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WORKSHOP 14

BUCKLING OF A SUBMARINE
PRESSURE HULL
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006
Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS14-2
z Workshop Objectives
z Create groups based on property sets.
z Run a linear buckling analysis.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


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z Problem Description
z A submarine pressure hull is modeled by plate and bar
elements.
z Check the pressure hull for buckling at an operating depth of
1000 ft which is equivalent to an external pressure of 445 psi.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS14-4
z Suggested Exercise Steps
1. Create a new database and name it submarine.db.
2. Import the MSC.Nastran input file pressure_hull.bdf.
3. Create groups based on property sets.
4. Post only the center pressure shell section.
5. Apply boundary conditions.
6. Post the entire pressure shell.
7. Apply an external pressure of 445 psi to the pressure shell.
8. Run a linear buckling analysis. Request the first 5 roots (buckled
modes).
9. Read the xdb file into MSC.Patran.
10. Post all the groups.
11. Plot the buckled mode shapes and identify which part of the pressure
hull is buckling for each mode.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


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Step 1. Create New Database

Create a new database called d


submarine.db
a. File / New.
b. Enter submarine as the
file name.
c. Click OK.
d. Choose Default e
Tolerance.
e. Select MSC.Nastran as f
the Analysis Code.
f. Select Structural as the b c
Analysis Type. g
g. Click OK.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


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Step 2. Import File

a
b
c

Import the Nastran File


a. File: Import.
b. Set the object to model and
the source to MSC.Nastran d
Input.
c. Select pressure_hull.bdf.
d. Click Apply.
e. Click OK to Summary Input
File

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


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Step 3. Create Groups

b
c

Create a new group


a. Group: Create.
b. Select Property Set as
the method.
c. Select Multiple Groups.
d. Click Apply.

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d
Step 4. Post Entire Pressure Shell

Post two groups


a. Group: Post.
b. Shift click to select b
pshell.1 and
pshell.2.
c. Click Apply.
d. Click OK to change
the Current Group.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS14-9 d c
Step 5. Apply Boundary Conditions

a
Create a boundary condition
a. Loads/BCs: Create /
Displacement / Nodal.
b. Enter xyzconstraint as the
New Set Name.
c. Click Input Data.
d
d. Enter <0 0 0> for
Translations and Rotations.
e. Click OK.

c
e
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006
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Step 5. Apply Boundary Conditions

Apply the boundary condition


a. Click Select
Application Region.
b. For the Geometry
Filter select FEM. b
c. Select the node at the
tip of the shell as
shown.
d. Click Add.
e. Click OK.
f. Click Apply.
c

e
a
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006
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WS14-11
Step 7. Apply Pressure Load

Create a pressure load


a
a. Loads/BCs: Create /
Pressure / Element
Uniform.
b. Enter pressure_load as
the New Set Name.
c. Set the Target Element e
Type to 2D.
d. Click Input Data.
e. Enter 445 for the Bottom
Surface Pressure.
f. Click OK.

d
f
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006
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Step 7. Apply Pressure Load

Apply the boundary condition


a. Click Select
Application Region.
b. For the Geometry
Filter select FEM.
b
c. Select the entire shell.
d. Click Add.
e. Click OK.
f. Click Apply. c

e
a
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006 f
Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS14-13
Step 8. Run Linear Buckling Analysis

Analyze the model


a. Analysis: Analyze /
Entire Model / Full a
Run.
b. Enter submarine
as the job name.
c. Click Solution d
Type.
d. Choose Buckling. f
e. Click Solution
h
Parameters.
f. Verify that the Plate
Rz Stiffness Factor b
is 100.0
g. Click Eigenvalue e
g
Extraction.
h. For the Number of j
Desired Roots, c
enter 5. k
i
i. Click OK.
j. Click OK.
k. Click OK. l
l. Click Apply.
NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006
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Step 9. Read Results into MSC.Patran

Attach the results file


a. Analysis: Access Results / a
Attach XDB / Result
Entities.
b. Click Select Results File.
c. Choose the results file
c
submarine.xdb.
d. Click OK.
e. Click Apply.

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Step 10. Post All Groups

a d

Post the default group


a. Group:Post. b
b. Select default_group.
c. Click Apply.
d. Click on the Reset Graphics
Icon.

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Step 11. Plot Mode Shapes

a
Create a quick plot
a. Results: Create / Quick
Plot.
b. Select a Mode.
c. Select Eigenvectors, b
Translational as the
Deformation Result.
d. Click Apply.
e. Repeat for other modes.

NAS120, Workshop 14, May 2006


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d
WS14-17
Step 11. Plot Mode Shapes

Record Data in the following table:

Mode No: Buckling Load Factor: Region of Buckling:

1 _________________ ______________________________

2 _________________ ______________________________

3 _________________ ______________________________

4 _________________ ______________________________

5 _________________ ______________________________

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