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University of the Visayas

Cebu City, Philippines

College of Teacher Education – Graduate Studies
or
College of Nursing – Graduate Studies

(Title of the Research Proposal)

A Research Proposal

Presented to the Faculty

As Partial Fulfillment

Of the Subject

Quantitative Research Methods in Education (Ed 502)
or
Quantitative Research Methods in Nursing (NSG 502)

Submitted by:

Mr. Juan Dela Cruz

Submitted to:

Dr. Johnny J. Yao Jr.

December 2014

.................................. 4 Literature Review............................... 5 ................................................................................ v Chapter 1 ......... i Approval Sheet………………………………………………………………………….......................................................................................... 1 Hypotheses ............. Introduction ............................................ 2 Definition of Terms.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1 Background of the Study ................... 1 List of Tables .......... 1 Statement of the Problem ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ii Table of Contents Title Page…………………………………………………………………………………........................................................................... 4 Synthesis of Research Findings ............................................................................................................... 4 Review of Related Literature and Studies ........................................ 2 Theoretical/Conceptual Framework.......................................................ii Acknowledgment………………………………………………………………………............. iv List of Figures ........................... v Chapter 1. iv List of Figures ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3 Chapter 2 ............................................................... iii Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………............................... 1 Introduction ................. iv List of Tables .... 3 Delimitations ......................................................................................

................................................. 10 Appendix A ........ the procedures for using a pilot test should be described............. 9 Appendix A ........................................................ 7 Validity and Reliability......................................................... 11 Curriculum Vitae ........................ 11 Add Title ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined............................... iii Critique of Previous Research . (The power of a research study can be weakened by problems related to validity and reliability.....................................................................................................) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 References ................ ......................... 6 Research Respondents ..................... 6 Research Design Appropriateness ...................................................................................... 6 Research Instrument.............................. 7 Data Analysis ................................................. If using a unique instrument.. 10 Add Title ........................................................................................... The subsections relate to the validity and reliability of measures and procedures................................................................................................................................. 5 Chapter 3 .. 6 Research Methodology .....................................

...# ... double-space between entries) ..... Add title (single-space table titles.... iv List of Tables Table 1...........

.........# . v List of Figures Figure 1..... Add title (single-space figure titles....... double-space between entries) .

vi Approval Sheet (Do not include this section for the requirement) .

vii Acknowledgements .

) Statement of the Problem (This section is a concise statement of the problem confined to approximately 100-250 words. It presents a discrepancy between what is already known about the problem and what remains unclear. A more thorough review of the literature is completed in Chapter 2. hypotheses and limitations. It contains several components: the general population that will be studied. and identifies the aspects of the topic emphasized by the current study. the specific problem and purpose. the general problem and need for the study. and introductory words about the research method and design. This section addresses how the problem evolved. It begins with a problem statement and the need for this particular research. begin with a general description of the area under study and move toward the specific description of research questions. Given its general brevity. Think of this chapter as moving from general information to more specific information as it progresses. This section . only the most salient literature is reviewed here. Chapter 1 Introduction (Use the following headings as needed. It defines the specific problem that will be investigated and the need for the study. summarizes the research completed thus far. This chapter provides the framework for the study and captures the attention of the reader.) Background of the Study (This section is about 2 ½ pages long and provides a context of the problem based on its background or history as well as a reason why the research problem is important.

The questions direct the research methods employed. (This section takes the specific research problem that applies to the research community or experts in the field. 2 provides the reader with a clear understanding of the need for this study. These are justified by reference to earlier literature. and addresses the general problem that affects the larger community. hypotheses should be defined. The alternative hypothesis is worded in accordance with this knowledge. and connected to the theoretical framework of the researcher.) Significance of the Study. Point out how the research intends to add to existing knowledge on the subject and who will benefit from the completion of this project. and may include sub- questions to answer components of the larger question. There is one hypothesis or hypothesis set (null and alternative versions) for each research question or sub-question asked. qualitative questions differ from quantitative questions as do their research methodologies. These questions are to be answered by the study in order to achieve the overall purpose of the study.) Hypotheses (If the research is quantitative.) Theoretical/Conceptual Framework (This section connects the research study to a broad theoretical framework and area of research which provides a perspective for interpretation and comparison to other . Most studies include 3-5 research questions. Questions must be manageable and specific. The study must be considered significant by the panel to be pursued.

an overview of how the research is consistent with previous research. issues and perspectives in the field.) are provided as well as inclusion and exclusion criteria. Delimitations need to be outlined specifically to assist in future replication of the study. establishing boundaries for the specific research project. and a discussion of historical and current literature. and are otherwise noted as areas intentionally not investigated. employment status. Each term is listed in alphabetical order in separate paragraphs with appropriate citations. gender. including the characteristics of the sample and operationalized terms are defined in this section. and any moderating or intervening variables. 3 research. This is discipline and theory specific and includes an overview of the broad theoretical area. a discussion of the controversies. Terms unique to the study are defined and definitions related to the participants (age.) . etc. education level.) Delimitations (Delimitations refer to variables that can be controlled or limited.) Definition of Terms (All constructs and variables to be investigated in the study.

analysis and interpretation of the problem under investigation through the presentation of historical knowledge in the field. knowledge of similar research. The topic is stated and main points are briefly outlined. A balanced discussion of alternative viewpoints is presented along with comparisons. Organize the review in a logical manner based on study variables and use the literature review to support those variables. Begin with a historical overview and gaps in the literature. discuss research used in developing or supporting the theoretical framework and address the variables of the study in order of importance. logic and flow are important. 4 Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies (The literature review begins with an introduction to orient the reader on the purpose of the current chapter. This section includes a review of the methodological choices made for the study.) Review of studies on the topic. justification. Discuss the literature related to the research variables. and follow that with current findings in order from general to more specific.) Literature Review (This section provides the conceptual basis. Order. It shows the research that was used to develop key elements of the study. The review is organized with general subheadings shown below and specific subheading based on your topic. the constructs or factors involved. knowledge of unsolved problems and knowledge of gaps in the literature. ( Identify the research question. including information about the . the theoretical framework and elements of the research design.

including the quality of that research and the strengths or weaknesses in the methodology.) Synthesis of Research Findings (This section connects the literature review to your research problem. Additionally. and data analysis. it connects those factors to your research direction and argument.) Critique of Previous Research (This section provides a critical analysis of the material reviewed. sample size. It serves to justify these factors for your study. 5 research design. instruments. Here you discuss the larger themes reviewed including the strengths and weaknesses of each study.) . This section helps to construct a strong case for your research study. ideas and constructs. Opposing views and controversies are addressed. This provides a summary of the logic behind your study including the theoretical framework.

6 Chapter 3 Research Methodology (This chapter provides information as to how you carried out the study.) Research Design Appropriateness (This section begins with a statement that describes the design. their age. instruments. The dependent variable is the criterion or response variable. data collection and data analyses and expected findings. detailed description of the characteristics of the target population. etc. procedures. should be described. Descriptions of the independent and dependent variables are provided. connecting it to the study’s sample. The number of participants. This chapter should address the research design. The introduction provides a brief overview of the chapter and how it is organized. it provides the treatment or acts as a factor on the dependent variable.) Research Respondents (This section provides a full. This includes the methods (general terms of what was done). the procedures (step-by-step explanation of how this . population and participant selection. Sample selection should be described in full. research questions and hypotheses. It begins with an introduction section that restates the research purpose and rationale to remind the reader of the need for the study. ethnicity. The rationale and appropriateness of the study and the research design are described in fullness with the purpose of linking them to accomplishing the study’s goals. It is influenced by the independent variable. The independent variable is the variable under the control or influence of the researcher. the larger population from which the sample was drawn.

Copies of the instruments used and permission statements from the original author should be included in the appendix. Describe questionnaires used. how the sample size was determined (power analysis) and specific characteristics of the sample. how the sample was recruited. an explanation for any portion of the sample that was excluded. The subsections relate to the validity and reliability of measures and procedures. (Describe the location of the study as specifically as possible with respect to the organization’s anonymity and confidentiality of the participants. along with an explanation of why that instrument was selected and how it is appropriate. (The power of a research study can be weakened by problems related to validity and reliability. If an instrument was created.) Research Locale. the procedures for using a pilot test should be described. If using a unique instrument.)\ Validity and Reliability. Use standard terminology.) .) Research Instrument (Describe standardized instruments used in the study. (Internal validity refers to the extent the design and data obtained allow the researcher to draw accurate conclusions about the relationship among variables. provide a description of the instrument along with steps taken to ensure reliability and validity. report the reliability and validity coefficients and normative information. the number of participants in the final sample. 7 was carried out). Present these descriptions in subsections in the order they were used in the study. selected and assigned.) Internal validity.

8 External validity. description of statistics required. and descriptions of how each step will be carried out. sequence of methods for the analysis. Information should be specific enough to replicate the process. This section is organized logically: description of the types of data involved in each statistical analysis. (Reliability relates to the replication of a study under similar conditions and the reliability of the research instruments used or the degree to which those instruments measure what they intend to measure.) .) Data Analysis (This section provides a detailed data analysis plan of the statistical techniques used and it includes a description of why the statistical tests are appropriate in assessing each hypothesis. A description of computer techniques is provided and deviations from the anticipated data analysis are explained. (External validity refers to the ability to generalize the research findings to the population as a whole population while explaining the extent to which the results can be applied to other situations.) Reliability.

apastyle. The style should be consistent throughout.org/. References should be organized alphabetically. Include sources used in your literature review and research. with a double space between entries. The reference list should be accurate and complete. Use the ruler to create a hanging indent. and single-spaced. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) . 9 References (The reference list provides information about the sources cited within the document and assists the reader in locating that material.) for the specific format for each reference type. APA can be accessed through the following link http://www.

10 Appendix A Add Title .

11 Appendix A Add Title .

12 Curriculum Vitae .