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1.

Proverb
Every culture has a collection of wise sayings that offer advice about how to live your life.
These sayings are called by "proverbs".
Example: Time is money = Waktu adalah uang.
(Waktu sangat berharga atau penting maka manusia harus menggunakan waktu sebaik
mungkin)

Kinds of Proverbs:
1. Aphorism (Pepatah)
This proverb offers advice.
Example : Dont go too far in small.
(Persoalan kecil jangan dibesar-besarkan).
2. Parable (Perumpamaan)
That has a moral lesson and has parable.
Example : To carry coals to New-castle.
(Bagai membuang garam kelaut)
3. Slogan (Pameo)
This proverb gives spirit or motivation.
Example :
Early bird gets worm
(Tuhan akan memberikan rezeki kepada makhluk-Nya yang lebih dulu bangun)
Diligence is the mistress of success.
(Kerajinan pangkal kesuksesan)
4. Idiom
It is a phrase that has group of words with a different meaning from the meaning of all the
individual word.
Example :
Pull your sock up. (improve your behaviour)
You can arrange your bedroom at will. (sesuka hati)
Dont mention it. (Youre welcome)

Individual work
What does it mean?
1. Better late than never.
2. Dont go too far in small.
3. By learning to obey we know to command.
4. Haste makes waste.
5. Leaving after having fun.

Work in Group.
Work in group of two, watch a Disney film and find 5 proverb and their meanings.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
2. Riddle
A riddle is a type of poetry that describes something without actually naming what it is,
leaving the reader to guess. It is a light-hearted type of poetry which involves the reader.
Riddles can be about anything, from riddles about animals to riddles about objects. There are
no rules on how to structure a riddle poem, a riddle can be funny or it can rhyme, it depends
on the person writing the riddle.
Example:
1. Its an animal. Its an orange black. It has stripes. It has four paws. It lives in the jungle.
What is it?
It is a Lion.
2. Three eyes have I, all in a row; when the red one opens, all freeze. The answer is traffic
light.
3. Example of Rhyming Riddle
I come in different style.
I can help you walk for miles.
Come in pair.
Im something what you wear.
With heals Im glam
Can you guest what I am?
I am a

Exercise.
Match and Find the answer of the following riddle.
a. What building has the most stories? 1) An eye
b. What is broken every time its spoken? 2) Smoke
c. What four letter word can be read upside 3) Tomorrow
down, downside up, and up to down? 4) Night falls and day breaks
d. What animal walks on all fours in the 5) A river
morning, two in the afternoon and three 6) A man, since he crawls as a child then
in the evening? walks and uses a cane when he gets
e. What falls, but does not break, and what older
breaks but does not fall? 7) library
f. I have holes in my top and bottom, my 8) A sponge
left and right, and in the middle. But I 9) silence
still hold water. What am I? 10) N O O N
g. What can run but never walks, has a
mouth but never talks, has a head but
never weeps, has a bed but never
sleeps?
h. I never was, am always to be. No one
ever saw me, nor ever will. And yet I am
the confidence of all. To live and breathe
on this terrestrial ball. What am I?
i. I am the black child of a white father, a
wingless bird, flying even to the clouds
of heaven. I give birth to tears of
mourning in pupils that meet me, even
though there is no cause for grief, and at
once on my birth I am dissolved into air.
What am I?
j. Pronounced as one letter. And written
with three. Two letters there are. And
two only in me. I'm double, I'm single.
I'm black, blue, and grey. I'm read from
both ends. And the same either way.
What am I?
Pencil Croco Sun Rainy Beac Song Snow
Case dile h white

Clock Skirt Pink Gree Apple Bus Stewa


n rdess

Calen Rat Cupc Ice- Goat Bruno Tree


dar ake crea Mars
m
1. FACTUAL REPORT TEXTS
Read the following text and answer the questions 1 to 3.
Jellyfish
Jellyfish are not really fish. They are invertebrate animals. This means that unlike fish
or people, they have no backbones. In fact, they have no bones at all.
Jellyfish have stomachs and mouths, but no heads. They have nervous systems for
sensing the world around them, but no brains. They are made almost entirely of water, which
is why you can look through them.
Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. The light is made by a
chemical reaction inside the jellyfish. Scientists believe jellyfish glow for several reasons. For
example, they may glow to scare away predators or to attract animals they like to eat.
Most jellyfish live in salt water, apart from a few types that live in fresh
water. Jellyfish are found in oceans and seas all over the world. They live in warm, tropical
seas and in icy waters near the North and South poles.

1. Which one creates Jellyfishs light?


A. White blood.
B. Nervous system.
C. Chemical reaction.
D. Salt water.

2. Based on the text, we know that.


A. They belong to invertebrate animals.
B. They have heads like other animals.
C. Their brain helps them find the food.
D. They cannot live in fresh water.

3. Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. (Paragraph 3)
The word glow in the sentence means.
A. Move
B. Produce
C. Appear
D. Shine

Read the following text and answer the questions 4 to 7.


Giraffe
Giraffe is the highest animal in the world. Its height can reach 4.8 to 5.5 meters and
its weight about 1360 pounds. Giraffe has a unique characteristic. They have a very long neck
and two small horns on its head. Giraffes have big brown eyes and protected by thick and long
eyebrows. Her body is covered with a unique pattern that is attached by brown spots all over
their body.
Just like camels, giraffes can survive without drinking for long time because giraffes
can rely on the water contained in leaves they eat. Giraffes are very selective in choosing
food. They always eat young leaves that grow in the tree tops. Their tongue shaped like a
knife help them to cut branches which are very hard.
Female giraffes can start pregnant at the age of five years, with a gestation period of
15 months. Commonly female giraffe bear one baby, but sometimes two babies at once.
Giraffes bear its baby with a standing position. When the baby is about to be born, they just
drop it to the ground from a 1.5 meter of height. Baby giraffe can stand with about 20
minutes since being born, and begin breastfeeding within an hour of birth.

4. The text tells us about?


a. Giraffes reproduction
b. The strange animals
c. The highest animal
d. Baby giraffe

5. The unique characteristic of giraffe is?


a. Two horns on its head
b. Their long neck
c. Brown spot
d. Their food

6. The second paragraph mainly discussed about?


a. Giraffes food
b. Giraffes characteristic
c. Giraffes life
d. Giraffes reproduction

7. , they just drop it to the ground from a 1.5 meter of height.


The word it in third paragraph refers to?
a. Neck b. Horn c. Baby giraffe d. Food

Read the following text and answer the questions 8 to 10.


Komodo Dragons
Komodo dragon is a member of the monitor family, Varanidae. It is the world's largest
living lizards. It grows to be 10 feet (3 meters) long and weighs up to 126 kg and belong to
the most ancient group of lizards still alive.
It is found mainly in the island of Komodo and on other small islands, Rinca, Padar,
and Flores. The natives call the dragon, ora, or buaya darat (land crocodile).
The Komodo dragon has a long heavy tail, short, strong legs, and rough skin. It is
covered with small dull, colored scales. It can sprint at up 18 km per hours, but only for short
distances. When it opens its wide red moth, it shows row of teeth like the edge of a saw.
Komodo dragons are good simmers and may swim the long distance from one island
to another. Like other lizards, they swim by undulating their tails, and their legs held against
their body
The Komodo dragon is totally carnivorous. It hunts other animals during the day. It
hunts deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes, and even horses. While smaller komodos have to be
content with eggs, other lizards, snakes and rodents. Komodo dragons are cannibals. The
adult will prey on the young one as well as the old and sick dragons. Lizard digs a cave with its
strong claws in the cave at night.

8. The main idea of paragraph 5 is


A. komodo dragons feed on young dragons.
B. komodo dragons get their food by hunting.
C. komodo dragons are carnivorous and also cannibals.
D. komodo dragons are cannibals because they hunt other animals.

9. Which of the following is not the characteristic of a komodo dragon?


A. Rough skin
B. Strong claws
C. A long heavy tail
D. Rows of red teeth

10. Komodo dragons are cannibals because


A. they hunt deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes and even horses.
B. they feed on eggs, lizards, snakes and rodents.
C. they prey on young ones as well as old and sick dragons
D. they eat anything they meet.

Read the following text and answer the questions 11 to 13.


For many years people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the
chimpanzees. Now, however, there is a proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these
big apes. Although a dolphin lives in the sea, it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many
ways, therefore, like a human being. Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk
to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But, this will not
be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk
to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins
can understand. Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There
are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous waters.

11. What kind of animal is dolphin?


a. Insect b. fish c. Mammal d. bird

12. Why talking to dolphin is not easy?


a. dolphins cannot hear the kind of mans sounds
b. dolphins cannot think as human
c. dolphins like playing with man
d. dolphins feel annoyed by man

13. What is the characteristic of dolphin according to the text?


a. Fierce b. friendly c. Naughty d. Shy

Read the following text and answer the questions 14 to 20


The Island of Wingo is by the island of Singa. In the water around Wingo Island, there
are hundreds of sharks. They are so many that the water bubbles like a whirlpool. People can
only get to Wingo Island by boat. The boat has a rocket on it. The rocket takes people over
the sharks and onto the island.
Wingo Island has no sand but it has green moss. At night the moss sparkles like stars. Tall
stars called Fruji grow everywhere The Fruji tress have purple leaves at the top and yellow
fruit all over them. When a fruit falls off, another tree grows in a minute.
The Weather on Wingo Island is very hot but at twelve oclock, everyday, it rains.
Sometimes, there are windstorms. They happen when too many animals fly around at the
same time.
People who stay on Wingo Island sleep in a big-gloo. It is like an igloo but it is on long poles.
It has a ladder to get up and a slide to come down. The big-gloo has a moss bed, chairs, and
tables that are made of Fruji tress.
There is no television on Wingo Island. So is the telephone and computer. It is place to listen
to the leaves whispering. It is a place to lie on soft green moss and look at the clouds. It is
really a place to dream.

14. Fruji is the on Wingo Island.


a. Name of a river
b. Name of a mountain
c. Name of a tree
d. Name of someone who lives

15. What causes windstorms at Wingo?


a. Moss
b. The sand
c. Animals
d. The sea around Wingo

16. Where do the people of the island live in?


a. In the houses
b. In the forest
c. In the tree holes
d. In the big-gloos

17. According to passage, which of the following is not true?


a. Wingo is an island.
b. Many sharks are in Wingo island.
c. The weather in Wingo Island is tropic all the time.
d. Rain always falls in Wingo Island.

18. People can only get to Wingo Island by boat.


The sentence implies that Wngo Island is .
a. Near to other islands
b. Close to another island
c. Near to another island
d. Far from other islands

19. It is place to listen to the leaves whispering


The underlined word refers to .
a. The telephone
b. The computer
c. An island
d. Wingo Island

20. It is place to listen to the leaves whispering. (last paragraph)


The closest meaning of the underlined word is .
a. Talking in a soft way
b. Singing
c. Laughing
d. Makes a soft sound

2. PROVERBS

A. What does it mean?


1) A tree is known by its fruit.
2) United we stand, divided we fall.
3) Where there is a will, there is a way.
4) Bending without breaking.
5) Dream the impossible to reach the stars.
6) A slader is more dangerous than murder.

B. Write a short story with the topic Bending without breaking. (At least 200 words)

3. RIDDLES
A. Answer the following riddles!
1) What flies without wings?
2) What is at the end of a rainbow?
3) It cannot be seen, cannot be felt, Cannot be heard, cannot be smelt. It lies behind
stars and under hills And empty holes it fills. It comes first and follows after, Ends life,
kills laughter.
4) A pregnant lady named her children: Dominique, Regis, Michelle, Fawn, Sophie and
Lara. What will she name her next child? Jessica, Katie, Abby or Tilly?
5) Which does not belong in this group: Apple, Grape, Banana, Cherry, Pear ?

B. Write the riddle by having 4 clues of these answers!


1) Watch
2) Cat
3) Red
4) Teacher
5) Yesterday