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## RT STREET HIGH SCHOOL

FOR

2016
HIGHER SC
CHOOL CERT
TIFICATE P
PRELIMINARY COURSE
E
A
ASSESS
2

Matthem
matics Extension
n 1
Time alllowed: 1 Hours
(plus 5 m

bus
onandMarkkingGuidelines Questions
Outcoomes
choooses and appplies approopriate arithhmetic and algebraic teechniques
P
P4 9
to solve
s probleems in quaddratics
proovides reasooning to sup
pport concluusions which are approopriate in
P
P2 10
thee context off locus
P
PE3 sollves problem
ms involvingg polynomiaals 18, 11, 12
2
Synnthesises mathematicall solutions to
o problems and commu
unicates
H
HE7 13
theem in an app
propriate form

Total Marks 68 Qu
uestion Out of Marks
Attemptt Questions 113 Q
Q18 /8

Q9 /12

Q10 /12
Q11 /12
Q12 /12
Q13 /12

T
Total /68 %

Generral Instru
uctions:
Questions 18 aare multiplee choice . Answer on thee multiple ch
hoice answeer sheet prov
vided.
Questions 913 are to be staarted in a neew booklet
The marks alloccated for eacch question are indicateed
Questions 91
In Q 13, show rellevant math hematical reasoning and d/or calculations.
Marrks may be d
deducted forr careless orr badly arrannged work.
Boarrd approv
ved calculato ors may be uused

2016 Preliminary X1 Semester 1 Examination
SECTION A
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Circle the correct answer in pen

Student
Name:______________________

1 A B C D
2 A B C D
3 A B C D
4 A B C D
5 A B C D
6 A B C D
7 A B C D
8 A B C D
Section
n A (8 markks) Multiplee Choice.

## For eacch question

n indicate th
he best ansswer on thee multiple choice
c answ
wer sheet
provideed.

## 1. Whicch of the folllowing is a monic, cubbic trinomiaal?

1
A. x 3 1 B. x 3 3 C. x 3 2 x 3 D. 2 x 3 2 x 1
x

11 11
A. 3 B. C. 1 D.
8 8

## 3. As x , thee value of 3 x 5 6 x 2 x 1 is apprroximately

A. 6x 2 x 1 B. 3 x 5 6 x 2

C. 3x 5 D. All of th
hese.

## 4. The ggraph below

w is not draw
wn to scale.. Which pollynomial co
ould not havve this graphh?

A. P x 5 x x 1 x 1 B. P x x x 1 1 x
2 3 2 3

C. P x 3 x x 1 x 1 D. P x x x 1 x 1
2 3 2 3
5. P x is a cubic polynomial. x 2 1 is not a factor of P x . When P x is divided by
x 2 1 , the remainder is

## C. All cubic polynomials have at least one root

D. There exist graphs of cubic polynomials, with unrestricted domains, whose graph has no
y-intercept.

7. If the sum of two of the roots of x 5 x 3 7 x 2 14 x 1 0 is 4, then the sum of the other
three roots must be

A. - 4 B. 4 C. - 3 D. 0

8. Which of the lines marked 1 to 4 in the polynomial division below has the first error?

2 x 2 4 x 24
2 x 5 4 x3 2 x 2 28 x 2
4 x3 10 x 2 ......(1)
8 x 28 x
2
.....(2)
8 x 2 20 x .....(3)
48 x 2.....(4)
48 x 120
118

A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Section B

ii) Find .
3 3


## c) Find all real values of p for which the parabola 3 px 2 2 px p 2 0 is

positive definite. 

d) Find the minimum value of the quadratic function y 2 x x 2 over the domain
2 x 1 
Question 10 (12 marks) Begin a NEW booklet

1
a) Consider the parabola y x 2 1 . Find its
2

i) vertex
ii) focus
iii) directrix.
iv) Sketch a neat graph of this parabola, clearly showing the above features. 

b) Find the locus of a point P( x, y) which moves so that it is equidistant from the
lines y x 1 and y x 1. 

c) i) Find the equation of the locus of a point P( x, y) which moves so that the point
P divides AB internally in the ratio 1: 2 where A 3, 2 and B 1, 4 . 

ii) Describe this locus geometrically and state its features. 

## a) For the polynomial P( x) x 4 2 x2 1 state the

i) degree 
ii) leading term 
iii) zeroes 

## b) If two of the roots of the equation x 3 px 2 qx 4 0 are 3 and 5, find

i) the other root 

## ii) p and q. 

c) For P x 8 x 3 36 x 2 54 x 27

3
i) Show that is a zero. 
2

## ii) Hence, fully factorise the polynomial 

Questioon 12 (12 marks)
m Begin
n a NEW booklet
b

## a) IIf P( x) x3 ax 2 bx 30 is diviisible by x 3 but leeaves a remaainder of -8

b x 1 . Find
wheen divided by F values for a and b. 

## Solve the eqquation 2x 3 x 2 8 x 4 0 , giveen that the sum

b) S s of two of its roots is
zero. 

## c) Given the graph

g of y P x withh points A, B and C as shown, skeetch
y P x 2 1 , cleaarly marking
g the transfformed posittions of A, B and C as A,
B and C. 
Questioon 13 (12 marks)
m Begin
n a NEW booklet
b

x 3 3 x 3 6 x 3 8 0
3 2
a) Solve the equation
e 

b) Let P x x 3 x 2 8 x 13 and
d D x x 2 .
2

## i) Using polynomial division,

d t when P x is diviided by
deemonstrate that
D x , the remainder
r i 1.
is 

ii) Write th
he answer too your polynnomial division from i)) in the form
m 

P x D x Q x k ,

where k is a constant.

iii) Hence, for the grapph of y P x shownn below, statte the x co-o
ordinate of

ppoint A and
d point B. 

## w varies, forr what valuee(s) of k willl the graph of y D x Q x k

iv) If k now
have exactlly: 

a) 2 rooots?
b) 3 rooots?
c) 1 rooot?