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PROJECT : PAGE

:
CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Verify Existing Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Capacity Based on ASCE 41-06 / CBC 07 / IBC 06

INPUT DATA OUTPUT SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH (ACI 318 5.1.1) fc' = 4 ksi SHEAR WALL LENGTH L = 28.83 ft
REBAR YIELD STRESS fy = 60 ksi SHEAR WALL THICKNESS t = 16.00 in
BULB END WIDTH B = 34.00 in
FACTORED AXIAL LOAD Pu = 8060 k BULB END DEPTH D + Web = 169.80 in
FACTORED MOMENT LOAD Mu = 87822 ft-k BULB REINFORCING 28 # 11
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD Vu = 1404 k WALL HORIZ. REINF 2 # 7 @ 12 in o.c.
WALL VERT. REINF 2 # 7 @ 12 in o.c.
LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL L = 28.83 ft HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, D 5 # 5 @ 6 in o.c.
THICKNESS OF WALL t = 16 in HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR 22 # 5 @ 6 in o.c.
DEPTH AT FLANGE D = 34 in
WIDTH AT FLANGE B = 34 in THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.
TOTAL WALL HEIGHT TO TOP hw = 237.5 ft L
REINF. BARS AT BULB 28 # 11
WALL DIST. HORIZ. REINF. 2 # 7 @ 12 in. o.c. D
WALL DIST. VERT. REINF. 2 # 7 @ 12 in. o.c. t
HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR. 5 legs of # 5
HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR. 22 legs of # 5
B
WALL EFFECTIVELY CONTINUOUS ? Yes (ACI 21.7.6.2 apply)

MAX CONCRETE COMPRESSION STRAINS 0.002 (ASCE 6.3.3.1)
MAX REINFORCEMENT TENSILE STRAINS 0.05 (ASCE 41-06 Sec. 6.3.3.1)

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE WHETHER THE WALL CAN RESIST SEISMIC LOADS (CBC 2007 1908A.1.38)
Pu = 8060 k < 0.35 Ag fc' = 9463 k [Satisfactory]
where Ag = 6759 in2.

20000

15000

10000
f Pn (k)
5000

0
0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000

-5000

-10000

f Mn (ft-k)

CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS AND SPACING (ACI 318-05 21.7.2.1 & 14.3)
(rt )min. = 0.0025 [ for Acv (fc')0.5 = 350.09 kips < Vu , and bar size # 7 horizontal]
(rl )min. = 0.0025 [ for Acv (fc')0.5 = 350.09 kips < Vu , and bar size # 7 vertical]
(rt )provd. = 0.0063 > (rt )min. [Satisfactory]
(rl )provd. = 0.0063 > (rl )min. [Satisfactory]
where Acv = 5535 in2 (gross area of concrete section bounded by web thickness and length in the shear direction)
The proposed spacing is less than the maximum permissible value of 18 in and is satisfactory. Since wall Vu > 2 Acv (fc')0.5 ,
two curtains reinforcement required. (ACI 318-05 21.7.2.2)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-05 21.7.4.1 & 21.7.4.4)
fVn =MIN [ f Acv (ac (fc')0.5 + rt fy), f 8 Acv (fc')0.5 ] = 1665.56 kips > Vu [Satisfactory]
where f = 0.60 (conservatively, ACI 318-05 9.3.4 a)
ac = 2.0 ( for hw / L = 8.24 >2)
rl > rt [Satisfactory] (only for hw / L > 2.0, ACI 318-05 21.7.4.3)
(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY
MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH (ACI 318-05 21.7.5.1 & Eq.10-2)
f Pmax =0.8 f [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] = 15375 kips. > Pu [Satisfactory]
where f = 0.65 (ACI 318-05 9.3.2.2)
Ast = 116.36 in2.
DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY AT MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH ARE FROM 0 TO 32514 ft-kips.

FOR THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION UNDER COMBINED FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD, THE MAXIMUM STRAIN IN THE CONCRETE
AND IN THE TENSION REINFORCEMENT MUST SIMULTANEOUSLY REACH THE VALUES SPECIFIED IN ACI 318-05 10.3.2
AS ec AND et INPUT . THE DEPTH TO THE NEUTRAL AXIS AND EQUIVALENT RECTANGULAR CONCRETE
STRESS BLOCK ARE GIVEN BY
Cb = d ec / (ec + es) = 162 in a = Cb b1 = 137 in b1 = 0.85 ( ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3 )
f = 0.65 + (et -0.002)(250/3) =
0.656 (ACI 318-05 Fig. R9.3.2) d = (L - 0.5D ) = 328.96 in
DESIGN AXIAL AND MOMENT CAPACITIES AT THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION ARE 5807 kips AND 98948 ft-kips.

IN ACCORDANCE WITH ACI 318-05 9.3.2 THE DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY WITHOUT AXIAL LOAD IS
f Mn = 0.9 Mn = 85864 kips.
TO KEEP TENSION SECTION WITH SHEAR CAPACITY PER ACI SEC. 11.10.6, THE PURE AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY IS
- f Pn = - 0.9 MIN(Ast Fy , Ast Es es, 3.3 fc'0.5 4 L t ) = -4159 kips.

SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES ARE SHOWN IN THE TABLE BELOW, AND THEY ARE PLOTTED
ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM AT FRONT PAGE.
f Pn (kips) f Mn (ft-kips)
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY = 15375 0
AT MAXIMUM LOAD = 15375 32514
AT 0 % TENSION = 13247 52220
AT 25 % TENSION = 10605 74301
AT 50 % TENSION = 8649 85560
AT e t = 0.002 = 5924 97415
AT BALANCED CONDITION = 5807 98948
AT e t = 0.005 = 4121 123235
AT FLEXURE ONLY = 0 85864
AT TENSION ONLY = -4159 0

DESIGN FORCES Pu & Mu ARE ALSO PLOTTED ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM. FROM THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM.

THE ALLOWABLE MOMENT AT AN AXIAL LOAD Pu IS GIVEN BY
f Mn = 88382 kips. > Mu [Satisfactory]
where f = Min{0.9, Max[0.65 + (et - 0.002)(250/3) , 0.65]} = 0.650 (ACI 318-05 Fig. R9.3.2)

CHECK BOUNDARY ZONE REQUIREMENTS
AN EXEMPTION FROM THE PROVISION OF BOUNDARY ZONE CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY ACI318-05 21.7.6.2,
21.7.6.3, and 21.7.6.5(a) PROVIDED THAT
c < (L hw) / (600 du) for ACI 21.7.6.2 apply or fc < 0.2 fc' for ACI 21.7.6.3 apply [Unsatisfactory]
where c = 204 in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at P u & Mn loads. )
du = 20.0 in. ( design displacement, assume 0.007hw as a conservative short cut, see ACI 318-05 21.7.6.2a. )
fc = (Pu / A) + (Mu y / I ) = 2.978 ksi. ( the maximum extreme fiber compressive stress at P u & Mu loads. )

y = 173 in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at P u & Mu loads. )
A = 7696 in2. ( area of transformed section. )
I = 94443188 in4. ( moment of inertia of transformed section. )
Or the longitudinal reinforcement ratio at the wall end = 0.038 > 400 / fy [Unsatisfactory]
HENCE SPECIAL BOUNDARY ZONE DETAILING REQUIRED !
The boundary element length = MAX( c - 0.1L , 0.5 c , D + 12 ) 169.80 in. ( ACI 318-05 21.7.6.4 )
The maximum hoop spacing = MIN[ B/4 , 6db , 6 , 4+(14-hx)/3 ] = 6 in.o.c. ( ACI 318-05 21.4.4.2 & 21.7.6.5a )
The required hoop reinforcement Ash, B DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh = 0.273 in2. < # 5 provided [Satisfactory]
( ACI 318-05, Eq.21-4 ) Ash, L DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh = 0.287 in2. < # 5 provided [Satisfactory]
INPUT DATA DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH f 'c = 4 ksi SHEAR WALL LENGTH L = 28.83 ft
REBAR YIELD STRESS fy = 60 ksi SHEAR WALL THICKNESS t = 16.0 in
WALL DEAD LOAD P dl = k BULB END DEPTH D = 34.0 in
WALL DEAD LOAD MOMENT M dl = ft-k BULB END WIDTH B = 34.0 in
WALL LIVE LOAD P ll = k BULB REINFORCING 28 # 11
WALL LIVE LOAD MOMENT M ll = ft-k WALL HORIZ. REINF 2 # 7 @ 12 in o.c.
AXIAL DUE TO SEISMIC P sl = k WALL VERT. REINF 2 # 7 @ 12 in o.c.
MOMENT DUE TO SEISMIC M sl = ft-k HOOP-SHORT DIR 5 # 5 @ 6 in o.c.
SHEAR DUE TO SEISMIC V sl = k HOOP-LONG DIR 22 # 5 @ 6 in o.c.
SEISMIC ZONE Z = 4
RELIABILITY / REDUNDANCY FACTOR r = 1.3
L 18000

COEFFICIENT,TAB.16-Q Ca = 0.4 D 16000
t
TOTAL WALL HEIGHT TO TOP Hw = 237.5 ft
B 14000
UNSUPPORTED WALL HEIGHT Lu = 17 ft
LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL L = 28.83 ft 12000

THICKNESS OF WALL t = 16 in WALL NUMBER 10000

*P(k)
DEPTH AT BULB END D = 34 in < D min
8000
WIDTH AT BULB END B = 34 in
REINF. PER SECT. 14.3 WHEN ALLOWED? = 0 No 6000

f
REINF. BARS AT BULB 28 # 11 4000
TRY WALL DIST. HORIZ. BAR SIZE 2 # 7 @ 12
2000
TRY WALL DIST. VERT. BAR SIZE 2 # 7 @ 12
0
HOOP REINF - SHORT DIR. 5 legs of # 5
0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000
HOOP REINF - LONG DIR. 22 legs of # 5
f * M (ft-k)
DESIGN LOADS BOUNDARY ELEMENT REQUIREMENTS
CASE 1: 1.4 * DL + 1.7 * LL Pu = 8060 k ULTIMATE AXIAL LOAD Pu = 8,060 k
Mu = 87822 ft-k ULTIMATE MOMENT Mu = 87,822 ft-k
CASE 2: 1.2 * DL + f1 * LL + 1.0 * E Pu = 8060 k GROSS AREA Ag = 6759 in^2
Mu = 87822 ft-k GROSS MOMENT OF INERTIA Ig = ### in^4
CASE 3: 0.9 * DL + 1.0 * E Pu = 8060 k DIST. TO EXTREME COMP. c = 173 in
Mu = 87822 ft-k MAXIMUM COMP. STRESS fc = 3.33 ksi
CAPACITY REDUCTION FACTORS LIMIT COMP. STRESS Fc = 0.8 ksi
PURE BENDING OR TENSION f = 0.90 SPECIAL BOUNDARY DETAILING REQUIRED !
AXIAL LOAD + BENDING f = 0.65 MIN. LENGTH OF ZONE D min = 48 in
SHEAR f = 0.60 MIN. THICKNESS OF ZONE B min = 16 in
CONCRETE BLOCK FACTOR b = 0.85 BOUNDARY ZONE AREA Az = 1,156 in^2
WALL SHEAR & REINFORCEMENT REQD COMP. CAP. P cap = 11438 k
ULTIMATE SHEAR Vu = 1404 k REQD TENS. CAP. AT BOUNDARY T cap = 0 k
GROSS WALL SHEAR AREA Acv = 5,535 in^2 MIN. RQRD ZONE REINF As reqd = 5.8 in^2
WALL HEIGHT/LENGTH RATIO Hw/Lw = 8.24 ACTUAL REINF. PROVIDED As = 43.7 in^2 ok
SHEAR COEFFICIENT a = 2 CHECK CONFINEMENT REQUIREMENTS !
LIMIT SHEAR STRESS Vc = 700 k MAX. ALLOW. HOOP SPACING Sh = 6 in o.c.
MAX. CONC. SHEAR STRESS vc = 0.13 ksi CORE DIM IN LONG DIRECT hcl = 32 in
HALF SHEAR CAPACITY * Vc / 2 = 350 k REQD. HOOP REINF. - SHORT DIR. Ashs = 0.36 in^2
MAX. WALL SHEAR CAP. f *Vn max = 2801 k ok PROV. HOOP REINF - SHORT DIR Ashs = 1.55 in^2
USE TWO LAYERS OF REINF. t > 10 in & Vu > Vc CORE DIM IN SHORT DIR hcs = 32 in
CONC SHEAR CAPACITY f * Vc = 420 k REQD. HOOP REINF. - LONG DIR. Ashl = 0.36 in o.c.
RQRD STEEL CAPACITY f * Vs = 984 k PROV. HOOP REINF. - LONG DIR. Ashl = 6.82 in^2
RQRD HORIZ. STEEL RATIO ph = 0.0049
RQRD HORIZ. SHEAR REINF. Ash = 0.95 in^2/ft.
WALL HORIZONTAL BARS 2 # 7
REQD HORIZ. BAR SPACING s = 12 in o.c.
RQRD VERT. STEEL RATIO pv = 0.0025
RQRD VERT. SHEAR REINF. Asv = 0.48 in^2/ft.
WALL VERTICAL BARS 2 # 7
REQD VERT. BAR SPACING s = 12 in o.c.
TOTAL WALL DIST VERT. BARS 46 # 7
TOTAL WALL DIST REINF. Asw = 27.60 in^2