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City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6
6

VISION, KEY PRIORITIES & SECTORAL STRATEGY FRAMEWORK

6.1 INTRODUCTION

It is widely acknowledged that the 21st Century will emerge as the era of urbanization, with, rapid global economic integration driving forward growth, prosperity and social well being in cities across the world. Cities will emerge as important nodes in a network of flowing investments, information, goods and people, as well as centres of culture, innovation and knowledge management.

The emergence of the "urban space" as a vanguard of evolution and progress in socio- economic development has largely been an organic process. The "urban space" is typified through complex and multi-dimensional interactions between various characteristics, including:

Social and demographic character - size, composition and socio-economic make-up of the urban residents.

Historical character - the temporal changes experienced by the city.

Geographical character - largely driven by location, topography and climatic environment.

Economic character - economic activities that enables sustenance and growth.

Cultural character - the artistic, intellectual and literary milieu.

Physical character - the physical spaces, infrastructure and built environment.

Institutional character - the urban governance mechanism.

Till recently, urban planning was primarily considered as planning for physical spaces in anticipated new human settlements, and therefore was primarily focused on 'land-use planning'. Regulation too was focused on ensuring compliance with designated use of land and built environment

In recent times, however, planning has evolved into developing a long-term perspective, as encapsulated in a "vision", developing integrated multi-disciplinary strategies for achieving the "vision" and specific and identifying specific action plans and initiatives for implementing the identified strategies supported by a robust financial and capital investment plan. The key objective of such a plan was to guide public investments, programmes and plans of various

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

government agencies and also to identify opportunities for community and private sector participation. Therefore, urban planning has transformed into managing and building on the six types of "capitals" as identified in the framework above. Herein lies the genesis of the City Development Plan.

6.1.1 VISION AND STRATEGIES

A vision statement was outlined for the Municipal Corporation of Raipur involving the various

stakeholders consisting of Senior Citizens, Corporators, Mayor, Ex-Mayors, M.L.A.s, M.P.s, Industrialists, Environmentalists, N.G.Os and officials in the visioning exercise.

Each stakeholder has suggested a key word that could represent his or her vision for city. All the key words were listed and based on the common key words a few vision statement based on a consensus.

The following vision statement was adopted for the city of Raipur

“A beautiful eco-friendly city for all, providing high quality of civic services.”

The vision statement outlines that the citizens of the city should committee to maintain the Natural eco system and make the city eco-friendly. The city of Raipur should also envisaged

to be an inclusive city for all including the poor and the vulnerable. The poor and the destitute

will be integrated into the main stream and disparity will be reduced. The city administration would be responsive to all and development will be given highest priority.

High quality services including continuous water supply to all, 100% sanitation, door-to-door collection of solid waste and good quality roads will be provided to all the citizens. This will not only enhance the productivity of the city but also contribute to the economic development of the city as a whole.

6.1.2 KEY ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

6.1.2.1 Key Priorities The CDP process of Raipur has undergone extensive consultative process with its key stakeholders in prioritizing the key sectors for investments and reform initiatives. The priorities of the national and state governments including the international developmental trends and

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Millennium development goals (MDGs) have been considered in prioritizing these critical sectors, presented below.

Water Supply

Sewerage

Storm Water Drainage

Solid Waste Management

Traffic and Transportation

Urban Poverty

6.1.2.2 Sectoral Strategy Framework The overall vision for the city and the prioritization of the key sectors paved the way to formulate sector specific vision and strategies. This sector specific approach with year wise strategies and corresponding year wise investments will be instrumental in framing the action plan/ implementation plan. The sector specific reforms and investments are an integral part of the year wise strategies.

6.2 WATER SUPPLY

6.2.1 KEY CHALLENGES

Based on the review of the current water supply scenario, the following key challenges are identified. There is huge decline in water supply sources due to lack of effective catchments management. The core area and especially the surrounding areas, which are newly added in the municipal limits, are short of adequate water supply network and access to piped water supply. And moreover, the RMC not have adequate finances to mobilize capital for augmentation of new water supply schemes. There is a huge demand supply gap, which is likely to widen drastically in future. Lack of metering, exorbitant illegal connections and Public Stand Posts leading to high non-revenue water in the RMC. No regulatory mechanism to

oversee the functioning of the sector and to fix service standards as well as tariff to meet capital and operating expenditure.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.2 GOAL AND SERVICE OUT COMES

Goal The goal is to develop and manage the existing water supply system in an efficient and equitable manner by providing quality of water (minimizing the water contamination resulting from solid waste and other liquid wastes) with adopting the various techniques.

Considering the above challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been identified. The water supply coverage and access to piped water supply in RMC area needs to be enhanced to 100% by the year 2016. The per capita water supply should be maintained at 170 LPCD by increasing source of supply and hours of supply to the people.

Table 6.1 Identified goals for Horizon years

Sl. No

Component

 

Horizon Period

2011

2016

2021

1

Network Coverage

85%

100%

100%

2

Access to Piped water supply

80%

100%

100%

3

Per capita supply

170lpcd

170lpcd

 

4

Hours of supply

5 Hours/daily

8 hours/daily

10 hours /daily

5

Non- Revenue water

30%

15%

10%

   

Potable (as per

Potable (as per WHO standards)

Potable (as per WHO standards)

6

Quality of water

WHO standards)

7

O&M cost Recovery

65%

100%

100%

6.2.3

STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN

 

This chapter consists of proposals and recommendations, which would address the problems and issue. The main idea of these proposals is to bridge the gap between service provider and customer by considering the issues such as the affordability levels, willing ness to pay and cost recovery.

Considering the current challenges and identified goals, a strong strategy for water supply is adopted to create Raipur a city, which is environmentally, as well as economically sound.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Detailed strategy is furnished below which covers policy level planning, reforms, institutional strengthening, source augmentation and service delivery aspects.

The following are brief outline of the projects taken up in the year one:

6.2.3.1 Providing Community Taps and Group Connections

Community taps can be provided based on the population that is to be served. This option may not ensure full cost recovery, as there will be many social problems, thefts, lack of accountability and maintenance. It is very much evident from the Study and observations that mostly in slums likely community people stay together and are willing to share connection. Therefore providing group connections (one connection to every three or four houses, this may vary from customer to customer) can be one of the options in delivering the service to the community.

6.2.3.2 Provide installments to obtain new connections

The cost of obtaining a supply is often beyond the means of the urban poor who are unable to meet the high once-off cost of a connection and associated deposit. Often living on a day-to- day budget, it is not usually possible for them to save several months’ income to obtain a connection. In such cases arrangements should be made to allow connections to the water supply system to be paid for by monthly installments rather than one-off payment.

6.2.3.3 Cost recovery through adopting differential pricing system

Differential pricing system can be adopted for various building use such as commercial units

(hotels, shops etc) as it is already indicated in the study that the people who own the commercial units are willing to pay more for the service. So charging them charged for what they consume creates the potential to cost recovery and also to avoid both waste and underused.

6.2.3.4 Privatization of the service

Privatization is one of the upcoming options in service delivery. Various studies indicate that

privatization can improve the present condition as it ensures cost recovery and efficient service delivery.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.3.5 Public Participation Public should be made aware through campaigns the advantages of having group connections, problems faced by the service providers due to illegal tapping of water. Board should educate them regarding the recent developments of the board such as dial 1234 where they can call and give their complaint without being even charged for the phone call. The board can prepare suitable stickers, educating the public in simple and understandable language.

6.2.3.6 Customer satisfaction through providing regular information service performance Keep the customer satisfied by responding to queries and complaints in a timely manner and providing them with regular information on service performance.

6.2.3.7 Water Demand Planning There are many initiatives the RMC can undertake to encourage or achieve total water demand reduction. Leak detection and repair, wise use of water and rain barrel programs have all played a role in the city’s past. The goals and objectives of such initiatives, total expected water savings, total expected infrastructure cost savings, cost to implement programs and permanence of water savings are all factors which must be considered in determining the initiatives the RMC should undertake to plan for a goal of per capita water demand reductions.

6.2.3.8 Effective infrastructure management through policies and frame works Maintain open and effective communication with its customers and the public regarding the city’s infrastructure planning processes, objectives through the establish, maintain and update content on the city of Raipur web site and publication materials in support of processes, objectives and projects;

6.2.3.9 Rain Water Harvesting The RMC should take-up the rain water harvesting for improving ground water level, to improve the environment and to deduct the financial burdance to the RMC towards the providing and maintaining of the water supply and sanitation system and to generate revenue by selling recycled water to industrial units.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.3.10 Maximizing the existing infrastructure facilities

Maximizing the use of existing infrastructure as well as planning for maximization of use of future infrastructure provides efficient means to address growth. In order to plan for maximization of use of existing infrastructure, the City must first understand the availability of infrastructure capacity and then plan for the allocation of that capacity.

6.2.3.11 Effective communication

All departments in RMC, to a greater or lesser degree, have a role in infrastructure planning.

To ensure effective communication, it is important that each player understands his or her own role and understands and respects the roles of others.

The people who deliver infrastructure services, the customers and the general public all have an important role to maintain the system. Open and effective communication within and between these three groups is essential to the success of this service.

6.2.4 PROPOSED INFRASTRUCTURE

6.2.4.1 Augmentation of water supply As mentioned in the chapter IV, the existing supply should be augmented. So, one treatment plant should be constructed at Rawanbhata near present WTP on ring road no.1 with a capacity of 150 MLD to meet the demand of 11,01,086 populations for 2013 (considering all losses). It is also suggested to construct the suitable raw water pumping main and an anicut at suitable place across Kharun River. And the existing intake well, having a capacity of 88 MLD should be increased to 160MLD. The estimated cost for these proposals is Rs 200 crores for the 2013.

6.2.4.2 Service Reservoirs Apart from the existing storage facilities it is suggested to construct 20 no. of service reservoirs with a capacity of 5 ML each at different locations inside and out side of the municipal area. The areas of suggested reservoirs are Jarwai, Gogaon, kabir Nagar, Kota, Tati Bandh, Deendayalnag, Sarona, Idgah Bhata, Bhatagaon, Daldalseoni, Saddu, Khamardih, Amlidih, Lalpur, Mathpurena, Changora bhata, Mowa areas. Out of the total number (20) of proposed reservoirs, it is suggested to construct 10 reservoirs for the present

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

year and the rest of the 10 reservoirs for 2013. The estimated cost for these proposals is Rs 45 crores for the 2013.

6.2.4.3 Distribution Network

The distribution system should be divided in to 20 zones, and each zone should be provided with a ground level/ elevated service reservoirs and from those service reservoirs the water should be pumped to the distribution system by suitably designed pumping sets.

Apart from the existing distribution network of 402 km length, it is suggested to construct/provide main lines for length of 120 km ranging from 350 mm dia to 1400mm dia. and local distribution lines for a length of 232kms ranging from 150 mm dia to 450mm dia. And the distribution lines for a length of 32kms shall be replaced. The estimated cost for this proposed network is Rs 93.50 Crores.

6.2.4.4 Public Taps

After examining the existing number of public taps (7600) it is suggested to provide another

4500 number of taps in different slums and in other suitable areas, which requires an amount of Rs1.35 crores for the 2013. The proposed water supply system shown in Map No: 6.1

6.2.4.5 Project Summary

Table 6.2 Project cost for water supply for 2013

Sl.

   

Estimated Cost (Rs. Cr.)

No.

Project

Rate/unit

1

Laying and joining of raw water main / rising main

Rs. 450 lakhs/km

72.00

2

Treatment plant 150 MLD

Rs. 1 per liter

15.00

3

Construction of OHSR/GLSR (20*5ML)

Rs. 4.5 per liter

45.00

4

Clear Water Pumping Mains (55 km)

Rs. 120 lakhs/km

66.00

5

Extension of distribution network with in the city (222km)

Rs. 27.50 lakhs/km (average for main

61.00

&

Distribution

lines)

   

Rs. 25 lakhs/km

 

6

Development of distribution in newly developed areas (130km)

(average for main

32.50

&

Distribution

lines)

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Sl.

   

Estimated Cost (Rs. Cr.)

No.

Project

Rate/unit

7

Establishing Customer Connections Meters (1.50 lakh meters)

Rs.800/meter

12.00

8

Providing Public Taps (4500 no.s)

Rs. 3000/one

1.35

9

Leak Detection Study and Rehabilitation Program for Water Supply System

LS

1.60

10

Energy Efficiency Study

LS

3.00

11

Strengthening of Water Testing Laboratory at Filter Plant

LS

0.50

12

Replacement of Old Pump sets

LS

7.00

13

Others (Construction of Anicut, C.W.Pump sets, Electric Substation, Communication and Miscellaneous)

LS

35.00

 

Total

351.95

13

Civil & electromechanical Works

4% to the total cost

14.08

14

Design & Supervision Consultancy Cost

2.5% to the total cost

8.80

 

GRAND TOTAL

374.83

 

Say

375.00

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Table 6.3 Year wise Project cost of water supply from 2006-13

Rs. In Lakhs

Sl.

                 

No.

Project

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Total

1

Laying and joining of raw water main / rising main

1000

1500

2000

1100

1000

400

200

7200

2

Treatment plant 150 MLD

150

200

300

300

200

200

150

1500

 

Construction of OHSR/GLSR

               

3

(20*5ML)

800

1200

1000

700

300

300

200

4500

4

Clear Water Pumping Mains (55 km)

800

1200

1200

1000

800

800

800

6600

5

Extension of distribution network with in the city (222km)

750

750

900

900

950

950

900

6100

6

Development of distribution in newly developed areas (130km)

300

350

500

600

500

500

500

3250

7

Establishing Customer Connections Meters (1.50 lakh meters)

100

150

150

200

200

200

200

1200

8

Providing Public Taps (4500 no.s)

15

20

20

20

20

20

20

135

 

Leak Detection Study and

               

9

Rehabilitation Program for Water Supply System

15

17

20

22

27

29

30

160

10

Energy Efficiency Study

35

40

40

45

45

45

50

300

11

Strengthening of Water Testing

4

5

6

7

8

9

11

50

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Sl.

                 

No.

Project

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Total

 

Laboratory at Filter Plant

               

12

Replacement of Old Pump sets

70

75

85

90

110

120

150

700

 

Others (Construction of Anicut,

               

13

C.W.Pump sets, Electric Substation, Communication and Miscellaneous)

400

450

450

500

550

550

600

3500

14

Civil & electromechanical Works

150

200

300

300

150

150

158

1408

15

Design & Supervision Consultancy Cost

440

440

         

880

 

Total

5029

6597

6971

5784

4860

4273

3969

37483

6.2.5 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

6.2.5.1 Institutional Mechanism for Implementation The PHED and Municipal Corporation, Government of Chhattisgarh, will implement these projects.

6.2.5.2 Financial Analysis for Water Supply & Sewerage Systems

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Table 6.4

Estimated Expenditure on Water Supply

Rs. In Lakhs

 

Staff

   

Maintenance of Water supply & Sewer System

Administration

Loan

Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount

 

Year

Cost

Power

Chemicals

& others

Repayment

Total

2006-07

400.00

450

16

500

50

   

1416.00

2007-08

420.00

472.50

16.80

525.00

52.50

6217

4476

12179.47

2008-09

441.00

496.13

17.64

551.25

55.13

6217

3730

11507.81

2009-10

463.05

520.93

18.52

578.81

57.88

6217

2984

10839.86

2010-11

486.20

546.98

19.45

607.75

60.78

6217

2238

10175.82

2011-12

510.51

574.33

20.42

638.14

63.81

6217

1492

9515.88

2012-13

536.04

603.04

21.44

670.05

67.00

6217

746

8860.24

Total

3256.80

3663.90

130.27

4071.00

407.10

37300.00

15666.00

64495.08

Note: Considered 5% increase in all components for every year.

It is estimated that around Rs 645 crores will be spended till 2013 on various purposes of water supply.

Estimated Expenditure on Water Supply

5.05%

24.29%
24.29%

Pow e rEstimated Expenditure on Water Supply 5.05% 24.29% 57.83% 5 . 6 8 % 0 . 2

57.83%

5.68% 0.20% 6.31%

0.63%

Staff Cos t

Chem icals Administration & others Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount

Maintenance of Water supply & Sew er System2 0 % 6.31% 0.63% Staff Cos t Chem icals Administration & others Interest 12% for

Loan Repaymentt Chem icals Administration & others Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount Maintenance of Water supply &

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.5.3 Estimated Revenue on Water Supply The price of water or the water tariff is the rate levied for the water supplied to the consumers in order to achieve sufficient revenues to provide for the operation and maintenance and also for the debt servicing. Tariffs should be defined to promote both economic efficiency and financial soundness o the water utility and should eventually cover all the costs connected with operation and maintenance, debt servicing, the depreciation of existing assets and expansion of the service.

6.2.5.4 Cost Recovery

6.2.5.4.1 Different mechanisms/Indicators available for the cost recovery:

Water tariff Advance registration/connection charges Water benefit tax Water tax as a percentage of ratable value where the properties do not have a metered water supply or water tax on the basic of the floor area. Water kiosks system for revenue generation system through stands posts. By internal cross subsidization by diverting other sources of funds like octroe for water supply purpose. On time development charges/ water utility service charges collected through the land development authority.

6.2.5.4.2 Guidelines for Cost recovery

For any water supply scheme, the pricing structure should be such that 100 percent cost recovery should be ensured with a minimum burden on the poorest. Factors such as capacity to pay, benefits derived and proportionate cost of the service has to be considered. The rate must be enough to fetch the necessary revenue and at the same time not so excessive as to discourage consumers from making use of water or opting for alternative sources, which ultimately affect the pricing.

Pricing system should be quite attractive; otherwise beneficiaries will explore the possibilities of alternative arrangements.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Non-domestic users such as industries and institutions could be utilized for the purpose of cross-subsidizing the weaker sections. While fixing the price structure, year wise fixed and variable cost should be taken into account government subsidies if any. Water tariff should be designed after taking into account all the policy scenarios, whether only O&M costs are to be recovered or debt and interest are also to be realized.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.5.4.3 Collection of Water Tariff’s

Table 6.5: - Estimated Revenue from the water supply tariff

   

Domestic

Commercial

Industrial

Total

Year

Explanation

Connect

Rate/mont

Revenue

 

Rate/mont

Revenue

Connect

Rate/mo

Revenue

(Lakhs)

ions

h (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

Connections

h (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

ions

nth (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

 

Proposed

                   

2006-07

Connections/Tariff

52000

60

374.40

1400

600

100.80

250

1500

45.00

520.20

 

Proposed

                   

2007-08

Connections/Tariff

65000

100

780.00

1700

1000

204.00

300

2500

90.00

1074.00

 

Proposed

                   

2008-09

Connections/Tariff

80000

150

1440.00

2000

1000

240.00

500

3000

180.00

1860.00

 

Proposed

                   

2009-10

Connections/Tariff

95000

200

2280.00

2400

1500

432.00

800

3000

288.00

3000.00

 

Proposed

                   

2010-11

Connections/Tariff

110000

200

2640.00

2800

1500

504.00

1200

4000

576.00

3720.00

 

Proposed

                   

2011-12

Connections/Tariff

130000

250

3900.00

3300

1800

712.80

1500

5000

900.00

5512.80

 

Proposed

                   

2012-13

Connections/Tariff

165000

250

4950.00

4500

1800

972.00

2250

5000

1350.00

7272.00

 

TOTAL

   

16364.40

   

3165.60

   

3429.00

22959.00

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

Total revenue estimated to be collected through water tariffs by 2013 is Rs 22959 lakhs. Out of that from domestic uses total revenue to be

collected is about Rs 16364.40 Lakhs i.e 71.28% and from commercial uses Rs 3165.60 lakhs i.e 13.79% and from Industrial uses Rs 3429

lakhs i.e 14.94%.

6.2.5.4.4 Collection of Initial Charges

Table 6.6: - Estimated Revenue from the collection of Initial Charges on water supply

Year

   

Domestic

 

Commercial

 

Industrial

Total

Explanation

Nos.

Rate

Revenue

Nos.

Rate

Revenue

Nos.

Rate

Revenue

(Lakhs)

(Rs.)

(Lakhs)

(Rs.)

(Lakhs)

(Rs.)

(Lakhs)

 

Additional

                   

2006-07

Connections/Tariff

10000

920

92.00

200

1500

3.00

100

1500

1.50

96.50

 

Additional

                   

2007-08

Connections/Tariff

13000

1500

195.00

300

3000

9.00

50

4000

2.00

206.00

 

Additional

                   

2008-09

Connections/Tariff

15000

2500

375.00

300

4000

12.00

200

4000

8.00

395.00

 

Additional

                   

2009-10

Connections/Tariff

15000

2500

375.00

400

5000

20.00

300

5000

15.00

410.00

 

Additional

                   

2010-11

Connections/Tariff

15000

3000

450.00

400

6000

24.00

400

5000

20.00

494.00

 

Additional

                   

2011-12

Connections/Tariff

20000

3000

600.00

500

6000

30.00

300

6500

19.50

649.50

 

Additional

                   

2012-13

Connections/Tariff

35000

4500

1575.00

1200

6000

72.00

750

6500

48.75

1695.75

 

TOTAL

123000

 

3662

3300

 

170

2100

 

114.75

3946.75

Rs 3946.75 lakhs is estimated to be collected as initial charges by 2013. Out of that from domestic uses Rs 3662 lakhs, from commercial

uses Rs 170 lakhs and from industrial uses Rs 114.75 lakhs is estimated.

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.2.5.5 Cost Benefit Analysis

Table 6.7:-

Per Capita Income & Expenditure on Water Supply for 2013

     

Total Revenue

% of recovery to expenditure

Per Capita

Per Capita

Year

Population

Total Expenditure

(Tariff and

Expenditure

Revenue

initial charges)

(Rs)

(Rs)

2006-07

896711

1416.00

616.70

43.55

157.91

68.77

2007-08

927927

12179.47

1280.00

10.51

1312.55

137.94

2008-09

960230

11507.81

2255.00

19.60

1198.44

234.84

2009-10

993658

10839.86

3410.00

31.46

1090.90

343.18

2010-11

1028249

10175.82

4214.00

41.41

989.63

409.82

2011-12

1064045

9515.88

6162.30

64.76

894.31

579.14

2012-13

1101086

8860.24

8967.75

101.21

804.68

814.45

TOTAL

64495.08

26905.75

41.72

   

Total expenditure on water supply by 2013 is Rs 64495 lakhs where the revenue is Rs 26905.75 Lakhs i.e 41.72%

City Development Plan, Raipur City

Vision, key Priorities & Sectoral Strategy Framework

6.3 SEWERAGE AND SANITATION

6.3.1 SEWERAGE SYSTEM

6.3.1.1 Development Strategies

The following strategies are primarily to increasing the coverage of sewerage network by increasing the number of house service connections and treatment of sewage before disposal in the Raipur Municipal Corporation

Analysis from the sewerage sector reveals that sewerage network coverage is very low and even covered portion also do not have the proper maintenance and concerned by the RMC. Data on sewage network in RMC is not available. The poor and slum dwellers lack safe sanitation facilities and hence are prone to health related diseases. With the increasing population and growing demand on water supply, this existing service will not be adequate and creates hazardous environment in the city.

Development strategies are made based on the existing condition and importance of existing roads such as adjacent to commercial areas and in high dense areas and near to land use designated for public purposes.

6.3.1.2 Goals and Outcomes

Goal The main goal is to develop and manage the existing sewerage system, by providing the sufficient sewer net work, surface drains and suitable treatment plants, which will improve the quality of city’s environment and reduce the financial burden to the RMC by collecting various user charges.

Considering the above key challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been identified. The sewerage coverage and access in RMC limits needs to be enhanced to at least 50% by the year 2011, 70% by the year 2016 and 90% by the year 2021. By the year 2021, 60% of the wastewater should be treated and disposed and 60% of the wastewater should be recycled and reused. In addition to that, 70% O&M cost recovery is achieved by the year 2011.

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Table 6.8:- Estimated service coverage by Horizon period

Sl. No

 

Component

Coverage by Horizon period

 

2011

2016

2021

1

Sewer network

 

50%

70%

90%

2

Waste

water

treatment

15%

35%

60%

plants

3

Recycling/ Reuse

 

20%

40%

60%

4

O & M cost recovery

70%

100%

100%

6.3.1.3 Proposed Infrastructure

6.3.1.3.1 Sewer Lines network

Apart from the existing sewer length 55.97km, it is suggested to provide sewer lines for a length of 200 km (Main lines- 40km, Distribution lines-128 km and replacement of old system for 32 km) which requires Rs.59.89 crores in various areas/localities such as Tikrapara, Purani Basti, Sundar

nagar, Donganja, Choubey colony, Gudhiyari, Khamtarai, Devendra nagar, Rajeev nagar, Geetha nagar, TeliBandha, New Rajendra nagar and some other roads which are locating in important areas. The following table shows zone wise proposed sewer line network details i.e location/area, covering wards, proposed lines length.

Table 6.9: Proposed Sewer lines in various zones for 2013, Raipur

Zone

Covered

Covered Areas/Localities

Proposed

(km)

no.

Wards

length (M)

1

12

Chirhuldih

16420

16.42

   

Station area, Telghani naka chowk, Raman

   

2

6,20,21,26,27

mandir, WRS colony, Dubey colony, Kapa, mowa, Saddu

16458

16.46

   

Indravathi colony, Irrigation colony, Irrigation

   

3

23,24,28,29,33

colony, Shankar nagar, Anupam nagar, Labhandih

12708

12.71

4

32,46,47,49,41

Fundhar,Amlidih,Police lines

20544

20.54

5

67

Changora bhata

18099

18.10

6

41,52,54

Moti bagh, Math purana,Rawa bhata

11445

11.45

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Zone

Covered

Covered Areas/Localities

Proposed

(km)

no.

Wards

length (M)

7

17,35,40

Ram sagar para, Kachari,Jai sthambh area

18226

18.23

8

1,2,3,14,68,70

Chandini dih,Jarvai,Atari,Sondongari,Kabir nagar,Kota,Ravi sankar sukla university area,Gogaon,Raipura,Sarona and other lines in all wards

46100

46.10

9

-

Main lines in all wards on the main roads

40000

40.00

 

TOTAL

200001

200.00

6.3.1.3.2 Surface Drains Network

Along with the sewer lines, surface drains also should be provided in the city for the internal streets and colonies. In the 1 st seven years it is estimated to provide new surface drains in various streets and localities for a length of 170km which require an amount of Rs.13.60 crores.

6.3.1.3.3 Sewerage Treatment Plants

As the per capita water consumption increases, sanitation becomes increasingly water based. In

areas with high water consumption rates and population densities, sewerage is often required and the collected waste water must be treated off- site in centralized system.

After examining the Raipur city’s sewage and sanitation system, surface water bodies and considering the past experience in other municipal areas (failure of septic tanks, wet land treatments etc causing water pollution), construction of Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) with Bio Gas Recovery System (Methane extraction) is suggested. The treated effluent from STP can be utilized for horticultural and agricultural purposes.

In the first five years it is suggested to construct sewage treatment plants with a capacity of 15 MGD at Rawanbata, one plant in Daldalsiwani with a capacity of 15 MGD and another one with a capacity of 5 MGD at Kokapara require an amount of Rs.50 crores. The proposed sewerage plan shown in Map No: 6.2

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6.3.2

SANITATION

6.3.2.1 Strategies/Recommendations

Providing the sufficient number of toilet blocks in all parts of the city

Community participation for designing, construction of and maintenance of public toilets

Cost recovery through collecting the user charges

Goal To develop and manage a sanitary system by providing the innovative technologies in design, construction and community/NGO participation by collecting user charges which will reduce the financial burdens to the RMC.

6.3.2.2 Development Proposals for sanitation After considering the current scenario it is suggested to construct 350 public toilets at different slum areas, having 20 seats in each block, which requires and amount of Rs. 3.50 crores for a period of 2013. Public-private partnership/community participation is suggested to design, construction, and maintenance. Even if the extent of community participation was limited with respect to design and construction, the area of maintenance is an exception. The program envisaged the collection of Rs 20 per family per month to fund the appointment of a caretaker and for cleaning materials. The caretaker is to be accountable to the community and is supervised by them. This is in sharp contrast to the model where the sanitary staff of the corporation does not heed the community voice.

The system of monthly passes for about Rs. 20 per family scores high value. When some aspects or amenities are given ‘free’ it devalues in the eyes of the community. On the other hand when the charge is as high as Rs. 1 per use per person, the poor are priced out of the market and will return to open defecation. It should also be under lined that when there is community control and maintenance, the sanitary staff of the corporation no longer required. There will be huge savings for the corporation, as it need not recruit in future.

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6.3.3 PROJECT SUMMARY

Table 6.10: Project Summary of Sewerage and Sanitation Systems

   

Estimated Cost

Sl. No.

Project

(Rs. Cr.)

1

Three STP’s 35 MGD

50.00

2

Laying of Secondary and Tertiary Sewers (128km)

34.27

3

Laying of Main Sewers (40km)

16.00

4

Replacement of existing sewers (32km)

9.62

5

Surface Drainage Network in all areas (170km)

13.60

6

Construction of Public toilets (350 no.s)

3.50

 

Total

126.99

7

Civil and Electro-Mechanical works of SPS (1.5% of the total cost)

1.90

8

Design and Supervision Consultancy (2.5% of the total cost)

3.17

 

Total

132.07

Table 6.11: Phasing & Implementation

Rs. In Lakhs

Sl.

                 

No

Project

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Total

1

Three STP’s 35 MGD

600

630

650

700

760

800

860

5000

2

Laying of Secondary and Tertiary Sewers

300

300

500

500

650

650

527

3427

3

Laying of Main Sewers

125

200

200

300

300

250

225

1600

4

Replacement of existing sewers

100

120

120

130

142

160

190

962

5

Surface Drainage Network in all areas

125

150

200

200

250

225

210

1360

6

Construction of Public toilets

35

50

50

60

60

50

45

350

7

Civil and Electro- Mechanical works of SPS

15

25

35

35

30

25

25

190

8

Design and Supervision Consultancy

150

167

-

-

-

-

-

317

 

Total

1450

1642

1755

1925

2192

2160

2082

13207

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6.3.3.2 Institutional Mechanism for Implementation This project will be implemented by the PHED, Government of Chhattisgarh

6.3.3.3 Financial Analysis of Sewerage System

Table 6.12

Estimated Expenditure on Proposed Sewerage and sanitation System for

2013

 

------- Rs in Lakhs

 
   

Interest

       
 

Loan

 

12% for

Administration

Others (20%

Grand

Year

 

Repayment

(P-L.R)

& other

Total

to total)

Total

(P)

amount

2006-07

 

-

-

800

800

160

960

2007-08

 

2200

1584

840

4624

925

5549

2008-09

 

2200

132

882

4402

880

5282

2009-10

 

2200

1056

926

4182

836

5019

2010-11

 

2200

792

972

3964

793

4757

2011-12

 

2200

528

1021

3749

750

4499

2012-13

 

2200

264

1072

3536

707

4243

Total

 

13200

55.44

6514

25258

5052

30309

Total Estimated expenditure for proposed sewerage system by 2013 is 30309 Lakhs.

Estimated Expenditure on Serage & Sanitation

21.49%

16.67%

Expenditure on Serage & Sanitation 21.49% 16.67% 18.29% 43.55% Loan Repayment Administration & other

18.29%

43.55%

Loan RepaymentAdministration & other Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount Others (20% to total)

Administration & otherLoan Repayment Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount Others (20% to total)

Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amountLoan Repayment Administration & other Others (20% to total)

Others (20% to total)Loan Repayment Administration & other Interest 12% for (P-L.R) amount

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6.3.3.4 Estimated Revenue on Proposed Sewerage System for 2013

Table 6.13

Estimated User Charges for 2013

     

Domestic

 

Commercial

 

Industrial

 
     

Conn

         

Year

Explanation

Conne

Rate/mo

Revenue

Rate/mo

Revenue

Connec

Rate/mon

Revenue

Total

ection

ctions

nth (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

nth (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

tions

th (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

s

 

Proposed

                   

2006-07

Connections/Tariff

3000

60

21.60

1400

400

67.20

250

1000

30.00

118.80

 

Proposed

                   

2007-08

Connections/Tariff

8000

100

96.00

1700

500

102.00

400

1500

72.00

270.00

 

Proposed

                   

2008-09

Connections/Tariff

12000

150

216.00

2000

700

168.00

650

2000

156.00

540.00

 

Proposed

                   

2009-10

Connections/Tariff

20000

200

480.00

2400

800

230.40

950

2400

273.60

984.00

 

Proposed

                   

2010-11

Connections/Tariff

35000

200

840.00

3000

1000

360.00

1200

3000

432.00

1632.00

 

Proposed

                   

2011-12

Connections/Tariff

50000

250

1500.00

3600

1200

518.40

1400

4000

672.00

2690.40

 

Proposed

                   

2012-13

Connections/Tariff

75000

250

2250.00

5000

1300

780.00

2200

4000

1056.00

4086.00

 

TOTAL

   

5403.60

   

2226.00

   

2691.60

10321.20

An amount of Rs 10321.20 lakhs is estimated to be recovered by 2013, Out of which Rs 5403.60 lakhs from domestic users, Rs 2226 lakhs from commercial users and Rs 2691.60 lakhs from industrial users.

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Table 6.14

Estimated Initial Charges for 2013

Year

   

Domestic

 

Commercial

 

Industrial

Total

Explanation

   

Revenue

   

Revenue

   

Revenue

(Lakhs)

Nos.

Rate (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

Nos.

Rate (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

Nos.

Rate (Rs.)

(Lakhs)

 

Additional

                   

2006-07

Connections/Tariff

1000

1500

15.00

1000

1500

15.00

200

1500

3.00

33.00

 

Additional

                   

2007-08

Connections/Tariff

5000

2000

100.00

300

3000

9.00

150

4000

6.00

115.00

 

Additional

                   

2008-09

Connections/Tariff

4000

2500

100.00

300

4000

12.00

250

4000

10.00

122.00

 

Additional

                   

2009-10

Connections/Tariff

8000

2500

200.00

400

5000

20.00

300

5000

15.00

235.00

 

Additional

                   

2010-11

Connections/Tariff

15000

3000

450.00

600

6000

36.00

250

5000

12.50

498.50

 

Additional

                   

2011-12

Connections/Tariff

15000

3000

450.00

600

6000

36.00

200

6500

13.00

499.00

 

Additional

                   

2012-13

Connections/Tariff

25000

4500

1125.00

1400

6000

84.00

800

6500

52.00

1261.00

 

TOTAL

   

2440.00

   

212.00

   

111.50

2763.50

Total initial charges are going to be collected by 2013 are Rs 2763.50 lakhs. Out of which Rs 2440 lakhs from domestic users, Rs 212 lakhs from commercial users and Rs 111.50 lakhs from industrial users.

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Table 6.15 Per Capita Income & Expenditure on Proposed Sewerage and sanitation System for 2013

   

Total

Total

% of

Year

Population

Expenditure

Revenue

recovery to

(Lakhs)

(Lakhs)

expenditure

2006-07

896711

960.00

151.80

15.81

2007-08

927927

5548.80

385.00

6.94

2008-09

960230

5282.40

662.00

12.53

2009-10

993658

5018.52

1219.00

24.29

2010-11

1028249

4757.29

2130.50

44.78

2011-12

1064045

4498.83

3189.40

70.89

2012-13

1101086

4243.29

5347.00

126.01

 

Total

30309.13

13084.70

43.17

Per Capita

Per Capita

Expenditure

Revenue

(Rs.)

(Rs.)

107.06

16.93

597.98

41.49

550.12

68.94

505.06

122.68

462.66

207.20

422.80

299.74

385.37

485.61

Total expenditure on sewerage and sanitation system by 2013 is Rs 30309.13 lakhs where the revenue is Rs 13084.70 Lakhs i.e 43.17% (avg.).

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Table 6.16 Cost Benefit Analysis on Water Supply, Sewerage and sanitation System

     

Expenditure

 

Income

% of

Year

Estimated

           

Recovery

Population

Water

Sewerage

Total

Water

Sewerage

Total

to the

 

Supply

Supply

expenditure

2006-07

896711

1416.00

960.00

2376.00

616.70

151.80

768.50

32.34

2007-08

927927

12179.47

5548.80

17728.27

1280.00

385.00

1665.00

9.39

2008-09

960230

11507.81

5282.40

16790.21

2255.00

662.00

2917.00

17.37

2009-10

993658

10839.86

5018.52

15858.38

3410.00

1219.00

4629.00

29.19

2010-11

1028249

10175.82

4757.29

14933.11

4214.00

2130.50

6344.50

42.49

2011-12

1064045

9515.88

4498.83

14014.71

6162.30

3189.40

9351.70

66.73

2012-13

1101086

8860.24

4243.29

13103.53

8967.75

5347.00

14314.75

109.24

TOTAL

64495.08

30309.13

94804.21

26905.75

13084.70

39990.45

42.18

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6.4 STORM WATER DRAINAGE

6.4.1 Goal and Out Comes

The main goal is to align, develop and manage the existing nallahs and to give the high quality environment and sustainable economy to the local body.

Cleaning and widening of existing drains and construction of additional drains in new areas to avoid flooding during rainy season.

6.4.2 Strategy and Action Plan

Considering the current challenges and identified goals, a robust strategy for storm water drainage is adopted to create Raipur a healthy City. Detailed strategy is furnished below which covers planning, construction, development, and community participation and service delivery aspects.

6.4.2.1 Construction and alignment of existing Nallas/Drains

The existing nallahs/ Drains that are having in bad condition, having length of 63.58km to be aligned and developed by the deepening, widening and providing of retain walls at critical sections.

6.4.2.2 Protection of Environmental Resources

The first and foremost intervention is the protection of environmental resources. Protection of water bodies, waterways and open spaces from further encroachments would be carried out in a coordinated way.

6.4.2.3 Public Education and Outreach

For the success of any service, Public Participation and awareness plays an important role and especially in Raipur.

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The Public Education and Outreach minimum measures consists of Best Management Practices (BMPs) that focus on the development and distribution of educational materials designed to inform the public about the impacts that storm water discharges have on local water bodies and the steps that the public can take to reduce pollutants in storm water runoff.

6.4.2.4 Storm Water Quality Web-Site

Development and maintenance of a website designed to educate the public on storm water quality issues.

6.4.2.5 Public Service Announcements

Development and broadcasting of public service announcements (PSA's) that focus on the impacts of storm water runoff on local water bodies and steps the public can take to reduce storm water pollution.

6.4.2.6 Impacts of Illegal Dumping and Littering

Development and distribution of public education materials that focus on the impacts of illegal dumping and littering on local water bodies as well as methods for the public to report illegal dumping and/or litter occurrences and locations of incidents.

6.4.2.7 Public Education on Construction Activities and New Development Activities

Development and distribution of public education materials that focus on the impacts of construction site runoff and steps the public can take to report the occurrence of potential construction related storm water quality problems.

6.4.2.8 Education of School Children on the Importance of Water Quality

Development and incorporation of age appropriate presentations and projects that focus on water quality issues into existing MDOT school partnerships.

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