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How to Approach SC

3 PARTS TO THIS WEBINAR

The Company
Sentence
Correction

The People

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Jan Batch Calendar
S.No Session Name Day Date Session Time
1 SC1 How to Approach SC Saturday Feb 18 7:00 a.m.
SC2 Solving SC Questions with Verb Sunday Feb 19 7:00 a.m.
2
Errors
3 SC3 Parallelism Saturday Feb 25 7:00 a.m.
4 SC4 Modifiers Sunday Feb 26 7:00 a.m.
RC1 - Efficient Reading and Saturday Mar 04 7:00 a.m.
5
Comprehension
6 RC2 Session Sunday Mar 05 7:00 a.m.
7 CR1 - Inference Saturday Mar 11 7:00 a.m.
CR2 Pre-thinking and Argument Sunday Mar 12 7:00 a.m.
8
Structure
9 CR3 Evaluate Saturday Mar 18 7:00 a.m.
10 CR4 Strengthen Sunday Mar 19 7:00 a.m.
11 CR5 Weaken Sunday Mar 19 9:00 a.m.
12 CR6 Bold Face Saturday Mar 25 7:00 a.m.
13 Verbal Workshop Sunday Mar 26 7:00 a.m.
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3 PARTS TO THIS WEBINAR

The Company
Sentence
Correction

The People

20 minutes
12 minutes 100 minutes
3 PARTS TO THIS WEBINAR

The Company
Sentence
Correction

The People

20 minutes
12 minutes 100 minutes
What will be covered in this session?

1. Discuss your current approach to SC Document how you


prepare today
2. Warm up Exercise 2 questions

3. GMAT Style Questions 4 questions


i. Quiz Recognize what is
important to master SC
ii. Detailed Review of 1 question
iii. Process for Solving SC questions
iv. Detailed Review of 3 questions
Present your should-be
4. Discuss your Should-Be approach to SC
plan to master SC
Current Approach - Question 1

In your opinion, what is the most important thing to ace GMAT SC?
1. Knowing grammar rules
2. Understanding meaning of the sentence
3. Efficiently applying splits approach
Current Approach - Question 2

When you solve SC question, you spend majority of your time in ______
o understanding the meaning and finding grammatical errors in Choice A.
o looking for differences & similarities in choices to narrow down the answer.
Situation of the Majority!

Resort to answer choice analysis


Vertical Scanning
Students Want to follow Spot the differences & similarities in choices
meaning based
approach. In some questions
A B C D E A or B?
A B C D E A or B or C?
Goal of this Session

Students to Realize

1 2
Key to Acing SC Distribution of Time

Understanding the meaning Majority of Time


should be spent on
Understanding the meaning
Identifying the Errors
of Choice A
Warm Up Questions
Warm Up Exercise Question Form Questions 1 to 2
Compare the following sentences and answer the question below:

1. Sentence 1.
2. Sentence 2.
3. Sentence 3.

Select all the options that Select all the options that Compare the meaning
are grammatically are logically sound. Sentence 1 = 2
correct. Sentence 1 Sentence 2 = 3
Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3 = 1
Sentence 2 Sentence 3
Sentence 3
Warm Up Exercise 1A
Compare the following sentences and answer the questions:

1. A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to


eradicate, has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region, leading people to
fear that these trees may face extinction.

2. A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to


eradicate, has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region and has led
people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

3. Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal


infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, and
have led people to fear that these trees may face extinction.
Warm Up Q1 Sentence 1 - Analysis (Meaning)
A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, has
affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region, leading people to fear that these trees may face
extinction.
Author talks about fungal infestation

A fungal infestation
describes spread by indigenous beetles
and nearly impossible to eradicate
has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region,
leading people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

Think? What or who could lead people to fear?

The fact that these forests are infected has led people to fear abut the extinction of these forests

Ask? DOES THAT MAKE SENSE??? Yes it does


Approach
ACTIVELY Read the sentence to Understand the meaning
Read small chunk
- Pause
- Assimilate the meaning
Read next small chunk
- Pause
- Assimilate the meaning, relating to previous chunk

At various steps ask


What role could this part be playing, given what I have read so far?
Does that relation make sense?

Outcome
1. Complete understanding of the meaning of the sentence
2. Since you understand the roles played by the parts, you intuitively address the
grammatical aspect of the sentence as well.
Warm Up Q1 Sentence 1 - Analysis (Grammar)
A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, has
affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region, leading people to fear that these trees may face
extinction.

subject
A fungal infestation,
modifiers spread by indigenous beetles
and nearly impossible to eradicate,
verb has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region,
leading people to fear that these trees may face extinction.
modifier
Approach (contd.)
ACTIVELY Read the sentence to Understand the meaning
Read small chunk Pause Assimilate the meaning
Read next small chunk Pause Assimilate the meaning, relating to previous chunk
At various steps ask
What role could this part be playing given what I have read so far?
Does that relation make sense?
Outcome
1. Complete understanding of the meaning of the sentence
2. Since you understand the roles played by the parts, you intuitively
address the grammatical aspect of the sentence as well.

Once you analyze original choice thoroughly, analyze other choices in the light
of original sentence.
Warm Up Exercise 1A Sentence 2
A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to
eradicate, has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region and has led people to
fear that these trees may face extinction.

A fungal infestation,
spread by indigenous beetles and
nearly impossible to eradicate,
has affected deciduous forests in the Amazon region and
has led people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

1. The two actions of fungal infestation are not linked together.


2. They are now independent actions.

Logically Sound
Grammatically Correct
Meaning different from original sentence
Warm Up Exercise 1A Sentence 3
Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal infestation,
spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, and have led
people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

Deciduous forests in the Amazon region


have been affected by a fungal infestation,
spread by indigenous beetles and
nearly impossible to eradicate,
and have led people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

1. Deciduous forests have two actions


1. They have been affected by infestation
1. Makes sense
2. They have led people to fear
Logically NOT Sound
1. Does not make sense Grammatically Correct
Warm Up Exercise 1A Putting it all Together

1. A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles


Logically Sound
and nearly impossible to eradicate, has affected Grammatically Correct
deciduous forests in the Amazon region, leading
people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

2. A fungal infestation, spread by indigenous beetles Logically Sound


and nearly impossible to eradicate, has affected But logically different from 1
deciduous forests in the Amazon region and has led Grammatically Correct
people to fear that these trees may face extinction.

3. Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been


Illogical
affected by a fungal infestation, spread by indigenous Grammatically Correct
beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, and have
led people to fear that these trees may face
extinction.
Warm Up Exercise 1B
Compare the following sentences and answer the question below:

1. Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal infestation
spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate, producing a
significantly smaller quantity of wood.

2. Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal infestation
spread by indigenous beetles and nearly impossible to eradicate and have thereby
produced a significantly smaller quantity of wood.
Warm up Solution 1B

subject verb
Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal infestation
spread by indigenous beetles
and nearly impossible to eradicate,
producing a significantly smaller quantity of wood.
modifier

subject verb
Deciduous forests in the Amazon region have been affected by a fungal infestation
spread by indigenous beetles
and nearly impossible to eradicate
and have thereby produced a significantly smaller quantity of wood.
verb
Approach

Actively Read the sentence


Breakdown the sentence in smaller chunks
Assimilate meaning as you read
Pose questions Does that make sense?
Warm Up Exercise - 2
Compare the following sentences and answer the question below:

1. Speculative fiction, which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that
habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary fiction, has generated significant
critical interest over the last few decades, but enthusiasts of the genre suspect that its
popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

2. Although speculative fiction has generated significant critical interest over the last few
decades, it combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross
the line between popular fiction and literary fiction, and enthusiasts of the genre suspect that
its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Which of these sentences is/are both logically and grammatically correct?


A. Only Sentence 1.
B. Only Sentence 2.
C. Both sentences are incorrect.
D. Both sentences are correct.
Warm Up Q2 Sentence 1 - Analysis (Meaning)
Speculative fiction, which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross the line
between popular fiction and literary fiction, has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades, but
enthusiasts of the genre suspect that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.
Something about SF
Speculative fiction,
Explains what is SF - combination of two things
Descriptive which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy
info explains these two things
genres that habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary fiction
SF has created a lot of interest
has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades
Some contrast
but enthusiasts of the genre suspect Some group thinks that its popularity may remain limited.
that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Think? What is the CONTRAST?


SF has created a lot of interest BUT experts think that it may remain popular with limited people only.

Ask? DOES THAT MAKE SENSE??? Yes it does


Warm Up Q2 Sentence 2 Analysis - Grammar
Speculative fiction, which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross the line
between popular fiction and literary fiction, has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades, but
enthusiasts of the genre suspect that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Speculative fiction,
which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy,
genres that habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary
fiction,
has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades,
but enthusiasts of the genre suspect
that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.
Warm Up Q2 Sentence 2 - Analysis (Meaning)
Although speculative fiction has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades, it combines
aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary
fiction, and enthusiasts of the genre suspect that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Contrast Fact 1

Although speculative fiction has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades
Contrasting fact
it combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy,
Descriptive
genres that habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary fiction, info
and enthusiasts of the genre suspect
that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.
Fact 3

Think? What is the CONTRAST? Something has generated a lot of interest,


BUT
It combines aspects of something and something
Ask? DOES THAT MAKE SENSE??? No it doesnt
Warm Up Solution 2 Sentence 2 vs. Sentence 1
Speculative fiction, which combines aspects of both science-fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross the line between popular
fiction and literary fiction, has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades, but enthusiasts of the genre suspect that
its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Something has generated a lot of interest,


Grammar BUT
Logic some group thinks that this popularity may remain limited
It combines aspects of something and something
Although speculative fiction has generated significant critical interest over the last few decades, it combines aspects of both science-
fiction and fantasy, genres that habitually cross the line between popular fiction and literary fiction, and enthusiasts of the genre
suspect that its popularity may remain limited to academic circles.

Something has generated a lot of interest,


BUT
Grammar
Logic
It combines aspects of something and something
some group thinks that this popularity may remain limited

III. The meaning communicated by the sentence MUST be logically sound!


Approach
Breakdown the sentence in smaller chunks
Assimilate meaning as you read
Pose questions
What role could this part be playing given what I have read so far?

Does that make sense?

Outcome
1. Complete understanding of the meaning of the sentence
2. Since you understand the roles played by the parts, you intuitively address the
grammatical aspect of the sentence as well.

Once you analyze original choice thoroughly, analyze other choices in the light
of original sentence.
Questions 1 thru 4
Question 1 Diegetic Music
Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background,
invoking a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-
makers creating period dramas use it often.
A. Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background,
invoking a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-
makers creating period dramas use it often.
B. Actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, diegetic music is often
used by film-makers creating period dramas because it invokes a sense of verisimilitude, the
idea that art can express a truthful version of reality.
C. Film-makers creating period dramas often use diegetic music, which invokes a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, because it is actively
referenced in the film rather than confined to the background.
D. Film-makers who create period dramas often using diegetic music since it is music actively
referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality.
E. Diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invokes a
sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, and film-
makers creating period dramas use it often.
Question 2 Root Cyclone Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and
gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now
found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to
produce a partial vacuum.
A. Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost
all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
B. Root Cyclone Technology, which is synonymous with the company Dyson, is a vortex separation method using
rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, and is now found with top offerings by
almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
C. Although Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method that uses rotational effects and gravity to
separate mixtures of solids and fluids and is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top
offerings with almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial
vacuum.
D. While Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, it is now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that
use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum and is synonymous with the company Dyson.
E. Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of
solids and fluids, synonymous with the company Dyson, now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of
vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
Question 3 Seasoned Bookie
A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average
and has performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance,
especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
A. A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his
performance, especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
B. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter is likely to miss the decline in his
performance, more so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past.
C. Betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average and has
performed consistently in the past, a seasoned bookie is likely to miss the decline in the hitters
performance, especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
D. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past, makes missing the decline in his performance
likely, more so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
E. A seasoned bookies heavy betting on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and previously performed consistently, makes it likely to miss the decline in his
performance being interspersed with brilliant innings.
Question 4- Pyrex
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that
Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or
compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer standing up well to
some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
A. that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when
exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes
involved in cooking.
B. that Pyrex glassware was once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress
when exposed to high heat or low temperatures and that it no longer stands up well to some of the temperature
changes involved in cooking.
C. that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when
exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved
in cooking.
D. that, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that had not expanded or compressed when exposed to
high heat or low temperatures, Pyrex glassware no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes
involved in cooking.
E. that although Pyrex glassware no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking,
it is marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that does not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or
low temperatures.
Question 1 Diegetic Music
Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-makers creating period dramas use it
often.
A. Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a
sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-makers creating period
dramas use it often.
B. Actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, diegetic music is often used by film-
makers creating period dramas because it invokes a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a
truthful version of reality.
C. Film-makers creating period dramas often use diegetic music, which invokes a sense of verisimilitude, the
idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, because it is actively referenced in the film rather than
confined to the background.
D. Film-makers who create period dramas often using diegetic music since it is music actively referenced in the
film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a
truthful version of reality.
E. Diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invokes a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, and film-makers creating period
dramas use it often.
1. Diegetic Music Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-makers creating period dramas use it often.
cause
Because diegetic music,
describes DG

actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background


describes DG
invoking a sense of verisimilitude
describes VS
the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality
effect
film-makers creating period dramas use it often

Meaning = Because DM does something, film makers use it often.


What does it do? No verb, so dont know
What could it do? DM invokes
Question 1 - Solution

Active reading to understand meaning

Understanding roles of each entity

Determining grammatical correctness of the sentence


Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-makers creating period dramas use it often.

cause
Because diegetic music,
describes DG

actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background


describes DG
invoking a sense of verisimilitude
describes VS
the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality
effect
film-makers creating period dramas use it often

Meaning = Because DM does something, film makers use it often.


What does it do? No verb, so dont know
What could it do? DM invokes
1. Diegetic Music Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE

A. Because diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invoking a
sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, film-makers creating period
dramas use it often. Logically correct but grammatically wrong.

B. Actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, diegetic music is often used by film-
makers creating period dramas because it invokes a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a
truthful version of reality.

C. Film-makers creating period dramas often use diegetic music, which invokes a sense of verisimilitude, the
idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, because it is actively referenced in the film rather than
confined to the background. Grammatically correct but illogical. Film-makers do not use diegetic music because it
is actively referenced in the film. They use it because it invokes verisimilitude.
D. Film-makers who create period dramas often using diegetic music since it is music actively referenced in the
film rather than confined to the background, invoking a sense of verisimilitude, the idea that art can express
No verb for film makers.
a truthful version of reality.
Same illogical meaning as option C.

E. Diegetic music, actively referenced in the film rather than confined to the background, invokes a sense of
verisimilitude, the idea that art can express a truthful version of reality, and film-makers creating period
dramas use it often. Distorts the meaning of original choice: cause-effect relationship is lost.
Understanding the sentence structure and meaning of the original choice is very important to eliminate choices.
Why do people falter in SC?

Dont spend sufficient Do not know whats Fail to observe an error


time on complete wrong with the sentence because of lack of time
sentence

Jump directly to the answer


choices to find shortcuts Get anxious and
Engage in significant
Splits make mistakes that
back and forth
Pattern recognition could be avoided
What is the optimum approach for SC?

Understand the meaning


Actively Read Understand the roles played by
Original Sentence each entity

time

Check Grammar of Is simplified after the meaning


Original Sentence analysis.

Review answer Analyze in the light of


choices 1 by 1 original sentence analysis
How can you learn all of this?
1. Foundation Concepts SV Verbs Modifiers Parallelism Idiom
2. Grammatical Concepts
3. Application Concepts
4. Practice Questions

Scholaranium To Fine Tune your Prep


Ability Quizzes Custom Quizzes
Identify weak areas
Fix weak areas

Everything that you need to ace Sentence


Correction is present in the e-GMAT
Course.
Focus on Logic Knowledge of Grammar Mantra to become an SC Champ
Question 2 Root Cyclone Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and
gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now
found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to
produce a partial vacuum.
A. Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost
all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
B. Root Cyclone Technology, which is synonymous with the company Dyson, is a vortex separation method using
rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, and is now found with top offerings by
almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
C. Although Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method that uses rotational effects and gravity to
separate mixtures of solids and fluids and is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top
offerings with almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial
vacuum.
D. While Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, it is now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that
use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum and is synonymous with the company Dyson.
E. Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of
solids and fluids, synonymous with the company Dyson, now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of
vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
2: Root Cyclone
Technology
Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost all
leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.

Even though Root Cyclone Technology, Even though Contrast presented


a vortex separation method using
rotational effects and gravity to Descriptive information about RCT provided
separate mixtures of solids and fluids,
is synonymous with the company Dyson, RCT is
synonymous
with Dyson Contrasting
it is now found in top offerings by almost all facts RCT is found in many
leading brands of vacuum cleaners leading brands of
vacuum cleaners
that use the Venturi Effect to produce a
partial vacuum.

Understand the descriptive elements & contrasting elements presented.


2: Root Cyclone Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of solids
and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners
that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.

Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and
gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson,

it is now found in top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners

that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.

No Errors

Choice A may very well be the correct answer!


2: Root Cyclone Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost all
leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
B Root Cyclone Technology, which is synonymous with the company Dyson, is a vortex
separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate mixtures of solids
and fluids, and is now found with top offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum
cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
B No contrast
Two facts presented Changes the meaning of
1. RCT is a vortex separation. the original sentence
2. RCT is now found with top offerings

Very important to understand the meaning of the original sentence and be able to eliminate choices
that change the meaning of the sentence.
2: Root Cyclone
Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost all
leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.

C Although Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method that uses rotational
effects and gravity to separate mixtures of solids and fluids and is synonymous with
the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings with almost all leading brands of
vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.

C Contrast is as follows
1. RCT is a vortex separation and is synonymous with Dyson
2. BUT RCT is now found with top offerings

Distorts the meaning of the original


sentence by switching the descriptive
and contrasting elements

Be very careful about differentiating between descriptive information & contrasting information.
2: Root Cyclone
Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Technology
Even though Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to separate
mixtures of solids and fluids, is synonymous with the company Dyson, it is now found in top offerings by almost all
leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum.
D While Root Cyclone Technology is a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity
to separate mixtures of solids and fluids, it is now found in top offerings by almost all leading
brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a partial vacuum and is
synonymous with the company Dyson.
Distorts the meaning by mixing descriptive and contrasting elements.

E Root Cyclone Technology, a vortex separation method using rotational effects and gravity to
separate mixtures of solids and fluids, synonymous with the company Dyson, now found in top
offerings by almost all leading brands of vacuum cleaners that use the Venturi Effect to produce a
partial vacuum.
No verb for RCT

With a thorough understanding of the original sentence, as you go through the choices, you get
more confident of the correct answer.
Question 3 Seasoned Bookie
A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average
and has performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance,
especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
A. A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his
performance, especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
B. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter is likely to miss the decline in his
performance, more so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past.
C. Betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average and has
performed consistently in the past, a seasoned bookie is likely to miss the decline in the hitters
performance, especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
D. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past, makes missing the decline in his performance
likely, more so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
E. A seasoned bookies heavy betting on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good
average and previously performed consistently, makes it likely to miss the decline in his
performance being interspersed with brilliant innings.
3: Seasoned Bookie
Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average and has
performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance, especially if it is
interspersed with brilliant innings.

A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high Betting by a seasoned bookie.


percentage hitter, especially one
The bookie typically bets on a high
who has a good average and has performed performance hitter who has a good
consistently in the past, performance record.

makes it likely to miss the decline in his This bookie IS LIKELY to miss the decline in
performance, especially if the performance of the hitter, especially if
the bad performance is mixed with good
it is interspersed with brilliant innings. performances.

Understand the meaning of the sentence!


3: Seasoned Bookie Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average and has performed consistently in
the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance, especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.

A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one


who has a good average and has performed consistently in the past,
makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance, especially if
it is interspersed with brilliant innings.
Bookie does not make it likely to miss the decline.
Bookie is the one who is likely to miss the decline.
Not clear who is likely
his reference not clear. Could refer to to miss the decline.
Hitter
Bookie
Context favors hitter more.

Analyze the sentence for ALL the errors!


3: Seasoned Bookie Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
A. A seasoned bookie betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average
and has performed consistently in the past, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance,
especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.

B. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter is likely to miss the decline in his
performance, more so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings, especially one who has a good
average and has performed consistently in the past.

C. Betting heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average and has performed
consistently in the past, a seasoned bookie is likely to miss the decline in the hitters performance,
especially if it is interspersed with brilliant innings.

D. A seasoned bookie who bets heavily on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average
and has performed consistently in the past, makes missing the decline in his performance likely, more
so when it is interspersed with brilliant innings.

E. A seasoned bookies heavy betting on a high percentage hitter, especially one who has a good average
and previously performed consistently, makes it likely to miss the decline in his performance being
interspersed with brilliant innings.
Question 4 - Pyrex
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that
Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or
compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer standing up well to
some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
A. that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when
exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes
involved in cooking.
B. that Pyrex glassware was once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress
when exposed to high heat or low temperatures and that it no longer stands up well to some of the temperature
changes involved in cooking.
C. that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when
exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved
in cooking.
D. that, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that had not expanded or compressed when exposed to
high heat or low temperatures, Pyrex glassware no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes
involved in cooking.
E. that although Pyrex glassware no longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking,
it is marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that does not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or
low temperatures.
4: Pyrex Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that Pyrex glassware, once
marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low
temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
o Scientists
Certain scientists have found
o who publish studies in the American
something about Pyrex glassware.
Ceramics Society Bulletin
o have found that FYI
Pyrex was once marketed as from icebox to oven
o Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from cookware.
It was heat resistant.
icebox to oven cookware contradictory

o that did not expand or compress


when exposed to high heat or low What?
temperatures, no longer standing Pyrex glassware no longer standing
up well to some of the temperature up well to some temp changes?
changes involved in cooking. can no longer stand
e.g. verb missing

Even if the sentence is not written correctly, you should try to INFER the correct meaning.
4: Pyrex Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from
icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer standing up
well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.

o Scientists
o who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin
o have found that
no verb
o Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware
o that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures,
no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.

Utilize the sentence structure analysis to determine ALL the errors in the sentence.
Question 4- Pyrex Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that Pyrex glassware, once
marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low
temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
B that Pyrex glassware was once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did
not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures and that it no
longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.

B Scientists have found two things


1. that pyrex glassware was once marketed as heat resistant.
2. that pyrex can no longer withstand temperatures.

According to A, 1) is FYI. Scientists only found out about 2)


Changes the meaning of the
original sentence

Very important to understand the meaning of original sentence and be able to eliminate choices that
change the meaning of the sentence.
Question 4 - Pyrex Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that Pyrex glassware, once
marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low
temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.

C that Pyrex glassware, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not
expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures, no longer stands
up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.

Once you do your thorough analysis of the original sentence, the correct choice may become very obvious!
Question 4- Pyrex Understand the Meaning Identify ALL errors POE
Scientists who publish studies in the American Ceramics Society Bulletin have found that Pyrex glassware, once
marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that did not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low
temperatures, no longer standing up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
D that, once marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that had not expanded or
compressed when exposed to high heat or low temperatures, Pyrex glassware no
longer stands up well to some of the temperature changes involved in cooking.
past perfect tense is incorrect.
E that although Pyrex glassware no longer stands up well to some of the temperature
changes involved in cooking, it is marketed as from icebox to oven cookware that
does not expand or compress when exposed to high heat or low temperatures.
E Scientists have found a contradiction Changes the
1. pyrex can no longer withstand temperatures. meaning of the
2. but pyrex is still marketed as from icebox to oven. original sentence
With a thorough understanding of the original sentence, as you go through the choices, you get
more confident of the correct answer.
Tell us about your SC approach
Would be Approach - Question 1

In your opinion, what is the most important thing to ace GMAT SC?
1. Knowing grammar rules
2. Understanding meaning of the sentence
3. Efficiently applying splits approach
Would be Approach - Question 2

When you solve SC question, you will spend majority of your time in ______
o understanding the meaning and finding grammatical errors in Choice A.
o looking for differences & similarities in choices to narrow down the answer.
How can you become SC Champ

THE
Step by Step Instructions For a New Student

1. Study the Foundations Module in e- Foundation Module equips you with


tools to breakdown long sentences
GMAT SC Course. 6 Learning Items

2. Focus on one Core Module at a time,


Core Module contains the following:
going in the following order: Concept files
1. Subject Verb Concept Quizzes
2. Pronouns Application files
Practice Quizzes
3. Verbs OG Quizzes
4. Modifiers Assessment happens at multiple touch
5. Parallelism points
6. Comparison Pre/Post Assessment quizzes in
concept files.
7. Idioms Concept Quizzes
Practice Quizzes
3. Practice your skills on practice
>200 full-length practice questions to
questions in e-GMAT & Scholaranium fine tune your SC skills
Designed to Ensure Learning

Q
Learning Environment
Concepts Concepts Q
Section
Concepts 1 Section 1
Application
Q

Qualifying
Application
Q
Exercises
Q
Integrated Learning with much A Q
more frequent application
Without learning, student cant Q
move forward in the course Q
Precise analytics tell student
45+ Concept
what to revise. Learning Part of
14+ Application
4 Live Sessions SC offering
How do students get 100+ point Score Improvements

Solve every question using the 3-step process.

Do not time yourself when you are learning the process and concepts. As a rule of
thumb, you may start to time yourself when you reach the practice module of the
course.

Practice the OG questions as prescribed in the course. Do not leave OG questions for
the end.

Ensure that you score >90% in each concept level quiz.

Even if you get a question correct, review the detailed solution and cross-check your
approach with the correct approach as explained in the solution.
You dont need any other resource
Verb-ing Modifiers
Various Functions of Verb-ing
words
Introduction to Modifiers Verb-ing Modifiers 1 Noun + Noun Modifiers
Types of Modifiers Verb-ing Modifiers 2 Verb-ing vs. Noun + Noun
Primer on Noun Phrases and Noun Verb-ed forms - Modifiers or Verbs Modifier
Modifiers Verb-ed modifiers cannot jump Verb-ing vs. Verb-ed
Correcting Modifier Errors over verbs Modifiers - Application
Modifiers - Concept Quiz 1 Relative Pronoun Modifiers File 3
Modifiers - Application File 1 Noun Modifiers can Modify Slightly Modifiers - OG Quiz 3
Modifiers - Practice File 1 Far Away Noun
Modifiers - OG Quiz 1 Modifiers - Concept Quiz 2
Modifiers - Application File 2
Modifiers - Practice File 2
Modifiers - OG Quiz 2

Study SMARTLY with continuous assessments and


feedback at multiple points.
Go ace the GMAT

With e-GMAT SC Course


and
your Diligence,
you can master SC in 10 days.
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