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COMBINED COOLING, HEATING AND POWER

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COMBINED BENEFITS OF
DISTRIBUTED COGENERATION
Wrtsils ongoing development of distributed power plant solutions is based on demands
for alternative energy sources, the need to shorten transmission distances, and increasing
stipulations for fuel efficiency. With deregulation and liberalisation of the energy markets on
the increase everywhere, the trend is towards decentralised systems. Power, heat and chilling
generated closer to consumers shortens transmission routes considerably.
Wrtsils Combined Heat & Power (CHP) and Combined Cooling, Heating & Power
(CCHP) systems are supplied to utilities, independent power producers (IPP), industries and
municipalities around the globe.The combination of high efficiency and low emission in power
plants built by Wrtsil is unequalled on the market. Wrtsil plants comply with national
and local environmental requirements and with World Bank guidelines for power plants. The
internal combustion technology with its very fast starting and stopping capabilities is also a
flexible and good complement to power production with renewables, wind and solar energy.
Wrtsil CHP plants run on various grades of natural gas and liquid fuels, while still
maintaining low emissions and high efficiency. The plants include thermal heat recovery for
hot water, steam, direct-fire, or chilled water thereby increasing the already high efficiency
of up to 49% in terms of net electricity, to a total plant efficiency of 90% or more.
Typical plant sizes are 4600 MWe and up to 175 MWch/50,000 TR chilling in single or
multi-engine configurations.

Typical specific CO2 emissions by different power plant types


CO2 emissions in g/kWh Electricity production only
Electricity and heat production
800 Electricity and chilling production
750
600 600
450 400
340
240 260
Coal fired

Coal fired
steam boiler
Gas turbine

Diesel engine

Gas engine
natural gas single cycle

Gas engine
natural gas CHP (steam)

chilling plant

Diesel engine
fuel oil single cycle

Gas turbine
natural gas single cycle

fuel oil single cycle

Gas engine
natural gas CHP (hot water)

fuel oil DCAP

WRTSIL CHP/CCHP CONCEPT


++ Extremely efficient utilisation of primary fuels
++ Distributed energy production enables individual CHP/CCHP solutions
++ Optimised plant size with step-by-step investment thanks to multi-unit design
++ Maximised plant availability in all operating situations due to engine wise heat
recovery systems
++ Flexible operation for changes in power, heat and chilling demands
++ Electrical output and efficiency are unaffected by the rate of heat production
++ Lower power transmission costs and shorter piping routes
++ On-site maintenance without production downtime
++ Flexibility allows Transmission and Distribution System Operators (TSO, DSO)
to host more wind and solar power.

==Low capital and operational costs per output unit


HIGH PROFITABILITY!
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Exhaust gas silencer
PLANT CONCEPT
Wrtsil CHP/CCHP plants powered by
combustion engines offer flexibility and
uncompromising performance wherever power,
heat and/or chilling are required.
Typical heat recovery systems, between the
prime mover and the customers equipment, are
of hang-on type and ensure both optimised
heat production and effective engine cooling
and operation. Wrtsils heat recovery design
takes into account all the customers seasonal,
monthly, weekly and daily variations in running
and operational heat/cooling production
Exhaust gas boiler
conditions. Heat production does not affect the
electrical output or the electrical efficiency of the
prime mover.

The modular design of Wrtsil CHP/CCHP plants Radiator


enables rapid delivery anywhere in the world.
Prefabricated, functionally pre-tested modules +15,500
guarantee consistent quality and performance
and make on-site installation a matter of
assembling and connecting the modules. Combined
SCR/OXI-CAT
Wrtsil has the resources and capabilities
(option)
to carry out deliveries ranging from the supply of
equipment and engineering to complete turnkey
projects including engineering, procurement
and construction. A globally experienced project
organisation guarantees successfully executed
deliveries around the world.
One of the benefits of Wrtsils modular
plant concept is the unique flexibility of operation
CHP-module Engine-generator set
enabled by the cascading multi-engine structure
of the plants. Multi-unit installations provide high 22,500
plant efficiency at any load: extra generating
sets can be turned off, while the plant continues
to run at peak efficiency with as many units as
required.
As demands change, the design of the plants
makes it possible to increase the plant size in
stages by adding new engines. This also allows
for a smaller initial investment with the option to
expand later as required.

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CHP module

+10,950

Wrtsil 20V34SG

Engine auxiliary module (EAM)

CHP-module Engine-generator set

21,250

FIELD CONCEPT EXAMPLE


Where the building site is ample and not situated in the
midst of a densely populated area, the single floor plant
layout with an overall lower plant profile is used. The main
heat recovery system is situated outside the main engine
hall, either under a separate roof or as weatherproof
equipment.

Pre-engineered and pretested modules minimise


construction time and maximise reliability.
TOWN CONCEPT EXAMPLE
When the plant is situated in the middle of a city or an
industrial plant site, the layout is more compact and the
protective shielding is stronger. The two floor plant lay-out
allows a small and compact footprint. The exterior of the
plant and possible architectural design of the power house
has also to be suited to its surroundings. The emission
levels have to be kept very low with effective emission
reduction systems and heavy-duty silencers have to be
installed to eliminate any noice problems.

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PLANT TOTAL EFFICIENCY DEPENDING ON HOT WATER TEMPERATURES

Supply temperature
80C 90C 100C 110C 120C 130C
75C
Total Recovered
efficiency heat

70C 90% 10,100 kW

85% 9000 kW

Return temperature
65C
80% 7900 kW

75% 6800 kW
60C

76%78%
55C 78%80%
80%82%
82%84%
50C 84%86%
86%88%
88%90%
90%92%
45C

CHP SOLUTIONS STEAM GENERATION FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

The high efficiency of Wrtsils CHP plants


translates into considerable savings in fuel Steam
consumer
costs compared to other technologies.
For optimised profitability, the plants are
Electricity
customised to the customers specific needs.

A distributed combined heat and power plant


increases the reliability of energy supply. Total
CAC 1 and 2
energy production is local and close to the
point of consumption. Local heat generation
ensures a quick response to changes in
capacity or temperature in the industrial
process or the district heating network.
To optimise the balance between thermal
and electrical energy production, each plant is
customised to suit the needs of the end user.
Whether it is hot water for district heating,
industrial process steam or even chilled
water, Wrtsil provides a design that ensures
maximum efficiency and the best possible
operational flexibility. The automation system
not only controls all the internal processes in
the Wrtsil CHP plant but is also carefully
integrated with all necessary signals and
connections to existing systems thereby
guaranteeing a fully compatible plant.

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CHEONG SOO, KOREA
The purpose of Cheong Soo plant is to provide
District heating and electricity (CHP) to a town
with about 6400 households including public
buildings. The CHP plant generates electricity
in parallell with the electrical grid and supplies
the district heating to the network for the town.
During summer the plant provides also district
cooling.

Type of customer ..........................................IPP


Engine type....................... 2 x Wrtsil 20V34SG
Total electrical output......................... 16.9 MWe
Total heat output................................ 14.2 MWth
Total efficiency......................................... 85.1%
Fuel..................................................Natural gas

Photo courtesy of Jung Bu City Gas and JB Enertek Co., Ltd

HOT WATER GENERATION FOR DISTRICT HEATING APPLICATIONS

CHP module HT plus Engine

District heat
Lubricating oil
HT cooling water
Exhaust gas LT cooling water
boiler
Exhaust gas

Economiser
Lube oil
Jacket back-up cooler
water
heat
Hot water exchanger LT CAC
system

HT CAC

Lube oil
cooler

Plant auxiliaries < 1%

Electricity 46%
From the engines Power (net) 44%
Total efficiency 90%
Fuel consumption 100%

High temperature heat 31%


From the engines

Heat to DH system 46%

Low temperature heat 15%


From the engines

Losses 8%

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CCHP SOLUTIONS
District heating systems are a well established AMBIENT INFLUENCES
infrastructure technology. However, for warmer Both electric power and chilling consumption is
countries with a short yearly demand for heat dependent on seasonal and daily fluctuations,
and very high summer temperatures, chilling and the cogeneration plant has to follow the
generation is of essence. load accordingly.
When generating electric power, a These variations can be very large, with
substantial amount of chilling can be ambient temperatures reaching 50 C during
generated from the exhaust gas and engine summer afternoons. Therefore, the fluctuations
cooling waste energy by applying absorption in electrical power consumption is also
chiller technology. Wrtsil has designed considerable. Today, 70% of the electricity
its cogeneration chilling plants to meet the produced in the Middle East is used for
demands for both power and chilling optimally. electrically driven chillers.

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23C 24C 27C 32C 36C 39C 41C 41C 39C 35C 30C 26C

JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
RAINFALL (cm)
DCAP SOLUTIONS
8 7 8 9 11 11 10 10 10 10 9 8
The Wrtsil DCAP (District Cooling and Power) system has been developed
SUNSHINE (hrs)
for very hot areas where no heat is required, only power and chilled water
for district cooling and AC.
Electricity These systems can be designed for 50,000 TR. The optimal solution
Purchased electricity is always based on the correct design and sizing. The entire chilled water
demand should not be covered solely by absorption chillers. Instead
ENGINE 1 utilizing electrically driven chillers and/or chilled water storage tanks to
MW

cover peaks minimizes the total investment cost of the chiller capacity. The
plant can provide both the required electricity and chilling, even during the
ENGINE 2
Electricity demand hottest time of the year. When the engines feed electricity to the grid, all
available waste heat is used efficiently for chilling. In case the chilled water
JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC cannot be utilized right away, the plant is able to run in pure electricity
Heating and cooling
mode or charge the storage tanks, letting no capacity go to waste.
Electrical chiller Peaking boiler

DCAP REDUCES PRIMARY FUEL USAGE BY TWO THIRDS


ENGINE 1
The DCAP plant can obtain 0.7 kWe/TR without, and 0.6 kWe/TR with,
MW

a storage tank. Compared to conventional centralised power plants, or


electrically driven compressor chilling plants installed on rooftops, this
Heating ENGINE 2 represents primary fuel savings of more than 60%.
Cooling

JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Case: Typical variation curves for a two engine trigeneration plant supplying
electricity, heat and chilled water according to the customers needs. Heat
from the engines is utilized for heating during the winter period, and as a
heat source for chillers during the summer. Thus, the plants heat recovery is
efficiently used throughout the entire year. 9
REFERENCES

Absorption chillers at Madrids Barajas airport, Spain.

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GAS GENSETS
BARAJAS AIRPORT, SPAIN
Wrtsil 34SG 9L34SG 16V34SG 20V34SG
In 2003, AENA, the Spanish Airport Authority, called for bids to supply thermal
and electrical energy for the very important Barajas airport in Madrid under a Power, electrical (50 Hz/750 rpm) kW 4340 7740 9730
Power Purchase Agreement for a twenty-year period.
The CCHP plant generates a net electric power of 33MW and is Power, electrical (60 Hz/720 rpm) kW 4170 7430 9340
connected to both the airports internal grid and the public grid. The plant
Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 77 120 130
provides electricity on a continuous basis, and heating during the winter and
cooling during the summer.
Wrtsil 50SG 18V50SG

Engines: ............................... 6 x Wrtsil 18V32DF Power, electrical (50 Hz/500 rpm) kW 18 320
Total electrical output:.......................... 33,600 kWe
Total heat output:................................ 24,000 kWth Power, electrical (60 Hz/514 rpm) kW 18 760
Total absorption cooling output:........... 18,000kWc
Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 360
Total efficiency: ............................................... 74%
Reduced transport weight (tonne) 5% 285

LINATE AIRPORT, ITALY MULTI-FUEL GENSETS


In June 2007, Wrtsil and EuroPower SpA handed over a 24 MWe CCHP
Wrtsil 32GD 6L32GD 9L32GD 12V32GD 16V32GD 20V32GD
power plant at Linate airport, Milan in Italy. The plant has been built for
Malpensa Energia Srl, whose shareholders are the Milan airport management Power, electrical (50 Hz/750 rpm) kW 2640 3970 5300 7120 8920
company SEA Aeroporti Milano and the Milan multi-utilities company AEM
Milano. Power, electrical (60 Hz/720 rpm) kW 2580 3890 5180 6970 8730
The plant is equipped with three Wrtsil 20V34SG gas-fuelled
Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 58 77 92 120 130
generating sets, together with ancillary equipment, exhaust heat recovery
economisers and two gas fired boilers. The plant is located inside Linate
Wrtsil 46GD 12V46GD 18V46GD
airport.
Operating on baseload, the plant is flexible in operation, economically Power, electrical (50 Hz/750 rpm) kW 11380 17080
meeting the variations in heat demand in summer and winter for both heating
and air conditioning. The heat output of the plant is 81.7 MWth in winter and Power, electrical (60 Hz/514 rpm) kW 11380 17080
74.8 MWth in summer, with a year-round electrical power output of 24 MWe.
Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 265 370
Engines.................................3 x Wrtsil 20V34SG Reduced transport weight (tonne) 5% 170 298
Total electrical output........................... 24,000 kWe
Total heat output................................. 17,505 kWth Wrtsil 34DF 6L34DF 9L34DF 16V34DF 20V34DF
Total efficiency............................................. 80.2 %
Power, electrical (50 Hz/750 rpm) kW 2580 3890 6970 8730

Power, electrical (60 Hz/720 rpm) kW 2490 3760 6740 8440

Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 55 79 120 130

Wrtsil 50DF 18V50DF

Power, electrical (50 Hz/500 rpm) kW 16640

Power, electrical (60 Hz/514 rpm) kW 17080

Genset dry weight (tonne) 5% 369

Reduced transport weight (tonne) 5% 297

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Wrtsil is a global leader in complete lifecycle power solutions for the
marine and energy markets. By emphasising technological innovation
and total efficiency, Wrtsil maximises the environmental and economic
performance of the vessels and power plants of its customers. Wrtsil is
listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki, Finland.

DBAC626958 / 09.2013 / Bocks Office


WRTSIL is a registered trademark. Copyright 2005 Wrtsil Corporation.

WRTSIL is a registered trademark. Copyright 2013 Wrtsil Corporation.