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I.

MÉTODO DE NEWTON -RAPHSON
1. Hallar las raícses de la ecuación e -x+x-2=0

Solución
1.1. Sea la ecuación e-x +x-2=0
1.2. Hacemos f(x) = 0 una función
f(x) = e-x+x-2

1.3. Tabulamos f(x)

x f(x) = e-x+x-2 SIGNO
-3 15.0855369232 +
-2 3.3890560989 +
-1 -0.2817181715 -
0 -1 -
1 -0.6321205588 -
2 0.1353352832 +
3 1.0497870684 +

1.4. Gráfico de Función

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2

0
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4
-2

1.5. Criterio de Convergencia

|(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 |
<1

8414056604 1.8434823573 0.8646647168 1.6.001747686199673470 0.287858708565180E-14 0. |(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 | X=a f(x) = e-x+x-2 f'(x) = -e-x+1 1 -0.6321205588 2 0. Proceso Iterativo PRIMERA RAIZ X=a f(x) = e-x+x-2 f'(x) = -e-x+1 1 -0.135335283236613000 0.6321205588 0.8414056604 .84140566043696000 0.581976706869 1.8417346711 1.63212055882855800 0.413759301906790E-07 0.6321205588 |(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 | 0.8414056604 1.8414060662 3.0000000000000000000 0.8414057248 1.

6 .1752602 Ǝ raíz Є [1.4 0.2] 2 -0.2 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -0.4 3 4 -0.1295265 Ǝ raíz Є [-2.12067752 -2 -0.3900487 0 0.2 -0.10166557 f(x) 1.4 1.-1] -1 -0.2 1 0.026151 3 0.4 1 -0.8 0.6 0. x f(x) signo -3 1.

3678794412 76706869 ok Convergencia �_(𝑛+1)= �_𝑛− (𝑓(𝑥_(𝑛)))/(𝑓′ (𝑥_█(𝑛)@) ) 2.8414056604369800000 1. f''(x) = e-x |(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 |<1 0.8414056604369600000 1.8434823572503300000 1.8414056604369600000 .0000000000000000000 1.8414060661579300000 1.

2 3 4 .

071354714721200E-05 -1.0000000000391997546 -1.0000000000000000000 .2073294806 0.4695529282490000000 0.617477687843040E-03 -1.14619322062058000 0.1461982125 1. X=a f(x) = e-x+x-2 -2 3.1488056287 5.877738227226605000 -1.14619322063885000 0.137211573361625000 -1.613471397025 X=a f(x) = e-x+x-2 -2 3.3890560989 |(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 | 0.38905609893065000 -1.

3890560989 7.146208926 -1.2073294805543500000 -2.1488056286762000000 -2.3890560989 -1.1461932207 -1.1461932206205800000 .1461932206 -1.613471397025 ok �_(𝑛+1)= �_𝑛− f'(x) = -e-x+1 (𝑓(𝑥_(𝑛)))/(𝑓′ (𝑥_█(𝑛)@) ) -6.4695529282490000000 -3.3890560989 0.3445410539 -1.1461982124861100000 -2.3472911555 -1. |(𝑓(𝑥)∗𝑓^′′(𝑥))/[�′(�)]^2 |<1 f'(x) = -e-x+1 f''(x) = e-x -6.1461932206205800000 -2.1461932206388500000 -2.1544231064 -1.

8414060254740200000000 1.8414971765224500000000 1.8414056604371100000000 1.8414056606678900000000 1.I.8414056604369600000000 .8414056604427700000000 1.8414056604378800000000 1.8450518473052100000000 1.8419828720850000000000 1.8414056618930900000000 1.1.0000000000000000000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1. MÉTODO DE NEWTON -RAPHSON 1.8414056604735900000000 1.8646647167633900000000 1.8414057183297600000000 1.8414079621425700000000 1. Sea la ecuación e-x +x-2=0 Despejo x Si g(x) = 2-e-x x 1 PARA RAICES POSITIVAS x 2.8414201737059900000000 1. Hallar las raícses de la ecuación e -x+x-2=0 Solución 1.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056696184300000000 1.8414056604369800000000 1.

8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1. 1.8414056604369600000000 1.098612288668110000000000 -0.407475861734698000000000 0.496980835179133000000000 0.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.356248983775584000000000 0.436870735662777000000000 0.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.228127394810939000000000 0.452144018453559000000000 0.8414056604369600000000 1.103819801687510000000000 0.446689750730614000000000 .572036956364282000000000 0.465320265815746000000000 0.8414056604369600000000 PARA NEGATIVOS Despejando e ln(e-x) = ln ( 2-x) g'(x) = 1/(2-x) x -1 x -1 1.8414056604369600000000 1.743754645621887000000000 0.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.8414056604369600000000 1.428321717045102000000000 0.

442854400981783000000000 0.442854401034474000000000 0.442857613651710000000000 0.442854400290178000000000 0.442854256272226000000000 0.442854050074800000000000 0.440388298373645000000000 0.442854401015621000000000 0.442900197792774000000000 0.442854341312524000000000 0.441837614440021000000000 0.442849398431602000000000 0.442854626368307000000000 0.442852337834604000000000 0.442854401459771000000000 0.442854947447642000000000 0.0.442854416811699000000000 0.442854399275490000000000 0.444436881064531000000000 0.442873288693943000000000 0.442842271240009000000000 0.443507168949258000000000 0.442783087098831000000000 0.442854376384991000000000 0.442854403691421000000000 0.442681482573138000000000 0.443123636894887000000000 0.442854493948196000000000 0.442965443173988000000000 0.442854396815174000000000 0.442854400708657000000000 0.442854439335261000000000 0.442855725969314000000000 0.442854402111404000000000 0.442853550107334000000000 0.442854407522492000000000 0.442824989838856000000000 0.442854400952427000000000 0.442862190713989000000000 0.442854390849638000000000 0.442854400993891000000000 .442435105075069000000000 0.442854400881248000000000 0.442854401080186000000000 0.442854401191023000000000 0.

442854401002389000000000 0.442854401004639000000000 0.442854401002381000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002547000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002287000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854400998884000000000 0.442854401002771000000000 0.442854401003317000000000 0.442854401002386000000000 0.442854401001793000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002454000000000 0.442854401002371000000000 0.442854401000943000000000 0.442854401002143000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002400000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002391000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.0.442854401002415000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 .442854401002347000000000 0.442854401002387000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002393000000000 0.442854401007846000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.

84140566043788000000000 1. x=2.3678794412 <1 ok PARA RAICES POSITIVAS g(x) =2.e-x 1.84505184730521000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.84140602547402000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.e-x g'(x)=e-x 1/ex g'(x) = e-x 0.84140566961843000000000 1.86466471676339000000000 1.84198287208500000000000 1.84140796214257000000000 1.84149717652245000000000 1.84140566043698000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 .e-x g(x) = 2 .84140566043711000000000 1.84142017370599000000000 1.84140566044277000000000 1.84140566047359000000000 1.84140566189309000000000 1.84140566066789000000000 1.84140571832976000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.

84140566043696000000000 1.3333333333 <1 ok g(x) =ln(2-x) 1.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 PARA NEGATIVOS g'(x) =1/(2-x) 0.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.74375464562188700000000 0.45214401845355900000000 0.44668975073061400000000 0.46532026581574600000000 0.84140566043696000000000 1.22812739481093900000000 0.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.49698083517913300000000 0.84140566043696000000000 1.10381980168751000000000 0.42832171704510200000000 0.44038829837364500000000 .84140566043696000000000 1.40747586173469800000000 0.09861228866811000000000 -0. 1.43687073566277700000000 0.35624898377558400000000 0.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.84140566043696000000000 1.57203695636428200000000 0.84140566043696000000000 1.

44285441681169900000000 0.44285440088124800000000 0.44285440070865700000000 0.44285439927549000000000 0.44285494744764200000000 0.44282498983885600000000 0.44285440101562100000000 0.44285440369142100000000 0.44285440100784600000000 .44285440103447400000000 0.44443688106453100000000 0.44285437638499100000000 0.44285761365171000000000 0.44296544317398800000000 0.44278308709883100000000 0.44285233783460400000000 0.44285425627222600000000 0.44285440029017800000000 0.44287328869394300000000 0.44285440119102300000000 0.44312363689488700000000 0.44285440145977100000000 0.44285443933526100000000 0.44243510507506900000000 0.44285439681517400000000 0.44290019779277400000000 0.44284939843160200000000 0.44285440211140400000000 0.44285440099389100000000 0.44285440752249200000000 0.44284227124000900000000 0.44350716894925800000000 0.44286219071398900000000 0.44285439084963800000000 0.44285440095242700000000 0.44268148257313800000000 0.44285572596931400000000 0.44285355010733400000000 0.44285440098178300000000 0.44285405007480000000000 0.44285462636830700000000 0.0.44285434131252400000000 0.44285440108018600000000 0.44183761444002100000000 0.44285449394819600000000 0.

44285440100094300000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.442854401002391000000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.44285440100228700000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.44285440100245400000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.442854401002381000000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.44285440100179300000000 0.44285440100277100000000 0.442854401002393000000000 0.442854401002415000000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.44285440100331700000000 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.44285440100463900000000 0.442854401002387000000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.44285440099888400000000 0.442854401002389000000000 0.44285440100214300000000 0.44285440100254700000000 0.442854401002371000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0. 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002386000000000 0.44285440100234700000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002388000000000 0.442854401002388000000000000 .442854401002389000000000000 0.442854401002400000000000 0.