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# Design of R.C.C.

Bridge Piers of Ladpura Bridge on RMC
Design parameters :
Canal discharge Q = 188.45 cumecs
Clear span between piers = 8.00 m
Thickness of road way deck slab = 0.8 m
F.S.L. of canal U/S of Bridge = 256.42
F.S.L. of canal D/S of Bridge = 256.42 m
Canal bed Level D/S of Bridge = 253.22 m
Lacey's Silt factor (f) = 1.00
Bearing Capacity of Soil = 25 t/m2
Width of roadway slab of bridge = 3.5 m
Width of Kerb on roadway bridge = 0 m
Thickness of Kerb = 0 m
Weight of Railing per m run of bridge = 0.7 ton/m
Eccen of C/L road deck slab from pier center= 0 m
Height of Pier upto Bed block top LVL from CBL = 4.1 m
Thickness of Bed block = 0.6 m
Area of bridge Hoisting platform = 0 m2
Width of pier 1.5 m
Length of pier at bed block bottom level = 5 m
Length of pier at CBL = 5.3 m
LVL of wearing top of road way deck slab = 258.22 m
LVL of deck slab bearing 257.32 m
LVL of top of foundation block of Pier 253.22 m
No of bays of bridge 3 Nos
Length of Pier at FSL D/S of bridge 5.03 m
Length of Pier at CBL D/S of bridge 5.3 m
Length of foundation block at foundation LVL 7.5 m
Width of foundation block at foundation LVL 4 m
Height of foundation block at Pier-footing junct 1.5 m
Height of foundation block at edge of footing 1 m
(i) Foundation Level of Piers
Normal depth of scour (R) =0.47(Q/f)1/3 2.69 m
Anticipated depth of scour around piers = 1.5 ( R ) =
4.04 m

Level of foundation of Piers should not be less than 1 m below anticipated depth of scour
Level of foundation = 251.38 m
say 251.70 m
Evaluation of forces acting on the Pier
(a) Dead weight of super structure
(i) Weight of slab with wearing coat = 66.50 tonnes
(iii) Weight of Railings = 13.30 tonnes
Total 79.80 tonnes
Maximum live load reaction on pier is obtained when fourth axle load 11.4 t at center of pier

04 tonnes R.27 kg/m2 Area on which pressure acts = 16. of point of application = 255.12 tonnes Force due to buoyancy allowing 15% upward force = 3.45 tonnes Height of center of pressure from bed level = 1.0 kg/sqm Exposed Elevation area = 47.95 m (h) Force on pier due to current of water perpendicular to length of pier Maximum variation in direction of current = 20 0 Maximum Velocity at top = V sin 20 = 0.L.10 tonnes (iii) Force due to buoyancy Plan area at F.70 Value of V2 at bed level = 0.6 m Weight of bed block = 15. = 6.72 m Wind force on live load Total wind force on live load = 2.5 R = 4.93 tonnes (ii) Dead Load of pier Dead load of pier = 23. of point of application = 259.56 kg/m 2 Pressure at bed level = 32.61 kg/m2 Area on which pressure acts = 4.S.02 Maximum value of depth of scour = 1.04 m Assuming variation of V2 to be linear than its value at bed level = 1.17 tonnes (g) Force on pier due to current of water Maximum Velocity of flow (V) = Q/PR = 2.62 Sqm Thickness = 0.48 Sqm .30 kg/m2 Pressure at bed level = 1.L.5 sqm Total wind force on structure = 4.02 Assuming K = 80 for rectangular shape Pressure at water level = 56.84 V2= 0.45 m/s V= 2 6.60 Sqm Weight of Water displaced = 21.25 Pressure due to water current = K V2 where K = 26 for pointed Nose 45 degree angled Pressure at water level = 156.85 tonnes R.80 Sqm Total force due to water current = 0.L.Intensity of wind pressure = 85.42 m (f) Dead Loads of Sub Structure (i) Dead Load of bed block Plan area = 10.