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Patentable Inventions

Any technical solution of a problem in any field of human activity which is new, involves an
inventive step and is industrially applicable shall be Patentable. It may be, or may relate to, a
product, or process, or an improvement of any of the foregoing. (Section 21, IP Code)

Statutory Classes of Invention

A useful machine
A product or composition
A method or process, or
An improvement of any of the foregoing Microorganism
Non-biological and microbiological process

Non-Patentable Inventions
Discovery, scientific theories and mathematical methods;
Schemes, rules and methods of performing mental acts, playing games or doing
business, and programs for computers;
Methods for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and
diagnostic methods practiced on the human or animal body. This provision shall not
apply to products and composition for use in any of these methods;
A plant varieties or animal breeds or essentially biological process for the production of
plants or animals. This provision shall not apply to micro-organisms and non-biological
and microbiological processes.
Aesthetic creations; and
Anything which is contrary to public order or morality. (Section 22, IP Code)


What is Copyright

Copyright is the legal protection extended to the owner of the rights in an original work.

Original work refers to every production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain. Among the
literary and artistic works enumerated in the Intellectual Property Code includes books and other
writings, musical works, films, paintings and other works, and computer programs.


Section 172 of the IP Code lists the works covered by copyright protection from the moment of their
creation, namely:
(a) Books, pamphlets, articles and other writings
(b) Periodicals and newspapers
(c) Lectures, sermons, addresses, dissertations prepared for oral delivery, whether or not reduced in
writing or other material form
(d) Letters
(e) Dramatic or dramatico-musical compositions; choreographic works or entertainment in dumb shows
(f) Musical compositions, with or without words
(g) Works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving, lithography or other work of art;
models or designs for works of art
(h) Original ornamental designs or models for articles of manufacture, whether or not registrable as an
industrial design, and other works of applied art
(i) Illustrations, maps, plans, sketches, charts and three-dimensional works relative to geography,
topography, architecture or science
(j) Drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical character
(k) Photographic works including works produced by a process analogous to photography; lantern slides
(l) Audiovisual works and cinematographic works and works produced by a process analogous to
cinematography or any process for making audio-visual recordings
(m) Pictorial illustrations and advertisements
(n) Computer programs
(o) Other literary, scholarly, scientific and artistic works.

Requirements for Application

Who may apply

Author, Creator of the work heir, assignee.
May apply in person or through a duly authorized representative

Application must contain the following:

(a) Duly accomplished form
(b) Supporting document evidencing ownership of the copyright (affidavit)
(c) Payment of registration fee
(d) Attach copies of the work