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SCHEME FOR TEACHING & EXAMINATION

B.TECH. IV (EC) SEMESTER VII

Teaching Examination Scheme


Sr.
Course Code Credits Scheme (Marks)
No
L T P Theory Tu. Prac. Total
1 Telematics EC 401 4 4 0 0 100 - - 100
2 Cellular Technology EC 403 5 4 0 2 100 - 50 150
3 VLSI Design EC 405 5 4 0 2 100 - 50 150
4 Elective I EC 4XX 3 3 0 0 100 - - 100
5 Seminar EC 407 2 0 0 4 - - 100 100
6 Project Preliminaries EC 409 2 0 0 4 - - 100 100
TOTAL 21 15 00 12 400 - 300 700

Total Credits: 21, Contact Hours Per Week: 27

SUBJECTS FOR ELECTIVE I

1. Electronic System Design EC 411


2. Digital Signal Processors and Applications EC 413
3. Embedded Systems EC 415
4. Information Theory & Coding EC 417
5. Electromagnetic Interference & Compatibility EC 419

B.TECH. IV (EC) SEMESTER VIII

Teaching Examination Scheme


Sr.
Course Code Credits Scheme (Marks)
No
L T P Theory Tu. Prac. Total
1 RF & Microwave Engineering EC 402 5 4 0 2 100 - 50 150
2 Computer & Communication
EC 404 5 4 0 2 100 - 50 150
Networks
3 Satellite Communication EC 406 3 3 0 0 100 - - 100
4 Elective II EC 4XX 3 3 0 0 100 - - 100
5 Project EC 408 5 0 0 10 - - 250 250
TOTAL 21 14 0 14 400 - 350 750

Total Credits: 21, Contact Hours Per Week: 28

SUBJECTS FOR ELECTIVE II


1. Image Processing EC 412
2. Mobile Computing EC 414
3. Wireless Communication EC 416
4. Radar & Navigation Systems EC 418
5. Process Instrumentation EC 422
B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 401: TELEMATICS 4 0 0 4

• INTRODUCTION (10 Hours)


Telephone Hardware And Telephone Line, Elements Of Switching Systems, Folded , Non-Folded, Non-
Blocking, Blocking & Other Types Of Network Configurations, Two Wire And Four Wire Systems And
Conversions, Echoes And Equalization, Signaling. Direct Control, Step By Step Switching & Other
Switching, Rotary Dial Mechanism, Crossbar Control System, CCITT Standards Signaling, Pulse & Tone
Dialing (DTMF), Choice Of Tone Frequency And Associated Problems

• ELECTRONIC SWITCHING (08 Hours)


Time Multiplexed Time Switch, Time Multiplex Space Switch, Time Division Space Switch, Time Slot
Interchanging; Dual Processor Configuration, Reliability And Availability Criteria

• TRAFFIC ENGINEERING (05 Hours)


Overview of TRAFFIC Engineering, Numbering Plan And Charging Plan

• COMPUTER COMMUNICATION (06 Hours)


Computer Communication Over Telephone Line, Low, Medium And High Speed MODEM With Standard
Bit Rates

• ISDN And BISDN (08 Hours)


Overview, ISDN Channels, User Access, ISDN Protocol

• ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE (08 Hours)


Protocol Architecture, ATM Logic Connections & Cells, Transmission of ATM Cells, ATM Adoption Layer,
Traffic Control ATM In ISDN

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Viswanathan Thyagarajan, “Telecommunication Switching Systems And Networks”, PHI, 24th


Reprint, 1992
2. Flood J. E., “Telecommunications, Switching, Traffic And Networks”, Pearson Education, 12th Indian
Reprint, 1999
3. Ross John, “Telecommunication Technologies”, Thomson, Delmar Learning, 1st Reprint, 2003
4. Stallings William, “ISDN And Broadband ISDN With Frame Relay And ATM”, Prentice Hall, 4th Ed.,
1st Reprint, 2000
5. Kumar, “Communication Networking: An Analytical Approach”, McGraw-Hill, 1st Ed., 2005

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 37 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 403: CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY 4 0 2 5

• INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS (02 Hours)


A Basic Cellular System, Performance Criteria, Uniqueness Of Mobile Radio Environment, Operation
Of Cellular Systems
• ELEMENTS OF CELLULAR RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN (03 hours)
General Description, Concept Of Frequency Reuse Channels, Cochannel Interference Reduction
Factor, Desired C/I From A Normal Case In An Omnidirectional Antenna System, Handoff
Mechanism, Cell Splitting, Consideration Of The Components Of Cellular Systems
• CELL COVERAGE FOR SIGNAL AND TRAFFIC (03 Hours)
General Introduction, Obtaining The Mobile Point-To-Point Model, Propagation Over Water Or Flat
Open Area
• CELL-SITE ANTENNAS (02 Hours)
Equivalent Circuits Of Antennas, Antennas At Cell Site
• COCHANNEL INTERFERENCE REDUCTION (02 Hours)
Exploring Cochannel Interference Area In A System, Design Of An Omnidirectional Antenna System
In The Worst Case. Design of a Directional Antenna System
• NONCOCHANNEL INTERFERENCE (02 Hours)
Adjacent Channel Interference, Near-End-Far-End Interference, Effect Of Near-End Mobile Units,
Cross Talk
• FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT AND CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT (03 Hours)
Frequency Management, Set-Up Channels, Definition Of Channel Assignment, Fixed Channel
Assignment
• HANDOFFS AND DROPPED CALLS (03 Hours)
Value Of Implementing Handoffs, Initiation Of A H/O, Delaying A H/O, Forced H/O, Queuing Of H/O,
MAHO And Soft H/O, Intersystem H/O, Introduction To Dropped Call Rate
• OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES AND TECHNOLOGIES (04 Hours)
Adjusting The Parameters Of A System, Cell Splitting, Small Cells, Narrow Beam Concept,
Separation Between Highway Cell Sites
• INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SYSTEMS (06 Hours)
Introduction To Digital Technology, ARQ Techniques, Digital Speech, Digital Mobile Telephony,
Practical Multiple Access Schemes
• DIGITAL CELLULAR SYSTEMS (15 Hours)
Global System for Mobile (GSM), North American TDMA, CDMA

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

PRACTICAL:

1. Study Of Mobile Phone System


2. Study Of GSM Trainer: Hardware, A. T. Commands
3. Study Of Spread Spectrum Communication
4. Study Of CDMA With BER Analysis With PN Code And Gold Code
5. Simulation Of GMSK Modulation Scheme Used In GSM System
6. Simulation Of Wireless Channel Models With GMSK System
7. Simulation Of Cellular Design Using MATLAB Code
8. Simulation Of Channel Coding Methods – RS, Convolution, Puncture, Interleaver

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. William C. Y. Lee, “Mobile Cellular Telecommunications”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed., 2006
2. Feher Kamilo, “Wireless Digital Communication: Modulation And Spread Spectrum Application”,
Prentice Hall of India, 1999
3. Lee William C. Y., “Mobile Communication Engineering”, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill, International Ed.,
1998
4. Pandya Raj, “Mobile And Personal Communication Systems And Services”, Prentice Hall of India,
1998
5. Amrutia Darshan R., “Mobile Communication And Networking”, Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd., 1st Ed.,
2004

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 38 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 405: VLSI DESIGN 4 0 2 5

• INTRODUCTION TO VLSI DESIGN (04 Hours)


Historical Perspective, Design Hierarchy, Concepts of Regularity, Modularity and Locality, VLSI
Design Styles, VLSI Design Flow, Computer-Aided Design Technology

• FABRICATION OF MOSFETS (06 Hours)


Fabrication Process Flow, CMOS N-Well Process, Layout Design Rules, Full-Custom Mask Layout
Design, Stick Diagram

• MOS TRANSISTOR (08 Hours)


Structure and Operation of MOS Transistor, MOSFET Current-Voltage Characteristics, MOSFET
Scaling and Small Geometry Effects, MOSFET Capacitances., Modeling of MOS transistors using
SPICE

• CIRCUIT CHARACTERIZATION AND PERFORMANCE ESTIMATION (07 Hours)


Delay estimation, Logical efforts and Transistor sizing, Power dissipation, Interconnect, Design
Margin, Reliability

• COMBINATIONAL AND MOS SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITS (06 Hours)


CMOS Logic Circuits, Complex Logic Circuits, Behavior of MOS Logic Elements, SR Latch Circuit,
Clocked Latch and Flip-Flop Circuits, CMOS D-Latch and Edge-Triggered Flip-Flop.

• DYNAMIC LOGIC CIRCUIT (06 Hours)


Pass Transistor Circuits, Voltage Bootstrapping, Synchronous Dynamic Circuit Techniques, Dynamic
And High Performance Dynamic CMOS Circuit

• DIGITAL MODELING AND SIMULATION WITH VHDL (08 Hours)


Introduction to VHDL, Basic Language Elements, Behavioral Modeling, Dataflow Modeling, Structural
Modeling, Generics, Configurations, Packages, Model Simulation

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

PRACTICAL:

1. Introduction Of IC Design And Layout Software Tool


2. Realization Of MOS Characteristics
3. Implementation Of NAND And NOR Logic Gate And Obtaining VTC
4. Verification Of Layout And Design Rules
5. Layout Of NMOS Transistor
6. Layout Of CMOS Inverter And Obtaining VTC
7. Introduction Of HDL Software Tool
8. Implementation And Simulation Of Logic Gate With HDL
9. Implementation Of Digital Logic With Different Model Of HDL
10. Course Project

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Kang and Leblebici: “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis And Design”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd
Ed., 2003
2. Weste and Harris: “CMOS VLSI Design: A Circuits And Systems Perspective”, Pearson Education,
3rd Ed., 2002
3. Perry Douglas L., “VHDL: Programming By Example”, McGraw-Hill, 4th Ed., 2000
4. J. Bhasker, “A VHDL Primer”, Pearson Education, 3rd Ed., 2001
5. Pucknell and Eshraghian: “Basic VLSI Design”, Prentice Hall of India, 3rd Ed., 2003

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 39 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 411: ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN 3 0 0 3

• LINEAR POWER SUPPLIES (04 Hours)


Basic Operation, Basic Introduction To Protection Circuits, Voltage Regulator Using IC723, Adjustable
Voltage Regulator

• SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLY (10 Hours)


Choice Of Switching Frequency, Operation And Design Of Different Types Of Switching Regulators,
Buck Type, Boost Type And Buck-Boost Type In Continuous And Discontinuous Mode, Study of PWM
IC, Isolated Multi-Winding SMPS, Push-Pull, Fold Back And Fly Back Configuration (Discontinuous
Mode), Merits & Demerits Of SMPS

• FUNCTION GENERATORS (08 Hours)


Realization Square, Square Root, Log-Antilog, Sine & Cosine Using Op-Amps And Analog Multiplier
IC., Sine Wave Generation Using An Analog MUX., Digital Scheme Using ADC, DAC, EPROM Device
And Microprocessors

• ELECTRONIC NOISE (05 Hours)


Synchronous Detection, Signal Averaging. Noise In Electronic Systems, Design Of Low Noise
Circuits, Interfacing Of Analog And Digital Systems

• SIGNAL CONDITIONING & DATA ACQUISITION (12 Hours)


Signal Conditioning, Instrumentation & Isolation Amplifiers, Analog Signal Processing Sample And
Hold Circuits, Sampling Theorem, Relation Between ADC Resolution And Sampling Rate, Antialiasing
And Smoothening Filters, Analog MUX And Analog Channel Expansion, Digital MUX And Digital
Channel Expansion. D/A Converter And A/D Converter

• ELECTRONIC CONTROLLER (06 Hours)


P, PI, PID Controllers, Realization For System With Known Parameters, Tuning Of PID Control
Parameters Using Decouple PID Model, Introduction To Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Pressman Abraham I., “Switching Power Supply Design”, McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed., 1997
2. Gaykwad Ramakant , “Op-Amps And Linear Integrated Circuits”, 4th Ed., 2002
3. Mitchel and Mitchel (Jr.), “Electronics Circuit Design”, PHI, 2nd Ed., 1995
4. Rangan C. S., “Instrumentation Devices And Systems”, TMH, 2nd Ed., 1990
5. Johnson C. D., “Process Control Instrumentation Techniques”, PHI, 7th Ed., 10th Reprint, 2002

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 40 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 413: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS AND APPLICATIONS 3 0 0 3

• INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (04 Hours)


DSP Systems, The TMS 320 Family,
¾ DSP Architectures: Introduction, CPU Operations, Memory Configuration, Peripherals And
Input / Output
¾ Software Development: Introduction Set, Assembly Programs, C Programs, Mixing C &
Assembly Code, Software Development Tools
¾ System Consideration: The Choice DSP Processors, Sampling And Quantization, D to A
Conversion, Coder – Decoder, Speed Optimization

• IMPLEMENTATION CONSIDERATIONS (03 Hours)


¾ Data Presentations And Arithmetic: Fixed-Point Numbers And Arithmetic, Floating-Point
Arithmetic, Fixed-Point Vs Floating-Point Format
¾ Finite Wordlength Effects: Input Quantization, Coefficient Quantization, Overflow And
Solutions, Rounding And Truncation
¾ Programming Issues
¾ Real-Time Implementation Considerations
¾ Hardware Interfacing

• FIXED-POINT DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS (04 Hours)


Introduction, TMS320C2000, TMS320C54x, TMS320C55x, TMS320C62x and TMS320C64x

• FLOATING-POINT DIGITAL SIGNAL PORCESSORS (05 Hours)


Introduction, TMS320C3x, TMS320C67x

• FINITE-IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERING (08 Hours)


Definition, Filter Characteristics, Filter Structures, Filter Designs, Finite-Wordlength Effects,
Implementation of Finite-Impulse Response Filters
¾ Fixed-Point Implementations
¾ Floating Point Implementations

• INFINITE-IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERING (08 Hours)


¾ Fixed-Point Implementations
¾ Floating Point Implementations

• FAST FOURIER TRANSFORMS (08 Hours)


¾ Introduction To The Discrete Fourier Transform
¾ Fast Fourier Transform Algorithms
¾ Fixed Point Implementations: Implementation Using The TMS320C54x, TMS320C2000,
TMS320C55x, TMS320C62x, TMS320C64x
¾ Floating Point Implementations: Implementation Using The TMS320C3, TMS320C67x

• ADAPTIVE FILTERING (05 Hours)


Introduction
¾ Adaptive-Filtering Structures And Algorithms: Filtering Structures, Adaptive Algorithms
¾ Properties Of Adaptive Filters: Stability Conditions, Convergence Rate, Steady-State
Performance, Finite-Precision Effects
¾ Applications: Adaptive System Identification, Adaptive Inverse Modeling, Adaptive Noise
Cancellation, Adaptive Prediction
(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Kuo Sen M. and Gan Woon-Seng S., “Digital Signal Processors: Architectures, Implementations,
And Applications”, Prentice Hall, 2005
2. Dahnoun Nain, “Digital Signal Processing Implementation Using TMS320C6000 Processor”, PHI,
2000.
3. Schilling Robert J. and Sundarac Huwios, “Fundamental Of Digital Signal Processing Using
MATLAB”, Thomson, 1st Indian Reprint, 2007
4. Kuo Sen M. and Lee Bob H., “Real Time Digital Signal Processing: Implementation, Application And
Experiments With The TMS320C55x”, John Willey, 2001
5. Singh Avtar and Srinivasan S., “Digital Signal Processing: Implementation Using DSP
Microprocessors With Example From TMS320C54XX”, Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., 4th Ed., 2004
Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 41 of 53
B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 415: EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 3 0 0 3

• INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (05 Hours)


Overview; Categories, Characteristics; Application Areas; General Ideas Of Processors,
Microcontrollers, Memory Selection And Organization; Process Of Embedded System Development

• TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (10 Hours)


Hardware And Software Architecture Of Embedded Systems; Communication Interfaces - RS 232,
UART, USB, RS485, Infrared, IEEE1394 Firewire, Ethernet, IEEE802.11, Bluetooth; DSP Based
Embedded System Design Process

• INTER PROCESS COMMUNICATION (13 Hours)


Synchronization Of Processes, Tasks And Threads Multiple Processes In An Application - Data
Sharing By Multiple Tasks And Routines- Inter Process Communication

• REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS (08 Hours)


Operating System Services; I/O Subsystems; Network Operating Systems; Real Time And Embedded
System Operating Systems Interrupt Routines In RTOS Environments; RTOS Task Scheduling
Models; Interrupt Latency And Response Times; Standardization Of RTOS; Ideas Of Embedded
Linux
• CASE STUDY (09 Hours)
Case Study, Design Using ARM Processor, PIC Microcontroller
(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Rajkamal, “Embedded Systems Architecture: Programming And Design”; Tata McGraw-Hill, 1st Ed., 2006
2. Prasad K. V. K. K., “Embedded / Real –Time Systems: Concepts, Design And Programming”, Dreamtech
Press, Revised Ed., 2005
3. Liu Jane, “Real-Time Systems”, PHI, 1st Ed., 2000
4. Laplante Phillip A, “Real-Time Systems Design And Analysis: An Engineer's Handbook”, PHI, 2nd Ed.,
2005
5. Frank Vahid and Givargis Tony, “Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware / Software
Introduction”, Wiley Publication, IS Ed., 2001

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 42 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 417: INFORMATION THEORY & CODING 3 0 0 3

• REVIEW OF PROBABILITY THEORY (06 Hours)


Statistical Model, Probabilistic Model, Conditional Probability, Theorem Of Total Probability, Bayes
Theorem, Random Variable Theory, Gaussian Distribution, Random Process

• REVIEW OF INFORMATION THEORY (06 Hours)


Measure Of Information, Zero Memory And Markov Model, Mutual Information

• SOURCE CODING (12 Hours)


Lossless Coding – Kraft’s Inequality, Shannon Encoding Algorithm, Shannon-Fano Codes, Prefix
Code, Huffman Codes, Arithmetic Code, Lempel-Ziv-Welch Algorithm, Lossy Coding-Quantization,
Vector Quantization, Transform Coding, Sub-band Coding, Predictive Coding, Introduction To Coding
Standards.

• CHANNEL MODELLING (08 Hours)


Modeling Of Information Channel, Discrete Memoryless Channel, Channel Capacity, Shannon Limit,
Channel Coding, BSC, BEC, Cascaded Channels

• ERROR CONTROL CODING (13 Hours)


Introduction To Galios Field, Hamming Distance, Linear Block Codes, Cyclic Code, BCH Codes,
Convolution Code, Viterbi Coding, Trellis Code

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Bose R., “Information Theory, Coding And Cryptography”, Tata McGraw-Hill, International Ed., 2002
2. Haykin S., “Communication Systems”, 4th Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1st Ed., 2001
3. Giridhar K., “Information Theory And Coding”, Pooja Publications, 1st Ed., 2001
4. Bhatacharya A. “Digital Communication”, McGraw-Hill, 1st Ed., 1998
5. Stallings W., “Cryptography And Network Security Principles And Practices”, Pearson Education, 3rd
Ed., 2007

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 43 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 419: ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY 3 0 0 3

• INTRODUCTION (05 Hours)


History Of EMI/EMC, Analysis Of EMI, Type Of Noise And Interference, Electromagnetic
Compatibility, Benefits Of Good EMC Design, EMC Regulations (Government, Commercial And
Military), Examples Of EMC Related Problems

• EMC REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (05 Hours)


Radiated Emission Limits For Class A, Class B, FCC And CICPR, Measurement Of Emissions For
Verification Of Compliance, Radiated Emission And Susceptibility, Conducted Emissions And
Susceptibility, Typical Product Emissions, Additional Product Requirements, Design Constraints For
Products, Advantages Of EMC Design

• CONDUCTED EMISSION AND SUSCEPTIBILITY (08 Hours)


Measurement Of Conducted Emission: LISN, Common And Differential Mode Currents, Power Supply
Filters, Basic Properties Of Filters, A Generic Topology, Effect Of Filter Elements On Common And
Differential Mode Currents, Separation Of Conducted Emissions In to Common And Differential Mode
Components For Diagnostic Purpose, Power Supplies: Linear And SMPS, Effect Of Power Supply
Components On Conducted Emissions, Power Supply And Filter Placement, Conducted Susceptibility

• RADIATED EMISSION AND SUSCEPTIBILITY (08 Hours)


Simple Emission Models For Wires And PCB Lands: Differential Mode Versus Common Mode
Currents, Differential Mode Current Emission Model, Common Mode Current Emission Model, Current
Probes, Simple Susceptibility Models For Wires And PCB Lands: Shielded Cables And Surface
Transfer Impedance

• CROSS TALK (10 Hours)


Three Conductor Transmission Lines And Crosstalk, Transmission Line Equations For Lossless
Lines, The Per Unit Length Parameters: Homogeneous Versus Inhomogeneous Media, Wide
Separation Approximation For Wires, Numerical Methods For Other Structures, The Inductive-
Capacitive Coupling Approximation Model: Frequency Domain Inductive-Capacitive Coupling Model,
Time Domain Inductive-Capacitive Coupling Model, Lumped Circuit Approximate Models. Shielded
Wires, Inductive And Capacitive Coupling, Effect Of Shield Grounding, Effect Of Pigtails, Effects Of
Multiple Shields, Mtl Model Predictions, Twisted Wires, Inductive And Capacitive Coupling, Effects Of
Twist, Effects Of Balancing

• SHIELDING (05 Hours)


Shielding Effectiveness, Far Field Sources, Exact Solution, Approximate Solution, Near Field
Sources: Near Field Versus Far Field, Electric Sources, Magnetic Sources, Low Frequency, Magnetic
Fielding Shielding, Effect Of Apertures

• SYSTEM DESIGN FOR EMC (04 Hours)


Shielding And Grounding, PCB Design, System Configuration And Design, Electrostatic Discharge,
Diagnostic Tools

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Paul Clayton., “Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility”, Wiley Interscience, 2nd Ed., 2006
2. Ott H. W., “Noise Reduction Techniques In Electronic Systems”, Wiley Interscience, 2nd Ed.1988
3. Goedbloed, “Electromagnetic Compatibility”, Prentice Hall, 1st English Language Ed.,1993
4. Duff William, “Fundamentals Of Electromagnetic Compatibility (Electromagnetic Interface And
Compatibility Series, Volume – I)”, Don White Consultants, 1st Ed.,1988
5. Kaiser K. L., “Electromagnetic Shielding”, CRC Press, 1st Ed., 2006
6. Michel Mardiguian, “EMI Troubleshooting Techniques”, McGraw-Hill Professional, 1st Ed., 1999

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 44 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 402: RF & MICROWAVE ENGINEERING 4 0 2 5

• INTRODUCTION (02 Hours)


RF Behavior of Passive Components, Chip Components

• TRANSMISSION LINE ANALYSIS (04 Hours)


Why Transmission Line Theory?, Examples Of Transmission Lines, Equivalent Circuit
Representation, Theoretical Foundation, Circuit Parameters For A Parallel Plate Transmission Line,
General Transmission Line Equation, Microstrip Transmission Lines, Terminated Lossless
Transmission Line, Special Termination Conditions, Sourced And Loaded Transmission Line,
Problems

• SMITH CHART (04 Hours)


From Reflection Coefficients to Load Impedance, Impedance Transformation, Admittance
Transformation, Parallel and Series Connection, Problems

• SINGLE- AND MULTIPORT NETWORKS (03 Hours)


Basic Definitions, Interconnecting Networks, Network Properties And Application, Scattering
Parameters- Definition And Meaning Of S- Parameters, Problems.

• RF FILTERS DESIGN (05 Hours)


Basic Resonator and Filter Configurations, Special Filter Realizations

• MMIC (02 Hours)


Introduction, Materials, Fabrication Techniques, Thin Film Formation

• MICROWAVE WAVEGUIDES AND COMPONENTS (04 Hours)


Introduction, Rectangular Waveguides, Rectangular Cavity Resonators, Microwave Hybrid Circuits-
Waveguides Tees, Magic Tees, Directional Couplers

• MICROWAVE DEVICES AND SOURCE (06 Hours)


Microwave Bipolar Transistors, Microwave Tunnel Diodes, Gunn Diodes, Klystrons And Magnetrons

• MICROWAVE COMMUNICATIONS (04 Hours)


Simplified Microwave System, Microwave Repeaters, Diversity, Microwave Radio Stations, System
Gain

• RADAR (06 Hours)


Basic Radar, Simple Form Of Radar Equation, Radar Block Diagram, Detection Of Signal Noise,
Receiver Noise & SNR, Transmitted Power, PRF, Antenna Parameters, Introduction To Doppler And
MTI Radar, Delay Line Canceller, Staggered Prfs, Tracking With Radar, Conical Scan And Sequential
Lobbing

• ELECTRONIC NAVIGATION (05 Hours)


Instrument Landing System, Precision Approach Radar, Microwave Landing System, Satellite
Navigation Systems (GPS)
(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

PRACTICALS:
1. To Study Microwave Bench
2. To Plot Standing Wave Pattern Of Different Loads
3. To Measure VSWR Of Different Loads
4. To Find Unknown Impedance Using Smith Chart
5. To Study Properties Of Directional Coupler
6. To Study Microstrip Bandpass And Bandstop Filters
7. To Study Microstrip Power Divider
8. To Plot Mode Characteristics Of Reflex Klystron
9. To Measure Dielectric Constant Of Substrate Used For Microstrip Line

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.Ludwig Reinhold & Bretchko Pavel, “RF Circuits Design: Theory And Applications”, Pearson
Education, Low Price Edition, 1st Ed., 2000
rd nd
2. Liao Samuel Y., “Microwave Devices And Circuits”, PHI, 3 Ed., 2 Reprint, 2006
3. Tomasi Wayne, “Advanced Electronic Communication Systems”, PHI, 5th Ed., 2001
4. Skolnik Merril I., “Introduction To Radar Systems”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd Ed., 2004
nd
Electronics Engineering Department,
5. Nagaraja SVNIT Of Electronic Navigation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2 Ed., 1990 Page 46 of 53
N.S., “Elements
B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 404: COMPUTER & COMMUNICATION NETWORKS 4 0 2 5

• DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING OVERVIEW (03 Hours)


A Communications Model, Data Communications, Data Communication Networking, An Example
Configuration
• PROTOCOL ARCHITECTURE (03 Hours)
The Need For A Protocol Architecture, A Simple Protocol Architecture, OSI, The TCP / IP Protocol
Architecture
• DIGITAL DATA COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES (04 Hours)
Asynchronous And Synchronous Transmission, Types Of Errors, Error Detection, Error Correction,
Line Configuration, Interfacing
• DATA LINK CONTROL (03 Hours)
Flow Control, Error Control, High-Level Data Link Control, Performance Issues
• ROUTING IN SWITCHED NETWORKS (03 Hours)
Routing In Circuit-Switching Networks, Routing In Packet-Switching Networks, Least-Cost Algorithms
• CONGESTION CONTROL IN SWITCHED DATA NETWORKS (03 Hours)
Effects Of Congestion, Congestion Control, Congestion Control In Packet-Switching Networks
• LOCAL AREA NETWORK OVERVIEW (04 Hours)
Background, Topologies And Transmission Media, LAN Protocol Architecture, Bridges
• HIGH-SPEED LANs (05 Hours)
The Emergence Of High-Speed LANs, Ethernet, Token Ring
• WIRELESS LANs (04 Hours)
Overview, Wireless LAN Technology
• INTERNETWORK PROTOCOLS (05 Hours)
Basic Protocol Functions, Principles Of Internetworking, Connectionless Internetworking, Internet
Protocol, IPv6
• INTERNETWORK OPERATION (02 Hours)
Multicasting
• TRANSPORT PROTOCOLS (02 Hours)
Transmission Control Protocol, User Datagram Protocol
• NETWORK SECURITY (02 Hours)
Security Requirements And Attacks, Confidentiality With Symmetric Encryption, Message
Authentication And Hash Functions, Public-Key Encryption And Digital Signatures
• DISTRIBUTED APPLICATIONS (02 Hours)
Electronic Mail – SMTP And MIME, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Network Management - SNMP

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

PRACTICALS:

1. Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) Method for Error Detection


2. PC to PC Serial Link Using Com Port
3. Hamming Code for Error Detection and Correction
4. Packet Transmission
5. Bit Stuffing
6. Sliding Window Protocol
7. Short Path Algorithm
8. Stop & Wait Protocol
9. Cipher
10. Token Ring Implementation

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Tanenbaun Andrew S. , “Computer Networks”, Prentice Hall Of India, 3rd Ed., 1998
2. Stallings William, “Data And Computer Communications”, Prentice Hall Of India, 6th Ed., 2000
3. Forouzen Behrouz A., “Data Communications And Networking”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed., 2000
4. Gallager R. G. and Bertsekas D., “Data Networks”, Prentice Hall of India, 1st Ed., 1992
5. Garcia Leon and Widjaja I., “Communication Networks”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1st Ed., 2000

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 47 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 406: SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 3 0 0 3

• SATELLITE COMMUNICATION (04 Hours)


Introduction, History Of Satellites, Kepler’s Laws, Geostationary Satellites, Satellite System
Parameters, Satellite System Link Models, Satellite System Link Equations And Link Budget.

• POLARIZATION (01 Hours)


Introduction, Antenna Polarization, Polarization Of Satellite Signals, Cross Polarization Discrimination,
Ionospheric Depolarization, Rain Depolarization, Ice Depolarization

• POWER EFFICIENT MODULATION TECHNIQUES (08 Hours)


Baseband Transmission System Concepts, Introduction To Power Efficient Techniques, Equivalence
Of Low Pass And Band Pass Channel Models, Coherent And Differentially Coherent BPSK And
QPSK System, MSK

• SPECTRALLY EFFICIENT MODULATION TECHNIQUES (04 Hours)


Introduction, Linearly And Nonlinearly Amplified M-Ary PSK And QAM Earth Station And Satellite
Modems.

• CODING (08 Hours)


Introduction, Coding Efficiency, Shannon-Fano, Huffman Coding, Error Control Coding, Block Codes,
Convolution Codes

• EARTH STATION ENGINEERING (08 Hours)


Earth Station Design, Design of Large Antennas (Introduction, Large Cassegrain Antenna), Tracking
(Introduction), Small Earth Station Antennas (Introduction), Equipment for Earth Station (Introduction,
LNA, HPA)

• TDMA SYSTEMS (08 Hours)


Basic TDMA Architecture, TDMA Control Architecture, TDMA Terminal Implementation, Ancillary
TDMA Processing, Terrestrial Interfaces, Introduction to CDMA

• SCPC PREASSIGNED AND DEMAND-ASSIGNED, SPADE, DIGITAL SATELLITE EARTH


STATIONS (04 Hours)
Introduction to FDMA Digital Satellite Systems, SCPC-FDMA Digital Satellite Systems, System
Capacity and Trade-Offs in SPADE and SCPC Systems

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Tomasi Wayne, “Advanced Electronic Communication Systems”, PHI, 5TH Ed., 2001
2. Roddy Dennis, “Satellite Communications”, McGraw-Hill, 3rd Ed., 2001
3. Feher Kamilo, “Digital Communications – Satellite Earth Station”, PHI, 1st Ed., 1981
4. Singh R. P. and Sapre S. D., “Communication Systems: Analog And Digital”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995
5. Pratt T. and Bostian C. W., “Satellite Communications” John Wiley & Sons, 1st Ed., 1986

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 48 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VII L T P C

EC 412: IMAGE PROCESSING 3 0 0 3

• DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS (10 Hours)


Image Formation Model, Image Sampling And Quantization, Representation Of Digital Images, Basic
Relationship Between Pixels, Distance Measures, Various 2D Transforms Like DFT, FFT, Walsh
Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform, Haar Transform, KLT, WLT

• IMAGE ENHANCEMENT (08 Hours)


Spatial Domain Methods, Frequency Domain Methods, Histogram Modification Technique,
Neighborhood Averaging, Media Filtering, Low Pass Filtering, Averaging Of Multiple Images, Image
Sharpening By Differentiation And High Pass Filtering
• IMAGE RESTORATION (08 Hours)
Degradation Model, Noise Models, Restoration In The Presence Of Noise By Spatial Filtering,
Periodic Noise Reduction By Frequency Domain Filtering Unconstrained And Constrained
Restorations, Inverse Filtering, Wiener Filter, Grey Level Interpolation

• IMAGE COMPRESSION AND ENCODING (10 Hours)


Image Compression Models, Error Free Compression, Variable Length Coding, Lossless Predictive
Coding, Bit Plane Coding, Lossy Compression, Lossy Predictive Coding, Transform And Wavelet
Coding, Image Compression Standards, Video Compression Standards

• IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND REPRESENTATION (09 Hours)


Detection Of Discontinuities, Point Detection, Line Detection, Edge Detection, Edge Linking And
Boundary Detection, Thresholding, Basic Global And Local Thresholding, Region Based
Segmentation, Simple Method Of Representation, Signatures, Boundary Segments, Skeleton Of A
Region, Boundary And Regional Descriptors

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Gonzalez Rafel C. and Woods Richard C., “Digital Image Processing”, Pearson Education, Prentice
Hall of India, 2nd Ed., 2002
2. Jain A.K., “Fundamentals Of Digital Image Processing”, PHI, 1st Ed., 1989
3. Jain R., Kasturi R. and Schunck B.G: “Machine Vision”, McGraw-Hill 2nd Ed.,1995
4. Pratt W. K, “Digital Image Processing”, Prentice Hall, 1st Ed., 1989
5. Rosenfold and Kak A.C, “Digital Image Processing”, Vol. 1 and 2, Prentice Hall, 1st Ed., 1986

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 49 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 414: MOBILE COMPUTING 3 0 0 3

• MOBILE COMMUNICATION: AN OVERVIEW (06 Hours)


What Is Mobile Computing? Mobile Computing Architecture, Mobile Devices, Mobile Networks, Mobility
Management

• GSM AND SIMILAR ARCHITECTURES (06 Hours)


GSM Services And System Architecture, Radio Interfaces, Protocols, Localization, Calling, Handover,
Security, Data Services, GPRS, HSCSD

• WIRELESS MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL AND CDMA BASED COMMUNICATION (07 Hours)
Medium Access Control Schemes-FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Introduction To CDMA Based Systems,
Spread Spectrum In CDMA Systems, Coding Methods In CDMA, IS-95 CDMAONE System, IMT-2000,
I-Mode

• MOBILE IP NETWORK LAYER (07 Hours)


IP And Mobile IP Network Layers, Packet Delivery And Handover Management, Location Management,
Registration, Tunneling An Encapsulation, Route Optimization, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

• MOBILE TRANSPORT LAYER AND DATABASES (06 Hours)


Conventional TCP/IP, Mobile TCP, Methods Of TCP Layer Transmission In Mobile Networks, TCP Over
2.5G/3G Mobile Networks, Data Catching, Client-Server Computing, Data Recovery

• DATA DISSEMINATION BROADCAST MODELS AND BROADCASTING SYSTEMS (05 Hours)


DAB, DVB, Selective Tuning And Indexing Techniques, Data Delivery Mechanisms

• DATA SYNCHRONIZATION IN MOBILE COMPUTING SYSTEMS (02 Hours)


SyncML

• DIFFERENT MOBILE NETWORKS (06 Hours)


Adhoc Network, Wireless Sensor Network, WLAN, WMAN, WPAN, Mobile Application Layer, Mobile
Operating Systems

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Kamal Raj, “Mobile Computing”, Oxford University Press, 1st Ed., 2007
2. Talukdar Ashoke and Yavagal Roopa, “Mobile Computing”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1st Ed., 2005
3. Hamid Aghavami, Mohsen Guizani, Michele Zorzi and Hsiao-Hwa Chen, “Wireless Communication
And Mobile Computing”, Wiley Publication, 2005
4. Schiller Jochen, “Mobile Communications”, Addison Wesley, Pearson Education, LPE, 3rd Indian
Reprint, 2001
5. Pandya Raj, “Mobile And Personal Communication Systems And Services”, IEEE Press, PHI, 1st Indian
Reprint, 2000

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 50 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 416: WIRELESS COMMUNICATION 3 0 0 3

• GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (14 Hours)


General Considerations About Radio Waves Over Wireless Channel, Radio Propagation And The
Atmosphere, Basic Propagation Mechanisms In General, Radio Propagation Categories For Long
Distance Case, Short Distance NLOS Mobile Communication Case, AWGN. Model Showing
Reflection, Scattering And Diffraction Of Radio Waves For Mobile Systems/Multipath Effect, Large
Scale Fading, Small Scale Fading, Delay Spread Effect, ISI, Doppler Shift/Spread, Doppler Power
Spectrum, Flat And Frequency Selective Fading

• CHANNEL MODELS, EQUALIZATION TECHNIQUES AND DIVERSITY TECHNIQUES (05 Hours)

• SPREAD SPECTRUM MODULATION CONCEPTS (14 Hours)


Spread Spectrum Modulation Concepts, ML, Walsh-Hadamard, Gold Sequences, Code Properties,
Auto And Cross Correlation, Partial Correlation, DSSS Transmitter, Rake Receiver Block Diagram,
PN Signal Characteristics, Spectral Density, Bandwidth And Processing Gain, Interference Rejection,
Antijam Characteristics, Energy And Bandwidth Efficiency, Near Far Problem And Power Control,
Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum, Time Hopping, Comparison Of Spread Spectrum Modulation
Methods, Hybrid Spread Spectrum System, Chirp Spread Spectrum

• OFDM MULTICARRIER MODULATION (12 Hours)


Basic Principle Of Orthogonality, Subcarrier Setting In The Spectrum, FDM Vs Orthogonal FDM,
OFDM Block Diagram And Explanation, Pulse Shaping And Windowing In OFDM, Synchronization In
OFDM, Pilot Insertion In OFDM Transmission And Channel Estimation, Amplitude Limitations FFT
Points Selection Constraints, CDMA Vs OFDM, Hybrid OFDM

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Molisch Andreas F., “Wideband Wireless Digital Communication”, LPE, Pearson Education, 3rd
Indian Reprint, 2003
2. Sharma Sanjay, “Wireless Communications”, Katsons Books, 1st Ed., 2006
3. Rappaport,T. “Wireless Communications”, LPE, Pearson Education, 5th Indian Reprint, 2003
4. Schulze Henrik and Luders Christian, “Theory And Applications Of OFDM And CDMA - Wideband
Wireless Communications”, Wiley Publication, 1st Ed., 2005
5. Goldsmith Andrea, “Wireless Communications”, Cambridge University Press, 1st Ed., 2005
6. Feher Kemilo, “Wireless Digital Communication”, PHI, 1st Ed., 1995

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 51 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 418: RADAR AND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS 3 0 0 3

• INTRODUCTION TO RADAR (02 Hours)

• MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR (05 Hours)


Digital MTI Processing, Limitation to MTI Performance, Pulse Doppler Radar

• TRACKING RADAR (06 Hours)


Tracking with Radar, Monopulse Tracking, Conical Scan & Sequential Lobing, Limitation to Tracking
Accuracy, Low Angle Tracking

• INFORMATION FROM RADAR SIGNALS (06 Hours)


Radar Measurements, Theoretical Accuracy

• RADAR CLUTTER (06 Hours)


Surface Clutter Radar Equation, Land Clutter, Sea Clutter

• RADAR ANTENNA (06 Hours)


Functions, Parameters, Radiation Pattern and Aperture Illumination, Reflector Antennas, Phased
Array Antennas, Radiators

• AIDS TO APPROACH & LANDING (04 Hours)

• DOPPLER NAVIGATION (05 Hours)

• SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS (05 Hours)

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Sklonik Merrill, “Introduction To Radar Systems”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd Ed., 2001
2. Nagaraja N. S. “Elements Of Electronics Navigation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed.,1996
3. Sharma K. K., “Radar, Sonar And Navigation Engineering”, S K Kataria & Sons, 2nd Ed., 2006
4. Mitra Monojit, “Microwave Engineering”, , Dhanpat Rai & Co., 3rd Ed., 2006
5. Kennedy George and Davis Bernard, “Electronics Communication Systems”, Tata McGraw-Hill,
4th Ed., 1999

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 52 of 53


B. Tech. IV (EC) Semester VIII L T P C

EC 422: PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0 3

• INTRODUCTION TO PROCESS CONTROL (04 hours)


Introduction to Process Control, Examples of Surge Tank, Shower, Use of Instrumentation in Process
Control, Process Model and Dynamic Behaviour

• INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM (10 hours)


Introduction About Instrumentation System, Types Of Instrumentation System, Data Acquisition
System And Its Uses In Intelligent Instrumentation System. Detail Study of Each Block Involved In
Making of DAS, Signal Conditioners as DA, IA, Signal Converters (ADC), Sample and Hold.
Designing Application for Pressure, Temperature Measurement System Using DAS, Data Logger

• FEEDBACK CONTROL (08 hours)


Digital And Analog Controller (On–Off Control, Proportional, Integral And Derivative Control),
Development Of Control System Block Diagram, Reason Of Set Point Changes, PID Controller
Tuning Forms: Ziglar-Nichols Open Loop Method., Cohen-Coon Parameters

• CASCADE AND FEED FORWARD CONTROL (10 hours)


Background, Introduction To Cascade Control, Cascade Control Analysis And Design, Feed Forward
Control, Feed Forward Control Design And Examples Of Feed Forward Control

• COMPLEX CONTROL SCHEMES (06 hours)


Ratio Control, Selective And Over Ride Control, Split -Range Control, Multivariable Control

• INSTRUMENTATION FOR SPECIAL PROCESS (07 hours)


A Brief Study of Instrumentation and Control Relevant To Some of the Following Industries: Cement,
Petrochemicals, Steel, Paper, Fertilizer and Power Plants

(Total Contact Time: 45 Hours)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

1. Patranabis D., “Principle Of Industrial Instrumentation”, McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed., 1999


2. Bequette B. Wayne, “Process Control: Modelling Design And Simulation”, PHI, 2003
3. Johnson Curtis D., “Process Control Instrumentation”, Pearson Education, PHI, 2005
4. Shawhney A. K. “Electrical And Electronics Measurements And Instrumentation”, Dhanpat Rai &
Sons, 1994
5. Kant Krishna, “Computer Based Industrial Control”, PHI, 2004

Electronics Engineering Department, SVNIT Page 53 of 53