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The basic unit of body structure is the cell. All cells need
food, water and oxygen to live and function. All cells use
(metabolise) food and oxygen and give off carbon dioxide
and other wastes. The human body is composed of
numerous types of cells that have unique functions and
features. Although they may be very different and highly
specialised, they all have the same basic structure:
- An outer covering called the membrane
- A main substance called the cytoplasm
- A control centre known as the nucleus
- Organelles dispersed within the cytoplasm.