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# Review for Physics 11 Diag

## VECTORS AND SCALARS

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1. Cross product
Consider the following vectors:
F= i-2j-3k
H= 3k
Solve the value of the cross product F x H

A. - 3 i 6 j
B. - 3 i + 6 j
C. - 6 i 3 j
D. - 6 i + 3 j
E. 0

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1. Cross product
Consider the following vectors:
F= i-2j-3k
H= 3k
Solve the value of the cross product F x H

A. - 3 i 6 j
B. - 3 i + 6 j
C. - 6 i 3 j
D. - 6 i + 3 j
E. 0

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Consider the following vectors:
A = 50.0 km, 1200 counterclockwise from East
Bx = -4.0 km, By = -10.0 km
C = 42.4 km, 45.00 East of South
Determine the x component of the resultant sum of the
three vectors.
A. 1.0 i
B. -12.3 i
C. 12.3 i
D. -37.7 i
E. 37.7 i
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Consider the following vectors:
A = 50.0 km, 1200 counterclockwise from East
Bx = -4.0 km, By = -10.0 km
C = 42.4 km, 45.00 East of South
Determine the x component of the resultant sum of the
three vectors.
A. 1.0 i
B. -12.3 i
C. 12.3 i
D. -37.7 i
E. 37.7 i
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Let vector P point from the origin into the 2nd
quadrant of the xy plane and vector S point from
the origin to the 4th quadrant. The vector P S
must be in which quadrant?

E. Quadrant I or III
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Let vector P point from the origin into the 2nd
quadrant of the xy plane and vector S point from
the origin to the 4th quadrant. The vector P S
must be in which quadrant?

E. Quadrant I or III
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4. Vector sum
What is the minimum number of vectors with
unequal magnitudes will yield a vector sum of
zero?

A. 6
B. 5
C. 4
D. 3
E. 2

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4. Vector sum
What is the minimum number of vectors with
unequal magnitudes will yield a vector sum of
zero?

A. 6
B. 5
C. 4
D. 3
E. 2

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5. Component method
Consider vector:
C = 34.6 km, 30.00 East of South
Rewrite vector C in unit vector notation.

A. C= 30.0 km i - 30.0 km j
B. C= 30.0 km i + 30.0 km j
C. C= -30.0 km i + 30.0 km j
D. C= 17.3 km i 30.0 km j
E. C= 30.0 km i 17.3 km j

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5. Component method
Consider vector:
C = 34.6 km, 30.00 East of South
Rewrite vector C in unit vector notation.

A. C= 30.0 km i - 30.0 km j
B. C= 30.0 km i + 30.0 km j
C. C= -30.0 km i + 30.0 km j
D. C= 17.3 km i 30.0 km j
E. C= 30.0 km i 17.3 km j

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6. Components
A displacement vector is 40 km in length and
directed 30 north of west. What are the
components of this vector?

X Y
A. -20 km 20 km
B. -35 km 5.0 km
C. -35 km 20 km
D. -5.0 km 35 km
E. -20 km 35 km
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6. Components
A displacement vector is 40 km in length and
directed 30 north of west. What are the
components of this vector?

X Y
A. -20 km 20 km
B. -35 km 5.0 km
C. -35 km 20 km
D. -5.0 km 35 km
E. -20 km 35 km
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7. Scalar product
What is the angle between the vectors A and
B if A.B = 0?

A. 00
B. 450
C. 900
D. 1800
E. 3600

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7. Scalar product
What is the angle between the vectors A and
B if A.B = 0?

A. 00
B. 450
C. 900
D. 1800
E. 3600

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8. Vector-product
Two vectors F and G have equal magnitudes. Their
cross product has a zero magnitude if F and G are
______.

A. Parallel
B. Equal
C. Anti-Parallel
D. Perpendicular
E. A or C

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8. Vector-product
Two vectors F and G have equal magnitudes. Their
cross product has a zero magnitude if F and G are
______.

A. Parallel
B. Equal
C. Anti-Parallel
D. Perpendicular
E. A or C

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9. DOT Product
Consider the following vectors:
F= i-2j-3k
H= i+2j-k
Solve the value of the dot product F . H

A. 0
B. - 4
C. 4
D. 12 i
E. -6 j + 4 k
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9. DOT Product
Consider the following vectors:
F= i-2j-3k
H= i+2j-k
Solve the value of the dot product F . H

A. 0
B. - 4
C. 4
D. 12 i
E. -6 j + 4 k
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10. Equlibrant
A lady biker starts her adventure by first walking 20.0 km,
300 South of East from her car. He stops and sets up his
tent for the night. On the second day, she walks 10.0 km
northward, at which she discovers a forest rangers tower.
Find an expression for the resultant displacement vector in
terms of unit vectors.
A. +10.0 i
B. - 10.0 i
C. + 17.3 i
D. - 17.3 i
E. + 17.3 j
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10. Equilibrant
A lady biker starts her adventure by first walking 20.0 km,
300 South of East from her car. He stops and sets up his
tent for the night. On the second day, she walks 10.0 km
northward, at which she discovers a forest rangers tower.
Find an expression for the resultant displacement vector in
terms of unit vectors.
A. +10.0 i
B. - 10.0 i
C. + 17.3 i
D. - 17.3 i
E. + 17.3 j
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KINEMATICS

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11. Instantaneous velocity
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its
position varies with time according to the
expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t + (3.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. What is the
instantaneous velocity of the particle at t = 2 s?
A. 2.0 m/s
B. 4.0 m/s
C. 8.0 m/s
D. 12 m/s
E. 16 m/s
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11. Instantaneous velocity
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its
position varies with time according to the
expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t + (3.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. What is the
instantaneous velocity of the particle at t = 2 s?
A. 2.0 m/s
B. 4.0 m/s
C. 8.0 m/s
D. 12 m/s
E. 16 m/s
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12. Maximum height
Consider a long jumper that leaves the ground at
an angle of 20.00 above the horizontal at a speed of
8.4 m/s. What is the maximum height reached?

A. 0.221 m
B. 0.321 m
C. 0.421 m
D. 0.721 m
E. 0.821 m
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12. Maximum height
Consider a long jumper that leaves the ground at
an angle of 20.00 above the horizontal at a speed of
8.4 m/s. What is the maximum height reached?

A. 0.221 m
B. 0.321 m
C. 0.421 m
D. 0.721 m
E. 0.821 m
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13. Acceleration
The position of a train that moves along a downhill
track is described by the function:
x(t) = (15.0 m/s) t + (2.00 m/s2) t2
What is the acceleration of the train?

A. 0 m/s2
B. 4 m/s2
C. 8 m/s2
D. 16 m/s2
E. 32 m/s2
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13. Acceleration
The position of a train that moves along a downhill
track is described by the function:
x(t) = (15.0 m/s) t + (2.00 m/s2) t2
What is the acceleration of the train?

A. 0 m/s2
B. 4 m/s2
C. 8 m/s2
D. 16 m/s2
E. 32 m/s2
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14. Horizontal speed
A happy Physics 10 student kicked a ball hard, making
it fall off an edge of a cliff. Right at the edge, the balls
velocity is 5.00 m/s in the horizontal direction. What is
the horizontal distance of the ball away from the cliff
after it has fallen for 1.016 s?
A. 2.48 m
B. 3.14 m
C. 3.56 m
D. 4.00 m
E. 5.08 m
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14. Horizontal speed
A happy Physics 10 student kicked a ball hard, making
it fall off an edge of a cliff. Right at the edge, the balls
velocity is 5.00 m/s in the horizontal direction. What is
the horizontal distance of the ball away from the cliff
after it has fallen for 1.016 s?
A. 2.48 m
B. 3.14 m
C. 3.56 m
D. 4.00 m
E. 5.08 m
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15. Long Jumper
Consider a long jumper that leaves the ground at
an angle of 20.00 above the horizontal at a speed of
11.0 m/s. How far does the jump in the horizontal
direction?
A. 4.95 m
B. 5.94 m
C. 6.95 m
D. 7.94 m
E. 8.34 m

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15. Long Jumper
Consider a long jumper that leaves the ground at
an angle of 20.00 above the horizontal at a speed of
11.0 m/s. How far does the jump in the horizontal
direction?
A. 4.95 m
B. 5.94 m
C. 6.95 m
D. 7.94 m
E. 8.34 m

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16. Vertical Motion
A rock is thrown downward from the top of a 40 m
tall tower with an initial speed of 12 m/s. Assuming
negligible air resistance, what is the speed of the
rock just before hitting the ground?

A. 24.0 m/s
B. 28.0 m/s
C. 30.5 m/s
D. 56.2 m/s
E. 392 m/s
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16. Vertical Motion
A rock is thrown downward from the top of a 40 m
tall tower with an initial speed of 12 m/s. Assuming
negligible air resistance, what is the speed of the
rock just before hitting the ground?

A. 24.0 m/s
B. 28.0 m/s
C. 30.5 m/s
D. 56.2 m/s
E. 392 m/s
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17. Stop!
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its
position varies with time according to the
expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t - (1.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. At what time
will the particle stop?
A. 0.5 s
B. 1.0 s
C. 1.5 s
D. 2.0 s
E. 4.0 s
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17. Stop!
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its
position varies with time according to the
expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t - (1.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. At what time
will the particle stop?
A. 0.5 s
B. 1.0 s
C. 1.5 s
D. 2.0 s
E. 4.0 s
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18. Free fall
A stone is dropped from rest at the roof of a
building. How far below the roof is the stone after
1.50 s?

A. 5.52 m
B. 7.36 m
C. 10.0 m
D. 11.0 m
E. 14.7 m

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18. Free fall
A stone is dropped from rest at the roof of a
building. How far below the roof is the stone after
1.50 s?

A. 5.52 m
B. 7.36 m
C. 10.0 m
D. 11.0 m
E. 14.7 m

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19. Average velocity
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its position
varies with time according to the expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t + (2.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. Assume the
direction to the right as the positive direction. Determine
the average velocities of the particle from t = 0 to t = 1.0 s?
A. -4.0 m/s
B. 4.0 m/s
C. -2.0 m/s
D. 2.0 m/s
E. 1.0 m/s
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19. Average velocity
Consider a particle that moves along the x-axis. Its position
varies with time according to the expression,
x(t) = (4.0 m/s) t + (2.0 m/s2) t2 ,
where x is in meters and t is in seconds. Assume the
direction to the right as the positive direction. Determine
the average velocities of the particle from t = 0 to t = 1.0 s?
A. -4.0 m/s
B. 4.0 m/s
C. -2.0 m/s
D. 2.0 m/s
E. 1.0 m/s
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20. Vertically upward
A ball is thrown vertically upwards with an initial
speed of 3 m/s. What is the velocity of the ball at
the maximum height of its trajectory?

A. 3 m/s
B. -3 m/s
C. 1 m/s
D. -1 m/s
E. 0 m/s

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20. Vertically upward
A ball is thrown vertically upwards with an initial
speed of 3 m/s. What is the velocity of the ball at
the maximum height of its trajectory?

A. 3 m/s
B. -3 m/s
C. 1 m/s
D. -1 m/s
E. 0 m/s

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NEWTONS LAWS

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21. Inclined plane
A 26 N crate is held at rest on a frictionless incline
by a force F that is parallel to the incline. If the
incline is 250 above the horizontal, the magnitude
of the applied force is _____.

A. 4.1 N
B. 4.6 N
C. 11 N
D. 22 N
E. 23 N
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21. Inclined plane
A 26 N crate is held at rest on a frictionless incline
by a force F that is parallel to the incline. If the
incline is 250 above the horizontal, the magnitude
of the applied force is _____.

A. 4.1 N
B. 4.6 N
C. 11 N
D. 22 N
E. 23 N
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22. Not moving
Consider a 2.00 kg box on a frictionless plane that is
inclined at an angle of 300 with the horizontal. A force F is
applied on the box with the direction along the incline.
What is the magnitude of the force F applied to hold the
box in place on the ramp?

A. 4.91 N
B. 9.81 N
C. 11.3 N
D. 17.0 N
E. 19.6 N

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22. Not moving
Consider a 2.00 kg box on a frictionless plane that is
inclined at an angle of 300 with the horizontal. A force F is
applied on the box with the direction along the incline.
What is the magnitude of the force F applied to hold the
box in place on the ramp?

A. 4.91 N
B. 9.81 N
C. 11.3 N
D. 17.0 N
E. 19.6 N

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23. Atwoods machine
Consider two objects of masses 1.0 kg and 2.0 kg
that are hung vertically over a frictionless pulley of
negligible mass, which form an arrangement known
as an Atwoods machine. A device that is sometimes
used in the laboratory to determine the value of g.
Determine the magnitude of the acceleration of the
two objects.
A. 0 m/s2
B. 2.24 m/s2
C. 3.27 m/s2
D. 6.54 m/s2
E. 29.4 m/s2
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23. Atwoods machine
Consider two objects of masses 1.0 kg and 2.0 kg
that are hung vertically over a frictionless pulley of
negligible mass, which form an arrangement known
as an Atwoods machine. A device that is sometimes
used in the laboratory to determine the value of g.
Determine the magnitude of the acceleration of the
two objects.
A. 0 m/s2
B. 2.24 m/s2
C. 3.27 m/s2
D. 6.54 m/s2
E. 29.4 m/s2
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24. Elevator
A 1100 kg elevator is rising and its speed is
increasing at 3.0 m/s2. The tension in the elevator
cable is ____.

A. 1100 N
B. 3300 N
C. 11000 N
D. 14000 N
E. 16000 N

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24. Elevator
A 1100 kg elevator is rising and its speed is
increasing at 3.0 m/s2. The tension in the elevator
cable is ____.

A. 1100 N
B. 3300 N
C. 11000 N
D. 14000 N
E. 16000 N

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25. Sum of forces
Two forces are applied to a 7.07 kg crate; one is
20.0 N to the north and the other is 20.0 N to the
east. The magnitude of the acceleration of the
crate is _____.
A. 0.50 m/s2
B. 2.00 m/s2
C. 4.00 m/s2
D. 5.66 m/s2
E. 8.00 m/s2

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25. Sum of forces
Two forces are applied to a 7.07 kg crate; one is
20.0 N to the north and the other is 20.0 N to the
east. The magnitude of the acceleration of the
crate is _____.
A. 0.50 m/s2
B. 2.00 m/s2
C. 4.00 m/s2
D. 5.66 m/s2
E. 8.00 m/s2

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26. Normal force
Consider a 2.00 kg box on a frictionless plane that is
inclined at an angle of 300 with the horizontal. A force F is
applied on the box with the direction along the incline.
What is the magnitude of the normal force exerted by the
plane on the box?

A. 9.81 N
B. 11.3 N
C. 15.0 N
D. 17.0 N
E. 19.6 N

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26. Normal force
Consider a 2.00 kg box on a frictionless plane that is
inclined at an angle of 300 with the horizontal. A force F is
applied on the box with the direction along the incline.
What is the magnitude of the normal force exerted by the
plane on the box?

A. 9.81 N
B. 11.3 N
C. 15.0 N
D. 17.0 N
E. 19.6 N

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27. Two mass system
Two masses m1 = 7.1 kg and m2 = 3.6 kg are connected by a
string as shown. If the pulley is massless and the surface is
frictionless, the magnitude of the acceleration of mass m2
is ___.

A. 1.6 m/s2
B. 2.2 m/s2
C. 3.3 m/s2
D. 4.9 m/s2
E. 6.5 m/s2
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27. Two mass system
Two masses m1 = 7.1 kg and m2 = 3.6 kg are connected by a
string as shown. If the pulley is massless and the surface is
frictionless, the magnitude of the acceleration of mass m2
is ___.

A. 1.6 m/s2
B. 2.2 m/s2
C. 3.3 m/s2
D. 4.9 m/s2
E. 6.5 m/s2
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28. Elevator 2
A m = 80-kg man stands on a scale fastened to the
floor of the elevator. The scale is calibrated in newtons.
Note: g is the acceleration due to the gravity.
What does the scale read when the elevator is moving
upward at 20 m/s while its speed is decreasing at a rate
of 8 m/s2?
A. 36.3 N
B. 72.5 N
C. 90.0 N
D. 104 N
E. 145 N
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28. Elevator 2
A m = 80-kg man stands on a scale fastened to the
floor of the elevator. The scale is calibrated in newtons.
Note: g is the acceleration due to the gravity.
What does the scale read when the elevator is moving
upward at 20 m/s while its speed is decreasing at a rate
of 8 m/s2?
A. 36.3 N
B. 72.5 N
C. 90.0 N
D. 104 N
E. 145 N
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29. Tension 1
Consider two objects of masses 1.0 kg and 2.0 kg
that are hung vertically over a frictionless pulley of
negligible mass, which form an arrangement known
as an Atwoods machine. A device that is sometimes
used in the laboratory to determine the value of g.
Find the tension in the lightweight string.
A. 3.27 N
B. 4.91 N
C. 6.54 N
D. 13.1 N
E. 0N
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29. Tension 1
Consider two objects of masses 1.0 kg and 2.0 kg
that are hung vertically over a frictionless pulley of
negligible mass, which form an arrangement known
as an Atwoods machine. A device that is sometimes
used in the laboratory to determine the value of g.
Find the tension in the lightweight string.
A. 3.27 N
B. 4.91 N
C. 6.54 N
D. 13.1 N
E. 0N
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30. Tension 2
Two masses m1 = 7.1 kg and m2 = 3.6 kg are connected by a
string as shown. If the pulley is massless and the surface is
frictionless, the magnitude of the tension in the string
is___.

A. 11.4 N
B. 11.9 N
C. 21.5 N
D. 23.4 N
E. 46.2 N
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30. Tension 2
Two masses m1 = 7.1 kg and m2 = 3.6 kg are connected by a
string as shown. If the pulley is massless and the surface is
frictionless, the magnitude of the tension in the string
is___.

A. 11.4 N
B. 11.9 N
C. 21.5 N
D. 23.4 N
E. 46.2 N
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CIRCULAR MOTION AND
GRAVITATION

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31. Vertical Motion
A 0.500-kg object is swung in a circular path and in
a vertical plane on a 0.500-m-length string. If the
angular speed at the bottom is 8.00 rad/s, what is
the tension in the string when the object is at the
bottom of the circle?
A. 5.60 N
B. 10.5 N
C. 15.2 N
D. 16.7 N
E. 20.9 N
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31. Vertical Motion
A 0.500-kg object is swung in a circular path and in
a vertical plane on a 0.500-m-length string. If the
angular speed at the bottom is 8.00 rad/s, what is
the tension in the string when the object is at the
bottom of the circle?
A. 5.60 N
B. 10.5 N
C. 15.2 N
D. 16.7 N
E. 20.9 N
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32. Centripetal Acceleration
A 0.20-m-radius automobile tire turns at a rate of
120 rpm (revolutions per minute). What is the
centripetal acceleration of a point on the outer
edge of the tire? Use: 1 rev = 6.28 radians

A. 2.00 m/s2
B. 3.77 m/s2
C. 12.6 m/s2
D. 31.6 m/s2
E. 47.4 m/s2
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32. Centripetal Acceleration
A 0.20-m-radius automobile tire turns at a rate of
120 rpm (revolutions per minute). What is the
centripetal acceleration of a point on the outer
edge of the tire? Use: 1 rev = 6.28 radians

A. 2.00 m/s2
B. 3.77 m/s2
C. 12.6 m/s2
D. 31.6 m/s2
E. 47.4 m/s2
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33. Centripetal force
A roller coaster, loaded with passengers, has a
mass of 2 000 kg; the radius of curvature of the
track at the bottom point of the dip is 24 m. If the
vehicle has a speed of 18 m/s at this point, what
force is exerted on the vehicle by the track?
A. 54000 N
B. 50000 N
C. 47000 N
D. 30000 N
E. 23000 N
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33. Centripetal force
A roller coaster, loaded with passengers, has a
mass of 2 000 kg; the radius of curvature of the
track at the bottom point of the dip is 24 m. If the
vehicle has a speed of 18 m/s at this point, what
force is exerted on the vehicle by the track?
A. 54000 N
B. 50000 N
C. 47000 N
D. 30000 N
E. 23000 N
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34. Horizontal Distance
When a point on the rim of a 0.30-m-radius wheel
experiences a centripetal acceleration of 4.0 m/s2,
what is the tangential speed of that point?

A. 0.88 m/s
B. 0.95 m/s
C. 1.10 m/s
D. 1.22 m/s
E. 1.33 m/s
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34. Horizontal Distance
When a point on the rim of a 0.30-m-radius wheel
experiences a centripetal acceleration of 4.0 m/s2,
what is the tangential speed of that point?

A. 0.88 m/s
B. 0.95 m/s
C. 1.10 m/s
D. 1.22 m/s
E. 1.33 m/s
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35. Horizontal circle
A stone is tied to the end of a string and is swung with
constant speed around a horizontal circle with a radius
of 1.50 m. If it makes two complete revolutions each
second, its centripetal acceleration is _____.
A. 0.24 m/s2
B. 2.4 m/s2
C. 4.2 m/s2
D. 42 m/s2
E. 24o m/s2

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35. Horizontal circle
A stone is tied to the end of a string and is swung with
constant speed around a horizontal circle with a radius
of 1.50 m. If it makes two complete revolutions each
second, its centripetal acceleration is _____.
A. 0.24 m/s2
B. 2.4 m/s2
C. 4.2 m/s2
D. 42 m/s2
E. 24o m/s2

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36. Banked curve
At what speed will a car round a 52-m-radius curve,
banked at a 45 angle, if no friction is required
between the road and tires to prevent the car from
slipping?

A. 17 m/s
B. 19 m//s
C. 20 m/s
D. 23 m/s
E. 27 m/s
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36. Banked curve
At what speed will a car round a 52-m-radius curve,
banked at a 45 angle, if no friction is required
between the road and tires to prevent the car from
slipping?

A. 17 m/s
B. 19 m//s
C. 20 m/s
D. 23 m/s
E. 27 m/s
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37. Weight
An object when orbiting the Earth at a height of
three Earth radii from the center of the Earth has
a weight of 1.00 N. What is the object's mass?

A. 0.102 kg
B. 0.306 kg
C. 0.704 kg
D. 0.920 kg
E. 1.00 kg

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37. Weight
An object when orbiting the Earth at a height of
three Earth radii from the center of the Earth has
a weight of 1.00 N. What is the object's mass?

A. 0.102 kg
B. 0.306 kg
C. 0.704 kg
D. 0.920 kg
E. 1.00 kg

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38. Tangential Speed
A satellite is in a circular orbit about the Earth at a
distance of one Earth radius above the surface.
What is the speed of the satellite?

A. 2800 m/s
B. 3000 m/s
C. 4200 m/s
D. 5600 m/s
E. 16800 m/s

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38. Tangential Speed
A satellite is in a circular orbit about the Earth at a
distance of one Earth radius above the surface.
What is the speed of the satellite?

A. 2800 m/s
B. 3000 m/s
C. 4200 m/s
D. 5600 m/s
E. 16800 m/s

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39. Gravity
If the mass of Mars is 0.107 times that of Earth,
and its radius is 0.530 that of Earth, estimate the
gravitational acceleration g at the surface of
Mars.
A. 1.16 m/s2
B. 2.20 m/s2
C. 3.73 m/s2
D. 4.20 m/s2
E. 5.50 m/s2

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39. Gravity
If the mass of Mars is 0.107 times that of Earth,
and its radius is 0.530 that of Earth, estimate the
gravitational acceleration g at the surface of
Mars.
A. 1.16 m/s2
B. 2.20 m/s2
C. 3.73 m/s2
D. 4.20 m/s2
E. 5.50 m/s2

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40. Geosyncrhonous satellite
Geosynchronous satellites orbit the Earth at a
distance of 42 000 km from the Earth's center. Their
angular speed at this height is the same as the
rotation rate of the Earth, so they appear stationary
at certain locations in the sky. What is the force
acting on a 1 500-kg satellite at this height?
A. 85.0 N
B. 155 N
C. 333 N
D. 404 N
E. 457 N
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40. Geosyncrhonous satellite
Geosynchronous satellites orbit the Earth at a
distance of 42 000 km from the Earth's center. Their
angular speed at this height is the same as the
rotation rate of the Earth, so they appear stationary
at certain locations in the sky. What is the force
acting on a 1 500-kg satellite at this height?
A. 85.0 N
B. 155 N
C. 333 N
D. 404 N
E. 457 N
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