Julio Espinoza Intro to Drawing March 31, 2009 Picasso and his Influence on Modern Art One of the most

influential contemporary artists in history is Pablo Picasso. He was born in the Andalusain region of Spain on an October day in 1881. He survived numerous wars and lived a rich life. After ninety-one years of life he succumbed to natural causes in April 1973. Picasso’s work has mesmerized the masses for over a century and leaves us just as impressed as when his imaginative works first surfaced. Within the art world, Picasso is widely recognized as the founder of modern cubism. His work is modern yet timeless, abstract at times, and invokes emotion. His art has penetrated the mainstream and his name has become recognizable to households and museums throughout the world. His interesting life influenced his works as well as those he influenced in the artistic realm.

mural sized canvas painting in oil. Picasso deserves the recognition he has gained throughout time. There are countless subjects of symbolism and interpretations different to each individual. Guernica is one of the most powerful pieces of art known to history. One of his most popular paintings throughout his history is Guernica (1937). He is most recognized for his Cubism works. Guernica is a painting of suffering people. Picasso made many different sketches to guide him in making this painting.Pablo Picasso has many well-known works that he has created though out his life. Picasso created this large-scale mural for the Spanish display at many expositions. which happened during the Civil War. animals and buildings ruined by the violence and chaos of war. Much of the subject matter in this painting has different meanings and for the most part the meanings are allegories of war. This work depicts the tragedies and heartbreaks of war especially toward innocent civilians. . Guernica depicts the bombing of the city Guernica. This work has claimed world-renowned status becoming a reminder of the horrible catastrophes of war and the embodiment of peace. His sketches were also exhibited when the finalized painting was shown. Guernica is a black and white. therefore. Picasso was a painter as well as a sculptor.

. Beggars. George Braque and Paul Cezanne influenced Picasso himself. Picasso’s blue period was from the years 1901-1904. his rose period and cubism. In his cubism period Picasso was greatly known for using monochrome neutral and brownish colors where he created works such as Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. prostitutes and drunks were some of his key subjects of the blue period. created during his African influenced period. Picasso’s The Old Guitarist is an example of his work during his blue phase painted in 1903 following the death of his close friend. shown at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.Pablo Picasso has influenced many people though out his time. Along with influencing many people. The Old Guitarist is claimed his most well known work of this period. His cubism work especially influenced many art movements following his years of this genre. It is said that this painting began as a portrait of a woman but ended up as an image of an old man with a guitar. Picasso’s blue period works are some of his most popular of all time even though he had difficulty selling them at the time. Picasso’s work was categorized into periods. This period in his life was considered Spanish influenced. which followed by his rose period. These two periods were the foundation of his cubism period. He is known mostly for his blue period. This work was considered to be one of his first cubist paintings.

The rose period was considered to be of a French influence. This painting shows the beginning style of cubism along with the African inspired masks the figure’s faces seem to have. which he followed with his African influenced period where the well-known cubism period took place. He painted in a way. which inspired Picasso to create many of his works within this period. blue colors of his blue period. It is suggested that he changed his style from somber to happy because he had a new lady in his life. . inspired the painting Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. Matisse brought back an African mask. The mask Matisse brought back for Picasso. Picasso’s African influenced period took place from 1907-1909. which was strongly influenced by African sculpture. Garcon a La Pipe was one of the most recognized paintings made during his rose period.Picasso’s rose period followed directly after his blue period from the years 1904-1906. Picasso’s interest in this period was strongly influenced by Henri Matisse. Now the harlequin was a comedic character shown in checkered clothing became a personal symbol for Picasso. as mentioned earlier. This time period signifies the cheerful orange and pink colors in contrast to the cold. Picasso’s rose period lasted for only two years. This period has also been called the Negro period or the black period.

These years of Picasso lead us up to one of his most important periods of his lifetime. Picasso had created hundreds of studies and sketches in preparation for his final painting. This painting was widely controversial and avant-garde. Previous to this. as we know it today. nudes were associated to mythological beings yet this painting portrayed images of people recognizable within the city of Paris. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon lead to disagreement and anger even amongst some of Picasso’s closest friends and art colleagues. For this painting.Here. Picasso uses the monochromatic colors to portray the nude African women created in the cubist style that Picasso was known for. especially his painting Blue Nude. He acknowledged the importance of Spanish art and sculptural influence on the painting. In Les Demoiselles d’Avignon Picasso made a giant leap from traditional European style painting toward the development of Cubism and modern art. The women appear with slightly disjointed body shapes with piercing angles. It is believed to this day that Picasso was widely influence by Matisse. Cubism is what initiated Picasso to be one of the world’s . which account for the begging of the cubist period.

Bottle. cubism allows the viewer to see the object from multiple vantage points to represent the subject in a greater context. . His peers and audience alike admire him. There are random angles. Instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint. Generations to come will look to Picasso’s work for inspiration. Different women as well as different artists of his life influenced these periods. Picasso had many stylistic periods of painting throughout his career.greatest artists. Glass. Picasso’s impact on modern art was not immediate. Fork. cubist work is filled with broken up objects. We have inherited a rich legacy of ideas as well as a window into his personal life. Exemplified in this painting. which represent a great sense of depth. yet over time Picasso has become one of the greatest and most renowned artists of all time. Fork is a great example of one of Picasso’s cubist paintings giving great detail of the formal elements used in creating a unique style known to this day. which has broadened the horizons of artists alike to new possibilities of avant-garde art. Glass. One of Picasso’s most famous cubist pieces is Bottle. which are re-analyzed and reassembled into an abstract form. Cubism was created by Pablo Picasso himself with the help of Georges Braque which revolutionized European painting and sculpture while inspiring movements in music and literature.

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