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Bread From Heaven, Pain On Earth

ֶ ָ ‫עבֶך ָ ו ַי ַאֲכ ִל ְך‬
ִ ְ ‫ענ ְך ָ ו ַי ַר‬ַ ְ ‫דברים פרק ח ג ו ַי‬
'‫מן וגו‬ ָ ַ‫ה‬
“And He caused you pain and He caused you to hunger and He fed you the Manna.”
How do these three concepts (pain, hunger and Manna) flow?
Bnei Yisroel only derived the pleasure of taste from the Manna, but not the
visual pleasure of seeing a variety of food. This was their complaint "ein kol
bilti el hamon eineinu" (Bemidbar 11,6). They considered it as if they had no
Medrash Hagodol food from the monotony of always seeing Manna. Similarly we find by
Parshas Toldos Yaakov in his old age when he was blind that he requested of Eisov to bring
him food and prepare it. "Va'assei li MATAMIM" (Bereishis 27,4), "Prepare
for me something TASTY," as he was blind and was limited to only the taste
enjoyment of food and not the visual enhancement.
He caused you pain through your difficult journey, as is written in Tehillim
102,24, "Inoh va'derech kochi.” He caused you to hunger by restricting you
to a kosher diet. Only after stopping to eat non-kosher food are you ready to
imbibe the heaven sent Manna.
He caused you to hunger so that you would totally use up any vestiges of
earthly food and the pain was from the lack of potential additional food. Only
then would you be ready for the Heavenly food, the Manna. We find that
Rabbeinu Bachyei
Moshe in preparation for ascending to heaven also separated himself from all
worldly pursuits including food for six days, as is written, "Va'y'cha'sehu
he'onon sheishes yomim" (Shmos 24,16).
He caused you pain and hunger by feeding you Manna whose default taste has
the flavour of honey and oil, as is written "V'taamo k'tzapichis biDVOSH"
Alshich Hakodosh (Shmos 16,31), and "K'taam l'shad ha'SHO'MEN" (Bemidbar 11,8). The
purpose of this limited diet was to purify you spiritually and to weaken your
evil inclination.

Ramban and R"I of He caused you pain and hunger through your lack of security of not having
Vienna "bread in your larder." Hashem fed you Manna which fell on a daily basis and
if left over from one day to the next would totally spoil (Shmos 16,20).
The Manna did not satiate people as it was a light quasi-spiritual food. This was
Ibn Ezra the complaint of the people when they said "v'nafsheinu kotzoh ba'lechem
haklokeil" (Bemidbar 21,5).
He caused you pain and hunger by having you enslaved in Egypt and then
having to travel in the desert. People who have suffered these experiences and
Ohr Hachaim deprivations cannot eat the same foods as one who has not gone through these
Hakodosh experiences. A regular diet could be devastating for those with a weakened
constitution. Hashem therefore fed you Manna, which is perfectly suited for
even those who are weakened.
Nachal K'dumim It is prohibited to derive benefit from something created through a miracle. This
on Parshas prohibition is lifted, as are most, when there is a need to use the object to
B'shalach alleviate a danger to one's life. Only because Hashem caused you pain and
hunger and your lives were endangered were you allowed to eat the Manna.
The days of Moshiach will be 40 years. It says here "va'Y'ancha va'Yar'ivecha",
and it says (Tehillim 90) "Samchenu ki'Mos Anisanu" (like the years of our
Sanhendrin 99a affliction). Just like Yisrael were in the Midbar for 40 years, so will be
Yemos haMoshiach will take 40 years (the affliction changes the basic nature
of the physical and spiritual Galus to enable ideal entry into Eretz Yisrael).
The people needed to begin their service of Hashem, learn Torah and do
Mitzvos. However, their body was filled with food that did not prepare their
Tzror HaMor minds for this service. Therefore, they needed to fast and purify their bodies.
This is called pain and hunger in order to be fed the Manna which enabled
proper physical and spiritual nutrient for the forthcoming service.
There are seemingly contradicting verses indicating that the Manna fell close to
people's homes and far away. Also there seem to be contradictions in verses
regarding how prepared the Manna was for consumption. The Gemara
answers that according to one's piety, the Manna that was his portion fell and
was prepared. If one was very devout, the Manna would fall just outside his
home and would be ready for consumption. If one was sinful the Manna fell
further away and required grinding, etc. before being edible. This situation
was very fluid, changing daily if someone's level of mitzvah observance
Yoma 75a
changed. If someone sinned and his next allotment of Manna fell far away, he
was very embarrassed to go far afield to fetch it. Since there was no saving of
Manna from one day to the next, he would either have to swallow his pride
and make the long trek for his Manna or simply go hungry. Many opted to go
hungry. This is the meaning of "and He caused you pain and hunger." This
concept might be the source for a well-known Yiddish expression: "Men
shtarbt nisht fun hunger; men shtarbt fun bushoh." No one starves from
hunger, only from embarrassment.
These words of our verse were an indication to Esther to suggest to Mordechai
to proclaim a three-day fast and in that merit they would overpower Homon.
Paa'nei'ach Rozo "Va'yaancho" on the first day of the fast, "Va'yari'vecho" on the second day,
and on the third day, "Va'yaachilcho es HOMON." The letters of the word
HAMON without their vowels can be read HOMON.
Bread from Heaven represents the inner Torah that is connected to hunger for
more. Since this learning is about the manifestations of HaShem and not the
actually essence, one’s hunger grows. Thus Manna is food of hunger.
However, the eating of Manna brings one to self-nullification that allows one
Lubavitcher Rebbe
to become a vessel to receive the life-force from the source beyond one’s
normal level. The Manna is equated to the affliction of Yom Kippur (see
Yoma 74b) that also utilizes physical and spiritual affliction to receive a
higher level of life-force.