EFFECTS OF GRAVEYARD SHIFT ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES ON

SELECTED HOTELS IN SAN JOSE, OCCIDENTAL MINDORO

A Thesis Proposal
For the Degree of
Master in Business Administration
Of the Divine Word College of San Jose,
San Jose, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Subject of
Research Methodology

AIROTCIV IVY BLAISE P. MANGAWANG

July 29, 2017

Graveyard shift forces the body to operate counter to its circadian rhythm.19 trillion. travel agents. which was known to be Graveyard Shift. Nicolas (2017) mentioned that part of this development is a result due to the economic activity generated by industries such as hotels. In relation to this. Lausanne (2011) emphasized that the primary foundation of hospitality industry is built upon customer service. INRODUCTION Tourism Industry in the Philippines has seen to be growing for it contributed a total of P2. the internal clock that tells us when we should be sleeping and .7% of the country’s GDP. according to Inquirer. In fact. Thus. airlines.85 trillion to the local economy in 2016 or 19.2% of last year’s total GDP or equivalent to P1.net Business Section. venturing on a business engaged in tourism and hospitality such as hotel is one of the emerging trends today as it was deliberated by the World Travel and Tourism Economic Impact to be the largest employer in the world after government. Because of this rapid progress. Most of the hotels nowadays have a 24-hour service to cater the needs of their guests. other passenger transportation services. involvement of employees’ in the success of this venture should occur. McMillen (2006) pointed out that this impact added another shift to employees’ working hours. and restaurant and leisure industries which have increased to 8.

and Liviya. Dinges (2005). (2013). Patel. Whitney. Freak-Poli. 1. 1.2 Gender. Peeters (2014) have shown that long-term night-time sleep deprivation and monotonous and prolonged tasks impair the performance tasks that require attention and memory. Barela. (2010). and increase subjective sleepiness. slow the reaction time. and . (2008). 1. promote postural instability.. J. Jackson. With the foregoing statements. Roge. et al.when we should wake.3 Civil Status. Gabaude (2009). et. et al.. Harma.al. Van. found out that employees’ who are experiencing graveyard shift are constantly affected by sleepiness and decreased attention and vigilance during and after the night work.1 Age. (2004). et al. A studies of Sallinen. F. Occidental Mindoro motivated the researcher to conduct this study. What is the employees’ profile in terms of: 1. Gomez. on the other hand. the need to determine the effects of graveyard shift on the productivity of employees in selected hotels in San Jose.4 Place of Residence. et al. Narciso. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 1. Croft. Tucker.

Is there a significant relationship between employees’ profile between their productivity? 8. 1. and 1.3 states of attention and vigilance? 5.2 attribution.3 self-growth? 4.5 Job Position? 2. What development program will strengthen the productivity of employees’? . 1. Is there a significant relationship between employees’ attitude and their productivity? 9. Is there a significant relationship between employees’ profile and their motivation? 7. and 1.2 hours of wakefullness. 1. What is the level of motivation of the employees’ in terms of: 1.1 sleepiness. Is there a significant relationship between motivational factors and their productivity? 10. What is the level of employees’ productivity in terms of: 1. What is the level employees’ attitude towards productivity? 3.1 achievement. Is there a significant relationship between employees’ profile and their attitude? 6.

2. 3. There is no significant relationship between employees’ motivation and their productivity. 4. There is no significant relationship between employees’ profile and their motivation. There is no significant relationship between employees’ profile and their productivity. . 5. STATEMENT OF HYPHOTHESIS 1. There is no significant relationship between employees’ attitude and their productivity. There is no significant relationship between employees’ profile and their attitude.

and analysed through the help of SPSS software by means of the following statistical measures. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK IV IV EMPLOYEES’ PROFILE EMPLOYEES’: Age Attitude Gender Motivational Factor Civil Status .affiliation Job Position .achievement Place of Residence . (see next page) .self-growth DV EMPLOYEES PRODUCTIVITY Absenteeism Punctuality Job Satisfaction Development Program that will strengthen the productivity of employees’ TREATMENT OF DATA The data to be gathered will be recorded. tabulated.

gender. place of residence. and job position. 1. Mean – This will be used to determine the mean of employees’ age. Formula: X = Fx/N Where: X = Mean F = Frequency x = Midpoint/ Weight N = Total Number of Cases For better understanding of the quantitative form of the description. civil status. Percentage – This will be used to determine the proportion of the employees’ profile in terms of age. Formula: % = f/n x 100 Where: % = Percentage = Frequency n = Total Number of Cases 100 = Constant Variable 2. and the employees’ attitude and motivation towards productivity.00) Always (A) .20 – 5. the following scales were used: Scale (x) Descriptive Rating (DR) 5 (4.

19) Usually (U) 3 (2. between employees’ attitude and their productivity. between employees’ profile and their motivation.00 – 1.59) Seldom (SE) 1 (1.79) Never (N) 3.39) Sometimes (SO) 2 (1.60 – 3.40 – 4.80 – 2. and between employees’ motivation and their productivity. 4 (3. Pearson R Test – This will be used to determine the significant relationship between employees’ profile and their attitude. Formula: ∑ ∑ ∑ √[ ∑ ∑ ][ ∑ ∑ ] Where: N = number of pairs of scores ∑xy = sum of the products of the paired scores ∑x = sum of x scores ∑y = sum of y scores ∑x2 = sum of squared x scores ∑y2 = sum of squared y scores RESPONDENTS . between employees’ profile and their productivity.

both in rank-in-file and supervisory level. The study involved the total number of graveyard shift employees. Occidental Mindoro for more convenient distribution and retrieval of the questionnaire. from selected hotels in San Jose. The following hotels covered by the study are enumerated as follows: a. RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT The coefficient of internal consistency among the sets of items in the questionnaire will be determined using the split- . JDS Hotel VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENT The completed outline of questionnaire will be tested to the employees’ of selected hotels in San Jose. Seasons Hotel c. Evaluation and suggestions will be taken into consideration for the improvement of the instrument. Occidental Mindoro to establish its face and content validity. The researcher will ask assistance from the Professors of the Divine Word College of San Jose Graduate School to assess the applicability and appropriateness of the items in the questionnaire. Sikatuna Beach Hotel and Restaurant b.

S.08 and higher is considered to be good. (2016). M. E. The Achievement Motive.com/motivation/motivation theories-top-8-theories-of-motivation-explained/35377/ . PLos One. New York City: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (2014). Research Writing for Business for Business and Hospitality Management. Barela.. Occidental Mindoro. McClelland. Quezon City: Great Books Trading. Factors Affecting the Entrepreneurial Characteristics of Graduating Business Education Students in Occidental Mindoro State College. JOURNALS Narciso. Divine Word College of San Jose.. REFERENCES BOOKS Bueno. The reliability of coefficient will be automatically calculated. San Jose. F. (2016). A result of . e0151609. ELECTRONIC SOURCES Chand. J. (2015). 11 (4). THESES AND DISSERTATIONS Domingo.yourarticlelibrary. 2017 from http://www. D. et. Master’s Thesis. D. & Matriano.half method among the number of respondents needed in this study.al. (2016). Motivation Theories: Top 8 Theories of Motivation – Explained! Retrieved on July 28. Effects of Shift Work on the Postural and Psychomotor Performance of Night Workers.