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Synopsis

Title Digital Energy Meter

Features
1. Accurate measurement of energy.
2. Highly stable design with no moving parts.
3. Energy consumption is displayed on LCD.
4. Low power consumption.
5. Compact due to use of microcontroller.
6. Simple and low cost.

Block Diagram

Receiver

Load
Load

Energy
Input Energy 16
Input sensing
sensing
ATMEL89C51
ATMEL89C51 16**LCD
LCD
230V
230VAACC unit
unit
Microcontroller
Microcontroller

5V
5VRegulated
Regulated
Power
PowerSupply
Supply

Description

Micro controller-AT89C51

The AT89C51 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in-
system programmable Flash memory. The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density
nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry- standard 80C51 instruction set and
pinout.

Features:
4K Bytes of Programmable Flash Memory
Endurance: 1000 Write/Erase Cycles
4.0V to 5.5V Operating Range
256 x 8-bit Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
Full Duplex UART Serial Channel
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz

Vital role of micro controller in Digital Energy Meter


The micro controller is programmed to read the pulses from energy sensing and calculates the energy
consumed by the load and displays the consumed energy on LCD.
Energy sensing unit measures the energy drawn by the load. The pulses are generated by this
unit. The pulses rate is determined by the energy drawn by the load.

16*2 LCD display the energy consumed by the load.

In order to do all the activities a program (sequence of instruction) must be written for the
microcontroller. This program is called firmware. In order to execute the program, Microcontroller
requires basic configuration like 5V regulated power supply, clock, and reset circuit.

Microcontroller and ICs requires 5V regulated power supply, which is obtained from 230V AC by using
step down transformer , rectifier, filter and regulators.

Regulated Power supply:


The microcontroller and other devices get power supply from AC to Dc adapter through 7805, 5
volts regulator. The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC non regulated. The 7805/7812 voltage
regulators are used to convert 12 V to 5V/12V DC.

Vital role of power supply in Digital Energy Meter


The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC non regulated. The 7805/7812 voltage regulators are used
to convert 12 V to 5V/12V DC.

PROJECT CYCLE
1. Specification of the Project.
2. PCB Layout.
3. Device Test.
4. Code Implementation.
5. Program Test.
6. Pilot Run.
7. Documentation.
SOFTWARES USED:
Embedded C.
Keil uVision
ATMEL Programmer

Tools for schematic design


1. CAPTURE CIS (ORCAD)

Hardware

1. ATMEL AT89C51 controller,

2. 16*2 LCD,

3. ENERGY SENSING SENSOR,

4. LOAD,

5. POWER SUPPLY AND PCB.

Working Principle

The micro controller is programmed to read the pulses from energy sensing and calculates the energy
consumed by the load and displays the consumed energy on LCD.