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: 6. OCTOBER, 1915. Price, Ten Cents.








The Story of France

THE ROMAN CONQUEST: The Gauls, the Druids, the
miinsirels, etc.
THE PRANKISH CONQUEST: Clovis, the Triumph of
Christianity, Defeat of Saracens, etc.
THE DARK AGES: Feudalism, Superstition, Papal Power
and Tyranny, Religious Persecutions.
JOAN OF ARC : Her pure girlhood; heroic ntission; saves
France; burnt to death by priests of Rome; then cano-
nized as a saint.
Church and State.
it in
The Rule of the Harlots, both Church and State.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The Dragonnades.
Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, and reorganization of
both Church and State.

In the preparation of this work, the author exhausted all

theknown sources of information, and no work on the subject
has superseded his. It is standard, and will remain so.
Mr. Watson bought out his publishers, the MacMillans,
and he now owns plates, copyright and all.

The Jeffetsonian Publishing Co.

July, 1914 Thomson, - Georgia

Watson^s Magazine
Lniered as second-ciass matter January 4, 1911, at the Post Office at Thomson, Geor/lia,
Under the eHct of March 3, 1879.


Vol. XXL OCTOBER, 1915 No. 6


FRONTISPIECE SolJcilor Dorsey and His Assistant, Mr. A. E. Stephens.



CONFIDENCESA Poem Ralph M. Thomson . 348


ELHANAN-A Jewish Legend 349



Watson's Magazine

The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole

South Traduced.
In the Matter of Leo Frank.

ABNORMAL conditions prevail $45,000,000, are planning to bring 3,-

000,000 European Jews here, at the
in this country, and the situa-
tion grows more complicated, close of the present war.
year by year. We have carried the So wide open have been the doors of
"asylum" idea to such extravagant lib- our "asylum" that the native stock
erality, that the sewage of the whole which made tne Republic, is already in
world is pouring upon us. The human the minority. Its relative strength
race was never known to do, before, grows less with every shipload of im-
what it is doing now, to America. His- migrants.
tory presents no parallel case. From Under these torrents of foreign peo-
the Great Lakes to the Gulf, and from ples, whole States have lost their orig-
Cape Hatteras to the Golden Gate, we inal character.
see the same ominous, portentious phe- Massachusetts is not what she was
nomena, of peoples ditsinct from our before the Civil War, nor is Colorado.
distinct in language, in man- Puritan New England has been sub-
ners, in standards, in customs, in Na- merged. The hordes from abroad are
tional observances. m possession; they fill the shops, the
Huge sections of our over-grown quarries, the factories, the mills, and
cities are as foreign to us, as any ter- the offices.
ritory that lies beyond seas. Our laws An Ambassador of a foreign nation
are powerless in these unassimilated coolly proposes to his government to
settlements. "Little Italy," in New tie up the munition plants of this coun-
York, is, to all practical intents and try, and leave us without means of self-
purposes, a section of Naples trans- defense !
ported to our shores. How? By bribing the subjects of
Chinatowns in America are minia- Austria-Hungary to quit work.
ture Cantons. The industrial colonies An Ambassador of a foreign Nation
of West Virginia, Colorado, Michigan, coolly informs Germans in this coun-
Pennsylvania and New Jersey, are just try, that they will be punished for
that many small Hungarys, ir*olands, treason under German law, if they ac-
Germanys and Italys. As for the Jews, cept employment from manufacturers
they have found our "asylum" a para- who are selling arms to Germany's
dise; and from the uttermost ends of foes.
the earth, they are rushing through It is an open secret that our Govern-
our ports. The Zionist Societies, ment hasn't on hand enough ammuni-
financed by the Hirsch endowment of tion to supply an army four months.


and the Anihassndors of (iiM-ni:iiy and has characterized the attitude of the world
Austria have demonstrated their al^ili- towards the Jews since the destruction
ty to lock our wheels, so completely, of Jerusalem by Titus. Your heart has
that we couldivt get^ for ourselves from been stirred to its very depths by the out-
our own plants^ the wherewith to de- rages and excesses committed upon Jewish
fend ourselves froiri German attml'! men, women and children, and we are
If such recent events do not startle most sincerely grateful for this expression
our Statesmen into new views of the of horror on the part of your holiness.

immi<j:ration question, our future will "Encouraged by the sympathy of the

be tragic, indeed. Head of the Church of Christ, we humbly
AMiere so nuiny elements entei- into appeal to you to arouse Christendom to
National life, unusual combinations a realization of the sufferings of millions
take i)hice. Strange conditions make ofhuman beings the Jews so that they
strange l)edfellows. We have seen the may be accorded wherever they now
Irish-American Catholics unite with lack these full equal rights and treat-

the (ierman- American Protestants ment.

against the English. "Such a call,coming from Your Holi-
We have seen the Irish-American ness, will be heeded throughout the world
Catholic embrace the opulent Jew, and will meet with the recogn.tion de-
against the Protestant. sired.

The Tagehlatt (Jewish Daily News) The Jewish Daily News, the oldest and
of Chicago, is puljlished in the Yid- leading Jewish paper in America, speaking
dish language. Its editor wrote to the in behalf of the three million Jews in the

Pope, sending the letter through the United States of America, and voicing not
Papal ambassador at Washington. only their innermost sentiments, but the
Bonzano transmitted the communica- v.ews of the Jews the world over, prays
tion to his government, the Italian Pa- that Your Holiness may send through its
pal establishment, and in due course, columns the message that will awaken
the Secretary of State for Bonzano's the conscience of mankind.
government sent the Pope's reply to Most respectfully and humbly yours,
the Jews, through the Papal Ambassa- (signed) "S. MASON,

dor Managing Editor.

Thus an American citizen, a Jew, "This letter was sent to Monsignor Gi-
placed himself in the position of a gov- ovanni Bonzano, the Apostolic Delegate
ernment dealing independently with a at Washington, with the request that
foreign potentate. it be forwarded to the Vatican.
The transaction is so unprecedented "Monsignor Bonzano has now received a
that I present the correspondence, as reply, which he has transmitted to us."
it appears in the Tageblatt of August Monsignor Giovanni Bonzano,
25th, 1915: Delegato Apostolico,
"The Jewish Daily News is in receipt of
a striking communication from Pope TRANSLATION.
Benedict XV, in reply to a request made The Vatican,
by us for an expression of opinion on the 22, July, 1915.
Jewish question. Sir:
hasten to present to the Holy

Father the letter transmitted to me by you

The Jewish Daily News Letter to the Pope
Xo. 18051 D, of the 25th of June, in which
June twenty-third. Nineteen Fifteen. -Mr. S. Mason, Editor of the New York
His Holiness, the Pope, Benedict XV. Jewish Daily News, asked the aid of His
The Vatican, Rome, Italy. Holiness in favor of the Jews who are per-
Your Holliness: secuted and still deprived, in some nations,
The denial of justice, aye the depriva- of full c'ivil rights.
tion of the very elementary rights inalien- The August Pont.ff has graciously taken
able to the welfare of all human beings. note of this document and has desired me


to request you to write to Mr. Mason that themselves to acknowledge the Italian
the Holy See, as has always in the past
it Pope as the true and only "Head of
acted according to the dictates of justice the Church of Christ."
in favor of the Jews, intends now also to All Protestant churches are nieiitally
fellow the same path on every propitious obliterated. There are no Christians
occasion that may present itself. save the Romanists. 'Waldensians,
Yours, etc., etc., Greek Catholics, and Armenians all
P. CARD. GASPARRI. more ancient than Romanists are left
IMonsignor Giovanni Bonzano, with the heathen. Bai)tists, Method-
Apostolical Delegate, ists, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Acivent-
Washington. ists, etc., are mere trash

and negligible in the eyes of the lead-
What view will Confess and the ers of the three million Jews. Thfe
President and Secretary Lansing take Pope is the earthly embodiment of
of the flagrant breach of propriety? Christ, the Head of the Church, the
What wonld be thought of a (xerman one potentate enijiowered '"to arouse

Society tlie Central \'erein, for ex- Christendom" in behalf of the poor,

ample if it should open a correspond- down-trodden Rothschilds, Belmonts,
Guggenheims, Warburgs, Strauses,
ence through Ambassador Bernsdorff,
German Emperor? Ochses, Pulitzers, Abells, Schitfs,
directly with the
What better cloak for a system of es- Kuhns, Loebs, Montags, Seligs, Dan-
pionage and secret treason could be de- nenbergs, Waxelbaums, and Haases.
vised, than private correspondence car- With a fine display of scorn for our
ried on b}' Austrian and German and President and Secretary of State, the
Jewish spies, through the Papal Am- Three Million Jeics slap the face of
bassador ? Diplomatic Etiquette; and with a no-
As everj^body knows, the President ble exhibition of contempt for non-
himself Avould not have written to the Catholic churches, tJicy spit upon the
Pope, except through Secretary Lan- creed of Christianity.
sing. But the Jewish organization, Two years ago. I thought that there
which publishes its purpose to carve Avere evidences of a league between
out a Jewish State in this Union, and American priests and the rich Jews
its intention to submit certain "propo- of our large cities, and our readers
sitions"' to our Government,
has al- may remember my comments.
ready anticipated its independent ex- There is no longer any doubt that
istence, by ignoring our diplomatic rep- the Roman priests and the opulent
resentatives. It goes over their heads, Jews are allies.
and deals directly with the Pope, "The Holy See, as it has always in
through the Papal Ambassador, just the past acted according to the dictates
as though the Jewish organization at of justice, IN FAVOR OF THE
Chicago were an inde]:)endent State JEWS, intends now to follow the
These Jews might be pardoned, for same pathP
their outrageous breach of loyalty and What marvelous liars these priests
decorum, on the ground that they do are How boldly they i>resume upon

not know any better but what about short memories, selfish opportunism,
Bonzano, the Papal secretary, and the and ignorance of historv They can

Pope? rely upon the Catholic to believe ev-

They knew better; and they knew erything they say. for they know that
they were insulting the Government the Catholic will not read after a
and i)e()ple of the United States, when "heretic." They are not much afraid
they set the precedent of dealing di- of the "heretic," for they know that his
rectly Avith citizens of this Republic. readers are inditferent, his churches
decadent, his daily papers choked with
DONE BEFORE! gold, and his political leaders afraid
These insolent Jews take it upon of the Catholic vote.
! ! !


Therefore James Church, the Pope, port Jews who consented to change
never bats an eye, when he tells the their religion?
Jews that he means to follow in that Pope Eugenius IV. did it.
path of justice to the Jews^ which his Who expelled the Jews from all
predecessors have always trod. Italy, except Rome and Ancona?
We'll be learning next, that Nero Pope Pius V. did it.
was a great friend to the Christians, AVho sent the murderous, devilish
that the Duke of Alva protected the Inquisition into Portugal, to first tor-
Dutch, that Claverhouse cherished an ture and then burn, the Jews?
ardent affection for Scotch Presbyte- Pope Clement VII. did it.
rians, that Catherine de Medici flung AVho ordered the general destruction
her queenly mantle over the Hugue- of the Talmud, and sanctioned the
nots, and that the Hapsburgs of Aus- wholesale massacras of Jews in
tria were iiidoinitable defenders of France?
the Keformation. Pope John XXII. did it.
"The Holy See has always acted ac- Who ordered the punishment of Jew-
cording to the dictates of justice, in ish physicians for entering Catholic
favor of the Jews !" houses, and denied Christian burial to
^\e\\,well, WELL! Catholics who employed Jewish phy-
So it is not a Papal Spain that for- sicians?
bids a Jew to enter the realm Pope Gregory XIII. did it.
It is not a Papal Poland that grinds Who controlled Europe during the
the Israelites to the ground. dismal ages when Jews were hounded
It was not a Papal England that out- like wild beasts, denied human rights,
lawed the. Jeic nor a Protestant Eng- and grudgingly permitted to dwell in
land that enfranchised him pestilential ghettos?
It was not a Papal France, that de- The Popes did.
graded the Jew, nor a Revolutionary Wio ruled the nations and directed
and Xapoleonic France which rehabil- the consciences of monarchs and minis-
itated him ters, during the fearful centuries when
How long has it been since Pope a Jew could not own a home, could not
Pius IX. kidnapped the son of the hold an office, could not hold up his
Mrrtaias to make a priest out of him? head among men, and was forced to
All I^urope rang with the scandal, and eke out a squalid existence, on such ig-
the Emperor of the French implored nominous terms, and amid such dwarf-
the Holy Father to restore the boy to ing conditions, that the Jewish race,
his distracted parents. But the Pope even now, shows the physical ana mor-
was unrelenting, and those Jews never al effects of that long night of slavery?
saw their son, again. The popes did.
How long has it been since modern Who liberated the Jews from these
liberalism -ompelled (iir, l*opes to dis- horrible conditions?
continue their annual custom, at Modern democracy did it.
Eome, of publicly cursing the Jews? When Great Britain, than 100
How long has it been since the 29th years ago, removed the Civil Disabil-
canon of the Aurelian Council was ities of the Jews, it was Protestani

rigidly enforced the Papal law which statesmanship repealing Catholic lav)s.
made it death for a Jew to even speak "Wlio was the Papal theologian who
to a Catholic during Holy Week? taught, that '''Jews are slaves
fv'^ee Roha di Roma, by W. W. Sto- It was Saint Thomas Aquinas, the
ry, page 423.) chiefest of all Roman Catholic theolo-
Who was that destroyed Jewish
it gians.
libraries, forced Jews to wear badges, For hundreds of years the legisla-
forbade them to eat and drink with tion of Europe was based upon this in-
Catholics, closed all the professions to
fernal teaching the teaching of a the-
them, and taxed faithful Jews, to sup- ologian who was such a favorite of the


recent Popes^ Leo XIII., and Pius X., on/sm, of the evangelic agesy
that they ordered all Catholic teachers Lazare proceeds to prove that al-
to again instruct their students in the though Luther was provoked into vio-
Papal theology which forfeits the life lent language against the Jews, be-
of the "heretic," and imposes serfdom cause they refused to become his con-
on the Jew. verts, the Protestants of Germany
See Barnard Lazare's Anti-Semit- never ill-treated the Jews.
is7n, page 125.) (See page 133.)
But how could you expect these his- In the United States, the priest and
torical facts to be known to a Chicago the Jew have need of each other and
editor, who informs the Pope and the the Pope has blessed the alliance.
world, that the Jews lost their rights That the Hearst papers are leagued

the natural rights of man when Ti- with this queer combination of Jew
tus stormed Jerusalem? financier and Roman priest, is an in-
According to the Tageblatt, the Jews teresting detail; whether important
have been the pariahs of the human as well as interesting, remains to be
race, ever since the year 70, after seen.
Christ ! Mason, of the Tageblatt, In the case of the Russian Jews, the
ought to at least consult some simple new combination worked so well that
authority on Eoman history, Merivale's our Congress, in 1913, abrogated a
book, for example. It won't take him time-honored treaty, as a protest
but a few minutes to learn what an against Russia's alleged mistreatment
ass he made of himself, when he told of her own subjects.
the Pope that the Jews had never had Descending to particulars, the new
a square deal in the world, after Jerusa- combination was able to save the Rus-
lem fell. If the Tageblatt Solomon sian Jew, Beiliss, who was accused of
will study the subject, he will discover taking all the blood out of a Gentile
that the real persecution of the Jews boy, through forty-odd incisions in his
began after Constantine the Great had veins.
made his famous alliance with the In the Leo Frank case, the new com-
Christian bishops. Solomon may also bination almost won, but not quite.
learn that when the Emperor Julian, And, of course, the unexpected defeat
"the Apostate," undertook to re-estab- it sustained, profoundly enraged the
lish paganism, he emancipated the new combination.
Jews, and attempted to rebuild their The Roman Catholic papers are as
temple at Jerusalem. Solomon will bitter against the State of Georgia, as
learn that so long as Popery was su- are the papers of Hearst and the Jews.
preme, the Jew was the vassal of the The same Romanist journals that
bishops and the kings, and that it was condoned and defended the deliberate
the Reformation which brightened the assassination of the Protestant lectur-
skies for the outlawed race. er, William Black, by the Knights of
Bernard Lazare, the scholarly Jew, Columbus, at Marshall, Texas, are un-
says in his AyitiSemAtisin^ page 131; measured in their denunciation of the
"But new times were approaching; State wherein a convicted and thrice-
the storm foreseen by everybody broke sentenced Jew was hanged by the Vig-
over the church. ilantes.
"Luther issued his 95 theses * * * These Romanist papers indecently
For a moment the theologians forgot exulted in the military murder of
the Jews; they even forgot that the Francisco Ferrer, whose crime consist-
spreading movement took its roots in ed of teaching progressive ideas in a
Hebrew sources * * * * modern school, but they are rabidly at-
''THE JEWISH SPIRIT TRI- tacking a People who were determin-
UMPHED WITH PROTESTANT- ed that one of Leo FranMs lawyers
ISM. In certain respects, the Reform- should not annihilate our "judicial sys-
ation was a return to the ancient Ehi- tem.
The same Komanist papers tnat glo- South, and it calumniates both the liv-
ried in the burning of eight Mexican ing and the dead.
''heretics" in 1895. at Texacapa, by the AVe (leorgiaus. particularly, are a
fanatical Catholic priests, can find no mean, low-down lot. and always were,
words too severe to condemn the legal because our torbears were the sweep-
conviction of as vile a sodomite as ever ings of London jails. Since our an-
awoke the wrath of God. cestors were criminals
a sort of Bota-
ny Bay and Devil's Island settlement
it is natural that we should be a
disgrace to the Union, and a reproach
to the human race.
Even a Virginia pa|)er can bring it-

self to publish the following:

The guilt or innocence of I^o M. Frank

in the matter of the murder of Mary Pha-
gan has absolutely no bearing on the
crime committed by these savageL In
Georgia. Frank had been confined in this
I)rison for life because a fearless Governor
preferred to commit political suicide and
endure social boycott in the state of his
nativity raflier than permit the hanging of
a man who had been convicted on the q les
tionable evidence of a criminal negro and
regarding wnose guilt there certainly ex-
isted a most reasonable doubt.
Is this in any way surprising? Not in
the least bit when we review the history
of Georgia. It was originally a penal col-
ony and was settled by the worst felons
and perverts that England could export to
her blistering shores. Succeeding genera-
tions grew up with criminal instincts just
as marked and with ignorance, supersti-
tion and physical unfitness far more mark-
ed. These are the Georgia crackers, the
t'layeaters among whom hookworm and
pellagra and other disgusting diseases run
rampant. Not in the entire history of the
state has pure Georgia blood produced a
really great man. They were cowards and
This new combination of rich Jew. skulkers and camp followers in our Civil
Konian ])riest and Hearst newspaper, War, and that Gen. Sherman should have
has arraigned the State of Georgia, at cut himself off from his base of supplies
the bar of public opinion; and so art- and marched entirely across the state un-
fully persistent hjis been the propagan- opposed is not in the least bit surprising
da of misrepresentation, that hi;n- when we consider the caliber of the male
dreds of editors and preachers, totally citizens of that commonwealth. Its first
disinterested,have been swept off their families have now established what they
feet. These honest, but deluded, de- are pleased to call "society" in their cap-
famers of Georgia, have broken the ital city ofAtlanta, where they spend their
bounds of temperate discussion; and ill-gotten gains acquired through manu-
their abuse has become so indiscrim- facturing nostrums 'and other quack de-
inate, that it spares no State in the vices guaranteed to do everything from


taking the kink out of a negro's hair to is a paradise of civilization compared with

turning the darkest Ethiopians into a the state of Georgia.

pure-blooded Anglo Saxon.
The Virgin- "And this is not the worst. The worst
ian. is that the spirit of Georgia is typical of
the spirit that prevails throughout a large
The Milwaukee Free Press or August
portion of the old South. Every Southern
18, 1915, said:
state that tolerates lynch law, whose peo-
ple revel in the writhings of tortured
blacks, capable of Georgia's monstrous

"The spirit and method of the Ku Klux outrage. Every community that burns ne-
Klan has once more triumphed in Georgia. groes at the stake or hangs them for un-
"Once more Southern "gentility" and proven or petty c?rimes, would act as Geor-
"chivalry" have revealed their true c*har- gia did in the case of Frank.


acter in murder, secession and anarchy.

How can the nation the civilized, re-
"For the same bestial spirit that sought sponsible and self-governing part of it
to disrupt this Union, the same spirit that longer tolerate this anarchy, this blood-
lashed and ravished the helpless slave, the lust on the part of a section that once de-
same Southern spirit that even today is fied humanity and government till it had
celebrating the blood-lust oi the Ku Klux to be broken with swords and bullets?
Klan as a virtue, is living in the persecu- "And then this rot about the dangers of
tion and murder of Leo Frank. miscegenation! Who is responsible for
"The trial and conviction of this unfor- the mixture of Caucasian and Ethiopian
tunate Jew, as accomplished by the courts blood in the country, the negro or the
of Georgia, was enough to damn the peo- Southern white? Not one light-colored
ple of that state as unfit for citizenship. black in 5,000 is the result of a negro's
The horrible sequel of his assassination design on a white woman. The light-col-
proves them to be something worse than ored black, with scarcely an exception,
barbarians. dates his ancestry to the lust of some
"Americans have gazed askance at the Southern white master, who did not hesi-
bloody immorality of Serbia. But Serbia tate to make the creature he bought and
sold as an animal the motber of his chil- LOOK AT GEORGIA.
dren. As a spectacle fit to make the gods
"So much for the Southern hypocrisy weep we commend to the people of the
that prates of misc'egenation to justify its other States in the Union and especially
crimes. those inclined to try the experiment of
"If the cries of the burning black vic- prohibition the prohibition State of Geor-
tims of a hundred Southern stakes have gia. Georgia stands today pre-eminent in
not been able to rouse the conscience ot disgrace before he rsister States in the
the North, can .t remain deaf to the last Union.


LOOK AT GEORGIA !From Denver Post.

agonized prayer of Leo Frank as his tor- "The professional prohibitionists have
tured body was swung by "Southern gen- a way of tracing to the licensed liquor
tlemen' from a Southern pine? trafficthe blame for nearly all crime in
"If Georgia cannot be scourged from general and for every startling crime or
out the sister-hood of states, if she cannot terrible disaster in particular, it remain-

be reduced to a condition of dependance ing for them to even connect the slaugh-
lower than that of the Philippines, she can ter of the innocents, women and children,
at least be visited with a commercial, so- as well as men, in the Eastland disaster,
cial and political ostracism which will don- with drinking. What then can they say
vince its gentry that true Americans still for Georgia, one of their banner prohibi-
enthrone justice and humanity as the chief tion States? And in view of their habit
bulwarks of the nation. '

are we not justified in reversing the situa-

The Wine and Spirit Bulletin is
mighty hard on us; it says: "Yet the shameful acts of citizens of


the prohibition State of Georgia, in intim- ness, cruelty and violence. Until it is im-
idating the court of justice and the jury proved by the invasion of better blood and
in the Frank case, in threatening the Gov- better ideas it will remain a reproach and
ernor who had the courage to defy the a danger to the American Republic."
mob, and their subsequent acts in mur-
dering their helpless victim and making a The Pueblo, Colorado, Star-Journal
morbid show of his corpse, are but logical said:
and natural results following the teach-
ings of the prohibitionists and of prohi- Georgia has added another chapter to
bition. its disgraceful story of the Frank case,
"Yes, Georgia is disgraced today as the the climax coming in the cowardly lynch-
natural consequence of adopting prohibi- ing of Leo Frank by an armed mob that
tion doctrine, which in its very nature is forcibly removed him from the state pris-
anarchistic and puts the rule of the mob on farm and deprived him of life near the
above the rights of individuals, above home of the young girl for whose murder
courts and law, above constitutions, above he was convicted by a jury. The lync^hing
human life, even, when they stand in the of Frank the logical outcome of the law-
way of accomplishing its mad purposes. less scenes attending his trial and follow-
"Look at Georgia, oh ye citizens of the ing the change of his death sentence to
United States, and then decide whether life imprisonment by a courageous gover-
you want prohibition and its conse- nor who felt that Frank had not been giv-
quences!" en a square deal. After the attack on
Frank by a fellow prisoner it was ev-
The Chicago Tiihune said ident that further attempts would be made
to kill him, and the lynching therefore is
"The South is backward. It shames the
no great surprise. It vms what could be
United States by illiteracy and incompe-
expecte<i from blood-hungry, law-defying
tence. Its hill men and poor whites, its
masses of feared and bullied blacks, its
igno'-ant and violent politicians, its rotten "The lynching of Frank is inexcusable
mdustrial conditions and its rotten social and those responsible for the horrible af-
ideas exist in circumstances which dis- fair deserve the punishment that should

grac'e the United States in the thought of be given to the perpetrator of any delib-
Americans and in the opinion of foreign- erate murder. Georgia will merit the con-
er's. tempt of every other state if the murder-
"When the Noi'th exhibits a demonstra- ers of Leo Frank are not captured and
tion of violence against law Dy gutter rats convicted by due process of law. This
of scciety, there is shame in the locality crime against justic'e ought to arouse ev-
which was the scene of the exhibition. ery decent citizen of Georgia in an effort
When the South exhibits it there is defi- to partially blot out the shame of their
ance of opinion. state.

"The South is barely half educatea. "Those who doubted the charges that
Whatever there is explicable in the mur- Frank had been unfairly tried will change
der of Leo ]\I. Frank is thus explainable. their opinion as a result of the mob ven-
Leo Frank was an atom in the American geance visited upon him. The same spirit
structure. He might have died, unknown that caused his hanging undoubtedly was
or ignored, a thousand deaths more 'agon- present during his trial and resulted in his
izing in preliminary torture and more cru- conviction by jurors who feared for their
el in final execution, and have had no ef- own safety if they cleared him of the
fect, but the spectacle of a struggling hu- charge of murdering a young girl in tb"
man being, helpless before fate as a mouse pencil factory of which he was superin-
in the care of a cat, will stagger Ameri- tendent. The general opinion is that
can complacency. Frank wag innocent of murder and should
"The South is half educated. It is a not have been convicted on the unsupport-
region of illiteracy, blatant self-righteous- ed testimony of a worthless negro."



IN THE OUTCAST STATE- According to the Denver paper, published where the Pope"s;Knights of Columbus,
brutally lynched the Baptist Preacher.

The Denver, Colorado, Express said der of the unfortunate victim of brutal
blood-lust will go down in history as the
"The assasination of Leo Frank by cit- vilest miscarriage of justice ever record-
izens of the sovereign state of Georgia ed.
brought disgrace, not only upon that com- "Taken nearly a hundred miles, the ex-
monwealth, but upon the entire nation. hausted invalid, handcuffed, was hanged
The arrest, ctonviction and the final mur- and then, lest Georgia savages shpuld mu-
: : :


tilate his mangled body, it was spirited or grown in Georgia will bear a sinister
away. baud and be suggestive of lynchings and
burnings and especially of this brutal
"The wars with the early Indians were
marked by scajlping and sometimes by murder of Frank, and it ought to be and
burning at the stake. The story of the doubtless will be left untouched. The onlv
torture of explorers by savage tribes of way in whic'h Georgia can be made to feel
cannibals has been written. The perpe- the shudder of horror which is sweepinp.,
the country and the utter contempt in
trators of this cruelty were savages.
And yet, in this Year of our Lord, 1915, which she is held by the rest of the na-
in the Twentietn Century of civilization to tion, is by a deliberate boycott of Georgia-
the Nth power, a stricken man under the grown and Georgia-made goods peaches,
protection of what we are pleased to term cotton, or whatever else bears the stamp

the Law, is cruelly assassinated in an or- of the so-called "Empire State of the
ganized State. Savages is too mild a term South."
for the Georgia outlaws.
"The stain which tfie assassination has The Louisville, Kentucky, Herald
brought upon the nation can never be (owned by a Chicago Jew), said:
washed out. Georgia today is an outc'ast aff'airs is the
"Surely such a state of
among the States.
South's shame and Georgia's shame!
"Georgia's shame lies in the c.ty govern-
The Chicago Post said
ment of Atlanta, which railroaded Leo
"If there is self-respect in Georgia, if Prank to an unmerited conviction, in her
there courage in it^ governor, the men
polic'e force which made him a victim o'

who have dragged its name in the mire of the demand of an inefficient constabulary

infamy will be found and punished as to ocnvict someone at all hazards, which

they deserve ^and they deserve hanging. turned loose the degenerate Conley be-
Georgia may resent outside interference, cause it had made up its mind too soon
as some local Mississippian suggests, but that it could and would convict Frank.
Georgia cannot be law and license to her- "The shame of the State is no greater
self in this Her shame is the
malter. on account of thfe lynching of Frank than
shame Nor will the old ex-
of the nation. because of any of the other almost in-
cuse that it was the deed of an impusive numerable lynchings which have preceded
and ignorant mob satisfy. It was the it in that State and others.
"But because of these other things
deed of deliberation, not of impulse, and
ognorant mobs do not travel in automo- which preceded his conviction, her shame
is blacTi and continuing.
"It will continue until it may be said

The Boston Traveler in Georgia that a man may be prosecuted,

no matter what his crime or how clear his
"In this crowning demonstration of her guilt, without the presence of the police in
inherent savagery Georgia stands revealed the prisoner s dock asking for the vindi-
before the world in her naked, barbarian cat'on of a detective theory, and without
brutality. She is a shame and a disgrace a press which panders to the lowest pas-
to the other states of the bnion, who are sions of the mob by such methods as
powerless in the matter of humane justice makes a fair trial and a just sentence be-
to put upon her the cori-ective punishment yond the power of ordinary men in the
her crimes deserve. But the consciences jury box or on the bench to render.
of the American people are not so callous
as those of the Georgians, who sanction The Investment Magazine^ Canton.
by silence or take part in such crimes Ohio, said
against fellow-beings, black and white.
And to the degree that a humane public* "Thousands of impartial investigators
can rebuke the state of Georgia by refusing are convinced that Frank was not guilty,
to have any part of her unholy peoples' Millions have read the evidenc'e and know
products they will do so. Anything made that he was convicted on "framed up" tes-

timony and that he did not have a fair der which Austria to undertake the
Servia was
trial. But Georgia was fletermined to punishment of insignificant.

"Hang the Jew' and has done so; in spite Georgia should be punished."
of law and police protection and all the
other apparatus of government. In piou-sBoston, Massachusetts, the
"The lynching was participated in by Jews and the Knights of Cohimbiis
the entire commonwealth of Georgia. All hehl a niass-niootiii<; in Faneinl hall,
right minded mem 'familiar ^ with state to their mixed emotions.
prisons know that FranK could not have As reported in The Glohe^ the Jews
been taken from bis cell without conniv- and the Knights said some violent
ance on the part of state officials. If this thinffs. For instance:


is not sufficient proof, take that speech "The next speaker, Dr. Coughlin, ex-
in which tne Mayor of Atlanta openly Mayor of Fall River, who was a member
gloated over the affair. The meeting was of the committee that visited Atlanta and
not one of criminals, nor of light minded met Gov. Slaton, reveived a warm recep-
people in the street. It was a solemn tion. During his stirring address Dr.
gathering of the Chamber of Commerce. Coughlin was continually interrupted by
Listen also to the Sheriff of the county, applause.
who asserted tuat he would make no ef- "Dr. Coughlin said that he had told the
fort to arrest the lynchers because a jury other members of the committee who
could not be found that would indic't were with him in Georgia that the spirit
them. of the people and the press showed him
"Compared to such a crime, the mur- that if Frank was freed by Gov. Slaton

he would be killed by a mob. The speaker United States postoffice authorities exclude
lauded ex-Gov. Slatou for his action. He this paper from the United States mail.'
attacked Thomas Watson, the editor of The second resolution was as follows:
the Jeffersonian, and said it wias a dis- " 'Resolved, That citizens of Massa(?hu-

grace to have the American flag float setts, in Faneuil Hall assembled, denounce
over him, as he was a disgrace to Ameri- the lynching of Leo Frank by a Georgia
can citizenship. mob as a deliberate and cowardly murder
"Dr. Coughlin said that he knew that a high crime against civilization, and a
Leo M. Frank died because he was a Jew disgrace to the United States, and urge
He also said that it was not true that upon their fellow citizens of Georgia,
race prejudice showed itself on account of both those who know the perpetrators and
outside interference, as is claimed in Geor- those whose duty it is to enforce the laws
gia. The speaker stated that the stories to redeem the honor of their state and
circulated about the behavior of Frank nation and their own past reputation for
are not true and are used to cover over high-minded citizenship, by bringing those
the crime of the ones that killed him. who are responsible for the outrage to
"In closing he said that he did not be- prompt and adequate justice."
lieve it was going too far when he said
that the present Governor and every of- One point stressed in most of these-
ficial in Georgia knew the ones that took
attacks on the South is, that Leo Frank
part in the lynching of Frank. He plead- was serving a life term in the peniten-
ed with his auaience when they left the tiary, and in good faith meant to take
hall not to forget to work in aiding in his medicine.
vindicating the name of Leo M. Frank. The Hearst papers argue it from
"Rabbi M. M. Eichler of Temple Ohabei that point of view, and so do most of
Shalom, stated that he firmly believed in the other traducers of Georgia.
the innocence of FrauK ana said that the Yet every one of these editors know
meeting was both one of protest on ac- that the Burns agency, the Jew pa-
count of the lynching and a memorial pers, and the Hearst writers nad de-
meeting for the martyrdom of Frank. He clared that the State "must redeem'
claimed that Frank never had a chance herself" by granting Frank a full par-
and receiverd a mistrial because he was don.
a Jew and a Northerner. In closing he
The Burns agency blatantly an-
said that Georgia is not fit to be a sister
nounced that "the fight" was to be im-
State of Massac'husetts.
mediately renewed; and, since Frank's
"Rev. Charles Fleisher created some execution. Burns seems almost beside
enthusiasm when he spoke of boycotting himself because of the loss of so lu-
the State of Georgia. He said that it
crative a case. Are the editors at all
might have some effect to refuse to travel chagrined for the same reason? Are
there, to trade there, to loan money there these virtuous publishers feeling sadly
or to spend money there, for he said that the loss of the Jewish ducats that paid
if the pocket nerve is touched it will make for so much front-page space? During
the State squirm. H ealso said that, if a whole year, Burns, Lehon, and a bat-
Germany is wrong regarding the Arabic
matter, America should boycott Germany

talion of lawyers some in New York
and some in Georgia, luxuriated in tha-
for at least five years and such action Frank case.
would bring results. The Kansas City Star^ the New Or-
"After the addresses Secretary Silver- leans Item^ the Chicago Tribune^ and
man read the resolutions which were unan- various other righteous dailies, to say
imously accepted: nothing of "farm" papers, have ban-
"One of the resolutions declares that queted on the Frank case. When he
the Jeffersonian has "aroused hatred was put to death according to Law,
among the citizens of the United States they had lost a gold mine. Of course,
and incited the mob spirit among the peo- they deplore it. Othello's occupation's
ple of Georgia," and demands that 'the gone, unless Slaton's attempt at a


''come back'' in Georgia re()[)en.s the The situation
is pathetic. We want him
golden vein. to The country wants him to live,

As to that, we will soon know. with the exception of some portions of dis-
Did Leo l^rank take the comnuited honored Georgia. Our ambition for him
sentence in good faith, intending to goes farther than that. We want to have
serve a life sentence? Did his i>artisans him restored to the enjoyment of that
regard the 81aton commutation as any- liberty of it is the almost univer-
thing more than a prelude to a pardon, i^al sentiment he has been unjustly de-
or an escape? prived.
Let us see. It is entirely safe to claim that in the
The Straus Magazine, Furk^ said: judgment oi ex-Governor Slaton, the man

"All credit to Governor Slaton, of Geor- ie innocent or unfairly convicted.

gia. His was a noble stand by his con- In either alternative a life sentence or any

science and by his convictions against the other penalty is an injustice. Under the
clamor of prejudice and public opinion. c'ircumstances the only course open to
"Close upon the news of the commuting the ex-Governor was to commute. Frank's
of Frank's sentenc'e came news of rioting safety lay not in freedom, but in impris-
onment. Jail was supposed to be at
in the streets of Atlanta, of the same mob
spirit thathas so often resulted in crimes least a place of security. It was assumed
that are a stain upon Georgia's record. that convicts already immured there, es-

"The fight for the vindication of Leo M. pecially they were convicted murderers,

Frank has not ended; and even with his would not be allowed to roam around
and his ultimate acquittal is the jail yard with concealed butcher
only a matter of time
the fight for de-

cency in Georgia will only have begun. poor Leo lives he will have to pos-

This fight for decency will not end until sess soul in patience till the unac-
low-lived slanderers without moral char- countable bitterness of his persecutors has
acter, without public spirit, are run out of worn itself out, which it will do in time.
the state of Georgia. Tiie tight will not be Passion cannot maintain itself indefinite-
won until men like Ihomas Watson, the ly. It is like tire which goes out unless

very embodiment of the beast in looks, fed with fresh combustibles. We may
manners and conduct, are removed from safely believe that unless he is set free
any influence upon the public sentiment of by the liberating mandate of death, he
the community. This creature, whose will eventually have freedom given him
private conduct is such that we (?annot by the order of the court.
describe it in our pages, will be further
exposed as our probe goes deeper.
When the New York preachers
Burns said: Parkhurst. Hillis and others first butt-
ed into the (ieorgia situation, I wrote
Ultimately, perhaps in the very near fii- each of them a courteous letter, aslc-
tui'e,Leo tYank will he fi-eed. He will ing them to allow me to put before
come from the Georgia prison, where he them the evidence on which Frank was
has been since Governor Slaton commuted convicted.
his sentence of death to life imprison- Neither of the minsiters of the gospel
ment, vindicated of the murder of Mary
condescended to give me an answer.
Phagan, and the crime laid on the shoul-
The New York Evening Mail pub-
ders of the principal state's witness in
lished the following:
the famous trial. Governor Slaton, hissed
by mobs in Georgia, will be hailed a hero.
If Georgia would nivite the respect of
In the New York Evening Journal
law-abiding c'itizens the governoT- would
(Hearst- Jew-Catholic), the Rev. Dr.
proceed to pardon without any further
Charles H. r*arkhurst said;
delay the man who stands before the
At the time of this writing this young whole world as an innocent man, except
liero i? hovering between life and death. in the estimation of some Georgians.
: .


Blin. the Boston Jew who had been at him, and at the double duty they
sj'ndicating articles in Frank's behalf, were made to do for him, aloiie; the
followed the commuting of his sen- other is, the guards believed that
tence, by publishing a philip])ic Frank^n friends were talcing him out.
The Jett'ei'soiiian. in which he
;iti:iinst On his night ride to Cobb county.
declared that before any ettective move Frank told the Vigilantes that, at first
could be macie to release Frank from he did not know whether they were
the State Farm, Watson and his pub- his friends, or his enemies.
lications must be outlawed. Blin stat- I may as well state it here, as else-
ed that certain "gentlemen" were at where, that i^ rank did not at any time
work on a plan to have the Post-office protest his innocence; but, on the con-
de})artment issue an order against me. trary, he said just before he was exe-
The son of William J. Burns, in cuted: ^'The negro told the stori/.'^
charge of the Xew York office of that Then, he added the remark about his
notorious crook, gave out a statement wife and mother, a remark which
to the papers immediately after the meant he would rather die silent than
commutation, that "the fight"' to secure to bring shame upon his people.
freedom for Fi-ank was to be renewed
The Vigilantes said to Frank, just
at once.
before he was executed:
Therefore, the evidence is overwhel-
ming; Frank and his partisans did
"Tell us if the negro is guilty. We
know where he is, and if you say he.
not take the commutation in good
too. is guilty, we will give him the
faith. They regardedas a necessary
same that you are to get.'''
step to a full pardon, or to an arrang-
Frank i^emained silent. He did ask
ed escape.
the Vigilantes to shoot him.
AMien Frank reached the State Farm, They answered, ''No, you were not
liewas received as a guest of honor. .sentenced to be shot; you were sen-
He was given a separate room and his tenced to be hanged, and that's what
oAvn furniture his floor was carpeted,
we are going to do."
and an electric fan was installed. He He seemed about to make a full con-
even had his electric cigarette lighter. fession, but nervous A'igilante said
A negro convict was assigned to wait something about the soldiers coming
on him. His roller-top desk was moved to rescue him, and he closed up.
in, and he went to work on his cor- He asked for a box, that he might
respondence, preparatory to shaping jump off, and break his neck. He was
public sentiment again. Only one day. told that there was no box at hand,
and not all of that, did he wear stripes, and no time to get one.
and that was the day the Farm was His last words were:
under inspection. The other convicts "God, forgive me!''''
were so maddened at the favoritism Not once did he say that the negro
shown this vilest of criminals, that had lied on him: not once didhe
Creen tried to kill him. Of course, a claim that the other witnesses had
great uproar followed, and the attempt sworn falsely: not once did he claim
was credited to The Jeffersonian. It that the trial was unfair and the ver-
transpired that Creen had never seen dict unjust.
a copy of my paper; and, of course, the He made one very significant state-
paper never contained anything incit- ment which seems to prove that the
ing to murder. negro held back some part of the
All the outside papers were astound- truth. He said. "The ne^ro did not
ed that no ett'ort was made to resist the tell it all''
few men who took Frank away from Once or twice, he appeared to be on
the guards, is it possible that the ed- the point of telling what it was the
itors have not guessed the reason? negro left out, but he checked him-
There are but two possible solutions self.
One is that the guards were infuriated Strange to say, he slept uk st of the
way, on that long night-ride; his have been just the kind of man the ne-
wound had practically healed, and all gro said he was; in that the elevator
talk upon the "tortures" he suffered was found unlocked, as the negro said
on the road, or at the tree is utterly it had been left, after the carrying of

unfounded. the corpse to the basement; in that tiie

He Avas treated just as though the signs of dragging over the gritty dirt
Sherill' and Bailitts were taking him floor came straight and continuous^
to the gallows, under the sentence of from the elevator to where the corpse
the courts. lay; in that lliero wci'c al)sohUely no
My information as to Frank's con- signs of any struggle on any floor ex-
fession ("The negro told the story") cept Frank's; in that the girl's face
came to me September 12th, from a showed she had been dragged on it in :

gentleman who got it from one of the that her drawers showed a rip-up, to
Vigilantes. the vagina, which had been penetrated
The negro did tell the story, and he hut which contained no seminal emis-
was corroborated, not only by the tes- sion; in that white o^irls swore to
timony of more than forty white wit- Frank's lewd doings with one of the-
nesses, but by the physical condition of daytime; and
girls in the factory in the

the second floor of the factory, by the in that one white girl swore that
physical conditions in the basement, by Frank had proposed sodomy to her, in
the physical condition of Mary Pha- his office, on the second day she went
gan's body, and hrj the physical condi- to work for him.
tion of Leo Franks on the morning aft- A stubborn contest was made by the
er the crime. defense in the effort to show that Frank
was not aware of Jim Conley's where-
abouts, on the day of the crime, the
Celebrated crimes have their uncan-
else so many books
same being a legal holiday, and there
ny fascination,
l)eing no aj^parent cause for Jim's
would not have been written about
presence at the factory.
them, I fear that wicked people in-
If Frank was in touch with the negro
tei'est us more than the good ones do;
that morning, and kept him at the
and I feel certain that most boys would
closed-down factory, there would he
rather read about robbers, highwaymen
something to explain. Besides, it would
and pirates, than about Moses, Job, and
powerfully corroborate Jim.
the other Saints, Give us the biogra-
It so hoppened that Mrs. Hattie
phy of a truly virtuous man, like
Waites and her husband were return-
Archbishop Whatley, and we are apt
ing by rail from Savannah, where he
to doze over it; but place in our hands
the memoirs of some grand rascal-
had been attending an Odd Fellow con-
At Jesup they saw the At-
Benvenuto Cellini and we will
lanta paper which told of the arrest
get wide awake at once.
of Leo Frank and the supposed com-
Now, this Frank case has been made
plicity of Jim Conley.
one of the celebrated cases; and, for
many years to come, its baleful conse- On seeing the picture of Frank in
quences will be felt. Let us, therefore, the paper, the lady exclaimed, "Why.
try to understand it. that's the man I saw in close conversa-
In the August and September num- tion with a negro, last Saturday morn-
bei-sof this magazine, the official evi- ing."
dence was discussed and a digest of ii Mrs. Waites had taken Frank to be
published. I will not repeat anything a friend of hers and had approached
contained in those issues, but will give him to speak to him, when, on getting-
you a view of the case from altogether close to him and looking into his face,
another standpoint. she saw her mistake.
1, The negro's story was corrobor- Therefore, when she saw the face in
ated by more than forty white wit- the paper she recognized it, for it was
nesses, in that Frank was proven to a face not easy to forget.


When the heard of this piece

solicitor crown, literally dragged Leo Frank to
of evidence, he ran it down, by havinf; inevitable conviction. They had to he
Mrs. Waites taken to see both Frank accounted for, because they had come
and Conley. She unhesitatingly iden- upon that projecting crank-handle, aft-
tified them as the two men she had seen er Friday evening and before Monday.
talking together, between 10 and 11 Whose hair i and how came it there
o'clock, on the day of the crime, near at that time?
Sig Montag's place, where Frank ad- Nobody could answer. Even the ne-
mitted he had gone, at that time. gro did not ioiow what it was that
Three other white witnesses placed Mary fell against when Frank struck

the negro in the factory, that morning, her; but his evidence cleared up the
sitting at the foot of the stairs, near mystery, and without his story, it
the front door. would still be a mystery.
What bvsiness had he, loitering The blood on the second floor, and
there, on that legal holida? the absence of blood anywhere else,
What did Frank talk to him about, corroborated the negro; and the fact
on the street, so near the time of the that neither Frank nor Mary could be
crime ? seen by Miss Monteen Stover, when
Obviously, these questions could not she searched for Frank and waited for
be answered to the satisfaction of the him from 12:05 to 12:10, most power-
jury and therefore Frank had to braz-
fully supported the negro's story of
en it out that he had not seen the negro Mary's previous coming, and of the
that day, at all. steps of two persons that he heard
Which would you have believed walking hack to the metal room, where
the four disinterested white witnesses, the identified hair of the murdered girl
or the man on trial for his life? was found, the next time the loorkman
You would have believed the four came to put his hand on his lathe ma-
white witnesses, two of them honest chine.

men Tillander and Graham and two 3. The negro's story was corrobor-
of them ladies of unimpeachable char- ated by the physical condition of the
acters. Mrs. Arthur White and Mrs. basement.
Hattie Waites. There were no signs of any struggle
Believing these witnesses, you might in it; no blood, no torn-out hair, no
have felt constrained to place credit on unusual appearance on the dirt floor.
the explanation of the negro, as to why There was a trail leading from the
he came to the factory, that closed elevator shaft to the corpse, showing
down that morning, and remained un- that she had been dragged from the
til Frank got through with him. one place to the other, and her face
There had to he a reason for the ne- showed that she had been dragged by
:gro's giving up his holiday, and stay- the heels.
ing at the factory. Isn't it so? This indicated the work of one man,
Well, then, what was the reason? and a man not strong enough to lift
Frank gave none the negro did. The
; and carry the body. Conley had done
negro said it was to keep a watchout it, but Frank was not strong enough.

while Frank was with a girl whom he Therefore, when Frank returned to the
-expected to come. Conley did not even factor3^ that holiday afternoon, and
kn* w what girl Frank expected. locked himself in, he had to get the
2. The negro's story was corrobor- girFs body away from the elevator,
ated l)y the pliysical condition of the where he and Conley had left it, and
second floor. Frank's office floor. he had to drag it. He wanted to place
Swoim to as Man/s, the hair found it as far as possible from the elevator,

on the handle of the lathe machine and in the darkest part of the base-
could never be shown to have possi- ment to prevent the night-watch from
bly been the hair of another girl. Those discovering it.
"few strands of the dead child's o-olden (I may here state that there was no


bank of cinders in the basement, noth- explain the position of those little
in<j: Avhich the girl coiikl have been
ill hands.
siiKjthered; and there were no cinders, (There is a detail here, that has baf-
or ashes, or sawdust in her mouth, in fled me: The
girl had evidently been
her nostrils, or in her lungs, as some carrying her handkerchief either in
of the recklessly mendacious writers her mesh bag, or in her hand Jiow ;

have alleged.) came it to he hloody?

4. The negro's story Avas corrobor- Jim nowhere mentions that it was
ated by the physical condition of the bloody, when he picked it up from the
girl's body. floor in the metal room. But it was
One leg of her drawers had either found near the body, in the basement,
been carefully torn all tlie way uj) the and it was bloody: how came it so?
seam, or a knii'e had ciil ii in a Either Frank, or Conley must have
straight, even line. wiped his hands on it.)
The drawers were stained with hev T). The negro's story was corrobor-
blood. Iler uterus was virginal, but ated hy Franl'\'< pJiysical condition, the
her h3'men had been ruptured, and vi- morning after the murder.
olence done to the parts a few minutes The two officers who went out to his
before she died, according to Dr. H. F. house, not to arrest him, but to invoke
Harris. The inner walls of the mem- his assistance in starting clues to the
ber showed rougli use, by finger or criminal, found him in a rickety state
tongue, or male organ. But there was of nerves, and calling for coffee to
no seminal fluid. drink. They describe him as a man
"'You know I ain't built like other irJio had been drunk the night before.
nien^' was the negro's statement of They knew nothing on that line, and
what Frank said to him, at the time. were not looking for evidences of a
PoAverfuUy corroborative, was the debauch, but that is what they describe.
affidavit of Miss Nellie "Wood that ''The morning after," was there.- So
Frank made the same remark to her. much so that John Black adcised Mrs.
in the privacy of his office, when he Frank to give her husband a drink of
moved his chair close up to hers, tried whiskey.
to insinuate his hands under her Now listen: The answer given was
clothes, and proposed unnatural con- that Frank's father-in-lair had iiscrl it

nexion. all up during the night.

That the cord had been around JNIary His father-in-law, Mr. Emil Solig.
Phaoans neck longtime, was proved
a had had acute indigestion, it was said,

by the purple-black color of her face, and had used all the whiskey in the
and the deep impression in her flesh. house that night, on this sudden and
The strip torn by Frank from her always alarming, illness.
underskirt, and folded under her head I'm not doctor enough to say wheth-
to catch the blood, was there to shoT^ er whiskey is the usual remedy for
for itself: and it had served the pur- acute indigestion, but I am lawyer
pose of keeping the blood off the floor enough to see in Selig's sudden use for
in the metal room. If Jim hadn't let it on that particular night, a most sus-

the body fall, no blood would have picious corroboration of that cook who
been found anywhere, except in her swore that Frank got wildly drunk
hair, and on that cloth on the same night Selig got his acute
Her hands were folded across her indigestion.
bosom: so stiffly fixed in position that Strange to say, Selig went on the
they did not come apart when she was stand at the trial of Frank, swore to
being dragged sidewise, and partly on eating breakfast, as usual; swore to
her face. Jim's story is that he put eating dinner, as usual and never said

them down, easy, on the second floor, one word about that night attack of
when he went to where she was lying acute indigestion, which had caused
on her back, dead. him to exhaust the whiskey supply, the
Reject his statement, and you can't niffht after the crime.

Selig, on Sunday morning, had not cause no such facts existed. FranFs
onl}' made full
a recovery from his lawyers filed, a length]/ affidavit, as a
alarming illness, but showed no bad ef- part of their extraordinary motion for
fects fro^i the liquor. a new trial, and nowhere do they state
It was his soii-iu-law tliat looked and that anything occurred in the court-
acted like the man who had been at room, outside those inevitable peals of
tacked by indigestion, and who had laughter when one lawyer "chaws" an-
used up -iill the Avhiskey. other. I went over this affidavit, of
As you know, the murder of ISfary Frank's lawyers, reading it carefully,
Phagan was committed on the South- and was amazed to see that they did
ern JSIemorial day, April 20th, 1913. not even accuse the court of tolerating
At that time Leo Frank was entering misbehavior. These lawyers explicitly
the 3'2d year of his age, and Mary lack- say that the jury was not present at
ed a few da3's of being fourteen. For all, when the audience in the court-
sentimental reasons, Nathan Straus, room applauded a ruling, by Judge
AA'alliam J. Burns, and the Jewish Roan, mfavor of Solicitor Dorsey.
press generall}^, have referred to It seems that Dorsey was hailed, in
Frank as a "boy;" and Governor Sla- the streets, with cheers, and these
ton went so far as to say in defense of cheers were all that the lawyers of
his virtual fardon of his client, that Frank could allege in support of the
Frank was "too delicate" to have charge of mob violence, mob spirit,
struck Mary the blow which knocked jungle fury, psychic drunk and blood-
her down. lust.
This delicate middle-aged Jew On the contrary, it was shown by
weighed 127 pounds, and was so full of the affidavits of the Sheriff, and all his
vitality that no ordinary amount of deputies and the court bailill's, that no
venery could satisfy him. His eyes, disorders took place during the trial.
mouth, chin, nose, ears and neck typed Col E. E. Pomeroy, of the Fifth
him as a sexual pervert. Georgia regiment, swore to the same
His lawyers announced ready for thing, and so did the newspaper re-
trial, when his cnse called in ccurt,
'>vas porters. Every member of the jury
and they did not suggest a change of made affidavit to the good order main-
venue. The}^ had had months to pre- tained, and to their freedom from any
pare; they were intimate with local disturbance, interruption or attempt-
conditi(!ns: and, while their manage- ed influence.
ment of themselves, their client and But it is the Sunday American (Mr.
their witnesses, showed the grossest Hearst's Atlanta paper), that fur-
lack of discretion and preparedness, nishes the most remarkable evidence
they never at any time moved for a as to what was thought, at the time,
mistrial. of the fairness of Frank's trial.
Let me explain to the layman, that On Sunday, August 21, 1913.
a presiding judge will stop a trial, dis- "Hearst's Sunday American" publish-
charge the jury, and set another time ed a story of the' four weeks' trial, "By
for the case to be tried, before another an old Police Eeporter," which con-
jury, if anything occurs in the court cludes as follows:
room to prejudice defendants right to
a fair trial. Regardless of all things else, the pub-
Had any "mob spirit," any "jungle lic is unstinting in its praise and approv-

fury," and "psychic drunk," any al of the brilliant young Solicitor General
"blood lust" manifested itself in the of the Atlanta Circuit, Hugh Dorsey, for
sight or hearing of the ]ury, it would the superb manner in which he has han-
have been the duty of Frank's lawyers dled the State's side of the case.
to have put an end to the proceedings, "It all along has been freely admitted
then and there, hy moving that a mis- that those two veterans of criminal prac-
trial he declared. tice,Luther Rosser and Reuben Arnold,
No such motion could be made, be- would take ample care of the defendant.


"Two more experienced, able and ag- Chap,' not widely experienced, willing and
gressive attorneys it would be impossi- aggressive enough, but
ble to secure in any cause. "He had been but lately named Solicitor
"When it was first learned that Rosser General, and he hadn't been tried out ex-
and Arnold were to defend Frank, the haustively.
public realized that the defendant had "Maybe he could measure up to the
determined to take no chances. He se- standard of Rosser and Arnold, but it


lected from among the cream of the Geor- was a long way to measure up, neverthe-
gia bar. less!
"That the state's interests, quite as sa- "It soonbecame evident that Dorsey
cred as the defendant's, would be looked was not tobe safely underrated. He
after so jealously, so adroitly, and so could not be sneered do^^n, laughed do^\n,
shrewdly in the hands of the youthful ridiculed down, or smashed doAvn.

Dorsey, however that was a matter not "He took a lot of lofty gibing, and was
so immediately settled! called 'bud' and 'son' right along
Dorsey an Unknown Quantity. every time they pushed him down, he arose
"Dorsey was known as a 'bright young again, and generally stronger than ever!


"Time and again he outgeneraled his lluUng Cut Both Ways.

more experienced opponents. The judge's rulings have cut impartially
"He forced them to make Frank's char-
both ways sometimes favorable to the
acter an issue, despite tnemselves. State, but quite as frequently in favor of

"He got in vital and far-reaching evi- the defense.

dence, over protest long and loud. Even the one big charge of degeneracy,
"Whenever the Solicitor was called which many people hold had no proper
upon for an authority, he was right there wsnt in witliout
place in the present trial,
with the goods. They never once caught protest from the defense, and cross-ex-
him napping. He had prepared himself amination upon it even was indulged in.
for the Frank case, in every phase of it. Unlimited time was given both the
"The case had not progressed very far state and the defense to make out their

before the defense discovered unmistak- cases; expense was not considered. Tha
trial has lasted longer than any other in
ably that it had in Dorsey a foeman wor-
the criminal history of Georgia. Nothing
thy of its most trustworthy and best-tem-
was done or left undone that could give
pered steel
either side the right to complain of unfair-
"And the young Solicitor climaxed his
ness after the conclusion of the hearing.
long sustained effort with a masterful
speech, that will long be remembered in
It is DirncuLT to conceive how hu-
Fulton county!
"In places h literally tor to pieces the PROVIDED IN THE FrANK CASE.
efforts of the defense. He overlooked no
Mark it This was published after
detail at times he was crushing in his
the evidence was all in^ and while Dor-
reply to the arguments of Kosser and Ar-
sey was closing the argument for the
nold, and never was he commonplace!
Fixed His Fame by Work.
Nobody knew what the verdict
"Whatever the verdict, when Hugh Uor-
iLwuld he. But Hearst's Atlanta pa-
sey sat down, the Solicitor General had fix-
per told the world, that it is difficult to
ed his fame and reputation as an able and
conceive hoAV human minds and hu-
altogether capable prosecuting attorney
man efforts could provide more., FOR
and never again will that reputation be
challenged lightly, perhaps!
FAIR PLAY, than was provided in
the Frank case.
"Much credit for hardwork and intel- The trial had been generally re-
ligent effort will be accorded Frank Hoop-
garded "a^ fair and square., as human
er, too, for the part he played in the Frank
forethought and human effort could
trial. He was at all times the repressed make it.''''
and pains-taking first lieutenant of the So said the Hearst papers on Sunday
Solicitor, and his work, while not so spec- before the verdict had been rendered.
tacular, formed a very vital part of the. After the verdict of "Guilty" was
whole case made out and argued by the Hearst one of the men who bitterly
State. He was for fourteen years the So- denounced the jury, and the courts?
licitor General of one of the most impor-
He was.
tant South Georgia circ'aits, and his ad-
vice and suggestions to Dorsey were in- When Frank that a
the officers told
valuable." girl named Mary Phagan had been
"A noteworthy fact in connection witli found in his basement, he did not
the Frank trial is that it g/enerally is ac- make any exclamation of surprise and
cepted as having been as fair and square horror He took the news as a matter

as human forethought and effort could of course. He did not ask anything
make it. about the condition of her body, the
It maybe true that a good deal of the physical evidences of the crime, or the
irrelevant and not particularly pertinent probable time, place, manner and mo-
crept into it, but one side has been to tive of the act. He did not offer any
blame for that quite as much as the other surmise as to who did it. He expressed
no concern whatever. His demeanor
was exactly' that of a man who knew denied responsibility, and refused to
all about it and who had no questions make it goo<l, Fratik diMchartfrd hiu).
to ask, (iftev bein<; told of the murder. So recently had Frank got rid of
Was tiiat the conduct of an innocent Gantt. that the man came l)ack to tiie
employer, whose little employee had factory to get awo pairs of shoes which
been found dead in his house? If he had left there, and this was on the
Mary Phagan had been a cow that had same day that the Jew killed the girl.
been choked to death in Frank's en- To fasten the crime upon some one
closure, his conduct could not have else, and to hang an innocent man. Leo
been more unfeeling, more stoical. Frank accused the night-watch in the
He did say that he did not know any
two notes, describing him twice which


name, and couldn't tell, un-

girl of her Jim Conley could not have done, for
tilhe consulted his pay-roll whether he had never seen the night-watch and
Mary Phagan had worked for him, or did not know he was tall, slim and
rot. black. Frank also secreted the true
In passing to the toilet daily for a time-slij)that was in the clock, the
A'ear, he had almost brushed Mary on night after the murder, and substitut-
his way; and four disinterested white ed another, Avhich left one hour of the
witnesses swore that he knew her well, watchman's time unaccounted for. This
and familiarly called her "Mary." hour was to be filled with a supposed
Not onl}^ that, he seemed jealous of return of the watchman to his house,
J. M. Gantt because of his apparent the purpose of the return being to
intimacy with the girl, and he spoke change his shirt. Accordingly, a bloody
to Gantt about it. An unexplained shin was found in the watchman's
shortage in the cash account Avas soon clothes-l)arrelI Had not Jim Conley
afterwards discovered, and when Gantt l)roken down and confessed, it is prac-
: !


Burns agency
tically certain that the their daughter shrank away from her
would have hired Ragsdale and Bar- husband for three whole weeks, when
ber to swear tliat it was the night- he was in jail, accused of rape and
Avatchman whom tliey heard confess murder ?
the crime, instead of Jim Conley. 2. When eleven white girls swore
This deliberately planned scheme to to Frank's vicious character, the indig-
lay the crime on the night-watch re- nation of an innocent inan^ would have
veals itself in the notes, in the forged prompted him to a rigid cross-examin-
time-slip, in the ''planted'' shirt, and ation of those witnesses.
in Frank's sinister suggestions to the The innocent man would have faced
detectives that the night-watch ought those perjured women, and fired at
to know more about it. them questions like these:
If a black case could be made black- What did you ever see me do, or at-
er, this diabolical attempt to hang the tempt to do, that W'as immoral'^
innocent negro, while shielding the What did you ever hear me say, that
guilty one, would deepen the darkness was lewd?
of this terrible crime. Did I ever attempt to mislead you?
During the days of excitement, sus- If so, where and when?
pense, eager inquiry, tireless research What did I say, and what did you
tdiat followed the crime.
Leo Frank never uttered a sylla- Did you ever notice any lascivious
ble which would implicate Jim Con- conduct of mine in the factory?
ley. Yet he was familiar with Con- If so, with w^hom?
ley's crude ''hand-write,'* had seen the AVere you ever in my employ, and
notes when they Avere first found, and did you quit, or were you discharged?
saw that in those notes Jim Conley If you voluntarily quit, what was
was describing and accusing the night- your reason?
watch, who had onlj^ been three weeks If you were discharged, w^hat was
and whom Conley had never seen the cause?
Standing out in the turbid waters of To whom, before now, have you ever
this case are three peaks upon wdiich stated that my character was lascivi-
the Ark of Life would have rested, ous ?
had the Jcav been innocent In other words, if these women were
1. He would have explained, and perjurers, defendant hneio it., and his
had his parents-in-law to explain, why lawyers should have riddled them on
their daughter, Frank's wife, shunned cross-examination.
the imprisoned husband for three On the contrary, if they were tell-
whole weeks, after he was committed ing the truth, defendant l-iuw it. and
to jail. it w^as better not to make matters
His father-in-law and his mother-in- worse by a cross-examination.
law both went on the stand to testify Which course did Frank and his
to Frank's natural conduct on the Sat- lawyers adopt?
urday night of the crime, and the Sun- The latter!
day following. 3. Beleaguered by false witnesses
^yhlJ didn't they explain the unnat- and suspicious circumstances, the in-
ural conduct of their daughter? nocent man invites investigation,
The Solicitor could not have gone courts inquiiy, offers to explain away
into this, for it would have been using what is otherwise inexplicable.
wife against husband, which our law The guilty man fears investigation,
will not allow. But the defendant and shuns inquiry. It told heavidly
could have gone into it fully, to ex- against Police Lieutenant, Charles
plain an extraordinary fact that was Becker, of Xew York, that he did not
already in evidence. go to the witness stand. His seeming
AAHiy didn't Frank's lawyers call fear of cross-examination -Jiurt him
upon the Seligs to tell the jury why badly in public opinion.
! ! !! ! ! !


But Leo Frank went to the stand, Accused of dragging the dead girl
and occupied many, many hours talk- by the heels over the basement floor,
ing to the jury, and then refused to until she was lying prone upon her
allow the Solicitor to ask him one sol- purpled face, in the obscurest nook of
itary question that dark room, and of then turning
Our Georgia law gives that privilege down the gas-jet, until it was no big-
to every defendant, and this most len- ger and brighter than a "lightning-
ient of codes gives the jury the light bug," so that the night-watch would
to believe the unsworn, unsifted state- never see that grewsome figure lying
ment of the defendant in preference to allrumpled, and bruised, and bloody
all the sworn and sifted testimony I away off there by the back door.
Accused by a "low-down, drunken, Accused of all this, menaced by the
shiftless coinciding testimony of more than for-
Accused of indescribable practices ty white witnesses, encircled by a chain
in his place of business of physical facts which no human
Accused of proposing the obscene power could annihilate, ignore, con-
thing to a girl on the second day of fuse, or
elucidate compassed round
her employment about in this way, and then stand upon
Accused of bringing a most dissolute the privilege of not allowing a single
woman of the town into his office, and question to be asked him?
acting lower than any beast with her Never in God's world did Innocence
Accused of taking Rebecca Carson so act, never!
into the ladies' private room, and After the verdict of guilty, the de-
shuUing himself in there with her fendant made a motion for a new tri-
alone for 15 to 30 minutes the grVs al, alleging many errors committed by
mother heing a worker on the same Judge Roan, and, also, that there was
floor! not sufficient evidence to support the
Accused of lusting after Mary Pha- verdict.
gan, pushing his attentions on her. After a long, careful, conscientious
laying a trap for her by refusing to consideration of the motion, Judge
send her pittance by her chum. Roan overruled it. In doing so he
Accused of giving Jim Conley his said that he himself did not know
instructions the morning of the crime, whether Frank were guilty, but that
and causing him to come and be ready the law placed the responsibility for
to watch the front door, when the that issue upon the jury. Of course it
doomed child should arrive. does. For hundreds of years, juries
Accused of decoying the little one have been the judges of the facts.
to the metal room on the pretence of Governor Slaton stated the legal prin-
looking to see whether there would be ciple, in almost the same words, when
material for her to work with, the next in 1914, he denied the application for
work day clemency in the Nick Wilburn case. He
Accused of shutting the door on this did the same thing, last year, in the
employee of his, and attempting to get Umphrey ana Cantrell cases.
her to let him do, with her^ what Miss Frank's lawyers took the case to the
Nellie Woods swore he wanted to do. Supreme Court, where the alleged er-
with herself, and what Dewey Mollis rors were elaborately argued. The
told Judge Roan, to Frank's face, he majority Justices held that the evi-
did do with her dence was sufficient to support the ver-
Accused of resenting the girl's hor- dict, and that Judge Roan had not
rified i-efusal, and of knocking her committed any substantial errors of
down, committing the act with her, law.
after she was down, and then, to pre- The minority Justices held that
vent exposure and punishment, tieing Judge Roan nad committed one error,
a hemp cord around her throat and to-wit: He had allowed the evidence
choking her to death of Dalton and Conlev to establish in-


dependent acts of licentiousness on the responsibility on judges and juries; but

part of Frank. This evidence, how- the Journal declared that "a share" of
ever, was merely cumulative, there be- this responsibility is on the press.

ing enough unquestioned testimony What share? Half, or less than half?
before the jury to convmce them of Where is the "share" to be allotted, when,
i* rank's vices.
and by whom?
The majority Justices reasoned that Did the press tote its "share" in the
the evidence m
question was properly 3'ear 1914, when four Gentiles were
admitted, because it tended to prove hanged for murdering men? "WHiat
Frank's character and conduct in the did the Atlanta Journal do with its
place where the crime was committed; "share," when Lep Myers got off at
and, therefore, tended to establish the manslaughter, after going to a Gen-
identity of the criminal. tile woman's room, in Macon, and atro-
ciously shooting her to death.
The State's theory being that the
murder was incidental to a sexual act, The Journal further said:
and there bemg evidence to support The courts have their great responsi-
this theory, it was competent to intro- and their arduous duties to per-
duce testimony to prove that it was form, and be it said to their everlasting
Frank who used the factory for sexu- credit, they discharge those duties to the
al acts. best of human ability. But even juries
The minority Justices never said are sometimes swayed by environment
that the evidence was not sufficient to and the judicial ermine is not infallible.
support the verdict. Infallibility is an attribute of omnipo-
After the Supreme Court decided tence.
the case, the trial recommenced, in the
newspapers. According to all prece- The Journal further said:
dent and practise, the question of
His "Leo Frank has not had a fair trial.
Jb rank's guilt had been settled.
He has not been fairly convicted and his
guilt had been judicially ascertained.
death without a fair trial and legal con-
The Law had done its do. The Law
viction will amount to judicial murder."
said "It is finished."
Not so the newspapers.The Atlanta
Journal (whose managing editor is a The Journal further said:
Jew), published an inflammatory edi- "Unless the courts interfere we are go-
demanding that the decision of
torial, ing to murder an innocent man by refus-
the Supreme Court he defied! ing to give him an impartial trial."
The Journal announced a new doc-
trine as to the responsibilities of a
The Jew Editor of the Atlanta Jour-
State for the administration of justice.
nal further said
It said:
"It was within the power of human
"Responsibility for the enforcement of judges, human lawyers and human jury-
the law and the punishment of crime rests men to decide impartially and without
largely but not exclusively upon the fear the guilt or innocence of an accused
courts. The press also has its share of man under the circumstances that sur-
responsibility, and It seems to the Journal rounded the trial. The very atmosphere
that the time has come foT the press to of the courtroom was charged with an
speak. The Journal will do so now even electric current of indignation which
though every other newspaper in Georgia flashed and scintillated before the eyes of
remains silent. '

the jury. The courtroom and streets

Here was a novelty. Never before had were filled with an angry, determined
any Southern man announced that a por- crowd, ready to seize the defendant if the
tion of the judicial power is vested in the jury had found him not guilty.
publishers of newspapers. "A verdict of acquittal would have
The Constitution of Georgia puts the caused a riot."


When John Cohen published this in- own. The whole thing
feeling that the
famous libel in his Athmta -JonriKih lie inspires in us good deal nearer to
is a
Jewish editor
lired the signal for every sadness than to anger. Consider the men
in America. From
that day to this, who did this act. Consider their motive.
the scurrility of outside writers has It could by no possibility be selfish. They

been fed on John Cohen's lying edito- did not expect to make any money out of
rial in the Journal. it. They had no personal feeling against
The only evidence these hack writ-
Frank they had never seen him. For
ers and their honest dupes have had them there was neither gain nor satisfac-
tion in what they did. On the other hand,
as to mob spirit, mob atmosphere and
the rest of it, has been the unsworn,
they took
grave risks risks in the
uiisu})ported, and utterly false state-
shadow of which they will continue to
walk until they die. It is impossible to
ments of this Atlanta Jew.
conceive that their motives were other
Judge Roan had seen no mob "scin-
than patriotic. By all accounts they were
tillation" in the court-room; the other
ofhcers of the court swore there was
the best men
in the community they
carefully excluded the violent element
none; the Colonel of the Fifth regi-
from their counsels and their action.
ment testified, on oath, there Avas none;
These men were inspired by the kind of
the reporters of the papers made af-
high devotion that has frequently made
fidavit there was none; and the Hearst
heroes. Of course they were utterly
paper emphatically stated before the wrong, but the place for the blame, as we
verdict Avas known, but after the tri-
see it, is not on the individuals who did
al was closed, that there never had
the act, but the state of ignorance which
been a fairer trial. made it possible for these individuals to
Xot until the Supreme Court decid- think their act was good. It is not a
ed against Frank, did John Cohen time for self-righteousness. It is not a
himself allege that the trial had been time to cry out against anyone. Georgia
unfair. If he knew it to have been is not a neighbor; she is a part of us. It
unfair, why didn't he contradict is time for searching of hearts. It is a
Hearst's paj^er the year before^ when time for all of us to enlarge our hearts
it paid so high a tribute to Judge by being charitable.
Roan, and the State? Whywait un-
til another year, and then discover that Collier's may very well feel like
the trial was a mob-controlled affair, "forgiving" us: whether we can for-
and that Frank's death under Judge give Collier's, is another question. It
Rian's sentence would be "judicial lent itself
if lent is the right word
murder?" to a most unscrupulous falsification of
Xot long after John Cohen opened the official record, and is largely re-
his cannonade on our Courts, Colliers sponsible for the tragedy of a fugitive
sent C. P. Connolly to Atlanta to write governor, an informal enforcement of
up the case. Connolly took his cue a formal death-sentence on Leo Frank,
and his tone from Cohen, and other and such other tragedies as may at-
writers followed the lead of Connolly. tend John M. Slaton's return to Geor-
Concerning the story of our Montana gia .

patriot. Coll'ierH has recently said: Let me take up the Connolly story,
and prove to you how untruthful it
"We cannot find it in us to cry out for
was, and how shamefully it traduced
vengeance upon the men who lynched
Frank. We know as well as anyone else
that Frank was innocent
we know it bet-
The first statement of Connolly is:

ter than some folks, for we think the "Saturday, April 26, 1913, a holiday,
painstaking investigation made by Mr. Mary Phagan went from her home in At-
Connolly in Collier's was not excelled in lanta the National Pencil Factory at
thoioiiohness or conscientiousness by any which she worked, to get some pay still
other review. Nevertheless we find it im- owing her. She did not return to her
possible to get up any blood lust of our home. A search was instituted, without


success. At 3.30 o'clock the following he tried to hide it from me. / picked
morning her dead body was accidentally it up and looked at it carefully^

discovered in the basement of the pencil Any stains'^ None. Any hlood
factory by the night watchman, whose stains? None. Just dirt, that was all,
duty it was to make the rounds of the and the negro was washing it, not in
building. Two men were immediately ar- secret at home., but in public, at the
rested. One was Leo M. Frank, the sup- factory. He washed that shirt to clean
erintendent of the factory, who admitted it up for court next day, and he wore
having paid the girl her wages in his of- it next day, ]ust as he had been wear-
fice at noon on Saturday. The other was ing it Monday morning. The police
Newt Lee, the night watchman, who had never took it away from him.
discovered the body.'' Yes, he denied that he could write,
and Frank did not tell the police any
How very superficial must have better. The two men were then pro-
been Connolly's study of the facts! tecting one another, and Frank was
Leo Frank was not ''immediately ar- framing a case on the night watch.
rested." Newt Lee was immediately Connolly states that:
arrested at Frank^s instigation^ and
"No defendant in a criminal case in
Jim Gantt was next jailed, because of
what Frank insinuated as to his inti- Georgia may give testimony under oath
macy with the dead girl. Frank was in his own behalf, nor is his wife allowed
to testify either for or against him; but
not arrested until Tuesday.
he may make a statement not under oath
Frank did not "pay the girl her
to the jury. His own lawyers are not
wages at noon^ His stenographer did
allowed to ask him any questions, and
not 'leave until 12 :02, and Mary then
the prosecutor never asks any, for he fears
came, next.
the answers of a witness not subject to
Connolly's next statement is:
the penalties of perjury."

"Then a third man, a negro named Jim The prosecutor always asks ques-
Conley, who also worked in the factory, tions, provided the defendant will al-
but who was not known to have been in loio it. Frank would not allow it.
the factory at the time of the murder,
Connolly again says:
was accidentally discovered wasliing a
stained shirt. He was arrested and held "Frank was convicted solely on Conley's
as a suspect, but suspicion was not seri- testimony. Without it there was no case.
ously directed toward him. The stained Not one person ever came forward on the
shirt was returned to him by the police, trial who saw Frank and Conley together
and his name was practically eliminated on the day of the murder, although Con-
until three weeks later, when it was dis- ley swore they walked the streets of At-
covered that he could write. He had pre- lanta for blocks."
viously denied that he could write.
I have already shown from the of-
Connolly says "stained shirt ;"
those ficialrecord how the chain of circum-
who trod in his tracks impi^oved on stantial evidence was formed by many
this and called it "a blood-stained white witnesses, most of whom were
shirt!" the employes of Frank, and not un-
The official record, page 79, shows friendly.
that E. F. Holloway, the day watch- Conley did not swear that he and

man ^the man who twice swore he Frank "walked the streets of Atlanta
left the elevator locked Saturday for blocks." vVhat he swore was, that
morning, and then changed his story Frank and he met near Sig Montag's,
swore and that Franlc told him there what to
"I saw Conley * * * down in the do for Frank at the factory, after the
shipping room watching the detec- girl should arrive. On this vital point
tives, officers and reporters. I caught Conley w^as corroborated by Mrs. Hat-
him washiniT his shirt. Looked like tie Waites, a ladv of unblemished


character, and of absolute disinterest- couTbo, git tliem from his lawyers.
edness in the case, Frank told tiie jury he saw the cin-
Connolly says: ders when he examined the corpse at
the morgue, whereas, the witnesses all
"The State insisted that Mary Phagan swore that he shrank away from the
was attacked before Monteen Stover came sight of the girl, and never looked at
to the factory at 12.05. But Mary Pha- Jici' face at all.
gan, according to three of the State's wit- Fraiilv's words were:
nesses, was on the street car several "Mr. Gheesling * * * took the head
blocks away as late as seven minutes af- in his hands, turned it over, put his
ter twelve." finger exactly on the wound on the
left side of the head; I noticed the
That no two watches or clocks tally, hands and arms of the little girl were
is known to everybody, and the effort ver}' dirty
blue and ground with
to confuse the facts by time-tables, dirt and cinders, the nostrils and
outside the factory, was one of the nu-
mouth the mouth being open nos-
merous devices of Frank's lawyers. trils and mouth just full, full of .saw-
What's the use of street-car watches dust and swollen.
when we have Frank's own clock to "After looking at the girl, I identi-
go by? His stenographer punched his fied her as the one that had been up
clock as she went away at 12:02, and after noon the previous day and got.
Frank repeatedly said that Mary Pha- her money from me," (Pages 202 and
gan came in a few minutes afterwards. 203, Official Brief),
Xot until he discovered that Miss Hero was the corpse of a girl whom
Monteen Stover had been in his office he had claimed not to know; it *liad
looking for him, at from 12 :05 to 12 :10 undergone a frightful change since the
did he place Mary Phagan's visit later noon before; the face was swollen out
than that. of its natural proportions; it was dis-
Connolly then says that "tell-tale colored with dirt and congested blood:
cinders" proved that the crime was the mouth was wide open in ghastly
committed in the basement. He puts
disfiguration and yet he told the jury
cinders in her mouth, in her nose, in that he identified this corpse as that
her lungs, and under her finger-nails of the girl who had come to him the
The evidence does not. day before.
The undertaker, W. F. Gheesling, Even her chums had some difficulty
took possession of the body soon after in recognizing her, and it was her hair
it was found, and he washed it, washed that enabled them to do it.'
the hair in tar-soap water, opened her "I loiew her by her hair," swore her
veins to relieve the congested condi- work-companion. Miss Grace Hicks.
tion of her face, etc. (Page 15).
With the exception of some dirt un- W. H. Gheesling, who turned the
der the finger nails, and the dirt soil- girl's face so that Franlv could see it,
ure of the face and hair, he found testified that ho did not know whether
nothing unusual. There were no cin- Frank looked at it The officers swore

ders in her mouth, none in tier nose, that he did not. No witness said that
none in her nostrils, none anywhere. her mouth was open, but everyone said
Sergeant Dobbs, who first examined the tongue protruded through the
body, sW'Ore to the same thing, W. W. teeth. Xot a single witness said that
Rogers, who was with Dobbs, swore there were any cinders on her tongue,
to the same thing. on her nose, ??i her nose, in her mouth,,
Where did Connolly, and those who or under her nails. "Some dirt" was
followed his lead, get all of these cin- found under her nails, just as some
ders that were ^n the girl's mouth can be found under those of all per-
and nose? sons who are not very careful of their
They got them from Leo Frank's hands,
statement to the jury, and Frank, of Mr. I, U. Kauff'man was put up by


Frank's lawyers to prove the condition not important, and that he had proved by
of the basement at the time of the other witnesses that the hair "resembled"
crime. He said, ''The floor of the base-
Mary Phagan's. On the trial the prose-
dirt and ashes. The trash-pile
cutor claimed to have lost these strands
ment is
of hair."
is 57 feet from where the body was
found. There are ashes and cinders
along the walk in the basement."
Whose hair was it, Mr. Connolly?
Xo witness swore to any pile of cin- You sav the officers failed to find it,

Sunday. What of that? They also

ders, pile of ashes, pile of sawdust,
failed to find the blood-spots on the
bank of cinders or anything else in
which a person could be held face
floor. What difference does it make,
if they were not found Sunday and
downward and smothered. Absolutely
were found, early Monday morning ?
no evidence of that sort is in the rec-
The unanswerable question remains,
How could anybody crush a girl's How came the hair and the spots to
he there?
face into cinders, or ashes, or trash,
and not leave evidences of such a crime You say the floor was swept every
in the cinders, in the ashes, in the trash
day. Soit was; and the man who
swept it Friday, to clean up before
and in the girVs face?
closing for the week, swore that no
All the witnesses said there were no
blood-spots were on the floor, then.
bruises or even scratches on the
child's nose, but were on the eye,
And Frank's machinist, whose hands
where she had been struck, and on had left that lathe handle Friday
evening at 6:30, swore there was no
her side-face, where she had been drag-
hair on it, then ,but he discovered it
ged over the dirt floor.
immediately, when he went to use his
And why would anybody need a cin-
machine Monday morning.
der pile, when they had the horrible
cord tied fast and tight around her
At that time, nobody suspected Leo
Frank, except the rich Jews who had
pussy-footed to Kosser and employed
Xo IFrank's lawyers invented the
banks and piles of cinders; and Frank him to defend Frank.
merely repeated what he told them: They knew what was coming, for
they had learned of Frank's wild
but the jury could not disregard the
sworn testimon}^ of Gheesling, Doc- drinking and confession, the Saturday
night of the murder
tors Harris and Hurt, Sergeant Dobbs,
I. U. Kaufi'man and other disinterest-
As an illustration of Connolly's
"thoroughness" and "conscientious-
ed witnesses.
ness," I respectfully beg the editor of
Connolly proceeds:
Collier's to consider the following:
"There was not an ounce of cinders on
the second floor, where Conley said he "Monteen Stover's testimony contra-
found her dead. The upper floors were dicted Frank, who swore he had not been
swept clean every day. There were some out of his office between 12 and 12:30
strands of loose hair found on a machine noon. .Frank said it was possible that he
on the second floor where Frank is sup- had stepped out of his office for a moment
posed to have struck Mary Phagaii They in the performance of some routine which
were not discovered by the officers on would not ordinarily hav? impressed itself
Sunday in a complete search of the fac- on his mind'"
tory. The expert who microscopically ex-
amined this hair and compared it with It's a small matter, yet tremendous-
Mary Phagan's informed the prosecutor ly important, for that was one of the
before the trial that the hair was not that fatalities against Leo Frank. He had
of Mary Phagan's; but this information said so positively and so often that he
was withheld from the defense, and was did not leave him office between 12 and
not brought out by the prosecutor on the 12 :30 o'clock, there was no way for
trial who afterward said the matter was him to deny saying it. But there was


Miss Stover who. 7nx)st unexpectedh/ to er was a jury who would believe that
/lim, proved that he had lied about it. a man is unconscious, when, in the
This created a fearful dilemma, the day time, he answers a call of nature.
existence of which had not been ex- If Connolly were a man of thor-
})ected until after Fi-anK for a whole oughness in analyzing evidence, he'd
week, had stuck to the story that he know that when Frank stej^ped out of
had not left his office, and that Mary the frying pan, made for him by A'
came to him there at "from 12:05 to teen's evidence, he fell into the fire,
12:10, maybe 12:07." made for him by the blood-spots and
Xobody at the factory knew that the hair, near the toilet to which he
Monteen had come at tluit time, hud would have had to go. in response to
waited 5 minutes, and had ^one away. that call of nature
Jim Conley told Frank he had seen If Connolly Avere a lawyer, he'd see
another <rirj ^o up stairs, but Jim did the similarity between Frank's explan-
not know her name, and Frank was S' ation of his call of nature, and that
excited by the crime in which he had which the notes attrihute to Mary Pha-
involved himself, tiiat he either paid gan. Frank told the jury that he
no attention to Jim, or he supposed the might have gone to the toilet, and the
other frirl to have been Mrs. White. notes say that Mary Phagan did go
Monteen, not seeing anyone in the there 1

office, or anywhere about, went home It is a most peculiar feature of the

and reported to her mother her failure case, e(jualled only by the suggestion,
to get her pay envelope. They were in the notes that the tall, slim, black ne-
poor ])eople. and the <rirrs wages were gro had had unnatural connection
a Saturday evening necessity.
with the girl a vice not of robust ne-
She told her mother that there did groes, but of decadent white men.
not seem to be anybody there, at the Sodomy is not the crime of nature,
factory, and she had come away aft- Itarbarism or of lustful black brutes:
er waiting five minutes. Her mother it is the over-ripe fruit of civilization,
went to the factory Jhe next Saturday. and is always indicative of a decaying
to apply for Monteen's pay-envelope, society. A
plowman-poet, like Eobert
and the detective stopped her to in- Burns, would never dream of such a
(juire who she was and what she want- vice, and it is well known that he
ed. Then, for the first time^ the terri- wrecked liis life by sensuality; but an
ble fact was made clear, that Frank effeminate dude, like Oscar Wilde, was
and Mary were hoth missing^ at the convicted of it, and served his time at
very t'line he had heen saying they
icerc together in his of fee!

Reading Goal and his mentality was
perhaps greater than that of any Eng-
It was a crushing blow to the de- lishman since the days of Browning,
fense. Mr. Connolly, of course, mentions
Now, when Frank took the stand to the unmashecl excrement at the bottom
make his four-hour statement, he used of the elevator shaft, and adds:
these extraordinary W(,rds: "To the
best of my recollection, I did not stir "If the elevator cage had gone into the
out of my office, but i tis possible^ that basement that Saturday noon, it would
to answer a call of nature, or to uri-
have been crushed. It was crushed when
nate, / may have gone to the toilet. the elevator was operated on Sunday This
Those are things that a man does un- is a physical fact which cannot be argued
consciously., and cannot tell how many away, and which unimpeachably disproves
times nor when he does it." Conley's story. The two silent workmen
This is what Connolly calls "the per- on the fourth floor never heard the ele-
formance of some routine which would vator run that day. The gearing of the
not ordinarily have impressed itself on elevator was on the fourth floor, unin-
his mind." closed, and they could not have avoided
If Connolly were a student of hu- hearing the noise and feeling the vibra-
man nature, he'd know that there nev- tion.
: !


The two silent workmen on the. and forget the absence of evidence on
fourth floor were noiselessly tearing anij other floor/
down planked partition and build-
a Connolly concludes

ing a new one a process that never
makes any fuss. These carpenters "All this trouble has come upon Frank
knew that Lonnolly required silence; because of a bottle of cheap whisky pur-
and they, therefore, persuaded the old chased by one worthless negro from an-
planks to pull the old nails out, easy, other negro in a Southern city which pro-
and they sawed and fitted and nailed hibits the sale of whisky.

the new partition into place, so deftly, The verdict of the jury was but the
that Connolly never heard a single echo of the clamor of the crowd."
As silentlythe Czarina reared
as So, you see, this writer who was the
the famous palace, whose build-
ice ally of Burns, misrepresented the rec-
ing is so beautifully described by ord, ever\' time he touched it, and
Cowper, these two Atlanta carpenters, failed to tell Colliers that Frank's
Harry Denham and Arthur White, lawyers proved Conley's inabil-
slipped a new partition in the place ity to have described the night-
of the old one. watch at the time the notes were writ-
If Connolly had studied this record ten; failed to tell Collier''s that Frank's
with thoroughness, he would have lascivious character had been proved
learned that Conley described Frank by a dozen unimpeachable white wom-
as being so excited that ]u jumped in en; failed to tell Collier''s _that the
and out of the elevator before it reach- hair found on the machine handle had
ed its proper place, and came near been identified as Mary's, and that
causing an accident. He fell up against Frank's lawyers never even tried to
Jim twice, and nothing would have prove that it was another girl's hair;
been more natural for the cage not to failed to point out that Frank refused
strike, evenly, the dirt floor of the to question the women who swore
shaft. In fact, it was uneven; and, away his character, and refused to let
therefore, the cage might very well questions be put to him; and told CoJ-
miss the excrement, if it were not care- liers a most arrant, inexcusable false-
fully stopped at the very bottom. hood when he said that our Supreme
It was a freight elevator, and they Court did not possess legal jurisdiction
seldom stop on a level with the land- over the evidence in a cmninal case!
ings. And this writer whose thoroughness
But in any event, the girl's dead and conscientiousness are still believed
body was in the basement, with the in by ColUer^s, declared that one bottle
limbs rigid, the arras folded, the hair of mean liquor, in a prohibition town,
caked with dried blood, and her pri- caused Leo Frank to be arrested, tried
vates in the same condition. Her face and condemned for the murder of a
showed signs of having been dragged Southern girl.
over the grit, and the dift floor showed "The verdict of the jury was but the
the trail, leading hack to the elevator echo of the clamor of the crowd," and
That trail of death was 136 feet long, the Supreme Court was powerless to
by Kauifman's evidence; and nobody right the wrong, because it had no le-
ever found on the ladder, at the foot gal authority to review the evidence
of the same, or anywhere in the base- On that kind of stuff which Connol-
ment, a single sign of blood, or a strug- ly knew was untrue, he followed the
gle. lead of the Atlanta Journal, and oth-
How unreasonable it is to contend ers followed his lead, until the conti-
that, because the cage of the elevator nent vibrated with the tread of the
did not do what it might or might not disciplined Hessians of villification.
have done, we. must obliterate all the Xot one of those hired writers, or
damning evidence on the second floor. their honest dupes, have ever been to
Solicitor Dorsey, to go over the record prosei'ution from motives of thsir own? If

with him ,ana to learn the real evi- there are any such, for them there need
dence upon which he relied to con- be no charity. If any vials of vengeance
vince the jury, satisfy Judge Jioan, are to be poured, let it be on these indi-
and satisfy our Supreme Court fwlrc viduals. But for the lynchers and Georgia
the last time, unanimously. generally let us seek the only things that
The editor of Colliers has himself will cure, that is, sympathetic under-
been so warped, blinded and embit-
standing and education.
tered by Connolly, Burns, Hearst, Such an editor as this, gives one
Straus, Ochs & Co., that he publishes new conceptions of the self-compla-
the following: cent imbecile. He probably has a col-
lege-diploma, framed in his study, and
"Our own ea-Otions about the Frank he believes he is educated, for hasn't
case are expressed by the words of a he a written certificate, signed by the
Pittsburgh reader, Mrs. Iva Jewel Geary: President of the College?
"There was not only no reason to con- Ho says that Mrs. Iva Jewel Geary
vict Frank, but there ivas no reason to has expressed his emotions.
suspect him. His persecution outdoes Mrs. Iva Jewel Geary says that
anything I have ever read in Russian his- Frank might have been her son. Might
tory. The wanton cruelty of his murder- not Mary Phagan also have been her
ers is the most heartbreaking glimpse into daughter?
hell that I have ever known. I am not Is Mrs. Iva Jewel Geary ignorant
a Jewess, I am only a human being, the of the fact that Jewish employers use
mother of a little boy. For three days the duress of employment to coerce
and nights the consciousness of that Gentile girls into compliance with the
cruelty has suffocated me. Is this hu- wishes of Jew libertines?
manity? Are the Mary Phagans to have no
I beg of you not to let the matter rest. sympathy, and no protection from
Itmust not rest. I feel that Leo Frank lustful Jews that never run after Jew-
was a little comforted in his last agony by ish girls?
the thought of the people who believed
all In the Oregon Daily Journal (Port-
in him and had tried to help him. It land), I find the following news item.
might have been your son or your young August 2."), 1915:
brother caught in the hellish trap it "Carl A. Loeb, floorwalker in a local
might sometime be my son."
department store, was convicted of dis-
"That's just it. It might have happen- orderly conduct in the municipal court
ed to any of us and it may happen to any yesterday for making improper proposals
of us in the future unless we stop it. And to young women who came to him for
our idea of stopping it is not by piling employment, and was sentenced to thirty
vengeance on top of vengeance in an days in jail. Loeb was represented by
increasing mass. Let us look very closely
Attorney Bert E. Haney, and notice of ap-
into it. Let us admit the very obvious peal to the circuit court was given. Bail
fact that the men who lynched Frank was set at $500. Miss Lillian Murdoch
thought they were doing the right thing. was the complaining witness. Mrs. Lola
Now let us try to find the thing that made G. Baldwin, superintendent of the depart-
them think wrong. That is igjnorance, and ment of public safety for women, said to-
let us (leal with ignorance as ignorance
day that similar complaints against Loeb
ought always to be dealt with not with had been made by four other girls. Evi-
a club, but with light and sympathy. What
dence was introduced showing that Loeb
is here said in charity is said for the bene-
had no authority to hire employes for the
fit of the men who lynched Frank. They
thought he was guilty. They thought they
were doing a right thing. But are there Here was a wretch engaged in exact-
men in Georgia among those who helped ly the same vile practises that Leo
prosecute Frank 'vho knew he was inno- Frank used on girls who were in his
cent, but, notwithstanding, pushed the employ.


This floorwalker struck the wrong and the psychic drunk of the mob.
girls at last, just as Frank did, but That clamor grew louder and loud-
how many girls had yielded to Loeb. er, spread farther and farther, be-
to keep their jobs? He gets oti' at 30 came bolder and bolder, until millions
days, when the hungry boy who steals of honest outsiders actually believed'
bread, gets months, and even years. that the mob stood up in the court-
AVould it not be more to the credit room during the month of the trial,
of CoU/er^s and Mrs. Iva Jewel (xeary, and yelled at the jury.
if they bestowed a moiety of their "Hang the damned Jew, or we will
tears and lamentations upon the girls? hang 3^ou."
Collier's saj^s that what we need is It was not until John Cohen and
"education." "Wliat do the Franks James R. Gray, of the Atlanta Jour-
and the Loebs need? nal, had started this flood of libel
We have been so often reminded against the State, that The Jetfer-
that Frank was graduate, that
a college sonian said one word about the case.
we may soon forget how the eminep< Then the Jetl'ersonian did what no
negro educator, who is so popular other editor with a general circulation
at the North, got chased through the seemed willing to do: I came out in
street sof New I'ork, and scandalously defense of the Law, the Courts and
beaten, because he happened to make the People-
a little mistake in the street address of Are the Laws not entitled to sup-
a strange and scarlet woman? port? Are the Courts not worthy of
What is mere education worth, when respect? Are the People not deserv-
Doctor Booker Washington has to flee ing of fair treatment?
from the bludgeon of an infuriater^ The Jett'ersonian did not stoop to
but not educated carpenter, named Ul- any personalities, or mean abuse, or
rich? malignant misrepresentation.
Alas I Education is a good thing, We had given to Leo Frank as
but it isn't everything; else some of much as we nad to give to anybody-
our greatest scholars would not have We had measured' him by the same
been some of our greatest criminals yardstick that measures Gentiles be-
Judge Eoan had officialh' declared fore they are condemned.
that Leo Frank had had a fair trial. We could not kill poor old LTm-
The Supreme Court had officially phrey, of Whitfield County, on cir-
declared that he had been legally con- cnmstantial evidence, and then refuse
victed upon sufficient evidence. to execute a Jew.
The verdict of the jury w-as six The one was an aged tenant, aggra-
months old :and before it had been vated by a dispute with his landlord,
announced, Hearst's Sunday American about his share of a bale of cotton;
had declared that the long trial of Leo the other was a middle-age Superin-
Frank, stretching over a period of four tendent of a factory, presuming on his
weeks, had been as fair, as it was pos- power over the girls hired to him.
human minds and human ef-
sible for We could not kill Bart Cantrell and
make it.
forts to
Nick Wilburn led astray by evil
Nobody contradicted this deliberate
women and then find a different law
statement of the Hearst Atlanta paper. for the 31-year-old married man, led
Frank's lawj-ers did not; the corres- astrav by his own lusts.
pondents of Northern papers did not. No! By the Splendor of God! We
But when the Haas brothers, months couldn't have two Codes in Georgia,
afterwards, followed up the Cohen at- one for the Rich and the other for the
tack on the witnesses, the jurors, the Poor.
judges, and the people of Atlanta, At the time the Atlanta Journal
there arose a clamor about the mob, and other papers jumped on the wit-
the frenzied mob, the" jungle fury of nesses, the jurors, the judges and the
the mob, the blood lust of the mob, people, Governor John M. Slaton was
a mcmhev of the fnn of Frank'' a lend- tive, and constituting in the Gover-
hif/ hnrj/cf. nor^ the embodiment of the Executive
lie had been so for nearly a year. power, with chief command of the
Mary Pha<^airs body was found Army and Navy, to enforce the Laws,
Sunday luorniufi^, and on Monday does anybody, claiming to be a law-
morninj;, ccrb/^ Kosser showed up with )'er, deny that the very nature of the
Haas, as Frank's lawyer. office debars a governor from practis-
Who hired him, and when? ing law?
Not a (lentik^ tongue had wagged I am not aware of any law which
against Leo Frank I prevents President Wilson from teach-
No detective, no police-officer, no mg school, but the very character oi
civilian had accused this man. his does.
office Suppose President
117/// did his rich comwrtions em- Taft had taken law cases!
ploy the supposedly 'best lawyers for President Cleveland, or President
him, before he had been aeeused? Harrison had done so!
Do Atlanta lawAers go to their of- You can't suppose anything of the
fices liefore 8 o'clock of Monday morn- kind. You know that a holder of a
ings ? chief Executive office cannot be dab
Kosser and Haas were at Fraidv's bling in the judiciary, where cases
side, as his lawyers^ at 8 o'clock Mon- are always likely to come to him oi
day morning. some final appeal.
Had the Seligs tipped it otf to Mon- Governor H'l^rschel \. Johnson
tag and Haas, that Frank had drunk
quit the practise when he became gov-
heavily the featurdaj'' night of the
ernor. So did Gov. Henry D. Mc-
crime, and had raved about the mur-
Daniel. So did Gov. Nat Harris.
At any rate, Frank's lawyers were There has been a dispute as to the
on deck, bright and early the next date when Slaton became Rosser's
morning, at a time when nobody was partner. Some sav it was in July,
working up a case on him, and when
he was industriously working up a Does that date make it any better
case against the night-watch whom he for Slaton?
had accused in the notes that he plac- Are we to be told that after Slaton
ed near the dead girl. became our Chief Magistrate and
Mark the date: it was April -28. Commander of our Army, he needed
1913. when Rosser publicly appeared Ros.ser ?

as Frank's leading lawyer. What for?

On June 22, the papers announced Are we to Ije told that Rosser wait-
that Slaton had become Rosser's part- ed until Slaton was sworn in as gov-
^ner. ernor before he took him in as part-
Slaton had l)een elected governor ner ?
at the October elections of li>12: an*' What for?
was to be inaugurated in June, 1913 The new firm was announced in the
Why did he need a new partnership '. Atlanta Constitution of June 22. 1913 ;

And why did Rosser need a new hence it was formed before Slaton's
one? inauguration. I see the advertise-
Ah, there's where the shoe pinches I ment of the new firm, soon afterwards,
There's where the lash hits the raw in "The P\ilton County Daily Record."
place on Slaton- I see the same firm advertised in
There are some of the commuters the Record for May 14, 1915.
who say that the Law does not forbid Therefore, Slaton and Morris Bran-
a governor to take law cases. don had continued to be the partners
Doesn't it ? of Rosser & Phillips during the en-
When the Law carves out an Execu- tire gubernatorial term of John M.
tive Department, .separating it jeal- Slaton.
ously frcm the Judicial and Legisla- In the Record for Auqust 1915, I
: !


find that Morris Brandon has left more than a month, and all of Sla-
Rosser and Slaton. Why did he leave? ton 'scommuters dodge it. TJtey
It '^s reported that he withdrew plough round it. THEY DON'T
from the firm because he believed in DARE GO TO IT.
Frank's gnilt, and coulcl not endorse Do you need any better proof of
the course which Rosser and Slaton the complete understanding between
had decided to adopt. Partner Rosser and Partner Slaton?
Is it true? Can you ask any clearer evidence of
Anyway, he left the firm. Who took the fact that Slaton wasn't caring two
his place? straws about the Judge Roan letter,
Stiles Hopkins- And who is he? the Chicago delegations, the Texas
Why, Stiles is the hanger-on of legislature, the telegram from vice-
the Siaton-Kosser firm who did some President Marshall, and the petitions
of the mole-work on that very Ex- from "all parts of the world."
traordinary Motion for New Trial. Rosser and Slaton realized the need
His affidavit is in the record, and in of all the strength they could muster,
it he swears he was doing this mole- on the side of their client, and every
work for the firm of Rosser, Brandon, possible resource was exhausted.
Slaton and
Phillips a firm with They drummed
up commuters
which he was "connected." wherever there was political, finan-
After Morris Brandon quit the firm. cial, or professional influence which
was taken in his intimate could be brought to bear.
knowledge of the inner workings of It was a case where every little

the Frank case being perhaps too val- helped and they got together as many

uable to take any chances on. mickles as they could, in the effort
We are blandly ,asked Ito believe to make a muckle.
that, although this new firm of Ros- BUT THEY FAILED ON SEN-
ser and Slaton was formed soon after ATOR JAMES!
Rosser was employed to defend Leo If Rosser's assurance to the Senator
Frank, there was a written agreement did not mean that he 'knew in advance
to the eft'ect that partners should not what his partner would do., WHAT
be partners. DOES IT MEAN?
They waived the Code; and, with In efiect, Rosser said to Senator
suave smiles at each other, obliterated James
the encyclopedic accumulation of legal "T^e want to use you! We want to
lore on the subject of Partnerships. buy your name and prestige. We
In The Jettersonian, I have stated, want you to act a part in the drama
again and again, that just before ex- of Treason, that we are staging in
Congressman Howard was employed, Atlanta.
Luther Rosser went to Senator Ollie The Jews have bought the opera
James of Kentucky, and made him a house; our troupe of players is al-
proposition of a discreditable kind. ready large and well practised but ;

That proposition had no other we need a first-class orator to make

meaning than that Rosser knew the a first-class appearance in the Final
sentence of Frank was to be commuted Act of the play.
by his j)artner, Slaton but, for the
Here's a large pile of Jew money
sake of appearances, Rosser and Sla- Will you take it? Everybody else is
ton wanted to make the case for doing it.
Frank as imposing as possible. You can't possibly lose the case."
Rosser offered Senator James a fee But the Kentucky Senator remem-
out of all proportion to the service, bered there was something else he
and told him that Ms argument would might lose, and he spurned the offer
he prepared for him^ and that he could which the circumstances justify us in
not possibly lose the case. believing was as much the ofi'er of
The accusation has been standino; Slaton as it was of Rosser-
! '


Add to the shame of this rejected Leo Frank., on his way to Cobb coun-
proposition, the clandestine meeting ty, denounced Slaton as a crook.
between the two crooks^ Rosser and This must mean that Frank had
Slaton^ a few hours after the Prison been promised a pardon.
C ommission startled them hy its ad- If innocent, he was entitled to one;
verse decision. and if Slaton believed him innocent,
Why did Kosser slink up a side he acted pusillanimously, in not set-
street, and take it afoot to hold a mid ting him tree.
night meeting with his partner, Sla- There is no middle ground.
ton? Those who admit that they believ-
Why talk to us about alleged agree- ed Frank to be guilty, but favored
ments which exempted this partner- commutation, can only excuse them-
ship from the Law of Partnerships'? selves by saying they oppose capital
Wh}^ ask us to believe the unbeliev-
able? If married men of middle age are
Tell us what Rosser meant by hi;- not to be hanged when they deliber-
statement to Senator James, and what ately leaveyoung and healthy wives,
he meant by his stealthy, thief-lik'> and pursue young girls to such a hor-
visit to John M. Slaton. rible death as fell to the hard lot of
No legitimate errand demanded this Mary Phagan, then we've got no use
cover of darkness. for the law of capital punishment.
It is said that nobody raised the Slaton saw lots of use for it, last
point with Slaton that he ought not year., as a protection to homes, and hu-
to pass on the Frank case
being Ros- man lives; the commuters saw it, too;
ser's partner. it was not until this year, AND THIS
Wrong again The point was rais-
! CASE, that the railroad lawyers and
ed, by a member of the Atlanta bar, some Doctors of Divinity became such
and it was done in writing, and in a rampant commuters.
most delicate, respectful way. I pul It is said that Slaton made no
lished the letter in The Jeffcrsonian. money by the commutation.
The point was also raised, in a Cohl That is an assertion which set-
county mass-meeting, held at Marietta. tles the question without debate. It
last year. is perfectly clear to every law3'er that,
The question was put squarely up ns Rosser's partner, he was legally en-
to Slaton, while he was in the race titled to share whatever Rosser got.
for the Senate, and he evaded it
It is said that Slaton knew that the
What a reckless thing it is, there- commutation would kill him polit-
fore to say the point came too late
Dorsey knew of the letter, and knew
of the Cobb county action;
He doesn't talk that way- He ex-
presses the most buoyant confidence
quently, he knew it was useless to
in his future popularit}".
again endeavor to reach the "honor"
of a man who has none, or to arouse He says that none of the best peo-
a "conscience" that doesn't exist. ple are against him. He saj^s that
It has been said that it would have those who made the outcry against
been "cowardly" for Slaton to liav( him are mere scum, rifl'-ratf, rag-tag
reprieved Frank and left him for and bobtail men whose wives take

Governor Harris to dispose of. in boarders and washing.

Why. then, did he reprieve two ne- He that these low-down crea-
groes who were under death sentences, tures have always been against him,
and leave them to Governor Harris? and he hopes they always will be.
And if he is such a brave man. why Unless your political eye-sight is
didn't he pardon the Jew whom he failing, you can see a formidable line-
says was innocent? up in favor of Slaton for the Senate.
I am very credibly informed tliat The Jews will be solidly for him.

So will the Chambers of Commerce, In one place, Slaton says that he

of Atlanta and Savannah. was guided by the advice of Sally,
So will the L. & N. Kailroad sys- his wife. In another place he says he
tem. So will the Hearst papers. So was influenced by the dissenting opin-
will the Atlanta dailies. ions of the minority Justices of the
The Roman Catholics will support Supreme Courts.
him almost to a man, on account of In another place he says that im-
The Jett'ersonian being against him. portant new evidence, never produced
You need not doubt that Slaton before any other tribunal, was pro-
made himself reasonably certain of a duced before him.
powerful combination, before he took In another place, he says that the
the bit in his teeth. hair found in the metal room, and
He is crafty, and he doesn't act proved at the trial, to have been
upon impulse. Mary Phagan's, was afterwards shown
It will be remembered that while to be the hair of somebody else.
the Frank case was on its way to him, Who this somebody is, he provok-
Xathan Straus, of New York, came ingly keeps to himself. What that
to see him. new evidence was, he mysteriously de-
It will be remembered that while clines to state.
the Frank case was on its way to him, In still another place, he leans heav-
William Randolph Hearst came to ilyupon the tomb of Judge Roan, and
see him. says that he commuted because of the
It will be remembered that imme- dead judge, when the official record
diately after the commutation, and shows that Slaton paid no attention
the flight from Georgia, he was ban- to the pleas of living judges, last year,
queted by Air. Hearst n New York. and that he can't assign any reason
It will be remembered that Mr. why L. S. Roan's alleged change of
Hearst's personal representative, John mind should have out weighed Judges
Temple Graves, in his address to a Evans, Lumpkin, Hill and Atkinson,
Nortliern press-club, proclaimed the who had not changed their minds.
intention of Mr. Hearst to put Slaton Like many other mortals, L. S.
in the race for the Senate or Vice Roan's value was not appreciated un-
Presidency- til after he died. To his pastor he
Si aton himself has repeatedly told confided his worries about the Frank
the Northern people that he would case, and said that, according to the
re-enter politics in Georgia, and make evidence, Frank "was unguestionahly
his action in the Frank case an issue guilty^
before the people. On his farewell visit to his daugh-
ter, at Tampa, Florida, he said the
Those who defend Slaton say that same thing.
his previous character had been good. I have said, and repeat, that entire-
If the character of Judas Iscariot ly too much has been made of L, S.
had not been good, Christ would not Roan- When he ended his official con-
have made him one of the Twelve, nection with the case, his opinion was
and Keeper of the Treasury. not worth a "bit more than that of arnj
If the character of Benedict Arnold juror^ or of any spectator who heard
had not been good, Washington would the evidence.
not have made him Commander at L. S. Roan in Massachusetts, had
West Point. no more to do with the case than j^ou
Lots of folks enjoy the reputation or I did.
of being straight, when in fact, they Every lawyer knows that our Su-
are crooks who have, not been found preme Court had exactly the same
out. power over the evidence., in this case.,
WHAT WERE THE REASONS that Judge Roan had.
FOR THIS COMMVTATWN? He had the right to say the verdict
! r :


was not sufficiently supported by the law, John Grant, would iwt let him
evidence, and the Supreme Court had have the money foi' a campaign
the right to overrule him on that very against Smith!
pointy if the Justices believed the evi- On each of his visits to my home,
dence insufficient. my friend Jarnagin was told that I
How dishonest, then, is the contin- could not go back on Kufe Hutchins,
ued eti'ort to fool the people about to whose support I was committed.
Judge Koan In May of this year. Governor Sla-
What possible weight could be giv- ton made an address, on a Warren
en to a tardy, unofficial, and doubtful
County P^iir Educational Day-
letter of a disabled, suflfering, en- While in Warrenton, he stopped
feebled judge, when the Justices of with Maj. Mc(Jregor, and he discuss-
the Supreme Court were all in life, ed the Frank case with particular ref-
all in full vigor, and all firm in their erence to what Judge Koan had told
c<mA'icti()n tJuit tlw evidence agalmt hi? pastor.
Frank was suffic-ientf Slaton also talked with Dr. Jarna-
The effort to use a dead man to gin, and asked him if there was no
shield John Slaton is the most cow- way for him. Slaton, and myself 'Ho
ardly and reprehensible feature of get together."^ He asked Dr. Jarna-
the campaign of the commuters. gin, if there w^as not something that
The Atlanta Journal, the New York he, the Governor, could do for my son,
Times and the Western papers are or for my son-in-law, Mr. Lee.
saving that ''WATSON ATTEMPT- In reporting the conversation to
ED TO BRIBE SLATON me. Dr. Jarnagin said, "Jack says we
They Watson sent a mes-
allege that must get together." I considered that
sage to demanding that he
Slaton the Governor was making overtures
"hang the Jew," and that, in return to me, as he had done last ye:>r, and,
for this personal favor, Watson oi course, some sort of answer irt j)ig
would send Slaton to the Senate. 1Off sage was necessary.
It is a characteristic Slaton false- 1 therefore said in substance to V>y.

hood. Jarnagin
During the campaign, last year, '\()\\ tell Jack Slator lo >taji(l lil;e

Slaton did his utmost to secure my a man against all this outside pres-
support for the Senate. He sent sev- sure in the Frank case, and to uphold
eral gentlemen to Thomson to Fee me the Courts and the Law, and I will
about it. The final desperate proposi- stand by him.
tion that he made me, I will reserve "Tell him that I have never allowed
for the present. lie k?iows what I my personal feelings to keep me from
7)war>. supporting any man, when the good
But since he and his brotbei-inlow, of the State seemed to require it, and
ai.d riieir hired writer, and tlio Rabbi that I have no feeling against him
haAC endeavored t-o -besmirch
the that will prevent my upholding him
character of Dr. J. C. Jarnagin, of in doing what is right in the Frank
AVarrenton, I wil tell exactly what case.
happened. "Tell him to do what is right, re-
Last year, my
friend Jarnagin came gardless of these newspaper libels and
to my home several times to bring these foreign petitioiis.
messages from Slaton. "Tell him that I want nothing for
One message Dr. Jarnagin was re- myself, nor for any member of my
luctant to deliver to me, for he felt family, but I do want to see the law
that it put Slaton in a bad light. vindicated in this Frank case."
Slaton had explained his failure to my answer to his message
That was
run against Hoke Smith, for the Sen- the answer which the jurors, and
ate, on the ground that he. Slaton, ^cas the Supreme Court would have given
a poor man, and that his brother-in- him; the answer which 90 per cent


of the people of Georgian nould have "/ am a man of 'wealth^

given him. * His exact language as reported iu
That message was, in sulxstance, the the Los Angeles paper is this:
very same that I was sending to him,
from week to week, in the editarlal col- Spends His Own Money.
umns of The Jeffersonian. "I have been accused of capitulating to
That message was in effect the same the overwhelming influence of public sen-
that the mass meetings, in various timent," he said, "of rerersing the judg-
counties, were sending to him. ment of the courts, and many other viola-
That message was given to him in tions of my oath, but no one in Georgia
thousands of letters, telegrams and who knows John Slaton believes th
petitions from all over Ijreorgia. charges, and I am proud to say that,
That message was the same in spir- amid all of the censure I have received,
it and meaning, that the Cobb county there has not been even an insinuation that
delegation carried to him. I profited financially as a result of my

Out of every hundred men in Geor- action.

gia, ninety would have been willing to "My
record of seventeen years in pub-
have gone upon the house-tops and lic Speaker of the House, President

shouted a similar message. of the Senate, and Governor for two

All that we ever wanted Governor terms, precluded the possibility of such
Slaton to do, was, to enforce the Law a taint. I am a wealthy man, my fanuly
against rich people, as he had en- is rich, and I am one of the few men of
forced it against the pooi"- the country who has been elected to ofiica
Had he proved himself a man, he without accepting funds from any outside
would have rallied to his enthusiastic source for my campaigms. Every penny
support thousands of voters who had spent In the interest of my candidacy came
never supported him
before men fix>m either my own pocket or fi-om mem-
who believe that it is nothing but bers of my own family. A3 a result 1
right to reward a public servant, of have never been under obligations to any-
whom they can say, WELL DONE! one. No corporation or clique has ever
God in Heaven loiows how passion- been able to control me."
ately the people yearn for public serv-
ants of whom they can say that. If Slaton told Dr. Jarnagin the
If John Slaton had just withstood truth in the Spring of last year, and
temptation and proved true, he would told the California reporters the truth
today have been wearing the crown in the Fall of this year, the question
of Georgia's admiring approval, a arises,
crown more precious than that of any Where did this sudden, wealth come
King. from?
In 1914, John Slaton told Dr. Jar- THE ROIVIAN CATHOLICS.
nagin to explain to me that the rea- Rosser, Grant and Slalon are well
son why he did not run against Hoke a ware of the animosity that I liave
Smith for the Senate instead of arouted among Roman Catholns by
against Hardwick and Felder, was the attacks made upon their hierarchy
that he, Slaton, was a poor man, and and secret organizations. They also
that John Grant wouldn't let him know that an alliance has been formed
have the money to run against Smith. in this country between the Jewish
John Slaton explained that it was organizations and.-ithe JPapal secret
his wife who was rich, and that John orders.
Grant was the manager of the prop- They, of course, know that the Rom-
erty, and therefore Slaton had to go an Catholic Knights of Columbus
to Grant for cash. were able to use the Federal Govern-
In Los Angeles a few weeks ago, he ment against me, and that I am un-
told the newspapers quite a different der indictment for having copied
story. He said into one of my books a portion of the


Moral Theology of Saint Alphonsus ish priests may be the doom of the na-
Lif?iiori. tive ^Mexicans,
They loiow that the case is to come I detest a church which creates an
up approaching November term
at the inuiginarv near-hell, fills it with suf-
in a city where Jews and Catholics, fering souls, and sells releases from it-
combined, are predominant, and where I detest a church which puts a
okl political enemies of mine, are im- bachelor priest between a man and his
jjlacable and revengeful. wife, and orders the bachelor to use
Therefore, KoBser had a purpose in filthy language to her in secret, such
lugging the Catholic question to the as no decent husband would ever use,
front, just as he had in alluding to even at night and in the marriage bed.
Foreign Missions. I detest a cnurch which has to have
I have never insultetl any man on :jJ many secret organizations, the oaths

the subject of his religion, and, in all and secret purj^oses of which make
my articles, it has been my endeavor those secret societies a deadly menace
to show that it was the system^ the to Protestants and Democrats, to true
hierarchy^ the law and the real pur- religion and real civic liberty.
pose^ of the Italian Papacy^ that I an- I detest a church whose fundament-
tagonized. al law condemns "heretics" to death,
As a Jetfersonian democrat and and whose records reek with the blood
American citizen, I detest the foreign of Christian martyrs.
church which has always been the bit- I detest a church which declared
terest foe to democracy, and whose that "Ignorance is the mother of de-
fundamental laws are irreconcilable votion," and which destroyed libra-
with ours. ries, closed the schools, penalized
I detest a Papacy which tells me mental research, outlawed science, and
that I must take my religion and my plunged Europe into darkness and
politics from a lot of Italian priests. horror and carnage for a thousand
I detest a church which stigmatizes years.
the memory of my mother b}'^ saying No Roman Catholic who knows the
that she Avas not my father's wife, but law of his foreign church, and obeys
that they were living together "in fil- it, can be a loyal American citizen ;^

thy concubinage" as Pope Pius IX for the one master is the enemy of the
did say while my parents were both other, and a Catholic cannot serve
alive. both.'
I detest a church which says by its
fundamental law, that your wife and In public opinion throughout the
mine, your married daughter and Union, Georgia has been condemned
mine, your married sister and mine for an unjust verdict, an unfair trial,
is a concubine, not a lawful wife, and and a technical judgment of our Su-
that the children of our Protestant preme Court, when the facts clearly
marriages are nothing but bastards. demonstrate the sole guilt of the
I detest a church which comes into drunkest nigger that ever swilled rot-
my state with its foreign law. and gut.
breaks up the homes of lawfully mar- They say the "mob" stood up in the
ried people, as the priests broke up courtroom, and threatened the jury:
those in Macon and at Arlington. that the judge was as much terrified
I detest a church which sends a for- by our "blood lust" as the jury was,
eign ambassador here to tell our peo- and that our Supreme Court passed
ple to vote for the Roman Church, on nothing save the dry points of law,
rather than for our Country, and who not reviewing the evidence and not
is now trying to plunge this country expressing any opinion as to its suffi-
into a war with Mexico, in order that ciency.
300 more years of oppression by Span- This is the indictment against us,


first made by the Hessian

in Collier's, Would you outsiders want your
from Montana, C. P. Connolly. Courts and people condemned on the
In the wake of this mendacious hire- unsworn statements of such hirelings
ling, came Macdonald, of the West- as Burns, Lehon, Connolly and Mac-
ern press and after these, came troop-
donald ?
ing scores of scribblers who took their Wouldn't you think that your
facts, from the arrant and abomin- Courts had the right to be judged by
able lies of Connolly and Macdonald. the evidence of sworn witnesses, :ill of
Uso your Keason! Call upon your whom were put through the ordeal of
Common Sense! cross e^a.TiMiation?
Don't you know that Frank's law- JUDGE US BY
Be fair to us, and
yers coufd not have lost their case at THE SWORN TESTIMONY; that's
every turn, in all the Courts, if it had all we ask of you.
not been a desperately had case? Is it asking too much?
Don't 3^ou knoiv that the evidence ARE YOU UNWILLING TO
on which (yonnolly. Burns, Hearst GIVE US A HEARING?
and Straus have acquitted l^'rank, at Are we to be hounded and harassed
the bar of public opinion, is different forever, on the unsworn statements of
Jrorn the evidence upon which the interested parties?
jury acted? Let us go to the record, and see
Where did that hired cohort of Hes- what the wtinesses said under oath-
sians get the evidence which the}^ have That's the only way to try a law
used in fooling the public? case.
They made it up! They took the va- We did not carry this Frank case
rious lies of Burns, of VV. E. Thomson, into the newspapers; the other side
of Luther Rosser, and of the excited did it.

Jews of Atlanta and out of the med-

; Gentlemen, it is high time these rich
ley of falsehood, they have made the Jews, and Slatons and Railroad Law-
abhorrent noise which caused other yers quit misrepresenting this case.
States to turn against Georgia. THE PEOPLE are not going to al-
Are you willing to be governed by low a convicted criminal's own law-
the official Brief of Evidence? The yer to lynch the courts and save his
lawyers on both sides agreed to it, and client.
Judge Roan officially approved it.
Oughtn't that to settle the question ING TO ALLOW IT!
as to what is the real truth of the
The People would deserve the con-
case ?
tempt of mankind, if they did allow
Unless we go by the record, we are it.
at sea, and resemble angry boys, quar-
Leo Frank was under sentence of
Unless we go by the record, we are death, when the Vigilantes executed
left to the folly of saying week after
week. "'You're a liar !" and "you're an- The commutation, signed by his
other I" lawyer, was not only a nullity, but
To deal fairly with the jury, the was a most flagrant, intolerable insult
Supreme Court and the people of to the State, and a most unparalleled
Georgia, you must put yourself in attack upon out judiciary.
their place. Time cannot cover that unpardon-
You must see what they saw, hear able sin of John M. Slaton, and he
what they heard, and learn ichat they will do well to remember that Trea-
learned. son is not protected by any St a lute of
After doing this, judge us as you Limitations.
would have vourselves judged. He betrayed us: he did it deliber-
BE fate' TO US/ DEAL JUST- ately I He made his bed now let him

LY WITH US! lio on it


What Is Money? Intrinsic and Fiat Values
Col. Archie Fisk.

impressed upon and
is authority;
attached to
Prof. Jevons, in ''Money and the
Mechanism of Exchange,*' shows that
that Avhich is capable of taking the value ot gold between 1789 and
and retaining the impress of that 1809 fell in the ratio of 100 to 54 or 46
authority. The currency value is in per cent. From 1809 to 1839. it raised
the stanvp and not in the material inde- from 100 to 245, or 145 per cent, ren-
pendent of the stamp. dering government annuities and fixed
Homer and Hesoid never spoke of payments almost two and one-half
gold and silver as money, but expressed times as valuable as they were in 1809,
the value of things by saying they were prostrating and paralyzing industries
worth so many oxen. in the same ratio that debts and fixed
The value of money in any country incomes became more valuable, and
is determined by its purchasing power gold increased in value and purchasing
in that country. Its power in exchange power.
at home is all the value it possesses. After 1846, the gold discoveries in
Wlien transported, whether it be gold, California and Australia increased the
silver, or paper, it becomes commodity. world's annual supply from 61,000 in
The bankers, knowing the purchasing that year to 181,000,000 in 1851, dimin-
power of money in every country, ishing its value and purchasing power
readily reduce the money of one coun- 36 per cent.
try to that of another, and furnish Gold and silver were selected as the
the businessmen with the money they money metals, not on account of their
require in any foreign country. supposed intrinsic value, but because
A currency that would circulate they were known to be scarce metals,
through the world, must be made a and the production not likely to become
legal tender in every nation. Such an sufficient for monetary purposes. It is
arrangement would be impossible, and the flat of government, not the mate-
undesirable; the stringency in one rial, which gives value to mone3^
country would effect every other coun- Money should be receivable for every
try. debt due to the nation issuing- it, and
Money is whatever the community made a full legal tender for all debts
consents to use as the medium of l)etween individuals. A circulating
exchange. In the strict sense of the medium which may pass current, such
terms, it does not represent intrinsic as our National Bank bills and other
value any more than a court judgment, forms of paper or credit currency
or a statute of law. The value of gold which are made redeemable in money,
and silver which is called intrinsic, is is not money. It is simply representa-
not so, but is a value placed on those tive of money. Money must bear the
metals by law. stamp of sovereignity. Money is re-
It is contended that gold is a stand- deemable only when it pays a debt.
ard of value. It cannot be a standard Money cannot be redeemed by ex-
of its own value, as it is subject to all changing one kind for another; many
the changes and fluctuations of other mines produce a dollar's worth of gold
products. Uniiormity of general prices at a cost of ten cents. The quantity of
is the onlv reliable standard of value. gold and silver being limited, the gov-


ernment may fix a price on these met- the most worthless of metals, fit only
als by opening its mints to their unre- to ornament fools. Pliny, the Roman
stricted coinage into money. historian, attributed the fall of Rome
If gold was deprived of its mone- to the use of metallic currency and its
tary function, its production would consequent usury. was usury, and
practically cease, as there are many the increase in the purchasing power
years' supply on hand for its uses in of gold, that caused the downfall of
the arts, and it would be
difficult to every extinct nation.
predict what the value of gold would Lycurges destroyed all silver and
be. What is the basis of gold and sil- gold money in Sparta, and coined
ver? During the financial crisis in iron money, but he took pains to
London, in 1847. when legal tender destroy the intrinsic value of the iron
debt paying money was in urgent first, by rendering it so it was not

demand, no man could borrow a five malleable, thus clearly demonstrating

pound note on a thousand dollars' the fiat idea. With this money alone
worth of silver. Lycurgus took the government from
The basis of silver coin had been the hands of the polydectes and
removed by demonetization, although founded the glory of Greece by buiUl-
it was intrinsically as valuable as ever. ing Sparta, the first city without a
During the bankers' panic, in 1893, wall. The nation soon became the
brought on by a conspiracy between arbitrator of national quarrels, its
Uie National Bankers and the National soldiers were invincible, its people re-
Government to demonetize silver, the fined, learned and industrious, and the
First National Bank of Denver refused nation prosperous, and all its people
to loan $100 on a bar of gold bullion had homes from infancy hy law.
worth $25,000. The same conditions With this worthless iron money,
prevailed in other banks in various Sparta was mistress of the world for
parts of the country. The South and nearly 500 years, until the gold iiend
West are nearly unanimous for the again came from foreign countries and
free coinage of silver, and they must taught the "intrinsic value" idea of a
be punished, yes ruined financially, to ncAv gospel. That made a few men
gratify the ISational Bankers. extremely rich, the rest of the people
In Calcutta, where silver only was beggars.
a legal tender during the money strin- Two centuries later Seneca, while
gency of 1864, it was impossible to acting as teacher and philosopher of
borrow a dollar on gold, and merchants the Roman Court, and Senate, coined
who had hundreds and thousands of leather into money. But his virtues
gold coins were obliged to let their and solid worth clashed in time with
notes go to protest because they could the gold idea of interest^ profit and
not borrow ten dollars of silver on a rent, and the gold conspirators de-
-bushel of gold. The -fiat gives to both manded his death as a dangerous man.
imetals practically all the value they The history of the world records the
possess; the same as it gives value to struggle of the rich and powerful
paper money. against the weak. The reason for mak-
Alexander Humbolt records as a fact ing money from scarce material, is that
that 8 cents worth of gold would buy the feAv may control it. The surest
as much in the fifteenth century as a road to prosperity and national peace,
hundred cents would in the eighteenth. wealth and greatness is in full legal
It was the scarcity of money in circula- tender paper money, such as was
tion which made gold valuable. maintained in Italy for 500 years at
Ben Franklin declared gold to be above par with gold, without an ounce

of gold or silver behind it as money of depreciate, Congres called upon the

"ultimate redemption." The govern- States to make them legal tender, as
ment made it money and received it thej' have made their own bills, which
for every Statesmen, philoso-
debt. the States refused to do. The country
phers and courts have agreed on this Avas flooded with spurious continental
definition of money in all ages. Some bills which had been sent here from
courts have added to this idea, "All England with the view ot depreciating
debts^ both public and private." This our currency as the most effective
definition of money is backed by the means of suppressing the rebellion. It
brain and patriotism of the world's is the legal tender quality which gives

bestand gi-eatest minds. value to money.

Bills that are to be redeemed in Money in itself has no value, and
money are no more money than a per- should have none; therefore, it is not
sonal note or check. The continental correct to speak of the intrinsic of fiat
money and the money of the Southern value of money. There is no such
Confederacy are sometimes referred to thing. Money is the major of value.
as illustration to show how paper will Coining all the gold into money,
depreciate when not redeemable in coin. gives to gold buillion its money value.
The Confederate bills were simply What its intrinsic or commodity value
promises to pay at a certain time after might be, stripped of its money value,
recognition or establishment of the would depend entirely upon the amount
Southern Confederacy. There was no produced and the amount consumed in
specified time of payment and no inti- the arts. Law makes money. Congress
mation as to what they were to be paid has declared what should be a legal
in. The presumption was they were tender in payment of debts. The right
to be paid in money ,but not necessarily thus to enact has been assumed in-
in money made from silver or gold. It twenty-four statutes past in the presi-
could have been made of paper, equally dencies of "Washington, Jefferson, Mon-
valuable for redemption or any other roe, Jackson, Tyler, Polk, Filmore,.
purpose. A^Tien the Confederacy col- Pierce, Lincoln, and Johnson.
lapsed, these bills of credit naturally Congress at one time has said that a
ceased to have any value. gold coin of a certain weight and fine-
Continental bills were not issued in ness shall be worth ten silver dollars,,
the form of paper money, but in the and a legal tender for that sum. Con-
form of promises to pay specie at cer- gress has afterward said that a coin
tain specified times, which, under the containing less gold shall be worth ten^
circumstances, was a manifest impossi- silver dollars, and a legal tender for
bility. The Continental Congres did that sum. The power to make this de-
not issue, or pretend to issue, money basement to the extent of 6 per cent, as
of any kind. It did issue what were was done by the law of 1834, and to
called bills of credit, but it possessed give to the debased coin a quality of
new power to make these bills legal legal tender for pre-contracted debts,
tender, or to issue coins of any kind. involves the power to carry the debase-
The States, before the adoption of the ment to the extent of 60 per cent, or
Federal Constitution, coined money of any other per cent, and to give the
gold, silver and copper, and regulated same quality to the coin thus debased.
its They emitted their own
value. The United States Supreme Court says
treasury notes, and made them legal "Indeed, the legal tender notes have
tender in payment of all debts due the become the universal measure of
States, and individuals therein. In value."
1778. when continental bills began to "The Constitution was intended to

frame a goyemment as distinguished ing its representatives

from a league or coin[)act, a govern- Money issued by government,
ment bui)renie in some particulars over ix'ceivable for all debts^ is based on
States and people. It was designed to the public and private credit of the
provide the same currency having a nation, and it will always be good ms
uniform legal value in all the States. long as the government issuing it
It seems to have l>een left to Congress stands. It is the receivability and legal
to determine alike what metal shall be tender quality that makes money. The
coined, purity, and how far its
its basis of coin is the credit of nations or
statutory value as money shall cor- the faith and confidence which the pub-
respond from time to time with the lic have that the different nations will

market value as the same metal as bul- retain the enforced coin standard.
lion. ITow, then, can the grant of a Metal coins are simply representa-
l)Ower to coin money and regulate it tives of the monetized credity of all
value, made terms so liberal and
in nations, while government legal tender
univst rained, coupled also with the paper is the representative of the coin
denial to the State of all power over credity of the United States. Each
the currency, be regarded as an implied being current money within the juris-
l)i-ohibition to Congress against declar- diction of the nation, or nations, which
ing treasury notes as legal tender. thus represent their monetized credit,
It is hardly correct to speak of a and no further.
standard of value. The Constitution Coin money does not strengthen the
does not speak of it. It contemplates a government as money issued having no
standard for that which has gravity or intrinsic value. Such money is not cal-
extension, but value is an ideal thing.

culated to inculcate a spirit of loyalty.

The coinage acts fix its unit as a dol- The whole fabric of any government
lar, but the gold or silver thing we might tumble to the ground without
call a dollar is in no sense the standard the loss to the holders of gold, so long
of a dollar. It is a representative of as that metal is given a money value by
it. There might never have been a the principal nations of the world.
j)iece of money of the denomination Wars, panics, revolutions, bankruptcies
of a dollar." are harvest seasons for gold ownera,
Value is an ideal thing. Money is who encourage and bring about such
the representative of value, and it is disasters. But with paper money, it is
not necessary or desirable that the different. Tlie value of that money is
material from which it is fabricated based upon the laws of the country
should of itself have any value. alone, and with the destruction of the
The objective of all currency is the government it would become worthless.
guarding against counterfeiting. The Full legal tender paper money would
essential value in currency lies in the afford the most perfect safeguard to
stamp of the government, which stamp the perpetuity to our government that
alone has the virtue of elevating the could be conceived of. for every man.
paper or metal to its face value, and even if he lacked patriotism, would be
thereby maintaining the loyalty and impelled by self interest to support and
cohesion of the nation. defend the government that gave value
Bank notes : not a legal tender hav- to his money, as much as he would de-
ing no value. They must have that fend the box that contained it.
legal value as a basis or they fail even A bill of credit is entirely di.stinct
to be representatives. The basis of from legal tender money. The power
coin may be treacherous; it may take to issue a bill of credit was withheld
wings and fly to other countries, leav- from Congress bv a distinct vote of the

States repi'esented in the Constitu- Bank of Venice maintained a system

tional Convention of 1787. ""A bill of based upon public ci*e.dit, converting
credit is defined to be a note promisin*; tlie entire public debt into a currency

payment in lawfid money on demand, or medium of exchange, and produced

and especially authorised by law to a degree of prosperity never before
pass as a circulating medium. National reached by any people. "Colwell's
bank bills, greenbacks and erery specie Digest" on the Bank of Venice leads to
of treasury notes redeemable in coin tlie following deductions:

are bills of credit^ not money. They

First It proves that there was a
are dishonest representatives of money National Bank of Venice founded on a
and their authorization by Congress h)an of two million ducats, spent by
wag a usurpation of power. Congress the State in 1171, and the bank existe<I
has the power to issue legal tender for a period of 626 years, during which
paper money, but it violated the Con- time it was gi*adually enlarged over 700
stitution in the interest of the money per cent
changes when it authorized the issue SecondThat in A. D. 1423. it was
of bills of credit, which is especially modified by law to prevent fluctuation.
forbidden when it could have best
Tliird That 4 per cent interest pre-
served the people by issuing legal ten viously paid was abolished.
der money, made receivable for every
Fourth All promises of reimburse-
debt. ment other than transfer of credit I'e-
From the reign of Henry
the First, ceipts, was abolished.
to the establishment of the Bank of FifthThat the nation "took the
England, the legal tender money of coin of loans one time for all" in the
England was made of wood. Durin Nation's Bank^ giving a receipt only.
the reign of Queen Katherine of Rus-
Sixth That no coin was kept as a
sia, the government issued treasury specie basis of credit, or for strength-
notes which carried it through the war ening the nation: It was immediately
with Turkey. paid out.
The Bank of Venice was a govern- Seventh
That no promise to pay
ment bureau. It kept the records of any coin was made after 1423 for
the owners and transfers of this fund nearly 400 years of itg continuance.
for the benefit of the commercial busi- Eighth rhat this "fiat," or legal
ness of the country. The credit of this credit, was that in which all coins were
bank was the most popular medium of expressed, the fixed standard for pay-
exchange the world ever had. It com- ment and thus the principal money of
manded a premium over coin for the account, specie being legal tender for
i-eason of its superior convenience of retail coin or export commodity at 20
liandling security from loss, or rob- per cent discount.
bing, of counterfeiting and debasement Ninth That the premium fixed by
of coin. laAv of 20 per cent premium over the
The volume of credits was not Venetian gold ducat, so celebrated for
i"estricted to the loan, but enlarged as its fineness in export, was a real su^x'r-
the demand for the fund increased. iority of legal mone}' of accounts over
History informs us that from the com- the commodity, gold, and over gold cur-
mencement, coin was continually being rency.
deposited for bank credit, the depositor
Tenth That it was not dependent
knoAving that it would never be re- on any promise of convertibility or re-
turned to him. This is proof of the demption in gold, as no claim for anv
high esteem in which this ideal system gold was acknowledged in the National
was held. F'or nearlv 700 years, the Bank.


Eleventh That it continued for as tliere had never been a pretense of
nearly 400 years with all these extra- any.
ordinary attributes, producing no
Fourteenth That the interest alone
financial derangement, and no opposi- saved on each million ducats was
tion, butj on the contrary, grew until $6,250,000,000,000, at 4 per cent, for 400
its money percapita exceeded that of years. Savings bank interest.
any nation in Europe, ancient or mod-
ern, and was the pride of Venice, and These facts mean something, and fair
envy of Europe. argument is better than calling hard
TwelfthThat it only fell when names, because the American people
Napoleon conquered Venice, when it love light and truth and fair play.
had reached an issue exceeding $10,- Give the people the money receivable
000,000 of government credit, or money for every debt, full legal tender, but n
for 200,000 people, excluding the depen- more shin plasters to be redeemed in
dencies of \enice. money. They are instruments of tor-

Thirtenth That Napoleon could not? ture. Money should be redeemed in all

and did not, find a ducat in its vaults. things.

Ralph M. Thomson

Should there ever come a day,

When, forgetting gladness,
Ishould bring to you dismay,
Through some thoughtless wrong,
Do not charge me with the blame,
In a fitfi of madness;
Would you have me writhe in shame,
Wound me with a song.

Should there ever come a year.

When, a foe to pleasure,
I should seek to domineer.
In a manner vile,
Do not strive to heal the smart
With a strident measure;
V/ould you make me sic'k at heart.
Hurt me with a smile.

Should there ever come a time,

When, enticed by Folly,
I should stoop to any crime
Cursed by God above,
Do not risk the sinner's
In your melancholy;

Would you maim my wayward soul.

Crush me with your love!
A Jewish Legend

was a night in the latter part of gence, but mirrors forth a large and
ITSeptember. A beating wind and loving heart, sufficiently at leisure from
heavy rain had driven indoors all itself to sympathize with all that seek
the inhabitants of the town of Mainz, him for counsel and comfort. His eyes
on the Rhine. No longer, as in the are fixed on the paper before him,
lovely summer evenings, could they whilst his lips utter aloud the words of
stroll along the banks of the river, and the prayer which he is composing for
gaze at the vine-clad slopes of the the solemn Fast Day at hand. Like
Rheingau. Already the first storms of many Jewish forms of devotion, it is
autumn compelled them to crowd being clothed very much in the style of
together in all the sheltered places of an Eastern poem. One word occurs so
public resort, where they while away often in it as to form the burden of its
the long hours in games or discussions petitions. It is Elhanan, "God is
of public affairs. But let us turn away gracious."
from these picturesque scenes to an- The Rabbi starts and looks up as a
other quarter of the town^ obscure and bright, lad of the age of
squalid, inhabited during the eleventh seven bursts into the room. But he is
century by poor, despised Jews. Let too much engrossed with his studies to
us creep under the low-arched passage speak, until the child draws cautiously
into the ill-paved courtyard within. near, and, looking over his father's
It is enclosed by smoke-dried, dilapi- shoulder at the writing, says, "Father,
dated walls, and in the daytime par- why do you write my name so often?"
tially shaded by a few stunted trees, "Ah!" he added, after a moment's
whose withering leaves begin to strew reflection, "I understand well you are
the rough, uneven pavement. We soon making a prayer for tomorrow, and my
reach the lowly dwelling of Simeon name will have the chief place in it."
the Great, famous alike for his learn- "You have guessed rightly," answered
ing and his piet3\ In the mornings, the Rabbi; "and, Elhanan, you must
the place is lively enough, when it never forget the honor that will be
rings with the merry voices of the boys shown to your name in the assembly of
who come there for instruction. In our people. Try to prove yourself wor-
the evenings, the door stands ajar, and thj' of it. To the last moment of your
across the narrow passage we catch p life, whatever it may cost you. abide

glimpse of the study of the master of faithful to the Faith in which you are
Israel. All round the walls are the being instructed. Hold fast especially
well-filled shelves of his unpretending to the great article of our religion,
yet valuable library; precious manu- 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is
scripts of the written and oral law, as one Lord.' " With these words, the
well as the writings of the most famous good Rabbi led the boy gently back to
Rabbis. In the midst, at the rude table his mother, and returned to his table.
lighted by an oil lamp, sits the oracle It was the eve of Yom-Kippor, the Day
of his people. Though he is still of Atonement^ when this incident
young, his features bear marks of deep occurred. Early the next morning, the
thought and care. His noble coun- Rabbi, his wife, and little son, repaired
tenance not onlv beams with intelli- to the synagogue. It was full to over-
flowing. Hour after hour passed in received by his spiritual father with
various acts of devotion. In the course open arms. Ko question of conscience
of the service, the master of Israel de- was raised. The unhappy t-hild was
livered a solemn discourse suited to the speedily baptized and lodged within
occasion, and concluded it, according to the high walls of a convent near the
custom, with the special prayer that town. l)eing placed under the care of
he had composed. Quite naturally was the nuns, to be trained for service in
the name Elhanan, "God is gracious."' the Church. Meantime, the nurse had
introduced into it, and with intense disappeared as well. Afraid to face
earnestness did the father lift up his her employers, she fled to some conven-
heart for a blessing on his boy. The ient refuge. In the evening, when the
preacher ended by pronoiincing, with good Rabbi and his wife returned from
thrilling emphasis, the Triune priestly the synagogue, they were horror-
lien edict ion. stricken to find their darling gone, and
Meantime, the boy. who had grown rushed frantically into the streets to
weary, is sent home with his nurse, incjuire from everyone tidings of their
Marguerite. The parents are lx)und to boy. But in vain, no one would or could
remain till sunset, and during all that tell anything. No trace of him or his
time the nurse knows that the child will muse could be found. They mourned
be completely in her hands. The mo- for him with the mourning of Jacob for
ment seems peculiarly opportune for Josei)h. as for one dead, nay their grief
can-ying out the purpose secretly cher- was even moi"e poignant, because
ished in her mind. She was a zealous Eliianan was their only child. Yet all
Roman Catholic, and deeply imbued this while the lost one was very near
with the false maxim that "the end to them. That, however, made no dif-
justifies the means." Some time before ference. Inside the walls of the nmnas-
the priest had extracted from her in tic prison he was as much out of their
confession the circumstances of the sight and reach as in the wilds of
family in which she lived. When he Siberia. The poor little captive soon
heard that her master was a Rabbi, and began to realize his position. With
that his son was a boy of so much criesand tears, he implored his keepers
promise, he had urged her in some way. ^o release him; but they paid no heed.
honorable or dishonest, to rescue him At last his grief so agitated his tender
from the position in which he was frame that he was seized Avith an acute
being educated, and to secure him for fever. For many days he lay tossing
the service of the Church. "I love my on his hard bed. The sisters became
employers," she said to herself, "and I anxious about their young charge, and
love my religion. Which shall I serve? nursed him cai-efully and kindly, but
If they die m
unbelief, they must all thev had not a mother's hand or a
perish in unbelief. AVliat an awful mother's heart. As
the delirium rose,
thought! I may at least save the dear Elhanan screamed aloud for his
boy's soul. Let me carry the darling mother: but she came not. At length,
lamb within that Fold where alone he the fever subsided, the crisis passed
can be safe." Her resolve was no safely. Slowly, but steadily, the boy
sooner made than executed. She at regained strength, and was allowed to
once dressed him suitably for the pur- walk about the convent garden. Very
pose, and led him forth from that home weak, however, was his mind. He tried
from which he was destined for many hard to recall the past, but could
long years to be an exile. The priest's remember nothing. He thought, and
house was near at hand and open to thought again, until his brain reeled
receive them. The little neoph3'te was from the effort. He could not recollect

where he came from, or who had of the clergy, and the absolute power
brought him where he found himself. of the pope, not only over all bishops,
His other faculties, however^ returned, but over kings and emperors as well.
and as soon as he could bear the strain, In the course of his progress, the Nun-
his education was begun. Now no cio visited Mainz. Whilst he was stay-
pains were spared to instill in the sim- ing amidst the familiar scenes of his
plest language the principles of the early life, strange surmisings about his
Tioman CatJiolic faith. origin and home arose in his mind.
In this way tliree years passed by, In vain did he strive to recall the
after which it was decided to remove circumstances of his childhood. All
the boy to a clerical school in the town was a blank to him. His illness and
of Wurzburg. There, under the tuition the subsequent vicissitudes of his lot
of the ablest and most experienced mas_ had obliterated the past from his mem-
ters, his mind rapidly expanded. His ory. he felt conscious of a strong,
taste was cultivated by the study of the though unaccountable, attraction tow-
ancient classics, and his reason exer- ards the despised, persecuted people
cised with logic, mathematics and to which he really belonged. Some-
moral philosophy, inculcated in such a thing soon occurred which called into
manner as the sagacious teachei*s action his latent sympathies. He was
deemed most suitable to their ultimate being conducted in state through the
design. As he gi'ew older, he was taken city, when a venerable Rabbi, short of
through a course of reading in the stature, with long silvery beard, sallow-
Christian Fathers, and taught theology complexion and piercing eyes, rushed
as far as it could be taught without in front of the procession, and forced
direct recouse to the Fountain-head of his way to the Nuncio. In his hand
Trutli. Thus a few more years glided he held out a paper. The Bishop was
by, and the youth, now developing into struck by his intense earnestness, and
a shrewd and learned Churchman, was at once bade his attendants stop. He
sent to receive his final training in a took the paper and read it. Its con-
colege atRome. tents deeply moved him. The peti-
Gregory VII. better known as Hil-
^ tioner's daughter, described as a lovely
debrand, was then, as pope, establishing girl of twenty, had been caried off by
the despotic rule for which his name is brigands. To no purpose, had the
so notorious. The young Israelite was father appealed to the authorities they

soon brought under his notice, and he would take no steps for her recovery,
quickly discovered such capability and because the family were Jews. In his
promise that he took him under his despair^ the father bethought him of
personal care and direction. With so the Nuncio, who, he had heard, was
powerful a patron, his success was friendly to his race. Hence his sudden
assured. At the opportunity lie
first application to him for help. The result
was ordained priest, and with a rapid- fully justified his hopes. The Bishop
ity greater than was common even in greeted the old man warmly, and
those days, was made bishop at only assured him that he would do his
twenty-three years of age. utmost for the restoration of his
Soon after this, a circumstance oc- daughter. His influence with the mag-
curred of singular interest in connec- istrates almost compelled attention to
tion with his Jewish origin. The pope the case, and by timely and vigorous
saw in him a special aptitude for car- measures the lost maiden was brought
rying out his ambitious designs. So home. This act of justice, so promptly
he was despatched as Nuncio to several and graciously performed, won the
important places to preach the celibacy hearts of the Rabbi, his family and
his people, and long afterwards the olic Faith, and called on them to depute
Bishop's name was cherished with the one of their number as an apologist to
deepest gratitude. come to Rome and discuss with the
Many long years now passed, during pope in person the great questions at
which the conflicts between Henry IV. issue. The Rabbi, Simeon the Great,
and Hildebrand were being waged with by this time extremely aged, was chosen
increasing bitterness. The memorable as their representative. At the ap-
humiliation of Henry took place. For pointed time, he came to Rome, and
three successive days in the depth of was admitted to the Vatican. It was
winter, exposed to frost and snow, bare- a very painful and hazardous under-
footed, bare-headed, and clad in the taking for the venerable Rabbi, but on
white robe of penitence, the monarch account of the vital interests at stake
knelt within the precincts of the Castle he boldly obeyed the call. All the
of Canossa, doing penance, and implor- arguments from history and reason
ing the proud Pontiff to remove the which the pope could adduce were skill-
interdict from his dominions. On this fully and earnestly plied. All, how-
occasion he was attended by the still ever, were powerless to shake the
youthful Bishop. A
natural reaction Rabbi's convictions. At last Anacletus
ensued. The pope had to fly into exile abandoned the attempt. Before his
with the Rabbi's son. At length, in departure, he invited Simeon to a pri-
1085, Hildebrand died with these bold vate interview in his own library. Con-
words on his lips, "I have loved justice versation of a general kind ensued, and
and hated iniquity, and therefore I then, as a diversion, a game of chess
die in exile." was proposed. He found his antagon-
the frequent changes that
Through ist remarkably skillful and adroit.
ensued, and all the conflicts of those Still, having from his youth been initi-

unhappy times, our legend does not ated in the mysteries of that immortal
conduct us. It may suffice us to say game, he was able to hold his own
that about 1130, after the death of against him. At last the pope made
Honorius II., took place one of those a certain unusual and very clever move.
contests between rival popes with which The Rabbi started, sank back in his
the pages of medieval history are too chair, and his face grew ashy-pale. As
often stained. Petr, the son of Peter soon as he had recovered himself, he
Leo of history, a Jew by birth, and in scrutinized the pope's features, "El-
fact the Elhanan of our story, was set hanan," he cried, with hoarse trembling
up in opposition to Innocent II. The voice, "art thou indeed my own long-
usurper, for a time successful, took the lost Elhanan? That was the very move
name of Anacletus II. that I myself taught thee. Thou must
The sequel of his life is said to have be indeed my darling son."
been more tragic than its beginning. Further concealment was impossible.
Having reached the zenith of his ambi- The father fell on the neck of the son
tion, and being now far advanced in whom he had so long mourned as dead.
age, he became more determined than The son, too, was deeply moved, and
ever to solve the mystery of his origin. in the secrecy of that chamber the
Great caution, however, was needful in Pontiff cast aside all official dignity.
so delicate a matter, and he contrived The long pent-up fountains of the
this way of quietly effecting his pur- man's heart burst forth, and affection-
pose. He issued a challenge to the Jews ate pleadings followed. The pope's
of Mainz and its neighborhood by a faith, not grounded on the sole infalli-
certain day to show cause for their con- ble authority of the Word of God,
tinued rejection of the Roman Cath- gradually melted away. Based as it
; !


was on the shifting sand of human resistance. Boldly and openly did he
tradition, it could not resist the Kabbi's put forth all his remaining energy and
searching appeals. The deep impres- eloquence in declaiming against the
sions of his childhood revived, and Crusade as an unhallowed warfare.
after many a sharp struggle with him- But all his opposition proved vain.
self, he resolved to return to the relig- Cruel persecution was the only conse-
ion of Ivs fathers, and to the shelter quence. The venerable ex-pope was
of the home from which he had been suspected by an incensed priesthood,
long ago so rudely torn. Disguised as and marked out as the object of their
a and accompanied by his
peasant^ implacable hatred. Having refused to
father, he went out by a secret door, recant his errors and to return into the
then disappeared suddenly from Rome, bosom of their church, he was dragged
never to return, leaving his rival Inno- to the stakCy undaunted, undismayed.
cent the unopposed occupant of his His ruthless persecutors had their way
chair. and as the lurid flames were kindling
round him and wrapping his spare and
Soon afterwards, to the great joy of
shrunken limbs in their fierce embrace,
his family, and of the whole com-
he suddenly tore open his garments,
munity of his own people, he appeared
and disclosed to the astonished crowd
again in his native city, no longer as
a red cross imprinted on his breast.
a proud ecclesiastic, but as a despised
"See that," he cried, with a voice that
Israelite. Again he shared his father's
rove above the crackling of the flames,
Rabbinic studies, and again took part
"see what I was made, and what I am
in the service of the synagogue.
again. A Jew was I bom, and do what
Unhappily, he was not allowed to you will, a Jew 'Hear, O
I will die.
pass his few remaining days in this Israel, the Lord our God one Lord.'
quiet retreat. The trumpet soon Thus perished Elhanan, the Rabbi's
sounded throughout Europe, summon- son, always a Jew at heart, even whilst
ing all to the holy war. The Jews of in name and office a pope. Truly,
Mainz, to a man^ resisted the call. The neither the cunning nor the wrath of
Rabbi's son was foremost in advising man worketh the righteousness of God

A Georgian in Honduras
trip from New Orleans or
to Honduras was like
and the long
with cocoanut palms,
line of beach,
we notice
any other four or five days' any distinctive features. Then we
journey over the water, the pleasure saw tiny dug-outs, manned by dark-
depending upon the calmness of the skinned fishermen, plying their way
weather and the seamanship of the along the coast. These men, wdth few
passengers. It did add a flavor of minor changes in language, custom,
romance to think that we were proba- and religion, were the same that
bly sailing over the mythological con- greeted the mariners of the sixteenth
tinent, Atlantis; but not until we century. They are Caribs, and have
came close enough to Honduras to been boatmen always. Indeed, their
see,through our binoculars, the weaves well known and appreciated, that in-
beating against the far-oti mountainc. expert Iniowledge of the coast is so


surance companies require their ves- 'Ameriofino."
sels to have a Carib pilot throiio^h the And once more the yell,
dangerous passage from Belize to La *'Pas.s<) por ftdelante."
Ceiba. Finally, the whistle blew as a And we passed on, wondering what
signal that we were nearing the har- had taken place, until the kindly-dis-
l)or of Puerto Cortez, and the flag posed old resident enlightened us to
of Honduras was raised at our fore- the effect that the soldier had asked
mast out of respesct to that nation. us our nationality, and finding no
Before we were permitted to land, a cause for complaint, had commanded
boat rowed by soldiers, and carrying us to pass on. Had we not been
the port physician and the chief clerk accompanied by someone, who was
of the Commandante, met us. Its able to instruct us with regard to this,
passengers came on board, examined we might have made a serious blun-
our passports and health, and having der. An Englishman, unfamiliar
obtained satisfaction, allowed us to with the custom, and deaf, lost his
go on shore. There is rarely any life in this simple way. An Italian,
difficulty about the customhouse. A who had lived there many years,
wink and a for the Comman-
dram passed the police station one night,
dante, pocketed firearms, and peace- and was so frightened, when the sol-
ful looking baggage, are all that are dier challenged him in an unusually
necessary'. Having unwound this red loud voice (they always speak loud,
tape, we were free to go where busi- so that the official up stairs will know
ness or pleasure called. that they are on the job), that he
We were astonished when we en- dropped the sandwich, which was also
tered the hotel office, to find ourselves his supper. When he regained his
in a barroom, where men, women and self-passession, he made the air blue
children of every race, tribe and color with "cuss words" in Spanish, Dago
were privileged to drink, gamble and and English.
play cards. We were futher astounded There are two classes of people in
to learn that such were the hotel Porta Cortez, those who wear shoes
arrangementvS of all the largest cities and those who do not; and there is a
in Honduras, and that no less impor- current saying that every native that
tant personage than the priest was a wears shoes is a Commandante. In
liberal patron of the,se dens of vice addition to this mark of nobility, and
and immorality, which are run wide their firearms, every civil officer car-
open on Sunday. ries a little riding whip as a badge
We took a stroll after tea, and of authority.
learned that when we passed the City The thing that most amazed us.
Hall, police station, or any plac^i was the moiigrelnature of the inhab-
where there is a public official, we are itants of the country. Every full-
yelled at in a voice loud enough to blooded white person belonged to
frighten even a brave man some flag other than that of Hon-
"Quein vive!" duras; and as for the natives, with
The speaker was a barefoot soldier, the exception of a few Caribs, there
set to guard the aforesaid official. At are only a few tribes up in the in-
the direction of an old resident, w; terior that have kept themselves pure.
managed to stammer: A little distance down on the beach,
''Honduras." that we founci so interesting from the
Again the yell, deck of the ship, is a colony of pure
"Que gente." Caribs, who are exactly as they were
Again the stammer, four hundred years ago, having

escaped pollution by Catholic innova- shores of Honduras after its ignoble

tions, such as the mixed races, the banishment from our country. It
open barroom for all ages and sexes, soon died because of its almost com-
the gambling dens, and an ntter dis- plete isolation.
regard for women, morals, truth and Such is Puerto Cortez. The prin-
the otlier treasures that we hold price- cipal business of the town is, export-
less. ing fruits and hides, and importing
These Caribs- live In huts made of revolutions.Some fifty years ago, an
poles, fastened together by vines, and adventurer by the name of Walker,
covered with palm leaves. All the aided by ten kindred companions,
children under twelve go around as excited a revolution, made a twelve-
lightly clad as was their grandfather. days' march, muleback, to the Capital
Adam, before the Angel came, except at Tegucigalpa, inaugurated himself
they wear a large straw hat made President, and actually held this posi-
from native grasses. Fortunately, tion ten months before he was shot
they are fond of bathing, and Avill trying to escape through Nicaragua.
stand under a hydrant much longer Such a feat would not be preposterous
than a man from our country could. even today in this countiy, where all
Their elders have developed a higher the better elements of our civilization
sense of propriety, and dress them- are pressed out by the deadening grip
selves in cheap homespun garments, of the Catholic Church.
which are sewed together with thread Indeed, when we arrived, in June,
obtained from a plant very much like 1911, the air was full of revolutions,
our century plant. The long spear- and the people were hourly expecting
like leaves are split open and the Manuel Bonilla and Lee Christmas to
fibers hung over a pole and put out swoop down on them and inaugurate
in the sun to dry. In a few days the General Bonilla, who was at that
strands are ready, ranging in length time constitutional President of Hon-
from two to six feet, and in Size from duras. There were two rumors as to
little Es to basses. Although this is the reason why this man, who had
not the only thread in use in Centrai done so much for his country, in an
America, it is widely employed, ap<i educational and industrial way, was
the fact that the supply of manufac- deposed. One was because he was
tured thread is out, does not in the reported to have made plans for mar-
least disconcert the Central American lying the daughter of an ex-Presi-
housewife. dent, which he rejected; and the other
A pair of our shoes would come that he had incurred the displeasure
near crippling a native for life. They of the Catholic clergy by destroying
wear "kities," which are made by cut- a "Sweating Saint," whose perspira-
ting a piece of leather or raw-hide a tion was sold for as much as the priest
little larger than the foot, and punch- could exact from the layman. Wliat-
ing a hole so that a string may pass ever the cause, he was then a political
between the great toe and its nearest exile in Guatemala and the United
neighbor, and a hole in each side near States for several years, while Davilla
the heel. The three thongs are gath- acted as President. The banished
ered together and fastened over the ruler was kept in constant communi-
highest part of (.lie instep. cation with his country by his faith-
The most beautiriil building in the ful Indian footman and by the Amer-
city is the one designed to hold the ican concession hunter. By August,
Louisiana State Lottery, which insti- the General had completed plans for
tution sought refuge on the hospitable a wholesale attack. His aides, the
Boniestas, were to strike at the coast President, the flag of America hauled
and San Pedro, while BoniHa and down to give place to that of Hon-
Christmas landed at Porta Cortez and duras, and the General sailed into La
proceeded up the railway on a march Ceiba, which ho seized, after a hot
to the Capital. The plans of the skirmish, in which 175 natives were
Boneistas were given away, and at killed. Those who kept up with the
midnight the Governor of Sula sent campaign in the daily papers will
the informer and a squad of soldiers remember that at just this point, J. P.
to arrest the revolutionary junta. The Morgan made a record run to AVash-
spy was shot, the Chief of Police lost ington in his private car. Whether
an arm, and the Government forces or not there was any connection be-
fled. We who had heard the firing tween this and subsequent events,
fully expected to see the Boneistas fol- yovir deponent does not know, but the
low up their victory and take posses- next day our friend, the Hornet, was
sion while everything was in a tur- taken by the American gunboat
moil. Tacoma on the charge of conducting
Instead, they ran to the mountains a military expedition against a
and escaped into Guatemala. It is friendly nation. Dr. Betram was
not an uncommon thing for the native made Provisional President while the
troops to desert to the enemy at the peace negotiations were under way.
crucial moment, or to hide out until When satisfactory terms were finally
the storm blows over and absolution agreed upon, an election was held, in
can be obtained. The attempt was which Bonilla was overwhelmingly
equally abortive at all points. Im- victorious. Why not? It is the law
mediately the officials began to gather that every man of age must vote; and
trooj^s from the interior to defend if he does not vote right, he has to
their positions. One day, the Gover- go to jail. When Bonilla was first
nor of Yoro wrote the Governor of elected, a precedent was broken. The
Sulu, "I send you twenty volunteers," President* at the Capitol was told
and the twenty were delivered, tied. Bonilla had the votes, to which he re-
The next we hear of the "Old Man," plied: "I have the guns." After the
as Bonilla was fondly called by his official inauguration, many of his ene-
soldiers, he and Lee Christmas were
mies, fearful lest they be led within
in New Orleans, and their friends,
shadow of the church (for some
both personal and military, Avere in
obscure reason, a condemned soldier is
prison in Honduras. These conditions
placed in front of the church to be
lasted only a short time, for Bonilla
shot) and there disposed of, sought
bought a ship, picked up a number of
political exiles, escaped the vigilance refuge in this country; and an ex-
of the coast guard, and sailed for president whose life Manual had
Honduras. At the Island of Roatan, spared, much the same way that
where the pirates made their last Madero spared Diaz, suddenly discov-
stand in the Western Hemisphere. ered that he had urgent business in
Bonilla was proclaimed Constitutional New Orleans.
purity, and struggled to maintain those
Book Review ideals.
While New England is largely domi-
THE SOUTH IN HISTORY AND LITERA- nated by the Irish, the Italians and the
TURE- By Mildred Lewis Ruther- Canadians; while the North and West are
ford, Athens, Ga. almost submerged by alien races poured
book unique and invalur.ble. It lives through the open door of unrestricted im-
up and those who read it will
to its title; migration, the South is almost entirely
not only have a comprehensive view of composed of the original colonial elements.
Southern literature, but will learn a vast It is more truly Ameiican than any other

deal about Southern history. section.

The work is at once a biograi)hical dic- Our people should be taught what this
tionary of the great men of the South, and means, order that they
in may appreciate
a Library of selections from the best of it, and maintain it. T. E. W.
our poets.
The sketches are written in the clear
and simple stlye which never tires; and TWO EVIL ISMS. i;y Chailrs A. SiriiiKo:
the author displays the temperament of the Ciiicago, 111.

just judge, in her awards of merit. The author served with the Pinkerton
No child of Intelligence
could fail to National Detective Agency for twenty-two
understand every statement Miss Ruther- years, and he publishes revelations from
ford makes, a.nd no person of mature years the inside.
would have any reason for thinking the These stories of the methods of the Pink-
book was prepared for boys and girls, only. ertons were so objectionable to the detect-
If Miss Rutherford's History were ives that Mr. Siringo has been subjected
adopted as a text-book, it would be im- to persistent persecution. Efforts have
mensely useful. Surely our young people been made to exclude his book from the
should not leave the school-house in mails; and he himself has been arrested
ignorance of the splendid part the South on warrants charging him with libel.
has played in literature and history; yet In book, Mr. Siringo deals with
the fact seems to be that the Northern Chicago anarchist cases, the Coeur D'Alene
Book Trust has such complete control riots, the Haywood trial, and many other
over our officials, the youth of today are thrilling episodes of crime.
not taught the truth about our past. Mr. Siringo's description of the slavery
Too often text-books are adopted which system of the Rockefellers and other Coal
were written for Northern consumption: Kings in Colorado: his flash-lights on the
and these histories either omit what is custom of politicians who hire detective
creditable to the Southern people, or agencies to corrupt voters; his exposures
grossly misrepresent it.
of how juries are fixed, and witnesses
In none of these Northern works will
either found or lost, constitute a moving
you see it admitted the attempted theo-
cratic, Blue Law system of the Pilgrims
and Puritans was a dismal failure; and
the Virginia plan now prevails everywhere.
The bed-rocks of that system were trial
$3.98 3 3
Only "resenti
by jury, government through elected rep- mt if
resentatives, the right of every free man to
vote, and the rightto control home affairs.
From these progressive democratic
principles came popular sovereignty for
the whole country, the narrow, rigid and
repressive theocracy of the older Eastern
Wortli $12.1
colonies gradually giving way. sale for One Box i50) o{ our Regular $80.00 per
The original Southern standards of .V'.n^^?::.'^
CIGARS-ten Cent Sellers which we want
INIROOUaO QUICK. Staple Brands, and we give in SAM
private and public life: the Southern idea PACKAM th.s S. & W. Mod. 32 or 38 Cal., R[V01V[R,
bafety POIICE- any length barrel at no Extra price,
of legislation and administration; the also Genuine Stem wind Watch worth $3, together
Southern statesmen, soldiers and authors with 33 Additional Presents Free which we have
not space to mention but consists of Knife, i>cis-
who endeavored to establish those ideals or etc. if you send Cash with order. Will ship C.
throughout the Federal Union, should be O.D.$3.98 by Express or Parcel Post but you only
made familiar to every Southern boy and
get the RtVOlVfR as PKEMIUM. No Examination can
be had by Parcel Po^. but can be f XAMINtD by f XPRf SS.
If otter is not as we say return goods
girl, for it is in the South that the native and we return
your money That's all. Name Express office.
stock has most jealously guarded its DIXIE CIGAR CO., Dep't 30 Jacksonville, Fla.

picture show of our up-to-date ways of As yet, nobody has found the remedy,
"playing the game." That Capitallists, detectives, State offi-
When Thomas DeQuincy wrote his cials and gunmen should be tolerated
satiric essay, "JNIurder As a Fine Art," he when they are guilty of such horrible
probably had no conception of the present crimes as those in West Virginia, Michigan
conditions when so many species of crime and Colorado, is the worst possible omen
have been systematized and practised as of future convulsions,
fine arts. Wedded to these agencies of evil, and a
The manner in which t-he police, the necessary adjunct to them, is the mer-
and some Detective Agencies
politicians, cenary and unscrupulous press agent, who
stand in with thieves, robbers, white whitewashes the black, and blackens the
slavers, and murderers, is a very terrible white, and makes it impossible for out-
fine art, but it has become a national insti- siders to learn the truth about any local
tution. situation. T. E. W.

Statement of the Ownership, Management, Etc.

For October, 1915
of Watson's Magazine, published Monthly at Thomson, Ga., required by the Act of
August 24, 1912.
Editor. Thos. E. Watson, Thomson, Ga.
Managing Editor, Alice Louise Lytle, Thomson, Ga.
Business Manager, Thos. E. Watson Thomson, Ga.
Publisher, The Jeffersonian Publishing Co Thomson, Ga.

Owners: (If a corporation, give names and addresses of stock holders holding
1per cent or more of total amount of stock.)
Thos. E. Watson, Thomson, Ga.
Alice Louise Lytle, Thomson, Ga.
J. D. Watson Thomson, Ga.
bondholders, mortgagees, and other security holders, holding 1 per cent
or more amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities;
of total
Oliver Bassford, 1617 15th St Augusta, Ga.
Miss Sallie Parrish Adel, Ga.
Thos. J. Thompson, Rt. 1, Box 24 Tenvik, North Dakota.
S. B. Freeman Siloam, Ga.
C. H. Kittrell Dublin, Ga.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 18th day of September, 1915.
[SEAL.] Notary Public.
(My commission expires August 5th, 1916.)


By Thos. E. Watson.
Oath of ^th Oegr e Knights of Columbut. The lnt>*itable Crimes of Celibacv.
Is theie a Roman Catholic f erit ? M/ial Goes on in the Nunneries ?
The Italian Pope's Camnaign against the Constitutional Rights of American Citizens.
For 3Sc Rostpaid.
After reading This series of pamphlets, a clear, concise, understanding vi'ili be had of
the effort to
and of the disastrous results that vt'ill follow.


4^ ^
A Thorough Study
of Foreign Missions

This is a most important subject. It involves

questions of statesmanship, as well as religion.

The Roman Catholics are encouraging Protestants

to concentrate their attention on foreign countries^

while the Romanists are concentrat ing on the United


The Protestants are walking right into the trap.

Mr. Watson is appealing to Protestant churches

to save America from the wolves of Rome.

His book contains 158 pages.

It is beautifully printed, on excellent paper.

It is profusely illustrated.

The price is 30 cents. We send it post-paid.




Post Yourself on the
Burning Issues of Today
On the Creed of Thomas Jefferson.
On our IMational system of taxing Poverty
instead of Wealth.
On the laws which rob the Many to enrich
the Few Laws made by traitor Con-
On the National Banking System, which
charters a Money Trust to rule and
rob the American world and make
Panics when it suits Wall Street.
On the Initiative, Referendum and Recall.
On the Rights of Organized Labor, histor-
ically reviewed and considered.
On the evils of our privately owned Trans-
portation systems.
On Bimetalism and the New Slavery re-
sulting from England's money system.
On Child Slavery in the United States.
On the Income Tax.
On the Negro Question The great Race
On the true Brotherhood of Man.
On the Remedies for our national economic
and political troubles.
Waison^s Life and Speeches
A book of 300 pages Price 50 cents.
Jeffersonian Pub. Co., Thomson, Ga

A Book About the Socialists and

About Socialism
In this work, Mr. Watson takes up, one by
one, each of the propositions of Karl Marx, and
discusses them fully and fairly.
He also analyses the great book of Herr
Rebel, the world-leader of Socialism, "Woman
Under Socialism."
Mr. Watson cites standard historical works to
prove that Bebel, Marx and other Socialist lead-
ers are altogether wrong about.
The Origin of Property,
The rise of the Marital relation.
The Cause of the inequality of Wealth, etc,
Mr. Watson demonstrates that Socialism as
taught by Marx, Bebel, LaSalle, Engel, etc.
would annihilate
Individuality and personal liberty.
Home-life, as we now know it.
The White Man's Supremacy over the infe-
rior races.
The Marital relation, with its protection to
women, and finally
Mr. Watson proves that SPECIAL PRIVI-
LEGE, intrenched in law and in government, is
now, and always has been, the Great Enemy of
the Human race.