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Se n d d o c u m e n t a t i o n c o m m e n t s t o m d s f e e d b a ck - d o c @ c i s c o .

c o m

Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager


Configuration Guide, Release 4.x
Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1b) Through 4.1(3a)
Cisco MDS 9000 FabricWare Release 4.x
March 2009

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Fax: 408 527-0883

Text Part Number: OL-17256-03


Se n d d o c u m e n t a t i o n c o m m e n t s t o m d s f e e d b a ck - d o c @ c i s c o . c o m

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Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide


2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
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CONTENTS

New and Changed Information lvii

Preface lxi

Audience lxi

Organization lxi

Document Conventions lxvi

Related Documentation lxvii


Release Notes lxvii
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information lxvii
Compatibility Information lxvii
Hardware Installation lxviii
Software Installation and Upgrade lxviii
Cisco Fabric Manager lxviii
Command-Line Interface lxviii
Intelligent Storage Networking Services Configuration Guides lxviii
Troubleshooting and Reference lxviii
Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request lxix

PART 1 Getting Started

CHAPTER 1 Product Overview 1-1


Hardware Overview 1-1
Cisco MDS 9500 Series Multilayer Directors 1-2
Cisco MDS 9200 Series Fabric Switches 1-3
Cisco MDS 9216i Multiprotocol Fabric Switch 1-3
Cisco MDS 9222i Multilayer Fabric Switch 1-3
Cisco MDS 9100 Series Fixed Configuration Fabric Switches 1-4

Cisco NX-OS Software Configuration 1-4


Tools for Software Configuration 1-5
CLI 1-5
Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager 1-5
Software Configuration Overview 1-6
Basic Configuration 1-6
Advanced Configuration 1-7

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CHAPTER 2 Installing Cisco MDS NX-OS and Fabric Manager 2-1

Starting a Switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family 2-1

Initial Setup Routine 2-2


Preparing to Configure the Switch 2-2
Default Login 2-3
Setup Options 2-3
Assigning Setup Information 2-4
Configuring Out-of-Band Management 2-4
Configuring In-Band Management 2-9
Using the setup Command 2-12
Accessing the Switch 2-12

Where Do You Go Next? 2-13

About Cisco Fabric Manager 2-13


Fabric Manager Server 2-14
Fabric Manager Client 2-14
Fabric Manager Server Proxy Services 2-14
Device Manager 2-15
Performance Manager 2-15
Fabric Manager Web Server 2-15
Cisco MDS 9000 Switch Management 2-15
Storage Management Solutions Architecture 2-16
In-Band Management and Out-of-Band Management 2-17
mgmt0 2-17
IPFC 2-17
Installing the Management Software 2-18
Before You Install 2-18
Supported Software 2-19
Java Database Connectivity 2-19
Minimum Hardware Requirements 2-20
Upgrading Fabric Manager in Cisco SAN-OS Releases Prior to 3.1(2b) 2-20
Upgrading Fabric Manager in Cisco SAN-OS Releases 3.1(2b) and Later to 3.2(1) 2-20
Installing the Database 2-20
Directory Structure 2-21
2-21
Installing Oracle 2-22
Increasing UDP Buffer Size 2-23
Database Backup and Restore-PostgresSQL 2-23
Backup 2-23
Restore 2-24

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Importing PM Statitics Data to Fabric Manager 2-24


Installing Fabric Manager 2-24
Installing Device Manager 2-34
Creating FM/DM Shortcut Manually 2-36
Upgrading the Management Software 2-38

Upgrading Fabric Manager Server and Fabric Manager Standalone Version Using the Fabric Manager
Update Installer 2-39
Integrating Cisco Fabric Manager with Other Management Tools 2-40

Running Fabric Manager Behind a Firewall 2-40

Uninstalling the Management Software 2-43

CHAPTER 3 Fabric Manager Server 3-1

Fabric Manager Server Overview 3-1

Fabric Manager Server Features 3-1

Installing and Configuring Fabric Manager Server 3-2


Installing Fabric Manager Server 3-2
Unlicensed Versus Licensed Fabric Manager Server 3-3
Verifying Performance Manager Collections 3-3
Managing a Fabric Manager Server Fabric 3-3
Selecting a Fabric to Manage Continuously 3-3
Fabric Manager Server Properties File 3-4

Modifying Fabric Manager Server 3-5


Adding or Removing Fabric Manager Server Users 3-6
Changing the Fabric Manager Server User Name and Password 3-7
Changing the Polling Period and Fabric Rediscovery Time 3-7
Using Device Aliases or FC Aliases 3-7

CHAPTER 4 Authentication in Fabric Manager 4-1

Fabric Manager Authentication Overview 4-1

Best Practices for Discovering a Fabric 4-3


Setting Up Discovery for a Fabric 4-3
Performance Manager Authentication 4-4

Fabric Manager Web Server Authentication 4-4

CHAPTER 5 Fabric Manager Client 5-1

About Fabric Manager Client 5-1


Fabric Manager Advanced Mode 5-2

Launching Fabric Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1) and Later 5-2

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Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Server Admin Perspective 5-7


Fabric Manager Main Window 5-7
Menu Bar 5-9
Tool Bar 5-9
Logical Domains Pane 5-9
Physical Attributes Pane 5-9
Information Pane 5-10
Fabric Pane 5-11
Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Admin Perspective 5-12
Menu Bar 5-13
File 5-13
View 5-14
Zone 5-14
Tools 5-15
Performance 5-17
Server 5-17
Help 5-17
Toolbar 5-17
Logical Domains Pane 5-19
Filtering 5-19
Physical Attributes Pane 5-20
Context Menu for Tables 5-20
Information Pane 5-22
Detachable Tables 5-24
Fabric Pane 5-24
Context Menus 5-26
Saving the Map 5-26
Purging Down Elements 5-27
Multiple Fabric Display 5-27
Filtering by Groups 5-28
Status Bar 5-29
Setting Fabric Manager Preferences 5-30

Network Fabric Discovery 5-31

Modifying the Device Grouping 5-32


Using Alias Names as Enclosures 5-32

Controlling Administrator Access with Users and Roles 5-34

Using Fabric Manager Wizards 5-34

Fabric Manager Troubleshooting Tools 5-35

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CHAPTER 6 Device Manager 6-1

About Device Manager 6-1

Launching Device Manager 6-2

Using Device Manager 6-2


Menu Bar 6-3
Toolbar Icons 6-4
Dialog Boxes 6-5
Tabs 6-5
Legend 6-5
Supervisor and Switching Modules 6-7
Context Menus 6-7
Setting Device Manager Preferences 6-8

CHAPTER 7 Fabric Manager Web Client 7-1

About Fabric Manager Web Client 7-1

Navigating Fabric Manager Web Client 7-2

Installing Fabric Manager Web Client 7-3


Using Fabric Manager Web Client with SSL 7-5

Launching Fabric Manager Web Client 7-7

Health 7-9
Viewing Summary Information 7-9
Viewing Fabric Information 7-10
Viewing Syslog Information 7-11
Viewing Analysis Reports 7-12
Performance 7-13
Viewing Performance Summary Information 7-14
Performance Detail Summary Report 7-15
7-15
Viewing Performance Information for End Devices 7-16
Viewing Performance Information for ISLs 7-17
Viewing Performance Information for NPV Links 7-21
Viewing Performance Information for Flows 7-22
Viewing Performance Information for Gigabit Ethernet and Ethernet Ports 7-23
Viewing Other Statistics 7-23
Viewing Detailed Traffic Information 7-24
Viewing Predicted Future Performance 7-25
Using the Default Values 7-25
Using Your Own Values 7-26

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Viewing Switch Bandwidth 7-27

Inventory 7-28
Viewing Summary Inventory Information 7-28
Viewing Detailed Summary Inventory Information 7-29
Viewing Detailed Information for VSANs 7-29
Viewing Detailed Information for Switches 7-30
Viewing License Information 7-31
Viewing Detailed Information for Modules 7-32
Viewing Detailed Information for End Devices 7-33
Viewing Detailed Information for ISLs 7-34
Viewing Detailed Information for NPV Links 7-35
Viewing Detailed Information for Zones 7-36
Reports 7-37
Creating a Custom Report Template 7-37
Viewing Custom Reports by Template 7-39
Viewing Custom Reports by Users 7-39
Generating Custom Reports by Template 7-40
Modifying a Custom Report Template 7-41
Deleting Custom Reports 7-42
Viewing Scheduled Jobs by Report Template 7-43
Modifying Scheduled Jobs 7-43
Admin 7-44
Recovering a Web Server Password 7-45
Starting, Restarting, and Stopping Services 7-45
Adding, Editing, and Removing Managed Fabrics 7-46
Viewing Trap and Syslog Registration Information 7-48
Configuring Forwarding of Notifications for Events 7-49
Viewing and Disconnecting Clients 7-50
Configuring Fabric Manager Server Preferences 7-51
Adding and Removing Communities 7-51
Configuring AAA Information 7-53
Adding and Removing Users 7-53
Adding and Removing Roles 7-54
Creating Performance Collections 7-56
Configuring Other Statistics 7-57
Configuring Collection Thresholds 7-59
Importing the RRD Statistics Index 7-60
Configuring the RRD Database 7-60
Viewing Log Information 7-62

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Downloading Fabric Manager Client 7-62

CHAPTER 8 Performance Manager 8-1

Performance Manager Architecture 8-1


Data Interpolation 8-2
Data Collection 8-2
Using Performance Thresholds 8-2
Flow Setup Wizards 8-3
Creating a Flow Using Flow Configuration Wizard 8-3

Flow Statistics Configuration 8-6


About Flow Statistics 8-6

CHAPTER 9 Cisco Traffic Analyzer 9-1

Understanding SPAN 9-1

Using Cisco Traffic Analyzer with Performance Manager 9-2


Understanding the PAA-2 9-2
Understanding Cisco Traffic Analyzer 9-3
Installing Cisco Traffic Analyzer 9-3

Accessing Traffic Analyzer from Fabric Manager Web Server 9-5

PART 2 Installation and Switch Management

CHAPTER 10 Obtaining and Installing Licenses 10-1

Licensing Terminology 10-1


Licensing Model 10-2

Licensing High Availability 10-8

Options to Install a License 10-8

Obtaining a Factory-Installed License 10-9

Performing a Manual Installation 10-9

Obtaining the License Key File 10-9

Installing the License Key File 10-10

Installing Licenses Using Fabric Manager License Wizard 10-11

Installing or Updating Licenses Using Device Manager 10-12

Identifying License Features in Use 10-13

Uninstalling Licenses 10-14

Updating Licenses 10-14

Grace Period Alerts 10-15

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License Transfers Between Switches 10-16

Displaying License Information 10-16


Viewing License Information in Fabric Manager 10-16
Viewing License Information in Device Manager 10-16
Viewing Licenses Using Fabric Manager Web Server 10-17
Fabric Manager Server Licensing 10-17

CHAPTER 11 On-Demand Port Activation Licensing 11-1

About On-Demand Port Activation Licensing 11-1


Port-Naming Conventions 11-2
Port Licensing 11-2
License Status Definitions 11-3
Configuring Port Activation Licenses 11-4
Checking the Status of Licenses 11-4
Making a Port Eligible for a License 11-5
Acquiring a License for a Port 11-6

CHAPTER 12 Initial Configuration 12-1

Assigning a Switch Name 12-1

Verifying the Module Status 12-2

Configuring Date, Time, and Time Zone 12-3

NTP Configuration 12-4


About NTP 12-4
NTP Configuration Guidelines 12-5
Configuring NTP 12-6
Editing an NTP Server or Peer Configuration 12-6
Deleting an NTP Server or Peer 12-7
NTP CFS Distribution 12-8
Configuring NTP with CFS 12-8
Committing NTP Configuration Changes 12-9
Discarding NTP Configuration Changes 12-9
Releasing Fabric Session Lock 12-9
Database Merge Guidelines 12-10
Management Interface Configuration 12-10

Default Gateway Configuration 12-10

Telnet Server Connection 12-11


Disabling a Telnet Connection 12-11

Configuring CDP 12-12

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CHAPTER 13 Using the CFS Infrastructure 13-1

About CFS 13-1


Cisco MDS NX-OS Features Using CFS 13-2
CFS Features 13-2
CFS Protocol 13-3
CFS Distribution Scopes 13-3
CFS Distribution Modes 13-4
Uncoordinated Distribution 13-4
Coordinated Distribution 13-4
Unrestricted Uncoordinated Distributions 13-4

Disabling CFS Distribution on a Switch 13-4

CFS Application Requirements 13-5

Enabling CFS for an Application 13-5

Locking the Fabric 13-6

Committing Changes 13-7

Discarding Changes 13-8

Saving the Configuration 13-8

Clearing a Locked Session 13-8

CFS Merge Support 13-9

Displaying CFS Configuration Information 13-9

CFS Distribution over IP 13-10


Configuring Static IP Peers for CFS over IP 13-11
Adding Peers to List 13-12
Removing an NPV Device from the Peer List 13-14
CFS Regions 13-16
About CFS Regions 13-16
Managing CFS Regions Using Fabric Manager 13-17
Creating CFS Regions 13-17
Assigning Features to CFS Regions 13-17
Moving a Feature to a Different Region 13-18
Removing a Feature from a Region 13-19
Deleting CFS Regions 13-19
CFS Example Using Fabric Manager 13-20

CFS Example Using Device Manager 13-23

Default Settings 13-23

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CHAPTER 14 Configuring FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-1

About FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-1

FlexAttach Virtual pWWN Guidelines and Requirements 14-2

Configuring FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-2


Enabling FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-2
Automatically Enabling FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-2
Launching FlexAttach in Fabric Manager 14-3
Manually Enabling FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-4
Mapping pWWN to Virtual pWWN 14-6
Debugging FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-8
Security Settings for FlexAttach Virtual pWWN 14-8
FlexAttach Virtual pWWN CFS Distribution 14-9
Using the Server Admin FlexAttach Wizards 14-9
Pre-Configuring FlexAttach for a New Server 14-9
Pre-Configuring FlexAttach for All the Ports 14-10
Pre-Configuring FlexAttach for Each Port Individually 14-12
Moving a Server to Another Port or Switch 14-15
Replacing a Server with Another Server 14-18
Replacing a Server on the Same Port 14-19
Replacing the Server to a Different Port on the Same Switch 14-21
Replacing with a Server on a Different Switch 14-22
Difference Between San Device Virtualization and FlexAttach Port Virtualization 14-23

CHAPTER 15 Software Images 15-1

About Software Images 15-1


Dependent Factors for Software Installation 15-1
Selecting the Correct Software Images for Cisco MDS 9100 Series Switches 15-2
Selecting the Correct Software Images for Cisco MDS 9200 Series Switches 15-2
Selecting the Correct Software Images for Cisco MDS 9500 Family Switches 15-2

Essential Upgrade Prerequisites 15-3

Software Upgrade Methods 15-5


Determining Software Compatibility 15-5

Automated Upgrades 15-6


Benefits of Using the Software Install Wizard 15-6
Recognizing Failure Cases 15-7
Using the Software Install Wizard 15-8
Upgrading Services Modules 15-12
Nondisruptive Upgrades on Fabric and Modular Switches 15-13

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Preparing for a Nondisruptive Upgrade on Fabric and Modular Switches 15-13


Performing a Nondisruptive Upgrade on a Fabric Switch 15-14
Maintaining Supervisor Modules 15-14
Replacing Supervisor Modules 15-15
Migrating from Supervisor-1 Modules to Supervisor-2 Modules 15-15
Standby Supervisor Module Boot Variable Version 15-15
Standby Supervisor Module Bootflash Memory 15-16
Standby Supervisor Module Boot Alert 15-16
Installing Generation 2 Modules in Generation 1 Chassis 15-16

Replacing Modules 15-17

Default Settings 15-17

CHAPTER 16 Managing Configuration Files 16-1

About Flash Devices 16-1


Internal bootflash: 16-2
Formatting Flash Devices and File Systems 16-2

Using the File System 16-2


Flash Files 16-3
Creating a Directory 16-3
Deleting an Existing File or Directory 16-4
Copying Files 16-5
Performing Other File Manipulation Tasks 16-7
Working with Configuration Files 16-7
Downloading Configuration Files to the Switch 16-7
Saving the Configuration 16-8
Saving the Running Configuration 16-8
Saving Startup Configurations in the Fabric 16-9
Backing Up the Current Configuration 16-9

CHAPTER 17 Configuring High Availability 17-1

About High Availability 17-1

Switchover Mechanisms 17-2


HA Switchover Characteristics 17-2
Initiating a Switchover 17-2
Switchover Guidelines 17-3

Process Restartability 17-3

Synchronizing Supervisor Modules 17-3

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CHAPTER 18 Managing System Hardware 18-1

Displaying Switch Hardware Inventory 18-1

Running the CompactFlash Report 18-2

Displaying the Switch Serial Number 18-3

Displaying Power Usage Information 18-3

Power Supply Configuration Modes 18-4


Power Supply Configuration Guidelines 18-5

About Crossbar Management 18-7


Operational Considerations When Removing Crossbars 18-9
Gracefully Shutting Down a Crossbar 18-9
Backward Compatibility for Generation 1 Modules in Cisco MDS 9513 Directors 18-10

About Module Temperature 18-11


Displaying Module Temperature 18-11

About Fan Modules 18-12

Default Settings 18-13

CHAPTER 19 Managing Modules 19-1

About Modules 19-1


Supervisor Modules 19-2
Switching Modules 19-3
Services Modules 19-3
Verifying the Status of a Module 19-3

Obtaining Supervisor Module Statistics 19-4


Checking the State of a Module 19-4
Reloading Modules 19-5
Reloading a Switch 19-6
Power Cycling Modules 19-6
Preserving the Module Configuration 19-7

Powering Off Switching Modules 19-8

Identifying Module LEDs 19-9

Managing SSMs and Supervisor Modules 19-13


Considerations for Replacing SSMs and Supervisor Modules 19-13

Default Settings 19-13

PART 3 Switch Configuration

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CHAPTER 20 Configuring Interfaces 20-1

Common Interface Configuration 20-1

Fibre Channel Interfaces 20-2


Generation 1 Interfaces Configuration Guidelines 20-2
About Interface Modes 20-3
E Port 20-4
F Port 20-5
FL Port 20-5
NP Ports 20-5
TL Port 20-5
TE Port 20-6
TF Port 20-6
TNP Port 20-6
SD Port 20-6
ST Port 20-6
Fx Port 20-7
B Port 20-7
Auto Mode 20-7
About Interface States 20-7
Administrative States 20-7
Operational States 20-8
Reason Codes 20-8
Graceful Shutdown 20-11
Setting the Interface Administrative State 20-11
Configuring Interface Modes 20-12
Configuring Administrative Speeds 20-12
Autosensing 20-13
Specifying a Port Owner 20-13
Configuring Port Guard 20-16
About Interface Descriptions 20-18
About Frame Encapsulation 20-18
About Receive Data Field Size 20-19
Configuring Receive Data Field Size 20-19
Identifying the Beacon LEDs 20-19
About Speed LEDs 20-20
About Beacon Mode 20-20
Configuring Beacon Mode 20-20
About Bit Error Thresholds 20-21
Switch Port Attribute Default Values 20-21

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About SFP Transmitter Types 20-22


Displaying SFP Transmitter Types 20-22
About Gathering Interface Statistics 20-22
Gathering Interface Statistics 20-23
TL Ports for Private Loops 20-23
About TL Ports 20-24
Configuring TL Ports 20-25
About TL Port ALPA Caches 20-25
Buffer Credits 20-26
About Buffer-to-Buffer Credits 20-26
Configuring Buffer-to-Buffer Credits 20-26
About Performance Buffers 20-27
Configuring Performance Buffers 20-27
About Extended BB_credits 20-28
Extended BB_credits on Generation 1 Switching Modules 20-28
Extended BB_credits on Generation 2 and Generation 3 Switching Modules 20-29
Configuring Extended BB_credits 20-29
Management Interfaces 20-29
About Management Interfaces 20-30
Configuring Management Interfaces 20-30
VSAN Interfaces 20-30
About VSAN Interfaces 20-31
Creating VSAN Interfaces 20-31
Default Settings 20-32

CHAPTER 21 Configuring N Port Virtualization 21-1

About NPV 21-1


NPV Mode 21-3
NP Ports 21-3
NP Links 21-3
Internal FLOGI Parameters 21-3
Default Port Numbers 21-5
NPV CFS Distribution over IP 21-5
NPV Traffic Management 21-5
Auto 21-5
Traffic Map 21-5
Disruptive 21-6
Multiple VSAN Support 21-6
NPV Guidelines and Requirements 21-6

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NPV Traffic Management Guidelines 21-7

Configuring NPV 21-7


Configuring NPV Traffic Management 21-9
Configuring List of External Interfaces per Server Interface 21-9
Enabling or Disabling the Global Policy for Disruptive Load Balancing 21-11
Using the NPV Setup Wizard 21-12
DPVM Configuration 21-31
NPV and Port Security 21-31

CHAPTER 22 Configuring Generation 2 and Generation 3 Switching Modules 22-1

About Generations of Modules and Switches 22-1

Port Groups and Port Rate Modes 22-3


Port Groups 22-3
Port Rate Modes 22-4
Dedicated Rate Mode 22-6
Shared Rate Mode 22-7
Dedicated Rate Mode Configurations for the 8-Gbps Modules 22-7
Reserving Bandwidth Quickly for the 8-Gbps Modules 22-8
Dynamic Bandwidth Management 22-9
Out-of-Service Interfaces 22-10
Buffer Credit Allocation 22-10
Buffer Pools 22-10
BB_Credit Buffers for Switching Modules 22-13
48-Port 8-Gbps Fibre Channel Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-14
24-Port 8-Gbps Fibre Channel Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-15
4/44-Port 8-Gbps Host-Optimized Fibre Channel Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-16
48-Port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-17
24-Port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-18
18-Port Fibre Channel/4-Port Gigabit Ethernet Multiservice Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-19
12-Port 4-Gbps Switching Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-20
4-Port 10-Gbps Switching Module BB_Credit Buffers 22-21
BB_Credit Buffers for Fabric Switches 22-22
Cisco MDS 9134 Fabric Switch BB_Credit Buffers 22-22
Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch BB_Credit Buffers 22-23
Cisco MDS 9222i Multiservice Modular Switch BB_Credit Buffers 22-23
Extended BB_Credits 22-23
Combining Generation 1, Generation 2, and Generation 3 Modules 22-24
Port Indexes 22-24
PortChannels 22-26

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Configuring Module Interface Shared Resources 22-28


Configuration Guidelines for 48-Port, 24-Port, and 4/44-Port 8-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching
Modules 22-28
Migrating from Shared Mode to Dedicated Mode 22-29
Migrating from Dedicated Mode to Shared Mode 22-29
Configuration Guidelines for 48-Port and 24-Port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Modules 22-30
Migrating from Shared Mode to Dedicated Mode 22-30
Migrating from Dedicated Mode to Shared Mode 22-30
Configuration Guidelines for 12-Port 4-Gbps Switching Module Interfaces 22-31
Configuration Guidelines for 4-Port 10-Gbps Switching Module Interfaces 22-31
Configuring Port Speed 22-32
Configuring Rate Mode 22-33
Configuring Oversubscription Ratio Restrictions 22-34
Disabling Restrictions on Oversubscription Ratios 22-35
Enabling Restrictions on Oversubscription Ratios 22-37
Configuring Bandwidth Fairness 22-37
Enabling Bandwidth Fairness 22-38
Disabling Bandwidth Fairness 22-39
Upgrade or Downgrade Scenario 22-40
Taking Interfaces Out of Service 22-40
Releasing Shared Resources in a Port Group 22-41
Displaying SFP Diagnostic Information 22-41

Default Settings 22-43

CHAPTER 23 Configuring PortChannels 23-1

About PortChannels 23-1


About E PortChannels 23-2
About F and TF PortChannels 23-3
About PortChanneling and Trunking 23-3
About Load Balancing 23-4
About PortChannel Modes 23-6
Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions 23-7
Generation 1 PortChannel Restrictions 23-7
F and TF PortChannel Restrictions 23-8
PortChannel Configuration 23-9
About PortChannel Configuration 23-10
Configuring PortChannels Using the Wizard 23-11
Configuring the PortChannel Mode 23-16
About PortChannel Deletion 23-16

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Deleting PortChannels 23-16

Interfaces in a PortChannel 23-17


About Interface Addition to a PortChannel 23-17
Compatibility Check 23-17
Suspended and Isolated States 23-18
Adding an Interface to a PortChannel 23-18
Forcing an Interface Addition 23-19
About Interface Deletion from a PortChannel 23-20
Deleting an Interface from a PortChannel 23-20
PortChannel Protocols 23-20
About Channel Group Creation 23-21
About Autocreation 23-22
Enabling and Configuring Autocreation 23-23
About Manually Configured Channel Groups 23-23
Converting to Manually Configured Channel Groups 23-23
Verifying the PortChannel Configuration 23-24

Default Settings 23-25

CHAPTER 24 Configuring Trunking 24-1

About Trunking 24-1


Trunking E Ports 24-2
Trunking F Ports 24-2
Key Concepts 24-3
Trunking Guidelines and Restrictions 24-3
Trunking Misconfiguration Examples 24-4
Upgrade and Downgrade Restrictions 24-5
Difference Between TE Ports and TF-TNP Ports 24-5
Enabling the Trunking Protocols 24-6
About Trunking Protocols 24-6
Enabling the F Port Trunking and Channeling Protocol 24-7

Configuring Trunk Mode and VSAN List 24-7


About Trunk Modes 24-7
Configuring Trunk Mode 24-8
About Trunk-Allowed VSAN Lists and VF_IDs 24-9
Configuring an Allowed-Active List of VSANs 24-11

Default Settings 24-11

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CHAPTER 25 Configuring Domain Parameters 25-1

Fibre Channel Domains 25-2


About Domain Restart 25-3
Restarting a Domain 25-3
About Switch Priority 25-5
Configuring Switch Priority 25-5
About fcdomain Initiation 25-5
Enabling or Disabling fcdomains 25-6
Setting Fabric Names 25-6
About Incoming RCFs 25-6
Rejecting Incoming RCFs 25-7
About Autoreconfiguring Merged Fabrics 25-7
Enabling Autoreconfiguration 25-8
Domain IDs 25-8
About Domain IDs 25-8
Specifying Static or Preferred Domain IDs 25-10
About Allowed Domain ID Lists 25-11
Configuring Allowed Domain ID Lists 25-11
About CFS Distribution of Allowed Domain ID Lists 25-12
Enabling Distribution 25-12
Locking the Fabric 25-13
Committing Changes 25-13
Discarding Changes 25-13
Clearing a Fabric Lock 25-14
Displaying Pending Changes 25-14
Displaying Session Status 25-15
About Contiguous Domain ID Assignments 25-15
Enabling Contiguous Domain ID Assignments 25-15
FC IDs 25-16
About Persistent FC IDs 25-17
Enabling the Persistent FC ID Feature 25-17
About Persistent FC ID Configuration 25-17
Configuring Persistent FC IDs 25-18
About Unique Area FC IDs for HBAs 25-19
Configuring Unique Area FC IDs for an HBA 25-19
About Persistent FC ID Selective Purging 25-21
Purging Persistent FC IDs 25-21
Displaying fcdomain Statistics 25-22

Default Settings 25-22

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PART 4 Fabric Configuration

CHAPTER 26 Configuring and Managing VSANs 26-1

About VSANs 26-1


VSANs Topologies 26-1
VSAN Advantages 26-3
VSANs Versus Zones 26-4
VSAN Configuration 26-5
About VSAN Creation 26-6
Creating VSANs Statically 26-6
About Port VSAN Membership 26-8
Assigning Static Port VSAN Membership 26-8
About the Default VSAN 26-8
About the Isolated VSAN 26-8
Displaying Isolated VSAN Membership 26-9
Operational State of a VSAN 26-9
Mapping VSANs to VLANs 26-9
Mapping VSANs to VLANs Using Fabric Manager 26-10
Mapping VSANs to VLANs Using Device Manager 26-11
About Static VSAN Deletion 26-12
Deleting Static VSANs 26-13
About Load Balancing 26-13
Configuring Load Balancing 26-13
About Interop Mode 26-14
About FICON VSANs 26-14
Default Settings 26-14

CHAPTER 27 SAN Device Virtualization 27-1

About SDV 27-1


Key Concepts 27-3
Automatic Failover and Fallback 27-4

Configuring SDV 27-4


Configuring a Virtual Device 27-4
Linking a Virtual Device with a Physical Device 27-7
Resolving Fabric Merge Conflicts 27-8
SDV Requirements and Guidelines 27-9

Default Settings 27-10

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CHAPTER 28 Creating Dynamic VSANs 28-1

DPVM 28-1
About DPVM Configuration 28-2
Configuring DPVM with the DPVM Wizard 28-2
About DPVM Databases 28-5
Configuring DPVM Config and Pending Databases 28-5
Activating DPVM Config Databases 28-7
Viewing the Pending Database 28-8
About Autolearned Entries 28-8
Enabling Autolearning 28-9
Clearing Learned Entries 28-9
DPVM Database Distribution 28-10
About DPVM Database Distribution 28-10
Disabling DPVM Database Distribution 28-11
About Locking the Fabric 28-11
Locking the Fabric 28-11
Committing Changes 28-12
Discarding Changes 28-13
Clearing a Locked Session 28-13
Database Merge Guidelines 28-13
About Copying DPVM Databases 28-14
Copying DPVM Databases 28-14
Comparing Database Differences 28-14
Default Settings 28-15

CHAPTER 29 Configuring Inter-VSAN Routing 29-1


Inter-VSAN Routing 29-1
About IVR 29-2
IVR Features 29-3
IVR Terminology 29-3
IVR Limits Summary 29-4
Fibre Channel Header Modifications 29-4
IVR NAT 29-5
IVR NAT Requirements and Guidelines 29-5
IVR VSAN Topology 29-6
Autonomous Fabric ID 29-7
IVR Interoperability 29-7
About the IVR Zone Wizard 29-7
Configuring IVR Using the IVR Zone Wizard 29-7

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Manual IVR Configuration 29-9


About IVR NAT and Auto Topology 29-10
Transit VSAN Guidelines 29-10
Border Switch Guidelines 29-10
Configuring IVR NAT and IVR Auto Topology 29-11
About AFIDs 29-11
Configuring Default AFIDs 29-12
Configuring Individual AFIDs 29-12
Configuring IVR Without IVR NAT or Auto Topology 29-13
Domain ID Guidelines 29-13
Transit VSAN Guidelines 29-14
Border Switch Guidelines 29-14
Configuring IVR Without NAT 29-14
Manually Creating the IVR Topology 29-15
Activating a Manually Configured IVR Topology 29-16
Clearing the Configured IVR Topology 29-17
Migrating from IVR Auto Topology Mode to Manual Mode 29-17
About IVR Virtual Domains 29-18
Configuring IVR Virtual Domains 29-18
About Persistent FC IDs for IVR 29-19
Configuring Persistent FC IDs for IVR 29-19
Configuring IVR Logging Levels 29-20
IVR Zones and IVR Zone Sets 29-21
About IVR Zones 29-22
Automatic IVR Zone Creation 29-22
Configuring IVR Zones and IVR Zone Sets 29-23
About Activating Zone Sets and Using the force Option 29-26
Recovering an IVR Full Zone Database 29-28
Recovering an IVR Full Topology 29-29
About LUNs in IVR Zoning 29-30
Configuring LUNs in IVR Zoning 29-30
About QoS in IVR Zones 29-30
Configuring QoS for IVR Zones 29-30
Renaming IVR Zones and IVR Zone Sets 29-30
Clearing the IVR Zone Database 29-31
Configuring IVR Using Read-Only Zoning 29-31
System Image Downgrading Considerations 29-31
Database Merge Guidelines 29-31
Resolving Database Merge Failures 29-33

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Default Settings 29-34

CHAPTER 30 Configuring and Managing Zones 30-1

About Zoning 30-1


Zoning Example 30-2
Zone Implementation 30-3
Zone Member Configuration Guidelines 30-4
Active and Full Zone Set Considerations 30-4
Using the Quick Config Wizard 30-7

Zone Configuration 30-10


About the Edit Local Full Zone Database Tool 30-11
Configuring a Zone Using the Zone Configuration Tool 30-12
Adding Zone Members 30-14
Zone Sets 30-15
About Zone Set Creation 30-16
Activating a Zone Set 30-17
Deactivating a Zoneset 30-18
Displaying Zone Membership Information 30-20
About the Default Zone 30-20
Configuring the Default Zone 30-21
About FC Alias Creation 30-21
Creating FC Aliases 30-22
Adding Members to Aliases 30-22
Converting Zone Members to pWWN-based Members 30-24
Zone Enforcement 30-26
Zone Set Distribution 30-26
Enabling Full Zone Set Distribution 30-26
Enabling a One-Time Distribution 30-27
About Recovering from Link Isolation 30-28
Importing and Exporting Zone Sets 30-28
Zone Set Duplication 30-29
Copying Zone Sets 30-30
About Backing Up and Restoring Zones 30-30
Backing Up Zones 30-31
Restoring Zones 30-32
Renaming Zones, Zone Sets, and Aliases 30-34
Cloning Zones, Zone Sets, FC Aliases, and Zone Attribute Groups 30-35
Migrating a Non-MDS Database 30-35
Clearing the Zone Server Database 30-36

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Advanced Zone Attributes 30-36


About Zone-Based Traffic Priority 30-36
Configuring Zone-Based Traffic Priority 30-37
Configuring Default Zone QoS Priority Attributes 30-37
Configuring the Default Zone Policy 30-38
About Broadcast Zoning 30-38
Configuring Broadcast Zoning 30-39
About LUN Zoning 30-40
Configuring a LUN-Based Zone 30-40
Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems 30-41
About Read-Only Zones 30-41
Configuring Read-Only Zones 30-42
Displaying Zone Information 30-42

Enhanced Zoning 30-43


About Enhanced Zoning 30-43
Changing from Basic Zoning to Enhanced Zoning 30-44
Changing from Enhanced Zoning to Basic Zoning 30-44
Enabling Enhanced Zoning 30-45
Creating Attribute Groups 30-45
Merging the Database 30-45
Analyzing a Zone Merge 30-46
Configuring Zone Merge Control Policies 30-47
Compacting the Zone Database for Downgrading 30-47

Default Settings 30-48

CHAPTER 31 Distributing Device Alias Services 31-1

About Device Aliases 31-1


About Device Alias Modes 31-1
Changing Mode Settings 31-2
Device Alias Mode Distribution 31-2
Merging Device Alias 31-2
Resolving Merge and Device Alias Mode Mismatch 31-3
Device Alias Features 31-3
Device Alias Requirements 31-3
Zone Aliases Versus Device Aliases 31-4
Device Alias Databases 31-4
About Device Alias Distribution 31-4
Distributing the Device Alias Database 31-5
About Creating a Device Alias 31-5

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Creating a Device Alias 31-6


Committing Changes 31-6
Discarding Changes 31-7
Legacy Zone Alias Conversion 31-7
Using Device Aliases or FC Aliases 31-8
Device Alias Statistics Cleanup 31-8
Database Merge Guidelines 31-8

Default Settings 31-9

CHAPTER 32 Configuring Fibre Channel Routing Services and Protocols 32-1

About FSPF 32-2


FSPF Examples 32-2
Fault Tolerant Fabric 32-2
Redundant Links 32-3
Fail-Over Scenarios for PortChannels and FSPF Links 32-3

FSPF Global Configuration 32-4


About SPF Computational Hold Times 32-4
About Link State Records 32-4
Configuring FSPF on a VSAN 32-5
Resetting FSPF to the Default Configuration 32-5
Enabling or Disabling FSPF 32-6
FSPF Interface Configuration 32-6
About FSPF Link Cost 32-6
Configuring FSPF Link Cost 32-7
About Hello Time Intervals 32-7
Configuring Hello Time Intervals 32-8
About Dead Time Intervals 32-8
Configuring Dead Time Intervals 32-8
About Retransmitting Intervals 32-8
Configuring Retransmitting Intervals 32-9
About Disabling FSPF for Specific Interfaces 32-9
Disabling FSPF for Specific Interfaces 32-9
Displaying the FSPF Database 32-10
Viewing FSPF Statistics 32-11
FSPF Routes 32-12
About Fibre Channel Routes 32-12
Configuring Fibre Channel Routes 32-12
About Broadcast and Multicast Routing 32-14
About Multicast Root Switch 32-14

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Setting the Multicast Root Switch 32-14

In-Order Delivery 32-15


About Reordering Network Frames 32-15
About Reordering PortChannel Frames 32-16
About Enabling In-Order Delivery 32-17
Enabling In-Order Delivery Globally 32-18
Enabling In-Order Delivery for a VSAN 32-18
Configuring the Drop Latency Time 32-18
Default Settings 32-19

CHAPTER 33 Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing 33-1

About DWDM 33-1

Viewing DWDM Links 33-1

CHAPTER 34 Managing FLOGI, Name Server, FDMI, and RSCN Databases 34-1

FLOGI 34-1
Displaying FLOGI Details 34-1

Name Server Proxy 34-2


About Registering Name Server Proxies 34-2
Registering Name Server Proxies 34-2
About Rejecting Duplicate pWWN 34-3
Rejecting Duplicate pWWNs 34-3
About Name Server Database Entries 34-3
Viewing Name Server Database Entries 34-3
FDMI 34-4
Displaying FDMI 34-4

RSCN 34-5
About RSCN Information 34-5
Displaying RSCN Information 34-5
About the multi-pid Option 34-6
Configuring the multi-pid Option 34-6
Clearing RSCN Statistics 34-7
RSCN Timer Configuration Distribution Using CFS 34-7
Configuring the RSCN Timer with CFS 34-8
Default Settings 34-8

CHAPTER 35 Discovering SCSI Targets 35-1

About SCSI LUN Discovery 35-1

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About Starting SCSI LUN Discovery 35-1


Starting SCSI LUN Discovery 35-2
About Initiating Customized Discovery 35-2
Initiating Customized Discovery 35-2
Displaying SCSI LUN Information 35-3

CHAPTER 36 Configuring FICON 36-1

About FICON 36-1


FICON Requirements 36-2
MDS-Specific FICON Advantages 36-3
Fabric Optimization with VSANs 36-3
FCIP Support 36-5
PortChannel Support 36-5
VSANs for FICON and FCP Mixing 36-5
Cisco MDS-Supported FICON Features 36-5
FICON Cascading 36-7
FICON VSAN Prerequisites 36-7
FICON Port Numbering 36-8
Default FICON Port Numbering Scheme 36-8
Port Addresses 36-11
Implemented and Unimplemented Port Addresses 36-11
About the Reserved FICON Port Numbering Scheme 36-11
Installed and Uninstalled Ports 36-12
FICON Port Numbering Guidelines 36-12
Assigning FICON Port Numbers to Slots 36-13
About Port Numbers for FCIP and PortChannel 36-13
Reserving FICON Port Numbers for FCIP and PortChannel Interfaces 36-13
FC ID Allocation 36-14
Configuring FICON 36-15
About Enabling FICON on a VSAN 36-15
Setting Up a Basic FICON Configuration 36-16
Manually Enabling FICON on a VSAN 36-18
Deleting FICON VSANs 36-18
Suspending a FICON VSAN 36-19
Configuring the code-page Option 36-19
Assigning FC ID Last Byte 36-20
Allowing the Host to Move the Switch Offline 36-21
Allowing the Host to Change FICON Port Parameters 36-22
Allowing the Host to Control the Timestamp 36-22

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Configuring SNMP Control of FICON Parameters 36-22


FICON Information Refresh 36-23
About FICON Device Allegiance 36-23
Automatically Saving the Running Configuration 36-23

Configuring FICON Ports 36-24


Configuring Port Blocking 36-25
Viewing ESCON Style Ports 36-26
Port Prohibiting 36-26
Configuring Port Prohibiting 36-26
Assigning a Port Address Name 36-27
About RLIR 36-27
Displaying RLIR Information 36-27
FICON Configuration Files 36-28
About FICON Configuration Files 36-29
Applying the Saved Configuration Files to the Running Configuration 36-29
Editing FICON Configuration Files 36-30
Displaying FICON Configuration Files 36-30
Copying FICON Configuration Files 36-31
Port Swapping 36-31
About Port Swapping 36-32
Swapping Ports 36-33
FICON Tape Acceleration 36-33
Configuring FICON Tape Acceleration 36-35

CUP In-Band Management 36-37


Calculating FICON Flow Load Balance 36-39

Displaying FICON Information 36-40


Receiving FICON Alerts 36-41
Displaying FICON Port Address Information 36-41
Displaying IPL File Information 36-41
Viewing the History Buffer 36-41
Default Settings 36-42

CHAPTER 37 Advanced Features and Concepts 37-1

Common Information Model 37-1


SSL Certificate Requirements and Format 37-1

Fibre Channel Time Out Values 37-2


Timer Configuration Across All VSANs 37-2
Timer Configuration Per-VSAN 37-3

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About fctimer Distribution 37-4


Enabling or Disabling fctimer Distribution 37-4
Database Merge Guidelines 37-5
World Wide Names 37-5
Displaying WWN Information 37-6
Link Initialization WWN Usage 37-6
Configuring a Secondary MAC Address 37-6

FC ID Allocation for HBAs 37-7


Default Company ID list 37-8
Verifying the Company ID Configuration 37-8

Switch Interoperability 37-8


About Interop Mode 37-9
Configuring Interop Mode 1 37-11
Verifying Interoperating Status 37-12
Default Settings 37-13

PART 5 Security

CHAPTER 38 Configuring FIPS 38-1

Configuration Guidelines 38-1

Enabling FIPS Mode 38-2

FIPS Self-Tests 38-3

CHAPTER 39 Configuring Users and Common Roles 39-1

Role-Based Authorization 39-1


About Roles 39-2
Configuring Roles and Profiles 39-2
Deleting Common Roles 39-3
About the VSAN Policy 39-3
Modifying the VSAN Policy 39-4
About Rules and Features for Each Role 39-4
Modifying Rules 39-5
Displaying Role-Based Information 39-7
Role Distributions 39-7
About Role Databases 39-7
Locking the Fabric 39-8
Committing the Changes 39-8
Discarding the Changes 39-9

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Enabling Distribution 39-9


Clearing Sessions 39-9
Database Merge Guidelines 39-10
Displaying Roles When Distribution is Enabled 39-10

User Accounts 39-10


About Users 39-11
Configuring Users 39-12
Changing Administrator Password using Fabric Manager 39-13
Deleting a User 39-15
Displaying User Account Information 39-15
SSH Services 39-15
About SSH 39-16
About the SSH Server Key Pair 39-16
Generating the SSH Server Key Pair 39-17
Overwriting a Generated Key Pair 39-18
Enabling SSH or Telnet Service 39-18
SSH Authentication Using Digital Certificates 39-19
Creating or Updating Users 39-19
Recovering the Administrator Password 39-20

Configuring Cisco ACS Servers 39-21

Default Settings 39-24

CHAPTER 40 Configuring SNMP 40-1

About SNMP Security 40-1


SNMP Version 1 and Version 2c 40-2
SNMP Version 3 40-2
Assigning SNMP Switch Contact and Location Information 40-2
SNMPv3 CLI User Management and AAA Integration 40-2
CLI and SNMP User Synchronization 40-3
Restricting Switch Access 40-3
Group-Based SNMP Access 40-3
Creating and Modifying Users 40-4
About AES Encryption-Based Privacy 40-4
Enforcing SNMPv3 Message Encryption 40-5
Assigning SNMPv3 Users to Multiple Roles 40-6
Adding Communities 40-7
Deleting a Community String 40-7
SNMP Trap and Inform Notifications 40-8
Configuring SNMPv2c Notifications 40-8

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Configuring SNMPv3 Notifications 40-9


Enabling SNMP Notifications 40-9
Configuring the Notification Target User 40-11
Configuring Event Security 40-11
Viewing the SNMP Events Log 40-12
Default Settings 40-12

CHAPTER 41 Configuring RADIUS and TACACS+ 41-1

Switch Management Security 41-1


Fabric Manager Security Options 41-2
SNMP Security Options 41-2
Switch AAA 41-2
Authentication 41-3
Authorization 41-3
Accounting 41-3
Remote AAA Services 41-4
Remote Authentication Guidelines 41-4
Server Groups 41-4
AAA Configuration Options 41-4
AAA Server Monitoring 41-5
Authentication and Authorization Process 41-6

Configuring RADIUS Server Monitoring Parameters 41-7


About RADIUS Server Default Configuration 41-8
About the Default RADIUS Server Encryption Type and Preshared Key 41-8
Configuring the Default RADIUS Server Encryption Type and Preshared Key 41-8
Setting the Default RADIUS Server Timeout Interval and Retransmits 41-9
About RADIUS Servers 41-9
Configuring a RADIUS Server 41-10
Configuring the Test Idle Timer 41-11
Configuring Test User Name 41-11
About Validating a RADIUS Server 41-11
Periodically Validating a RADIUS Server 41-11
Displaying RADIUS Server Statistics 41-12
About Users Specifying a RADIUS Server at Login 41-12
Allowing Users to Specify a RADIUS Server at Login 41-12
About Vendor-Specific Attributes 41-13
VSA Format 41-13
Specifying SNMPv3 on AAA Servers 41-13
Configuring TACACS+ Server Monitoring Parameters 41-14

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About TACACS+ 41-14


About TACACS+ Server Default Configuration 41-14
About the Default TACACS+ Server Encryption Type and Preshared Key 41-15
Setting the Default TACACS+ Server Encryption Type and Preshared Key 41-15
Setting the Default TACACS+ Server Timeout Interval and Retransmits 41-15
About TACACS+ Servers 41-16
Configuring a TACACS+ Server 41-16
About Validating a TACACS+ Server 41-17
Periodically Validating a TACACS+ Server 41-18
Displaying TACACS+ Server Statistics 41-18
About Users Specifying a TACACS+ Server at Login 41-18
Allowing Users to Specify a TACACS+ Server at Login 41-18
About Custom Attributes for Roles 41-19
Supported TACACS+ Servers 41-19
Server Groups 41-19
About Configuring Server Groups 41-20
Configuring Server Groups 41-20
About Bypassing a Nonresponsive Server 41-21

AAA Server Distribution 41-21


Enabling AAA Server Distribution 41-22
Starting a Distribution Session on a Switch 41-22
Displaying the Session Status 41-23
Displaying the Configuration to be Distributed 41-23
Committing the Distribution 41-23
Discarding the Distribution Session 41-23
Clearing Sessions 41-24
Merge Guidelines for RADIUS and TACACS+ Configurations 41-24

MSCHAP Authentication 41-24


About Enabling MSCHAP 41-25
Enabling MSCHAP Authentication 41-25

Local AAA Services 41-26

Configuring Cisco Access Control Servers 41-26

Default Settings 41-30

CHAPTER 42 Configuring IPv4 and IPv6 Access Control Lists 42-1

IPv4-ACL and IPv6-ACL Configuration Guidelines 42-2

About Filter Contents 42-2


Protocol Information 42-2
Address Information 42-3

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Port Information 42-3


ICMP Information 42-4
ToS Information 42-5
Creating IPv4-ACLs or IPv6-ACLs with the IP-ACL Wizard 42-5
Creating IPv4-ACLs or IPv6-ACLs in Device Manager 42-6
Removing IP Filters from an Existing IPv4-ACL or IPv6-ACL 42-8
Deleting IP-ACLs 42-9
Reading the IP-ACL Log Dump 42-9

Applying an IP-ACL to an Interface 42-10


Applying an IP-ACL to mgmt0 42-11

Example IP-ACL Configuration 42-12

CHAPTER 43 Configuring Certificate Authorities and Digital Certificates 43-1

About CAs and Digital Certificates 43-1


Purpose of CAs and Digital Certificates 43-2
Trust Model, Trust Points, and Identity CAs 43-2
RSA Key-Pairs and Identity Certificates 43-2
Multiple Trusted CA Support 43-3
PKI Enrollment Support 43-4
Manual Enrollment Using Cut-and-Paste Method 43-4
Multiple RSA Key-Pair and Identity CA Support 43-4
Peer Certificate Verification 43-5
CRL Downloading, Caching, and Checking Support 43-5
OCSP Support 43-5
Import and Export Support for Certificates and Associated Key Pairs 43-5

Configuring CAs and Digital Certificates 43-6


Configuring the Host Name and IP Domain Name 43-6
Generating an RSA Key-Pair 43-6
Creating a Trust Point CA Association 43-8
Copying Files to Bootflash 43-9
Authenticating the CA 43-10
Confirming CA Authentication 43-11
Configuring Certificate Revocation Checking Methods 43-12
Generating Certificate Requests 43-12
Installing Identity Certificates 43-13
Saving Your Configuration 43-13
Ensuring Trust Point Configurations Persist Across Reboots 43-14
Monitoring and Maintaining CA and Certificates Configuration 43-14
Exporting and Importing Identity Information in PKCS#12 Format 43-14

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Configuring a CRL 43-15


Deleting Certificates from the CA Configuration 43-16
Deleting RSA Key-Pairs from Your Switch 43-16
Example Configurations 43-17
Configuring Certificates on the MDS Switch 43-17
Downloading a CA Certificate 43-19
Requesting an Identity Certificate 43-24
Revoking a Certificate 43-30
Generating and Publishing the CRL 43-33
Downloading the CRL 43-34
Importingthe CRL 43-36
Maximum Limits 43-36

Default Settings 43-37

CHAPTER 44 Configuring IPsec Network Security 44-1

About IPsec 44-2

About IKE 44-3

IPsec Prerequisites 44-3

Using IPsec 44-4


IPsec Compatibility 44-4
IPsec and IKE Terminology 44-5
Supported IPsec Transforms and Algorithms 44-6
Supported IKE Transforms and Algorithms 44-6
IPsec Digital Certificate Support 44-7
Implementing IPsec Without CAs and Digital Certificates 44-7
Implementing IPsec with CAs and Digital Certificates 44-8
How CA Certificates Are Used by IPsec Devices 44-9
Configuring IPsec Using FCIP Wizard 44-10

Manually Configuring IPsec and IKE 44-13


About IKE Initialization 44-13
About the IKE Domain 44-13
About IKE Tunnels 44-13
About IKE Policy Negotiation 44-14
Configuring an IKE Policy 44-15
Optional IKE Parameter Configuration 44-16
Configuring the Keepalive Time for a Peer 44-17
Configuring the Initiator Version 44-18
Clearing IKE Tunnels or Domains 44-20

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Refreshing SAs 44-20

Crypto IPv4-ACLs 44-21


About Crypto IPv4-ACLs 44-22
Crypto IPv4-ACL Guidelines 44-22
Mirror Image Crypto IPv4-ACLs 44-24
The any Keyword in Crypto IPv4-ACLs 44-25
Creating Crypto IPv4-ACLs 44-25
About Transform Sets in IPsec 44-25
Configuring Transform Sets 44-26
About Crypto Map Entries 44-28
SA Establishment Between Peers 44-28
Crypto Map Configuration Guidelines 44-29
Creating Crypto Map Entries 44-29
About SA Lifetime Negotiation 44-30
Setting the SA Lifetime 44-31
About the AutoPeer Option 44-32
Configuring the AutoPeer Option 44-33
About Perfect Forward Secrecy 44-34
Configuring Perfect Forward Secrecy 44-35
About Crypto Map Set Application 44-36
Applying a Crypto Map Set 44-36
IPsec Maintenance 44-37

Global Lifetime Values 44-37

Default Settings 44-39

CHAPTER 45 Configuring FC-SP and DHCHAP 45-1

About Fabric Authentication 45-1


DHCHAP 45-2
DHCHAP Compatibility with Existing Cisco MDS Features 45-3
About Enabling DHCHAP 45-4
Enabling DHCHAP 45-4
About DHCHAP Authentication Modes 45-5
Configuring the DHCHAP Mode 45-5
About the DHCHAP Hash Algorithm 45-6
Configuring the DHCHAP Hash Algorithm 45-6
About the DHCHAP Group Settings 45-7
Configuring the DHCHAP Group Settings 45-7
About the DHCHAP Password 45-7
Configuring DHCHAP Passwords for the Local Switch 45-8

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About Password Configuration for Remote Devices 45-8


Configuring DHCHAP Passwords for Remote Devices 45-8
About the DHCHAP Timeout Value 45-9
Configuring the DHCHAP Timeout Value 45-9
Configuring DHCHAP AAA Authentication 45-10
Enabling FC-SP on ISLs 45-10
Default Settings 45-10

CHAPTER 46 Configuring Port Security 46-1

About Port Security 46-1


Port Security Enforcement 46-2
About Auto-Learning 46-2
Port Security Activation 46-3
Port Security Configuration Guidelines 46-3
Configuring Port Security with Auto-Learning and CFS Distribution 46-3
Configuring Port Security with Auto-Learning without CFS 46-4
Configuring Port Security with Manual Database Configuration 46-4
Configuring Port Security Using Wizard 46-5
Prerequisites 46-5
Enabling Port Security 46-8

Port Security Activation 46-9

Activating Port Security 46-9


Database Activation Rejection 46-10
Forcing Port Security Activation 46-10
Database Reactivation 46-11
Copying an Active Database to the Config Database 46-11
Displaying Activated Port Security Settings 46-12
Displaying Port Security Statistics 46-12
Displaying Port Security Violations 46-12
Auto-learning 46-12
About Enabling Auto-learning 46-13
Enabling Auto-learning 46-13
Disabling Auto-learning 46-13
Auto-Learning Device Authorization 46-14
Authorization Scenarios 46-14
Port Security Manual Configuration 46-15
About WWN Identification 46-16
Adding Authorized Port Pairs 46-16
Deleting Port Security Setting 46-17

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Port Security Configuration Distribution 46-17


Enabling Distribution 46-18
Locking the Fabric 46-18
Committing the Changes 46-19
Activation and Auto-learning Configuration Distribution 46-19

Database Merge Guidelines 46-20

Database Interaction 46-20


Database Scenarios 46-21
Port Security Database Copy 46-22
Port Security Database Deletion 46-22
Port Security Database Cleanup 46-23
Default Settings 46-23

CHAPTER 47 Configuring Fabric Binding 47-1

About Fabric Binding 47-1


Licensing Requirements 47-1
Port Security Versus Fabric Binding 47-1
Fabric Binding Enforcement 47-2
Fabric Binding Configuration 47-3
Enabling Fabric Binding 47-3
Configuring Switch WWN List 47-3
Fabric Binding Activation 47-4
Forcing Fabric Binding Activation 47-5
Saving Fabric Binding Configurations 47-5
Clearing the Fabric Binding Statistics 47-6
Deleting the Fabric Binding Database 47-6
Verifying Fabric Binding Configurations 47-6
Default Settings 47-9

PART 6 IP Services

CHAPTER 48 Configuring FCIP 48-1

About FCIP 48-1


FCIP Concepts 48-2
FCIP and VE Ports 48-2
FCIP Links 48-3
FCIP Profiles 48-4
FCIP Interfaces 48-4
FCIP High-Availability Solutions 48-4

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Fibre Channel PortChannels 48-5


FSPF 48-5
VRRP 48-6
Ethernet PortChannels 48-6
Ethernet PortChannels and Fibre Channel PortChannels 48-7

Configuring FCIP 48-7


Enabling FCIP 48-8
Using the FCIP Wizard 48-8
Basic FCIP Configuration 48-15
Creating FCIP Profiles 48-15
Creating FCIP Links 48-16
Verifying Interfaces and Extended Link Protocol 48-16
Checking Trunk Status 48-17
Launching Cisco Transport Controller 48-17
Launching Cisco Transport Controller 48-17
Advanced FCIP Profile Configuration 48-18
Configuring TCP Parameters 48-19
Advanced FCIP Interface Configuration 48-21
Configuring Peers 48-22
Peer IP Address 48-22
Active Connections 48-25
Number of TCP Connections 48-25
Time Stamp Control 48-25
FCIP B Port Interoperability Mode 48-25
Quality of Service 48-28
Configuring E Ports 48-28
Advanced FCIP Features 48-29
FCIP Write Acceleration 48-29
Configuring FCIP Write Acceleration 48-31
FCIP Tape Acceleration 48-32
Configuring FCIP Tape Acceleration 48-36
FCIP Compression 48-37
Default Settings 48-38

CHAPTER 49 Configuring the SAN Extension Tuner 49-1

About the SAN Extension Tuner 49-1


SAN Extension Tuner Setup 49-2
Data Pattern 49-3
License Prerequisites 49-3

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Configuring the SAN Extension Tuner 49-3


Tuning the FCIP Link 49-4
Using the SAN Extension Tuner Wizard 49-4

Default Settings 49-7

CHAPTER 50 Configuring iSCSI 50-1

About iSCSI 50-1


About iSCSI Configuration Limits 50-4

Configuring iSCSI 50-4


Enabling iSCSI 50-4
Creating iSCSI Interfaces 50-5
Using the iSCSI Wizard 50-5
Presenting Fibre Channel Targets as iSCSI Targets 50-7
Dynamic Mapping 50-8
Static Mapping 50-10
iSCSI Virtual Target Configuration Examples 50-12
Presenting iSCSI Hosts as Virtual Fibre Channel Hosts 50-14
Initiator Identification 50-14
Initiator Presentation Modes 50-14
VSAN Membership for iSCSI 50-22
Example of VSAN Membership for iSCSI Devices 50-23
Advanced VSAN Membership for iSCSI Hosts 50-24
iSCSI Access Control 50-24
Fibre Channel Zoning-Based Access Control 50-25
iSCSI-Based Access Control 50-26
Enforcing Access Control 50-27
iSCSI Session Authentication 50-28
Authentication Mechanism 50-29
Local Authentication 50-30
Restricting iSCSI Initiator Authentication 50-30
Mutual CHAP Authentication 50-30
Configuring an iSCSI RADIUS Server 50-31
iSCSI Immediate Data and Unsolicited Data Features 50-31
iSCSI Interface Advanced Features 50-32
iSCSI Listener Port 50-32
TCP Tuning Parameters 50-32
QoS 50-32
iSCSI Routing Modes 50-33
Configuring iSLB 50-35

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About iSLB Configuration Limits 50-36


iSLB Configuration Prerequisites 50-36
About iSLB Initiators 50-37
Configuring iSLB Using Device Manager 50-37
Configuring iSLB Initiators 50-39
Assigning WWNs to iSLB Initiators 50-39
Making the Dynamic iSLB Initiator WWN Mapping Static 50-40
Assigning VSAN Membership for iSLB Initiators 50-40
Configuring Metric for Load Balancing 50-40
Configuring iSLB Initiator Targets 50-41
Configuring and Activating Zones for iSLB Initiators and Initiator Targets 50-42
Configuring iSLB Session Authentication 50-43
About Load Balancing Using VRRP 50-43
Changing iSCSI Interface Parameters and the Impact on Load Balancing 50-45
VRRP Load Balancing Algorithm For Selecting Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces 50-45
Configuring Load Balancing Using VRRP 50-45
About iSLB Configuration Distribution Using CFS 50-46
Distributing the iSLB Configuration Using CFS 50-47
Enabling iSLB Configuration Distribution 50-47
Locking the Fabric 50-48
Committing Changes to the Fabric 50-48
Discarding Pending Changes 50-48
Clearing a Fabric Lock 50-49
CFS Merge Process 50-49
iSLB CFS Merge Status Conflicts 50-49
iSCSI High Availability 50-50
Transparent Target Failover 50-50
iSCSI High Availability with Host Running Multi-Path Software 50-50
iSCSI HA with Host Not Having Any Multi-Path Software 50-51
LUN Trespass for Storage Port Failover 50-53
Multiple IPS Ports Connected to the Same IP Network 50-53
VRRP-Based High Availability 50-54
Ethernet PortChannel-Based High Availability 50-55
iSCSI Authentication Setup Guidelines and Scenarios 50-56
No Authentication 50-56
CHAP with Local Password Database 50-57
CHAP with External RADIUS Server 50-57
iSCSI Transparent Mode Initiator 50-58
Target Storage Device Requiring LUN Mapping 50-62

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iSNS 50-67
About iSNS Client Functionality 50-67
Creating an iSNS Client Profile 50-68
About iSNS Server Functionality 50-69
Example Scenario 50-70
Configuring iSNS Servers 50-71
Enabling the iSNS Server 50-71
iSNS Configuration Distribution 50-71
Configuring the ESI Retry Count 50-72
Configuring the Registration Period 50-72
iSNS Client Registration and Deregistration 50-72
Target Discovery 50-72
iSNS Cloud Discovery 50-73
About Cloud Discovery 50-73
Configuring iSNS Cloud Discovery 50-74
Enabling iSNS Cloud Discovery 50-74
Initiating On-Demand iSNS Cloud Discovery 50-74
Configuring Automatic iSNS Cloud Discovery 50-75
Configuring iSNS Cloud Discovery Distribution 50-75
Default Settings 50-75

CHAPTER 51 Configuring IP Services 51-1

Traffic Management Services 51-2

Management Interface Configuration 51-2

Default Gateway 51-3


About the Default Gateway 51-3
Configuring the Default Gateway 51-3
IPv4 Default Network Configuration 51-4

IPFC 51-5
IPFC Configuration Guidelines 51-5

IPv4 Static Routes 51-5

Overlay VSANs 51-6


About Overlay VSANs 51-6
Configuring Overlay VSANs 51-6
Multiple VSAN Configuration 51-7

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 51-8


About VRRP 51-9
Configuring VRRP 51-10

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Adding and Deleting Virtual Router 51-10


Virtual Router Initiation 51-11
Adding Virtual Router IP Addresses 51-11
Setting the Priority for the Virtual Router 51-11
Setting the time Interval for Advertisement Packets 51-11
Configuring or Enabling Priority Preemption 51-11
Setting Virtual Router Authentication 51-12
Tracking the Interface Priority 51-12
DNS Server Configuration 51-12

Default Settings 51-13

CHAPTER 52 Configuring IP Storage 52-1

Services Modules 52-1


Module Status Verification 52-2
IPS Module Upgrade 52-3
MPS-14/2 Module Upgrade 52-3
Supported Hardware 52-3

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces for IPv4 52-4


Basic Gigabit Ethernet Configuration 52-4
Configuring Interface Descriptions 52-5
Configuring Beacon Mode 52-5
Configuring Autonegotiation 52-5
Configuring the MTU Frame Size 52-5
Configuring Promiscuous Mode 52-6
About VLANs for Gigabit Ethernet 52-6
Interface Subnet Requirements 52-6
Verifying Gigabit Ethernet Connectivity 52-7
Gigabit Ethernet IPv4-ACL Guidelines 52-7
Configuring Gigabit Ethernet High Availability 52-8
VRRP for iSCSI and FCIP Services 52-8
Configuring VRRP for Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces 52-9
About Ethernet PortChannel Aggregation 52-9
Configuring Ethernet PortChannels 52-10
Configuring CDP 52-10

Default Settings 52-10

CHAPTER 53 Configuring IPv4 for Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces 53-1

About IPv4 53-1

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Basic Gigabit Ethernet Configuration for IPv4 53-2


Configuring Interface Descriptions 53-3
Configuring Beacon Mode 53-3
Configuring Autonegotiation 53-3
Configuring the MTU Frame Size 53-3
Configuring Promiscuous Mode 53-4
VLANs 53-4
About VLANs for Gigabit Ethernet 53-4
Configuring the VLAN Subinterface 53-5
Interface Subnet Requirements 53-5
IPv4-ACLs 53-6
Gigabit Ethernet IPv4-ACL Guidelines 53-6

Default Settings 53-6

CHAPTER 54 Configuring IPv6 for Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces 54-1

About IPv6 54-1


Extended IPv6 Address Space for Unique Addresses 54-2
IPv6 Address Formats 54-2
IPv6 Address Prefix Format 54-3
IPv6 Address Type: Unicast 54-3
Global Addresses 54-3
Link-Local Address 54-4
IPv6 Address Type: Multicast 54-5
ICMP for IPv6 54-6
Path MTU Discovery for IPv6 54-7
IPv6 Neighbor Discovery 54-7
IPv6 Neighbor Solicitation and Advertisement Messages 54-7
Router Discovery 54-9
IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration 54-9
Dual IPv4 and IPv6 Protocol Stacks 54-10
Configuring Basic Connectivity for IPv6 54-11
Configuring IPv6 Addressing and Enabling IPv6 Routing 54-11
Configuring IPv4 and IPv6 Protocol Addresses 54-13
Configuring IPv6 Static Routes 54-13
Configuring a IPv6 Static Route 54-13
Gigabit Ethernet IPv6-ACL Guidelines 54-14

Transitioning from IPv4 to IPv6 54-15

Default Settings 54-15

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PART 7 Intelligent Storage Services

CHAPTER 55 Configuring SCSI Flow Services and Statistics 55-1

SCSI Flow Services 55-1


About SCSI Flow Services 55-1
SCSI Flow Manager 55-2
SCSI Flow Configuration Client 55-3
SCSI Flow Data Path Support 55-3
Configuring SCSI Flow Services 55-3
Enabling Intelligent Storage Services 55-3
Disabling Intelligent Storage Services 55-6
SCSI Flow Statistics 55-6
About SCSI Flow Statistics 55-6
Configuring SCSI Flow Statistics 55-7
Enabling SCSI Flow Statistics 55-7
Clearing SCSI Flow Statistics 55-8
Default Settings 55-8

CHAPTER 56 Configuring Fibre Channel Write Acceleration 56-1

Fibre Channel Write Acceleration 56-1


About Fibre Channel Write Acceleration 56-1
Enabling Fibre Channel Write Acceleration 56-2
Default Settings 56-3

PART 8 Network and Switch Monitoring

CHAPTER 57 Network Monitoring 57-1

SAN Discovery and Topology Mapping 57-1


Device Discovery 57-1
Topology Mapping 57-2
Using the Topology Map 57-2
Saving a Customized Topology Map Layout 57-2
Using Enclosures with Fabric Manager Topology Maps 57-3
Mapping Multiple Fabrics 57-3
Inventory Management 57-3
Using the Inventory Tab from Fabric Manager Web Server 57-4
Viewing Logs from Device Manager 57-4
Health and Event Monitoring 57-4

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Fabric Manager Events Tab 57-5


Event Information in Fabric Manager Web Server Reports 57-5
Events in Device Manager 57-5

CHAPTER 58 Performance Monitoring 58-1

Real-Time Performance Monitoring 58-1


Device Manager Real-Time Performance Monitoring 58-1
Fabric Manager Real-Time ISL Statistics 58-3
Historical Performance Monitoring 58-4
Creating a Flow with Performance Manager 58-4
Creating a Collection with Performance Manager 58-4
Using Performance Thresholds 58-4
Using the Performance Manager Configuration Wizard 58-5
Viewing Performance Manager Reports 58-5
Performance Summary 58-6
Performance Tables and Details Graphs 58-6
Viewing Performance of Host-Optimized Port Groups 58-6
Viewing Performance Manager Events 58-6
Generating Top10 Reports in Performance Manager 58-7
Generating Top10 Reports Using Scripts 58-7
Exporting Data Collections to XML Files 58-7
Exporting Data Collections in Readable Format 58-8
Configuring Performance Manager for Use with Cisco Traffic Analyzer 58-9

CHAPTER 59 Configuring RMON 59-1

About RMON 59-1


Configuring RMON Using Threshold Manager 59-1
RMON Alarm Configuration 59-2
Enabling RMON Alarms by Port 59-3
Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit Alarms 59-4

Create RMON Alarms in Fabric Manager 59-6


Enabling 32-bit RMON Alarms for VSANs 59-9
Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit RMON Alarms for Physical Components 59-10
Creating a New RMON from Device Manager Threshold Manager 59-11
Enabling RMON Alarms for VSANs 59-13
Managing RMON Events 59-14
Managing RMON Alarms 59-15
Viewing the RMON Log 59-16
Default Settings 59-16

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CHAPTER 60 Monitoring Network Traffic Using SPAN 60-1

About SPAN 60-1

SPAN Sources 60-2


IPS Source Ports 60-3
Allowed Source Interface Types 60-3
VSAN as a Source 60-4
Guidelines to Configure VSANs as a Source 60-4

SPAN Sessions 60-5

Specifying Filters 60-5


Guidelines to Specifying Filters 60-5

SD Port Characteristics 60-5


Guidelines to Configure SPAN 60-6

Configuring SPAN 60-6


Configuring SPAN 60-6
Configuring SPAN max-queued-packets 60-7
Creating SPAN Sessions 60-7
Editing SPAN Sources 60-8
Deleting SPAN Sessions 60-9
SPAN Conversion Behavior 60-9
Monitoring Traffic Using Fibre Channel Analyzers 60-10
Without SPAN 60-10
With SPAN 60-11
Configuring Fibre Channel Analyzers Using SPAN 60-12
Single SD Port to Monitor Traffic 60-12
Default SPAN Settings 60-13

CHAPTER 61 Configuring System Message Logging 61-1


About System Message Logging 61-1

System Message Logging Configuration 61-3


Message Logging Initiation 61-3
Console Severity Level 61-4
Module Logging 61-5
Log Files 61-6
System Message Logging Servers 61-7
Verifying Syslog Servers from Fabric Manager Web Server 61-10
Outgoing System Message Logging Server Facilities 61-10
Viewing Logs from Fabric Manager Web Server 61-11
Viewing Logs from Device Manager 61-11

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Default Settings 61-11

CHAPTER 62 Configuring Call Home 62-1

Call Home Features 62-2

About Smart Call Home 62-2

Obtaining Smart Call Home 62-5

Configuring Call Home 62-5

Configuring Contact Information 62-6

Destination Profiles 62-7

Alert Groups 62-9

Customized Alert Group Messages 62-10


Customizing Alert Group Messages Using Fabric Manager 62-10

Call Home Message Level Feature 62-11


Setting the Call Home Message Levels Using Fabric Manager 62-11

Syslog-Based Alerts 62-12


Configuring Syslog-Based Alerts Using Fabric Manager 62-12

RMON-Based Alerts 62-13


Configuring RMON Alerts Using Fabric Manager 62-13

E-Mail Options 62-14


Configuring General E-Mail Options Using Fabric Manager 62-14
Configuring HTTPS Support 62-15
Periodic Inventory Notification 62-15
Enabling Periodic Inventory Notifications Using Fabric Manager 62-15
Duplicate Message Throttle 62-16
Enabling Message Throttling Using Fabric Manager 62-16

Call Home Enable Function 62-17


Enabling Call Home Using Fabric Manager 62-17

Call Home Configuration Distribution 62-18


Enabling Call Home Fabric Distribution Using Fabric Manager 62-18
Fabric Lock Override 62-19
Database Merge Guidelines 62-19
Call Home Communications Test 62-19
Testing Call Home Using Fabric Manager 62-19
Clearing Call Home Name Server Database 62-20

Configuring EMC E-mail Home Delayed Traps 62-21


Configuring Delayed Traps Using Cisco Fabric Manager 62-21
Enabling Delayed Traps Using Cisco Device Manager 62-23

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Sample Syslog Alert Notification in Full-txt Format 62-24

Sample Syslog Alert Notification in XML Format 62-24

Sample RMON Notification in XML Format 62-28

Event Triggers 62-30

Call Home Message Levels 62-32

Message Contents 62-33

Default Settings 62-40

CHAPTER 63 Configuring Fabric Configuration Servers 63-1

About FCS 63-1


Significance of FCS 63-2

Displaying FCS Discovery 63-3

Displaying FCS Elements 63-3

Creating an FCS Platform 63-4

Displaying FCS Fabric Ports 63-5

Default Settings 63-6

PART 9 Traffic Management

CHAPTER 64 Configuring Fabric Congestion Control and QoS 64-1

FCC 64-1
About FCC 64-1
FCC Process 64-2
Enabling FCC 64-2
Assigning FCC Priority 64-3

QoS 64-3
About Control Traffic 64-3
Enabling or Disabling Control Traffic 64-4
About Data Traffic 64-4
VSAN Versus Zone-Based QoS 64-5
Configuring Data Traffic 64-6
About Class Map Creation 64-6
Creating a Class Map 64-7
About Service Policy Definition 64-8
About Service Policy Enforcement 64-8
About the DWRR Traffic Scheduler Queue 64-8
Changing the Weight in a DWRR Queue 64-9
Example Configuration 64-10

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Ingress Port Rate Limiting 64-11

Default Settings 64-12

CHAPTER 65 Configuring Port Tracking 65-1

About Port Tracking 65-1

Port Tracking 65-2


About Port Tracking 65-2
Enabling Port Tracking 65-3
About Configuring Linked Ports 65-3
Operationally Binding a Tracked Port 65-3
About Tracking Multiple Ports 65-5
Tracking Multiple Ports 65-5
About Monitoring Ports in a VSAN 65-6
Monitoring Ports in a VSAN 65-6
About Forceful Shutdown 65-6
Forcefully Shutting Down a Tracked Port 65-6
Default Port Tracking Settings 65-6

PART 10 Troubleshooting

CHAPTER 66 Troubleshooting Your Fabric 66-1

Troubleshooting Tools and Techniques 66-1


Cisco Traffic Analyzer 66-2
Cisco Protocol Analyzer 66-3
Analyzing Switch Device Health 66-3

Analyzing Switch Fabric Configuration 66-4

Analyzing End-to-End Connectivity 66-5


Using the Ping Tool (fcping) 66-7

Using Traceroute (fctrace) and Other Troubleshooting Tools 66-7

Analyzing the Results of Merging Zones 66-8

Using the Show Tech Support Command 66-9

Running CLI Commands 66-10


Adjusting for Daylight Savings Time 66-12

Locating Other Switches 66-12

Getting Oversubscription Information in Device Manager 66-14

Fibre Channel Time Out Values 66-14


Timer Configuration Across All VSANs 66-15

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Timer Configuration Per-VSAN 66-16

Configuring a Fabric Analyzer 66-17


About the Cisco Fabric Analyzer 66-17
Local Text-Based Capture 66-18
Remote Capture Daemon 66-18
GUI-Based Client 66-19
Configuring the Cisco Fabric Analyzer 66-19
Sending Captures to Remote IP Addresses 66-20
Displaying Captured Frames 66-20
Defining Display Filters 66-21
Capture Filters 66-21
Permitted Capture Filters 66-22
Configuring World Wide Names 66-23
Link Initialization WWN Usage 66-23
Configuring a Secondary MAC Address 66-23
Displaying WWN Information 66-24
FC ID Allocation for HBAs 66-24

Default Settings 66-25

CHAPTER 67 Management Software FAQ 67-1

Installation Issues 67-3


When installing Fabric Manager from windows, why does clicking install fail? 67-3
Why do I have trouble launching Fabric Manager on Solaris? 67-3
What do I do if my browser prompts to save JNLP files? 67-3
What do I do if I see a "Java Web Start not detected" error? 67-4
What do I do if my desktop shortcuts not visible? 67-4
How do I upgrade to a newer version of Fabric Manager or Device Manager? 67-4
How do I downgrade Fabric Manager or Device Manager? 67-4
What do I do if an upgrade is not working? 67-4
What do I do if Java Web Start hangs on the download dialog? 67-5
How do I manually configure a browser for Java Web Start? 67-5
How do I run Java Web Start from the command line? 67-5
How do I clear the Java Web Start cache? 67-6
What do I do if during a Fabric Manager upgrade, the installer doesnt display a prompt to create a
shortcut? 67-6
What do I do if my login does not work in Fabric Manager or Device Manager? 67-6
What do I do if I cannot install Fabric Manager or Device Manager, or run Java, when pcAnyWhere
is running? 67-6

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What do I do if the Fabric Manager or Performance Manager service shows up as disabled in the
Services menu? 67-6
What do I do if I am unable to install Fabric Manager or Device Manager, or run Java, when McAfee
Internet Suite 6.0 Professional is running? 67-7
General 67-7
What do I do if I see errors while monitoring Area chart graphing? 67-7
What do I do if I see "gen error" messages? 67-7
What do I do if disk images in the Device Manager Summary View are not visible? 67-7
What do I do if I am unable to set both the D_S_TOV and E_D_TOV timers in Device Manager? 67-7
What do I do if columns in Device Manager tables are too small? 67-8
What do I do if fabric changes are not propagated onto the map (for example, links don't
disappear)? 67-8
What do I do if the PortChannel creation dialog becomes too small after several uses? 67-8
What do I do if I see errors after IPFC configuration? 67-8
What do I do if Fabric Manager or Device Manager is using the wrong network interface? 67-8
What do I do if I see display anomalies in Fabric Manager or Device Manager? 67-8
What do I do if most of my Physical Attributes catagories disappear? 67-9
What do I do if I cant see the Information pane? 67-9
Why is the active zone set in edit zone always shown in bold (even after successful activation)? 67-9
Can I create a zone with prefix IVRZ or a zone set with name nozonset? 67-9
What do I do when One-Click License Install fails, and I cannot connect to the Cisco website? 67-9
What do I do when Fabric Manager client and Device Manager cannot connect to the switch? 67-10
How do I increase the log window size in Fabric Manager Client? 67-10
When do I do when the FM Server Database fails to start or has a file locking error? 67-10
How do I re-synchronize Fabric Manager Client with Fabric Manager Server? 67-10
How do I rediscover the current fabric? 67-10
How do I rediscover SCSI Targets? 67-10
Windows Issues 67-11
What do I do when text fields show up too small, and I cannot enter any data? 67-11
What do I do when printing causes an application crash? 67-11
What do I do when Windows XP hangs (or I see a blue screen)? 67-11
What do I do when Fabric Manager and Device Manager Icons Disappear? 67-11
What do I do when Device Manager or Fabric Manager window content disappears in Windows
XP? 67-11
What do I do when SCP/SFTP fails when a file is copied from local machine to the switch? 67-12
UNIX Issues 67-12
What do I do when the parent Menus Disappear? 67-12
What do I do when the web browser cannot find web server even it is running? 67-12
How do I fix a "too many open files" error? 67-12
Other 67-13

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How do I set the map layout so it stays after Fabric Manager restarted? 67-13
What do I do when two switches show on the map, but there is only one switch? 67-13
What does a red/orange/dotted line through the switch mean? 67-13
How do I upgrade without losing map settings? 67-19
How do I preserve historical data when moving Fabric Manager server to new host? 67-19
Are there restrictions when using Fabric Manager across FCIP? 67-19
How do I fix a "Please insure that FM server is running on localhost" message? 67-20
How do I run Cisco Fabric Manager with multiple interfaces? 67-20
Manually specifying an interface for Fabric Manager Server 67-20
Manually specifying an interface for Fabric Manager Client or Device Manager 67-21
How do I configure an HTTP proxy server? 67-21
How do I clear the topology map? 67-21
How can I use Fabric Manager in a mixed software environment? 67-22
How do I fix a "corrupted jar file" error when Launching Fabric Manager? 67-22
How do I search for Devices in a Fabric? 67-22
How do I search in a table? 67-23
How does Fabric Manager Server licensing work? 67-24
How do I manage Multiple Fabrics? 67-24
How can I clear an Orange X Through a Switch caused by license expiration? 67-24

CHAPTER 68 Monitoring System Processes and Logs 68-1

Displaying System Processes 68-1

Displaying System Status 68-2

Core and Log Files 68-3


Displaying Core Status 68-3
Clearing the Core Directory 68-4
First and Last Core 68-4
First and Last Core Verification 68-5
Online System Health Management 68-5
About Online System Health Management 68-6
Performing Internal Loopback Tests 68-6
Performing External Loopback Tests 68-7
Default Settings 68-7

CHAPTER 69 Fabric Manager Web Services 69-1

About Fabric Manager Web Services 69-1

Web Services Specifications 69-1


XML 69-2
SOAP 69-2

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HTTP/HTTPS 69-2
WDSL 69-2
Logon Service 69-2
requestToken 69-2
validateToken 69-3
Authentication or Token 69-3
IdentityManager 69-3
San Service 69-4

Service Endpoint Interface (SEI) 69-4


Methods 69-4
getFabrics 69-4
getFabricByIP 69-4
getFabricByKey 69-4
getFabricBySwitchKey 69-5
getSwitchesByFabric 69-5
getSwitch 69-5
getSwitchByKey 69-6
getSwitchIPByName 69-6
getSwitchIPByKey 69-6
getNeighborSwitches 69-7
getVsans 69-7
getVsan 69-7
getIsls 69-8
discoverFabric 69-8
manageFabric 69-8
unManageFabric 69-9
closeFabric 69-9
purgeFabric 69-9
getEndports 69-10
getEnclosures 69-10
getEndPortByFWwn 69-10
getEndPortByKey 69-10
getEndPortAttachedToSw 69-11
getEnclosureByName 69-11
getEnclosureByKey 69-11
getEnclosureByPWwn 69-12
updateEnclosure 69-12
updateEndportEnclosure 69-12
getHosts 69-13

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getHost 69-13
getHostByFabric 69-13
getStorages 69-14
getStorageByFabric 69-14
getHostPorts 69-14
Error Codes 69-15

APPENDIX A Launching Fabric Manager in Cisco SAN-OS Releases Prior to 3.2(1) A-1

Setting the Seed Switch in Cisco SAN-OS Releases 3.1(1) to 3.2(1) A-1

Setting the Seed Switch in Releases Prior to Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.1(1) A-3

APPENDIX B Cisco Fabric Manager Unsupported Feature List B-1

APPENDIX C Interface Nonoperational Reason Codes C-1

APPENDIX D Managing Cisco FabricWare D-1

Fibre Channel Support D-1

Zone Configuration D-2

Security D-2

Events D-2

Managing Cisco FabricWare with Fabric Manager D-3

INDEX

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New and Changed Information

This document provides release-specific information for each new and changed feature in Cisco MDS
Fabric Manager Release 4.x software. The Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration
Guide is updated to address each new and changed feature. The latest version of this document is
available at the Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Configuration Guides website.

Tip The configuration guides created for earlier releases are also listed at the aforementioned website. Each
guide addresses the features introduced or available in those releases. Select and view the configuration
guide pertinent to the software installed in your switch.

To check for additional information about this release, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Release
Notes available at the Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Release Notes website.
Table 1 summarizes the new and changed features for the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager
Configuration Guide, and tells you where they are documented. The table includes a brief description of
each new feature and the release in which the change occurred.

Table 1 New and Changed Features for Cisco MDS Fabric Manager Release 4.x

Changed
in
Feature GUI Change Description Release Where Documented
Port Guard and Port New Interface Port Added port guard and port owner 4.1(3a) Chapter 20, Configuring
Owner Guard tab and updated configuration procedures. Interfaces
General tab.
F Port Trunking Trunking GUI accepts F Added information about 4.1(3a) Chapter 24, Configuring
ports and NP ports. configuring F port trunking across Trunking
the chapter including key concepts,
guidelines and restritions, upgrade
and downgrade considerations,
trunking and channeling protocols,
trunk modes, and allowed VSAN
lists.
F and TF Channel creation Added information about 4.1(3a) Chapter 23, Configuring
PortChanneling dialogs accept F ports configuring F and TF PortChannels PortChannels
and NP ports. including guidelines and
restrictions, interface addition, and
compatibility check.

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Table 1 New and Changed Features for Cisco MDS Fabric Manager Release 4.x (continued)

Changed
in
Feature GUI Change Description Release Where Documented
SAN virtual device Create Virtual Device Added information about automatic 4.1(3a) Chapter 27, SAN Device
automatic failover Dialog failover and fallback configuration. Virtualization
and fallback
Table menu Table menu Added information on changes in 4.1(3a) Chapter 5, Fabric
enhancements enhancements Switch Table, ISL Table and End Manager Client
Devices menu options.
Edit Full Zone Backup and Restore Added information on changes in 4.1(3a) Chapter 30, Configuring
Database operations backup and restore operations. and Managing Zones
Flow Configuration Flow Configuration Added new screen in the Flow 4.1(3a) Chapter 8, Performance
Wizard Enhancement Wizard Enhancement Configuration Wizard. Manager
Web Client Interactive Performance Changes in charts display and 4.1(3a) Chapter 7, Fabric
enhancements Manager charts display realtime status information. Manager Web Client
and realtime status.
NX-OS Software As of Release 4.1(1a) and later, the 4.1(1a) All chapters
MDS SAN-OS software name is
changed to MDS NX-OS software.
The earlier release names are
unchanged and all refrerences are
retained.
Supported Platforms Installation options and The server platforms supported for 4.1(1a) Chapter 2, Installing
Information and FM screens Cisco Fabric Manager have been Cisco MDS NX-OS and
Express Install revised in this release. Fabric Manager
Server Admin Tool A perspective view The Server Admin perspective view 4.1(1a) Chapter 5, Fabric
filters out menu items, limits the scope of Fabric Manager Manager Client
buttons, tabs, tables, to FlexAttach configuration and
and configuration relevant data
options that are not
relevant to the server
admin.
Inventory Report SAN Health Report and The FMS inventory switch detail 4.1(1a) Chapter 7, Fabric
Enhancements Template report has been enhanced to include Manager Web Client
a number of summary statistics
useful for creating a more
comprehensive SAN health
report.
FlexAttach New FlexAttach Procedures to use the FlexAttach 4.1(1a) Chapter 14, Configuring
Configuration by Pre-Configure Server, wizards for pre-configuring all or FlexAttach Virtual
Server Administrators Move Server, and selected ports, moving a server to a pWWN
Replace Server wizards different port or switch, and
replacing a server in the same or
different port or switch.
IP Static Peers for New NPV CFS Setup Added IP static peers configuration 4.1(1a) Chapter 13, Using the
CFS over IP wizard steps for CFS distribution over IP. CFS Infrastructure

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Table 1 New and Changed Features for Cisco MDS Fabric Manager Release 4.x (continued)

Changed
in
Feature GUI Change Description Release Where Documented
SSM Global Upgrade New SSM Globals tab Added SSM global upgrade delay 4.1(1a) Chapter 19, Managing
Delay timer configuration details. Modules
Generation 3 48-Port, New Quick Bandwidth Added configuration guidelines that 4.1(1a) Chapter 22, Configuring
24-Port, and Reservation includes port groups, port rate Generation 2 and
4/44-Port 8-Gbps Configuration window modes, BB_credit buffer allocation, Generation 3 Switching
Fibre Channel in Device Manager for port speed configuration, Modules
modules 8-Gbps modules and the over-subscription ratio restrictions,
Port Rate Mode combining with earlier generation
Configuration window modules, upgrade and downgrade
in Fabric Manager considerations, crossbar
supports 8-Gbps speed management, port channel interface
modes. configuration, example
configurations, and default settings.
DPVM Wizard DPVM Wizard New screens added. 4.1(1a) Chapter 28, Creating
Dynamic VSANs
Call Home Delayed Traps for EMC Added the delayed traps 4.1(1a) Chapter 62, Configuring
Call Home enhancements for EMC Call Home. Call Home
configuration window
in Fabric Manager.
Performance Flow Creation Wizard Added the flow creation wizard for 4.1(1a) Chapter 8, Performance
Manager in Fabric Manager. performance manager. Manager
Configuring NPV NPV Traffic Map tab, New tabs and setup wizard steps are 4.1(1a) Chapter 21, Configuring
Traffic Management Load Balance tab, and added to map external interfaces to N Port Virtualization
NPV Setup Wizard the server interface and to enable
disruptive load balancing.
Configuring SANTap SANTap DVT MSM tab New tabs are added to configure 4.1(1a) Cisco MDS 9000 Family
DVT MSM SANTap DVT MSM 18+4 and SANTap Deployment
9222i. Guide
Configuring RMON RMON 32 and 64 bit New tabs are added to configure 4.1(1a) Chapter 59, Configuring
32 and 64 bit Alarm Alarm tab RMON 32 and 64 bit alarm. RMON
Inventory Summary Report tab. An Inventory switch detail report has 4.1(1a) Chapter 7, Fabric
Detail ReportS additional option to see been enhanced to include a number Manager Web Client
detailed reports in the of summary statistics useful for
summary section. creating a more comprehensive
SAN health reports

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Preface

This preface describes the audience, organization, and conventions of the Cisco MDS 9000 Family
Configuration Guide. It also provides information on how to obtain related documentation.

Audience
This guide is for experienced network administrators who are responsible for configuring and
maintaining the Cisco MDS 9000 Family of multilayer directors and fabric switches.

Organization
The Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide is organized as follows: :

Chapter Title Description


Chapter 1 Product Overview Presents an overview of the Cisco MDS 9000
Family of multilayer switches and directors.
Chapter 2 Installing Cisco MDS NX-OS and Provides a brief overview of Fabric Manager
Fabric Manager components and capabilities, and information
on installation and launching the applications.
Chapter 3 Fabric Manager Server Provides in-depth descriptions of GUI and
capabilities for the Fabric Manager Server.
Chapter 4 Authentication in Fabric Manager Describes the authentication schemes between
Fabric Manager components and fabric
switches.
Chapter 5 Fabric Manager Client Provides in-depth descriptions of GUI and
capabilities for the Fabric Manager.
Chapter 6 Device Manager Provides in-depth descriptions of GUI and
capabilities for the Device Manager.
Chapter 7 Fabric Manager Web Client Provides in-depth descriptions of GUI and
capabilities for the Fabric Manager Web Client.
Chapter 8 Performance Manager Provides overview of Performance Manager
architecture.
Chapter 9 Cisco Traffic Analyzer Describes installing and launching Cisco
Traffic Analyzer from Performance Manager.

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Chapter Title Description


Chapter 10 Obtaining and Installing Licenses Describes license types, procedure,
installation, and management for the Cisco
MDS NX-OS software.
Chapter 11 On-Demand Port Activation Describes how to use the on-demand port
Licensing activation licensing feature on the Cisco MDS
9124 Fabric Switch, the Cisco MDS 9134
Fabric Switch, the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP
c-Class BladeSystem, and the Cisco Fabric
Switch for IBM BladeCenter.
Chapter 12 Initial Configuration Provides initial switch configuration options
and switch access information.
Chapter 13 Using the CFS Infrastructure Explains the use of the Cisco Fabric Services
(CFS) infrastructure to enable efficient
database distribution.
Chapter 14 Configuring FlexAttach Virtual FlexAttach virtual pWWN feature facilitates
pWWN server and configuration management. In a
SAN environment, the server installation or
replacement, requires interaction and
coordination among the SAN and server
administrators.
Chapter 15 Software Images Describes how to install and upgrade software
images
Chapter 16 Managing Configuration Files Describes the initial configuration of the
switches using the configuration files so they
can be accessed by other devices
Chapter 17 Configuring High Availability Describes the high availability feature
including switchover mechanisms.
Chapter 18 Managing System Hardware Explains switch hardware inventory, power
usage, power supply, module temperature, fan
and clock modules, and environment
information.
Chapter 19 Managing Modules Explains how to display and analyze the status
of each module and specifies the power on and
power off process for modules.
Chapter 20 Configuring Interfaces Explains Generation 1 and Generation 2
module port and operational state concepts in
Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches and provides
details on configuring ports and interfaces.
Chapter 21 Configuring N Port Virtualization Provides an overview of N Port Virtualization
and includes quidelines and requirements for
configuring and verifying NPV.
Chapter 22 Configuring Generation 2 and Explains configuration concepts for
Generation 3 Switching Modules Generation 2 module ports and interfaces.

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Chapter Title Description


Chapter 23 Configuring PortChannels Explains PortChannels and load balancing
concepts and provides details on configuring
PortChannels, adding ports to PortChannels,
and deleting ports from PortChannels.
Chapter 24 Configuring TrunkingConfiguring Explains TE ports and trunking concepts.
Trunking
Chapter 25 Configuring Domain Parameters Explains the Fibre Channel domain (fcdomain)
feature, which includes principal switch
selection, domain ID distribution, FC ID
allocation, and fabric reconfiguration
functions.
Chapter 26 Configuring and Managing VSANs Describes how virtual SANs (VSANs) work,
explains the concept of default VSANs,
isolated VSANs, VSAN IDs, and attributes,
and provides details on how to create, delete,
and view VSANs.
Chapter 27 SAN Device Virtualization Describes how to configure virtual devices to
represent physical end devices for switches
running Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 3.1(2)
and NX-OS Release 4.1(3).
Chapter 28 Creating Dynamic VSANs Defines the Dynamic Port VSAN Membership
(DPVM) feature that is used to maintain fabric
topology when a host or storage device
connection is moved between two Cisco MDS
switches.
Chapter 29 Configuring Inter-VSAN Routing Provides details on sharing resources across
VSANs using the inter-VSAN Routing (IVR)
feature.
Chapter 30 Configuring and Managing Zones Defines various zoning concepts and provides
details on configuring a zone set and zone
management features.
Chapter 31 Distributing Device Alias Services Describes the use of the Distributed Device
Alias Services (device alias) to distribute
device alias names on a fabric-wide basis.
Chapter 32 Configuring Fibre Channel Routing Provides details and configuration information
Services and Protocols on Fibre Channel routing services and
protocols.
Chapter 33 Dense Wavelength Division Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
Multiplexing (DWDM) multiplexes multiple optical carrier
signals on a single optical fiber. DWDM uses
different wavelengths to carry various signals.
Chapter 34 Managing FLOGI, Name Server, Provides name server and fabric login details
FDMI, and RSCN Databases required to manage storage devices and display
registered state change notification (RSCN)
databases.
Chapter 35 Discovering SCSI Targets Describes how the SCSI LUN discovery
feature is started and displayed.

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Chapter Title Description


Chapter 36 Configuring FICON Provides details on the FI-bre CON-nection
(FICON) interface, fabric binding, and the
Registered Link Incident Report (RLIR)
capabilities in Cisco MDS switches.
Chapter 37 Advanced Features and Concepts Describes the advanced configuration
featurestime out values, fctrace, fabric
analyzer, world wide names, flat FC IDs, loop
monitoring, and interoperating switches.
Chapter 38 Configuring FIPS Describes the configuration guidelines for
FIPS and also how to enable FIPS mode and
how to conduct FIPS self-tests.
Chapter 39 Configuring Users and Common Describes how to configure users and common
Roles roles.
Chapter 40 Configuring SNMP Provides details on how you can use SNMP to
modify a role that was created using CLI.
Chapter 41 Configuring RADIUS and TACACS+ Discusses the AAA parameters, user profiles,
and RADIUS authentication security options
provided in all switches in the Cisco MDS 9000
Family and provides configuration information
for these options.
Chapter 42 Configuring IPv4 and IPv6 Access Describes the IPv4 static routing feature and its
Control Lists use to route traffic between VSANs.
Chapter 43 Configuring Certificate Authorities Describes how to interoperate with Certificate
and Digital Certificates Authorities (CAs) and use digital certificates
for secure, scalable communication.
Chapter 44 Configuring IPsec Network Security Provides details on the digital certificates, IP
Security Protocol (IPsec) open standards, and
the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol that
it uses to handle protocol and algorithm
negotiation.
Chapter 45 Configuring FC-SP and DHCHAP Describes the DHCHAP protocol, an FC-SP
protocol, that provides authentication between
Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches and other
devices.
Chapter 46 Configuring Port Security Provides details on port security features that
can prevent unauthorized access to a switch
port in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family.
Chapter 47 Configuring Fabric Binding Describes the fabric binding security feature
for VSANs, which ensures that ISLs are only
enabled between specific switches.
Chapter 48 Configuring FCIP Describes how the switch allows IP hosts to
access Fibre Channel storage using the iSCSI
protocol.
Chapter 49 Configuring the SAN Extension Explains the SAN extension tuner (SET)
Tuner feature that optimizes FCIP performance.

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Chapter Title Description


Chapter 50 Configuring iSCSI Describes the iSCSI feature that is specific to
the IPS module and is available in the Cisco
MDS 9200 Switches or Cisco MDS 9500
Directors.
Chapter 51 Configuring IP Services Provides details on IP over Fibre Channel
(IPFC) services and provides configuring
IPFC, virtual router, and DNS server
configuration information.
Chapter 52 Configuring IP Storage Provides details on extending the reach of Fibre
Channel SANs by connecting separated SAN
islands together through IP networks using
FCIP, and allowing IP hosts to access FC
storage using the iSCSI protocol.
Chapter 53 Configuring IPv4 for Gigabit Ethernet Describes the IPv4 protocol support provided
Interfaces by Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches.
Chapter 54 Configuring IPv6 for Gigabit Ethernet Describes the IPv6 protocol support provided
Interfaces by Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches.
Chapter 55 Configuring SCSI Flow Services and Describes the SCSI flow services and SCSI
Statistics flow statistics, the Intelligent Storage Services.
Chapter 56 Configuring Fibre Channel Write Describes Fibre Channel Write Acceleration
Acceleration support and configuration.
Chapter 57 Network Monitoring Describes how to use Fabric Manager
monitoring features.
Chapter 58 Performance Monitoring Provides details on using Performance
Manager.
Chapter 59 Configuring RMON Provides details on using RMONs to configure
alarms and events.
Chapter 60 Monitoring Network Traffic Using Describes the Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN),
SPAN SPAN sources, filters, SPAN sessions, SD port
characteristics, and configuration details.
Chapter 61 Configuring System Message Describes how system message logging is
Logging configured and displayed.
Chapter 62 Configuring Call Home Provides details on the Call Home service and
includes information on Call Home, event
triggers, contact information, destination
profiles, and e-mail options.
Chapter 54 Configuring the Embedded Event Provides informaiton about configuring
Manager Embedded Event Manager (EEM).
Chapter 63 Configuring Fabric Configuration Describes how the fabric configuration server
Servers (FCS) feature is configured and displayed.
Chapter 64 Configuring Fabric Congestion Provides details on the quality of service (QoS)
Control and QoS and Fibre Channel Congestion Control (FCC)
features.

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Chapter Title Description


Chapter 65 Configuring Port Tracking Provides information about a port tracking
feature that provides a faster recovery from link
failures.
Chapter 66 Troubleshooting Your Fabric Describes basic troubleshooting methods used
to resolve issues with switches.
Chapter 67 Management Software FAQ Provides answers to some of the most
frequently asked questions about Cisco Fabric
Manager and Device Manager.
Chapter 68 Monitoring System Processes and Provides information on displaying system
Logs processes and status. It also provides
information on configuring core and log files,
HA policy, heartbeat and watchdog checks, and
upgrade resets.
Chapter 69 Fabric Manager Web Services Provides a list of features and functions
supported by Fabric Manager Web Services
(FMWS) application program interface (API).
Appendix A Launching Fabric Manager in Cisco Provides instructions for launching Fabric
SAN-OS Releases Prior to 3.2(1) Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS releases
prior to 3.2(1).
Appendix B Cisco Fabric Manager Unsupported Provides a list of features and functions not
Feature List supported by Cisco Fabric Manager or Device
Manager.
Appendix C Interface Nonoperational Reason Provides the nonoperational reason codes for
Codes why an interface is up and the operational state
is down.

Appendix D Managing Cisco FabricWare Provides information on the Cisco FabricWare


software running on the MDS 9020 Switch
which offers Fibre Channel switching services
that realize maximum performance.

Document Conventions
Command descriptions use these conventions:

boldface font Commands and keywords are in boldface.


italic font Arguments for which you supply values are in italics.
[ ] Elements in square brackets are optional.
[x|y|z] Optional alternative keywords are grouped in brackets and separated by
vertical bars.

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Screen examples use these conventions:


screen font Terminal sessions and information the switch displays are in screen font.
boldface screen font Information you must enter is in boldface screen font.
italic screen font Arguments for which you supply values are in italic screen font.
< > Nonprinting characters, such as passwords, are in angle brackets.
[ ] Default responses to system prompts are in square brackets.
!, # An exclamation point (!) or a pound sign (#) at the beginning of a line of code
indicates a comment line.

This document uses the following conventions:

Note Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to material not covered in the
manual.

Caution Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in equipment
damage or loss of data.

Related Documentation
The documentation set for the Cisco MDS 9000 Family includes the following documents. To find a
document online, use the Cisco MDS NX-OS Documentation Locator at:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/storage/san_switches/mds9000/roadmaps/doclocater.htm

Release Notes
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Release Notes for Cisco MDS NX-OS Releases
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Release Notes for Storage Services Interface Images
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Release Notes for Cisco MDS 9000 EPLD Images

Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information


Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco MDS 9000 Family

Compatibility Information
Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Hardware and Software Compatibility Information
Cisco MDS NX-OS Release Compatibility Matrix for Storage Service Interface Images
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Interoperability Support Matrix

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Cisco MDS NX-OS Release Compatibility Matrix for IBM SAN Volume Controller Software for
Cisco MDS 9000

Hardware Installation
Cisco MDS 9500 Series Hardware Installation Guide
Cisco MDS 9200 Series Hardware Installation Guide

Software Installation and Upgrade


Cisco MDS 9000 Family Software Upgrade and Downgrade Guide -
For Cisco NX-OS
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Storage Services Interface Image Install and Upgrade Guide -
For Cisco NX-OS
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Port Analyzer Adapter Installation and Configuration Note

Cisco Fabric Manager


Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Installation and Upgrade Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager Online Help
Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager Web Services Online Help

Command-Line Interface
Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Command Reference
Cisco MDS 9000 Family SAN Volume Controller Configuration Guide

Intelligent Storage Networking Services Configuration Guides


Cisco MDS 9000 Family SANTap Deployment Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Data Mobility Manager Configuration Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Storage Media Encryption Configuration Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Secure Erase Configuration Guide - For Cisco MDS 9500 and 9200 Series

Troubleshooting and Reference


Cisco MDS 9000 Family Troubleshooting Guide
Cisco MDS 9000 Family MIB Quick Reference

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Cisco MDS 9000 Family SMI-S Programming Reference


Cisco MDS 9000 Family System Messages Reference

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request


For information on obtaining documentation, submitting a service request, and gathering additional
information, see the monthly Whats New in Cisco Product Documentation, which also lists all new and
revised Cisco technical documentation, at:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html
Subscribe to the Whats New in Cisco Product Documentation as a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed
and set content to be delivered directly to your desktop using a reader application. The RSS feeds are a free
service and Cisco currently supports RSS Version 2.0.

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PA R T 1

Getting Started
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CH A P T E R 1
Product Overview

The Cisco MDS 9000 Family of multilayer directors and fabric switches offers intelligent
fabric-switching services that realize maximum performance while ensuring high reliability levels. They
combine robust and flexible hardware architecture with multiple layers of network and storage
management intelligence. This powerful combination enables highly available, scalable storage
networks that provide intelligent networking features such as multiprotocol and multitransport
integration, virtual SANs (VSANs), advanced security, sophisticated debug analysis tools, and unified
SAN management.
This chapter lists the hardware features for the Cisco MDS 9000 Family and describes its software
features. It includes the following sections:
Hardware Overview, page 1-1
Cisco NX-OS Software Configuration, page 1-4

Hardware Overview
This section provides an overview of the following Cisco MDS 9000 Family of multilayer directors and
fabric switches:
Cisco MDS 9500 Series multilayer directors
Cisco MDS 9513 multilayer director
Cisco MDS 9509 multilayer director
Cisco MDS 9506 multilayer director
Cisco MDS 9200 Series fabric switches
Cisco MDS 9222i multilayer fabric switch
Cisco MDS 9216i multilayer fabric switch
Cisco MDS 9100 Series fixed configuration fabric switches
Cisco MDS 9134 multilayer switch
Cisco MDS 9124 multilayer switch
Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem
Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter

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Cisco MDS 9500 Series Multilayer Directors


The Cisco MDS 9500 Series includes the following multilayer, modular directors:
The Cisco MDS 9513 Director, which has thirteen slots, two of which (slot 7 and slot 8) are reserved
for the Supervisor-2 modules, and can accommodate up to eleven hot-pluggable switching or
services modules.
The Cisco MDS 9509 Director, which has nine slots, two of which (slot 5 and slot 6) are reserved
for the Supervisor-1 modules or Supervisor-2 modules, and can accommodate up to seven
hot-pluggable switching or services modules.
The Cisco MDS 9506 Director, which has six slots, two of which (slot 5 and slot 6) are reserved for
the Supervisor-1 modules or Supervisor-2 modules, and can accommodate up to four hot-pluggable
switching or services modules.

Note Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1a) and later are not supported on the MDS 9120, 9140, 9216,
9216A switches, and the MDS 9500 Series Directors that include Supervisor 1 modules. You must
replace Supervisor 1 modules with Supervisor 2 modules.
Supervisor-1 modules and Supervisor-2 modules can only operate in the same chassis during
migration.

The two supervisor modules ensure high availability and traffic load balancing capabilities. The standby
supervisor module provides redundancy if the active supervisor module fails. Supervisor-1 modules
provide management access through a 10/100BASE-T Ethernet port switch and an RS-232 serial port.
Supervisor-2 modules provide management access through a 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet port switch
and an RS-232 serial port.

Note As of Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 3.2(1), the USB ports on the Supervisor-2 module are supported.
USB flash drives connected to these ports may be used for the same functions as media in the external
compact flash slot.

The Cisco MDS 9500 Series directors support the following switching and services modules:
48-port 8-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
24-port 8-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
4/44-port 8-Gbps Host Optimized Fibre Channel switching module
48-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
24-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
12-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
4-port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
32-port 2-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
18/4-port Multiservice module (MSM-18/4)
18/4-port Multiservice module FIPS
18-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
16-port 2-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module

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14/2-port Multiprotocol Services (MPS-14/2) module


Storage Services Module (SSM)
Refer to the Cisco MDS 9500 Series Hardware Installation Guide.

Cisco MDS 9200 Series Fabric Switches


The Cisco MDS 9200 Series includes the following multilayer switches supporting multiprotocol
capabilities:
Cisco MDS 9222i
Cisco MDS 9216i

Cisco MDS 9216i Multiprotocol Fabric Switch


The Cisco MDS 9216i multiprotocol fabric switch has two slots, one of which is reserved for the
integrated supervisor module and the other for switching or services modules. The supervisor module
provides supervisor functions and has 14 standard Fibre Channel ports and two multiprotocol ports that
can support FCIP and iSCSI protocols simultaneously.
The Cisco MDS 9200 multilayer fabric switches support the following switching and services modules:
48-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
24-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
12-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
4-port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
32-port 2-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
16-port 2-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
14/2-port Multiprotocol Services (MPS-14/2) module
8-port IP Storage Services (IPS-8) module
4-port IP Storage Services (IPS-4) module
Storage Services Module (SSM)
Refer to the Cisco MDS 9200 Series Hardware Installation Guide.

Cisco MDS 9222i Multilayer Fabric Switch


The Cisco MDS 9222i multilayer fabric switch has two slots, one of which is reserved for the integrated
supervisor module and the other for a switching or services module. The supervisor module provides
supervisor functions and has 16 standard Fibre Channel ports.
The Cisco MDS 9222i multilayer fabric switch supports the following switching and services modules:
4/44-port 8/4-Gbps Host Optimized Fibre Channel switching module
12-port, 24-port, and 48-port 4-Gbps Fibre Channel switching modules
4-port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel switching module
18/4-port Multiservice Module

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18/4-port Multiservice FIPS Module with Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2
Level-3 validation
32-port Storage Services Module
8-port IP Storage Services Module
Refer to the Cisco MDS 9200 Series Hardware Installation Guide and the Cisco MDS 9216 Switch
Hardware Installation Guide.

Cisco MDS 9100 Series Fixed Configuration Fabric Switches


Cisco MDS 9100 Series includes the following multilayer, fixed configuration (non-modular) switches:
Cisco MDS 9134 with 34 ports (24-port base with 8-port license for growth; two 10 Gbps ports can
be activated independently in 24-port or 32-port configurations)
On-demand port activation licensing
Nondisruptive upgrades
Cisco MDS 9124 with 24 ports (8-port base with 8-port license for growth)
Also includes:
On-demand port activation licensing
Non-disruptive upgrades

Note Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1a) and later are not supported on the MDS 9120 switch, the MDS 9140
switch, and the MDS 9500 Series Directors that include Supervisor 1 modules. You must replace
Supervisor 1 modules with Supervisor 2 modules.

Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem (24 ports; 14 internal 2/4 Gbps, and 6 full-rate
ports)
Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter (20 ports; 14 internal 2/4 Gbps, and 6 external full-rate
ports)
These fixed configuration switches are packaged in 1 RU enclosures and provide 1-Gbps, 2-Gbps,
4-Gbps, or 10 Gbps autosensing Fibre Channel ports. Besides Telnet access, a 10/100BASE-T Ethernet
port provides switch access.

Note Switches in the Cisco MDS 9100 Series do not have a COM1 port (RS-232 serial port).

Refer to the Cisco MDS 9100 Series Hardware Installation Guide.

Cisco NX-OS Software Configuration


This section describes the tools you can use to configure NX-OS software, and provides an overview of
the software configuration process with links to the appropriate chapters.

Note Fabric Manager also manages Cisco MDS 9020 switches running FabricWare 2.1. For more information,
refer to the Cisco MDS 9020 Fabric Switch Configuration Guide and Command Reference.

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This section includes the following topics:


Tools for Software Configuration, page 1-5
Software Configuration Overview, page 1-6

Tools for Software Configuration


You can use one of two configuration management tools to configure your SANs (see Figure 1-1).
The command-line interface (CLI) can manage Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches using Telnet,
SSH, or a serial connection.
The Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager, a Java-based graphical user interface, can manage Cisco
MDS 9000 Family switches using SNMP.

Figure 1-1 Tools for Configuring Cisco NX-OS Software

Cisco Fabric Manager


Default
Telnet CLI (Fabric Manager, Device
Manager, Web Services)
SSH
SNMP version 1, 2c or 3
Serial
connection
Cisco MDS 9000 Family

IP

137440
network RADIUS server

CLI
With the CLI, you can type commands at the switch prompt, and the commands are executed when you
press the Enter key. The CLI parser provides command help, command completion, and keyboard
sequences that allow you to access previously executed commands from the buffer history.
For more information on configuring the Cisco MDS switch using the CLI, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000
CLI Configuration Guide.

Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager


The Cisco Fabric Manager is a set of network management tools that supports Secure Simple Network
Management Protocol version 3 (SNMPv3) and legacy versions. The Cisco Fabric Manager applications
are:
Fabric Manager ClientProvides a graphical user interface (GUI) that displays real-time views of
your network fabric, and lets you manage the configuration of Cisco MDS 9000 Family devices and
third-party switches.
Fabric Manager ServerPerforms advanced monitoring, troubleshooting, and configuration for
multiple fabrics. It must be started before running the Fabric Manager Client. It can be accessed by
up to 16 Fabric Manager Clients at a time.
Device ManagerPresents two views of a switch.

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Device View displays a continuously updated physical representation of the switch


configuration, and provides access to statistics and configuration information for a single
switch.
Summary View presents real-time performance statistics of all active interfaces and channels on
the switch for Fibre Channel and IP connections.
Fabric Manager Web ServicesAllows operators to monitor MDS events, performance, and
inventory, and perform minor configuration tasks from a remote location using a web browser.
Performance ManagerProvides detailed traffic analysis by capturing data with SNMP. This data
is compiled into various graphs and charts that can be viewed with any web browser using Fabric
Manager Web Services.
The Cisco Fabric Manager applications are an alternative to the CLI for most switch configuration
commands.

Note Resource Manager Essentials (RME) versions 3.4 and 3.5 provide support for switches in the Cisco MDS
9000 Family. Device Updates (DU) are available on Cisco.com (http://www.cisco.com/).

Continue reading this book for more information on configuring the Cisco MDS switch using the Cisco
MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager.

Software Configuration Overview


This section provides an overview of the Cisco NX-OS configuration process and includes the following
topics:
Basic Configuration, page 1-6
Advanced Configuration, page 1-7

Basic Configuration
These sections contain the minimum information you need to get your switch up and running.
Setting Up the Switch (Starting a Switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family, page 2-1)
Installing Fabric Manager (Installing the Management Software, page 2-18)
Fabric Manager Server (Chapter 3, Fabric Manager Server)
Fabric Manager Client (Chapter 5, Fabric Manager Client)
Device Manager (Chapter 6, Device Manager)
Fabric Manager Web Services (Chapter 7, Fabric Manager Web Client)
Installing licenses (Chapter 10, Obtaining and Installing Licenses)
Activating additional ports (Chapter 11, On-Demand Port Activation Licensing)
Configuring the minimum requirements:
Initial configuration (Chapter 12, Initial Configuration)
VSANs (Chapter 26, Configuring and Managing VSANs.)
Interfaces (Chapter 20, Configuring Interfaces)
Zones and zone sets (Chapter 30, Configuring and Managing Zones.)

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Advanced Configuration
These sections contain additional configuration information for NX-OS software and the MDS 9000
Family of switches and includes the following topics:
Switch Configuration, page 1-7
Fabric Configuration, page 1-7
Security, page 1-7
IP Services, page 1-8
Intelligent Storage Services, page 1-8
Network and Switch Monitoring, page 1-8
Traffic Management, page 1-8

Switch Configuration

On-demand port activation licensing (Chapter 11, On-Demand Port Activation Licensing)
Generation 2 switching modules (Chapter 22, Configuring Generation 2 and Generation 3
Switching Modules)
High Availability (Chapter 17, Configuring High Availability)
N-Port Virtualization (Chapter 21, Configuring N Port Virtualization)
Trunking (Chapter 24, Configuring Trunking)
PortChannels (Chapter 23, Configuring PortChannels)
Domains (Chapter 25, Configuring Domain Parameters)

Fabric Configuration

Dynamic VSANs (Chapter 28, Creating Dynamic VSANs)


SAN device virtualization (Chapter 27, SAN Device Virtualization)
Inter-VSAN Routing (Chapter 29, Configuring Inter-VSAN Routing)
Device alias distribution (Chapter 31, Distributing Device Alias Services)
FSPF (Chapter 32, Configuring Fibre Channel Routing Services and Protocols)
FLOGI (Chapter 34, Managing FLOGI, Name Server, FDMI, and RSCN Databases)
SCSI (Chapter 35, Discovering SCSI Targets)
FICON (Chapter 36, Configuring FICON)
Switch interoperability (Chapter 37, Advanced Features and Concepts)

Security

Users and Roles (Chapter 32, Configuring Users and Common Roles)
SNMP (Chapter 40, Configuring SNMP)
RADIUS and TACACS+ (Chapter 41, Configuring RADIUS and TACACS+)
Access lists for IPv4 and IPv6 (Chapter 42, Configuring IPv4 and IPv6 Access Control Lists)
Digital certificates (Chapter 43, Configuring Certificate Authorities and Digital Certificates)

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IPsec for network security (Chapter 44, Configuring IPsec Network Security)
FC-SP for fabric security (Chapter 45, Configuring FC-SP and DHCHAP)
Port security (Chapter 46, Configuring Port Security)
Fabric binding (Chapter 47, Configuring Fabric Binding)

IP Services

FCIP (Chapter 48, Configuring FCIP)


SAN extension tuner (Chapter 49, Configuring the SAN Extension Tuner)
iSCSI (Chapter 50, Configuring iSCSI)
IP services (Chapter 51, Configuring IP Services)
IP storage (Chapter 52, Configuring IP Storage)
IPv4 (Chapter 53, Configuring IPv4 for Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces
IPv6 (Chapter 54, Configuring IPv6 for Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces)

Intelligent Storage Services

SCSI flow services (Chapter 55, Configuring SCSI Flow Services and Statistics)
Fibre Channel write acceleration (Chapter 56, Configuring Fibre Channel Write Acceleration
SANTap (Cisco MDS 9000 Family SANTap Deployment Guide)

Network and Switch Monitoring

General Network Monitoring (Chapter 57, Network Monitoring)


Performance Monitoring (Chapter 58, Performance Monitoring)
RMON (Chapter 59, Configuring RMON)
SPAN (Chapter 60, Monitoring Network Traffic Using SPAN)
System message logging (Chapter 61, Configuring System Message Logging)
Call Home (Chapter 62, Configuring Call Home)
Fabric configuration servers (Chapter 63, Configuring Fabric Configuration Servers)

Traffic Management

QoS (Chapter 64, Configuring Fabric Congestion Control and QoS)


Port tracking (Chapter 65, Configuring Port Tracking)

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CH A P T E R 2
Installing Cisco MDS NX-OS and Fabric Manager

The Cisco Fabric Manager is a set of network management tools that supports Secure Simple Network
Management Protocol version 3 (SNMPv3). It provides a graphical user interface (GUI) that displays
real-time views of your network fabrics, and lets you manage the configuration of Cisco MDS 9000
Family devices and third-party switches.
This chapter describes how to install Cisco Fabric Manager.
This chapter contains the following sections:
Starting a Switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family, page 2-1
Initial Setup Routine, page 2-2
Accessing the Switch, page 2-12
Where Do You Go Next?, page 2-13
About Cisco Fabric Manager, page 2-13
Installing the Management Software, page 2-18
Upgrading the Management Software, page 2-38
Upgrading Fabric Manager Server and Fabric Manager Standalone Version Using the Fabric
Manager Update Installer, page 2-39
Integrating Cisco Fabric Manager with Other Management Tools, page 2-40
Running Fabric Manager Behind a Firewall, page 2-40
Uninstalling the Management Software, page 2-43

Starting a Switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family


The following procedure is a review of the tasks you should have completed during hardware
installation, including starting up the switch. These tasks must be completed before you can configure
the switch.

Note You must use the CLI for initial switch start up.

Before you can configure a switch, follow these steps:

Step 1 Verify the following physical connections for the new Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch:

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The console port is physically connected to a computer terminal (or terminal server).
The management 10/100 Ethernet port (mgmt0) is connected to an external hub, switch, or router.
Refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Hardware Installation Guide (for the required product) for more
information.

Tip Save the host ID information for future use (for example, to enable licensed features). The host
ID information is provided in the Proof of Purchase document that accompanies the switch.

Step 2 Verify that the default console port parameters are identical to those of the computer terminal (or
terminal server) attached to the switch console port:
9600 baud
8 data bits
1 stop bit
No parity
Step 3 Power on the switch. The switch boots automatically and the switch# prompt appears in your terminal
window.

Initial Setup Routine


The first time that you access a switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family using the CLI, it runs a setup
program that prompts you for the IP address and other configuration information necessary for the
switch to communicate over the supervisor module Ethernet interface. This information is required to
configure and manage the switch.

Note The IP address can only be configured from the CLI. When you power up the switch for the first time,
assign the IP address. After you perform this step, the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager can
reach the switch through the management port.

Preparing to Configure the Switch


Before you configure a switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family for the first time, you need the following
information:
Administrator password, including:
Creating a password for the administrator (required).
Creating an additional login account and password (optional).
IP address for the switch management interfaceThe management interface can be an out-of-band
Ethernet interface or an in-band Fibre Channel interface (recommended).
Subnet mask for the switch's management interface (optional).
IP addresses, including:

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Destination prefix, destination prefix subnet mask, and next hop IP address, if you want to
enable IP routing. Also, provide the IP address of the default network (optional).
Otherwise, provide an IP address of the default gateway (optional).
SSH service on the switchTo enable this optional service, select the type of SSH key (dsa/rsa/rsa1)
and number of key bits (768 to 2048).
DNS IP address (optional).
Default domain name (optional).
NTP server IP address (optional).
SNMP community string (optional).
Switch nameThis is your switch prompt (optional).

Note Be sure to configure the IP route, the IP default network address, and the IP default gateway address to
enable SNMP access. If IP routing is enabled, the switch uses the IP route and the default network IP
address. If IP routing is disabled, the switch uses the default gateway IP address.

Note You should verify that the Fabric Manager Server hostname entry exists on the DNS server, unless the
Fabric Manager Server is configured to bind to a specific interface during installation.

Default Login
All Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches have the network administrator as a default user (admin). You
cannot change the default user at any time (see the Role-Based Authorization section on page 39-1).
You have an option to enforce secure password for any switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family. If a
password is trivial (short, easy-to-decipher), your password configuration is rejected. Be sure to
configure a secure password (see the User Accounts section on page 39-10). If you configure and
subsequently forget this new password, you have the option to recover this password (see the
Recovering the Administrator Password section on page 39-20).

Note Starting from NX-OS Release 4.x, secure password is enforced on all Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches
unless disabled by the user.

Setup Options
The setup scenario differs based on the subnet to which you are adding the new switch. You must
configure a Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch with an IP address to enable management connections from
outside of the switch.

Note Some concepts such as out-of-band management and in-band management are briefly explained here.
These concepts are explained in more detail in subsequent chapters.

Out-of-band managementThis feature provides a connection to the network through a supervisor


module front panel Ethernet port (see Figure 2-1).

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In-band managementThis feature provides IP over Fibre Channel (IPFC) to manage the switches.
The in-band management feature is transparent to the network management system (NMS). Instead
of conventional Ethernet physical media, switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family use IPFC as the
transport mechanism (see Figure 2-1 and Chapter 51, Configuring IP Services).

Figure 2-1 Management Access to Switches

Router
Console Out of band IP address IP
connection management 172.16.1.1 network
subnetwork
Telnet or CLI

SSH
Switch 2
DNS server
mgmt 0 GUI
(IP address:
172.16.1.2)

SNMP

Management LAN

79936
(Ethernet connection)

Assigning Setup Information


This section describes how to initially configure the switch for both out-of-band and in-band
management.

Note Press Ctrl-C at any prompt to skip the remaining configuration options and proceed with what is
configured until that point. Entering a new password for the administrator is a requirement and cannot
be skipped.

Tip If you do not wish to answer a previously configured question, or if you wish to skip answers to any
questions, press Enter. If a default answer is not available (for example, switch name), the switch uses
what was previously configured and skips to the next question.

Configuring Out-of-Band Management

Note You can configure both in-band and out-of-band configuration together by entering Yes in both Step 11c
and Step 11d in the following procedure.

To configure the switch for first time out-of-band access, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Power on the switch. Switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family boot automatically.
Do you want to enforce secure password standard (Yes/No)?
Step 2 Enter Yes to enforce secure password.
a. Enter the administrator password
Enter the password for admin: 2008asdf*lkjh17
b. Confirm the administrator password.
Confirm the password for admin: 2008asdf*lkjh17

Tip If a password is trivial (short, easy to decipher), your password configuration is rejected. Be sure
to configure a secure password as shown in the sample configuration. Passwords are
case-sensitive. You must explicitly configure a password that meets the requirements listed in
the User Accounts section on page 39-10.

Step 3 Enter yes to enter the setup mode.

Note This setup utility will guide you through the basic configuration of the system. Setup configures
only enough connectivity for management of the system.

Please register Cisco MDS 9000 Family devices promptly with your supplier. Failure to
register may affect response times for initial service calls. MDS devices must be
registered to receive entitled support services.

Press Enter anytime you want to skip any dialog. Use ctrl-c at anytime to skip away
remaining dialogs.

Would you like to enter the basic configuration dialog (yes/no): yes

The setup utility guides you through the basic configuration process. Press Ctrl-C at any prompt to end
the configuration process.
Step 4 Enter the new password for the administrator (admin is the default).
Enter the password for admin: admin

Step 5 Enter yes (no is the default) to create additional accounts.


Create another login account (yes/no) [n]: yes

While configuring your initial setup, you can create an additional user account (in the network-admin
role) besides the administrators account. See the Role-Based Authorization section on page 39-1 for
information on default roles and permissions.

Note User login IDs must contain non-numeric characters.

a. Enter the user login ID [administrator].


Enter the user login ID: user_name
b. Enter the user password.
Enter the password for user_name: user-password
c. Confirm the user password for
Confirm the password for user_name: user-password

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Step 6 Enter yes (no is the default) to create an SNMPv3 account.


Configure read-only SNMP community string (yes/no) [n]: yes

a. Enter the user name (admin is the default).


SNMPv3 user name [admin]: admin

b. Enter the SNMPv3 password (minimum of eight characters). The default is admin123.
SNMPv3 user authentication password: admin_pass

Step 7 Enter yes (no is the default) to configure the read-only or read-write SNMP community string.
Configure read-write SNMP community string (yes/no) [n]: yes

a. Enter the SNMP community string.


SNMP community string: snmp_community

Step 8 Enter a name for the switch.

Note The switch name is limited to 32 alphanumeric characters. The default is switch.

Enter the switch name: switch_name

Step 9 Enter yes (yes is the default) to configure out-of-band management.


Continue with Out-of-band (mgmt0) management configuration? [yes/no]: yes

a. Enter the mgmt0 IP address.


Mgmt0 IPv4 address: ip_address

b. Enter the mgmt0 subnet mask.


Mgmt0 IPv4 netmask: subnet_mask

Step 10 Enter yes (yes is the default) to configure the default gateway (recommended).
Configure the default-gateway: (yes/no) [y]: yes

a. Enter the default gateway IP address.


IPv4 address of the default gateway: default_gateway

Step 11 Enter yes (no is the default) to configure advanced IP options such as in-band management, static routes,
default network, DNS, and domain name.
Configure Advanced IP options (yes/no)? [n]: yes

a. Enter no (no is the default) at the in-band management configuration prompt.


Continue with in-band (VSAN1) management configuration? (yes/no) [no]: no

b. Enter yes (no is the default) to enable IP routing capabilities.


Enable the ip routing? (yes/no) [n]: yes

c. Enter yes (no is the default) to configure a static route (recommended).


Configure static route: (yes/no) [n]: yes

Enter the destination prefix.


Destination prefix: dest_prefix

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Type the destination prefix mask.


Destination prefix mask: dest_mask

Type the next hop IP address.


Next hop ip address: next_hop_address

Note Be sure to configure the IP route, the default network IP address, and the default gateway IP
address to enable SNMP access. If IP routing is enabled, the switch uses the IP route and the
default network IP address. If IP routing is disabled, the switch uses the default gateway IP
address.

d. Enter yes (no is the default) to configure the default network (recommended).
Configure the default network: (yes/no) [n]: yes

Enter the default network IP address.

Note The default network IP address is the destination prefix provided in Step 11c .

Default network IP address [dest_prefix]: dest_prefix

e. Enter yes (no is the default) to configure the DNS IP address.


Configure the DNS IPv4 address? (yes/no) [n]: yes

Enter the DNS IP address.


DNS IPv4 address: name_server

f. Enter yes (default is no) to configure the default domain name.


Configure the default domain name? (yes/no) [n]: yes

Enter the default domain name.


Default domain name: domain_name

Step 12 Enter yes (no is the default) to enable Telnet service.


Enable the telnet server? (yes/no) [n]: yes

Step 13 Enter yes (no is the default) to enable the SSH service.
Enabled SSH server? (yes/no) [n]: yes

Step 14 Enter the SSH key type (see the Generating the SSH Server Key Pair section on page 39-17) that you
would like to generate.
Type the SSH key you would like to generate (dsa/rsa)? dsa

Step 15 Enter the number of key bits within the specified range.
Enter the number of key bits? (768 to 2048): 768

Step 16 Enter yes (no is the default) to configure the NTP server.
Configure NTP server? (yes/no) [n]: yes
Configure clock? (yes/no) [n] :yes
Configure clock? (yes/no) [n] :yes

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Configure timezone? (yes/no) [n] :yes


Configure summertime? (yes/no) [n] :yes
Configure the ntp server? (yes/no) [n] : yes

a. Enter the NTP server IP address.


NTP server IP address: ntp_server_IP_address

Step 17 Enter noshut (shut is the default) to configure the default switch port interface to the shut state.
Configure default switchport interface state (shut/noshut) [shut]: noshut

Step 18 Enter on (on is the default) to configure the switch port trunk mode.
Configure default switchport trunk mode (on/off/auto) [on]: on

Step 19 Enter no (no is the default) to configure switchport port mode F.


Configure default switchport port mode F (yes/no) [n] : no

Step 20 Enter permit (deny is the default) to deny a default zone policy configuration.
Configure default zone policy (permit/deny) [deny]: permit

Permits traffic flow to all members of the default zone.


Step 21 Enter yes (no is the default) to disable a full zone set distribution (see the Zone Set Distribution section
on page 30-26). Disables the switch-wide default for the full zone set distribution feature.
Enable full zoneset distribution (yes/no) [n]: yes

You see the new configuration. Review and edit the configuration that you have just entered.
Step 22 Enter no (no is the default) if you are satisfied with the configuration.
The following configuration will be applied:
username admin password admin_pass role network-admin
username user_name password user_pass role network-admin
snmp-server community snmp_community ro
switchname switch
interface mgmt0
ip address ip_address subnet_mask
no shutdown
ip routing
ip route dest_prefix dest_mask dest_address
ip default-network dest_prefix
ip default-gateway default_gateway
ip name-server name_server
ip domain-name domain_name
telnet server enable
ssh key dsa 768 force
ssh server enable
ntp server ipaddr ntp_server
system default switchport shutdown
system default switchport trunk mode on
system default port-channel auto-create
zone default-zone permit vsan 1-4093
zoneset distribute full vsan 1-4093

Would you like to edit the configuration? (yes/no) [n]: no

Step 23 Enter yes (yes is default) to use and save this configuration:
Use this configuration and save it? (yes/no) [y]: yes

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Caution If you do not save the configuration at this point, none of your changes are updated the next
time the switch is rebooted. Type yes to save the new configuration. This ensures that the
kickstart and system images are also automatically configured (see Chapter 15, Software
Images).

Configuring In-Band Management


The in-band management logical interface is VSAN 1. This management interface uses the Fibre
Channel infrastructure to transport IP traffic. An interface for VSAN 1 is created on every switch in the
fabric. Each switch should have its VSAN 1 interface configured with an IP address in the same
subnetwork. A default route that points to the switch providing access to the IP network should be
configured on every switch in the Fibre Channel fabric (see Chapter 26, Configuring and Managing
VSANs).

Note You can configure both in-band and out-of-band configuration together by entering Yes in both Step 9c
and Step 9d in the following procedure.

To configure a switch for first time in-band access, follow these steps:

Step 1 Power on the switch. Switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family boot automatically.
Step 2 Enter the new password for the administrator.
Enter the password for admin: 2004asdf*lkjh18

Tip If a password is trivial (short, easy-to-decipher), your password configuration is rejected. Be


sure to configure a strong password as shown in the sample configuration. Passwords are
case-sensitive. You must explicitly configure a password that meets the requirements listed in
the User Accounts section on page 39-10.

Step 3 Enter yes to enter the setup mode.


This setup utility will guide you through the basic configuration of the system. Setup
configures only enough connectivity for management of the system.

Please register Cisco MDS 9000 Family devices promptly with your supplier. Failure to
register may affect response times for initial service calls. MDS devices must be
registered to receive entitled support services.

Press Enter incase you want to skip any dialog. Use ctrl-c at anytime to skip away
remaining dialogs.

Would you like to enter the basic configuration dialog (yes/no): yes

The setup utility guides you through the basic configuration process. Press Ctrl-C at any prompt to end
the configuration process.
Step 4 Enter no (no is the default) if you do not wish to create additional accounts.
Create another login account (yes/no) [no]: no

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Step 5 Configure the read-only or read-write SNMP community string.


a. Enter no (no is the default) to avoid configuring the read-only SNMP community string.
Configure read-only SNMP community string (yes/no) [n]: no
Step 6 Enter a name for the switch.

Note The switch name is limited to 32 alphanumeric characters. The default is switch.

Enter the switch name: switch_name

Step 7 Enter no (yes is the default) at the configuration prompt to configure out-of-band management.
Continue with Out-of-band (mgmt0) management configuration? [yes/no]: no

Step 8 Enter yes (yes is the default) to configure the default gateway.
Configure the default-gateway: (yes/no) [y]: yes

a. Enter the default gateway IP address.


IP address of the default gateway: default_gateway

Step 9 Enter yes (no is the default) to configure advanced IP options such as in-band management, static routes,
default network, DNS, and domain name.
Configure Advanced IP options (yes/no)? [n]: yes

a. Enter yes (no is the default) at the in-band management configuration prompt.
Continue with in-band (VSAN1) management configuration? (yes/no) [no]: yes

Enter the VSAN 1 IP address.


VSAN1 IP address: ip_address

Enter the subnet mask.


VSAN1 IP net mask: subnet_mask

b. Enter no (yes is the default) to enable IP routing capabilities.


Enable ip routing capabilities? (yes/no) [y]: no

c. Enter no (yes is the default) to configure a static route.


Configure static route: (yes/no) [y]: no

d. Enter no (yes is the default) to configure the default network.


Configure the default-network: (yes/no) [y]: no

e. Enter no (yes is the default) to configure the DNS IP address.


Configure the DNS IP address? (yes/no) [y]: no

f. Enter no (no is the default) to skip the default domain name configuration.
Configure the default domain name? (yes/no) [n]: no

Step 10 Enter no (yes is the default) to disable Telnet service.


Enable the telnet service? (yes/no) [y]: no

Step 11 Enter yes (no is the default) to enable the SSH service.

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Enabled SSH service? (yes/no) [n]: yes

Step 12 Enter the SSH key type (see the Generating the SSH Server Key Pair section on page 39-17) that you
would like to generate.
Type the SSH key you would like to generate (dsa/rsa/rsa1)? rsa

Step 13 Enter the number of key bits within the specified range.
Enter the number of key bits? (768 to 1024): 1024

Step 14 Enter no (no is the default) to configure the NTP server.


Configure NTP server? (yes/no) [n]: no

Step 15 Enter shut (shut is the default) to configure the default switch port interface to the shut state.
Configure default switchport interface state (shut/noshut) [shut]: shut

Note The management Ethernet interface is not shut down at this pointonly the Fibre Channel,
iSCSI, FCIP, and Gigabit Ethernet interfaces are shut down.

Step 16 Enter auto (off is the default) to configure the switch port trunk mode.
Configure default switchport trunk mode (on/off/auto) [off]: auto

Step 17 Enter deny (deny is the default) to deny a default zone policy configuration.
Configure default zone policy (permit/deny) [deny]: deny

Denies traffic flow to all members of the default zone.


Step 18 Enter no (no is the default) to disable a full zone set distribution (see the Zone Set Distribution section
on page 30-26).
Enable full zoneset distribution (yes/no) [n]: no

Disables the switch-wide default for the full zone set distribution feature.
You see the new configuration. Review and edit the configuration that you have just entered.
Step 19 Enter no (no is the default) if you are satisfied with the configuration.
The following configuration will be applied:
username admin password admin_pass role network-admin
snmp-server community snmp_community rw
switchname switch
interface vsan1
ip address ip_address subnet_mask
no shutdown
ip default-gateway default_gateway
no telnet server enable
ssh key rsa 1024 force
ssh server enable
no system default switchport shutdown
system default switchport trunk mode auto
no zone default-zone permit vsan 1-4093
no zoneset distribute full vsan 1-4093

Would you like to edit the configuration? (yes/no) [n]: no

Step 20 Enter yes (yes is default) to use and save this configuration.
Use this configuration and save it? (yes/no) [y]: yes

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Caution If you do not save the configuration at this point, none of your changes are updated the next
time the switch is rebooted. Type yes to save the new configuration. This ensures that the
kickstart and system images are also automatically configured (see Chapter 15, Software
Images).

Using the setup Command


To make changes to the initial configuration at a later time, you can issue the setup command in EXEC
mode.
switch# setup
---- Basic System Configuration Dialog ----
This setup utility will guide you through the basic configuration of
the system. Setup configures only enough connectivity for management
of the system.
*Note: setup always assumes a predefined defaults irrespective
of the current system configuration when invoked from CLI.

Press Enter incase you want to skip any dialog. Use ctrl-c at anytime
to skip away remaining dialogs.

Would you like to enter the basic configuration dialog (yes/no): yes

The setup utility guides you through the basic configuration process.

Accessing the Switch


After initial configuration, you can access the switch in one of three ways (see Figure 2-2):
Serial console accessYou can use a serial port connection to access the CLI.
In-band IP (IPFC) accessYou can use Telnet or SSH to access a switch in the Cisco MDS 9000
Family or use Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager to access the switch.
Out-of-band (10/100BASE-T Ethernet) accessYou can use Telnet or SSH to access a switch in the
Cisco MDS 9000 Family or use Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager to access the switch.

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Figure 2-2 Switch Access Options

Router
Console Out of band IP address IP
connection management 172.16.1.1 network
subnetwork
Telnet or CLI

SSH
Switch 2
DNS server
mgmt 0 GUI
(IP address:
172.16.1.2)

SNMP

Management LAN

79936
(Ethernet connection)

Where Do You Go Next?


After reviewing the default configuration, you can change it or perform other configuration or
management tasks. The initial setup can only be performed at the CLI. However, you can continue to
configure other software features, or access the switch after initial configuration by using either the CLI
or the Device Manager and Fabric Manager applications.
To use the CLI, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.

About Cisco Fabric Manager


The Cisco Fabric Manager provides an alternative to the command-line interface (CLI) for most switch
configuration commands. For information on using the CLI to configure a Cisco MDS 9000 Family
switch, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide or the Cisco MDS 9020 Switch
Configuration Guide and Command Reference Guide. For details on managing switches running Cisco
FabricWare, see the Managing Cisco FabricWare with Fabric Manager section on page D-3.
In addition to complete configuration and status monitoring capabilities for Cisco MDS 9000 switches,
Fabric Manager provides powerful Fibre Channel troubleshooting tools. These in-depth health and
configuration analysis capabilities leverage unique MDS 9000 switch capabilities: Fibre Channel Ping
and Traceroute.
The Cisco Fabric Manager includes these management applications:
Fabric Manager (client and server)
Device Manager
Performance Manager

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Fabric Manager Web Server

Fabric Manager Server


The Fabric Manager Server component must be started before running Fabric Manager. On a Windows
PC, the Fabric Manager Server is installed as a service. This service can then be administered using the
Windows Services in the Control Panel. Fabric Manager Server is responsible for discovery of the
physical and logical fabric, and for listening for SNMP traps, syslog messages, and Performance
Manager threshold events. For more information, see Chapter 3, Fabric Manager Server.

Fabric Manager Client


The Fabric Manager Client component displays a map of your network fabrics, including Cisco MDS
9000 Family switches, third-party switches, hosts, and storage devices. The Fabric Manager Client
provides multiple menus for accessing the features of the Fabric Manager Server. For more information,
see Chapter 5, Fabric Manager Client.

Fabric Manager Server Proxy Services


The Fabric Manager Client and Device Manager use SNMP to communicate with the Fabric Manager
Server. In typical configurations, the Fabric Manager Server may be installed behind a firewall. The
SNMP proxy service available in Cisco Fabric Manager Release 2.1(1a) or later provides a TCP-based
transport proxy for these SNMP requests. The SNMP proxy service allows you to block all UDP traffic
at the firewall and configure Fabric Manager Client to communicate over a configured TCP port.
Fabric Manager uses the CLI for managing some features on the switches. These management tasks are
used by Fabric Manager and do not use the proxy services. Your firewall must remain open for CLI
access for the following features:
External and internal loopback test
Flash files
Create CLI user
Security - ISCSI users
Show image version
Show tech
Switch resident reports (syslog, accounting)
Zone migration
Show cores
If you are using the SNMP proxy service and another application on your server is using port 9198, you
need to modify your workstation settings.

Note The MDS switch always checks the local SNMP users before the remote AAA users, unlike the CLI.

To modify a Windows workstation, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Open Internet Explorer and select Tools > Internet Options.
You see the Internet Options dialog box.
Step 2 Select the Connections tab and click LAN Settings.
You see the LAN Settings dialog box.
Step 3 Check the Use a Proxy Server for your LAN check box and click Advanced.
Step 4 Add your server IP Address or local host under the Exceptions section.
Step 5 Click OK to save your changes.

See the Running Fabric Manager Behind a Firewall section on page 2-40.

Device Manager
The Device Manager provides two views of a single switch:
Device View displays a graphic representation of the switch configuration and provides access to
statistics and configuration information.
Summary View displays a summary of xE ports (Inter-Switch Links), Fx ports (fabric ports), and Nx
ports (attached hosts and storage) on the switch, as well as Fibre Channel and IP neighbor devices.
Summary or detailed statistics can be charted, printed, or saved to a file in tab-delimited format. See
Chapter 6, Device Manager.

Performance Manager
Performance Manager presents detailed traffic analysis by capturing data with SNMP. This data is
compiled into various graphs and charts that can be viewed with any web browser. See Chapter 58,
Performance Monitoring.

Fabric Manager Web Server


The Fabric Manager Web Server allows operators to monitor and obtain reports for MDS events,
performance, and inventory from a remote location using a web browser. For information on installing
and using Fabric Manager Web Server, see Chapter 7, Fabric Manager Web Client.

Cisco MDS 9000 Switch Management


The Cisco MDS 9000 Family of switches can be accessed and configured in many different ways and
supports standard management protocols. Table 2-1 lists the management protocols that Fabric Manager
supports to access, monitor, and configure the Cisco MDS 9000 Family of switches.

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Table 2-1 Supported Management Protocols

Management Protocol Purpose


Telnet/SSH Provides remote access to the CLI for a Cisco
MDS 9000 switch.
FTP/SFTP/TFTP, SCP Copies configuration and software images
between devices.
SNMPv1, v2c, and v3 Includes over 80 distinct Management
Information Bases (MIBs). Cisco MDS 9000
Family switches support SNMP version 1, 2, and
3 and RMON V1 and V2. RMON provides
advanced alarm and event management, including
setting thresholds and sending notifications based
on changes in device or network behavior.
By default, the Cisco Fabric Manager
communicates with Cisco MDS 9000 Family
switches using SNMPv3, which provides secure
authentication using encrypted user names and
passwords. SNMPv3 also provides the option to
encrypt all management traffic.
HTTP/HTTPS Includes HTTP and HTTPS for web browsers to
communicate with Fabric Manager Web Services
and for the distribution and installation of the
Cisco Fabric Manager software. It is not used for
communication between the Cisco Fabric
Manager Server and Cisco MDS 9000 Family
switches.
XML/CIM over HTTP/HTTPS Includes CIM server support for designing storage
area network management applications to run on
Cisco SAN-OS and NX-OS.
ANSI T11 FC-GS-3 Provides Fibre Channel-Generic Services
(FC-GS-3) in the defining management servers in
the Fabric Configuration Server (FCS). Fabric
Manager uses the information provided by FCS on
top of the information contained in the Name
Server database and in the Fibre Channel Shortest
Path First (FSPF) topology database to build a
detailed topology view and collect information for
all the devices building the fabric.

Storage Management Solutions Architecture


Management services required for the storage environment can be divided into five layers, with the
bottom layer being closest to the physical storage network equipment, and the top layer managing the
interface between applications and storage resources.

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Of these five layers of storage network management, Cisco Fabric Manager provides tools for device
(element) management and fabric management. In general, the Device Manager is most useful for device
management (a single switch), while Fabric Manager is more efficient for performing fabric
management operations involving multiple switches.
Tools for upper-layer management tasks can be provided by Cisco or by third-party storage and network
management applications. The following summarizes the goals and function of each layer of storage
network management:
Device management provides tools to configure and manage a device within a system or a fabric.
You use device management tools to perform tasks on one device at a time, such as initial device
configuration, setting and monitoring thresholds, and managing device system images or firmware.
Fabric management provides a view of an entire fabric and its devices. Fabric management
applications provide fabric discovery, fabric monitoring, reporting, and fabric configuration.
Resource management provides tools for managing resources such as fabric bandwidth, connected
paths, disks, I/O operations per second (IOPS), CPU, and memory. You can use Fabric Manager to
perform some of these tasks.
Data management provides tools for ensuring the integrity, availability, and performance of data.
Data management services include redundant array of independent disks (RAID) schemes, data
replication practices, backup or recovery requirements, and data migration. Data management
capabilities are provided by third-party tools.
Application management provides tools for managing the overall system consisting of devices,
fabric, resources, and data from the application. Application management integrates all these
components with the applications that use the storage network. Application management
capabilities are provided by third-party tools.

In-Band Management and Out-of-Band Management


Cisco Fabric Manager requires an out-of-band (Ethernet) connection to at least one Cisco MDS 9000
Family switch. You need either mgmt0 or IP over Fibre Channel (IPFC) to manage the fabric.

mgmt0
The out-of-band management connection is a 10/100 Mbps Ethernet interface on the supervisor module,
labeled mgmt0. The mgmt0 interface can be connected to a management network to access the switch
through IP over Ethernet. You must connect to at least one Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch in the fabric
through its Ethernet management port. You can then use this connection to manage the other switches
using in-band (Fibre Channel) connectivity. Otherwise, you need to connect the mgmt0 port on each
switch to your Ethernet network.
Each supervisor module has its own Ethernet connection; however, the two Ethernet connections in a
redundant supervisor system operate in active or standby mode. The active supervisor module also hosts
the active mgmt0 connection. When a failover event occurs to the standby supervisor module, the IP
address and media access control (MAC) address of the active Ethernet connection are moved to the
standby Ethernet connection.

IPFC
You can also manage switches on a Fibre Channel network using an in-band IP connection. The Cisco
MDS 9000 Family supports RFC 2625 IP over Fibre Channel, which defines an encapsulation method
to transport IP over a Fibre Channel network.

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IPFC encapsulates IP packets into Fibre Channel frames so that management information can cross the
Fibre Channel network without requiring a dedicated Ethernet connection to each switch. This feature
allows you to build a completely in-band management solution.

Installing the Management Software


To install the software for the first time, or if you want to update or reinstall the software, access the
supervisor module with a web browser. Click the Install links on the web page that is displayed. The
software running on your workstation is verified to make sure you are running the most current version
of the software. If it is not current, the most recent version is downloaded and installed on your
workstation.

Note Before upgrading or uninstalling Fabric Manager or Device Manager, make sure any instances of these
applications have been shut down.

Installation options include:


UpgradeThe installer detects your current version of Fabric Manager and Device Manager, and it
provides the option to upgrade. The default is to upgrade to the latest version of Fabric Manager or
Device Manager.
UninstallIf you are downgrading from Fabric Manager 2.x or later to Fabric Manager 1.3x or
earlier, use the Uninstall batch file or shell script. Do not delete the MDS 9000 folder as this might
prevent your installation from being upgraded in the future.

Note We recommend that you install the latest version of the Fabric Manager applications. Fabric Manager is
backward-compatible with the Cisco MDS SAN-OS and Cisco FabricWare software running on the
switches. When upgrading, upgrade the Fabric Manager software first, and then upgrade the Cisco MDS
SAN-OS or NX-OS or Cisco FabricWare software on the switch.

Before You Install


Before you can access the Cisco Fabric Manager, you must complete the following tasks:
Install a supervisor module on each switch that you want to manage.
Configure the supervisor module with the following values using the setup routine or the CLI:
IP address assigned to the mgmt0 interface
SNMP credentials (v3 user name and password or v1/v2 communities), maintaining the same
user name and password for all the switches in the fabric
Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 2.x, 3.x, and NX-OS 4.1(3a) supports AAA authentication using RADIUS,
TACACS, or local SNMP users.
The Cisco Device Manager software executable files reside on each supervisor module of each Cisco
MDS 9000 Family switch running Cisco MDS SAN-OS or NX-OS software in your network. The
supervisor module provides an HTTP server that responds to browser requests and distributes the
software to Windows or UNIX network management stations. You can also find Cisco Fabric Manager
software on Cisco.com at the following website:
http://cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/mds-fm

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Supported Software

Note For the latest information on supported software, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Release Notes for
Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(3a).

Cisco Fabric Manager and Cisco Device Manager have been tested with the following software:
Operating Systems
Windows 2003 SP2, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1 (Enterprise
edition)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS Release 4
Solaris (SPARC) 8, 9 and 10
VMWare ESX Server 3.5

Note We support only Windows 2003 SP2 VM created on VMWare ESX Server 3.5

Java
Sun JRE and JDK 1.5(x) and 1.6(x) is supported
Java Web Start 1.5 and 1.6
Browsers
Internet Explorer 6.x and 7.0

Note Internet Explorer 7.0 is not supported on Windows 2000 SP4.

Firefox 1.5 and 2.0


Mozilla 1.7 (packaged with Solaris 9)
Databases
Oracle Database 10g Express, Oracle 10g Enterprise Edition
Oracle 11g Enterprise Edition
PostgreSQL 8.2 (Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS Release 4)
PostgreSQL 8.1 (Solaris 8, 9 and 10)
Security
Cisco ACS 3.1 and 4.0
PIX Firewall
IP Tables
SSH v2
Global Enforce SNMP Privacy Encryption
HTTPS

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Java Database Connectivity


Java database connectivity (JDBC) is the JavaSoft specification of a standard application programming
interface (API) that allows Java programs to access database management systems.
A JDBC driver is a software component enabling a Java application to interact with a database. Fabric
Manager uses Oracle JDBC drivers ojdbc14.jar and ojdbc14.jar to access the Oracle database and store
data.
You can download the recommended version (10.2.0.1.0) of the ojdbc14.jar file, from the following link:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/tech/java/sqlj_jdbc/htdocs/jdbc_10201.html
Alternatively, if you have access to the system where Oracle is installed in your environment, you can
find the jar file in the Oracle installation directory under ORACLE_HOME\jdbc\lib\.

Minimum Hardware Requirements


For a PC running Fabric Manager Server on large fabrics (1000 or more end devices), we recommend
you use a Dual Core/Dual CPU high-speed system with 2 GB of RAM and 10 GB of free disk space.

Upgrading Fabric Manager in Cisco SAN-OS Releases Prior to 3.1(2b)


When you install Cisco SAN-OS 3.2(1), data is migrated from the Hypersonic HSQL database to either
the PostgreSQL database or Oracle Database 10g Express during the installation. To install the
PostgreSQL database on Windows, click the FM Installer link on the CD. To install Oracle Database 10g
Express, follow the instructions in the Installing Oracle section on page 2-22.

Note If you are upgrading a previous installation of Fabric Manager Server, be sure the previous installation
of the database is running. Do not uninstall the previous version. If the previous version is uninstalled,
the database will not be migrated and your server settings will not be preserved. After you ensure that
the previous installation is running, follow the steps listed in the Installing Fabric Manager section on
page 2-24. Before beginning the upgrade, you must close Fabric Manager and Device Manager.

Upgrading Fabric Manager in Cisco SAN-OS Releases 3.1(2b) and Later to 3.2(1)
When you install Cisco SAN-OS 3.2(1), data is migrated from the Hypersonic HSQL database to either
the PostgreSQL database or Oracle Database 10g Express during the installation. Data is also migrated
from Oracle to Oracle.

Note If you migrate the database from Oracle to Oracle, the schema is updated as required by Cisco SAN-OS
3.2(1).

To install the PostgreSQL database on Windows, click the FM Installer link on the CD. To install Oracle
Database 10g Express, follow the instructions in the Installing Oracle section on page 2-22.

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Installing the Database


Before you install Fabric Manager, you must install a database. As of Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1)
and later, Fabric Manager is packaged with PostgreSQL and Oracle Database 10g Express databases.
You can install the database of your choice using Fabric Manager from the CD-ROM or from Cisco.com.
If the database is present, the Fabric Manager installer will upgrade it to the latest version.

Note If you are installing Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.1(2b) or later, you can also use Oracle Database 10g
Express. Your other choice is PostgreSQL.

Note Be sure to back up all of the rrd file in $INSTALL/pm/db before the upgrade.

Directory Structure
As of Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), the directory structure has changed to accommodate its future
integration with Nexus 5000 products. By default, the Fabric Manager components are installed on your
computers hard drive, in the C:\Program Files\ folder. The installation path is the root directory on your
computer, such as C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems. Fabric Manager and databases are installed in
application directories, such as C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\FM. Table 2-2 and Table 2-3
describe the directory structure for Windows, UNIX and Solaris operating systems.

Table 2-2 Directory Structure (Windows)

Directory Description
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\ Home directory for Cisco products.
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\ Home directory for Cisco Data Center
Management products.
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\FM Home directory for Fabric Manager
and Device Manager.
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\JBOSS-4.2.2.GA Home directory for JBoss (Fabric
Manager Server infrastructure).
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\DB Home directory for database (Oracle
and PostgreSQL).
C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\DCM\JRE Home directory for Java Runtime
Environment.
C:\Program Files\Cisco Home directory for Fabric Manager
Systems\DCM\JBOSS-4.2.2.GA\SERVER\FM Server.

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Table 2-3 Directory Structure (Unix and Solaris)

Directory Description
/usr/local/cisco Home directory for Cisco products.
/usr/local/cisco/dcm/ Home directory for Cisco Data Center
Management products.
/usr/local/cisco/dcm/fm Home directory for Fabric Manager and
Device Manager.
/usr/local/cisco/dcm/jboss-4.2.2.GA Home directory for JBoss (Fabric Manager
Server infrastructure).
/usr/local/cisco/dcm/db Home directory for database (Oracle and
PostgreSQL).
/usr/local/cisco/dcm/jboss-4.2.2.GA/server/fm Home directory for Fabric Manager Server.

Installing Oracle

Note We recommend the Oracle Database 10g Express option for all users who are running Performance
Manager on large fabrics (1000 or more end devices). If you want to use Oracle Database 10g Express,
you must install the database and create a user name and password before continuing with the Fabric
Manager installation.

To install the Oracle Database 10g Express, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the following link to install Oracle Database 10g Express.
http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/xe/index.html

Note If you have another instance of Oracle already installed on a PC, we recommend that you do not
install the Oracle database on the same PC. In such cases, Fabric Manager can only use the
PostgreSQL database.

Step 2 Run OracleXE.exe to install the Oracle database. Set the password for the system user. The database
administrator uses the password to manage and administer Oracle Database 10g Express server, which
is installed by the Oracle installer.
Step 3 Finish the installation and verify that both services (OracleServiceXE and OracleXETNSListener) are
running from the Services window.
Step 4 Run the following script to change the default Oracle admin port and to create a database account.
C:\> cd c:\oraclexe\app\oracle\product\10.2.0\server\bin
C:\oraclexe\app\oracle\product\10.2.0\server\bin>sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> exec dbms_xdb.sethttpport(8082);
SQL> GRANT CONNECT,RESOURCE,UNLIMITED TABLESPACE TO SCOTT IDENTIFIED BY
TIGER;
SQL> EXIT;

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Note The Oracle Database 10g Express option is only supported on Microsoft Windows. It is not
supported on UNIX systems.

Note For information about backing up the Oracle database, go to this location:
http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B25329_01/doc/admin.102/b25107/backrest.htm#i1004902. You
canalso use the exp/imp utility at this location:
http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B25329_01/doc/admin.102/b25107/impexp.htm#BCEEDCIB.

Note For information about backing up the PostgreSQL database, run the pg_dump utility to have a good
backup. For more information, go to this location:
http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.1/static/app-pgdump.html.

Note For information about installing Oracle Database 10g and Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Editions , go
to this location: http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.html.

If you are using the Oracle database, you need to install the Oracle JDBC (Java Database Connectivity)
component for Fabric Manager to connect to the database. For more information refer to the Java
Database Connectivity section on page 2-19.

Increasing UDP Buffer Size


If the Fabric Manager SNMP packet log shows an SNMP VarBind decode error, the UDP buffer size is
low and the buffer size needs to be increased.
To increase the UDP buffer size, do the following:

Step 1 For Solaris 8, ensure that the UDP buffer size is at least 64 K.
ndd -set /dev/udp udp_recv_hiwat 65535
ndd -set /dev/udp udp_xmit_hiwat 65535

Step 2 Add the following setting in /etc/system, so that the buffer size will be in effect even after a reboot.
set ndd:udp_recv_hiwat=65535
set ndd:udp_xmit_hiwat=65535

Note Before starting the installation, make sure that you have logged in as a Superuser.

Database Backup and Restore-PostgresSQL


The Fabric Manager uses PostgresSQL Database as the default database. The Fabric Manager backup
utility uses PostgresSQL pg_dump utility to dump all of the database content to an ASCII dump file.
Restore utility uses PostgresSQL to recreate data using the dump file.

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The dump file represents a snapshot of the database at the time of backup.

Backup
To perform a backup of the Fabric Manager database, enter these commands on Linux/Solaris. Assume
INSTALLDIR is the top directory of Fabric Manager installation.
cd $INSTALLDIR/bin
/pgbackup.sh 02252008.data

The backup file 02252008.data will be created in $INSTALLDIR/bin directory. If you want to create it
in a standard backup director provide the full path name of the dump file

Restore
To restore Fabric Manager database, you must have a good backup file, and you must stop the Fabric
Manager server before restoration. Run restore and enter these commands on Linux Solaris. Assume
INSTALLDIR is the top directory of the Fabric Manager installation.
cd $INSTALLDIR/bin
./FMServer.sh stop
./pgrestore.sh 02252008.data
./FMServer.sh start

Importing PM Statitics Data to Fabric Manager


To manually import existing Performance Manager statistics data to Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Stop the Fabric Manager Server.


Step 2 Copy the existing RRD file (from a prior installation) to $INSTALLDIR/pm/db.
Step 3 Run the $INSTALLDIR/bin/pm.bat s.
Step 4 Restart the Fabric Manager Server.
Step 5 Add the fabric to the Performance Manager collection using WebClient.
The Performance Manager historic statistics are available on WebClient after the application has been
running for an hour..

Installing Fabric Manager


As of Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), Fabric Manager is no longer packaged with a Cisco MDS
9000 Family switch. You must install Fabric Manager from the CD-ROM or from Cisco.com. When you
install Fabric Manager software, the Device Manager is installed by default.

Note Users installing Fabric Manager must have full administrator privileges to create user accounts and start
services. Users should also have access to all ports. These are the ports used by Fabric Manager Server
and the PostgreSQL database: 1098, 1099, 4444, 4445, 8009, 8083, 8090, 8092, 8093, 514, 5432.

For switches running Cisco MDS 9000 FabricWare, you must install Fabric Manager from the CD-ROM
included with your switch, or you can download Fabric Manager from Cisco.com.

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To download the software from Cisco.com, go to the following website:


http://cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/mds-fm
To install Fabric Manager on Solaris, follow these steps:

Step 1 Set Java 1.5 to the path that is to be used for installing Fabric Manager.
Step 2 Copy the Fabric Manager jar file m9000-fm-3.2.0.136.jar from the CD-ROM to a folder on the Solaris
workstation.
Step 3 Launch the installer using the following command:
java -Xms512m Xmx512m -jar m9000-fm-3.2.0.136

Step 4 Follow the on-screen instructions provided in the Fabric Manager management software setup wizard.

When you connect to the server for the first time, Fabric Manager checks to see if you have the correct
Sun Java Virtual Machine version installed on your workstation. Fabric Manager looks for version 1.5(x)
during installation. If required, install the Sun Java Virtual Machine software.

Note You can run CiscoWorks on the same PC as Fabric Manager, even though the Java requirements are
different. When installing the later Java version for Fabric Manager, make sure it does not overwrite the
earlier Java version required for CiscoWorks. Both versions of Java can coexist on your PC.

Note On Windows, remote Fabric Manager installations or upgrades should be done through the console using
VNC or through the Remote Desktop Client (RDC) in console mode (ensuring RDC is used with the
/Console option). This is very important if the default PostgreSQL database is used with Fabric
Manager, because this database requires the local console for all installations and upgrades.

Note Before installing Cisco Fabric Manager on a Windows Vista system, turn the User Account Control
(UAC) off. To turn off UAC, select Start > Control Panel > User Accounts > Turn User Account
Control on or off, clear the Use User Account Control (UAC) to help protect your computer check
box, and then click OK. Click Restart Now to apply the change.

Note Telnet Client application is not installed by default on Microsoft Windows Vista. To install Telnet Client,
select Start > Programs > Control Panel > Click Turn Windows features on or off (if you have UAC
turned on you will need to give it the permission to continue). Check the Telnet Client check box and
then click OK.

As of Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), Fabric Manager has an express installation option. When you
select this option, Fabric Manager will be installed on your computer with a set of default user
credentials. If the PostgreSQL database is not present on your computer, the installer will install
PostgreSQL. If the PostgreSQL database is present, the installer will upgrade it to latest version. You
may change the default credentials after the installation is complete.
To install (Express) Fabric Manager on Windows, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Click the Install Management Software link.


Step 2 Choose Management Software > Cisco Fabric Manager.
Step 3 Click the Installing Fabric Manager link.
Step 4 Click the FM Installer link.
You see the welcome message in the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window shown in Figure 2-3.

Figure 2-3 Welcome to the Management Software Setup Wizard

Step 5 Click the Express radio button, and then click Next to begin express installation.
Step 6 Check the I accept the terms of the License Agreement check box, and then click Next.

Note Fabric Manager express installation option uses admin as the user name and password as the user
password. The user may change the password after the installation is complete.

Note Fabric Manager express installation option installs the PostgreSQL database with admin as the
user name and password_1_2_3 as the user password. The user may change the password after
the installation is complete.

You see the default credentials in the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window shown in Figure 2-4.

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Figure 2-4 Default User Credentials

Step 7 Click Install.


Once the installation is finished, you see an installation completed message in the Cisco Fabric Manager
Installer window shown in Figure 2-5.

Figure 2-5 Install Complete

Note You can choose to launch Fabric Manager or Device Manager by checking the Launch Fabric
Manager or Launch Device Manager check boxes. Icons for Fabric Manager and Device
Manager are automatically created on the desktop.

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Step 8 Click Finish to close the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window.
To install (Custom) Fabric Manager on Windows, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Install Management Software link.


Step 2 Choose Management Software > Cisco Fabric Manager.
Step 3 Click the Installing Fabric Manager link.
Step 4 Click the FM Installer link.
You see the welcome message in the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window shown in Figure 2-6.

Figure 2-6 Welcome to the Management Software Setup Wizard

Step 5 Click the Custom radio button, and then click Next to begin the installation.
Step 6 Check the I accept the terms of the License Agreement check box, and then click Next.
You see the Install Options dialog box shown in Figure 2-7.

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Figure 2-7 Install Options Dialog Box

Step 7 Click the radio button for either:


a. Fabric Manager Server (Licensed) to install the server components for Fabric Manager Server.
b. Fabric Manager Standalone to install the standalone version of Fabric Manager.

Note You should verify that the Fabric Manager Server hostname entry exists on the DNS server, unless the
Fabric Manager Server is configured to bind to a specific interface during installation.

Note Fabric Manager Standalone is a single application containing Fabric Manager Client and a local version
of Fabric Manager Server bundled together. Fabric Manager Standalone allows you to discover and
monitor the immediate fabric.

Step 8 Select an installation folder on your workstation for Fabric Manager. On Windows, the default location
is C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000. On a UNIX (Solaris or Linux) machine, the installation
path name is /usr/local/cisco_mds9000 or $HOME/cisco_mds9000, depending on the permissions of
the user doing the installation.
Step 9 Click Next.
You see the Database Options dialog box shown in Figure 2-8.

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Figure 2-8 Database Options Dialog Box

Step 10 Click the radio button for either Install PostgreSQL or Use existing DB to specify which database you
want to use.
If you choose Install PostgreSQL, accept the defaults and enter a password. The PostgreSQL database
will be installed.

Note If you choose to install PostgreSQL, you must disable any security software you are running, because
PostgreSQL may not install certain folders or users.

Note Before you install PostgreSQL, remove the cygwin/bin from your environment variable path if Cygwin
is running on your system.

Step 11 If you select Use existing DB, click the radio button for either PostgreSQL 8.1/8.2 or Oracle10g.
Step 12 Click Next in the Database Options dialog box.
You see the User Options dialog box shown in Figure 2-9.

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Figure 2-9 User Options Dialog Box

Step 13 Enter a user name and password and click Next.


You see the Authentication Options dialog box shown in Figure 2-10.

Figure 2-10 Authentication Options Dialog Box

Step 14 Choose an authentication mode (Local, RADIUS, TACACS or MDS) and click Next.

Note When the MDS radio button is selected, the FM authentication uses the user database in the
switch for authentication.

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Step 15 Click Verify to test your login.


You see the Configuration Options dialog box for Fabric Manager Standalone shown in Figure 2-11.

Figure 2-11 Configuration Options Dialog Box for Fabric Manager Standalone

Step 16 Check the FC Alias and SNMPv3 check boxes as desired and click Install if you are installing Fabric
Manager Standalone.
You see the Configuration Options dialog box for Fabric Manager Server shown in Figure 2-12.

Figure 2-12 Configuration Options Dialog Box for Fabric Manager Server

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Step 17 Select the local interface, web server port or Fabric Manager server port and check the FC Alias and
SNMPv3 check boxes as desired. Click Install if you are installing Fabric Manager Server. You see the
installation progress in the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window as shown in Figure 2-13.

Note You can change the Fabric Manager Server port number to a port that is not used by any other
application.

Note You should verify that the Fabric Manager Server hostname entry exists on the DNS server,
unless the Fabric Manager Server is configured to bind to a specific interface during installation.

Note If you check the Use HTTPS Web Server check box, the Web Server Port field is grayed out
and the default port is 443.

Note If you select a specific IP address during installation and change the server host IP address, you
must modify the following two files that are all located in the $INSTALL/conf directory. Change
server.bindaddrs to the new IP address in the server.properties file and change
wrapper.app.parameter.4 to the new IP address in the FMServer.conf file.

Figure 2-13 Progress of Installation

Once the installation is finished, you see an installation completed message in the Cisco Fabric Manager
Installer window shown in Figure 2-14.

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Figure 2-14 Install Complete

Note If you installed Fabric Manager Standalone, you can choose to launch Fabric Manager or Device
Manager by checking the Launch Fabric Manager or Launch Device Manager check boxes.
Icons for Fabric Manager and Device Manager are automatically created on the desktop.

Step 18 Click Finish to close the Cisco Fabric Manager Installer window.
If you installed Fabric Manager Server, icons for Fabric Manager and Device Manager are not created
on the desktop until you launch Fabric Manager Client. Follow the instructions in the Launching Fabric
Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1) and Later section on page 5-2 to launch Fabric
Manager Client.

If you checked the Create shortcuts check box, a Cisco MDS 9000 program group is created under Start
> Programs on Windows. This program group contains shortcuts to batch files in the install directory.
On a UNIX (Solaris or Linux) machine, shell scripts are created in the install directory. The shell scripts
that run the programs equivalent to the Windows services are FMServer.sh, all the server-side data and
Performance Manager data are stored in the install directory.
Fabric Manager Client cannot run without Fabric Manager Server. The server component is downloaded
and installed when you download and install Fabric Manager. On a Windows machine you install the
Fabric Manager Server as a service. This service can then be administered using Services in the
Microsoft Windows Control Panel. The default setting for the Fabric Manager Server service is that the
server is automatically started when the machine is rebooted. You can change this behavior by modifying
the properties in Services.

Installing Device Manager


To install Device Manager on your workstation, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Enter the IP address of the switch in the Address field of your browser.
You see the Installation window for Device Manager shown in Figure 2-15.

Figure 2-15 Device Manager Installation Window

Step 2 Click the Cisco Device Manager link.


You see the welcome to the management software setup wizard message in the Cisco Device Manager
Installer window shown in Figure 2-16.

Figure 2-16 Welcome to the Management Software Setup Wizard Window

Step 3 Click Next to begin the Installation.


Step 4 Check the I accept the terms of the License Agreement check box and click Next.

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Step 5 Select an installation folder on your workstation for Device Manager. On Windows, the default location
is C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000. On a UNIX (Solaris or Linux) machine, the installation
path name is /usr/local/cisco_mds9000 or $HOME/cisco_mds9000, depending on the permissions of the
user doing the installation.
Step 6 Click Install.
Once the installation is finished, you see an installation completed message in the Cisco Device Manager
Installer window shown in Figure 2-17.

Figure 2-17 Install Complete

Step 7 Click Finish to close the Cisco Device Manager Installer window.

Creating FM/DM Shortcut Manually


The FM/DM shortcut on the desktop is available only when launching the application for the first time.
The shortcut is not offered when you lauch Fabric Manager from the FM download page.
To create FM/DM shortcut on the desktop, follow these steps:

Step 1 Navigate to Control Panel> Java.


Double-click Java.
The Java Control Panel displays as shown in the Figure 2-18.

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Figure 2-18 Java Control Panel Dialog Box

Step 2 In the Temporary Internet Files area, click View.


The Java Cache Viewer dialog box displays as shown in Figure 2-19.

Figure 2-19 Java Cache Viewer Dialog Box

Step 3 To recreate the shortcut, right-click on the application, and select Install Shortcuts from the shortcut
menu, as shown in Figure 2-20

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Figure 2-20 Shortcut Menu

Upgrading the Management Software


If you log into a switch running Cisco MDS SAN-OS with Device Manager and that switch has a later
version of the management software, you are prompted to install the later version. To upgrade the Cisco
MDS Fabric Manager software, follow the instructions described in the Installing the Management
Software section on page 2-18. You can also upgrade Device Manager at any time by entering the IP
address or host name of the supervisor module with the later version of software in the Address field of
your browser. You will need a new CD to upgrade Fabric Manager.

Note As of Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 3.x, downgrades are not supported through the installer. To
downgrade Fabric Manager or Device Manager to an earlier release, you need to manually uninstall first
and then reinstall the previous version of Fabric Manager or Device Manager.

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Upgrading Fabric Manager Server and Fabric Manager


Standalone Version Using the Fabric Manager Update Installer
As of Release 3.3(1a), you can use the Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager Update Installer to upgrade:
Fabric Manager Server
Fabric Manager Standalone
The Fabric Manager Update Installer is smaller in size than the Fabric Manager installer which makes it
easier to download. The update Installer has limited capability to upgrade Fabric Manager Server or the
Fabric Manager Standalone version and it does not have the capability to install a database or the Fabric
Manager Server infrastructure (JBoss). Table 2-4 shows the recommended Fabric Manager upgrade
paths.

Table 2-4 Fabric Manager Upgrade Path Using Update Installer

Current Version Upgrading To Upgrade Path


3.0(x)1 3.3(1a) or above 1. Upgrade to 3.1(x).
2. Upgrade to 3.2(x).
3. Upgrade to 3.3(x) or above by launching the
update installer {java Xmx512m jar
jar_file_name} and then follow the steps to
upgrade Fabric Manager.

Note Change the server port to 9099 if you are


not upgrading from Release 3.2(2c) in
Step 2.

3.1(x)1 3.3(1a) or above 1. Upgrade to 3.2(x).


2. Upgrade to 3.3(x) or above by launching the
update installer {java Xmx512m jar
jar_file_name} and then follow the steps to
upgrade Fabric Manager.

Note Change the server port to 9099 if you are


not upgrading from Release 3.2(2c) in
Step 1.

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Table 2-4 Fabric Manager Upgrade Path Using Update Installer

Current Version Upgrading To Upgrade Path


3.2(x) 3.3(1a) or above 1. Upgrade to 3.3(x) or above by launching the
update installer{java Xmx512m jar
jar_file_name} and then follow the steps to
upgrade Fabric Manager.

Note Change the server port to 9099 if you are


not upgrading from Release 3.2(2c).

3.3(x) NX-OS 4.1(1b) 1. Upgrade to 4.1(x) or above by launching the


update installer {java Xmx512m jar
jar_file_name} and then follow the steps to
upgrade Fabric Manager.

Note Change the server port to 9099 if you are


not upgrading from Release 3.4(x).

1. The gateway upgrade needs to be performed as the HSQL database data cannot be migrated to the new database.

Integrating Cisco Fabric Manager with Other Management


Tools
You can use Fabric Manager, Device Manager, and Performance Manager with these management tools:
Cisco Traffic AnalyzerAllows you to break down traffic by VSANs and protocols and to examine
SCSI traffic at a logical unit number (LUN) level.
Cisco Protocol AnalyzerEnables you to examine actual sequences of Fibre Channel frames
easily using the Fibre Channel and SCSI decoders Cisco developed for Ethereal.
Cisco Port Analyzer Adapter 2Encapsulates SPAN traffic (both Fibre Channel control and data
plane traffic) in an Ethernet header for transport to a Windows PC or workstation for analysis. Both
the Cisco Traffic Analyzer and Cisco Protocol Analyzer require the PAA to transport MDS SPAN
traffic to a Windows PC or workstation.
For more information on these tools and how they work together with the Cisco Fabric Manager
management applications, see Chapter 66, Troubleshooting Your Fabric.

Running Fabric Manager Behind a Firewall


For Windows PCs running Fabric Manager, Device Manager, and Performance Manager behind a
firewall, certain ports need to be available.
By default, Fabric Manager Client and Device Manager use the first available UDP port for sending and
receiving SNMP responses. The UDP SNMP trap local ports are 1162 for Fabric Manager, and 1163 or
1164 for Device Manager. Fabric Manager Server also opens TCP RMI port 9099.
In Fabric Manager Release 2.1(2) or later, you can select the UDP port that Fabric Manager Client or
Device Manager uses for SNMP responses by uncommenting the following statement:

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On a Windows desktop, uncomment the following in the FabricManager.bat or DeviceManager.bat


file in the C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS9000\bin directory:
rem JVMARGS=%JVMARGS% -Dsnmp.localport=9001

On a UNIX desktop, uncomment the following in the FabricManager.sh or DeviceManager.sh file


in the $HOME/.cisco_mds9000/bin directory:
# JVMARGS=$JVMARGS -Dsnmp.localport=9001

In Fabric Manager Release 3.2(1) or later, Fabric Manager Client initiates communication with Fabric
Manager Server on the port 9099 for Java Naming Directory and Interface (JNDI) lookup. Fabric
Manager Server redirects the client to 1098 and JBoss directs the request to the appropriate service.
Fabric Manager Server proxy services uses a configurable TCP port (9198 by default) for SNMP
communications between the Fabric Manager Client or Device Manager and Fabric Manager Server.
The Fabric Manager Server component requires two predictable TCP ports to be opened on the firewall
for an incoming connection:
server.port = 9099
server.data.port = 9100
As long as these two ports are open, Fabric Manager Client can connect to the server. Other TCP ports
connected to Fabric Manager Client are initiated by the server, which is behind the firewall.
The following table lists all ports used by Fabric Manager applications:

Communication
Type Port(s) Used
Used by All Applications
SSH Port 22 (TCP)
Telnet Port 23 (TCP)
HTTP Port 80 (TCP)
TFTP Port 69 (UDP)
SNMP Port 161 (UDP)
Syslog Port 514 (UDP)
Used by Fabric Manager Server and Performance Manager
SNMP_TRAP Port 2162 (UDP)
SNMP Picks a random free local port (UDP) or 9198 (TCP) if SNMP proxy is enabled.
Can be changed in server.properties.
Java RMI Ports 9099, 9100 (TCP)
Used by Fabric Manager Client
SNMP Picks a random free local port (UDP) if SNMP proxy is enabled. Can be changed
with the client -Dsnmp.localport option.
Java RMI Picks a free local port between 19199 and 19399 (TCP). Can be changed with
the client -Dclient.portStart and -Dclient.portEnd options. For example,
-Dclient.portStart = 19199 -Dclient.portEnd = 19399.
Used by Device Manager

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Communication
Type Port(s) Used
SNMP_TRAP Picks a free local port between 1163 and 1170 (UDP).
SNMP Picks a random free local port (UDP) or 9198 (TCP) if SNMP proxy is enabled.
Can be changed in server.properties.

Port(s)
Used/Type Service Descriptor Service Name Attribute Name Description
1098 conf/jboss-service.xml jboss:service=Naming RMI Naming This port is for JNDI based naming
(TCP) Service Port services. The client look up this port for
JNDI binding objects and resources.
9099 conf/jboss-service.xml jboss:service=Naming Bootstrap JNP This port is for JNDI based naming
(TCP) Port ( FM services. The client look up this port for
changed 1099 to JNDI binding objects and resources.
9099)
4444 conf/jboss-service.xml jboss:service=invoker,typ RMI /JRMP The org.jboss.invocation.jrmp.
(TCP) e=jrmp ObjectPort server.JRMPInvoker class is an MBean
service that provides the RMI/JRMP
implementation of the Invoker interface.
The JRMPInvoker exports itself as an
RMI server so that when it is used as the
Invoker in a remote client, the
JRMPInvoker stub is sent to the client
instead.
4445 conf/jboss-service.xml jboss:service=invoker,typ Pooled Invoker The org.jboss.invocation.
(TCP) e=pooled pooled.server.PooledInvoker is an
MBean service that provides RMI over a
custom socket transport implementation
of the Invoker interface. The
PooledInvoker exports itself as an RMI
server so that when it is used as the
Invoker in a remote client, the
PooledInvoker stub is sent to the client
instead and invocations use the a custom
socket protocol.
8009 deploy/jbossweb-tomc jboss.web:service=WebSe AJP Connector The AJP Connector element represents a
(TCP) at41.sar/META-INF/jb rver? Connector component that communicates
oss-service.xml with a web connector via the AJP
protocol. This is used for invisibly
integrating JBoss Web into an existing or
a new Apache server.
8083 conf/jboss-service.xml jboss:service=WebService RMI dynamic The WebService MBean provides
(TCP) class loader port dynamic class loading for RMI access to
the server EJBs. Used for web service

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8092 deploy/jms/oil2-servic jboss.mq:service=Invocati Optimized This port is used for JBossMQ services.
(TCP) e.xml onLayer?,type=OIL2 Invocation JBossMQ is composed of several services
Layer for JMS working together to provide JMS API
level services to client applications.
Optimized Invocation Layer is a service
used by JMS client.
8093 deploy/jms/uil2-servic jboss.mq:service=Invocati Unified This port is used for JBossMQ services.
(TCP) e.xml onLayer?,type=UIL2 Invocation JBossMQ is composed of several services
Layer for JMS working together to provide JMS API
level services to client applications.
Unified Invocation Layer is a service
used by JMS client.
3873 Service end point for JBoss EJB3 Aspect JBoss EJB3 This port used by the client to
(TCP) EJB3 aspect service Service Deployer Invoker communicate with EJB3(Enterprise
JavaBean 3.0) services on JBoss Server.

Uninstalling the Management Software


To uninstall the Fabric Manager applications on a Windows PC, follow these steps:

Step 1 Close all running instances of Fabric Manager and Device Manager.
Step 2 Select Start > Programs > Cisco MDS 9000 > Uninstall to run the uninstall.bat script.
Step 3 When you are prompted with the following message, type Y.
Are you sure you want to Uninstall? Press 'Y' to uninstall, 'A' to remove all files or 'N' to exit. [Y/A/N]

Note When you uninstall the application, the installer will not remove the database as it is shared with
other DCM applications. Option A will remove all the log files and client prefences. Option
Y will not remove the log files and client prefences.

Note Starting from NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), when you uninstall Fabric Manager Server, only Fabric
Manager is removed. Jboss and the database, either PostgreSQL or Oracle, are not removed
because they might be shared with other applications such as Cisco DCNM.

You can also run the batch file (located in the C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000 folder by
default) directly from the command line.

Note For older installations, delete the .cisco_mds9000 folder. Manually delete all desktop icons and
program menu items.

On a Windows PC, this folder is created under the Documents and Settings folder (for example,
d:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\.cisco_mds9000 if you had installed it as user
Administrator). On a UNIX machine, the default installation folder is /usr/bin.

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To uninstall the Fabric Manager applications on a UNIX machine, follow these steps:

Step 1 For all releases starting with Release 2.x, run the shell script
$HOME/cisco_mds9000/Uninstall.sh or /usr/local/cisco_mds9000/uninstall.sh, depending on where
Fabric Manager was installed.
Step 2 For all releases starting with Release 1.3(1), run the shell script
$HOME/.cisco_mds9000/Uninstall.sh or /usr/local/.cisco_mds9000/uninstall.sh, depending on where
Fabric Manager was installed.
Step 3 For earlier installations, delete the $HOME/.cisco_mds9000 folder.

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CH A P T E R 3
Fabric Manager Server

Fabric Manager Server is a platform for advanced MDS monitoring, troubleshooting, and configuration
capabilities. No additional software needs to be installed. The server capabilities are an integral part of
the Cisco Fabric Manager software.
This chapter contains the following sections:
Fabric Manager Server Overview, page 3-1
Fabric Manager Server Features, page 3-1
Installing and Configuring Fabric Manager Server, page 3-2
Managing a Fabric Manager Server Fabric, page 3-3
Fabric Manager Server Properties File, page 3-4
Modifying Fabric Manager Server, page 3-6

Fabric Manager Server Overview


Install Cisco Fabric Manager Server on a computer that you want to provide centralized MDS
management services and performance monitoring. SNMP operations are used to efficiently collect
fabric information. The Cisco Fabric Manager software, including the server components, requires about
60 MB of hard disk space on your workstation. Cisco Fabric Manager Server runs on Windows 2000,
Windows 2003, Windows XP, Solaris 8 and 10, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS Release 4.
Each computer configured as a Cisco Fabric Manager Server can monitor multiple Fibre Channel SAN
fabrics. Up to 16 clients (by default) can connect to a single Cisco Fabric Manager Server concurrently.
The Cisco Fabric Manager Clients can also connect directly to an MDS switch in fabrics that are not
monitored by a Cisco Fabric Manager Server, which ensures you can manage any of your MDS devices
from a single console.

Fabric Manager Server Features


Cisco Fabric Manager Server has the following features:
Multiple fabric management Fabric Manager Server monitors multiple physical fabrics under
the same user interface. This facilitates managing redundant fabrics. A licensed Fabric Manager
Server maintains up-to-date discovery information on all configured fabrics so device status and
interconnections are immediately available when you open the Fabric Manager Client.

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Continuous health monitoringMDS health is monitored continuously, so any events that


occurred since the last time you opened the Fabric Manager Client are captured.
Roaming user profilesThe licensed Fabric Manager Server uses the roaming user profile feature
to store your preferences and topology map layouts on the server, so that your user interface will be
consistent regardless of what computer you use to manage your storage networks.

Note You must have the same release of Fabric Manager Client and Fabric Manager Server.

Installing and Configuring Fabric Manager Server


Note Prior to running Fabric Manage Server, you should create a special Fabric Manager administrative user
on each switch in the fabric or on a remote AAA server. Use this user to discover your fabric topology.
See the Best Practices for Discovering a Fabric section on page 4-3.

To install Fabric Manager Server and set the initial configuration, follow these steps:

Step 1 Install Fabric Manager and Fabric Manager server on your workstation. See the Installing Fabric
Manager Server section on page 3-2.
Step 2 Log in to Fabric Manager. See the Launching Fabric Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1)
and Later section on page 5-2.
Step 3 Set Fabric Manager Server to continuously monitor the fabric. See the Managing a Fabric Manager
Server Fabric section on page 3-3.
Step 4 Repeat Step 2 through Step 3 for each fabric that you want to manage through Fabric Manager Server.
Step 5 Install Fabric Manager Web Server. See the Verifying Performance Manager Collections section on
page 3-3.
Step 6 Verify Performance Manager is collecting data. See the Verifying Performance Manager Collections
section on page 3-3.

Installing Fabric Manager Server


When you install Fabric Manager, the basic version of the Fabric Manager Server (unlicensed) is
installed with it. After you click the Fabric Manager icon, a dialog box opens and you can enter the IP
address of a computer running the Fabric Manager Server component. If you do not see the Fabric
Manager Server IP address text box, click Options to expand the list of configuration options. If the
server component is running on your local machine, leave localhost in that field. If you try to run Fabric
Manager without specifying a valid server, you are prompted to start the Fabric Manager Server locally.
On a Windows PC, you install the Fabric Manager Server as a service. This service can then be
administered using Services in the Administrative Tools. The default setting for the Fabric Manager
Server service is that the server is automatically started when the Windows PC is rebooted. You can
change this behavior by modifying the properties in Services.

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Note Starting from NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), when you install a licensed version of the Fabric manager Server,
it will automatically install Fabric Manager Client.

Unlicensed Versus Licensed Fabric Manager Server


When you install Fabric Manager, the basic unlicensed version of Fabric Manager Server is installed
with it. To get the licensed features, such as Performance Manager, remote client support, and
continuously monitored fabrics, you need to buy and install the Fabric Manager Server package.
However, trial versions of these licensed features are available. To enable the trial version of a feature,
you run the feature as you would if you had purchased the license. You see a dialog box explaining that
this is a demo version of the feature and that it is enabled for a limited time.
If you are evaluating one of these Fabric Manager Server features and want to stop the evaluation period
for that feature, you can do that using Device Manager. See the Fabric Manager Server Licensing
section on page 10-17.

Data Migration in Fabric Manager Server


The database migration should be limited to the existing database. Data collision may occur when you
merge the data between the several databases.
When you upgrade a non-clustering mode database to clustering mode database for the first time, we
pre-fill the cluster sequence table with the values larger than the corresponding ones in sequence table
and conforming to the cluster sequence number format for that server ID.

Verifying Performance Manager Collections


Once Performance Manager collections have been running for five or more minutes, you can verify that
the collections are gathering data by choosing Performance Manager > Reports in Fabric Manager.
You see the first few data points gathered in the graphs and tables.

Managing a Fabric Manager Server Fabric


You can continuously manage a Fabric Manager Server fabric, whether or not a client has that fabric
open. A continuously managed fabric is automatically reloaded and managed by Fabric Manager Server
whenever the server starts.

Selecting a Fabric to Manage Continuously


To continuously manage a fabric using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Server > Admin.


You see the Control Panel dialog box with the Fabrics tab open (see Figure 3-1).

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Note The Fabrics tab is only accessible to network administrators.

Figure 3-1 Fabrics Tab in Control Panel Dialog Box

Note You can pre-configure a user name and password to manage fabrics. In this instance, you should
use a local switch account, not a TACACS+ server.

Step 2 Select one of the following Admin options:


a. Manage ContinuouslyThe fabric is automatically managed when Fabric Manager Server starts
and continues to be managed until this option is changed to Unmanage.
b. ManageThe fabric is managed by Fabric Manager Server until there are no instances of Fabric
Manager viewing the fabric.
c. UnmanageFabric Manager Server stops managing this fabric.
Step 3 Click Apply.

Note If you are collecting data on these fabrics using Performance Manager, you should now configure flows
and define the data collections. These procedures are described in Chapter 8, Performance Manager.

Note As of Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(3a), the Admin option is set to Manage Continuously by default
on all the switches that are once discovered.

Fabric Manager Server Properties File


The Fabric Manager Server properties file (MDS 9000\server.properties) contains a list of properties
that determine how the Fabric Manager Server will function. You can edit this file with a text editor, or
you can set the properties through the Fabric Manager Web Services GUI, under the Admin tab.

Note As of Cisco NX-OS Release 4.1(1b) and later, you can optionally encrypt the password in the
server.properties and the AAA.properties files.

The server properties file contains these nine general sections:

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GENERALContains the general settings for the server.


SNMP SPECIFICContains the settings for SNMP requests, responses, and traps.
SNMP PROXY SERVER SPECIFICContains the settings for SNMP proxy server configuration
and TCP port designation.
GLOBAL FABRICContains the settings for fabrics, such as discovery and loading.
CLIENT SESSIONContains the settings for Fabric Manager Clients that can log into the server.
EVENTSContains the settings for syslog messages.
PERFORMANCE CHARTContains the settings for defining the end time to generate a
Performance Manager chart.
EMC CALL HOMEContains the settings for the forwarding of traps as XML data using e-mail,
according to EMC specifications.
EVENT FORWARD SETUPContains the settings for forwarding events logged by Cisco Fabric
Manager Server through e-mail.
The following are new or changed server properties for Fabric Manager Release 3.x:

SNMP Specific
snmp.preferTCPIf this option is set to true, TCP will be the default protocol for the Fabric
Manager Server to communicate with switches. By default, this setting is true. For those switches
that do not have have TCP enabled, the Fabric Manager Server uses UDP. The advantage of this
setting is the ability to designate one TCP session for each SNMP user on a switch. It also helps to
reduce timeouts and increase scalability.

Note If you set this option to false, the same choice must be set in Fabric Manager. The default value
of snmp.preferTCP for Fabric Manager is true.

Performance Chart
pmchart.currenttimeSpecifies the end time to generate a Performance Manager chart. This
should only be used for debugging purposes.

EMC Call Home


server.callhome.enableEnables or disables EMC Call Home. By default, it is disabled.
server.callhome.locationSpecifies the Location parameter.
server.callhome.fromEmailSpecifies the 'From Email' list.
server.callhome.recipientEmailSpecifies the 'recipientEmail' list.
server.callhome.smtphostSpecifies the SMTP host address for outbound e-mail.
server.callhome.xmlDirSpecifies the path to store the XML message files.
server.callhome.connectTypeSpecifies the method to use to remotely connect to the server.
server.callhome.accessTypeSpecifies the method to use to establish remote communication with
the server.
server.callhome.versionSpecifies the version number of the connection type.
server.callhome.routerIpSpecifies the public IP address of the RSC router.

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Event Forwarding
server.forward.event.enableEnables or disables event forwarding.
server.forward.email.fromAddressSpecifies the 'From Email' list.
server.forward.email.mailCCSpecifies the 'CC Email' list.
server.forward.email.mailBCCSpecifies the 'BCC Email' list.
server.forward.email.smtphostSpecifies the SMTP host address for outbound e-mail.

Deactivation
deactivate.confirm=deactivateSpecific Request for User to type a String for deactivation.
For more information on setting the server properties, read the server.properties file or see the
Configuring Fabric Manager Server Preferences section on page 7-52.

Modifying Fabric Manager Server


Fabric Manager Release 2.1(2) or later allows you to modify certain Fabric Manager Server settings
without stopping and starting the server. These settings include:
Changing the Fabric Manager Server User Name and Password, page 3-7
Changing the Polling Period and Fabric Rediscovery Time, page 3-7

Adding or Removing Fabric Manager Server Users


To add a Fabric Manager Server user or to change the password for an existing user using Fabric
Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Local FM Users tab in the Control Panel dialog box (see Figure 3-1). You see a list of Fabric
Manager users.

Note Only network administrators can manage users.

Step 2 Click New to add a user or click the user name and click Edit to change the password for an existing user.
You see the FM User dialog box as shown in Figure 3-2.

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Figure 3-2 FM User Dialog Box

Step 3 Set the user name and password for the new user and then click Apply.

To remove a Fabric Manager Server user using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Local FM Users tab in the Control Panel dialog box (see Figure 3-1). You see a list of Fabric
Manager users.
Step 2 Click the user name you want to delete.
Step 3 Click Remove to delete the user.
Step 4 Click Yes to confirm the deletion or No to cancel it.

Changing the Fabric Manager Server User Name and Password


You can modify the user name or password used to access a fabric from Fabric Manager Client without
restarting Fabric Manager Server.
To change the user name or password used by Fabric Manager Server, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Server > Admin.


You see the Control Panel dialog box with the Fabrics tab open (see Figure 3-1).
Step 2 Set the Name or Password for each fabric that you are monitoring with Fabric Manager Server.
Step 3 Click Apply to save these changes.

Changing the Polling Period and Fabric Rediscovery Time


Fabric Manager Server periodically polls the monitored fabrics and periodically rediscovers the full
fabric at a default interval of five cycles.You can modify these settings from Fabric Manager Client
without restarting Fabric Manager Server.

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To change the polling period or full fabric rediscovery setting used by Fabric Manager Server using
Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Server > Admin.


You see the Control Panel dialog box with the Fabrics tab open (see Figure 3-1).
Step 2 For each fabric that you are monitoring with Fabric Manager Server, set the Polling Interval to determine
how frequently Fabric Manager Server polls the fabric elements for status and statistics.
Step 3 For each fabric that you are monitoring with Fabric Manager Server, set the Rediscover Cycles to
determine how often Fabric Manager Server rediscovers the full fabric.
Step 4 Click Apply to save these changes.

Using Device Aliases or FC Aliases


You can change whether Fabric Manager uses FC aliases or global device aliases from Fabric Manager
Client without restarting Fabric Manager Server.
To change whether Fabric Manager uses FC aliases or global device aliases using Fabric Manager, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Choose Server > Admin.


You see the Control Panel dialog box with the Fabrics tab open (see Figure 3-1).
Step 2 For each fabric that you are monitoring with Fabric Manager Server, check the Device Alias check box
to use global device aliases, or uncheck to use FC aliases.
Step 3 Click Apply to save these changes.

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CH A P T E R 4
Authentication in Fabric Manager

Fabric Manager contains interdependent software components that communicate with the switches in
your fabric. These components use varying methods to authenticate to other components and switches.
This chapter describes these authentication steps and the best practices for setting up your fabric and
components for authentication.
This chapter contains the following sections:
Fabric Manager Authentication Overview, page 4-1
Best Practices for Discovering a Fabric, page 4-3
Performance Manager Authentication, page 4-4
Fabric Manager Web Server Authentication, page 4-4

Fabric Manager Authentication Overview


Fabric Manager contains multiple components that interact to manage a fabric.
These components include:
Fabric Manager Client
Fabric Manager Server
Performance Manager
Interconnected fabric of Cisco MDS 9000 switches and storage devices
AAA server (optional)
Figure 4-1 shows an example configuration for these components.

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Fabric Manager Authentication Overview

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Figure 4-1 Fabric Manager Authentication Example

AAA server

Fabric Manager Server


and Performance
Manager

Fabric Manager
Client
Fabric

130715
Local database

Administrators launch Fabric Manager Client and select the seed switch that is used to discover the
fabric. The user name and password used are passed to Fabric Manager Server and used to authenticate
to the seed switch. If this user name and password are not a recognized SNMP user name and password,
either Fabric Manager Client or Fabric Manager Server opens a CLI session to the switch (SSH or Telnet)
and retries the user name/password pair. If the user name and password are recognized by the switch in
either the local switch authentication database or through a remote AAA server, then the switch creates
a temporary SNMP user name that is used by Fabric Manager Client and server.

Note You may encounter a delay in authentication if you use a remote AAA server to authenticate Fabric
Manager or Device Manager.

Note You must allow CLI sessions to pass through any firewall that exists between Fabric Manager Client and
Fabric Manager Server. See the Running Fabric Manager Behind a Firewall section on page 2-40.

Note We recommend that you use the same password for the SNMPv3 user name authentication and privacy
passwords as well as the matching CLI user name and password.

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Best Practices for Discovering a Fabric


Fabric Manager Server monitors multiple physical fabrics under the same user interface. This facilitates
managing redundant fabrics. A licensed Fabric Manager Server maintains up-to-date discovery
information on all configured fabrics so device status and interconnections are immediately available
when you launch Fabric Manager Client.

Caution If the Fabric Manager Servers CPU usage exceeds 50 percent, it is recommended that you switch to a
higher CPU-class system. For more information on recommended hardware, see the Before You Install
section on page 2-18.

We recommend you use these best practices for discovering your network and setting up Performance
Manager. This ensures that Fabric Manager Server has a complete view of the fabric. Subsequent Fabric
Manager Client sessions can filter this complete view based on the privileges of the client logging in.
For example, if you have multiple VSANs in your fabric and you create users that are limited to a subset
of these VSANs, you want to initiate a fabric discovery through Fabric Manager Server using a network
administrator or network operator role so that Fabric Manager Server has a view of all the VSANs in the
fabric. When a VSAN-limited user launches Fabric Manager Client, that user sees only the VSANs they
are allowed to manage.

Note Fabric Manager Server should always monitor fabrics using a local switch account, do not use a AAA
(RADIUS or TACACS+) server. You can use a AAA user account to log into the clients to provision
fabric services. For more information on Fabric Manager Server fabric monitoring, see the Managing
a Fabric Manager Server Fabric section on page 3-3.

Setting Up Discovery for a Fabric


To ensure that Fabric Manager Server discovers your complete fabric, follow these steps:

Step 1 Create a special Fabric Manager administrative user name in each switch on your fabric with network
administrator or network operator roles. Or, create a special Fabric Manager administrative user name
in your AAA server and set every switch in your fabric to use this AAA server for authentication.
Step 2 Verify that the roles used by this Fabric Manager administrative user name are the same on all switches
in the fabric and that this role has access to all VSANs.
Step 3 Launch Fabric Manager Client using the Fabric Manager administrative user. This ensures that your
fabric discovery includes all VSANs.
Step 4 Set Fabric Manager Server to continuously monitor the fabric.
See the Managing a Fabric Manager Server Fabric section on page 3-3.
Step 5 Repeat Step 4 for each fabric that you want to manage through Fabric Manager Server.

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Performance Manager Authentication


Performance Manager uses the user name and password information stored in the Fabric Manager Server
database. If this information changes on the switches in your fabric while Performance Manager is
running, you need to update the Fabric Manager Server database and restart Performance Manager.
Updating the Fabric Manager Server database requires removing the fabric from Fabric Manager Server
and rediscovering the fabric.
To update the user name and password information used by Performance Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click Server > Admin in Fabric Manager.


You see the Control Panel dialog box with the Fabrics tab open (see Figure 4-2).

Figure 4-2 Fabrics Tab in Control Panel Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the fabrics that have updated user name and password information.
Step 3 From the Admin listbox, select Unmanage and then click Apply.
Step 4 Enter the appropriate user name and password and then click Apply.
Step 5 From the Admin listbox, select Manage and then click Apply.
Step 6 To rediscover the fabric, click Open tab and check the check box(es) next to the fabric(s) you want to
open in the Select column.
Step 7 Click Open to rediscover the fabric. Fabric Manager Server updates its user name and password
information.
Step 8 Repeat Step 3 through Step 7 for any fabric that you need to rediscover.
Step 9 Choose Performance > Collector > Restart to restart Performance Manager and use the new user name
and password.

Fabric Manager Web Server Authentication


Fabric Manager Web Server does not communicate directly with any switches in the fabric. Fabric
Manager Web Server uses its own user name and password combination that is either stored locally or
stored remotely on an AAA server.
We recommend that you use a RADIUS or TACACS+ server to authenticate users in Fabric Manager
Web Server.
To configure Fabric Manager Web Server to use RADIUS authentication, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Launch Fabric Manager Web Server.


See the Launching Fabric Manager Web Client section on page 7-7.
Step 2 Click the Admin tab > Configure to update the authentication used by Fabric Manager Web Server.
Step 3 Click AAA.
Step 4 Set the authenticationmode attribute to radius.
Step 5 Set the RADIUS server name, shared secret, authentication method, and ports used for up to three
RADIUS servers.
Step 6 Click Modify to save this information.

To configure Fabric Manager Web Server to use TACACS+ authentication, follow these steps:

Step 1 Launch Fabric Manager Web Server.


See the Launching Fabric Manager Web Client section on page 7-7.
Step 2 Click Admin > Configure to update the authentication used by Fabric Manager Web Server.
Step 3 Click AAA.
Step 4 Set the authenticationmode attribute to tacacs.
Step 5 Set the TACACS+ server name, shared secret, authentication method, and port used for up to three
TACACS+ servers.
Step 6 Click Modify to save this information.

Note Fabric Manager does not support SecureID because it is not compatible with SNMP authentication.
Fabric Manager uses the same login credentials for all the switches in a fabric. Since SecureID cannot
be used more than once for authentication, Fabric Manager will not be able to establish a connection to
the second switch using a SecureID.

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CH A P T E R 5
Fabric Manager Client

Cisco Fabric Manager Client is a java-based GUI application that provides access to the Fabric Manager
applications from a remote workstation.
This chapter contains the following sections:
About Fabric Manager Client, page 5-1
Launching Fabric Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1) and Later, page 5-2
Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Server Admin Perspective, page 5-7
Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Admin Perspective, page 5-12
Setting Fabric Manager Preferences, page 5-30
Network Fabric Discovery, page 5-31
Modifying the Device Grouping, page 5-32
Controlling Administrator Access with Users and Roles, page 5-34
Using Fabric Manager Wizards, page 5-34
Fabric Manager Troubleshooting Tools, page 5-35

About Fabric Manager Client


Cisco Fabric Manager is a Java and SNMP-based network fabric and device management tool with a GUI
that displays real-time views of your network fabric, including Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switches, Cisco
MDS 9000 Family and third-party switches, hosts, and storage devices.
In addition to complete configuration and status monitoring capabilities for Cisco MDS 9000 Family
switches and Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switches, Fabric Manager Client provides Fibre Channel
troubleshooting tools. You can use these health and configuration analysis tools on the MDS 9000
Family switch or Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch to perform Fibre Channel ping and traceroute.
Fabric Manager Release 4.1(1b) and later releases provides multilevel security system by adding a server
admin role that allows access to limited features. The configuration capabilities of a server admin is
limited to FlexAttach and relevant data.

Note You must use the same release of Fabric Manager Client and Fabric Manager Server.

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Fabric Manager Advanced Mode


Advanced mode is enabled by default and provides the full suite of Fabric Manager features, including
security, IVR, iSCSI, and FICON. To simplify the user interface, from the list box in the upper right
corner of the Fabric Manager Client, select Simple. In simple mode, you can access basic MDS 9000
features such as VSANs, zoning, and configuring interfaces. Advanced mode option is not available for
server admin role.

Launching Fabric Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release


3.2(1) and Later
Note As of Cisco SAN-OS 3.x and NX-OS Release 4.x, the Fabric Manager Client login procedure has
changed. If you are running a version of Cisco SAN-OS that is earlier than Cisco SAN-OS 3.2(1), follow
the login instructions in the Setting the Seed Switch in Cisco SAN-OS Releases 3.1(1) to 3.2(1)
section on page A-1 or the Setting the Seed Switch in Releases Prior to Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.1(1)
section on page A-3.

Note Network administrators must initially launch Fabric Manager Client using Fabric Manager Web Server,
as described in the following procedure. Once an administrator has installed the Fabric Manager Client
icon on your desktop, you can double-click the icon to launch the Fabric Manager Client.

To launch Fabric Manager Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Open your browser and enter the IP address where you installed Fabric Manager Server, or enter
localhost if you installed Fabric Manager Server on your local workstation.
You see the Fabric Manager Web Server Login dialog box shown in Figure 5-1.

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Figure 5-1 Fabric Manager Web Server Login Dialog Box

Step 2 Enter your user name and password and click Login.
You see the Fabric Manager Web Server Summary page.
Step 3 Click the Download link in the upper right corner of the page.
You see the Download page for Fabric Manager and Device Manager (see Figure 5-2).

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Figure 5-2 Download Page for Fabric Manager and Device Manager

Step 4 Click the link for either Fabric Manager or Device Manager.
If you are launching Fabric Manager Client for the first time, you see a message asking whether you want
to create shortcuts for Fabric Manager (see Figure 5-3).

Figure 5-3 Fabric Manager Create Shortcut(s) Message

Step 5 Click Yes to create shortcuts for Fabric Manager.

Note This message only appears the first time you launch Fabric Manager Client. If you select No,
your selection will be remembered and you will not be prompted to make a selection again. In
this case, you will need to launch Fabric Manager Client using the Fabric Manager Web Client.

Step 6 When the software is installed and icons are created on your desktop, double-click the Fabric Manager
icon to launch Fabric Manager.
You see the Fabric Manager Login dialog box shown in Figure 5-4.

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Figure 5-4 Fabric Manager Login Dialog Box

Step 7 Enter the Fabric Manager Server user name and password.
Step 8 Check the Use SNMP Proxy check box if you want Fabric Manager Client to communicate with Fabric
Manager Server through a TCP-based proxy server.
Step 9 Click Login. Once you successfully log in to Fabric Manager Server, you can set the seed switch and
open the fabrics that you are entitled to access.

Note When you launch Fabric Manager Client for the first time or when there are no available fabrics,
you see the Discover New Fabric dialog box.

You see the Discover New Fabric dialog box shown in Figure 5-5.

Figure 5-5 Discover New Fabric Dialog Box

Note Only network administrators can discover new fabrics.

Step 10 Set the fabric seed switch to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family or Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch that you
want Fabric Manager to use.

Note A Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch will be discovered as part of the fabric only if the switch has
Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) features enabled.

Step 11 Enter the user name and password for the switch.

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Step 12 Choose the Auth-Privacy option according to the privacy protocol you have configured on your switch:
a. If you have not configured the switch with a privacy protocol, then choose Auth-Privacy option MD5
(no privacy).
b. If you have configured the switch with your privacy protocol, choose your Auth-Privacy choice.

Note If you want a clean discovery, remove the fabric and rediscover it.

Step 13 Click Discover.


You see the Control Panel dialog box shown in Figure 5-6.

Figure 5-6 Control Panel Dialog Box

Note You see a message in the dialog box when the server and client are running on the same
workstation and there are unlicensed fabrics in the database. You also see a message when there
are unmanaged fabrics (the state of the licenses is unknown).

Step 14 Check the check box(es) next to the fabric(s) you want to open in the Select column, or click Discover
to add a new fabric.

Note Only network administrators can continuously manage or unmanage fabrics. For more
information, see the Selecting a Fabric to Manage Continuously section on page 3-3.

Step 15 Click Open to open the selected fabric(s).

Note If you have an incomplete view of your fabric, rediscover the fabric with a user that has no
VSAN restriction.
If the fabric includes a Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch, then the FCoE node appears under
the Switches > Interfaces > Ethernet tree in the Physical Attributes pane.

To launch Fabric Manager Client from within a running instance of Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose File > Open Fabric or click the Open Switch Fabric icon on the Fabric Manager toolbar.
You see the Control Panel dialog box (see Figure 5-6).
Step 2 Check the check box(es) next to the fabric(s) you want to open in the Select column and click Open.

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Note Changes made using Fabric Manager are applied to the running configuration of the switches
that you are managing. If you have made changes to the configuration or performed an operation
(such as activating zones), Fabric Manager prompts you to save your changes before you exit.

Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Server Admin Perspective


Fabric Manager Release 4.1(1b) and later provides a multilevel security system by adding a server admin
role that allows access only to limited features. The configuration capabilities of a server admin role is
limited to FlexAttach and relevant data. server admin can pre-configure SAN for new servers, move a
server to another port on the same NPV device or another NPV device, replace a failed server onto the
same port without involving the SAN administrator. The server role admin will not be able to manage
Fabric Manager users or connected clients.

Fabric Manager Main Window


This section describes the Fabric Manager Client interface that is specific to server admin users as shown
in Figure 5-7

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Figure 5-7 Fabric Manager Main Window: Server Admin Perspective

1 Menu barProvides access to options that are organized by menus.


2 ToolbarProvides icons for direct access to the most commonly used options on the File,
Tools, and Help menus.
3 Information paneDisplays information about whatever option is selected in the menu tree.
4 Status Bar (right side)Shows the last entry displayed by the discovery process and the
possible error message.
5 Fabric paneDisplays a map of the network fabric, including switches, hosts, and storage. It
also provides tabs for displaying log and event data.
6 Status Bar (left side)Shows short-term transient messages, such as the number of rows
displayed in a table.
7 Physical Attributes paneDisplays a tree of available configuration tasks depending on the
fabric, VSAN, or zone selected previously. Lists the switches in the logical selection.
8 Logical Domains paneDisplays a tree of configured SAN, fabrics and user-defined groups.

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Menu Bar
The menu bar at the top of the Fabric Manager main window provides options for managing and for
controlling the display of information on the Fabric pane. Server admin will not have all the options that
are available for SAN admin. The menu bar provides the following menus:
FileOpens a new fabric, rediscovers the current fabric, locates switches, sets preferences, prints
the map.
ViewChanges the appearance of the map (these options are duplicated on the Fabric pane toolbar).
ToolsManages the Server and configuration using the FlexAttach virtual pWWN feature, as
described in the Using the Server Admin FlexAttach Wizards section on page 14-9.
HelpDisplays online help topics for specific dialog boxes in the Information pane.

Tool Bar
The Fabric Manager main toolbar (specific to server admin) provides icons for accessing the most
commonly used menu bar options as shown in Table 5-5.

Table 5-1 Fabric Manager Client Main Toolbar

Icon Description
Opens switch fabric.

Rediscovers current fabric.

Finds in the map.

Shows online help.

Logical Domains Pane


Use the Logical Domains pane to view fabrics and to access user-defined groups. You can expand the
groups to see different user-defined groups. The non-editable groups created for each core switch
contains their NPV switches.

Physical Attributes Pane


Use the Physical Attributes pane to display a tree of the options available for managing the switches in
the currently selected fabric or group.

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To select an option, click a folder to display the options available and then click the option. You see the
table with information for the selected option in the Information pane. The Physical Attributes pane
provides the following main folders:
SwitchesViews and configures hardware, system, licensing, and configuration files.
InterfacesViews and configures FC physical, FC logical, Ethernet, SVC, and PortChannel
interfaces.

Information Pane
Use the Information pane to display tables of information associated with the option selected from the
menu tree in the Logical Domains or Physical Attributes panes. The Information pane toolbar provides
buttons for performing one or more of the operations shown in Table 5-2.

Table 5-2 Information Pane Toolbar

Icons Description
Applies configuration changes.

Refreshes table values.

Copies data from one row to another.

Pastes the data from one row to another.

Undoes the most recent change.

Finds a specified string in the table.

Exports and saves information to a file.

Prints the contents of the Information pane.

Displays a non-editable copy of the table in the


Information pane in its own window, which you
can move around the screen.

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Fabric Pane
Use the Fabric pane to display the graphical representation of your fabric. Table 5-1 explains the
graphics you may see displayed, depending on which devices you have in your fabric.
The bottom of the Fabric pane has the following tabs:
FabricWhen displaying multiple fabrics, each fabric has its own tab. You can switch between
fabrics by clicking on their respective tabs.
LogDisplays messages that describe Fabric Manager operations, such as fabric discovery.
EventsDisplays information about the SNMP traps received by the management station. This
includes combination events as detected by discovery and important traps such as license, SNMP,
and FICON.

Note Fabric map display is based on what you select in the logical domain pane. When you select a fabric
node, all the switches that belong to that fabric will be enabled. When you select the group node, all the
switches that belong to the groups listed under that group node will be enabled. When you select only a
group, all the switches that belong to the specific group will be enabled.

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Fabric Manager Client Quick Tour: Admin Perspective


This section describes the Fabric Manager Client interface shown in Figure 5-8.

Figure 5-8 Fabric Manager Main Window

1 Menu barProvides access to options that are organized by menus.


2 ToolbarProvides icons for direct access to the most commonly used options on the File, Tools,
and Help menus.
3 Information paneDisplays information about whatever option is selected in the menu tree.
4 Status Bar (right side)Shows the last entry displayed by the discovery process and the possible
error message.
5 Fabric paneDisplays a map of the network fabric, including switches, hosts, and storage. It also
provides tabs for displaying log and event data.

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6 Status Bar (left side)Shows short-term transient messages, such as the number of rows
displayed in a table.
7 Physical Attributes paneDisplays a tree of available configuration tasks depending on the
fabric, VSAN, or zone selected previously. Lists the switches and end devices in the logical
selection.
8 Logical Domains paneDisplays a tree of configured SAN, fabrics, VSANs, and zones, and
provides access to user-defined groups. The label next to the segmented VSAN indicates the
number of segments.

Note You can resize each pane by dragging the boundaries between each region or by clicking the Minimize
or Maximize controls.

Menu Bar
The menu bar at the top of the Fabric Manager main window provides options for managing and
troubleshooting the current fabric and for controlling the display of information on the Fabric pane. The
menu bar provides the following menus:
FileOpens a new fabric, rediscovers the current fabric, locates switches, sets preferences, prints
the map, and exports the Fabric pane log.
ViewChanges the appearance of the map (these options are duplicated on the Fabric pane toolbar).
ZoneManages zones, zone sets, and inter-VSAN routing (IVR).
ToolsVerifies and troubleshoots connectivity and configuration, as described in the Fabric
Manager Troubleshooting Tools section on page 5-35.
PerformanceRuns and configures Performance Manager and Cisco Traffic Analyzer, and
generates reports.
ServerRuns administrative tasks on clients and fabrics. Provides Fabric Manager Server
management and a purge command. Lists fabrics being managed.
HelpDisplays online help topics for specific dialog boxes in the Information pane.

File
The file menu provides the following options:
Open FabricOpens a new switch fabric.
Locate Switches and DevicesUses the SNMPv2 protocol to discover devices responding to SNMP
requests with the read-only community string public. You may use this feature if you want to locate
other Cisco MDS 9000 switches in the subnet, but are not physically connected to the fabric.
RediscoverInitiates an on-demand discovery to learn recent changes from the switches and update
the Fabric Manager Client. You may use this option when Fabric Manager Server is not in sync with
switches in the fabric and you do not want to wait until the next polling cycle. The rediscover option
does not delete the fabric and add it again. You may delete and add the fabric only if the rediscover
option fails to update Fabric Manager Server.
Resync All Open FabricsFabric Manager Server forces all the fabrics to close and re-open. You
may use this option when Fabric Manager Client is not in sync with Fabric Manager Server.

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Rediscover SCSI TargetsInitiates an on-demand discovery to learn recent changes from the SCSI
target switches. You may use this option when Fabric Manager Server is not in sync with SCSI target
switches in the fabric and you do not want to wait until the next polling cycle.
PreferencesSets your preferences to customize the behavior of the Fabric Manager Client.
Import EnclosuresImports saved enclosures.
Export
Map ImageGenerates and export the map to a specified location.
VisioExports the map to a Visio file.
TableExports the table data to a text file.
LogExports the log to a text file.
EventsExports the events to a text file.
EnclosuresExports the enclosure values to a text file.
Print Prints the map.
ExitExit Fabric Manager.

View
View menu provides the following options:
Refresh MapRefreshes the current map.
Layout
CancelCancels the current layout.
SpringDisplays the layout based on spring algorithm.
QuickQuickly displays the layout when the switch has many end-devices.
Zoom
InZooms in the view.
OutZooms out the view.
FitFits the view in the fabric pane.
GridEnables the grid view.
Overview WindowAllows you to center the Fabric pane on the area of the fabric that you want to
see. This option is useful for large fabrics that cannot be displayed entirely within the Fabric pane.
LegendShows all the legends used in the fabric map.
Find in MapFinds a device in the fabric map.

Zone
The zone menu provides the following options:
Edit Local Full Zone DatabaseAllows you to create zones across multiple switches. Zones
provide a mechanism for specifying access control. Zone sets are a group of zones to enforce access
control in the fabric. All zoning features are available through the Edit Local Full Zone Database
dialog box.
Deactivate ZonesetDeactivates an active zone-set.

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Copy Full Zone DatabaseCreates a new zone set. On the Cisco MDS Family switches, you cannot
edit an active zone set. However, you can copy an active zone set to create a new zone set that you
can edit.
Merge AnalysisEnables you to determine if zones will merge successfully when two Cisco MDS
switches are interconnected. If the interconnected switch ports allow VSANs with identical names
or contain zones with identical names, then Fabric Manager verifies that the zones contain identical
members. You can use merge analysis tool before attempting a merge, or after fabrics are
interconnected to determine zone merge failure causes.
Migrate Non-MDS Database -Migrate a non-MDS database using Fabric Manager (you may need
to use the Zone Migration Wizard to accomplish this task).
IVR
Deactivate ZonesetDeactivates an active zone-set.
Copy Full Zone DatabaseRecovers an IVR zone database by copying the IVR full zone
database from another switch.
Copy Full TopologyRecovers a topology by copying from the active zone database or the full
zone database.

Tools
Tools menu provides the following options:
Health
Switch HealthDetermines the status of the components of a specific switch.
Fabric ConfigurationAnalyzes the configuration of a switch by comparing the current
configuration to a specific switch or to a policy file. You can save a switch configuration to a
file and then compare all switches against the configuration in the file.
Show Tech SupportCollects large amount of information about your switch for
troubleshooting purposes. When you issue a show tech support command from Fabric Manager
for one or more switches in a fabric, the results of each command are written to a text file, one
file per switch, in a directory you specify. You can then view these files using Fabric Manager.
Connectivity
End to End ConnectivityDetermines connectivity and routes among devices with the switch
fabric. This tool checks to see that every pair of end devices can talk to each other, using a Ping
test and by determining if they are in the same VSAN or in the same active zone.
PingDetermines connectivity from another switch to a port on your switch.
Trace RouteVerifies connectivity between two end devices that are currently selected on the
Fabric pane.
NPV
CFS Static Peer SetupManage the peer list used during CFS on NPV enabled switches. After
setting up the static peers list, the CFS discovery on the switches will be changed to static mode
for all peers in the list. Fabric Manager does not automatically update static peers list. You may
need to update the list using the CFS Static Peer Setup Wizard when a new switch is added to
the fabric.
Traffic Map SetupConfigures the list of external interfaces to the servers, and enabling or
disabling disruptive load balancing. Using Traffic Map Setup you can specify the external ports
that a server should use for traffic management.

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Flex Attach Pre-Configure ServerSets the port configurations for all the ports in a switch such
as enabling or disabling FlexAttach, setting the default VSAN ID, setting the interface status
etc.
Flex Attach Move ServerMoves a server to another port on the same NPV device or another
NPV device without changing the SAN.
Flex Attach Replace ServerReplaces a failed server with a new server on the same port
without changing the SAN.
Data Mobility Manager
Server BasedPerforms server-based data migration.
Storage basedPerforms storage-based data migration.
Server LUN DiscoveryPerforms LUN discovery to select the LUNs available for migration
and automates the session creation by matching the LUNs in the existing and new storage.
Port ChannelCreates PortChannels from selected ISL either manually or automatically.
DPVM SetupEstablishes dynamic port VSAN membership, enables autolearning, and activates
the DPVM database.
IP SAN
FCIP TunnelCreates FCIP links between Gigabit Ethernet ports. Enables Fibre Channel write
acceleration and IP compression
iSCSI SetupCreates zones for iSCSI initiators and adds a VSAN to a target-allowed VSAN
list.
SAN Extension TunerOptimizes FCIP performance by generating either direct access
(magnetic disk) or sequential access (magnetic tape) SCSI I/O commands and directing such
traffic to a specific virtual target. This option is used to generate SCSI I/O commands (read and
write) to the virtual target based on your configured options.
Security
Port SecurityPrevents unauthorized access to a switch port in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family,
rejects intrusion attempts and reports these intrusions to the administrator.
IP ACLCreates an ordered list of IP filters in a named IPv4-ACL or IPv6-ACL profile using
the IPv4-ACL Wizard.
Install
LicenseFacilitate download and installation of licenses in selected switches in the fabric.
SoftwareVerifies image compatibility and installs software images on selected switches in the
fabric.
Flow Load Balance CalculatorAllows you to get the best load balancing configuration for your
FICON flows. The calculator does not rely on any switch or flow discovery in the fabric.
Virtual InterfaceInvokes the Virtual Interface Wizard.

Note The Virtual Interface menu option appears only if the discovered fabric has a Cisco Nexus
5000 Series switch with the FCoE feature enabled.

Device ManagerInvokes Device Manager for a switch.


Command Line InterfaceEnables command-line operations.
Run CLI CommandsRuns command-line operations on more than one switch at a time.

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Performance
The performance menu provides the following options:
Create FlowsCreates host-to-storage, storage-to-host, or bidirectional flows. You can add these
flows to a collection configuration file to monitor the traffic between a host or storage element pair.

Server
The server menu provides the following options:
AdminOpens the control panel.
Purge Down ElementsPurges all down elements in the fabric.

Help
The help menu provides the following options:
ContentsLaunches the online help contents.
Config GuideLaunches the Fabric Manager Configuration Guide.
AboutDisplays information about Fabric Manager.

Toolbar
The Fabric Manager main toolbar provides icons for accessing the most commonly used menu bar
options as shown in Table 5-3.

Table 5-3 Fabric Manager Client Main Toolbar

Icon Description
Opens switch fabric.

Rediscovers current fabric.

Finds in the map.

Creates VSAN.

Launches DPVM wizard.

Launches Port Security wizard.

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Table 5-3 Fabric Manager Client Main Toolbar (continued)

Icon Description
Edits full zone database.

Launches IVR zone wizard.

Launches PortChannel wizard.

Launches Virtual Interface wizard.


Note This icon appears only if the discovered
fabric has a Cisco Nexus 5000 Series
switch with FCoE enabled.
Launches FCIP wizard.

Launches iSCSI wizard.

Launches NPVM wizard.

Launches QoS wizard.

Configures users and roles.

Launches IP-ACL wizard.

Launches License Install wizard.

Launches Software Install wizard.

Performs switch health analysis.

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Table 5-3 Fabric Manager Client Main Toolbar (continued)

Icon Description
Performs fabric configuration analysis.

Performs end-to-end connectivity analysis.

Monitors ISL performance. Brings up real-time


ISL performance information for all interfaces in
the fabric, in the Information pane.
Shows online help.

Logical Domains Pane


Use the Logical Domains pane to manage attributes for fabrics, VSANs, and zones, and to access
user-defined groups. Under the fabric node, VSANs are ordered by a VSAN ID. The segmented VSANs
are placed under the fabric node. The label next to the segmented VSAN indicates the number of
segments. You can expand a segmented VSAN and the segments under that VSAN. Right-click one of
the folders in the tree and click a menu item from the pop-up menu. You see the appropriate configuration
dialog box.
The default name for the fabric is the name, IP address, or WWN for the principal switch in VSAN 1. If
VSAN 1 is segmented, the default name is chosen from a principal switch with the smallest WWN. The
fabric names you see are as follows:
Fabric <sysName>
Fabric <ipAddress>
Fabric <sWWN>
To change the fabric name using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Server > Admin.


You see the Control Panel dialog box.
Step 2 Double-click the fabric name and enter the new name of the fabric.
Step 3 Click Apply to change the name.

Filtering
Fabric Manager has a filtering mechanism that displays only the data that you are interested in. To filter,
first select the fabric and VSAN from the Logical Domains pane. This action narrows the scope of what
is displayed in the Fabric pane. Any information that does not belong to the selected items is dimmed.

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Also, any information that does not belong to the selected items is not displayed in the tables in the
Information pane. As shown in Figure 5-9, the filter that you select is displayed at the top right of the
Fabric Manager window.
To further narrow the scope, select attributes from the Physical Attributes pane. The Fabric Manager
table, display, and filter criteria change accordingly.

Physical Attributes Pane


Use the Physical Attributes pane to display a tree of the options available for managing the switches in
the currently selected fabric, VSAN, or zone.
To select an option, click a folder to display the options available and then click the option. You see the
table with information for the selected option in the Information pane. The Physical Attributes pane
provides the following main folders:
SwitchesViews and configures hardware, system, licensing, and configuration files.
InterfacesViews and configures FC physical, FC logical, Ethernet, SVC, and PortChannel
interfaces.
FC ServicesViews and configures Fibre Channel network configurations.
IPViews and configures IP storage and IP services.
EventsViews and configures events, alarms, thresholds, notifications, and informs.
SecurityViews and configures MDS management and FC-SP security.
ISLsViews and configures Inter-Switch Links.
End DevicesViews and configures end devices.

Context Menu for Tables


When you right-click in the table, you see a pop-up menu with options that vary depending on the type
of option you selected in the Physical Attributes pane. You can perform various operations by
right-clicking the device listed in the table. To view various options available for switches, ISLs, and end
devices, refer to the procedures in the sections that follows.

Switch Options

To view the options for the switch table, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click Switches in the Physical Attributes pane.


Step 2 Right-click the device in the table.
The pop-up menu provides the following options:
Apply ChangesApplies the changes to the switch.
Refresh ValuesRefreshes the current values.
Undo ChangesUndoes modifications to the switch.
Export to FileExport the values to a file.
Print TablePrints the table.
Detach TableDetaches the table.

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Switch AttributesChanges the switch properties.


Interface AttributesChanges the interface properties.
Device ManagerManages this switch using Device Manager.
Command Line InterfaceEnables to perform command line operations.
CopyCopies the switch.
PurgePurges the switch.
Fix LocationFixes the switch in the current location.
AlignAligns the switch.
Show End DevicesShows the end devices.
Expand Multiple LinksExpands the links to this switch.
OtherOther options.
GroupGroups switches.

ISL Options

To view the options for the ISLs table, follow these steps:

Step 1 In the Physical Attributes pane, click ISLs and then click Summary tab.
Step 2 Right-click the device in the table.
The pop-up menu provides the following options:
Refresh ValuesRefreshes the current values.
CopyCopies information from a specific field.
FindConducts search based on the input string.
Export to FileExports the values to a file.
Print TablePrints the table.
Detach TableDetaches the table.
Interface AttributesChanges the interface properties.
Element ManagerManages the device.
FCIP Tunnel AttributesChanges FCIP tunneling properties.
Create Port ChannelCreates port channel.
Re-enableReenables a disabled device.
Enable FC-SPEnables FC-SP.
SAN Extention TunerOptimizes FCIP performance.
PurgePurges the device.

Note When you select a port channel from the table, the pop-up menu will have the following additional
options:
Member AttributesChanges the member properties.

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Channel AttributesChanges the port channel properties.


EditEdits the channel properties.

End Device Options

To view the options for the end devices table, follow these steps:

Step 1 In the Physical Attributes pane, click End Devices and then click the Summary tab.
Step 2 Right-click the device in the table.
The pop-up menu provides the following options:
Apply ChangesApplies the changes to the device.
Refresh ValuesRefreshes the current values.
CopyCopies the information specific to the field.
PastePastes the copied text.
Undo ChangesUndoes modifications to the device.
FindSearches for information depending on the input string.
Export to FileExports the values to a file.
Print TablePrints the table.
Detach TableDetaches the table.
Device AttributesChanges the device properties.
Interface AttributesChanges the interface properties.
Element ManagerManages this device.
Command Line InterfaceEnables you to perform command line operations.
CopyCopies the switch.
PurgePurges the switch.
Fix LocationFixes the switch in the current location.
AlignAligns the switch.
PingPings another device.
Trace RouteDetermines the route taken by packets across the network.
Select Dependent PortsSelects dependent ports.
GroupGroups devices.

Information Pane
Use the Information pane to display tables of information associated with the option selected from the
menu tree in the Logical Domains or Physical Attributes panes. The Information pane toolbar provides
buttons for performing one or more of the operations shown in Table 5-4.

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Table 5-4 Information Pane Toolbar

Icon Description
Applies configuration changes.

Refreshes table values.

Opens the appropriate dialog box to make a new


row in the table.

Deletes the currently highlighted rows from the


table.

Copies data from one row to another.

Pastes the data from one row to another.

Undoes the most recent change.

Finds a specified string in the table.

Exports and saves information to a file.

Prints the contents of the Information pane.

Displays a non-editable copy of the table in the


Information pane in its own window, which you
can move around the screen.

Note After making changes, you must save the configuration or the changes will be lost when the device is
restarted.

Note The buttons that appear on the toolbar vary according to the option that you select. They are activated or
deactivated (dimmed) according to the field or other object that you select in the Information pane.

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Detachable Tables
Detachable tables in Fabric Manager allow you to detach tables and move them to different areas on your
desktop so that you can compare similar tables from different VSANs. You can keep informational tables
open from one view while you examine a different area in Fabric Manager. To detach tables, click the
Detach Table icon in the Information pane in Fabric Manager.

Fabric Pane
Use the Fabric pane to display the graphical representation of your fabric. Table 5-5 explains the
graphics you may see displayed, depending on which devices you have in your fabric.

Table 5-5 Fabric Manager Graphics

Icon or Graphic Description


Director class MDS 9000.

Non-director class MDS 9000.


iSAN

Generic Fibre Channel switch.

Cisco SN5428.

Dashed or dotted orange line through a device


indicates that the device is manageable but there
are operational problems.
Dashed or dotted orange X through a device or
link indicates that the device or ISL is not working
properly.
A red line through a device indicates that the
device is not manageable.

A red X through a device or link indicates that the


device is down or that the ISL is down.

Fibre Channel HBA (or enclosure).

Fibre Channel target (or enclosure).

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Table 5-5 Fabric Manager Graphics (continued)

Icon or Graphic Description


iSCSI host.

Fibre Channel ISL and edge connection.

Fibre Channel PortChannel.

IP ISL and edge connection.

IP PortChannel.

DWDM connection.

NPV connection.

Fibre Channel loop (storage).

IP cloud (hosts). This icon is also used to represent


a fabric when viewing a SAN (multiple fabrics) in
the Fabric Manager Fabric pane.
Any device, cloud, or loop with a box around it
means that there are hidden links attached.

If a switch or director is grayed out, Fabric Manager can no longer communicate with it.
The bottom of the Fabric pane has the following tabs:
FabricWhen displaying multiple fabrics, each fabric has its own tab. You can switch between
fabrics by clicking on their respective tabs.
LogDisplays messages that describe Fabric Manager operations, such as fabric discovery.
EventsDisplays information about the SNMP traps received by the management station. This
includes combination events as detected by discovery and important traps such as license, SNMP,
and FICON.
When viewing large fabrics in the Fabric pane, it is helpful to do the following tasks:
Turn off end device labels.

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Collapse loops.
Collapse expanded multiple links (collapsed multiple links are shown as very thick single lines).
Dim or hide portions of your fabric by VSAN.

Note When a VSAN, zone, or zone member is selected in the VSAN tree, the map highlighting changes to
identify the selected objects. To remove this highlighting, click the Clear Highlight button on the Fabric
pane toolbar or choose Clear Highlight from the pop-up menu.

Context Menus
When you right-click an icon in the Fabric pane, you see a pop-up menu with options that vary depending
on the type of icon selected. The various options available for different objects include the following:
Open an instance of Device Manager for the selected switch.
Open a CLI session for the selected switch.
Copy the display name of the selected object.
Execute a ping or traceroute command for the device.
Show or hide end devices.
View attributes.
Quiesce and disable members for PortChannels.
Set the trunking mode for an ISL.
Create or add to a PortChannel for selected ISLs.
The Fabric pane has its own toolbar with options for saving, printing, and changing the appearance of
the map. When you right-click the map, a pop-up menu appears that provides options (duplicated on the
toolbar) for changing the appearance of the map.

Note You can launch web-based or non-web-based applications from the Fabric pane. To do this, you assign
an IP address to the storage port or enclosure. Then right-click to bring up the pop-up menu, and select
Device Manager.

Saving the Map


You can save the map in the Fabric Pane as an image, or as an editable Visio diagram. You can save the
map with or without labels on the links. The created Visio diagram is editable and saved in two layers:
The default layer includes all switches and links in the fabric.
The end devices layer includes the end devices and can be turned off to remove end devices from
the Visio diagram.
To save the map as a Visio diagram, select Files > Export > Visio and choose Map or Map with link
labels. The saved Visio diagram retains the viewing options that you selected from the Fabric pane. For
example, if you collapse multiple links in the map and export the links as a Visio diagram, the Visio
diagram shows those multiple links as one solid link.
The Show Tech Support option from the Tools menu also supports saving the map as a Visio diagram.

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Purging Down Elements


The Fabric pane allows you to refresh the map at any time by clicking the Refresh Map icon. The
Refresh Map icon redraws the map but does not purge elements that are down. To purge down elements
you can:
Click Server > Purge Down Elements. This purges all down elements in the fabric.
Right-click the Fabric pane and select Purge Down Elements.
Right-click a down element and select Purge. This action purges only this element from the fabric.

Note If you select an element that is not down and purge it, that element will reappear on the next
fabric discovery cycle.

Multiple Fabric Display


Fabric Manager can display multiple fabrics in the same pane (see Figure 5-9).

Figure 5-9 Fabric Managers Multiple Fabric Display Window

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1 The Fabric view tab for fabric 172.23.46.152. When selected, the Fabric view displays fabric
172.23.46.152.
2 The Fabric view tab for fabric 172.23.46.153. When selected, the Fabric view displays fabric
172.23.46.153.
3 SAN tab (selected), showing two fabrics.

The information for both fabrics is displayed; you do not need to select a seed switch. To see details of
a fabric, select the tab for that fabric at the bottom of the Fabric pane, or double-click the Cloud icon for
the fabric in the SAN tab.

Note Enclosure names should be unique. If the same enclosure name is used for each port, Fabric Manager
shows a host/target enclosure connected to both fabrics. To fix this problem, you can either disable
auto-creation or create unique enclosure names.

Filtering by Groups
You can filter the Fabric pane display by creating groups of switches or end ports. To create a group in
Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Right-click a switch or end port in the Fabric pane map and select Group > Create.
You see the Edit User Defined Group dialog box shown in Figure 5-10.

Figure 5-10 Edit User Defined Group Dialog Box

Step 2 Enter a group name in the Name field.


Step 3 Use the arrows to move additional switches or end ports from the Available column to the Selected
column.
Step 4 Click OK to save the group.

To add a switch or end port to an existing group in Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Right-click a switch or end device and select Group > Add To > YourGroupName.
You see the Edit User Defined Group dialog box (see Figure 5-10).
Step 2 Use the arrows to move additional switches or end ports from the Available column to the Selected
column.
Step 3 Click OK to save the updated group.

To filter the display by a group you have created, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand the Groups folder in the Logical Domains pane.


You see the list of groups that you have created as shown in Figure 5-11.

Figure 5-11 Group Highlighted in Fabric Pane Map

Step 2 Click the name of the group that you want to filter.
In the Fabric pane, the switches or end devices in your group are shown normally; all other switches and
end devices are shown in gray.
Step 3 Click the Groups folder in the Logical Domains pane to return the display to normal.

Note User-defined groups tables are filtered based on switches in the group except for switches where
CFS-controlled features are enabled when all CFS member switches are displayed to avoid
misconfigurations.

Status Bar
The status bar at the bottom of the Fabric Manager window shows the last entry displayed by the
discovery process, and the possible error message on the right side. The status bar displays a message
stating that something has changed in the fabric and a new discovery is needed. The status bar shows
both short-term, transient messages (such as the number of rows displayed in the table) and long-term
discovery issues.

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Setting Fabric Manager Preferences


To set your preferences for the behavior of the Fabric Manager, choose File > Preferences from the
Fabric Manager menu bar. You see the Preferences dialog box with the following tabs for setting
different components of the application:
General
SNMP
Map
The default General preferences for Fabric Manager are as follows:
Show Device Name byDisplays the switches in the Fabric pane by IP address, DNS name, or
logical name. The default setting for this value is Logical Name.
Show WorldWideName (WWN) VendorDisplays the world wide name vendor name in any table
or listing displayed by Fabric Manager. Check the Prepend Name check box to display the name in
front of the IP address of the switch. Check the Replacing Vendor Bytes check box to display the
name instead of the IP address. The default is the Prepend Name option.
Show End Device UsingDisplays end devices in the Fabric pane using alias or pWWN alias. The
default setting for this value is Alias.
Show Shortened iSCSI NamesDisplays the default setting for this value is OFF.
Show Timestamps as Date/TimeDisplays timestamps in the date/time format. If this preference is
not checked, timestamps are displayed as elapsed time. The default setting is enabled (checked).
Telnet PathDisplays the path for the telnet.exe file on your system. The default is telnet.exe, but
you need to browse for the correct location.

Note If you browse for a path or enter a path and you have a space in the pathname (for example,
c:\program files\telnet.exe), then the path will not work. To get the path to work, you must
manually place quotes around it (for example, "c:\program files\telnet.exe").

Use Secure Shell instead of TelnetSpecifies whether to use SSH or Telnet when using the CLI to
communicate with the switch. If enabled, you must specify the path to your SSH application. The
default setting is disabled.
Confirm DeletionDisplays a confirmation pop-up window when you delete part of your
configuration using Fabric Manager. The default setting is enabled (checked).
Export Tables with FormatSpecifies the type of file that is created when you export a table using
Device Manager. The options are tab-delimited or XML. The default setting is Tab-Delimited.
Show CFS WarningsShows warning messages if CFS is not enabled on all switches for a selected
feature.
The default SNMP preferences for Fabric Manager are as follows:
Retry request 1 time(s) after 5 sec timeoutYou can set the retry value to 0-5, and the timeout value
to 3-30.
Trace SNMP packets in LogThe default setting for this value is ON.
Enable Audible Alert when Event ReceivedThe default setting for this value is OFF.

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The default Map preferences for Fabric Manager are as follows:


Display Unselected VSAN MembersDisplays the unselected VSAN members in the Fabric pane.
The default setting for this value is ON.
Display End DevicesDisplays the fabrics end devices in the Fabric pane. The default setting for
this value is ON.
Display End Device LabelsDisplays the fabrics end device labels in the Fabric pane. The default
setting for this value is OFF.
Expand LoopsDisplays the loops in the fabric as individual connections in the Fabric pane. The
default setting for this value is OFF.
Expand Multiple LinksDisplays multiple links in the Fabric pane as separate lines instead of one
thick line. The default setting for this value is OFF.
Open New Device Manager Each TimeOpens a new instance of Device Manager each time that
you invoke it from a switch in your fabric. The default value is OFF, which means that only one
instance of Device Manager is open at a time.
Select Switch or Link from TableAllows you to select a switch or link in the Fabric pane by
clicking the switch or link in a table in the Information pane. The default setting for this value is
disabled (unchecked), which means clicking a switch or link in the table does not change the switch
or link selection in the Fabric pane.
Layout New Devices AutomaticallyAutomatically places new devices in the Fabric pane in an
optimal configuration. The default setting for this value is OFF. In this mode, when you add a new
device, you must manually reposition it if the initial position does not suit your needs.
Use Quick Layout when Switch has 30 or more End DevicesDisplays the default setting for this
value (30). You can enter any number in this field. Enter 0 to disable Quick Layout.
Override Preferences for Non-default LayoutDisplays the default setting for this value (ON).
Automatically Save LayoutIf this option is enabled, any changes in the layout are automatically
saved. The default setting for this value is ON.
Detach Overview WindowAllows you to easily center the Fabric pane on the area of the fabric
that you want to see. (This feature is useful for large fabrics that cannot be displayed entirely within
the Fabric pane.) Bring up the overview window by clicking the Show/Hide Overview Window
button. It overlays the fabric window and remains there until you click the Show/Hide Overview
Window button again. If you enable this preference, you can detach the overview window and move
it to one side while you access the Fabric pane. The default setting for this value is disabled
(unchecked).

Network Fabric Discovery


Cisco Fabric Manager collects information about the fabric topology through SNMP queries to the
switches that are connected to Fabric Manager. The switch replies after having discovered all devices
connected to the fabric by using the information from its FSPF technology database and the Name Server
database and collected using the Fabric Configuration Servers request/response mechanisms that are
defined by the FC-GS-3/4 standard. When you start Fabric Manager, you enter the IP address (or host
name) of a seed switch for discovery.
After you start Fabric Manager and the discovery completes, Fabric Manager presents you with a view
of your network fabric, including all discovered switches, hosts, and storage devices.

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Modifying the Device Grouping


Because not all devices are capable of responding to FC-GS-3 requests, different ports of a single server
or storage subsystem may be displayed as individual end devices on the Fabric Manager map.
To group end devices in a single enclosure to have them represented by a single icon on the map, Fabric
Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand End Devices and then select Storage or Hosts in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the end devices displayed in the Information pane.
Step 2 Click one of the devices in the Fabric pane, or click the Enclosures tab of the Information pane, and then
click the device name (in the Name field) that you want to include in the enclosure.
Step 3 Enter a name to identify the new enclosure in the Fabric pane map.
Step 4 Click once on the device name in the Name field. To select more than one name, press the Shift key and
click each of the other names.
Step 5 Press Ctrl-C to copy the selected name(s).
Step 6 Press Ctrl-V to paste the device name into the Name field.

Note To remove devices from an enclosure, triple click the device name and press Delete. To remove
an enclosure, repeat this step for each device in the enclosure.

Using Alias Names as Enclosures


To create an enclosure that uses the alias name as the name of the enclosure using Fabric Manager, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Expand End Devices and select Hosts or Storage from the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the list of devices in the Information pane. The NxPorts tab is the default.
Step 2 Right-click the enclosure names that you want to convert to alias names and select Alias > Enclosure as
shown in Figure 5-12.

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Figure 5-12 Alias Enclosure

The Ailas > Enclosures window appears as shown in Figure 5-13. It contains a list of expressions. You
can also add expressions to the list and modify expressions in the current list.

Figure 5-13 List of Expressions

Step 3 Click the Apply Changes icon to save the changes and then click Close.

Note Fabric Manager uses the regular expressions to convert multiple alias names into one enclosure. The
alias names should be in the same expression pattern rule. You can create enclosure names from selected
aliases using the regular expresssions list.

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Controlling Administrator Access with Users and Roles


Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches support role-based management access whether using the CLI or
Cisco Fabric Manager. This lets you assign specific management privileges to particular roles and then
assign one or more users to each role.
The default-role contains the access permissions needed by a user to access the GUI (Fabric Manager
and Device Manager). These access permissions are automatically granted to all users in order for them
to use the GUI.
Cisco Fabric Manager uses SNMPv3 to establish role-based management access. After completing the
setup routine, a single role, user name, and password are established. The role assigned to this user
allows the highest level of privileges, which includes creating users and roles. Use the Cisco Fabric
Manager to create roles and users and to assign passwords as required for secure management access in
your network.

Using Fabric Manager Wizards


Fabric Manager Client provides the following wizards to facilitate common configuration tasks:
VSANCreates VSANs on multiple switches in the fabric and sets VSAN attributes including
interop mode, load balancing, and FICON.
Virtual InterfaceCreates virtual Fibre Channel interfaces on a Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch.
Zone Edit ToolCreates zone sets, zones, and aliases. Adds members to zones and edits the zone
database.
IVR ZoneCreates IVR zone sets, zones, and aliases. Enables IVR NAT and auto-topology. Adds
members to IVR zones, and edits the IVR zone database.
PortChannelCreates PortChannels from selected ISLs either manually or automatically. Sets
PortChannel attributes such as channel ID and trunking mode.
FCIPCreates FCIP links between Gigabit Ethernet ports. Enables Fibre Channel write
acceleration and IP compression.
DPVMEstablishes dynamic port VSAN membership, enables autolearning, and activates the
DPVM database.
Port SecurityPrevents unauthorized access to Cisco MDS switches and reports these intrusions to
the administrator.
iSCSICreates zones for iSCSI initiators and adds a VSAN to a target-allowed VSAN list.
NPVReduces the number of Fibre Channel domain IDs in SANs.
QoSSets QoS attributes for zones in the selected VSAN.
IP ACLCreates ordered IP access control lists and distributes to selected switches in the fabric.
License InstallFacilitates download and installation of licenses in selected switches in the fabric.
Software InstallVerifies image compatibility and installs software images on selected switches in
the fabric.

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Fabric Manager Troubleshooting Tools


Fabric Manager has several troubleshooting tools available from the toolbar or Tools menu. Procedures
for using these tools are described in Chapter 66, Troubleshooting Your Fabric. This section provides
a brief description of each tool:
Zone Merge AnalysisThe zone merge analysis tool (available from the Zone menu) enables you
to determine if zones will merge successfully when two Cisco MDS switches are interconnected. If
the interconnected switch ports allow VSANs with identical names or contain zones with identical
names, then Fabric Manager verifies that the zones contain identical members. The merge analysis
tool can be run before attempting a merge or after fabrics are interconnected to determine zone
merge failure causes.
End-to-End ConnectivityFabric Managers end-to-end connectivity analysis tool uses FC Ping to
verify interconnections between Cisco MDS switches and end-device (HBAs and storage devices)
in a particular VSAN. In addition to basic connectivity, Fabric Manager can optionally verify the
following:
Paths are redundant.
Zones contain at least two members.
End devices are connected to a manageable switch (have a currently active in-band or out-of-band
management path.)
Switch Health AnalysisYou can run an in-depth switch health analysis with Fabric Manager. It
verifies the status of all critical Cisco MDS switches, modules, ports, and Fibre Channel services.
Over 40 conditions are checked. This tool provides a very fast, simple, and thorough way to assess
Cisco MDS switch health.
Fabric Configuration AnalysisFabric Manager includes a fabric configuration analysis tool. It
compares the configurations of all Cisco MDS switches in a fabric to a reference switch or a policy
file. You can define what functions to check and what type of checks to perform. The analysis can
look for mismatched values, and missing or extra values. If all configuration checking is performed
for all functions, over 200 checks are performed for each Cisco MDS switch.
After the analysis is run, the results are displayed with details about the issues that were discovered. You
can automatically resolve configuration differences by selecting them and clicking the Resolve button.
Fabric Manager automatically changes the configuration to match the reference switch or policy file.

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CH A P T E R 6
Device Manager

Device Manager provides a graphic representation of a Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch chassis or Cisco
Nexus 5000 Series switch chassis, including the installed switching modules, the supervisor modules,
the status of each port within each module, the power supplies, and the fan assemblies.
This chapter includes the following sections:
About Device Manager, page 6-1
Launching Device Manager, page 6-2
Using Device Manager, page 6-2
Setting Device Manager Preferences, page 6-8

About Device Manager


The tables in the Fabric Manager Information pane basically correspond to the dialog boxes that appear
in Device Manager. However, while Fabric Manager tables show values for one or more switches, a
Device Manager dialog box shows values for a single switch. Also, Device Manager provides more
detailed information for verifying or troubleshooting device-specific configuration than Fabric Manager.
Device Manager provides two views, Device View and Summary View. Use Summary View to monitor
interfaces on the switch. Use Device View to perform switch-level configurations including the
following:
Configure virtual Fibre Channel interfaces.
Configure Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) features.
Configure zones for multiple VSANs
Manage ports, PortChannels, and trunking.
Manage SNMPv3 security access to switches.
Manage CLI security access to the switch.
Manage alarms, events, and notifications.
Save and copy configuration files and software image.
View hardware configuration.
View chassis, module, port status, and statistics.

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Launching Device Manager

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Launching Device Manager


You can launch Device Manager two ways.
To launch Device Manager from your desktop, double-click the Device Manager icon and follow the
instructions described in the Integrating Cisco Fabric Manager with Other Management Tools section
on page 2-40.
You can launch Device Manager from Fabric Manager three ways:
Right-click the switch you want to manage on the Fabric pane map and choose Device Manager
from the menu that appears.
Double-click a switch in the Fabric pane map.
Select a switch in the Fabric pane map and choose Tools > Device Manager.

Using Device Manager


This section describes the Device Manager interface, as shown in Figure 6-1.

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Figure 6-1 Device Manager, Device Tab

1 2 3

272424

5 4

1 Menu bar 5 Status


2 Toolbar 6 Supervisor modules
3 Tabs 7 Switching or services modules
4 Legend

Menu Bar
The menu bar at the top of the Device Manager main window provides options for managing and
troubleshooting a single switch. The menu bar provides the following options:
DeviceOpens an instance of Device Manager, sets management preferences, sets the page layout,
opens a Telnet/SSH session with the current switch, exports a device image, and closes the Device
Manager application.
PhysicalAllows you to view and manage inventory, modules, temperature sensors, power
supplies, fans, and the entire system.

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InterfaceAllows you to configure and manage PortChannels, as well as Fibre Channel, Ethernet,
iSCSI, and FICON ports. Also provides diagnostic, management and monitoring capabilities, as
well as SPAN and port tracking.
FCAllows you to configure and manage VSAN, domain, and name server characteristics. Also
provides advanced configuration capabilities.
FICONAllows you to configure and manage FICON VSANs, configure RLIR ERL information,
swap selected FICON ports, and view FICON port numbers.
IPAllows you to configure and manage the following types of information: FCIP, iSCSI, iSNS,
routes, VRRP, and CDP.
SecurityAllows you to configure and manage FCSP, port security, iSCSI security, SNMP security,
common roles, SSH, AAA, and IP ACLs.
AdminAllows you to save, copy, edit, and erase the switch configuration, monitor events,
manipulate Flash files, manage licenses, configure NTP, use CFS, and reset the switch. Also enables
you to use the show tech support, show cores, and show image commands.
LogsShows the various logs: message, hardware, events, and accounting. Also displays FICON
link incidents, and allows you to configure the syslog setup.
HelpDisplays online help topics for specific dialog boxes in the Information pane.

Toolbar Icons
The Device Manager toolbar provides quick access to many Device Manager features. Once the icon is
selected, a dialog box may open that allows configuration of the feature. The toolbar provides the main
Device and Summary View icons as shown in Table 6-1.

Table 6-1 Device Manager Main Toolbar

Icon Description
Open Device Opens the Device Manager view for another
switch, with the option to open this view in a
separate window.
Refresh Display Communicates with the switch and displays the
information in the Device Manager view.

Command-Line Opens a separate CLI command window to the


Interface switch.

Configure Selected Opens a configuration dialog box for the selected


component (line card or port).

SysLog Opens a window that lists the latest system


messages that occurred on the switch.

VSANs Opens the VSAN dialog box that provides VSAN


configuration for the switch.

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Table 6-1 Device Manager Main Toolbar (continued)

Icon Description
Save Configuration Saves the current running configuration to the
startup configuration.

Copy Copies configuration file between server and


switch

Toggle Toggles the FICON and interface port labels.


FICON/Interface
Port Labels
Select VSAN Filters the port display to show only those ports
belonging to the selected VSAN.

Help Accesses online help for Device Manager.

Dialog Boxes
If a toolbar icon is selected, a dialog box may open that allows configuration of the selected feature. The
dialog box may include table manipulation icons. See the Information Pane section on page 5-17 for
descriptions of these icons.

Tabs
Click the Device tab on the Device Manager main window to see a graphical representation of the switch
chassis and components.
Click the Summary tab on the Device Manager main window to see a summary of active interfaces on
a single switch, as well as Fibre Channel and IP neighbor devices. The Summary View also displays port
speed, link utilization, and other traffic statistics. There are two buttons in the upper left corner of the
Summary View tab used to monitor traffic. To monitor traffic for selected objects, click the Monitor
Selected Interface Traffic Util% button. To display detailed statistics for selected objects, click the
Monitor Selected Interface Traffic Details button. You can set the poll interval, the type or Rx/Tx
display, and the thresholds.

Legend
The legend at the bottom right of the Device Manager indicates port status, as follows:
Colors
GreenThe port is up.
BrownThe port is administratively down.
RedThe port is down or has failed.

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AmberThe port has a minor fault condition.


GrayThe port is unreachable.
BlueThe port is out of service.
Labels
XLink failure
EISL
TEMulti-VSAN ISL
FHost/storage
FLF loop
I iSCSI
SDSPAN destination
CHChannel
CUControl Unit
NPProxy N-Port (NPV Mode)
vFCvFC Present (Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switches only)

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Supervisor and Switching Modules


In the Device View, you can right-click an object and get information on it, or configure it. If you
right-click a module, the menu shows the module number and gives you the option to configure or reset
the module. If you right-click a port, the menu shows the port number and gives you the option to
configure, monitor, enable/disable, set beacon mode, or perform diagnostics on the port.

Tip You can select multiple ports in Device Manager and apply options to all the selected ports at one time.
Either select the ports by clicking the mouse and dragging it around them, or hold down the Control key
and click each port.

To enable or disable a port, right-click the port and click Enable or Disable from the pop-up menu. To
enable or disable multiple ports, drag the mouse to select the ports and then right-click the selected ports.
Then click Enable or Disable from the pop-up menu.
To manage trunking on one or more ports, right-click the ports and click Configure. In the dialog box
that appears, right-click the current value in the Trunk column and click nonTrunk, trunk, or auto from
the pull-down list.
To create PortChannels using Device Manager, click PortChannels from the Interface menu. For
detailed instructions, see Chapter 23, Configuring PortChannels. You can also use Fabric Manager to
conveniently create a PortChannel.

Note To create a PortChannel, all the ports on both ends of the link must have the same port speed, trunking
type, and administrative state.

Context Menus
Context menus are available in both Device Manager views by right-clicking a device or table.
From Device View:
DeviceRight-click a system, module, or power supply to bring up a menu that gives you the option
to configure or reset the device.
Port Right-click a port to bring up a menu that shows you the number of the port you have clicked,
and to give you the option to configure, monitor, enable, disable, set beacon mode, or perform
diagnostics on the port.
From Summary View:
Table Right-click the table header to show a list of which columns to display in that table:
Interface, Description, VSANs, Mode, Connected To, Speed (Gb), Rx, Tx, Errors, Discards, and
Log. Click the Description field to bring up the appropriate configuration dialog box for the port
type.

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Setting Device Manager Preferences


To set your preferences for the behavior of the Device Manager application, choose Device >
Preferences from the Device menu. You can set the following preferences:
Retry Requests x Time(s) After x sec TimeoutAllows you to set the retry request values. The
default settings are 1 time after a 5-second timeout.
Enable Status Polling Every x secsAllows you to set the status polling value. The default setting
is enabled (checked) with a time of 40 seconds.
Trace SNMP Packets in Message LogAllows you to set whether Device Manager traces SNMP
packets and logs the trace. The default setting is disabled (unchecked).
Register for Events After Open, Listen on Port 1163Allows you to register this switch so that
events are logged once you open Device Manager. The default setting is enabled (checked).
Show WorldWideName (WWN) VendorDisplays the world wide name vendor name in any table
or listing displayed by Device Manager. If Prepend is checked, the name is displayed in front of the
IP address of the switch. If Replace is checked, the name is displayed instead of the IP address. The
default setting is enabled (checked) with the Prepend option.
Show Timestamps as Date/TimeDisplays timestamps in the date/time format. If this preference
is not checked, timestamps are displayed as elapsed time. The default setting is enabled (checked).
Telnet PathSets the path for the telnet.exe file on your system. The default is telnet.exe, but you
need to browse for the correct location.

Note If you browse for a path or enter a path and you have a space in the pathname (for example,
c:\program files\telnet.exe, then the path will not work. To get the path to work, manually
place quotes around it (for example, "c:\program files\telnet.exe").

Use Secure Shell Instead of TelnetSpecifies whether to use SSH or Telnet when using the CLI
to communicate with the switch. If enabled, you must specify the path to your SSH application. The
default setting is disabled.
CLI Session Timeout x secs (0= disable)Specifies the timeout interval for a CLI session. Enter
0 to disable (no timeout value). The default setting is 30 seconds.
Show Tooltips in Physical ViewDetermines whether tooltips are displayed in Physical (Device)
View. The default setting is enabled (checked).
Label Physical View Ports With:Specifies the type of label to assign to the ports when you are
in Physical (Device) View. The options are FICON and Interface. The default setting is Interface.
Export TableSpecifies the type of file that is created when you export a table using Device
Manager. The options are Tab-Delimited or XML. The default setting is Tab-Delimited.

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CH A P T E R 7
Fabric Manager Web Client

With Fabric Manager Web Client, you can monitor Cisco MDS switch events, performance, and
inventory from a remote location using a web browser. You can also monitor the events, performance,
and inventory information of Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switches.
This chapter contains the following sections:
About Fabric Manager Web Client, page 7-1
Navigating Fabric Manager Web Client, page 7-2
Installing Fabric Manager Web Client, page 7-3
Launching Fabric Manager Web Client, page 7-7
Health, page 7-9
Performance, page 7-13
Inventory, page 7-29
Reports, page 7-38
Admin, page 7-45

About Fabric Manager Web Client


Using Fabric Manager Web Client, you can monitor MDS or Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch events,
performance, and inventory, and perform minor administrative tasks.
Fabric Manager Web Client provides the following features:
Summary and drill down reportsThe Performance Manager summary report provides a
high-level view of your network performance. These reports list the average and peak throughput
and provides hot-links to additional performance graphs and tables with additional statistics. Both
tabular and graphical reports are available for all interconnections monitored by Performance
Manager. Performance Manager also analyzes daily, weekly, monthly and yearly trends. You can
also view the results for specific time intervals using the interactive zooming functionality. These
reports are only available if you create a collection using Performance Manager and start the
collector. To view historical perfomance reports, you need to install Adobe flash player 10 or later..
See the Historical Performance Monitoring section on page 58-4.

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Zero maintenance database for statistics storageNo maintenance is required to maintain


Performance Managers round-robin database, because its size does not grow over time. At
prescribed intervals the oldest samples are averaged (rolled-up) and saved. A full two days of raw
samples are saved for maximum resolution. Gradually the resolution is reduced as groups of the
oldest samples are rolled up together.
You see Fabric Manager Web Client window as shown in Figure 7-1.

Figure 7-1 Fabric Manager Web Client

Navigating Fabric Manager Web Client


With most screens, Fabric Manager Web Client has standardized certain navigation conventions.

Navigation Tree

You can use the filter navigation tree in the left pane to access the areas you want as follows:
Select SAN to view information for all fabrics and VSANs in the SAN. When you do this, a Fabric
column is added as the first column of the tables.
Click a fabric folder to view information for that specific fabric.
Some screens have expandable fabric folders. You can expand the fabric folders (by clicking the +
or - icons in front of the folders) to see a list of VSANs in that fabric. Select a VSAN to view
information for that VSAN.
The features accessible from the tabs are limited to the areas you select in the filter tree.

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Table Filtering and Navigation

You can filter the display of some tables to view subsets of the information. At the top right of these
tables are one or more drop-down lists. Select an item from these lists, and then click Filter to filter the
table information on that item.
You can change the number of rows displayed per page by selecting a number from the Rows per page
drop-down list at the lower left corner of the table. Once you select a number, the table is updated with
the new number of rows; you do not have to click a button.
For tables with multiple pages of information, you can:
Jump to the first or last page of the table by clicking the first page or last page icons (arrows with a
bar in front of it)
Jump to the next page or previous page by clicking the next page or previous page icons (arrows)
Jump to a specific page by entering the page number in the Go to page field and clicking the Go
button.
You can search certain columns in the tables for information if a table column has a black icon next to
the column head. Click the icon to display a Search dialog box.

Printing

There is a Print icon in the lower right corner of some tables. Click this icon to view the table in a
printer-friendly format. You can then print the page from the browser.

Exporting to a File

There is an Export icon in the lower right corner of some tables. Click this icon to export the data to a
.CSV file that can be read by programs such as Microsoft Excel.

Sorting Columns

On some screens, you can click a column head to sort the information for that column.

Installing Fabric Manager Web Client


If you are installing the Fabric Manager Web Client software for the first time, or if you want to update
or reinstall the software, you access the supervisor module of the switch using a web browser. Install
Fabric Manager Web Client on the same workstation where you installed Fabric Manager Server.
You must install Fabric Manager Web Client to view Performance Manager reports through a web
browser.
For switches running Cisco MDS 9000 FabricWare, you need to install the Fabric Manager Web Client
software from the CD-ROM included with your switch, or download Fabric Manager from Cisco.com.
To install Fabric Manager Web Client from the CD-ROM, navigate to the Fabric Manager installation
notes and follow the directions.
To download the software from Cisco.com (requires a valid user name and password), go to the following
website:
http://cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/mds-fm
To download and install the software on your workstation, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Optionally, enter the IP address or host name of the supervisor module running Cisco MDS NX-OS in
the Location or Address field of your browser. You see the installation page displayed by the HTTP
server of the supervisor module.
When you connect to the server for the first time, it checks to see if you have the correct Sun Java Virtual
Machine version installed on your workstation. If you do not have the correct version installed, a link is
provided to the appropriate web page on the Sun Microsystems website so you can install it.
a. Click the Sun Java Virtual Machine software link (if required) to install the software.
b. Using the instructions provided by the Sun Microsystems website, reconnect to the supervisor
module by reentering the IP address or host name in the Location or Address field of your browser.

Note We recommend Java version 1.5(x) or later. To use IPv6 addresses, you must have Java version
1.5. To change the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version, start Java Web Start and set the
Java preferences.

Step 2 Click the Fabric Manager Web Client installation link. You see a prompt asking for permission to
install the application on your workstation.
Step 3 Click Yes to run the installer, which detects the installed version of the software, and prompts for
upgrades or downgrades and other options if applicable.

Note If TCP port 80 is in use, Fabric Manager Web Client checks port 8080 next. If that port is also
in use, Fabric Manager Web Client uses the next available port. You can set the TCP port that
you want Fabric Manager Web Client to use during the installation process.

Unless you specify a different directory on a Windows PC, the software is installed in the default location
of C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000. A Cisco MDS 9000 program group is created under
Start > Programs. This program group contains shortcuts to Fabric Manager and Device manager.
On a UNIX (Solaris or Linux) machine, the installation path is /usr/local/cisco_mds9000. If this directory
is not writable by the user, which is the case for non-root users, the default is set to $HOME/cisco_mds9000.
Shell scripts are created in the bin directory.

Note On a Windows PC, you install Fabric Manager Web Client as a service. This service can then be
administered using the Services Panel from the Windows Control Panel. By default, Fabric Manager
Web Client automatically starts when the workstation is rebooted. You can change this behavior by
modifying the properties in the Services Panel.

Note You need to configure the Fabric Manager Server on the DNS server for remote logins unless the Fabric
Manager Server is binding to a specific interface.

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Using Fabric Manager Web Client with SSL


Fabric Manager Web Client uses TCP port 80 by default. If you want to install SSL certificates and use
Fabric Manager Web Client over HTTPS (using TCP port 443 or another custom port), you need a
certificate for each external IP address that accepts secure connections. You can purchase these
certificates from a well-known Certificate Authority (CA).
To enable SSL, users must set up the keystore to use either a self-signed certificate or a certificate from
a trusted third-party company such as Verisign.
To create a local certificate, follow these steps:

Step 1 Set up a keystore to use self-signed certificate (local certificate). From the command line, enter the
following command:
%JAVA_HOME%/bin/keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA -keystore "C:\Program
Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000\keystore"

Step 2 Enter your name, organization, state, and country. Enter changeit when prompted for a keystore
password. If you prefer to use your own password, do not forget to change the keystorepass attribute in
the server.xml file. When prompted for a key password, press Enter or use the same password as the
keystore password.

Note You can now follow the steps in the next section for modifying Fabric Manager Web Client to
use SSL.

In order to obtain a certificate from the Certificate Authority of your choice, you must create a Certificate
Signing Request (CSR). The CSR is used by the certificate authority to create a certificate that identifies
your website as secure.
To create a CSR, follow these steps:

Step 1 Create a local certificate (as described in the previous section).

Note You must enter the domain of your website in the field first and last name in order to create a
working certificate.

Step 2 The CSR is then created with this command:


keytool -certreq -keyalg RSA -alias tomcat -file certreq.csr -keystore "C:\Program
Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000\keystore"

Now you have a file called certreq.csr. The file is encoded in PEM format. You can submit it to the
certificate authority. You can find instructions for submitting the file on the Certificate Authority
website. You will receive a certificate.
Step 3 Once you have your certificate, you can import it into your local keystore. You must first import a Chain
Certificate or Root Certificate into your keystore. You can then import your certificate.
Step 4 Download a Chain Certificate from the Certificate Authority where you obtained the certificate:
For Verisign.com commercial certificates, go to:
http://www.verisign.com/support/install/intermediate.html

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For Verisign.com trial certificates, go to:


http://www.verisign.com/support/verisign-intermediate-ca/Trial_Secure_Server_Root/index.html

For Trustcenter.de, go to:


http://www.trustcenter.de/certservices/cacerts/en/en.htm#server

For Thawte.com, go to:


http://www.thawte.com/certs/trustmap.html

Import the Chain Certificate into your keystore by entering the following command:
keytool -import -alias root -keystore "C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS 9000\keystore"
-trustcacerts -file filename_of_the_chain_certificate

Import the new certificate in X509 format:


keytool -import -alias tomcat -keystore "C:\Program Files\Cisco Systems\MDS
9000\keystore" -trustcacerts -file your_certificate_filename

To modify Fabric Manager Web Client to use SSL, follow these steps:

Step 1 Stop Fabric Manager Web Client if you have already launched it. If you installed this on Windows, you
can stop the service using Windows Services under Administrative Tools.
Step 2 Use a text editor to open \jboss\server\default\deploy\jboss-web.deployer\server.xml from the
directory where Fabric Manager Web Client is installed. You see the following lines in the beginning
after some copyright information:
<Connector acceptCount="100" allowTrace="false" connectionTimeout="20000"
disableUploadTimeout="true" emptySessionPath="true" enableLookups="false"
maxHttpHeaderSize="8192" maxThreads="250" port="80" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
redirectPort="8443" strategy="ms"/>
<!-- Add this option to the connector to avoid problems with
.NET clients that don't implement HTTP/1.1 correctly
restrictedUserAgents="^.*MS Web Services Client Protocol 1.1.4322.*$"
-->
<!-- A AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector emptySessionPath="true" enableLookups="false" port="8009"
protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>
<!-- SSL/TLS Connector configuration using the admin devl guide keystore
<Connector port="80"
protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
maxThreads="100" strategy="ms" maxHttpHeaderSize="8192"
emptySessionPath="true"
scheme="https" secure="true" clientAuth="false" sslProtocol = "TLS"
securityDomain="java:/jaas/encrypt-keystore-password"
SSLImplementation="org.jboss.net.ssl.JBossImplementation" allowTrace="false"/>
-->

Step 3 Comment the first <Connector> element and uncomment the second one. Your file should look like the
following example:
<!-- A HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080 -->

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<!-- <Connector acceptCount="100" allowTrace="false" connectionTimeout="20000"


disableUploadTimeout="true" emptySessionPath="true" enableLookups="false"
maxHttpHeaderSize="8192" maxThreads="250" port="80" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
redirectPort="8443" strategy="ms"/>
-->
<!-- Add this option to the connector to avoid problems with
.NET clients that don't implement HTTP/1.1 correctly
restrictedUserAgents="^.*MS Web Services Client Protocol 1.1.4322.*$"
-->
<!-- A AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector emptySessionPath="true" enableLookups="false" port="8009"
protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>
<Connector port="80"
protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
maxThreads="100" strategy="ms" maxHttpHeaderSize="8192"
emptySessionPath="true"
scheme="https" secure="true" clientAuth="false" sslProtocol = "TLS"
securityDomain="java:/jaas/encrypt-keystore-password"
SSLImplementation="org.jboss.net.ssl.JBossImplementation" allowTrace="false"/>

Step 4 Save this file.


Step 5 Restart Fabric Manager Web Client.

Note If you restart Fabric Manager Server with SSL enabled, you must restart Fabric Manager Web Client. If
you want to stop and restart Fabric Manager Server with SSL disabled, then you must restart Fabric
Manager Web Client.

Launching Fabric Manager Web Client


Before you can use Fabric Manager Web Client to monitor a switch, the service must be started on the
server you are connecting through. The browser does not have to be on the same workstation where
Fabric Manager Web Client is installed.
To launch Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 If you are on the same workstation where you installed Fabric Manager Web Client, then open your
browser and in the Location field enter http://localhost:PORT. Enter your port number if you specified
a different port during installation. You can omit the port number if you used port 80 by default.

If you are on a different workstation from where you installed Fabric Manager Web Client, then open
your browser and in the Location field enter http://<yourServerAddress>:PORT, where
<yourServerAddress> is the address where you installed Fabric Manager Web Client, and PORT is 80
by default. Enter your port number if you specified a different port during installation.

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Tip Choose Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services to verify that Fabric Manager
Web Client has started. To start Fabric Manager Web Client, use a browser to go to the location
of the service.

You can also view this information using the Admin > Status menu of the Fabric Manager Web
Client.

On a UNIX workstation, use the following command:


$ /usr/local/cisco_mds9000/bin/FMWebClient.sh status

You see the Fabric Manager Web Client Login dialog box shown in Figure 7-2. The text field at the
bottom shows the Message of the Day from the server you logged into.

Figure 7-2 Fabric Manager Web Client Login Dialog Box

Step 2 Enter your user name and password.


Step 3 Click Login.

Note If you have a new installation of Fabric Manager, the default user ID and password is
admin/password. We recommend you change your password the first time you use Fabric
Manager Server. If you do not have a new installation, you can use any existing passwords.

Note If you are using Firefox to access Fabric Manager Web Client, you may receive a warning message
indicating a problem with the security certificate of the website. To resolve this issue, you may need to
add the security exception.

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To add the security exception, follow these steps:

Step 1 On the warning page, click Or you can add an exception.


Step 2 Click Add Exception.
The Add Security Exception dialog will appear.
Step 3 Click Get Certificate.
Read the text describing the problems with this site.
Step 4 Click Confirm Security Exception.

After launching Fabric Manager Web Client, you see the screen as shown in Figure 7-1, which you can
also see by choosing Health > Summary. Fabric Manager Web Client polls the Fabric Manager Server
database to display the managed devices in the left pane.

Health
The Health tab shows events and issues for the selected items, persistent across user sessions.
The Health tab contains the following subtabs:
SummaryShows a summary of events and problems for all SANs, or a selected SAN, fabric, or
switch. You can click any of the blue links for more information about that item.
FabricShows a detailed list of events and hardware, or accounting. You can filter these events by
severity, date, and type of event.
SyslogShows a detailed list of system messages. You can filter these events by severity, date, and
type of event.
AnalysisEnables you to schedule or run analysis reports and compile results to analyze the Fabric
Manager Server database statistics.

Viewing Summary Information


To view a summary of events and problems using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Health tab, and then click Summary tab.
You see the Summary tab window. In the left navigation pane you see a list of the fabrics managed by
Fabric Manager Server. In the right pane is a summary table of problems and events for the last 24 hours
(see Figure 7-3).

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Figure 7-3 Summary Tab

Step 2 Do one of the following:


Choose SAN to display summary information for all fabrics.
Choose one of the fabrics to display summary information for that fabric.
Step 3 Click the warnings next to Switches, ISLs, Hosts, or Storage (other than 0) to see an inventory of
switches, ISLs, or end devices for that fabric.
Step 4 Choose the number of events next to the event severity levels (Emergency, Alert, Critical, Error,
Warning, Notice, Info, or Debug) to see a table of events and descriptions for that fabric.

Viewing Fabric Information


To view a detailed list of events and hardware or accounting using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Health tab, and then click Fabric Events tab.
You see the Fabric tab window as shown in Figure 7-4.

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Figure 7-4 Fabric Events Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and choose one of the switches to display event information for that switch.

Viewing Syslog Information


To view a detailed list of system messages using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Health tab, and then click Syslog tab.
You see the Syslog tab as shown in Figure 7-5.

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Figure 7-5 Syslog Tab

Step 2 Select one of the fabrics to display a table of syslog information for that fabric.
Step 3 Expand a fabric and select one of the switches to display syslog information for that switch.
Step 4 If you have selected a fabric and one or more switches in that fabric have system messages, you see
Events, Hardware, Accounting, and Link Incidents in the Files column. Click one of these message
types to see system messages for the switches in that fabric filtered by the message type you clicked.

Note If you select a switch, choose an interval and a message type from the drop-down lists, and then
click Filter to see system messages filtered by the message type you chose.

Note To view MDS configuration changes, click accountingX.log under Files. To view the
configuration changes of a switch using Device Manager, click Logs > FMServer > Accounting
> Current.

Viewing Analysis Reports


As of Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1) and up to Cisco NX-OS 4.1(3), you can run or schedule analysis
reports to summarize the Fabric Manager Server database statistics. You can run or schedule the
following analysis reports:
Connectivity (Host to Storage or Storage to Host)The connectivity report summarizes zoning for
multiple hosts or storage devices. If you choose host to storage, the report shows all storage devices
zoned as accessible by each host. If you choose storage to host, the report shows all hosts that can
access a specific storage device.

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Zoning DiscrepanciesThe zoning discrepancies report identifies zoning issues that might impact
connectivity or security.
Multi PathThe multi path report determines the number of active and inactive paths between
hosts and storage enclosures.
Switch HealthThe switch health report provides status information on all critical Cisco MDS
9000 system, module, port, and Fibre Channel services.
Fabric ConfigurationThe fabric configuration analysis compares multiple switches to a specific
switch or a saved configuration.
To run analysis reports using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Health tab, and then click Analysis tab.
You see the Analysis tab shown in Figure 7-6.

Figure 7-6 Analysis Tab

Step 2 Select a report from the Report Type drop-down list.


Step 3 Click Run Report to run the report.
To schedule a report to run at a specified time, see Generating Custom Reports by Template section
on page 7-41.

Performance
The Performance tab shows an overview of the average throughput and link utilization of SAN
components. You see pie charts for the throughput and utilization. You can click a pie chart to view a
table of the data. In these tables, clicking a blue link displays a graph of that data, if applicable. The
Filter drop-down list at the top right of the screen allows you to filter the data based on various periods
of time.

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The Performance tab contains the following subtabs:


SummaryShows the total utilization and throughput in summary form.
End DevicesShows a detailed list of end devices (host or storage), port traffic, and errors.
ISLsShows a detailed list of ISL traffic and errors.
NPV Links Shows a detailed list of traffic between NPV devices and ports.
FlowsShows a detailed list of host-to-storage traffic.
EthernetShows a detailed list of Gigabit Ethernet ports and Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Ethernet
ports.
OthersShows a detailed list of other statistics.
Traffic AnalyzerShows a summary of SPAN ports configured in the SAN and any traffic
analyzers configured.
PredictionDisplays a graph that predicts future performance to help determine when storage
network connections will become overutilized.
Switch BandwidthShows total bandwidth for a switch.

Viewing Performance Summary Information


To view total utilization and throughput in summary form using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Summary tab.
You see the Summary tab shown in Figure 7-7.

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Figure 7-7 Summary Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display network throughput and link utilization
information for that VSAN.

Note Click a pie chart (Hosts, Storage, or ISLs) to go to the appropriate performance table.

Note License compliance information is provided at the top of the pane indicating that unlicensed switches
may not be supported in the future. You can click the link to view the list of unlicensed switches.

Note To view performance information, you must activate performance collector. To configure Performance
Manager, follow the instructions described in the Creating Performance Collections section on
page 7-57

Performance Detail Summary Report


To view a detailed summary report of the performance details using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Summary tab.
Step 2 Click the Performance Utilization Summary Details link at the bottom of the page.

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You will see the summary report details as shown in Figure 7-8.

Figure 7-8 Performance Utilization Detail Summary Report

Viewing Performance Information for End Devices


To view host and storage port traffic and errors using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click End Devices tab.
You see the End Devices tab window as shown in Figure 7-9.

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Figure 7-9 End Devices Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display performance information for the end devices in
that VSAN.
Step 3 Click the name of a device in the Name column to see a graph of the traffic on that device for the past
24 hours.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also perform the
following steps to view detailed information for the end devices:
To change the time range for this graph, select it from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
To view the detailed information for specific period, drag the slider control to choose the time
interval for which you need the information.
To view information in grid format, click the grid icon in the bottom right corner.
To export the data into a spreadsheet, click the excel icon in the upper right corner and then click
Save.
To view real time information, select Real Time from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
Real time data is updated in every 10 seconds.

Viewing Performance Information for ISLs


To view ISL traffic and errors using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click ISLs tab.
You see the ISLs tab window as shown in Figure 7-10.

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Figure 7-10 ISLs Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display performance information for the ISLs in that
VSAN.
Step 3 Click the name of an ISL from the Name column to see a graph of the traffic across that ISL for the past
24 hours.
You see the ISL traffic information window as shown in Figure 7-11.

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Figure 7-11 ISL Traffic (24 Hours)

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Figure 7-12 ISL Traffic Grid View

Note Notation NaN (Not a Number) in the data grid means it is a negative value.

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Figure 7-13 ISL Traffic (Real Time)

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to the basic steps described above, you can also
perform the following steps to view detailed information for ISLs:
To change the time range for this graph, select it from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
To view the detailed information for specific period, drag the slider control to choose the time
interval for which you need the information.
To view information in grid format, click the grid icon in the bottom right corner.
To export the data into a spreadsheet, click the excel icon in the upper right corner and then click
Save.
To view real time information, select Real Time from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
Real time data is updated in every 10 seconds.

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Viewing Performance Information for NPV Links


To view traffic between NPV devices and ports using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click NPV Links.
You see the NPV Links tab window shown in Figure 7-14

Figure 7-14 NPV Links Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display performance information for the NPV Links in
that VSAN.
Step 3 Click the name of an NPV Link from the Name column to see a list of the traffic for the past 24 hours.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to the basic steps described above, you can also
perform the following steps to view detailed information for NPV Links:
You can change the time range for this information by selecting it from the drop-down list in the
upper right corner.
To view the detailed information for specific period, drag the slider control to choose the time
interval for which you need the information.
To view information in grid format, click the grid icon in the bottom right corner.
To export the data into a spreadsheet, click the excel icon in the upper right corner and then click
Save.
To view real time information, select Real Time from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
Real time data is updated in every 10 seconds.

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Viewing Performance Information for Flows


To view host and storage traffic using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Flows.


You see the Flows tab window as shown in Figure 7-15.

Figure 7-15 Flows Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display performance information for the flows in that
VSAN.
Step 3 Click the name of a flow from the Name column to see a list of the traffic for the past 24 hours.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also perform the
following steps to view detailed information for Flows:
To change the time range for this graph, select it from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
To view the detailed information for specific period, drag the slider control to choose the time
interval for which you need the information.
To view information in grid format, click the grid icon in the bottom right corner.
To export the data into a spreadsheet, click the excel icon in the upper right corner and then click
Save.
To view real time information, select Real Time from the drop-down list in the upper right corner.
Real time data is updated in every 10 seconds.

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Viewing Performance Information for Gigabit Ethernet and Ethernet Ports


To view Gigabit Ethernet ports and Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Ethernet ports using Fabric Manager Web
Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Ethernet.


You see the Ethernet tab window as shown in Figure 7-16.

Figure 7-16 Ethernet Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and choose one of the VSANs to display the Gigabit Ethernet ports and Cisco Nexus
5000 Series Ethernet ports in that VSAN.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the time range, and click Filter to filter the display.
Select the name of a GigE port from the Name column to see a graph of the traffic across that GigE
port for the past 24 hours. You can change the time range for this graph by selecting it from the
drop-down list in the upper right corner.

Viewing Other Statistics


To view other statistics using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Others.


You see the Others tab window as shown in Figure 7-17.

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Figure 7-17 Others Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display the other statistics in that VSAN.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the time range, and click Filter to filter the display.
Select the IP address of a switch from the Name column to see a graph of the traffic across that
switch for the past 24 hours. You can change the time range for this graph by selecting it from the
drop-down list in the upper right corner.

Note To configure Other Statistics, follow the instructions described in the Configuring Other Statistics
section on page 7-58.

Viewing Detailed Traffic Information


To view SPAN port detailed traffic using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Traffic Analyzer.
You see the Traffic Analyzer tab window as shown in Figure 7-18.

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Figure 7-18 Traffic Analyzer Tab

Step 2 Do one of the following:


Select a SAN to display a list of SPAN ports for switches in all fabrics in the SAN.
Select one of the fabrics to display a list of SPAN ports for switches in that fabric.

Viewing Predicted Future Performance


To plan storage network changes, it is necessary to determine when configuration changes (such as
rezoning) may be needed to meet growing performance demands. Fabric Manager Server provides a
performance prediction report to enable you to more easily predict when storage network connections
will become overutilized.
In general, to create a performance prediction report, do the following:
Specify the period of time in the past that you want to use as a sample to predict the future
performance.
Specify the threshold values that you do not want to exceed.
Specify the period of time in the future for which you want to view performance.
Fabric Manager Server extrapolates the performance and lists in chronological order which interfaces
are expected to reach the threshold within the specified time period.

Using the Default Values


When you first view predicted future performance by clicking the Performance tab and then the
Prediction tab, you see a table showing the predicted performance for your entire SAN using the default
values. The default values are as follows:
ScopeEntire SAN
Past performance periodMonth
Future performance periodMonth

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Threshold80%
SAN elements or linksISLs
Performance prediction typeAverage
Click a link in the Name column to view a graph of that ISLs performance for the past 24 hours. To view
the performance for the past week, month, year, or custom time, select an option from the drop-down list.

Using Your Own Values


To view a table of predicted future performance with your own values using Fabric Manager Web Client,
follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Prediction.


You see the Prediction tab window as shown in Figure 7-19.

Figure 7-19 Prediction Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to specify that the prediction report will be generated for
that VSAN.
Step 3 Select the period of time (Week, Month, 3 Months, 6 Months or Year) to use to predict performance from
the past drop-down list.
Step 4 Select the period of time (Week, Month, 3 Months, 6 Months or Year) for which to make the prediction
from the future drop-down list.
Step 5 Enter the threshold percentage (1100) of utilization that you do not want the traffic to exceed.
Step 6 Enter the number of ISLs, hosts, storage devices, or flows for which you want to make the prediction.
The prediction will show the top 10, top 20, or top 50 with the most traffic.
Step 7 Select the type of traffic prediction to show:
AverageThe average value of all the sample data is used.

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PeakThe average value of all the peak values is used. The number of peak values is obtained by
dividing the total number of records into groups based on the number you enter in the Use Peak
Value of Every xx Records field. For example, if you have 1000 records and you enter 100 into the
field, your records are divided into 10 groups and 10 peak values are used.
Step 8 Click Predict.
You see the prediction table with the new data. Click the links in the Name column to show performance
charts based on the history data.

Viewing Switch Bandwidth


To view the total bandwidth for a switch using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Performance tab, and then click Switch Bandwidth.
You see the Switch Bandwidth tab window as shown in Figure 7-20.

Figure 7-20 Switch Bandwidth Tab

Step 2 Select the period of time (24 Hours, Week, Month or Year) for which you want to view bandwidth usage
from the Last drop-down list.

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Inventory
The Inventory tab shows an inventory of the selected SAN, fabric, or switch. You can export this
information to an ASCII file in comma-separated value format that can be read by applications such as
Microsoft Excel. You can set the number of rows and columns per page.
The Inventory tab contains the following subtabs:
VSANsShows details about VSANs.
SwitchesShows details about switches.
LicensesShows details about the licenses in use in the fabric.
ModulesShows details for MDS switching and services modules, fans, and power supplies.
End DevicesShows the host and storage ports.
ISLsShows the Inter-Switch Links.
NPV LinksShows the links betweek NPV devices and ports.
ZonesShows the active zone members (including those in inter-VSAN zones).
SummaryShows VSANs, switches, ISLs, ports, and end devices.

Viewing Summary Inventory Information


To view a summary of VSANs, switches, ISLs, ports, and end devices using Fabric Manager Web Client,
follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click Summary.


You see the Summary tab window as shown in Figure 7-21.

Figure 7-21 Summary Tab

Step 2 Do one of the following:

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Select a SAN to display a summary of inventory information for all fabrics in the SAN.
Select one of the fabrics to display a summary of inventory information for that fabric.

Viewing Detailed Summary Inventory Information


Detailed summary includes a number of key summary statistics such as port usage and any statistics
information, license use summary, environmental status and switch states, monitoring and alerting status
that is useful for creating comprehensive SAN health reports.
To view a detailed summary using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click Summary.


Step 2 Click Inventory Summary Details at the bottom of the page.
You see the Inventory Summary Details as shown in Figure 7-22.

Figure 7-22 Detailed Summary Information

Viewing Detailed Information for VSANs


To view detailed inventory information about VSANs using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

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Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click VSANs.


You see the VSANs tab window as shown in Figure 7-23.

Figure 7-23 VSANs Tab

Step 2 Select one of the fabrics to display VSAN inventory information for that fabric.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the status level, then click Filter to filter the display to show all VSANs or just those with
errors.

Viewing Detailed Information for Switches


To view detailed inventory information about switches using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click VSANs.


You see the Switches tab window as shown in Figure 7-24.

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Figure 7-24 Switches Tab

Step 2 Do one of the following:


Select a SAN to display switch inventory information for all fabrics in the SAN.
Select one of the fabrics to display switch inventory information for that fabric.
Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display switch inventory information for that
VSAN.

Viewing License Information


To view license information for switches using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click Licenses.


You see the Switch Licenses tab window as shown in Figure 7-25.

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Figure 7-25 Switch Licenses Tab

Step 2 Select one of the fabrics to display license information for switches in that fabric.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the status level, and click Filter to filter the display to show all licenses or just those with
errors.

Viewing Detailed Information for Modules


To view detailed inventory information about modules using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click Modules.


You see the Modules tab window as shown in Figure 7-26.

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Figure 7-26 Modules Tab

Step 2 Do one of the following:


Select a SAN to display module inventory information for all fabrics in the SAN.
Select one of the fabrics to display module inventory information for that fabric.
Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display module inventory information for that
VSAN.

Viewing Detailed Information for End Devices


To view detailed inventory information about end devices using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click End Devices.
You see the End Devices tab window as shown in Figure 7-27.

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Figure 7-27 End Devices Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display end device inventory information for that VSAN.

Note If you filter by hosts or enclosures, you can click a host in the resulting table to see host enclosure
performance, a list of hosts, a list of hosts to which your device is connected, and the connection paths.
This allows you to see performance statistics for hosts and enclosures.

You can also filter by end devices or by port groups to view aggregate information for those port groups,
such as peak and average usage.

Viewing Detailed Information for ISLs


To view detailed inventory information about ISLs using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click ISLs.


You see the ISLs tab window as shown in Figure 7-28.

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Figure 7-28 ISLs Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display ISL inventory information for that VSAN.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the status level, and click Filter to filter the display to show all ISLs or only those with errors.

Viewing Detailed Information for NPV Links


To view detailed inventory information about NPV Links using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click NPV Links.
You see the NPV Links tab window as shown in Figure 7-29.

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Figure 7-29 NPV Links

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display NPV Links information for that VSAN.

Viewing Detailed Information for Zones


To view detailed inventory information about zones using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Inventory tab, and then click Zones.


You see the Zones tab window as shown in Figure 7-30.

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Figure 7-30 Zones Tab

Step 2 Expand a fabric and select one of the VSANs to display zone inventory information for that VSAN.

Note There are variations to this procedure. In addition to these basic steps, you can also:
Select the status level, and click Filter to filter the display to show all zones or just those with errors.

Reports
The Reports tab allows you to create customized reports based on historical performance, events, and
inventory information gathered by the Fabric Manager Server. You can create aggregate reports with
summary and detailed views. You can also view previously saved reports.
The Report tab contains the following subtabs:
ViewDisplays previously saved reports.
GenerateGenerates a custom report based on the selected report template.
EditEdits an existing report template.
CreateCreates a report template, allowing you to select any combination of events, performance
categories, and inventory.
Scheduled JobsDisplays scheduled jobs based on the selected report template.

Creating a Custom Report Template


You can create custom reports from all or any subset of information gathered by Fabric Manager Server.
You create a report template by selecting events, performance, and inventory statistics that you want in
your report and set the desired SAN, fabric or VSAN to limit the scope of the template. You can generate

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and schedule a report of your fabric based on this template immediately or at a later time. Fabric
Manager Web Client saves each report based on the report template used and the time you generate the
report.
To create a custom report template using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Report tab, and then click Create.


You see the Create Report tab as shown in Figure 7-31.

Figure 7-31 Create Report Tab

Step 2 Provide a new name for the report.


Step 3 Indicate the information you want in the report by checking the Events, Performance, and Inventory
check boxes.
Step 4 (Optional) Select Severity for events, Status for inventory information, or Type of end devices for
performance information and inventory information.
Step 5 (Optional) Check the Private check box to change the attribute of the report. If selected, the report can
be viewed only by the specific user and network administrator.
Step 6 Click Save to save this report template.

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Viewing Custom Reports by Template


To view a custom report based on a specific template using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click View.


You see the Report table window as shown in Figure 7-32.

Figure 7-32 View Report Table

Step 2 In the left pane expand Templates.


Step 3 Select the report that you want to view. You can view the report in the main screen or you can view the
report in a new browser window if you click the report in the report table.

Viewing Custom Reports by Users


To view a custom report based on a specific user using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click View.


You see the report table window as shown in Figure 7-33.

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Figure 7-33 View Report Table

Step 2 In the left pane, click to expand Users.


Step 3 Double-click the user name.
Step 4 Select the report that you want to view. You can view the report in the main screen or you can view the
report in a new browser window if you click the report in the report table.

Generating Custom Reports by Template


You can generate reports based on a selected template or you can schedule the report to run at a specified
time.
To generate a report or to schedule a report using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select a SAN, fabric, or VSAN on which to base the report.


Step 2 Click the Reports tab, and then click Generate.
You see the Generate Custom Report tab window as shown in Figure 7-34.

Figure 7-34 Generate Custom Report Tab

Step 3 Choose a report template from the Available drop-down list.

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Step 4 (Optional) Change the name of the report. By default, report names are based on the date and time
generated.
Step 5 (Optional) Uncheck the Use Scope from Template check box to override the scope defined by the filter
type.
Step 6 (Optional) Check the Private check box to change the attribute of the report. If selected, the report can
be viewed only by the specific user and network administrator.
Step 7 (Optional) Check the Email Report check box to receive an e-mail notification.
Step 8 Click Generate to generate a report based on this template.
You see the report results in a new browser window. Alternatively, you can view the report by clicking
Report > View and selecting the report name from the report template you used in the navigation pane.
Step 9 Click Schedule to schedule a report based on this template. You see the schedule panel.
Step 10 In the schedule panel, specify the scheduled run time and how often you want the report to run.
Step 11 Enter a name for the report in the Job Name field and click Create Job to save the report.
You can view the scheduled jobs on the Scheduled Jobs page but once the scheduled jobs have started
running, they are removed from the Scheduled Job table.

Modifying a Custom Report Template


To edit a custom report template using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click Edit.


You see the Edit Report dialog box.
Step 2 Choose a report template and click Open.
You see the current information that this report gathers as shown in Figure 7-35.

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Figure 7-35 Report

Step 3 Indicate the information you want to gather in the report by checking the Health, Analysis,
Performance, or Inventory check boxes.
Step 4 (Optional) Select a severity level for events, status for inventory information, or type of end device for
performance information and inventory information.
Step 5 (Optional) Check the Private check box to change the attribute of the report. If selected, the report can
be viewed only by the specific user and network administrator.
Step 6 Click Save to save this report template.

Note You cannot change the SAN, fabrics or VSAN the report is based on. Generate a new report for
a new SAN, fabrics or VSAN.

Deleting Custom Reports


Reports you generate are saved by Fabric Manager Server. To delete a custom report, you need to first
select the report you want to delete. To delete a custom report based on a specific user using Fabric
Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click View.


Step 2 In the left pane, expand Users.
Step 3 Double-click the user name.
Step 4 In the right pane, select the report that you want to delete and then click Remove.

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Viewing Scheduled Jobs by Report Template


To view scheduled jobs by report template using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click Scheduled Jobs.
You see the Scheduled Jobs table window as shown in Figure 7-36.

Figure 7-36 Scheduled Jobs Table

Step 2 Click a report template in the left navigation pane to view the scheduled jobs based on the selected
template.

Modifying Scheduled Jobs


To modify scheduled jobs using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Reports tab, and then click Scheduled Jobs.
Step 2 In the right pane, click View.
You see the modify options in the Scheduled Jobs table as shown in Figure 7-37.

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Figure 7-37 Modify Scheduled Jobs

Step 3 Click the calander next to Start Date to modify the date settings.
Step 4 Select the Start Time drop-down list to modify time settings.
Step 5 Click to select the appropriate radio button to change the frequency of generating report.
Step 6 (Optional) - Check the Email Notification check box to get the report by e-mail.
Step 7 Click Edit Job to save changes.

Admin
Note Only network administrators can access the Fabric Manager Web Client Admin tab. Network operators
cannot view the Admin tab.

The Admin tab allows you to perform minor administrative and configuration tasks on the Fabric
Manager Server sending data to your web client.
The Admin tab contains the following subtabs:
StatusDisplays the status of the Database Server, and allows you to start and stop Performance
Collector services on your server. You should to restart services only if something is not working
properly, or if too large a percentage of system resources are being consumed.

Note You cannot start or stop Database Server services using Fabric Manager Webclient. If
you are using Microsoft Windows operating system, you need to use Microsoft
Management Console to Stop, Start or Restart Database Server.

ConfigureAllows you to configure various parameters for Fabric Manager Server.

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LogsAllows you to view all the logs from the various services running on the Fabric Manager
Server.

Note If you see a database file lock error in the database log, you can fix it by shutting down and restarting
the database server using the web client.

Recovering a Web Server Password


Fabric Manager Web Client user passwords are encrypted and stored locally on the workstation where
you installed Web Server. If you forget a password, you can create a new network-admin user locally on
the workstation where you installed Web Server and then log in and delete the old user account under
the Admin tab.
To create a user on the workstation where you installed Web Server and delete the old user, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Go to the Web Server installation directory and enter the cd command to access the bin directory.
Step 2 Enter the following line to create a user:
addUser.{sh,bat} <userName> <dbpassword>

Step 3 Choose Admin > Configure > Web Users > Local Database.
You see the list of users in the local database.
Step 4 Select the user that you want to delete and click Delete to remove the old user.

Starting, Restarting, and Stopping Services


To start, restart, or stop services using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Status.


You see a table of services and the status of each as shown in Figure 7-38.

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Figure 7-38 Fabric Manager Services Status

Step 2 Select the services you want to start, restart, or stop.


Step 3 Click Start or Stop, or Restart.
The selected services are started, restarted, or stopped.

Note If the word more is in the Status column, you can click it to view a detailed status of the
service.

Note You need to configure Performance collection in order to start, stop or restart Performance
Collector.

Adding, Editing, and Removing Managed Fabrics


Fabric Manager Web Client reports information gathered by the Fabric Manager Server on any fabric
known to the Fabric Manager Server.
To start managing a fabric from the Fabric Manager Server using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Fabrics in the left navigation pane.
You see the list of fabrics (if any) managed by Fabric Manager Server in the Opened column (see
Figure 7-39).

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Figure 7-39 List of Fabrics Managed by the Fabric Manager Server

Step 3 Click Add.


You see the Add Fabric dialog box shown in Figure 7-40.

Figure 7-40 Add Fabric Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter the seed switch IP address, read community and write community for this fabric.
Step 5 Enter the user name and password for this fabric.
Step 6 (Optional) Check the SNMPV3 check box. If you check SNMPV3, the fields Read Community and
Write Community change to User Name and Password. You must enter your user name and password.
Step 7 Select the privacy settings from the Auth-Privacy listbox.
Step 8 Click Add to begin managing this fabric.
Step 9 Select the IP address of the server from the Server listbox.

To stop managing a fabric from Fabric Manager Server using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these
steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Fabrics in the left navigation pane.

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Step 3 Check the check box next to the fabric that you want to remove and click Remove to discontinue data
collection for that fabric.

To edit a fabric from Fabric Manager Server using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Fabrics in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Check the check box next to the fabric that you want to edit and click Edit.
You see the Edit Fabric dialog box shown in Figure 7-41.

Figure 7-41 Edit Fabric Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter a new fabric name, user name and password and specify how you want Fabric Manager Server to
manage the fabric by selecting an option from the drop-down list.
Step 5 Click Modify to save the changes.

Viewing Trap and Syslog Registration Information


To view trap and syslog registration information from Fabric Manager Server using Fabric Manager Web
Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Registration in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Select a fabric to display registration information for that fabric.
You see the Registration screen showing the registration information for the selected fabric (see
Figure 7-42).

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Figure 7-42 Registration Screen

Step 4 (Optional) Click the Print icon or the Export Report icon for a copy of the information.

Configuring Forwarding of Notifications for Events


You can use Fabric Manager Web Client to add and remove notification forwards for system messages.

Note Fabric Manager Web Client forwards fabric events via e-mail or SNMPv1 traps.

To add a notification forward using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Forwarding in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Click Add.
You see the Add Notification dialog box shown in Figure 7-43.

Figure 7-43 Add Notification Dialog Box

Step 4 In the Type field, either choose E-Mail or SNMP Trap. If you choose Trap, a Port field is added to the
dialog box.

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Step 5 From the Fabric drop-down list, choose the fabric for notification.
Step 6 Either check the VSAN Scope check box to receive notifications for all VSANs, or enter the VSAN IDs
in the ID List field to limit the VSANs for which you want to receive notifications.
Step 7 Enter the e-mail address for notifications in the Address field.
Step 8 From the Minimum Severity drop-down list, select the severity level of the messages to receive.
Step 9 Click Add to add the notification.

Note The traps sent by Fabric Manager Server correspond to the severity type followed by a text description:
trap type(s) = 40990 (emergency) 40991 (alert) 40992 (critical) 40993 (error) 40994
(warning) 40995 (notice) 40996 (info) 40997 (debug)textDescriptionOid = 1, 3, 6, 1, 4, 1,
9, 9, 40999, 1, 1, 3, 0

To remove a notification forward using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Forwarding in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Check the check box in front of the notification that you want to remove.
Step 4 Click Remove.

Viewing and Disconnecting Clients


To view or disconnect clients from the Fabric Manager Server using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow
these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Clients in the left navigation pane.
You see the Clients page shown in Figure 7-44.

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Figure 7-44 List of Clients

Step 3 Check the check box next to the client you want to disconnect.
Step 4 Click Disconnect.

Configuring Fabric Manager Server Preferences


To configure Fabric Manager Server preferences, click the Admin tab, click Configure and then click
Preferences in the left navigation pane. Follow the on-screen instructions.

Adding and Removing Communities


You can use Fabric Manager Web Client to add and remove communities.
To add a community fabric using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Communities in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Click Add.
You see the Add Community dialog box shown in Figure 7-45.

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Figure 7-45 Add Community Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter the IP mask or address of the community in the IP Mask/Address field.

Note The IP mask can contain wildcards (0s) you can use to assign communities to subnets.

Step 5 Enter the name of the community in the Community field.


Step 6 Click Add to add the community.

To remove a community using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Communities in the left navigation pane.
You see the Communities page shown in Figure 7-46.

Figure 7-46 Communities Page

Step 3 Check the check box next to the community that you want to remove and click Remove.

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Note Cisco Fabric Manager 3.0(1) does not require you to make changes to the communities.properties file
even if you are using a Cisco MDS 9020 switch or any third-party devices.

Configuring AAA Information


To configure Fabric Manager Server preferences, click the Admin tab, click Configure and then in left
pane select, FMS Users, and AAA and follow the instructions on the screen.

Adding and Removing Users


You can use Fabric Manager Web Client to add and remove Web Server users.
To add a user using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Local Database in the left navigation pane.
You see the Local Database page shown in Figure 7-47.

Figure 7-47 Local Database Page

Step 3 Click Add.


You see the Add User dialog box shown in Figure 7-48.

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Figure 7-48 Add User Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter the user name in the User Name field.

Note The user name guest is a reserved name (case insensitive). The guest user can only view reports.
The guest user cannot change the guest password, nor can the guest user access the Admin tab
in Fabric Manager Web Client.

Step 5 Select a role for the user from the Role drop-down list.
Step 6 Enter the password in the Password field.
Step 7 Enter the password again in the Confirm Password field.
Step 8 Click Add to add the user to the database.
Step 9 Repeat Steps 3 through 7 to continue adding users.

To remove a user using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Local Database in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Click the radio button next to the user that you want to remove and click Remove.

Adding and Removing Roles


You can use Fabric Manager Web Client to add and remove Web Server roles.
To add a role using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Local Roles in the left navigation pane.
You see the Local Roles page as shown in Figure 7-49.

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Figure 7-49 Local Roles Page

Step 3 Click Add.


You see the Add Role dialog box shown in Figure 7-50.

Figure 7-50 Add Role Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter the role name in the Role Name field.


Step 5 Select fabrics that the role can access from the Available Fabrics column and add them to the Selected
Fabrics column.
Step 6 Click Add to add the role to the database.
Step 7 Repeat Steps 3 through 5 to add additional roles.

To remove a role using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Click the Admin tab and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Local Roles in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Click the radio button next to the role you want to remove and click Remove.

Creating Performance Collections


If you are managing your fabrics with Performance Manager, you need to set up an initial set of flows
and collections on the fabric. You can use Fabric Manager Web Client to add and remove performance
collections. The fabric has to be licensed and in the Managed Continuously state before a collection for
the fabric can be created.

Note You cannot manage performance collections for multiple devices through a single port interface. Since
only one set of statistics exists per interface, Fabric Manager Web Client can manage performance
collections for only one visible FL or iSCSI device through an interface.

To add a collection using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Collections in the left navigation pane.
You see the Collections page as shown in Figure 7-51.

Figure 7-51 Collections Page

Step 3 Click Add.


You see the Create Collection dialog box shown in Figure 7-52.

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Figure 7-52 Create Collection Dialog Box

Step 4 Select a fabric for which to collect performance data from the Fabric drop-down list.
Step 5 Either check the VSAN Scope check box to receive notifications for all VSANs, or enter the VSAN IDs
in the ID List field to limit the VSANs for which you want to collect performance data.
Step 6 Check the check boxes for the type(s) of entities for which you want to collect performance data.
Step 7 Check the check boxes for the type(s) of thresholds you want to enable.
Step 8 Click Create to add the collection and add it to the table.
Step 9 Repeat Steps 3 through 8 to continue adding roles.

Note Performance Manager shows statistics for fabrics that you have configured collections for using the
Collection Wizard.

To remove a collection using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Collections in the left navigation pane.
Step 3 Check the check box next to the collection you want to remove and click Remove.

Configuring Other Statistics


To configue other statistics using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Others in the left navigation pane.
You see the Others page as shown in Figure 7-53.

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Figure 7-53 Others Page

Step 3 Click Add.


You see the Add Oid dialog box shown in Figure 7-54.

Figure 7-54 Add Oid Dialog Box

Step 4 Select a fabric for which you want to add other statistics.
Step 5 Select the statistic that you want to add from the Other OID drop-down list and specify a name for the
statistic in the Display Name field.
Step 6 Click Add to add this statistic.

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Configuring Collection Thresholds


To configure collection thresholds using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Thresholds in the left navigation pane.
You see the Thresholds page shown in Figure 7-55.

Figure 7-55 Thresholds Page

Step 3 If you are using absolute values, follow these steps, otherwise skip to Step 3.
a. To configure conditions for sending Critical notifications, check the Send Critical check box. In the
...when traffic exceeds field, enter a number (from 5 to 95) to indicate the percentage at which the
Critical notification is sent. For example, entering 10 causes a notification to be sent when traffic at
any given time exceeds 10% of capacity.
b. To configure conditions for sending Warning notifications, check the Send Warning check box. In
the ...when traffic exceeds field, enter a number (from 5 to 95) to indicate the percentage at which
the Warning notification is sent. For example, entering 9 causes a notification to be sent when traffic
at any given time exceeds 9% of capacity.
Step 4 Select the time period for the collection (1 Week, 1 Month, or 1 Year) from the Baseline Values over past
drop-down list. The baseline value represents the sum of the absolute values.
a. To configure conditions for sending Critical notifications, check the Send Critical check box. In the
...when traffic exceeds field, enter a number to indicate the percentage at which the Critical
notification is sent. For example, entering 300 causes a notification to be sent when traffic for the
selected period exceeds 300% of capacity.

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b. To configure conditions for sending Warning notifications, check the Send Warning check box. In
the ...when traffic exceeds field, enter a number to indicate the percentage at which the Warning
notification is sent. For example, entering 150 causes a notification to be sent when traffic for the
selected period exceeds 150% of capacity.
Step 5 Click Apply.

Importing the RRD Statistics Index


To manually import the RRD statistics index, follow these steps:

Step 1 Stop Fabric Manager Server.


Step 2 Copy the original RRD file into $INSTALLDIR/pm/db.
Step 3 Run $INSTALLDIR/bin/pm.bat s.
Step 4 Restart the Fabric Manager Server and add the fabric.

Configuring the RRD Database


Configuring the RRD database allows you to set the intervals at which data samples are collected. After
applying the configuration, the database storage format is converted to a new format at those intervals.
Since database formats are incompatible with each other, you must copy the old data (before the
conversion) to the $INSTALLDIR/pm directory. SeeImporting the RRD Statistics Index section on
page 7-61.

To configure the RRD database using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Configure.


Step 2 Click Database in the left navigation pane.
You see the Performance Database (collection interval) page as shown in Figure 7-56.

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Figure 7-56 Performance Database Page

Step 3 Enter the number of days to collect samples at 5-minute intervals in the top row of the Days column.
Step 4 Enter the number of days to collect samples at 30-minute intervals in the second row of the Days column.
Step 5 Enter the number of days to collect samples at 2-hour intervals in the third row of the Days column.
Step 6 Enter the number of days to collect samples at 1-day intervals in the bottom row of the Days column.

Note As of Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.1(1) and later, you can configure the sampling interval for ISLs.
Select a sampling interval from the ISLs drop-down list.

Step 7 Click Apply to apply your changes, or click Defaults to reset the file sizes to the default values.
If you are applying new values, or if the current values are not the default values, you see a message
indicating that conversion of the RRD files will take a certain amount of time and that the database will
be unavailable until then. The time it takes depends on the difference between the old and new values.

Note The system allows you to convert data, one process at a time. When you start converting the data,
the Apply and Default buttons change to Refresh and Cancel so that another process cannot be
inadvertently started. The display is the same for all browsers accessing the server during this
time. Click Refresh to view the latest progress. Click Cancel to cancel the process of converting
the data. If the job is successfully canceled, you see the Apply and Default buttons again. If the
cancel job is not successful, you see a message indicating that the cancellation has failed.

If you want to perform this procedure, it is best to perform it before collecting a lot of data.
Otherwise, converting the data can take a long time.

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Viewing Log Information


You may occasionally want to view logs such as the Fabric Manager Server log. These processes have
no corresponding GUI to allow you to view information about these log files. If you see errors, preserve
these two files for viewing.
To view log information using Fabric Manager Web Client, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the Admin tab, and then click Logs.


You see a list of viewable logs in the left column.
Step 2 Click a log file to view it.

Downloading Fabric Manager Client


You must use Fabric Manager Web Client to launch Fabric Manager Client. See the Launching Fabric
Manager Client in Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.2(1) and Later section on page 5-2 for information on
launching Fabric Manager Client.

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CH A P T E R 8
Performance Manager

The primary purpose of Fabric Manager is to manage the network. A key management capability is
network performance monitoring. This chapter includes the following topics:
Performance Manager Architecture, page 8-1
Flow Statistics Configuration, page 8-6

Performance Manager Architecture


Performance Manager gathers network device statistics historically and provides this information
graphically using a web browser. It presents recent statistics in detail and older statistics in summary.
Performance Manager also integrates with external tools such as Cisco Traffic Analyzer.
The Performance Manager has three operational stages:
DefinitionThe Flow Wizard sets up flows in the switches.
CollectionThe Web Server Performance Collection screen collects information on desired fabrics.
PresentationGenerates web pages to present the collected data through Fabric Manager Web
Server.
Performance Manager can collect statistics for ISLs, hosts, storage elements, and configured flows.
Flows are defined based on a host-to-storage (or storage-to-host) link. Performance Manager gathers
statistics from across the fabric based on collection configuration files. These files determine which SAN
elements and SAN links Performance Manager gathers statistics for. Based on this configuration,
Performance Manager communicates with the appropriate devices (switches, hosts, or storage elements)
and collects the appropriate information at fixed five-minute intervals.
Performance Manager uses a round-robin database to hold the statistical data collected from the fabric.
This data is stored based on the configured parameters in the collection configuration file. At each
polling interval, Performance Manager gathers the relevant statistics and stores them in the round-robin
database. This database is a fixed size and will not grow beyond its preset limits.
Performance Manager creates a series of archived data to hold summarized information present in the
real-time round-robin database. This archived data is used to generate daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly
consolidated reports. In this way, Performance Manager maintains significant historical data without the
cost of an ever-increasing database size.

Note You must restart Performance Manager if you change the user credentials on Fabric Manager Server.

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Data Interpolation
One of the unique features of Performance Manager is its ability to interpolate data when statistical
polling results are missing or delayed. Other performance tools may store the missing data point as zero,
but this can distort historical trending. Performance Manager interpolates the missing data point by
comparing the data point that preceded the missing data and the data point stored in the polling interval
after the missing data. This maintains the continuity of the performance information.

Data Collection
One years worth of data for two variables (Rx and Tx bytes) requires a round-robin database (rrd) file
size of 76 K. If errors and discards are also collected, the rrd file size becomes 110 K. The default
internal values are as follows:
600 samples of 5 minutes (2 days and 2 hours)
700 samples of 30 minutes (12.5 days)
775 samples of 2 hours (50 days)
300 samples of 1 day
A 1000-port SAN requires 110 MB for a years worth of historical data that includes errors and discards.
If there were 20 switches in this SAN with equal distribution of fabric ports, about two to three SNMP
packets per switch would be sent every 5 minutes for a total of about 100 request or response SNMP
packets required to monitor the data.
Because of their variable counter requests, flows are more difficult to predict storage space requirements
for. But in general you can expect that, each extra flow adds another 76 KB.

Note Performance Manager does not collect statistics on nonmanageable and non-MDS switches. Loop
devices (FL/NL) are not collected.

Using Performance Thresholds


The Performance Manager Configuration Wizard allows you to set up two thresholds that will trigger
events when the monitored traffic exceeds the percent utilization configured. These event triggers can be
set as either Critical or Warning events that are reported on the Fabric Manager web client Events
browser page.
Absolute value thresholds apply directly to the statistics gathered. These statistics, as a percent of the
total link capacity, are compared to the percent utilization configured for the threshold type. If the
statistics exceed either configured threshold, an event is shown on the Fabric Manager web client Events
tab.
Baseline thresholds create a threshold that adapts to the typical traffic pattern for each link for the same
time window each day, week, or every two weeks. Baseline thresholds are set as a percent of the average
(110% to 500%), where 100% equals the calculated weighted average. Figure 8-1 shows an example of
setting a baseline threshold for a weekly or daily option.

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Figure 8-1 Baseline Threshold Example

Two thresholds per throughput


Weekly (option) statistic - updated hourly

8 weeks
Mon 1/3 Mon 1/10 Mon 1/17 Mon 2/21 @2 PM

Threshold
setting
Average X Mon 2/28 @2 PM

Percent over baseline (e.g. 130%)

Daily (option)

14 days
Mon 2/14 Tues 2/15 Wed 2/16 Sun 2/27 @2 PM

Threshold
setting
Average X Mon 2/28 @2 PM

130886
Percent over baseline (e.g. 130%)

The threshold is set for Monday at 2 p.m. The baseline threshold is set at 130% of the average for that
statistic. The average is calculated from the statistics value that occurred at 2 p.m. on Monday, for every
prior Monday (for the weekly option) or the statistics value that occurred at 2 p.m. on each day, for every
prior day (for the daily option).

Flow Setup Wizards


The Performance Manager Flow and Performance Manager Setup wizards greatly simplify
configuration. All you need to do is select the categories of statistics to capture and the wizards provide
a list of flows and links to monitor. You can remove entries if desired, or just accept the provided list and
start data collection. Statistics for host and storage links are not associated with a specific port on a
switch, so you do not lose long term statistics if a connection is moved to a different port.

Creating a Flow Using Flow Configuration Wizard


To create a flow using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Performance > Create Flows.


You see the Define Traffic Flows dialog box as shown in Figure 8-2.

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Figure 8-2 Create Flows Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the drop-down menu in the VSAN field.


Step 3 Choose the list of VSANs provided by the flow configuration wizard.
Step 4 Click the drop-down menu in the Zone field.
Step 5 Choose the list of zones provided by the flow configuration wizard.
Step 6 Click Next to continue to the next window (see Figure 8-3).

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Figure 8-3 Review Traffic Flows Dialog Box

Step 7 Choose items in the Possible Flow Pairs area.


The Review Traffic Flows window displays all VSAN flow pairs in the Exisitng Flows for Vsan area.
Step 8 Click Add to create the selected flow.
Step 9 Choose items in the Existing Flows for Vsan area.
Step 10 Click Remove to remove the selected flow.
Step 11 Click Finish to restart the Performance Manager collection.
You see the Confirmation dialog box as shown in Figure 8-4.

Figure 8-4 Confirmation Dialog Box

To verify the newly created flow, choose Physical Attributes > End Devices > Flow Statistics. The
newly created flows are displayed.

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Flow Statistics Configuration


Flow statistics count the ingress traffic in the aggregated statistics table. You can collect two kinds of
statistics:
Aggregated flow statistics to count the traffic for a VSAN.
Flow statistics to count the traffic for a source and destination ID pair in a VSAN.
This section includes the following topics:
About Flow Statistics, page 8-6

About Flow Statistics


If you enable flow counters, you can enable a maximum of 1 K entries for aggregate flow and flow
statistics. Be sure to assign an unused flow index to a module for each new flow. Flow indexes can be
repeated across modules. The number space for flow index is shared between the aggregate flow
statistics and the flow statistics.
Generation 1 modules allow a maximum of 1024 flow statements per module. Generation 2 modules
allow a maximum of 2048-128 flow statements per module.
Table 8-1 explains the Flow Type radio button that defines the type of traffic monitored.

Table 8-1 Performance Manager Flow Types

Flow type Description


Host->Storage Unidirectional flow, monitoring data from the host to the storage element
Storage->Host Unidirectional flow, monitoring data from the storage element to the host
Both Bidirectional flow, monitoring data to and from the host and storage
elements

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CH A P T E R 9
Cisco Traffic Analyzer

Cisco Traffic Analyzer is a version of network top (ntop) software that is modified to support Fibre
Channel and SCSI.
This chapter contains the following sections:
Understanding SPAN, page 9-1
Using Cisco Traffic Analyzer with Performance Manager, page 9-2
Installing Cisco Traffic Analyzer, page 9-3
Accessing Traffic Analyzer from Fabric Manager Web Server, page 9-5

Understanding SPAN
The SPAN feature is specific to switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family. It monitors network traffic
though a Fibre Channel interface. Traffic through any Fibre Channel interface can be replicated to a
special port called the SPAN destination port (SD port). Any Fibre Channel port in a switch can be
configured as an SD port. Once an interface is in SD port mode, it cannot be used for normal data traffic.
You can attach a Fibre Channel analyzer to the SD port to monitor SPAN traffic.
SD ports do not receive frames, they transmit a copy of the SPAN source traffic. The SPAN feature is
nonintrusive and does not affect switching of network traffic for any SPAN source ports (see Figure 9-1).

Figure 9-1 SPAN Transmission

SPAN source port


Fibre Channel traffic
fc1/2
Fibre Channel traffic
fc3/1

Fibre Channel analyzer


Cisco MDS 9000 switch fc9/1
85478

SD port

For information on configuring SPAN, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.

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Using Cisco Traffic Analyzer with Performance Manager


Performance Manager works in conjunction with Cisco Traffic Analyzer to monitor and manage the
traffic on your fabric. Using Cisco Traffic Analyzer with Performance Manager requires the following
components:
A configured Fibre Channel Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) destination (SD) port to forward Fibre
Channel traffic.
A Port Analyzer Adapter 2 (PAA-2) to convert the Fibre Channel traffic to Ethernet traffic.
Cisco Traffic Analyzer software to analyze the traffic from the PAA-2.

Note We recommend that you install Traffic Analyzer and Performance Manager on separate servers. Linux
server is recommended for installing Traffic Analyzer.

Figure 9-2 shows how Performance Manager works with Cisco Traffic Analyzer to monitor traffic on
your fabric.

Figure 9-2 Overview of Performance Manager Working with Cisco Traffic Analyzer

Performance Cisco Traffic


Manager Analyzer
GUI Collection GUI Collection SPAN destination port

NIC 1 NIC 2 PAA MDS 9000 switch

Network mgmt0
port
113485
PC PC PC

Understanding the PAA-2


The PAA-2 enables effective, low-cost analysis of Fibre Channel traffic. The device is a standalone Fibre
Channel-to-Ethernet adapter, designed primarily to analyze SPAN traffic from a Fibre Channel port on
a Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch. The main function of the Port Analyzer Adapter 2 is to encapsulate
Fibre Channel frames into Ethernet frames. This allows low-cost analysis of Fibre Channel traffic while
leveraging the existing Ethernet infrastructure.
The PAA-2 allows you to examine Fibre Channel frames of various sizes. Fibre Channel frames from
Layers 2, 3, and 4 may be examined without network disruption.

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Understanding Cisco Traffic Analyzer


Performance Manager collects Fibre Channel level performance statistics using SNMP to access
counters on Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches. To view detailed SCSI I/O statistics, you need to look at
the data on an SD port with the help of Cisco Traffic Analyzer, which uses the Cisco Port Analyzer
Adapter 2 (PAA-2).
Cisco Traffic Analyzer provides real-time analysis of SPAN traffic or analysis of captured traffic through
a Web browser user interface. Traffic encapsulated by one or more Port Analyzer Adapter 2 products can
be analyzed concurrently with a single workstation running Cisco Traffic Analyzer, which is based on
ntop, a public domain software enhanced by Cisco for Fibre Channel traffic analysis.
Round-trip response times, SCSI I/Os per second, SCSI read or traffic throughput and frame counts,
SCSI session status, and management task information are monitored. Additional statistics are also
available on Fibre Channel frame sizes and network management protocols.
For seamless performance analysis and troubleshooting, Cisco Traffic Analyzer can be launched
in-context from Fabric Manager. Port world wide name (pWWN), Fibre Channel ID (FC ID), FC alias,
and VSAN names are passed to Cisco Traffic Analyzer.
Cisco Traffic Analyzer must be downloaded and installed separately from the following website:
http://www.cisco.com/kobayashi/sw-center/sw-stornet.shtml.
Cisco Traffic Analyzer software is available under the Port Analyzer Adapter link. See the Installing
Cisco Traffic Analyzer section on page 9-3.

Caution Cisco Traffic Analyzer for Fibre Channel throughput values are not accurate when used with the original
Cisco Port Analyzer Adapter (PAA) if data truncation is enabled. PAA Version 2 (product ID
DS-PAA_2) is required to achieve accurate results with truncation, because it adds a count that enables
Cisco Traffic Analyzer to determine how many data bytes were actually transferred.

Note Refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide for information on configuring the
settings for your SPAN destination port. It is important that the data you collect through this port matches
the data collected by Performance Manager through the mgmt0 port. If the data does not match, you
cannot view Cisco Traffic Analyzer information through a Traffic Analyzer link on the detail page of a
Performance Manager report.

Installing Cisco Traffic Analyzer


To install Cisco Traffic Analyzer on a UNIX workstation, follow these steps:

Step 1 Open a browser and go to the following website to access the web page where Cisco Traffic Analyzer is
available:
http://cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/mds-fm.
Step 2 Download fc-ntop.tar.gz and install it using the instructions at the following website:
http://www.ntop.org.
Step 3 Verify that the Fibre Channel port on the PAA-2 is connected to the SD port on the switch (Figure 9-2).
Step 4 Verify that the Ethernet port on the PAA-2 is connected to the workstation running Cisco Traffic
Analyzer.

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Step 5 Click Interfaces > SPAN in Device Manager to configure SPAN on the required switch ports.
Step 6 Click Interfaces > SPAN in Device Manager to verify that the Fibre Channel port connected to the
PAA-2 is configured as an SD port. The port mode of the destination interface must be SD.
Step 7 Click the Sessions tab in Device Manager to verify the correct destination and source of traffic (ingress).

Caution Cisco Traffic Analyzer must not be used with the PAA-2 in Management mode (MNM). Refer to the
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Port Analyzer Adapter 2 Installation and Configuration Note.

To install Cisco Traffic Analyzer on a Windows workstation, follow these steps:

Step 1 Open a browser and go to the following website to access the web page where Cisco Traffic Analyzer is
available:
http://cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/mds-fm.
Step 2 Download ntop-win32.zip and save it on your workstation.
Step 3 Unzip the downloaded file.

Note You need the WinPcap library file to use Cisco Traffic Analyzer on a Microsoft Windows
system.You can download this file from the following website:
http://winpcap.polito.it/.

Step 4 Open a command prompt and change directories to your ntop installation directory.
Step 5 Type ntop -i or install ntop as a service on Windows by following these steps:
a. Type ntop /i to install ntop as a service.
b. Choose Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Services to access the Windows Services
Panel.
c. Right-click ntop and choose properties. You see the Properties dialog box.
d. Set the Start Parameters to -i interface number, where interface number is the number of the
interface on your workstation that connects to the PAA-2.
e. Click Start to start ntop on that interface.

Note Subsequent restarts of the ntop service do not require setting the -i option. unless you are
changing the interface that connects to the PAA-2.

Step 6 Verify that the Fibre Channel port on the PAA-2 is connected to the SD port on the switch (Figure 9-2).
Step 7 Verify that the Ethernet port on the PAA-2 is connected to the workstation running Cisco Traffic
Analyzer.
Step 8 Click Interfaces > SPAN in Device Manager to configure SPAN on the required switch ports.
Step 9 Click the Sources tab in Device Manager to verify that the Fibre Channel port connected to the PAA-2
is configured as an SD port. The port mode of the destination interface must be SD.
Step 10 Click the Sessions tab in Device Manager to verify the correct destination and source of traffic (ingress).

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Tip To modify the script that launches ntop (ntop.sh or ntop.bat), follow the instructions provided within the
script file. Create a backup of the original script before modifying the file.
Linux platforms use the shell script path. The ntop output is sent to the syslog file (/var/log/messages
by default).
Windows platforms use the batch file. The ntop output is sent to a file located in the same directory
as the one from which ntop is launched.

Accessing Traffic Analyzer from Fabric Manager Web Server


Fabric Manager supports discovering instances of Traffic Analyzer and SPAN ports configured within
your fabric.
Fabric Manager Web Server supports the following Traffic Analyzer integration features:
SCSI I/O Traffic Analyzer pages can be viewed within the Web client.
Traffic Analyzer can reside on a different server than Performance Manager.
Performance Manager integrates with multiple servers running Traffic Analyzer.
Instances of Traffic Analyzer servers can be discovered by Fabric Manager Server.
Web client report lists SPAN destination ports and associations with Traffic Analyzers.
To access an instance of Traffic Analyzer running in your fabric using Fabric Manager Web Server,
follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose the Performance tab and then the Traffic Analyzer tab.
You see a summary table of all SPAN destination ports and configured Traffic Analyzers in your fabric
(see Figure 9-3). The source column shows the ports that are monitored by the SPAN destination port.

Figure 9-3 Traffic Analyzer in Fabric Manager Web Server

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Step 2 Click a Traffic Analyzer to launch that Traffic Analyzer within Fabric Manager Web Server.

To rediscover instances of Traffic Analyzer running in your fabric using Fabric Manager Web Server,
follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Performance > Traffic Analyzer.


You see a summary table of all SPAN destination ports and configured Traffic Analyzers in your fabric
shown in Figure 9-4.

Figure 9-4 Traffic Analyzer in Fabric Manager Web Server

Step 2 Navigate to the fabric or VSAN where you want to rediscover instances of Traffic Analyzer from the
navigation bar.
Step 3 Set Analyzers on Subnet to the subnet that you want to discover.
Step 4 Click Discover to find instances of Traffic Analyzer within the selected fabric or VSAN and subnet.

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PA R T 2

Installation and Switch Management


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CH A P T E R 10
Obtaining and Installing Licenses

Licenses are available in all switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family. Licensing allows you to access
specified premium features on the switch after you install the appropriate license for that feature.
This chapter contains information related to licensing types, options, procedures, installation, and
management for the Cisco MDS NX-OS software.
This chapter includes the following sections:
Licensing Terminology, page 10-1
Licensing Model, page 10-2
Licensing High Availability, page 10-8
Options to Install a License, page 10-8
Obtaining a Factory-Installed License, page 10-9
Performing a Manual Installation, page 10-9
Obtaining the License Key File, page 10-9
Installing the License Key File, page 10-10
Installing Licenses Using Fabric Manager License Wizard, page 10-11
Installing or Updating Licenses Using Device Manager, page 10-12
Identifying License Features in Use, page 10-13
Uninstalling Licenses, page 10-14
Updating Licenses, page 10-14
Grace Period Alerts, page 10-15
License Transfers Between Switches, page 10-16
Displaying License Information, page 10-16
Fabric Manager Server Licensing, page 10-17

Licensing Terminology
The following terms are used in this chapter:
Licensed featurePermission to use a particular feature through a license file, a hardware object,
or a legal contract. This permission is limited to the number of users, number of instances, time span,
and the implemented switch.

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Licensed applicationA software feature that requires a license to be used.


License enforcementA mechanism that prevents a feature from being used without first obtaining
a license.
Node-locked licenseA license that can only be used on a particular switch using the switchs
unique host ID.
Host IDsA unique chassis serial number that is specific to each Cisco MDS switch.
Proof of purchaseA document entitling its rightful owner to use licensed feature(s) on one Cisco
MDS switch as described in that document. Also known as the claim certificate.
Product Authorization Key (PAK)The PAK allows you to obtain a license key from one of the sites
listed in the proof of purchase document. After registering at the specified website, you will receive
your license key file and installation instructions through e-mail.
License key fileA switch-specific unique file that specifies the licensed features. Each file
contains digital signatures to prevent tampering and modification. License keys are required to use
a licensed feature. License keys are enforced within a specified time span.
Counted licenseThe number of licenses issued for a single feature (for example, FCIP). You can
increase counted licenses (incremental licenses) should a need arise in the future.
Missing licenseIf the bootflash has been corrupted or a supervisor module replaced after a license
has been installed, that license will show as missing. The feature will still work, but the license
count will be inaccurate. You should reinstall the license as soon as possible.
Incremental licenseAn additional licensed feature that was not in the initial license file. License
keys are incrementalif you purchase some features now and others later, the license file and the
software detect the sum of all features for the specified switch.
Port Activation licenseA license that activates additional ports on any of the following:
Cisco MDS 9124 Multilayer Fabric Switch
Cisco MDS 9134 Multilayer Fabric Switch
Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem
Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter
For more information refer to Chapter 11, On-Demand Port Activation Licensing.
Evaluation licenseA temporary license. Evaluation licenses are time bound (valid for a specified
number of days) and are not tied to a host ID (switch serial number).
Permanent licenseA license that is not time bound is called a permanent license.
Grace periodThe amount of time the features in a license package can continue functioning
without a license.
SupportIf you purchased Cisco support through a Cisco reseller, contact the reseller directly. If
you purchased support directly from Cisco Systems, contact Cisco Technical Support at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html

Licensing Model
Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches and
is provided at no extra charge.
We recommend that you do not download more licenses than can be used for a module or switch.

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See Chapter 11, On-Demand Port Activation Licensing for information about on-demand port
activation licensing.
The licensing model defined for the Cisco MDS product line has two options:
Feature-based licenses allow features that are applicable to the entire switch. The cost varies based
on a per-switch usage. Table 10-1 lists the feature-based license packages.
Module-based licenses allow features that require additional hardware modules. The cost varies
based on a per-module usage. An example is the IPS-8 or IPS-4 module using the FCIP feature.

Note Each module requires its own separate license. If you replace a module that requires a
license with a module of the same type (such as replacing a Storage Services Module (SSM)
with another SSM), the existing license will support the new module.

Note The Cisco MDS 9216i and the Cisco MDS 9222i switches enable SAN extension features on the two
fixed IP services ports only. The features enabled on these ports are identical to the features enabled by
the SAN extension over IP license on the 14/2-port Multiprotocol Services (MPS-14/2) module. If you
install a module with IP ports in the empty slot on the Cisco MDS 9216i or the Cisco MDS 9222i switch,
a separate SAN extension over IP license is required to enable related features, such as FCIP, on the IP
ports of the additional module.

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Table 10-1 Feature-Based Licenses

Feature License Features


Enterprise package Enhanced security features:

(ENTERPRISE_PKG) LUN zoning


Read-only zones
FC Port security
VSAN-based access control
Fibre Channel Security Protocol (FC-SP)
authentication
Advanced traffic engineeringquality of service
(QoS)
IP security (IPsec) protocol for iSCSI and FCIP
using the MPS-14/2 module or Cisco MDS 9216i
switch
IPsec & IKE for IPv4
IKE digital certificates
Extended credits using the MPS-14/2 module or the
Cisco MDS 9216i Switch
Enhanced VSAN routinginter-VSAN routing
(IVR) over Fibre Channel
IVR Network Address Translation (NAT) over
Fibre Channel
Zone-based traffic prioritizing
Zone-based FC QoS
Extended BB_Credits
Fibre Channel write acceleration
SCSI flow statistics
FCIP encryption
Fabric binding for Fibre Channel
SAN device virtualization

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Table 10-1 Feature-Based Licenses (continued)

Feature License Features


SAN extension over IP package for IPS-8 The following features apply to IPS-8 and IPS-4
modules modules:
(SAN_EXTN_OVER_IP) FCIP
SAN extension over IP package for IPS-4 FCIP compression
modules
FCIP write acceleration
(SAN_EXTN_OVER_IP_IPS4)
FCIP tape read acceleration
SAN extension tuner features
IVR over FCIP
IVR NAT over FCIP
Network Stimulator
SAN extension over IP package for The following features apply to the MPS-14/2 module
MPS-14/2 modules and the fixed Cisco MDS 9216i IP ports:
(SAN_EXTN_OVER_IP_IPS2) FCIP
Note The FCIP, IVR, and SAN extension Hardware-based FCIP compression
tuner features are bundled with the
FCIP write acceleration
Cisco MDS 9216i switch and do not
require the SAN extension over IP FCIP tape read acceleration
package to be installed for the fixed SAN extension tuner features
IP ports on the integrated supervisor
module. You must install a SAN IVR over FCIP
extension over IP package if you IVR NAT over FCIP
install an MPS-14/2, IPS-8, or IPS-4
module in the Cisco MDS9216i
switch.
SAN extension over IP package for one The following features apply to the MPS-18/4 or
MPS-18/4 or one MPS-18/4 FIPS in the MPS-18/4 FIPS modules:
Cisco MDS 9500 series
FCIP
(SAN_EXTN_OVER_IP_18_4)
Hardware-based FCIP compression
FCIP write acceleration
FCIP tape read acceleration
SAN extension tuner features
IVR over FCIP
IVR NAT over FCIP

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Table 10-1 Feature-Based Licenses (continued)

Feature License Features


Mainframe package FICON protocol and CUP management

(MAINFRAME_PKG) FICON VSAN and intermixing


Switch cascading
Fabric binding for FICON
IBM TotalStorage Virtual Tape Server (VTS)
IBM TotalStorage XRC application
FICON tape acceleration
FICON license for 9100
Persistent FCIDs for FICON
Config locking for FICON
Port swap, block, prohibit
FICON Qualification
Fabric Manager Server package Centralized, Multiple physical fabric management
(FM_SERVER_PKG) Fabric discovery services
Continuous MDS health and event monitoring
Long term historical Fibre Channel performance
monitoring and reporting
Custom performance reports and charting for
hotspot analysis
Historical Performance Monitoring
Performance prediction
Performance threshold monitoring
Fabric Manager Web Client for operational view
Fabric Manager server proxy services
Server performance summary report
Configurable RRD collection parameters
Data collection auto update
Event forwarding
Filtering by user-defined groups
Custom Reports Enhancements
Fabric Analysis Report
Threshold Configuration Flexibility
Web-based operational view
Roaming User Profiles
Traffic Analyzer for SCSI Flow Statistics

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Table 10-1 Feature-Based Licenses (continued)

Feature License Features


Storage Services Enabler package The underlying infrastructure and programmatic
interface to enable network-hosted storage
(STORAGE_SERVICES_ENABLER_PKG)
applications when used with the Storage Services
Modules (SSMs).
The intelligent fabric applications running on the
SSM that require the SSE license are as follows:
SANTap
Network-based Storage Virtualization
Third-party partner application
On-demand Port Activation Licensing Activates ports (in 8-port increments) on the Cisco
package MDS 9124 Fabric Switch, which has 24 ports. The
(PORT_ACTIVATION_PKG) first 8 ports are licensed by default.
Activates 8 ports of 4Gbps on the Cisco MDS 9134
Note License Manager does not prevent
Fabric Switch. The switch has 32 ports, 24 of which
installing more port licenses then the
are licensed by default.
available physical ports on the
switch. The extra licenses if On the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class
installed, will not affect the normal BladeSystem, any eight internal ports and external
behaviour of the licensed ports. ports ext1 through ext4 are licensed by default.
On the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter,
any seven internal ports and external ports ext0,
ext15 and ext16 are licensed by default.
See Chapter 11, On-Demand Port Activation
Licensing for information about on-demand port
activation licensing.
10 Gbps Port Activation Package Activates the two 10 Gbps ports on the Cisco MDS
10G_PORT_ACTIVATION_PKG 9134 Multilayer Fabric Switch.
Storage Media Encryption (SME) Activates Storage Media Encryption for Intrusion
Prevention System (IPS) Sensor of 184 unit
SME_FOR_IPS_184_PKG
specification.
SME_FOR_9222i_PKG
Activates Storage Media Encryption for MDS
9222i switch.

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Table 10-1 Feature-Based Licenses (continued)

Feature License Features


Data Mobility Manager (DMM) The Cisco MDS 9000 DMM feature runs on the
Storage Service Module (SSM) in a MDS series
DMM_FOR_SSM_PKG
switch. This license will activate Data Mobility
Manager (DMM) for Storage Service Module.
Online migration of heterogenous arrays
Simultaneous migration of multiple LUNs
Unequal size LUN migration
Rate adjusted migration
Verification of migrated data
Secure erasure of migrated data
Dual fabric support

Note License packages for Cisco DMM (Cisco Data Mobility Manager) and Cisco SME (Cisco Storage Media
Encryption) are documented in the Cisco MDS Data Mobility Manager Configuration Guide, and the
Cisco Storage Media Encryption Configuration Guide.

Licensing High Availability


As with other Cisco MDS NX-OS features, the licensing feature also maintains the following high
availability standards for all switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family:
Installing any license in any switch is a nondisruptive process.
Installing a license automatically saves a copy of permanent licenses to the chassis in all switches.
Enabling a license feature without a license key starts a counter on the grace period. You then have
120 days to install the appropriate license keys or disable the use of that feature. If at the end of the
120-day grace period the switch does not have a valid license key for the feature, the feature is
automatically disabled by the switch.
Directors in the Cisco MDS 9500 Series have the following additional high availability features:
The license software runs on both supervisor modules and provides failover protection.
The license key file is mirrored on both supervisor modules. Even if both supervisor modules fail,
the license file continues to function from the version that is available on the chassis.

Options to Install a License


If you have purchased a new switch through either your reseller or through Cisco Systems, you can:
Obtain a factory-installed license (only applies to new switch orders).
Perform a manual license installation (applies to existing switches).

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Obtaining a Factory-Installed License


You can obtain factory-installed licenses for a new switch.
To obtain a factory-installed license for a new Cisco MDS switch, follow these steps:

Step 1 Contact your reseller or Cisco representative and request this service.

Note If you purchased Cisco support through a Cisco reseller, contact the reseller directly. If you
purchased support directly from Cisco Systems, contact Cisco Technical Support at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html

Your switch is shipped with the required licenses installed in the system. The proof of purchase
document is sent along with the switch.
Step 2 Obtain the host ID from the proof of purchase document for future use.
Step 3 Start to use the switch and the licensed features.

Performing a Manual Installation


If you have existing switches or if you wish to install the licenses on your own, you must first obtain the
license key file and then install that file in the switch (see Figure 10-1).

Figure 10-1 Obtaining a License Key File

Software claims certificate Internet web browser


Release 1 .1 and 1.2
Website URL URL address

Product authorization key Product authorization key


License key file
Proof of purchase through email
Release 1.3 and above Switch serial number (switch ID)

Website URL

Cisco MDS switch


Product authorization key

Switch serial number (switch ID)


105227

Obtaining the License Key File


To obtain new or updated license key files using Device Manager, follow these steps:

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Step 1 Select Physical > Inventory from the main menu. You see the inventory for the switch. The host ID is
referred to as the serial number.

Tip Prepend the serial number with VDH=. For example, if the serial number is FOX064317SQ, the
full serial number is VDH=FOX064317SQ.

Step 2 Obtain either your claim certificate or your proof of purchase document. This document accompanies
every Cisco MDS switch.
Step 3 Obtain the Product Authorization Key (PAK) from either the claim certificate or the proof of purchase
document.
Step 4 Locate the website URL from either the claim certificate or the proof of purchase document.
Step 5 Access the specified URL that applies to your switch and enter the switch serial number and the PAK.
The license key file is sent to you by e-mail. The license key file is digitally signed to only authorize use
on the requested switch. The requested features are also enabled once the Cisco NX-OS software on the
specified switch accesses the license key file.

Caution Install the license key file in the specified MDS switch without making any modifications.

A license is either permanent or it expires on a fixed date. If you do not have a license, the grace period
for using that feature starts from the first time you start using a feature offered by that license (see the
Grace Period Alerts section on page 10-15).
Step 6 Use the copy licenses command in EXEC mode to save your license file to one of two locationsthe
bootflash: directory or the slot0: device . Refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide
for more information.

Installing the License Key File

Tip If you need to install multiple licenses in any switch in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family, be sure to provide
unique file names for each license key file.

The best way to install licenses on the switches in your fabric is to use the License Wizard provided in
Fabric Manager. You can also use Device Manager to install licenses on each switch individually.

Note You do not need a license to access a switch with Fabric Manager. See the Licensing Model section
on page 10-2 for a list of features requiring licenses.

You can install licenses two ways:


Using the Fabric Manager License Wizard
Using Device Manager

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Installing Licenses Using Fabric Manager License Wizard


To install licenses using the Fabric Manager License Wizard, follow these steps:

Step 1 Log into a switch in the fabric containing the switches for which you want to install licenses.
To install licenses on multiple switches, you do not need to log into each switch; however, the switches
must be in the fabric you are viewing.
Step 2 Start the License Wizard by selecting Tools > Install >License. Or, you can select Licenses under
Switches in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the license information in the Information pane, one line per feature.
Step 3 Click the Keys tab, and then click the License Install Wizard icon in the toolbar.

Figure 10-2 License Install Wizard Icon

You see the initial screen of the License Wizard.


Step 4 If you have already obtained the license key files, click the corresponding radio button and proceed to
Step 6.
Step 5 Click I have the Product Authorization Key (PAK) if you have the authorization key.
Step 6 Select the vendor, from whom you purchased your switch, in the Vendor drop-down list.
The License Server URL changes depending on the vendor you select. If your URL is different, or if you
select Other as the vendor, enter the correct license server URL.
Step 7 Click Next to continue to the next screen (see Figure 10-3).

Figure 10-3 License Install Wizard Dialog Box

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Step 8 Select the switches for which you have PAKs or license key files.
When you check the check box for a switch, the PAK or license file name field for that switch becomes
editable. The serial number for each switch is shown in the Host ID column.
Step 9 Enter the PAK or license file name for each switch you have selected in the appropriate column. If you
have the license files on your PC, you can double-click in the License File Name text area to bring up a
dialog box and browse for the license files.
You can install multiple licenses on the same switch using different PAKs. To do this, enter the PAKs
separated by commas.
Step 10 Click Finish to transfer the licenses from the host to the switches.

Fabric Manager accesses the appropriate license site and installs the licenses onto each switch. The
status of each installation is displayed in the Status column, as follows:
successInstall or uninstall operation completed successfully.
inProgressLicense install or uninstall operation is in progress.
corruptedLicenseFileLicense file content is invalid or corrupted.
targetLicenseFileAlreadyExistTarget license file-name already exists.
invalidLicenseFileNameLicense file does not exist.
duplicateLicenseLicense file is already installed.
generalLicensingFailureGeneral error from License Manager.
noneNo install operation is performed.
licenseExpiryConflictLicense exists with a different expiration date for the feature.
invalidLicenseCountLicense count is invalid for the feature.
Step 11 Click the Close button to close the wizard. To install more licenses at this point, you must close the
wizard and launch it again.

Installing or Updating Licenses Using Device Manager


To install a license on your switch using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select Licenses from the Admin menu.


You see the Licenses dialog box.
Step 2 Click the Install tab.
The HostId shows the "VDH=" portion of the serial number. The rest of the number is completed in Steps
3 through 5.
Step 3 Enter the uniform resource identifier (URI) from which the license file will be retrieved.
You should already have copied the license file provided by Cisco.com or by some other means (for
example, through the CLI) to this location.
Step 4 Enter the target file name in the Target Filename field to specify where the license file will be installed.

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Step 5 Click Install if you are installing, or Update if you are updating.
You see the status of the installation at the bottom of the dialog box, as follows:
successInstall or uninstall operation completed successfully.
inProgressLicense install or uninstall operation is in progress.
corruptedLicenseFileLicense file content is invalid or corrupted.
targetLicenseFileAlreadyExistTarget license file name already exists.
invalidLicenseFileNameLicense file does not exist.
duplicateLicenseLicense file is already installed.
generalLicensingFailureGeneral error from License Manager.
noneNo install operation is performed.
licenseExpiryConflictLicense exists with a different expiration date for the feature.
invalidLicenseCountLicense count is invalid for the feature.
notThisHostLicense host ID in the license file does not match.
licenseInGraceMoreNumber of licenses in grace period is more than the number in the install
license file.
licenseFileNotFoundLicense file not found for the install, uninstall, or update operation.
licenseFileMissingA previously installed license file is found missing.
invalidLicenseFileExtensionLicense file does not have a .lic extension.
invalidURIInvalid license file URI specified for install operation.
noDemoLicenseSupportDemo license not supported.
invalidPlatformInvalid platform.
Step 6 Repeat Steps 3 through 5 to install another license, or click Close to close the License Manager dialog
box.

Identifying License Features in Use


When a Cisco MDS NX-OS software feature is enabled, it can activate a license grace period.
To identify the features active for a specific license using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select a switch from the Fabric pane, or select a group of switches (SAN, fabric, VSAN) from the
Logical Domains pane.
Step 2 Select Licenses under Switches in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the contents of the Feature Usage tab in the Information pane, with installed licenses listed in
the Feature column.
Step 3 Click the Usage tab.
You see the features currently in use in the Application column.

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Uninstalling Licenses
You can only uninstall a permanent license that is not in use. If you try to delete a permanent license that
is currently being used, the software rejects the request and issues an error message. Uninstalling an
unused license causes the grace period to come into effect. The grace period is counted from the first use
of the feature without a license and is reset when a valid license file is installed.

Note Permanent licenses cannot be uninstalled if they are currently being used. Features turned on by
permanent licenses must first be disabled, before that license is uninstalled.

Tip If you are using an evaluation license and would like to install a new permanent license, you can do so
without service disruption and before the evaluation license expires. Removing a permanent license
immediately triggers a grace period without service disruption.

Caution Disable related features before uninstalling a license. The delete procedure fails if the license is in use.

To uninstall a license, follow these steps:

Step 1 Log into the switch. If you are using Fabric Manager to remove licenses from multiple switches, you do
not need to log in to each switch; however, the switches must be in the fabric you are viewing.
Step 2 From the Fabric Manager Physical Attributes pane, select Licenses under Switches. You see the license
information in the Information pane, one line per feature.
From Device Manager, click Admin > Licenses from the menu. You see the Licenses dialog box.
Step 3 In Fabric Manager, click the Keys tab. You see the list of License Key files. Click the name of the license
you want to remove, and press the Delete keyboard key or click the Delete Row icon in the toolbar.
In Device Manager, click Uninstall, and enter the name of the License Key file you want to remove.
Click Apply to remove the License Key file, and click Close to close the dialog box.

Note To delete a license, you must disable the features enabled by that license. The delete procedure
fails if the license is in use, and an error message is displayed.

Updating Licenses
If your license is time bound, you must obtain and install an updated license. Contact technical support
to request an updated license.

Note If you purchased Cisco support through a Cisco reseller, contact the reseller directly. If you purchased
support directly from Cisco Systems, contact Cisco Technical Support at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html

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To update a license, follow these steps:

Step 1 Obtain the updated license file using the procedure described in the Obtaining the License Key File
section on page 10-9.
Step 2 Save your running configuration to a remote server using the copy command (see the Copying Files
section on page 16-5).
Step 3 Verify the name of the file to be updated.
Step 4 Follow the procedure for updating a license described in the Uninstalling Licenses section on
page 10-14.

Grace Period Alerts


Cisco NX-OS gives you a 120-day grace period. This grace period starts or continues when you are
evaluating a feature for which you have not installed a license.

Note There is no grace period for licenses purchased for the On-Demand Port Activation license feature.

The grace period stops if you disable a feature you are evaluating, but if you enable that feature again
without a valid license, the grace period countdown continues where it left off.
The grace period operates across all features in a license package. License packages can contain several
features. If you disable a feature during the grace period and there are other features in that license
package that are still enabled, the countdown does not stop for that license package. To suspend the grace
period countdown for a license package, you must disable every feature in that license package.The
Cisco NX-OS license counter keeps track of all licenses on a switch. If you are evaluating a feature and
the grace period has started, you will receive console messages, SNMP traps, system messages, and Call
Home messages on a daily basis. The frequency of these messages become hourly during the last seven
days of the grace period.
The following example uses the FICON feature. On January 30th, you enabled the FICON feature, using
the 120-day grace period. You will receive grace period ending messages as:
Daily alerts from January 30th to May 21st.
Hourly alerts from May 22nd to May 30th.
On May 31st, the grace period ends, and the FICON feature is automatically disabled. You will not be
allowed to use FICON until you purchase a valid license.

Note You cannot modify the frequency of the grace period messages.

Caution After the final seven days of the grace period, the feature is turned off and your network traffic may be
disrupted. Any future upgrade will enforce license requirements and the 120-day grace period.

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License Transfers Between Switches

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License Transfers Between Switches


A license is specific to the switch for which it is issued and is not valid on any other switch. If you need
to transfer a license from one switch to another, contact your customer service representative.

Note Rehosting licenses is only supported for RMAs.

Note If you purchased Cisco support through a Cisco reseller, contact the reseller directly. If you purchased
support directly from Cisco Systems, contact Cisco Technical Support at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html

Displaying License Information


Use Fabric Manager or Device Manager to display all license information configured on this switch.

Viewing License Information in Fabric Manager


To view license information in Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select Licenses under Switches in the Physical Attributes pane. You see the license information in the
Information pane, one line per feature.
Step 2 Click the Feature Usage tab to see the switch, the name of the feature package, the type of license
installed, the number of licenses used (Installed Count), the expiration date, the grace period (if you do
not have a license for a particular feature), and any errors (for example, if you have a missing license).
Step 3 Click the Keys tab to display the information about each of the License Key files installed on your
switches.

Caution Once an expiration period has started, notifications appear in the Fabric Managers Events
pane on a daily basis. During the last seven days of the expiration period, these messages are
displayed hourly. After the final seven days of the expiration period, the feature is turned off
and your network traffic may be disrupted.

Step 4 Click the Usage tab to see the applications using the feature package on each switch. Use this tab to
determine which applications depend on each license installed.

Viewing License Information in Device Manager


To view license information in Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select Admin > Licenses from the menu.


You see the Licenses dialog box.

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Step 2 Click the Features tab to see the name of the feature package, the type of license, the expiration date,
the grace period (if you do not have a license for a particular feature), and any errors, such as a missing
license.
Step 3 Click the Files tab to display the information about each of the License Key files installed on your
switch.
Step 4 Click the Install tab to install or update a license file.
Step 5 Click the Usage tab to which applications are using the features on the switch.

Viewing Licenses Using Fabric Manager Web Server


Fabric Manager Release 2.1(2) or later supports viewing license use across the fabric from Fabric
Manager Web Server. This view summarizes the licenses used on all switches in the fabric.
To view licenses using Fabric Manager Web Server, choose Inventory > Licenses.

Fabric Manager Server Licensing


When you install Fabric Manager, the basic version of the Fabric Manager Server (FMServer) is installed
with it. To get the enhanced features, such as Performance Manager and remote client support you will
need to buy and install the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Server license package.
However, trial use of these enhanced features is available. To enable the 120-day trial, you simply use
the feature as you would if you had purchased the license. You see a dialog box explaining that this is a
demo version, enabled for a limited time.
If you are evaluating Fabric Manager Server features and want to stop the evaluation period for that
feature, you can do that using Device Manager.
To stop the evaluation using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select Admin > Licenses.


You see the Licenses dialog box.
Step 2 Click the Features tab and select the feature to check in.
When you select the feature, you see a Check In FM button at the bottom of the dialog box.
Step 3 Click Check In FM to stop the demo period timer.

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CH A P T E R 11
On-Demand Port Activation Licensing

This chapter describes how to use the on-demand port activation licensing feature on the Cisco MDS
9124 Fabric Switch, the Cisco MDS 9134 Fabric Switch, the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class
BladeSystem, and the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter. This chapter contains the following
sections:
About On-Demand Port Activation Licensing, page 11-1
Configuring Port Activation Licenses, page 11-4

About On-Demand Port Activation Licensing


As of Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 3.1(1), you can expand your SAN connectivity as needed by
enabling users to purchase and install additional port licenses. By default, all ports are eligible for
license activation. On the Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch, licenses are allocated sequentially. However,
you can move or reassign licenses to any eligible port on the switch.
On the Cisco MDS 9134 Fabric Switch, the first 32 ports operate at 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, or 4 Gbps. The
switch has two ports that operate at 10 Gbps. Licenses are allocated sequentially.
On the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem and the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM
BladeCenter, licenses for internal ports are allocated as the ports come up. Licenses for external ports
are allocated sequentially.

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Port-Naming Conventions
Table 11-1 describes the port-naming conventions for the four Cisco Fabric switches.

Table 11-1 Port-Naming Conventions for Cisco Fabric Switches

Cisco MDS 9124 Cisco MDS 9134 Cisco Fabric Switch for HP Cisco Fabric Switch for
Switch Switch c-Class BladeSystem IBM BladeCenter
fc1/1 through fc1/24 fc1/1 through fc1/34 Internal ports: bay1 Internal ports: bay1
through bay16 through bay14
External ports: ext1 External ports: ext0 and
through ext8 ext15 through ext19

Port Licensing
On the Cisco MDS 9124 Switch, the first eight ports are licensed by default. You are not required to
perform any tasks beyond the default configuration unless you prefer to immediately activate additional
ports, make ports ineligible, or move port licenses.
Figure 11-1 shows the ports that are licensed by default for the Cisco MDS 9124 Switch.

Figure 11-1 Cisco MDS 9124 Switch Default Port Licenses (fc1/1 - fc1/8)

159831
If you need additional connectivity, you can activate additional ports in 8-port increments with each
on-demand port activation license, up to a total of 24 ports.
On the Cisco MDS 9134 Switch, the first 24 ports that can operate at 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, or 4 Gbps are
licensed by default. If you need additional connectivity, you can activate the remaining eight ports with
one on-demand port activation license. A separate 10G license file is required to activate the remaining
two 10-Gbps ports.
Figure 11-2 shows the ports that are licensed by default for the Cisco MDS 9134 Switch.

Figure 11-2 Cisco MDS 9134 Switch Default Port Licenses (fc1/1 - fc1/24)
184089

Figure 11-3 shows the external ports that are licensed by default for the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP
c-Class BladeSystem.

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Figure 11-3 Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem Default Port Licenses (ext1 - ext4)

EXT 1 EXT 2 EXT 3 EXT 4 EXT 5 EXT 6 EXT 7 EXT 8

182072
!

Cisco MDS 9124e


LiNK

On the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem, any eight internal ports and the external ports
(ext1 through ext4) are licensed by default. A single on-demand port activation license is required to use
the remaining eight internal and four external ports.
On the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter, any seven internal ports and the external ports( ext0,
ext15 and ext16) are licensed by default. A single on-demand port activation license is required to use
the remaining seven internal and three external ports.
Figure 11-4 shows the external ports that are licensed by default for the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM
BladeCenter.

Figure 11-4 Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter Default Port Licenses (ext0, ext15 - ext16)
!

4cb

15

16

17

18

19
182074

If you do not prefer to accept the default behavior and would rather assign a license to a specific port,
make the port ineligible to receive a license, or move licenses among ports, refer to the Configuring
Port Activation Licenses section on page 11-4.

License Status Definitions


Table 11-2 defines the port activation license status terms.

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.
Table 11-2 Port Activation License Status Definitions

Port Activation License Status Definition


acquired The port is licensed and active.
eligible The port is eligible to receive a license but does
not yet have one.
See Chapter 10, Obtaining and Installing
Licenses, for information about how to obtain
and install the PORT_ACTIVATION_PKG and
license key file.
ineligible The port is not allowed to receive a license.

By default, when you install additional port license activation packages, the activation status of ports
changes from eligible to acquired. If you prefer to accept the default behavior, no further action is
required.

Note You can uninstall licenses for ports not in use; however, you cannot uninstall default licenses.

Configuring Port Activation Licenses


This section contains the following topics:
Checking the Status of Licenses, page 11-4
Making a Port Eligible for a License, page 11-5
Acquiring a License for a Port, page 11-6

Checking the Status of Licenses

Note The dialog boxes shown in Figures 11-5 and 11-6 apply only to the Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch.

To check the number of licenses that are in use using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Admin > Licenses.


You see the Licenses dialog box as shown in Figure 11-5.

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Figure 11-5 Licenses Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the Port Licensing tab.


You see the licenses that are in use as shown in Figure 11-6.

Figure 11-6 Licenses in Use

Step 3 Click Close to close the dialog box.

Making a Port Eligible for a License


By default, all ports are eligible to receive a license. However, if a port has already been made ineligible
and you prefer to activate it, then you must make that port eligible

Note The dialog box shown in Figure 11-7 applies only to the Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch.

To make multiple ports eligible to acquire a license using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Interface > FC All and click the License tab or hold down the Control key, and then click each
port that you want to make eligible.
Step 2 Right-click the selected ports, select Configure, and click the License tab.
You see the FC Interfaces dialog box as shown in Figure 11-7.

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Figure 11-7 FC Interfaces Dialog Box

Step 3 Select eligible from the Config drop-down list for each port that you want to make eligible.
Step 4 Click Apply to save the changes.

Note The dialog box shown in Figure 11-8 applies only to the Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch.

To make a single port eligible to acquire a license using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Right-click a port, select Configure, and click the License tab.
You see the port licensing options for the selected port as shown in Figure 11-8.

Figure 11-8 License Tab for Selected Port

Step 2 Click the eligible radio button to make the port eligible.
Step 3 Click Apply to save the changes.

Acquiring a License for a Port


If you do not prefer to accept the default on-demand port license assignments, you will need to first
acquire licenses for ports to which you want to move the license.
To acquire licenses for multiple ports using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Interface > FC All and click the License tab or hold down the Control key, and then click each
port for which you want to acquire a license.

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Step 2 Right-click the selected ports, select Configure, and click the License tab.
You see the FC Interfaces dialog box as shown in Figure 11-7.
Step 3 Select acquire from the Config drop-down list for each port that you want to acquire a license.
Step 4 Click Apply to save the changes.

To acquire a license for a single port using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Right-click a port, select Configure, and click the License tab.
You see the port licensing options for the selected port as shown in Figure 11-8.
Step 2 Click the acquire radio button to acquire a license for the port.
Step 3 Click Apply to save the changes.

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CH A P T E R 12
Initial Configuration

Most of the initial switch configuration procedures can only be performed using the CLI. Refer to the
Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide for this information. This chapter includes the
following sections:
Assigning a Switch Name, page 12-1
Verifying the Module Status, page 12-2
Configuring Date, Time, and Time Zone, page 12-3
NTP Configuration, page 12-4
Management Interface Configuration, page 12-10
Telnet Server Connection, page 12-11
Configuring CDP, page 12-12

Note The Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter does not use admin as the default user. The default user
is USERID because there is no console access to the switch. You cannot delete the user USERID on this
switch. The password for this default user is PASSW0RD, where the 0 is a zero. You can change this
password; however, a write erase operation restores the default password. There is no initial setup menu.

Also note that you should not bring up the loader> prompt; the only way to fix this condition is to RMA
the switch.

The following commands are not allowed on the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter: write erase
boot and init system. You also cannot set boot variables manually.

Assigning a Switch Name


Each switch in the fabric requires a unique name. You can assign names to easily identify the switch by
its physical location, its SAN association, or the organization to which it is deployed. The assigned name
is displayed in the command-line prompt. The switch name is limited to 20 alphanumeric characters.
To change the name of a switch using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand SAN in the Logical Domains pane, select a fabric or a VSAN from the Logical Domains pane.
Step 2 Expand Switches in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see a list of switches in the Information pane.

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Step 3 Double-click the Logical Name of the switch you want to change in the Information pane.
You see the name highlighted with a blinking cursor next to it.

Figure 12-1 Changing the Logical Name of a Switch

Step 4 Type the new name of the switch (see Figure 12-1).
Step 5 Click the Apply Changes icon.
Step 6 Right-click the Fabric pane map and choose Refresh to see your changes.

Verifying the Module Status


Before you begin configuring the switch, you need to ensure that the modules in the chassis are
functioning as designed.
To verify the status of a module at any time, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand SAN in the Logical Domains pane, then select a fabric or a VSAN from the Logical Domains
pane.
Step 2 Expand Switches and choose Hardware in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the contents of the Inventory tab in the Information pane shown in Figure 12-2.

Figure 12-2 Inventory of a Selected Module

Step 3 Click the Card Module Status tab.


You see the status in the Oper Status column of each module in each switch of the SAN, fabric, or VSAN
you selected.

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If the status is OK or active, you can continue with your configuration (see Chapter 19, Managing
Modules).

Configuring Date, Time, and Time Zone


Switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family use Universal Coordinated Time (UTC), which is the same as
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
To change the default time on the switch with Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand SAN, then select a fabric or a VSAN in the Logical Domains pane.
You see a list of switches in the Information pane.
Step 2 Expand Switches and select Clock in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the clock information in the Information pane shown in Figure 12-3.

Figure 12-3 Clock Date and Time for Selected Switch

Step 3 Double-click the time in the ClockDateAndTime field for the switch to change.
Step 4 Enter the date, time, and time zone in the format YYYY/MM/DD-hh:mm:ss ZONE,
Where:
YYYY is the year (2002)
MM is the month (08)
DD is the date (23)
hh represents hours in military format (15 for 3 p.m.)
mm is minutes (58)
ss is seconds (09)
ZONE is GMT + or - number of hours

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Note If you do not enter a time zone, GMT is used as the default.

Step 5 Click the Apply Changes icon.

Note The date and time changes are saved across system resets.

Note CFS does not support daylight savings time because a single fabric can span multiple time zones; every
switch must be configured individually.

If you want to configure daylight savings time on multiple switches simultaneously, see the RUN CLI
command feature in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide.

NTP Configuration
A Network Time Protocol (NTP) server provides a precise time source (radio clock or atomic clock) to
synchronize the system clocks of network devices. NTP is transported over User Datagram Protocol
UDP/IP. All NTP communications use Universal Time Coordinated (UTC). An NTP server receives its
time from a reference time source, such as a radio clock or atomic clock, attached to the time. NTP
distributes this time across the network.
This section includes the following sections:
About NTP, page 12-4
NTP Configuration Guidelines, page 12-5
Configuring NTP, page 12-6
Editing an NTP Server or Peer Configuration, page 12-6
Deleting an NTP Server or Peer, page 12-7
NTP CFS Distribution, page 12-8

About NTP
In a large enterprise network, having one time standard for all network devices is critical for management
reporting and event logging functions when trying to correlate interacting events logged across multiple
devices. Many enterprise customers with extremely mission-critical networks maintain their own
stratum-1 NTP source.
Time synchronization happens when several frames are exchanged between clients and servers. The
switches in client mode know the address of one or more NTP servers. The servers act as the time source
and receive client synchronization requests.
By configuring an IP address as a peer, the switch will obtain and provide time as required. The peer is
capable of providing time on its own and is capable of having a server configured. If both these instances
point to different time servers, your NTP service is more reliable. Thus, even if the active server link is
lost, you can still maintain the right time due to the presence of the peer.

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Tip If an active server fails, a configured peer helps in providing the NTP time. Provide a direct NTP server
association and configure a peer to ensure backup support if the active server fails.

If you only configure a peer, the most accurate peer takes on the role of the NTP server and the other
peer(s) acts as a peer(s). Both machines end at the right time if they have the right time source or if they
point to the right NTP source.

NTP Configuration Guidelines


The following guidelines apply to all NTP configurations:
You should have a peer association with another switch only when you are sure that your clock is
reliable (which means that you are a client of a reliable NTP server).
A peer configured alone takes on the role of a server and should be used as backup. If you have two
servers, then you can have several switches point to one server, and the remaining switches to the
other server. Then you would configure peer association between these two sets. This forces the
clock to be more reliable.
If you only have one server, all of the switches should have a client association with that server.
Not even a server down time will affect well-configured switches in the network. Figure 12-4 displays a
network with two NTP stratum 2 servers and two switches.

Figure 12-4 NTP Peer and Server Association

From lower stratum From lower stratum


server-1 server-2

Stratum-2 Stratum-2
Peer association
Server-1 Server-2

Server Server
association association

Peer association
85532

Switch-1 Switch-2

In this configuration, the switches were configured as follows:


Stratum 2 Server 1
IPv4 address10.10.10.10
Stratum2 Server-2
IPv4 address10.10.10.9
Switch 1 IPv4 address10.10.10.1
Switch 1 NTP configuration
NTP server 10.10.10.10

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NTP peer 10.10.10.2


Switch 2 IPv4 address10.10.10.2
Switch 2 NTP configuration
NTP server 10.10.10.9
NTP peer 10.10.10.1

Configuring NTP
You can configure NTP using either IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, or DNS names.
To create an NTP server or peer, follow these steps:

Step 1 In the Fabric Manager Physical pane, expand Switches, and then select System, or from Device
Manager, choose Admin > NTP.
In Fabric Manager, you see the System information pane. In Device Manager, you see the NTP dialog
box (see Figure 12-5).

Figure 12-5 Device Manager NTP Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the NTP Peer tab.


You see a list of NTP peers and servers for that switch.
Step 3 Click Create.
You see the Create NTP Peer dialog box.
Step 4 Enter the peer address in the Peer Address field.
Step 5 Choose the mode (peer or server).
Step 6 Check the Preferred check box if you want this peer to be a Preferred Peer.
Step 7 Click Create to create the peer or server, or click Close to close the dialog box without creating the peer
or server.
The new peer or server is listed on the Peer tab.

Editing an NTP Server or Peer Configuration


To edit an NTP server or peer, follow these steps.

Step 1 In the Fabric Manager Physical Attributes pane, expand Switches, and then select System, or from
Device Manager, choose Admin > NTP.

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In Fabric Manager, you see the System information pane. In Device Manager, you see the NTP dialog
box.
Step 2 Click the NTP Peer tab.
You see a list of NTP peers and servers for that switch.
Step 3 Change the peer address by double-clicking the IP address in the Peer Address column, and changing
the numbers. Alternatively, you can triple click the IP address and type in a new address.
Step 4 Change the switch mode from peer to server by clicking the Mode column next to the address of the
switch.
You see a drop-down list. Select the mode (peer or server) you want for the switch.
Step 5 Change the peer status of the switch to Preferred Peer by checking the PrefPeer check box next to the
address of the switch. To remove this status, uncheck the check box.
Step 6 Click Apply to apply your changes to the switch, or click Close to close the dialog box without saving
your changes.

Deleting an NTP Server or Peer


To delete an NTP server or peer, follow these steps:

Step 1 In the Fabric Manager Physical pane, expand Switches and choose System, or from Device Manager,
choose Admin > NTP.
In Fabric Manager, you see the System information pane. In Device Manager, you see the NTP dialog
box.
Step 2 Click the NTP Peer tab.
You see a list of NTP peers and servers for that switch.
Step 3 Delete a server or peer by clicking the IP address in the Peer Address column. The Delete button is
enabled.
Step 4 Click Delete to delete the peer or server, or click Close to close the dialog box without deleting the peer.

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NTP CFS Distribution


You can enable NTP fabric distribution for all Cisco MDS switches in the fabric. When you perform NTP
configurations, and distribution is enabled, the entire server/peer configuration is distributed to all the
switches in the fabric.
You automatically acquire a fabric-wide lock when you issue the first configuration command after you
enabled distribution in a switch. The NTP application uses the effective and pending database model to
store or commit the commands based on your configuration.
See to Chapter 13, Using the CFS Infrastructure, for more information on the CFS application.
This section includes the following sections:
Configuring NTP with CFS, page 12-8
Committing NTP Configuration Changes, page 12-9
Releasing Fabric Session Lock, page 12-9
Database Merge Guidelines, page 12-10

Configuring NTP with CFS


To configure NTP with CFS using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand Switches, expand Clock, and then select NTP in the Physical Attributes pane.
You see the feature configuration in the Information pane.
Step 2 Click the CFS tab in the Information pane.
You see the CFS configuration and status for each switch.
Step 3 Click a switch value in the Global column, enable or disable.
A drop-down menu appears (see Figure 12-6).

Figure 12-6 Enabling or Disabling NTP with CFS for a Switch

Step 4 Choose enable.


Step 5 Repeat steps 3 and 4 for all switches in the fabric.

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Note A warning displays if you do not enable CFS for all switches in the fabric for this feature.

Step 6 Check the Master check box for the switch that you want to act as the merge master for this feature.
Step 7 Click the switch value in the Config Action column. A drop-down menu appears.
Step 8 Select Commit.
Step 9 Click the Servers tab in the Information pane. You see the configuration for this feature based on the
master switch.
Step 10 Modify the Master configuration as needed. For example, right-click the value in the Master column and
select Create Row to create a server for NTP.
a. Set the ID, and the Name or IP Address for the NTP server.
b. Choose a Mode radio button and, optionally, check the Preferred check box.
c. Click Create to add the server.
Fabric Manager sends the request to the master switch. Click the CFS tab and check the Last Results
column for the new entry. It has a pending status.
Step 11 From the CFS tab, set the Config Action column to commit to distribute the feature change through the
fabric. Fabric Manager only changes the status to running when commit, clear, or abort is selected and
applied.

Note Fabric Manager will not change the status to pending if enable is selected, because the pending
status does not apply until the first actual change is made.

Step 12 Click the Apply Changes icon to commit the configuration changes for that feature and distribute the
changes through CFS, or click Undo Changes to discard the changes for that feature.

Committing NTP Configuration Changes


When you commit the NTP configuration changes, the effective database is overwritten by the
configuration changes in the pending database and all the switches in the fabric receive the same
configuration. When you commit the NTP configuration changes without implementing the session
feature, the NTP configurations are distributed to all the switches in the fabric.

Discarding NTP Configuration Changes


After making the configuration changes, you can choose to discard the changes or to commit them. In
either case, the lock is released.

Releasing Fabric Session Lock


If you have performed an NTP fabric task and have forgotten to release the lock by either committing or
discarding the changes, an administrator can release the lock from any switch in the fabric. If the
administrator performs this task, your changes to the pending database are discarded and the fabric lock
is released.

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Tip The changes are only available in the volatile directory and are subject to being discarded if the switch
is restarted.

Database Merge Guidelines


When merging two fabrics, follow these guidelines:
Be aware that the merge is a union of the existing and the received database in each switch in the
fabric.
Do not configure an IP address as a server on one switch and as a peer on another switch. The merge
can fail if this configuration exists.
Verify that the union of the databases does not exceed the maximum limit of 64.
See to the CFS Merge Support section on page 13-9 for detailed concepts.

Management Interface Configuration


The management interface on the switch allows multiple simultaneous Telnet or SNMP sessions. You
can remotely configure the switch through the management interface (mgmt0), but first you must
configure some IP parameters so that the switch is reachable. You can manually configure the
management interface from the CLI. You can configure the mgmt 0 interface with either IPv4 address
parameters or an IPv6 address.
On director class switches, a single IP address is used to manage the switch. The active supervisor
module's mgmt0 interface uses this IP address. The mgmt0 interface on the standby supervisor module
remains in an inactive state and cannot be accessed until a switchover happens. After a switchover, the
mgmt0 interface on the standby supervisor module becomes active and assumes the same IP address as
the previously active supervisor module.
The management port (mgmt0) is autosensing and operates in full duplex mode at a speed of
10/100/1000 Mbps (1000 Mbps is only available on the Supervisor-2 module). Autosensing supports
both the speed and the duplex mode. On a Supervisor-1 module, the default speed is 100 Mbps and the
default duplex mode is auto. On a Supervisor-2 module, the default speed is auto and the default duplex
mode is auto.
You can set the management interface in the Fabric Manager Preferences screen to use SNMP over TCP.
The advantages of this setting are an increased buffer size and faster transfer rate. If your fabric has a
long timeout period, it may prevent you from using SNMP (which may have a relatively shorter timeout
period). If so, change this setting to false and restart Fabric Manager Server. UDP is used instead.

Note Before you begin to configure the management interface manually, obtain the switchs IPv4 address and
IPv4 subnet mask or the IPv6 address. Also make sure the console cable is connected to the console port.

Default Gateway Configuration


The supervisor module sends IP packets with unresolved destination IPv4 addresses to the default
gateway (see Figure 12-7).

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Telnet Server Connection

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Figure 12-7 Default Gateway

Default
gateway Router
Console IP Address IP
connection 172.16.1.1 Network

Telnet or CLI

SSH
Switch 2
DNS server
mgmt 0
(IP address: GUI
172.16.1.2)

SNMP

Management LAN

79937
(Ethernet connection)

Telnet Server Connection


As of MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1b), the Telnet server is disabled by default on all switches in the Cisco
MDS 9000 Family. If you require a secure SSH connection, you need to disable the default Telnet
connection and then enable the SSH connection (see the Generating the SSH Server Key-Pair section
on page 32-22).

Note For information on connecting a terminal to the supervisor module console port, refer to the Cisco MDS
9200 Series Hardware Installation Guide or the Cisco MDS 9500 Series Hardware Installation Guide.

Tip A maximum of 16 sessions are allowed in any switch in the Cisco MDS 9500 Series or the Cisco MDS
9200 Series.

Make sure the terminal is connected to the switch and that the switch and terminal are both powered on.

Disabling a Telnet Connection


To disable Telnet connections to the switch using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select Device > Preferences.


Step 2 Check the Use Secure Shell instead of Telnet check box.
Step 3 Click Apply.
Telnet is disabled and SSH is enabled on the switch.

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Configuring CDP

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Configuring CDP
The Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) is an advertisement protocol used by Cisco devices to advertise
itself to other Cisco devices in the same network. CDP runs on the data link layer and is independent of
Layer 3 protocols. Cisco devices that receive the CDP packets cache the information to make it is
accessible through the CLI and SNMP.
CDP is supported on the management Ethernet interface on the supervisor module and the Gigabit
Ethernet interfaces on the IPS and MPS-14/2 modules. The CDP daemon is restartable and switchable.
The running and startup configurations are available across restarts and switchovers.
CDP version 1 (v1) and version 2 (v2) are supported in Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches. CDP packets
with any other version number are silently discarded when received.
When the interface link is established, CDP is enabled by default and three CDP packets are sent at
one-second intervals. Following this, the CDP frames are sent at the globally configured refresh interval.
To globally disable CDP using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Select a switch in the Logical Domains pane.


Step 2 Expand Switches, expand Interfaces, expand Management, and then select CDP in the Physical
Attributes pane.
You see the CDP information in the Information pane shown in Figure 12-8.

Figure 12-8 Cisco Discovery Protocol

Step 3 Deselect the Enable check box.


Step 4 Click the Apply Changes icon.

To disable CDP using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click IP > CDP.


You see the CDP dialog box as shown in Figure 12-8.
Step 2 Deselect the Enable check box.
Step 3 Click the Apply Changes icon.

To globally configure the message interval for the CDP protocol using Device Manager, follow these
steps:

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Step 1 Click IP > CDP.


You see the CDP dialog box as shown in Figure 12-8.
Step 2 Set the message interval time in seconds (5-254).
Step 3 Click the Apply icon.

To globally configure the hold time advertised in CDP packets using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click IP > CDP.


You see the CDP dialog box as shown in Figure 12-8.
Step 2 Set the hold time in seconds (10-255).
Step 3 Click Apply.

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CH A P T E R 13
Using the CFS Infrastructure

The Cisco MDS NX-OS software uses the Cisco Fabric Services (CFS) infrastructure to enable efficient
database distribution and to foster device flexibility. It simplifies SAN provisioning by automatically
distributing configuration information to all switches in a fabric.
Several Cisco MDS NX-OS applications use the CFS infrastructure to maintain and distribute the
contents of a particular applications database.
This chapter contains the following sections:
About CFS, page 13-1
Disabling CFS Distribution on a Switch, page 13-4
CFS Application Requirements, page 13-5
Enabling CFS for an Application, page 13-5
Locking the Fabric, page 13-6
Committing Changes, page 13-7
Discarding Changes, page 13-8
Saving the Configuration, page 13-8
Clearing a Locked Session, page 13-8
CFS Merge Support, page 13-9
Displaying CFS Configuration Information, page 13-9
CFS Regions, page 13-16
CFS Example Using Fabric Manager, page 13-20
CFS Example Using Device Manager, page 13-23
Default Settings, page 13-23

About CFS
Many features in the Cisco MDS switches require configuration synchronization in all switches in the
fabric. Maintaining configuration synchronization across a fabric is important to maintain fabric
consistency. In the absence of a common infrastructure, such synchronization is achieved through
manual configuration at each switch in the fabric. This process is tedious and error prone.

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About CFS

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Cisco Fabric Services (CFS) provides a common infrastructure for automatic configuration
synchronization in the fabric. It provides the transport function as well as a rich set of common services
to the applications. CFS has the ability to discover CFS capable switches in the fabric and discovering
application capabilities in all CFS capable switches.
This section includes the following topics:
Cisco MDS NX-OS Features Using CFS, page 13-2
CFS Features, page 13-2
CFS Protocol, page 13-3
CFS Distribution Scopes, page 13-3
CFS Distribution Modes, page 13-4

Cisco MDS NX-OS Features Using CFS


The following Cisco NX-OS features use the CFS infrastructure:
N Port Virtualization (see the NPV CFS Distribution over IP section on page 21-5).
FlexAttach Virtual pWWN (see the FlexAttach Virtual pWWN CFS Distribution section on
page 14-9).
NTP (see the NTP CFS Distribution section on page 12-8).
Dynamic Port VSAN Membership (see Chapter 28, Creating Dynamic VSANs).
Distributed Device Alias Services (see Chapter 31, Distributing Device Alias Services).
IVR topology (see the Database Merge Guidelines section on page 29-31).
SAN device virtualization (see the Configuring SDV section on page 27-4).
TACACS+ and RADIUS (see the AAA Server Distribution section on page 41-21).
User and administrator roles (see the Role-Based Authorization section on page 39-1).
Port security (see the Port Security Configuration Distribution section on page 46-17).
iSNS (see Configuring iSNS Servers section on page 50-71).
Call Home (see the Call Home Configuration Distribution section on page 62-18).
Syslog (see System Message Logging Configuration section on page 61-3).
fctimer (see the About fctimer Distribution section on page 37-4).
SCSI flow services (see the Configuring SCSI Flow Services section on page 55-3).
Saving startup configurations in the fabric using the Fabric Startup Configuration Manager (FSCM)
(see the Saving Startup Configurations in the Fabric section on page 16-9).
Allowed domain ID lists (see the About Allowed Domain ID Lists section on page 25-11).
RSCN timer (see the RSCN Timer Configuration Distribution Using CFS section on page 34-7).
iSLB (see the About iSLB Configuration Distribution Using CFS section on page 50-46).

CFS Features
CFS has the following features:
Peer-to-peer protocol with no client-server relationship at the CFS layer.

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Three scopes of distribution.


Logical scopeThe distribution occurs within the scope of a VSAN.
Physical scopeThe distribution spans the entire physical topology.
Over a selected set of VSANsSome applications, such as Inter-VSAN Routing (IVR), require
configuration distribution over some specific VSANs. These applications can specify to CFS the
set of VSANs over which to restrict the distribution.
Three modes of distribution.
Coordinated distributionsOnly one distribution is allowed in the fabric at any given time.
Uncoordinated distributionsMultiple parallel distributions are allowed in the fabric except
when a coordinated distribution is in progress.
Unrestricted uncoordinated distributionsMultiple parallel distributions are allowed in the
fabric in the presence of an existing coordinated distribution. Unrestricted uncoordinated
distributions are allowed to run in parallel with all other types of distributions.
Supports a merge protocol that facilitates the merge of application configuration during a fabric
merge event (when two independent fabrics merge).

CFS Protocol
The CFS functionality is independent of the lower layer transport. Currently, in Cisco MDS switches,
the CFS protocol layer resides on top of the FC2 layer and is peer-to-peer with no client-server
relationship. CFS uses the FC2 transport services to send information to other switches. CFS uses a
proprietary SW_ILS (0x77434653) protocol for all CFS packets. CFS packets are sent to or from the
switch domain controller addresses.
CFS can also use IP to send information to other switches (see the CFS Distribution over IP section
on page 13-10).
Applications that use CFS are completely unaware of the lower layer transport.

CFS Distribution Scopes


Different applications on the Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches need to distribute the configuration at
various levels:
VSAN level (logical scope)
Applications that operate within the scope of a VSAN have the configuration distribution restricted
to the VSAN. An example application is port security where the configuration database is applicable
only within a VSAN.
Physical topology level (physical scope)
Applications might need to distribute the configuration to the entire physical topology spanning
several VSANs. Such applications include NTP and DPVM (WWN based VSAN), which are
independent of VSANs.
Between two switches
Applications might only operate between selected switches in the fabric. An example application is
SCSI Flow Services, which operates between two switches.

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CFS Distribution Modes


CFS supports different distribution modes to support different application requirements: coordinated and
uncoordinated distributions. Both modes are mutually exclusive. Only one mode is allowed at any given
time.

Uncoordinated Distribution
Uncoordinated distributions are used to distribute information that is not expected to conflict with that
from a peer. An example is local device registrations such as iSNS. Parallel uncoordinated distributions
are allowed for an application.

Coordinated Distribution
Coordinated distributions can have only one application distribution at a given time. CFS uses locks to
enforce this. A coordinated distribution is not allowed to start if locks are taken for the application
anywhere in the fabric. A coordinated distribution consists of three stages:
1. A fabric lock is acquired.
2. The configuration is distributed and committed.
3. The fabric lock is released.
Coordinated distribution has two variants:
CFS driven The stages are executed by CFS in response to an application request without
intervention from the application.
Application drivenThe stages are under the complete control of the application.
Coordinated distributions are used to distribute information that can be manipulated and distributed
from multiple switches, for example, the port security configuration.

Unrestricted Uncoordinated Distributions


Unrestricted uncoordinated distributions allow multiple parallel distributions in the fabric in the
presence of an existing coordinated distribution. Unrestricted uncoordinated distributions are allowed to
run in parallel with all other types of distributions.

Disabling CFS Distribution on a Switch


By default, CFS distribution is enabled. Applications can distribute data and configuration information
to all CFS-capable switches in the fabric where the applications exist. This is the normal mode of
operation.
You can globally disable CFS on a switch, to isolate the applications using CFS from fabric-wide
distributions while maintaining physical connectivity. When CFS is globally disabled on a switch, CFS
operations are restricted to the switch and all CFS commands continue to function as if the switch were
physically isolated.
To globally disable or enable CFS distribution on a switch using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 In the Physical Attributes pane, expand Switches > CFS.

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Step 2 In the information pane, from the drop-down menu, choose disable or enable for a switch.
Step 3 Click the Apply Changes icon to commit the configuration changes.

To globally disable or enable CFS distribution on a switch using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Admin > CFS (Cisco Fabric Services).


You see the CFS dialog box with the CFS status for all features on that switch.
Step 2 Uncheck or check the Globally Enabled check box to disable or enable CFS distribution on this switch.
Step 3 Click Apply to disable CFS on this switch.

CFS Application Requirements


All switches in the fabric must be CFS capable. A Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch is CFS capable if it
is running Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.0(1b) or later, or MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1) or later. Switches that
are not CFS capable do not receive distributions and result in part of the fabric not receiving the intended
distribution.
CFS has the following requirements:
Implicit CFS usageThe first time you issue a CFS task for a CFS-enabled application, the
configuration modification process begins and the application locks the fabric.
Pending databaseThe pending database is a temporary buffer to hold uncommitted information.
The uncommitted changes are not applied immediately to ensure that the database is synchronized
with the database in the other switches in the fabric. When you commit the changes, the pending
database overwrites the configuration database (also known as the active database or the effective
database).
CFS distribution enabled or disabled on a per-application basisThe default (enable or disable) for
CFS distribution state differs between applications. If CFS distribution is disabled for an
application, then that application does not distribute any configuration nor does it accept a
distribution from other switches in the fabric.
Explicit CFS commitMost applications require an explicit commit operation to copy the changes
in the temporary buffer to the application database, to distribute the new database to the fabric, and
to release the fabric lock. The changes in the temporary buffer are not applied if you do not perform
the commit operation.

Enabling CFS for an Application


All CFS-based applications provide an option to enable or disable the distribution capabilities. Features
that existed prior to Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.0(1b) have the distribution capability disabled by default
and must have distribution capabilities enabled explicitly.
Applications introduced in Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.0(1b) or later, or MDS NX-OS Release 4.1(1) or
later have the distribution enabled by default.

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Locking the Fabric

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The application configuration is not distributed by CFS unless distribution is explicitly enabled for that
application.
To enable CFS for a feature using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose a feature on which to enable CFS. For example, expand Switches > Events, and then select
CallHome in the Physical Attributes pane. The Information pane shows that feature, with a CFS tab.
Click the CFS tab to display the CFS state for each switch in the fabric for that feature.
Step 2 Decide on which switch(es) to enable CFS. Set the Admin column to either enable to enable CFS or
disable to disable CFS.

Note Enable CFS for all switches in the fabric or VSAN for the feature that uses CFS.

Step 3 Right-click the row you changed to see the pop-up menu. Select Apply Changes to apply the CFS
configuration change. The CFS tab updates as the CFS changes take effect.
Fabric Manager retrieves the status of the CFS change and updates the Last Result column.

To enable CFS for a feature using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Admin > CFS (Cisco Fabric Services).


You see the CFS dialog box with the CFS status for all features on that switch.
Step 2 Decide which feature(s) need CFS. Set the Command column to either enable to enable CFS or disable
to disable CFS.

Note Enable or disable CFS for all switches in the fabric or VSAN for the feature that uses CFS.

Step 3 Click Pending Differences to compare the configuration of this feature on this switch to other switches
in the fabric or VSAN that have CFS enabled for this feature. Close the Show Pending Diff pop-up.
Step 4 Click Apply to apply the CFS configuration change.
Device Manager retrieves the status of the CFS change and updates the Last Command and Result
columns.

Locking the Fabric


When you configure (first time configuration) a Cisco NX-OS feature (or application) that uses the CFS
infrastructure, that feature starts a CFS session and locks the fabric. When a fabric is locked, the Cisco
NX-OS software does not allow any configuration changes from a switch to this Cisco NX-OS feature,
other than the switch holding the lock, and issues a message to inform the user about the locked status.
The configuration changes are held in a pending database by that application.
If you start a CFS session that requires a fabric lock but forget to end the session, an administrator can
clear the session. If you lock a fabric at any time, your user name is remembered across restarts and
switchovers. If another user (on the same machine) tries to perform configuration tasks, that users
attempts are rejected.

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Committing Changes
A commit operation saves the pending database for all application peers and releases the lock for all
switches.
In general, the commit function does not start a session; only a lock function starts a session. However,
an empty commit is allowed if configuration changes are not previously made. In this case, a commit
operation results in a session that acquires locks and distributes the current database.
When you commit configuration changes to a feature using the CFS infrastructure, you receive a
notification about one of the following responses:
One or more external switches report a successful statusThe application applies the changes
locally and releases the fabric lock.
None of the external switches report a successful stateThe application considers this state a failure
and does not apply the changes to any switch in the fabric. The fabric lock is not released.
You can commit changes for a specified feature by setting CFS > Config Action to commit for that
feature.
To commit changes using Fabric Manager for CFS-enabled features, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose the feature you want to enable CFS for. For example, expand Switches expand Events, and then
select CallHome from the Physical Attributes pane.
The Information pane shows that feature, with a CFS tab.
Step 2 Click the CFS tab to display the CFS state for each switch in the fabric for that feature.
Step 3 Right-click the value in the Config Action column for any switch and select an option from the
drop-down menu (Copy, Paste, Export to File, Print Table, Detach Table).
Step 4 Click the Apply Changes icon to commit the configuration changes for that feature and distribute the
changes through CFS.
Fabric Manager retrieves the status of the CFS change and updates the Last Command and Last Result
columns for the feature or VSAN.

To commit changes using Device Manager for CFS-enabled features, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Admin > CFS (Cisco Fabric Services).


You see the CFS dialog box with the CFS status for all features on that switch.
Step 2 For each applicable feature, set the Command column to commit to commit the configuration changes
for that feature and distribute the changes through CFS, or set it to abort to discard the changes for that
feature and release the fabric lock for CFS for that feature.
Step 3 (Optional) Provide a Type or VsanID as the basis for the CFS distribution for CFS features that require
this.
Step 4 Click Pending Differences to check the configuration of this feature on this switch as compared to other
switches in the fabric or VSAN that have CFS enabled for this feature.
Step 5 Click Apply to apply the CFS configuration change.

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Device Manager retrieves the status of the CFS change and updates the Last Command and Result
columns.

Caution If you do not commit the changes, they are not saved to the running configuration.

Discarding Changes
If you discard configuration changes, the application flushes the pending database and releases locks in
the fabric. Both the abort and commit functions are only supported from the switch from which the fabric
lock is acquired.
You can discard changes for a specified feature by setting the Command column value to disable for that
feature then clicking Apply.

Saving the Configuration


Configuration changes that have not been applied yet (still in the pending database) are not shown in the
running configuration. The configuration changes in the pending database overwrite the configuration
in the effective database when you commit the changes.

Caution If you do not commit the changes, they are not saved to the running configuration.

The CISCO-CFS-MIB contains SNMP configuration information for any CFS-related functions. Refer
to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family MIB Quick Reference for more information on this MIB.

Clearing a Locked Session


You can clear locks held by an application from any switch in the fabric. This option is provided to rescue
you from situations where locks are acquired and not released. This function requires Admin
permissions.
To clear locks using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Click the CFS tab.


Step 2 Select clearLock from the Config Action drop-down list for each switch that you want to clear the lock
(see Figure 13-1).
Step 3 Click the Apply Changes icon to save the change.

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Figure 13-1 Clearing Locks

Caution Exercise caution when using this function to clear locks in the fabric. Any pending configurations in any
switch in the fabric is flushed and lost.

CFS Merge Support


An application keeps the configuration synchronized in a fabric through CFS. Two such fabrics might
merge as a result of an ISL coming up between them. These two fabrics could have two different sets of
configuration information that need to be reconciled in the event of a merge. CFS provides notification
each time an application peer comes online. If a fabric with M application peers merges with another
fabric with N application peers and if an application triggers a merge action on every such notification,
a link-up event results in M*N merges in the fabric.
CFS supports a protocol that reduces the number of merges required to one by handling the complexity
of the merge at the CFS layer. This protocol runs per application per scope. The protocol involves
selecting one switch in a fabric as the merge manager for that fabric. The other switches do not play any
role in the merge process.
During a merge, the merge manager in the two fabrics exchange their configuration databases with each
other. The application on one of them merges the information, decides if the merge is successful, and
informs all switches in the combined fabric of the status of the merge.
In case of a successful merge, the merged database is distributed to all switches in the combined fabric
and the entire new fabric remains in a consistent state. You can recover from a merge failure by starting
a distribution from any of the switches in the new fabric. This distribution restores all peers in the fabric
to the same configuration database.

Displaying CFS Configuration Information


To display the status of CFS distribution on the switch using Device Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Choose Admin > CFS (Cisco Fabric Services).


You see the CFS dialog box. This dialog box displays the distribution status of each feature using CFS,
which currently registered applications are using CFS, and the result of the last successful merge
attempt.
Step 2 Select a row and click Details to view more information about the feature.

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CFS Distribution over IP


You can configure CFS to distribute information over IP for networks containing switches that are not
reachable over Fibre Channel. CFS distribution over IP supports the following features:
Physical distribution over an entirely IP network.
Physical distribution over a hybrid Fibre Channel and IP network with the distribution reaching all
switches that are reachable over either Fibre Channel or IP

Note The switch attempts to distribute information over Fibre Channel first and then over the IP
network if the first attempt over Fibre Channel fails. CFS does not send duplicate messages if
distribution over both IP and Fibre Channel is enabled.

Distribution over IP version 4 (IPv4) or IP version 6 (IPv6).

Note CFS cannot distribute over both IPv4 and IPv6 from the same switch.

Keepalive mechanism to detect network topology changes using a configurable multicast address.
Compatibility with Cisco MDS SAN-OS Release 2.x.
Distribution for logical scope applications is not supported because the VSAN implementation is
limited to Fibre Channel.
Figure 13-2 shows a network with both Fibre Channel and IP connections. Node A forwards an event to
node B over Fibre Channel. Node B forwards the event node C and node D using unicast IP. Node C
forwards the event to node E using Fibre Channel.

Figure 13-2 Network Example 1 with Fibre Channel and IP Connections

Node A Node B Node C Node E

FC
144860

Node D
IP

Figure 13-3 is the same as Figure 13-2 except that node C and node D are connected using Fibre
Channel. All processes is the same in this example because node B has node C and node D the
distribution list for IP. Node C does not forward to node D because node D is already in the distribution
list from node B.

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Figure 13-3 Network Example 2 with Fibre Channel and IP Connections

Node A Node B Node C Node E

FC

144861
Node D
IP

Figure 13-4 is the same as Figure 13-3 except that node D and node E are connected using FC. Both node
C and node D forward the event to E because the node E is not in the distribution list from node B.

Figure 13-4 Network Example 3 with Fibre Channel and IP Connections

Node A Node B Node C Node E

FC

144862
Node D
IP

Configuring Static IP Peers for CFS over IP


Multicast forwarding is disabled by default in some devices. For example, IBM Blade chassis has
multicast forwarding disabled, especially on external ethernet ports and there is no method to enable it.
NPV devices use only IP as the transport medium and do not have ISL connectivity or FC domain.
To enable CFS over IP on the switches that do not support multicast forwarding, multicast forwarding
has to be enabled on the ethernet IP switches all along the network that physically connects the switch.
In such cases, you can configure static IP peers for CFS distribution over IP.
CFS uses the list of configured IP addresses to communicate with each peer and learn the peer switch
WWN. After learning the peer switch WWN, CFS marks the switch as CFS-capable and triggers
application-level merging and database distribution.
The following MDS 9000 features require static IP peer configuration for CFS over IP distribution:
N port virtualization devices have IP as the communication channel because NPV switches do not
have FC domain. NPV devices use CFS over IP as the transport medium. For more information, see
the NPV CFS Distribution over IP section on page 21-5.
FlexAttach virtual pWWN distribution on CFS region 201 that links only the NPV-enabled switches.
For more information, see the FlexAttach Virtual pWWN CFS Distribution section on page 14-9.
Cisco MDS Fabric Manager discovers NPV devices by reading the name server database on the NPV
core switch, which is also used to manage the static peer list at an NPV switch for CFS distribution over
IP using static peers.
Fabric Manager 4.1(1) and later provides a one-time configuration wizard to manage the peer list of the
discovered NPV peers on a switch. When the peer list is cofigured on a switch, CFS enables distribution
using the IP static peers on all members of the list and propagates the peer list to all members on the list.

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Note If a new NPV switch is added to the fabric, you must launch the NPV CFS Setup wizard to update the
list, because Fabric Manager does not update the list automatically.

Adding Peers to List


To configure the static IP peers list using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 From the Fabric Manager menu, select Tools > Other > NPV CFS Setup .

Figure 13-5 NPV CFS Setup Menu

The NPV Device Selection dialog box is displayed with the list of NPV device peers retrieved from the
switch including the device name, device IP address, and the status of the peer.

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Figure 13-6 NPV Device Selection

Step 2 From the NPV Device to retrieve peer list from drop-down list box, select the device to retrieve the
peer list from.
If the NPV device in the list retrieved from the switch is present in the fabric, then one of the following
statuses is displayed: Local, Reachable, Unreachable, or Discovery in Progress. If the NPV device is not
present in the fabric, then the status is displayed as Not in Fabric.

Note If the status is displayed as Not in Frabic, you must remove the device from the list.

Step 3 Click Add.


The following dialog box is displayed with the list of all the NPV devices in the fabric that are not
included in the current peer list. By default, all the switches in the list are selected.

Figure 13-7 Peer Selection

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Step 4 Select the peers, and then click Ok to add the peers to the list.
The peers are added to the list with To Be Added status.

Figure 13-8 Confirm Peer Selection

Step 5 Click Set to confirm adding the peers to the list and start the peers list propogation by CFS.

Removing an NPV Device from the Peer List


To delete a peer from the IP peer list using the Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 From the Fabric Manager menu, select Tools > Other > NPV CFS Setup.
The NPV CFS Setup wizard is launched.
Step 2 From the NPV Device to retrieve peer list from drop-down list box, select the device to retrieve the
peer list from which you want to delete a peer.
Step 3 Do one of the following tasks to mark the peer or local host as deleted:
To delete a peer from the peer list, select the peer from the list, and then click Delete.
To delete the local host from the peer list, select the local NPV device and click Delete, or select all
the peers in the list, and then click Delete All.
Step 4 Click Yes to delete the peer from the list.
Step 5 Click Set in the NPV CFS wizard. The following message box is displayed:

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Figure 13-9 Start Dynamic Peer Discovery

Step 6 Click Yes to remove the deleted peer or localhost from all the other NPV device peer lists, and start
dynamic peer discovery using multicast in the deleted peer.
-------------------------------------------------------------
IP address WWN name Status
-------------------------------------------------------------
1.2.3.4 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 Discovery Inprogress
1.2.3.5 20:00:00:0d:ec:06:55:b9 Reachable
1.2.3.6 20:00:00:0d:ec:06:55:c0 Local

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CFS Regions
This section contains the following topics:
About CFS Regions, page 13-16
Managing CFS Regions Using Fabric Manager, page 13-17
Creating CFS Regions, page 13-17
Assigning Features to CFS Regions, page 13-17
Moving a Feature to a Different Region, page 13-18
Removing a Feature from a Region, page 13-19
Deleting CFS Regions, page 13-19

About CFS Regions


A CFS region is a user-defined subset of switches for a given feature or application in its physical
distribution scope.When a SAN is spanned across a vast geography, you may need to localize or restrict
the distribution of certain profiles among a set of switches based on their physical proximity. Before
MDS SAN-OS Release 3.2.(1) the distribution scope of an application within a SAN was spanned across
the entire physical fabric without the ability to confine or limit the distribution to a required set of
switches in the fabric. CFS regions enables you to overcome this limitation by allowing you to create
CFS regions, that is, multiple islands of distribution within the fabric, for a given CFS feature or
application. CFS regions are designed to restrict the distribution of a features configuration to a specific
set or grouping of switches in a fabric.

Note You can only configure a CFS region on physical switches in a SAN. You cannot configure a
CFS region in a VSAN.

Example CFS Scenario: Call Home is an application that triggers alerts to Network Administrators
when a situation arises or something abnormal occurs. When the fabric covers many geographies and
with multiple Network Administrators who are each responsible for a subset of switches in the fabric,
the Call Home application sends alerts to all Network Administrators regardless of their location. For
the Call Home application to send message alerts selectively to Network Administrators, the physical
scope of the application has to be fine tuned or narrowed down, which is achieved by implementing CFS
regions.
CFS regions are identified by numbers ranging from 0 through 200. Region 0 is reserved as the default
region, and contains every switch in the fabric. You can configure regions from 1 through 200. The
default region maintains backward compatibility. If there are switches on the same fabric running
releases of SAN-OS before release 3.2(1), only features in Region 0 are supported when those switches
are synchronized. Features from other regions are ignored when those switches are synchronized.
If the feature is moved, that is, assigned to a new region, its scope is restricted to that region; it ignores
all other regions for distribution or merging purposes. The assignment of the region to a feature has
precedence in distribution over its initial physical scope.
You can configure a CFS region to distribute configurations for multiple features. However, on a given
switch, you can configure only one CFS region at a time to distribute the configuration for a given
feature. Once you assign a feature to a CFS region, its configuration cannot be distributed within another
CFS region.

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Managing CFS Regions Using Fabric Manager


This section describes how to use Fabric Manager for managing CFS regions. Fabric Manager provides
a comprehensive view of all the switches, regions, and the features associated with each region in the
topology. To complete the following tasks, use the tables under the All Regions and Feature by Region
tabs:
Creating CFS Regions, page 13-17
Assigning Features to CFS Regions, page 13-17
Moving a Feature to a Different Region, page 13-18
Removing a Feature from a Region, page 13-19

Creating CFS Regions


To create a CFS region using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand the Switches folder in the Physical Attributes pane and click CFS.
The information pane displays the Global, IP Multicast, Feature by Region, and All Regions tabs.
Step 2 Click the All Regions tab.
The tab displays a list of Switches and RegionIds.
Step 3 Click the Create Row button on the toolbar.
Figure 13-10 shows the Create a Region dialog box.

Figure 13-10 Create a Region Dialog Box

Step 4 From the drop-down list, select the switch and choose a RegionId from the range.
Step 5 Click Create.
Upon successful creation of the region, Success is displayed at the bottom of the dialog box.

Assigning Features to CFS Regions


To assign a feature to a region using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:

Step 1 Expand the Switches folder in the Physical Attributes pane and click CFS.
The information pane displays the Global, IP Multicast, Feature by Region, and All Regions tabs.
Step 2 Click the Feature by Region tab.
This tab lists all the switches along with their corresponding Feature and RegionId.

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Step 3 Click the Create Row button on the toolbar.


Figure 13-11 shows the Assign a Feature dialog box.

Figure 13-11 Assign a Feature Dialog Box

Step 4 From the drop-down box, select a switch.


The features running on the selected switch are listed in the Feature drop-down list.
Step 5 Select a feature on that switch to associate a region.
Step 6 From the RegionID list, select the region number to associate a region with the selected feature.
Step 7 Click Create to complete assignment of a switch feature to the region.
Upon successful assignment of feature, Success is displayed at the bottom of the dialog box.

When a feature is assigned to a new region using the Feature by Region tab, a new row with the new
region is created automatically in the table under the All Regions tab. Alternatively, you can create a
region using the All Regions tab.

Note In the Feature by Region tab, when you try to reassign a feature on a swit