic
()
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
() : 13
8 + 5 = 13
: ( heart: 4) : ( metal: 8)

:
: sincere; sincerity
Phonetic
()
:
: member
Phonetic
()
() : 14
7 + 7 = 14
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
: ( speech: 7) : ( mouth: 3)

:
: agricultural
Phonetic
()
:
: reprove; responsibility
() : 13
7 + 6 = 13
() : 11
7 + 4 = 11
: ( star: 7) : ( shell: 7)

:
: fortune
Phonetic
()
:
: be in charge; entrust
Phonetic
()
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
() : 6
2 + 4 = 6
: ( shield: 3) : ( person: 2)

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: blessing; fortunate (~) (/ : reason(ing); principle; manage Phonetic
() : 14 : 11 ()
: ( show: 5) 5 + 9 = 14 ) : ( jade: 4) 4 + 7 = 11

:
: dirty
:
: self; from
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ( water: 3) : ()

167
:
: sing
:
: rule; frame
() : 14
11 + 3 = 14
() : 10
4 + 6 = 10
: ( bird: 11) : ( tree: 4)

:
: bell; clock
Phonetic
(~)
:
: article; goods; grade
() : 20
8 + 12 = 20
() : 9
3 + 6 = 9
: ( metal: 8) : ( mouth: 3)

:
: unite; join; the total
Phonetic
()
:
: not be; be without; wrong, bad
Phonetic
(~)
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
: ( mouth: 3) : ()

: ~; : ; : Phonetic
(; : star; fifth earthly branch Phonetic : not be; be without; wrong, bad (~)
: 7 (~) () : 8
) : () 7 + 0 = 7 : () 8 + 0 = 8

:
: self
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() material
() a physical solid; an object
() side dish () agricultural products
: ( meat) + 12 () everything; all things
() present; gift (~) all creatures; universe
() food and clothing () all the creatures of the
world
() things; matter () civilization
: ( cow) + 4 () animal
() gift () herbivorous animal
() article; goods (~) hibernating animals
()() make a wholesale purchase () the animal kingdom
() goods; articles () animal property; animal-ness
() laws of nature; physical law () immovable, fixed thing
() physics () things
() public criticism () living thing
() bring on public criticism () biology
() bring on public criticism () inanimate object
() condition of things () extinct animals and plants
(~) world affairs () things Western; Western
() material; matter civilization

168
() worldly/vulgar person; person of low () happiness
taste () realtors office
() foods; foodstuffs () lottery ticket
() person; character; figure () good-luck freckle/mark
() hardware store () be lucky, blessed with good luck
() shellware; shell goods () be rich, wealthy, well-off, well-to-
() freight do
() freight car; freight train
()() search for; hunt () dirty
() a trust : ( water) + 3
() dried fish; stockfish () pollution
() dangerous article () dirty water

() be burdened () dye
: ( heart) + 8 : ( tree) + 5
() anguish; worry () pollution
() infection
() sincere; sincerity ()() get infected
: ( speech) + 7 () [] contagious/communi-
() true heart; devotion cable disease
with utmost devotion () contagiousness; infectiousness
() earnestness; enthusiasm ()() dye
() donation (of money)
() perfect sincerity; ones true heart () thing; object
() sincerity; ones true heart : ( person) + 4
()w be thoroughly sincere; () article; goods
wholehearted ()() make a wholesale purchase
() [] event; happening
() agricultural () [] excellent goods; first-rate
: ( star) + 6 article
() agricultural industry () important matter; business matter
() farm; plantation
() farmland () lead
() farmer : ( metal) + 5
() farmer; peasantry () pencil
() farming () [] colored pencil
farmer () graphite
() to farm
() crops; farm produce () member
()()[] : ( mouth) + 7
college of agriculture; () an executive
() small (petty) farmer () store clerk
() tenant farming; tenant farmer () member (of an association)
() [] membership card
() fortune () all the members
: ( shield) + 5 () member of Congress;
() happiness members of the National Assembly
() good luck () company employee
() wish (one) good luck () new employee
() good fortune () the fixed (seating) capacity
fortunately; luckily () the number of persons
() unhappiness; misfortune () factory worker
unfortunately () mobilization
(~) () blessing in disguise () draw an audience
() a godsend; piece of good luck () member of a neighborhood
() as good luck would have it organization
() public service personnel
() blessing; fortunate () security guard
: ( show) + 9 () staff; personnel
()w be (chubby and) prosperous looking

169
() reprove; responsibility () management; handling; disposal (of a
: ( shell) + 4 matter)
() responsibility () a natural law
()() take responsibility () goes against nature
() sense of responsibility
() person in charge () self; from
() be irresponsible : () +0
() duty; obligation; responsibility ()() commit suicide
() liability for a crime () from ancient times; traditionally
() charges with a crime/ () automatic movement
offense () automatic door
() guilty conscience () automobile
() independence; self-support
() be in charge; entrust () alarm clock
: ( person) + 4 () voluntary; spontaneous
() responsibility () voluntarily
()() take responsibility () confession (of ones crime)
() sense of responsibility ()() give oneself up; surrender
() person in charge oneself
() be irresponsible () self-study
() successor (to a position) () ones self
() an executive () ones own self
() person in charge; a head () oneself; itself
() duty; task the thought itself
() assumption of office; inauguration () ones own handwriting
()() assume/take up office () from ancient times; traditionally
() inauguration ceremony () self
() self-centered
( / -) reason(ing); principle; manage think of oneself only
: ( jade) + 7 () (at) ones own expense
() laws of nature; physical law () self-surrender
() physics () self-confidence
() wrongdoings (of public officials) () confident feeling
() theory () nature
() director; trustee ()w be natural
() chairman of a board of directors () natural
() logic () volunteer
() logical () bicycle
() be unreasonable; overwork () do (sth) of ones own accord
() physiology of ones own accord
() mentality; psychology () bring upon oneself; incur (blame)
() psychology (as an academic () voluntary withdrawing (from school)
field)
() cooking () sing
() some reason; truth : ( bird) + 3
() contain an element of truth () an alarm clock
() truth
() rational; reasonable () bell; clock
() rationalization : ( metal) + 12
() ideology () an alarm clock
() an ideal () alarm bell; warning
() ideal () call bell; doorbell
() reasoning power
() rational () unite; join; the total
() accounting : ( mouth) + 3
() [] payroll department () unite; combine
() proxy; an agent () unite; combine
() geography ()() pass (an exam); make the
() geography (as a field of study) grade

170
() the total (sum) (~) natural food
() alloy; compound metal () (article of) top quality
() combination; union (~) the best (quality) on earth
() lawful; legal () a work; production
() rational; reasonable () literary work
() lodging together ()() go out of stock
()() be united; be of one mind () quality article; quality goods
() joint work () necessities; supplies
() union; cohesion () military equipment/supplies
() concentration of spirit; disciplinary () a substitute article
() a match; game () daily necessities
() be suitable; be appropriate () school supplies
() rationalization () office supplies
() sitting together () electric appliances
() used goods, secondhand goods
() rule; frame () highest-quality article
: ( tree) + 6 () patented article
()() pass (an exam); make the grade () cosmetics
() rule; formality
()() stick to formality () not be; be without; wrong; bad
() [] character; personality : () + 0
()() be refined () wrongdoings (of public officials)
() physique () articles not for sale
() proverb; maxim () emergency; extraordinary
() [] character; personality () be extraordinary
() emergency exit
() article; goods; grade () emergency money
: ( mouth) + 6 () an emergency
() goods; articles () an inhuman person; a beast; outcast
() a list of articles/items () inhumane
() quality () inhumanity; callousness
() conduct; behavior () be heartless
() [] gift certificate () abnormality
() money and goods () wrongdoing; misconduct
() parts () not open to the public
() auto parts () unofficial; informal
() articles not for sale () misfortune; ill luck; adverse fate
() fixtures () pacifism
() foodstuffs; groceries () pacifist
() grocery store


() star () not be
: () + 0 : () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde- This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() birthday (hon.)
() the North Star (aka )

() self; from
: () + 0
This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
pendent character. (See above for examples.)

171
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following The phonetic element () occurs in just two com-
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : monly used Chinese characters, where it indicates the
reading :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic (~)
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : The phonetic element indicates the pronunciation
in just one character (learned in this lesson):

Phonetic () More commonly, the phonetic indicates the reading :
The phonetic element () occurs in just two common-
ly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic (-) commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
The phonetic element can indicate two different read-
ings: or . In the following Chinese characters, it is
pronounced :
Phonetic (~)
The Chinese character has two readings (~). As a
But in these two commonly used characters, indicates phonetic element, too, indicates the pronunciations
: or . In the following characters, indicates the reading
:

Phonetic () And in these characters, it indicates the pronunciation :
The phonetic element () occurs in just two com-
monly used Chinese characters, where it indicates the
reading :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() present; gift () agricultural products; crops; farm
() things produce
() person; character; figure () laws of nature, physical law
() worldly/vulgar person; person of () physics
low taste () a physical solid; an object
() animal () material; matter
() condition of things ()() bring on public criticism
() article; goods () civilization
()() make a wholesale purchase () things Western; Western
() goods; articles civilization
() living thing () anguish; worry
() biology () true heart; devotion
() inanimate object () earnestness; enthusiasm
() foods; foodstuffs () donation (of money)
() freight () agricultural industry
() freight car; freight train () farm; plantation

172
() farmland () automatic movement
() farmer () automatic door
() farmer; peasantry () automobile
() farming () oneself; itself
() college of agriculture () voluntarily; of ones own accord
() happiness () ones own handwriting
()w be (chubby and) prosperous () independence; self-support
looking () self-study
() realtors office ()() commit suicide
() lottery ticket ()() give oneself up; surrender oneself
() good-luck freckle/mark () unite; combine
() pollution () unite; combine
() dirty water () a match; game
() infection () lawful; legal
()() get infected () concentration of spirit;
() [] event; happening disciplinary
() pencil () combination; union
() graphite () union; cohesion
() store clerk ()() be united; be of one mind
() member (of an association) () the total (sum)
() [] membership card () joint work
() all the members ()() pass (an exam); make the grade
() member of Congress; member of () alloy; compound metal
the National Assembly () lodging together
() company employee ()() stick to formality
() an executive () [] character; personality
() the fixed (seating) capacity ()() be refined
() the number of persons () physique
() mobilization () proverb; maxim
() factory worker () fixtures
()() take responsibility () (article of) top quality
() be irresponsible () conduct; behavior
() sense of responsibility () money and goods
() person in charge () foodstuffs; groceries
() successor (to a post) () a list of articles/items
() theory () parts
() contain an element of truth ( auto parts
() be unreasonable; overwork )
() director; trustee () articles not for sale
() chairman of a board of directors () emergency; extraordinariness
() cooking () be extraordinary
() mentality; psychology () an emergency
() psychology (as an academic field) () be heartless
() physiology () an inhuman person; a beast;
() logic outcast
() rational; reasonable () inhumane
() truth () inhumanity; callousness
() wrongdoings (of public officials) () wrongdoing; misconduct
() from ancient times; traditionally () abnormality
() alarm clock () birthday (hon.)
() confession (of ones crime)

173
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. 30 .
12. 100 .
13. .
14. .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
Teachers Day () preparations against / in
() with devotion and an earnest anticipation of
attitude () the methods of natural science
()() farm; engage in farming ()
() (, ) () literary research
() be rough to the touch ()() apply to
() true happiness
() in full swing
()() calculate () () be in progress, under way
() () on account of () confrontation between left and
() grey; the color grey () right (sides of the political
()() extort; blackmail spectrum)
be/get caught () deepen; grow more profound
() registration () collaboration; working together
exceed; go beyond ()() seek; pursue
()() be stubborn; cling stubbornly to () slave
ring (intransitive) () () fall to the level of
()() arrive late ()
() a business, enterprise earning money itself
() consensus via consultation ()
() the age of popular culture + VERB dare to VERB
() ()() express ones opinion
() a product; the product of
() the odd misfortune (a 10,000-
() to-1 misfortune)

174
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


175


176


177

III

New from the Example Sentences


1.3. .
If you keep opening and closing the fridge door, the ice cream will melt.

2.4. .
I thought he was eating a lot, and whaddaya knowlooks like hes got a tummy ache.

2.6. .
I was thinking it was a bit dangerous, and sure enough, there was an accident.

2.7. . .
I had something to say to Sumi and happened to run into her on the street. I thought to myself, This has turned out
great.

3.11. A: ?
Chinho is terribly wasteful, isnt he?
B: , .
Yes. He spends money like water.

3.12. A: ?
Doesnt it seem weve seen her somewhere before?
B: , ? .
Hmm, her face is familiar to me, too Seems I might remember her, but then again, I cant.

4.13. A: ?
Are you playing soccer tomorrow even if it rains?
B: . .
Of course. We play even when it rains.

4.14. A: ?
Did you miss a lot of school when you were in elementary school?
B: , .
No. When I was little, I went to school even when I was really sick.

5.16. A: ?
Did you see the movie yesterday?
B: .
No. The tickets were all sold out, so we couldnt go.

5.19. .
They say the thief that broke into our hospital last night was caught.

5.20. .
The protagonist is sleeping [embraced] in his lovers bosom.

5.21. A: , . .
Sujin, theres all kinds of dirt on your sockwipe it off.
B: .
Its because I got my foot stepped on by the guy next to me on the subway just now.

178
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences () tomorrow
() football; soccer
() fridge; refrigerator () elementary school
() door () absence (from school, a meeting)
melt () movie; film
() ultimately; in the end () hospital
() get a tummy ache, upset stomach thief; burglar
() be dangerous be/get caught
() sure enough () hero; main character; protagonist
()() an accident happens () lover; boyfriend/girlfriend
bosom; embrace; arms
() by accident; by coincidence [] be/get embraced, held in the arms
opportunely; as good luck would () socks
have it dirt; earth
() waste; wastefulness stick/adhere to; be stained with
() be severe, extreme () shake off; clean off
somewhere or other () subway
() face looks familiar () man
()() remember () get ones foot stepped on

Pattern Review and


Note that each sentence number below corresponds to the same numbered sentence in Advanced Ko-
rean, Lesson 15.

2. - -
5. A: ?
B: .

3. --, -()
9. A: ?
B: .
10. A: , ?
B: , .

4. - / -
15. A: . .
B: . .

5.
17. A: ?
B: .
18. A: , .
B: .
21. A: , . .
B: .

6. -
22. A: ?
B: .

7. - / - -, - / - -
26. .

8. - / --, -()-
29. A: ?
B: .
179
30. A: ?
B: ?
31. A: , ?
B: , .

9. - / - ()
33. .
35. .

10. - / - , - / -
36. A: , ?
B: , .

11. -()
39. A: .
B: . ?
40. A: 5 .
B: 2 , ?
41. A: ?
B: .

12. -()
42. A: ?
B: , .

13. - -, - --
48. A: , ?
B: .

14. -()
50. A: .
B: . 10 .
51. A: ?
B: . 12 .

15. - / - -
54. A: , ?
B: , . .

16. ...(-())... -()


56. .
57. .

17.
61. .
62. .
63. , .
64. .
67. 5 .
68. 8 . .

18.
70. A: ?
B: .
72. A: ?
B: , .

19. -()()
74. .
75. .
76. .

180

: (/) : / : Phonetic
(/ : cold Phonetic : expense; use (~)
: 7 (~) () : 12
) : ( ice: 2) 2 + 5 = 7 : ( shell: 7) 7 + 5 = 12

:
: cabinet; store; hide
Phonetic
(~)
:
: record, write down
Phonetic
()
() : 18 () : 10
: ( grass: 4) 4 + 14 = 18 : ( speech: 7) 7 + 3 = 10

:
: storehouse; treasury
:
: remember, consider
Phonetic
()
() : 10
7 + 3 = 10
() : 16
7 + 3 = 10
: ( house: 3) : ( heart: 3)

:
: accidental; by chance; mate
Phonetic
()
:
: kick
() : 11 () : 19
7 + 12 = 19
: ( person: 2) 2 + 9 = 11 : ( foot: 7)

:
: as such; so, that way; like
Phonetic
()
:
: sphere; ball
Phonetic
()
() : 12 () : 11
: ( fire: 4) 4 + 8 = 12 : ( jade: 4) 4 + 7 = 11

: : dangerous
: 6
:
: defect; deficient
Phonetic
()
() : ( military seal:
2 + 4 = 6
() : 10
6 + 4 = 10
2)[Full form is.] : ( barrel: 6)

:
: rough; dangerous
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: seat; place
Phonetic
()
() : 16
: ( left-side hill: 3)
3 + 13 = 16
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
[Full form is hill: 8.] : ( towel: 3)

:
: office; position; circumstances
:
: reflect; cinema
Phonetic
(~)
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
() : 9
4 + 5 = 9
: ( corpse: 3) : ( day: 4)

: (/) : / :
(/ : wave; wasteful Phonetic : picture; drawing
: 10 (~) () : 13
5 + 8 = 13
) : ( water: 3) 3 + 7 = 10 : ( field: 5)

181
:
: disease; sickness
Phonetic
()
:
: public; official; impartial
() : 10 () : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: ( sickness: 5) 5 + 5 = 10 : ( eight: 2)

:
: court; institution
Phonetic
(~)
:
: earth; place
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
: ( left-side hill: 3)
3 + 7 = 10
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
[Full form is hill: 8.] : ( earth: 3)

:
: main; host
Phonetic
()
:
: below; descend
() : 5 () : 3
1 + 2 = 3
: ( dot: 1) 1 + 4 = 5 : ( one: 1)

:
: ice
:
: corpse
Phonetic
()
: 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 3
: () : () 3 + 0 = 3

:
: military seal
:
: barrel
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: () : ()

:
: military seal
:
: dot
() : 2
2 + 0 = 2
() : 1
1 + 0 = 1
: () : ()


Lessons 15 ( tree)
( bamboo) () ( metal)
( one) ( two)
() ( speech) ( water)
( shield) ( water)
( day) ( standing knife)
( woman) ( knife)
( big) (~ cart)
( heart) ( village)
( gate) ( cover)
( shell) () ( thread)
( show) () ( bookrest)
( door) ( wise man)
( hat) ( raw)
( enter) ( grass)
( earth) ( grass)

182
( treated leather) ( bone)
( big mouth) ( hand)
( inch) ( hook)
( mouth) ( rain)
( two people) ( stand)
( foot) ( black)
( spear) ( sound)
( son) ( graph)
( sheep) ( bird)
( angle) ( fowling arrow)
( walk~go) ( rice)
( hole) ( high)
( hair) ( towel)
( person) ( right-side town)
( vitality) ( top of )
( artisan) ( field)
( mountain) ( say)
( fire) ( strength)
( fire)
( feather) Lessons 1115
( moon) ( old)
( rice) ( old)
( ten) ( dog deer radical)
( stop) ( cow)
( red) ( eye)
( pierce) ( whole back graph)
( left-side hill)
Lessons 610 ( hill)
( sweet)
( eight)
( evening)
( wind)
( axe)
( heart)
( mal)
( stone)
( roof tile)
( bird)
( yawn)
( white)
( back graph)
( ear)
( beat)
( see)
( meat)
( jade)
( meat)
( jade)
( sickness)
( long)
( house)
( dog)
( self)
( father)
( not)
( not)
( star)
( open-top mouth)
( ice)
( dagger)
( head) ( military seal)
( bride) ( corpse)
( horse) ( barrel)
( head) ( dot)
( town)

183
BUILDING WORD POWER WITH
() be rugged; be rough
() danger
() cold () be rough; be savage-looking
: ( ice) + 5 () slanderous remark
() refrigeration
() refrigerator () office; position; circumstances
() cold water : ( corpse) + 4
() air-conditioned room () eventually; ultimately; in the end
() iced tea () telephone company
() cold war () situation; the times
() the authorities concerned
() cabinet; store; hide () a person in authority
: ( grass) + 14 () military authorities
() refrigeration () school authorities
() refrigerator () area code
() Bureau of Military Affairs
() storehouse; treasury
: ( house) + 7 ( / -) wave; wasteful
() refrigerator : ( water) + 7
() garage () waste
() cash depository () wind and waves
() book depository
() expense; use
() accidental, by chance; mate : ( shell) + 5
: ( person) + 9 () waste
() chance; accident () waste of time
by chance; by accident () lodging expenses
() contingency; happen accidentally () grocery expenses
() ones own expenses
() as such; so; that way; -like () (bus/train/taxi) fare
: ( fire) + 8 () school expenses
() chance; accident () membership fee
() by chance; by accident () expenses; cost
() nature () expenses
() natural () military expenses
()w be natural
() natural beauty () record
() natural food : ( speech) + 3
()w be unnatural, () memory
artificial, strained ()() remember
() as expected; sure enough () memory power
() be natural; be a matter of course () (newspaper) article
() being natural () writing in; entering
() a natural monument () journalist; reporter
() natural beauty () press interview
() natural color(s); technicolor () memoirs
() natural water () diary
() biography
() dangerous () note-taking
: ( military seal) + 4 () an old record, chronicle
() danger () clerk in the township () office
() dangerous article () chronicle
() () imminent danger
() critical moment; crisis () remember
: ( heart) + 13
() rough; dangerous () memory
: = ( = hill) + 13 ()() remember

184
() kick () visiting a sick person
: ( foot) + 12 () physical sickness, illness
() soccer () [] mental disease
() mental hospital
() sphere; ball () [] contagious/communi-
: ( jade) + 7 cable disease
() soccer () serious illness
() table tennis () sickness (hon.)
() light bulb () be sickly, fragile, prone to sickness
() the earth; the globe () [] venereal disease
() the celestial sphere
() court; institution
() defect; deficient : = ( left-side hill = hill) + 7
: ( barrel) + 4 () hospital
() absence (from school) () court (of law)
() absence from work () Supreme Court
() defect; shortcoming () hospitalization
() attendance and absence () educational institution
() foreign language
() seat; place institute
: ( towel) + 7 () director of an institute
() absence (from school) () beauty parlor
() cushion () Upper House; Senate
() standing room () discharge from a hospital
() the top seat; head seat; the head () the opening of the Assembly (or
() take a chair; sit down (formal) anything ending in )
() (school) attendance () the closing (recess) of the Assembly
() sitting together (or anything ending in )
() an upper/higher seat; seat of honor
() main; host
() reflect; shine; cinema : ( dot) + 4
: ( day) + 5 () NOUN main NOUN; primary NOUN
() movie () mainly
() movie theatre () masterminding
() 3-D movie () ringleader
() screening; showing () housewife
(~) double features () main ingredient
(~) movie showing () staple food
() subject (of a sentence)
() picture; drawing () be main; be principal
: ( field) + 8 () proprietor; owner
() movie () protagonist; main character
() landscape painting () person in charge; a head
() drawing paper () theme; subject
() screen () be senseless; be wishy-washy
() an obscene/pornographic picture () princess
() head of a family
() disease; sickness () chief criminal
: ( sickness) + 5 () subjecthood; self-reliance
()() fall sick () king; monarch
()() fall sick () a monarchy
()() () recover from illness () the Lord of Heaven; the Lord
() hospital
() checking on someones well-being () public; official; impartial
() deformed or maimed person; cripple; : ( eight) + 2
idiot () princess
() sickroom () protagonist; main character
() sick person () public money
() pathological; sick () public establishment
() all kinds of diseases () public school

185
() formula; official ceremony () destination
() official () land
() unofficial; informal () flat land
() public promise; public pledge ()() survey the land
() [] public; official () street number
() be fair () room; margin
() be fair; be just . There is no room for
() be unfair excuses.
() opening to the public () situation; position
() closed to the public; not () heaven and earth; being full of
available to the public (~) all creatures; universe
() public service personnel (~) in the world
() fairness () new world
() official position () be crowded with cars
() official holiday
() be absolutely fair () below; descend
() a prince; grand duke : ( one) + 2
() underground
() earth; place () (train) going down from Seoul
: ( earth) + 3 () servant
() underground () getting out of a vehicle
() underground water () boarding; lodging
() basement () lower part of the body
() subway () upper and lower classes; rank
(~) underground parking lot () now; at present
() map () subordinate; underling
() geography () junior in age
() geography (as a field of study) () statesman; subject; vassal
() earth; globe () heaven and earth; the
() area; locality whole world
() central area () the universe; the world
() place name () the lowest; the most inferior
() destination () lower (social) class


(ice) This character functions as both a radical and as an inde-
: () + 0 pendent character (with the reading ). As a radical, it is
This character is used only as a radical and does not func- called . Other -type radicals (which typically
tion as an independent character. The is two- overarch the other graphic element(s) like an awning) that
water, in order to distinguish this radical from : you have seen are old, sickness,
or three-water. Technically speaking, this graphic and house. As an independent character, does
exists as an independent character called () freeze, not occur in any useful expressions.
but it is never used.
() jug; (barrel)
() (military seal) : () + 0
: () + 0 This character functions as both a radical and as an inde-
This functions exclusively as a radical, but in two different pendent character. A is a vessel used to store booze,
shapes. As a -type radical at the bottom or foot of a water, or urine. As an independent character, does not
character, it takes the fatter, squished shape seen here and occur in any useful expressions.
is called . As a -type radical on the right-hand
side of the other graphic element(s), it takes the shape () (dot)
and is called . : () + 0
This character is used only as a radical and does not func-
(corpse) tion as an independent character. Another meaning some-
: () + 0 times assigned to this radical is wick; flame.

186
ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS
Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element has the reading in just one
character: (from this lesson). Otherwise, it always indi-
cates the pronunciation , as in these characters: Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : The phonetic element () occurs in just two characters
and indicates the pronunciation :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Phonetic ()
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation of Phonetic (~)
or . In the following characters, it indicates the read- On its own as an independent character is read , but
ing : as a phonetic element, it can indicate a reading of either
or . There are two common characters where it indi-
cates the pronunciation :
And in these characters, it represents the pronunciation
:

There are also two characters where calls for the read-
ing :
Phonetic (~)
The phonetic element represents the reading in a
few characters like these: Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
But usually it represents the reading (which is easy to
remember if you think of = dollar = $ = ):

PHONETIC ELEMENTS LEARNED THUS FAR (BY LESSON)


Here are the different phonetic elements you have seen so far, organized by order of appearance. For a
comprehensive, alphabetized list of these phonetics, see the glossaries at the back of the book.
LESSON ONE
(~) () () (~)
() (~) () ()
() () () (~)
() ()

LESSON TWO
() (~~) () ()
() () (~) ()
(~) ()

LESSON THREE
(~) (~~) () ()
() (~) () (~)
()

187
LESSON FOUR
() () (~) ()
() (~~~) () (~)
()
LESSON FIVE
() () () ()
() (~) (~) (~~)
() () (~) (~)
() (~) (~) (~)
(~) ()
LESSON SIX
(~~) () () ()
(~) () () (~)
(~) (~~) (~) (~)
() (~)
LESSON SEVEN
() (~) (~) (~)
(~) (~) () (~)
(~~) () () ()
()
LESSON EIGHT
() () (~~) (~)
(~~) (~~~) (~) (~)
(~)
LESSON NINE
(~) () () (~~)
() (~) () ()
() (~) () (~)
(~) () () ()
()
LESSON TEN
() () () (~~)
(~) (~~) () (~)
() () ()
LESSON ELEVEN
() (~~) (~) ()
() () (~) ()
()
LESSON TWELVE
(~) () () (~)
(~) () (~~) ()
() () () ()
()
LESSON THIRTEEN
() () () (~)
() () () ()
() () (~) ()
LESSON FOURTEEN
() () () ()
(~) () () ()
(~) () (~)
LESSON FIFTEEN
(~) () () (~)
(~) () () ()
(~) ()

188
NEW COMBINATIONS
() cold water () hospital
() air-conditioned room () [] contagious/communicable disease
() iced tea () serious illness
() garage () visiting a sick person
() cash depository () checking on someones well-being
() book depository () sickroom
() chance; accident () sick person
() by chance; by accident () court (of law)
() contingency; happen accidentally () Supreme Court
() nature () hospitalization
() natural () educational institution
() natural food ( foreign language institute
() danger )
() dangerous article () director of an institute
() critical moment; crisis () deformed or maimed person;
() be rugged; be rough cripple; idiot
() be rough; be savage-looking () physical sickness, illness
() slanderous remark () proprietor; owner
() eventually; ultimately; in the end () protagonist; main character
() union; cohesion () be fair
() conclusion () person in charge; a head
() conclusion; an end () head of a family
() telephone company () housewife
() situation; the times () be main; be principal
() waste () main ingredient
() wind and waves () masterminding
() waste of time () ringleader
() school expenses; tuition () princess
() grocery expenses () staple food
() ones own expenses () theme; subject
() membership fee () subject (of a sentence)
() carfare () princess
() memory () [] public; official
() memory power () public money
() writing in; entering () public establishment
() diary () public school
() memoirs () public promise; public pledge
() biography () be fair; be just
() journalist; reporter () underground
() press interview () underground water
() (newspaper) article () basement
()() remember () subway
() soccer ( underground parking lot
() table tennis )
() light bulb () map
() the earth; the globe () geography
() absence (from school) () geography (as a field of study)
() absence from work () destination
() defect; shortcoming () destination
() attendance and absence () land
() (school) attendance () flat land
() cushion () area; locality
() standing room () junior in age
() sitting together () (train) going down from Seoul
() movie () subordinate; underling
() movie theater () servant
() landscape painting () getting out of a vehicle
() drawing paper () boarding; lodging
189
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. ?
7. 2002 .
8. 1 .
9. Catch Me If You Can .
10. .
11. 10 , , .
12. , , .
13. .
14. 5 . .
15. .
16. .
17. ?
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. , .
22. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
cover; lid memorize; commit to memory
()() safeguard; keep safe ()() pay a sick call on
why?; somehow () play; drama
w (, be deplorable, regrettable, too () get/take the lead role; play
) bad the role of the main character
NOUN judging by NOUN () acting (in a drama)
NOUN () be/get acknowledged or () a gem, masterpiece
() recognized as NOUN () the way to work
() even just once () be congested
() in actual fact () holiday; festival
NOUN based on NOUN () lines/routes leading away
bundle together from Seoul
()() () be/get injured; suffer injuries () tickets for standing room only
() () a nearby hospital; a hospital () seek; look for; get
in the vicinity plucking the stars (i.e.,
()() transfer impossible)
() application form () underground walkway
() exactly; precisely () above ground
()() fill in (a form) ... just like
() unconditionally; without () conclusion; end; denouement
question w (, ) be bland, tasteless; be boring
()() reach a conclusion; conclude

190
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


191


192


193

?
- ? , ?
- . , .
- .
. 30 1 .
? .
. .
.
- , ? .
- . .
.
- . . ,
. .
- , . . .

From the Example Sentences:


2.12. . .
I met Snjus boyfriend a few days ago. You wouldnt believe how funny that guy is.

3.16. . .
You know how the guy I met yesterday for sn was so incredibly tall? I thought he was a jock or something.

4.17. A: ?
Is it true that Chinsu came yesterday and helped you a lot?
B: , ? .
Yes. And is Chinsu a good worker or what? Thanks to Chinsu we finished moving quickly.

4.19. A: .
I hear that Deputy Director Lee has already bought a house.
B: ?
Is his wife just a little bit thrifty or what?

4.20. A: ?
Did you eat lots of fish down in Pusan?
B: ? .
Do I like sashimi or what? You bet I ate my fill while I was down there.

4.22. A: .
Apparently theres a huge problem with flooding in the south.
B: ?
Did you think that was just a passing shower we got yesterday and the day before?

5.28. A: ?
Whats with the childrens swimming suits?
B: .
I was at Namdaemun Market just now and they were cheap, so I bought a few to give to my nieces and nephews.

6.31. A: ?
Im going to a housewarming party; what should I buy?
B: ? .
How about taking some powdered soap and toilet paper? Lately thats what everybody seems to be buying [as I
recall].
194
6.36. A: ? ?
You were really tired yesterday, werent you? Did you sleep well?
B: . .
Yeah. When you get so tired like that, having a good sleep is the best.

7.38. A: ? .
Whats Minjngs personality like? It seems her friends dont like her that much.
B: . .
Oh my, shes so awful! All she cares about is herself.

7.39. A: .
?
I was passing by the Taehan Cinema just now and there was a long lineup in front of the theatre. Is the film that
good?
B: , . .
You betits incredibly interesting. You should go see it, too, Sumi.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text make laugh; be funny
() have a blind date
be upset
() man
() department (at a university)
incredibly; very; terribly
() AM
() athlete
gather, assemble (intransitive)
NOUN () thanks to NOUN
() be timely; be on time (NB:
() moving residence; moving house
processive)
() deputy director
() (not) at all
() wife (polite)
()() be useless
be thrifty and good with house
() go a round (of fighting); have a go
contrary to what one might finances
() Pusan
think/expect
() fish for eating
he himself / she herself
eat ones fill
()() get angry
() down south; southern direction
anyhow; anyway
(~) flooding; water disaster
he/she
NOUN? Whats with the NOUN?
() reading sutras to a cows ear, i.e.,
() swimming suit
talking to a brick wall (proverb)
( Namdaemun Market
(Now that) I have spoken with you,
)
(I feel/discover that)...(This is
niece/nephew
the Sequential ()() in
counter for sets of clothes
its meaning of when on another
housewarming party
pattern, namely finish
powdered soap
doing sth, e.g., after
() toilet paper
VERBing, after VERB-
() be tired
ing. This pattern seems never to
() tiredness; exhaustion; fatigue
occur sentence-finally, i.e., *
be/get accumulated; built up
seems not to occur.)
have a sound sleep
() feel better, feel reassured, relieved
() the best; the highest
() be in a bad mood
() [] character; personality
needs to make a phone call (has
+ Negative not particularly; not very
a place to call to)
evil; nasty; bad; terrible; awful
hang up (the phone)
() ones self; oneself
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences () Taehan Cinema/Theater
() stand in line
() a few days ago () movie; film
() friend

195

:
: usual; ordinary
Phonetic
()
:
: luck; transport
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( day: 4) : ( bookrest: 4)

: Phonetic
: (/) :
: friendly; parents () (/ : chaos; chaotic; reckless /
() : 16 : 13
: ( see: 7) 7 + 9 = 16 ) : ( bird: 1) 1 + 12 = 13

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: old(-time) () (/ : leave; separate Phonetic
() : 18 : 19 ()
: ( mortar: 6) 6 + 12 = 18 ) : ( bird: 8) 8 + 11 = 19

:
: select; elect
Phonetic
(~)
:
: swim
Phonetic
()
() : 16
4 + 12 = 16
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
: ( bookrest: 4) : ( water: 3)

:
: move
:
: clothes; submit
() : 11
5 + 6 = 11
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
: ( rice: 5) : ( moon: 4)

:
: move
:
: change; -(iz)ation
Phonetic
()
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 4
2 + 2 = 4
: ( two persons: 3) : ( dagger: 2)

:
: substitute; generation
Phonetic
()
:
: makeup; adorn
Phonetic
()
() : 5
2 + 3 = 5
() : 12
6 + 6 = 12
: ( person: 2) : ( rice: 6)

:
: cauldron
Phonetic
()
:
: sex; nature (quality)
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
8 + 2 = 10
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
: ( metal: 8) : ( heart: 3)

:
: fresh; fish
Phonetic
()
:
: body
Phonetic
()
() : 17
11 + 6 = 17
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: ( fish: 11) : ()

196
:
: 15
: drama :
: most; extremely
() : ( standing
2 + 13 = 15
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
knife: 2) : ( speak: 4)

: (/) : /
(/ : toil Phonetic
()
: 12
) : ( power: 2) 2 + 10 = 12

:
: mortar
Phonetic
()
:
: bird
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 8
8 + 0 = 8
: () : ()

:
: rice plant
Phonetic
()
:
: body
Phonetic
()
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

:
: fish
Phonetic
()
() : 11
11 + 0 = 11
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() old(-time)
: ( mortar) + 12
() usual; ordinary () friend
: ( day) + 8 () old style
() (being) ordinary; common () old-fashioned model
() restoration; repair
() friendly; parents () New Years Day by the lunar calendar
: ( see) + 9 () the new and the old
() (relationship) be close () the New and the Old Testament
() friend () old acquaintance
() be close; be familiar
() sense of closeness () select; elect
() ones birth parents : ( bookrest) + 12
() ones father (formal) () player
() ones mother (formal) (~) a multitalented person
() be familiar; be well acquainted () selection
() kindness () being selected for a competition
() be rude, unkind ()() prefer (over)
() be on the best terms (with) () electing
() close relatives; members of immediate () be/get elected
family () selection of literary works; anthology

197
() preliminary selection/match () trend; tendency
() getting elected; winning an election () be unfortunate, unlucky
() misfortune; bad luck; adverse fate
() move () good luck
: ( rice) + 6 () fortune; luck
() movement; migration () driving
() bookmobile () destiny; fate; ones star
() (house) moving
() / move out/in ( / -) chaos; chaotic; reckless
house-moving baggage : = ( bird) + 12
() emigration; immigration; emigrant; () uproar; commotion
immigrant () be in mental turmoil
() / emigrate/immigrate () civil war
() (business, office) moving () chaotic scene
() be rowdy, noisy, raucous,
() move tumultuous
: ( two persons) + 8
() (house) moving ( / -) leave; separate
() / move out/in : ( bird) + 11
house-moving baggage () uproar; commotion
() separation; division
() substitute; generation () divorce
: ( person) + 3 () parting; separation
() proxy; an agent
() agency; commercial agent () swim
() time; era : ( water) + 5
() years and generations; chronology () swimsuit
() chronicle () swimming
() teenager; teen years; teens () swimming pool
() substitution; replacement () breaststroke
NOUN () instead of NOUN
() substitution () clothes; submit
() a substitute article : ( moon) + 4
() ancient times () swimsuit
() modern times; modernity () school uniform
(~) modern civilization () underwear
() modernization () food and clothing
() ones lifetime; the present age; those () (mens) Western clothes; suit
days () tailor shop (for men)
() generation () street wear; clothes for going out
() work clothes
() cauldron () celebration for wearing new
: ( metal) + 2 clothes
() Pusan (city name in Korea) () everyday/ordinary/regular
clothes
() fresh; fish () Korean (traditional) dress
: ( fish) + 6 () take medicine
() fresh fish () military uniform
() be clear; be distinctive () flight uniform
() be fresh () clothing; a set of clothes
() morning freshness; Chosn () court dress; court attire
() Ancient Chosn () winter clothes; winter school uniform
() spring wear
() luck; transport () spring/autumn clothes; spring/
: ( bookrest) + 9 autumn
() sports; exercise; campaign () summer clothes; summer school
() playground; stadium uniform school uniform
()() be lucky
()() be unlucky () change; -(iz)ation
() (vehicle) running; operation : ( dagger) + 2

198
() makeup () high fidelity
() toilet; bathroom () distinction of sex
() tissue paper; toilet paper () [] sentimentalism; sensibility
() cosmetics () relativity
() fossil () [] a progressive/
() chemistry enterprising spirit
() assimilation () nature; innate disposition
() culture
() beautification; embellishment () body
() equalization; leveling : () + 0
() rationalization () self; ones self
() modernization () ones own self
() evolution () self-centered
() the theory of evolution () selfish; egoistic
() degeneration; atrophy
() globalization () drama; severe
() justification : ( standing knife) + 13
() theater
() makeup; adorn () dramatic
: ( rice) + 6 () skit; short drama
() makeup
() cosmetics ( / -) toil
() toilet paper; tissues : ( power) + 10
() toilet; bathroom () tiredness; fatigue
() beauty parlor () labor; pains
() be languid
() sex; nature (quality) () laborer
: ( heart) + 5 () labor
() [] character; personality () laborer
() nature; disposition; temperament rough physical labor
() likes and dislikes in food; taste () physical labor
() man; male () heavy labor
() woman; female ()() endeavor; exertion
() same sex () overexertion; overwork
() opposite/other sex
() sexlessness; neutral gender () most; extremely
() [] venereal disease : ( speak) + 8
() sexual desire () the highest; the best
() [] contagiousness; () the last
infectiousness () the lowest; the most inferior
() reasoning power () the largest; maximum
() rational () newest; latest
() human nature () the newest style
() courteousness () the best
() animal property; animal-ness () the best article
() subjecthood; self-reliance () the best way
() importance () the smallest; minimum
() distinctive quality; characteristic () the latest; the most recent
() capacity; efficiency; performance

199

() mortar This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen-
: () + 0 dent character.
This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen- () fish market
dent character. Note that this radical has a stroke count of () mermaid
6. () dried fish; stockfish
() a molar, tooth () fish and meat
() mortar and pestle () flying fish

() rice plant () bird


: () + 0 : () + 0
This character is used both as a radical and as an indepen- This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
dent character. dent character, but does not occur in any useful words.
() rice grain
() edible grains; cereals () body
: () + 0
() fish This character functions as both a radical and an indepen-
: () + 0 dent character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in just two Chinese
Phonetic () characters, both pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in just two common-
Phonetic () ly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in just two common-
Phonetic () ly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in just two common-
Phonetic () ly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following

200
NEW COMBINATIONS
() (being) ordinary; common () school uniform
() (relationship) be close () everyday/ordinary/regular
() friend clothes
() ones birth parents () street wear; clothes for going out
() ones father (formal) () work clothes
() ones mother (formal) () makeup
() old style () tissue paper; toilet paper; tissues
() old-fashioned model () fossil
() restoration; repair () chemistry
() New Years Day by the lunar () modernization
calendar () rationalization
() the new and the old () beautification; embellishment
() the New and the Old Testament () assimilation
() player () cosmetics
() selection () toilet; bathroom
() being selected for a competition () culture
()() prefer (over) () [] character; personality
()() be/get elected () nature; disposition; temperament
() selection of literary works; () subjecthood; self-reliance
anthology () likes and dislikes in food; taste
() movement; migration () importance
( bookmobile () reasoning power
) () rational
()() move out/in () [] venereal disease
/ () man; male
() emigration; immigration () woman; female
() (house) moving () same sex
() proxy; an agent () opposite/other sex
() agency; commercial agent () sexlessness; neutral gender
() time; era () animal property; animal-ness
() modern times () distinctive quality; characteristic
() years and generations; chronology () [] contagiousness; infectiousness
() teenager; teen years; teens () self; ones self
NOUN () instead of NOUN () theater
() Pusan (city name in Korea) () dramatic
() fresh fish () tiredness; fatigue
() be clear; be distinctive () labor; pains
() be fresh () laborer
() sports; exercise; campaign () labor
()() be lucky () heavy labor
()() be unlucky () laborer
() good luck () the highest; the best
() misfortune; bad luck; adverse fate () the last
() uproar; commotion () the lowest; the most inferior
() be in mental turmoil () the largest; maximum
() civil war () newest; latest
() separation; division () the newest style
() divorce () girls high school
() swimsuit ()
() swimming () upper and lower classes; rank
() swimming pool () high; advanced
() free stroke () high school
() breaststroke () fish market
() underwear () mermaid
() Korean (traditional) dress () dried fish, stockfish
() (mens) Western clothes; suit () fish and meat

201
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. ?
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .
11. .
12. , .
13. .
14. .
15. ? ?
16. .
17. .
18.
19. , , .
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() take a break from the office () shellfish
() gymnasium () eat sth raw
( mobile phone ()
) () be sharp, acute
~ () a native of ~ () the actual scene (where the action
this year takes place)
() maeuntang (spicy soup with () confrontation between left and
seafood) () right
() due to the unfortunate fact of () deepen; grow more profound
having... -ed () educational reform
() ones leg smarts / throbs / has () partial change
shooting pains ()
the rainy season () stop at
(~) flood damage () total/complete change
()() suffer damage ()
() swimming cap () go for/towards
()() be of no use () peoples representative/deputy
() facilities ()
be/get piled up (hence: accumu- ()() be/get elected
late (intransitive)) ()() be/act greedy
()() relieve ones fatigue cant do anything about it
() () the age of popular culture
() be sufficient ()
() sleep () product; a/the product of...
() leap/jump into
(); vegetables; meats
()

202
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


203


204


205



.
.
. .
.
2 .
. . 3
. .
. .

. . .
. .
, ?
. .
.

. 10 ,
.

From the Example Sentences:


2.9. A: ?
Does Yngjun say hes not going to the mountains tomorrow?
B: , .
Yes, unfortunately it looks like he wont be going.

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text ) would be best to leave the city.
.
everybody
()() suffer
() leave; holiday; break
() appearance(s); shape; form
() leave on ones holiday/vacation
... It seems they thought...; They seem
() city
() be empty, vacant, hollow (Always to have thought...
() especially; in particular
used with past tense: .
() rich person
Note that this cannot contract to
Pyngchangdong (area in Seoul)
* and is processive.)
here and there (in various places)
is totally empty
() streetlights
an empty bottle
be/get turned on
(weather) be steaming hot (NB:
darkness
processive)
show up; appear
(weather) be brutally steaming
be skilful and fast, nimble, agile
hot
() movement (of parts of the body);
right (smack) in the middle of the
city motion; carriage; bearing; ac-
( Rather than staying in the city, it
tion; act
directly; straightaway; right away

206
() a study ()w be noisy, loud, clamorous,
() be skilful, expert, adept boisterous
(manual/domestic) skill, just about to (with ()
dexterity, knack )
picture () entrance hall; vestibule
remove; take away; subtract; take (~) door to the vestibule/entrance
off; separate; get rid of hall
take away, remove (and put away) smash sth; break sth
() secret () bathing cap
() safe, strongbox, coffer massage cream
() moment; instant full; to the max; all the way
the instant she opened the safe apply, put on (makeup, ointment,
bell etc.)
ring (intransitive); sound finish sth
terribly; ever so much; very () emergency; contingency
() be flustered, at a loss emergency bell, alarm
() police; policeman () owner; proprietor
come running nephew; niece
()() flee; run away; beat a retreat () be kind
even supposing she were to flee... ()() explain
() vicinity sth stops; stop sth (functions as
It was clear/obvious she would be both transitive and intransitive)
apprehended nearby. () self; oneself
be clear, obvious, plain to see () want; desire
()() expect; foresee; anticipate
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
as she had anticipated
() doorbell; call bell; buzzer () be unfortunate
() gradually; by degrees () unfortunately

:
: rest
Phonetic
()
:
: pattern
Phonetic
()
() : 6
2 + 4 = 6
() : 15
4 + 11 = 15
: ( person: 2) : ( tree: 4)

:
: leisure, relaxation, spare time
Phonetic
(~)
:
: rich
Phonetic
(~)
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
() : 12
3 + 9 = 12
: ( day: 4) : ( hat: 3)

:
: false; temporary
Phonetic
(~)
:
: street
() : 11
2 + 9 = 11
() : 12
6 + 6 = 12
: ( person: 2) : ( walk: 6)

:
: example; pattern
Phonetic
(~)
:
: lamp; light bulb
Phonetic
()
() : 15
4 + 11 = 15
() : 16
4 + 12 = 16
: ( tree: 4) : ( fire: 4)

207
:
: storey/story; layer
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: place; manage
() : 15
3 + 12 = 15
() : 11
6 + 5 = 11
: ( corpse: 3) : ( tiger: 6)

:
: able; ability
:
: prior; prepare
() : 10
4 + 10 = 14
() : 16
7 + 9 = 16
: ( meat: 4) : ( pig: 7)

:
: ripe; experienced
Phonetic
()
:
: think; reflect
Phonetic
()
() : 15
4 + 11 = 15
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( fire: 4) : ( heart: 4)

:
: secret; conceal
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: invite; call
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
5 + 5 = 10
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
: ( rice: 5) : ( hand: 3)

:
: secret; intimate; thorough
Phonetic
(~~)
:
: shake
Phonetic
()
() : 11
3 + 8 = 11
() : 13
3 + 10 = 13
: ( hat: 3) : ( hand: 3)

:
: instant; blink
Phonetic
()
:
: black
Phonetic
()
() : 17
5 + 12 = 17
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ( eye: 5) : ()

: Phonetic
: ; :
: warn () (; : cut; earnest; urge or: all; entirely ;
() : 20 : 4
: ( speech: 7) 7 + 13 = 20 ) : ( knife: 2) 2 + 2 = 4

:
: investigate
Phonetic
()
:
: desire; request
Phonetic
()
() : 14
3 + 11 = 14
() : 19
9 + 10 = 19
: ( hat: 3) : ( head: 9)

:
: near; recent
Phonetic
()
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
: ( bookrest: 4)

208

:
: tiger
Phonetic
()
:
: black
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

:
: pig
() : 7
7 + 0 = 7
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() mode; style
() aspect; phase
() rest () be varied
: ( person) + 4
() (workers) vacation; time off () rich
() holiday : ( hat) + 9
() public holiday () rich person
() (temporary) closure of a school () be wealthy
() temporary absence from school () wealthy class
() wastepaper; toilet paper; tissue
() suspension of business () street
() closed for the day : ( walk) + 6
() armistice () main street
() temporary break from office () streetlight
() no sleep and no rest; work
without stopping () lamp; light bulb
() consecutive holidays; long weekend : ( fire) + 12
() streetlight
() leisure; relaxation; spare time () incandescent light
: ( day) + 9 () outdoor lamp
() (workers) vacation; time off () electric lamp; electric light
() leisure; spare time
() storey/story; layer
() false; temporary : ( corpse) + 12
: ( person) + 9 () high-rise (building)
() hypothesis () stairs
() assumption; supposition () social stratum
() false name; alias () lower (social) class
() mask () middle layers/class
() wear a mask () countless varieties;
() approximately innumerable ranks
. It takes about a month. () wealthy class

() example; pattern () able; ability


: ( tree) + 11 : ( meat) + 6
() shape; form () be capable
outer appearance () be skilful; be proficient
() capability
() pattern () omnipotent
: ( tree) + 11 () a multitalented person
() form; appearance () be incompetent

209
() be versatile, many-sided () near; recent
() be competent : ( bookrest) + 4
() function () neighborhood; vicinity
() performance; capacity () modern times; modernity
() high fidelity () modern civilization
() modernization
() ripe; experienced () recent times; these days
: ( fire) + 11 () neighborhood; vicinity
() be skilful; be proficient () the latest; the most recent
() idiomatic phrase () be close; be familiar
() be mature and experienced () feeling of closeness
() be inexperienced; be immature
() be mature () place; manage
() be familiar; be well acquainted : ( tiger) + 5
() be familiar/acquainted with (a () face (a crisis, etc.)
person) () face a crisis
() neighborhood; vicinity
() secret; conceal () Miss; virgin
: ( rice) + 5 () old maid; old miss
() secret () a (male) virgin
() [] secret method ()() manage; handle; dispose (of
() private secretary a matter)
() constipation settlement (of an affair)
() mystery () prescription
()() dispose of, sell off (ones
() secret; intimate; thorough property)
: ( hat) + 8 () behavior; conduct
() secret behave/conduct oneself well
() be minute, accurate, refined () situation; position
() density ()() cope with; deal with
() density of population () everywhere; everyplace
() shutting tightly; sealing up () (information) origin; source
() conduct of life
() instant; blink
: ( eye) + 12 () prior; prepare
() moment : ( pig) + 9
() instantaneous () expectation
() flash; moment () unexpectedness
() premonition; hunch
() warn; caution ()() foresee
: ( speech) + 13 () advance sale
() the police () reserve; spare; preparation
() police car () army reserves
() defense; guard () preliminary selection/match
() security office ()() preview (of studies)
() security guard () prophecy; foretelling
security guard in apartment () reservation
complexes () a schedule; a plan
() alarm bell; warning
() military police () think; reflect
()() combat : ( heart) + 9
police () expectation
() unexpectedness
() investigate () thoughts; impressions
: ( hat) + 11 () description of ones
() the police impressions
() inattention; carelessness; mistake () an ideal
() medical examination () ideal

210
() invite; call () all; entirely
: ( hand) + 5 : ( knife) + 2
() call bell; doorbell () be kind
() bringing about; incurring () be rude, unkind
() interrogation; question () be on the best terms (with)
() bring upon oneself; incur (blame) ()() go out of stock
() incision; section
() shake ----------------------------------------------
: ( hand) + 10 () entirely (not)
() be rowdy, noisy, raucous, () have nothing to do (with)
tumultuous
() rocking () desire; request
: ( head) +10
() black () desire; want
: ( black) + 0 () ones wish
() unpolished/unhulled rice () a lifelong desire
() entrance; vestibule ()() volunteer
() application form
() cut; earnest; urge () ones hearts desire; ones dearest wish


(tiger) Although this radical can also function as an independent
: () + 0 character, it rarely does; the usual character for pig is
This character is used only as a radical and does not func- ().
tion as an independent character. The independent charac-
ter for tiger is (), classified under this radical. () black
: () + 0
() (pig) This character occurs as both a radical and an independent
: () + 0 character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~) Phonetic (~~)


The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation The phonetic element can indicate one of three differ-
of either or . In the following two commonly used ent pronunciations: , , or . The latter reading of
Chinese characters, it represents the pronunciation : occurs in just one Chinese character, that for Buddhist
monk:


But otherwise it represents the reading :
In these characters, indicates the reading :

And in this commonly used character (from this lesson), it
Phonetic (~)
indicates the pronunciation :
The phonetic element can represent the pronunciations
or . In these characters, it indicates the pronunciation
:
Phonetic ()

Observe the phonetic element () in the following
But in these characters it indicates the reading : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

211
Phonetic (~~)
The phonetic element can indicate one of three differ-
ent pronunciations: , , or . Here are some charac- Phonetic (~)
ters where it is read : The phonetic element can indicate a pronunciation of
either or . In these commonly used Chinese charac-
ters, it indicates the pronunciation :
In the following characters, indicates the pronunciation
:

And in these characters, it indicates the reading :

And in these characters indicates the pronunciation :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
The phonetic element represents the reading in just
two common Chinese characters:
Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() (workers) vacation; time off () be/feel uneasy, anxious, ill at ease
() holiday () be unstable, shaky, unsettled
() public holiday () be unfortunate, unlucky
() (temporary) closure of a school () be uncomfortable, inconvenient
() temporary absence from school ()() complain
() wastepaper; toilet paper; tissue () be unfortunate
() suspension of business () unfortunately
() closed for the day () be unclear, indistinct
() hypothesis () be defective, deficient, incomplete
() assumption; supposition () () a defect, omission
() false name; alias () out of season; all of a sudden
() shape; form () be unfair
() rich person () mode; style
() immobility; stability () main street
() an imperturbable mind () streetlight
() an immovable, fixed thing () big road
() be unequal, uneven; be dissimilar, () passage; aisle
disparate () outdoor lamp
() uncertainty; indefiniteness () high-rise (building)
() be indefinite, unfixed, mutable () stairs
() be insufficient, lacking, scarce () social stratum
() an economic downturn, slump () lower (social) class
() be disadvantageous, unfavorable () middle layers/class
() a disadvantageous position () countless varieties; innumerable
() ranks
212
() be skilful; be proficient () (information) origin; source
() be capable ()() dispose of, sell off (ones property)
() capability ()() cope with; deal with
() omnipotent () Miss; virgin
() be incompetent () a (male) virgin
() be competent () prescription
() function ()() manage/handle; dispose of (a
() performance; capacity matter)
() be inexperienced; be immature () behavior; conduct
() be familiar; be well acquainted () expectation
() idiomatic phrase () reserve; spare; preparation
() be mature () thoughts; impressions
() secret () an ideal
() mystery () ideal
() private secretary () call bell; doorbell
() constipation () bringing about; incurring
() be minute, accurate, refined () bring upon oneself; incur (blame)
() moment () rocking
() flash; moment () be rowdy, noisy, raucous,
() in an instant tumultuous
() defense; guard () unpolished/unhulled rice
() security guard () entrance; porch; vestibule
() the police () be kind
() police car () be on the best terms (with)
() inattention; carelessness; mistake () entirely (not)
() be close; be familiar ()() go out of stock
() neighborhood; vicinity () desire; want
() neighborhood; vicinity () ones wish
() the latest; the most recent ()() volunteer
() recent times; these days () application form
() modern times; modernity
() modernization
() situation; position
() face (a crisis, etc.)

213
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. , ?
2. 3 .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. 10 .
9. .
10. ?
11. .
12. .
13. .
14. , .
15. .
16. .
17. .
18. .
19. .
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
() go belly up; go bankrupt; fail (in ()() suffer; suffer pain
business) ()() smile
[] the illumination of a light (or fire) () (, )
moth most likely; probably
gather together () employee; worker
() () have dealings with; deal with;
() cook; chef have to do with
ones skill with a knife as luck would have it
() slice off pieces of sashimi () public holiday
() property; assets; ones estate, coincide
fortune () Greece
() feel empty () ideal human type
() a momentary lapse/mistake ()
() () bisexual
()() () lit.: a pagoda or tower filled with () user; patron
meritorious service, thus: any- service volunteers
thing achieved through hard ()
work ()() be active; leap into action
collapse; tumble down for no good reason; in vain
() converse with; share a () one-sidedly; prejudicially;
conversation with partially
~ / bump into ~ ()() handle; take care of; deal with (an
ever since one was little issue)
+ Negative just cannot / does not / will not, () public servant
etc. ()() observe/keep neutrality
()() be scared/frightened
() continent
214
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


215


216


217


, ? ?
.
.
.
. .
.
. , , 3,000
.

. 100
.
.
.
.
100 .
. .
5,000 .
, ? .
. ?
.
, ? ?

From the Example Sentences:


1.3. .
Im going to play the role of Romeo, so Sumi, you play Juliet.

1.5. .
Im going to try asking him again, so please worry too much.

2.8. A: , ?
Say, Sngjins motherwhat are you so happy about?
B: .
Our son sent a letter for the first time since entering the army two months ago.

2.9. A: .
Books are sleeping pills for Chongho.
B: 5 .
He fell asleep within five minutes of starting to read the book.

5.30. ?
Surely you didnt intend to embark on the path of literary translator without so much as a single Korean-Korean
dictionary?

218
NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text came running out
be clumsy, awkward, foolish,
Perhaps because there were many
things she was worried/curious stupid
() be thickheaded, dull, slow-witted,
about...
She kept pestering me / being a dense, thick
anyway; anyhow
nuisance
() children; sons and daughters
() Tangun, mythical founder of the
() Ancient Chosn
Korean race
set up; establish
() myth
Surely the bear didnt become /
in such a way that it was easy to
? couldnt have become a human?
understand
() ancestor(s)
tiger
() time; era; occasion (cf.
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
, in ones
youth, while young) () the role of Romeo
+ god, God ()() make a request, ask a favor
There lived a god named Hwanin, ()() worry; get anxious
see? () army; the military
. () a letter
() human being () sleeping medicine
rule over; reign over; govern; ()() begin; start
manage; administer 5() five minutes
() minister; statesman; subject () () fall asleep
() Mount Taebaek surely... (not)?
bear ()() a Korean-Korean dictionary;
mugwort dictionary of the national
garlic language
+ sunlight () counter for books
bundle, bunch, sheaf () translation
() cave; cavern () writer; author
after a few days; within a few days embark upon; set forth

:
: birch
Phonetic
()
:
: world; boundary
Phonetic
(~)
() : 17
4 + 13 = 17
() : 9
5 + 4 = 9
: ( tree: 4) : ( field: 5)

:
: king
Phonetic
()
:
: give; pay
Phonetic
()
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
() : 5
2 + 3 = 5
: ( mouth: 3) : ( person: 2)

:
: world; generation
Phonetic
()
:
: entrust
Phonetic
(~~)
() : 5
1 + 4 = 5
() : 10
7 + 3 = 10
: ( one: 1) : ( speech: 7)

219
:
: subject; vassal
Phonetic
()
:
: role; serve
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 7
3 + 4 = 7
: () : ( two persons: 3)

:
: (/) : /
: low; below (/ : think; thought Phonetic
() : 3
1 + 2 = 3 : 8 ()
: ( one: 1) ) : ( heart: 4) 4 + 4 = 8

: Phonetic
: (/) : /
: village; cave () (/ : worry; think Phonetic
() : 9 : 15 ()
: ( water: 3) 3 + 6 = 9 ) : ( heart: 4) 4 + 11 = 15

:
: tunnel; cave
Phonetic
()
:
: overturn
Phonetic
(~)
() : 13
5 + 8 = 13
() : 21
9 + 12 = 21
: ( hole: 5) : ( fly: 9)

:
: ancestor
Phonetic
()
:
: translate; interpret
Phonetic
()
() : 10
5 + 5 = 10
() : 20
7 + 13 = 20
: ( show: 5) : ( speech: 7)

:
: above; ascend; supreme
:
: military
() : 3
1 + 2 = 3
() : 9
7 + 2 = 9
: ( one: 1) : (~ cart: 7)

:
: old; ancient
Phonetic
()
:
: 12
: army

() : 5
3 + 2 = 5
() : ( left-side hill: 3)
3 + 9 = 12
: ( mouth: 3) [Full form is : 8.]

:
: morning; dynasty
Phonetic
()
:
: sleep
Phonetic
()
() : 12
4 + 8 = 12
() : 13
5 + 8 = 13
: (moon: 4) : ( eye: 5)

:
: great; big
Phonetic
(~)
:
: sleep; close the eyes
Phonetic
(~)
() : 4
3 + 1 = 4
() : 10
5 + 5 = 10
: ( big: 3) : ( eye: 5)

:
: reach
:
: 16
: medicine Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : ( standing
2 + 14 = 16
: () knife: 2)
220

:
: subject; vassal
Phonetic
()
:
: fly
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: () : ()

:
: reach
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() success (in life); rising in the world
() future generation
() birch
: ( tree) + 13 () world; region; limit; boundary
() the mythical founder of Korea : ( field) + 4
() birch () world
() the animal kingdom
() ruler; gentleman; you () a watershed
: ( mouth) + 4
() the mythical founder of Korea () transfer; hand over; commit to; pay
() lord and ruler; sovereign and subject : ( person) + 3
() monarchy; ones sovereign and country () entrusting; asking a favor
() the king and his people; ruler and ()() / link; tie; connect to
ruled ()() request; entreaty
() a superior man (Confucian ideal)
() king; monarch () entrust
() monarchy : ( speech) + 3
() entrusting; asking a favor
() a generation; a lifetime; an age; world; () a divine message, oracle
society ()() request/ask a favor in person
: ( one) + 4 () committing (to the care of); trust
() the world () a trust
() worldwide () a trust business
() globalization () a trust company
(~) World War
() the whole world () government official; statesman; subject
() the world : ( subject) + 0
this world () lord and subject
the next world () court officials; courtiers
under any circumstances () the officials and the people; subjects
(exclamation) My goodness!; (What) () minister; vassal
in the world! () an old minister of state, senior official
() world affairs
(~) in the world () sub-ward; street; block; village; cave;
() generation grotto; see through
() second generation : ( water) + 6
() third generation () cave
() this world; mundane life () village entrance
() ones circumstances, lot in life () inside a village; the whole village
a sad lot in life () a village, neighborhood
() conduct of life () village

221
() name of a village, community () highest-quality article
() villagers () the heavens; paradise
() bedroom; side room; nuptial chamber () heaven and earth; the
() cave; cavern; grotto whole world
() village council; block council () for honors sake

() tunnel; cave () old; ancient


: ( hole) + 8 : ( mouth) + 2
() a tunnel; lair, burrow; cave; den () ancient times; remote antiquity
() cave () ancient times; remote antiquity
() cave, tunnel, den () since time immemorial
() Ancient Chosn
() great; grand; excessive; extreme () ancient times
: ( big) + 1 () past and present; all times
() ancient times; remote antiquity () an old record, chronicle
() since time immemorial () an old story
() name of founder of Chosn dynasty () since olden times; from times past
() be extremely high () an old tree
() prince, grand duke () ancient writings; archaic texts
() Mount Taebaek () curios; antiques; secondhand goods
() the crown prince; heir apparent () an ancient happening, event of former
() the Pacific Ocean days
() being carefree in all matters () the Paleozoic era
() extinct animals and plants
() grandfather; ancestor; prototype; () paleontology
beginning () archaic word; ancient languages; old
: ( show) + 5 saying
() ancestor () the ancients; ancient people
() name of founder of Chosn dynasty () old customs; ancient ways
() ancestor; forefather () revival of old fashions; vintage
() ones fatherland () from ancient times; traditionally
() grandfather () secondhand (article)
() grandmother () used car
() used goods; secondhand goods
() above; first; rise
: ( one) + 2 () morning; dynasty; the court; visit a
() ancient times; remote antiquity superior
() the world : ( moon) + 8
() ancestor () court officials; courtiers
() the supreme; the highest () morning freshness; Chosn
() [] superior goods; first-rate article () Ancient Chosn
() a capital plan; best plan; wisest policy () breakfast; morning meal
()() have a rush of blood to the () court dress; court attire
head; get dizzy () morning and evening
() top class; first-rate; A1 () court officials; courtiers
() quality article; quality goods () the morning sun
() an upper/higher seat; seat of honor () morning meeting; morning session in
() a good hand; an expert; skill school
() screening; showing
() a double feature () reach; arrive at; extreme(ly)
() movie showing : ( reach) + 0
() Upper House; Senate () the supreme; the highest
() upper part of the body () right now
() (train) going up toward Seoul () be immense; be great
() first class; first-rate; A1 () highest; most supreme, sublime
() top-grade article; quality goods () be absolutely fair
() on the road; on the way () be enormous, immense
() senior in age () be extremely beautiful
() the best () perfect sincerity; ones true heart

222
() sincerity; ones true heart () the military and the nation; a militant
()w be thoroughly sincere, nation / nation at war
wholehearted () military secret
() a sage, man of highest virtue () soldiers and horses; military horse
() close relatives; members of immediate () the military and the people
family () [] military law; martial law
() be quite right; be reasonable () a court-martial
() winter solstice () military uniform
() summer solstice () armaments; military preparations
() military expenses
() serve; work; military service; conscription; () military affairs; military
role; duty; function () military music
: ( two persons) + 4 () military band
() military service; a serviceman () a soldier
() laborer; construction worker () national army
() laborer () US Armed Forces
()() do construction work () US Eighth Army
() hard work; drudgery () female soldier
() immunity () reserve army
() director (of a company) () military authorities
() military affairs; military service
( / -) think of; recall; chant; repeat () Bureau of Military Affairs
from memory () for military use
: ( heart) + 4 () a military dog
() worry; concern () war funds
() ones hearts desire; ones dearest wish () military equipment/supplies
() ideology ()() march; advance
() belief; faith
() distraction; irrelevant thoughts () file of soldiers; company of soldiers; army
()() be absorbed (in) : ( left-side hill) +9
() army; troops
( / -) think; plan; anxiety; anxious () military band
: ( heart) + 11 () air corps; flying corps
()() worry; be worried, () enlistment
concerned about () (military) unit; troops; large group
() as many as; approximately () leader; section commander
5000() as many as five thousand () platoon; troop
people
() worry; apprehension; concern () sleep
: ( eye) + 8
() upset; overturn; come back; reopen ()() sleep
: ( fly) +12 () sleeping medicine
() translation
() sleep; close the eyes
() translate; interpret; explain : ( eye) + 5
: ( speech) +13 ()() sleep
() translation () sleeping medicine
() a translation, translated book () no sleep and no rest; work
() translator without stopping
() translated words; translation equivalents ()() hibernate
() interpreting () hibernating animals
() simultaneous () spring drowsiness; spring fever
interpretation
() medicine
() military; army : ( standing knife) + 14
: (~ cart) + 2 () sleeping medicine
() army; troops () medicine compounding
() military service; a serviceman () antibiotic
() military police () detergent

223

() government official; statesman This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen-
: () + 0 dent character.
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- () aviation; flying
dent character. (See above for examples.) () an airplane
() airline ticket
() reach; arrive at; extreme(ly) () an air corps, flying corps
: () + 0 () flight uniform
This character occurs both as a radical and as an indepen- () an airfield, airstrip
dent character. (See above for examples.) () = () vicious rumor; false report
() flying fish
() fly
: () + 0

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following The phonetic element indicates the pronunciation
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : and occurs in just two commonly used Chinese characters:

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic (~) Phonetic ()


The phonetic element can indicate one of two pro- Observe the phonetic element () in the following
nunciations: or . The reading is found in just two commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
characters:

Otherwise, indicates the pronunciation : Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in the two following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :

Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : Phonetic ()
The phonetic element () occurs in the two following
commonly used Chinese characters, both pronounced :

Phonetic (~~)
The phonetic element can indicate one of three differ-
ent pronunciations: , , or . There are just two com- Phonetic ()
mon characters with indicating the reading : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :


And the readings and both apply to this common
character: Phonetic (~)
(more commonly ) The phonetic element can indicate the pronunciations

224
or . In these commonly used Chinese characters, it Phonetic ()
indicates : Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Chinese characters, both pronounced :

And in these characters indicates the reading :

(this character has two readings) Phonetic ()


Observe the phonetic element () in the following
Phonetic () commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :
Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

NEW COMBINATIONS
() Tangun, the mythical founder of Korea () the crown prince; heir apparent
() birch () name of founder of Chosn dynasty
() king; monarch () ancestor; forefather
() a monarchy () ones fatherland
() a superior man (Confucian ideal) () grandfather
() lord and ruler; sovereign and subject () grandmother
() the king and his people; ruler and ruled () ancestor
() monarchy; ones sovereign and country () senior in age
() the world () (train) going up toward Seoul
() worldwide () upper part of the body
() the world () the best
() this world; mundane life () highest-quality article
() success (in life); rising in the world () screening; showing
() conduct of life movie showing
() generation ()
() second generation () Upper House; Senate
() third generation () a good hand; an expert; skill
() future generation () [] superior goods; first-rate article
() ones circumstances, lot in life () a capital plan; best plan; wisest policy
() the animal kingdom () ancient times; remote antiquity
() a watershed ()() have a rush of blood to the head; get
() entrusting; asking a favor dizzy
()() link; tie; connect to () first class; first-rate; A1
/ () top-grade article; quality goods
() a divine message, oracle () ancient times
() minister; vassal () from ancient times; traditionally
() an old minister of state, senior official () secondhand (article)
() the officials and the people; subjects () used car
() cave () used goods; secondhand goods
() cave; cavern; grotto () revival of old fashions; vintage
() villagers () past and present; all times
() village council; block council () an old tree
() village () an old record, chronicle
() bedroom; side room; nuptial chamber () an old story
() name of a village, community () since olden times; from times past
() a village, neighborhood () curios; antiques; secondhand goods
() inside a village; the whole village () an ancient happening, event of former
() village entrance days
() a tunnel; lair; burrow; cave; den () the Paleozoic era
() cave; tunnel; den () extinct animals and plants
() Mount Taebaek paleontology
() the Pacific Ocean ()
() since time immemorial () archaic word; ancient languages; old
() be extremely high saying
() a prince, grand duke () the ancients; ancient people
225
() old customs; ancient ways equivalents
() morning meeting; morning session in () army; troops
school () a soldier
() morning freshness; Chosn () female soldier
() Ancient Chosn () reserve army
() morning and evening () national army
() breakfast; morning meal () US Armed Forces
() court dress; court attire () US Eighth Army
() court officials; courtiers () military uniform
() the morning sun () military affairs; military
() right now () military police
() the supreme; the highest () the military and the nation; a militant
() be immense; be great nation / nation at war
() highest; most supreme, sublime () military secret
( be absolutely fair () soldiers and horses; military horse
) () the military and the people
() be extremely beautiful () [] military law; martial law
() perfect sincerity; ones true heart a court-martial
() sincerity; ones true heart ()
() be thoroughly sincere, wholehearted () armaments; military preparations
w () military expenses
() a sage, man of highest virtue () military service; a serviceman
() close relatives; members of immediate () military music
family () military band
() director (of a company) () enlistment
() hard work; drudgery () (military) unit; troops; large group
()() do construction work () leader; section commander
()() sleep
() laborer; construction worker
() laborer () sleeping medicine
() worry; concern no sleep and no rest; work without
() ideology () stopping
() ones hearts desire; ones dearest wish () medicine compounding
()() worry; be worried, concerned about () antibiotic
() detergent
() as many as / approximately five () aviation; flying
5000() thousand people () an airplane
() translation () an airfield, airstrip
() interpreting () an air corps, flying corps
( simultaneous interpretation () flight uniform
) () = vicious rumor; false report
() a translation, translated book ()
() translator () flying fish
() translated words; translation

226
(PRACTICE SENTENCES)
Translate the following sentences into English using the Supplementary Vocabulary list below.
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. 5000 .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. < >.
14. .
15. .
16. !
17. .
18. 4 40.
19. .
20. ?
21. .
22. 625 .
23. .
24. .

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY
()() foundation myth of a country ()() be incarcerated/imprisoned
() be famous for... ing () be unfortunate
monarch; sovereign () ones lot in life; ones life
look after; keep an eye on situation
()() make a request; ask a favor of () (law) court; court of justice
() be lazy () ideological confrontation
chase out; evict; fire () between left and right
() Cheju Island () for the time being
() tourist destination 625 () experience the Korean War in
establish; set up person / firsthand
()() take on a role; take responsi- () () climate and scenery
bility for a role () ultimate destination
assiduously; perseveringly; () airplane pilot
with persistence ()
() NOUN the very first NOUN younger brother
(; Choe Namsn, famous Korea () wish for; desire; hope for
1890~1957) historian and writer () air force
() citizenship ()() enlist (in the armed services),
()() pay taxes enter (the army)
() prison; penitentiary

227
(PRACTICE)
. (Write each character using the proper stroke order.)


228


229


230


.
.
?
,
.

.
.
. .
.
.
, .
. ,

.
?
. , .
.
. .
, . , ?
.
10kg ?

From the Example Sentences:


1.3. A: ?
Is it true you bought some silk underwear?
B: . ?
Yep. I sort of went overboard a bit with the money, but anyhow, they feel great, so...

1.4. A: ?
Did you stop in at the fashion exhibition yesterday?
B: .
I did, but I didnt have much spare time to take it in for long.

1.14. 20
.
Ever since opening at the beginning of the twentieth century that hospital has been a world-famous one, but it has
also faced closure crises several times, too.

2.21. A: .
Ill have to consult with Chrho.
B: .
Its pointless listening to what Chrho says; get your advice from somebody else.

3.29. .
Dont worry about other peoples business, and just mind your own.

231
4.39. A: ?
Did you get a good grade on your math exam?
B: , ?
Hmm, what was my score again?

5.43. .
I thought I had prepared a lot, but now that I set the table, I see theres too little.

6.48. A: 60 70 .
That old lady doesnt look older than sixty, but I just learned that apparently she is over seventy.
B: .
Ill bet you she dyes her hair.

6.50. A: ,
...
The people involved in the kindness movement claim that if only we are kind, we can solve in one fell swoop
the pressing social problems of the day like aging, traffic, etc.
B: .
Ah, its all a bunch of hot air (contrary to what they say).

6.51. A: SUV .
I think Ill buy an SUV.
B: .
Dont you think a small-size car would be more economical?

NEW VOCABULARY
Vocabulary from the Main Text be slim
stick sth to; make sth stick to
NOUN all kinds of NOUN, all sorts of
bear; suffer; put up with
NOUN (implying that some of
forget sth completely
them are strange)
() memory
() patient; sick person
() remember (sth)
come calling; pay a visit on
() ones (power of) memory
three or four; a few
() have a good memory
() get fat
because there were no patients or
() a worry; sth that vexes you
() lose weight anything ( , )
... just as I was about to; just as I was
() a method, way, means
() joke in the process of...
() examining room
as a joke; jokingly
(NOUN) () think of (sth); recall (sth)
(), contrary to what you might think

, () or expect (see Advanced Korean,
not recognize sb
Pattern 6)
recognize sb
() a secret (way to do sth), trick
() [] effect
() originally; to start with; actually
be surprised, startled (Nb:
as one pleases; as one likes (lit.:
in accordance with one mind) processive)
()() exclaim; express ones surprise
() be old (lit.: age enters), e.g.,
() be strange, amazing, wondrous
. Is old.
weight
()() go out
ones body weight
() fear
() be afraid (NB: processive)
Vocabulary from the Example Sentences
somewhere or other
joke; anecdote; funny story (cf. () fashion show
) drop by; stop by
fridge for a long time
() swimming suit ()() take in; view; inspect

232
() leeway; (extra) time money, others business; others affairs
space, etc. ()() concern oneself
() silk () math exam
() underwear () [] points, score, mark (e.g., on an
() more or less; a bit; somewhat exam)
()() overspend; spend too much; () point; dot
overuse ()() set the table
() aspect () amount
anyhow; anyway 60() sixty years of age
() feeling; sense exceed; go over
() hospital ()() dye
20() () beginning of the twentieth century () kindness movement
() open a hospital (or anything () elderly person; senior citizen
ending in ) () problem
() ever since () etc.; and the like
() ever since opening (the hospital) () face; be pressing/imminent
() be world-famous () society
() in one fell swoop; all at once
()() close a hospital (or anything ()() solve; resolve
ending in ) nonsense; hot air
() face a crisis () small-size car
() () economical
()() consult with; seek advice from

:
: special; distinguish
:
: crime; sin; guilt
() : 7
: ( standing knife:
2 + 5 = 7
() : 13
: ( net: 5)
5 + 8 = 13
2) [Full form is .]

:
: suffering; trouble
:
: fear; regret
() : 11
4 + 7 = 11
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
: ( heart: 4) : ( heart: 3)

:
: cowardice; fear
Phonetic
(~)
: /
: extent
Phonetic
()
() : 8
3 + 5 = 8
() : 12
5 + 7 = 12
: ( heart: 3) : ( rice: 5)

: (/) : : / Phonetic
(/ : mock; play with / : law; system/calculate; estimate ()
: 7 () : 9
) : ( twenty: 3) 3 + 4 = 7 : ( house: 3) 3 + 6 = 9

:
: medical examination
Phonetic
()
:
: 10
: effect Phonetic
(~)
() : 12
7 + 5 = 12
() : ( back
4 + 6 = 11
: ( speech: 7) graph: 4) [Full form is .]

233
:
: fruit; result
Phonetic
()
:
: close
() : 8
4 + 4 = 8
() : 11
8 + 3 = 11
: ( tree: 4) : ( gate: 8)

:
: spread out; open
Phonetic
()
:
: fair
Phonetic
(~)
() : 10
3 + 7 = 10
() : 13
5 + 8 = 13
: ( corpse: 3) : ( field: 5)

:
: surplus
Phonetic
()
:
: face; surface; front; township
Phonetic
()
() : 16
9 + 7 = 16
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: ( food: 9) : ()

:
: abundant; wealthy
:
: pass; cross over
Phonetic
(~)
() : 12
5 + 7 = 12
() : 13
4 + 9 = 13
: ( clothes: 5) : ( bookrest: 4)

:
: mutual; each other
Phonetic
()
:
: use
Phonetic
(~~)
() : 9
5 + 4 = 9
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: ( eye: 5) : ()

:
: a number; count; frequently
:
: many; a lot of
() : 15
: ( back graph: 4)
4 + 11 = 15
() : 6
3 + 3 = 6
[Full form is .] : ( night: 3)

: (/) : / : Phonetic
(/ : measure; limit; amount Phonetic : little (~)
: 12 () () : 4
) : ( village: 7) 7 + 5 = 12 : ( little: 3) 3 + 1 = 4

:
: pass through; govern; scripture
Phonetic
()
:
: color; beauty; appearance; lust; sex;
() : 13
6 + 7 = 13
() sort; kind; quality
: 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ( thread: 6) : ()

:
: open
() : 12
8 + 4 = 12
: ( gate: 8)

234

:
: twenty
:
: use
Phonetic
(~~)
: 3
3 + 0 = 3
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
: () : ()

:
: net
:
: small/little
Phonetic
(~)
() : 5
5 + 0 = 5
() : 3
3 + 0 = 3
: () : ()

:
: net
:
: face; surface; front; township
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
() : 9
9 + 0 = 9
: () : ()

:
: clothes
:
: color; beauty; appearance; lust; sex;
: 5
5 + 0 = 5
() sort; kind; quality
: 6
6 + 0 = 6
: () : ()

:
: clothes
Phonetic
()
() : 6
6 + 0 = 6
: ()

BUILDING WORD POWER WITH


() be special; be particular
() special city (Seoul)
() separate; apart; distinguish; other; another
: ( standing knife) + 5 () anxiety; suffering; trouble
() be peculiar; be eccentric : ( heart) + 7
() be distinctive; be peculiar () affected part
() be of a particular kind () a patient
() sth in particular () future trouble; evil consequence
() [] particular thing () fear future troubles
() if you dont have anything () sickness (hon.)
particular to do () Preparing is preventing.
() . There is no alternative. () anxiety; grief; sorrow
() obnoxious thing/person; eyesore
()() be well () cowardice; fear
() annex : ( heart) + 5
() alias; pseudonym; nickname ()() be cowardly
() rare dish () coward
() distinction of sex ()() be scared; lose ones nerve
() be distinctive; be peculiar ()() scare (a person)
() parting; separation ()() be fearless; be bold
() leave-taking; good-bye () be timid, fearful, cowardly
() farewell expression

235
( / -) do; make; act; play with; handle () fiscal year
: ( twenty) + 4 () rate of progress (of classwork)
()() joke (~) progress of classwork

() medical examination ()() survey the land
: ( speech) + 5
() medical examination () be like; imitate; efficacious; endeavor
: ( back graph) + 6
() crime; sin; transgression; misdeed; offense () [] effect
: (=) ( net) + 8 () effective
()() () (, ) commit a () effect; validity
crime ()() be effective
()() suffer punishment () invalidity
() be/feel sorry, regrettable () special efficacy
() a crime, sin, wrong () be valid; be effective
() name of a crime or offense; charge
() crimes; offenses () fruit; results
() the circumstances of a crime : ( tree) + 4
() () inquire into a () [] effect
persons guilt () effective
() (in Buddhism) acts that will lead to sin () as expected; sure enough
() criminal; sinner; I, me (as used by a () result
son mourning his father) () a drupaceous (pulpy) fruit; a
() liability for a crime drupe
() charge with a crime/offense () [] result; outcome
() guilty conscience
() not guilty () spread out; open; unroll
() guilty : ( corpse) + 7
() crime; offense ()() unfold; develop (a story)
() an offender, criminal, convict () exhibition; display
() exhibition (show)
() fear; regret ()() the
: ( heart) + 7 National Art Exhibition
() be/feel sorry, regrettable ()() develop; grow; prosper
I am sorry, but... () development; progress

() road; journey; career; grade; standard; () remainder; balance; excess; over; plus;
pattern; amount the last
: ( rice) + 7 : ( food) + 7
() extent; degree; amount; level; grade; () extra (time, money, space, etc.);
limit composure
() task; course; process ...() have no time
() mileage; distance to spare to do...
() course of study; curriculum ...() have no room
() musical interval; tone in ones mind to spare to do...
() daily activities; days schedule () spare time; leisure
...() have no (leisure) time
() rule; law; limit; degree to do...
() calculate; estimate () distraction; irrelevant thoughts
: ( house) + 6 ... be absorbed in...
() extent; degree; amount; level; grade; () remainder; excess; leftover
limit () the rest of ones life
() magnanimity; liberality; generosity; () room; margin
ability; resourcefulness . There is no room for doubt.
() [] frequency; number of times;
percent alcohol in liquor () abundant; wealthy; generous; in good
() density circumstances
() density of population : ( clothes) + 7
() 180 degrees () extra (time, money, space, etc.);
() year composure

236
() be rich, wealthy, well-off, well-to- () be innumerable
do () discretion; ones place; ones means;
() be wealthy fraction
() the wealthy class () () one tenth
() commission; fee; service charge
() mutual; reciprocal; each other; direction () ones luck, fortune
towards; assist; face; appearance; likeness; portrait; luck turns ones way; ones luck
prime minister comes in
: ( eye) + 4 () fortune; luck
() be considerable; be suitable for () [] marks (grade); score
()() see each other; meet with; () [] a whole number
have an interview () number of strokes; stroke count
() physiognomy; face; looks
()() interview; meet with ( / -) measure; limit; amount
() relationship, connection; meddling; : ( village) + 5
concern () quantity; volume
() consultation; counsel () large quantity
() information bureau; () magnanimity; liberality; generosity;
consulting office ability; resourcefulness
() partner; rival; relativity () small quantity
()() keep company with; () dosage
contend with () as much as one can (eat)
() the other person; ones () approximately
interlocutor (conversation partner) 20 () a man around
() relativity twenty years of age
() the opposite party () weight
() relative () large quantity; magnanimity
() be equal/equivalent to, as good as () measuring by pecks (mal)
()() ask advice; consult () amount
()() inherit; transmit; hand down () water volume
()() understand each other; () provisions; foodstuff
accommodate each other; be in touch with each () calorie
other () rainfall; amount of rainfall
() ~ minister to each others () volume (of voice or sound)
wants () weight
() prime minister; premier
() aspect; phase () classic books; Buddhist sutras; pass
() real facts of a case; true picture through; govern; manage
()() be contiguous with, linked : ( thread) + 7
with () passage; progress
~ as time goes by
() a number; count; frequently; some; fate; () expenses; expenditures
destiny () course; channel; route
: ( back graph) + 11 () accounting
() quantity; volume (~) [] payroll department
() large number () experience
() majority vote () no experience
() [] frequency; number of times; () nerve
percent alcohol in liquor () psychological warfare; war of
() minority nerves
() decimal (fraction) () nervousness; hysteria
(~) [] decimal point
() hundred of () open; explain; begin
() [] numeral; figure (also : ( gate) + 4
spelled ) ()() unfold; develop
() thousands of () opening of a hall, museum
() mathematics () the opening of a school
() poundage; weight ()() open ones mouth; begin to
() majority speak
() [] ratings; a grade () founding of a country

237
() a civilized country () the day (in question)
() development () right away; on the spot; immediately
() first sale (of the day) ()() reach a marriageable age
()() start; inaugurate; begin () be unjust, unfair
() opening of a business () allowance; compensation
() the opening of the Assembly (or () daily allowance
anything ending in ) () per person
() opening of a store () be just, right, proper; be legitimate
() opening to traffic () be improper, wrong,
() ballot counting unrighteous
()() start school () justification
() open a meeting, session () be quite right; be reasonable
()() open to the public () be suitable, appropriate
() closed to the public () person on duty
() be uncivilized
() primitive people () face; surface; front; township
() incision; section : () + 0
() many sides; many faces/phases
() close; shut; obstruct () many-sided; versatile
: ( gate) + 3 ( ) a many-sided
() closing of a building (a building) subject/problem
() door closed () a polyhedron
() the closing (recess) of the Assembly ()() face; confront
(or anything ending in ) () the present (pressing)
() closing of a place question; the question that confronts us
() closing (down) a store ()() see each other; meet with;
() closing a meeting have an interview
() shutting tightly; sealing up () surface; face; ones face; a plane, level; a
face guard, mask; an aspect, phase, side
() suitable; correct; ought; you (to an front side
equal or inferior) reverse side
: ( field) + 8 surface side
()() face; confront () face (towards); look out (on)
() the present (pressing) ()() meet and talk with; talk
question; the question that confronts us personally with
() be proportionate; be considerable ()() face; sit opposite and meet
() be unreasonable () a razor; shaving
() have (sth undesirable) done; a razor
experience (sth undesirable) razor blade
() losing ones parents () aspects; feature; face; countenance;
() authorities concerned; responsible honor
officials ~() save ones face/honor
() a person in authority ~() stain ones honor
() military authorities ~() be ashamed; have no face to show
() school authorities () the face
() at present; these days () casual acquaintance; knowing by sight
() ones lifetime; the present age; those ()() know by sight
days ()() thank personally; apologize
a great musician of the day in person
()() arrive at; come upon; present () physiognomy; face; looks
itself () clerk in the township () office
() ~ a chance presents itself () be familiar/acquainted with (a
() request; entreaty person)
() for the time being () a township () council/assembly
() the person concerned () chief magistrate of a township
()() be/get elected () in the presence of / before a person
() at that time; in those days ()() report directly; deliver
back in those days... directly
() you (to equal or inferior); thou, thee () friendship; amity
() be natural; be a matter of course ()() confront; question face to face

238
()() request/ask a favor in person () dosage
() an interview, meeting ()() spend too much money
() visiting hours ()() spend lavishly; use much
() a visitors day () [] important matter; matter of
() a visitor, caller business
() mask () [] spending money; pocket money
() old acquaintance ()() exert oneself; labor
() the inside () water for use (rainwater, well water)
()() meet; interview; face () concentration of the mind; wariness;
() direction; field malice; spite
() many-sidedness ~ a malicious, spiteful person
() () be active in ~ a malicious, spiteful person
various fields ~() take out ones grudge on
() face; acquaintance () terminology; words
()() be acquainted with (a () verb; inflected word
person) ()() employ a person
()() turn ones face away; look () [] a window with lattice
away work shaped like the character
() scene; place; setting () forms; stationery
() the whole surface () necessities; supplies; an article for the
() front side; facade use of...
() ones face; honor; prestige ()([]~) school supplies
() for honors sake () for military use
() a matter of face () a military dog
() turkey () war funds
() a plane; a level () military equipment/supplies
() a plane figure, ground plan () substitution
() screen () a substitute article
()() take (medicine)
() pass; cross over () expense; cost
: ( bookrest) + 9 () use; usefulness
()() spend too much money / be useful/useless
() process; course () for travel
() passage; progress () be useful
() a crime, sin, wrong ()() use; take advantage of
() be too much () action; function; effect
() too much; overly () putting on; wearing
doesnt like so much ()() utilize; make the most of
()() overwork; engage in () business; matters to be taken care of
excessive working ()() misappropriate (funds); use
() be more than one deserves illegally
()() overeat; engage in excessive () trust; credit
eating
()() overdrink; engage in () many; much; mostly
excessive drinking : ( night) + 3
() saying too much () be timid, fearful, cowardly
...() It is not too () large quantity
much to say that... () many sides; many faces/phases
() (burden) be too heavy () a polyhedron
() no more than; only () many-sided; versatile
. Its been only a (~ ) a many-sided subject/
week. problem
() . Its just a rumor. () more or less; many and few; some;
()() / apologize quantity; amount
()() pass; get through () large number
() overconfidence () majority votes
()() do a wrong; commit a fault () be varied, diverse
()() spend lavishly; use much
() use; employ; consume; apply; practical () be sensitive, sentimental,
: ( use) + 0 susceptible

239
(~) [] sentimentalism; sensibility () young; small; scarce; seldom; briefly
() for many years; for a number of : ( small/little) + 1
years () small amount; small quantity
() perennation () small number; minority
() a perennial plant () more or less
() be versatile, many-sided () male and female, old and
() be numerous, great, huge, young
considerable () the old and the young
() a considerable profit () a girl
() a heavy loss () youth; a youth; a boy
() many quarters; various fields () juvenile literature
~ be active in various fields () (young) boys; young people
~ many-sided interests () minors; underage people
() be sickly, fragile, prone to sickness () a juvenile offender
() be lucky, blessed with good luck
() quite a lot; quite many; mostly () color; beauty; appearance; lust; sex; sort;
() be busy; have much to do; be kind; quality
eventful; be meddlesome, nosy : () + 0
()w be meddlesome, nosy be of a different bast; be unique
()() eat much; make a pig of () colored pencil
oneself () let ones face show ones thoughts
() overcautiousness; being fussy () colorlessness
()w be overcautious, ()) search for; hunt
meticulous, fussy () cream color
() loquacity; many words () pose as a benefactor; emphasize a
() a talkative person favor done for sb
. No need to () countenance
dwell on that. () / look well/unwell
() a drupaceous (pulpy) fruit; a ()() dye
drupe () jade green
() many days; a period of days () tone color; timbre
()() produce abundantly; be ()() put on / wear a serious look
prolific () natural color(s); technicolor
() be kind, gentle, tender, humane () specific character; characteristic
() (insect) millipedes, myriapods () a sign/hint of autumn
() be fortunate, lucky () spring scenery/finery; hints of spring
() majority
() be numerous, common


(twenty) () clothing
: () + 0 : () + 0
This exists as a radical only and gets its name from its () garments; clothing
similarity to the character twenty, which is () clothing; a set of clothes
made up of two instances of ten standing next to () underwear
each other. () white clothing

(net) () use; employ; consume; apply; practical


: () + 0 : () + 0
This radical corresponds to the independent character This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
(), an older form of (), both meaning pendent character. (See above for examples.)
net, and has yet another alternate shape as radical: .
() small; mean; concubine
(clothes) : () + 0
: () + 0 This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
This shape functions only as a radical; the full character is pendent character.
() clothes, detailed below. () a platoon, troop
() decimal (fraction)

240
() [] decimal point () tenant farming; sharecropping
() subtotal () tenant farming; tenant farmer
() small (minor) country; weak nation () tenant farmer
() a small girl () small size; compact model
() a small (petty) farmer () small vehicle(s)
() a narrow path; an alley () the smallest; minimum
() a small profit, little gain
() retail sale () face; surface; front; township
() urine : () + 0
() a novel; work of fiction This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
() book-length novel pendent character. (See above for examples.)
() novella
() a petit bourgeois () color; beauty; appearance; lust; sex; sort;
()() eat little kind; quality
() be timid : () + 0
() minor; child; pygmy; dwarf; a small-minded This character functions both as a radical and as an inde-
person; (humble) I, me pendent character. (See above for examples.)

ABOUT THE NEW PHONETICS


Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic element () in the following
commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced : commonly used Chinese characters, all pronounced :

Phonetic () Phonetic ()
Observe the phonetic element () in the following Observe the phonetic el