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You are on page 1of 5

that it is complete. Multiple-choice questions Basic Concepts:

may continue on the next column or page:

find all choices before making your selection.

v=

The due time is Central time. T

Chapters 16 and 17 problems. 2

k=

001 (part 1 of 2) 0 points

A wave moving along the x axis is described f=

2

by

(x+v t)2 Solution: For the propagation speed of a

y(x, t) = A e b

wave we have

where x is in meters and t is in seconds. Given

A = 4 m, v = 5 m/s, and b = 4 m2 . v=

k

Determine the speed of the wave. (9.3 s1 )

Correct answer: 5 m/s. =

(4.9 m1 )

Explanation:

(x+v t)2 = 1.89796 m/s .

y(x, t) = A e b is of the form

What is the vertical displacement of the string

so it describes a wave moving in the negative

at x0 = 0.063 m, t0 = 1 s?

x direction at

Correct answer: 0.0662675 m.

v = 5 m/s . Explanation:

We can obtain the result if we simply sub-

stitute the values for x and t into y(x, t)

002 (part 2 of 2) 0 points

Determine the direction of the wave. y(x0 , t0 ) = A sin[ t k x + ]

h

= (0.57 m) sin (9.3 s1 ) (1 s)

1. y direction i

1

(4.9 m ) (0.063 m) + (0.55)

2. +y direction = 0.0662675 m .

3. x direction correct

005 (part 3 of 5) 2 points

4. +x direction What is the wavelength?

Explanation: Correct answer: 1.28228 m.

Explanation:

003 (part 1 of 5) 2 points For the wave vector we have

The wave function for a linearly polarized 2

wave on a taut string is k= .

y(x, t) = A sin( t k x + ), Thus

where A = 0.57 m, = 9.3 s1 , k = 4.9 m1 , 2

=

= 0.55, t is in seconds and x and y are in k

meters. 2

=

What is the speed of the wave? (4.9 m1 )

Correct answer: 1.89796 m/s. = 1.28228 m .

Answer, Key Homework 3 David McIntyre 2

s

855 N

006 (part 4 of 5) 2 points =

0.000205 kg/m

What is the frequency of the wave?

Correct answer: 1.48014 Hz. = 2042.24 m/s .

Explanation:

Since = 2 f , we have

f= 009 (part 2 of 3) 0 points

2 Find the speed at which transverse wave

(9.3 s1 ) pulses travel in the right section.

=

2 Correct answer: 1179.09 m/s.

= 1.48014 Hz . Explanation:

The speed of wave in the right section of

007 (part 5 of 5) 2 points mass per unit length 0 is

What is the maximum magnitude of the

transverse speed of the string? s

Correct answer: 5.301 m/s. F

v2 =

Explanation: 2

Taking derivative of y over t, we find mag-

s

855 N

nitude of the transverse speed of the string: =

0.000615 kg/m

y(x, t)

vy = = 1179.09 m/s .

t

= A cos( t k x + ) .

Thus vy,max assumes its maximum value when

t k x + = 2 n, n = 0, 1, 2, ...; i.e., when 010 (part 3 of 3) 0 points

cos( t k x + ) = 1, so Find the time required for a pulse to travel

from one end of the string to the other.

vy,max = A

Correct answer: 0.00180599 s.

= (0.57 m) (9.3 s1 ) Explanation:

= 5.301 m/s . The time for a pulse traveling through the

string is

008 (part 1 of 3) 0 points

A string of length 2.7 m consists of two sec- L L

t= +

tions. The left half has mass per unit length 2 v1 2 v2

0.000205 kg/m, while the right has a mass per 2.7 m 2.7 m

unit length 0.000615 kg/m. Tension in the = +

2 (2042.24 m/s) 2 (1179.09 m/s)

string is 855 N. Notice from the data given = 0.00180599 s .

that this string has the same total mass as a

uniform string of length 2.7 m and mass per

unit length 0.00041 kg/m.

Find the speed at which transverse wave 011 (part 1 of 5) 2 points

pulses travel in the left section. A sinusoidal wave traveling in the x direc-

Correct answer: 2042.24 m/s. tion (to the left) has an amplitude of 16.7 cm,

Explanation: a wavelength of 15.8 cm and a frequency of

The speed of wave in the left section of mass 14.1 Hz. The displacement of the wave at

per unit length 1 is t = 0 and x = 0 is y = 4.8 cm and has a

s positive velocity here.

F Find the angular wave number of the wave.

v1 =

1 Correct answer: 39.767 rad/m.

Answer, Key Homework 3 David McIntyre 3

For a sinusoidal wave with wavelength h yi

1

and frequency f , the angular wave number = sin

A

2 (2) (100) 1 (4.8 cm)

k= = = 39.767 rad/m . = sin

15.8 cm (16.7 cm)

= 16.7039 .

012 (part 2 of 5) 2 points

Find the period of the wave. 016 (part 1 of 5) 0 points

Correct answer: 0.070922 s. A sinusoidal wave train is described by

Explanation:

y = (0.25 m) sin (0.3 m1 ) x (40 s1 ) t ,

The period is

1 1 where x and y are in meters and t is in seconds.

T = = = 0.070922 s . Determine for this wave the amplitude.

f 14.1 Hz

Correct answer: 0.25 m.

Explanation:

013 (part 3 of 5) 2 points For a sinusoidal wave described by

Find the angular frequency of the wave.

Correct answer: 88.5929 rad/s. y = A sin(k x + t) ,

Explanation: where its amplitude is A = 0.25 m, angular

The angular frequency is wave number k = 0.3 m1 , angular frequency

2

= 2 f = 2 (14.1 Hz) = 88.5929 rad/s . = 40 s1 , wavelength = = 20.944 m

k

and wave speed v = = 133.333 m/s.

k

014 (part 4 of 5) 2 points

017 (part 2 of 5) 0 points

Find the phase velocity of the wave.

Determine for this wave the angular fre-

Correct answer: 2.2278 m/s.

quency.

Explanation:

Correct answer: 40 s1 .

The phase velocity is

Explanation:

See Part 1.

v=f

= (14.1 Hz) (15.8 cm) (0.01 m/cm) 018 (part 3 of 5) 0 points

= 2.2278 m/s . Determine for this wave the wave number.

Correct answer: 0.3 m1 .

Explanation:

015 (part 5 of 5) 2 points See Part 1.

Find the magnitude of the phase constant of

the wave. 019 (part 4 of 5) 0 points

Correct answer: 16.7039 . Determine for this wave the wavelength.

Explanation: Correct answer: 20.944 m.

A sinusoidal wave traveling in the x di- Explanation:

rection can be written as

y = A sin(k x + t ) , 2

=

k

so at t = 0 and x = 0 we have 2

=

(0.3 m1 )

y = A sin() = 20.944 m .

Answer, Key Homework 3 David McIntyre 4

020 (part 5 of 5) 0 points Correct answer: 69.7857 m/s.

Determine for this wave the wave speed. Explanation:

Correct answer: 133.333 m/s. The speed of the wave is

Explanation:

v=

k

v= 977 rad/s

k =

14 rad/m

(40 s1 )

= = 69.7857 m/s .

(0.3 m1 )

= 133.333 m/s .

023 (part 2 of 3) 0 points

Determine the instantaneous displacement of

021 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

the molecules at the position x = 0.0626 m at

Given: The speed of the lightwaves in air is

t = 3.82 ms.

3 108 m/s. The speed of sound waves in air

Correct answer: 4.40375 m.

is 333 m/s.

Explanation:

What is the time lapse between seeing a

Directly from the formula for the displace-

lightening strike and hearing the thunder if

ment given

the lightening flash is 24 km away?

Correct answer: 72.072 s.

= kxt

Explanation:

The time for the light to travel 24 km is = (14 rad/m)(0.0626 m)

977 rad/s 0.00382 s

d

t1 = . = 2.85574 rad ,

v1

The time for the sound to travel 24 km is therefore

d s = sm cos(k x t)

t2 = .

v2

= 4.59 m cos(2.85574 rad)

Thus, the time lapse is = 4.40375 m .

t = t2 t1

1 1 024 (part 3 of 3) 0 points

=d

v2 v1 Determine the maximum speed of the

= (24 km) molecules oscillatory motion.

Correct answer: 0.00448443 m/s.

1 1

Explanation:

333 m/s 3 108 m/s

= 72.072 s . Differentiating the equation given with re-

spect to time and setting the sin function

equal to 1 (maximum), we obtain for the max-

022 (part 1 of 3) 0 points imum speed (absolute value of the maximum

A sinusoidal sound wave is described by the velocity)

displacement

vmax = sm

s(x, t) = sm cos(kx t) , = (4.59 m)(977 rad/s)

where sm = 4.59 m, k = 14 rad/m, and = 4484.43 m/s

= 977 rad/s. = 0.00448443 m/s .

Answer, Key Homework 3 David McIntyre 5

(343 m/s) + (193.457 m/s)

025 (part 1 of 2) 5 points 343 m/s

In order to be able to determine her speed, = 4520 Hz .

a skydiver carries a tone generator. A friend

on the ground at the landing site has equip-

ment for receiving and analyzing sound waves.

While the skydiver is falling at terminal speed,

her tone generator emits a steady tone of

1260 Hz.

Assume: The air is calm and that the sound

speed is 343 m/s, independent of altitude.

If her friend on the ground (directly be-

neath the skydiver) receives waves of fre-

quency 2890 Hz, what is the skydivers speed

of descent?

Correct answer: 193.457 m/s.

Explanation:

Since the diver, who is the source of the

sound waves, is moving towards her friend on

the ground, who is the receiver of the waves,

the Doppler formula takes the form

v

fg = f e .

(v vdiver )

So

vdiver fe

1 = .

v fg

Solving for vdiver , we have

fe

vdiver = v 1

fg

(1260 Hz)

= (343 m/s) 1

(2890 Hz)

= 193.457 m/s .

If the skydiver were also carrying sound-

receiving equipment sensitive enough to de-

tect waves reflected from the ground, what

frequency would she receive?

Correct answer: 4520 Hz.

Explanation:

If the waves are reflected, and the skydiver

is moving towards them, we have

v + vdiver

frec = fg

v

= (2890 Hz)

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