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JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 VOLUME 15, NUMBER 1

PUBLISHED BY THE NATIONAL ASPHALT PAVEMENT ASSOCIATION WWW.HOTMIX.ORG

Research
Breakthroughs
NCAT Retests Asphalts Strength
Alabama Achieves Same
Performance with Thinner Pavements
How A Porous Friction
Course Improves Runoff Water

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JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 VOLUME 15, NUMBER 1

THE VOICE OF THE ASPHALT PAVEMENT INDUSTRY

C O N T E N T S
NAPA National Officers Features
Chairman of the Board
14
James E. Weeks
14 Permeable Asphalt Passes the Water Test
Colas Inc.
Cincinnati, Ohio 24 Are We Underestimating
First Vice Chairman The Strength of Asphalt?
Blaine M. Johnson
Midwest Asphalt Corp. 30 How Alabama Gets More Bang for Its
Hopkins, Minn. Asphalt Buck
Second Vice Chairman
Kim W. Snyder 36 When Opportunity Knocked
Eastern Industries Inc.
Center Valley, Pa.
44 The World of Asphalt 2010:
Third Vice Chairman
Kurt Bechthold
Facts, Figures and Insights 30
Payne & Dolan Inc.
Waukesha, Wis. 49 How to Manage Recycled Asphalt
Resources
Secretary
John J. Keating
Oldcastle Materials Inc. 55 The Benets of Asphalt
Leominster, Mass.
Treasurer Column
Larry H. Lemon
Haskell Lemon Construction Co. 9 Chairmans Commentary
Oklahoma City, Okla.
NAPA Executive Staff
In Every Issue
Mike Acott
President
10 Industry News 49
Margaret Blain Cervarich 59 Tools for the Trade
Vice President, Marketing & Public Affairs
Tracie Christie 63 Calendar of Events
Associate Director of Awards & Marketing
R. Gary Fore 72 Advertiser.com
Vice President, Environment,
Health & Safety 74 Index of Advertisers
Jay Hansen
Vice President, Government Affairs On the cover: This view of winter was taken by
Kent Hansen, P.E. photographer Ray Hillstrom, Hillstrom Stock Photos,
Director of Engineering on the high plains of the Rockies.
Mike Kvach
Vice President, Product Deployment
Nancy Lawler
Vice President, Convention & Meetings National Asphalt Pavement Association Publishers: Mike Acott, NAPA President
All contents copyright NAPA 2009, world rights reserved. 3rd class postage Chris Hodges, Naylor, LLC
Patricia Davitt Long paid at Fargo, ND Subscriptions to HMAT are complimentary to qualified public Editor: Patricia Davitt Long, NAPA, Director of Communications
Director of Communications works officials, pavement consulting engineers, architects, and others involved
with paving materials and pavement design, construction and maintenance at Managing Editor: Catherine Jones, Naylor, LLC
Howard Marks, Ph.D., J.D. U.S. addresses. To receive HMAT, send your request on your agency or company Project Manager: Tom Schell
Director of Regulatory Affairs letterhead to the address below. Address all editorial inquiries and Sales Manager: Tom Schell
correspondence to Editor, HMAT, National Asphalt Pavement Association, Publication Director: Paul Walley
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Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 7


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CHAIRMANS COMMENTARY

H
ow appropriate that my first commentary of the new year and my
last as Chairman of NAPA is about change. Change is the only
constant there is in this world and our industry has certainly seen
its share, especially these past few years. But, whether we like it or
not, more change is on the way. This change is more subtle, but it
will impact our businesses in very real ways. As always, those of us who embrace
it will survive and prosper. Those of us who dont, will not.
Change is evident in the month-to-month funding schemes that are keeping
our highway program running. It is evident in proposed environmental
legislation and regulations that seem to have nothing to do with highway By Jim Weeks
funding, but will ultimately impact how we do business. And, change is evident
in the livable communities initiatives of this new administration, supported in
large part by a generation that is coming of age.
The first big change coming our way has to do with transportation funding.
For now, we are stuck on a short-term, stop-gap roller coaster ride. Not only is
the current funding too low, but the lack of a real bill, makes it nearly impossible
A New Era in
for companies to plan for the future. And, while the Congress plays politics
waiting through the mid-term elections for the economy to improve and
Transportation
representatives to find the will to make tough decisionsthe uncertainty grows.
We need increased funding and a plan for the future.
The climate change debate will also bring changes for asphalt. While the
Congress struggles to reach a compromise, the Environmental Protection
Agency is moving ahead with regulations. For now, asphalt plants (at least those
that produce less than a million tons annually) are exempt, but this regulation
is only the beginning. A climate change bill, if enacted, is certain to have a
transportation component. Going forward, transportation projects will most
likely be measured by their impact on the environment. The two will be linked
in ways that they have never been before. NAPA has done a great job getting
the word out about the sustainable qualities of asphalt, but we need to keep that
drumbeat going.
Finally, we have an administration and a new generation of Americans
driving the movement towards more livable communitiescommunities where
people can live and work without a car. Transportation funding dedicated solely
for road building is no longer a given. In the future, highway projects may be
competing with intermodal projects for funding. All initiatives will need to meet
established sustainability goals.
So, where does that leave asphalt? It leaves us exactly where we have always
beenat the top of our technological game, embracing change and advancing
developments that help our products compete and take advantage of new
markets. Our technological advances are being used to become even more
sustainable (through increased use of RAP and warm mix), safer (through
open-graded surfaces) and economical (through Perpetual Pavement). Livable
communities also present future markets for asphalt. High-speed rail and bus
rapid transit should run on a bed of asphalt. New sidewalks and bike paths can
and should be laid with asphalt.
Americas roads are vital to the nation and they will always be part of
Americas future. We need funding and a plan for the future. New initiatives are
an opportunity, not a threat to our industry. In more ways than one, we are the
flexible pavement and best pavement! Let us seize the day. HMAT

Jim Weeks is Senior Vice President of Colas, Inc. He is the 2009 Chairman of the
National Asphalt Pavement Association

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 9


INDUSTRY NEWS
New Publication Turning Theres fear in Washington about materials similar to those found in
Reclaimed Asphalt Shingles raising the gas tax. Weve elected disposable diapers to retain water
into Roads the biggest bunch of wusses Ive ever which then slowly evaporate).
Whether its saving money on seen in politics. Theyre scared of NAPA continues to work closely
virgin asphalt cement or saving space their shadow, theyre scared to invest, with the Department of Energy, EPA,
in local landfills, reclaiming and theyre scared to spendtheyre and other stakeholders to ensure the
reusing asphalt shingles makes great terrified, he said. accuracy of information regarding the
sense. As part of its information series, In other presentations, Florida impact of pavement type and color on
NAPA has just released Guidelines Department of Transportation urban heat islands. In addition, NAPA
for the Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Secretary Stephanie Kopelousos said continues to pursue related research
Shingles in Asphalt Pavement that 91 percent of Floridas recent and promote the sustainable nature of
(IS 136). This publication covers projects have been toll-financed. asphalt pavements.
everything from sources of waste She pointed to seven unique lessons
roofing shingles, to processing, mix learned from such enterprises in Eugene Uses 55,000 Tons of Warm
design and production. Authored by her state, including being flexible in Mix, Earns Statewide Sustainability
NAPA Director of Engineering Kent procurement, securing government Award
Hansen, this how-to guide brings and community support, selecting The City of Eugene, Oregon
together all the information you the right project, knowing the received the 2009 Julian Prize for
will need to make the best use of overall market and understanding Sustainability for its use of warm-
both manufacturers waste and tear- appropriate timing, having the best mix asphalt to repair streets. The
offs, including authoritative advice experts on your team to create the award, which included a certificate
on asbestos testing. The document deal, ensuring transparency, and for a tree to be planted in Eugene in
will help you save materials and being persistent. recognition of the accomplishment,
reduce costs. List price is $20 per was presented at the fall conference of
copy. Order through NAPAs online NAPA Participates in Urban Heat the Oregon Chapter of the American
store at http://store.hotmix.org/, by Island Conference Public Works Association in Grand
calling toll-free at 888-600-4474, by In late September, NAPAs Director Ronde.
fax at 412-741-0609 or by email to of Regulatory Affairs, Dr. Howard City staff had long been
napa-orders@abdintl.com. Marks, attended the International intrigued by warm-mix asphalt for its
Conference on Urban Heat Islands, multiple benefits of reduced energy
Pennsylvania Governor sponsored by the Department of requirements, lower emissions,
Scolds Congress Energys Lawrence Berkeley National greater adaptability to recycled
More than 300 transportation Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, materials, and enhanced pavement
design and construction executives, California. One of the research goals life. Working with the Asphalt
financial services and consulting of LBNL is to identify sustainable Pavement Association of Oregon and
professionals, and government buildings and explore the impact of resources at the Texas Department
officials attending the 21st Annual construction materials on urban heat of Transportation, staff developed a
American Road & Transportation islands. unique specification for use on city
Builders Association (ARTBA) Public- Although the predominance of projects.
Private Ventures in Transportation research presented at the conference A pilot project was implemented
Conference were treated to spirited focused on mitigation strategies on the paving of Roosevelt Boulevard
remarks from Pennsylvania Governor involving planting more greenery and last spring, and the results were so
Edward G. Rendell (D). increasing roof material reflectivity, encouraging that staff expanded the
Governor Rendell said options like there were a few presentations on option to use warm mix on most
a national infrastructure bank and the impact of pavement materials on of this years paving repair projects.
other public-private partnership deals urban heat islands. Producers and contractors also saw
should get under way now, adding Research was also presented on great benefits in the use of warm mix
that he would like to see Congress set the role of permeable pavements and chose to use it on a total of 14
the groundwork for their expanded such as porous asphalt on reducing city paving projects, laying a total of
use under the next highway/transit pavement temperature. In fact, it 55,000 tons. Staff calculated that this
investment bill. Looking to the gas was noted that in Far East cities, reduced greenhouse gas emissions by
tax as a financing mechanism for porous asphalt pavements and, more approximately 190 metric tons.
surface transportation, Rendell said commonly, water-retentive asphalt Through research, cooperation
Congress lacked political courage pavements were a primary mitigation with industry groups and a
to take tough but necessary action. strategy (the latter pavements contain willingness to step outside of the box,

10 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


the City of Eugene was able to work divided by modes of transportation, Business Groups Call for a
with local contractors and asphalt with separate funding for each type Gas Tax Hike
concrete producers to bring a new of need, from highways to subways Three traditionally conservative
more sustainable paving product to to ferries, LaHood said. We need business groups joined with the
market in the Eugene-Springfield to turn this around so that our AAA motor club in late September
area, says Matt Rodrigues, manager priorities and the outcomes people to urge Congress to pass a multi-
of the citys pavement preservation care aboutsuch as building transit year transportation bill and fully
program. And through the success and affordable housing closer fund it with an increase in the
of the warm-mix implementation in togetherdrive our investments. federal fuel tax, according to a
Eugene, we have set the groundwork LaHood said the federal report in the AASHTO Journal.
for expanded use of the product government needs to make The business groups include the
around the state. the national priorities clear, U.S. Chamber of Commerce,
then empower state and local the National Association of
LaHood Favors Direct Funding for government to achieve them. Manufacturers, and the American
Regional Plans He stressed the Administration Trucking Association.
U.S. Secretary of Transportation doesnt want to pit one mode of Representatives from the groups
Ray LaHood told an audience in transportation against another, also called for reforms in the
Illinois in September that he favors but to get planners to start with transportation program so that
sending federal transportation outcomes first, then determine taxpayers know where the extra
dollars directly to city/county the type of transportation money is going. They did not
regional planning groups, infrastructure that works best. advocate a specific amount for the
bypassing state transportation He wants counties and cities to fuel tax increase, though Chamber
departments. work together on regional plans President Thomas Donohue said,
For many years, federal that reflect both regional and A penny increase would be a
transportation spending has mainly national priorities. Then wed fund waste of time, while 40 cents would
been driven by rigid formulas and them directly, he said. be too big a bite.

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INDUSTRY NEWS
EPA Finalizes Mandatory quality and water quality, provide tri-fold brochure gives a bulleted
Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule green jobs, and reduce the carbon summary of both environmental and
On September 22, 2009, the U.S. footprint of pavements. The 12-page performance advantages of asphalt.
Environmental Protection Agency report can be downloaded from www. The look of the brochure is keyed to
(USEPA) finalized their Mandatory hotmix.org/sustainability. Printed the look of the sustainability report.
Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule. While copies of the report are available for Printed copies are available in packs
a number of specific industries are $45 for a package of 25. of 25 for $12.50. Order through
targeted for the mandatory reporting, The companion brochure, Benefits NAPAs online store at http://store.
the asphalt pavement industry is NOT of Asphalt (order number PS-35), is hotmix.org/, by calling toll-free at
among them. designed as a trade show giveaway or 888-600-4474, by fax at
However, asphalt plants could fall as a leave-behind for meetings with 412-741-0609 or by email to
under Subpart CGeneral Stationary important customers. The attractive napa-orders@abdintl.com. HMAT
Fuel Combustion Sources. According
to the rule, a facility would need
to report if it annually emits more
than 25,000 metric tons of CO2. A
preliminary calculation using EPA
methodology indicates that only those
facilities that are producing slightly
above 1 million tons of hot-mix
asphalt pavement material annually
will approach the threshold reporting
value.
In anticipation of this rule, NAPA
has developed a greenhouse gas
calculator for asphalt plants which can
be used to assess a facilitys potential to
emit CO2. Regardless of the outcome of
climate change legislative efforts, EPA
will continue to move forward with
regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

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10/15/08 13 PM
Permeable Asphalt
Passes the Water Test
Researchers from the University of Texas
measured runoff water quality before
and after the construction of a permeable
open-graded friction course and found
a big environmental benefit.
By the HMAT Staff

C
an a permeable pore spaces filled with accumulated
pavement actually material.
improve the While porous asphalt surfaces
environmental quality are often used to reduce wheel
of runoff water? spray and pavement noise, only a
Common sense says it does, and few studies have linked them to
so does a small, but growing library improved runoff water quality.
of practical research. Barrett and Charbeneau cite a 1999
The newest addition to this library Dutch study that found 99 percent
comes from two researchers at the lower total suspended solids in OGFC
University of Texas who added a runoff than conventional asphalt
dramatic new dimension to the runoff, and a 2000 study in France
challenge. that found an 81 percent reduction
Michael Barrett, Ph.D., P.E., and in total suspended solids after a
Randall Charbeneau, Ph.D., P.E., conventional pavement was overlaid
based Effects of the Permeable with OGFC.
Friction Course (PFC) on the Quality The work done by Barrett and
of Highway Runoff on the study of Charbeneau supports the European
storm water runoff from an Austin findings and goes a step further,
four-lane highway before and after showing that the reduction in solids
the installation of a permeable continues even 52 months later.
open-graded friction course (OGFC).
Their objectives were to measure Methodology
the quality of runoff water before Barrett and Charbeneau monitored
and after the OGFC overlay was two sites on Loop 360, a four-lane Two University
constructed, and to continue testing state highway in Austin with an of Texas
students
the OGFC runoff to see if further average daily traffic volume of
measure the
changes in water quality might about 48,000, from 2004 through permeability of
occur as the pavement aged and 2009. One site monitored the two the pavement.

14 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


southbound lanes, the other, the two northbound
lanes.
Loop 360 was constructed with conventional
impervious asphalt in February 2004 and was overlaid
with OGFC in October, 2004 giving the researchers
eight months of runoff water samples representing
conventional impervious pavement to compare
against future samples from the pervious OGFC
pavement.
In February 2007, Barrett and Charbeneau added
another dimension to their research. They installed
two more samplers about 1.5 kilometers from the
established collectors. One of the new devices
sampled water from a Loop 360 intersection that
had not been overlaid with OGFC. The other device
sampled water from the adjacent OGFC pavement.
The new samples allowed the researchers to
compare same-event water samples from pervious
and impervious pavements.

Results
Data produced by Barrett and Charbeneau
showed the same dramatic reduction in total
suspended solids (TSS) from the OGFC pavement
that the European researchers discovered. One site
had a 93 percent reduction in solids, while the other
had an 88 percent reduction.
The porous pavement proved to be especially
efficient at reducing undissolved particles of
pollutants, including phosphorus, lead, copper
and zinc. As the Table 1 shows, concentrations of
these metals in the porous pavement runoff were
38 to 88 percent lower than in the runoff from the
impervious pavement.

Table 1: Constituent Event Mean Concentrations (EMCs) for Conventional and Permeable Asphalt at Two Test Sites
First Site Second Site
Permeable Permeable
Conventional Reduction Conventional Reduction
Constituent EMCs Friction Friction
Asphalt % Asphalt %
Course Course
Total Suspended Solids (TSS)
117 8.7 93 148 18 88
(mg/L)
Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen
1.13 1.01 11 1.10 0.92 16
(TKN) (mg/L)
Nitrate/Nitrite (NO3/N)2)
0.43 0.39 9.3 0.17 0.25 -47
(mg/L)
Total Phosphorus (P) (mg/L) 0.13 0.08 38 0.15 0.05 67
Dissolved Phosphorus (mg/L) 0.06 0.06 0 0.03 0.03 0
Total Copper (ug/L) 27 13.6 50 30 13 57
Dissolved Copper (ug/L) 5.9 10.6 -80 6.3 9.0 -43
Total Lead (ug/L) 12.6 1.5 88 11 1.3 88
Dissolved Lead (ug/L) <1.0 <1.0 NA <1.0 <1.0 NA
Total Zinc (ug/L) 167 32 81 130 21 84
Dissolved Zinc (ug/L) 47 22.4 52 18 11 39
Chemical Oxygen Demand
64 61 4.7 75 60 20
(COD) (mg/L)
Credit: Barrett and Charbeneau, Effects of Permeable Friction Course on the Quality of Highway Runoff, copyright 2009,
International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


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Barrett and Charbeneau also observed no appreciable


increase in runoff solids from the permeable pavement
over the 52-month period of the study.
The authors say the long-term effectiveness of OGFC in
reducing solids and pollutants in runoff water is the focus
of ongoing research.
Barrett and Charbeneau also grappled with why the
OGFC was successful in producing runoff water that
is lower in solids and pollutants than impermeable
pavement.
A critical component in the assessment of the water
quality benefits of (OGFC) is whether the relatively
low pollutant concentrations observed in this study
are a function of the removal of pollutants within the
pavement, reduced generation of pollutants through
reduction in washoff from vehicles, or the lack of
accumulation of pollutants on the new road surface,
they wrote.
They discount the newness of the pavement as an
explanation because it was just as effective after four
years as it was in its first month in reducing pollutants.
They note that as particles collect in the pore
structure of the OGFC, clogging the pavement, it
might perform more like a conventional, impervious
pavement. They note there is an answer to that, citing
the use of specialty cleaners in Europe to remove
accumulated pollutants.

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Permeable Asphalt Passes the Water Test continued
Anatomy of Porous Asphalt
Porous asphalt is produced by
eliminating fine aggregate from the
asphalt mix. The resulting permeable
friction course (PFC) or open graded
friction course (OGFC) generally has void
spaces of 18-22 percent. It is placed on top
of a conventional impermeable asphalt or
concrete pavement.

Barrett & Charbeneau


Rain that falls on the friction course
drains through the porous layer to the
impermeable pavement beneath, then
drains along the boundary between the
pavement types until it emerges at the An open-graded friction course pavement core is shown here impregnated
edge of the pavement. with fluorescent epoxy to highlight the pavements voids. At the bottom is a
Porous asphalt overlays are used thin slice of conventional, impermeable pavement.
increasingly by state transportation agencies in
the U.S. to improve drivability in wet weather
conditions and to reduce noise from highway Many regulatory agencies in the U.S. require an 80
traffic. Acknowledged benefits include reduced percent reduction in the amount of TSS (total suspended
splash and spray, better visibility, better solids) discharged from new developments, wrote Barrett and
traction, reduced hydroplaning, and less noise Charbeneau. The TSS removal observed during this project easily
(Berbee et al., 1999). exceeds this threshold; consequently, this type of overlay may be
--Barrett and Charbeneau, Effects of considered a Best Management Practice for highways in lieu of
Permeable Friction Course on the Quality of ponds, filters or other structures commonly constructed to treat
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Permeable Asphalt Passes the Water Test continued
Barrett and Charbeneaus About the Researchers
References
Berbee, R., G., de Brouwer, Michael Barrett, PhD., P.E., works in the Center for Research in Water Resources at
R., and van Velzen, L. (1999). the University of Texas. He can be reached at mbarrett@mail.utexas.edu.
Characterization and Treatment
of Runoff from Highways in the Randall Charbeneau, PhD., P.E., is with the Department of Civil, Architectural
Netherlands Paved with Impervious and Environmental Engineering at the University of Texas. He can be reached at
and Pervious Asphalt. Water Charbeneau@mail.utexas.edu.
Environment Research, Vol. 71, No. 2,
183-190. Their paper, Effects of the Permeable Friction Course (PFC) on the Quality
Irish, L.B., Jr., Barrett, M.E., of Highway Runoff, was presented at the International Association of Hydraulic
Malina, J.F.., Jr., and Charbeneau, Engineering and Research (IAHR) 33rd Congress and has been copyrighted by IAHR.
R.J. (1998). Use of Regression Models ISBN: 978-94-90365-01-1.
for Analyzing Highway Storm-Water
Loads. Journal of Environmental
Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 10, 987-993.
Mahler, B.J., Van Metre, P.C., and
Wilson, J.T. (2004). Concentrations
of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
(PAHs) and Major and Trace Elements
in Simulated Rainfall Runoff from
Parking Lots, Austin, Texas, 2003.
Open File Report No. 2004-1208.

85-1000F Lower than HMA


U.S. Department of the Interior &
U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved
January 13, 2005 from http://tx.usgs.
gov/.
Pagatto, C., M. Legret and Le
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Co-author David Timm, shown here lecturing at
Auburn University, is one of America's leading
authorities on asphalt and was a principle
designer of the NCAT test.

Are We Underestimating the


Strength of Asphalt?
New research from the National Center for Asphalt Technology
makes a case for recalibrating the asphalt layer coefficient.
By David H. Timm and Kendra P. Davis

F
or nearly two decades, the Alabama coefficient are widely used, there was a growing suspicion
Department of Transportation, like many at ALDOT and elsewhere that the 50-year-old tests on
state agencies, has determined pavement which they are based have limited application to todays
thickness by following the procedures outlined designs.
in the AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement While the limitations are many, some of the most
Structures. critical include that only 1.1 million load repetitions
This procedure involves calculating the Structural were applied to the pavement sections, the thickest
Number (SN) for the pavement based on projected loads asphalt pavement section at the road test was six inches,
over its design life, then selecting a combination of and the test used materials that predated the Superpave
materials and thicknesses to achieve the SN. Each material mix design system. Todays designers have to rely on
has a corresponding structural coefficient that represents performance predictions made by the AASHTO system for
its strength relative to other materials in the pavement traffic levels, thicknesses and materials that were never
cross section. The total SN is simply the sum of each tested during the road test.
layers structural coefficient, multiplied by its thickness. Within ALDOT, this led to the conviction that
Since 1990, ALDOT has used the structural coefficient many of their asphalt pavement designs were too thick,
0.44 for asphalt. The research that produced this prompting an investigation to recalibrate the AASHTO
coefficient was the AASHO Road Test conducted in system for observed performance in Alabama.
northern Illinois between 1958 and 1960 (HRB, 1962). That investigation has produced data showing that
Though the AASHTO method and this structural Alabamas asphalt pavement designers can now use a

24 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


structural coefficient equaling 0.54 International Roughness Index the outside (right) wheelpath was
rather than 0.44, yielding a pavement (IRI) from which serviceability was used since it experienced more
cross section that uses approximately computed. For example, Figure 4 severe distress than the inside (left)
18.5% less asphalt. illustrates serviceability indices wheelpath. Furthermore, when
versus date for Section N1 of the sections exhibited significant
Test Procedures 2003 Test Track. As shown in the deterioration such as shown
To perform the recalibration of figure, measurements were made in in Figure 4, multiple terminal
the AASHTO system for Alabama both the left (LPSI) and right (RPSI) serviceability (pt) points were
conditions, this investigation made wheelpath. To be conservative, selected so that one section could
use of the National Center for
Asphalt Technology (NCAT) Test
Track at Auburn University. This 1.7
mile closed-loop track, located in
Opelika, Alabama, features 46 test
sections that are 200 feet long, each
sponsored by state agencies or private
corporations. The Test Track uses
a fleet of five triple-trailer vehicles
running five days per week, sixteen
hours per day for two years to apply
approximately 10 million equivalent
single axle loads (ESALs) in a two-
year period.
Source: Davis and Timm, NCAT

This investigation included


sections built for the 2003 2005
(Figure 2) and 2006 2008 (Figure
3) research cycles. The 2003 test
sections used in this study were
largely representative of asphalt
mix designs from Alabama while Figure 1: Asphalt Structural Coefficients for NCAT Track Sections
the 2006 test sections included NCAT researchers determined a structural coefficient for each section of the test track,
additional mix designs from Florida, with values ranging from 0.41 to 0.68. The average was 0.54, which has become the new
Missouri, and Oklahoma. It is also standard for the Alabama DOT.
important to note that sections
N3 through N7 were left in place
after the 2003 experiment so these
sections had received nearly 20
million ESALs by the end of 2008.
The AASHTO design system relies
on an empirical equation to compute
required SN from a variety of factors.
For the purposes of recalibration,
however, it was necessary to input
an SN (as a function of structural
coefficient) and compute predicted
traffic (ESALs). This was then
compared to the actual ESALs applied
to each of the pavement sections to
Source: Davis and Timm, NCAT

reach pre-defined terminal levels of


serviceability. The asphalt structural
coefficient was continually adjusted
until the error between predicted
and actual ESALs was minimized.
Serviceability was quantified
through weekly measurements Figure 2: 2003 Test Sections
using an automated road analyzer Figure 2 shows the cross sections of asphalt layers and base and sub base materials in
(ARAN) van to quantify the the NCAT track sections that were tested from 2003-2005.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 25


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Are We Underestimating the Strength of Asphalt? continued
About the Authors
provide multiple calibration points. In
David Timm, PhD, PE is the Gottlieb Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at
other words, the structural coefficient
Auburn University.
in Section N1 was found to minimize
the error between measured and Kendra Davis is a research engineer with the National Center for Asphalt
predicted traffic at five distinct points Technology at Auburn University.
in time corresponding to the selected
pt levels. References
AASHTO. AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement Structures. American
Results Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., 1993.
Graphs such as Figure 4 were created Davis, K.P. and D.H. Timm. Recalibration of the Asphalt Layer Coefficient. Report
on a section-by-section basis and the No. 09-03, National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn University, 2009.
structural coefficient was determined HRB. The AASHO Road Test. Special Reports 61A, 61C, 61E. Highway Research
per section in addition to an overall Board, 1962.
average. These data are summarized in
Figure 1. Though there were variations
in the structural coefficient, there were
no consistent trends regarding asphalt
binder type or mix design. Rather,
it appears to be random variation
inherent in pavement performance.
Two sections, N8 (2003) and N10
(2006) had structural coefficients
less than the current value of 0.44.
These two sections had documented
bond failures between lifts of asphalt
that may have contributed to their

Source: Davis and Timm, NCAT


poorer performance. Despite this, the
overall computed average structural
coefficient was 0.54.
Using a structural coefficient
equaling 0.54 rather than 0.44
yields an asphalt cross-section that
is approximately 18.5% thinner. Figure 3: 2006 Test Sections
This can be viewed in terms of Figure 3 shows the cross sections of asphalt layers and base and subbase
materials used in the 2006-2008 test.
direct savings of materials or better
utilization of materials enabling
paving of more miles more efficiently.
ALDOT has recently implemented
the recalibrated structural
coefficient for resurfacing and new
construction projects. From the
designers standpoint, the change
was implemented by simply entering
0.54 into the AASHTO Design Guide
software instead of 0.44. Applying
this change to other states should
only be done after careful review of
Source: Davis and Timm, NCAT

the conditions of this study to be sure


conditions are similar.
This study has been fully
documented in an NCAT report (Davis
and Timm, 2009) which is available
online (www.ncat.us). The authors
would like to thank ALDOT for their Figure 4: Section N1 Serviceability Over Time
support and cooperation with this Figure 4 shows the serviceability indices by date for Section N1 of the 2003 test
study. HMAT track. LPSI and RPSI refer to the left and right wheelpath, respectively.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 29


How Alabama A field-tested
PHOTO CREDIT: FHWA
refinement of
the asphalt layer
coefficient allows
Alabama DOT
to achieve the
same structural
requirements with
thinner pavements. NCAT test track
By Tom Kuennen
Former Alabama DOT asphalt layer structural
coefficient of 0.44 was based on AASHO Road Test

N
ew research refining the AASHO Road Tests of 1958-
held from 1958-1960 at Ottawa, Ill.
or recalibrating the 1960.
structural coefficient One of the main parameters
of asphalt layers is in an asphalt pavement design
letting the Alabama system is the asphalt layer
Department of Transportation structural coefficient. The
decrease its hot-mix asphalt structural coefficient is an index
pavement thicknesses by nearly 19 that expresses the structural
percent. contribution of the asphalt layer(s)
The new data enable the DOT relative to all the other layers.
to meet structural requirements Based on research from the
with thinner asphalt pavements, 1956 AASHO Road Tests, the
allowing more square yards of existing asphalt layer structural
asphalt pavement to be placed layer coefficient value used by
within the same budget beginning Alabama and many other states
in 2010. has been 0.44. The new research
The new research from the incorporates actual performance
National Center for Asphalt of modern materials and designs
Technology (NCAT) at Auburn at the NCAT Test Track at Auburn
University in Alabama, Recalibration University, and has resulted in a
of the Asphalt Layer Coefficient, by new structural layer coefficient
Kendra Peters-Davis and Dr. David value of 0.54.
H. Timm, P.E., was published in From a practical standpoint, this
August and establishes that in permits a thinning of a pavement
the age of Superpave and other by about 18.5 percent while still
advanced pavement designs, getting the same load-bearing
todays asphalt layers are stronger performance as before. Beginning
structurally than layers used during next year, the resulting savings will

30 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


Gets More Bfor aItsng
Asphalt Buck
be used to expand Alabamas overlay state will benefit from the road cost will be using the 0.54 value in overlay
program by a like amount. savings almost immediately. thickness design for 2010s resurfacing
Our resurfacing budget is program. We will use 0.54 for both
Boost to Alabama Program approved each year, said Larry overlays and new construction.
In our recent NCAT test sections Lockett, P.E., state materials and Changes in pavement
we evaluated the structural layer tests engineer, Alabama DOT. This designslike other changes in how
coefficient that we used in our means that our resurfacing budget government bodies go about their
existing design procedure, said will go 18 percent farther than it has workarent necessarily welcomed by
Mike Harper, P.E., assistant chief in the past. We will be able to pave government agencies, DOTs included.
engineer for operations, Alabama more roads, more lanes, more miles, In many agencies there is a built-in
DOT. The result of the study because of this 18 percent saving. reluctance to change specifications
was the recommendation that we As the economic stimulus or procedures, as a change introduces
could comfortably go from 0.44 packagethe American Recovery and the chance of failure, compared to
to 0.54 with our structural layer Reinvestment Act of 2009provided no chance if things are left alone. Yet
coefficient in our design procedure. an approximately 40 to 50 percent Alabama DOT administration has
That means, for most of our new increase in Alabamas resurfacing been supportive of the new asphalt
pavements, an 18 percent reduction program over two years, this layer value. Our management was
in the total build-up, and an 18 percent savings will further very impressed with the research, and
18 percent reduction in overlay leverage those funds to benefit our ability to expand our program,
thickness for existing asphalt Alabamas roads and economy. Lockett said.
pavements, which is a tremendous For a number of reasons, Certainly the DOT operations
savings for us. We will use that Alabama has been building fewer side is confident that the new value
savings to pave more miles. and fewer new lanes, but doing will work for its road patrons. The
The Alabama DOT will more and more resurfacing and new 0.54 layer coefficient is on the
implement the new pavement reconstruction, Harper said. We conservative side, Harper said. In
value in its road program in its use the falling weight deflectometer September the new structural layer
2010 budget. As the new fiscal year (FWD) to determine what the depth coefficient got the go-ahead from
started Oct. 1, this means that the of our overlay should be, and we FHWAs Alabama Division for use

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 31


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How Alabama Gets More Bang for Its Asphalt Buck continued
on federally funded projects, he transducers, everything you could our aggregates, with more crushed
added. use to monitor a pavement. Because materials and with polymers added
Field testing at the NCAT test of all that I have total confidence to binder in our mixes for higher
track assures that the new-design that the new value is valid. ESAL-range roads, Harper said.
pavements will perform just as well We found our roads were more
as before. Plugged into DARWin Software durable, and that the structural
Because the research comes For pavement designs, Alabama coefficient we had been using from
from the National Center for uses the AASHTOWare DARWin the AASHO Road Tests of the 1950s
Asphalt Technology and NCATs 3.1 Pavement Design and Analysis was not representative of what we
use of an actual test track, we System, a computerized version of are doing today.
have great confidence in the new the 1993 AASHTO Guide for Design The research was initiated by
number, said Mel Monk, P.E., of Pavement Structures. DARWin the Alabama DOT, said Dr. David
executive director of the Alabama still is based on the AASHO Timm, P.E., Gottlieb associate
Asphalt Pavement Association Road Tests, which have worked professor of civil engineering,
(AAPA). extremely well for a long time, Auburn University. Theyve
The AASHO Road Test put 2 Harper said. But we found that been sponsoring NCAT Test Track
million ESALs on the pavements, but for our Interstate system, we were research back to the year 2000,
the Auburn test track is putting 10 getting some thick pavements, lots and from 2003 to 2009 sponsored
million ESALs on different pavement of layers of asphalt. test sections that looked at the
designs over two years, Monk said. The first Alabama sections performance of thinner HMA
The design sections were exposed placed at the NCAT Test Track cross sections in which significant
to environmental conditions, and in 2000 led the state to believe pavement deterioration occurred.
because Alabama is a warm state, at these pavements were indeed As a result of the tests they were
NCAT we have the perfect rutting overdesigned. In the real world, able to go back into Alabamas
test conditions. The sections also when we went through the existing design system and
were heavily instrumented with Superpave transition, we saw that recalibrate it to reflect current
strain gauges, pressure gauges and we had improved the quality of performance using modern asphalt

334111_TrailKing.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 PM33


6/6/07 2:38:29
How Alabama Gets More Bang for Its Asphalt Buck continued
mixes plus todays heavy truck HMA, but still within Alabamas and with PG-graded binders weve
loads and ESALs. The resulting design system and with the same been able to specify more exactly
new asphalt layer coefficient was structural performance. Now, all the type of liquid asphalt to use
recalibrated to more accurately the DOT will have to do is insert for different traffic applications
reflect HMAs performance in the new value into its design and climates. Weve introduced
Alabama. software; nothing else changes. stone-matrix asphalt (SMA), which
Unlike the AASHO tests, This work confirmed opinions for Alabama is our top-quality mix
the NCAT sections used in the that pavements were being that we use for our highest levels
recalibration of the structural overdesigned in the existing design of traffic loads. And weve brought
coefficient included standard, system, Timm said. With the in open-graded friction courses
dense-graded Superpave mixtures, existing system, you were stuck (OGFCs) for the top layers, which
both modified and unmodified; with the thickness you got. But are safer because they reduce
SMA mixes; and mixes designed weve known for a while through splash and spray while providing a
by Alabama, Florida, Oklahoma the work on Perpetual Pavements superior friction course.
and Missouri DOTs. There done by the Asphalt Pavement Now, he said, the time has come
was a variety of materials and Alliance, that there is an upper to give these improvements their
mixes, which resulted in a range limit to how thick the pavement due. Wed done all these things,
of values, Timm said. For all needs to be, and beyond that but still were using a structural
sections the average value was upper-bound thickness you are number of 0.44, Monk said. We
0.54. throwing money away. were introducing all new improved
In essence, the NCAT research We have come so far since the mixes, but left behind the credit
determined to what degree asphalt introduction of the old number for what we were doing. By using
pavements were being overbuilt following the AASHO Road 0.54 we are recognizingand
based on the AASHO testsand Test, AAPAs Monk said. Weve putting a value onthe new
shaving that design down to one introduced Superpave, better quality asphalt binders and mixes
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Transferring Technology Transfer of this new finding and make presentations, Timm
Beyond Alabama to the industry at large will said. And we prepared a paper
Alabama is looking forward to accelerate, Timm said. A for the American Society of Civil
sharing this new technology with webinar on the 0.54 value has Engineers, which was submitted in
other states. The research will be been conducted by NCAT and is September. HMAT
shared with any states that want available on demand from its Web
to look at it, Harper said. But site. A presentation was held in The NCAT report is available
the data are so new that beyond late summer at the Southeastern online to all. To download NCAT
the states that participated with Association of State Highway Report 09-03, Recalibration of the
Alabama in the test sections, the & Transportation Officials Asphalt Layer Coefficient, visit
word is not yet out. (SASHTO) meeting in Biloxi, http://www.eng.auburn.edu/center/
The Alabama research may be Miss. Well continue to speak ncat/reports/rep09-03.pdf.
applicable to other states, but they
will have to go carefully, Timm
said. Other states should read
the report, look at what type of
mixtures we used in our climate,
and see how different their
N ovaStar
mixtures might be, he said.
For example, Florida placed Ultra Low NOx Burner
some sections in this research
for Aggregate Drying
and certainly the results would
transfer to their conditions,
Timm said. But if you were to
go to a northern-tier state, they
would want to look at the research
much more closely. Many states
have been using the 0.44 since
the 1960s. If they havent taken a
critical look at it since then, this
might be a good opportunity to
re-examine that value, and this
study might point them in the
right direction. But the farther
away you get from where we did WORLD OF ASPHALT
the testing, the greater the need
BOOTH 1407
to scrutinize what differences
exist between your mixtures and
climate, and what we had at the H AUCKS ULTRA LOW NOX NOVASTAR BURNER CONTINUES THE
test track. COMPANY S COMMITMENT TO STATE OF THE ART ADVANCEMENTS
In the meantime, at the NCAT FOR THE AGGREGATE DRYING INDUSTRY.
Test Track, research will continue
on the new asphalt layer coefficient.
Ultra low NOx emissions of <15 ppm @ 3%
At the test track we just finished O2 on natural gas
reconstructing a number of sections,
and left a number of sections Precise air flow control via VFD for stability
in-place, Timm said. We have and fuel efficiency
two more years of traffic to apply, Reduced energy consumption with VFD
which just started in September. Compact modular design
We will continue to monitor these
Easily adaptable to long-nose variations
sections to validate the 0.54 value.
We rehabbed several of the existing Patent pending lean burn premix
technology
sections and now we will be able
to answer the question of whether Hauck Manufacturing Company
PO Box 90, Lebanon, PA 17042
this new value is good for rehabbed Phone: 717-272-3051 Fax: 717-273-9882

pavements.

445199_Hauck.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY1/1/70


201011:04:39
35 AM
Award-winning Perpetual Pavement

When Oppo
Opp

ILLINOIS EDOT
Trucks move across the Illinois River flood plain on the asphalt section of I-180 in late 2009. The roads base
and intermediate lift are more than 40 years old.

Illinois DOT had never used full-depth asphalt for an Interstate


pavement until special circumstances opened the door in 1969.

I
llinois DOT engineers knew they had a special didnt even consider asphalt for such projects and were
challenge in 1969. They were engineering lobbying to change that.
Interstate 180, a route extending south of I-80 in In addition, the I-180 project was subject to public
central Illinois, to accommodate a large surge in scrutiny because of its size: according to Dick Nelson,
truck traffic anticipated as a new steel mill opened one of the owners of Advanced Asphalt and the paving
in the area. contractor for the east-west spur, the I-180 contract was
The problem faced by IDOT: key sections of the the largest in Illinois history at that time.
roadway had to cross a marshy area with unstable soils.
Of particular concern was a two-mile east-west spur Pioneering project
that linked the steel plant to the north-south sections of IDOTs Wegmeyer credits Larry Smith, the squad
I-180. This spur crossed the Illinois River flood plain. In leader for the I-180 team, with the design for the
addition to unstable soils, the flood plain sections were roadway. The team flew planning sheets to the
subject to wet conditions in the spring and summer, and contractor every day, he recalls.
to deep freezes in the winter. The basic design parameters for Illinois first full-
IDOT engineer John Wegmeyer recalls that the squad depth asphalt Interstate section included a 3- to 4-inch
engineering the road decided the east-west section was granular subbase, a 12-inch asphalt-stabilized base, a 2.5-
a special challenge. The north-south section was built inch asphalt binder lift, and a 1.5-inch surface course.
on cuts and fills in a valley, he says. But the east-west The granular subbase was river gravel, according
section was built on the Illinois River flood plain. We to Wegmeyer, intended just to create a platform for
would dig it out and fill it with granular material, but we the pavement above the dirt. It was compacted with a
anticipated settlement issues. We thought the situation pneumatic roller.
would favor a flexible pavement. IDOT specified its standard BAM (Basic Asphalt
This was no small decision. To date, IDOT had built Mixture) for the base. The low-grade mix allowed the use
its Interstate highways out of concrete exclusively. of gravel instead of crushed stone and a high percentage
Asphalt contractors in the state complained that Illinois of dirt and sand. Dick Nelson recalls that the asphalt

36 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


ortunity Knocked
Construction & Maintenance History of I-180 Full-Depth Asphalt Section

2 Overlay

1.5 inch surface course 1 Mill & Fill

Original Binder Course


2.5-inch Binder Course has never been repaired or replaced.

12-inch IDOTs BAM Mixture included 49 percent


Basic Asphalt Mixture dirt and dust, gravel aggregate, and
3-3.5 percent asphalt cement.

4-inch Granular Granular subbase is primarily composed of river


Sub-Base gravel from rich deposits of gravel nearby.

1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

1969 1987 2001


Opened to traffic in 1969, Illinois first full-depth asphalt Interstate highway pavement crosses an Illinois River floodplain. Though the
areas unstable soils, wetness and deep-freeze winters have been hard on the concrete portions of I-180, the asphalt section has never
had a patch or even a crack seal. Interventions undertaken in 1987 and 2001 were primarily to take advantage of crews in the area to
work on the concrete pavements.

cement content was 3 or 3.5 percent: Dry by todays factors were expected to be somewhat higher due to
standards, he comments, but very flexible. the high percentage of truck traffic.
Both the binder course and the surface course used The actual traffic volume and loads turned out to
standard Illinois asphalt mix specifications, including be much lower than expected as the steel mill never
crushed limestone aggregate. produced the high volumes of product that had been
John Nelson says that his company used new projected.
technology in placing the pavements. We used a Today, says Wegmeyer, the north-south section
prototype Blaw Knox profiler, he recalls. It was their averages about 4100 average daily traffic (ADT) and
first. We also used an electronic leveling system for the the east-west asphalt pavement is averaging about
first time in Illinois and the first vibratory roller. The 2400 ADT.
contractor also employed pneumatic rollers. While Illinois first full-depth asphalt Interstate
pavement was not tested by loads, it has been fully tested
Low traffic volume by timeand passed with flying colors.
Engineers with IDOT anticipated low volumes In its 40-year life, the asphalt section of I-180 has
of traffic for this rural Interstate, although loading never needed a patch. In 2004 it won a Perpetual

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 37


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When Opportunity Knocked continued
Pavement award from the Asphalt Pavement Alliance in
recognition of its time-tested structural soundness.
The pavements original 1.5-inch surface course
lasted 18 years before the first intervention. Even then,
says Wegmeyer, the 1-inch mill and fill was conducted
mainly because the state had to patch and overlay the
concrete sections of I-180 anyway.
The asphalt surface was just bleached out from time
and exposure, explains Wegmeyer. The superficial mill-
and-fill just extended the life of the pavement at a low
cost.
In 2001, IDOT gave I-180 a 2-inch overlay. The
Article 21
14-year-old surface course of the full-depth asphalt House Ad/Exhibit Hall
section was still in good shape, but the roads concrete
sections needed an overlay and including the asphalt fp
section was an economical, life-extending intervention.
IDOTs Wegmeyer credits the long life of the surface CMYK
course to the low traffic volumes and to the success of the
flexible pavement in its wet, freeze/thaw environment. The
rigid concrete pavements have been much less successful in
that environment, he notes.
Contractor Dick Nelson also emphasizes how vital the
pavements flexibility has been to its longevity. Indeed,
he has worried that some modern mixes have become too
brittle, and hails the trend toward warm-mix pavements as
a step in the right direction.

ExhibitHall.indd 1 11/20/09 2:16:19 PM

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421091_BLS.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY


2/28/09 2010
5:27:40PM
41
When Opportunity Knocked continued
BearCat Mfg. Innovation by Design

All Electric Tack Truck

__________________________________________________________________

Electric Tack Truck Features


u 26,000GVW - No CDL Required.
u No Federal Excise Tax.
ADVANCED APHALT PHOTO

u All electric and pneumatic control.


u No Hydraulics to leak or maintain.
u 4.5Kw of 48Vdc electric heat (no open
flame) can be used while in operation.
u 240AC heat for over night temp.
control.
u Product gallons and temp gauge in cab.
u Computerized Rate Control (CRC)
u Computer CAN networking reduces Impact on road engineering section as part of its reconstruction
complicated wiring harnesses, sys. has As asphalt contractors continued to of I-70 in southeastern Illinois.
built in diagnostics
lobby for additional opportunities to Just as I-180 placed concrete
u One touch valve sequencing
u One touch flush system compete for this work, the pavements and full-depth asphalt pavements
u One touch taper control success added to the body of proof of in direct comparison to one
u Light application rate at slow speeds what is possible with asphalt. another, the I-70 project called for
(Ideal tack coating)
The next major full-depth adjacencies too: the state installed
u Lightweight bar assembly and no
hydraulic tank increase payload and Interstate asphalt project did not 10.8 miles of full-depth asphalt from
fuel mileage. take place until 1988, says Marvin just west of Marshall, Ill. to near the
u With every thing run off the Tier4 Traylor, Director of Engineering Martinsville, Ill. interchange, while
engine, it is environmentally friendly!
Research of the Illinois Asphalt continuously reinforced concrete
Pavement Association. That was was used from just west of Marshall
Tri-cylinder when IAPA succeeded in getting to the Indiana state line.
Poppet Valves
the selection process revised so that A recent analysis of this roadway
Electric
Actuators asphalt contractors could get a shot by Bill Pine, a one-time IDOT
at low-volume interstates. District Five Mixtures Control
A few years after that, IDOT engineer who now works for
commissioned its first asphalt-over- Heritage Research, suggests that
rubblized concrete Interstate project, this full-depth asphalt pavement is
and followed with five more in the performing perfectly.
decade of the 1990s. Although this stretch of I-70 is
Come see us at booth #1776 considered a rural Interstate, the
The I-70 Project road carries a substantial volume
In 2002-03, with a growing list of traffic24,000 ADTand 49
of successful full-depth asphalt percent of the vehicles are trucks.
pavements on their record books, The original pavement, built
the Illinois DOT undertook a new in 1971, consisted of 8 inches of
milestone in its use of asphalt for continuously reinforced concrete
BearCat Mfg.
3650 Sabin Brown Road Interstate highways. At the urging over 4 inches of bituminous asphalt
Wickenburg, AZ 85390 of the Illinois Asphalt Pavement mix (BAM). The pavement was not
Ph: 928-684-7851 Association and some of its own designed to carry the loads that
www.bearcatmfg.com pavement engineers, the state built a soon became common on I-70. It
10.8-mile-long Perpetual Pavement received a 3-inch overlay in 1989,

42 Hot Mix
406275_BearCat.indd 1 Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY
2/12/09 11:34:24 AM 2010
as the other lifts: it was a 2-inch
stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mix
that featured steel slag aggregate
transported to the site from a steel
plant in northwest Indiana.
Joint venture contractors
Howell Asphalt, Howell Paving and
Champaign Asphalt provided the
state a five-year warranty on the Live Bottom Trailers
pavement that covered everything
from repairs to smoothness and
rutting. Through that period, the
I-70 Perpetual Pavement section
performed flawlessly. It required no
work at all. After five years, its IRI
smoothness index was 51 inches
per mile (the warranty threshold
was 110 inches). Rutting was almost Heavy Duty Trailers
immeasurable at 0.07 inch (the
warranty threshold was 0.30 inch).
This aerial view shows the eastern The continuously reinforced
extension of I-180, the first full-depth
asphalt interstate in Illinois. concrete pavement that is adjacent
to the east end of the asphalt section
did not fare as well, reportedly
and 10 years later the overlay was requiring several warranty repairs
milled and a new 3.25-inch overlay during the five-year period.
was placed.
Asphalt Transports
The new section was designed for Next step
a lifetime of 78.6 million ESALs, says While the acceptance of full-
Pine. depth asphalt as a viable option
Some 9.8 miles of the asphalt for Interstates has come slowly in
section were built over rubblized Illinois, the progress has been solid
CRCP concrete. The old asphalt with each new project succeeding
overlay was milled off, then a in passing the test of time.
multiple head breaker was employed There remain more challenges
to fracture the concrete, and both for Perpetual Pavement to meet in
vibratory and pneumatic rollers were order to be widely used on Illinois ChipSpreaders
used to seat the base. Interstates and higher volume
Atop the rubblized concrete, roads.
IDOT called for 17.5 inches of The most immediate challenge
asphalt lifts. Marvin Traylor and is reducing the cost of the states
IAPA lobbied for 12.5 inches, but Perpetual Pavement specification.
the state considered the project The asphalt industry is working
experimental and preferred the with IDOT to adopt new algorithms
security of a thick structure. for determining pavement
Bill Pine notes that polymer- thickness. Since the I-70 project Asphalt Distributors
modified asphalt cement was was built, the University of Illinois
specified in all lifts, and RAP was and others developed a new, flatter
allowed only on the shoulders. Even algorithm curve that would have
the bottom lift was a Superpave mix called for 12.5 inches of asphalt on
with 4 percent air voids, as opposed this project, rather than 17.5 inches.
to the rich bottom base usually Pine also counsels that the new
specified for asphalt pavements full-depth asphalt pavements may
E. D. Etnyre & Co.
in Illinois. In all, the project used achieve maximum performance
www.etnyre.com
four lifts of Superpave for a total with fewer lifts of polymer-modified
800-995-2116
thickness of 15.5 inches. The asphalt cement, ample use of RAP,
email: sales@etnyre.com
surface course was just as special and other cost-saving measures. HMAT

Hot Mix Asphalt 418121_EDEtnyre.indd


Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY
1 2010 8:46:38
2/3/09 43 PM
2010
Cincinnati
Museum Center
15

at Union Terminal
erminal Ezza
rd Ch
arles
World of Asphalt
Show and Conference
Dr.
56
30
Cincinnati Zoo
& Botanical
Garden
19 50 84
Uptown -
University of
Cincinnati
Facts, figures 85

12
Ede
nP
ark
Dr
61

Main Street 44
Entertainment
tainment
District
Dis
48 63

Mar tin
51

27
26

43 Mount
35 Adams
55

13 Pede
stria
nW
69 alkw
ay

21 33 36

8
77 42
17
Lois & Richard
Rosenthal Center Aronoff
for Contemporary Center
Art for the Ar
Arts
45 1
20
Theodore M. Berry
80 64 International
Duke 24 53 Friendship Park
Energy
Center 31 29 11 81
47 82
32
79 78
41 72 38 18 10 aft Museum
Taft
of Art 54
4 86

46
9

73

st
Ea
Transportation ay 3
Center (underground) eW Bicentennial
s
Ro Park
te 67
Pe
National
Rosa Parks

Underground Cincinnati Reds


Railroad Hall of Fame
Freedom 58
Center 16 83
ge

34 U.S. Bank
Brid

Arena 22
op n )

Casinos
Pe estria

Great American 74
le

Ball Park y
6 Wa
ng
rple(Ped

hri
Me 62 Me
To Indiana hri 65
ng 57 75
Wa National
Pu

y Steamboat
Monument
Riverboat
Row
70
t
Airpor

Newport on
the Levee 66
60
Y Intl.

2 59 39

52
Related Events:
nati/NK

71
Cincin

76
71 87 o Asphalt Pavement Alliances Asphalt
a lk

37 28
erw

40 14 25

Pavement Conference (Feb. 15-16)


23
R iv
ort
wp
Ne

o OSHA 10-hour Course for Construction


68 Cathedral
Basilica of the
Workers (Feb. 15-16)
Assumption $1 Dollar Parking Lots & Garages
5 49 7 (Park 2 hours for $1)
87 (10-2006)
o People, Plants and Paving Training
Program (Feb. 16-18)
o AGG1 Aggregates Forum & Expo
(Feb. 15-18)
o National Traffic Management and Work
Zone Safety Workshops (Feb. 17)
o Plantmix Asphalt Industry of Kentucky
(PAIKY) Winter Training School
o Flexible Pavements of
Ohio Annual Meeting
o National Stone, Sand and Gravel
Association (NSSGA) Annual Conference

Registration Information
On-line Registration:
www.worldofasphalt.com
Customer Service: CompuSystems Inc.,
708-486-0769 or Toll Free (866) 710-0769
Monday through Friday between the hours
of 8:00 am - 5:00 pm CST
and insights
When: Monday, February 15 Thursday, February 18, 2010
Where: Duke Energy Convention Center, Cincinnati, OH
People, Plants and Paving
40 seminars running from 2/16 through 2/18.

Official Show Hotels


Downtown Cincinnati
*Hyatt Regency Cincinnati
Garfield Suites
What: North Americas leading asphalt industry education forum *Millennium Cincinnati
and technological exhibition. *Westin Cincinnati
Covington, KY
Holiday Inn Riverside
Courtyard Covington
Hampton Inn Covington
Hotel Reservations:
414-908-9646 or Toll Free 877-615-5174

*Connected to Convention Center via enclosed Skywalk

World of Asphalt Show


(as of 10/15/09)
Total exhibitors143
Largest Exhibits (by square footage)
Volvo
Caterpillar
Dynapac
Bomag
Hours Roadtec
Monday, 2/15 Wednesday, 2/17 Terex
Education 8 am-5 pm Education 7:30 am-3:30 pm Wirtgen
Exhibits 11 am-5 pm Weiler
Tuesday, 2/16
LeeBoy
Education 7:30 am-3:30 pm Thursday, 2/18
Sakai
Exhibits 11:15 am-5 pm Education 7:30 am-11 am
E.D. Etnyre
Exhibits 9 am-2 pm
Trail King
Reliable Asphalt Products

Advance Registration Fees Projected Attendance5,000


Advance attendee registration: $30.00 per person
Conferences, Training Programs, Education Sessions Duke Energy Convention Center Facts
o APC Asphalt Pavement Conference$225 Location: Downtown Cincinnati
o OSHA 10-Hour Course for Construction o 15 minute drive to the airport
Workers$225 o One mile to I-71 and I-75 access
o NSSGA Operations Tour$15.00 Parking: 5,000 adjacent parking spaces
o Flexible Pavements of Ohio 48th Annual Meeting & Hotels: 3,000 hotel rooms within walking distance
Awards Banquet$85.00
o NIOSH Seminar on Major Hazard Risk City of Cincinnati Facts
Assessment$250.00 o Named one of Esquire Magazines
o People, Plants & Paving Training Program and Top 10 Cities that Rock
AGG1 Academy o Famous for great chili more than
1 - 2 tickets$85 each (After 1/22/10 $110 each) 170 parlors in the area
3 - 7 tickets$75 each (after 1/22/10 $85 each) o Home to the National Underground Railroad
8 or more tickets$65 each (after 1/22/10 $75 each) Freedom Center
o National Traffic Management & Work Zone Safety Cincinnati USA Convention & Visitors Bureau:
2010 Power Workshopfree of charge 513-632-5387 or 800-543-2613, www.CincyUSA.com

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 45


Valero has the asphalt products and
services you need to keep your business
moving in the right direction.
NO RTHW EST: S OU T H W E S T: N ORT H E A S T:
Bill Darnell (707) 745-7081 Len Nawrocki (310) 518-4000 John Fitzpatrick (215) 836-2357
S O UTHE AST: GU L F COA S T / M I D - CON T I N E N T:
Jerry Spruell (704) 953-4734 Doug McClure (210) 345-2670
Vi si t o ur web si te at: w w w. val e ro. co m
How to Manage Covering a RAP stockpile pays off
in reduced drying and heating costs.

Recycled
Asphalt
Resources
Here is a new set of NCAT-researched best-practices for
Fractionating RAP provides much greater flexibility in designing mixes.

managing RAP inventories to maximize quality and value.


By Randy West
Director, National Center for Asphalt Technology

A
s we trend toward ever higher ratios of recycled In many areas of the country, this milled material is
asphalt product in high-performance asphalt used directly in mix designs without further processing.
mixes, the quality of the RAP becomes ever An advantage of this practice is that the dust content of
more paramount to success. the RAP is kept as low as possible. High dust content often
Some agencies who are resisting higher RAP limits how much RAP can be used and still meet mix
ratios base their reluctance on the belief that RAP stockpiles design requirements.
are highly variable and, used in high ratios, could have On the other hand, for small quantities of millings, most
a negative impact on the consistency of the mix and the contractors do not consider it worth the trouble of setting
performance of the pavement. up a mix design for a small production run. Therefore,
This perception of high variability may come from they typically combine small milling quantities with other
the notion that all RAP stockpiles are a heterogeneous sources of RAP to create the GOK stockpiles. It is common
agglomeration of reclaimed materials from a range of for the multiple-source RAP stockpiles to contain paving
sources. Such stockpiles are sometimes euphemistically materials from small milling jobs, plant waste, rejected
referred to as GOK piles because God Only Knows what is asphalt pavement material, and pavement rubble from
in them. complete demolition of roads or parking lots.
However, this kind of crude, multiple-source RAP
stockpile is not used in new asphalt mixes without Processing Integrated RAP
processing it into a much more uniform RAP material. What contractors and agency personnel want to know
Many contractors maintain separate stockpiles of RAP is, what are the best ways to process multiple-source,
obtained from different sources. When a large quantity integrated RAP stockpiles to achieve consistency in the
of millings is obtained from a single project for example material?
5000 tons or more then it makes perfect sense to keep it The National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT)
stockpiled separately from other RAP. Considering that the in Auburn, Alabama is working to find the best RAP
millings came from a given project that was originally built management practices by surveying contractors across
under strict quality assurance specifications, it is fairly the U.S., examining quality control data, and identifying
safe to assume the millings will be a consistent and high- what techniques provide the most uniform RAP materials.
quality material. NCAT has collected information on the current state of the

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 49


How to Manage Recycled Asphalt Resources continued
practice for handling RAP and has dirt and vegetation on the pile, dust will often limit how much of
gathered quality control (QC) data including milled-up paving fabrics the RAP can be used in a new mix
from contractors on their processed in the pile, or just because an design.
materials. This information has uninformed or misinformed truck 4. Fractionating: There has been
been used to draft preliminary best driver believes that the GOK pile is a lot of discussion lately about
practices as outlined here. a place to dump construction trash. fractionating RAP. This practice is
Many contractors utilize 2. Mix as You Feed: A common simply the screening of RAP into
independent companies to do their practice is to use a backhoe, two or more sizes. A common two-
RAP crushing or have portable excavator or front-end loader to dig size fractionating system splits the
crushing units that move from one into a GOK pile to feed a crushing RAP into a plus 1/2-inch fraction
plant site to another. RAP crushing unit. As the GOK material is and a minus 1/2-inch fraction;
units differ by crusher type, being excavated, it is important to three-size fractionation units
screening capability, and other randomly dig into different areas of typically produce a plus 3/4-inch,
factors, so that there are numerous the pile so that the material going 3/4-inch to 1/4-inch, and minus
variations in processing operations. into the crusher at any time gets 1/4-inch sized RAP stockpile. Other
However, there are some general mixed up and is not just from one screen splits may work just as well.
principles that work well for place in the pile. There are a couple of benefits
achieving consistent RAP products 3. Dont Over-Crush: The to fractionating RAP, and there
that can be used successfully at majority of contractors crush all are also additional costs with the
higher percentages in new mixes. RAP to a single maximum size, practice. The primary benefit
1. Avoid Contamination: such as minus 1/2-inch, or minus of fractionating RAP is that it
Although we joke about what might 5/8-inch, so that the crushed RAP provides much greater flexibility
be in a GOK pile, it behooves the can be used in a wide range of in designing mixes. Mix designers
contractor to be diligent in keeping mixes, from black base to surface can use different percentages of
deleterious materials out of any mixes. The price paid for this the coarse and fine RAP (or coarse,
RAP stockpile from the beginning. convenience is dust: as larger intermediate, and fine RAP) with
Contamination can occur from aggregate particles get crushed, virgin aggregates to meet gradation
dumping general road debris with more dust is generated. The excess and volumetric requirements for

50 388844_Bituminous.indd
Hot Mix Asphalt Technology
1 JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 9/15/08 11:12:38 PM
practically any mix. In general, bins. Contractors want to avoid frequency for sampling the RAP
it is easier to use more total RAP moving materials any more than for QC testing is at least one test
in a mix when it is fractionated needed because it adds cost to the per 1000 tons. At least five samples
compared to a crusher-run RAP. materials, but moving the processed of each RAP stockpile should be
5. Stop Processing RAP When RAP is an opportunity to further obtained and tested before starting
it Rains: There is not a lot of data improve consistency. Moving the mix designs. Further details on
to substantiate this, but when we processed RAP should be done RAP testing methods and material
fractionated RAP for the NCAT so the material is further mixed properties that are needed are the
Test Track in summer 2009, RAP and blended as it is being loaded subject of a future article.
stockpiles produced during a heavy and unloaded. However, sloppy In QC testing and mix design,
afternoon thunderstorm changed moving practices can also lead to technicians often focus on average
markedly in gradation, which segregation, which will have the values of key properties such as
dramatically affected the mixes opposite effect on consistency. asphalt content and gradation of
so much so that we had to remove 7. Covered, Sloped, and Paved: the RAP aggregate. However, it is
a couple of test sections. It makes RAP stockpiles tend to retain a also important to understand the
sense that RAP will not screen as lot of moisture, which increases variability of a product. The most
efficiently when it is wet because the drying and heating cost for common measure of variability is
the material sticks together more superheating the virgin aggregate the standard deviation, which is
and the screens tend to clog up or and limits the mix production rate. easily calculated for a set of test
blind. Relatively few contractors currently results in Excel or by a statistical
6. Blend Again When Moving: cover any of their stockpiles, but package.
Usually, after processing RAP those who do know that covering
through a crushing system and/ their RAP stockpiles gives the best Standard Deviations
or fractionation unit, the new payback. NCAT tabulated standard
stockpile(s) will have to be moved 8. Testing and Analyzing: deviations from more than 70
from the processing location The best time to test RAP is as RAP stockpiles and from over
to another location closer to the stockpile is being built at its 60 crushed-stone products from
the asphalt plants cold feed final location. The recommended quarries in six states. Analysis

The EZ gauge for Asphalt and Soil!


Humboldts EZ nuclear density gauge Easy to Power: The EZ gauge keeps it
is just that easy. Easy to operate, simple by using six standard AA alkaline
easy to power and easy to service. batteries to power the gauge. They provide
Easy to Operate: The EZ gauge 2000 hrs. of service and can be purchased
features a menu-driven control almost anywhere.
panel with easy-to-use, built- The gauge is ideal for asphalt applications
in test routines and auto using its backscatter or thin-lift modes,
features, making testing while it can also handle direct-transmission
a quick and accurate applications providing a single-gauge
operation. It also solution. And, Its aluminum base can stand
features a backlit up to the heat of asphalt without warping,
screen for night like some gauges. Available in 8" or 12"
operations. models, the EZ gauge complies with
ASTM and AASHTO standards.
Call for information today.

1.800.537.4183
www.humboldtscientic.com

406276_Humboldt.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY


10/31/08 2010
9:03:18AM
51
How to Manage Recycled Asphalt Resources continued
of the data has revealed some non-fractionated RAP. For this Max. Standard
interesting results. First of all, analysis, we compared standard RAP Property Deviation (%)
contrary to the perception of many deviations of asphalt content,
people, the analysis shows that percent passing the median sieve,
RAP stockpiles are as consistent and percent passing the No. 200 Asphalt Content 0.5
as virgin aggregates. Researchers sieve. Surprisingly, the results do
compared the standard deviations not show that fractionating RAP % Passing
5.0
of the percent passing the median into different sizes will improve Median Sieve
sieve (the sieve with closest to the consistency of the material.
50 percent passing) for all RAP We expected that fractionating % Passing 75
1.0
and all aggregate products. The would further reduce variability in Micron Sieve
mean of the standard deviations RAP stockpiles, but the data from Figure 1
for RAP was statistically less than contractors did not prove that.
that of virgin aggregate for the An important lesson from this The benchmark variability
median sieve. The variances of the analysis is that agencies should values shown in figure 1 may need
standard deviations on the median not use a method specification to be revised in the future as more
sieve were the same for RAP and (like requiring fractionation of information is collected. However,
aggregate. The same analyses RAP) with the expectation that using these kinds of limits for
were conducted on the standard it will result in a more consistent quality control of RAP stockpiles
deviations for the percent passing RAP. A better approach is to set becomes more important when
the No. 200 sieve. In this case, variability limits for RAP stockpiles higher RAP contents are used in
the means and variances of the and allow the contractor to do asphalt mixes.
standard deviations for RAP and what is best and most economical After assessing their own RAP
virgin fine aggregates were not to meet those limits. Based on the QC data, some contractors will
statistically different. collection of RAP QC data from find that they need to improve
A statistical analysis was also contractors we have so far, the their processing operations. The
conducted to compare variability following preliminary variability eight basic principles above are a
of fractionated RAP stockpiles to limits are suggested. good place to start. HMAT

Kenco Engineering, Inc.

Longer Wearlife Parts


for Asphalt Plants
Visit us at World of Asphalt 2010 - booth #1337

800-363-9859 www.kencoengineering.com

453862_Kenco.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 AM


11/2/09 11:00:11 53
Public S
Safety

Benefits
Asphalt reduces crashes
A
Smooth asphalt roads give vehicle tires
ssuperior contact with the road, improving
safety. Open-graded asphalt surfaces allow
rainwater to drain through the pavement surface,
reducing the amount of splash and spray kicked up
by vehicles. Resurfacing with open-graded asphalt

of
Asphalt
has been shown to reduce crashes and fatalities on
highways.

Perform
Performance
The road doesnt wear out
T
Perpetual Pavements constructed from
asphalt are the ultimate in sustainability. When
a
Editors Note: appropriately designed and constructed, the road itself
The National Asphalt Pavement Association has introduced doesnt wear out. For maintenance, the top layer is
two new publications, a sustainability report and a companion removed for reuse/recycling, then replaced quickly
brochure. For decades, the asphalt pavement industry has without causing traffic congestion.
been proactive in reducing the impact of its operations on the Noise reduction
environment. The new report discusses some of the products Asphalt is the quiet pavement. Studies show that
we have developed - warm-mix asphalt, reuse/recycling, porous the noise-reducing properties of asphalt last for many
asphalt, and Perpetual Pavements - and shows how an accelerated years. Noise reductions of 3 to 10 dB(a) are common.
deployment program could lead to even greater achievements. Reducing noise by 3 dB(a) is about the same as
Below are excerpts from the companion brochure, Benefits of doubling the distance from the road to the listener, or
Asphalt, which is designed as a trade show giveaway or as a leave- reducing traffic volume by 50 percent.
behind for meetings with important customers. The attractive tri-
fold brochure gives a bulleted summary of both environmental and Traffic Relief
performance advantages of asphalt. Asphalt moves traffic along
A
Both publications are available as a free download. Printed In crowded urban areas, where closing a road
copies of Benefits of Asphalt (order number PS-35) brochures ffor rehabilitation or reconstruction would dump
are available in bundles of 25 for $12.50. The sustainability increased traffic on to neighboring routes, asphalt
report Black and Green: Sustainable Asphalt, Now and is the answer. Highways and roads can be milled
Tomorrow (publication number SR-200) is also available in for reuse/recycling, then overlaid, during off-peak
bundles in bundles of 25 for $45.00. Orders for the brochure hours. An entire freeway can be resurfaced without
may be placed through NAPAs online store at www.hotmix.org, commuters ever being inconvenienced.
by calling toll-free at 888-600-4474, or by fax at 412-741-0609 In congested conditions, cars and trucks consume
or by email to napa-orders@abdintl.com. fuel and produce excess greenhouse gases. Asphalts
speed of construction allows planners and managers
a way to fix congestion hot spots and bottlenecks,
Reuse/Recycling quickly and cost-effectively.
Americas leading recycler
The asphalt industry reuses and recycles Water Quality
nearly 100 million tons of its own product every Stormwater management with porous asphalt
S
year, making it Americas number one recycler. Porous asphalt pavement systems are recognized
Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) actually reduces bby the U.S. EPA as a best management practice (BMP)
the amount of virgin asphalt cement needed for ffor stormwater management. When used for parking
constructing new roadways. When RAP is incorporated lots, roads, walking/biking paths, and other applications,
into new pavement, the asphalt cement in the old porous pavements can turn runoff into infiltration; restore
pavement is reactivated, becoming part of the glue the hydrology of a site, or even improve it; improve water
that holds the new pavement together and replacing quality; and eliminate the need for detention basins.
some of the virgin asphalt cement that would Environmental applications
otherwise be required. This makes the final product Drinking water reservoirs are often lined with asphalt,
less vulnerable to market fluctuations in raw material and asphalt cement is used to line water pipes that supply
prices while conserving precious natural resources. potable water to humans. Landfills are often lined and
Other materials including rubber from used tires, capped with asphalt. Some state fish and wildlife agencies
glass, and asphalt roofing shingles are recycled into even use asphalt pavement to line their fish rearing
asphalt pavements. ponds.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 55


New Heatec heaters have
the new controls. They can
also be retrotted to older
heaters.

NEW CONTROLS
YOUR OPERATORS WILL LOVE
Pity the plant operator that is running out of hot The new controls can instantly pinpoint any of the
mix and has a long line of trucks waiting to be common conditions that cause a shut down.
lled. An unknown condition has shut down his
hot oil heater. His crew is struggling to nd the The old status lights are gone. In their place are
cause and restart the heater. new Fireye controls known as BurnerLogix. A
display mounted on the front of the heater control
There are ten or more abnormal conditions that panel provides important messages about the
can cause a heater to shut down to prevent unsafe operating status of the heater.
operation. One is low media (hot oil) level.
Another is high media temperature. Another is If there is an alarm condition with the heater, the
low media differential pressure, etc. message shown on the display reveals the exact
cause. The x is usually easy once the cause is
The challenge is to gure out which condition is determined.
the cause. Thats not an easy task. It can be time
consuming. New controls from Heatec take the Please call for more information.
guess work out of the job.
BurnerLogix is a Fireye trademark
HEATEC

H E AT E C , I N C . an Astec Industries Company


5200 WILSON RD CHATTANOOGA, TN 37410 USA 800.235.5200 FAX 423.821.7673 heatec.com
Cleaner Air, Cool Cities
Asphalt plants are environmentally sound
Emissions from asphalt plants, including
greenhouse gases, are very low and well-controlled.
Since 1970, the asphalt industry has decreased total
emissions by 97 percent while increasing production
by 250 percent. Emissions from asphalt plants are so
low, the EPA removed asphalt plants from its list of
major sources of hazardous air pollutants.

From the production of


the paving material, to the
placement of the pavement
on the road, to rehabilitation,
through reuse/recycling,
asphalt pavements minimize World of Asphalt 2010 Booth # 916

impact on the environment.


Cool cities
The urban heat island effect is not a black and white
issue. Not just color and reflectivity but also thickness,
density, and heat capacity all play a role in pavement
heat retention. Another consideration is that highly 445421_Evertire.indd 1 11/25/09 4:04:24 PM
reflective pavements pose potential safety and health
risks because of increases in glare and ground-level UV
radiation scatter.

Energy Savings HMA TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES


Less energy consumed by the traveling public ASPHALT TECHNOLOGY SUPERPAVE MIX DESIGN
Definitive studies sponsored by government 5 days of intensive lectures 3 day workshop
agencies show that pavement smoothness can Demonstration of laboratory (One additional day for certication)
tests (no hands-on) Gain a basic understanding of the
reduce fuel consumption. Vehicles traveling on Discussions concerning all phases Superpave mix design process
smooth pavements consume up to 4.5 percent less fuel of asphalt technology including: Hands-On Laboratory Training
Asphalt Binders Learn to develop a Superpave
than when traveling on rough pavements. Asphalt Aggregate Properties volumetric mix design in
pavements start out smooth and stay smooth over the HMA Design your laboratory
long haul. Production Course can be used to obtain certication
Construction as a mix designer for GA and NC DOT
Lower emissions from vehicles Pavement Rehabilitation Fee: $800/person
When vehicles consume less fuel, they produce Fee: $850/person ($900 for GDOT certication)

lower emissions. Reducing emissions from vehicles Continuing Education:


The Asphalt Technology Course will provide 3.2 CEUs or 32 Professional Development Hours. The Superpave
would reduce greenhouse gas production and have
Mix Design Course will provide 2.8 CEUs or 28 Professional Development Hours.
a tremendous impact on global climate change.
Dates & Location:
Smoothing out all our rough old pavements with These courses will be conducted at NCATs research facility in Auburn Technology Park, Auburn, Alabama.
asphalt overlays would be an energy-efficient Hotel accommodations are close by. The Asphalt Technology Course will be conducted two times:
investment. January 25 - 29 and February 22 - 26, 2010. The Superpave Mix Design Course will be
conducted March 22 - 25, 2010.
Less energy consumed in building pavements
Over the pavements life cycle, asphalt pavements To obtain more
require only about half the energy to produce and information on training:
Visit our website: www.ncat.us
construct than other pavements. Because asphalt Or call Linda Kerr at (334) 844-6228
pavements are perpetual, less energy is consumed in
maintenance and reconstruction. Associated emissions are

Hot Mix Asphalt


433942_National.indd 1 Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY9/14/09
2010 5:20:12
57 PM
reduced as well. An asphalt pavements life-cycle carbon
footprint is merely a fraction compared to other pavements.
CO2 sequestration
The Department of Energy recognizes asphalt as a
top material that sequesters carbon. Asphalt pavement
is a permanent resource that will never be consumed
7KH)DVW0HDVXUHYHKLFOHPRXQWHGPHDVXULQJGHYLFH and will never emit greenhouse gases. Instead, it can
PRXQWVRQWKHGDVKERDUGDQGLVGHVLJQHGWRKHOS be reused and recycled over and over again.
FRQWUDFWRUVTXLFNO\DQGDFFXUDWHO\PHDVXUHGULYHZD\V
SDUNLQJORWVURDGVDQGXWLOLWLHVLQWKHFRPIRUWRIWKHLUFDU
)DVW0HDVXUHPHDVXUHVLQERWKIHHWRUPHWHUVDQGLV
Warm Mix
H[WUHPHO\DFFXUDWHZLWKLQRQHIRRWLQDPLOH
Asphalts big chill
Asphalt is cooling down the mix with
innovative warm-mix asphalt pavement
technologies. These new processes and products
reduce the temperatures at which pavement
material is produced and placed. Warm mix conserves
15 to 30 percent of the energy required at the mixing
plant, reduces emissions, and yields construction benefits
including a longer paving season in cool climates plus
)DVW0HDVXUHFDQEHPRXQWHGRQYLUWXDOO\DQ\WKLQJWKDW better performance and longer life for the pavements. HMAT
UROOVVDZVURXWHUVJULQGHUVSDYHUVVWULSHUVHWF
For more information on the environmental benefits of asphalt
&KHFNRXWWKH)DVW0HDVXUH6FRRWHULQRXUZHEVLWH
pavements, visit:
www.pavegreen.com
www.quietpavement.com
www.beyondroads.com
www.porouspavement.net

453394_Fast.indd 1 10/30/09 8:30:38 AM

58 PaveSmart.indd
Hot Mix Asphalt
1 Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 11/5/09 10:28:19 PM
TOOLS FOR THE TRADE
Roadtec Screed Boost Can Increase Mat Smoothness
Screed Assist has been a staple in the industry for some time and simply helps to support
the weight of the screed whether the paver is moving or stopped. Roadtec now offers an
exclusive, additional option called Screed Boost to manage the settling of the screed only
when the paver is stopped. The feature also compensates for settling of rubber-tired pavers
during stops, caused by the tires compressing and squatting. Rubber tire compression
causes the screed to descend and has led some in the industry to conclude that it is more
difficult to get the same mat smoothness from a rubber-tired paver than a track paver.
Screed Boost effectively addresses this issue giving road builders the tools to pave even,
smooth mats with both types of pavers.
Roadtec Screed Boost pressurizes the bottom of the screed lift cylinders only during
stops and thus prevents the screed from settling and causing a dent in the mat. This
pressure will be enough to help the screed from dropping plus help account for tires being
compressed with added loads. The operator can adjust the pressure as needed.
When the paver starts back into motion the screed boost shuts off and the screed
returns to free floating. Screed Boost has a delay switch that allows the boost to stay on 0,
New Mid-Size Loaders 3 or 6 seconds after the paver goes into motion. This allows the operator to create a smooth
from Volvo transition by selecting a longer delay that lets him ease into fine-aggregate mixes that tend
Volvo Construction Equipment to compress more. For less pliable mixes he would use a shorter delay. While the paver is in
has upgraded two mid-sized wheel motion the screed free-floats and is not affected by Screed Boost whatsoever.
loaders to their F-Series: the Volvo
L45F and L50F. For more information, contact Roadtec at www.Roadtec.com or 423.265.0600.
The mid-sized wheel loaders
feature patented torque parallel loader linkage, separate working hydraulic
pumps for maximum power and 100 percent axle differential locks.
The torque parallel linkage gives both machines smooth, parallel lift,
high rollback torque and excellent lifting power throughout the lift range. It
also provides good pallet visibility and a clear view of attachments. A wide
rollback angle helps retain loose bucket material, while the parallel lift action
makes it suited for material handling and pallet handling.
The Volvo L45F and Volvo L50F have separate hydraulic pumps for power
train and implement hydraulics to ensure full power. Volvo uses load-sensing
pumps that automatically adjust to work demand. The result is lower fuel
consumption during lighter work and increased component life without
compromising performance in tough conditions or demanding applications.

For further information contact Winston Leonard, 828-650-2043, or e-mail


winston.leonard@volvo.com.

Terex Reclaimer/Stabilizer Optimizes Breakout Force


Terex Roadbuildings new Terex RS445C Reclaimer/Stabilizer features hydrostatic planetary drive at each wheel, so the
machine boasts true four-wheel drive. With no axles, flow dividers or lock differentials, the RS445C delivers the power and
traction required for a wide range of applications, ranging from deep stabilization
with lime slurry to a demanding reclamation cut pushing a tanker up hill.
The reclaimer/stabilizers center-mount cutter assembly positions the machines
59,000-pound weight over the 96-inch cutting width to keep the rotor from riding
out of the cut. Direct mechanical drive maximizes breakout force in the RS445C,
delivering high production rates in tough reclamation applications.
The cutter drive transmission works in three speeds so the operator can match
cutter speed to site conditions for optimum gradation control. The reclaimer/
stabilizers available bi-directional rotor housing gives the RS445C up-cut or down-
cut capabilities, maximizing machine versatility.

For more information contact Dustin Hamburg at Terex Roadbuilding, 405-787-6020


or dhamburg@terex.com.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 59


Troxler Model 5850 Gyratory Compactor

Trust Troxler
to completely redesign our newest gyratory
compactor with improved electronics, a
hydraulic motor and software adjustable angle
of gyration.

Trust Troxler
453290
molds for Asphalt Mix Performance Testing
Troxler
and a Shear Measurement option.

Patents Pending
fp
CMYK
Trust Troxler
to make testing easier with a keypad
adjustable angle, the most ergonomic design
on the market and USB and serial ports for
data storage and downloading.

Trust TROXLER
The Leader in Construction Testing Equipment
TOOLS FOR THE TRADE

Trailer is 85-Ton Lightweight to lift the load. The air-ride, six-axle, West Coast walking
Etnyre Trailer Company has recently introduced a beam suspension allows the trailer to travel over uneven
new lightweight Blackhawk 85-ton-capacity hydraulic terrain without bridging. The trailer also incorporates disc
power tower trailer. The trailers empty weight is brakes and 245/70R 17.5 tubeless radial tires. HMAT
approximately 52,500 lbs.
The Blackhawk trailer features a patent-pending power For more information contact Cathie Grover, 815-732-2116,
tower with 24 inches of vertical travel providing the ability or e-mail sales@etnyre.com.

Total Visibility
Compaction is high-precision work,
and the experienced operator
knows exactly what a perfect job
looks like. That is why visibility is
one of Dynapacs primary
design characteristics. Dynapacs
unique design gives a perfect
view of drum edges, surfaces
and sprinkler nozzles. Even the
largest model lets the operator
see an object of 3 feet in height,
at a distance of only 3 feet an
important safety feature.

These are only a few of the ways


Dynapac help you keep an eye at
quality.

www.dynapac.com

453802_Dynapac.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY


10/31/09 2010
1:10:40PM
61
THE REAL
ALTERNATIVE.
A you looking for an
Are
alternative to LMC, Epoxy or
Spray Applied Overlay Systems?
Rosphalt is the solution.
With over 25 years of success
Rosphalt offers continued
long term performance.

For more information for your design or value engineered


changes please contact Chase Construction Products:
Doug Zuberer at dzuberer@chasecorp.com Cell: (508) 341-4961
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
NAPAs 55th Annual Meeting BAUMA International Trade Fair NAPA Midyear Meeting
January 17-20 April 19-25 July 26-28
Maui, Hawaii New Munich Trade Fair Center Mandarin Oriental
www.hotmix.org Munich, Germany Washington, DC
Join us for the 55th Annual Meeting www.bauma.de/en
being held in Maui, Hawaii on January 2010 APWA Public Works Congress
TCC Legislative Fly-in & Exposition
17-20, 2010. Get prepared for what is in
May 25-26 August 15-18, 2010
store for our industry: experts will share
Washington, DC Boston Convention & Exhibition Center
thoughts on oil and asphalt supply and
www.hotmix.org Boston, Massachusetts
challenges to be faced in 2010; the next
highway bill how to get it done; why warm Paving Smarter
mix is on the fast track; and much more. with Asphalt Conference
The meeting kicks off with keynote speaker May 4-5
Chris Gardner, author of The Pursuit of Omni Austin, Austin, Texas
Happyness, a New York Times and Washington www.hotmix.org
Post #1 best-seller. Gardner will share his
rise from homelessness to become the owner
and CEO of Gardner Rich LLC.

Transportation Research Board (TRB)


Join us on January 15, 2010
Annual Meeting
January 10-14
Washington, DC
http://www.trb.org/AnnualMeeting2010/
Public/AnnualMeeting2010.aspx

North Central Asphalt User/


Producer Group (NCAUPG)
Hot Mix Asphalt Technical
Conference Founded 1985

February 3-4
Sheraton Overland Park Hotel before the NAPA annual meeting and at the World of
at the Convention Center Asphalt in February to learn more about turning tires
Overland Park, Kansas into economic and environmental paving materials.
https://engineering.purdue.edu/NCSC
Visit www.rubberpavements.org and click Special Events
NAPA Thin Overlays Webinar
February 10
www.hotmix.org 3AVES4IMEs1UICK0AY"ACKs 9EAR7ARRANTYs&ROM
445198_Rubber.indd 1 11/23/09 5:04:30 PM

World of Asphalt Show and


Conference
$)34!.#%-%!352).').3425-%.4
February 15-18 )NSTALLEDINYOURVEHICLE YOUCAN
MEASURE DISTANCE AS YOU DRIVE
Cincinnati, Ohio
ACCURATETOFOOTPERMILE%ASY
www.worldofasphalt.com TOOPERATE SIMPLETOINSTALL CANBE
SHAREDBETWEENSEVERALVEHICLESON
AEMA/ARRA/ISSA Annual Meeting AQUICKPLUG INBASIS
Roads to Recovery
!PPLICATIONSINCLUDE3AFETY:ONE
March 1-6 ,AYOUT n %STIMATING -ATERIAL
Trump International Beach Resort 2EQUIREMENTS n $OCUMENTING
1UANTITIESn0RE "ID-EASURMENTS
Miami, Florida
nANDMANYMORE
www.arra.org
5SEDBY!SPHALT#ONCRETE0IPELINE
NAPA RAP Webinar .%7 #ONTRACTORS 3TATE#OUNTY#ITY
3MALLER3IZE ,OCAL(IGHWAY$EPTS
March 10 FOREASIERMOUNTING
www.hotmix.org FOR FAST RESPONSE CALL
$UAL7INDOW$ISPLAY
FORSIMPLEOPERATION JAMAR AT 800-776-0940

*!-!24ECHNOLOGIES )NCWWWJAMARTECHCOM

433410_Jamar.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY6/19/09


2010 5:08:05
63 PM
W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

ACE Group LLC, Willmar, MN, offers ACEBOND Chromium Carbide screeds and oors
for pavers, pick up machines, and plant applications. The Chromium carbide oor plates
are designed to reduce the friction between the oors and the chain & bar assembly and
the aggregate, thus increasing wear life of the chain and bar. Ace Group guarantees its
chromium carbide will last 4 times longer than AR400 products. Ace Group also offers
augers, screeds and extension plates, tracks and components, and chain & bar assemblies
for various pavers, pick up machines, shuttle buggies, owboy trailers/red river trailers,
MC30/MC330 chain and bar assemblies, plant chain & components. Ace parts are available
in ACE Groups AR450, AR500 and ACEBOND Chromium Carbide. ACE Group LLC also
manufactures the industrys leading RAP processing mill called RAPwrangler and shaker
decks.

Ace Group
Asphalt Drum Roadbuilder Series asphalt plants, produced by Asphalt Drum
Mixers, Inc., offer precise control of mix designs at the lowest cost per

Mixers
ton of any parallel ow asphalt plants in the same class. The series
comes in four production sizes: 110, 160, 250 or 350 tons per hour.
The parallel ow system maximizes heat transfer through the mix
by utilizing ADMs proven ight design to move the moisture-laden
aggregate in a rotating veiled pattern away from the burner. A fuel-
efcient Hauck gap-red StarJet burner produces the dryer ame,
which is shaped to minimize asphalt cement burn-off. This results in
cleaner emissions than other parallel-ow designs.
Both stationary and portable options are available. Portable plants
can be easily installed for quick startup, allowing production to begin
within a few days. The complete Roadbuilder Series includes conveyors,
silo systems, baghouse or wetwash systems and asphalt cement tanks.
Numerous component options also are available.

ProSizer 2612V
The ProSizer from Astec Mobile Screens is a closed-circuit plant specically targeted toward the FRAP market. There are many other closed-
circuit plants on the market but none that put as much emphasis towards FRAP or incorporate the high-frequency screen. The ProSizer 2612V is the
complete solution for processing RAP millings for the asphalt producer. A FRAP operation means being able to screen and separate RAP into multiple
size quickly and efciently. Thats exactly what the ProSizer is designed

Astec
to do.
This closed circuit mobile plant incorporates the industries best double
deck PEP Vari-Vibe high frequency screen with and KPI-JCI Horizontal
Shaft Impactor (HSI). The closed circuit mobile plant incorporates to
quickly and efciently process FRAP back to its original size.
With a set-up time of around 15 minutes, it can be easily and quickly
moved around to multiple sites to process RAP back to its original size.
This unit allows the producer to increase FRAP usage while adding
exibility and improved control in mix designs.
Astec Mobiles Screens is so condent this product will create
guaranteed specs in the aggregate and asphalt eld, they are currently
offering a guaranteed buy back. Contact them for information,
800-545-2125.

64 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

Bituminous
Insurance

BLS introduces new 10 and 12 HIGHTOP polyurethane bolt-on pads


BLS Enterprises, Inc., a major supplier of polyurethane track pads to contractors,
dealers, and OEMs alike for the past 22 years, has now introduced its newest track pads,
the 10-inch and 12-inch BLS Poly Bolt-On TUFPADS HIGHTOP track pads. The new
line of TUFPADS HIGHTOP pads are a result of customer demand after a successful trial
period by milling machine contractors using the 14-inch and 16-inch bolt-on HIGHTOP track
pads. These new 10-inch and 12-inch polyurethane bolt-on pads join an expanding line of
HIGHTOP pads which were designed to last 25-50% longer than the standard poly bolt-on
track pads.
The 14-inch HIGHTOP pad, originally designed for the Wirtgen 2200 milling machine,
has also been used successfully on the Roadtec RX 700 and RX 50B, Wirtgen 2100,

BLS and CAT PM 565 and other milling machines. The 10-inch HIGHTOP can be used on the
Roadtec RX 400 and the Wirtgen 1200, 1900, and W120 milling machines, and the 12-inch
HIGHTOP can be used on the Roadtec RX500, Wirtgen 2000, and Volvo MT2000 milling
machines.

Enterprises The HIGHTOP is also available as a TUFPADS BLUES track pad with the new extreme
blue polyurethane, which has proven to last 15 to 30% longer than the original, long-lasting
black polyurethane.

Caterpillar
Versatility, high productivity, high quality, low operating costs and
sustainability will be on display in the Caterpillar booth at World of Asphalt.
Visitors will be able to see our innovative paving equipment up close, and
learn about why our quality, machine productivity, and unparalleled customer
service has made Caterpillar the paving industry leader. Our versatile solutions
give paving professionals the freedom to bid on a wide range of applications.
The AP600D Asphalt Paver ably performs mainline jobs and residential work
without sacrificing productivity or mat quality. The PM200 Cold Planer is a
highly maneuverable milling machine for use on asphalt or concrete. It is
suitable for medium-to-high production straightline or residential pavement
recycling jobs, as well as pavement maintenance tasks, such as retexturing
or mill-and-fill. The CB54 Asphalt Compactor uses proven technology that is
easy to set up for any mix or application. It provides high compactive force
during the breakdown pass, when higher mat temperatures allow for optimum
compaction. And, it can provide gentle compaction force to meet the target
on cooler mats without overcompaction. Simple and reliable, with predictable
density in minimal passes every time. Stop by at World of Asphalt and see why
more and more paving professionals are choosing Caterpillar.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 65


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

Founded in 1953 by Dr. Emol A. Fails, FMI provides investment banking and management consulting and for the worldwide construction industry.
FMIs Investment Banking group is focused on providing advisory services to owners of construction and construction materials rms. We assist owners with such
issues as exit planning and execution, both internal and external, capitalization, valuation, governance and ownership structure strategy.
Our unique industry specialization enables us to have an intimate understanding of the construction industry which we can use to our clients advantage. Our deal
portfolio is dominated by strategic versus nancial buyers. This has led us to more completed transactions in the industry than any other investment banking rm.
FMIs experienced consulting professionals also assist businesses with strategic planning, leader and organizational development, business development,
research, project execution and training.

FMI
We offer two programs in the next few months that may be of interest to business owners:
Ownership and Succession Planning, February 9-12, 2010 in Marco Island, Florida
Acquisitions in the Construction Industry, April 12-13, 2010 in Denver, Colorado
To register for either of those events please call 800-669-1364 or visit www.fminet.com/events.
For more information about our Investment Banking services, please contact:
Will Hill at 303-398-7237 or whill@fminet.com
George Reddin at 919-785-9286 or greddin@fminet.com

Heatec manufactures hot oil heaters, asphalt storage tanks


and fuel storage tanks. Outputs of the heaters range from 0.75
to 30 million Btu/hour. Tanks are either vertical or horizontal
congurations with capacities ranging from 5,000 gallons
(18,927 liters) to 45,000 gallons (170,325 liters).
We also make complete polymer systems for asphalt
terminals and emulsion plants. These systems blend asphalt
with polymers and hold the mixtures for load-out. Other asphalt
products include fuel preheaters, booster heaters, calibration
tanks, barrel melters, etc.
Go to our website at heatec.com or give us a call at
1-800-235-5200 for more information. You can also visit us at
the World of Asphalt in the Astec booth 727. Heatec is an Astec

Heatec
Industries Company.

The T6034 chassis-mounted conveyor-type transporter, with its unique design,


utilizes a supreme conveyor drive system which is manufactured specically for asphalt
and aggregate. It conveys more than 23 cubic yards of asphalt per minute with speed
adjustments in the cab, allowing workers to remain a safe distance away from hot asphalt
and moving parts. The T6034s hydraulically controlled endgate provides a large 1170
square inch opening and the unique power door ensures a smooth ow of materials,
removing the need for additional workers to manually hold open the endgate for the full
ow of materials. Constructed to be long-lasting and durable, the T6034s lower interior
side walls and oor are manufactured with abrasion resistant AR 235 steel and the side
sheet insulation skins are constructed of durable 304 stainless steel, almost eliminating
maintenance and rust corrosion. All seams are fully welded and caulked for strength and
insulation and the entire unit and components are painted and treated prior to assembly,
preventing corrosion in difcult to paint areas.
For more information on the T6034 as well as all Flow Boy products, contact your
local dealer or visit our web site,
www.highwayequipment.com.

Highway Equipment
66 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010
W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

LeeBoy
One Source for Your Grading, Curbing,
Paving and Rolling Needs
LeeBoy is much more than the worlds leading maker of commercial class
Asphalt pavers. LeeBoys eight paver models all feature the Legend Screed
System, large hopper capacity, under-auger cut-off doors and operator
control systems to make paving safe and efficient. LeeBoy brand pavers are
designed to provide maximum uptime, more tons paved per hours and reduced
maintenance costs.

Product Overview:
VT LeeBoy is the industry leader in self-propelled commercial asphalt pavers. LeeBoy recently introduced its 9000 Rubber Tire Asphalt Paver, a
34,000-pound paver designed for large commercial, high production paving. The 9000 features up to 12 MPH travel speed and paving speeds up to
250 feet per minute. Dual, hydraulic slide-out operator stations enhance visibility and the powerful 173 HP CAT engine provides pushing power.

Midwest MWC
Total Asphalt Plant Cleaning Services But.. Dont Listen to Us; Listen to our Customers.
After MWC cleaned my tanks, my fuel usage was cut in half.
We experienced a three month pay back on money spent with MWC cleaning Services.
MWC was on time, on budget, professional and utilized up to date conned space entry techniques.
They will be back every year, its dollars with quick pay back and facilitates potential maintenance issues by having the equipment clean and easy to get at.
MWC worked around our schedulenights and weekends to complete the cleaning.
NOW Listen to us and check us out!
Contact us and we will visit your plant to evaluate your cleaning needs.
Tank samples can be taken and analyzed while plant is in operation to determine energy loss through coke/sludge build-up.
www.mwcgrouponline.com Ofce 517-423-7461
Charlie Underwood 517-605-8463
Al Schafer 517-605-8461
Mike Kaska 517-605-6515

NuStar has quickly become the rising star of the asphalt industry. With the acquisition of asphalt refineries in Paulsboro, New Jersey, and Savannah,
Georgia, which have a combined throughput capacity of 104,000 barrels per day, NuStar is among the nations leading asphalt suppliers and the third largest
U.S. asphalt producer. NuStar produces its own proprietary line of high-quality asphalt products, and the company has an extensive terminal system to store
and distribute millions of barrels of asphalt products throughout the country. The companys dedicated asphalt marketing and trading group supports customers
from coast to coast, and additional staff provides professional account management and technical assistance services. In addition, NuStar conducts ongoing
research and development. To learn more about our asphalt business and how we might help your business, see our Web site for a NuStar representative in
your area. Go to www.nustarenergy.com. and click Contact Us. We look forward to helping pave your road to success!

NuStar Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 67


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

Reduce Emissions. Reduce Odors. Increase Peace of Mind.


Eliminate odors and reduce emissions using non-toxic and biodegradable Ecosorb Asphalt Additives.
The unique formulations of Ecosorb products dont mask odors with fruity scents. Rather, they suppress
odorous emissions from organic and inorganic matter found within the binder, thereby creating a neutral odor
environment. As little as 1 gallon of Ecosorb Asphalt Additive treats up to 10,000 gallons of liquid asphalt
cement or waste oil burner fuel.
Ecosorb Asphalt Additives are also a natural and effective solution for signicantly reducing hydrogen
sulde fumes and hydrocarbon emissions at reneries and terminals. Ecosorb Asphalt Additives do not
contain amines (or the odors commonly associated with amines), and will not react negatively with your
binder. For safe and reliable reduction of fumes, emissions and asphalt odors, insist on Ecosorb Additive
products.

OMI
See us at World of Asphalt Booth #511 to learn more.
OMI Industries
Naturally Effective Odor Control
800-662-6367 www.omi-industries.com

Reliable Asphalt
Reliable Asphalt Products of Shelbyville, KY is the hot-mix industrys most comprehensive asphalt plant equipment supplier. From our inception, Reliable Asphalt
Products has been a customer driven company. Our philosophy is a basic one, provide high quality, well built equipment and first rate customer service. In todays
competitive market, HMA producers look to equipment suppliers not just for equipment, but also as a knowledgeable resource to help improve plant production
capabilities and corporate profitability. At Reliable we know this and strive every day to form such partnerships with our customers. We are a single source supplier,
providing every part, component and service needed to successfully run an asphalt operation. We supply complete new, used and reconditioned plants; both batch and
drum, portable, stationary and skid mount arrangements. We also provide silos and dragslat systems, recycle systems, controls, ac handing equipment, dryer/ drum
rebuilds/ replacement, coldfeeds, conveyor systems, baghouse, and dust handling systems, flighting systems, parts and components. Reliable Asphalt Products also
provides complete field services with our reliable plant maintenance group. Our field services technicians have years of extensive experience in all facets of asphalt
plant equipment service and repair. Whether its emergency breakdowns or normal yearly maintenance, our personnel can assist you in every way, no matter what type
plant you have.

Roadtec, an Astec Industries company, produces pavers,


material transfer vehicles, cold planers, and recyclers/reclaimers for
asphalt road builders worldwide. Roadtecs customers range in size
from family-owned companies to multi-national concerns. Roadtec
customers value not only long-lasting and reliable equipment
but also equipment features that can give them an edge in their
competitive environment.
Roadtec customers demand a high level of customer support.
Roadtec
Among the services Roadtec provides are parts, competitive parts
for many brands, and equipment rebuild services. Roadtecs newest
addition to its range of services is a drum rebuild program for
serving owners of asphalt cold planers, reclaimers, recyclers, soil
stabilizers, trimmer machines, utility mills and mulch shredders of
any brand!
High-end, innovative products and support for its customers has
been key to Roadtecs growth and continues to be its focus. Roadtec
is headquartered in Chattanooga, TN and has factory-authorized
rebuild and parts centers throughout the U.S.

68 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

The real alternative. Are you looking for an alternative to LMC, Epoxy or
Spray Applied Overlay Systems? Rosphalt is the solution.
With over 25 years of success Rosphalt offers continued long term
performance.
For more information for your design or value engineered changes please
contact Chase Construction Products:
Doug Zuberer: dzuberer@chasecorp.com
Mobile 508-341-4961

Royston
Safeco
SAFECO Industries, Inc. is dedicated to designing and developing the most innovative safety and lighting
equipment for todays demanding work zones. The Traff-Alert LED agger paddle was introduced to the
market in 2009. The Traff-Alert paddle was engineered for simplicity and durability. On or off, it meets all
retro-reectivity standards set for by the MUTCD. It was honored with the prestigious Most Innovative Award
at the 2009 ATSSA Annual Convention and Trafc Expo.
Field testing all over the country has been well received. In Washington state, It denitely made me feel
a lot safer, explained a agger with Woodworth & Company, and there was a dramatic effect when I hit the
button and it started to ash. People slowed down right away. A Washington state DOT inspector added,
Typically, the agger tends to blend in, but this time he stood out. It does work. I thought it was quite
benecial.
Visibility is a aggers greatest need, explains Matt Graham, Inventor and President/CEO. Weve taken
decades old technology and brought it into the 21st century. Learn more at the www.safecoindustries.com.

Suit-Kote
Low Emission Asphalt (LEA) is a warm-mix technology that has been used in dozens of projects
since 2006. It is based on the Low Energy Process developed in France and relies on a chemical
additive and sequential mixing to yield a 35-50% reduction in energy consumption over HMA.
LEA signicantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions, uses existing HMA mix designs, equals or
outperforms HMA, improves working conditions, can be used with reclaimed asphalt pavement
(RAP), and minimizes plant modications. Additionally, LEA is eligible for a total of 1-4 LEED credits
in the Materials & Resources and Innovation & Design categories.
LEA production is compatible with both drum and batch plants, but it does require that the plant
have RAP capability. For rst-time producers, no expensive plant modication is necessary. A mobile
trailer contains the necessary equipment to enable production of LEA. An on-site technical team will
assist in initial production as well.
More information on Low Emission Asphalt, including project-specic details, can be found under
the LEA tab of www.lowemissionasphalt.com.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 69


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

Trail King Advantage Series


Live Bottom Trailer Delivers More Payload
Trail King Industries
West Fargo, ND Trail King Industries Advantage Series Live Bottom asphalt trailer that delivers over
2,000 pounds more payload than previous trailers. This next generation of Trail King asphalt trailers offers all
the benets of live-bottom horizontal discharge with a lightweight, but strong, modular design.
With this trailer, we have greater capacity, better weight distribution and a lower center of gravity, says
Dean Badinger, sales manager for Trail Kings live bottom trailers. And, because it is lightweight without
compromising strength or capacity, this live bottom trailer can haul up to a full ton more payload than the
competition.
The Advantage Series Live Bottom features 60-degree sloped walls to reduce load segregation
during transport, and eliminate bridging problems. A heat- and oil-resistant two-ply rubber continuous
belt moves the entire load to the rear for discharge. The 36-inch belt is attached to patented steel slats,
and moves by means of self-lubricating double-pitch roller chain on steel tracks. This drive system is
comprised of a direct hydrostatic drive, a double-reduction planetary gearbox and a solid, one-piece drive
shaft that eliminates the problems normally associated with chain drivesmaking it the best drive system in the industry.
Safety, reliability, capacity, low maintenance, and proven performanceTrail Kings Advantage Series Live Bottom Asphalt Trailer is designed with the
asphalt industry in mind.

WEM Automation Inc.


WEM Automation is a worldwide provider of superior industrial plant automation with unparalleled experience in the asphalt industry. In addition to engineering the most
technologically advanced automation, WEM also provides superior 24/7 service for maximum productivity.
WEM has a wide array of products for optimizing asphalt plant efciency by providing advanced yet easy to use systems for batch plants, drum plants, silo loadout, and
data management as well as complete plant control. WEM also offers complete control houses and motor control
centers. WEM is committed to being your single source for all automation and data integration needs.
All systems include the use of locally available parts for maximum uptime. On line access allows for rapid response
in the event help is needed. Advanced communications tools for easy plant to ofce integration is included with every
system.
As one of the largest automation providers in the industry, WEM has proven methods of increasing plant
efciencies through complete plant control monitoring, processing, plant performance trending and efciency
modeling. WEMs exclusive Business Intelligence Server is a powerful tool that provides remote access to enterprise
wide inventory, production information, and management tools.
Improve your productivity, efciency, and more importantly, YOUR PROFITABILITY. When it comes to maximizing
your bottom line, call the oldest and most trusted name in the industry.
At WEM Automation we measure our results by your success!

Wirtgen America
New Wirtgen Half-Lane Cold Mills to be Introduced at World of Asphalt
Nov. 19, 2009 At the World of Asphalt Show & Conference in Cincinnati Feb. 16-18, Wirtgen America Inc. will introduce
two new large cold mills the W 200 and W 210 cold milling machines that will prove to be the most exciting half-lane
machines in a generation.
Their Parallel-to-Surface technology automatically keeps the cutter housing level as the W 200 and W 210 move into a
cut, accelerating production, and their smart WIDRIVE technology offers new microprocessor-controlled enhancements to
machine control systems, tying all main functions to a single source to manage fuel costs, tooth costs and other variables.
Their Intelligent Speed Control system incorporates an electronic ow divider that makes the four tracks work in
harmony when turning a radius. Skipping and notching are eliminated, track wear is minimized, and the machine operates
smoother. They incorporate the familiar Level Pro, Wirtgens existing automatic leveling system which is highly user-friendly, and regulates the pre-set milling
depth and actual readout electronically.
Asphalt and concrete milling is one of the most abrasive environments for any machine, but their new Vacuum Cutting System will remove dust, nes and
smoke from the cutter chamber and extract it out the conveyor, keeping the machine cleaner and prolonging component life. And Wirtgens new 3DS Flexible Application
Drum Speed system will automatically slow drum speeds in deep cuts, saving on fuel consumption and tooth wear.

70 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


W O R L D O F A S P H A L T P R O D U C T P R E V I E W

Wirtgen America
Hamm HD+ Rollers from Wirtgen to be Shown at World of Asphalt
Oct. 26, 2009 Pavement construction and preservation equipment incorporating the highest technology
will be displayed by Wirtgen Group at the World of Asphalt Show & Conference 2010 in Cincinnati Feb. 16-18.
Front and foremost will be the new HD+ Series of asphalt compactors from Hamm Compaction Division.
The HD+ 120 and HD+ 140 rollers the rst of the HD+ line are articulated tandem rollers, with respective
operating weights of 13.8 and 14.5 tons, and respective drum widths of 78 and 84 in.
Operators benet from the huge platform, which is 10 in. lower than its predecessor, and facilitates
unsurpassed visibility not only to the drum surfaces and water spray systems, but also to the leading drum edges.
The HD+ Series features Hammtronic control as standard, which provides engine management (auto deceleration) for considerable fuel savings, some contractors claim
up to 40 percent; programmable speed control to maintain a consistent rolling speed together with automatic slip control; and the ability to independently control vibration
frequency and amplitude to either drum. The drum offset feature has almost doubled, to approximately 7 in., for better maneuverability.
Vision Series asphalt pavers from Vgele America, Inc., mid- and small-size cold mills from Wirtgen America, and materials processing equipment from Kleemann
USA Inc. also will be represented. Please visit Wirtgen Group at Stand No. 801.

Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 71


ADVERTISER.COM
Ace Group, LLC .............................................................................. www.asphaltace.com ............................................................................................ 4
Asphalt Drum Mixers, Inc. (ADM)...............................................www.admasphaltplants.com ............................................................................... 22, 23
Astec Mobile Screens, Inc. ...................................................... www.astecmobilescreens.com ....................................................................................18
Astec, Inc. ........................................................................................ www.astecinc.com ...................................................................................... 38, 39
BearCat Mfg., Inc. ..........................................................................www.bearcatmfg.com .......................................................................................... 42
Bituminous Insurance Companies........................................... www.bituminousinsurance.com................................................................................... 50
BLS Enterprises, Inc. .........................................................................www.tufpads.com ..............................................................................................41
Caterpillar, Inc. ..................................................................................... www.cat.com ........................................................................ Inside Front Cover
CEI Enterprises ............................................................................ www.ceienterprises.com ........................................................................................ 32
Construction Imaging Systems ...............................................www.construction-imaging.com .................................................................................. 40
Dillman Equipment ....................................................................www.dillmanequipment.com ..................................................................................... 54
Dynapac ...........................................................................................www.dynapac.com ............................................................................................ 61
E.D. Etnyre & Company.......................................................................www.etnyre.com .............................................................................................. 43
Evertire, Inc. ......................................................................................www.evertire.com ............................................................................................. 57
FastMeasure/K.T.P. Enterprises Inc .............................................. www.fast-measure.com ........................................................................................ 58
FMI Corporation..................................................................................www.fminet.com .............................................................................................. 20
Hauck Manufacturing Company.....................................................www.hauckburner.com ......................................................................................... 35
Heatec, Inc. ....................................................................................... www.heatec.com ............................................................................................. 56
Highway Equipment Company ..................................................www.highwayequipment.com .....................................................................................13
Humboldt Mfg. Company .............................................................. www.humboldtmfg.com ........................................................................................ 51
Innophos, Inc. .................................................................................. www.innophos.com .............................................................................................11
Jamar Technologies, Inc. .................................................................www.jamartech.com ........................................................................................... 63
Kenco Engineering, Inc. .............................................. www.kencoengineering.com/topics/ights.htm....................................................................... 53
Lake Asphalt of Trinidad & Tobago............................................www.trinidadlakeasphalt.com .................................................................................... 26
LeeBoy/Rosco ....................................................................................www.leeboy.com .............................................................................................. 73
MeadWestvaco ............................................................................www.meadwestvaco.com ....................................................................................... 21
Meeker Equipment Co. Inc. ....................................................... www.meekerequipment.com......................................................................................17

www.AsphaltJobs.com
The Only Career Site
EXCLUSIVELY For The
Asphalt Pavement
Industry!

72 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010


Midwest Corporation ..................................................................www.mwcgrouponline.com ........................................................................................ 6
National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) .....................................www.ncat.us ................................................................................................. 57
NuStar Asphalt ............................................................................. www.nustarenergy.com..................................................................Inside Back Cover
OMI Industries ............................................................................. www.omi-industries.com ........................................................................................12
PaveSmart...................................................................................... www.pavesmart.com ...........................................................................................17
PQ Corporation .................................................................................. www.pqcorp.com ..............................................................................................74
Reliable Asphalt........................................................................... www.reliableasphalt.com ............................................................. Outside Back Cover
Roadtec, Inc. .....................................................................................www.roadtec.com ............................................................................................... 3
Rubber Pavements Association ..................................................www.rubberpavements.org ...................................................................................... 63
Safeco ........................................................................................www.safecoindustries.com ...................................................................................... 34
Sasol Wax North America, Corp. .......................................................www.sasobit.com ..............................................................................................19
Suit-Kote Corporation .......................................................................www.suit-kote.com ............................................................................................ 47
Trail King Industries .......................................................................... www.trailking.com ............................................................................................ 33
Troxler ............................................................................................ www.troxlerlabs.com........................................................................................... 60
Valero Energy Corporation ..................................................................www.valero.com .............................................................................................. 48
Vogele America Inc. - Division of Wirtgen America ...................... www.vogeleamerica.com ........................................................................................16
WEM Automation, Inc. ................................................................ www.wemautomation.com ........................................................................................ 5
Wirtgen America......................................................................... www.wirtgenamerica.com......................................................................................... 8

9000 ASPHALT PAVER


One Source for Your Grading, Curbing, Paving and Rolling Needs
LeeBoy is much more than the worlds leading maker of commercial class Asphalt pavers. LeeBoys eight paver
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Pavers Graders Brooms Asphalt Distributors Rollers Patchers Chip Spreaders Belt Loaders Tack Tanks Maintainers

436377_LeeBoy.indd 1 Hot Mix Asphalt Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 AM


7/17/09 11:07:30 73
INDEX OF ADVERTISERS
ADDITIVES, WARM MIX ASPHALT ASPHALT PLANT PRODUCTS CONTROL SYSTEMS PAVING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS
PQ Corporation......................................... 74 Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 Caterpillar, Inc..................Inside Front Cover
AFTERMARKET PARTS Meeker Equipment Co. Inc. ...................... 17 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover Dynapac ................................................... 61
Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5 Vogele America Inc. -
ASPHALT PLANTS CONTROLS Division of Wirtgen America................. 16
AFTERMARKET PARTS FOR PLANTS Wirtgen America ........................................ 8
Ace Group, LLC .......................................... 4 Midwest Corporation.................................. 6 WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5
Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 ASPHALT TESTING EQUIPMENT DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT PLANT WEAR PARTS
Dillman Equipment ................................... 54 Troxler ...................................................... 60 FastMeasure/K.T.P. Enterprises Inc ......... 58 Kenco Engineering, Inc. ........................... 53
Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover AUTOMATION Jamar Technologies, Inc. ......................... 63 RECYCLING EQUIPMENT
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5 FILLER DUST SYSTEMS Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover
Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover BAGHOUSES Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 ROAD MILLING MACHINES
ASPHALT Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 HEATERS Wirtgen America ........................................ 8
Dillman Equipment ................................... 54 Dillman Equipment ................................... 54 CEI Enterprises ........................................ 32 SAFETY EQUIPMENT
Lake Asphalt of Trinidad & Tobago ........... 26 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover Heatec, Inc. .............................................. 56 Safeco ...................................................... 34
NuStar Asphalt ................ Inside Back Cover BINS & SILOS Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover SCREENING EQUIPMENT
ASPHALT ADDITIVES & MODIFIERS Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 INSURANCE Astec Mobile Screens, Inc........................ 18
Innophos, Inc. .......................................... 11 Dillman Equipment ................................... 54 Bituminous Insurance Companies............ 50 SOFTWARE
MeadWestvaco ........................................ 21 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover LIME SILOS, BLENDERS & SLURRY WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5
Royston .................................................... 62 BURNERS, CONTROLS & EQUIPMENT SYSTEMS
Rubber Pavements Association................ 63 TANKS BULK STORAGE/TRANSPORT
Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 E.D. Etnyre & Company ............................ 43
Sasol Wax North America, Corp............... 19 Hauck Manufacturing Company ............... 35
Suit-Kote Corporation .............................. 47 MAINTENANCE & REPAIR SERVICES Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover
Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover
ASPHALT CEMENT & PRODUCTS WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5 TESTING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS &
Valero Energy Corporation ....................... 48 MANUFACTURING FACILITIES NEW MEASUREMENT
CHIP SPREADERS Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 Humboldt Mfg. Company ......................... 51
ASPHALT DISTRIBUTORS BearCat Mfg., Inc. .................................... 42 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover PaveSmart ............................................... 17
BearCat Mfg., Inc. .................................... 42 E.D. Etnyre & Company ............................ 43
E.D. Etnyre & Company ............................ 43 MANUFACTURING FACILITIES USED TRACK PADS
COMPACTORS, TAMPERS & ROLLERS Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 BLS Enterprises, Inc. ............................... 41
LeeBoy/Rosco .......................................... 73 Wirtgen America ........................................ 8 Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover TRAILERS/TRUCKS
ASPHALT EQUIPMENT COMPUTERS HARDWARE & SOFTWARE
Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover MATERIALS/WARM MIX ASPHALT Trail King Industries ................................. 33
Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 MeadWestvaco ........................................ 21
ASPHALT PAVERS Construction Imaging Systems ................ 40 TRAILERS
Roadtec, Inc. .............................................. 3 WEM Automation, Inc................................. 5 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS Highway Equipment Company.................. 13
FMI Corporation ....................................... 20 TRAINING
ASPHALT PLANT MANUFACTURING CONSTRUCTION WEAR PARTS
Asphalt Drum Mixers, Inc. (ADM) .......22, 23 Dillman Equipment ................................... 54 ODOR CONTROL National Center for Asphalt Technology
Astec, Inc. ..........................................38, 39 OMI Industries.......................................... 12 (NCAT) .................................................. 57
Reliable Asphalt ............ Outside Back Cover PARTS & COMPONENTS
Evertire, Inc.............................................. 57

74 444088_PQ.indd
Hot Mix Asphalt
1 Technology JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2010 8/28/09 1:11:24 PM
ASTEC / CMI / McCARTER / STANDARD STEEL / H&B / STANDARD HAVENS / TEREX / ESSTEE
CEDAR RAPIDS / DILLMAN EQUIPMENT / HERMAN GRANT / GENCOR / BARBER GREENE / ADM

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Reliable Asphalt Products supplies parts and components for every make and
model asphalt plant ever built. Need chains, motors, reducers, ighting
systems, sprockets, buckets, pump skids, piping, recycle systems, controls
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Inc.
P.O. Box 519 Shelbyville, KY 40066
Call Us Toll Free 866.647.1782
Fax 502.647.1786
Heating Systems Inc. www.reliableasphalt.com