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Assignment S.E.

Mechanical Engineering (2017-18) Date


th
No. 1 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS 10 July 2017
Theory Date of Submission: 20th July 2017
Question
Question Year of Exam Marks
Number
Give Statement of laws of thermodynamics and explain in
1 8
brief.

2 Give expression for steady flow energy Equation. 8

State statements of second law of thermodynamics and


3 prove the equivalency of Kelvin-Planks and Claussius 8
Statement.

Prove that all reversible engines operating within same


4 8
heat reservoirs have same thermal efficiency.

Show that COP of heat pump is greater than COP of


5 8
Refrigerator by Unity.

Does a heat engine that has 100% efficiency necessarily


6 violates 1. First law of thermodynamics 8
2. Second law of thermodynamics

7 Write a note or heat engine, refrigerator and heat pump. 8

State and prove Claussius inequality and hence define


8 8
Entropy"
State Claussius theorem and hence prove that "Entropy is
9 8
a property of a system."
What do you understand by Increase of Entropy
10 8
principle?"
11 Find Equation of Entropy of perfect gases. 8

Derive an expression for the change of entropy for


12 thermodynamic processes in form of temperature, 8
volume ratio, Pressure ratio, Cp, Cv and R.

Show that the specific entropy change for a perfect gas in


13 8
a process is given by
14 Explain the terms:
15 i) Pure substance. 2 or 4
ii) Dead state. 2 or 4
iii) Available energy and unavailable energy 2 or 4
iv) Anergy and Exergy. 2 or 4
Assignment S.E. Mechanical Engineering (2017-18) Date
No. 1 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS 10th July 2017
Numerical
Date of Submission: 20th July 2017

1. Formulas for Heat transfer, Work transfer and entropy change


Preparation
for various process.
Required to
2. Steady flow energy equation
solve the
3. Carnot cycle Engine, Reversed Carnot Heat pump
Examples
4. Claussius inequality, Entropy Equations for pure substance.

Number Numerical

Steam enters a steam turbine with a velocity of 40 m/sec. Enthalpy


2500 kJ/kg and leaves with velocity of 90 m/sec and enthalpy of
1 2030kJ/kg. Heat loss from the turbine to the surrounding is
250kJ/min. and steam flow rate is 5000 kg/hr. Neglect the change of
potential energy. Find the power developed by turbine in KW.

A reversible heat engine operating between source and sink


temperature of 227 C and 27 C. If heat engine receives 42 kJ of heat
2 from the source: i) Work done, ii) Heat rejected, iii) Carnot Efficiency
iv) What will be the COP if it operates as heat pump and when it
works as a refrigerator?

0.25 kg of perfect gas is heated from 100C to 325C at a constant


pressure of 300 kN/m2. It is then cooled at constant volume to the
3
initial temperature find the average change in entropy. Take CP =
1.005 kg/kg.K, Cv = 0.718 kg/kg.K.

500 KJ of heat from an infinite source at 1000 K is supplied to 2 kg


4
of gas Initially at 2 bar and 300K in a closed tank. Find the loss in
available energy due to this heat transfer. Take surrounding
temperature as 300 K and CP for gas is 800 J/Kg.K.
A system at 500 k receives 7200 kJ/min from a source at 1000 k. The
temperature of atmospheres is 300 k. Assuming that the temperature
5 of system and source remain constant during heat transfer Find
1) The Entropy change
2) The decrease in available energy

Water flows through a turbine in which friction causes the water


temperature to rise from 35C to 37C. If there is no heat transfer.
6 How much does the entropy of water change in passing through
turbine? Water is incompressible and the process can be taken to be
at constant volume. CV of water = 4.187 kJ/kg.K.

5 kg of air at 1.3 bar and 27C is compressed to 24 bar according to


law PV1.33= C. After compression air cooled at constant volume to
7
30C. Determine
1. Final volume and temperature
2. Change in entropy during compression process
3. Change in entropy during constant volume cooling process
0.04 m3 of Nitrogen contained in a cylindrical behind a piston in
initially at 1.05 bar and 15C. The gas is compressed isothermally and
8
reversibly until the pressure is 4.8 bar. Calculate
1. The change in Entropy of system
2. The heat flow with Direction
3. Work flow with Direction
A lump of steel of mass 8 kg at 1000K is dropped in the 80 kg of oil
9
at 300K. Make calculations for the entropy change of steel, oil and
the universe. Take specific heat steel and oil as 0.5kJ/kg and
3.5kJ/kgK
An inventor claims that he has developed a heat engine which absorbs
1200kJ and 800kJ respectively at 800K and 600K. Rejects 600kJ and
10 200kJ of heat to reservoirs at temperatures 400K and 300K the engine
is further stated to give an output equivalent to 1200kJ. Determine
whether the engine suggested by the invertor is theoretically possible.