You are on page 1of 1

Equations

item description Equation Remarks


1 Building fabric and reasonable solar gains volumex30 W Sensible
2 Fresh air and infiltration gains (sensible) volumex5 W Sensible
3 Lighting gains FLOURESCENT Qty.x Watts(elect.)x1.22 W Sensible
4 Lighting gains INCANDESCENT Qty. X Watts(elect.)x1 W Sensible
5 Personnel gains (sensible) No. of Personsx sensible gain W (from tables) Sensible
6 Power equipment(UPS,Rectifier..etc)_sensible Qty. X Watts(elect.)x0.1 W Sensible
7 Sensible heat gain from other equipment (W) Qty. X sensible gain W (from tables) Sensible
equipment heat:
8 high tech. Office areax50 W Sensible
9 dealer's room areax150 W Sensible
10 Telecoms switch Room areax750 W Sensible
11 mainframe room () areax1000 W Sensible
12 Sensible gain items 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+10+11 W Sensible
13 Fresh air and infiltration gains (latent) volumex3 W Latent
14 Personnel gains (latent) No. of Personsx latent gain W (from table) Latent
15 Latent heat gain from other equipment (W) Qty. X latent gain W (from tables) Latent
16 Latent gain items 13+14+15 W Latent
17 Sensible gain + Latent gain items 12+16 W Latent+Sensible
18 Fan HP (hp) item 17 in tons / 8 hp
19 Sensible heat from fan motor (Fan HP X 750) X 1.163 or item18 x 750 x1.163 W Sensible
20 Total Sensible Cooling Capacity Required items 12+19 W Sensible
21 Total Sensible Cooling Capacity Required without ventilation (Hs') items 20 - 2 W Sensible
22 Total Cooling Capacity Required items 16+20 W Latent+Sensible
23 Air volume required(m3/s) (item 21 / 12000 We need to circulate 1m3/s of air for every 12kW of sensible cooling required
24 Air volume required(m3/h) (Vs) item23 x 3600
25 Air volume required(CFM) item24 / 1.7
26 Room temperature ( C ) (Tr)
27 Outside temperature ( C ) (To)

Supply air temp. = Room temp. - [(sensible heat gain without ventilation(kcal/h) / supply
28 Supply air temperature Ts ( C ) room temp. - (item21 /(item24 x 0.3)
air volume(m3/h) x 0.3)] or V=Hs'/0.3x(tr-ts) or ts=tr-Hs'/V x 0.3

29 Sensible heat ratio (SHR) % item20 / item22 Total Sensible Cooling Capacity /Total Cooling Capacity
30 No. of people x Air quantity required for ventilation / person (m3/h)
31 Air quantity required for ventilation Space surface in square feet x Air quantity required for ventilation / (m3/h) PER SQ FT OF FLOOR MINIMUM
32 No. of air changes per hour x Air quantity required for ventilation / air changes per hour
33 Total air quantity required for ventilation (m3/h) (Vo) items 30+31+32
34 Total air quantity required for ventilation (CFM) item33 / 1.7
35 Room air quantity (m3/h) (Vr)
Mixed air temperature=[(Air volume required for ventilation/Supply air volume required)
36 Mixed air temperature Tm (C) items (33/24 x 27) + (35/24 x 26) x Outside temperature)]+[(Room air volume/Supply air volume required) x Room
temperature)] or Tm=((Vo/Vs) x To) + ((Vr/Vs) x Tr)
37 COIL T (C) items 36 - 28 COIL T = Tm - Ts (C)
38 COIL T (F) item 37 x 1.8
39 Supply air temperature (F) (item28 x 9/5)+32
40 Mixed air temperature (F) (item36 x 9/5)+32

1 1