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MODULE-28C

Analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force methods.

.__________________________________________________________________________

_

effects due to a temperature rise T in the bar BD alone in the

plane truss shown below:

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY Page 1

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

2. The degree of static indeterminacy, , and the degree of kinematic

indeterminacy, , for the plane frame shown below, assuming

axial deformations to be negligible, given by

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans:

load of w N/m, shown in the following figure, the reaction at the

support B is

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 2

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

4. For the linear elastic beam shown in the figure, the flexural rigidity.

EI, is 781250 kN-m2. When w = 10 kN/m, the vertical reaction

RA at A is 50 kN. The value of RA for w = 100 kN/m is

(c) 250 kN (d) 75 kN

Ans:

negligible axial deformation, the degree of static indeterminacy, d,

and the degree of kinematic indeterminacy, k, are

(c) d = 9 and k = 10 (d) d= 9 and k = 13

Ans:

(b) Another name for stiffness method

(c) An extension of Maxwell's reciprocal theorem

(d) Derived from Castigliano's theorem

Ans: (d)

JH ACADEMY Page 3

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

7. A three-span continuous beam has a internal hinge at B Section B

is at the mind-span of AC. Section R is at the mid-span of CG. The

20 kN load is applied at section B whereas 10 kN loads are applied

at sections D and F as shown in the figure. Span GH is subjected to

uniformly distributed load of magnitude 5 kN/m. For the loading

shown, shear force immediate to the right of section E is 9.84 kN

upwards and the sagging moment at section E is 10.31 kN-m.

immediate to the right of section B are, respectively

9.84 kN and 10.16 kN

Ans:

is at the mind-span of AC. Section R is at the mid-span of CG. The

20 kN load is applied at section B whereas 10 kN loads are applied

at sections D and F as shown in the figure. Span GH is subjected to

uniformly distributed load of magnitude 5 kN/m. For the loading

shown, shear force immediate to the right of section E is 9.84 kN

upwards and the sagging moment at section E is 10.31 kN-m.

(b) 9.84kN upward

(c) 15 kN downward

(d) 9.84 kN downward

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 4

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

frame shown below is

Ans:

applied load of 100 KN (with 150, 000mm2 cross-sectional

areaand3.125 x 109 mm4 moment of inertia for both members) is

(c) 66.3 kN (d) 94.1 kN

Ans:

KN

JH ACADEMY Page 5

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

11. Consider a propped cantilever beam ABC under two loads of

magnitude P each as shown in the figure below. Flexural rigidity of

the beam is EI.

The reaction at C is

(a) (upwards)

(b) (downwards)

(c) (upwards)

(d) (downwards)

Ans:

( )

( )

JH ACADEMY Page 6

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

12. Consider a propped cantilever beam ABC under two loads of

magnitude P each as shown in the figure below. Flexural rigidity of

the beam is EI.

The rotation at B is

(a) (clockwise)

(b) (anticlockwise)

(c) (clockwise)

(d) (anticlockwise)

Ans:

( )

( )

JH ACADEMY Page 7

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

13. The right triangular truss is made of members having equal cross

sectional area of 1550 mm2 and Youngs modulus of 2 105 MPa.

The horizontal deflection of the joint Q is

(c) 14.31 mm (d) 15.68 mm

Ans:

135

So the reaction at P =

( )

( )

( )

( )

We get ( )

( )

( )

= 15.68 mm

JH ACADEMY Page 8

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

14. A two span continuous beam having equal spans each of length L

is subjected to a uniformly distributed load w per unit length. The

beam has constant flexural rigidly.

The reaction at the middle support is

Ans:

( ) ( )

R=

JH ACADEMY Page 9

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

15. A two span continuous beam having equal spans each of length L

is subjected to a uniformly distributed load w per unit length. The

beam has constant flexural rigidly.

The bending moment at the middle support is

Ans:

2 ( )

( )

=( )

= (- ) (Hogging)

16. The degree of static indeterminacy of the rigid frame having two

internal hinges as shown in the figure below, is

Ans: (D)

JH ACADEMY Page 10

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

17. The members EJ and IJ of a steel truss shown in the figure below

are subjected to a temperature rise of 30 C. The coefficient of

thermal expansion of steel is 0.000012 per C per unit length. The

displacement (mm) of joint E relative to joint H along the direction

HE of truss, is

(A) 0.255

(B) 0.589

(C) 0.764

(D) 1.026

Ans:

( )

3000

below. The horizontal cross-sectional area of each pontoon is 8 m2,

the flexural rigidity of the beam is 10000 kN-m2 and the unit

weight of water is 10 kN/m3

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 11

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

19. Beam GHI is supported by three pontoons as shown in the figure

below. The horizontal cross-sectional area of each pontoon is 8 m2,

the flexural rigidity of the beam is 10000 kN-m2 and the unit

weight of water is 10 kN/m3

in the figure above, the reaction at H will be

Ans:

( ) ( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

horizontal plane and subjected to vertical loads only, as shown in

figure below is

Ans: C

JH ACADEMY Page 12

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

21. In the cantilever beam PQR shown in figure below, the segment

PQ has flexural rigidity EI and the segment QR has infinite flexural

rigidity.

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

Ans:

* +

( ) ( )] ( )]

( ) ( )]

( )

Put p=0

JH ACADEMY Page 13

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

( )( )

( )

( )

[ ]

[ ] [ ]

( ) ] ( )]

( ) ]

Put M=0

= ( ) * +

* +

JH ACADEMY Page 14

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

22. In the cantilever beam PQR shown in figure below, the segment

PQ has flexural rigidity EI and the segment QR has infinite flexural

rigidity.

Ans:

( )] ( )]

( )

( )

[ ]

* ( )+

* +

= ]

JH ACADEMY Page 15

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

23. A simply supported beam is subjected to a uniformly distributed

load of intensity w per unit length, on half of the span from one

end. The length of the span and the flexural stiffness are denoted as

l and EI, respectively. The deflection at mid-span of the beam is

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

Ans:

24. Due to some point load anywhere on a fixed beam, the maximum

free bending moment is M. the sum of fixed end moments is

a) M b) 1.5 M

c) 2.0 M d) 3.0 M

Ans:

( )

25. Match list-I (fixed beam and various types of loading) with list-II

(the moments at A) and select the correct answer using the codes

below the lists:

Codes:

A B C D

a) 4 3 1 2

b) 3 4 1 2

c) 4 3 2 1

d) 3 4 2 1

Ans: (A)

JH ACADEMY Page 16

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

26. The moment at the indeterminate support of a two-span continuous

beam of 6 m each with simple support at the ends carrying a udl of

20 kN/m over only the left span is (flexural rigidity is the same for

both the spans)

a) 90kN m hogging

b) 45kN m hogging

c) 45kN m sagging

d) Zero

Ans:

shown in the given figure. The bending moment at fixed end A is

b) 300 kN-m sagging

c) 150 kN-m sgging

d) 300 kN-m hogging

Ans:

R = 150 KN

-M (Hogging)

JH ACADEMY Page 17

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

28. If a point load acting at the mid-span of a fixed beam of uniform

section produces fixed end moments of 60 kN-m, then the same

load spread uniformly over the entire span will produce fixed end

moments equal to

a) 20kN-m b) 30kN-m

c)40kN-m c) 45kN-m

Ans:

29. For the beam AB shown in the figure, the fixed end moments at

ends A and B will be respectively

b) -5.4 kN-m and + 4.6kN-m

c) -2.4 kN-m and + 3.6kN-m

d) -3.6 kN-m and + 6kN-m

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 18

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

30. For the frame shown in the figure, the distribution factors for

members CB,CD and CG are respectively (Assume EL as constant)

a) , and

b) , and

c) , and

d) , and

Ans:

CB CA CD

Sum = + + =

a) Simply supported beam

b) Propped cantilever beam

c) Fixed and continuous beam

d) Continuous beam only

Ans: (C)

JH ACADEMY Page 19

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

32. Match list-I with List-II with respect to the diagram given below

and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

a) moment at B

b) slope at A

c) reaction at A

d) stiffness of AB

List-II

1. 3/8wL

2.

3. 1.50 M where M =

4. where M =

Codes:

A B C D

a) 2 1 4 3

b) 3 1 4 2

c) 3 4 1 2

d) 2 4 1 3

Ans:

Moment at B =

Slope at A =

= ( )

= ( )

Stiffness of AB =

JH ACADEMY Page 20

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

33. A uniform beam of length 2L and flexural rigidity EI id fixed at

both the ends. What is the moment required for unit rotation at the

centre of span?

a) b)

c) d)

Ans:

carries uniformly distribution over the entire span, if the prop

heaves up (displaces upward), which one among the following is

true if prop reaction = , moment at A = ?

a) Both will increase

b) will increase, will decrease

c) will decrease, will increase

d) Both will decrease

Ans:

If heaves up

due to clockwise moment

per unit length. During loading, the support B sinks

Downwards by an amount . If = , what is the fixing moment

at B?

a) b)

) d) Zero

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 21

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

36. What are the bending moments at the ends A and B of a uniform

beam AB fixed in direction and position at A and B when acted

upon by two concentrated loads at 1/3rd span as shown in the figure

below?

a) 2/9 WL

b) 4/9 WL

c) 6/9 WL

d) 8/9 WL

Ans:

( )( ) ( )( )

=)

=) * +

=)

37. What is the ratio of load carrying capacity of a fixed beam to that

of a cantilever beam of same span, having same maximum bending

moment and loaded with uniformly distributed throughout the

span?

a) 6 b) 4 c) 3 d) 2

Ans:

Ratio =

JH ACADEMY Page 22

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

38. The propped cantilever AB carries a uniformly distributed load of

q/unit length. In this condition the moment reaction =

the deflection curve equal to zero

a) b)

c) d)

Ans:

( )

39. The fixed beam AB has a hinge C at mid span. A concentrated load

P is applied at C. what is the fixed end moment ?

a) PL b) Pl/2

c) PL/4 d) PL/8

Ans:

JH ACADEMY Page 23

SUB: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

MODULE-28C

40. If the free end of a cantilever of span L and flexure rigidity EI

undergoes a unit displacement (without rotation), what is the

bending moment induced at the fixed end?

a) b)

c) d)

Ans: (D)

41. A fixed beam AB, of constant EI, shown in the figure below,

supports a concentrated load of 10 kN. What is the fixed end-

moment at support A?

c) 7.2kN-m d) 9.5kN-m

Ans:

throughout the span. What is the proportion of the bending moment

at the centre to the end moment considering only elastic

conditions?

a) 1 : 1 b) 1 : 2 c) 1 : 4 d) 2 : 3

Ans: (B)

JH ACADEMY Page 24

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