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ModuleOverview

CrystallineSilicaExposure
CourseDescription
Thistrainingmodulecoversexposureto,controlof,
andprotectionfromcrystallinesilicainthe
constructionindustryasrequiredbyOccupational
SafetyandHealthAdministration(OSHA).Itis
designedtosupplementotherformalpresentationson
crystallinesilicasafetystandards.
Estimatedlength:10minutes
Audience:Foremen,supervisors,otherworkers
Audience:Foremen,supervisors,otherworkers
ModuleOverview

CourseObjective
Uponcompletion,thestudentshouldbe
familiarwithwhyOSHAhasacrystallinesilica
protectionstandard,whatthecrystallinesilica
standardcovers,andbasicrequirementsfor
crystallinesilicaprotection.
References
Title29oftheCodeofFederalRegulations,
sections1926.55and1910.1000
NationalEmphasisProgram(NEP)
NationalEmphasisProgram(NEP)
ModuleOverview

SubjectsCovered
Dangersofcrystallinesilica
Hazardousactivities
Permissibleexposurelimit
Typesandsymptomsofsilicosis
Goodcontrolsandworkpractice
Goodcontrolsandworkpractice
OSHAregulations
ModuleOverview

Thismaterialisprovidedonlyasasupplement
torelatedtrainingprovidedbyClickSafety.Itis
notintendedtobeallinclusiveorcomplete.Itis
forinformationalpurposesonlytoassistthe
studentwithhis/hercoursework,andno
warrantyismadewithrespecttoitsaccuracyor
suitabilityforwhichthestudentmayuseit.
suitabilityforwhichthestudentmayuseit.
ModuleOverview

Links:
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3177.p
df
http://www.osha.gov
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/silicacrystalline/ind
ex.html
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/silica/index.
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/silica/index.
html
CrystallineSilicaExposure

Silicaexposureiscommoninsoils
Silicaexposureiscommoninsoilsrelatedwork
wherecrystallinesilicaispresent,e.g.,
hazardouswasteindustry
OSHAhasreviseditspublication3177
CrystallineSilicaExposureforconstruction
employees,anditisavailableat
vailableat
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3177.pdf.

ThismaterialisprovidedonlyasasupplementtorelatedtrainingprovidedbyClickSafety.Itisnotintendedtobeallinclusive
ThismaterialisprovidedonlyasasupplementtorelatedtrainingprovidedbyClickSafety.Itisnotintendedtobeallincl
orcomplete.Itisforinformationalpurposesonlytoassistthestudentwithhis/hercoursework,andnowarrantyismadewit
orcomplete.Itisforinformationalpurposesonlytoassistthestudentwithhis/hercoursework,andnowarrantyismadewith
respecttoitsaccuracyorsuitabilityforwhichthestudentmayuseit.
respecttoitsaccuracyorsuitabilityforwhichthestudentmayuseit.
Statistics

Silicaexposurethreatensnearly2millionU.S.
workers
>100,000workersinhigh
100,000workersinhighriskjobssuchas
abrasiveblasting,foundrywork,stonecutting,
rockdrilling,tunneling,etc.
Crystallinesilicaisahumanlungcarcinogen
breathingdustcancause
breathingdustcancausesilicosis, whichcanbe
disablingorfatal
CrystallineSilica

Whenexposureoccurs:
Respirablesilicadustenterslungsand
causesformationofscartissue,reducing
lungsabilitytotakeinoxygen.
Onebecomesmoresusceptibletolung
infections(e.g.,tuberculosis).
Thereisnocureforsilicosis.
Thereisnocureforsilicosis.
CrystallineSilica

Basicpartofsoil, SafetyTip
sand,granite,etc. Thechemical
compoundsilicon
Canbecome
dioxidehasachemical
respirablesized formulaofSiO2 and
particleswhencut, hasbeenknownforits
chipped,drilled,etc. hardnesssince
Formsinclude:quartz antiquity.Silicaisthe
mostabundantmineral
(mostcommon), intheearthscrust.
cristobalite,tridymite
TypesofSilicosis

Chronic/classicsilicosis:
Chronic/classicsilicosis:Mostcommontype
occursafter15to20yearsofmoderate
occursafter15to20yearsofmoderatetolow
exposures.
Symptoms(notalwaysobvious)include:
Chestxrayshowslungdamage
rayshowslungdamage
Shortnessofbreathuponexercising
Inlaterstages:fatigue,extremeshortnessof
breath,chestpain,orrespiratoryfailure.
breath,chestpain,orrespiratoryfailure.
TypesofSilicosis

Acceleratedsilicosis:
Acceleratedsilicosis:Occursafter5to10
yearsofhighexposurestorespirablecrystalline
silica.
Symptoms(sloweronsetthanacute)include:
Severeshortnessofbreath
Severeshortnessofbreath
Weakness
Weightloss
TypesofSilicosis

Acutesilicosis:Occursafewmonthsorupto2
Occursafewmonthsorupto2
yearsafterexposuretoextremelyhigh
concentrationsofrespirablecrystallinesilica.
Symptomsinclude:
Severe,disablingshortnessofbreath
Weakness
Weightlossthatoftenleadstodeath
Formoreinformation,contactyourlocalOSHA
officeorvisithttp://www.osha.gov.
officeorvisithttp://www.osha.gov.
CrystallineSilicaExposure

Mayresultfrom: SafetyTip
Recognizingpotential
Abrasive hazardsiskeyin
sandblasting preventingand
Jackhammering minimizingtheeffects
ofsilicaexposure.
Rockorwelldrilling
Brickandconcrete
cuttingandsawing
Tunneling
operations,etc.
CrystallineSilicaExposure

Permissibleexposurelimit(PEL),i.e.,maximum
amountworkersmaybeexposedtoduring8
amountworkersmaybeexposedtoduring8
hourworkshift,isspecifiedbyOSHAs29CFR
1926.55and1910.1000.
OSHArequireshazardcommunicationtraining
andrespiratorprotectionuntilengineering
controlsareimplemented.
Nationalemphasisprogram(NEP)forCrystalline
Silicaexposureseekstoidentify,reduce,and
eliminatehealthhazardsduetoexposure.
eliminatehealthhazardsduetoexposure.
CrystallineSilicaExposure

Safetymeasuresinclude:
Replacecrystallinesilicamaterialswithsafer
substituteswheneverpossible.
Useengineeringoradministrativecontrols
(e.g.,localexhaustventilation)andall
availableworkpractices(e.g.,watersprays).
Makeproperuseofapprovedrespirators,etc.
Weardisposableorwashableworkclothes
andshoweriffacilitiesareavailable.
andshoweriffacilitiesareavailable.
CrystallineSilicaExposure

Moresafetymeasuresinclude:
Vacuumclothesandchangebeforeyougo.
Undergotrainingandhealthchecks.
Knowwhattaskscreateexposurerisk.
Donoteat,drink,smoke,orapplycosmetics
wherecrystallinesilicadustispresent..
VisitOSHAsneweToolSilicaAdvisor,at
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/silica/index.
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/silica/index.
html.