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th

No. 1 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS 10 July 2017

Theory Date of Submission: 20th July 2017

Question

Question Year of Exam Marks

Number

Give Statement of laws of thermodynamics and explain in

1 8

brief.

3 prove the equivalency of Kelvin-Planks and Claussius 8

Statement.

4 8

heat reservoirs have same thermal efficiency.

5 8

Refrigerator by Unity.

6 violates 1. First law of thermodynamics 8

2. Second law of thermodynamics

8 8

Entropy"

State Claussius theorem and hence prove that "Entropy is

9 8

a property of a system."

What do you understand by Increase of Entropy

10 8

principle?"

11 Find Equation of Entropy of perfect gases. 8

12 thermodynamic processes in form of temperature, 8

volume ratio, Pressure ratio, Cp, Cv and R.

13 8

a process is given by

14 Explain the terms:

15 i) Pure substance. 2 or 4

ii) Dead state. 2 or 4

iii) Available energy and unavailable energy 2 or 4

iv) Anergy and Exergy. 2 or 4

Assignment S.E. Mechanical Engineering (2017-18) Date

No. 1 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS 10th July 2017

Numerical

Date of Submission: 20th July 2017

Preparation

for various process.

Required to

2. Steady flow energy equation

solve the

3. Carnot cycle Engine, Reversed Carnot Heat pump

Examples

4. Claussius inequality, Entropy Equations for pure substance.

Number Numerical

2500 kJ/kg and leaves with velocity of 90 m/sec and enthalpy of

1 2030kJ/kg. Heat loss from the turbine to the surrounding is

250kJ/min. and steam flow rate is 5000 kg/hr. Neglect the change of

potential energy. Find the power developed by turbine in KW.

temperature of 227 C and 27 C. If heat engine receives 42 kJ of heat

2 from the source: i) Work done, ii) Heat rejected, iii) Carnot Efficiency

iv) What will be the COP if it operates as heat pump and when it

works as a refrigerator?

pressure of 300 kN/m2. It is then cooled at constant volume to the

3

initial temperature find the average change in entropy. Take CP =

1.005 kg/kg.K, Cv = 0.718 kg/kg.K.

4

of gas Initially at 2 bar and 300K in a closed tank. Find the loss in

available energy due to this heat transfer. Take surrounding

temperature as 300 K and CP for gas is 800 J/Kg.K.

A system at 500 k receives 7200 kJ/min from a source at 1000 k. The

temperature of atmospheres is 300 k. Assuming that the temperature

5 of system and source remain constant during heat transfer Find

1) The Entropy change

2) The decrease in available energy

temperature to rise from 35C to 37C. If there is no heat transfer.

6 How much does the entropy of water change in passing through

turbine? Water is incompressible and the process can be taken to be

at constant volume. CV of water = 4.187 kJ/kg.K.

law PV1.33= C. After compression air cooled at constant volume to

7

30C. Determine

1. Final volume and temperature

2. Change in entropy during compression process

3. Change in entropy during constant volume cooling process

0.04 m3 of Nitrogen contained in a cylindrical behind a piston in

initially at 1.05 bar and 15C. The gas is compressed isothermally and

8

reversibly until the pressure is 4.8 bar. Calculate

1. The change in Entropy of system

2. The heat flow with Direction

3. Work flow with Direction

A lump of steel of mass 8 kg at 1000K is dropped in the 80 kg of oil

9

at 300K. Make calculations for the entropy change of steel, oil and

the universe. Take specific heat steel and oil as 0.5kJ/kg and

3.5kJ/kgK

An inventor claims that he has developed a heat engine which absorbs

1200kJ and 800kJ respectively at 800K and 600K. Rejects 600kJ and

10 200kJ of heat to reservoirs at temperatures 400K and 300K the engine

is further stated to give an output equivalent to 1200kJ. Determine

whether the engine suggested by the invertor is theoretically possible.

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