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Physical Properties of Chromite

Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4

Lustre: Resinous, Greasy, Metallic, Sub-Metallic, Dull

Transparency: Translucent, Opaque

Colour: Black

Streak: Brown

Hardness: 5½ on Mohs scale

Hardness: VHN100=1278 - 1456 kg/mm2 - Vickers

Tenacity: Brittle

Cleavage: None Observed

Parting: Parting may develop along {111}

Fracture: Irregular/Uneven, Hackly, Sub-Conchoidal

Comment: Broken surfaces frequently have an angular granulated appearance.

Density: 4.5 - 4.8 g/cm3 (Measured) 5.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Physical Properties of Magnesiochromite

Formula: MgCr2O4

Lustre:Greasy, Metallic, Sub-Metallic

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Black, deep red


Hardness (Mohs):5½


Cleavage:None Observed

Parting:Parting may be present on {111}

Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Hackly, Sub-Conchoidal

Comment:Broken surfaces may have an angular granulated appearance

Density: 4.1 - 4.3 g/cm3 (Measured) 4.43 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Physical Properties of Crocoite

Formula: Pb(CrO4)

Lustre:Sub-Adamantine, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy

Transparency:Transparent, Translucent

Colour:Orange, red, yellow; orange-red in transmitted light.


Hardness:2½ - 3 on Mohs scale


Distinct on {110}, indistinct on {001} and {100}.


Density:5.97 - 6.02 g/cm3 (Measured) 5.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Comment:6.06 (Dundas mat.); 6.12 (artificial mat.)

Physical Properties of Fornacite

Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)

Lustre: Resinous, Waxy, Greasy

Transparency: Transparent

Colour: Deep olive-green; golden yellow in transmitted light (small grains).

Streak: Olive green

Hardness: 2 - 3 on Mohs scale

Tenacity: Brittle

Fracture: Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal

Density: 6.27 g/cm3 (Measured) 6.30 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Physical Properties of Daubréelite

Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4

Lustre: Metallic

Transparency: Opaque

Colour: Black

Streak: Black, brown

Hardness: 4½ - 5 on Mohs scale

Hardness: VHN100=260 - 303 kg/mm2 - Vickers

Tenacity: Brittle

Cleavage: Distinct/Good

Fracture: Irregular/Uneven

Density: 3.81 g/cm3 (Measured) 3.842 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Physical Properties of Uvarovite

Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3

Lustre: Vitreous

Transparency: Transparent, Translucent

Colour: Green, emerald-green, green-black

Streak: White

Hardness: 6½ - 7 on Mohs scale

Tenacity: Brittle

Fracture: Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density: 3.77 - 3.81 g/cm3 (Measured) 3.848 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Physical Properties of Vauquelinite

Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)

Lustre: Adamantine, Resinous

Diaphaneity (Transparency): Translucent

Colour: Olive-green, apple-green, brown to nearly black

Streak: Greenish or brownish

Hardness (Mohs): 2½ - 3

Tenacity: Brittle

Fracture: Irregular/Uneven

Density: 6.16 g/cm3 (Measured) 6.16 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Platinum Group Elements

Formula: Pt
Lustre: Metallic

Transparency: Opaque

Colour: Steel grey to dark grey

Streak: Steel grey to dark grey

Hardness: 4 - 4½ on Mohs scale

Tenacity: Malleable

Fracture: Hackly

Density: 14 - 19 g/cm3


Formula: PtAs2
Lustre: Metallic

Diaphaneity (Transparency): Opaque

Colour: Tin-white

Streak: Dark grey to black
Hardness (Mohs): 6 - 7

Tenacity: Brittle

Cleavage: Poor/Indistinct

Fracture: Conchoidal

Density: 10.58 g/cm3

Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Lustre: Metallic

Colour: Steel-gray

Hardness (Mohs): 2 - 3

Density: 9.88 g/cm3 (Calculated)

System: Trigonal
Formula: PtS
Lustre: Metallic

Diaphaneity (Transparency): Opaque

Colour: Steel gray

Hardness (Mohs): 4 - 5

Cleavage:Distinct/Good On {011}

Fracture: Conchoidal

Density: 9.5 g/cm3

Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Lustre: Metallic

Diaphaneity (Transparency): Opaque

Hardness (Mohs): 5

Density: 10 g/cm3

System: Tetragonal
Formula: PtFe
Colour: Grey, silver-white
Lustre: Metallic
Hardness: 4 - 5
Crystal System: Tetragonal
Transparency: Opaque

Formula: Pt2CuFe
Colour: White
Lustre: Metallic
Hardness: 5
Crystal System: Tetragonal
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Colour: White with a yellow tint
Lustre: Metallic
Hardness: 5

Formula: PtSb2
Lustre: Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency): Opaque
Colour: Light grey
Hardness (Mohs): 4½ - 5
Density: 10.97 g/cm