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Understanding Culture Society and Politics Assignment:

Zeus A. Salazar -is a historian, an anthropologist and the proponent of the Pantayong
Prospero R. Covar -is known as the Father of Pilipinolohiya or the Theory of Filipino
Reflexivity -refers to circular relationships between cause and effect.
A reflexive relationship is bidirectional with both the cause and the effect affecting one
another in a relationship in which neither can be assigned as causes or effects.
Ptolemaic theory -the theory that the earth is the stationary center of the universe, with
the planets moving in epicyclic orbits within surrounding concentric spheres.

Claudius Ptolemy -was a Greek writer, known as a mathematician, astronomer,

geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Open system -is a system that has external interactions. Such interactions can take the
form of information, energy, or material transfers into or out of the system boundary,
depending on the discipline which defines the concept.
Quantitative methods -emphasize objective measurements and the statistical,
mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and
surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.
Jeanette Garwood -of Leeds Beckett University , Leeds with expertise in Biology,
Psychology, Social Science
Positivist tradition -is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge
is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations. Thus, information
derived from sensory experience, interpreted through reason and logic, forms the
exclusive source of all certain knowledge.
Methodology -for Generating Industry Employment Data. The employment by industry
method is a nationally recognized system of reporting monthly employment.
Employment by industry data reflect jobs by "place of work". ... Industries are classified
according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Sociological realism -the realistic depiction in art of contemporary life, as a means of
social or political comment.
Suicide -the act or an instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally. 2: a
person who commits or attempts suicide.
Anomei -lack of the usual social or ethical standards in an individual or group.
Reproduction the action or process of making a copy of something.
Louis Pierre Althusser -was a French Marxist philosopher. He was born in Algeria and
studied at the cole Normale Suprieure in Paris, where he eventually became
Professor of Philosophy.
Ideological State Apparatuses -is an essay by the French Marxist philosopher Louis
Althusser. First published in 1970, it advances Althusser's theory of ideology.
Repressive State Apparatus(RSA) -French Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser's
concept for what is known in contemporary political discourse as 'hard power', i.e. a
form of power that operates by means of violence. It is usually accompanied by what
Althusser termed the Ideological State Apparatus, which is a 'soft power' concept.
Adaptation -of a play for television. 4. Biology. any alteration in the structure or function
of an organism or any of its parts that results from natural selection and by which the
organism becomes better fitted to survive and multiply in its environment. a form or
structure modified to fit a changed environment.
Goal Attainment -is a therapeutic method that refers to the development of a written
follow-up guide between the client and the counselor used for monitoring client
Integration -The free association of people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds
(see ethnicity); a goal of the civil rights movement to overcome policies of segregation
that have been practiced in the United States.
Latency -the state of existing but not yet being developed or manifest; concealment.
Social system -In sociology, the groups and institutions that work together to make a
complete whole are known as social systems. As a concept and academic theory, social
systems are used to identify relationships that connect people and organizations, which
ultimately contribute to a larger institution.
National Demographic and Health Survey(NDHS) -program designed to collect,
analyze, and disseminate demographic data on fertility, family planning, and maternal
and child health.
Census family -is defined as a married couple and the children, if any, of either or both
spouses; a couple living common law and the children, if any, of either or both partners;
or, a lone parent of any marital status with at least one child living in the same dwelling
and that child or those children.
Nucleus family -elementary family or conjugal family is a family group consisting of two
parents and their children (one or more). It is in contrast to a single-parent family, to the
larger extended family, and to a family with more than two parents.
Kibbutz -"gathering, clustering"; regular plural kibbutzim is a collective
community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture.
Philippine family code -The definition and requisites for marriage, along with the
grounds for annulment, are found in the Family Code, as is the law on conjugal property
relations, rules on establishing filiation, and the governing provisions on support,
parental authority, and adoption.
Illegitimate Child - is a scheme whereby intercountry adoptions are effected by
illegal and fraudulent means. It may involve the trafficking of children, the acquisition
of children through monetary arrangements, deceit and/or force.
Cohabitants -For the purposes of this Part, a cohabitant is one of 2 adults (whether of
the same or the opposite sex) who live together as a couple in an intimate and
committed relationship and who are not related to each other within the prohibited
degrees of relationship or married to each other or civil partners of each other.
Extended family -a type of family in which relatives in addition to parents and children
(such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins) live in a single household. A
nuclear family forms the core of an extended family
Nuclearization of the family -elementary family or conjugal family is a family group
consisting of two parents and their children (one or more).[1] It is in contrast to a single-
parentfamily, to the larger extended family, and to a family with more than two parents.

Family of orientation -is the family you were born into involuntarily. Family of
procreation is the family that you create.
Family of procreation -refers to thefamily you create through marriage and by having
or adopting children.
Ambilineality -is a system containing both unilineal descent groups i.e. both
patrilineal and matrilineal groups in which one belongs to one's father's and/or
mother's descent group (lineage). In traditionalambilineal cultures such as those listed
below, the individual has the option of choosing their own lineage
Matrilineal -refers to familial relationships that can be traced through a female. To
follow the matrilineal line in your family, start with your mom. In Latin, matri- refers to the
mother, just as patri- refers to the father.
Patrilineal -Relating to, based on, or tracing ancestral descent through the paternal
line. patrilineal in Culture. patrilineal [(pat-ruh-lin-ee-uhl)] Tracing kinship and descent
through the male line. (Compare matrilineal.)
Neolocal -residence is a type of post-marital residence in which a newly married couple
resides separately from both the husband's natal household and the wife's natal
Patrilocality -In social anthropology, patrilocal residence or patrilocality, also known as
virilocal residence or virilocality, are terms referring to the social system in which a
married couple resides with or near the husband's parents.
Edvard Alexander Westermarck -was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among
other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo.
Kinship terminology -is the system used in languages to refer to the persons to whom
an individual is related through kinship.
Endogamy -is the practice of marrying within a specific ethnic group, class, or social
group, rejecting others on such a basis as being unsuitable for marriage or for other
close personal relationships. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups.
Consanguineal having the same ancestry or descent; related by blood. Expand. Also,
consanguine. [kon-sang-gwin] (Show IPA), consanguineal
Affinal links -Under the law, such relatives by marriage are known as affines. More
commonly, they are known as "in-laws", as affinity is usually signified by adding "-in-law"
to a degree of kinship.
Godparenthood -the state or condition of being a
godparent godparenthood inaugurates a set of enduring mutual obligations
Same-sex marriage -also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of
the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting. In the late 20th
century, rites of marriagefor same-sex couples without legal recognition became
increasingly common.
Gay marriage -between partners of the same sex (as recognized in some jurisdictions).
Marriage equality -(uncountable) Equality and equalacceptance (particularly legal
acceptance, but also social acceptance) of same-sex as well as
heterosexual marriages. (LGBT, figuratively) Same-sex marriage, the union of two
people of the same sex.
Polygamy -marriage in which a spouse of either sex may have more than one mate at
the same time compare polyandry, polygyny.
Polygyny -the state or practice of having more than one wife or female mate at a time
compare polyandry, polygamy.
Group marriage -(a form of polyfidelity) is a marriage-like arrangement between more
than two people. Usually consisting of three to seven adults, all partners live together,
share finances, children, and household responsibilities.
Sororal polygyny -(marriage) marriage in which two or more women share a
husband. Sororal polygyny, in which the cowives are sisters, is often the preferred form
because sisters are thought to be more mutually supportive and less argumentative
than nonsiblings.
Annulment -is a legal procedure which cancels a marriage between a man and a
woman. Annulling a marriage is as though it is completely erased - legally, it declares
that the marriage never technically existed and was never valid.
Divorce -also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or
marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities
of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under
the rule of law of the particular country or state.
Legal separation (sometimes "judicial separation", "separate maintenance", "divorce
a mensa et thoro", or "divorce from bed-and-board") is a legal process by which a
married couple may formalize a de facto separation while remaining legally married.
Age of Post moderning -describes a broad movement that developed in the mid- to
late 20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture and criticism which marked a
departure frommodernism.
Polyamory -The Perfectly Plural Postmodern Condition ... and even an online
magazine entitled Loving More.
Lesbian -is a female homosexual: a female who experiences romantic love or sexual
attraction to other females.
Gay -is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being
homosexual. The term was originally used to mean "carefree", "happy", or "bright and
Bisexual -is a person who have romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual
behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of
any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes alternatively termed
Transgender -is also an umbrella term: in addition to including people whose gender
identity is the opposite of their assigned sex (trans men and trans women), it may
include people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine (people who are
genderqueer, e.g. bigender, pangender, genderfluid, or agender).
Gender inequality -refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals wholly or
partly due to their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles.