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Test

2
CEB 30903
Jan 2016

1. The implementation of plastics use ban in Melaka recently has affected
the total amount of solid generated in 2016. A new landfill is to be constructed
for the population of Melaka Selatan in 2017. Estimate the area required (acre)
in constructing a landfill based on the following data:

i) life span of the landfill = 15 years
ii) density of compacted waste = 530 kg/m3
iii) waste generated = 0.9 kg/capita.day
iv) average height = 15 m
v) population = 100, 000
vi) cover soil to waste ratio = 1:5

Generation rate = 0.9 kg/capita.day x 100,000 capita = 90,000 kg/day.

2) i - Volume waste = (90,000kg/day) / 530kg/m3 = 169.8m3/day.
ii - volume cover = 0.2 x 169.8m3/day = 33.96m3/day.
iii - total volume = 169.8m3/day + 33.96m3/day = 203.76m3/day.
iv)- (203.76m3/day) / 15 m =13.584 m2/day

3) area required for 15 yrs = 13.584 m2/day x 365 days/yr x 15 yr =
74372.4 m2
In acre = 74372.4 m2 x 0.000247105 acre/m2 = 18.38 acre


2. The local waste management agency has proposed to set up a waste
combustion facility next to the existing landfill to maximize the life span of the
landfill. Given the following information, determine the total number of day
increase and percentage (%) of volume reduction in comparison to without
combustion facility. Total of 2200 lb as discarded waste is going to be sent to the
combustion facility every day. It is assumed that the specific weight of the
residue is 1000 lb/yd3.

Component As Inert Weight as Reduced
discarded residue discarded weight (lb)
waste (%) (%) (lb)
Organic
Food wastes 50 5 1100 55
Paper 19.5 6 429 25.74
Cardboard 5 5 110 5.5
Plastics 11 10 242 24.2
Textiles 3 6.5 66 4.29
Rubber 1 9.9 22 2.18
Leather 0.5 9.0 11 0.99
Yard wastes 3 4.5 66 2.97
Wood 2 1.5 44 0.66
Inorganic
Glass 2 98 44 43.12
Tin cans 1 98 22 21.56
Aluminum 0.7 96 15.4 14.78
Other metals 0.8 98 17.6 17.25
Dirt, ash, etc 0.5 68 11 7.48

Total 100 2200 225.48


Assuming specific weight of residue=specific weight of discarded waste % = 375
lb/yd3
Before combustion facility = 2200 lb/375 lb/yd3 = 5.8667 yd3
With combustion facility = 225.48 lb/1000 lb/yd3 = 0.2255 yd3

Volume reduction % = 5.8667 0.2255 yd3 x 100 % = 95%

Days increase in assuming 1 day landfill volume = 203.76m3 or 266.51 yd3

Volume difference = 5.8667 0.2255 yd3 = 5.6412 yd3
After combustion = 0.2255 yd3 thus 266.51 yd3/0.2255 yd3 = 1181 days or 3.24
yrs relative extra for volume reduced.