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SYNOPSIS

Title: INFORMATION SYSTEM USING GPS RECEIVER

INTRODUCTION
The main aim of this project is to develop a vehicle mapping system using GPS Receiver.

PROJECT CYCLE
1. Specification of the Project.
2. PCB Layout.
3. Device Test.
4. Code Implementation.
5. Program Test.
6. Pilot Run.
7. Documentation.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Power Supply

Trans Regulator
former (7805)

Rectifier Filter
Antenna
Micro
Controller
(AT89S52)
GPS
Receiver
LCD (Display)

LCD LCD
Driver Glass
VOICE
PLAYBACK

POWER SUPPLY:
The microcontroller and other devices get power supply from AC to Dc adapter through voltage
regulator. The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC non regulated. The 7805 voltage regulators are
used to convert 12 V to 5VDC.

AC/DC Regulator Filter


AC Power Adapter (7805) DC Output

Vital role of power supply in GPS map using real GPS receiver with license
The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC non regulated. The 7805/7812 voltage regulators are used
to convert 12 V to 5V/12V DC.

MICRO CONTROLLER-AT89C51

The AT89S52 is a widely available in market, cost effective, low power and high-performance CMOS
8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory. The device is
manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the
industry- standard 80C51 instruction set and pin out.
Features:
4K Bytes of Programmable Flash Memory
Endurance: 1000 Write/Erase Cycles
4.0V to 5.5V Operating Range
256 x 8-bit Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
Full Duplex UART Serial Channel
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz

Vital role of micro controller - AT89C51 in Information system using GPS receiver
Vehicle side:
This side microcontroller is used to receive the longitude and latitude value from GPS receiver and
send these values to GSM modem. It will write the GLL value in memory also.

GPS RECEIVER
ITRAX02 receiver produces and interprets messages in accordance with the NMEA (National Marine
Electronics association) standard (its with license).
The fully autonomous receiver provides high position and speed accuracy performances as well as
high sensitivity and tracking capabilities in urban conditions. The solutions enable small form factor
devices. The deliver major advancements in GPS performances, accuracy, integration, computing
power and flexibility. They are designed to simplify the embedded system integration process. The
NMEA commands used for controlling the basic ITRAX operations. The accuracy of the receiver is 50
to 100 meters.

Vital role of GPS receiver in GPS map using real GPS receiver with license
In this project its used to receive the GLL value of the location from satellite and it will transmit this
value to microcontroller through serial port. We can configure this receiver for to send GLL values at
every 3 seconds. So our microcontroller will receive GLL value at every 3seconds.

LCD (LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY)


LCDs can add a lot to your application in terms of providing an useful interface for the user, debugging
an application or just giving it a "professional" look. The most common type of LCD controller is the
Hitachi 44780 which provides a relatively simple interface between a processor and an LCD. Using
this interface is often not attempted by inexperienced designers and programmers because it is
difficult to find good documentation on the interface, initializing the interface can be a problem and the
displays themselves are expensive.
LCD has single line display, Two-line display, four line display. Every line has 16 characters.

Vital role of LCD in GPS MAP USING REAL GPS RECIEVER WITH LICENCE
LCD is used to display the vehicle position and it will display the current status of the device.

Software

1. KEIL Uv2 IDE

2. ATMEL PROGRAMMER.

3. EMBEDDED C PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE.

Tools for schematic design

1. CAPTURE CIS (ORCAD)

Hardware

1. ATMEL 89C51 controller,

2. GPS RECEIVER,

3. LCD,

4. PCB for microcontroller unit, Reset switches, resistors etc,

5. Crystal 11.0592 MHz


WORKING PRICIPLE:

The project consists of GPS receiver installed in vehicles, so the GPS system will send the
longitudinal and altitude values corresponding to the position of vehicle.

A place name is assigned for each longitude & latitude in the microcontroller. Whenever the
microcontroller will receives the values (latitude and longitude) from GPS receiver, it compares with
the values already stored in the memory. If the match is found, the place name assigned to the value
is displayed on the LCD and the place name is announced through speaker.

ADVANTAGES OF THIS PROJECT:


Low cost
Easy to handle

APPLICATIONS OF THIS PROJECT:


Used in Metro trains, city buses, college buses.
Used in transportation.