# MACHINE TECHNOLOGY205

READING AND USING ENGINEERING DRA WINGS

BLANK DEVELOPMENT

For Formed Sheet Metal Parts

There are many systems employed by a variety of
industries (aircraft, electronics, architectural, automotive, etc.)
to account for "what happens in a sheet metal part when bending
it from its flat blank state to Its final bent-upform:
"Setbacks ", "Bend Allowances " and "K Factors " are somewhat
different approaches to arrive at a proper flat blank size
and insure that features are correctly located
on given part side after bending.

The system illustrated here is one developed by staff of a former precision
manufacturer in Berkeley, CA. It has proven over many decades, when doing
"coin" bending*, to produce extremely accurate and reliable results .

* Please Note: The following formulas for right-angle bends assume a bending
process called "coin" (or. " bottom") bending ... as opposed to "air" bending.

da baruch

881 . DIMENSIONING WITH NON-90 DEGREE BENDS 1.000 1.000 Extension Line Dimensioning 1.000 0.000 1.881 Tangential Dimensioning 0.

125 .1715 .43r + 1.125) + 1. Shown is a common dimensioning method and calculation of a Setback (bend deduction) * SB = Setback: The amount to be subtracted from the sum of the outside dimensions of the two legs of the bent part.225 3.775 I 0.125.000 Developing the flat blank length for the above drawn part: Calculate the Setback and then subtract it from the sum of two outside dimensions as follows - Where r=. bend.125) .000 0.125 I 2.372 (.225 Then 2.000 .43 (.Illustrated here is the development of a blank for parts having a standard 90 deg. The formula for this is SB= .372t r = The radius on the inside curve of the bend. t = The thickness of the sheet or plate 2.000 4.. 3. the object is to determine the correct length of the flat blank in preparation for bending.125 and t=.0538 + .775 This is the length of the flat blank. SB = .000 +2.

0538 + .032) + 1.062) : EXAMPLE 2 EXAMPLE 3 90° 90C 2. everything is the same as example #1 except the metal thickness ("t" now = ..000 2. In example #2 of flat blank development.43 (.0851 .000 4. .000 4.000 .000 +2.0851 .139 Then 2.000 2.014 + .062) .372 (.901 This is the length of the flat blank.000 R0.000 +2.032 I 0.372 (.062) .062 I 0.125) + 1.000 EXAMPLE #2 SB = .099 Then 2.099 3.861 This is the length of the flat blank.125 R0.43 (.139 = 3.. EXAMPLE #3 SB = .062 2.000 .

4t) A / 57.4t) a/360 a = Angle of bend. SETBACKS .NON-90 DEG.863 + 1.125 SB = 2 (r +1) .3 Calculate: 1. t = The thickness of the sheet or plate 120C R0.863-SB .EXTENSION LINE DIMENSIONING SB = 2 (r + t) tan (a/2) . subtract the included angles shown from 180 o) .in other words. SETBACKS .125 I 2.271 (r + .TANGENT LINE DIMENSIONING 0.000 NON-90 DEG. (r + . specifically the angle of deflection . the amount of bend away from the 180 o starting point. r = The radius on the inside curve of the bend. (To find the deflected angles in these examples.062 0.

250. NAME CALCULATE FLAT BLANK LENGTHS WITH THE FORMULA SB = . -2.125 RO.000 J J_ 0.000 _L 0.125 R0.063 -^ -3.000 —|.625 1.500 R0.090 r 1.750 X2 8 Blank Devel.500 0.100 2.5 4 B013 .093 0.090 0.000 1.625 ###BOT_TEXT### ###BOT_TEXT### " ^ \ "* 17D 2.125 1.RO.100 — r.500 0.125 T 1.43r + 1.000- .500 / TYP 2.125 /-R0.000 — 0.125 — T" 1.090 — 0.125 X2 p O.0.372-t —I 1. dab .063 2.500 2.

100 J o O 2.500 Reference 6.5 4 E013 .125 3. Calculate the flat-blank location of the center of the hole grid in the X & Y axes fron the indicated reference edges: X= Y= 1.550 OOOOOOOOO ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo o o Blank Devel. dab .050 TYP 0.000 Edges for Flat Blank R0.