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udpö NyD.x = y&deAd mÁ ef pHawmfrlMuygukebf &k m.wpfa.wdkY &[ef. trsK./ tnH ukvH = wjcm.f/ qGrf.ygbl.wynfhawmfrwdkYonf/ tnH ukvH = wjcm.udpö t00onfum.f/ ]]t&Sib f &k m.pGm rwnfEkdifyg/ r.wnfcsuf rysufygapESifh (£`E´d.mufsm. ./ wkarS = t&Sifbk&m.H = bk&m./ e oP²mwd = aumif.0wfoGm.wJh tcsdefupNyD.wdkYü rarhravsmhMuukefbJ/ a[mx = jzpfawmfrMl uyguke/f ar = bk&m.musfm.fvkd avQmufxm.wku Yd awmh 'Dom0w¬-d jynfrSmyJ y&dedAÁmef pHawmfrlygukef? wynfhawmfronf t&Sifbk&m.lcJhao.wJhpum.w. wpfa. MunfhvdkufvQifawmh awmfawmf- uav.w.wJh tcsdeftcgrSm ususee &Sdckd.d om.mufukd/ e *PSdrS = r. rGefjrwfaom OD.H = bk&m. trsKd.H {wåuH umvH tnH ukvH e *PSdrS? tomrdau ye Ca& C&m0gaom e oP²mwd? r.uav.x? r.wdkYonf/ tyÜrwåm = ukodkvfw&m./ £wd = þok/Yd tm[ = avQmufxm. aumif.Muayawmht/hH wkarS = t&Si-f d o bk&m.avNy/D avQmufxm.om.fvYdk xif&w.mufukd r.NyD.fç abmZOfawGeJY qufuyfvSL'gef.fawmfBuD./ r.trsKd.wynfah wmfrtm.H tnH ukvH *PSmr? 'l&H Zey'H *pädómr? wkarS tyÜrwåm a[mx? oap ar a'gaom tw¬d? crxm}}wd tm[/ baEÅ = t&Sifbk&m.fí &SdcJhaytHh/ crx = onf.ay.jcif. r&Sdaom/ Ca& = tdrfü/ C&m0gaom ye = tdrf&mwnfaxmifMu- ukeaf om vlw&Ykd UJ vkyif ef.wdkYonf/ £a"0 = þ om0wdj¬ ynfüyifvQi/f y&deAd mÁ .wpfa.Zmwf) ! 9 cJzG.cktcsdeftxd wjcm.f/ b.om.r&SdwJh tdrfrSm vkyf- .w./ a'gaom = tjypfwpfpHkwpf&monf/ ap tw¬d = tu.ukd olu avQmufxm.wynfhawmfrwdkYonf/ {wåuH umvH = þrQavmufaom tcsdefumvywfvHk.awmh udk.lygawmhrnf/ 'l&H = a0.cHawmfrMl uygbk&m.bkOf.mufu/kd *PSmr = ./ tdrf&Sifa.uGmaom/ Zey'H = Zeyk'of /Ykd *päód mr = vku f mG .ovJ¿ --- ]]baEÅ wkarS £a"0 y&dedAÁm.lbJ aexkdifcJhMuygukef\/ tomrdau = tdrf&Sifa.qHk.

wdkYü rarhravsmh rayghrqaom owd w&m./ t[H = igonf/ wH = oifu h /dk Z[dwkH = pGet Yf ahH omiSm/ e oauúmrd = rpGrf.10 ! zm.rsm.zmveumavm 0d.bm0emudo k m usiMhf uBH ud K.aom tcsdeftcguJhodkY/ ta[mod = jzpfay:íoGm.fvkd jzpfMur.d om.fawmfBuD.orD.D awG ckaersm.f/ b.ukd/ ayao[d = tykdYckdif.wpfa.- zmveumavm 0d. k af wmfBu.csuf r[v’uó ['./ wynf-h awmfr wjcm.D pdwx f J jzpfyu kH av.cHcGifhvTwfawmfrlyg}}qkdNyD.Hk 'g.- uav.ckawmh . &Sif&[ef.Bf u. ta[mod/ tx eH ]]t[H wH Z[dwkH e oauúmrd? rm *pä? 0dAÇrdómrd? toku|mae ar om#uH ayao[d? ywåpD0&H y#dpämaywGm tm*pädómrD}}wd tm[/ r[v’uó = touft&G.S wf .l / ud.fawmh rajym wwfb.udk/ aom = xkdudk.- w. = ESvHk.awG avQmufMur.udpö t00awG[m aumif.pGm wnfEidk w f phJ rG .&JU oEÅmefü/ ['.uJGoGm. tdr&f iS rf awGu tJ'D pum.awmh uefawmhygw.fqdkvQif 'g.umBu.lygawmhr.\ cHpm.D awGpw d x f J b.f tm.ukd/ .vkdufyg/ ywåpD0&H = oydwf ouFef.tm.wkdYuawmh ukodkvfw&m. r&Syd gbl.jyKvmwJh udk.jzifh w&m.av\/ tx = xdktcgü/ eH = xdktrsKd.xkwaf wmf rlMuyg? wynfhawmfrrSm tu.ukwf yGm.fvkd jzpfomG .u/ {0H = þodkY/ tm[ = ajymqdkav\/ u ð = tb.f? t&Si-f bk&m.umBuD.umBu.fawmfBuD.fodkY ajymqdkavoenf.D &ifah omtcsed af &mufrS omoem- abmifodkY 0ifNyD.f/ ukd.MurvJ¿ 'g.awGpdwfxJ b.fqdkvQif onf.fawmfBuD.mufukd .fí tjypfwpfpHkwpf&m &SdcJhr.ygvifh/ 0dAÇrdómrd = ig vlxGuf ayawmht/Hh toku|mae = þrnfaomt&yfü/ ar = igYtm.fEh ./ om#uH = ykqdk. trsK.ukd t|uxmu azmfjyxm.atmufawm&q&mawmf ief.Ekdifyg/ rm *pä = vdkufí roGm.

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jcif.cHEikd o wH udpäH = xkdqif.duapwodu'ku©ocFgwó = um.fawmhrS tpOfwpkduf aumufaumuf .awGqkdwm b.&J'u © /dk [&Plyg.&yf tusifhjrwf[k ac:qdktyfwJh taMumif.fazsmufjcif.pm.jzpfaom oDv-orm"d-ynm odu©moHk.Oyg.jcif.\ k u taMumif.Zmwf) ! 37 'Dpum. rGefjrwfaom OD.fqkdvQif orm"dukd &atmif xlaxmifvsufç 0dyóembm0emjzifh wkdufzsuf&r.'kuu f nf/ [kwmG = jzpfí/ © dk onf.jcif.du'ku© apwodu 'ku©[k ac:qdktyfaom/ udpäó = qif.f/ wó udpó ä = xdq k if.vsuf 'Dvkd taMumif.fazsmufjcif.fukd/ ua&maEÅm = vkdufemjyKusifhvsuf/ udpo ä a[m = qif.m "Da&m = tMuifynm&Sw d hJ yk*dK¾ vo f nf- um.'kuu ua&maEÅm = vkdufemjyKusifhvsuf/ oDvjzifh wkdufzsuf&r.&J'ku©wpfck jzpfay:vmNyDqdkvQif 'Dqif.\/ OyÜEéumav = jzpfay:vmaom tcsdeftcgumvü/ tyÜrawåm = oDv-orm"d- ynm[k ac:qkt d yfaom odum© oH.&J'ku©aemufudk ol- awmfaumif.H ua&maEÅm udpo ä a[m [kwGm wH udpäH emEk0wåwd/ em&' = cspo f m.duapwodu'ku©ocFgwó udpäó OyÜEé- umav ttyyrÜ awåm wó udpó ä [&Plyg.em&'/ a.&J © /dk [&Plyg.wnfcsuf rysufygapESifh (£`E´d.fawGukd vku d ef mjyK- usifh&r.fu/dk yifyef. owdw&m.fqkdvQif oDvudk aqmufwnfvsufç orm"djzifh wkdufzsuf&r.k &yf tusijhf rwfwüYdk rarhravsmjh cif./ um.u bmajymvkdwmvJ¿ --- em&' a.Oyg.m um.Oyg.&Jyifyef.H = y.\ taMumif.onfjzpfí/ wó udpäó = xdkqif. vufukdifxm.&Jyifyef.&J'ku©\aemufodkY/ emEk0wåwd = tpOfwpkdufvkdufí raeay/ qif.fqdkvQif 0dyóembm0emÓPf- awGukd &atmif BuKd .H = y.

tay:rSm pGJvrf. jzpfay:aewJh pdwfqif.f/ oDvusiphf Ofudk usií hf ç orm"dusiphf OfawGudk usií hf ç ynm usifhpOfawGudk usifhí 'Dqif.ypfygvkdY 'Dvdk wdkufwGef.&J'u k u © kd wGe.bl.fwkdYjzifh/ wH udpäH = xdkqif.&J'ku©udk zsufqD.&J'ku©ukd olu wGef.&J'ku©udk/ tbdb0wd = 0demaowd = zsufqD.aew.&J'ku©ukd ig tHBudwfNyD.vSefypfw.Oyg.orD.f/ tckjzpfaewJh qif.fqkdNyD.f vSef ypf&w.&Jygap? aygufwJh ezl.ypfEdkifwJh ynm&Sd olawmf- .D rae&bl.f? oDv-orm"d- ynm odu©moHk.&JwJh 'ku©yJ/ tJ'D 'ku©ukd olu oDv-orm"d-ynm odu©moHk.f odvQif 'Dqif. cHawmhr.yJ qufNyD.&yf tusifhjrwfqkdwJh enf.38 ! zm./ vufcHrxm. bmvkyfovJ¿ --- qif.&yf tusifhjrwfukd vufawGUusifhNyD. qif.&J'ku©- awGukd zsuqf .- aumif.wpfOD. qif./ 'Dtwdkif.atmufawm&q&mawmf ygatmif vkud Nf y.&JreS .vrf.f? vufcH rxm. a&SUqufvufNy.&J'u k u© bmvJ¿ pdwq f if.awmhbl.&J aewJh 'ku©yJ/ jynfhwefqmr trsKd.l ? aemufqw k wf .fawGjzifh wkdufzsufypfyg? zsufqD.bJeJY a&SUqufNyD. rxl./ qif.D olu roGm.awmhb.D ypfw.aewJh &m*ukd taMumif.í ypfvdkuf\/ qif.awmh qif.&J'ku©\/ 0ao = tvkdEdkifiHodkY/ t0wdåwGm = rvdkufygrlí/ aw[d aw[d Oyga.[d wH udpäH tbd- b0wd 0demaowd/ wó = xkdqif.ypfyg wó 0ao t0wådwGm aw[d aw[d Oyga. taMumif.&JvQifvnf.Oyg.cHNyD.f/ aom "Da&m udpäó tEÅdrocFgwH ed&mrdookcocFgwH psmeokcH t"d*päwd/ aom "Da&m = xkduJhodkYaom zsufqD.[d = xdkxdk oDv-orm"d-ynm[k ac:qdktyfaom taMumif.

[k ac:qdktyfaom/ ed&mrdookcocFgwH = umr*kPfESifh quf- pyfrI r&So d nft h wGuaf Mumifh ed&mrdotrnf&aom okc[k ac:qdt k yf- aom/ psmeokcH = psmefcsrf.m*okcH = BuKd .f tjcm.&J'uk u© o kd m oifonf wku d zf suEf ikd yf gap? tJ'v D dk wku d zf su-f Edik cf rhJ .[m oifo h EÅmefrmS rMumrDtcsed t f wGi.tykdif. rGefjrwfaom OD.wJh 'Dpsmefcsr.&J'ku©\/ tEÅdrocFgwH = tqHk.awG 'g. umrokcH emr OwårokcH? e wH Z[dwkH oauúmrd/ tmp&d.f/ wH 0g udpä EÅEHÅ a.pm.jzpfwJh/ a.umBuD.m*okcH t"d*päwd? tudvraEÅm0 ygykPmwd/ wH udpä EÅEHÅ = xkdqif.dumrBuD.vm.awG tJ'Davmuf wdkufwGef.fqv k &© UJ tqH.f/ tmp&d.omukd rMumcif a&muf&SdoGm. em.r.- tjcm./ OwårokcH = jrifhjrwfwJh csrf.f? bmjzpfovJ¿ em&'&Si&f aohu jyefavQmuf- jyefw.tjcm.fpGefY- .&J'ku©&JU tqHk.pm.omokcudk/ Z[dwHk = y. rqif.jzpfaewJh ed&mrdo- dk Qiaf wmh qif. = q&mjzpfawmfrlygayaom o&b*F&Sif&aoh/ umr- okcH emr = umrokcrnfonfum.fqkdwJh pdwfxm.fvdkY 'Dvdk wkdufwGef.rSm jzpfygw.bl.fqvkd Qiaf wmh aysmufysuof mG .onf/ udpäó = qif.om okcygaywnf.tm.axmifzdkYawmh raumif.jrL- vkud pf rf.f omuk/d t"d- *päwd = &&SdEkdifyg\/ tudvraEÅm0 = ryifyef.&JrlíomvQif/ ygykPmwd = a&muf&SdEkdifygay\/ oifuom wkdufzsufypfr.aMumifh jzpfay:ívmaom psmefcsr.f? 'Dpsmefcsrf.&J'u okc (= umr*kPEf iS hf qufpyfrrI &Sw d o hJ ck )vdYk trnf&aewJh 'Dpsmeokcukd oifcspfom.tm.w.Zmwf) ! 39 aumif.yg/ BuKd .w.¿ aumif. &Edkifygw./ wH = xdkjrifhjrwfwJh csrf.awmh aumif.fqdkvQifvnf.udk arG.uav.wnfcsuf rysufygapESifh (£`E´d.omukd/ t"d*päwd = &&SdEdkifygay\/ 'Dqif.xkwvf u dk rf .tykdif.k tydik .xkwjf cif.f ay:vmrSm jzpfygw.f/ 'g.f omuav.

D 0wfygvm.ygESifh rjyKoifhwJh vkyfief.rsKd.¿ r&bl.jcif.w.f/ tJ'D tcsdeftcgrSm o&b*F&Sif&aohBuD.aMumifrh S ysupf .xdkufay/ "r®oabmw&m.D wJh "r®oabmw&m.tm.f wJt h cg r0wfEidk w f hJ twGuf r0wfEidk b f .wnf.umBu.f bk&m.f omjrifjh rwfwhJ csr.fvkdY ajymvdkY &rvm.udk rzsufqD.40 ! zm.D awGukd bke.qdw k m b.f/ olUudk vGefw.vkYd wku d wf eG .xkdufygbl.vkdY ajymwmyJ/ 'g. ]]em&' "ar®m emr e auepd um&aPe emaowaAÁm}} em&' = cspfom.f omokcwpfck jzpfw.ftm.l vkYd avQmufwyhJ pkH yH ?J [kwof vm.em&'/ umrmeH umrm = 0w¬KumrwkdYudk vdkvm.&yf av.[laom udavomumr\ pGrf.aMumifh/ "r®m d m.atmufawm&q&mawmf tHhaomiSm/ e oauúmrd = rpGrf.Oyg.iSm/ = rdr&d &Sx e t&[od {0 = rxkdufwefonfomvQifwnf..oifh rzsufqD.f Bu./ .D atmif rzsufqD.f? 'Dvdk jrifjh rwf aewJh csrf.umrokcqkw d m- u tvGef csr.u bmjyefNyD.Edkifyg/ ]]q&mjzpfawmfryl gayaom o&b*F&iS &f aoh ../ ol rpGefYvTwfEkdifwJhtwGuf rpGefYvTwfEkdifbl.jzifh/ e emao- waAÁm = rzsufqD.}}qdkNyD.omwpfckudk wynfhawmfawmh rpGefYvTwfEkdif jzpfaeygw. awmifhwjcif./ e a[0 umrme umrm? emew¬m emw¬um&Pm/ e uwÍö ed&uFwGm? "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ em&' = cspfom.¿ [kww f . avQmufxm.rS/ p0dwkH = a&GUavsmí oGm.Ny.em&'/ "ar®m emr = "r®rnfonfudk/ auepd um&aPe = wpfpHkwpfckaom taMumif.fvdk taMumif. trdefY&SdovJ¿ --- "r®oabmw&m.

w&m.fqw dk hJ arQmv f ihcf suu f av.aMumifhvnf.rJhwpfckck jzpfoGm.aom psmefcsrf./ uwÍö = jyKtyfNyD.omudkvnf.yJ/ "r®m = rdrd&&Sdxm.w.yGm.iSm/ zsuq e t&[od = rxdkufwefonfomvQifwnf.awmifwh aewJh udav- omumrukd taMumif.wJh psme"r®trnf&aewJh ukovkd "f r®rS a&GUavsmoGm.wJh "r®oabmw&m.f roGm.f? 'Dvdk tusdK.awmh rdr&d &Sx d m.cHNyD.Ny.- oifhbl.Zmwf) ! 41 ]]ouf&o dS ufrhJ umr0w¬Ktpkpw k u Ydk dk vdv k m.l ? pGeyYf .rS/ p0dwkH = a&GUavsmí oGm.zkdY&efvnf.}}qkdNyD.zk&Yd eftwGuf rxdu k w f efygbl./ tusKd .rJhjzpfojzifh/ "r®m = "r®oabmw&m.f? tusdK.wpfckckudk &&Sdvdrfhrnf[laom arQmfvihfcsuf taMumif.kwfrIwpfckckudk taMumif.rS a&GUavsm roGm.rS/ p0dwHk = a&GUavsmí oGm.wJh psmef- w&m.yJ/ ed&uFwGm = f .}}qdNk y. cspfom.rS/ p0dwHk = a&GUavsmí oGm. rGefjrwfaom OD.cHNyD.jcif. qkwf.awmh qHk.iSm/ e t&[od = rxdkufwefay/ tusdK.jcif./ ]]&&Sd NyD.pD.f/ aemufwpfck --- tew¬m = tusKd.NyD./ tw¬um&Pm = tusdK.yGm.wnfcsuf rysufygapESifh (£`E´d.w.jcif.D í/ "r®m = "r®oabmw&m.oabmawGukd rzsufqD.iSm/ e t&[od = rxkdufwefonfomvQifwnf.rJhwpfckckç qkwf.kwfoGm. wpfcck k &vdrrhf .D - awmh rdrd&&SdaewJh w&m.rw.D trdefY&Sdw.awmh rdrd&&Sdxm. rxkdufwefygbl. cspo f m.awmh rdrd&&Sdxm.pD.f/ 'gu bmajymvkdwmvJqkdawmh --- .pD.yGm.awGudk zsufqD.wJh psmefw&m. xm.ypfoifhygbl.rS a&GUavsmoGm.oifb h .wJh "r®oabmw&m.

atmufawm&q&mawmf em&' e a[0 0w¬Kumryw¬em.[laom taMumif.w&m.wnf. roGm.awG pGev Yf w T xf m. 0efxrf.yGm./ aemufwpfck rxdu k wf efwmu -.- xkwNf yqD vkd Qiaf wmh 0efxrf.fwmwyfrufaewJh udavomumrukd taMumif./ 'gu eHygwf (1)yJ/ {uo {uo®® ð teaw¬ OyÜaEé wH y#d[edwu k marm emew¬m e taw¬eyd um&Pblawe "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ {uo {uo®® ð teaw¬ = wpfckaom tusdK.f? udk.f/ 'Douf&o dS ufrhJ umr0w¬K tpkpkvkdY ac:qkdtyfwJh 0w¬KumrawG tay:ü wG.¿ .rJh wpfcck k rdro d EÅmef- rSm jzpfay:vmNyD? 'Dtcsufuav.aMumif/h "r®m = "r®oabmw&m.tusKd .w f mwyfrufaewJh wPSm- w&m.f qdkMuygpkdY? w&m.xkwfw.vnfcsifrS em.vdu k w f hJ tcsed t f cgrSm &oif&h xduk w f hJ tusdK.pD.jcif.uvnf.awmifhwjcif.yGm.tm.em&'/ 0w¬Kumryw¬em.zdkY&eftwGufawmh rxkdufwefygbl.w&m.vkyif ef.awmh rdrd&&Sdxm.cHNyD. pGev Yf wT xf m.a&.NyD.wJh ukodkvf"r®rS/ p0dwHk = a&GUavsmí oGm. udavomumrwnf.42 ! zm.ceJawmh em.udak wmh udavomumrvdYk ac:w.w&m.[laom taMumif.yGm.rJhudk/ y#d[edwkumarm = y.yGm.vnfEkdifr./ vkdcsifp&m ouf&SdoufrJh umr0w¬K tpkpkawGukd 0w¬KumrvdkY ac:ygw.aMumifh/ "r®m = rdrd&&Sdxm.jcif.rJhonf/ OyÜaEé = jzpf- ay:í vmcJhonf&Sdaomf/ wH = xkdtusdK.rS/ p0dwkH = a&GUavsmí oGm.tm.cJ&h w.w&m.bl.iSm/ e t&[od = rxku d wf efonfomvQiw f nf.vm. 'Dvkyfief.awGuawmh acwåcPawmh &yfqkdif.rJhjcif.wJh ukodkvf"r®awGrS a&GUavsmoGm.fykdifpD.yGm.cJ&h - w.fzsufvdkonfjzpfí/ tew¬m = tusdK. "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ em&' = cspo f m.f/ pGev Yf w T x f m.f/ Oyrm -.vkyfief.iSm/ e a[0 t&[od = rxdkufwefonfomvQifwnf.ukd jzKef.&SdwJh yk*d¾Kvfuvnf.pD.pD. = ouf&odS ufrhJ umr- 0w¬K tpkpkwkdYudk vkdvm.pD.f/ xd0k w¬KumrawG tay:ü wG.

D enf.pD.tjrwfu b.onf/ OyÜZÆdówd = jzpfay:í vmayawmhr.pD.awmh rufvHk.xm.w.yGm.yGm.fqdkNyD.ukd &&Sdjcif.yGm.yJ/ "r®m = rdr&d &Sx d m.vdkY 'Dvdk qHk.jyKNyD.ypfzkdY&efawmh rawmfbl.awGrS avsmusoGm.ygw. oGm. rufv. ay.[laom taMumif.f/ tJ'Dvdk rufvHk.yGm.aMumifv h nf.pD.t0.ao{uef &awmhr.cGifu xGufvmr.uav. wnf.kH uav.enf.jcif. f w k rf u I av.wmukd taMumif.f/ 'gaMumifh 'Dw&m. rdrd&&SdwJh ukodkvfw&m.wnfcsuf rysufygapESifh (£`E´d.cGifu xGufvdkufyg? 'Dukodkvfw&m.jcif.Zmwf) ! 43 &yfqdkif. wpfcck k vkyfvkdufr.awmh rdrd&&SdaewJh tm. wpfckckawmh usdef. pD. rGefjrwfaom OD.cGifu xGufvmcJhav? w&m.wpfcu k dk tajc- cHNyD.yJ/ "r®m = rdrd&&Sdxm.aMumifhvnf.fqdkvQif tusdK./ 'gu eHygwf (2)yJ/ aemufwpfck bmajymovJ¿ --- e taw¬eyd um&Pblawe "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ taw¬eyd um&Pblawe = tusdK.f? &oifh&xkdufwJh tusdK.wJh ukodkvf "r®rS/ p0dwHk = a&GUavsmí oGm.wJh ukov kd -f "r®rS/ p0dwHk = a&GUavsmí oGm.awG acwå ysufpD.xkwfaewJh ukodkvf w&m.yGm.uav. wpfck jyvkdufwJhtwGufaMumifh bmjzpfovJ¿ --- ]]tokaum emr ar taw¬m OyÜZó dÆ wD}}wd {0rÜd tw¬um&Pmyd e "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ ar = igYtm.iSm/ e t&[od = rxkdufwefay/ tusdK.uav.pD.pD.udk zsufodrf. qkw.w./ tokaum emr taw¬m = þtrnf&Sdaom tusdK.raewm? 'Dawmh rdr&d &Sxd m.[laom taMumif.wpfck wpfzufu jyxm.atmifawmh rjyKoifh- ygbl.wJh 'DtusKd .fvdk &vdrfhr.iSm/ e t&[od = rxkdufwefay/ wpfzufuaeNy.f/ £wd {0rÜd = þodkY ESvHk.fqkdvQif oefbufcgavmufrmS ta&mif.yJ/ tw¬um&Pmyd = tusdK.awGudk pGefYvTwfvkdufygvkdY . wnf.ydkufívnf.yGm.f? eufjzef- avmuf w&m.fwpfcck k odrYk [kwf vkyif ef.oGm. wpfckckudk &&Sdjcif.

ESifhpyfNyD. dk w f idk f BuKd .wkt vdr®monf\ tjzpfonf/ om"k = aumif.d tkyaf exkid Mf uukeaf om Yd zd/Yk 'u©H = pD. qHk.atmufawm&q&mawmf ajymcJvh Qivf nf.u tdrf&mwnfaxmif vlUabmifudk pdk.taMumif. tusKd .D í/ "r®m = "r®oabmw&m.ckajrmuf *gxmuav.f omuav. av.rS a&GUavsmNy.ukwf yGm.f- .tm.jzifh NyD. 'u©H *[ywD om"k? oH0dbZÆÍö abmZeH/ t[maom tw¬vmabok? tw¬Asmywåd tAsaxm/ em&' = nDaxG.yGm.yGm.qkNd y.tm.wpfcEk iS hf om"kw&m.yg.f/ 'guawmh eHygwf (3)yJ/ aemufwpfck eHygwf (4) - uwH ye edyæm'dwH psmeokcH ed&uFwGm 0demaowGm ae0 "r®m p0dwkr&[od/ uwH edyæm'dwH = rdrdusifhMuHBudK.Opöm&aMumif.ygaywnf. vkyif ef. jzpfawmfrw l hJ umVa'0dv&aohBu.vkdY jyefajymw.em&'/ *[ywD = tdru f kd pk.tkyf aexdkifwJh yk*d¾KvfwkdYtzdkY pD.rS/ p0dwkH = a&GUavsmí oGm.kH rNy.awGukd ysupf .Opöm &zdkY&eftwGuf vkyfief.D ig.D wJh tcsed t f cgrSm em&'&Si&f aoh&UJ tpfut dk &if.ckukd o&b*F&iS &f aohu qkq d . av.f/ om"kw&m.f r&d tdr&f iS af .D uvnf.44 ! zm.- awG &Sd Muw.wpfck &&Sd jcif.f omrS a&GUavsmatmifvnf.xkwfjcif.iSm/ ae0 t&[od = rxdkufwefonfomvQifwnf.pm.w&m.jcif.f? tJ'D psmefcsr.av.rsm.D awmh rdr&d &Sx d m.&yf toG.D awmh 'Dpsmefcsr.D atmif zsuq f . rjyKoifyh gbl.íaeaom/ psmeokcH = psmeokcudk/ ed&uFwGm = 0demaowGm = zsuq f .pD.D - Ny.&yfü rysi.udk tajccHNy./ eHygwf (1) om"kw&m.wJh psmefcsr.[laom taMumif.yGm.oifyh g- bl.jcif.f omuav. xyfNy.D awmh rjyKoifw h hJ vkyif ef.yg.pD.mufsm.f/ tJ'v D kd qdq k .kH rygw.wnf.xkwvf Ykd &&Sx d m.rawmfrlygw.wJh ukovkd w f &m./ rdrud .D roGm.

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