J. Chem. Eng.

Data 2004, 49, 735-739 735

Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of
1-Propanol between 10 K and 350 K and of 1-Pentanol between 85 K
and 370 K

J. Cees van Miltenburg* and Gerrit J. K. van den Berg
Chemical Thermodynamics Group, Debye Institute, Utrecht University,
Padualaan 8, 3584-CH Utrecht, The Netherlands

Molar heat capacities of 1-propanol were measured from 10 K to 350 K, and Sabs,m(T) and Hm(T)-Hm(0)
were calculated. The enthalpy of fusion was found to be (5400 ( 10) J‚mol-1; the triple-point temperature
was calculated as (148.71 ( 0.02) K. Similar measurements were made on 1-pentanol between 85 K and
370 K; the enthalpy of fusion was found to be (10510 ( 20) J‚mol-1; the triple-point temperature was
(195.6 ( 0.1) K. The molar heat capacity of the liquid 1-alcohols with a number of carbon atoms n in the
linear chain between 3 and 22 can be described by Cp,l(n,T) ) {99.38 + 17.769n + 0.05199n(T/K) -
0.8742(T/K) + 1265.2/(T/K) + 0.0022603(T/K)2} J‚K-1‚mol-1, with a standard deviation of 3.1 J‚K-1‚mol-1.
The main deviations occur above 370 K, where the experimental data start to flatten. Plotting the
experimental heat capacity data for the 1-alcohols with a carbon number in the chain between 3 and 22
on a mass basis showed that all curves pass through almost the same value around 290 K.

Introduction in the liquid phase, the measurement of synthetic sapphire
was repeated between 300 K and 400 K. No deviation
In previous publications,1-3 we reported heat capacities
larger than 0.07% was found. Measurements were made
and derived thermodynamic properties of 1-alcohols with
in the intermittent mode, using stabilization periods of
carbon number in the chain ranging between 6 and 22. To
about 600 s and heat input periods of about 500 s. In the
extend the series, we present in this publication heat
melting range, longer stabilization periods of (1200 to 2000)
capacities of 1-propanol and of 1-pentanol. 1-Propanol was
s were used in order to allow the temperature to stabilize
measured between 10 K and 350 K, 1-pentanol between
to within about 0.002 K of the extrapolated equilibrium
85 K and 370 K. The heat capacities of the liquid phase of
value. Below 30 K, time periods of 100 s were used. For
all compounds measured, in total 944 data points, are used
1-propanol, the data below 10 K were used to calculate the
to derive a correlation function with the variables T/K and
values of S(10 K) and H(10 K)-H(0) using the low-
n (number of carbon atoms in the chain). A survey and a
temperature limit of the Debye function, Cp ) RT3; the
critical evaluation and correlation of the heat capacities of
derived thermodynamic properties at higher temperatures
the individual 1-alcohols is given in the monograph by
were calculated by numerical integration of the interpo-
Zábranský et al.4 The complete condensed phases of 1-pro-
lated data set. The purity of the compounds was calculated
panol are reviewed by Wilthoit et al.5 We compare our
from the melting experiments using the van’t Hoff relation
results to the adiabatic calorimetry measurements reported
by Parks et al.6 and Counsell et al.7 2
RTtriple x
(Ttriple - Teq) )
∆Hfus F
Experimental Section

The compounds were bought from Sigma-Aldrich Che- in which Ttriple is the triple-point temperature, Teq is the
mie; the stated purity of 1-propanol was 99.9 mass % and experimental equilibrium temperature in the melt at the
of 1-pentanol 99.8 mass %. The compounds were used as melted fraction F, x is the impurity in mol, and ∆Hfus is
received; all manipulations were performed in a glovebox the calculated enthalpy of fusion.
under dry nitrogen atmosphere. 1-Propanol and 1-pentanol 1-Propanol. About 7 g was loaded in the calorimeter
were measured in CALV (laboratory design indication).8,9 vessel, after evacuation, 1 kPa of helium gas was admitted
Below 30 K, the reproducibility of this calorimeter is about before closing the vessel. The calorimeter was cooled in the
1%, between 30 K and 100 K, it is 0.05 to 0.1%, and above first run to 84 K, without any crystallization of the
100 K, it is 0.03%. Oxford Instruments calibrated the compound. In series 1, given with the other experimental
thermometer with an uncertainty of 0.001 K using the ITS- data in Table 1, the glass transition took place around 99
9010 temperature scale. Measurements on n-heptane11,12 K, followed by measurements of the undercooled liquid
and synthetic sapphire13,14 verified the uncertainty of the phase up to 128 K. At that temperature, the first exother-
heat capacity measurements. No deviations from the mic effect in the stabilization periods started, and in the
recommended values larger than 0.2% were found. When subsequent measurements, the crystallization took place,
we did find deviations from the literature7 for 1-propanol which heated the sample close to the melting point of the
stable crystalline form. To prepare the stable crystalline
* To whom correspondence may be addressed. E-mail: miltenb@ form, this measurement was repeated but stopped at 130
chem.uu.nl. K and the calorimeter was left under adiabatic conditions
10.1021/je0499768 CCC: $27.50 © 2004 American Chemical Society
Published on Web 03/23/2004

90 13.87 Series 7 101.68 52191 161.05 30.13 228.60 71.46 99.87 148.92 115.52 56.06 71.90 344.39 130.13 177.67 133.08 106.67 55.76 156.14 0.72 103.33 1.50 73.47 57.68 126.93 105.20 141.88 51.07 148.94 86.12 88.57 Series 6 32.38 4.03 44.84 106.10 107.52 118.92 259.24 104.95 140.71 Series 2 Glass 85.33 182.29 10.14 107.19 133.83 108.61 11.61 32.28 102.14 139.35 111.99 106.71 108.67 159.20 99.98 286.22 322.00 106.83 130.17 175.51 137.73 117.94 110.70 262.95 94.72 0. The experimental heat of the solid and the liquid phase used to calculate this value capacity data of the glass state.02 132.83 1424.31 89.01 125.81 155.44 15.79 44.17 49.61 106.43 15.22 174.49 107.52 108.03 108.44 20.81 35.13 217.40 21.51 211.18 107.87 276.57 107.81 115.04 310.06 134.01 336.11 332.04 114.94 180.736 Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data.90 50.36 4.51 73.53 172.53 26.37 108.40 106.05 124.54 107.01 190.49 164.53 163.19 59.90 96.12 75.34 108.09 139.75 106.79 177.19 19.40 167.27 270.80 107.19 110.29 11.22 97.9 K.16 240.55 51.43 148.20 257.05 248. and the stable liquid are shown 147.56 158.37 107.31 314.95 65.95 106.49 2361 150. the crystalline form.83 115. Setting the adiabatic shield regulation tempera.41 346.62 5742.64 115.41 56.69 69.31 170.90 106.51 169.64 200. 49.79 13.40 121.55 126.43 254.95 107.25 144.88 198.97 73.74 2.60 148.43 66.39 147.19 107.60 7.43 5.94 340.38 58.46 109.86 299.93 107.05 90.56 265.32 57.50 123.15 52.05 234.56 112.95 102.75 64.76 222.26 121.34 146.50 3.36 131.16 49.11 23.25 147.94 155.44 130.40 177.32 135.58 55.64 78.28 185.32 109.98 62.17 Series 9 301.81 150.74 251.76 138.99 56.99 0.67 33599 158.38 48.06 306.01 0.80 278.52 7.42 5.15 54.84 116.54 231.38 21.69 88291 163.74 143.09 46.34 83.55 72.12 81.62 296.95 109.99 64.36 131.06 106.45 308. 2004 Table 1.65 92.83 2.65 153.19 108.22 8.60 117.78 9.01 136. Experimental Molar Heat Capacities of 1-Propanol T Cp T Cp T Cp T Cp T Cp K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 Series 1 Glass 84.07 120.04 148.45 75.40 338.29 148.53 148.91 98.34 328.20 7.41 112.06 94.11 113.71 6.42 342.99 129.18 89.57 109.83 161.22 200.32 193.10 182.99 97.98 208.82 67.83 281.75 7.84 62.45 92.66 Series 4 4.90 65.64 117.34 107.53 350.62 128.65 64.93 58.92 348.52 11.69 148.53 65.35 10.15 112.92 107.90 152.68 130.88 107.09 326.30 Series 3 Crystal 119.88 283.45 119.65 22423 155.90 9.13 1.22 291.64 110.95 90.01 164.85 108.03 107.01 70.48 3.06 122.71 94.44 67. Vol.94 151.02 63.13 38. The enthalpy of fusion and the fits of the heat capacity crystallized over a period of 24 h.61 0.39 294.50 54.17 148.46 37. No.00 106.10 303.61 195.09 107.59 132.43 122.81 125.08 289.85 153.19 17.69 89920 166.54 89. 3.34 68.36 0.91 34.38 110.58 46.84 59.93 118.97 111.99 105.52 28.22 166.70 122.41 0.95 1165 174.37 104.37 113.54 84.86 66.95 61.54 143.97 111. in Figure 1.33 99.77 122.49 124.46 26.64 107.02 106.37 99.64 305.37 5.73 63.16 70.28 127.24 15.96 66.30 135.10 148.05 Series 8 203.81 127.78 106.90 36.28 42.07 320.15 19.81 142.53 324.24 92.70 106.72 18411 172.38 124.31 135.85 101.10 312.78 318.23 17.49 106.80 45.23 33.26 172.08 138.55 128.10 18.49 15.71 55.28 123.86 124.57 334.71 144.7 .26 136.79 110.42 219.78 243.62 160.76 225.12 119.38 118.59 73.04 126.43 130.71 157.04 181.26 148. The temperature increased spontaneously to state.58 6.68 109.58 162.15 147.72 21.07 180. The calculated thermodynamic properties S(T) ture of the inner shield 10 K below the vessel temperature and H(T)-H(0) are given at selected temperatures in Table lead to a slow cooling curve in which the remaining liquid 2.59 205.41 134.83 24.32 29.73 69.55 185.44 166.81 24.41 116.50 106.19 59.84 79.20 273.39 267.74 116.08 86.44 29.10 113.16 106.95 86.26 180.81 133.33 0.80 120.63 13.28 144.65 41.77 68.50 102.22 106.88 39.38 105. the undercooled liquid are given in Table 4 and are compared to literature values.91 136.97 106.59 Series 5 5.36 56.03 27.72 0.63 64.66 140.10 overnight.10 178.58 148.46 316.39 245.96 214.02 109.58 237.12 107.02 128.64 106.20 141.56 25.08 113.07 60.94 0.19 61.15 11.35 169.17 8.68 53.79 187.54 41.94 13.82 40.64 70.64 107.90 148.75 61.20 34.18 108.61 174.25 69.99 149.68 330.04 106.89 121.70 73311 169.61 12329 153.99 114.17 107.23 119.

The enthalpy of fusion was measured twice.82 372.98 44.18 35851 Comparing with the Literature.69 199.17 13. Thermodynamic Properties at Selected Temperatures for 1-Propanol (Molar Mass ) 60. K) and H(300 K)-H(0) are in the order of 0.40 71.86 3. Of the two data sets 350 181.6 ( 0.01 650. Experimental molar heat capacities of 1-pentanol.36 194. the differences in S(300 1-Pentanol. n ) 16. we remeasured the K. 340 173. together with values from refs 6 and 200 111.096 g‚mol-1) T/K Cp.17 30978 partially melted sample did not follow the trend given by 320 158. For instance. Because of the released heat from the crystallization heat capacity of synthetic sapphire between 300 K and 400 process. ref 7. together with the fits of the molar heat capacities 250 122. Experimental molar heat capacities of the liquid phase 130 67. as near the end 298.7 the data of Counsell7 are the most reliable.70 170.02 50. To check our values.09 34152 remained constant. A controlled cooling curve at -0. b. At 350 K however.73 11564 160 106. ref 6.49 1850 90 51. 2004 737 Figure 1.8 ( 0. this work. our value for the molar shield and the wire heater 10 K below the vessel temper.07%.64 165.84 60. Experimental molar heat capacities of 1-propanol. ref 7.27 995.45 20 7.77 214. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data.05) mol %.50 184. 280 134. 49. O. b Liquid phase. this this work.1% and 0. calculated values.90 175. O.04 160.52 13763 indication of a metastable crystalline form.42 5447 Not measured were the alcohols with n ) 4. 0.6 70 42. 3.28 17044 7.65 204. work.20 46. The error 290 139.33 193.46 3.m°/J‚K-1‚mol-1 Sabs. n ) 11.32 37628 available for 1-pentanol.5 but 330 166.39 0.23 21644 given.2 50 31. Remarkably however. margin up to 300 K.72a 75.m°/J‚K-1‚mol-1 ∆Hm°/J‚mol-1 10 1.39 20. Figure 2.2% higher than the value ature.93 179. is that the heat .60 75. b. stable crystalline form and the liquid phase. on a less pure sample. heat capacity of 1-propanol is 1. the maximum deviation from the recommended values14 point and the continuation of the cooling curve showed no found was 0.60 38.48 28068 margin in the triple point was quite large.19 20461 240 119.11 55.04 19302 the melting experiments of 1-propanol and 1-pentanol are 230 117. the mean 210 112. n ) 9.79 155. 148. For The purity of the sample was calculated from the melting 1-propanol.23 4747 of the 1-alcohols with a number of carbon atoms (n) from 3 to 22.87 25377 from the fractional melting curve was (99.96 4088 Figure 3.80 132.8 60 37. b.75 18165 value measured was (10510 ( 10) J‚K-1‚mol-1. and n ) 21.7 40 24. 220 114.17 22856 of the solid and liquid phases used in the calculation as a 260 125. the temperature of the vessel rose to the melting K.08 209.15 144.047 K‚min-1.68 26698 the triple-point temperature was (195. 140 72. showed an undercooling of the melting point of 10 reported by ref 7.70 14845 mental heat capacity data are given in Table 3 and are 190 109.68 120.1) K.57 3468 120 63.61 15939 plotted in Figure 2. 4.00 112. In Table 4.68 126.94 mol %.10 32529 the measurements with 1/F ) 10 and 1/F ) 1.25 8. the glass-liquid transition and crystallization. This assumption is based on the premelting visible in their data as given in Figure 2.31 29493 of the melting process the equilibrium temperatures in the 310 151.46 1397 80 47.85 149.83 30 16. Vol.67 189.81 32. the data of ref 7 do correspond within the error experiment and was found to be 99.43 26.04 2888 110 60. No.16% obtained by setting the temperature regulation of the inner respectively. experimental data.93 66. The experi- 180 108.51 6028 14. The purity calculated 270 129.22 144.02 168.52 219.04 24098 baseline and the literature values.72b 105.82 11428 150 106.02 12692 170 107.6. The data of Parks6 are probably measured a Solid phase. n ) 148.35 2348 100 56.92 111.42 29225 300 145.87 138. Table 2. ].

93 256.42 132.87 150.82 229.05 186.44 63686 230.33 159.56 201.73 164.14 279.04 112.44 205.92 245.46 261.88 156.35 83.48 204.02 197.60 357.21 184.56 85.35 193.49 269.67 280.38 205.60 214.27 147.43 448.71 ( 0.06 103.76 280.69 1520 244.20 195.48 195.03 100.45 77471 238.74 322.32 164.409T 96.69 246.30 209.85 112.16 243.94 110.30 190.46 52928 235.73 115.71 168.38 100.66 309.27 73.8 .35 259.32 311.42 342.73 271.63 172.50 202.27 276.11 179.55 335.64 197.82 236.62 80.06 322.95 255.85 377.96 338.31 337.42 Series 2 300.16 179.65 177.84 86.19 194.57 357.89 369.98 208.14 303.98 328.4 210.91 278.46 233.84 180.27 235.70 195.738 Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data.57 118.53 288.87 77.21 195.31 224.96 117.24 284.02 265.74 190.40 106.99 166.52 216.87 167.33 300.11 127.88 90.05 361.83 364.06 263.48 195.43 195.53 198.43 62673 229.43 45801 228.81 190.40 254.33 195.8 10502 1-pentanol 22.82 226.61 195.65 231.31 255.59 181.11 192.96 269.00 178.01 234.39 326.13 87.41 31291 226.46 317.74 155.02 249.27 255.37 277.52 229.77 92.97 256.39 153.43 217.35 121.57 253.87 134.81 210.53 199.18 104.14 161.27 210.91 118.90 290.39 320.69 275.67 115.64 275.06 66.98 243.30 126.18 111.65 79.97 273.98 181.00 196.53 173.78 380.82 371.49 195.23 271.05 164.90 356.15 + 0.32 11911 220.30 331.12 213.31 84.89 277.89 301.93 283.43 250.38 372.52 278.20 241.82 206.41 174.42 239.38 259.86 168.20 211.63 95.29 9526 219.45 274.65 352.36 375.00 176.81 319.96 89.05 188.23 103.96 224.72 311.26 182.73 93.067T 5400 ( 10 148.88 135.78 185.07 236.90 249.66 246.85 374.59 221.95 185.79 130.72 219.01 196.92 193.85 238.51 97.65 194.17 149.23 189.81 176.34 918.31 180.75 244.89 299.17 195.65 246.85 + 0.55 195.67 340.72 183.24 103.46 176.00 89.52 98.36 313.79 101.84 184.80 284.87 195.44 98.81 292.45 115.97 143.50 24313 239.06 3720 214.26 362.82 1984 212.62 365.17 171. 49.72 71.52 201. 3.13 315.55 7465 241.85 91.99 163.57 286.17 86.81 124.37 17851 222.73 347.03 202.30 195.07 261.35 14572 221.43 307.08 107.86 67.70 94.78 123.25 184.58 70.40 26446 224.74 272.99 228.03 331.78 297.45 124994 235.01 108.40 248.89 194. Experimental Molar Heat Capacities of 1-Pentanol T Cp T Cp T Cp T Cp T Cp K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 K J‚K-1‚mol-1 Series 1 84.49 98.57 187.12 195.51 81.73 296.28 268.38 305.46 259.07 198.10 74.58 167.04 88.39 71.36 191.85 253.36 101.36 123.34 208.08 270.40 241.42 71.99 248.499T 123.33 Series 3 94.19 173.46 223.65 163.18 279.27 349.47 186.40 316.83 177.33 293.05 195.29 102.58 362.92 306.41 290.58 195.63 192.43 268.01 140.88 151. Melting Experiments of 1-Propanol and 1-Pentanol linear fit linear fit purity ∆Hfusion compound solid phase liquid phase ∆Hfusion Ttriple (calc) (lit) J‚K-1‚mol-1 J‚K-1‚mol-1 J‚mol-1 K mol % J‚mol-1 1-propanol 14.11 146.41 342.51 246.27 248.58 352.29 244.89 111.79 257.37 165.74 79.90 194.66 324.6 ( 0.44 901049 233.42 99.54 81.80 195.92 356.24 132.86 272.01 203.41 193.58 96.94 350.84 168.89 318.68 266.35 259.72 211.98 195.88 267.14 168.64 158.85 108.03 215.98 270.73 171.48 46668 237.99 75.65 263.30 359.19 177.67 162.82 345.72 195.11 106.16 226.1 99.36 264.55 195.52 187.29 313.97 350.19 271.74 109.08 286.16 105.86 77.12 92.25 7317 217.30 349.54 315.77 267.201T 10500 ( 20 195.24 170.93 89.94 216. Vol.83 218.76 300.45 82.05 301.00 282.04 107.91 252.14 188.17 379.13 364.73 340.52 137.67 169.02 195.85 210.66 188.08 261.60 209.65 94.97 109.20 6055 217.38 163.44 324.01 99.38 Series 4 300.02 261.45 195.72 164.96 165.499T 123.25 366.19 72.37 120.84 200.16 167.95 309.99 205.85 252.80 113.35 190.45 282.94 5372 1-pentanol 22.28 138.81 190.61 174.37 272.22 594.69 180.45 75757 232.76 262.93 102.17 367.84 328.51 197.36 231.60 347.44 182954 231.67 256.50 252.48 42959 242.28 124.39 21556 223.85 + 0.98 169.40 172.95 206.09 222.54 233.19 233.02 + 0.36 185.02 288. No.46 181.43 302.81 345.46 194.92 170.13 4077 215.29 298.91 208.35 295.32 268.27 165.62 Table 4.92 90.32 219.18 203.30 354.62 238.40 251.21 221.87 192.00 344.96 369.50 118. 2004 Table 3.07 308.16 167.53 179.05 166.55 95.12 182.36 178.87 1743 210.56 195.13 250.67 212.97 195.81 294.46 49638 240.50 105.06 174.39 207.85 173.71 361.09 344.44 370.24 354.87 195.67 228.86 304.00 338.02 359.56 96.201T 10521 ( 20 195.35 65.76 78.52 367.54 330.12 74.24 95.42 37677 226.70 195.68 165.55 178.01 141.22 85.09 87.66 258.96 172.89 141.41 169.82 129.53 335.1 99.72 + 0.93 333.03 320.26 336.64 170.23 171.01 274.80 92.11 195.08 276.67 266.04 200.15 + 0.77 195.70 262.41 83.27 175.36 165.59 270.49 170.02 326.83 333.47 329.58 166.27 175.63 240.14 207.81 175.99 76.44 168.23 254.60 182.09 210.26 85.65 164.47 204.10 265.03 199.93 307.6 ( 0.37 292.25 144.76 251.85 97.43 152.24 265.61 114.31 101.74 68.19 195.96 173.77 199.43 264.

J. Ramirez. (11) Douglas. Metrologia 1990. Ventola. S. Bureš. K.. J. Monograph 6 1996. showing a point of inflection. carbon ol.. (b) Zábranský. H. R. Růžička. Liquids: Critical Review and Recommended Values Supplement Above 300 K.. G. 1961. 215. were Heat Capacity and Entropy of Propan-1-ol. 46. Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of 1-Octadecanol. J. C. Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Oxygen Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. D. 25-45. 48. J. H. J. S.. Phys. 90-97. van Genderen. Thermodyn. Part XIX.05199n(T/K) . Technol. J. A 1968. 1982. Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds. Soc. V. V. Acta 0. Messerly. M. Jr. The experimental data and Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Substances. the highest values of the heat capacity belongs to n I. J. K. and 1-Decanol between 5 K and 390 K. Thermochim.. F.l(n. 3-10. Oonk. found Chem. 1441-1453. Using the solver option of (8) van Miltenburg. Chem. 1323-1331. E.. G. K. capacities of 1-pentanol. This gave a compact representa- Received for review January 6. Eng. E. H.7 do J. P. Furukawa. B. Am. Data 2003. Hall. J. Domalski. and heat capacity. Natl. Růžička. Chem. 8. Phys. 151-162. P.T) ) {99.. V. Res. Acta 1993. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. assumed that there is a relation between the inflection Phys. M.. Critical Review and Recom- mended Values. 53.. Data 1985. 1-175. J. van Bommel. J.769n + 0. Jr.. Chem. C.38 + 17. Thermodynamic Properties of Synthetic Sapphire Zábranský15 discussed the peculiar shape of the liquid heat (R-Al2O3).. C.. Chem. R. Gabrielová. M. (2) van Miltenburg. number (n). C. Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of 1-Hexanol. 1199-1689. (6) Parks. (9) van Miltenburg. Construction of an Adiabatic Calorimeter.. Soc. Heat Capacity of Liquids: Volume II. 27. Entropies. (3) van Miltenburg..1% with our values. V. Ref. the standard (12) McCullough. A. All measured heat capacities of the liquid phase (7) Counsell. 48. J. van den Berg. Types of Curves for point on the heat capacity curve and the breakdown of the Temperature Dependence of the Heat Capacity of Pure hydrogen bonds in the liquid. 6. Accepted February 23. T. 36-43. Data 2003. H. the experimental Liquids. XI. the curvature of the experimental data above 370 K. The Chemical Thermodynamic deviation was 3. Martin. 55. L.. A. Ref. No. Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of 1-Dodecanol and 1-Tridecanol between 10 K and 370 K and Heat Capacities of 1-Pentadecanol and 1-Heptadecanol between 300 K and 380 K and Correlations for the Heat Capacity and the Entropy of Liquid n-Alcohols. Heat Capacity of Figure 4. Chem. with the experimental data was 0. Data 2001. J. 3 and 22.. 596. (15) Zábranský. Huffman. 2004.. G. 14. Thermal Data on Organic not show differences larger than 0. the following correlation function was Molar Heat Capacity of Synthetic Sapphire and of n-Heptane. Vol. 1-Octanol. 2004 739 Literature Cited (1) van Miltenburg. 30. J.. Phys. C. G. Design Improvements in Adiabatic Calorimetry. tion in which all curves pass through almost the same value around 290 K. 139-153. C. K. J. Domalski. containing temperature (T). J. JE0499768 . they Temperature-Scale Differences on Thermodynamic Properties. J. and Free Ener- Correlation of the Liquid Heat Capacities of the gies of Ten Compounds Containing Oxygen or Nitrogen. Mines the calculated values are given in Figure 3. Data 1993. 2004. 1-Alcohols with Carbon Number in the Chain between Chem. F. H. C. S. J. 1933. Ball. The International Temperature Scale of 1990 0. F. 2733-2740. and Pentan-1-ol. (14) Archer. van den Berg. Data.. Standard Reference Material 720 and the Effect of capacities of 1-alcohols. a total of 944 measurements. published in the same article.. McCloskey. 19. G. Low-Temperature of the 1-alcohols. Bur. M. ) 3.0022603(T/K)2} J‚K-1‚mol-1 (ITS-90). F. Thermochim. The Heat Capacities..1 J‚K-1‚mol-1.. Ref. C.. the other values diminish with increasing n. Chem. figure. Majer.. Eng. Cp. (10) Preston-Thomas. van den Berg. 2-Methyl-propan-1- collected in one file.. J. J.86%. heat capacities of the liquid phase of the 1-alcohols were plotted on a gram basis.. it is clear that the calculated function did not follow (13) National Bureau of Standard. Data 2001. Lees. (5) Wilthoit. The mean absolute percentage deviation of the function Calorimetric Properties of Normal Heptane from 0 to 520 K. J. and 1-Docosanol Between 10 K and 370 K. A. 3. 1987. 49. The heat capacities of the 1-alcohols on a mass basis. Stand. J. Chao. 1129-1137. Washington D. Růžička..2/(T/K) + 1998. Ref. (4) Zábranský. 1-Heptanol. 1-Eicosanol.. From this Bull. M. J. G. Inst.8742(T/K) + 1265. M. Standard Reference Material 720. 1954. 1-Non- adecanol. J. Chem. 319. J. K. Measurement of the the Excel program. E. Chem.. J. 1819-1823. In Figure 4. J. E. Eng. Růžička. The Heat Capacity of Cholesterol Between 10 and 425 K. M.. Compounds. Barmore.