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# Republic of the Philippines

## CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES

Nabua, Camarines Sur
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

## Name: John Aries A. Sarza Date: Friday, July, 2012

Year and Section: CE-2B Weather: Cloudy

EXERCISE NO.1

## DETERMINATION OF PACE FACTOR

Title

I. OBJECTIVES
The following are the objectives of the study:
To determine the number of paces undertaking by an individual to a known distance.
To identify the different paces for every trials to a given distance.
To determine the average length of an individuals normal step.

II. PROCEDURE
Select a place or choose a stretch of level ground that is free of obstacles.
Select a point on the ground and mark it as point A. Place a range pole/mark on it.
From point A, lay down a 50-meter distance with the use of the steel tape.
Make sure that the 50-meter distance has been laid down first before placing a marking pin
every 5 meters along it.
At the 50-meter mark on the other end of the distance, mark this as point B and also place
the second range pole on it.
The group leader then gathers the members at point A .The following should be observed to
have an orderly exercise
all members of the group should walk from A to B on the left side of the tape and
should walk on the right side of the tape from B to A. Hence, the group moves in a
clockwise direction walking back and forth along the tape. This is to avoid walking
onto the others path that would great affect ones pace factor estimate

No two or more members should walk side by side or simultaneously, since ones
pace factor would be influenced by the other thereby not getting a good estimate of
ones pace factor.
Dont shout out loud when counting ones pace factor. This might affect the
counting of the other group members in your vicinity.

## Page 1 of 4 XL_ES_JAAS 7/1/2012 5:54:34 PM

Republic of the Philippines
CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES
Nabua, Camarines Sur
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

When your pace is a bit faster that the person in front of you, provide some
distance between you and that person.
Upon reaching point B, the student fills up the tally sheet. He/she records the total
number of paces it took him/her to cover the 50-meter distance.
From point B, the same procedure is repeated, covering the 50-meter distance back
to point A.
The number of trials for this exercise would be 7. The student should record the
total number of paces at the end of each trial.

III. MATERIALS/EQUIPMENTS
Tape Measure/50-m steel tape
Marker( chalk, marking pins)

IV. FIGURE/SKETCH
MY PACE
FACTOR?????

Figure 1
V. FIELD MEASUREMENT DATA
LINE NO. OF PACES
TAPED AVERAGE NO.
TRIAL PACE FACTOR
DISTANCE(TD) OF PACES
50m
AB 54
50
1

2 BA 53

3
4
AB

BA
m 53

54
50m 54paces 0.926m/pace
John Aries Sarza
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Republic of the Philippines
CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES
Nabua, Camarines Sur
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

5 AB 56

6 BA 55

7 AB 53

VI. CALCULATION

## a) Determining Average no. of PACES

Mean no. of paces = total no. of paces for 7trials / distance by pacing

## b) Determining Pace Factor

x =
x Pace Factor = Distance Paced / Mean no. of
n paces
54 +53+53+54 +56+55+53
=
7
378
= TD
7 PF=
xx
= 54paces

50 m
= =0.926m/pace
54 paces
Table 1

VII. OBSERVATION

## Errors are very common to some experiments/trials. Sometimes, it depends to

situation, maybe from the act of nature, due to imperfections in the instruments used, or
maybe from human erroneous. Therefore, through this, the precision and accuracy of
measurement will defect.
Based from the data above, 54, 53, 53, 54, 56, 55, 53paces of 1st -7th trial
respectively are close to each other. Therefore the set is said to be good precision.

VIII. CONCLUSION

## Page 3 of 4 XL_ES_JAAS 7/1/2012 5:54:34 PM

Republic of the Philippines
CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES
Nabua, Camarines Sur
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

## I generalized as my result of my trials, I got 0.926m/paces of my pace factor. That

means for every 1pace, I make 0.926m up. So I can use my pace factor if and only
if,without any measuring instrument, I can obtain a good estimate of an unknown
distance by using my ones pace factor. When doing a survey of an area where certain
distances need to be verified, the use of ones pace factor to check these distances without
the need of any distance-measuring instrument can provide satisfactory estimates.

Prepared by:

## John Aries A. Sarza

BSCE-2B
Submitted to:
Engr. Henry P. Turalde
Instructor